2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 175 (Tuesday, September 10, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 175 (Tuesday, September 10, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 47640-47792]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-18054]
[[Page 47639]]
Vol. 84
Tuesday,
No. 175
September 10, 2019
Part II
 Department of the Interior
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Fish and Wildlife Service
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50 CFR Parts 26, 32, 36 and 71
2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations; Final
Rule
Federal Register / Vol. 84 , No. 175 / Tuesday, September 10, 2019 /
Rules and Regulations
[[Page 47640]]
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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Fish and Wildlife Service
50 CFR Parts 26, 32, 36, and 71
[Docket No. FWS-HQ-NWRS-2019-0040; FXRS12610900000-190-FF09R20000]
RIN 1018-BD79
2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations
AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
ACTION: Final rule.
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SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), open seven
National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) that are currently closed to hunting
and sport fishing. In addition, we expand hunting and sport fishing at
70 other NWRs, and add pertinent station-specific regulations for other
NWRs that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting,
big game hunting, and sport fishing for the 2019-2020 season. We also
formally open 15 units of the National Fish Hatchery System to hunting
and sport fishing. We also add pertinent station-specific regulations
that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big
game hunting, and sport fishing at these 15 National Fish Hatcheries
(NFHs) for the 2019-2020 season. This rule includes global
administrative updates to every NWR entry in our refuge-specific
regulations and the reorganization of general public use regulations.
We remove approximately 2,100 regulations that will have no impact on
the administration of hunting and sport fishing within the National
Wildlife Refuge System. We also simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific
regulations to comply with a Presidential mandate to adhere to plain
language standards and to reduce the regulatory burden on the public.
Lastly, we remove the provision concerning same-day airborne hunting of
the regulations specific to Alaska NWRs.
DATES: This rule is effective August 29, 2019.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Katherine Harrigan, (703) 358-2440.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Background
    The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966
closes NWRs in all States except Alaska to all uses until opened. The
Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) may open refuge areas to any use,
including hunting and/or sport fishing, upon a determination that the
use is compatible with the purposes of the refuge and National Wildlife
Refuge System mission. The action also must be in accordance with
provisions of all laws applicable to the areas, developed in
coordination with the appropriate State fish and wildlife agency(ies),
consistent with the principles of sound fish and wildlife management
and administration, and otherwise in the public interest. These
requirements ensure that we maintain the biological integrity,
diversity, and environmental health of the Refuge System for the
benefit of present and future generations of Americans.
    We annually review hunting and sport fishing programs to determine
whether to include additional stations or whether individual station
regulations governing existing programs need modifications. Changing
environmental conditions, State and Federal regulations, and other
factors affecting fish and wildlife populations and habitat may warrant
modifications to station-specific regulations to ensure the continued
compatibility of hunting and sport fishing programs and to ensure that
these programs will not materially interfere with or detract from the
fulfillment of station purposes or the Services mission.
    Provisions governing hunting and sport fishing on refuges are in
title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations in part 32 (50 CFR part
32), on hatcheries in part 71 (50 CFR part 71). We regulate hunting and
sport fishing to:
     Ensure compatibility with refuge and hatchery purpose(s);
     Properly manage fish and wildlife resource(s);
     Protect other values;
     Ensure visitor safety; and
     Provide opportunities for fish- and wildlife-dependent
recreation.
    On many stations where we decide to allow hunting and sport
fishing, our general policy of adopting regulations identical to State
hunting and sport fishing regulations is adequate in meeting these
objectives. On other stations, we must supplement State regulations
with more-restrictive Federal regulations to ensure that we meet our
management responsibilities, as outlined in the Statutory Authority
section, below. We issue station-specific hunting and sport fishing
regulations when we open wildlife refuges and fish hatcheries to
migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, or
sport fishing. These regulations may list the wildlife species that you
may hunt or fish, seasons, bag or creel (container for carrying fish)
limits, methods of hunting or sport fishing, descriptions of areas open
to hunting or sport fishing, and other provisions as appropriate. You
may find previously issued station-specific regulations for hunting and
sport fishing in 50 CFR part 32.
Statutory Authority
    The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966
(Administration Act; 16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee, as amended by the National
Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 [Improvement Act])
govern the administration and public use of refuges and the Refuge
Recreation Act of 1962 (16 U.S.C. 460k-460k-4) (Recreation Act) govern
the administration and public use of refuges and hatcheries.
    Amendments enacted by the Improvement Act were built upon the
Administration Act in a manner that provides an ``organic act'' for the
Refuge System, similar to organic acts that exist for other public
Federal lands. The Improvement Act serves to ensure that we effectively
manage the Refuge System as a national network of lands, waters, and
interests for the protection and conservation of our Nation's wildlife
resources. The Administration Act states first and foremost that we
focus our Refuge System mission on conservation of fish, wildlife, and
plant resources and their habitats. The Improvement Act requires the
Secretary, before allowing a new use of a refuge, or before expanding,
renewing, or extending an existing use of a refuge, to determine that
the use is compatible with the purpose for which the refuge was
established and the mission of the Refuge System. The Improvement Act
established as the policy of the United States that wildlife-dependent
recreation, when compatible, is a legitimate and appropriate public use
of the Refuge System, through which the American public can develop an
appreciation for fish and wildlife. The Improvement Act established six
wildlife-dependent recreational uses as the priority general public
uses of the Refuge System. These uses are hunting, fishing, wildlife
observation and photography, and environmental education and
interpretation.
    The Recreation Act authorizes the Secretary to administer areas
within the Refuge System and Hatchery System for public recreation as
an appropriate incidental or secondary use only to the extent that
doing so is practicable and not inconsistent with the primary
purpose(s) for which Congress and the Service established the areas.
The Recreation Act requires that any recreational use of refuge or
hatchery lands be compatible with the primary purpose(s) for which we
established the
[[Page 47641]]
refuge and not inconsistent with other previously authorized
operations.
    The Administration Act and Recreation Act also authorize the
Secretary to issue regulations to carry out the purposes of the Acts
and regulate uses.
    We develop specific management plans for each refuge prior to
opening it to hunting or sport fishing. In many cases, we develop
station-specific regulations to ensure the compatibility of the
programs with the purpose(s) for which we established the refuge or
hatchery and the Refuge and Hatchery System mission. We ensure initial
compliance with the Administration Act and the Recreation Act for
hunting and sport fishing on newly acquired land through an interim
determination of compatibility made at or near the time of acquisition.
These regulations ensure that we make the determinations required by
these acts prior to adding refuges to the lists of areas open to
hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71. We ensure
continued compliance by the development of comprehensive conservation
plans and step-down management plans, and by annual review of hunting
and sport fishing programs and regulations.
Summary of Comments and Responses
    On June 26, 2019, we published a proposed rule in the Federal
Register (84 FR 30314) to open 7 NWRs that are currently closed to
hunting and sport fishing, formally open 15 NFHs to hunting and sport
fishing, expand hunting and sport fishing at 70 other NWRs, and add
pertinent station-specific regulations for other NWRs that pertain to
migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and
sport fishing for the 2019-2020 season. We accepted public comments on
the proposed rule for 45 days, ending August 12, 2019. By that date, we
received 918 comments on the proposed rule. A large number of these
comments expressed general support for the proposed changes in the
rule. These comments of support came from individuals, States, and
nongovernmental organizations. A number of State responses specifically
expressed their support for the Service's efforts to increase access
for hunters and anglers, and to more closely align to State hunting and
fishing regulations, in support of Secretarial Orders 3347 and 3356, as
well as Service laws, regulations, and policies. For all State
recommendations we received on the rule, the Service will work closely
with individual States to address these in future rulemakings. We
discuss the remaining comments we received below by topic.
    Comment (1): Many commenters expressed general opposition to any
hunting or fishing in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS, or
Refuge System). In many cases, commenters stated that hunting was
antithetical to the purposes of a ``refuge''.
    Our Response: The Administration Act, as amended, stipulates that
hunting (along with fishing, wildlife observation and photography, and
environmental education and interpretation), if found to be compatible,
is a legitimate and priority general public use of a refuge and should
be facilitated. The Service has adopted policies and regulations
implementing the requirements of the Administration Act that refuge
managers comply with when considering hunting and fishing programs.
    We allow hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs only if such activity
has been determined compatible with the established purpose(s) of the
refuge and the mission of the Refuge System as required by the
Administration Act. Hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs generally
occurs consistent with State regulations, including seasons and bag
limits. Refuge-specific hunting regulations can be more restrictive
(but not more liberal) than State regulations and often are more
restrictive in order to help meet specific refuge objectives. These
objectives include resident wildlife population and habitat objectives,
minimizing disturbance impacts to wildlife, maintaining high-quality
opportunities for hunting and other wildlife-dependent recreation,
eliminating or minimizing conflicts with other public uses and/or
refuge management activities, and protecting public safety.
    Each refuge manager makes a decision regarding hunting on that
particular refuge only after rigorous examination of the available
information. Developing or referencing a comprehensive conservation
plan (CCP), a 15-year plan for the refuge, is generally the first step
a refuge manager takes. Our policy for managing units of the Refuge
System is that we will manage all refuges in accordance with an
approved CCP, which, when implemented, will achieve refuge purposes;
help fulfill the Refuge System mission; maintain and, where
appropriate, restore the ecological integrity of each refuge and the
Refuge System; help achieve the goals of the National Wilderness
Preservation System; and meet other mandates. The CCP will guide
management decisions and set forth goals, objectives, and strategies to
accomplish these ends. The next step for refuge managers is developing
or referencing step-down plans, of which a hunting plan would be one.
Part of the process for opening a refuge to hunting after completing
the step-down plan would be appropriate compliance with the National
Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), such as
conducting an environmental assessment accompanied by the appropriate
decision documentation (record of decision, finding of no significant
impact, or environmental action memorandum or statement). The rest of
the elements in the opening package are an evaluation of section 7 of
the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et
seq.); copies of letters requesting State and/or tribal involvement;
and draft refuge-specific regulatory language. We make available the
CCP, hunt plan, and NEPA documents, and request public comments on
them, as well as on any proposed rule, before we allow hunting on a
refuge.
    In sum, this illustrates that the decision to allow hunting on an
NWR is not a quick or simple process. It is full of deliberation and
discussion, including review of all available data to determine the
relative health of a population before we allow it to be hunted.
    The word ``refuge'' includes the idea of providing a haven of
safety for wildlife, and as such, hunting might seem an inconsistent
use of the NWRS. However, again, the Administration Act stipulates that
hunting, if found compatible, is a legitimate and priority general
public use of a refuge. Furthermore, we manage refuges to support
healthy wildlife populations that in many cases produce harvestable
surpluses that are a renewable resource. As practiced on refuges,
hunting and fishing do not pose a threat to wildlife populations. It is
important to note that taking certain individual species through
hunting does not necessarily reduce a population overall, as hunting
can simply replace other types of mortality. In some cases, however, we
use hunting as a management tool with the explicit goal of reducing a
population; this is often the case with exotic and/or invasive species
that threaten ecosystem stability. Therefore, facilitating hunting
opportunities is an important aspect of the Service's roles and
responsibilities as outlined in the legislation establishing the NWRS,
and the Service will continue to facilitate these opportunities where
compatible with the purpose of the specific refuge and the mission of
the NWRS.
[[Page 47642]]
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (2): We received a comment with general support for the
proposed changes in the rule, but with multiple concerns at a national
level. These concerns included a perceived lack of consistency with
regulations for dogs on refuges, non-alignment to State hunting and
fishing regulations across the National Wildlife Refuge System, the
lack of clarity of the proposed changes within the rule, and
frustration with the speed at which the Service promulgates rulemakings
for hunting and fishing, with a desire for rulemakings to be made two
or four times a year.
    Our Response: Even though State regulations may allow dogs during
hunting activities, our general refuge regulations prohibit all
domesticated animals at 50 CFR 26.21(b) unless authorized at 50 CFR
part 32. While refuges adopt State hunting and fishing regulations to
the extent practicable, they must also comply with the general refuge
regulations. Therefore, in order to allow dogs during hunting
activities, each refuge must authorize the use of dogs during hunting
activities in their refuge-specific entries at 50 CFR part 32. As we
explained in our response to Comment (1), all uses on refuges must be
found compatible and must not conflict with refuge objectives. Some
refuges have found that the use of dogs during hunting activities must
be limited or not authorized in order to avoid conflict with refuge
objectives. Where we do allow the use of dogs while hunting, we attempt
to have consistency with regulations between refuges, especially within
States and geographic regions.
    The Service has implemented a national effort to review all hunting
and sport fishing regulations for alignment to State regulations. A
team of Service employees performed an assessment at each field station
of hunting and sport fishing regulations for alignment to State
regulations and potential opportunities for increased access for
hunters and anglers. As a result, over the past two regulatory cycles
(2018-2019 and 2019-2020), the Service has proposed to remove 43
percent of the station-specific regulations (most of which were
redundant to State regulations or overly burdensome to the public) and
to simplify 42 percent of the station-specific regulations in an effort
to reduce the regulatory burden on the public and increase alignment to
State regulations.
    The Office of the Federal Register determined that the Service has
been utilizing a nonstandard codification system in the Code of Federal
Regulations (CFR) for 50 CFR part 32, and directed the Service to
update relevant sections of subchapter C of chapter I in title 50 of
the CFR as part of this rule. The update requires us to apply paragraph
designations where our regulations lacked them at 50 CFR 26.34, 32.7,
and 32.20 through 32.70. We must reprint the entirety of these sections
of the regulations to accomplish the update. In addition, with the
number of regulations removed (approximately 2,170 regulations) and
simplified (approximately 2,940 regulations), as well as the large
number of openings and expansions on 89 refuges and hatcheries, the
length of the rule would have increased substantially if we had
explained every regulatory change in the preamble of the rule in
addition to setting forth all of Sec. Sec.  32.20 through 32.70, as
well as other relevant sections of the regulations. At the proposed
rule stage, interested parties had the opportunity to compare a NWR's
current regulations against the regulations we proposed for that NWR.
    The Service will continue to open and expand hunting and sport
fishing opportunities across refuges and hatcheries; however, as
detailed in our response to Comment (1) above, the decision to allow
hunting or sport fishing on a refuge or hatchery is not a quick or
simple process. The annual regulatory cycle begins in June or July of
each year for the following hunting and sport fishing season (the
planning cycle for this 2019-2020 final rule began in June 2018). This
annual timeline allows the Service time to collaborate closely with our
State, tribal, and territorial partners, and other partners including
nongovernmental organizations on potential opportunities, and to
complete the requirements for opening or expanding new opportunities.
Therefore, it would be impracticable to complete multiple regulatory
cycles in one calendar year due to the logistics of coordinating with
various partners. Once the Service determines that a hunting or sport
fishing opportunity can be carried out in a manner compatible with
individual station purposes and objectives, we work expeditiously to
open it.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (3): The Voigt Intertribal Task Force of the Great Lakes
Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC) submitted comments on
behalf of member tribes within ceded territories over portions of
Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. The comments were specific to
tribal members exercising their treaty rights on ceded territory for
hunting on Crane Meadows NWR and Iron River NFH, and hunting and
fishing on Whittlesey Creek NWR. They requested that there be an
explicit acknowledgement in the station-specific regulations and in the
Whittlesey Creek NWR fishing plan that tribal members from tribes with
reserved treaty rights in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories can hunt
and fish pursuant to tribal regulations.
    Our Response: The Service thanks the GLIFWC for their comments.
These comments are substantial and due to their complexity, we do not
feel we can adequately address them within the timeframe of this year's
rulemaking process. We have a long-term, cooperative, successful
working relationship with GLIFWC and its member tribes on Treaty
issues. Therefore, in order to facilitate the adequate review needed to
address these comments, we will request to initiate a formal
government-to-government consultation process with GLIFWC for next
year's hunting and fishing rule development. Until we can finalize a
rule in 2020, we will strive to accommodate GLIFWC tribal members who
wish to exercise their Treaty rights on these refuges and fish
hatcheries through our existing special-use-permit process. We look
forward to the consultation process, and working with all our partners,
to develop a rule for 2020-2021. Edits made specifically to the
Whittlesey Creek NWR fishing plan will be discussed during the
consultation process.
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.
    Comment (4): We received general comments of support from the New
York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the Oklahoma
Department of Wildlife Conservation, and the Georgia Department of
Natural Resources. However, all three States requested additional
openings or expansions for hunting and sport fishing beyond what the
Service proposed on June 26, 2019 (84 FR 30314).
    Our Response: The Service is committed to working with our State
partners to identify additional opportunities for expansion of hunting
and sport fishing on Service lands and waters. We have initiated steps
to update our hunt plans for NWRs in New York. All efforts to improve
opportunities for hunters and better align with State regulations for
our updated hunt plans will be coordinated with the New York State
Department of Environmental Conservation, and will be included next
year in the Service's proposed rule for the 2020-2021 station-
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specific hunting and sport fishing regulations.
    A timeline, which outlines by annual regulatory cycle when these
opportunities will be addressed based on available resources, has been
provided to the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation.
Additionally, the Service has verbally committed to working with the
Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation on specific refuges in
Oklahoma to expand fishing opportunities within our legal framework
prior to development of refuge-specific fishing plans.
    A high priority for the Service's Southeast Region will be to work
with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources to discuss and
consider proposals to open or expand additional hunting opportunities
where compatible on NWRs in Georgia in the 2020-2021 regulatory cycle.
This includes proposals to open or expand alligator hunting
opportunities where compatible at refuges; proposals to open or expand
opportunities where compatible for small game hunting, waterfowl
hunting, and archery deer hunting at additional refuges; and alignment
of general administrative regulations. Another high priority for the
Service's Southeast Region will be to work with the Georgia Department
of Natural Resources to discuss a consistent customer service approach
to quota-managed hunts and the use of a consistent online hunt permit
system.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (5): We received a comment from the West Virginia Division
of Natural Resources with five specific requests for clarification on
Canaan Valley and Ohio River Islands NWRs in West Virginia. The
requests included clarification of dog regulations for upland game
hunting on Ohio River Islands NWR, the use of crossbows during archery
deer season on both refuges, refuge access hours for anglers on Ohio
River Islands NWR, the status of sport fishing on Canaan Valley NWR,
and potential R3 (recruitment, retention, and reactivation) activities
on both refuges.
    Our Response: The first request asked the Service to clarify
whether dogs are allowed for hunting upland game on Ohio River Islands
NWR, as the refuge does not have specific language authorizing dogs for
this activity (see our response to Comment (2)). The use of pursuit
dogs for upland game hunting (i.e., rabbits and squirrels) is not a
compatible use on Ohio River Islands NWR, and is therefore prohibited.
On this NWR, we only allow dogs to locate, point, and retrieve when
hunting for migratory birds.
    The second request asked the Service to include crossbows during
archery deer seasons on both the Ohio River Islands and Canaan Valley
NWRs to align with State regulations. The Service agrees with this
suggestion, and this rule authorizes the use of crossbows on both
refuges during archery deer seasons.
    The third request asked how anglers who are legally fishing in the
Ohio River after legal sunset will be able to distinguish refuge
property from State waters, as Ohio River Islands NWR will close to
anglers from 1 hour after legal sunset to 1 hour before legal sunrise.
The Service marks all refuge boundaries with signs that notify anglers
where the refuge boundary lies.
    The fourth request noted that Canaan Valley NWR is closed for sport
fishing. The Service has initiated steps to open Canaan Valley NWR to
sport fishing for the 2020-2021 season. Any changes or strategies that
are developed during the planning process will be made in close
coordination with the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources staff
and through the general public. The plan will be accompanied with a
compatibility determination and appropriate NEPA compliance, and draft
documents will likely be ready for public review and comment in the
spring of 2020.
    Finally, the last request was for the Service to consider
additional R3 (recruitment, retention, and reactivation) activities in
addition to efforts to be more consistent with State regulations. The
Service will consider new R3 initiatives at West Virginia refuges and
hopes to work with the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources to
coordinate capacity and opportunities.
    In response to this comment, we have added regulatory language to
authorize the use of crossbows during deer archery seasons at Ohio
River Islands and Canaan Valley NWRs.
    Comment (6): We received a letter from the Arizona Game and Fish
Department (AGFD) with support for the Service's effort to increase
alignment of hunting and sport fishing regulations with State
regulations, and with specific comments and recommendations for refuges
within the State of Arizona.
    Our Response: The Service appreciates the comments regarding
hunting and fishing in Arizona, and the ongoing coordination with the
AGFD during the two meetings with our Regional Directorate Team as well
as consistent coordination among the field managers within our
agencies.
    The Service proposed 832,170 acres across seven refuges in expanded
hunting opportunities in Arizona for the 2019-2020 season and will be
working with the staff of the AGFD to add new opportunities over the
next 3 years. For the 2020-2021 season, we plan to propose opening new
opportunities at Buenos Aires, Cabeza Prieta, Cibola, and Leslie Canyon
NWRs. In the 2 years following, we plan to propose opening additional
new opportunities at Havasu, Bill Williams, San Bernardino, and
Imperial NWRs. The order of proposals is subject to change, and we
welcome input on priority setting for the future.
    The Service is working to increase hunting opportunities within the
State of Arizona. We focused our attention this year on hunting and
alignments where possible. Full alignment with current State hunting
and fishing regulations may not be reached in all cases based on the
need to balance recreational uses like hunting and fishing with
sensitive and trust species like the masked bobwhite quail and Sonoran
pronghorn, and public demand for other priority public uses of the
National Wildlife Refuge System and public safety considerations.
Specifically, though Eurasian collared-dove hunting is open year-round
in Arizona, it will only be open on NWRs during dove season in order to
minimize disturbance to non-targeted game species. Deer hunting and
waterfowl hunting will be in partial alignment with State seasons,
times, and lawful methods, and will allow additional methods. For
waterfowl, we are not making hunt time changes in some units to
minimize disturbance to roosting waterfowl and sandhill cranes. As for
AGFD's request to include the voluntary use of nontoxic shot or
ammunition, refuges that already require non-lead ammunition will
continue to maintain this requirement.
    We look forward to continuing our ongoing efforts to provide more
hunting and fishing opportunities on NWRs in Arizona and aligning
species, season dates, bag limits, and methods of take with State laws
and regulations where appropriate.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (7): We received general comments of support from the
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) for the proposal to
expand waterfowl hunting at Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually NWR, and to open
San Juan Islands NWR and four NFHs (Entiat, Leavenworth, Little White
Salmon, and Spring Creek NFHs) to fishing. However, the WDFW stated
that they were not provided the opportunity
[[Page 47644]]
to review or comment on the fishing proposals prior to their release
for public comment.
    Our Response: The Service appreciates the WDFW's support for the
hunting expansion at Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually NWR, and expansion of
fishing opportunities on San Juan Islands NWR and the four NFHs.
    We acknowledge the WDFW's concern that they were not provided the
opportunity to review or comment on the fishing proposals prior to
their release for public comment. Notification occurred on a local
level, as the Service has done in the past. The Washington Maritime
National Wildlife Refuge Complex staff notified the WDFW's North Puget
Sound (Region 4) office of the Service's intent to open the fishing
opportunity on Turn Island, part of the San Juan Islands NWR, on
January 31, 2019, several months prior to publication of the proposed
rule in the Federal Register (84 FR 30314; June 26, 2019). The
Service's authorization of shoreline fishing at San Juan Islands NWR is
in compliance and consistent with the WDFW's fishing regulations for
Marine Area 7 (San Juan Islands). We note that the waters surrounding
the refuge are already open to fishing; we are allowing shoreline
fishing from Turn Island, which is already open to other public uses.
    In addition, the Service's Columbia-Pacific Northwest Region
Fisheries Program staff sent a coordination letter to the WDFW's
District 5 biologists on February 13, 2019, notifying them of the
proposal to formally open the Little White Salmon and Spring Creek NFHs
to fishing. On August 13, 2019, the WDFW's Regional Director for Region
2 confirmed that: ``Communications about fishing opportunities and
season structures are well-coordinated between the WDFW and the
Leavenworth Fisheries Complex in central Washington, which includes the
Entiat and Leavenworth NFHs. The Service communicates frequently with
WDFW staff on all fish returns and seasonal opportunities to open
fisheries involving Service-produced stocks. The WDFW's Region 2 staff
are aware of areas that are open to these fisheries (including NFHs).
The Service has worked routinely with the WDFW to explore new areas of
opportunities and will continue to do so.''
    The formal opening of San Juan Islands NWR and the Entiat,
Leavenworth, Little White Salmon, and Spring Creek NFHs to fishing does
not lead to new, modified, or revised fishing rules in the State. We
are codifying an activity (fishing) that had been taking place for many
decades at these facilities; the formal openings, therefore, do not
represent an increase in fishing opportunities. The Service received no
responses from the local WDFW offices on the proposals.
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.
    Comment (8): We received general comments of support from the Idaho
Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) for expansion of hunting and fishing
opportunities at Minidoka NWR. However, IDFG stated that the June 26,
2019, proposed rule (84 FR 30314) falls well short of the opportunities
originally identified by the IDFG in a letter submitted to the Service
in November 2017, in response to Secretarial Order No. 3347 (U.S. Dept.
of the Interior) to ``expand access significantly for recreational
hunting and fishing on public lands,'' and ``to improve recreational
hunting and fishing cooperation, consultation, and communication with
[S]tate wildlife managers.''
    Our Response: The proposed rule for the 2019-2020 season includes
opening Minidoka NWR to archery elk hunting in an area open to
waterfowl and upland game hunting, and expanding the boating season by
one month to provide additional fishing opportunities. As the Service
acknowledged in a July 23, 2019, meeting between Service staff and the
IDFG, the proposed rule's two changes for Idaho are just the beginning
of a larger effort to work with the State of Idaho in a phased approach
to identify additional opportunities for expansion of hunting and sport
fishing on Service lands and waters. The Service looks forward to
working with the IDFG in the coming months to develop additional
proposals for the 2020-2021 season.
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.
    Comment (9): We received a comment from the Alaska Department of
Fish and Game regarding the proposed changes to 50 CFR part 36. While
the State was supportive of the removal of the same-day airborne
hunting regulation in alignment with State hunting statute (Alaska
Statutes (AS) 16.05.783) and State hunting regulations (Alaska
Administrative Code (AAC) at 5 AAC 92.085), the State did not support
the other proposed changes to part 36. The State also requested that
the Service undertake future rulemakings for removal of other
regulations.
    Our Response: We recognize the State of Alaska's concerns about the
proposed amended regulations. We will work in coordination with the
State on the future rulemaking as noted in their comment. In response,
the only regulatory change we are making to 50 CFR part 36 in this rule
is to remove the restriction at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv) concerning same-
day airborne hunting, as consistent with State regulations.
    Comment (10): We received a few comments that opposed the proposal
to remove the restriction at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv) concerning same-day
airborne hunting on national wildlife refuge lands in Alaska. The
commenters felt that the Service had failed to explain our change in
position, and that with the removal of this restriction, the State may
try to implement predator control programs on Alaska refuges. The
commenters also stated that there would be a risk that the State could
change their regulations, therefore allowing the same-day airborne take
of wolves and wolverines.
    Our Response: The Service initiated this rulemaking process to
standardize and clarify our regulations. Further, in response to
Secretarial Orders 3347 and 3356, we organized a national team to
review refuge-specific regulations for consistency with State
regulations specifically focused on non-subsistence hunting and fishing
uses. Through this evaluation, we determined that the same-day airborne
regulations were redundant with existing State of Alaska regulations,
and we are amending our regulations accordingly. 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv)
duplicates a State of Alaska law and regulation (AS 16.05.783 and 5 AAC
92.085) that already prohibits same-day airborne hunting of wolves and
wolverines. For that reason, such practices will continue to be
prohibited on NWRs in Alaska despite the removal of 50 CFR
36.32(c)(1)(iv). If the State of Alaska changes its same-day airborne
regulation to permit this activity for certain species, then the
Service may initiate a rulemaking process to reinstate its Alaska-
specific regulation prohibiting same-day airborne hunting.
    Active predator control on refuges by the State of Alaska is not
allowed unless the State is granted a permit from a refuge manager. In
this manner, the Service retains its authority and control over this
activity. Moreover, the Service remains authorized to institute
emergency closure measures under 50 CFR 36.42, or to promulgate new
regulations to ensure protection of resources and compliance with the
Service's statutory obligations. Thus, the Service's management
authority is not being abrogated.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (11): We received a number of comments, including the
Arizona Game and Fish Department, requesting
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that the Service allow falconry as a use across the NWRS. These
comments emphasized the cultural heritage and tradition of the sport of
falconry, and requested that falconry be approved as a default use on
all refuges. These comments were concerned with the ambiguity with
which falconry is addressed in refuge-specific regulations, where some
refuges allow falconry, some refuges prohibit falconry, and some
refuges do not address falconry in their refuge-specific regulations.
These comments also requested that falconry be considered a ``regular
method of take'' and not a special hunt on refuges. Overall, these
comments expressed interest in increasing opportunities for falconry on
refuges.
    Our Response: As stated in our response to Comment (1), we allow
hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs only if such activity (including
specific methods of take) has been determined to be compatible with the
established purpose(s) of the refuge and the mission of the Refuge
System as required by the Administration Act. Service policy, as
outlined in our Fish and Wildlife Service Manual (FW) at 605 FW 2.7M
(Special Hunts), stipulates, ``We will address special types of hunts,
such as falconry, in the hunt section of the visitor service plan
(VSP).'' In other words, each refuge manager, when developing their
step-down VSP (which would include a hunt plan, if appropriate) from
their CCP, must first determine if hunting is compatible. Assuming it
is found to be compatible, the refuge manager would next determine the
conduct of the hunt, which might include the use of falconry or other
methods of take. A refuge manager has discretion to restrict hunting
and types of hunting, specifically falconry and other methods of take,
if, for example, endangered or threatened species are present, the
cumulative impacts of a type of hunt have not been analyzed or are not
available, or if a type of hunt is not compatible with the refuge;
thus, this issue is decided individually on a refuge-by-refuge basis.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (12): We received a comment with general support for the
proposed changes in the rule but with concerns that the hunting and
sport fishing seasons on the refuges and hatcheries had no ending date,
and would be open year-round.
    Our Response: Hunting and sport fishing seasons on refuges and
hatcheries align to State hunting and sport fishing regulations when
opened and must not be more liberal than State regulations. Refuges and
hatcheries may designate more restrictive season dates as necessary in
order to make the activity compatible with the refuge or hatchery
mission and purpose. Some State hunting or sport fishing opportunities
may be open year-round. Therefore, the hunting and sport fishing
opportunities in this rule either open and close at the same time as
State hunting and sport fishing, or are limited to a shorter amount of
time for biological purposes or to balance public uses on the station,
as is generally the case for hunting opportunities where the State is
open year-round. None of the hunting openings or expansions within this
rule are open year-round.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (13): We received a substantial number of comments
requesting that the Service open all lands to hunting and sport
fishing, and not pursue any action to close lands to hunting or sport
fishing, or impose any restrictions on hunters or anglers.
    Our Response: Through this final rule, the Service is opening or
expanding hunting and/or sport fishing opportunities on over 1.4
million acres at 89 stations (refuges and hatcheries) across 37 States.
This is the largest number of openings and expansions the Service has
proposed in a single rule, and is the result of a national effort to
increase access for hunters and anglers on Service lands and waters. In
addition, this final rule removes over 2,100 regulations and simplifies
over 2,900 regulations, in an effort to achieve greater alignment with
State regulations and reduce the regulatory burden on the public.
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of these comments.
    Comment (14): Multiple commenters said the Service should increase
predator management by using any and all tools or methods in order to
decrease depredation of both game animals and livestock in Idaho.
    Our Response: Refuge managers consider predator management on a
case-by-case basis. As with all species, a refuge manager makes a
decision about managing predator populations, including allowing
predatory species to be hunted, only after careful examination to
ensure the action would comply with relevant laws, policies, and
directives. The Administration Act, as amended, directs the Service to
manage refuges for ``biological integrity, diversity, and environmental
health.'' Predators play a critical role in the integrity, diversity,
and overall health of ecosystems, so managing predators is not always
appropriate. Before beginning a predator management protocol, or
allowing predators to be hunted, a refuge manager would have to ensure
that these actions would not threaten the integrity, diversity, or
health of the refuge ecosystem. The manager would also have to
determine that the actions were compatible with refuge purposes and was
in keeping with the refuge's CCP and other step-down plans. The Service
manages all refuges in accordance with an approved CCP, which, when
implemented, will achieve refuge purposes; help fulfill the Refuge
System mission; maintain, and, where appropriate, restore the
ecological integrity of each refuge and the Refuge System; help achieve
the goals of the National Wilderness Preservation System; and meet
other mandates. In addition, the refuge manager would have to analyze
the impacts of the proposed actions through the NEPA process, which
would include the opportunity for public comment. Finally, the proposed
actions would be open to public comment through the rulemaking process.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (15): One commenter felt that predators (coyotes, bobcats,
coyotes, cougars, bears, and wolves) should not be hunted on refuges
due to their biological importance in refuge ecosystems, and that the
cumulative impacts of hunting these species was not thoroughly analyzed
by the Service. The commenter also felt that ``trophy hunting'' of
these species is inappropriate. They also felt that hunting of these
species is unethical and the common methods of take for these species,
including baiting, hounding, and trapping, are unsportsmanlike. Another
commenter suggested that predators be introduced onto the refuges as a
management tool rather than using hunters.
    Our Response: As stated in our response to Comment (14), refuge
managers consider predator management on a case-by-case basis. As with
all species, a refuge manager makes a decision about managing predator
populations, including allowing predatory species to be hunted, only
after careful examination to ensure the action would comply with
relevant laws, policies, and directives. We considered the impacts of
hunting on predator populations through individual environmental
assessments for each of the proposed hunting openings and expansions.
We also consider the cumulative impacts of all proposed hunts in the
2019-2020 cumulative impacts report accompanying the proposed rule.
[[Page 47646]]
    The Service does not attempt to define or authorize ``trophy
hunting'' in any of our laws, regulations, or policies concerning
hunting. We follow State hunting and fishing regulations, except for
where we are more restrictive on individual stations, including State
regulations concerning responsible hunting, or prohibitions on wanton
waste (defined as ``to intentionally waste something negligently or
inappropriately''). As stated in our response to Comment (1), we only
allow hunting on refuges and hatcheries when we have determined that
the opportunity is sustainable and compatible.
    Most of the predator species listed, if they are allowed to be
hunted on a refuge, are only allowed to be taken incidentally during
other refuge hunts with only weapons authorized for that hunt. Baiting
is prohibited on all refuges outside Alaska under 50 CFR 32.2(h),
unless specifically authorized under station-specific regulations, and
it is uncommon for baiting to be authorized. The use of dogs for
hounding is prohibited on refuges by 50 CFR 26.21(b) unless authorized
by station-specific regulations, and many refuges only authorize the
use of dogs for retrieval of migratory birds, upland game birds, and
small game. Most refuges that allow dogs require the dogs to be under
the immediate control of the hunter at all times, or leashed unless
actively retrieving an animal.
    Under the Improvement Act, trapping is not considered a priority
wildlife-dependent recreational use of the Refuge System. Trapping
programs on refuges are generally implemented to accomplish wildlife
management objectives. These objectives vary between refuges, and are
often an essential tool in meeting refuge management objectives (e.g.,
trapping of predators may be necessary to accomplish waterfowl
production objectives or to protect an endangered species).
    As for utilizing predators as a management tool instead of hunters,
we would need to follow the same process as outlined in our response to
Comment (14). The Administration Act, as amended, directs the Service
to manage refuges for ``biological integrity, diversity, and
environmental health.'' Predators and prey species both play a critical
role in the integrity, diversity, and overall health of ecosystems, so
management actions concerning all species must be considered on a
station-by-station basis.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment, though we clarified our cumulative impacts report as a result
of this comment.
    Comment (16): One commenter was of the opinion that hunting can
disrupt the natural balance of the ecosystem and conflicts with the
mission of the NWRS. The commenter also felt that the Service relied on
outdated and insufficient data to support the proposed openings and
expansions, that increased hunting would have negative impacts on
target species and refuge ecosystems, and that the Service needs to
publish current population data for all target species at the refuge
and national levels. The commenter also felt that the Service did not
properly analyze the cumulative impacts of hunting on ``keystone
species,'' including federally listed species and migratory birds.
    Our Response: We do not allow hunting on a refuge if it is found
incompatible with that individual refuge's purposes or with the mission
of the NWRS. In addition, the Service's biological integrity,
diversity, and environmental health (BIDEH) policy (601 FW 3) guides
decision-making with respect to management of activities on refuges,
including hunting. Service biologists and wildlife professionals, in
consultation with the State, determine the optimal number of each game
animal that should reside in an ecosystem and then establish hunt
parameters (e.g., bag limits, sex ratios) based on those analyses. We
carefully consider how a proposed hunt fits with individual refuge
goals, objectives, and strategies before allowing the hunt. None of the
known, estimated, or projected harvests of migratory game birds, upland
game, or big game species in this rulemaking is expected to have
significant adverse direct, indirect, or cumulative impacts to hunted
populations, non-hunted wildlife, endangered or threatened species,
plant or habitat resources, wildlife-dependent recreation, prescribed
fire, air, soil, water, cultural resources, refuge facilities,
solitude, or socio-economics. We analyze these impacts not only in each
refuge's NEPA document, but also in the 2019-2020 cumulative impacts
report.
    The Service does not collect population data at the national level,
and is able to use State population data when analyzing the impacts at
individual stations or within a State. When determining the
compatibility of an activity, Service policy (603 FW 2) directs station
managers to utilize all available data in exercising their sound
professional judgement in the decision-making process.
    ``Keystone species'' are species on which other species in an
ecosystem depend, and if these species were removed, the ecosystem
would change drastically. As stated above, the Service thoroughly
analyzes the impacts of allowing species to be hunted, including
keystone species, both in station NEPA documents and in the 2019-2020
cumulative impacts report. For federally listed species, the Service is
required to complete an Endangered Species Act (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et
seq.) section 7 consultation prior to opening hunting of a species. The
Service does not allow hunting if its effect would conflict with refuge
purposes or the mission of the Service, including significant
cumulative effects on individual species, federally listed species, or
migratory birds.
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment, though
we clarified our cumulative impacts report as a result of this comment.
    Comment (17): Two commenters asserted that we should prepare an
environmental impact statement (EIS) before proposing to expand hunting
and fishing opportunities on refuges or hatcheries. According to the
commenter, the proposed rule is of sufficient context and intensity to
indicate that it is significant enough to warrant an EIS, and that the
Service did not adequately analyze the cumulative impacts across the
country on all huntable populations with the cumulative impacts report.
    Our Response: The Service disagrees with the assertion that we
should prepare an EIS before proposing expanded hunting and fishing
opportunities on refuges or hatcheries. The Service's NEPA-related
analysis of the impacts of the proposed rule demonstrated that the rule
would not have significant impacts at the local, regional, or national
level, and the commenter has provided no additional information that
would change our analysis. As discussed above, we annually conduct
management activities on refuges and hatcheries that minimize or offset
impacts of hunting and fishing on physical and cultural resources,
including establishing designated areas for hunting; restricting levels
of use; confining access and travel to designated locations; providing
education programs and materials for hunters, anglers, and other users;
and conducting law enforcement activities.
    The Service completed individual environmental assessments for or
applied categorical exclusions to 89 refuges and hatcheries in
compliance with NEPA to evaluate the impacts of opening or expanding
hunting and fishing opportunities on the stations in connection with
this rulemaking. These environmental assessments and
[[Page 47647]]
categorical exclusions underwent regional and national review to
address and consider these actions from a multi-State or flyway
perspective, and to consider the cumulative impacts from this larger
geographical context. The 2019-2020 cumulative impacts report concludes
that, after analyzing the impacts of these 89 environmental assessments
and categorical exclusions collectively with the refuges that already
allow hunting and fishing, the rule will not result in significant
adverse impacts to the human environment. A court found that this
approach was an appropriate way for the Service to analyze the impacts
of the rule in compliance with NEPA (see Fund for Animals v. Hall, 777
F. Supp. 2d 92, 105 (D.D.C. 2011)). Therefore, we did not find that the
impacts to the human environment were severe, as the commenter
suggests.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as result of these
comments.
    Comment (18): One commenter stated that the Service is improperly
deferring to State wildlife management authority with the proposed
changes in the rule.
    Our Response: The Service works closely with our State partners in
managing hunting and fishing programs on refuge lands. As stated in our
response to Comment (1), the Service generally allows hunting or
fishing of wildlife on refuges and hatcheries consistent with State
regulations, including seasons and bag limits. Refuge-specific hunting
and fishing regulations can be more restrictive (but not more liberal)
than State regulations and often are more restrictive in order to help
meet specific refuge objectives. Our authority to do so stems from the
Administration Act, as amended, which states, ``when the Secretary [of
the Interior] determines that a proposed wildlife-dependent
recreational use is a compatible use within a refuge, that activity
should be facilitated, subject to such restrictions or regulations as
may be necessary, reasonable, and appropriate'' (16 U.S.C.
668dd(a)(3)(D)), and ``[r]egulations permitting hunting or fishing of
fish and resident wildlife within the [Refuge] System shall be, to the
extent practicable, consistent with State fish and wildlife laws,
regulations, and management plans'' (16 U.S.C. 668dd(m)).
    We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.
    Comment (19): A few commenters stated that the majority of
Americans do not hunt and were of the opinion that allowing hunting
would impede ``non-consumptive'' uses of refuges, including photography
and wildlife viewing. These comments expressed that hunting is contrary
to public interest.
    Our Response: Congress, through the Administration Act, as amended,
envisioned that hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography,
and environmental education and interpretation would all be treated as
priority public uses of the NWRS. Therefore, the Service facilitates
all of these uses on refuges, as long as they are found compatible with
the purposes of the specific refuge and the mission of the NWRS. For
this rulemaking, we analyzed impacts of the proposed changes to hunting
programs at each refuge and hatchery through the NEPA process, which
included analyzing impacts to other wildlife-dependent uses. The 74
refuges and 15 hatcheries for which we are opening or expanding hunting
and/or sport fishing in this rulemaking completed environmental
assessments (EAs) or applied categorical exclusions as previous actions
were considered under an EA. We also provided opportunities for the
public to comment on the proposed hunt opening and expansions when we
developed the CCP, hunt plan, and compatibility determination, and
through the NEPA process. When looking at the 89 EAs and categorical
exclusions completed for this specific rulemaking, collectively with
the refuges that already allow for hunting in the cumulative impacts
report, the Service has determined that there are no significant
impacts to other wildlife-dependent recreation opportunities.
    The refuges and hatcheries in this rulemaking use a variety of
techniques to reduce user conflict, such as specific hunt seasons,
limited hunting hours, restricting which parts of the station are open
to hunting, and restricting the number of hunters. Station managers
also use public outreach tools, such as signs and brochures, to make
users aware of hunting and their options for minimizing conflict. Most
stations have station-specific regulations to improve the quality of
the hunting experience as well as provide for quality wildlife-
dependent experiences for other users. The Service is aware of several
studies showing a correlation between increased hunting and decreased
wildlife sightings, which underscores the importance of using the
aforementioned techniques, particularly time and space zoning of
hunting, to ensure a quality experience for all refuge and hatchery
visitors. More information on how a specific station facilitates
various wildlife-dependent recreation opportunities can be found in the
station's CCP, hunt plan, and/or station-specific EA or environmental
impact statement (EIS). The public may contact the specific refuge for
any of these materials.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these
comments.
    Comment (20): We received one comment with concern that the
increase in openings and expansions of hunting and sport fishing would
overwhelm existing law enforcement capacity and have a detrimental
impact to public safety, wildlife, and other Service resources.
    Our Response: As we discussed in our response to Comment (1), in
order to open or expand hunting or sport fishing on a refuge, we must
find the activity compatible. In order to find an activity compatible,
the activity must not ``materially interfere or detract from'' public
safety, wildlife resources, or the purpose of the refuge. For all 89
openings and expansions in this rule, we determined that the proposed
actions would not have these detrimental impacts and found the actions
to be compatible.
    Service policy (603 FW 2.12(7)) requires station managers to
determine that adequate resources (including personnel, which would
include law enforcement) exist or can be provided by the Service or a
partner to properly develop, operate, and maintain the use in a way
that will not materially interfere with or detract from fulfillment of
the refuge purpose(s) and the Service mission. If resources are lacking
for establishment or continuation of wildlife-dependent recreational
uses, the refuge manager will make reasonable efforts to obtain
additional resources or outside assistance from States, other public
agencies, local communities, and/or private and nonprofit groups before
determining that the use is not compatible. When Service law
enforcement resources are lacking, we are often able to rely upon State
fish and game law-enforcement capacity to assist in enforcement of
hunting and fishing regulations.
    We made no changes to the rule based on this comment, though we
clarified our cumulative impacts report based on this comment.
    Comment (21): We received one comment with concern that the
openings and expansions at 14 refuges that are also designated as Urban
National Wildlife Refuges as part of the Urban Wildlife Conservation
Program would have potential negative effects on the management goals
of these refuges.
    Our Response: Standard 2 of The Urban Standards of Excellence
states, ``[c]onnect urban people with nature via stepping stones of
engagement.'' Urban NWRs provide opportunities to
[[Page 47648]]
introduce new audiences to hunting and fishing activities, and include
them in outdoor traditions. Hunting and fishing activities can provide
urban dwellers with opportunities to experience the outdoors, obtain
organic protein, and learn new skills. Offering hunting and fishing
opportunities on urban refuges can also help to re-engage city dwellers
who used to enjoy hunting or fishing. Providing hunting and fishing
opportunities near population centers can also increase license and
equipment sales, which benefit wildlife conservation programs.
    As described in our response to Comment (19), refuge managers, both
urban and rural, balance refuge uses by opening and closing areas to
activities at different times for a variety of reasons. They may
include management actions (prescribed burning, constructing water
control structures); safety (flooding, downed timber); and reduction of
conflicts between users (hunters vs. wildlife-viewers). Restricting an
area to hunting or fishing for short periods of time to allow that use
is simply using time management and zoning to reduce conflicts.
    In addition, urban refuges often have an overabundance of deer,
geese, or other animals that are negatively impacting refuge resources.
Hunt opportunities allow refuges and States to manage the populations,
while providing opportunities for citizens to enjoy the outdoors and
learn about population management.
    We made no changes to the rule as result of this comment.
    Comment (22): We received a comment in general support of the
proposed changes to increase hunting and sport fishing, specifically at
Laguna Atascosa and Lower Rio Grande Valley NWRs. However, this
commenter expressed that if the refuges are going to hold lotteries,
then hunters from the local area near the refuge should be given
``preference points'' so that these local hunters have a greater chance
of being chosen for the hunt, similar to the lottery system used by the
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD).
    Our Response: Both Laguna Atascosa and Lower Rio Grande Valley
National Wildlife Refuges administer their lotteries through the TPWD
lottery system. TPWD already has a system of ``preference points''
available for all hunters that are not drawn for a hunt. TPWD gives
greater weight to unsuccessful applicants for future year drawings.
This system likely helps local hunters over time as compared to out-of-
town hunters who are less likely to reapply over numerous years for our
hunts. Otherwise, there is currently no geographical weighting of
applicants to favor applicants from the surrounding area within the
TPWD lottery system.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (23): We received two comments concerning Anahuac,
McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs, and the lack of consistency among the
three refuges and their boating regulations, despite their close
proximity to each other. The commenters pointed out that as proposed,
these regulations do not meet the compatibility standards as listed in
the stipulations necessary to ensure compatibility in the CCP covering
all three refuges.
    Our Response: We agree with the comment, and as a result of this
comment, we have added clarifying language to the station-specific
regulations for Anahuac, McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs regarding the
types of boats allowed and horsepower restrictions. These revisions
ensure consistency for the applicable provisions across all three
refuges.
    Comment (24): We received two comments requesting that Erie NWR
reopen woodcock hunting on the refuge.
    Our Response: Woodcock hunting has been open on Erie NWR previously
and was only closed for a number of years to allow the Service to
conduct research on the refuge. The refuge has coordinated with the
State of Pennsylvania on reopening woodcock hunting, and has determined
that the use should be reopened to the public. All requirements to
allowing the use have already been completed.
    In response to these comments, we have added woodcock to the list
of species available to hunt for Erie NWR.
    Comment (25): We received a substantial number of comments for
Hutton Lake NWR on the refuge's environmental assessment and hunt plan
expressing concern that allowing hunting could cause disturbance to
wildlife and potentially cause conflict with other refuge visitors.
    Our Response: Based on these comments, the Service is adopting a
youth-only waterfowl hunt. Youth hunters would be able to hunt during
the Wyoming Zone C2 ``special youth waterfowl hunting days.'' The
Service has determined that the short temporal nature of the hunt will
result in minimal disturbance to wildlife and other refuge users in the
closed area. We intend to conduct a more detailed review of this issue
in the future.
    As a result of this comment, we have updated the language in the
station-specific regulations for Hutton Lake NWR to allow only youth
waterfowl hunting and only on certain days.
    Comment (26): Hutton Lake and Medicine Lake NWRs received a comment
from the Northern Cheyenne Tribe requesting monitoring measures to
ensure continued cultural resource protections of sites.
    Our Response: The Service will monitor known cultural resources.
Staff will monitor cultural resources so that they may note any unusual
activity or disturbance. The Service's cultural resource staff will
visit the resources and note any changes in condition when possible,
taking appropriate action. The cultural resources staff will be
notified of discovery of previously unknown resources and ensure
compliance with regulations and procedures.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (27): Hutton Lake NWR received a comment from the Cheyenne
and Arapahoe Tribes requesting continued protection and compliance with
regulations and procedures pertaining to traditional cultural
properties.
    Our Response: The Service remains committed to continued protection
of cultural resource sites and compliance with regulation and
procedures.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (28): One commenter felt that the Service did not properly
consider the cumulative impacts of hunting beaver at Cross Creeks and
Salt Plains NWRs.
    Our Response: Both environmental assessments for Cross Creeks NWR
and Salt Plains NWR sufficiently analyze and discuss the cumulative
impacts of allowing beavers to be taken incidentally in addition to
other refuge hunts. Beavers are already managed by refuge staff to
prevent habitat damage caused by beaver dams, which can have negative
impacts on vegetation, moist soil units, and other refuge resources.
The Service does not anticipate a substantial take of beavers, as these
refuges are not allowing standalone beaver hunting. Hunters will be
allowed to take beavers incidentally during other designated refuge
hunts.
    We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this
comment.
    Comment (29): We received one comment specific to Tamarac and Crane
Meadows NWRs, and to Iron River NFH, suggesting these stations undergo
further environmental review prior to approving the proposed rule, and
that these stations are especially deficient in their analysis of
impacts of hunting, hounding, and trapping of bobcats, coyotes, and
bears (including impacts to ESA-listed species) on the Federal lands.
Furthermore, they stated that
[[Page 47649]]
incidental take of wolves and lynx was not sufficiently analyzed in all
three plans and the ESA consultation was not available for public
review. Specific to Tamarac NWR, they stated that there was a violation
of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. subchapter II) by failing
to explain a change in position in allowing the use of dogs to hunt
bobcats in the proposed rule. For Iron River NFH, they commented on
opening to the hounding of bears in wolf habitat based on possible
conflicts with wolves. Additionally, they expressed concerns about the
adequacy of an environmental assessment to evaluate the environmental
impacts of opening to hunting using all methods of take, including
hounding and trapping, described in State of Wisconsin hunting
regulations.
    Our Response: To be clear, hounding is not allowed for hunting
furbearers on Crane Meadows and Tamarac NWRs. Both of these refuges
have refuge-specific regulations outlined in their hunting brochures
available on their websites that state that the use of dogs for
furbearer hunting is prohibited on the refuge. Additionally, the use of
dogs for hunting species of waterfowl and upland game is only allowed
if the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times,
as described in the proposed rule. To clarify that the use of dogs to
hunt furbearers is prohibited on Tamarac and Crane Meadows NWRs, we add
the following condition to relevant section of this final rule: ``We
allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting furbearers,
provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
times.'' Bobcats and coyotes are considered furbearers under State of
Minnesota regulations. At no point in time have dogs been allowed for
furbearer hunting on Tamarac NWR; thus, no violation of the
Administrative Procedure Act has occurred. Iron River NFH is allowing
the use of dogs for all hunting as defined by the State of Wisconsin
hunting regulations to maintain consistency with surrounding State and
Federal land. In both cases, the stations are aligning with State
hunting regulations outside the use of dogs for furbearers.
    As stated in our response to Comment (15), trapping is not
considered a priority wildlife-dependent recreational use of the Refuge
System, and is therefore not considered for the purposes of this rule.
    Intra-Service consultations conducted under the ESA's section 7
(section 7 consultations) are considered internal documents between the
Division of Ecological Services and other Service programs such as
Fisheries or Refuges. Final section 7 consultations were completed for
all stations prior to the local public comment period on the refuges'
NEPA documents and draft hunt plans that started May 1, 2019. These
documents are not required to be made available for public comment;
however, they can be made available upon request. Within their
completed section 7 consultation, Iron River made a ``no effect''
determination for Canada lynx and gray wolf. The section 7 consultation
points out that although the gray wolf occurs in Bayfield County, there
is no evidence of gray wolves on Iron River NFH. Therefore, there would
be no conflict with wolves by allowing hounding of bear. Within their
section 7 consultation, Crane Meadows NWR determined that the hunting
of coyotes and bobcats ``may affect'' but likely will not ``adversely
affect'' Canada lynx and gray wolf due to those species' current ranges
and distributions and to sightings of those species on the refuge being
very rare. Tamarac NWR determined that implementing the proposed hunt
plan ``may affect, but not adversely affect'' gray wolf populations
because: (1) The current wolf density on the refuge is considered
viable and sustainable, and juveniles natal to the refuge are
dispersing to form other packs outside the refuge; (2) most of the
expansion of hunting opportunities involves non-prey species for
wolves; (3) the disturbance from activities associated with the new
species proposed for hunting is expected to be minimal and not
significantly more than what exists from other current recreational
uses; (4) access for the newly proposed species and seasons will remain
similar to what currently exists; (5) gray wolves established
themselves on Tamarac NWR since the last amended hunt plan (1994)
during an era where an established hunt program existed for migratory
birds, small game, big game, and furbearers; (6) the timing of the
proposed expanded hunting seasons falls primarily outside the breeding
and denning period for wolf activity, which is a critical period in
their life stage; and (7) a significant area, which encompasses the
core home range for wolves using the refuge, is not hunted. Tamarac NWR
falls outside the current lynx range and designated critical habitat.
The evaluation provided by these stations' environmental assessments
demonstrate no significant impacts as defined by NEPA (which is
corroborated by the completed Intra-Service section 7 consultations).
    The States of Minnesota and Wisconsin provide hunters with guidance
in their regulations on how to tell the difference between wolves and
coyotes. Wisconsin also provides guidance on how to tell the difference
between lynx and bobcats. This education outreach will be augmented by
outreach at the station to reduce the potential for incidental take of
lynx and wolves. Managers will monitor potential incidental take of
these species and respond accordingly. Wolves are currently protected
under the ESA, and no final determination about their proposed
delisting (84 FR 9648; March 15, 2019) has been made.
    The environmental assessment completed for Iron River NFH
sufficiently reviewed all methods of take when estimating potential
harvest of species recommended for opening to hunting within their hunt
plan, and found that all Wisconsin-related methods of take for the
species proposed to be hunted would not have significant impact on the
human environment.
    Comment (30): We received 48 public comments on the Monomoy NWR
draft hunt plan and comments from multiple organizations on the 2019-
2020 station-specific hunting and sport fishing proposed rule.
Collectively, these comments indicate there is strong opposition and
little support for opening Monomoy NWR to coyote hunting. Locally, only
three individuals supported the proposal, with two of those supporting
specifically for the purposes of predator management for bird
protection.
    Our Response: Significant concerns were raised during the comment
period by the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other local and national
nonprofit conservation organizations regarding the likelihood for seal
disturbance. The Service did not complete the necessary coordination
with NOAA to identify Marine Mammal Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 1361 et
seq.) concerns prior to the release of the environmental assessment.
Therefore, in this rule, the Service will not allow for a coyote
hunting program at Monomoy NWR for 2019-2020. Monomoy NWR will
implement the waterfowl hunting program in 2019-2020, as proposed.
Changes From the Proposed Rule
    As discussed above, under Summary of Comments and Responses, based
on comments we received on the proposed rule and NEPA documents for
individual refuges and hatcheries, we made changes in this final rule
to Erie, Monomoy, Hutton Lake, Anahuac, McFaddin, Texas Point, Tamarac,
Ohio River Islands, and Canaan Valley NWRs. Specifically, in response
to comments,
[[Page 47650]]
we added woodcock to the list of species open to hunting under
migratory game birds on Erie NWR. Woodcock was open previously on the
refuge and was temporarily closed to allow the refuge to conduct
research. In coordination with the State of Pennsylvania, the Service
has determined that the previous NEPA documents and compatibility
determination are still valid, and with this rule, we open woodcock
hunting on the refuge. In response to comments received on the draft
hunt plan for Monomoy NWR, we will not be implementing a coyote-hunting
program on the refuge in 2019-2020. Therefore, we have removed the
proposed coyote regulations from the station-specific entry for Monomoy
NWR. In response to comments received on the refuge's NEPA documents,
Hutton Lake NWR will choose a different alternative from their
environmental assessment and allow only youth waterfowl hunting in
alignment with the State youth waterfowl hunt. In response to comments,
we added clarifying language regarding boating regulations to Anahuac,
McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs. We also added clarifying language for
Tamarac and Crane Meadows NWRs regarding the prohibition of dogs when
hunting furbearers. In response to comments, on both Ohio River Islands
and Canaan Valley NWRs, we added crossbow to the list of allowed
weapons during deer archery seasons.
    In response to comments received on the proposed rule, we limit our
changes to 50 CFR 36.32 to only the removal of the same-day airborne
hunting restriction at Sec.  36.32(c)(1)(iv). In addition, we made
several small edits to clarify or correct, like revising the name of a
permit from ``signed brochure'' to ``check-in card,'' and editing a
species list from ``fox, squirrel'' to ``fox squirrel.'' Also,
throughout this rule, we have changed the name of ``Dexter National
Fish Hatchery'' to the correct name, ``Southwest Native Aquatic
Resources and Recovery Center.'' This name correction does not change
the provisions in this final rule applicable to the Southwest Native
Aquatic Resources and Recovery Center.
Effective Date
    We are making this rule effective upon public inspection (see
DATES, above). We provided a 45-day public comment period for the June
26, 2019, proposed rule (84 FR 30314). We have determined that any
further delay in implementing these station-specific hunting and sport
fishing regulations would not be in the public interest, in that a
delay would hinder the effective planning and administration of
refuges' and hatcheries' hunting and sport fishing programs. This rule
does not impact the public generally in terms of requiring lead time
for compliance. Rather, it relieves restrictions in that it allows
activities on refuges and hatcheries that we would otherwise prohibit.
Therefore, we find good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to make this
rule effective upon public inspection.
Amendments to Existing Regulations
Updates to Hunting and Fishing Opportunities on NWRs and NFHs
    This document codifies in the Code of Federal Regulations all of
the Service's hunting and/or sport fishing regulations updated since
the last time we published a rule amending these regulations (83 FR
45758; September 10, 2018) and that are applicable at Refuge System and
Hatchery System units previously opened to hunting and/or sport
fishing. This rule better informs the general public of the regulations
at each station, increases understanding and compliance with these
regulations, and makes enforcement of these regulations more efficient.
In addition to now finding these regulations in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71,
visitors to our refuges and hatcheries may find them reiterated in
literature distributed by each station or posted on signs.
                                               Table 1--Changes for 2019-2020 Hunting/Sport Fishing Season
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Migratory bird
              Station                       State                 hunting          Upland game hunting     Big game hunting          Sport fishing
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bandon Marsh......................  Oregon...............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  D.
Bill Williams River...............  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually.........  Washington...........  D....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Already Open.
Bitter Lake.......................  New Mexico...........  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Closed.
Bond Swamp........................  Georgia..............  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
Bosque del Apache.................  New Mexico...........  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
Boyer Chute.......................  Nebraska.............  D....................  Closed...............  C/E.................  Already Open.
Buenos Aires......................  Arizona..............  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Closed.
Cedar Point.......................  Ohio.................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Already Open........  D.
Cherry Valley.....................  Pennsylvania.........  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  B.
Cibola............................  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
Clarks River......................  Kentucky.............  Already Open.........  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Colusa............................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
Crab Orchard......................  Illinois.............  C/E..................  C/E..................  E...................  Already Open.
Craig Brook NFH...................  Maine................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Crane Meadows.....................  Minnesota............  B....................  B....................  D...................  Closed.
Cross Creeks......................  Tennessee............  Already Open.........  C....................  E...................  Already Open.
Currituck.........................  North Carolina.......  E....................  Closed...............  E...................  Closed.
Cypress Creek.....................  Illinois.............  C/D..................  C/D..................  D...................  Already Open.
Deep Fork.........................  Oklahoma.............  C....................  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
Delevan...........................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
Desoto............................  Iowa and Nebraska....  Closed...............  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
Edenton NFH.......................  North Carolina.......  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Entiat NFH........................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Grand Bay.........................  Mississippi and        E....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Closed.
                                     Alabama.
Great Bay.........................  New Hampshire........  Already Open.........  Closed...............  C/E.................  Closed.
Great River.......................  Illinois and Missouri  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
Green Bay.........................  Wisconsin............  Closed...............  Closed...............  A...................  A.
Hackmatack........................  Illinois and           Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  B.
                                     Wisconsin.
Hagerman..........................  Texas................  D....................  D....................  D...................  Already Open.
Harrison Lake NFH.................  Virginia.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
[[Page 47651]]

Havasu............................  Arizona..............  E....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Already Open.
Hotchkiss NFH.....................  Colorado.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Hutton Lake.......................  Wyoming..............  A....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Closed.
Imperial..........................  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Inks Dam NFH......................  Texas................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Iron River NFH....................  Wisconsin............  A....................  A....................  A...................  Closed.
Key Cave..........................  Alabama..............  C....................  C....................  B...................  Closed.
Kirwin............................  Kansas...............  D....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Already Open.
Kofa..............................  Arizona..............  Closed...............  E....................  Already Open........  Closed.
Laguna Atascosa...................  Texas................  Closed...............  Closed...............  E...................  Already Open.
Las Vegas.........................  New Mexico...........  E....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Closed.
Leadville NFH.....................  Colorado.............  A....................  A....................  A...................  A.
Leavenworth NFH...................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Little River......................  Oklahoma.............  Already Open.........  C....................  E...................  Already Open.
Little White Salmon NFH...........  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Lower Rio Grande Valley...........  Texas................  Already Open.........  Closed...............  E...................  Closed.
Marin Islands.....................  California...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Mashpee...........................  Massachusetts........  A....................  A....................  A...................  Closed.
Mattamuskeet......................  North Carolina.......  Already Open.........  Closed...............  E...................  Already Open.
McKay Creek.......................  Oregon...............  C....................  C....................  B...................  Already Open.
Medicine Lake.....................  Montana..............  C....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  E.
Middle Mississippi River..........  Illinois and Missouri  Already Open.........  D....................  E...................  D.
Minidoka..........................  Idaho................  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  B...................  E.
Monomoy...........................  Massachusetts........  B....................  B....................  Closed..............  Already Open.
Neal Smith........................  Iowa.................  D....................  D....................  D...................  Closed.
Nestucca Bay......................  Oregon...............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  B.
Northern Tallgrass Prairie........  Iowa and Minnesota...  D....................  D....................  D...................  B.
Okefenokee........................  Georgia..............  Closed...............  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
Orangeburg NFH....................  South Carolina.......  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Ottawa............................  Ohio.................  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  D.
Ozark Plateau.....................  Oklahoma.............  Closed...............  A....................  A...................  Closed.
Parker River......................  Massachusetts........  D/E..................  B....................  D/E.................  Already Open.
Patoka River......................  Indiana..............  D....................  D....................  D...................  D.
Patuxent..........................  Maryland.............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  D...................  Already Open.
Piedmont..........................  Georgia..............  Closed...............  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
Sacramento........................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
Salt Plains.......................  Oklahoma.............  C/D..................  C/D..................  C/E.................  Already Open.
San Bernardino....................  Arizona..............  E....................  Already Open.........  Closed..............  Closed.
Sand Lake.........................  South Dakota.........  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
San Juan Islands..................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
San Pablo Bay.....................  California...........  E....................  Already Open.........  Closed..............  Already Open.
Seedskadee........................  Wyoming..............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  C...................  Already Open.
Sequoyah..........................  Oklahoma.............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  C...................  Already Open.
Silvio O. Conte...................  Massachusetts and      A....................  A....................  A...................  A.
                                     Connecticut.
Southwest Native Aquatic Resources  New Mexico...........  A....................  A....................  Closed..............  Closed.
 and Recovery Center.
Spring Creek NFH..................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
St. Marks.........................  Florida..............  Already Open.........  D....................  D...................  Already Open.
Stone Lakes.......................  California...........  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  B.
Sutter............................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
Tamarac...........................  Minnesota............  C....................  C....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Tishomingo........................  Oklahoma.............  B....................  Closed...............  C...................  Already Open.
Tishomingo NFH....................  Oklahoma.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Trinity River.....................  Texas................  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open
Valentine.........................  Nebraska.............  Already Open.........  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Valley City NFH (6)...............  North Dakota.........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
Washita...........................  Oklahoma.............  C/D..................  C....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
Wichita Mountains.................  Oklahoma.............  B....................  B....................  C...................  Already Open.
Whittlesey Creek..................  Wisconsin............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Already Open........  B.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Key:
* number in ( ) refers to the Region as explained in the preamble to this proposed rule for additional information regarding refuge specific
  regulations.
A = New station opened (Opening).
B = New activity on a station previously open to other activities (Opening).
C = Station already open to activity but added new species to hunt (Opening).
D = Station already open to activity, but added new lands/waters or modified areas open to hunting or fishing (Expansion).
E = Station already open to activity, but existing opportunity expanded through season dates, method of take, bag limits, quota permits, youth hunt,
  etc. (Expansion).
F = Activity is being closed on the station.
[[Page 47652]]
    The changes for the 2019-2020 hunting/fishing season noted in the
chart above are each based on a complete administrative record which,
among other detailed documentation, also includes a hunt plan, a
compatibility determination (for refuges), and the appropriate National
Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) analysis, all
of which were the subject of a public review and comment process. These
documents are available upon request.
    Through these openings and expansions, we are opening or expanding
an additional 1,451,131 acres to hunting and sport fishing within the
National Wildlife Refuge System and the National Fish Hatchery System.
These actions are the only changes to the administration of hunting and
sport fishing opportunities on Service lands and waters.
Other Updates to the Regulations for NWRs
    In this rulemaking, we standardize and clarify the language of
existing regulations.
    We update the existing nonstandard codification system of 50 CFR
part 32, as well as 50 CFR 26.34, to the standard Code of Federal
Regulations (CFR) paragraph designation system. Therefore, in addition
to setting forth all of Sec. Sec.  26.34 and 32.7 to bring them into
conformity with the CFR's standard codification system, we also set
forth every entry for our refuge-specific regulations in 50 CFR part 32
in this rule for reformatting.
    Further, as part of a national effort to assess hunting and sport
fishing on Service lands and waters, we reviewed over 7,200 station-
specific regulations to, in part, identify unnecessary redundancy in
existing Federal regulations that apply to all stations and relevant
State hunting and fishing regulations. As a result of that review, we
remove approximately 2,100 regulations that will have no impact on the
administration of hunting and sport fishing within the National
Wildlife Refuge System.
    We also simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific regulations to comply
with a Presidential mandate to adhere to plain language standards and
to reduce the regulatory burden on the public. In this rule, the
editorial revisions to use plain language in regulations do not modify
the substance of the previous regulations. These types of changes
include using ``you'' to refer to the reader and ``we'' to refer to the
Refuge System, using the word ``allow'' instead of ``permit'' when we
do not require the use of a permit for an activity, using consistent
language to present requirements concerning hunters' ages for youth
hunt opportunities, and using active voice (e.g., ``We restrict entry
into the refuge'' vs. ``Entry into the refuge is restricted''). Some of
these changes also include adding clarifying language or Office of
Management and Budget (OMB) approved form numbers for permits to comply
with Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) and information collection
requirements.
    Another result of our review of our station-specific regulations is
the identification of general public use regulations, for activities
like camping and boating, in 50 CFR part 32 that are better placed
elsewhere in our regulations. Therefore, we move those general public
use regulations not exclusively pertaining to hunting and sport fishing
activities from 50 CFR part 32 to 50 CFR 26.34. This reorganization
does not establish any new regulations, nor does it make any changes to
the enforcement of public use or hunting and sport fishing on Service
lands.
    In 50 CFR 26.34, we remove the provisions concerning the issuance
of medical access waiver permits for Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge
in Virginia. We make this change because, as the current regulations
state, we have not issued any such waivers for more than 30 years, and
we will not issue any in the future. Therefore, these provisions are
obsolete and should be removed from the regulations.
    Lastly, we make changes to 50 CFR part 36, the regulations
concerning Alaska NWRs. Specifically, we remove the same-day airborne
hunting prohibition set forth at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv). This
prohibition duplicates a State of Alaska law and regulation (Title 16
of the Alaska Statutes (AS) at chapter 5, section 783 (AS 16.05.783),
and Title 5 of the Alaska Administrative Code (AAC) at chapter 92,
section 85 (5 AAC 92.085)). Further, the State of Alaska's animal
control programs may only be conducted on Alaska NWRs in accordance
with a Federal special use permit issued by the Refuge Manager (50 CFR
36.32(e)). We also make editorial changes to these regulations for
clarity and consistency.
Fish Advisory
    For health reasons, anglers should review and follow State-issued
consumption advisories before enjoying recreational sport fishing
opportunities on Service-managed waters. You can find information about
current fish-consumption advisories on the internet at: http://www.epa.gov/fish-tech.
Required Determinations
Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)
    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and
Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has
determined that this rulemaking is not significant.
    Executive Order (E.O.) 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866
while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to
promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best,
most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory
ends. The Executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory
approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of
choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible,
and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes
further that regulations must be based on the best available science
and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and
an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner
consistent with these requirements.
Executive Order 13771--Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory
Costs
    This rule is not an Executive Order (E.O.) 13771 (82 FR 9339,
February 3, 2017) regulatory action because this rule is not
significant under E.O. 12866.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (as amended by the Small
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act [SBREFA] of 1996) (5
U.S.C. 601 et seq.), whenever a Federal agency is required to publish a
notice of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare
and make available for public comment a regulatory flexibility analysis
that describes the effect of the rule on small entities (i.e., small
businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions).
However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of
an agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic
impact on a substantial number of small entities. Thus, for a
regulatory flexibility analysis to be required, impacts must exceed a
threshold for ``significant impact'' and a threshold for a
``substantial number of small entities.'' See 5 U.S.C. 605(b). SBREFA
amended the Regulatory Flexibility Act to require Federal agencies to
provide a statement of the factual basis for certifying that a rule
will not have a significant economic
[[Page 47653]]
impact on a substantial number of small entities.
    This rule opens 7 NWRs and 15 NFHs to sport fishing and hunting and
expands hunting or fishing activities on 67 additional NWRs. As a
result, visitor use for wildlife-dependent recreation on these stations
will change. If the stations establishing new programs were a pure
addition to the current supply of those activities, it would mean an
estimated increase of 18,258 user days (one person per day
participating in a recreational opportunity; see Table 2). Because the
participation trend is flat in these activities since 1991, this
increase in supply will most likely be offset by other sites losing
participants. Therefore, this is likely to be a substitute site for the
activity and not necessarily an increase in participation rates for the
activity.
                       Table 2--Estimated Change in Recreation Opportunities in 2019-2020
                                             [Dollars in thousands]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Additional      Additional      Additional
                             Station                               hunting days    fishing days    expenditures
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bandon Marsh....................................................  ..............             100            $4.4
Bill Williams River.............................................              15  ..............             0.6
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually.......................................             311  ..............            12.8
Bitter Lake.....................................................             333  ..............            13.7
Bond Swamp......................................................              24  ..............             1.0
Bosque del Apache...............................................             360  ..............            14.9
Boyer Chute.....................................................             327  ..............            13.5
Buenos Aires....................................................              45  ..............             1.9
Cedar Point.....................................................  ..............              30             1.3
Cherry Valley...................................................  ..............             365            16.0
Cibola..........................................................             400  ..............            16.5
Clarks River....................................................              60  ..............             2.5
Colusa..........................................................             476  ..............            19.6
Crab Orchard....................................................           1,099  ..............            45.4
Craig Brook NFH.................................................  ..............             365            16.0
Crane Meadows...................................................             304  ..............            12.5
Cross Creeks....................................................              11  ..............             0.5
Currituck.......................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Cypress Creek...................................................             378  ..............            15.6
Deep Fork.......................................................             450  ..............            18.6
Delevan.........................................................             715  ..............            29.5
Desoto..........................................................              85  ..............             3.5
Edenton NFH.....................................................  ..............             300            13.2
Entiat NFH......................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Grand Bay.......................................................              25  ..............             1.0
Great Bay.......................................................              64  ..............             2.6
Great River.....................................................             320  ..............            13.2
Green Bay.......................................................             752              50            33.2
Hackmatack......................................................  ..............              50             2.2
Hagerman........................................................           5,400  ..............           222.9
Harrison Lake NFH...............................................  ..............             365            16.0
Havasu..........................................................             205  ..............             8.5
Hotchkiss NFH...................................................  ..............             300            13.2
Hutton Lake.....................................................              94  ..............             3.9
Imperial........................................................              30  ..............             1.2
Inks Dam NFH....................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Iron River NFH..................................................           1,145  ..............            47.3
Key Cave........................................................             150  ..............             6.2
Kirwin..........................................................             172  ..............             7.1
Kofa............................................................              35  ..............             1.4
Laguna Atascosa.................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Las Vegas.......................................................              65  ..............             2.7
Leadville NFH...................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Leavenworth NFH.................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Little River....................................................             658  ..............            27.2
Little White Salmon NFH.........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Lower Rio Grande Valley.........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
Marin Islands...................................................  ..............           1,825            80.2
Mashpee.........................................................             225  ..............             9.3
Mattamuskeet....................................................               1  ..............             1018-0140, ``Hunting and Sport Fishing Application Forms
and Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41,
25.43, 25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72''
(Expires 07/30/2021),
     1018-0153, ``National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Check-In
Permit and Use Report'' (Expires 04/30/2022),
     1018-0102, ``National Wildlife Refuge Special Use Permit
Applications and Reports, 50 CFR 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, & 36''
(Expires 08/31/2020),
     1018-0135, ``Electronic Federal Duck Stamp Program''
(Expires 01/31/2020),
     1018-0093, ``Federal Fish and Wildlife Permit Applications
and Reports--Management Authority; 50 CFR 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23''
(Expires 08/31/2020), and
     1024-0252, ``The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass
Application Processes'' (Expires 08/31/2020).
    This final rule authorizes DOI to collect the following information
associated with hunting and sport fishing activities across the
National Wildlife Refuge System:
    (1) Labeling/Marking Requirements--As a condition of the permit,
some refuges require permittees to label hunting and fishing gear left
overnight. This equipment may include items such as the following: Tree
stands, blinds, or game cameras; hunting dogs (collars); flagging/trail
markers; boats; and/or fishing equipment such as jugs, trotlines, and
crawfish or crab traps. Refuges require the owner label their equipment
with their last name, the state issued hunting/fishing license number,
and/or hunting/fishing permit number. Refuges may also require
equipment for youth hunters include ``YOUTH'' on the label. This
minimal information is necessary in the event the refuge needs to
contact the owner.
    (2) Notifications--On occasion, hunters may find their game has
landed
[[Page 47659]]
outside of established hunting boundaries. In this situation, hunters
must notify an authorized refuge employee to obtain consent to retrieve
the game from an area closed to hunting or entry only upon specific
consent. Certain refuges also require hunters to notify the refuge
manager when hunting specific species (e.g., black bear, bobcat, or
eastern coyote) with trailing dogs. Refuges may also require advance
notification by disabled hunters requesting special accommodations on
the refuge.
    (3) Transfer of FWS Form 3-2405--OMB approval of FWS Form 3-2405
was under OMB Control No. 1018-0153. OMB approved the transfer of the
form into OMB Control No. 1018-0140 so all forms associated with
hunting and/or sport fishing activities in use by the National Wildlife
Refuge System are contained under the same information collection. We
will discontinue OMB Control No. 1018-0153 on the effective date of
this final rule for 1018-BD79.
    (4) OMB approved FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
Wildlife Refuge System, to replace existing FWS Forms 3-2354 through 3-
2357. This streamlines the application process and reduces the
regulatory burden on the public.
    Title of Collection: Hunting and Fishing Application Forms and
Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41, 25.43,
25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72.
    OMB Control Number: 1018-0140.
    Form Number: FWS Forms 3-2405, 3-2439, and 3-2358 through 3-2362.
    Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved collection.
    Respondents/Affected Public: Individuals and households.
    Respondent's Obligation: Required to Obtain or Retain a Benefit.
    Frequency of Collection: On occasion.
    Total Estimated Annual Nonhour Burden Cost: $84,000.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    Completion
                            Activity                              Annual  number     time per      Total annual
                                                                   of  responses     response      burden hours
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hunting and Fishing Permit Applications:
    Form 3-2439 Hunt Application/Permit.........................         348,689      10 minutes          58,115
    Form 3-2358 Fish/Crab/Shrimp Application/Permit.............           2,472       5 minutes             206
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
        Subtotal Applications:..................................         351,161  ..............          58,321
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Harvest Activity Reports:
    Form 3-2359 Big Game Harvest Report.........................          91,879      15 minutes          22,970
    Form 3-2360 Fishing Harvest Report..........................         421,112      15 minutes         105,278
    Form 3-2361 Migratory Bird Harvest Report...................          32,821      15 minutes           8,205
    Form 3-2362 Upland Game Furbearer Harvest Report............          25,024      15 minutes           6,256
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
        Subtotal Activity Reports:..............................         570,836  ..............         142,709
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
New Information Collections Added to Collection:
    Labeling/Marking Requirements...............................           2,160      10 minutes             360
    Notifications...............................................             384      30 minutes             192
    Form 3-2405 Check-In/Out Permit (from 1018-0153)............         650,000       5 minutes          54,167
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
        Subtotal Other Requirements:............................         652,544  ..............          54,719
================================================================================================================
            Totals:.............................................       1,574,541  ..............         255,749
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    On June 26, 2019, we published a proposed rule (84 FR 30314) that
solicited comments on the new/revised information collection
requirements described in this supporting statement for a period of 30
days, ending July 26, 2019. We received no comments concerning the
information collection in response to the proposed rule. Additional
comments are being solicited through publication of this final rule.
    As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent
burdens, we invite the public and other Federal agencies to comment on
any aspect of this information collection, including:
    (1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary,
including whether or not the information will have practical utility;
    (2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection
of information;
    (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the
information to be collected; and
    (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on
respondents.
    Send your comments and suggestions on this information collection
to the Desk Officer for the Department of the Interior at OMB-OIRA at
(202) 395-5806 (fax) or [email protected] (email). You may
view the information collection at http://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. Please provide a copy of your comments to the Service
Information Collection Clearance Officer, Madonna Baucum, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO-1N), Falls
Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); (703) 358-2503 (telephone); or
[email protected] (email). Please reference OMB Control Number 1018-
0140 in the subject line of your comments.
Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation
    We comply with section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as
amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), when developing comprehensive
conservation plans and step-down management plans--which include
hunting and/or fishing plans--for public use of refuges and hatcheries,
and prior to implementing any new or revised public recreation program
on a station as identified in 50 CFR 26.32. We have completed section 7
consultation on each of the affected stations.
National Environmental Policy Act
    We analyzed this rule in accordance with the criteria of the
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4332(C)),
43 CFR part 46, and 516 Departmental Manual (DM) 8.
    A categorical exclusion from NEPA documentation applies to
publication of
[[Page 47660]]
amendments to station-specific hunting and fishing regulations because
they are technical and procedural in nature, and the environmental
effects are too broad, speculative, or conjectural to lend themselves
to meaningful analysis (43 CFR 46.210 and 516 DM 8). Concerning the
actions that are the subject of this rulemaking, we have complied with
NEPA at the project level when developing each proposal. This is
consistent with the Department of the Interior instructions for
compliance with NEPA where actions are covered sufficiently by an
earlier environmental document (43 CFR 46.120).
    Prior to the addition of a refuge or hatchery to the list of areas
open to hunting and fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71, we develop
hunting and fishing plans for the affected stations. We incorporate
these proposed station hunting and fishing activities in the station
comprehensive conservation plan and/or other step-down management
plans, pursuant to our refuge planning guidance in 602 Fish and
Wildlife Service Manual (FW) 1, 3, and 4. We prepare these
comprehensive conservation plans and step-down plans in compliance with
section 102(2)(C) of NEPA, the Council on Environmental Quality's
regulations for implementing NEPA in 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508,
and the Department of Interior's NEPA regulations 43 CFR part 46. We
invite the affected public to participate in the review, development,
and implementation of these plans. Copies of all plans and NEPA
compliance are available from the stations at the addresses provided
below.
Available Information for Specific Stations
    Individual refuge and hatchery headquarters have information about
public use programs and conditions that apply to their specific
programs and maps of their respective areas. To find out how to contact
a specific refuge or hatchery, contact the appropriate Service office
for the States listed below:
    Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Regional Chief, National
Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Eastside
Federal Complex, Suite 1692, 911 NE 11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232-
4181; Telephone (503) 231-6214.
    Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Regional Chief, National
Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, P.O. Box 1306,
500 Gold Avenue SW, Albuquerque, NM 87103; Telephone (505) 248-6937.
    Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and
Wisconsin. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, 5600 American Blvd. West, Suite 990, Bloomington,
MN 55437-1458; Telephone (612) 713-5360.
    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico,
and the Virgin Islands. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge
System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1875 Century Boulevard,
Atlanta, GA 30345; Telephone (404) 679-7166.
    Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode
Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. Regional Chief, National
Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Westgate
Center Drive, Hadley, MA 01035-9589; Telephone (413) 253-8307.
    Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Utah, and Wyoming. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 134 Union Blvd., Lakewood, CO 80228;
Telephone (303) 236-8145.
    Alaska. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503; Telephone
(907) 786-3545.
    California and Nevada. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge
System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2606,
Sacramento, CA 95825; Telephone (916) 414-6464.
Primary Author
    Katherine Harrigan, Division of Natural Resources and Conservation
Planning, National Wildlife Refuge System, is the primary author of
this rulemaking document.
List of Subjects
50 CFR Part 26
    Recreation and recreation areas, Wildlife refuges.
50 CFR Part 32
    Fishing, Hunting, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements,
Wildlife, Wildlife refuges.
50 CFR Part 36
    Alaska, Recreation and recreation areas, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements, Wildlife refuges.
50 CFR Part 71
    Fish, Fishing, Hunting, Wildlife.
Regulation Promulgation
    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, we amend title 50,
chapter I, subchapters C and E of the Code of Federal Regulations as
follows:
Subchapter C--The National Wildlife Refuge System
PART 26--PUBLIC ENTRY AND USE
0
1. The authority citation for part 26 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and
715i; Pub. L. 96-315 (94 Stat. 958) and Pub. L. 98-146 (97 Stat.
955).
0
2. Revise Sec.  26.34 to read as follows:
Sec.  26.34   What are the special regulations concerning public
access, use, and recreation for individual national wildlife refuges?
    The following refuge units, listed in alphabetical order by State
and unit name, have refuge-specific regulations for public access, use,
and recreation.
    (a) Alabama--(1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on Gator and
Little Gator Lakes.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of
motorized watercraft in all refuge waters not directly connected to
Lake Eufaula.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of all air-thrust boats, including
airboats, aircraft, boats with secondary fans, and hovercraft.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of personal watercraft or air-cooled
propulsion engines outside of marked navigation channels.
    (iv) We prohibit the mooring or storing of boats from 1\1/2\ hours
after legal sunset to 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise.
    (3) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit mooring or
storing of boats from legal sunset to legal sunrise.
    (ii) We prohibit airboats and hovercraft on all waters within the
refuge boundaries.
    (iii) We prohibit inboard waterthrust boats such as, but not
limited to, personal watercraft, watercycles, and waterbikes on all
waters of the refuge except that portion of the Tennessee River and
Flint Creek from its mouth to mile marker 3.
    (b) Arizona--(1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC as governed by State law), air
thrust boats, and hovercraft on all waters within the boundaries of the
refuge.
    (ii) We designate all refuge waters as wakeless speed zones (as
governed by State law) as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.
[[Page 47661]]
    (iii) The nonmotorized watercraft launch and Central Arizona
Project (CAP) peninsula are day-use only areas and are open from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. We allow
fishing and the launching of watercraft at these and other areas 24
hours a day.
    (iv) We prohibit the possession or consumption of open containers
of alcohol or the possession of glass beverage containers in improved
areas, including the nonmotorized watercraft launch and the CAP
peninsula.
    (2) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of all
air-thrust boats, including floating aircraft.
    (ii) The following conditions apply only on Topock Marsh:
    (A) We close designated portions to all entry from October 1
through the last day of the waterfowl hunt season (including the State
junior waterfowl hunt).
    (B) We close designated portions to all entry from April 1 through
August 31. These areas are indicated in refuge brochures and identified
by buoys and or signs.
    (C) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State
law).
    (iii) The following conditions apply to all waters of the Colorado
River within the refuge from the south regulatory buoy line to the
north regulatory buoy line at Interstate 40 (approximately 17 miles
(27.2 kilometers)):
    (A) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State law)
as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys in all backwaters.
    (B) We limit watercraft speed as indicated by signs or regulatory
buoys to no wake (as governed by State law) in all backwaters.
    (C) We prohibit water-skiing, tubing, wake boarding, or other
recreational-towed devices.
    (iv) The following conditions apply to improved areas within the
refuge; improved areas consist of the Mesquite Bay areas, Castle Rock,
the Diving Cliffs, Catfish Paradise, Five Mile Landing, and North Dike:
    (A) We prohibit entry of all motorized watercraft in all three bays
of the Mesquite Bay areas as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.
    (B) Improved areas are day-use only and are open from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. We allow fishing
and launching watercraft at these and other areas 24 hours a day.
    (C) We prohibit the possession of open containers of alcohol or the
possession of glass beverage containers in improved areas.
    (c) Arkansas--(1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit mooring houseboats to the refuge bank on the Little Red River.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats from
November 1 through February 28, except on that portion of the refuge
open for public fishing with electric motors and Ditch 28.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the
mooring of houseboats to refuge property.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
camping only in designated sites and areas identified in the refuge
user brochure (signed brochure), and we restrict camping to individuals
involved in wildlife-dependent activities. We limit camping on the
refuge to no more than 14 days during any 30 consecutive-day period.
Campers must occupy camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances,
including use of generators, after 10 p.m.
    (ii) We allow refuge users to leave boats 16 feet (4.8 meters) or
less in length unattended overnight from March 1 to October 31, as long
as the owner clearly and prominently displays his or her boat
registration number.
    (5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only
at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt
brochure, and we restrict camping to individuals involved in wildlife-
dependent refuge activities.
    (ii) Campers may stay no more than 14 days during any 30
consecutive-day period in any campground and must occupy camps daily.
    (iii) We prohibit all disturbances, including use of generators,
after 10 p.m.
    (6) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit all boat
motors (including surface drive motors, mud motors, etc.) larger than
25 horsepower.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (7) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only
at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt
brochure. We restrict camping to the individuals involved in refuge
wildlife-dependent activities. Campers may stay no more than 14 days
during any consecutive 30-day period in a campground and must occupy
the camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances, including use of
generators, after 10 p.m.
    (ii) You must unload all hunting firearms and crossbows (see Sec.
27.42(b) of this chapter) within 100 yards (90 meters) of a campground.
    (iii) We prohibit camping on the refuge while hunting off the
refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit consumption or possession of opened container(s)
of alcoholic beverage(s) in parking lots, on roadways, and in plain
view in campgrounds.
    (v) We prohibit fires outside of campgrounds.
    (vi) We prohibit possession or use of fireworks.
    (vii) We prohibit geocaching.
    (d) California--(1) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person
may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in
designated parking/overnight stay areas.
    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
parking areas and vehicle access roads.
    (2) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/
overnight stay areas.
    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
parking areas and vehicle access roads.
    (3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
thrust and inboard water-thrust boats.
    (ii) You may use only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
motors on designated motorless units from the start of the hunting
season through November 30. You may use motorized boats on designated
motorless units from December 1 through the end of hunting season.
    (4) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/
overnight stay areas.
    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
parking areas and vehicle access roads.
    (5) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
fires on the refuge, except we allow portable gas stoves on gravel bars
(see Sec.  27.95(a) of this chapter).
    (ii) We open the refuge for day-use access from 2 hours before
legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. We
[[Page 47662]]
allow access during other hours on gravel bars only.
    (iii) On Packer Lake and Drumheller North, due to primitive access,
we only allow boats up to 14 feet (4.2 meters) and canoes. Electric
motors only.
    (6) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
launching of boats and access to the Bay or sloughs from refuge
property except from designated boat launch sites (Cullinan Ranch Unit
and Dickson Ranch Unit).
    (ii) We allow only nonmotorized crafts at the Cullinan Ranch Unit
and Dickson Ranch Unit launch sites.
    (7) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/
overnight stay areas.
    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
parking areas and vehicle access roads.
    (e)-(f) [Reserved]
    (g) Delaware--(1) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The
maximum horsepower allowed for boat motors is 30 horsepower. You must
abide by the slow, no-wake zones on designated portions of refuge
waterways as depicted in maps or within the brochure.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]
    (h) Florida--(1) Arthur R. Marshal Loxahatchee National Wildlife
Refuge. (i) We allow only boats equipped with factory-manufactured-
water-cooled outboard motors, boats with electric motors, and
nonmotorized boats. We prohibit boats with air-cooled engines,
airboats, fan boats, hovercraft, and personal watercraft (e.g., Jet
Skis, jet boats, wave runners).
    (ii) There is a 35 miles per hour (mph) speed limit in all waters
of the refuge. A 500-foot (150-meter) ``idle speed zone'' is at each of
the refuge's three boat ramps.
    (iii) We require all boats operating outside of the main perimeter
canals (the L-40 Canal, L-39 Canal, L-7 Canal, and L-101 Canal) in
interior areas of the refuge and within the hunt area to fly a 12-inch
by 12-inch (30-centimeters (cm) by 30-cm) orange flag 10 feet (3
meters) above the vessel's waterline.
    (2) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow airboats
only on the designated airboat route within Citrus County and on all
navigable waterways within Hernando County with a refuge Special Use
Permit (General Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-
1383-G) issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on vegetation.
    (3) J.N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
kite surfing, kite boarding, wind surfing, and sail boarding.
    (ii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling, or
floating in the posted ``no-motor zone'' of the J.N. ``Ding'' Darling
Wilderness Area. All motors, including electric motors, must be in a
nonuse position (out of the water) when in the ``no-motor zone.''
    (iii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling,
floating, or electric motors in the posted ``pole/troll zone'' of the
Wulfert Flats Management Area. All non-electric motors must be in a
nonuse position (out of the water) when in the ``pole/troll zone.''
    (iv) We allow launching of canoes and kayaks anywhere on the right
(north) side of Wildlife Drive. We prohibit launching motorized vessels
over 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length from Wildlife Drive. Motorized
vessels less than 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length may only be launched
from designated site #2.
    (v) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, personal watercraft, and
``Go-Devil''-style outboard motors.
    (vi) Vessels must not exceed slow speed/minimum wake in refuge
waters.
    (4) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (i) During hunting
seasons, we close hunting areas on the refuge to all public use except
to hunters possessing a valid permit. Hunting areas are marked on
refuge maps.
    (ii) We close the refuge between legal sunset and legal sunrise.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of airboats on the refuge.
    (5) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
leaving boats on the refuge overnight.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (6) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit use of
boats with motors over 10 horsepower on any refuge lake or pond.
    (ii) We allow use of hand-launched boats on impoundments on the St.
Marks Unit from March 15 through October 15 each year. We prohibit
launching of boats from trailers in the impoundments in the St. Marks
Unit. We prohibit all gasoline-powered motors in the impoundments in
the St. Marks Unit.
    (iii) You may not launch commercially registered boats, air-thrust
boats, or personal watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St.
Marks Unit. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching any type
of watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St. Marks Unit.
    (iv) You may not launch air-thrust boats or personal watercraft
from Wakulla Beach. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching
any type of watercraft from Wakulla Beach.
    (7) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict camping
and fires (see Sec.  27.95(a) of this chapter) to the two designated
camping areas. We may restrict or ban fires during dry periods.
    (ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages
during the refuge hunt period (see Sec.  32.2(j) of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit motorized equipment, generators, or land vehicles
(except bicycles).
    (iv) Visitors must observe quiet time in the campground between 9
p.m. and 5 a.m. We prohibit loud or boisterous behavior or activity.
    (v) We allow boats with electric motors. You must remove all other
motors from the boats and secure them to a designated motor rack with a
lock and chain.
    (vi) We allow boats in refuge lakes from May 15 through September
30.
    (8) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
air-thrust boats, hovercraft, personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis, jet
boats, wave runners), and off-road vehicles in the freshwater and
brackish marsh area south of U.S. 41.
    (ii) We limit vessels to a maximum of 25 horsepower outboard motor.
    (i) Georgia--(1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit swimming, wading, jet skiing, water skiing, and the use of
airboats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (iii) We allow boat launching at the Stone Creek Boat Launch.
During periods of high water, we allow boats to be launched from refuge
roads normally open to vehicle traffic. We allow gasoline motors only
during periods of high water as defined as a reading of 18 feet (5.5
meters) or higher at the Macon Gauge on the Ocmulgee River.
    (iv) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We
restrict bicycles to roads designated open to vehicles.
    (3) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow foot and
bicycle traffic on the refuge portion of Cowhouse Island.
    (ii) We only allow the use of 10 horsepower motors or less on the
refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit paddleboarding, air boats, swimming, and wading.
[[Page 47663]]
    (iv) We require all boats to be off the water by posted time.
    (4) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The refuge is a day-use-
only area, with the exception of legal hunting activities.
    (ii) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We
restrict bicycles to gravel roads designated open to vehicles.
    (iii) We prohibit overnight camping and/or parking except in the
designated campgrounds at Pippins Lake during quota deer hunts with a
valid permit (state-issued).
    (iv) We allow alcoholic beverages only in the designated
campground.
    (j) [Reserved]
    (k) Idaho--(1) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) From April
15 through September 30, we allow motorized and nonmotorized boats from
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
throughout the Lake Lowell Unit.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
nonmotorized boats on the refuge.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
float tubes year-round, throughout all of Lake Walcott.
    (ii) We allow boats on designated areas of Lake Walcott from April
1 through October 31.
    (l) Illinois--(1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
Motorboats must not exceed ``no-wake'' speeds.
    (ii) We prohibit the public entering Weis Lake on the Cameron-
Billsbach Unit of the refuge from October 16 through January 31.
    (iii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict
motorboats on all refuge waters to slow speeds leaving ``no wake''
within 150 feet (45 meters) of any shoreline, swimming area, marina
entrance, boat ramp, causeway tunnel, and areas indicated on the lake
zoning map in the refuge fishing brochure.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of boat motors of more than 10 horsepower
on Devils Kitchen and Little Grassy Lakes.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of gas-powered motors in the southeastern
section of Devils Kitchen Lake (consult lake zoning map in the refuge
fishing brochure).
    (3) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
motorized boats at no-wake speeds on all refuge waters.
    (ii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight.
    (4) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving
boats on refuge waters overnight.
    (ii) Motorboats must not exceed ``no-wake'' speeds.
    (5) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We close the
following divisions to all public access:
    (A) Louisa Division--September 15 until January 1;
    (B) Horseshoe Bend Division--September 15 until December 1; and
    (C) Keithsburg Division--September 15 until January 1.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (6) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
    (m) Indiana--(1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
boats only if rowed, paddled, or powered by an electric trolling motor
on the Old Timbers Lake.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
boats (hand- or foot-propelled only) on Stanfield Lake. We prohibit the
use of electric or gasoline motors.
    (ii) We allow the use of kayaks and nonmotorized canoes on Richart
Lake.
    (3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area. (i)
We allow motorboats only on Snakey Point Marsh east of the South Fork
River and the Patoka River. All other areas are open to either manual-
powered boats or boats with battery-driven motors only.
    (ii) Motorboats must not exceed ``no wake'' speeds.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of powered airboats on the refuge.
    (n) Iowa--(1) Desoto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boating
to ``no-wake'' speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
    (o) Kansas--(1) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
motorized boating in the main body of Kirwin Reservoir and in Bow
Creek. You must not create a wake in Bow Creek or within 100 yards (90
meters) of any shoreline or island in the main body of Kirwin
Reservoir. We prohibit motorized boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin
Reservoir.
    (ii) We allow motorless boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin
Reservoir from August 1 through September 30.
    (2) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict
outboard motor use to the westernmost 5.5 miles (8.8 kilometers) of the
Marais des Cygnes River. You may use only nonmotorized boats and
electric trolling motors on remaining waters in designated areas of the
refuge.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (p) Kentucky--(1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
allow horseback riding on refuge roads and portions of the abandoned
railroad tracks owned by the refuge for access purposes while engaged
in wildlife activities. We prohibit horses and mules off these
secondary access routes for any reason.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]
    (q) Louisiana--(1) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The
refuge is open from 30 minutes before legal sunrise to 30 minutes after
legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow only outboard motors 25 horsepower or less in
waterways inside the hurricane protection levee.
    (2) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may use motorized
boats only in existing canals, ditches, trenasses, and ponds. We
prohibit motorized boat use in areas marked as nonmotorized use only.
    (ii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset
unless stated otherwise.
    (iii) We open the Franklin Unit canals (birdfoot canals) for
motorized boats between April 15 and August 31. This unit is open to
nonmotorized boats all year.
    (3) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
thrust boats, aircraft, mud boats, and air-cooled propulsion engines on
the refuge.
    (ii) We open the refuge to public entry from \1/2\ hour before
legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (4) Black Bayou National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may enter the
refuge \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise, and you must exit no later than
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) You may only launch boats at the concrete ramp adjacent to the
visitor center. We prohibit launching boats with motors greater than 50
horsepower.
    (iii) We prohibit leaving boats or other equipment on the refuge
overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We require a boat launch fee. You must pay the launch fee
before launching boat.
    (v) We prohibit crossing the water hyacinth booms in a boat or
traveling over idle speed within the booms.
    (5) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow primitive
camping within 100 feet (30 meters) of designated streams. These
include either bank of the Boque Chitto River, Wilson Slough, and West
Pearl River
[[Page 47664]]
south of Wilson Slough; refuge lands along the East Pearl River; and
Holmes Bayou. Campers must mark their campsite with the owner's State
license/identification number, or boat identification number, and dates
of occupancy placed in a conspicuous location in the center of camp.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (6) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
overnight camping on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow only nonpowered boats in the Bank Fishing Road
waterways.
    (iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in refuge canals,
bayous, and lakes. We allow only trolling motors in the marsh.
    (7) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
nonmotorized boats or boats with motors of 10 horsepower or less on
refuge lakes and waters as designated. We prohibit the use of air-
thrust boats, water-thrust boats, or personal watercraft.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
    (8) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit air-thrust boats on the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit boat launching by trailer from all refuge roads
and parking lots except at designated boat ramps.
    (9) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit motorized
boats in the No Gun Hunting Area (the ``Beanfield'') from November 1
through January 31.
    (ii) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the
refuge overnight.
    (10) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
    (iii) We allow only electric-powered or nonmotorized boats.
    (11) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow boats of all motor types with 40 horsepower or less
in Lacassine Pool.
    (iii) We prohibit boats in Lacassine Pool and Unit D from October
16 through March 14. We prohibit boats in Units A and C.
    (iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and
Jet Skis on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit dragging or driving of boats over levees.
    (vi) You must only launch trailered boats at the cement ramps at
the public boat launches in Lacassine Pool.
    (vii) We only allow boats powered by paddling or trolling motors in
the Unit D impoundment within Lacassine Pool.
    (12) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow watercraft
with motors up to 36 horsepower in Possum Bayou (north of boat ramp),
Palmetto Bayou, Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, Point Basse, and Nicholas
Lake.
    (ii) We allow electric-powered or nonmotorized boats in Doomes
Lake, Lake Long, Possum Bayou (south of boat ramp), and Lake Ophelia.
    (iii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
    (13) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow air-cooled
propulsion engines on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit air-thrust boats or marsh buggies on the refuge.
We restrict motorized boat use to existing canals, ditches, trenasses,
and ponds.
    (14) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may access the hunt
areas by boat using the boat launches at the West Cove Public Use Area
or by access through Burton Canal. You may access hunt areas by vehicle
from Vastar Road or designated turnouts within the refuge public hunt
area along State Highway 27 (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter) unless
otherwise posted.
    (ii) We allow hand launching of small boats along Vastar Road (no
trailers allowed). We allow hand launching of nonmotorized boats into
Units 1A and 1B from Blue Crab Recreation Area for recreational
paddling year-round.
    (iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in designated refuge
canals only. We allow trolling motors within the refuge marshes.
    (iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, personal motorized watercraft
(e.g., Jet Skis), and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter) unless otherwise posted.
    (v) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
    (vi) We prohibit swimming and/or wading in the refuge canals and
waterways.
    (15) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
nonmotorized boats, electric motors, and boats with motors 10
horsepower or less in refuge lakes, streams, and bayous. Boaters must
follow State boating regulations, including those for navigation
lights. We prohibit boat storage on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow use of nonmotorized bicycles on designated all-
terrain vehicle (ATV) trails.
    (16) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
outboard motors in the Wigeon Ponds (only trolling motors allowed).
    (ii) We prohibit launching boats from a trailer or from a
nondesignated boat ramp within the Mollicy levee.
    (r) Maine--(1) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
car-top launching from legal sunrise to legal sunset on the following
areas of the refuge:
    (A) At Brave Boat Harbor division on Chauncey Creek at the
intersection of Cutts Island Road and Sea Point Road.
    (B) At Little River division at the end of Granite Point Road into
the Little River.
    (C) At Spurwink River division on the upstream side of Route 77 at
the old road crossing.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]
    (s) Maryland--(1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit boat launching from refuge lands except from the car-top boat
launch located near the Blackwater River Bridge on Route 335. Only
canoes, kayaks, and small jon boats under 17 feet are considered car-
top boats.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on refuge waters.
    (2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat
launching from refuge lands except for canoes and kayaks at the canoe/
kayak ramp located at the Ingleside Recreation Area.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (t)-(u) [Reserved]
    (v) Minnesota--(1) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
nonmotorized boats and boats using electric motors only in the
Minnesota River channel. We prohibit boats on all other refuge waters.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge--(i)
Wildlife observation, photography, interpretation, environmental
education, and other general recreational uses. We allow wildlife-
dependent uses and other recreational uses, such as, but not limited
to, sightseeing, hiking, bicycling on roads or trails, picnicking, and
swimming, on areas designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps
available at refuge offices, subject to the following conditions:
    (A) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary,''
we prohibit entry as specified on signs or maps (see Sec.  32.42 of
this chapter for list of areas and locations).
    (B) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed,'' ``Area
Closed--No Motors,'' and ``No Hunting Zone'' (Goose Island), we ask
that you practice voluntary avoidance of these areas by
[[Page 47665]]
any means or for any purpose from October 15 to the end of the
respective State duck hunting season. In areas marked ``no motors,'' we
prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of
the respective State duck hunting season (see Sec.  32.42 of this
chapter for list of areas and locations).
    (C) Commercial tours and filming (see Sec.  27.71 of this chapter)
require a permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge or district
manager.
    (D) We allow the collecting of edible fruits, nuts, mushrooms, or
other plant parts for personal use (no sale or barter allowed). We
limit the amount you may collect to 2 gallons by volume per person, per
day. We also allow the collecting of shed deer antlers for personal
use.
    (E) We prohibit the harvest of wild rice; plant and animal
specimens; and other natural objects, such as rocks, stones, or
minerals (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter). We only allow the
collection of plants or their parts for ornamental use by permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge or district manager.
    (F) We prohibit the cutting, removal, or damage of any tree or
vegetation on the refuge without a permit from the refuge or district
manager. We prohibit attaching nails, screws, or other hardware to any
tree (see Sec.  32.2(i) of this chapter).
    (G) We prohibit all vehicle use on or across refuge lands at any
time except on designated routes of travel or on the ice over navigable
waters accessed from boat landings. We prohibit parking beyond vehicle
control barriers or on grass or other vegetation. We prohibit parking
or operating vehicles in a manner that obstructs or impedes any road,
trail, fire lane, boat ramp, access gate, or other facility, or in a
manner that creates a safety hazard or endangers any person, property,
or environmental feature. We may impound any vehicle left parked in
violation at the owner's expense (see Sec.  27.31(h) of this chapter).
    (H) We allow dogs and other domestic animals on the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (1) We prohibit dogs disturbing or endangering wildlife or people
while on the refuge.
    (2) While on the refuge, all dogs must be under the control of
their owners/handlers at all times or on a leash.
    (3) We prohibit allowing dogs to roam.
    (4) All dogs must be on a leash when on hiking trails, or other
areas so posted.
    (5) We allow working a dog in refuge waters by tossing a retrieval
dummy or other object for out-and-back exercise.
    (6) We encourage the use of dogs for hunting (see Sec.  32.42 of
this chapter), but we prohibit field trials and commercial/professional
dog training.
    (7) Owners/handlers of dogs are responsible for disposal of dog
droppings in refuge public use concentration areas such as trails,
sandbars, and boat landings.
    (8) We prohibit horses and all other domestic animals on the refuge
unless confined in a vehicle, boat, trailer, kennel, or other container
(see Sec.  26.21 of this chapter).
    (I) We prohibit the discharging of firearms (including dog training
pistols and dummy launchers), air guns, or any other weapons on the
refuge, unless you are a licensed hunter or trapper engaged in
authorized activities during established seasons, as governed by
Federal, State, and local regulations. We prohibit target practice on
the refuge (see Sec. Sec.  27.42 and 27.43 of this chapter).
    (J) We prohibit the use or possession of glass food and beverage
containers on lands within the refuge.
    (K) We require that you keep all refuge lands clean during your
period of use or occupancy. At all times you must keep all refuse,
trash, and litter contained in bags or other suitable containers and
not left scattered on the ground or in the water. You must remove all
personal property, refuse, trash, and litter immediately upon vacating
a site. We require that human solid waste and associated material be
either removed and properly disposed of off-refuge or be buried on site
to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) and at least 50 feet
(15 meters) from water's edge (see Sec.  27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) Watercraft. We allow the use of watercraft of all types and
means of propulsion on all navigable waters of the refuge as governed
by State regulations subject to the following conditions:
    (A) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Electric Motor Area,''
we prohibit motorized vehicles and watercraft year-round except
watercraft powered by electric motors or nonmotorized means. We do not
prohibit the possession of watercraft motors in these areas, only their
use. These areas are:
    (1) Island 42, Pool 5, Minnesota, 459 acres.
    (2) Snyder Lake, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 182 acres.
    (3) Mertes Slough, Pool 6, Wisconsin, 222 acres.
    (4) Browns Marsh, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 827 acres.
    (5) Hoosier Lake, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 162 acres.
    (B) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Slow No Wake Area,'' we
require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake speed (as governed by
applicable State law) from March 16 through October 31. We also
prohibit the operation of airboats or hovercraft in these areas from
March 16 through October 31. These areas are:
    (1) Nelson-Trevino, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 2,626 acres.
    (2) Denzers Slough, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 83 acres.
    (3) Black River Bottoms, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 815 acres.
    (4) Blue/Target Lake, Pool 8, Minnesota, 1,834 acres.
    (5) Root River, Pool 8, Minnesota, 695 acres.
    (6) Reno Bottoms, Pool 9, Minnesota, 2,536 acres.
    (7) Nine Mile Island, Pool 12, Iowa, 454 acres.
    (8) Princeton, Pool 14, Iowa, 327 acres.
    (C) In water access and travel routes posted and shown on maps as
``Slow No Wake Zone,'' we require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake
speed (as governed by applicable State law) at all times unless
otherwise posted.
    (D) In portions of Spring Lake and Crooked Slough--Lost Mound, Pool
13, Illinois, posted as ``Slow, 5 mph When Boats Present'' and marked
on maps as ``Speed/Distance Regulation,'' we require watercraft
operators to reduce the speed of their watercraft to less than 5 miles
per hour (mph) (8 kilometers per hour (kph)) when within 100 feet (30
meters) of another watercraft that is anchored or underway at 5 mph (8
kph) or less.
    (E) We prohibit the mooring, beaching, or storing of watercraft on
the refuge not used at least once every 24 hours. We define ``used'' as
a watercraft moved at least 100 feet (30 meters) on the water with the
operator on board. We prohibit the mooring of watercraft within 200
feet (60 meters) of refuge boat landings or ramps. We may impound any
watercraft moored in violation at the owner's expense (see Sec.  27.32
of this chapter).
    (F) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(A), (B), and
(K) of this section apply.
    (iii) Camping. We allow camping on all lands and waters of the
refuge as designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps available
at refuge offices subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We define ``camping'' as:
    (1) Erecting a tent or shelter of natural or synthetic material;
    (2) Preparing a sleeping bag or other bedding material for use;
[[Page 47666]]
    (3) Parking of a motor vehicle or mooring or anchoring of a vessel,
for the apparent purpose of overnight occupancy; or
    (4) Occupying or leaving personal property, including boats or
other craft, at a site anytime between the hours of 11 p.m. and 3 a.m.
    (B) We prohibit camping at any one site for a period longer than 14
days during any 30-consecutive-day period. After 14 days, you must move
all persons, property, equipment, and boats to a new site located at
least 0.5 mile (0.8 kilometer) from the previous site.
    (C) We prohibit camping within 200 feet (60 meters) of any refuge
boat landing, access area, parking lot, structure, road, trail, or
other recreation or management facility.
    (D) We prohibit camping during waterfowl hunting seasons within
areas posted ``No Entry--Sanctuary,'' ``Area Closed,'' ``Area Closed--
No Motors,'' and ``No Hunting Zone'' or on any sites not clearly
visible from the main commercial navigation channel of the Mississippi
River (see Sec.  32.42 of this chapter).
    (E) You must occupy campsites daily. We prohibit the leaving of
tents, camping equipment, or other property unattended at any site for
over 24 hours, and we may impound any equipment left in violation at
the owner's expense. We define ``occupy'' and ``attended'' as being
present at a site for a minimum of 2 hours daily.
    (F) You must remove any tables, fireplaces, or other facilities
erected upon vacating a camping or day-use site.
    (G) We allow campfires in conjunction with camping and day-use
activities subject to the following conditions (see Sec. Sec.  27.95
and 32.42 of this chapter):
    (1) You may only use dead wood on the ground, or materials brought
into the refuge such as charcoal or firewood. You must remove any
unused firewood brought into the refuge upon departure due to the
threat of invasive insects.
    (2) We prohibit building, attending, and maintaining a campfire
without sufficient clearance from flammable materials so as to prevent
its escape.
    (3) We prohibit building a fire at any developed facility,
including, but not limited to, boat landings, access areas, parking
lots, roads, trails, or any other recreation or management facility or
structure.
    (4) We prohibit burying live fires or hot coals when vacating a
campfire site.
    (5) We prohibit burning or attempting to burn any nonflammable
materials or any materials that may produce toxic fumes or leave
hazardous waste. These materials include, but are not limited to, metal
cans, plastic containers, glass, fiberglass, treated wood products,
wood containing nails or staples, wire, flotation materials, or other
refuse.
    (H) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(D) through (K)
of this section apply.
    (w) Mississippi--(1) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit the use of airboats, mudboats, motorized pirogues, and air-
cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of
raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the
period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
(UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
    (3) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
of raccoon hunting, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the period of
4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to
the period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) Beginning the day before duck season opens and ending the last
day of duck season, we close refuge waters to all public use from 1
p.m. until 4 a.m.
    (5) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the
period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
(UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
    (6) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the
period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles
(UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
    (7) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit the use of airboats, sailboats, hovercrafts, and inboard-
water-thrust boats such as, but not limited to, personal watercraft,
watercycles, and waterbikes.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (8) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must
hand-launch boats except at designated boat ramps, where you may
trailer-launch them.
    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
(UTVs) as governed by State waterfowl management area (WMA) regulations
and size specifications on designated trails from scouting season until
February 28.
    (iii) You must be age 16 or older to operate an ATV or UTV on the
refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (9) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of
raccoon hunting, we limit refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m.
to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (x) [Reserved]
    (y) Montana--(1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
allow the use of nonmotorized boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the
use of nonmotorized boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of
nonmotorized boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
thrust boats and boats with motors greater than 25 horsepower.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (5) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(i) Boats. We only
allow nonmotorized boats in the hunt area east of the Lower Red Rock
Lake dam. We allow boats with motors 10 horsepower or less west of
Lower Red Rock Lake dam.
    (ii) Camping. (A) We allow camping only in two established
campgrounds. We prohibit camping along roadsides.
    (B) We restrict camping to 16 consecutive days within any 30-day
period.
    (C) We prohibit horses in the campgrounds.
    (D) From March 1 to December 1, all bear attractants, including,
but not limited to, food, garbage, and carcasses or parts thereof, must
be acceptably stored at night (unless in immediate use) and during the
day if unattended. Acceptably stored means any of the following:
    (1) Suspended at least 10 feet high and 4 feet from any vertical
support 100 yards from any camp or hiking trail;
    (2) Secured in a certified bear-safe container; or
    (3) Secured in a hard-sided vehicle, including an enclosed camper
or horse trailer.
    (z) Nebraska--(1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
allow boating at no-wake speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour (8
kilometers
[[Page 47667]]
per hour), on side or back channels. We prohibit all watercraft in the
Boyer Chute waterway or other areas as posted.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
boating and float tubes on Island Lake. We prohibit use of internal
combustion motors for boats on Island Lake.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District. (i) We prohibit
the use of motorboats. We allow only nonpowered motorboats and those
powered by electric motors (see Sec.  27.32 of this chapter).
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (aa) Nevada--(1) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on the Upper Lake,
Middle Marsh, and Lower Lake, with the exception that we close Upper
Lake to all boating from October 1 through February 1.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of boats, rubber rafts, or other flotation
devices on the North Marsh.
    (2) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats on
refuge waters from January 1 through June 14.
    (ii) During the boating season, we allow boats only on the South
Marsh. From June 15 through July 31, we allow only motorless boats or
boats with battery-powered electric motors. Anglers must remove all
gasoline-powered motors. From August 1 through December 31, we allow
only motorless boats and boats propelled with motors with a total of 10
horsepower or less.
    (iii) We allow launching of boats only from designated landings.
    (3) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boating
outside of the waterfowl and youth waterfowl hunting season except in
Swan Check Lake, where we allow nonmotorized boating all year.
    (ii) We prohibit boats on Swan Lake, the northeast corner of North
Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of Pintail Bay. We allow the use of
nonmotorized carts, sleds, floating blinds, and other floating devices
in these areas to transport hunting equipment and to conceal hunters,
but not to transport hunters.
    (iii) We only allow outboard motor boats on Lead Lake, Tule Lake,
Goose Lake, South Nutgrass Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass
Lake, and south end of Pintail Bay.
    (iv) We only allow air-thrust boats on Goose Lake, South Nutgrass
Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the south end of
Pintail Bay.
    (v) You may not operate air-thrust boats until 1 hour after the
legal shooting time on opening day of waterfowl season.
    (vi) We require air-thrust boat owners to get a Special Use Permit
(FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager and to display a number on
their airboats.
    (vii) We allow nonmotorized boats on all lakes and bays except Swan
Lake, the northeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of
Pintail Bay.
    (viii) We allow camping only in designated areas.
    (bb)-(dd) [Reserved]
    (ee) New York--(1) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
allow the use of nonmotorized boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]
    (ff) North Carolina--(1) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
We allow motorized and nonmotorized fishing boats, canoes, and kayaks
from March 1 through October 31.
    (ii) We prohibit airboats, sailboats, Jet Skis, and windboards.
    (2) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats
utilizing gasoline-powered motors.
    (ii) You must unload and load boats by hand on all waters except
those having designated launch ramps.
    (iii) We prohibit swimming.
    (3) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only prohibit
boats on Pungo Lake.
    (ii) We prohibit leaving a boat anywhere on the refuge overnight.
    (gg) North Dakota--(1) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.
(i) We only allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to
boating from May 1 through September 30.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict boats to 25
horsepower maximum.
    (ii) We restrict boats to the period from May 1 through September
30.
    (4) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boats on
Silver Lake and on refuge waters south of the confluence of the Mauvais
Coulee and Little Coulee from May 1 through September 30 of each year.
    (ii) We prohibit water activities not related to fishing (e.g.,
sailing, skiing, tubing, etc.).
    (5) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to
boating from May 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We allow snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility
terrain vehicles (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as
conditions allow.
    (6) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use
of bicycles or similar vehicles on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of amphibious vehicles or personal
watercraft on the refuge.
    (hh) Ohio--(1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in designated areas.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on
refuge lands.
    (2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The Crane Creek and Crane
Creek Estuary are closed to all boats and flotation devices from State
Route 2 to the mouth of Crane Creek at Lake Erie.
    (ii) We allow nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in
designated areas.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on
refuge lands.
    (ii) Oklahoma--(1) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
boats, and you must operate them under applicable State laws and comply
with all licensing and marking regulations from their State of origin.
    (ii) We prohibit boating on the closed portion of Sally Jones Lake
from September 1 to March 31.
    (iii) We prohibit alcoholic beverages.
    (2) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass
containers.
    (ii) We prohibit airboats, hovercrafts, and personal watercraft
(e.g., Jet Skis, wave runners, jet boats) year round on refuge waters.
    (iii) We prohibit swimming and water sports.
    (3) Washita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We do not allow boats and
other flotation devices on refuge waters from October 15 through March
14.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow hand-
powered boats only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French
Lakes.
    (ii) Anglers may use electric trolling motors on boats 14 feet or
less in length only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French
Lakes.
    (jj) Oregon--(1) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit parking on the refuge after the refuge is closed
to public entry.
    (2) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
overnight camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (iii) We allow use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with
electric motors.
[[Page 47668]]
    (3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use
of air-thrust and water-thrust boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (5) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (6) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) Motorized boats
must not exceed 10 miles per hour in any stream, creek, or canal, and
on that portion of Pelican Bay west of a line beginning at designated
points on the north shore of Pelican Bay \1/4\ mile (402 meters) east
of Crystal Creek and extending due south to the opposite shore of the
lake.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (kk)-(ll) [Reserved]
    (mm) South Carolina--(1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
We prohibit camping on the refuge except for designated archery hunters
on Bulls Island and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager.
    (ii) We allow boats to operate in salt water. We prohibit motorized
equipment on the refuge islands or in refuge inholdings.
    (iii) We prohibit private boats in the refuge boat basins at Garris
Landing and Bulls Island. We clearly mark these areas with Closed Area
signs.
    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking at Garris Landing, except for
archery hunters during the designated refuge archery white-tailed deer
season and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
G) from the refuge manager.
    (v) We close Marsh Island, White Banks, and Sandy Point to public
entry from February 15 through September 15 to protect nesting birds.
This closed area extends from the low mean water mark to the highest
elevation on these islands.
    (2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors. We allow boats with
permanently mounted gas motors as long as you lock the propeller out of
the water. You must hand load and unload boats except at designated
boat ramps. We prohibit skidding boats up or down dams or on water
control structures. We provide boat ramps at Pool D, Pool L, Honkers
Lake, and Mays Lake.
    (ii) We prohibit swimming and wading in any areas of the refuge.
    (3) Santee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (iii) We prohibit overnight mooring of boats.
    (iv) We prohibit swimming and wading.
    (v) We allow pets only in designated areas, and they must remain on
a leash or within vehicles/vessels.
    (vi) We prohibit nighttime access to boat-launching areas.
    (vii) We prohibit mooring or attaching boats to any refuge boundary
marker, post, or navigational post within refuge waters.
    (viii) We prohibit air-thrust boats, hovercraft, airboats, and
personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis) within the waters of and/or
boundary of the refuge.
    (nn) South Dakota--(1) LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
allow boat use only on Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, and the Little White
River Recreation Area.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of internal combustion motors in Pools 3,
4, 7, and 10.
    (2) Sand Lake Wetland Management District. (i) We allow the use of
motorized boats.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (oo) Tennessee--(1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
seasonally close the refuge sanctuary area to the public from November
15 through March 15.
    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
    (2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving
boats unattended on the refuge after daylight use hours.
    (ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat
ramps and boat docks.
    (3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
March 15.
    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
    (iii) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats and boats with
electric motors only; we prohibit the use of gas and diesel motors on
refuge lakes except in the waterfowl hunting area.
    (4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
March 15.
    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
    (iii) We allow boats with only electric or outboard motors of 10
horsepower or less.
    (5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close
the sanctuary area of the refuge and the southern unit of Sunk Lake
Public Use Natural Area to the public from November 15 through March
15.
    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
    (iii) We allow the use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with
electric motors on Sunk Lake Public Use Natural Area.
    (6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
March 15.
    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
    (iii) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, or personal watercraft
(e.g., Jet Skis) on any waters within the refuge boundary.
    (7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boats to no
wake speed on all refuge impoundments.
    (ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat
ramps and boat docks.
    (pp) Texas--(1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
boats and other flotation devices on inland waters.
    (ii) You may launch motorized boats in East Bay at the East Bay
Boat Ramp on Westline Road and at the Oyster Bayou Boat Ramp (boat
canal). We prohibit the launching of airboats or personal watercraft on
the refuge.
    (iii) You may launch nonmotorized boats only along East Bay Bayou
and along the shoreline of East Galveston Bay.
    (2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
the refuge.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (3) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
the refuge.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (4) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping in
all public hunting areas and parking lots.
    (ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking
lots.
    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boat launching at designated
areas.
    (5) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass
containers on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit boats and other floating devices on all open
waters of Lake Texoma, except Big Mineral Creek from October 1 through
March 14 annually.
    (iii) At the point where Big Mineral Creek joins Lake Texoma, Big
Mineral Creek becomes a year-round no wake zone to the end of upstream
navigable waters.
    (iv) From October 1 through March 14, we allow only nonmotorized
boats in Big Mineral Creek from the point where it joins Lake Texoma to
the upstream end of navigable waters. You may not have any type of gas
or electric motor onboard that is capable of use. You may launch boats
from a boat ramp only from L Pad Road or by hand at the Big Mineral Day
Use Area.
[[Page 47669]]
    (6) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
camping at Adolph Thomae Jr. County Park.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (7) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
prohibit overnight camping.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (8) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of the
refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by
air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a single
engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches
(22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.
    (ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we
restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and
other waterways. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats on or
through emergent wetland vegetation.
    (9) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping
in all public hunting areas and parking lots.
    (ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking
lots.
    (10) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of
the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats
powered by air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a
single engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a propeller 9
inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.
    (ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we
restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and
other waterways. We prohibit the operation or motorized boats on or
through emergent wetland vegetation.
    (11) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit motors to
a maximum of 10 horsepower.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (qq)-(rr) [Reserved]
    (ss) Virginia--(1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(i) Access:
Qualifications and specifications. (A) As provided for in Public Law
96-315, we issue permits to permanent, full-time residents who can
furnish to the refuge manager, Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge,
adequate proof of continuous and continuing residency, commencing prior
to December 31, 1979, on the Outer Banks from the refuge boundary south
to and including the village of Corolla, North Carolina, as long as
they remain permanent, full-time residents. The south boundary of the
area for access consideration is defined as a straight east-west line
extending from Currituck Sound to the Atlantic Ocean and passing
through a point 1,600 feet due south of the Currituck lighthouse.
``Residence'' means a place of general abode; ``Place of general
abode'' means a person's principal, actual dwelling place in fact,
without regard to intent. A ``dwelling'' means a residential structure
occupied on a year-round basis by the permit applicant and shall not
include seasonal or part-time dwelling units such as beach houses,
vacation cabins, or structures which are intermittently occupied.
    (B) As provided for in Public Law 98-146, up to 15 additional
permits shall be granted to those persons meeting any one of the
following conditions:
    (1) A resident as of July 1, 1982, who held a valid Service access
permit for improved property owners at any time during the period from
July 29, 1976, through December 31, 1979.
    (2) Anyone in continuous residency since 1976, in the area bounded
on the north by the refuge boundary, and on the south by a straight
line passing through a point in the east-west prolongation of the
centerline of Albacore Street, Whaleshead Club Subdivision, Currituck
County, North Carolina.
    (3) Any permanent, full time resident as of April 1, 1983, residing
in the area outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(i)(B)(2) of this section and
not otherwise eligible, who can substantiate to the Secretary of the
Interior that access is essential to their maintaining a livelihood, as
long as they maintain full-time continuous employment in the Norfolk,
Virginia, area may qualify for access.
    (C) The burden of proving that the prospective permittee meets
these criteria shall be on the applicant by presentation of adequate
documentation to the refuge manager. Permittees may be required to
submit additional documentation of their eligibility to the refuge
manager in order to maintain access. Permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) will
be issued only to those who legally qualify for them.
    (D) Only one permit will be issued per family. All permits issued
will be terminated in the event that alternate access becomes available
during the permit period.
    (E) Permits are issued for the purpose of providing entry and exit
across the refuge beach to the permittee's residence. Personal access
is limited to permittees, and their families, relatives, and guests
while being transported in the permittee's vehicle. ``Personal access''
means private, non-commercial use. Permits are not transferable by sale
or devise.
    (F) All vehicle occupants must provide positive identification upon
the request of any refuge official.
    (ii) Access: Routes of travel. Access to, and travel along, the
refuge beach by motorized vehicles may be allowed between the dune
crossing at the key card operated gate near the refuge headquarters,
and the south boundary of the refuge only after a permit has been
issued or authorization provided by the refuge manager. Travel along
the refuge beach by motorized vehicle shall be below the high tide
line, within the intertidal zone, to the maximum extent practicable.
This may require permittees to adjust their travel times to avoid high
tides which would require the use of the emergency storm access/
evacuation route over the east dike.
    (iii) Access: Number of trips allowed. Permittees and members of
their immediate families residing with them are limited to a total of
two round trips per day per household.
    (iv) Access: Hours of travel. Travel along the designated route is
allowed 24 hours per day from October 1 through April 30. Travel is
restricted to the hours of 5 a.m. to 12 a.m. (midnight) from May 1
through September 30.
    (v) Access: Medical emergencies. (A) Private vehicles used in a
medical emergency will be granted access. A ``medical emergency'' means
any condition that threatens human life or limb unless medical
treatment is immediately obtained.
    (B) The vehicle operator is required to provide the refuge manager
with a doctor's statement confirming the emergency within 36 hours
after the access has occurred.
    (vi) Access: Military, fire, or emergency vehicles. (A) Military,
fire, emergency or law enforcement vehicles used for emergency purposes
may be granted access.
    (B) Vehicles used by an employee/agent of the Federal, State or
local government, in the course of official duty other than for
emergency purposes, may be granted access upon advance request to the
refuge manager.
    (C) Continuous or recurring use of the refuge beach for other than
emergency purposes shall require the issuance of a permit (FWS Form 3-
1383-G) from the refuge manager.
    (vii) Access: Public utility vehicles. Public utility vehicles used
on official business will be granted access. A permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
G) specifying the times and types of access will be issued by the
refuge manager. A ``public utility vehicle'' means any vehicle owned or
operated by a public utility company enfranchised to supply Outer Banks
residents with electricity or telephone service.
    (viii) Access: Essential commercial service vehicles. (A) Essential
[[Page 47670]]
commercial service vehicles on business calls during the hours of 8
a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday will be granted access, only upon
prior approval of the refuge manager when responding to a request from
a permittee. Such requests may be verbal or in writing. Access by
essential commercial service vehicles will be granted only after all
other reasonable alternatives to access through the refuge have been
exhausted as determined by the refuge manager.
    (B) ``Commercial service vehicle'' means any vehicle owned or
operated by or on behalf of an individual, partnership, or corporation
that is properly licensed to engage entirely in the business of
furnishing emergency repair services, including, but not limited to,
plumbing, electrical, and repairs to household appliances.
    (C) The refuge manager, upon reasonable notification, will be able
to authorize essential service/emergency repair access, outside the
prescribed time periods, for emergency situations should they arise.
    (ix) False Cape State Park employees. False Cape State Park and
Virginia Game Commission employees who are residents in the park will
be considered as permanent, full-time residents as defined in paragraph
(ss)(1)(i) of this section with access privileges identical to those of
other permittees with beach access privileges.
    (x) Access: Commercial fishermen, businesses, and their employees.
(A) Commercial fishermen who have verified that their fishing
operations on the Outer Banks of Virginia Beach, Virginia, or Currituck
County, North Carolina, have been dependent since 1972 on entry and
exit to or across the refuge are granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G)
for access. Travel through the refuge by commercial fishermen from
Currituck County, North Carolina, will be permitted only when directly
associated with commercial fishing operations. Drivers and passengers
on trips through the refuge are limited to commercial fishing crew
members. A ``commercial fisherman'' means one who harvests finfish by
gill net or haul seine in the Atlantic Ocean, and who has owned and
operated a commercial fishing businesses continuously since 1972.
Commercial permits are not transferable by sale or devise. The level of
commercial permittee travel across the refuge shall not increase above
the average yearly levels maintained in the 1985-1987 period.
    (B) Other businesses who have verified that their business
operations on the Outer Banks of Currituck County, North Carolina, have
been dependent since 1972 on entry and exit to or across the refuge
will be granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for access in accordance
with the limitations outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(x)(A) of this
section.
    (C) Each commercial fisherman or other business may be granted a
maximum of five designated employees to travel the refuge beach for
commercial fishing or other business-related purposes only. Commercial
fishing employees may carry only other commercial fishing employees as
passengers. Other business employees may carry only other employees of
that business. The hauling of trailers associated with the conduct of
commercial fishing or other business activities is authorized.
    (D) Employees of commercial fishermen and/or other businesses who
apply for access permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) shall have the burden of
proving, by the presentation of appropriate documentation to the refuge
manager, that they are an ``employee'' for purposes of this section.
``Appropriate documentation'' is defined as the submission of
standardized and verifiable employment forms including: Signed W-2 and
W-4 forms, IRS form #1099, official earnings statements for specified
periods, employee income tax withholding submissions to State and
Federal tax offices (e.g., IRS form W-3 with W-2s attached), State
unemployment tax information, or other proof of actual employment.
Documentation for each employee must be submitted in advance of access
being granted, or, for new employees, within 30 days of their starting
date. Failure to provide verification of employment for new employees
within 30 days will result in termination of access privileges.
    (xi) Access: Suspension or waiver of rules in this paragraph
(ss)(1). (A) In an emergency, the refuge manager may suspend any or all
of the restrictions in this paragraph (ss)(1) on vehicular travel and
announce each suspension by whatever means are available. In the event
of adverse weather conditions, the refuge manager may close all or any
portion of the refuge to vehicular traffic for such periods as deemed
advisable in the interest of public safety.
    (B) The refuge manager may make exceptions to access restrictions,
if they are compatible with refuge purposes, for qualified permittees
who have demonstrated to the refuge manager a need for additional
access relating to health or livelihood.
    (C) The refuge manager may grant one-time use authorization for
vehicular access through the refuge to individuals, not otherwise
qualified in paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(B) of this section, who have
demonstrated to the refuge manager that there is no feasible
alternative to the access requested. Authorization for access under
this paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(C) will not be based on convenience to the
applicant.
    (xii) Access: Violation of rules in this paragraph (ss)(1).
Violators of the regulations in this paragraph (ss)(1) pertaining to
Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge are subject to legal action as
prescribed by 50 CFR 25.43 and 50 CFR part 28, including suspension or
revocation of all permits issued to the violator or responsible
permittee. The refuge manager may deny access permits to applicants
who, during the 2 years immediately preceding the date of application,
have formally been charged and successfully prosecuted for three or
more violations of these or other regulations in effect at Back Bay
National Wildlife Refuge. Individuals whose vehicle access privileges
are suspended, revoked, or denied may, within 30 days, file a written
appeal of the action to the Assistant Regional Director, Refuges and
Wildlife, at the address for the Northeast Regional Office provided at
50 CFR 2.2(e), in accordance with 50 CFR 25.45(c).
    (xiii) Other access rules in this paragraph (ss)(1). (A) No permit
will remain in effect beyond December 31 of the year in which it was
issued. Permits may be renewed upon the submission of appropriate
updated information relating to the permit, and a signed statement that
the conditions under which the previous permit was issued have not
changed. In the event of any changes of conditions under which the
permit is granted, the permittee shall notify the refuge manager in
writing within 30 days. Failure to report changes may result in
suspension/revocation of the permit.
    (B) Vehicles shall be operated on the refuge beach only by the
permittee or other authorized drivers. Permit holders shall not tow,
transport, or operate vehicles owned by non-permit holders through the
refuge. Non-commercial permit holders may tow utility and boat trailers
when being used for their personal use only. Any towed vehicle shall
have advance approval from the refuge manager prior to being brought
through the refuge. The access privilege in this paragraph
(ss)(1)(xiii)(B) is not to be used for any commercial purpose.
    (C) The refuge manager may prescribe restrictions as to the types
of vehicles to be permitted to ensure public safety and adherence to
all applicable rules and regulations.
    (D) A magnetic card will be issued to each authorized driver only
for his or
[[Page 47671]]
her operation of the computer-controlled gate. No more than two cards
will be issued per family. Only one vehicle will be permitted to pass
for each gate opening. Unauthorized use of the magnetic card may result
in suspension of the permit. A fee will be charged to replace lost or
misplaced cards. Malfunctioning cards will be replaced at no charge.
    (E) Access is granted for the purpose of travel to and from the
permittee's residence and/or place of business. Access is not
authorized for the purpose of transporting individuals for hire, or for
the transport of prospective real estate clients to or from the Outer
Banks of North Carolina, or for any other purpose not covered by this
paragraph (ss)(1).
    (xiv) General rules in this paragraph (ss)(1)--(A) Entry on foot,
bicycle, or motor vehicle. Entry on foot, bicycle, or by motor vehicle
on designated routes is allowed one-half hour before sunrise to one-
half hour after sunset for the purposes of nature observation and
study, photography, hiking, surf fishing, and bicycling.
    (B) Beach-oriented uses. Designated areas of the refuge beach are
open to wildlife/wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in
paragraph (ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section. Entry to the beach is via
designated access points only.
    (C) Parking. Limited parking at the refuge office/visitor contact
station is allowed only in designated spaces. Parking is available on a
first-come, first-served basis for persons engaged in wildlife/
wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in paragraph
(ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section.
    (D) Fires. All fires are prohibited.
    (E) Pets. Dogs and other pets, on a hand-held leash not exceeding
10 feet in length, are allowed from October 1 through March 31.
    (F) Sand dunes. Pedestrians and vehicular traffic in the sand dunes
are prohibited.
    (G) Groups. Use by all groups exceeding 10 individuals will require
a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G), issued by the refuge manager.
    (H) Motorized vehicles. Registered motor vehicles and motorized
bicycles (mopeds) are allowed on the paved refuge access road and
parking lot at refuge headquarters. All other motorized vehicular use
is prohibited, except as specifically authorized pursuant to this
paragraph (ss)(1).
    (2) [Reserved]
    (tt) Washington--(1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife
Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat launching on the refuge.
    (ii) The maximum speed limit is 5 miles per hour for boats in all
refuge waters.
    (2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (4) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National
Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
motors on the WB-10 Pond (Wahluke Lake) and with walk-in access only.
    (5) McNary National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (6) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (7) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
camping.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
    (8) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
the refuge except in designated campgrounds on Long Island for up to 14
days.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (uu) [Reserved]
    (vv) Wisconsin--(1) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and
Fish Refuge. Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (ww) Wyoming--(1) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must
only launch or pick up trailered boats at the following boat ramps:
Dodge Bottom, Hayfarm, Lombard, and Six-Mile.
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (2) [Reserved]
    (xx) Information collection requirements. The information
collection requirements contained in this section have been approved by
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.
and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The information is being
collected to provide the refuge managers the information needed to
decide whether or not to allow the requested use. A response is
required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may not conduct or
sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of
information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.
Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of
these information collection requirements to the Service's Information
Collection Clearance Officer at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).
PART 32--HUNTING AND FISHING
0
3. The authority citation for part 32 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and
715i; Pub. L. 115-20, 131 Stat. 86.
Subpart A--General Provisions
0
4. Revise Sec.  32.7 to read as follows:
Sec.  32.7   What refuge units are open to hunting and/or sport
fishing?
    Refuge units open to hunting and/or sport fishing in accordance
with the provisions of this subpart and Sec. Sec.  32.20 through 32.70,
inclusive, are as follows:
    (a) Alabama. (1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge.
    (b) Alaska. (1) Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Becharof National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Izembek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Kenai National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Salawik National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Togiak National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge.
    (c) Arizona. (1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge.
[[Page 47672]]
    (d) Arkansas. (1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge.
    (e) California. (1) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Kern National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Merced National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge.
    (18) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (19) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge.
    (20) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
    (21) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge.
    (22) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (f) Colorado. (1) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Baca National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Rocky Mountain Arsenal.
    (g) Connecticut. (1) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife
Refuge.
    (2) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge.
    (h) Delaware. (1) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge.
    (i) Florida. (1) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife
Refuge.
    (2) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) J.N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (j) Georgia. (1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (k) Hawaii. (1) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge.
    (l) Idaho. (1) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Camas National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge.
    (m) Illinois. (1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
    (n) Indiana. (1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area
    (o) Iowa. (1) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Iowa Wetland Management District.
    (4) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
    (p) Kansas. (1) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge.
    (q) Kentucky. (1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.
    (r) Louisiana. (1) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Breton National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Delta National Wildlife Refuge.
[[Page 47673]]
    (14) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (18) Red River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (19) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge.
    (20) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (21) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge.
    (s) Maine. (1) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.
    (t) Maryland. (1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Patuxent Research Refuge.
    (u) Massachusetts. (1) Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
    (v) Michigan. (1) Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area.
    (4) Michigan Wetland Management District.
    (5) Seney National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (w) Minnesota. (1) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Big Stone Wetland Management District.
    (4) Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District.
    (6) Fergus Falls Wetland Management District.
    (7) Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Litchfield Wetland Management District.
    (10) Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District.
    (12) Morris Wetland Management District.
    (13) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Rydell National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge.
    (18) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
    (19) Windom Wetland Management District.
    (x) Mississippi. (1) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (y) Missouri. (1) Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Mingo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.
    (z) Montana. (1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Benton Lake Wetland Management District.
    (3) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Bowdoin Wetland Management District.
    (6) Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Charles M. Russell Wetland Management District.
    (8) Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) National Bison Range.
    (18) Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge.
    (19) Northeast Montana Wetland Management District.
    (20) Northwest Montana Wetland Management District.
    (21) Pablo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (22) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
    (23) Swan River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (24) UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge.
    (25) War Horse National Wildlife Refuge.
    (aa) Nebraska. (1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) North Platte National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District.
    (6) Valentine National Wildlife Refuge.
    (bb) Nevada. (1) Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Desert National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge.
    (cc) New Hampshire. (1) Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.
    (dd) New Jersey. (1) Cape May National Wildlife Refuge.
[[Page 47674]]
    (2) Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ee) New Mexico. (1) Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) San Andres National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ff) New York. (1) Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Wallkill National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge.
    (gg) North Carolina. (1) Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Currituck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge.
    (hh) North Dakota. (1) Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Arrowwood Wetland Management District.
    (4) Audubon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Audubon Wetland Management District.
    (6) Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Chase Lake Wetland Management District.
    (8) Crosby Wetland Management District.
    (9) Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Devils Lake Wetland Management District.
    (11) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District.
    (13) Kulm Wetland Management District.
    (14) Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge.
    (18) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (19) Long Lake Wetland Management District.
    (20) Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge.
    (21) Lostwood Wetland Management District.
    (22) Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (23) Sibley Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (24) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (25) Slade National Wildlife Refuge.
    (26) Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (27) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (28) Tewaukon Wetland Management District.
    (29) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ii) Ohio. (1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (jj) Oklahoma. (1) Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Little River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Optima National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit.
    (9) Washita National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge.
    (kk) Oregon. (1) Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge.
    (7) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer.
    (8) Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (15) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (16) Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (17) Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (18) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
    (19) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
    (20) William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ll) Pennsylvania. (1) Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Erie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum.
    (4) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (mm) Rhode Island. (1) Block Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge.
    (nn) South Carolina. (1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Santee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.
    (oo) South Dakota. (1) Huron Wetland Management District.
    (2) Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Lake Andes Wetland Management District.
    (5) Madison Wetland Management District.
    (6) Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Sand Lake Wetland Management District.
[[Page 47675]]
    (8) Waubay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Waubay Wetland Management District.
    (pp) Tennessee. (1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (qq) Texas. (1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (rr) Utah. (1) Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge.
    (2) Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Ouray National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ss) Vermont. (1) Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
    (tt) Virginia. (1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) James River National Wildilfe Refuge.
    (7) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) Presquile National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge.
    (uu) Washington. (1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife
Refuge.
    (2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National
Wildlife Refuge.
    (6) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer.
    (7) Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge.
    (8) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge.
    (10) San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (11) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge.
    (12) Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge.
    (13) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
    (14) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge.
    (vv) West Virginia. (1) Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
    (ww) Wisconsin. (1) Fox River National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Horicon National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Leopold Wetland Management District.
    (6) Necedah National Wildlife Refuge.
    (7) St. Croix Wetland Management District.
    (8) Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge.
    (9) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
    (10) Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
    (xx) Wyoming. (1) Cokeville Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) National Elk Refuge.
    (4) Pathfinder National Wildlife Refuge.
    (5) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge.
    (yy) Guam. (1) Guam National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) [Reserved]
0
5. Add Sec.  32.9 to read as follows:
Sec.  32.9   Information collection requirements.
    The information collection requirements contained in this part have
been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44
U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The
information is being collected to provide the refuge managers the
information needed to decide whether or not to allow the requested use.
A response is required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may
not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB
control number. Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any
other aspect of these information collection requirements to the
Service's Information Collection Clearance Officer at the address
provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).
0
6. Revise subpart B to read as follows:
Subpart B--Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing
Sec.
32.20 Alabama.
32.21 Alaska.
32.22 Arizona.
32.23 Arkansas.
32.24 California.
32.25 Colorado.
32.26 Connecticut.
32.27 Delaware.
32.28 Florida.
32.29 Georgia.
32.30 Hawaii.
32.31 Idaho.
32.32 Illinois.
32.33 Indiana.
32.34 Iowa.
32.35 Kansas.
32.36 Kentucky.
32.37 Louisiana.
32.38 Maine.
32.39 Maryland.
32.40 Massachusetts.
32.41 Michigan.
32.42 Minnesota.
32.43 Mississippi.
32.44 Missouri.
32.45 Montana.
32.46 Nebraska.
32.47 Nevada.
32.48 New Hampshire.
32.49 New Jersey.
32.50 New Mexico.
32.51 New York.
32.52 North Carolina.
32.53 North Dakota.
32.54 Ohio.
32.55 Oklahoma.
32.56 Oregon.
32.57 Pennsylvania.
32.58 Rhode Island.
32.59 South Carolina.
32.60 South Dakota.
32.61 Tennessee.
32.62 Texas.
32.63 Utah.
32.64 Vermont.
32.65 Virginia.
32.66 Washington.
32.67 West Virginia.
32.68 Wisconsin.
[[Page 47676]]
32.69 Wyoming.
32.70 Guam.
Sec.  32.20   Alabama.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only from
legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (b) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, opossum, raccoon, coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
Conservation and Natural Resources' William R. Ireland, Sr.--Cahaba
River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit conditions.
    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' William R.
Ireland, Sr.--Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when
hunting on the refuge.
    (iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
equipment that complies with State and Federal regulations.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
    (v) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer,
feral hog, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (ii), (v),
and (vi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the
refuge. However, you may archery hunt in the portions of the refuge
that are open for deer hunting during the archery, shotgun, and
muzzleloader seasons established by the State.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer. We also prohibit drives for feral hogs.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
coyote, beaver, and nutria on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit leaving unattended personal property, including,
but not limited to, boats or vehicles of any type, geocaches, lumber,
and cameras, overnight on the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) You may only take incidental species (coyote, beaver, nutria,
and feral hog) during any other refuge hunt with those weapons legal
during those hunts as governed by the State of Alabama.
    (iii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit
(signed brochure) when hunting.
    (iv) All persons age 15 or younger, while hunting on the refuge,
must be in the presence and under direct supervision of a licensed or
exempt hunter age 21 or older. A licensed hunter supervising a youth
must hold a valid State license for the species being hunted. One adult
may supervise no more than two youth hunters.
    (v) We require all hunters to record hours hunted and all harvested
game on the Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405) at the
conclusion of each day at one of the refuge check stations.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel and rabbit.
    (vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (viii) For hunting, you may use only approved nontoxic shot (see
Sec.  32.2(k)), .22 caliber rimfire or smaller rifles, or legal archery
equipment as governed by State regulations.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
and incidental take of feral hog subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(ii), (iii), (iv),
and (viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Deer hunters may place one portable stand or blind on the
refuge for use while deer hunting, but only during the open deer
season. The stand must be clearly labeled with the hunter's State
hunting license number. You may leave the stand or blind on the refuge
overnight during the deer season in a non-hunting position at ground
level.
    (iii) While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses
climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must
use a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to
the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association's standards.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing in designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing year-round, except in the waterfowl sanctuary
area as depicted within the refuge brochure. The waterfowl sanctuary is
closed to fishing from November 15 through March 1.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We allow a rod and reel and pole and line. We prohibit all
other methods of fishing, including bow fishing.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of frogs, turtles, and crawfish (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.
    (d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and Eurasian-collared dove,
duck, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) when hunting.
    (ii) All youth hunters (ages 10 through 15) must remain within
sight and normal voice contact of a properly licensed hunting adult age
21 or older. Youth hunters must possess and carry verification of
passing a State-approved hunter education course. One adult may
supervise no more than two youth hunters.
    (iii) All waterfowl hunting opportunities are spaced-blind and
assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our waterfowl
hunt must submit a Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (iv) Hunters must remove all stands/blinds and other personal
property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (v) We allow access to the refuge for hunting from 1\1/2\ hours
before legal sunrise to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned
[[Page 47677]]
hunt and known to be waiting for the game.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting or observing from an elevated stand
without use of a full body harness.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) and
(v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns as the means of take for upland game
hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (v)
through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow youth gun hunting opportunities that are spaced-blind
and assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our youth
gun hunt must submit a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (iii) All youth hunters must remain within sight and normal voice
contact of a properly hunting-licensed adult age 21 or older. Youth
hunters must possess and carry verification of passing a State-approved
hunter education course. One adult may supervise no more than one youth
hunter.
    (iv) All big game hunting opportunities, except for youth gun, are
archery-only.
    (v) We close those portions of the refuge between Bustahatchee and
Rood Creeks to archery hunting until November 1.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, including bowfishing, in
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow shoreline access for fishing from 1 hour before legal
sunrise to 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on all refuge lands and
waters (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We adopt reciprocal license agreements between Alabama and
Georgia for fishing in Lake Eufaula. Anglers fishing in waters not
directly connected to Lake Eufaula must be properly licensed for the
State in which they are fishing.
    (e) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.43(d) for
regulations.
    (f) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, crow,
woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is included with the
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Seven Mile
Island Wildlife Management Area hunting permit, when hunting on the
refuge.
    (ii) We allow hunting on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds
and upland game.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, Eurasian-
collared dove, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, opossum, starling, coyote,
bobcat, and fox on designated portions of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to
legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday, except that you
may hunt opossum and raccoon after legal sunset.
    (iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
equipment that complies with State regulations.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated portions of the refuge as governed by State
regulations subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to
legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the
refuge.
    (iv) We allow hunters to hunt from portable tree stands. While
climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses climbing aids, or
hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must use a fall-arrest
system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the Tree Stand
Manufacturers Association's standards.
    (v) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (vi) Hunters may hunt big game species other than deer with
shotguns using only approved nontoxic #4 shot or smaller (see Sec.
32.2(k)), rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or
archery equipment that complies with State regulations.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (g) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco Wildlife Management
Area hunting permit conditions.
    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco
Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when hunting on the refuge.
    (iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iv) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, groundhog, raccoon, opossum, beaver, and fox on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting after legal sunset.
    (iii) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while
hunting from a tree.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting quail, squirrel, and
rabbit only.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
bobcat, coyote, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv) and (g)(2)(iii) of this section
apply.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (h) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
Conservation and Natural Resources' North Sauty refuge hunting permit.
    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is found on the
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Jackson
County Waterfowl, Management Areas, refuges and Coon Gulf Tract hunting
permit, when hunting.
[[Page 47678]]
    (iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iv) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
equipment that complies with State regulations.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (i) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
hunting permit, found on the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge hunting
brochure, when hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
equipment that complies with State regulations.
    (iii) We allow hunting on designated areas Monday through Saturday.
We prohibit hunting on Sunday.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
    (v) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while
hunting from a tree.
    (vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(2)(i) and (iii) and
(v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunters may only hunt with archery equipment that complies
with State regulations and flintlocks .40 caliber or larger.
    (iv) You may only hunt feral hog during the refuge archery and
flintlock deer season.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We open all refuge waters to
fishing year-round unless otherwise posted.
Sec.  32.21   Alaska.
    Alaska refuges are opened to hunting, fishing, and trapping
pursuant to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (Pub.
L. 96-487, 16 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.). The regulations set forth at 50 CFR
part 36 concern National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska. Information
regarding specific refuge rules can be obtained from the Regional
Office of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK (see 50 CFR
2.2), or by contacting the manager of the respective individual refuge.
Sec.  32.22   Arizona.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and
archery equipment for hunting.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any
building, road, or levee open to public use.
    (iii) You must remove boats, equipment, cameras, temporary blinds,
stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit from September 1 to the
close of the State season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep
hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
    (b) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning, white-
winged, and Eurasian-collared dove on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds,
boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed and
antelope jackrabbit, cottontail rabbit, coyote, and hog-nosed, hooded,
spotted, and striped skunk on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and
decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule and white-tailed
deer, javelina, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats,
and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to obtain a Barry M. Goldwater Range Entry
Permit (Department of Defense form/requirement) from the refuge.
    (ii) We require Special Use Permits for all hunters (FWS Form 3-
1383-G) and guides (FWS Form 3-1383-C).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule),
common snipe, and mourning and white-winged dove on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iii) You must remove all temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) The Hart Mine Marsh area is open to entry from 10 a.m. to 3
p.m. from October 1 through March 14.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) For cottontail rabbit, we allow only shotgun, archery,
crossbow, handgun, rifle, muzzleloader, and bow and arrow.
    (ii) For quail, we allow only shotgun, archery, crossbow, and
handgun shooting shot.
    (iii) You may hunt cottontail rabbit from September 1 through the
last day of the respective State's quail season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer on designated
[[Page 47679]]
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow rifle,
shotgun, handgun, muzzleloader, crossbow and archery, except for
archery only hunts.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging subject to
the following condition: Cibola Lake is open to fishing and frogging
from March 15 through Labor Day.
    (e) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, duck,
coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and
archery equipment for hunting.
    (ii) You must remove all boats, equipment, cameras, temporary
blinds, stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iv) The following conditions apply to Pintail Slough (all refuge
lands north of North Dike):
    (A) We prohibit falconry.
    (B) We limit the number of persons at each waterfowl hunt blind or
field to four. Observers cannot hold shells or guns for hunting unless
in possession of a valid State hunting license and stamps.
    (C) Waterfowl hunters must possess at least four decoys per
designated blind or field.
    (D) You may use dead vegetation or materials for making or fixing
hunt blinds.
    (E) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays. Waterfowl hunting ends at 2 p.m. MST (Mountain Standard Time).
Hunters must be out of the Pintail Slough area by 3 p.m. MST.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit in
Pintail Slough prior to and following the State waterfowl season.
    (iii) We allow the incidental take of quail and cottontail rabbit
in Pintail Slough during the State waterfowl season by hunters
possessing a valid permit at their designated waterfowl hunt blind or
field.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep
hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit overnight boat mooring and shore anchoring unless
actively fishing as governed by State regulations (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (f) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, duck,
coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.
    (ii) You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the
refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail,
cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, handgun shooting shot,
archery, and crossbow.
    (ii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow
shotgun, rifle, handgun, muzzleloader, archery, and crossbow.
    (iii) We allow cottontail rabbit hunting from September 1 to the
close of the State quail season.
    (iv) We allow coyote and fox hunting only during the State quail
season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert
bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging for bullfrog on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
close posted portions of Martinez Lake and Ferguson Lake to entry from
October 1 through the last day of February.
    (g) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail,
cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of coyote, fox, and cottontail rabbit during
the State quail season only.
    (ii) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, archery, crossbow, and
handgun shooting shot.
    (iii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow
shotgun, rifle, muzzleloader, handgun, archery, and crossbow.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert
bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (h) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow the use of dogs while hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's, scaled, and
Mearns' quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only shotgun.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while quail hunting.
    (iii) Cottontail rabbit season opens on September 1 and closes on
the last day of the State quail season.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.23   Arkansas.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and
dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require refuge hunting permits (signed brochure). The
permits are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of
hunting equipment must possess a signed permit at all times.
    (ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting on the refuge during
the quota gun deer hunt.
    (iii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit
migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular
State waterfowl hunting season.
    (iv) You may not possess more than 25 shotgun shells while in the
field. The field possession limit for shells does not apply to goose
hunting during the State Conservation Order.
    (v) We prohibit hunting closer than 100 yards (90 meters) to
another hunter or hunting party.
    (vi) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other equipment
by 1 p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge beginning at 4 a.m. and must
exit by 1 hour after legal shooting time ends.
[[Page 47680]]
    (viii) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the
refuge from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit the use of boats
from 12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and
(viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may use shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
cartridges.
    (iii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28,
except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.
    (iv) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State
season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun
deer hunt.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require
the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes
after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.
    (vi) Hunters may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and
coyote during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those
hunts, subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.
    (vii) We limit hunting after legal sunset to raccoon/opossum
hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and
(viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the
State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota
gun deer hunt.
    (iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October
and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with
annual season dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/
permit.
    (iv) The modern gun hunting season for deer will begin in November
and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with
annual season dates and bag limits provided in the hunt brochure/
permit.
    (v) We prohibit spring and fall gun hunting for turkey.
    (vi) You may use only shotguns with rifled slugs, muzzleloaders,
and legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the Farm Unit.
    (vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, except for stands used by
quota gun deer hunt permit holders (fee/signature required), which you
must remove by the last day of the quota gun deer hunt. You must remove
all stands on the remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure
of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit
leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the refuge
without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification
number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.
    (viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
all refuge lands.
    (ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
way.
    (x) We allow only quota gun deer hunt permit holders on the refuge
during the quota gun deer hunt and only for the purposes of deer
hunting. We close the refuge to all other entry and public use during
the quota gun deer hunt.
    (xi) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and hunting from
November 15 to February 28, except for quota gun deer hunt permit
holders who may hunt in the sanctuary when the season overlaps with
these dates.
    (xii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and remain until 1
hour after legal shooting time.
    (xiii) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun and
muzzleloader deer hunts and as governed by State Wildlife Management
Area (WMA) regulations.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(viii) of this
section applies.
    (ii) Anglers may enter the refuge beginning \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise and must exit by 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (b) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, nutria, coyote, beaver, and opossum on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge hunt permits. The permits (found on the front
cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iii) We allow take of nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge
hunt with the device allowed for that hunt subject to applicable State
seasons and regulations.
    (iv) You may take opossum when hunting raccoon.
    (v) We require dogs for hunting of raccoon and opossum after legal
sunset.
    (vi) When hunting, you may only use shotguns and rifles chambered
for rimfire cartridges.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or gravel road rights-of-
way.
    (viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30
minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/
opossum hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (iii), and
(vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iii) Hunters may use only bows or crossbows.
    (iv) Hunters may use only biodegradable materials to mark trails.
    (v) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days
prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them 7 days after the
closure of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the
refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.
    (vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
leave 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(2)(viii) of this
section applies.
    (ii) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.
    (iii) We allow frogging from the beginning of the State frogging
season through October 31.
    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (c) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and
dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
[[Page 47681]]
    (i) We require refuge hunting permits. These permits (found on the
front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
nontransferable, and anyone on the refuge in possession of hunting
equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.
    (ii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit
migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular
State waterfowl hunting season.
    (iii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other
equipment by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) Waterfowl hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and hunt
until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (v) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the refuge
from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit boats on the refuge from
12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
    (vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on flooded refuge roads.
    (viii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (v), and
(viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28,
except for refuge-wide season closure during the quota gun deer hunt.
    (iii) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State
season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun
deer hunt.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require
the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes
after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.
    (v) You may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts
subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled refuge roads
except by waterfowl hunters during flooded conditions.
    (vii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
cartridges when hunting.
    (viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30
minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/
opossum hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (viii) and
(c)(2)(v) and (vi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the
State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota
gun deer hunt.
    (iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October
and will continue for a period of up to 9 days, with annual season
dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/permit.
    (iv) Modern gun deer hunting will begin in November and continue
for a period of up to 11 days, with annual season dates and bag limits
provided in the refuge hunt brochure/permit.
    (v) Hunters may take feral hog only during the quota gun and
muzzleloader deer hunts and as governed by State Wildlife Management
Area (WMA) regulations
    (vi) Hunters may only use shotguns with rifled slugs,
muzzleloaders, or legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the
Dixie Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary, adjacent waterfowl hunt area, and
Plunkett Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary.
    (vii) We allow only portable stands. Hunters may erect stands 7
days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, and from the rest of the
refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). We prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or
game camera on the refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish
customer identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous
location.
    (viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
all refuge lands.
    (ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
way.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(v) and
(c)(2)(viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and fishing/
frogging from November 15 to February 28. We prohibit refuge-wide entry
and fishing during the quota gun deer hunt.
    (iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (d) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require an annual public use permit (signed brochure) to
hunt and fish.
    (ii) We allow duck hunting from legal shooting hours until 12 p.m.
(noon).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
    (iv) You must remove blinds, blind material, and decoys from the
refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) Waterfowl hunters may enter the North Unit no earlier than 8
p.m. the day prior to the hunt. Waterfowl hunters may enter the Jack's
Bay Hunt Area and Levee Hunt Area no earlier than 4 a.m.
    (vi) We prohibit boating from November 1 through January 31 in the
South Unit Waterfowl Hunt Areas, except from 4 a.m. to 1 p.m. on
designated waterfowl hunt days.
    (vii) We allow duck hunting on outlying-tracts; paragraph (d)(1)(v)
of this section applies.
    (viii) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for wildlife-
dependent hunting and fishing activities. We prohibit the use of ATVs
after December 15 each year in designated South Unit areas as shown in
refuge user brochure.
    (ix) We prohibit the use of decoys that contain moving parts or
electrical components, except that you may use manually operated jerk
strings to simulate decoy movement.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
all furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on the North Unit from
September 1 through January 31.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit and squirrel
from December 1 through January 31 on the North Unit only.
    (iv) We allow rabbit and squirrel hunting on the South Unit from
September 1 through November 30.
    (v) We allow furbearer (as governed by State law) hunting. The
annual public use permit (signed brochure) provides season dates and
methods.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs for hunting furbearers from legal
sunset to legal sunrise. Hunters must tether or pen all dogs used for
furbearer hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset and any time they
are not involved in actual hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer,
feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the
[[Page 47682]]
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) Archery deer seasons on the North Unit are from October 1
through January 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer
hunts, when the archery season is closed.
    (iii) Archery deer seasons on the South Unit are from October 1
through December 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer
hunts, when the archery season is closed.
    (iv) Muzzleloader season for deer will begin in October and will
continue for a period of up to 3 days of quota hunting in the North and
South Units, and no more than 4 days of non-quota hunting in the North
Unit.
    (v) The gun deer hunt will begin in November and will continue for
a period of no more than 3 days of quota hunting in the North and South
Units, and no more than 2 days of non-quota hunting in the North Unit.
    (vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
Wildlife Refuge System). The permits are nontransferable and
nonrefundable.
    (vii) We close the refuge to all non-quota hunting during refuge-
wide quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts.
    (viii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer
drive'' as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or
otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any
person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be
waiting for the deer.
    (ix) We prohibit firearm deer hunting from or across roads, ATV
trails, levees, and maintained utility rights-of-way.
    (x) You may only use portable deer stands. You may erect stands up
to 7 days before each hunt, but you must remove them within 7 days
after each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). All unattended deer
stands on the refuge must have the owner's hunting license number
clearly displayed.
    (xi) We close the Kansas Lake Area to all entry on December 1 and
reopen it on March 1.
    (xii) We prohibit the possession of buckshot on the refuge.
    (xiii) We prohibit the possession and/or use of toxic shot by
hunters using shotguns (see Sec.  32.2(k)) when hunting deer or turkey.
    (xiv) Hunters who are hunting deer during a firearm season may kill
feral hogs with weapons legal for those seasons. Feral hogs may be
taken incidentally with archery equipment from November 1 through
December 31.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and
crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow fishing year-round in LaGrue, Essex, Prairie,
Scrubgrass and Brooks Bayous, Big Island Chute, Moon, and Belknap Lakes
next to Arkansas Highway 1, Indian Bay, the Arkansas Post Canal and
adjacent drainage ditches; borrow ditches located adjacent to the west
bank of that portion of the White River Levee north of the Graham Burke
pumping station; and all waters in the refuge-owned North Unit and
scattered tracts. We open all other South Unit refuge waters to sport
fishing from March 1 through November 30 unless posted otherwise.
    (iii) We allow frogging on all refuge-owned waters open for sport
fishing as follows: We allow frogging on the South Unit from the
beginning of the State season through November 30; we allow frogging on
the North Unit for the entire State season.
    (iv) We prohibit all commercial and recreational harvest of turtle
on all property administered by Dale Bumpers White River National
Wildlife Refuge.
    (v) We prohibit take or possession of any freshwater mussel, and we
do not open to mussel shelling.
    (e) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot during the State
waterfowl season except during scheduled refuge quota gun deer hunts.
    (ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each
day.
    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove all duck
hunting equipment (portable blinds, boats, guns, and decoys) from the
hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We close areas of the refuge posted with ``Area Closed'' signs
and identify them on the refuge hunt brochure map as a waterfowl
sanctuary. We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all public entry and
public use during the waterfowl hunting season.
    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge public use
regulations brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (vi) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older, who possesses a
valid state hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than two
youth hunters.
    (vii) We allow only all-terrain vehicles/utility-type vehicles
(ATVs/UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.
    (viii) You may use horses and mules on roads and ATV/UTV trails
(when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a
mode of transportation for hunting and fishing activities on the refuge
except during the quota deer hunts.
    (ix) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
    (x) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is
no bag limit.
    (xi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (xii) We prohibit leaving any boat on the refuge. You must remove
boat(s) at the end of each day's hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (ix)
and (xi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting for quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers
(as governed by State law) on the refuge during State seasons through
January 31. We close upland game hunting during refuge quota gun deer
hunts.
    (iii) We do not open for spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/
early fall raccoon hunting season.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from
December 1 through January 31 and for quail and raccoon/opossum hunting
during the open season on the refuge for these species.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v) through (ix)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening
of the State season through January 31.
    (iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer
hunts.
    (iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the October State
muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The refuge will
conduct one 4-day quota modern gun
[[Page 47683]]
hunt for deer, typically in November. The refuge also may conduct one
mobility-impaired hunt for deer typically in early November.
    (v) Total deer harvested refuge-wide is two deer (two does, or one
buck and one doe, as governed by State law) regardless of method.
    (vi) During the deer and turkey hunts, hunters may possess lead
ammunition legal for taking deer and turkey. We prohibit buckshot for
gun deer hunting.
    (vii) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than
the opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later
than January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
    (ix) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State spring
turkey season. We do not open for fall archery turkey season.
    (x) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey
quota gun hunts.
    (xi) We restrict quota hunt participants to those selected for a
quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System), except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older
possessing a valid hunting license must accompany the youth hunter age
15 and younger.
    (xii) An adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license
must accompany and be within sight and normal voice contact of hunters
age 15 and younger. One adult may supervise no more than one youth
hunter.
    (xiii) We authorize the use of tree stands, ground blinds, and game
cameras on the refuge if the owner's State hunting license number is
clearly written on them in a conspicuous location. You must remove game
cameras from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.
    (xiv) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
Wildlife Refuge System). These permits are nontransferable, and the
permit fees are nonrefundable.
    (xv) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of
feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State
regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs
during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal
hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag
limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and
crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v), (vi), and
(xii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl sanctuary area when the
sanctuary is closed, with the exception of the main channel of the
Ouachita and Saline Rivers and the borrow pits along Highway 82. We
post the waterfowl sanctuary area with ``Area Closed'' signs and
identify those areas in refuge hunt brochures.
    (iii) We allow fishing only in areas accessible from the Ouachita
and Saline Rivers and from Eagle, Jones, and Pereogeethe Lakes during
the refuge quota gun deer hunts.
    (iv) You must reset trotlines when receding water levels expose
them.
    (f) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, and bobcat on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge hunting permits (found on the front cover of
the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required). The permits are
nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
equipment must sign and carry a permit at all times. Your hunt permit
will also act as your entrance pass to the refuge.
    (ii) During the refuge archery season, you may take only squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, or bobcat.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when gun hunting raccoon and opossum
every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday until legal sunrise during the month
of February.
    (iv) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for hunters and
anglers with disabilities. We require a refuge ATV permit (Special Use
Permit; FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
    (v) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats during the refuge
fishing/boating season (March 1 through October 31), but hunters must
remove boats at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i), (iv), and (v)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow hunting for white-tailed deer and
turkey.
    (iii) The refuge will conduct one youth-only (between ages 6 and 15
at the beginning of the gun deer season in Zone 7) quota gun deer hunt.
We restrict hunt participants to those selected for a quota permit
(electronic form), except that one nonhunting adult must accompany the
youth hunter during the youth hunt.
    (iv) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State turkey
season.
    (v) We close the refuge to all entry and public use during
scheduled youth quota gun hunts, except for those allowed to
participate in the youth quota gun hunt.
    (vi) The refuge will conduct two youth-only (age 6 to 15 at the
beginning of the spring turkey season) quota spring gun turkey hunts,
each 2 days in length. We restrict hunt participants to those selected
for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older
must accompany the youth hunter during the youth hunt.
    (vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
days before the start of the season and must remove the stands from the
refuge within 7 days after the season ends (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (viii) You must permanently affix the owner's Arkansas Game and
Fish customer identification number to all tree stands, ground blinds,
and game cameras on the refuge.
    (ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (x) You must check all game at the refuge check station.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(iv) and (f)(3)(v)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We open the waters of the refuge to fishing only from March 1
through October 31 from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) Anglers must remove boats from the refuge at the end of each
day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit the take and possession of turtles and/or mollusks
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (g) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of
[[Page 47684]]
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations
brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each
day.
    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. Hunters must remove portable
blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type
vehicles (UTVs) for hunting activities.
    (v) You may use horses on roads and ATV/UTV trails (when open to
motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a mode of
transportation for hunting activities on the refuge.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
    (vii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition legal for that hunt. There is
no bag limit. We prohibit transportation or possession of live hog.
    (viii) We allow boats on the refuge between the hours of 4 a.m. and
1:30 p.m. during waterfowl season.
    (ix) Hunters may not enter the refuge until 4 a.m., with the
exception of designated parking areas.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting during State seasons for quail, squirrel,
rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) through January 31.
State regulations governing appropriate zones apply.
    (iii) We do not open for the spring squirrel hunting season or the
summer/fall raccoon hunting season.
    (iv) When upland game hunting, we prohibit possession of lead
ammunition except that you may possess rimfire rifle lead ammunition no
larger than .22 caliber.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from
December 1 through January 31, and for quail and raccoon/opossum
hunting during the open season on the refuge for these species.
    (vi) We allow nighttime raccoon and opossum hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the first State
muzzleloader season for this zone. State regulations governing
appropriate zones apply.
    (iii) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.
    (iv) The bag limit for the muzzleloader deer hunt is two deer, with
no more than one buck.
    (v) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than
the opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later
than January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). The limit
is one deer stand, blind, etc., per person.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
    (vii) We restrict quota hunt participants on these hunts to those
selected for a quota permit (electronic form), except that one
nonhunting adult age 21 or older and possessing a valid hunting license
must accompany a youth hunter age 15 or younger.
    (viii) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of
feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State
regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs
during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal
hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag
limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (h) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We close migratory game bird hunting during scheduled quota
refuge gun deer hunts.
    (ii) Hunting ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.
    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove portable
blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations
brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (v) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles
(UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.
    (vi) You may use horses and mules only on roads and ATV/UTV trails
(when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a
mode of transportation for on-refuge hunting and fishing activities,
except during refuge muzzleloader and quota deer hunts.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
    (viii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. We
prohibit the use of dogs to take these species. There is no bag limit.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when waterfowl hunting.
    (x) We authorize the use of tree stands, game cameras, and boats
while hunting and fishing on the refuge. The owner's Arkansas Game and
Fish customer identification number must be affixed to, or clearly
written on, them in a conspicuous manner.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on the refuge during State seasons for this
zone for squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers through January 31. We list
specific hunting season dates annually in the refuge hunt brochure. We
close upland game hunting during refuge quota deer hunts.
    (ii) We do not open to spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/
early fall raccoon hunting season.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
(viii) of this section apply.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and
opossum hunting from the opening of hunting season through January 31.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening of
the State season through January 31. State regulations governing
appropriate zones apply.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
(viii) of this section apply.
    (iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer
hunts.
    (iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting for the first 5 days of the
early State muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The bag
limit for the refuge muzzleloader hunt is two deer, with no more than
one buck.
    (v) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.
[[Page 47685]]
    (vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
for a quota permit. These permits are nontransferable, and permit fees
are nonrefundable.
    (vii) The quota gun deer hunt bag limit is two deer, with no more
than one buck (one buck and one doe). Exception: Youth hunters
participating in the refuge youth deer hunt and hunters participating
in the refuge mobility-impaired hunt may harvest the legal State bag
limit without antler restrictions.
    (viii) We do not open for fall archery turkey season.
    (ix) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey
quota permit gun hunts.
    (x) You may use only portable deer stands erected no sooner than 2
days before the opening of the State deer season, and you must remove
them no later than January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (xi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
    (xii) We restrict hunt participants during quota hunts to those
selected for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or
older and possessing a valid hunting license must accompany a youth
hunter.
    (xiii) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, boats, or game cameras
on the refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
identification number is affixed to, or clearly written on, them in a
conspicuous location.
    (xiv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (xv) We prohibit all public use, except fishing and access for
fishing, during quota hunts.
    (xvi) We allow the taking of feral hogs on the refuge only during
the muzzleloader and modern gun quota permit deer hunts and with
weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit.
You may not transport or possess live hogs.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing, frogging, and the taking of
crawfish on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) You must reset trotlines when exposed by receding water levels.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
(viii) and (x) of this section apply.
    (iii) We prohibit taking or possessing turtles or mollusks (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (i) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of snow goose on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge hunting permits. The permits (found on the
front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
equipment must sign and carry them at all times.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must leave the
refuge by 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, nutria, beaver, coyote, feral hog, and opossum on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
cartridges when hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iv) You may take nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge hunt
with those weapons legal during those hunts, subject to applicable
State seasons and regulations.
    (v) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun deer
hunt and as governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA)
regulations.
    (vi) We limit nighttime hunting to raccoon/opossum hunting.
    (vii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt. We
allow only quota gun deer hunt permit (fee/signature required) holders
to enter the refuge during this hunt and only for deer hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (i)(2)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
way.
    (iii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
waterfowl sanctuaries by December 1. You must remove all stands on the
remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
all refuge lands.
    (v) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, and game cameras on the
refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
identification number is clearly written on them in a conspicuous
location.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 31 from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the possession or use of yo-yos, jugs, or other
floating containers; drops or limb lines; trotlines; and commercial
fishing tackle.
    (iii) We allow bank fishing.
    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of frogs, mollusks, and/or
turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (v) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.
    (vi) Anglers must remove all boats from the refuge at the end of
each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
prohibit airboats, personal watercraft, and hovercraft.
Sec.  32.24   California.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(d) for
regulations.
    (b) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of pronghorn antelope only
on the controlled ``U'' Unit of the refuge subject to the following
condition: You may hunt only in the unit for 9 consecutive days
beginning on the first Saturday following the third Wednesday in
August.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
participating in an authorized overnight stay.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
bicycles and
[[Page 47686]]
other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the
refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
than 12 gauge.
    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
turkey only in the free-roam areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond area during a
special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday after the opening
of the State pheasant hunting season.
    (ii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through
(viii) of this section apply.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (d) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
participating in an authorized overnight stay.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
than 12 gauge.
    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
    (ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to
within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for
when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
the area.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind
area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday
after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(iii) through
(viii) of this section apply.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (e) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (ii) During the 2 weeks before the opening of the hunt season, you
may bring a boat into Ponds AB1, A2E, AB2, A3N, A3W, A5, A7, and A8N,
and moor it at a designated site. You may use your boat to access the
hunting ponds, and you may leave your boat on the refuge during the
hunt season. You must remove your boat within 2 weeks following the
close of the hunt season. We allow nonmotorized boats and motorized
boats powered by electric, gasoline direct fuel injection 2-stroke, or
4-stroke gasoline motors only.
    (iii) You may maintain an existing blind in the ponds open to
hunting if you have a refuge permit (name and signature required), but
the blind will be open for general use on a first-come, first-served
basis.
    (iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property, except
personal boats, from the refuge by legal sunset (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (v) You may enter closed areas of the refuge to retrieve downed
birds, provided you leave all weapons in a legal hunting area.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (viii) At the Ravenswood Unit only, we only allow portable blinds
or construction of temporary blinds made from natural materials.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We close Mallard Slough to boats from March 1 through August
31, and we close Mowry Slough from March 15 to June 15.
    (ii) We open designated fishing areas from legal sunrise to legal
sunset each day.
    (iii) We prohibit the collection of bait of any type from the
refuge except from the Dumbarton Fishing Pier, where it is legal to
collect bait for noncommercial purposes.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of balloons to float hooks and bait
farther than hand casting.
    (f) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(e) for
regulations.
    (g) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common moorhen, and
snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (ii) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting
areas (i.e., all hunt areas except Salmon Creek Unit).
    (iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and other
personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (v) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we allow hunting on Tuesdays and
Saturdays (except Federal holidays), and hunters must possess and carry
a valid daily refuge permit. We issue refuge permits prior to each hunt
by random drawing of names conducted at the check station 1\1/2\ hours
before legal shooting time. Shooting time ends at 3 p.m. Hunters drawn
for a blind must completely fill out a Refuge Hunt Permit, which
includes a ``Record of Harvest'' section. Each hunter must possess and
carry the Refuge Hunt Permit/Record of Harvest (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) document while on the
refuge and turn in a complete Record of Harvest at the check station
before leaving the hunt area.
    (vi) On the Salmon Creek Unit, you may possess shot shells in
quantities of 25 or fewer per hunter, per day.
    (vii) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we restrict hunters to within 100
feet (30 meters) of the assigned hunt site except for when placing and
retrieving decoys, retrieving downed birds, or traveling to and from
the parking area.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge
[[Page 47687]]
subject to the following condition: We allow fishing from the
designated shoreline trail and dock (for nonmotorized boats only) at
the Hookton Slough Unit from legal sunrise to legal sunset, only using
pole and line or rod and reel.
    (h) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(f) for
regulations.
    (i) Kern National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting.
We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters assigned to the spaced blind unit must remain within
100 feet (30.5 meters) of the numbered steel post (blind site) except
when pursuing crippled birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
the parking area.
    (ii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (j) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the
refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older. All hunters age 15 and
younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or
older) at all times while in the field.
    (ii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
hunting season. Reservations are obtained through the waterfowl lottery
each year.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
posted.
    (iv) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all California portions of the
refuge with the following exceptions:
    (A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special
youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.
    (B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of
afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.
    (v) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
    (vi) Pit-style hunting blinds located in the Stearns units and unit
9D are first-come, first-served. We require you to hunt within a 200-
foot (61-meter) radius of the blind.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In the
controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit (available
electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age
16 or older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the
immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in
the field.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (k) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing from boats on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (l) Merced National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (ii) Each hunter must remain inside his or her assigned blind,
except for when placing decoys, retrieving downed birds, and traveling
to and from the parking area. We prohibit shooting from outside the
blind.
    (iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the Lonetree
Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and from
the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve
crippled birds.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (m) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) On the opening weekend of the hunting season, hunters must
possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) issued through random drawing to
hunters with advance reservations only.
    (ii) After the opening weekend of the hunting season, we only allow
hunting on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Hunters must check-in
and out of the refuge by using self-service permits (FWS Form 3-2405,
Self-Clearing Check-in/out Permit). Hunters must completely fill out
the ``Refuge Hunt Permit'' portion of the permit and deposit it in the
drop box prior to hunting. The hunter must possess and carry the
``Record of Kill'' portion of the permit while on the refuge and turn
it in prior to exiting the hunting area.
    (iii) In the designated spaced blind area, you must remain within
the blind assigned to you.
    (iv) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (v) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (vi) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting
areas.
    (vii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, other
personal equipment, and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day
(see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (viii) Hunters must enter and exit the hunting area from the two
designated hunt parking lots, which we open 1\1/2\ hours before legal
sunrise and close 1 hour after legal sunset each hunt day.
    (ix) We only allow access to the hunt area by foot, bicycle, and
nonmotorized cart. We prohibit bicycles in the hunt area during the
opening weekend of the hunting season.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We limit hunting to junior hunters, age 15 or younger,
possessing a valid State Junior Hunting License and refuge Junior
Pheasant Hunt Permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing only on Dorris Reservoir
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit fishing from February 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow only walk-in access to Dorris Reservoir from
February 1 through March 31.
    (iv) We allow use of boats for fishing on Dorris Reservoir only
from April 1 through September 30.
    (n) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
participating in an authorized overnight stay.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence
[[Page 47688]]
of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
than 12 gauge.
    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
    (ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to
within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for
when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
the area.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
turkey in designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind
area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday
after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(iii) through
(ix) of this section apply.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (o) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, dove, and
snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Access to the hunt area on all units open to public hunting is
by boat only, except on designated units, which are accessible by foot
traffic or boat. We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-
impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed
conveyances.
    (ii) On the Codora Unit, we prohibit hunting except for junior
hunters on weekends only. Junior hunters must possess a valid junior
hunting license and be accompanied by a nonhunting adult.
    (iii) We allow only shotgun hunting.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 meters) of any landward
boundary adjacent to private property.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs only when hunting migratory birds and
upland game birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, turkey, and
quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow only shotgun and archery hunting.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), (iv),
and (v) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), and
(iv) and (o)(2)(i) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may hunt feral hogs from September 1 through March 15.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs while hunting black-tailed deer
and feral hogs.
    (iv) We allow the use of only shotguns firing single non-lead
shotgun slugs, and archery equipment. We prohibit the use or possession
of rifles and pistols on the refuge for hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (p) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (ii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl.
    (iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property from
the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (q) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (ii) You must return your permits (state-issued) to the check
stations immediately upon completion of your hunt and prior to using
any tour routes or leaving the refuge vicinity.
    (iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced blind area to their
assigned blind except when they are placing decoys, traveling to and
from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled
birds.
    (iv) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the East Bear
Creek Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and
from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled
birds.
    (v) Access to the Freitas Unit free-roam hunting area is by boat
only with a maximum of 5 miles per hour (mph). We prohibit air-thrust
and inboard water-thrust boats.
    (vi) We require State-issued Type A area permits for access on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (vii) We prohibit the use of motorized boats in the free-roam units
with the exception of the Freitas Unit.
    (viii) We prohibit vehicle trailers of any type or size to be in
the refuge hunt areas at any time or to be left unattended at any
location on the refuge.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing during normal refuge visitation hours in
designated areas as posted.
    (ii) We only allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel to take
fish, and anglers must attend their equipment at all times.
    (r) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only hunt from a boat. We prohibit walk-in hunting on
the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant only in
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only hunt on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only
with a pole and line or rod and reel. We prohibit bow fishing and
gigging.
    (s) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of
[[Page 47689]]
goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters using the Union Tract must use goose decoys.
    (ii) You must hunt from assigned blinds on the Union Tract and
within 100 feet (30 meters) of blind sites on the Hazard Tract, except
when shooting to retrieve crippled birds.
    (iii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We only allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We only allow boat fishing.
    (t) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on Sun River Unit only on Wednesdays and
Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (ii) We will select hunters through a random drawing process (FWS
Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System)
conducted at the refuge. Hunters should bring a copy of their refuge
notification on the day of their hunt. Hunters should contact the
refuge manager for additional information.
    (iii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iv) We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-impaired
hunters should contact the refuge manager regarding allowed
conveyances.
    (v) We restrict hunters to their assigned spaced-blind except when
they are placing or retrieving decoys, traveling to and from the
parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve crippled
birds
    (vi) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (vii) We allow only nonmotorized boats to access water blinds.
    (viii) You must remove all decoys, personal equipment, shotshell
hulls, and refuse from the refuge by 12:30 p.m. (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit fishing from the bank.
    (ii) We prohibit the take of native reptiles and amphibians (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (u) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
participating in an authorized overnight stay.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
than 12 gauge.
    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We only allow hunting of pheasant and wild
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i) through
(viii) of this section apply.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (v) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the
refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (iii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
hunting season. You may obtain a reservation through the waterfowl
lottery each year.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
posted.
    (v) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all portions of the refuge with
the following exceptions:
    (A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special
youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.
    (B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of
afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.
    (vi) You select blind sites by lottery at the beginning of each
hunt day. You may shoot only from within your assigned blind site.
    (vii) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
    (viii) We prohibit air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats while
hunting. We prohibit the use of all-terrain amphibious or utility-type
vehicles (UTVs) in wetland units.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In the controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid
permit (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for
all hunters age 16 or older.
    (ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.25   Colorado.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian
collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
mourning dove season.
    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
bows, and hawking/falconry.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
black-tailed and whitetailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge.
[[Page 47690]]
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, merganser, Canada goose,
snipe, Virginia and Sora rail, and mourning dove on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All migratory bird hunting closes annually on December 31.
    (ii) We allow access to the refuge 1 hour prior to legal shooting
time.
    (iii) We allow use of only portable stands and blinds that the
hunter must remove following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit hunting 200 feet (60 meters) from any public use
road, designated parking area, or designated public use facility
located within the hunt area.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of jackrabbit, cottontail
rabbit, and sage grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) All upland game hunting closes annually on December 31.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of antelope and elk on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) Elk hunters:
    (A) Must possess a refuge-specific permit (state-issued) to hunt
elk; and
    (B) Must attend a scheduled pre-hunt information meeting prior to
hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit fishing between June 1 and July 31 each year.
    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit ice fishing on the refuge.
    (iv) We close Unit C to fishing when the refuge is open to big game
rifle hunting.
    (v) We prohibit lead sinkers and live bait for fishing.
    (c) Baca National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting.
We allow hunting of Eurasian collared-dove and mourning dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
mourning dove season.
    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
bows, and hawking/falconry.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: Shotguns, rifles firing
rimfire cartridges less than .23 caliber, hand-held bows, pellet guns,
slingshots, and hawking/falconry are the only acceptable methods of
take.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning dove on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and elk on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (e) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian
collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
mourning dove season.
    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
bows, and hawking/falconry.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (f) Rocky Mountain Arsenal. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on Tuesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from legal
sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow fishing from the first Saturday in April through
November 30.
    (iii) All anglers age 16 and older must possess a signed refuge
fishing permit (signed refuge fishing brochure) when fishing.
    (iv) You must stop and pay the daily fishing recreation fee for
each Colorado State licensed angler age 16 or older. Payments are made
at self-service fishing fee stations, and you must display a receipt of
payment or an annual pass while fishing. High school and college
students can fish for free with a current student identification card.
    (v) We allow bank fishing only at Lake Mary and Lake Ladora.
    (vi) We allow wade fishing only in Lake Ladora after Memorial Day.
    (vii) Each angler may use only one rod and reel or pole and line
with one hook per line, except that we allow a second rod and reel or
pole and line with one hook per line with a Colorado State-issued
second rod stamp.
    (viii) We only allow barbless hooks.
    (ix) We only allow artificial lures and flies on Lake Ladora. We
allow artificial lures and flies and artificial bait, cut bait, and
food products only on Lake Mary.
    (x) We prohibit the use of live bait on all refuge waters.
    (xi) We only allow catch-and-release fishing.
    (xii) We prohibit the possession and consumption of alcoholic
beverages while fishing.
Sec.  32.26   Connecticut.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow refuge access from \1/2\ hour prior to legal sunrise
until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl and upland
game species.
    (iii) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds,
which must be removed at the end of each hunt day. All tree stands and
blinds must have the name and telephone number of the owner clearly
printed in an easily readable area.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions
set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.
[[Page 47691]]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit launching of motorboats from the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of reptiles and amphibians as bait.
    (b) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to obtain an annual Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G) in advance for permission to hunt in the designated
hunting area.
    (ii) We will limit hunt days to Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays
during the waterfowl hunting season as established by the State.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.27   Delaware.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition:
    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except on the
South Upland Hunting Area.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and
upland game species.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel,
cottontail rabbit, ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, raccoon,
opossum, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of
this section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) except on the South Upland Hunting
Area.
    (ii) In the Headquarters Deer Hunt Area, you may hunt only from a
designated stand, unless you are actively tracking or retrieving
wounded deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of waterfowl, coot, mourning dove, snipe,
and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except in
designated walk-in areas. You must obtain a refuge permit from the
refuge office or website and have the permit in your possession while
hunting.
    (ii) You must complete and return a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS
Form 3-2361), available at the refuge administration office or on the
refuge's website, within 15 days of the close of the season.
    (iii) You may access the Lottery Waterfowl Hunt Area by boat.
    (iv) We allow hunting of waterfowl in the Disabled Waterfowl Draw
Area subject to the following condition: We do not allow assistants to
enter a designated disabled hunting area unless they are accompanied by
a certified disabled hunter.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and
upland game species.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, quail,
pheasant, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(v) of this section
applies.
    (ii) You must obtain a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or
website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (ii) Hunting on the headquarters deer hunt area will be by lottery.
You must obtain and possess a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or
website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) On Turkle and Fleetwood ponds, we allow boats only with
electric trolling motors.
    (ii) You must attend all crabbing and fishing gear at all times.
    (iii) You must remove all personal property at the end of each
day's fishing activity (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
Sec.  32.28   Florida.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge waterfowl hunt
permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (ii) We do not open to hunting on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Christmas
Day.
    (iii) We allow hunting on the refuge from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise to 1 p.m. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m.
and must be off the refuge by 3 p.m.
    (iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the
Headquarters Area (Boynton Beach) and the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton).
    (v) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.
    (vi) Hunters must remove decoys and other personal property from
the hunting area at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (vii) Hunters must complete a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form
3-2361) and place it in an entrance fee canister each day prior to
exiting the refuge.
    (viii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be supervised by a
licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the
adult while hunting. Youth hunters must have completed a hunter
education course.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of alligator on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge alligator hunt
permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (ii) We allow hunting on the refuge 1 hour before sunset on Friday
night through 1 hour after sunrise Saturday morning, and 1 hour before
sunset on Saturday night through 1 hour after
[[Page 47692]]
sunrise Sunday morning. We allow alligator hunting the first 2 weekends
during Harvest Period 1 (August) and the first 2 weekends during
Harvest Period 2 (September). Following the close of Harvest Period 2,
the remaining weekends in October will be open for alligator harvest
permittees who possess unused CITES tags (OMB Control No. 1018-0093).
We provide specific dates for the alligator hunt on the harvest permit.
    (iii) Youth age 17 and younger may not hunt, but may only accompany
an adult age 21 or older who possesses an Alligator Trapping Agent
License (state-issued).
    (iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the Hillsboro
Area (Loxahatchee Road, Boca Raton).
    (v) You may take alligators using hand-held snares, harpoons, gigs,
snatch hooks, artificial lures, manually operated spears, spear guns,
and crossbows. We prohibit the taking of alligators using baited hooks,
baited wooden pegs, or firearms. We allow the use of bang sticks (a
hand-held pole with a pistol or shotgun cartridge on the end in a very
short barrel) with approved nontoxic ammunition (see Sec.  32.2(k))
only for taking alligators attached to a restraining line. Once an
alligator is captured, it must be killed immediately. We prohibit
catch-and-release of alligators. Once the alligator is dead, you must
lock a CITES tag through the skin of the carcass within 6 inches (15.2
centimeters) of the tip of the tail. The tag must remain attached to
the alligator at all times.
    (vi) Hunters must remove all personal property from the hunting
area at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) We allow only one vessel per hunting group or party.
    (viii) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow the use of rods and reels and poles and lines,
and anglers must attend them at all times.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow 12 fishing tournaments a year by Special Use Permit
only (General Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-
1383-G).
    (iv) We prohibit the possession or use of cast nets, seines, trot
lines, jugs, gigs, and other fishing devices.
    (v) Anglers may only launch boats at the Headquarters Area (Boynton
Beach), the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton), and 20 Mile Bend (West Palm
Beach).
    (vi) All youth anglers age 15 and younger must be supervised by a
licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the
adult while fishing.
    (b) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater sport fishing year-round on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We close a 300-foot (90-meter (m)) buffer zone beginning at
mean high tide line and extending into the waters around Snake Key to
all public entry from March 1 through June 30 to protect nesting birds.
    (ii) We conditionally open to public entry a 300-foot (90-m) buffer
zone beginning at mean high tide line and extending into the waters
around Seahorse Key from March 1 through June 30. Should birds nest in
that area during that timeframe, we will close that area of Seahorse
Key to public entry.
    (c) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting in designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In Citrus County:
    (A) You may take only ducks and coots.
    (B) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays during those seasons established by the State of Florida.
    (C) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory birds.
    (D) We require hunters to possess and carry a signed, refuge
hunting permit (signed brochure).
    (E) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any
residence or on navigable waterways of Chassahowitzka River, Seven
Cabbage Cut-off, and Mason Creek.
    (F) We allow temporary blinds and decoys, but you must remove all
blinds and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) In Hernando County:
    (A) All hunters in Hernando County must comply with the State of
Florida Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations.
    (B) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C), (D), and
(F) of this section apply.
    (C) We allow hunting of geese, duck, and coot only on Wednesdays,
Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (D) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any
residence.
    (2) Upland game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of
quail, squirrel, rabbit, feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote,
skunk, and nutria as governed by State of Florida Chassahowitzka
Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C) through (F)
and (c)(1)(ii)(D) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of traps or snares to take game.
    (iii) You may take feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote,
skunk, and nutria as incidental species with the equipment legal for
use during the season.
    (3) Big game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of
whitetail deer and turkey, as governed by State of Florida
Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the
following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(i)
through (iii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing 24 hours per day, year-round, except in areas
posted closed.
    (ii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of frogs, horseshoe
crabs, turtles, and snakes (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We permit commercial activities, including guiding, with a
Special Use Permit (Commercial Activities Special Use Permit
Application, FWS Form 3-1383-C). You must apply for the permit.
    (d) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may
only use two poles per angler and must attend both poles at all times.
    (e) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow salt-water fishing along the Atlantic Ocean and
Indian River Lagoon year-round as governed by State recreational
fishing regulations.
    (iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels and poles and lines,
and anglers must attend them at all times.
    (iv) We allow only two poles per angler, and anglers must attend
those poles at all times in conjunction with the Martin County,
Florida, two-pole ordinance.
[[Page 47693]]
    (f) J. N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3)
[Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing in
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the take of crabs with the use of dip nets only.
    (ii) All anglers must exit refuge lands and waters no later than
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit the possession and use of seines or trot lines.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of cast nets from the left (south) side of
Wildlife Drive or any water control structure, bridge, boardwalk, or
rip rap affixed to Wildlife Drive.
    (v) All fish must remain in whole condition until removed from
refuge lands and waters, except for fish caught and landed by
individuals using the services of the refuge concessionaire at the
Tarpon Bay recreation area. Those fish may be cleaned at the designated
fish cleaning station in the concession area.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of bows and spears from Wildlife Drive or
any trail or structure affixed to Wildlife Drive.
    (g) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require a valid Lake Woodruff Quota Hunt Permit, which can
be purchased through the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission, and a valid Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge hunt
permit (signed annual hunt brochure), which is free and
nontransferable.
    (ii) All hunters must be on stands or in blinds during deer hunts.
    (iii) We prohibit scouting in the hunt area during the quota hunt.
    (iv) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge 2
hours prior to legal sunrise each hunting day. All hunters must leave
the refuge within 2 hours of legal sunset.
    (v) We allow stands or blinds to be set up 2 days prior to the
permitted hunt, and you must remove them on or before the last day of
your permitted hunt. You must clearly mark stands with the hunter's
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) permit number
found on your hunting license. No more than one stand or blind per
person may be on the refuge at any time, unless a permitted hunter is
accompanied by a youth hunter. You must place the stand and/or blind
for a youth hunter within sight and normal voice contact of the
permitted hunter's stand and mark it with the adult permitted hunter's
FWC permit number and the word ``YOUTH.''
    (vi) If you use flagging or other trail marking material, you must
print your FWC permit number on each piece or marker. You may set up
flagging and trail markers 2 days prior to the permitted hunt, and you
must remove them on or before the last day of the permitted hunt.
    (vii) You must check out any game taken during the hunts at a self-
check station.
    (viii) You may access the Western Unit only by boat.
    (ix) Hunters age 15 and younger do not need a quota permit, but
they must be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. Each adult may
supervise one youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal
voice contact of the youth hunter; the pair must share a single bag
limit unless hunting during a designated family or youth hunt.
    (x) We prohibit shotgun loads larger than #2 shot and slugs during
turkey hunts.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow use of hook and line. We prohibit cast nets.
    (ii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of snatch hooks in the refuge
impoundments.
    (h) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all hunters, age 16 or older, to purchase and
possess a general refuge hunting permit through the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission to hunt during all refuge hunts,
unless otherwise exempt. We do not require youth hunters age 15 and
younger to possess a general refuge hunting permit.
    (ii) Every hunter must possess a signed refuge hunt brochure
(signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting from or within 150 feet (45 meters) of
all refuge roads open to public vehicle travel.
    (iv) An adult (parent or guardian) age 18 or older must supervise
and must remain within sight of and in normal voice contact of a youth
hunter, age 15 or younger. An adult may not supervise more than two
youths. Youth hunters must meet State hunter-education requirements.
    (v) Clothes-type pins or clips with reflective or colored markings
can be used for the temporary marking of vegetation in order to
identify a route of travel to or from a tree stand. You must remove
these pins at the end of deer season (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter). Each clothes-type pin or clip must contain the hunting
license number of the hunter.
    (vi) You may leave a temporary tree stand on refuge property
starting 1 week before archery season, but you must remove it by the
last day of hog season. All tree stands left on the refuge within the
hunt season must display the hunter's hunting license number legibly
written on or attached to the stand. You may also use a temporary tree
stand during small game season, but you must remove it by the last day
of the small game season.
    (vii) Hunters must be at their vehicles by 1 hour after legal
shooting time.
    (viii) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters)
of any developed public recreation area, game check station, or gate.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, gray
squirrel, armadillo, opossum, rabbit, raccoon, coyote, and beaver on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times. The
refuge prints dates for all the refuge hunting seasons in the annual
refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure).
    (iii) We allow night hunting for raccoon and opossum from legal
sunset until legal sunrise as governed by State regulations.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) During the refuge archery season, hunters may only use archery
equipment, including crossbows, as governed by State archery
regulations.
    (iii) During the refuge muzzleloader season, hunters may only use
muzzleloading firearms and archery equipment (see Sec.  27.42 of this
chapter) as governed by State muzzleloader regulations.
    (iv) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (v) We allow hunting of deer (except spotted fawns), feral hog,
gray squirrel,
[[Page 47694]]
rabbit, armadillo, opossum, raccoon, beaver, and coyote during the
archery season.
    (vi) Hunters may take feral hog (no size or bag limit), and a
maximum of two deer per day, during the family hunt, except only one
deer may be antlerless for each day of the family and senior hunts.
    (vii) Hunters must fill out a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-
2359) and check all game harvested during all deer and hog hunts.
    (viii) Hunters may take only bearded turkeys and only during the
State Zone C youth turkey hunts and spring turkey season.
    (ix) Shooting hours for spring turkey begin \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise and end at 1 p.m.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcohol while fishing on
the refuge.
    (i) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, merganser, and coot in
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a current, signed Merritt Island
National Wildlife Refuge hunt permit (signed brochure, non-
transferable) at all times while hunting waterfowl on the refuge.
    (ii) You must carry (or hunt within 30 yards of a hunter who
possesses) a valid State-issued Merritt Island Waterfowl Quota Permit,
while hunting in areas 1 or 4 from the beginning of the regular
waterfowl season through the end of January. The Waterfowl Quota Permit
can be used for a single party consisting of the permit holder and up
to three guests. The permit holder must be present.
    (iii) During the State's waterfowl season, we allow hunting on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and the following Federal holidays:
Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
    (iv) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded restricted
areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
    (v) We allow hunting of waterfowl on refuge-established hunt days
from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must
remove all equipment and check out at the refuge check station prior to
1 p.m. each day.
    (vi) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. for the
purpose of waterfowl hunting.
    (vii) We require an adult, age 18 or older, to supervise hunters
age 15 and younger. The adult must remain within sight and normal voice
contact of the youth hunter.
    (viii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 25 feet (7.6 meters),
or shooting from any portion, of a dike, dirt road, or railroad grade.
    (ix) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 yards (135 meters)
of SR 402, SR 406, or any paved road right-of-way. We prohibit shooting
over any dike or roadway.
    (x) You must leave the refuge by 1 p.m. Prior to that, you must
stop at a posted refuge waterfowl check station and report statistical
hunt information on the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) to
refuge personnel.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a State-issued Merritt Island National Wildlife
Refuge Big Game Quota Hunt Permit. The Quota Hunt Permit is a limited
entry quota permit, is zone-specific, and is nontransferable.
    (ii) You must have a valid signed Big Game Hunt Permit (signed
annual hunt brochure).
    (iii) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded
restricted areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
    (iv) We allow hunting during a 3-day weekend within the State's
deer season. Legal shooting hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise
to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (v) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge no
earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no
later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting from refuge roads or within 100 yards of
roads open to public vehicle traffic or within 200 yards of a building
or KSC facility.
    (vii) Each permitted hunter may have one adult guest and one youth
hunter. All guests must remain within sight and normal voice contact.
The party must share a single bag limit. Each adult may supervise one
youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal voice contact. The
pair must share a single bag limit unless hunting during a designated
youth or family hunt.
    (viii) You may set up stands or blinds up to 2 days prior to the
permitted hunt; you must remove them on the last day of your permitted
hunt. You must clearly mark stands and blinds with your Florida State
customer identification (ID) number found on your hunting license. You
may have no more than one stand or blind per person on the refuge at
any time. You must place a stand or blind for a youth hunter within
sight and normal voice contact of the supervisory hunter's stand and
mark it with the supervisory hunter's Florida State customer ID number
and the word ``YOUTH.''
    (ix) We prohibit all scouting in the hunt area during the quota
hunt.
    (x) If you use flagging or other trail-marking material, you must
print your Florida State customer ID number on each piece or marker.
You may set out flagging and trail markers up to 2 days prior to the
permitted hunt, and you must remove them on the last day of the
permitted hunt.
    (xi) We allow hunters possessing a valid permit to scout within
their permitted zones up to 7 days prior to their permitted hunts. You
must carry your valid Quota Hunt Permit identifying the permitted hunt
zone while scouting.
    (xii) You must be on your stand or in your blind while hunting.
    (xiii) We prohibit stalking or moving through the hunt area while
hunting.
    (xiv) You must be at your vehicle within 1 hour after legal
shooting time. If you wish to track wounded game beyond 1 hour after
legal sunset, you must gain consent from a Federal Wildlife Officer to
do so.
    (xv) We prohibit using dogs for tracking unless authorized by a
Federal Wildlife Officer. Dogs must remain on a leash and be equipped
with a GPS tracking device.
    (xvi) You may field dress game; however, we prohibit cleaning game
within 1,000 feet of any public area, road, game-check station, or
gate. We prohibit dumping game carcasses on the refuge.
    (xvii) Archery hunters must wear at least 500 square inches (3,226
square centimeters) of solid fluorescent-orange color while moving to
and from their vehicles, while moving to their stands or hunting spots,
and while tracking or dragging out game.
    (xviii) There is no bag limit or size limit for the take of feral
hogs.
    (xix) You must report all hunting activities, including successful
and non-successful hunts, at one of the two check stations prior to
leaving the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing, crabbing,
clamming, and shrimping on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess a current, signed refuge fishing permit
(signed brochure) at all times while fishing on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit anglers entering the normal or expanded restricted
areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
[[Page 47695]]
    (iii) We prohibit fishing after legal sunset or before legal
sunrise, except that we allow fishing at night from a vessel in the
open waters of Mosquito Lagoon, Indian River Lagoon, Banana River, and
Haulover Canal.
    (iv) You may launch boats for night fishing and boating activities
only from Bair's Cove, Beacon 42, and Biolab boat ramps.
    (v) We prohibit crabbing or fishing from Black Point Wildlife Drive
or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife Drive except from L
Pond Road.
    (vi) We prohibit launching boats, canoes, or kayaks from Black
Point Wildlife Drive or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife
Drive except from L Pond Road.
    (vii) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.
    (viii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of horseshoe crab,
frog, turtle, snake, and/or other wildlife (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (ix) We prohibit use of personal watercraft, kite surfing, kite
boarding, wind surfing, sail boarding, use of air-thrust boats, and use
of hovercraft on the refuge or in refuge waters.
    (x) We prohibit motorized vessels in the Banana River within the
posted ``No-Motor Zone,'' including any vessel having an attached motor
or a nonattached motor capable of use (including electric trolling
motor).
    (xi) We allow vessels drafting 12 inches (30 centimeters) or less
(measured while vessel is fully stopped) to be propelled only by
poling, paddling, drifting, or electric trolling motors in the
established Pole & Troll Zone(s), except in the posted running
channels.
    (xii) We prohibit fish cleaning on refuge property.
    (xiii) We prohibit fishing from, or in the immediate vicinity of,
the Manatee Viewing Deck on the northeast side of Haulover Canal.
    (xiv) When inside the impoundment perimeter ditch, you may use
gasoline or diesel motors. Outside the perimeter ditch, you must propel
vessels by paddling, push pole, or electric trolling motor.
    (j) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing year-round.
    (ii) We allow bank fishing from spoil islands during daylight hours
only.
    (k) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow
fishing only from vessels in the waters surrounding Tarpon Key.
    (l) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must remove blinds at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to recover game.
    (iii) Hunters may access the hunt area by boat.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel, rabbit,
and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require refuge permits (signed brochure) for hunting upland
game. Each hunter must possess and carry a signed refuge permit while
participating in a hunt.
    (ii) All hunters must wear 500 square inches (3,250 square
centimeters) of fluorescent orange above the waistline while in a
designated hunting unit during a refuge hunt.
    (iii) You may only use .22 caliber or smaller rim-fire rifles,
shotguns (#4 bird shot or smaller) (see Sec.  32.2(k)), or
muzzleloaders to harvest squirrel, rabbit, and raccoon. In addition,
you may use shotgun slugs, buckshot, archery equipment, or pistols to
take feral hogs. We prohibit the use of other weapons.
    (iv) We allow the use of leashed dogs for trailing injured or
harvested game.
    (v) We prohibit hunting from any named or numbered road (with the
exception of persons hunting during the mobility-impaired hunt).
    (vi) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters) of
any residence, developed public recreation area, or game check station.
    (vii) You must check out all game taken at a game check station.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for
license, and the State charges a fee). Permits are nontransferable.
Each hunter must possess and carry a signed permit when participating
in a hunt. Prior to hunting each day, you must check-in at a hunt check
station as specified in the refuge hunt brochure. You must check out at
the end of each hunting day.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(2)(ii) and (iv)
through (vii) of this section apply.
    (iii) We allow feral hog to be taken during any refuge hunt. There
is no limit on the size or number of feral hogs that hunters may take.
    (iv) There is a two deer limit per hunt, as specified at paragraph
(l)(3)(vi) of this section, except during the youth hunt, when the
limit is as specified at paragraph (l)(3)(vii) of this section. The
limit for turkey is one per hunt.
    (v) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (vi) The bag limit for white-tailed deer is two deer per hunt,
either two antlerless deer or one antlerless deer and one antlered
deer. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler
or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must
have at least three points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one
antler, to be harvested.
    (vii) There is one youth white-tailed deer hunt and one youth
turkey hunt for youth ages 12 to 17. During these hunts, only the youth
hunter may handle or discharge firearms used for hunting. An adult age
21 or older must accompany and remain in sight and normal voice contact
of each youth hunter. There is no limit on the number of hogs a youth
hunter may harvest during these hunts.
    (A) Youth white-tailed deer hunt harvest limits. (1) Youth hunters
age 12 to 15 may harvest two deer, either two antlerless deer or one
antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define antlerless deer
as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75
centimeters). There are no restrictions on antler size for youth
hunters age 12 to 15.
    (2) Youth hunters age 16 or 17 may harvest two deer, either two
antlerless or one antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define
antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches
(12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1
inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one antler, to be harvested by
youth hunters age 16 or 17.
    (B) Youth turkey hunt harvest limit. The limit is one bearded
turkey per youth hunter.
    (viii) Mobility-impaired hunters may have an assistant accompany
them. You may transfer permits issued to assistants. We limit those
hunt teams to harvesting white-tailed deer and feral hog within the
limits provided at paragraph (l)(3)(vi) of this section.
    (ix) You may harvest one bearded turkey per hunt. You may only use
shotguns or archery equipment to harvest turkey. We prohibit hunting
after 1 p.m.
[[Page 47696]]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit taking blue crabs from impounded water on the St.
Marks Unit.
    (ii) We only allow fishing in refuge lakes, ponds, and impoundments
from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow fishing in tidal and coastal waters 24 hours per day
year-round.
    (iv) We prohibit taking of frogs or turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit use of cast nets or traps to take fish from any
lake, pond, or impoundment on the refuge.
    (vi) You must attend all fishing equipment.
    (vii) We prohibit bow fishing on refuge lakes, ponds, and
impoundments.
    (viii) The interior ponds and lakes on the Panacea Unit are open
year-round for bank fishing. We open vehicle access to these areas from
March 15 through May 15 each year. Ponds and lakes that anglers access
from County Road 372 are open year-round for fishing and boating.
    (m) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, sambar
deer, raccoon, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for
license, and the State charges a fee). The permits are nontransferable,
and the hunter must possess them while hunting. Only signed permits are
valid. We only allow people with a signed refuge hunt permit or the
helpers of mobility-impaired hunters on the island during the hunt
periods.
    (ii) We authorize three refuge hunts: Sambar deer, white-tailed
deer archery, and white-tailed deer muzzleloader. During the sambar
deer hunt, only sambar deer, feral hog, and raccoon can be harvested.
During the white-tailed deer hunts, only white-tailed deer, feral hog,
and raccoon can be harvested.
    (iii) We restrict access to St. Vincent Island to the Indian Pass
and West Pass campsites. The hunt brochure lists check-in and check-out
procedures. We restrict access to the hunt areas to foot or bicycle
travel.
    (iv) Hunt hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 3 p.m.
for the sambar deer hunt.
    (v) You may set up tree stands only after you check in, and you
must remove them from the island at the end of the hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (vi) You may retrieve game from the closed areas only if
accompanied by a refuge staff member or a Federal Wildlife Officer.
    (vii) We limit weapons to primitive weapons (bow and arrow, and
muzzleloader) on the primitive weapons sambar deer hunt and the
primitive weapons white-tailed deer hunt. We limit the archery hunt to
bow and arrow. We prohibit crossbows during the white-tailed deer
archery hunt except with a State disabled persons permit. You may take
feral hog and raccoon only with the weapons allowed for that period.
    (viii) We allow only stand, still, and stalk hunting. We prohibit
organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or
planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause
deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the
organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (ix) You may only discharge muzzleloaders at the designated
discharge area between 5 a.m. and 9 p.m.
    (x) Hunters must check out at the check station prior to leaving
the refuge at the end of their hunt. A refuge staff member or volunteer
must check the campsites before the hunters leave the refuge.
    (xi) Bag limits are:
    (A) Muzzleloader weapons sambar deer hunt. One sambar deer of
either sex; no limit on feral hog or raccoon.
    (B) Archery hunt. One white-tailed deer of either sex. Antlered
deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or more on
one antler, to be harvested. State regulations define antlerless deer
as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75
centimeters). Youth age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except
spotted fawn. We prohibit harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no
limit on feral hog or raccoon.
    (C) Muzzleloader weapons white-tailed deer hunt. One white-tailed
deer. Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5
centimeters) or more in length on one antler, to be harvested. We issue
a limited number of either-sex tags. If you have an either-sex tag, the
bag limit is one deer that may be antlerless or antlered with legal
antler configuration. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer
with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Youth
age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except spotted fawn. We prohibit
harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no limit on feral hog or raccoon.
    (xii) We prohibit bringing live game into the check station.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may fish from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour
after legal sunset year-round.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of live minnows as bait.
    (iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels or poles and lines in
refuge lakes. Anglers must attend their fishing equipment at all times.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of frog and/or turtle (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (n) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting each day during the early wood duck/teal
season.
    (ii) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and
Federal holidays that fall within the State's waterfowl season,
including Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
    (iii) Hunters must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge permit
(signed brochure) at all times while hunting on the refuge.
    (iv) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon). Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and
must remove all decoys, guns, blinds, and other related equipment by 1
p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (90 meters) of the south
edge of U.S. 41 and the area posted around Marsh Trail extending south
from U.S. 41.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl retrieval and prehunt
scouting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on the
refuge on designated areas subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of
the refuge year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of snake, turtle, frog, and other
wildlife in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, gigs, spears, bush hooks,
and snatch hooks in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the
refuge.
    (iv) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.
[[Page 47697]]
Sec.  32.29   Georgia.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel, which
the angler must attend at all times.
    (ii) We allow sport fishing after legal sunset.
    (iii) We permit fishing tournaments by Special Use Permit (General
Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by
the refuge manager.
    (b) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it
with them at all times when hunting.
    (ii) Hunters must check-in no more than 1 day in advance of the
opening day of each hunt. We prohibit check-in after legal sunset of
the second hunt day.
    (iii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier than
1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but must remove the
stand by the end of each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up
camp. We require personal identification at check-in.
    (v) Only hunters may camp at the designated camping area during
refuge hunts.
    (vi) For hunting, we allow only bows as governed by State
regulations.
    (vii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and
we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit
on feral hog.
    (viii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during the
scheduled hunt before hunters may remove them from the refuge.
    (ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) on Sunday.
    (x) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for
loading and unloading purposes.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
adjacent to the refuge.
    (ii) We allow bank/beach saltwater fishing into estuarine waters
only from legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
    (c) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) and an additional refuge quota hunt permit for the quota
hunts while hunting.
    (ii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog with legal weapons
during open season.
    (iii) We require hunters to report all harvested game at the check
station before leaving the refuge (see hunting brochure).
    (iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal
sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving downed waterfowl during
waterfowl hunts.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road
open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.
    (vii) We prohibit entry into the designated hunt area by nonhunters
during all quota deer-gun and waterfowl hunts.
    (viii) We prohibit removal of live hogs from the refuge.
    (ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (x) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid
hunting license.
    (xi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except
by wheelchair-bound hunters with a refuge Special Use Permit (General
Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (xii) We prohibit leaving vehicles, boats, trailers, or decoys on
the refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (xiii) We prohibit the possession or use of any suppressors or
silencers on any firearm.
    (xiv) We prohibit the possession or use of any trail or game camera
or leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.
    (xv) We prohibit the possession or use of any night vision or
thermal imaging equipment.
    (xvi) We prohibit the possession or use of any electronic calls.
    (xvii) We prohibit falconry.
    (xviii) You may only place temporary blinds, blind material, and/or
decoys on the day of the hunt, and you must remove them by 1:00 p.m. on
that same day.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) through (iv),
(vi), and (viii) through (xvii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge hunt
permit (signed brochure) while hunting for upland game. The hunt
brochure will serve as your hunt permit.
    (iii) We require each small game hunter to wear at least 500 square
inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer garment
above the waist during small game hunts.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting for squirrel, rabbit,
and quail.
    (v) You may place tree stands and hunting blinds during upland game
and big game hunts on the day prior to each upland game and big game
hunt. You must remove tree stands and hunting blinds by 11 a.m. on the
day after the hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iv),
(vi) through (ix), and (xi) through (xvii) and (c)(2)(v) of this
section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of buckshot.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs during deer and feral hog hunts.
    (iv) We require each deer and feral hog hunter to wear at least 500
square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer
garment above the waist during hunts.
    (v) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid
hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from March 1 to October 31, except on the
Ocmulgee River, which is open to fishing year-round.
[[Page 47698]]
    (ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing only from legal
sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) We only allow fishing with pole and line or rod and reel.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(xi) and (xii) of
this section apply.
    (v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing on the refuge.
    (vi) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing
permit (signed brochure) while fishing.
    (vii) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
fishing license.
    (d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.20(d) for
regulations.
    (e) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it
with them at all times when hunting.
    (ii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge during the week
preceding each hunt, but you must remove stands by the end of each hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of Harris
Neck Road, the refuge entrance drive, Visitor Contact Station/Office,
Barbour River Landing, Barbour River Road, or Gould's Cemetery.
    (iv) We require hunters to check-in and check-out each hunt day. We
require personal identification to check-in and check-out.
    (v) We require hunters to check all harvested game at the check
station before leaving the refuge each day.
    (vi) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and we
will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit for
feral hog.
    (vii) During the gun hunt, we allow only shotguns (20 gauge or
larger; slugs only), muzzleloaders, and bows as governed by State
regulations.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
adjacent to the refuge.
    (ii) We allow bank fishing into estuarine waters only from legal
sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
    (iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.
    (f) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of rabbit, squirrel,
and bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: We allow the use of dogs only to locate, point,
and retrieve during quail hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and white-tailed
deer, and feral hog as incidental take, on designated areas subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) In the Pocket Unit:
    (A) We only allow archery hunting and foot traffic.
    (B) Hunters must sign in and out each hunt day and record harvest
each day.
    (ii) In the Suwannee Canal Recreation Area:
    (A) We allow only shotguns or muzzleloaders.
    (B) We require a refuge permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application,
FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System)
obtained through refuge lottery.
    (C) Hunters must sign in and out each day and record harvest each
day.
    (D) You must tag your deer with special refuge tags.
    (E) Harvest limit is two deer of either sex per day.
    (F) We zone Chesser Island Hunt area to accommodate mobility-
impaired and youth hunters. Only mobility-impaired hunters may use all-
terrain vehicles (ATVs) and vehicles on firebreaks and unpaved roads.
    (iii) In the Cowhouse Unit, State of Georgia's Dixon Memorial
Wildlife Management Area rules, regulations, dates, and times apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit possession of live bait fish.
    (ii) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel as
methods of take.
    (g) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer or turkey
hunts.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) while hunting.
    (iii) We require a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) to
hunt on the Hitchiti Experimental Forest.
    (iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal
sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (v) We allow hunting for raccoon and opossum from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.
on the days listed as open in the refuge hunt brochure.
    (vi) We only allow .22 caliber or smaller rimfire firearms for
raccoon and opossum hunting.
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs on designated areas of the refuge
for hunting quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum.
    (viii) We prohibit possession or use of any suppressors or silencer
on any firearms.
    (ix) We prohibit possession or use of trail or game cameras or
leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.
    (x) We prohibit possession or use of any night vision or thermal
imaging equipment.
    (xi) We prohibit possession or use of any electronic calls.
    (xii) We prohibit falconry.
    (xiii) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a
valid hunting license.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(2)(iii), (iv), and
(viii) through (xi) of this section apply.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure), and possess and carry an additional refuge quota hunt permit
(requires contact information only) for the quota hunts, while hunting.
    (iii) We prohibit buckshot.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road
open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.
    (v) You must bring any deer, turkey, or hog you harvest to the
refuge check station intact, except entrails, the day you kill them and
before you leave the refuge. We prohibit possession of dressed deer,
turkey, or hog unless you have checked them at the refuge check
station.
    (vi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except
by wheelchair-bound hunters with a special use permit (General
Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (vii) We prohibit dogs for hunting big game.
    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s)
[[Page 47699]]
who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting
for the game.
    (ix) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from March 15 to September 30.
    (ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing from only legal
sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) You may keep the following numbers of fish each day: Bass--5,
channel catfish--5, sunfish or bream--15, and crappie--15.
    (iv) We allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors on
all ponds designated as open to fishing.
    (v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing on the refuge.
    (vi) We allow fishing only with pole and line or rod and reel.
    (vii) We prohibit leaving boats or other personal equipment on the
refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We prohibit the use of fish for bait and the possession of
minnows.
    (ix) We prohibit possession or take of grass carp. You must
immediately release any grass carp caught.
    (x) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing
permit (signed brochure) while fishing.
    (xi) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
fishing license.
    (h) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and mourning dove on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a signed
refuge hunt permit (requires contact information only).
    (ii) To participate in the quota youth waterfowl hunt, youth
hunters must submit the Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (iii) You may take feral hog and coyote during all refuge hunts
(migratory bird, upland, and big game) with weapons authorized and
legal for those hunts.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) You may not hunt on or within 100 yards (90 meters) of public
roads, refuge facilities, roads and trails, and railroad rights-of-way,
or in closed areas.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, feral hog, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) To participate in the quota gun hunt for wheelchair-dependent
hunters, hunters must submit the Quota Deer Hunt Application (FWS Form
3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). To
participate in the quota youth turkey hunt and learn weekend, youth
hunters must submit the Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (iii) You may only use bows, as governed by State regulations, for
deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting during the archery hunt for these
species.
    (iv) You may only use shotguns (20 gauge or larger, slugs only),
centerfire rifles, centerfire pistols, muzzleloaders, and bows, as
governed by State regulations, for deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting
during the firearm hunts for these species.
    (v) Hunters may take as many as five deer (no more than two
antlered). There is no bag limit on feral hog or coyote.
    (vi) We allow only shotguns with approved nontoxic #2 shot or
smaller, and bows, as governed by State regulations, for turkey
hunting. We prohibit the use of slugs or buckshot for turkey hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may fish in refuge impoundments and canals from March 1
through November 30 annually.
    (ii) Anglers may fish in Kingfisher Pond and all tidal creeks year-
round.
    (iii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iv) Anglers may bank fish year-round throughout the refuge, unless
otherwise posted.
    (v) Anglers may only use nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
motors within impounded waters.
    (i) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit for all hunters age 16 and
older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it with them at all times
when hunting.
    (ii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during scheduled
hunts before hunters leave the refuge.
    (iii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and
we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit
on feral hog.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of buckshot.
    (v) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for
loading or unloading purposes.
    (vi) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up
camp. We require personal identification at check-in.
    (vii) We allow only hunters to camp at the designated camping area
while participating in refuge hunts.
    (viii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier
than 1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but you must remove
all stands by the end of each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) the day
following the last day of the hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
adjacent to the refuge.
    (ii) We allow bank/beach fishing into estuarine waters only from
legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
    (iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.
    (j) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions: We allow saltwater
fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.
Sec.  32.30   Hawaii.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (b) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge.
[[Page 47700]]
    (c) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge.
Sec.  32.31   Idaho.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow boats, except air thrust boats, after September 20
within the designated refuge hunting areas, for the purposes of
hunting.
    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a
first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds,
decoys, boats, and other personal property from the refuge at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse,
partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit use and
possession of lead weights or sinkers.
    (b) Camas National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to access the refuge 1 hour before legal
shooting time.
    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a
first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds,
decoys, and other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse, and
partridge on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (c) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common snipe, and dove
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters in the South Side Recreation Area may use float tubes,
nonmotorized boats, or boats equipped with electric motors within 200
yards (180 meters) of the shoreline. We prohibit the use or possession
of gas-powered motors.
    (ii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, other personal
property, and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind
construction at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge 1 hour before official shooting
hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise), and remain on the refuge until
1 hour after official shooting hours (legal sunset).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, and
partridge on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iv) of this
section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain a refuge-specific hunting permit (signed
brochure) to hunt deer on the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must sign and
carry the permit in the field while hunting.
    (ii) Hunters may place up to two portable deer stands in the Lake
Lowell Unit. Hunters must place stands/platforms by hand. Hunters may
place stands/platforms on the refuge no earlier than the beginning date
of the assigned hunt permit and must remove them no later than the
ending date of the hunt permit. Each stand must display the hunter's
hunting license number so that it is legible from the ground.
    (iii) In the Lake Lowell Unit, you may only shoot deer while
hunting from an elevated tree stand/platform. We prohibit ground
stalking and/or still hunting from the ground. We prohibit shooting a
firearm or bow while on the ground, except to kill a downed deer.
    (iv) While hunting from a tree stand, you must use a fall-arrest
system/full body harness meeting Treestand Manufacturer's Association
standards.
    (v) Hunters may enter the Lake Lowell Unit no earlier than 2 hours
before official shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise) and
must leave the area within 2 hours after official shooting hours (\1/2\
hour after legal sunset). Successful hunters may extend their departure
time only as long as is necessary to retrieve dead deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) From October 1 through April 14, we only allow ice fishing
within 200 yards (180 meters) of the shoreline in front of both the
Lower Dam (Fishing Area A) and the Upper Dam (Fishing Area B) on the
Lake Lowell Unit, unless otherwise posted by the Bureau of Reclamation.
    (ii) We allow fishing from nonmotorized boats in designated areas
of the Lake Lowell Unit from October 1 through April 14, from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) From February 1 through June 30, we prohibit fishing from all
islands in the Snake River Islands Unit.
    (d) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come,
first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds, decoys, boats, and
other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated
hunting areas.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (e) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iii) We prohibit the discharge of firearms in posted retrieval
zones and areas closed to hunting.
    (iv) Hunters may access the waterfowl hunt area no earlier than 3
a.m. and must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of forest grouse and wild
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.
32.2(k)) while in the field.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting forest grouse and for
turkey during the fall hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, black bear,
moose, and mountain lion on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of deer at the designated accessible blind for
hunters
[[Page 47701]]
with disabilities subject to the following conditions:
    (A) You must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from
the refuge manager to use the accessible blind.
    (B) We only allow deer hunting at the accessible blind using the
following weapons: Muzzleloader, archery equipment, crossbow, shotgun,
or handgun. For shotguns, you may only use slugs. For handguns, you may
only use straight-walled cartridges not originally established for
rifles.
    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic ammunition for hunting
(see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow bank fishing
only.
    (f) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated
hunting areas.
    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
of dead natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on
a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds at
the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
prohibit use of rock piles above the high-water mark for blind
construction.
    (iii) On West Hunting Area (Lake Walcott), we allow hunting on the
uplands and over water within 100 yards (90 meters) of the shoreline.
We allow use of boats only for retrieval of game.
    (iv) On East Hunting Area (Tule Island), we allow boats during the
waterfowl hunting season.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse,
partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk (archery only) on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Elk
hunters may enter the hunt area from 1 and \1/2\ hours before legal
hunting time to 1 and \1/2\ hours after legal hunting time.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
Sec.  32.32   Illinois.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove boats,
decoys, blinds, and blind materials at the end of each day's hunt (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge from legal sunrise to legal sunset subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on Lake Chautauqua from February 1 through
October 15. We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during
the waterfowl hunting season.
    (ii) We allow bank fishing year-round between the boat ramp and the
fishing trail in the North Pool and from Goofy Ridge Public Access to
the west gate of the North Pool water control structure.
    (b) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, dove, snipe,
rail, and crow on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require a signed hunt brochure. You must carry this signed
permit when hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of all
designated public use facilities, including, but not limited to,
parking areas, picnic areas, campgrounds, marinas, boat ramps, public
roads, and established hiking trails listed in the refuge trails
brochure.
    (iii) Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind
materials, stands, platforms, and other personal equipment brought onto
the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) Waterfowl hunting blinds must be a minimum of 200 yards (180
m) apart. Hunters must anchor boat blinds on the shore or anchor them a
minimum of 200 yards (180 m) away from any shoreline.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, provided the dogs are
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, squirrel,
rabbit, bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, grey fox, bobcat,
woodchuck, striped skunk, pheasant, partridge, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (v) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit hunters using rifles or handguns with ammunition
larger than .22 caliber rimfire, except they may use black powder
firearms up to and including .40 caliber.
    (iii) We allow the use of .22 and .17 caliber rimfire lead
ammunition for the taking of small game and furbearers during open
season.
    (iv) For hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot
shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild
turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (v) We require all deer and turkey hunters using the restricted use
area to check-in at the refuge visitor center prior to hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (b)(2)(ii) and (v) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of handguns for the taking of deer in the
restricted use area.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) We only allow archery equipment when hunting deer in the
following areas:
    (A) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area;
    (B) On all refuge lands north of Illinois State Route 13; and
    (C) In the area north of the Crab Orchard Lake emergency spillway
and west of Crab Orchard Lake.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) On Crab Orchard Lake west of Wolf Creek Road:
    (A) Anglers may fish from boats all year.
    (B) Anglers must remove all trotlines/jugs from legal sunrise until
legal sunset from the Friday immediately prior to Memorial Day through
Labor Day.
    (ii) On Crab Orchard Lake east of Wolf Creek Road:
    (A) Anglers may fish from boats March 15 through September 30.
    (B) Anglers may fish all year at the Wolf Creek and Route 148
causeways.
    (iii) On A-41, Bluegill, Managers, Honkers, and Visitors Ponds:
    (A) Anglers may fish only from legal sunrise to legal sunset from
March 15 through September 30.
    (B) We prohibit anglers from using boats or flotation devices.
    (iv) Trotlines/jugs:
[[Page 47702]]
    (A) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs on all refuge waters
outside of Crab Orchard Lake.
    (B) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs with any flotation device
that has previously contained any petroleum-based material or toxic
substances.
    (C) Anglers must attach a buoyed device that is visible on the
water's surface to all trotlines.
    (v) Anglers may use all legal noncommercial fishing methods, except
they may not use any underwater breathing apparatus.
    (vi) Anglers may not submerge any poles or similar objects to take
or locate any fish.
    (vii) Organizers of all fishing events must possess a Special Use
Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G or FWS Form 3-1383-C).
    (viii) We prohibit anglers from fishing within 250 yards (225 m) of
an occupied waterfowl hunting blind.
    (ix) Specific creel and size limits apply on various refuge waters
as listed in the Crab Orchard fishing brochure and the annual Illinois
fishing digest.
    (c) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, rail, dove,
crow, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials,
stands, and platforms (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter)
brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.
    (ii) We prohibit outboard motors larger than 10 horsepower (hp).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, gray fox, bobcat, striped
skunk, woodchuck, turkey, pheasant, Hungarian partridge, and coyote on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic
shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting
wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) Anglers must remove all boats and fishing equipment (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's
fishing activity.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, jugs, yo-yos, nets, or any
commercial fishing equipment except in areas where State regulations
authorize commercial tackle.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of more than two poles per angler and more
than two hooks or lures per pole.
    (v) We prohibit possession of bass smaller than 15 inches (37.5
centimeters) in length from refuge ponds.
    (vi) We prohibit possession of more than six channel catfish from
refuge ponds.
    (d) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow access for hunting from 1 hour before legal shooting
time (as governed by State regulations for the species in question)
until 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition
set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic
shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting
wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the year on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during the
waterfowl hunting season.
    (e) Great River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: On the Long Island
Division, we allow hunting only from blinds constructed on sites posted
by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of small game,
furbearers, and game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We open the refuge divisions for upland game hunting from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) On the Cherry Box and Hickory Creek Units, we allow hunting
with shotgun only during the Statewide upland game season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-
generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the
stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.
    (iii) On the Fox Island and Slim Island Divisions, and the Cherry
Box and Hickory Creek Units, we only allow archery deer hunting.
    (iv) On the Delair Division, we only allow deer hunting during
special managed hunts. You must possess and carry a refuge permit (hunt
letter) when hunting during special managed hunts.
    (v) On the Fox Island Division, Cherry Box Unit, and Hickory Creek
Unit, we allow turkey hunting during the State spring season, youth
season, and fall archery season.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog,
leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (ii) On the Fox Island Division, we only allow bank fishing along
any
[[Page 47703]]
portion of the Fox River from January 1 through October 15.
    (f) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove all
boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game and turkey hunting on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot
shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild
turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials,
stands, and platforms (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter)
brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove all
boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit the taking
of turtle and frog (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (g) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: For
hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in
the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (h) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow sport fishing on all areas open to public access from
legal sunrise to legal sunset from February 1 to October 15.
    (ii) We allow access to Meredosia Lake from the boat ramp and allow
foot access on refuge land along the east side of the Meredosia Lake in
Morgan County from legal sunrise to legal sunset throughout the year.
    (i) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:
You must remove boats, blinds, blind materials, stands, decoys, and
other hunting equipment from the refuge at the end of each day (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iii) We prohibit placing temporary tree stands in dead or dying
trees.
    (iv) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-
generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the
stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog,
leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) You must remove all fishing devices at the end of each day's
fishing activity (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (j) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.34(f)
for regulations.
    (k) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove
boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials brought onto the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting for wild
turkey, small game, furbearers, and nonmigratory game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We restrict turkey hunting to archery only in the fall and
shotgun or archery in the spring.
    (iii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all portable hunting stands and blinds from
the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We restrict white-tailed deer hunting on the Clarksville
Island Division to archery only.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at
the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (l) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
Refer to Sec.  32.42(r) for regulations.
Sec.  32.33   Indiana.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a
refuge hunt permit.
    (ii) Hunters must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting only during the squirrel
hunting season in the day use area, provided the dog is under the
immediate control of the hunter at all times. You must ensure that all
hunting dogs wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
    (iv) You must hunt only in assigned areas. We prohibit trespass
into an unassigned hunt area.
    (v) We require that all hunters check all harvested game taken on
the refuge at the refuge check station.
    (vi) We require all refuge hunters to hunt with a partner. We
require hunting
[[Page 47704]]
partners to know the location of their partner while hunting. An adult,
age 18 or older, must directly supervise youth hunters age 17 and
younger.
    (vii) Hunters must possess and carry a compass while hunting on the
refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(2)(i), (ii), and
(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field
(see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (iii) We allow the use of portable hunting stands and blinds.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on the Old Timbers Lake subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a
refuge access permit.
    (ii) Anglers must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.
    (iii) We allow fishing only with a rod and reel or pole and line.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of trotlines.
    (v) We prohibit retaining black bass, largemouth bass, smallmouth
bass, and spotted bass between 12 and 15 inches (30 and 37.5
centimeters).
    (b) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, and
rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a firearm within 100
yards (30 meters) of any dwelling or any other building that people,
pets, or livestock may occupy.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting rabbit, quail, and
squirrel, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter
at all times.
    (iii) We allow only shotguns for upland game hunting.
    (iv) We require hunters to sign and carry the current hunting
brochure while hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (iii) We prohibit firearms deer hunting during the State firearms
season.
    (iv) You may take only two deer per day from the refuge, only one
of which may be an antlered buck.
    (v) We allow only spring turkey hunting on the refuge, and hunters
must possess a State-issued hunting permit during the first 6 days of
the season.
    (vi) We close archery deer hunting during the State muzzleloader
season.
    (vii) Turkey hunting ends at 1 p.m. each day.
    (viii) We prohibit the possession of game trail cameras on the
refuge.
    (ix) We require you to remove arrows from crossbows during
transport in a vehicle.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of belly boats or float tubes in all
designated fishing areas.
    (ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line.
    (iii) We prohibit harvest of frog and turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit the use of lead fishing tackle.
    (v) We allow only youth age 15 and younger to fish in the Discovery
Pond.
    (c) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
on designated areas of the refuge and the White River Wildlife
Management Area subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
after each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a weapon within 150
yards (137 meters) of any dwelling or any building that may be occupied
by people, pets, or livestock.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of bobwhite quail,
cottontail rabbit, squirrel (gray and fox), red and gray fox, coyote,
opossum, and raccoon subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shells when hunting wild
turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may only hunt white-tailed deer
during the first week (7 days) of the following seasons, as governed by
the State: archery, firearms, and muzzleloader.
    (iii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may leave portable tree stands
overnight only when the unit is open to hunting and for a 2-day grace
period before and after the special season.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel, pole and line, bow
and arrow, or crossbow.
    (iii) The minimum size limit for largemouth bass on Snakey Point
Marsh and on the Columbia Mine Unit is 14 inches (35.6 centimeters).
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (v) You must remove boats at the end of each day's fishing activity
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
Sec.  32.34  Iowa.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow youth hunting of ring-necked
pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The refuge will annually determine hunting seasons, dates,
and designated areas, and publish them in the refuge brochure.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The refuge manager will annually determine and publish hunting
seasons and dates, and will include them in the refuge access permit
(signed brochure).
    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit (signed
brochure) at all times while in the hunting area. Hunters may enter the
hunting areas only within the dates listed on the refuge access permit
(signed brochure).
    (iii) Hunters with a valid Iowa or Nebraska resident hunting permit
may access all areas open to hunting. Reciprocity exists, with both
States allowing hunters with either resident permit to access refuge
hunting land in either State.
    (iv) Hunters holding nonresident Nebraska or nonresident Iowa
permits may hunt only on the ground that lies within the State that
issued the nonresident permit.
[[Page 47705]]
    (v) We allow hunters in the designated area from 2 hours before
legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of a crossbow as archery equipment unless
the hunter has obtained a State-issued disability crossbow permit.
    (vii) All hunters must be in possession of a valid entrance fee
permit.
    (viii) Hunters must remove hunting blinds or stands and other
property by the close of the season (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (ix) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road open to
vehicle traffic within 30 feet (9 meters (m)) of the centerline.
    (x) We prohibit field dressing of any big game within 100 feet (30
m) of the centerline of any refuge road.
    (xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (xii) We allow two portable tree stands/blinds per hunter within
the hunt area. Of those, only one stand/blind can be left on the refuge
from 1 week prior to the start of the designated hunt season to 1 week
after the end of the designated hunt season.
    (xiii) Unattended stands and blinds must be plainly labeled with
the full name and/or hunting license number of the owner. Labels must
be visible from ground level.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow ice fishing in DeSoto Lake from January 2 through the
end of February.
    (ii) We allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel fishing in
DeSoto Lake from April 15 through October 14.
    (iii) We allow the use of archery and spear fishing for nongame
fish only from April 15 through October 14.
    (iv) When the lake is open to ice fishing, we prohibit motor- or
wind-driven conveyances on the lake.
    (v) We allow the use of portable ice fishing shelters on a daily
basis from January 2 through the end of February.
    (vi) Anglers may use no more than two lines and two hooks per line,
including ice fishing.
    (vii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, float lines, bank lines, or
setlines.
    (viii) Anglers must adhere to minimum length and creel limits as
posted.
    (ix) We prohibit anglers leaving any personal property, litter,
fish, or fish parts on the banks, in the water, or on the ice (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (x) We prohibit digging or seining for bait.
    (xi) We prohibit take or possession of turtle or frog at any time
(see Sec. Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (xii) We allow anglers on the refuge from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (b) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In
areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1 until the
close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever occurs first.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1
until the close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever
occurs first.
    (ii) We allow only archery and muzzleloader hunting.
    (iii) We allow deer drives only during lawful party hunting
conducted within the refuge, as governed by State regulations. We
prohibit driving deer from or through the refuge to any persons hunting
outside the refuge boundary.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Iowa Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit leaving boats, decoys, or other personal property
unattended at any time. You must remove all personal property, which
includes boats, decoys, and blinds, brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district subject to the following condition: The conditions set
forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
district and subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic
shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) You may leave tree stands in an area for a continuous period
of time beginning 7 days prior to the open season for hunting deer and
ending 7 days after the final day of that season. You must clearly mark
the stand with your Iowa hunting license number.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) You must remove all ice fishing shelters and other personal
property at the end of each day's fishing (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (d) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit all hunting February 1 through August 31 due to
conflicts with existing appropriate and compatible uses.
    (ii) We allow entry into the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
require hunters to leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road within 50
feet (15 meters) from the centerline.
    (iv) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (free brochure
available at the refuge visitor center).
    (v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
bobwhite quail, pigeon, mourning dove, crow, cottontail rabbit, gray
and fox squirrel, and fall wild turkey on designated areas of the
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) You may only possess approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
32.2(k)) when turkey hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge and subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the use of portable stands and blinds for hunting,
and hunters must remove them at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (e) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of
[[Page 47706]]
duck, goose, merganser, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock,
snipe, and dove (mourning and Eurasian collared) on designated areas
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For units adjacent to and managed by Neal Smith National
Wildlife Refuge, you must follow the refuge-specific regulations
provided in this paragraph (e).
    (ii) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, portable or temporary
blinds, materials brought onto the refuge, and other personal property
at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter). Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting
furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the
hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, ring-
necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit,
squirrel (fox and gray), groundhog, raccoon, opossum, fox (red and
gray), coyote, badger, striped skunk, and crow on designated areas
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Shotgun hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot when
hunting turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of deer on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of temporary stands, blinds, platforms, or
ladders.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (iii) For all counties with the exception of Jasper, you may leave
tree stands in an area for a continuous period of time beginning 7 days
prior to the open season for hunting deer and ending 7 days after the
final day of that season. You must clearly mark the stand with your
Iowa hunting license number.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (f) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove
boats, decoys, and portable blinds at the end of each day (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)). We allow shotgun slug or
muzzleloading rifle for hunting coyotes.
    (ii) We allow only squirrel hunting on the Keithsburg Division from
the beginning of the State season through September 15.
    (iii) We allow hunting on the Horseshoe Bend Division from
September 1 through September 15, and from December 1 through February
28. We allow spring turkey hunting.
    (iv) We allow hunting on the Big Timber Division from September 1
through February 28. We allow spring turkey hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow the use of only portable stands, and you must remove them at the
end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at
the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (g) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, rail (Virginia and sora
only), woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
until 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow boats or other floating devices. We allow electric
motors only. We prohibit the use of gasoline motors. You may not leave
boats unattended.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iv) We prohibit entry into any closed area to retrieve downed
game, unless the hunter has received written permission from the refuge
manager.
    (v) We prohibit hunting on road rights-of-way on any portion of the
refuge not open to hunting. The road right-of-way extends to the center
of the road.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, gray
partridge, cottontail rabbit, squirrel (fox and gray), groundhog,
raccoon, opossum, fox, coyote, and crow on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit possession of shotgun slugs.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and
(v) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and (v)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
freestanding elevated platforms to be left on the refuge from 7 days
prior to the first deer hunting season; you must remove them prior to 7
days following the last deer hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter). Turkey hunters must remove blinds and stands each day (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) You must label portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
freestanding elevated platforms that are left unattended with your
hunting license number. The label must be legible from the ground.
    (iv) You must remove any other personal property brought onto the
refuge at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (v) We allow deer hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) Deer hunters may possess only shot shells that shoot a single
projectile (i.e., slugs).
    (vii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow fishing from boats on the Buffalo Creek Bottoms;
however, we prohibit the use of gasoline motors.
    (iii) We prohibit the use or possession of lead terminal tackle.
[[Page 47707]]
    (h) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
Refer to Sec.  32.42(r) for regulations.
Sec.  32.35  Kansas.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, rail, woodcock,
crow, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) when hunting.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting from or over roads and parking areas.
    (iii) You may leave temporary blinds (other than portable blinds)
constructed of natural vegetation found on site overnight (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow crow hunting on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and pistols for
hunting on the refuge.
    (B) We close hunting areas on the north side of the Neosho River to
all hunting from November 1 through March 1.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
prairie chicken, rabbit, and squirrel on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(iv)(A) and (B) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We only allow shotguns, muzzleloading firearms (see Sec.  27.42
of this chapter), and archery equipment for deer hunting.
    (ii) We do not open for deer hunting during the extended white-
tailed deer antlerless season in January.
    (iii) We require the use of approved nontoxic shot for turkey
hunting (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and
(a)(1)(iv)(A) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We close areas on the north side of the Neosho River to all
fishing from November 1 through March 1, except for the Dove Roost Pond
and the Upper Burgess Marsh.
    (ii) We prohibit the take of reptiles and amphibians (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (b) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, mourning
dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary blind.
    (ii) You may use portable hunting blinds.
    (iii) In Bow Creek, we allow waterfowl hunting only by boat. You
may not create a wake while in Bow Creek.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
prairie chicken, fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only possess bow and arrow or shotguns no larger than
10 gauge on the refuge.
    (ii) During pheasant season, we allow hunting of only pheasant, fox
squirrel, and cottontail rabbit.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow archery hunting of deer.
    (ii) You must obtain a refuge-issued permit (FWS Form 3-2405, Self-
Clearing Check-in/out Permit) to hunt deer on the refuge.
    (iii) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary
blind.
    (iv) We prohibit retrieving deer or turkey from an area closed to
deer or turkey hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas on
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow access to Kirwin Reservoir by foot for bank or ice
fishing.
    (ii) We allow noncommercial collection of bait fish as governed by
State regulations.
    (iii) We prohibit fishing tournaments on the refuge.
    (c) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, rail, snipe,
woodcock, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) when hunting.
    (ii) We prohibit discharge of firearms within 150 yards (135
meters) of any residence or occupied building.
    (iii) We allow only temporary portable blinds and blinds made from
natural vegetation.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit,
squirrel, and upland birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit centerfire and rimfire rifles and pistols.
    (iii) You may possess only bow and arrow or shotguns smaller than
10 gauge while hunting upland game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (ii), and
(iii) and (c)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit to hunt deer
and spring turkey.
    (iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for turkey
hunting (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (d) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, Virginia and Sora rail,
mourning dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We open refuge hunting areas from September 1 through February
28.
    (ii) The refuge is open from 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to
1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. Hunters must remove all decoys within
1 hour following the end of legal shooting time (legal sunset).
    (iii) We prohibit the retrieval of game from areas closed to
hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
squirrel, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow shotguns for hunting on the refuge.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on all waters on the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit taking of frog, snake, or any other wildlife (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines and setlines.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of seines for taking bait.
    (iv) We prohibit fishing from water control structures and bridges.
[[Page 47708]]
    (v) We restrict fishing in the designated ``Kid's Pond,''
approximately \1/4\ mile (.4 kilometers) west-southwest of
headquarters, to youth age 14 and younger, and to a parent and/or
guardian age 18 or older accompanying a youth.
    (vi) The bag limit for the Kid's Pond is one fish per day.
    (vii) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
Sec.  32.36   Kentucky.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, woodcock, common snipe,
Canada and snow goose, coot, crow, and waterfowl listed at 50 CFR
10.13(c)(1) under DUCK on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) Except for raccoon, opossum, and bullfrog hunting, access to
the refuge is from 2 hours before legal sunrise to 2 hours after legal
sunset.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunting/fishing
permit (signed brochure) while hunting and/or fishing on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit discharge of firearms on or within 200 feet (90
meters) of any home, the abandoned railroad tracks, graveled roads, and
hiking trails.
    (iv) We allow trail cameras. Trail cameras must have the owner's
State hunting license number clearly displayed or we may confiscate
them.
    (v) An adult age 21 or older must supervise all youth hunters age
15 and younger. Youth hunters must remain in sight of and normal voice
contact with the adult. On small game hunts, the adult may supervise no
more than two youths; on big game hunts, the adult may supervise no
more than one youth.
    (vi) All persons born after January 1, 1975, must possess a valid
hunter education card while hunting.
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl, small game, and fall
turkey hunting. Dog owners/handlers must have a collar on each dog with
the owner's contact information.
    (viii) We allow waterfowl hunting from legal shooting time until 12
p.m. (noon).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We close squirrel, rabbit, crow, woodcock, snipe, dove, and
quail seasons during muzzleloader and modern gun deer hunts.
    (iii) We allow the use of only portable and climbing stands. You
may place stands in the field no earlier than 2 weeks prior to the
opening of deer season, and you must remove them from the field within
1 week after the season closes (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter). The hunter's State hunting license number must appear on all
stands left in the field.
    (iv) You must use safety belts at all times when occupying the tree
stands.
    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (vi) Ground blinds used for the purpose of hunting any species
during the deer modern gun, muzzleloader, and youth firearms seasons
must display 1 square foot (144 square inches) of solid, unbroken,
hunter orange visible from all sides. You must remove ground blinds
when not in use.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) The following conditions apply to the Environmental Education
and Recreation Area (EERA):
    (A) The EERA is a day-use area only.
    (B) We only allow one rod and reel or pole and line for fishing per
person.
    (C) We prohibit the use of live fish for bait.
    (D) We allow the taking of largemouth bass, channel catfish, and
bluegill in accordance with posted limits.
    (E) We prohibit the hunting or harvesting of frog.
    (b) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.
32.67(b) for regulations.
    (c) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.61(f) for
regulations.
Sec.  32.37   Louisiana.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may hunt only as governed by State-issued Sherburne
Wildlife Management Area regulations.
    (ii) Feral hogs are incidental take species. You may take feral hog
during any open hunting season, only with the weapon allowed for that
season, and only if you are a hunter with proper licenses and State
permits for that season. There is no bag limit on feral hog.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, white-tailed
deer, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i)
and (ii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational finfishing and
shellfishing year-round as governed by Sherburne Wildlife Management
Area regulations.
    (b) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). You must sign
the permit, certifying that you understand and will comply with all
regulations. You must carry this permit at all times while on the
refuge.
    (ii) We allow migratory game bird hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays,
and Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season. We do not
open for the special teal season or the State youth waterfowl hunt.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of the
maintained rights-of-way of roads, refuge roads or designated trails,
buildings, residences, or designated public facilities.
    (iv) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and
decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (v) We allow the use of dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
[[Page 47709]]
    (vi) We prohibit any person or group to act as a hunting guide,
outfitter, or in any other capacity that any other individual(s) pays
or promises to pay directly or indirectly for services rendered to any
other person or persons hunting on the refuge, regardless of whether
the payment is for guiding, outfitting, lodging, or club membership.
    (vii) We prohibit use or possession of any type of trail-marking
material.
    (viii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
nutria, and coyote when hunting migratory birds, upland game, or big
game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.
    (ix) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility vehicles as
governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations and size
specifications on designated trails (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter)
from scouting season until February 28.
    (x) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset, except that raccoon and
opossum hunters during the month of February may use the refuge at
night.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
seasons.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and
(vi) through (x) of this section apply.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit during
that portion of the season designated as small game with dogs.
    (iv) While engaged in upland game hunting, we prohibit possession
of hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter) larger than .22
caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, or buckshot.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and
(vi) through (x) of this section apply.
    (ii) The bag limit is one deer per day. The State tagging
regulations apply.
    (iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting
deer on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)). The requirement in this
paragraph (b)(3)(iii) only applies to the use of shotgun ammunition.
    (iv) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
centimeters) of unbroken hunter orange as the outermost layer of
clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken hunter
orange. You must wear the solid-hunter-orange items while in the field.
    (v) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
season dates. You must remove stands by 2 days after the hunting season
closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark your State
license number on your stand. You are allowed one portable stand or
blind on the refuge.
    (vi) You must check all deer taken on the refuge before leaving the
refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the map
in the refuge hunting and fishing regulations brochure.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(x) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow fishing only during daylight hours.
    (iv) The refuge boat ramp is open for daylight use only, except
during specified hunting seasons when the ramp is open from 4 a.m.
until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (v) We prohibit wire traps, slat traps, wire nets, hoop nets,
trotlines, yo-yos, and jug lines on the refuge.
    (c) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only youth to hunt waterfowl and coot. An adult age 21
or older must supervise youth hunters during hunts. Youth hunter age
and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations.
The youth must be capable of and must actively participate in such hunt
by the possession and/or firing of a legal weapon during such hunt for
the express purpose of harvesting game.
    (ii) Each adult may supervise no more than two youths, and no more
than one adult may supervise each youth during the course of any hunt.
Youth must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is
supervising them. Adults accompanying youth on refuge hunts may
participate by hunting but may not harvest more than their own daily
bag limit. Youth must harvest their own bag limits.
    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays,
Saturdays, and Sundays from 30 minutes before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon). We will close the refuge to waterfowl and coot hunting
during any segment of goose season that extends beyond the regular duck
season.
    (iv) Hunters may not enter the refuge prior to 4 a.m. on the day of
the hunt and must exit the refuge with all equipment and materials (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) no later than 1 p.m.
    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
(signed brochure).
    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 500 feet (150 meters (m)) of any
residence or structure adjacent to the refuge, and we prohibit hunting
within 200 feet (60 m) of any road, railroad, levee, water control
structure, designated public use trail, designated parking area, or
other designated public use facility.
    (viii) Hunters may use air-cooled propulsion engines to traverse
the refuge through the Intracoastal Waterway and the Irish Bayou
Straight Canal.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow finfishing and shellfishing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow sport fishing and shellfishing year-round on
designated areas of the refuge and only after 12 p.m. on portions of
the refuge outside of the Hurricane Protection Levee from November 1
through January 31 and during the State teal season. We close the
remainder of the refuge from November 1 through January 31.
    (ii) We only allow sport fishing with hand-held rod and reel or
hand-held rod and line. You may take bait shrimp with cast nets 8 feet
(2.4 m) in diameter or less. You may take crawfish (up to 100 pounds
(45 kilograms) per person) with wire nets up to 20 inches (50
centimeters) in diameter. We allow recreational crabbing with a limit
of 12 dozen per person. You must attend all fishing, crabbing, and
crawfishing equipment at all times.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, gar
sets, nets, and alligator lines on the refuge.
    (iv) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(viii) of this
section applies.
    (d) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds and waterfowl on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt permit (signed
brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see Sec.  27.42
of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or
structure adjacent to the
[[Page 47710]]
refuge, from the centerline of any road, railroad, designated public
use maintained trail, designated parking area, or other designated
public use facility.
    (iii) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during
all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are
governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths
during small game and migratory game bird hunts but may supervise only
one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain within normal
voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adult guardians are
responsible for ensuring that youth hunters do not violate refuge
rules.
    (iv) We require waterfowl hunters to remove all portable blinds,
boats, decoys, and other personal equipment from the refuge by 1 p.m.
each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) All hunters must check-in prior to hunting and check out after
hunting at a refuge self-clearing check station. You must report all
game taken on the refuge when checking out by using the check card.
    (vi) We allow hunting until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter
the refuge after 4 a.m.
    (vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (viii) We allow the use of reflective tacks.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting from the start of the State squirrel and
rabbit seasons until the last day of State waterfowl season in the
Coastal Zone, except that the Centerville Unit will be open until the
last day of the State waterfowl season in the East Zone.
    (ii) We prohibit upland game hunting on days corresponding with
refuge deer gun hunts.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave the
refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through
(iii), (v), and (viii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of deer only with firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of
this chapter) during 5 specific days during October and November. A
youth gun hunt will occur during the last weekend of October. The
general gun hunt will occur during the final full weekend in November.
The youth gun hunt includes both Saturday and Sunday. The general gun
hunt includes the Friday immediately before the weekend.
    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting from the start of the State
archery season until January 31, except the Centerville Unit is open
until February 15. Hunters may take deer of either sex as governed by
State-approved archery equipment and regulations. We close refuge
archery hunting on those days that the refuge deer gun hunts occur.
    (iii) We do not allow hunting within 500 feet (152.4 meters) of the
Garden City parking area and boardwalk.
    (iv) We allow each hunter to possess only one deer per day; the
deer may be a buck or a doe. State season limits apply.
    (v) You may take feral hogs only as incidental take with archery
equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.
    (vi) Hunters may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may erect
deer stands 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them
from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge.
Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly
printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting
position when not in use.
    (vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through
(iii), (v), and (viii) and (d)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (ix) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters
subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of unattended
nets, traps, or lines (trot, jug, bush, etc.).
    (e) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, goose, snipe, rail,
gallinule, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon),
including during the State special teal season and State youth
waterfowl hunt.
    (ii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that
extends beyond the regular duck season.
    (iii) We allow only temporary blinds, and hunters must remove
blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
(signed brochure).
    (v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts, but is
only allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must
remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising
them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters
do not violate refuge rules.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see Sec.  27.42
of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or
structure adjacent to the refuge, and from the centerline of any road,
railroad, designated public use maintained trail, designated parking
area, or other designated public use facility.
    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (viii) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the
refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) When hunting, you must possess only shot size 4 or smaller, or
0.22 caliber rim-fire rifles or smaller.
    (ii) When hunting squirrel and rabbit, we allow the use of dogs
only after the close of the State archery deer season. When hunting
quail, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through
(vii) of this section apply.
    (iv) During the dog season for squirrel and rabbit, all hunters,
including archers (while on the ground), except waterfowl hunters, must
wear a minimum of a cap or hat that is hunter orange, blaze pink, or
other such color as governed by State regulations.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We are open only during the State season for archery hunting of
deer.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue,
[[Page 47711]]
drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the
direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt
and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to
the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands
within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the
refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's
identification number clearly printed on the stand. We prohibit hunting
stands on trees painted with white bands.
    (iv) We allow take of feral hogs only as incidental take with
archery equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.
    (v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (vii)
of this section apply.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may fish only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset, except we allow night fishing from the
bank and pier on Lake Road.
    (ii) You must only use rod and reel or pole and line while fishing.
    (iii) You must attend to any fishing, crabbing, and crawfishing
equipment at all times.
    (f) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
State season.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
leave the refuge by 1:30 p.m.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
maintained right-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain vehicle
(ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or
trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission
facilities.
    (v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge
at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (vii) We only allow ATVs on trails designated for their use and
marked by signs (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are
closed March 1 through August 31.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and
(vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
seasons.
    (iii) We prohibit taking small game with firearms larger than .22
caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and buckshot.
    (iv) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours end.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and
(vii) and (f)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge
seasons.
    (iii) We prohibit gun deer hunting.
    (iv) An adult age 21 or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15
or younger during hunts. One adult may supervise only one youth during
big game hunts. The youth hunter must remain within normal voice
contact of the supervising adult.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, yo-yos, traps, and nets.
    (ii) We prohibit take of frog, turtle, and mollusk (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (g) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon), including during the State special teal season and State
youth waterfowl hunt.
    (ii) You must remove blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that
extends beyond the regular duck season.
    (iv) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
(signed refuge brochure).
    (vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts but is only
allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must
remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising
them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters
do not violate refuge rules.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms (see Sec.  27.42
of this chapter) within 150 feet (45.7 meters (m)) from the centerline
of any public road, refuge road, designated or maintained trail,
building, residence, designated camping area, or designated public
facility, or from or across aboveground oil, gas, or electric
facilities.
    (viii) For the purpose of hunting, we prohibit possession of slugs,
buckshot, rifle, and pistol ammunition, except during the deer gun and
primitive firearm seasons (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (ix) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the
refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for rabbit, squirrel, raccoon, and
opossum hunting on specific dates listed in the refuge hunt brochure.
    (ii) We prohibit the take of feral hog during any upland game
hunts.
    (iii) During any open deer firearm or primitive firearm season on
the refuge, all hunters, except waterfowl hunters and nighttime raccoon
and opossum hunters, must wear hunter orange, blaze pink, or other such
color as governed by State regulations.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (ix)
of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (vii)
and (g)(2)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may erect deer stands 48 hours before the deer archery
season and must remove them from the refuge within 48 hours after this
season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We allow only one deer
stand per hunter on the refuge. Deer stands must have the
[[Page 47712]]
owner's State license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed
on the stand.
    (iii) We allow take of feral hog as incidental game while
participating in the refuge archery, primitive weapon, and general gun
deer hunts, and where otherwise specified using legal methods of take
for the hunt.
    (iv) We hold a special dog hog hunt in February. During this hunt,
the following conditions apply, in addition to other applicable
conditions in this paragraph (g)(3):
    (A) You must use trained hog-hunting dogs to aid in the take of
hog.
    (B) We allow take of hog from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (C) You must possess only approved nontoxic shot or pistol or rifle
ammunition not larger than .22 caliber rim-fire to take the hog after
it has been caught by dogs.
    (D) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(viii) of this
section applies during the special dog hog hunt.
    (v) You must kill all hogs prior to removal from the refuge.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer and turkey gobbler decoys.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing year-round on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow cotton limb lines.
    (ii) We close the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround to
fishing from April through the first full week of June and to boating
during the months of April, May, June, and July.
    (iii) When the Pearl River Turnaround area is open, we allow boats
that do not have gasoline-powered engines attached in the fishing ponds
at the Pearl River Turnaround. Anglers must hand-launch these boats
into the ponds. When open, we only allow hook and line as a legal
method of take in the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround.
    (iv) The Pearl River Turnaround area, when open to fishing, is open
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (h) Breton National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport finfishing and shellfishing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Crabbers must tend crabbing equipment at all times.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, slat traps, and nets.
    (i) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, gallinule, snipe,
and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
    (ii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier
than 4 a.m. Shooting hours for waterfowl hunts end at 2 p.m. each day.
    (iii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid, signed
refuge hunt permit and regulations brochure.
    (iv) Every hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
Report (FWS Form 3-2361) available from a self-clearing check station
after each hunt.
    (v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any public
road, refuge road, trail, building, resident, or designated public
facility.
    (vi) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
    (vii) Hunters must remove all hunting-related equipment from the
refuge immediately following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
stands on the refuge 1 day before the white-tail deer archery season
and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season
closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one
deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State
hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place
stands in a nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(iii), (v), and
(vii) of this section apply.
    (iii) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest
Report (FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station
after each hunt.
    (iv) We prohibit entrance to the hunting area earlier than 4 a.m.
Hunters must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast
netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing with a rod and reel or a pole and line. We
prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear, including limb
lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.
    (ii) We allow recreational fishing, crabbing, or cast netting in
the East Cove Unit year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset,
except during the Louisiana west zone waterfowl season or when the
Grand Bayou Boat Bay is closed.
    (iii) We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast netting in the
Gibbstown Unit's Outfall Canal from March 15 through October 15.
    (iv) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or
drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We
prohibit using floats on crab lines.
    (v) Anglers must attend all lines, nets, and bait, and must remove
same from the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) The daily limit of crabs is 5 dozen (60) per boat or vehicle,
regardless of the number of people thereon.
    (vii) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp
season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per
vehicle or boat.
    (viii) We allow cast netting for bait on both the East Cove Unit
and the Gibbstown Unit when the units are open for public fishing only.
Anglers must empty cast nets directly into the container from the net.
The daily bait shrimp limit is one gallon (3.8 L) per day, per boat,
outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
    (ix) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.
    (x) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (j) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). The refuge user
is required to sign, certifying that you understand and will comply
with all regulations, and carry this permit at all times while on the
refuge.
    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow take of beaver, feral hog, nutria, raccoon, and
coyote incidental to any refuge hunt with weapons legal for that hunt
until you take the daily bag limit of game.
    (iv) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicle
(UTVs) as governed by State Wildlife Management Area regulations and
size specifications on designated trails (see Sec.  27.31 of this
chapter) from scouting season until February 28.
    (v) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any public
road, refuge road, trail or ATV trail, building, residence, or
designated public facility.
[[Page 47713]]
    (vi) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge lottery deer
hunts.
    (vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the designated State duck season.
    (viii) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and
decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (ix) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (x) We prohibit accessing refuge property by boat from the
Mississippi River.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
beaver, nutria, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) While upland game hunting, we prohibit the possession of
hunting firearms larger than 0.22 caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and
buckshot (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs during designated small game with
dog seasons. We require the owner's contact information on the collars
of all dogs. We allow up to two dogs per hunting party for squirrel
hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery-only deer hunting on the refuge during the
State archery deer season.
    (iii) You must check all deer (name only) taken prior to leaving
the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the
map in the refuge public use brochure.
    (iv) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
season dates, and you must remove them no more than 2 days after the
hunting season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark
your State license identification number on your stand. You are allowed
one portable stand or blind on the refuge.
    (v) You may only take one deer of either sex per day during the
deer season. State season limits apply.
    (vi) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
centimeters) of unbroken-hunter orange as the outermost layer of
clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken-hunter
orange.
    (vii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
(on the open portions of Wood Duck ATV trail for wildlife-dependent
activities throughout the year), and (vi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit slat traps or hoop nets on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
refuge.
    (iv) Anglers may only crawfish during designated days and times.
The harvest limit is 50 pounds (22.5 kilograms) per permit per day.
    (v) You must attend all crawfish traps and nets at all times. We
allow up to, and no more than, 20 traps per angler on the refuge.
    (vi) We prohibit harvest of frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (k) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow migratory hunting of duck, goose, and coot on
Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before
legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.
    (ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during deer modern and
primitive firearms hunts.
    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (iv) We allow the use of only shotguns for hunting migratory birds.
    (v) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
specific terms.
    (vi) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
only).
    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters
must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunting area by 1
p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms within 150 feet
(45 meters (m)) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
and utility rights-of-way.
    (ix) We prohibit parking, walking, or hunting within 150 feet (45
m) of any active oil and gas facility or equipment.
    (x) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for flagging
or trail markers.
    (xi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
designated trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the last
day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and other
wildlife-related activities.
    (xii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog, raccoon, beaver,
nutria, and coyote while hunting with firearms or archery equipment
authorized for that hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon,
beaver, nutria, coyote, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit squirrel and rabbit hunting during deer modern and
primitive firearms hunts.
    (iii) At the Bushley Unit, we allow the use of dogs to hunt
squirrels and rabbits only after the last primitive firearms season for
deer on the refuge. Hunters must place their contact information on the
collars of all their dogs.
    (iv) We require hunters participating in the dog season for rabbits
to wear a hunter-orange cap.
    (v) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22
magnum caliber rim fire or less for upland game hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow deer-modern hunting on the area south of the French
Fork of the Little River for 2 days in December with these dates being
set annually.
    (iii) We allow hunting of deer with primitive firearms during the
first segment of the State season for area 1, weekdays only (Monday
through Friday) and 2 days in December with these dates set annually.
We allow either-sex, deer gun hunting for the Friday, Saturday, and
Sunday immediately following Thanksgiving Day and for 2 days in
December with these dates to be set annually.
    (iv) We allow the use of portable deer stands. Hunters may place
deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
remove them from the refuge within 1 day after this season closes (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one stand on the
refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number
clearly printed on the stand.
[[Page 47714]]
Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.
    (v) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during
deer modern and primitive firearm hunts. We prohibit the use and
possession of toxic and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.
    (vi) All hunters must wear and display 400 square inches (2,581
square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter orange cap during
deer modern and primitive firearm hunts.
    (vii) You may take only one deer per day during modern and
primitive firearm deer hunts.
    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (ix) We prohibit the use of dogs to hunt and trail wounded deer.
    (x) We prohibit use of deer decoys.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ix) through (xi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to possess and carry a
signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
only).
    (iii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to
legal sunset.
    (iv) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow year-round fishing on
Cowpen Bayou and the Highway 28 borrow pits. We allow fishing on Duck
Lake and its tail-waters, Muddy Bayou, Willow Lake, and the Highway 84
borrow pits from March 1 through October 31. We only allow use of a rod
and reel or pole with a hook and line attached for fishing in these
waters. We prohibit snagging.
    (v) At the Bushley Bayou Unit, we allow fishing year-round. We
allow trotlines, but anglers must tend them at least once every 24
hours and reset them when receding water levels expose them. Anglers
must attach lines with a length of cotton line that extends into the
water. We allow the use of yo-yos, but you must attend and only use
them from 1 hour before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset. We prohibit the use of nets and traps.
    (vi) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow the launching of only
trailered boats at designated boat ramps. Anglers may launch small
hand-carried boats from the bank in other areas. We prohibit dragging
of boats or driving onto road shoulders to launch boats.
    (vii) We prohibit bank fishing on Bushley Creek and fishing in
Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake, Rhinehart Lake, and Round Lake
during deer modern and primitive firearms hunts.
    (viii) We prohibit fishing in Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake,
Round Lake, and Rhinehart Lake during waterfowl hunts.
    (ix) We prohibit taking or possessing frogs and turtles (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (x) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
refuge.
    (l) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
State season.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 1:30 p.m.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
maintained rights-of-way of roads. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet
(15 m) or trespassing on aboveground oil, gas, or electrical
transmission facilities.
    (v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge
at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
    (iii) When hunting upland game, you may only use dogs to locate,
point, and retrieve game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge as indicated subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) and
(l)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You must check all deer taken during general gun deer hunts at
a refuge check station on the same day taken.
    (iii) We prohibit hunters from placing or hunting from stands on
pine trees with white-painted bands or rings.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) For recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps,
etc.), we require you to carry a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
G), which is available at the refuge office.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (m) Delta National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon),
including during the State special teal season, State youth waterfowl
season, and State light goose special conservation season.
    (ii) We only allow temporary blinds. You must remove both blinds
and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve game.
    (iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
(signed brochure).
    (v) We prohibit discharge of firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this
chapter) within 250 yards (225 meters) of buildings or worksites, such
as oil or gas production facilities.
    (vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
two youths during small game and migratory game bird hunts but must
supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain
within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them.
    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The refuge rabbit season opens the day after the State duck
season closes and continues through the remainder of the State rabbit
season.
    (ii) We restrict hunting to shotgun only.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when rabbit hunting.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through
(vii) of this section apply.
[[Page 47715]]
    (3) Big game hunting. We only allow archery hunting of white-tailed
deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through (vii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting, bucks only, from October 1
through 15. We allow either-sex archery deer hunting from October 16
through 31 and from the day after the close of the State duck season
through the end of the State deer archery season.
    (iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to
the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands
within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the
refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's
identification number clearly printed on the stand.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (v) We allow the take of hog(s) only with archery equipment during
the archery deer season.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow recreational fishing and crabbing from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. During State
waterfowl hunting seasons, however, we only allow recreational fishing
and crabbing from after 12 p.m. (noon) until \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, jug
lines, nets, or alligator lines.
    (iii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (n) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Wednesdays
and Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon)
during the State season.
    (ii) We prohibit teal hunting during the State September season.
    (iii) Hunters selected for lottery waterfowl hunts must be present
and in possession of written documentation confirming their selection
on the day of the hunt.
    (iv) We allow no more than three persons to hunt in each of the
lottery waterfowl blinds, and hunters must confine all hunting activity
to the direct vicinity of the blinds.
    (v) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
    (vii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
nutria, and coyote only when hunting for migratory bird, upland game,
and big game species with firearms or archery equipment authorized for
use.
    (viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).
    (ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150
feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
and utility rights-of-way.
    (x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).
    (xi) Refuge users must enter and exit the refuge only at designated
parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing adjacent
lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the refuge.
    (xii) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the
last day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and
other wildlife-related activities.
    (xiii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the
hunt area by 1 p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (xiv) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for
flagging or trail markers.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, raccoon,
beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the use of only shotguns and rifles that are .22
magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit only after the
close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place their
contact information on the collars of all their dogs.
    (iv) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for
rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow the use of archery equipment for big game
hunting.
    (iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters must place
deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on
the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting
license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand.
Hunters must place the stand in a nonhunting position and at ground
level when not in use.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (v) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.
    (vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(xi) through (xiv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow fishing within the Coulee Des Grues Bayou only from
the bank adjacent to Little California Road and only from legal sunrise
to legal sunset.
    (iii) Except as provided under paragraph (n)(4)(ii) of this
section, we allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to legal
sunset. Anglers may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
    (iv) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
signed refuge special recreational activity permit.
    (v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines.
Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line
attached to fish.
    (vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
refuge.
    (vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
[[Page 47716]]
    (viii) We prohibit crawfishing.
    (o) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated
refuge seasons.
    (ii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid signed
refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at
2 p.m. each day.
    (iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
Report (FWS Form 3-2361), available from a self-clearing check station,
after each hunt.
    (v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge
canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or
electrical transmission facilities; or designated public facilities.
Hunting parties must remain a distance of no fewer than 150 yards (135
m) away from another hunter.
    (vi) You must remove all hunting-related equipment from the refuge
immediately following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge seasons
with archery equipment.
    (ii) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on
the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license
number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a
nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(ii), (v), and
(vi) of this section apply.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave no
later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (v) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest Report
(FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station, after
each hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from March 15 through October 15.
    (ii) We prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and after
legal sunset.
    (iii) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise, and
you must leave 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal
sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing
areas.
    (v) We prohibit bank fishing from the Lacassine Pool Wildlife
Drive.
    (vi) We prohibit boat and bank fishing in Lacassine Pool Unit D and
refuge waters from October 16 through March 14.
    (vii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line in
refuge waters. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing
gear, including limb lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.
    (viii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (p) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Tuesdays,
Thursdays, and Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon) during the Statewide duck season.
    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters
must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunt area by 1 p.m.
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during refuge deer
primitive firearm hunts.
    (v) Except as restricted under paragraph (p)(3)(ix) of this
section, we allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
nutria, and coyote when hunting for migratory bird, upland game, and
big game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for
use.
    (vi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 to the last
day of the spring turkey season. We allow ATVs only for hunting,
fishing, and other wildlife-related activities.
    (vii) We restrict the use of the ATV trails that are designated for
physically challenged persons to individuals who possess a State-issued
physically challenged program hunter permit or are age 60 or older.
Individuals that qualify must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
1383-G) from the refuge office to use these trails.
    (viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).
    (ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150
feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
and utility rights-of-way.
    (x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).
    (xi) Hunters and anglers must enter and exit the refuge only at
designated parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing
adjacent lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the
refuge.
    (xii) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for
flagging or trail markers.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
    (iii) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22
magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting.
    (iv) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer primitive
firearm hunts.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting only
after the close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place
their contact information on the collars of all their dogs.
    (vi) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for
rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii)
and (p)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may harvest only one antlered and one antlerless deer
during each of the lottery primitive firearm hunts.
    (iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
stands
[[Page 47717]]
on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them
from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge,
and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number
clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting
position and at ground level when not in use.
    (iv) All deer gun hunters must wear and display 400 square inches
(2,600 square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter-orange cap
during the deer gun seasons and lottery deer hunts.
    (v) Only hunters that have been selected for lottery primitive
firearm deer hunts may be present during these hunts.
    (vi) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during
lottery primitive firearm deer hunts. We prohibit the use and
possession of toxic and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.
    (vii) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge deer primitive
firearm hunts as described in the refuge hunting brochure.
    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer or turkey gobbler decoys.
    (ix) We allow turkey hunting only during the first 16 days of the
State season until 12 p.m. (noon). We prohibit incidental hunting of
feral hog while turkey hunting.
    (x) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.
    (xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(xi) and (xii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
signed refuge special recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
number only).
    (iii) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 15 from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iv) We allow anglers to operate ATVs on the designated trails to
the Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, and Possum Bayou boat ramps.
    (v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines.
Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line
attached to fish.
    (vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
refuge.
    (vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (viii) We prohibit crawfishing.
    (q) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, moorhen, gallinule, and coot
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of migratory game birds on Wednesdays and
Saturdays until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter the refuge after
4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1 p.m.
    (ii) Prior to hunting, we must assign a refuge hunt unit and issue
a refuge lottery waterfowl permit (signed brochure) to any person
entering, using, or occupying the refuge for hunting migratory game
birds. You may only hunt in your assigned unit.
    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (iv) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during
all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are
governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths
during small game and migratory game bird hunts. An adult may supervise
only one youth during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal
voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Parents or adult
guardians are responsible for ensuring that hunters age 16 and younger
do not violate refuge rules.
    (v) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt brochure
(signed brochure) while hunting on refuge.
    (vi) Only one adult may occupy a unit with up to two youths during
a designated lottery youth waterfowl hunt. We allow no more than three
hunters to hunt from a single blind within a unit at one time during
any waterfowl hunt.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We open the refuge to hunting of deer and hog only during the
State archery season, except that prior to 12 p.m. (noon) on Wednesdays
and Saturdays during State waterfowl seasons, we close areas north of
the Intracoastal Waterway to big game hunting.
    (ii) Hunters may only enter the refuge after 4 a.m. and must exit
by 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) You may take big game with archery equipment and as governed
by State law. From October 1 through 15, State bucks-only regulations
apply. From October 16 through February 15, you may take only one deer
of either sex per day, and hunters may possess only one deer. The State
season limits on deer apply. There is no daily or possession limit on
feral hogs.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
    (v) We only allow portable stands. Hunters may erect temporary deer
stands 1 day prior to the start of deer archery season. Hunters must
remove all deer stands within 1 day after the archery deer season
closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one
deer stand on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State
hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place
stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.
    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(iv) and (v) of
this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use of unattended nets, traps, or lines (trot,
jog, bush, etc.).
    (ii) We allow fishing in the refuge year-round.
    (iii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (r) Red River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure).
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
State season.
    (iii) We allow dove hunting only during the first 3 days of the
State season on all refuge lands as indicated in the refuge brochure.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.
    (v) Hunters may only hunt during designated times and seasons as
listed in refuge brochure (signed brochure).
    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of any public
road,
[[Page 47718]]
refuge road, trail or ATV trail, residence, building, aboveground oil
or gas or electrical transmission facility, or designated public
facility.
    (vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i), (v), and (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum during the daylight
hours of rabbit and squirrel season. We allow night hunting during
December and January, and you may use dogs for night hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit after
December 31.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i),
(v), and (vi) and (r)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow use of only electric trolling motors on all refuge
waters while fishing.
    (ii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.)
requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and
carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.
    (iii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (s) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated
refuge seasons.
    (ii) We require all hunters to possess and carry a valid signed
refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.
    (iii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier
than 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at 2 p.m. each day.
    (iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
Report (FWS Form 3-2361) from a self-clearing check station after each
hunt.
    (v) We allow only portable blinds and those made of native
vegetation. Hunters must remove portable blinds, decoys, spent shells,
and all other personal equipment after each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge
canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or
electrical transmission facilities; or designated public facilities.
Hunting parties must maintain a distance of no less than 150 yards (135
m) away from another hunter.
    (vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast
netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Bank and wharf access for fishing are available year-round at
the public use areas along State Highway 27. Anglers may access the
refuge for fishing by boat only during the March 15 to October 15 open
period. You may launch boats at designated boat ramps only.
    (ii) We allow fishing with a rod and reel, pole and line, or jug
and line. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear,
including limb lines, gill nets, or trot lines. Jug line limit is up to
10 per boat, and you must attend them at all times. The angler must
mark all jugs with their fishing license number (State requirement) and
remove the jugs from the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit fishing from October 16 through March 14 in Units
1A and 1B.
    (iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal
sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing
areas; however, we prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and
after legal sunset.
    (v) We allow recreational crabbing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or
drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We
prohibit using floats on crab lines.
    (B) Anglers must remove all hand lines, drop nets, and bait from
the refuge upon leaving (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (C) We allow a daily limit of 5 dozen (60) crabs per vehicle or
boat.
    (vi) We allow recreational cast netting in designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow recreational cast netting from boats only from legal
sunrise to legal sunset during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
    (B) Anglers must immediately return all incidental take (bycatch)
to the water before continuing to cast.
    (C) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp
season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per
vehicle or boat.
    (D) The daily bait shrimp limit is 1 gallon (3.8 L) per day, per
boat, outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
    (E) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.
    (vii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (t) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, woodcock, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of duck and coot on Tuesdays, Thursdays,
Saturdays, and Sundays until 2 p.m. during the State season. We
prohibit migratory bird hunting during refuge gun hunts for deer.
    (ii) We allow refuge hunters to enter the refuge no earlier than 4
a.m., and they must leave no later than 2 hours after legal sunset
unless they are participating in the refuge nighttime raccoon hunt.
    (iii) We allow all-terrain vehicle (ATV) travel on designated
trails for access typically from October 1 to the last day of the
refuge squirrel season.
    (iv) We prohibit field dressing of game within 150 feet (45 meters)
of parking areas, maintained roads, and trails.
    (v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
and younger during all hunts. One adult may supervise two youths during
small game and migratory bird hunts but may supervise only one youth
during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal voice contact of
the adult who is supervising them.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon, squirrel, and
rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow nighttime raccoon hunting beginning the third Saturday
in December and ending January 31. We allow raccoon hunters to hunt
from legal sunset to legal sunrise with the aid of dogs, horses, and
mules, and with use of lights. We allow such use of lights on the
refuge only at the point of kill. We prohibit all other use of lights
for
[[Page 47719]]
hunting on the refuge. Hunters must attempt to take treed raccoons.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting
subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow hunting without dogs from the beginning of the State
season to December 31; during this time period, we do not require
hunters to wear hunter orange.
    (B) We allow squirrel and rabbit hunting with or without dogs from
January 1 to the last day of February.
    (C) We allow no more than three dogs per hunting party.
    (iii) We close squirrel and rabbit hunting during the following gun
hunts for deer: Refuge-wide youth hunt, primitive firearms hunt, and
modern firearms hunt.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (v)
of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Deer archery season will begin the first Saturday in November
and will conclude on January 31. We prohibit archery hunting during the
following refuge-wide deer hunts: Youth gun hunt and modern firearms
hunts.
    (ii) The deer primitive firearms season will occur between November
1 and January 31. We allow all legal primitive firearms as governed by
State regulations.
    (iii) During the deer primitive firearms season, hunters may fit
any legal primitive firearms with magnified scopes. We allow hunters
using primitive weapons to hunt reforested areas. We prohibit youth
hunters from using modern firearms during the primitive weapon hunt.
    (iv) During modern firearm hunts, all firearm hunting, even hunting
with primitive weapons or muzzleloaders, is governed by applicable
Federal and State regulations. We require a quota hunt permit for these
hunts. We prohibit hunting in reforested areas. We prohibit hunting
and/or shooting into or across any reforested area during the quota
hunt for deer.
    (v) For the guided quota youth hunts, we consider youth to be ages
8 through 15.
    (vi) We will conduct a refuge-wide youth deer hunt. Hunt dates will
be available at refuge headquarters typically in July. An adult age 18
or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15 or younger during the
hunt. One adult may supervise only one youth during the deer hunt. A
youth hunter must remain within normal voice contact of the supervising
adult.
    (vii) Hunters may take only one deer (one buck or one doe) per day
during refuge deer hunts except during guided youth and wheelchair-
bound hunts when the limit will be one antlerless and one antlered deer
per day.
    (viii) We designate refuge turkey hunt dates in the refuge hunting
brochure (signed brochure).
    (ix) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (x) We allow muzzleloader hunters to discharge their primitive
firearms at the end of each hunt safely into the ground at least 150
feet (135 meters (m)) from any designated public road, maintained road,
trail, fire break, dwelling, or aboveground oil and gas production
facility. We define a ``maintained road or trail'' as one that has been
mowed, disked, or plowed, or one that is free of trees.
    (xi) We prohibit deer hunters leaving deer stands unattended before
the opening day of the refuge archery season. Hunters must remove
stands by the end of the last day of the refuge archery season (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters must clearly mark stands left
unattended on the refuge with the stand owner's State hunting license
number. Hunters must remove portable stands from trees each day and
place freestanding stands in a nonhunting position when unattended.
    (xii) We allow hunting with slugs, rifle, or pistol ammunition
larger than .22 caliber rimfire only during the quota hunts for deer.
We prohibit use of buckshot when hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow anglers to enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m.,
and they must depart no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit fish cleaning within 150 feet (45 m) of parking
areas, maintained roads, and trails.
    (u) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, dove, and woodcock
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated refuge seasons as
listed in the signed refuge hunt permit.
    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
State season.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.
    (v) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
maintained rights-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain
vehicle (ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or
trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission
facilities.
    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (vii) We allow ATVs only on trails designated for their use and
marked by signs (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are
closed March 1 through August 31.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v),
and (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v),
and (vii) and (u)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Deer hunters must wear hunter orange as governed by State deer
hunting regulations in wildlife management areas.
    (iii) We prohibit hunters from placing stands or hunting from
stands on pine trees with white-painted bands and/or rings.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the
refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) You must tend trotlines daily. You must attach ends of
trotlines by a length of cotton line that extends into the water.
    (iii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.)
requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and
carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
chapter).
Sec.  32.38  Maine.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed
[[Page 47720]]
by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, American woodcock, and snipe
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally
signed Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
shooting hours.
    (iii) We only allow portable or temporary blinds and decoys that
must be removed from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
retrieval of game species during State hunt seasons for migratory
birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse,
snowshoe hare, red fox, gray and red squirrel, raccoon, skunk, and
woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally
signed Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons at night.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting of upland game species on refuge lands
between April 1 and September 30.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting raccoon or red fox. We
allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game
species during State hunting seasons for upland game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat,
eastern coyote, moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing eastern coyotes at night.
    (iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
harvested on the refuge.
    (iv) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.
    (v) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must
clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge
overnight with your hunting license number. You must remove your tree
stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the last day of
the muzzleloader deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) You may hunt black bear, eastern coyote, and white-tailed deer
during the State archery and firearms deer seasons on that part of the
Baring Division that lies east of State Route 191.
    (vii) We prohibit use of firearms to hunt bear and coyote during
the archery deer season on that part of the Baring Division that lies
east of Route 191. We prohibit the use of firearms, other than a
muzzleloader, to hunt coyote during the deer muzzleloader season on
that part of the Baring Division that lies east of Route 191.
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting black bear, bobcat,
and eastern coyote. We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location
and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for big
game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.
    (b) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, woodcock, rail, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting ruffed grouse.
    (ii) You may hunt coyotes from November 1 to March 31.
    (iii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
harvested on the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
black bear on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Petit Manan Point is open only during the State-prescribed
muzzleloader deer season.
    (ii) We allow black bear hunting during the firearm season for
white-tailed deer.
    (iii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour prior to legal
sunrise and remain on the refuge 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must
obtain a Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the
permit at all times.
    (ii) We open designated youth hunting areas to hunters age 15 and
younger who possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). Youth hunters must
be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. The accompanying adult must
possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and may also hunt.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds
and upland game species.
    (iv) You may use seasonal blinds with a Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G). A permitted seasonal blind is available to permitted
hunters on a first-come, first-served basis. The permit holder for the
blind is responsible for the removal of the blind at the end of the
season and compliance with all conditions of the Special Use Permit.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
grouse, fox, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must
obtain a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the
permit at all times
    (ii) We allow take of pheasant, quail, and grouse by falconry on
the refuge during State seasons.
    (iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition as set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this
section applies.
[[Page 47721]]
    (ii) We allow hunting with shotgun and archery only. We prohibit
rifles and muzzleloading firearms for hunting.
    (iii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only, as
designated by the State.
    (iv) We allow only archery on those areas of the Little River
division open to hunting.
    (v) During the State firearm deer season, we only allow hunting of
fox and coyote with archery or shotgun as incidental take with a refuge
big game permit.
    (vi) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit lead jigs and sinkers.
    (iii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.
    (d) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the
use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species
during State hunting seasons for migratory bird game hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.
    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal
shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons and coyotes at
night.
    (iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
harvested on the refuge.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for upland game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat,
moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal
shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
shooting hours.
    (ii) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must
clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge
overnight with your name and hunting license number. You must remove
your tree stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the
last day of the muzzleloader deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location of game
species during State hunting seasons for big game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit trapping
fish for use as bait on the refuge.
    (e) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, snipe, coot, crow, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
retrieval of game species.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox, raccoon,
woodchuck, squirrel, porcupine, skunk, snowshoe hare, ring-necked
pheasant, and ruffed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bear, white-tailed deer,
coyote, wild turkey, and moose on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (e)(2)(i)
of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
harvested on the refuge.
    (iii) We allow temporary blinds and tree stands that are clearly
marked with the owner's State hunting license number. You may erect
temporary blinds and tree stands no earlier than 14 days prior to the
hunting season, and you must remove them within 14 days after the
hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.39  Maryland.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose and duck on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain and possess while hunting a refuge waterfowl
hunting permit (signed brochure) by signing the corresponding season's
refuge waterfowl hunting brochure in ink.
    (ii) Up to three additional hunters may accompany you on your
reserved unit.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed and sika
deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) General hunt regulations for this paragraph (a)(3). (A) You
must obtain, and possess while hunting, a turkey or deer hunting permit
(Big/Upland Game or Quota Deer Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (B) We prohibit organized deer drives unless authorized by the
refuge manager. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned
effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to
move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (C) We prohibit shooting a projectile from a firearm, muzzleloader,
bow, or crossbow from, down, or across any refuge road. A refuge road
is any road that is traveled by vehicular traffic.
    (D) You must check all deer harvested at the refuge-sponsored check
station during hunt days when the refuge-sponsored check station is
open. If you fail to check deer during operation hours of the check
station, you must notify the hunt coordinator by 12 p.m. (noon) on the
day after your kill.
    (E) We prohibit the use of rimfire or centerfire rifles and all
handguns, including muzzleloading pistols, for hunting.
    (ii) Archery deer hunt. We do not allow archery hunters to hunt
within areas designated for the youth hunt on designated days.
    (iii) Turkey hunt. We allow turkey hunt permit holders to have an
assistant, who must remain within sight and normal voice contact and
abide by the rules set forth in the Blackwater turkey brochure (signed
brochure).
    (iv) Youth deer and turkey hunt. We allow youth hunters to hunt on
designated areas on designated days (youth hunt) if they meet the
criteria of a ``youth hunter'' as governed by State law and possess a
signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure).
    (v) Designated disabled hunt. (A) We require disabled hunters to
have their America the Beautiful Access pass (OMB Control 1024-0252) in
their
[[Page 47722]]
possession while hunting in disabled areas.
    (B) Disabled hunters may have an assistant, age 18 or older, who
must remain within sight and normal voice contact while hunting.
Assistants must possess a valid refuge hunt brochure (permit), signed
in ink, and a valid government-issued photo identification.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing only from April 1 through
September 30 from legal sunrise to legal sunset in refuge waters,
unless otherwise authorized by the refuge manager.
    (ii) We allow fishing and crabbing by boat in the Big Blackwater
and the Little Blackwater River.
    (b) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) General hunt regulations for this paragraph (b)(3). (A) You
must obtain, and possess while hunting, a deer or turkey hunting permit
(Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (B) We prohibit shooting a projectile from a firearm, muzzleloader,
bow, or crossbow from, down, or across any refuge road. A refuge road
is any road that is traveled by vehicular traffic.
    (C) We prohibit the use of rimfire or centerfire rifles and all
handguns, including muzzleloading pistols, for hunting.
    (ii) Youth deer hunt. We allow youth hunters to hunt on designated
areas on designated days (youth hunt) if they meet the criteria of a
``youth hunter'' as governed by State law and possess a signed refuge
hunt brochure (signed brochure).
    (iii) Designated disabled hunt. (A) We require disabled hunters to
have their America the Beautiful Access pass (OMB Control 1024-0252) in
their possession while hunting in disabled areas.
    (B) Disabled hunters may have an assistant who must be age 18 or
older and remain within sight and normal voice contact. Assistants must
possess a valid refuge hunt brochure (permit), signed in ink, and a
valid government-issued photo identification.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing in
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing from designated shoreline areas
located at the Ingleside Recreation Area from legal sunrise to legal
sunset, April 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We allow fishing from designated shoreline areas located at
the Chester River end of Boxes Point and Duck Inn Trails from legal
sunrise to legal sunset.
    (c) Patuxent Research Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We
allow hunting of goose, duck, and dove on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a Refuge Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System), and a signed Statement
of Hunter Ethics (FWS Form 3-2516).
    (ii) We prohibit hunting and scouting on Sundays and Federal
holidays. No hunt-related activities may take place unless the Hunting
Control Station is open.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve migratory game birds.
    (iv) We prohibit wading in all impounded waters except for when
placing and retrieving decoys.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of gray squirrel, eastern
cottontail rabbit, and woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and white-tailed
deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iii) We allow the use of portable tree stands and blinds as
governed by State regulations. You must remove your tree stand(s) and/
or blind(s) from the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use and/or possession of lead sinkers.
    (ii) We allow the use of earthworms as the only source of live
bait. We prohibit the use of bloodworms, fish, or other animals or
parts of animals as bait.
Sec.  32.40  Massachusetts.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a refuge-specific hunting
permit (electronic form) to hunt on the refuge.
    (ii) You may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
refuge hunting permit while scouting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
squirrel, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only shotgun hunting for ruffed grouse, cottontail
rabbit, and gray squirrel within those portions of the refuge located
north of Hudson Road, except those areas north of Hudson Road
designated as ``archery only'' hunting.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow shotgun and muzzleloader hunting of white-tailed deer,
as well as shotgun hunting of turkey, within the portions of the refuge
located north of Hudson Road, except those areas north of Hudson Road
that are designated as ``archery only'' hunting.
    (ii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting within all
portions of the refuge during the hunting seasons for these species.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (v) One nonhunting companion may accompany each permitted hunter.
We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they may assist in
other means. All companions must carry identification and stay with the
hunter.
    (vi) Hunters may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds
while engaged in hunting deer during the
[[Page 47723]]
applicable archery, shotgun, or muzzleloader deer seasons or while
hunting turkey. We allow hunters to keep one tree stand or ground blind
on the refuge during the permitted season. Hunters must mark ground
blinds with their permit number. Hunters must mark tree stands with
their permit number so that all numbers are visible from the ground.
Hunters must remove all temporary tree stands and ground blinds by 15
days after the end of the permitted season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow catch-and-release fishing only.
    (ii) We allow the use of live bait with the exception of any
amphibians or reptiles (frogs, salamanders, etc.).
    (b) Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck and goose on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs to
retrieve game.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of whitetail deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a valid refuge hunting permit
(electronic form) to hunt deer on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow archery hunting of deer only. We prohibit the use of
firearms for hunting deer on the refuge.
    (iii) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas beginning 4 weeks
prior to the opening day of their permitted season. We require
possession of a valid refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while
scouting.
    (iv) We allow one nonhunting companion to accompany each permitted
hunter. We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they can
assist in other means. All companions must carry identification and
stay with the hunter.
    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (vi) You may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds while
engaged in hunting deer during the applicable archery season. We allow
hunters to keep one tree stand or ground blind on each refuge during
the permitted season. Hunters must mark ground blinds with their permit
number. Hunters must mark tree stands with their permit number so that
all numbers are visible from the ground. Hunters must remove all
temporary tree stands and ground blinds by 15 days after the end of the
permitted deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than \1/2\ hour before
legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no later than \1/2\ hour after
legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, raccoon,
opossum, gray squirrel, quail, pheasant, crow, and ruffed grouse on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl (duck, goose, and coot) on
designated areas of the refuge by boat only subject to the following
condition: We allow the use of dogs for retrieving game.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on the portions of the Monomoy Islands that we
do not post as closed to public use from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow surf fishing from the Morris Island shore 24 hours a
day.
    (e) Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (f) Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, woodcock, and Wilson's snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a refuge-specific hunting
permit to hunt on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while scouting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
    (iv) One nonhunting companion may accompany each permitted hunter.
We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they can assist in
other means. All companions must carry identification and stay with the
hunter.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
squirrel, and eastern cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow shotgun, archery, and muzzleloader hunting of white-
tailed deer, as well as shotgun and archery hunting of turkey, within
the portions of the refuge located south of Massachusetts Route 2 and
west of the B&M railroad tracks.
    (ii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting within the
portions of the refuge located south of Massachusetts Route 2 and east
of the B&M railroad tracks, and within the portions of the refuge along
the easterly side of the Nashua River located north of the commuter
rail tracks in Ayer, Massachusetts.
    (iii) We allow archery deer hunting as well as shotgun and archery
turkey hunting within the portions of the refuge located north of
Massachusetts Route 2 and south of Hospital Road, and within the
portions of the refuge along the westerly side of the Nashua River
located north of the commuter rail tracks in Shirley, Massachusetts.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (v) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while scouting.
    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue,
[[Page 47724]]
drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the
direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt
and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (vii) Hunters may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds
while engaged in hunting deer during the applicable archery, shotgun,
or muzzleloader deer seasons or while hunting turkey. We allow hunters
to keep one tree stand or ground blind on the refuge during the
permitted season. Hunters must mark ground blinds with their permit
number. Hunters must mark tree stands with their permit number so that
all numbers are visible from the ground. Hunters must remove all
temporary tree stands and ground blinds by 15 days after the end of the
permitted season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge.
    (g) Parker River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour
after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and handguns to hunt
any species.
    (iii) We prohibit shooting across refuge roads, across boundaries,
and within or into administratively closed zones.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving game, but prohibit the
use of dogs to hunt furbearers.
    (v) We prohibit launching motorized boats for scouting purposes
prior to hunting.
    (vi) We allow crow hunting only from September 1 through February
28.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of this
section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow hunting of white-tailed deer on Plum Island
subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow archery, primitive firearms, shotgun, and crossbow (by
MassWildlife permit only, for certain disabled persons) hunting during
a designated 2-day hunt on the first Wednesday and Thursday of the
State shotgun deer season.
    (B) You must have a lottery-issued hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to hunt during this
2-day time period.
    (C) We allow deer hunt permittees to scout from Thursday through
Sunday prior to their hunt and require hunters to possess their refuge
permit while scouting.
    (D) You must register harvested deer (Big Game Harvest Report, FWS
Form 3-2359) at the refuge check station, if operational.
    (E) Hunters must check-in and out with refuge personnel prior to
entering and exiting the refuge.
    (iii) We allow hunting of deer and wild turkey in Areas A, B, C,
and D subject to the following condition: You may take deer using
archery equipment only.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow saltwater fishing on the ocean beach from legal
sunrise to legal sunset without a refuge permit.
    (ii) Stage Island is open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (iii) Nelson Island is open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (iv) We allow walk-on night fishing after legal sunset with a valid
refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2358; vehicle sticker issued by the refuge
office).
    (v) We allow anglers to use over-the-sand, surf-fishing vehicles,
or off-road vehicles (ORVs) with a valid refuge permit and permit fee,
as determined in an annual lottery.
    (h) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
on designated areas subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow refuge access from \1/2\ hour prior to legal sunrise
until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit access to Third Island between January 1 and June
30.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl and upland
game species.
    (iv) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds,
which must be removed at the end of each hunt day. All tree stands and
blinds must have the name and telephone number of the owner clearly
printed in an easily readable area.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii) of this
section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions
set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit launching of motorboats from the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of reptiles and amphibians as bait.
Sec.  32.41   Michigan.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, gallinule, coot,
woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all of your blinds, boats, and decoys from the
refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow refuge access from 1\1/2\ hours prior to legal
sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iv) We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Plum Creek Bay Unit
of the refuge and only through boat access.
    (v) We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Brancheau Unit of the
refuge as governed by Pointe Mouillee State Game Area special hunt
regulations and subject to the following conditions:
    (A) You must obtain and possess a State-issued permit for this unit
by entering the Michigan Department of Natural Resources' daily drawing
at the Pointe Mouillee State Game Area.
    (B) You must remain with 75 feet (22.5 meters) of your assigned
blind or numbered post. We allow an exception for unarmed (hunting
weapons) retrieval of waterfowl.
    (C) We allow only nonmotorized boats.
    (D) We prohibit shot size larger than BBB.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, squirrel,
rabbit, fox, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge and
subject to the following conditions:
[[Page 47725]]
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
32.2(k)) while in the field with the following exception: While hunting
fox, coyotes, and raccoons in units where we allow it, you may use
single projectile shot such as bullets, slugs, or muzzleloader bullets
containing lead. We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the
refuge.
    (iii) On the Humbug Island Unit, you may only hunt with shotgun
shells or archery equipment.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may possess only approved
nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
    (iii) For deer hunting, you may possess only single projectile
shot. We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the refuge.
    (iv) We allow portable tree stands for deer hunting. We allow only
one tree stand per hunter per refuge unit.
    (v) For Humbug Marsh Mainland only:
    (A) You must obtain and possess a State-issued permit for this unit
by entering the Michigan Department of Natural Resources' annual
drawing.
    (B) You must obtain and possess a state access permit (issued by
the refuge) for the date on which you are hunting in the Humbug Marsh
Unit.
    (C) You must hunt from a provided fixed hunting platform and/or
blind.
    (vi) The Humbug Island Unit is closed to firearm deer hunting. We
allow only archery deer hunting on Humbug Island.
    (vii) The Fix Unit is closed to firearm deer hunting. We allow only
archery deer hunting in the Fix Unit.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
black bear subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of
dogs when hunting.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Michigan Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game subject to
the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
(d)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of big game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (e) Seney National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock and snipe on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs
when hunting migratory birds, provided the dog is under the immediate
control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse and
snowshoe hare on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game,
provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
times.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of deer and bear on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
prohibit the use of dogs while deer or bear hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use of fishing weights or lures containing
lead.
    (ii) We allow ice fishing from January 1 through the end of
February.
    (iii) Anglers must remove ice fishing shelters and all other
personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iv) We allow fishing on designated refuge pools from May 15
through September 30.
    (v) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (f) Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl (duck and goose), American coot,
common gallinule, sora, Virginia rail, and Wilson's snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge check-in card.
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Saturdays, Sundays, Tuesdays,
and Thursdays during the regular goose season after September 30.
    (iii) We allow hunter access to the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before
legal shooting time.
    (iv) You may possess no more than 25 shotgun shells while hunting
in the field.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (vi) We allow the take of feral hogs incidental to other lawful
hunting using legal methods of take.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey, small game
(eastern fox squirrel, eastern cottontail, ring-necked pheasant,
American woodcock, and American crow), and furbearers (raccoon, coyote,
and red fox) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(vi) of this section
applies.
    (ii) You may only hunt turkey during the spring season.
    (iii) We allow hunter access for the spring wild turkey season from
1\1/2\ hours before legal shooting time to \1/2\ hour after legal
shooting time.
    (iv) We allow hunter access for small game hunting from \1/2\ hour
before legal shooting time to \1/2\ hour after legal shooting time.
    (v) We allow hunter access for furbearer hunting from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (vi) We allow dogs for hunting. Raccoon hunting dogs must wear
global positioning system (GPS) or radio collars.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(vi) of this section
applies.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (State-issued
permit).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing by boat in navigable waterways but not within
any managed refuge units.
    (ii) We allow bank fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset only
at designated sites along the Tittabawassee and Cass Rivers.
Sec.  32.42   Minnesota.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed
[[Page 47726]]
by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow youth waterfowl hunting on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, cameras, and other personal property brought onto the refuge
at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (iv) We close the refuge from 7 p.m. to 5:30 a.m.
    (v) We allow the use of motorless boats for hunting.
    (vi) We only allow waterfowl hunting during the State's youth
waterfowl season.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse and
sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow hunting from the opening of the State's deer
firearms season to the close of the State's ruffed grouse and sharp-
tailed grouse seasons, respectively.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
moose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(ii) through (v)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to motorized public vehicle transportation
at a big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (iii) We only allow archery hunting from the start of the State's
deer firearms season, and close as governed by the State's archery deer
season.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We prohibit the hunting of migratory game birds. We allow the
unarmed retrieval of waterfowl, legally taken outside the refuge, up to
100 yards (90 meters) inside the refuge boundary.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
bobwhite quail, pigeon, mourning dove, crow, cottontail rabbit, gray
and fox squirrel, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for upland game bird hunting only,
provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
times.
    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) You may only hunt fox and raccoon from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until legal sunset from the beginning of the State season
through the last day of February.
    (vi) You may only hunt striped skunk from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until legal sunset from September 1 through the last day of
February.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(iii) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only bank fishing on all refuge pools and open
marshes.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (c) Big Stone Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer
throughout the district subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section
apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district subject
to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph
(c)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
    (d) Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot,
woodcock, common moorhen, mourning dove, Sora/Virginia rail, crow, and
common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a signed hunt brochure. You must carry this signed
brochure when hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge no
later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse; ring-
necked pheasant; red, gray, and fox squirrel; cottontail rabbit;
jackrabbit; snowshoe hare; red and gray fox; raccoon; badger; bobcat;
coyote; striped skunk; opossum; long and short tailed weasel; and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(ii) through (v)
of this section apply.
[[Page 47727]]
    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting
furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the
hunter at all times.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i), (iii), and
(iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (iii) We prohibit the possession of hunting firearms or archery
equipment on areas closed to deer hunting.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (e) Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters waterfowl
production area (WPA) in Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay
County, and the McIntosh WPA in Polk County. The following conditions
apply:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters WPA
in Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay County, and the McIntosh
WPA in Polk County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters WPA in
Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay County, and the McIntosh WPA
in Polk County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may use portable stands.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (e)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
    (f) Fergus Falls Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and
Gilmore waterfowl production areas (WPAs) and the building and
administrative area of Knollwood WPA in Otter Tail County, and on the
Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis,
and Gilmore WPAs and in designated portions of Knollwood WPA in Otter
Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following
conditions apply:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
(see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and
Gilmore WPAs and the building and administrative area of Knollwood WPA
in Otter Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The
following condition applies: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
(f)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district,
except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and Gilmore
WPAs and the building and administrative area of Knollwood WPA in Otter
Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following
condition applies: The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(iii) of
this section applies.
    (g) Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, woodcock, snipe, rail,
and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow nonmotorized boats in areas open to migratory bird
hunting during the migratory bird hunting seasons.
    (v) We prohibit hunting during the Spring Light Goose Conservation
Order.
    (vi) We allow hunting during special State-administered youth
seasons.
    (vii) We allow the use of wheeled, nonmotorized conveyance devices
(e.g., bikes, game carts).
    (viii) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours
before legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge
no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of prairie chicken,
sharp-tailed grouse, ring-necked pheasant, gray (Hungarian) partridge,
ruffed grouse, rabbit (cottontail and jack), snowshoe hare, squirrel
(fox and gray), and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (vi) through (viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(ii) through (iii)
and (vi) through (viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (4) [Reserved]
[[Page 47728]]
    (h) Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow youth waterfowl hunting on the State's youth
waterfowl day.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit entry to hunting areas earlier than 2 hours before
legal shooting hours.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting during the State's muzzleloader season
with muzzleloaders.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (i) Litchfield Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake
waterfowl production area (WPA) in Renville County that lies within the
Phare Lake State Game Refuge. The following conditions apply:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake
WPA in Renville County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
(see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake WPA
in Renville County that lies within the Phare Lake State Game Refuge.
The following condition applies: The conditions set forth at paragraph
(i)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
paragraph (i)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
    (j) Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, merganser, moorhen,
coot, rail, woodcock, common snipe, and mourning dove on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a special use permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for refuge-
specific special hunts and refuge-specific population management hunts.
    (ii) We prohibit the discharge of a weapon on, from, across, or
within 100 feet (30 meters) of any service road, parking area, or
designated hiking trail.
    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit entry into the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
legal shooting time.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs while hunting migratory birds,
provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
times.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting during the State spring goose hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
partridge, ring-necked pheasant, American crow, squirrel (gray, fox,
and red), snowshoe hare, cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit, raccoon, fox
(red and gray), striped skunk, coyote, opossum, and wild turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit single projectile ammunition for hunting upland
game and furbearers, except that we allow hunters to use small-caliber
rimfire rifles and handguns (.22 caliber and smaller) on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs for hunting furbearers. We allow
the use of dogs while hunting upland game birds.
    (iv) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (v) You may only hunt fox, opossum, and raccoon from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise until legal sunset, from the beginning of the
State season through the last day of February, on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (vi) You may only hunt coyotes and skunks from \1/2\ hour before
legal sunrise until legal sunset, from September 1 through the last day
of February, on designated areas of the refuge.
    (vii) You may only hunt crows during the State-designated crow
seasons, which occur between September 1 and the last day of February,
on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (v) of this
section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge during daylight hours subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (j)(1)(iv) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (k) Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout
the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
the district subject to the following conditions:
[[Page 47729]]
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the possession of single projectile ammunition for
hunting on the Soberg waterfowl production area (WPA).
    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
(see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit firearms deer hunting on Soberg WPA.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
subject to the following conditions: The condition set forth at
paragraph (k)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
    (l) Morris Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of
the Edward-Long Lake waterfowl production area (WPA) in Stevens County.
The following conditions apply:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders,
including those made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) All boats, decoys, blind materials, stands, platforms, and
other personal property (see 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought
onto the WPA, must be removed at the end of each day.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game, except
that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of the Edward-Long
Lake WPA in Stevens County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
(see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer throughout the
district, except that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of
the Edward-Long Lake WPA in Stevens County. The following condition
applies: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district, except
that we prohibit fishing on the designated portions of the Edward-Long
WPA in Stevens County. The following condition applies: The condition
set forth at paragraph (l)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
    (m) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose,
merganser, moorhen, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock,
common snipe, mourning dove, and sandhill crane subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow hunting on the unit located within the Hiawatha Game
Refuge in Pipestone County, as governed by applicable State
regulations.
    (v) We allow migratory game bird hunting on the Spieker tract in
Clay County, as governed by applicable State regulations.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, ring-
necked pheasant, Hungarian partridge, prairie chicken, spruce grouse,
ruffed grouse, sharp-tailed grouse, rabbit (cottontail and jack),
snowshoe hare, squirrel (fox and gray), raccoon, opossum, fox (red and
gray), badger, coyote, bobcat, striped skunk, and crow on designated
areas subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(ii) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of dogs for hunting furbearers. For all
other upland game, we allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the
dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shells (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, and black bear
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(ii) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (m)(1)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (n) Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock and common snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, spruce
grouse, gray and fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and snowshoe hare on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(i) through (iii) of this
section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a State-issued permit for firearms hunting.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing from nonmotorized boats or boats powered
by electric motors in designated areas.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (n)(1)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
[[Page 47730]]
    (o) Rydell National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (ii) You must remove all blind materials, stands, platforms, and
other personal property brought onto the refuge at the end of each day
(see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (iv) We require a State-issued permit to hunt white-tailed deer in
the Special Permit Area of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow fishing from May 1 through November 1.
    (p) Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, rail, woodcock, and
snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge no
later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (v) We prohibit hunting from March 1 through August 31.
    (vi) We allow only nonmotorized boats, and they must be launched at
designated access sites.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, ring-
necked pheasant, gray and fox squirrel, snowshoe hare, cottontail
rabbit, jackrabbit, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We close the refuge to turkey hunting, except we allow a
turkey hunt for youth hunters and persons with disabilities by special
use permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
(see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(ii) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (ii) From March 1 through August 31 (the refuge wildlife sanctuary
period), we allow fishing only from nonmotorized boats on the
designated canoe route and on banks within 100 yards (91.44 meters)
both upstream and downstream of designated access points.
    (q) Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, coot, woodcock, snipe,
rail (Virginia and Sora), mourning dove, and American crow on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunting by tribal members is governed by White Earth
Reservation regulations on those portions of the Reservation that are a
part of the refuge.
    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (iv) You may hunt American crow from September 1 through the end of
February within all migratory bird hunting areas, and from March 1
through the end of season in areas open to migratory bird hunting south
of County Highway 26.
    (v) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey; bobcat;
ruffed grouse; red, gray, and fox squirrel; cottontail rabbit;
jackrabbit; snowshoe hare; red fox; raccoon; and striped skunk on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only hunt fox and raccoon from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until legal sunset from the beginning of the State season
through the last day of February within all upland game hunting areas,
and from March 1 through the end of the season in areas open to upland
game hunting south of County Highway 26.
    (ii) You may only hunt striped skunk from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until legal sunset from September 1 through the last day of
February.
    (iii) During the fall season, you may hunt wild turkey as governed
by State and Tribal seasons and regulations throughout the refuge.
During the spring seasons, you may only hunt wild turkey south of
County Highway 26, minus the areas east of County Highway 29, north of
Pine Lake, and west of Chippewa Water Control Structure Road.
    (iv) You may possess only approved nontoxic shells (see 32.2(k))
when hunting wild turkey.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting
furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the
hunter at all times.
    (vi) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(ii), (iii), and
(v) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
(9 meters) of a road edge open to public vehicle transportation at a
big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(i), (ii), and
(v) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in North Tamarac Lake, Wauboose Lake, and Two
Island Lake year-round as governed by State and/or White Earth
Reservation regulations.
    (ii) We allow fishing in Blackbird Lake and Lost Lake from the
first day of the State walleye season through Labor Day as governed by
State and/or White Earth Reservation regulations.
[[Page 47731]]
    (iii) We allow fishing in Pine Lake from December 1 until March 31.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, or mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (v) The condition set forth at paragraph (q)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (r) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit migratory bird hunting from March 16 through August
31 each year.
    (ii) You cannot reserve hunting areas, except at Potter's Marsh
Managed Hunt Area, Pool 13, near Thomson, Illinois.
    (iii) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Closed to All
Access,'' we prohibit public entry, to include hunting and fishing, at
all times. This area is named and located as follows: Crooked Slough
Backwater, Pool 13, Illinois, 2,453 acres.
    (iv) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary,''
we prohibit hunting at all times and all public entry except as
specified. These areas are named and located as follows:
    (A) Pool Slough, Pool 9, Minnesota/Iowa, 1,126 acres.
    (B) Bertom Island, Pool 11, Wisconsin, 31 acres.
    (C) Guttenberg Ponds, Pool 11, Iowa, 252 acres.
    (D) Spring Lake, Pool 13, Illinois, 3,697 acres.
    (v) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and ``Area
Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit migratory bird hunting at all times.
We ask that you practice voluntary avoidance of these areas by any
means or for any purpose from October 15 to the end of the respective
State duck season. In areas also marked ``no motors,'' we prohibit the
use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the
respective State duck season.
    (A) The areas posted and marked on maps as ``Area Closed'' are
named and located as follows:
    (1) Big Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 2,210 acres.
    (2) Weaver Bottoms/Lost Island, Pool 5, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 3,508
acres.
    (3) Polander Lake, Pool 5A, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 1,873 acres.
    (4) Lake Onalaska, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 7,366 acres (voluntary
avoidance on 3,365 acres until mid-November).
    (5) Wisconsin Islands, Pool 8, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 6,538 acres.
    (6) Harpers Slough, Pool 9, Iowa/Wisconsin, 5,209 acres.
    (7) Wisconsin River Delta, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 1,414 acres (closed
November 1 to end of duck season).
    (8) 12-Mile Island, Pool 11, Iowa, 1,139 acres.
    (9) Bertom-McCartney, Pool 11, Wisconsin, 2,384 acres (no voluntary
avoidance provision).
    (10) Pleasant Creek, Pool 13, Iowa, 2,191 acres.
    (11) Elk River, Pool 13, Iowa, 1,248 acres.
    (B) The areas posted and marked on maps as ``Area Closed--No
Motors'' are named and located as follows:
    (1) Peterson Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin 572 acres.
    (2) Rieck's Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 499 acres.
    (3) Spring Lake, Pool 5, Wisconsin, 254 acres.
    (4) Sturgeon Slough, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 340 acres.
    (5) 12-Mile Island, Pool 10, Iowa, 540 acres.
    (6) John Deere Marsh, Pool 11, Iowa, 439 acres.
    (7) Kehough Slough, Pool 12, Illinois, 333 acres.
    (8) Beaver Island, Pool 14, Iowa, 864 acres.
    (vi) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Hunting Zone'' or
``No Hunting or Trapping Zone,'' we prohibit hunting at all times.
These areas are named and located as follows:
    (A) Buffalo River, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 219 acres.
    (B) Fountain City Bay, Pool 5A, Wisconsin, 24 acres.
    (C) Upper Halfway Creek Marsh, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 143 acres.
    (D) Brice Prairie Tract, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 186 acres.
    (E) Hunter's Point, Pool 8, Wisconsin, 82 acres.
    (F) Goose Island, Pool 8, Wisconsin, 984 acres (also no motors and
voluntary avoidance).
    (G) Sturgeon Slough, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 66 acres.
    (H) Goetz Island Trail, Pool 11, Iowa, 31 acres.
    (I) Crooked Slough Proper, Pool 13, Illinois, 270 acres.
    (J) Frog Pond, Pool 13, Illinois, 64 acres.
    (K) Ingersoll Wetlands Learning Center, Pool 13, Illinois, 41
acres.
    (L) Amann Tract, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 0.21 acre.
    (M) Lost Mound Unit Office and River Road, Pool 13, Illinois, 175
acres.
    (vii) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit hunting migratory birds
from April 1 through September 30.
    (viii) You may not engage in open-water waterfowl hunting in Pool
11, approximate river miles 586-592, Grant County, Wisconsin, as marked
with signs and as shown on refuge maps. Open-water hunting regulations
and definitions that apply for Wisconsin outside of Grant County also
apply in this area.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (x) We allow working a dog in refuge waters by tossing a retrieval
dummy or other object for out-and-back exercise.
    (xi) You may use natural material for temporary blinds, with
restrictions. You may hunt from a boat blind or pop-up blind, or you
may construct a temporary blind of natural materials. You may gather
grasses and marsh vegetation (e.g., willow, cattail, bulrush, lotus,
and/or arrowhead) from the refuge for blind-building materials.
However, you may not gather, bring onto the refuge, or use for blind
building any tree(s) or other plant parts, including dead wood on the
ground, greater than 2 inches (5 centimeters (cm)) in diameter.
    (xii) We require a 200-yard (182.9-meter) spacing distance between
hunting parties on the Illinois portions of the refuge in Pools 12, 13,
and 14.
    (xiii) You may set up hunting equipment the day of the hunt, but
you must remove it at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter). You may place and leave hunting equipment and decoys on the
refuge only from 1 hour before the start of legal shooting hours until
\1/2\ hour after the close of legal shooting hours.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit upland game hunting from March 16 through August 31
each year, except for spring wild turkey hunting and squirrel hunting
on the Illinois portion of the refuge.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) through
(iv), (vi), (ix), (xi), and (xiii) of this section apply
    (iii) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and
``Area Closed--No Motors,'' we allow upland game hunting beginning the
day after the respective State duck hunting season until upland game
season closure or March 15, whichever comes first, except we allow
spring turkey hunting during State seasons. In areas also marked ``Area
Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from
October 15 to the end of the respective State duck season.
    (iv) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit
[[Page 47732]]
hunting upland game from April 1 to September 30.
    (v) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot
shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field, including shot shells
used for hunting wild turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit big game hunting from March 16 through August 31
each year.
    (ii) In areas closed to public access on the Lost Mound Unit of
Savanna District, Illinois, we allow firearm deer hunts as established
by the refuge manager.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) through
(iv), (vi), (ix), (xi), and (xiii) and (r)(2)(v) of this section apply.
    (iv) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary''
we allow big game hunting beginning the day after the respective State
duck hunting season until big game season closure or March 15,
whichever comes first. We describe these areas more fully at paragraph
(r)(1)(iv) of this section.
    (v) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and ``Area
Closed--No Motors,'' we allow big game hunting beginning the day after
the respective State duck hunting season until big game season closure
or March 15, whichever comes first. In areas also marked ``Area
Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from
October 15 to the end of the respective State duck season.
    (vi) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit big game hunting from
April 1 to September 30.
    (vii) On refuge-managed lands in Illinois, we prohibit organized
drives for deer. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned
effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to
move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(iii) and (xi) of
this section apply.
    (ii) In areas also marked ``Area Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit
the use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the
respective State duck season.
    (iii) Commercial fishing in Spring Lake, Pool 13, Illinois,
requires a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge
or district manager (see Sec.  31.13 of this chapter).
    (s) Windom Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Worthington
waterfowl production area (WPA) in Nobles County and on designated
portions of the Wolf Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following
conditions apply:
    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on
the Worthington WPA in Nobles County and on designated portions of the
Wolf Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following condition applies:
The conditions set forth at paragraphs (s)(1)(i) and (ii) of this
section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the
Worthington WPA in Nobles County and on designated portions of the Wolf
Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following conditions apply:
    (i) We allow the use of portable stands.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (s)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district subject
to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph
(s)(1)(i) of this section applies.
Sec.  32.43   Mississippi.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.37(g)
for regulations.
    (b) Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a valid,
signed refuge hunting permit (Visitor Check-In Permit and Report, FWS
Form 3-2405). While hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and
younger (``youth hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct
supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or older (``licensed
hunter''). A hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required
licenses and permits.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset except during raccoon
and frog hunts.
    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
(FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the reverse side of the
card and deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include
all game harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.'' We
prohibit hunters possessing more than one Big Game Harvest Report at a
time.
    (v) It is unlawful to hunt from or shoot into the 100-foot (30.5-
meter) zone along either side of designated roads and parking lots.
    (vi) The refuge has requirements for certain hunters and other
persons on the refuge to wear fluorescent orange.
    (A) We do not require waterfowl hunters or nighttime raccoon
hunters to wear any fluorescent orange.
    (B) All hunters or persons on the refuge for any reason during the
refuge deer firearm season (including primitive weapons and youth gun
hunt) must wear, in full view, a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226
square centimeters (cm)) of solid, unbroken, fluorescent orange.
    (C) Deer archery hunters on the refuge must wear in full view a
minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square cm) of solid, unbroken,
fluorescent orange when there is a State gun season on private land.
    (D) When hunting quail or rabbit on the refuge outside the refuge's
general gun and primitive weapon season, hunters must wear only a
fluorescent orange vest or cap.
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting.
    (viii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ix) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
[[Page 47733]]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
nutria, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
(substitute Upland/Small Game/Furbearer Report [FWS Form 3-2362] for
Migratory Bird Hunt Report [FWS Form 3-2361]), (vi), and (vii) of this
section apply.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no later than 2 hours after
legal sunset. We may make exceptions for raccoon hunters possessing a
Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (iii) When hunting, we allow only shotguns, .17 or .22-caliber
rimfire rifles, or archery equipment without broadheads.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
(substitute Big Game Harvest Report [FWS Form 3-2359] for Migratory
Bird Hunt Report [FWS Form 3-2361]), and (vi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit dogs while hunting deer. We allow the use of dogs
to hunt feral hog during designated hog seasons.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
planted field from ground level or on or across any public road, public
highway, railroad, or their rights-of-way during all general gun and
primitive weapon hunts.
    (v) Hunters may erect portable deer stands 2 weeks prior to the
opening of archery season on the refuge and must remove them (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter) by January 31.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
and will comply with all regulations.
    (ii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-grab
baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices.
    (iii) We allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or
any other similar devices for recreational use only, and you must tag
or mark them with waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped
on the tag with your State fishing license number. You must attend
these devices a minimum of once daily. If you are not going to attend
these devices, you must remove them from the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (iv) We allow crawfishing.
    (v) We allow take of frog only with a Special Use Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-G).
    (c) Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must carry a valid, signed refuge
hunting permit (Visitor Check-In Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405).
While hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and younger (``youth
hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct supervision of a
licensed or exempt hunter at age 21 or older (``licensed hunter''). A
hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required licenses and
permits.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset except during raccoon
and frog hunts.
    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
(FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it
at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested,
and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
    (v) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting.
    (vi) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (vii) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess a valid general Special Use Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-G) to hunt raccoon on the refuge.
    (ii) Each hunter must obtain a daily Upland/Small Game/Furbearer
Report (FWS Form 3-2362). You must display the card in plain view on
the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is
readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and
deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game
harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (ii), and
(v) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Each hunter must obtain a daily Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
Form 3-2359). You must display the card in plain view on the dashboard
of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable. Prior to
leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it at one of
the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested, and if you
harvest no game, report ``0.'' We prohibit hunters possessing more than
one Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) at a time.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (iii) We prohibit dogs for any big game hunt.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (v) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
planted field from ground level.
    (vi) We allow valid permit holders to possess and hunt from one
portable stand or blind on the refuge. You must clearly label your
stand or blind with your State license/sportsmen's identification
number. Stands left in the area do not reserve the hunting locations.
You may place stands up to 2 days prior to the hunt, and you must
remove them no more than 2 days after the refuge's deer season closes
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest
system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturers Association standards.
    (viii) We prohibit the use of buckshot on the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing.
[[Page 47734]]
    (ii) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
and will comply with all regulations.
    (iii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-
grab baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices and
commercial fishing of any kind.
    (iv) We allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or any
other similar devices for recreational use only. You must tag or mark
these devices with your State fishing license number, written with
waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped on the tag. You
must attend these devices a minimum of once a day. If you do not attend
these devices, you must remove them from the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (v) We allow crawfishing.
    (vi) We allow take of frog only by Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
1383-G).
    (d) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
waterfowl from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) You must only use portable or temporary blinds.
    (iii) We only allow the use of dogs when waterfowl hunting. We
require all dogs to wear a collar displaying the owner's contact
information.
    (iv) Each hunter must possess and carry a valid, signed copy of the
refuge hunting brochure (signed brochure) while participating in refuge
hunts.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(iv) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We only allow .22 caliber rimfire.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(iv) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We only allow hunting with bow and arrow. We prohibit
firearms.
    (iii) We allow portable and climbing tree stands. Hunters must
remove tree stands from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (e) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, and dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during the
muzzleloader deer hunt.
    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
weapons legal for that hunt.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter)
zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (x) We do not open for early teal season.
    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
for small game hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and quail, and
for the February rabbit hunt.
    (iv) Beginning the first day after the deer muzzleloader hunt, we
prohibit entry into the Turkey Point area until March 1.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (vi)
and (e)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields and
tree plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 meters (m)) in height must be
from a stand a minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) Prior to leaving the refuge, you must check all harvested deer
at the nearest self-service check station following the posted
instructions.
    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
breech-loading firearms of any type.
    (vii) Turkey hunting opportunities will consist of three limited
draw hunts within the State season time frame. These hunts require a
Limited Hunt Permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) assigned by random
computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you must return the permit
with information concerning your hunt (Big Game Harvest Report (FWS 3-
2359)). If you fail to return this permit, you will not be eligible for
any limited hunts the next year.
[[Page 47735]]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
    (iv) We allow fishing in the borrow ponds along the north levee
(see refuge brochure map) throughout the year except during the
muzzleloader deer hunt.
    (v) We open all other refuge waters to fishing March 1 through
November 15.
    (vi) We prohibit fishing from bridges.
    (f) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, opossum,
coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
limited draw hunts.
    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
beaver, bobcat, and nutria in any refuge hunt season with weapons legal
for that hunt. Valid permit holders may incidentally take feral hog
during deer or turkey hunts only.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when rabbit hunting in February.
    (vii) During the rabbit hunt, any hunter or person accompanying a
hunter must wear at least 500 square inches (3,226 square centimeters
(cm)) of unbroken, fluorescent-orange material visible above the
waistline as an outer garment.
    (viii) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during
muzzleloader deer hunts.
    (ix) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
(m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i) through (iii),
(v), (viii), and (ix) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (v) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
breech-loading firearms of any type.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (g) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
beaver, bobcat, and nutria in any refuge hunt season with weapons legal
for that hunt. Valid permit holders may incidentally take feral hog
during deer or turkey hunts only.
    (v) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5 meter
(m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (vi) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, boats, and
harvested waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (viii) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (ix) We do not open for early teal season.
    (x) We allow hunting during open State seasons. The first 2 days of
the season and all weekends, with the exception of youth weekends, are
limited draw hunts. These hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit
(electronic form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of
the hunt, you must return the permit with information concerning your
hunt. If you fail to return this permit, you will not be eligible for
any limited hunts the next year.
    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
for small game hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and for the
February rabbit hunt.
    (iv) Beginning the day before waterfowl season, we restrict hunting
to the waterfowl hunt area.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v)
and (g)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to
[[Page 47736]]
move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
following the posted instructions.
    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind. A
hunter may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (vi) We allow archery hunting October 1 through January 31.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
    (iv) We allow fishing in all refuge waters throughout the year,
except in the waterfowl sanctuary, which we close to fishing from the
first day of duck season through March 1 (see refuge brochure map).
    (h) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during the
muzzleloader deer hunt.
    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
beaver, bobcat, and nutria in any refuge hunt season with weapons legal
for that hunt. Valid permit holders may incidentally take feral hog
during deer or turkey hunts only.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
(m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (x) We do not open for early teal season.
    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
for small game hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and for the
February rabbit hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
following the posted instructions.
    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
breech-loading firearms of any type.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
    (iv) We open refuge waters to fishing March 1 through November 15,
except Providence Ponds, which are closed 1 day prior to the beginning
of waterfowl season until March 1.
    (i) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, and dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following regulations:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
limited draw hunts.
    (v) Valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit
(electronic form) holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
beaver, bobcat, and nutria in any refuge hunt season with weapons legal
for that hunt. Valid permit holders may
[[Page 47737]]
incidentally take feral hog during deer or turkey hunts only.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30-meter (m))
zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (x) Beginning December 15 through March 1, we prohibit all entry
into the Lower Twist and Carter Ponds area.
    (xi) During the State waterfowl season (except early teal season),
waterfowl hunting in Unit 1 will be on Mondays, Tuesdays, and
Wednesdays. Waterfowl hunting in Unit 2 will be on Fridays, Saturdays,
and Sundays (see refuge brochure for details).
    (xii) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (vi)
and (x) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
for small game hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and raccoon,
and for the February rabbit hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (vi)
and (x) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
following the posted instructions.
    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
breech-loading firearms of any type.
    (vii) We allow only shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
32.2(k)) and archery equipment for turkey hunting.
    (viii) Limited draw hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit (electronic
form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you
must return the permit with information concerning that hunt to the
refuge. Failure to return this permit will disqualify the hunter for
any limited hunts the next year.
    (ix) We hold limited draw hunts for persons with disabilities in
November, December, and/or January. We will make hunt dates and permit
application procedures (electronic form) available at the Theodore
Roosevelt Complex headquarters.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i), (iii), and
(x) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
    (j) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, woodcock, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must purchase a refuge waterfowl permit (Waterfowl Lottery
Application; FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting. No more than two companions may
accompany each permitted hunter, and we do not require these companions
to purchase permits. Permits are nontransferable and only issued to
hunters ages 16 and older. Permit holders can hunt as standby hunters
for any date for which waterfowl hunting is open. Youth hunters age 15
and younger are not required to obtain a refuge waterfowl permit and
can obtain a free permit from the refuge's office.
    (ii) You must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested game
from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (iii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. One adult may
supervise not more than two youth hunters.
    (iv) All waterfowl hunters must check-in before the day's hunt, and
check-out at the end of the day's hunt (no later than 1 p.m.), at the
refuge's duck check station.
    (v) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person.
    (vi) Hunters must remove all personal property at the end of each
day's hunt from the Noxubee Wilderness Area (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter). Outside the Noxubee Wilderness Area, hunters
may leave tree stands labeled with the hunter's State hunting license
number used for deer hunting.
    (vii) During the deer firearm (primitive or modern gun) hunts, any
person hunting species other than waterfowl, accompanying another
person hunting species other than waterfowl, or walking off-trail
within areas open to deer hunting must wear at least 500 square inches
(3,226 square centimeters (cm)) of unbroken fluorescent-orange material
visible above the waistline as an outer garment at all times. When
occupied, ground blinds must display a minimum of 400 square inches
(2,581 square cm) of unbroken fluorescent-orange material.
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieval of migratory and
upland game only.
    (ix) We require all hunters and anglers to record hours active and
game harvested using the Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form
3-2405).
    (x) We require all users to possess and display a valid Entrance
Pass. You may use a current Federal Recreational Lands Pass or valid
Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck
Stamp) as the Entrance Pass.
    (xi) Waterfowl hunters must stay within 100 feet (30.5 meters (m))
of the assigned hunt location. You may exceed 100 feet (30.5 m) when
retrieving downed birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, opossum, raccoon, coyote, beaver, and nutria on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) When waterfowl hunting is actively taking place, we prohibit
all public use other than waterfowl hunting
[[Page 47738]]
within the designated areas for waterfowl hunting.
    (ii) We allow raccoon and opossum hunting between the hours of
legal sunset and legal sunrise.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(iii) and (vi)
through (x) of this section apply.
    (iv) You may take incidental species (coyote, beaver, nutria, and
feral hog) during any hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts.
    (v) We require bobwhite quail and rabbit hunters to wear at least a
solid hunter orange vest or cap.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(iii) and (vi)
through (x) and (j)(2)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) You must purchase a refuge quota deer permit (Quota Deer Hunt
Application; FWS Form 3- 2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System). Permits are nontransferable. Youth hunters age 15 and
younger are not required to a purchase a refuge quota deer permit and
can obtain a free permit from the refuge's office.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) You may place one portable tree stand or ground blind for deer
hunting on the refuge only during the open deer season. You must
clearly label the stand or blind with your State hunting license
number. When not in use and left on the refuge, you must place stands
in a non-hunting position at ground level.
    (v) While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses
climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, you must use
a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the
Treestand Manufacturer's Association standards.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The general sport fishing, boating, and bow fishing season
extends from March 1 through October 31, except that we open the
shoreline of Bluff Lake from the Bluff Lake Boardwalk to the visitor
center, the entire Noxubee River, and all borrow pit areas along
Highway 25 to fishing year-round.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(ix) and (x) and
(j)(2)(i) of this section apply.
    (iii) Anglers must keep boat travel at idle speed, and they must
not create a wake when moving.
    (iv) We prohibit limb lines, jug fishing, trotlines, snag lines,
and hand grappling in Ross Branch, Bluff, and Loakfoma Lakes, as well
as in areas within 100 yards of refuge water and transportation
structures.
    (v) When left unattended, anglers must tag fishing gear with their
State fishing license number. Anglers must check all gear within 24
hours each day or remove these devices (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (vi) We allow trotlining on the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (A) Anglers must label each end of the trotline floats with the
owner's State fishing license number.
    (B) We limit trotlines to one line per person, and we allow no more
than two trotlines per boat.
    (C) Anglers must tend all trotlines every 24 hours, and must remove
them when not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (D) Trotlines must possess at least 6-inch (15.2-cm) cotton string
leads.
    (vii) We allow jug fishing on the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (A) Anglers must label each jug with their State fishing license
number.
    (B) Anglers must check all jugs every 24 hours, and must remove
them when not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We prohibit bow fishing after legal sunset.
    (ix) We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.
    (x) We prohibit the taking of frogs, turtles, and crawfish (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (xi) We prohibit using nets of any type to capture free-roaming
fish or wildlife. You may use a fishing net to recover fish caught by
hook and line.
    (xii) Outside the Noxubee Wilderness Area, anglers may leave
trotlines and jugs used for fishing overnight if they are labled with
the angler's State fishing license number.
    (k) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on Butler Lake, Salt Lake, and Gillard Lake
from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (ii) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
purchase an Annual Public Use Permit (electronic form). We require the
refuge user to sign, certifying that you understand and will comply
with all regulations, and carry this permit at all times while on the
refuge.
    (iii) Hunters must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds,
and decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (iv) We allow only portable blinds.
    (v) Hunters only may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and
must exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any
petroleum facility or equipment, or refuge residences and buildings.
    (viii) We prohibit the use of handguns for hunting on the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, opossum, beaver, nutria, and coyote in designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting shotguns, .22 caliber rimfire rifles or
smaller, and muzzle-loading rifles under .38 caliber shooting patched
round balls. We prohibit the possession of hunting with slugs,
buckshot, or rifle hunting ammunition larger than .22 rimfire.
    (ii) You must wear a hunter-orange hat and upper garment when
hunting in open fields or reforested areas.
    (iii) We allow raccoon hunting only during the month of February
from legal sunset to legal sunrise with the following conditions:
    (A) We require the use of dogs.
    (B) You may use only .22 caliber rimfire rifles for hunting.
    (iv) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
nutria, and coyote when hunting migratory birds, upland game, big game
species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.
    (v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ii) and (iv)
through (vii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, lottery youth
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow only still hunting.
    (ii) Hunters may take only one deer per day.
    (iii) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
centimeters) of unbroken hunter orange as the outermost layer of
clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken hunter
orange. You must wear the solid-hunter-orange items while in the field.
    (iv) While hunting, all persons age 16 and younger must be in the
presence
[[Page 47739]]
and under direct supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or
older.
    (v) Youth gun hunts (ages 10 to 15) for deer and waterfowl will
coincide with designated State youth hunts each year. Youth deer
hunters may use any weapon deemed legal by the State except for
buckshot, which we prohibit.
    (vi) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
season dates, and you must remove them no more than 2 days after the
hunting season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark
your stand with your State hunting license identification number. We
allow each hunter one portable stand or blind on the refuge.
    (vii) Refuge users must check all deer (name) taken prior to
leaving the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated
on the map in the refuge public use brochure.
    (viii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ii) and (iv)
through (vii) and (k)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow sport fishing from February 1 through November 15. On
those days, you may fish from 30 minutes before legal sunrise to 30
minutes after legal sunset only.
    (ii) On the Sibley Unit, we prohibit motorized boats north of the
Ring Levee. Anglers may hand-launch boats in Swamp Lake during nonflood
conditions.
    (iii) An adult age 21 or older must supervise youth age 15 and
younger who may fish in the Kid's Pond. We prohibit adults from fishing
in this pond.
    (iv) We allow bow fishing.
    (v) We prohibit taking alligator gar.
    (vi) We prohibit crawfishing.
    (vii) We prohibit commercial fishing.
    (viii) We prohibit possession of trotline equipment, including limb
lines, nets, traps, yo-yos, and/or jugs.
    (ix) The condition set forth at paragraph (k)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (l) Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a signed
North Mississippi NWR hunting permit (code 606, available from the
Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks). While
hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and younger (``youth
hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct supervision of a
licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or older (``licensed hunter''). A
licensed hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required
licenses and permits.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset, except during raccoon
and frog hunts.
    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
(FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it
at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested,
and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
    (v) It is unlawful to hunt from or shoot into the 100-foot (30.5-
meter) zone along either side of designated roads and parking lots.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting migratory
game birds and upland game. We prohibit the use of dogs during big game
hunts.
    (vii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (viii) You are allowed no more than 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess a valid general Special Use Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-G) to hunt raccoon on the refuge.
    (ii) Each hunter must obtain a daily Upland/Small Game/Furbearer
Report (FWS Form 3-2362). You must display the card in plain view on
the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is
readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and
deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game
harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i), (ii), and
(v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Each hunter must obtain a daily Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
Form 3-2359). You must display the card in plain view on the dashboard
of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable. Prior to
leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it at one of
the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested, and if you
harvest no game, report ``0.'' We prohibit hunters possessing more than
one Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) at a time.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i), (ii), and
(v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
planted field from ground level.
    (v) We allow valid permit holders to possess and hunt from one
portable stand or blind on the refuge. You must permanently and legibly
write your State hunting license number on all stands on the refuge.
Stands left on the area do not reserve the hunting locations. You may
place stands up to 2 days prior to the hunt, and you must remove them
no more than 2 days after the refuge's deer season closes (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter). Ground blinds must display a minimum 400 square
inches (2,581 square centimeters) of fluorescent orange that is visible
from all sides.
    (vi) Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest
system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturer's Association standards.
    (vii) We prohibit the use of buckshot on the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing.
    (ii) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
and will comply with all regulations.
    (iii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-
grab baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices.
    (iv) We prohibit commercial fishing of any kind.
    (v) We only allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or
any other similar devices for recreational use. You must tag or mark
them with the angler's State fishing license number written with
waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped on the tag, and
you must attend the devices a minimum of
[[Page 47740]]
once every 24 hours. When not attended, you must remove these devices
from the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) We prohibit snagging or attempting to snag fish.
    (vii) We allow crawfishing.
    (viii) We allow take of frog only with a Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G).
    (m) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, coot, and dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
valid Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex Annual Public
Use Permit (electronic form).
    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
limited draw hunts.
    (v) Valid Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex
Annual Public Use Permit (electronic form) holders may incidentally
take opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria in any refuge hunt
season with weapons legal for that hunt. Valid permit holders may
incidentally take feral hog during deer or turkey hunts only.
    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
(m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
with a means to take, within these areas.
    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
    (x) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
field.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow only shotguns .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles for
small game hunting.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and raccoon,
and for the February rabbit hunt.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(i) through (vi)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
following the posted instructions.
    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt, and
must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
special regulations apply.
    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
breech-loading firearms of any type.
    (vii) Limited draw hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit (electronic
form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you
must return the permit (Big Game Harvest Report, FWS Form 3-2359) with
information concerning that hunt to the refuge. Failure to return this
permit will disqualify the hunter for any limited hunts the next year.
    (4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.44   Missouri.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove
all your blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge each day (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter), except for blinds made entirely of marsh
vegetation.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: On the 131-acre
mainland unit of Boone's Crossing, we allow upland game hunting with
archery methods only. On Johnson Island, we allow hunting of game
animals during Statewide seasons using archery methods or shotguns
using shot no larger than BB.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
January 31. Hunters must place their State Conservation number on their
stands.
    (ii) On the Boone's Crossing Unit, including Johnson Island, we
allow deer and turkey hunters with archery methods only.
    (iii) On the Cora Island Unit, we allow deer hunting with archery
methods only. We restrict hunting for other game on this unit to
shotgun only with shot no larger than BB.
    (iv) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: You must operate all
motorized boats at no-wake speed.
    (b) Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must register at the hunter sign-in/out station and record
the sex and age of deer harvested on the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
Form 3-2359).
    (ii) We prohibit shooting at deer that are on any portion of the
main perimeter levee.
    (iii) If you are assigned a specific blind location, you may hunt
only from that location.
[[Page 47741]]
    (iv) We allow use of portable stands, but hunters must remove them
at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) You must remove all boats, blinds, blind materials, stands,
platforms, scaffolds, and other hunting equipment from the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We allow only boat fishing, except that we allow bank fishing
during managed refuge special events.
    (iii) Anglers must remove all boats and fishing equipment at the
end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (c) Great River National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.32(e)
for regulations.
    (d) Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of light goose on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of light geese only during the spring
conservation order season.
    (ii) We require hunters to have a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
1383-C), and all hunters must hunt with a guide.
    (iii) We allow the guide and hunters into the hunt boundary up to 2
hours prior to legal shooting time.
    (iv) Hunting ends at 1 p.m.
    (v) We allow dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the
immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (vi) We allow portable blinds and decoys at the discretion of the
guide.
    (vii) We prohibit pit blinds.
    (viii) We prohibit retrieving crippled geese outside of the hunt
boundary, including adjacent private land. This includes retrieval by
dogs.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a valid State-managed hunt unit permit to hunt deer
on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow only muzzleloader hunting.
    (iii) We require hunters to check in and out of the refuge.
    (iv) You must remove your stand(s) from the refuge at the end of
the managed deer hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: You may take fish,
amphibians, reptiles, and crustaceans only with a hand-held pole and
line or rod and reel.
    (e) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to
Sec.  32.32(i) for regulations.
    (f) Mingo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow waterfowl hunting in Pool 7 and Pool 8 subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl hunting, provided the
dogs are under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until 1 p.m.
    (iii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We require hunters to go through the Missouri Department of
Conservation daily draw process at Duck Creek Conservation Area to hunt
in Pool 7 and Pool 8.
    (v) We require hunters to read our refuge hunting brochure that
contains a hunting permit (signed brochure). We require hunters to sign
and carry the permit/brochure while hunting.
    (vi) We allow the take of feral hog at any time, and bobcat when in
season, while legally hunting others species on the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, and
bobcat in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(v) and (vi) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunter access from 1\1/2\ hours before legal shooting
time until 1\1/2\ hours after legal shooting time.
    (iii) We require that all hunters register at the hunter sign-in
stations and complete an Upland Game Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2362)
located at the exit kiosks prior to exiting the refuge.
    (iv) We allow squirrel hunting from the State opening day until the
day before the State opening of archery deer season.
    (v) Archery hunters may take squirrel, raccoon, and bobcat while in
season and feral hog anytime while archery deer hunting.
    (vi) We allow raccoon hunting by special use permit during the
Statewide raccoon season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting in designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(iii), (v), and
(vi) and (f)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We require that all hunters register at the hunter sign-in
stations and complete the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359)
located at the exit kiosks prior to exiting the refuge.
    (iii) We allow archery hunting for deer and turkey during the fall
season.
    (iv) We allow spring turkey hunting. You may only use or possess
approved nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field,
including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey.
    (v) We allow archery hunting in the Expanded General Hunt Area
through October 31.
    (vi) We allow portable tree stands. You may place a portable tree
stand no earlier than 2 weeks before the State archery deer season, and
you must remove it no later than 2 weeks after the State archery deer
season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter), except that in the Expanded
General Hunt Area, you must remove all personal property at the end of
each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). A tree stand left on the
refuge must be labeled with hunter's conservation identification
number.
    (vii) We allow only one tree stand per deer hunter.
    (viii) Hunters may use boats to access the hunt area.
    (ix) We require hunters to apply for managed deer hunts through the
Missouri Department of Conservation internet draw.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Except as provided under paragraph (f)(4)(ii) of this section,
we allow fishing from March 1 through September 30, from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset, on all refuge
waters.
    (ii) We allow fishing year-round from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset on Red Mill Pond, Mingo River
(south of Ditch 6 Road), Stanley Creed, May Pond, Fox Pond, and Ditches
1, 2, 3, 6, 10, and 11.
    (iii) We allow the use of electric trolling motors outside the
Mingo Wilderness.
    (iv) We require the removal of watercraft from the refuge at the
end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) We allow anglers to take nongame fish by nets and seines for
personal use only from March 1 through September 30.
    (vi) Anglers must attend trammel and gill nets at all times and
plainly label them with the angler's conservation identification (ID)
number.
    (vii) We only allow the use of trotlines, throwlines, limb lines,
bank lines, and jug lines from \1/2\ hour before
[[Page 47742]]
legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. Anglers must mark
each line with their conservation ID number.
    (viii) We allow the take of common snapping turtle and soft-shelled
turtle using only pole and line. We require all anglers to immediately
release all alligator snapping turtles.
    (g) Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, dove, rail, snipe, and woodcock
on the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require the Missouri Department of Conservation ``Green
Card'' while hunting waterfowl.
    (ii) We require Missouri Department of Conservation ``White Cards''
while dove hunting.
    (iii) You must follow designated check-in and check-out procedures.
    (iv) We only allow waterfowl hunting during designated days of the
waterfowl seasons, late goose season, and Spring Conservation Order
season.
    (v) We restrict hunting hours to designated times on designated
units. You must remove all equipment (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter)
and exit units by 1 p.m.
    (vi) During the Spring Conservation Order season, you may leave
decoys and blinds overnight in your assigned unit.
    (vii) You may hunt only in your assigned designated area. We assign
designated areas to hunters at the check station.
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (ix) We restrict hunting units to parties no larger than four,
unless otherwise designated.
    (x) We allow hand-pulled carts.
    (xi) You must park vehicles in designated parking areas.
    (xii) We prohibit hunting or shooting on, across, or within 100
feet (30.5 meters) of a service road, parking lot, or designated trail.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(xii) of this
section applies.
    (ii) We allow shotguns, handguns, and rimfire .22 caliber rifles.
    (iii) You may not access the refuge from neighboring private or
public lands.
    (iv) We restrict hunting use hours on designated hunting units.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and wild turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iii) and
(g)(2)(iii) of this section apply.
    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
    (iii) On the refuge, we allow hunting of white-tailed deer subject
to the following conditions:
    (A) We require a Missouri Department of Conservation Permit, along
with Missouri Department of Conservation hunter identification tags and
parking permits (name/address/phone number), to hunt during the managed
deer hunt.
    (B) You must participate in a pre-hunt orientation for managed deer
hunts.
    (C) You must hunt in designated areas during designated times.
    (D) We allow entry onto the refuge 1 hour prior to shooting hours
during managed deer hunts. You must be off the refuge 1 hour after
shooting hours, unless the refuge manager or designee has given you
permission to stay on the refuge until a later time.
    (E) We prohibit shooting from, across, or within 100 feet (30.5
meters (m)) of a service road, public road, parking lot, or designated
trail unless authorized by the refuge manager.
    (F) We allow use of portable tree stands and blinds during managed
deer hunts, and you must remove them at designated times (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter). You must attach your conservation
identification number to all stands and blinds. During managed firearms
hunts, you must mark enclosed hunting blinds and stands with hunter
orange visible from all sides.
    (G) During special hunts, one nonhunting assistant may accompany
youth or hunters with disabilities.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on the refuge only during refuge open hours.
    (ii) The Taylor Point area of Elk Creek is open to fishing year-
round during daylight hours. Anglers may access this area by a refuge
road (FHWA Route 100) off of State Highway E.
    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats on refuge waters, except
that anglers may use motor boats on the Silver Lake impoundment. No
wake applies to all waters on the refuge.
    (iv) Anglers must remove all boats from the refuge at the end of
each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (h) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.32(k)
for regulations.
Sec.  32.45   Montana.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, swan, and coot in designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas 2
hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) Hunters with a documented mobility disability may reserve an
accessible blind in advance by contacting the refuge office.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, and gray partridge in designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i)
of this section applies.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (b) Benton Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of coyote, skunk, red
fox, raccoon, hare, rabbit, and tree squirrel on designated areas of
the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district.
    (c) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, portable
blinds, other personal property, and any materials brought onto the
refuge for blind construction by legal sunset each day (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Fox and coyote
hunters may only use centerfire rifles, rimfire rifles, or shotguns
with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated
portions of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
[[Page 47743]]
    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands, portable
blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms on the refuge from August
15 through December 15.
    (ii) You must visibly mark portable tree stands, portable blinds,
and freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing
system (ALS) number.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G) to hunt fox and coyotes.
    (ii) Fox and coyote hunters may only use centerfire rifles, rimfire
rifles, or shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (iii) Any person hunting or accompanying a hunter must wear a
minimum of 400 square inches (2,581 square centimeters) of hunter
orange (fluorescent) material above the waist, visible at all times.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (e) Bowdoin Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may leave portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
freestanding elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas (WPAs)
from August 15 through December 15.
    (ii) You must label portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing system
(ALS) number. The label must be legible from the ground.
    (iii) We only allow the use of archery, muzzleloader (as governed
by State regulations), or shotgun on the McNeil Slough WPA and Hammond
WPA.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district.
    (f) Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds,
turkey, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: We allow coyote hunting from the first day of
antelope rifle season through March 1 annually.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
    (ii) We limit each hunter to three stands or blinds. The hunter
must have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked
on the stand(s) or blind(s).
    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than
August 1, and you must remove them by December 15 of each year (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (g) Charles M. Russell Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
remove all watercraft and personal equipment following each day of
hunting (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game bird hunting on
designated areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
your tree stand(s) from the refuge after each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: Anglers must remove
all motor boats and other personal equipment at the end of each day
(see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (h) Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill
crane, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (i) Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow only upland game bird hunting on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (j) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, portable
blinds, other personal property, and any materials brought onto the
refuge for blind construction by legal sunset each day (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
portions of the refuge subject to the following condition: Fox and
coyote hunters may use only centerfire rifles, rim-fire rifles, or
shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands, portable
blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms on the refuge from August
15 through December 15.
    (ii) You must visibly mark portable tree stands, portable blinds,
and freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing
system (ALS) number.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (k) Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (l) Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill
crane, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the refuge.
[[Page 47744]]
    (4) [Reserved]
    (m) Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must obtain
landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:
Hunters must obtain landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must
obtain landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers must obtain
landowner permission before fishing on the refuge.
    (n) Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must hunt from an established blind.
    (ii) Legal entry time into the hunting area is no earlier than 2
hours before legal shooting hours. All hunters must exit the hunting
area no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
    (iii) We prohibit wildlife observation, scouting, and loitering
during waterfowl hunting season at the waterfowl hunting area parking
lot and on the refuge road leading to the waterfowl hunting area
parking lot.
    (iv) We close the waterfowl hunting area to waterfowl hunting on
Mondays and Thursdays.
    (v) Each hunter must complete the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS
Form 3-2361), must set the appropriate blind selector (metal flip tag)
before and after hunting, and must record hunting data (hours hunted
and birds harvested) on FWS Form 3-2361 before departing the hunting
area.
    (vi) We prohibit attempting to ``reserve'' a blind for use later in
the day by depositing a vehicle or other equipment on the refuge. A
hunter must be physically present in the hunting area in order to use a
blind. The exceptions are blinds 2 and 7, which may be reserved for
hunters with disabilities.
    (vii) No more than four hunters or individuals may use a blind at
one time.
    (viii) You must conduct all hunting from within the hunting blind.
    (ix) All hunters must have a visible means of retrieving waterfowl
such as a float tube, waders, or a dog capable of retrieving.
    (x) We prohibit falconry hunting.
    (xi) We allow the use of a portable ground blind within the
immediate mowed area around field blind #13.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit wildlife observation, scouting, and loitering at
access points and parking areas.
    (ii) Hunters may only enter the hunt area 2 hours prior to legal
hunting hours and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal hunting
hours.
    (iii) We allow archery hunting in the waterfowl hunting area in
September, except during the youth waterfowl hunt weekend. We will
allow archery hunting on Mondays and Thursdays in the waterfowl hunting
area during waterfowl hunting season.
    (iv) Each hunter must complete the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
Form 3-2359) before departing the hunting area.
    (v) We allow the use of portable tree stands or ground blinds. You
must attach a tag displaying the owner's automated licensing system
(ALS) number to each tree stand and/or ground blind you place on the
refuge.
    (vi) Hunters may not enter or retrieve deer from closed areas of
the refuge without the consent of an authorized official.
    (vii) Hunters with a documented mobility disability may access
designated locations in the hunting area to hunt from ground blinds. To
access these areas, hunters must contact the refuge manager in advance
to obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (o) Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and mountain
grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow use of riding or pack stock on designated access
routes through the refuge to access off-refuge lands as identified in
the public use leaflet.
    (ii) We prohibit retrieval of game in areas closed to hunting
without a refuge retrieval permit.
    (iii) We allow portable or temporary blinds and tree stands.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk, white-tailed deer,
and mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(2)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) The first week of the archery elk and deer hunting season and
the first week of the general elk and deer hunting season are open only
to youth hunters (ages 12 to 15). A nonhunting adult age 18 or older
must accompany the youth hunter in the field.
    (iii) Persons assisting disabled hunters must not be afield with a
hunting firearm, bow, or other hunting device.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (p) Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of coot, duck, goose, sandhill crane, tundra
swan, snipe, and dove on designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, partridge,
sharp-tailed grouse, coyote, red fox, and white-tailed jackrabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow hunting of coyote, red fox, and white-tailed jackrabbit during
daylight hours from November 15 through March 31.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and antelope on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (q) National Bison Range. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the National Bison Range as governed by joint State and Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We
prohibit the use of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.
    (r) Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge as governed by joint State and Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We
[[Page 47745]]
prohibit the use of lead or lead-based tackle.
    (s) Northeast Montana Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction at the end of
each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands and freestanding
elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas (WPAs) from August 25
through February 15.
    (ii) You must label portable tree stands and freestanding elevated
platforms with your automated licensing system (ALS) number so that the
number is legible from the ground.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (t) Northwest Montana Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
areas of the district as governed by State law (Flathead County
waterfowl production areas (WPAs)) and joint State and Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County WPAs), subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, portable blinds
(including those made of native materials), boat blinds, and all other
personal property at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs when hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district as governed by State law (Flathead County WPAs)
and joint State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations
for non-members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations
for members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County
WPAs), subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit hunting with a shotgun capable of holding more than
three shells.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district as follows:
    (i) We allow big game hunting on Flathead County WPAs as governed
by State law and subject to the following conditions:
    (A) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(i) and (t)(2)(i)
of this section apply.
    (B) We restrict hunting on Flathead, Blasdel, and Batavia WPAs to
hunting with archery equipment, shotgun, traditional handgun,
muzzleloader, or crossbow only.
    (ii) We allow big game hunting on Lake County WPAs as governed by
joint State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
non-members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on all WPAs throughout
the district as governed by State law (Flathead County WPAs) and joint
State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-
members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County
WPAs).
    (u) Pablo National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge as governed by joint State and Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated Salish and
Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use
of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.
    (v) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and
other personal equipment from the refuge each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit the use of motorized decoys.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, moose, and
pronghorn antelope on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We limit the number of hunters per day during the general big
game season for the area north of South Valley Road, south of Red Rock
River Mash, and west of Upper Red Rock Lake to the west refuge
boundary. We close this area to hunting by other big game hunters
during the general big game season. We select the hunters per day by
annual lottery.
    (ii) You may hire outfitters or ranchers for the retrieval of big
game only.
    (iii) We prohibit use of wheeled game carts or other mechanical
transportation devices for game retrieval on portions of the refuge
designated as Wilderness Area.
    (iv) We prohibit horses north of South Valley Road except for the
retrieval of big game. We only allow horses for back-country access to
the Centennial Mountains south of South Valley Road. We require the use
of certified weed-free hay or pellets in refuge parking lots and on
refuge roads or trails.
    (v) We prohibit hunting and/or shooting from or onto refuge lands
from within 50 yards (45 meters) of the centerline of any public road
open to motorized vehicles.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only use pole and line or rod and reel to fish on the
refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of felt-soled wading boots on all refuge
waters.
    (iii) We prohibit the use or possession of lead sinkers or any lead
fishing product while fishing.
    (w) Swan River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of elk, white-tailed
deer, and mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
    (ii) We limit each hunter to one stand or blind. The hunter must
have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked on
the stand or blind.
    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than the
first day of the hunting season, and you must remove them by the last
day of the hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (x) UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
[[Page 47746]]
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds and
coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: We allow coyote hunting from the first day of antelope rifle
season through March 1 annually.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
    (ii) We limit each hunter to three stands or blinds. The hunter
must have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked
on the stand(s) or blind(s).
    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than
August 1, and you must remove them by December 15 of each year (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (y) War Horse National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
Sec.  32.46   Nebraska.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may access the refuge from 2 hours before legal sunrise
until 2 hours after legal sunset along the immediate shoreline and
including the high bank of the Missouri River. You may access the
hunting area by water or, if by land, only within the public use area
of the Island Unit.
    (ii) You must remove all blinds and decoys at the conclusion of
each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The refuge manager will annually determine and publish hunting
season dates and include them in the refuge access permit (signed
brochure).
    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit (signed
brochure) at all times while in the hunting area.
    (iii) We allow hunters in the designated areas from 2 hours before
legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (iv) We allow two portable tree stands/blinds per hunter within the
hunt area. Of those, only one stand/blind can be left on the refuge
from 1 week prior to the start of the designated hunt season to 1 week
after the end of the designated hunt season.
    (v) You must plainly label unattended stands and blinds with the
full name and/or hunting license number of the owner. Labels must be
visible from ground level.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow personally attended hook and line fishing and archery
fishing (rough fish only) from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, float lines, bank lines, or
setlines.
    (iii) We prohibit digging or seining for bait.
    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles or frogs (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (v) Anglers may use no more than two lines and two hooks per line.
    (b) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may enter the designated hunting area 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must be back to their vehicle in the process of
leaving the refuge 2 hours after legal sunset. Official shooting hours
are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset for deer, coyote, and furbearer hunters; and from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise until legal sunset for all other hunters.
    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds and upland game, you may
only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
    (iii) We open the refuge to hunting from September 1 through
January 31.
    (iv) We prohibit publicly organized hunts unless authorized under a
Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C).
    (v) We only allow floating blinds on Island Lake.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit,
jack rabbit, furbearer, coyote, ring-necked pheasant, and prairie
grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow electronic calls for coyote and furbearer hunting.
    (iii) Coyotes and all furbearers or their parts, if left in the
field, must be left at least 50 yards away from any road, trail, or
building. Otherwise, hunters must remove them from the refuge (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
remain until 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We open Island Lake to fishing year-round and open Smith and
Crane Lakes to fishing seasonally from November 1 through February 15.
We close all other refuge lakes to fishing.
    (iii) We prohibit leaving temporary shelters used for fishing
overnight on the refuge.
    (c) Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require the submission of a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
brochure) when hunting. We require hunters to complete a Big Game
Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) and return it to the refuge at the
conclusion of the hunting season.
    (ii) We allow hunting with muzzleloader and archery equipment. We
prohibit hunting with firearms capable of firing cartridge ammunition.
    (iii) We allow hunter access from 2 hours before legal sunrise
until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (iv) We allow horses within the wilderness area. We limit horse use
to three groups at a time and no more than five horses per group. We
limit horse access to the wilderness area via the wilderness overlook
or the refuge corrals and buffalo bridge.
    (v) We prohibit leaving tree stands and ground blinds in the same
location for more than 7 consecutive days. You may put up tree stands,
elevated
[[Page 47747]]
platforms, and ground blinds, but no earlier than opening day of deer
season; you must remove them by the last day of deer season (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) We prohibit hunting during the Nebraska November Firearm Deer
Season.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use of limb or set lines.
    (ii) We prohibit the take of baitfish, reptiles, and amphibians
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing on refuge lands and waters.
    (d) North Platte National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
pheasant, furbearers (as governed by State definitions), and coyote on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We close the Lake Alice Unit to all public entry from October
15 through January 14.
    (ii) Hunters must be 15 years of age or younger (``youth
hunters''). A licensed hunter 19 years of age or older (``adult
guide'') must accompany youth hunters. Adult guides must not hunt or
carry firearms.
    (iii) We close the refuge to public use from legal sunset to legal
sunrise. However, youth hunters and their adult guides may enter the
designated hunting area 1 hour prior to legal sunrise.
    (iv) We only allow the use of dogs for pheasant hunting on the
refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of mule deer and
white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We close the refuge to public use from legal sunset to legal
sunrise. However, archery deer hunters may enter the designated hunting
area 1 hour prior to legal sunrise and remain until 1 hour after legal
sunset.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (e) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except that we prohibit
hunting with dogs from May 1 to July 31.
    (ii) We prohibit exercising, running, or training dogs from May 1
to July 31.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district subject to the following condition: The
conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: The conditions set
forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district.
    (f) Valentine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunter access from 2 hours before legal sunrise to 2
hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
prairie chicken, ring-necked pheasant, dove, and coyote on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow coyote hunting from September 1 to March 31. Shooting
hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset.
    (iii) When hunting upland game, you may only use dogs to locate,
point, and retrieve, except that we prohibit the use of dogs to hunt
coyotes.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of bait to hunt coyotes.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this
section applies.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
remain 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the take of reptiles, amphibians, and minnows (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter), with the exception that you may take
bullfrogs on refuge lakes open to fishing.
Sec.  32.47   Nevada.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, snipe, and
dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We only allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on
the refuge hunting area during the migratory waterfowl hunting season.
    (ii) We open the refuge to the public from 1 hour before legal
sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (b) Desert National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bighorn sheep on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
require bighorn sheep guides to obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-C) prior to taking clients onto the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, snipe, and
dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on designated days.
    (ii) We only allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on
the refuge hunting area during the migratory waterfowl hunting season.
    (iii) From October 1 to February 1, you may only possess shotshells
in quantities of 25 or fewer when in the field once you have left your
assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail and rabbit on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on designated days.
    (ii) We allow hunting of jackrabbits only during the State
cottontail season.
    (iii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing year-
round, except that we close the North Marsh to all fishing from October
1 through February 1.
[[Page 47748]]
    (d) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of dark goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and
common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Hunters may access the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all blind materials and decoys following
each day's hunt.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may access the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
until 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow fishing by wading and from personal flotation devices
(float tubes) and bank fishing in designated areas.
    (iii) You may use only artificial lures in the Collection Ditch and
adjoining spring ponds.
    (iv) We prohibit the possession of live or dead bait fish, any
amphibians (including frogs), and crayfish on the refuge.
    (e) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow only
portable blinds and temporary blinds constructed of synthetic material.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, grouse, and
chukar on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, antelope, and
bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow ground blinds, and you must not construct them earlier
than 1 week prior to the opening day of the legal season for which you
have a valid State-issued hunting permit.
    (ii) You must remove blinds within 24 hours of harvesting an animal
or at the end of the permittee's legal season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iii) You must label blinds with your State hunting license and
permit numbers.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (f) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game species on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
prohibit hunting after legal sunset.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must
only use shotguns, muzzleloading weapons, or bow and arrow for hunting
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.48   New Hampshire.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must access waterfowl hunting areas by boat launched from
off-refuge sites only. We prohibit overland access through the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We prohibit hunters from discharging a bow and arrow within 15
feet (4.5 meters), or a firearm within 200 feet (61 meters), of the
traveled portion of, or across, any refuge roads or trails.
    (ii) We allow hunting for deer during a 2-day hunt during the first
weekend of the State's firearms season subject to the following
conditions:
    (A) We require hunters to have a lottery-issued refuge firearms
deer hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System) and to possess it at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (B) We allow scouting during the week prior to the first day of the
firearms deer hunt.
    (C) Hunters must check-in with refuge personnel prior to entering
the refuge, and must check out with refuge personnel when exiting the
refuge.
    (D) Hunters must register harvested deer at the refuge check
station, if a refuge check station is offered.
    (E) Hunters must wear a minimum of 400 square inches (2,581 square
centimeters) of solid-colored, blaze-orange clothing or material, in a
visible manner on the head, chest, and back.
    (iii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting during the
fall season subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We require hunters to have a lottery-issued refuge hunt permit
(Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) and to possess it at all times while
scouting and hunting on the refuge.
    (B) We allow scouting during the week prior to the season opening.
    (C) We prohibit archery hunting during the 2-day deer firearms
hunt, unless the hunter possesses the appropriate firearms deer hunt
permit.
    (iv) We allow turkey hunting during the spring season subject to
the following conditions: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
(a)(3)(iii)(A) and (B) of this section apply.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, common
snipe, and American woodcock on designated areas of the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, raccoon,
woodchuck, red squirrel, eastern gray squirrel, porcupine, skunk,
American crow, snowshoe hare, ring-necked pheasant, and ruffed grouse
on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, moose,
black bear, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow portable tree stands and blinds.
    (ii) You must label your portable tree stands and/or blinds with
your name and State hunting license number. The label must be clearly
visible on the stands or blinds.
    (iii) You must remove your tree stands or blinds by the end of the
season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (c) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, snipe, coot, crow, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
retrieval of game species.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox, raccoon,
woodchuck, squirrel, porcupine, skunk, snowshoe hare, ring-necked
pheasant, and ruffed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
[[Page 47749]]
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bear, white-tailed deer,
coyote, wild turkey, and moose on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (c)(2)(i)
of this section apply.
    (ii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
harvested on the refuge.
    (iii) We allow temporary blinds and tree stands that are clearly
marked with the owner's name and State hunting license number. You may
erect temporary blinds and tree stands no earlier than 14 days prior to
the hunting season, and you must remove them within 14 days after the
hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.49   New Jersey.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Cape May National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, coot, moorhen, rail, snipe, and
woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The snipe season on the refuge begins with the start of the
State early woodcock south zone season and continues through the end of
the State snipe season.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds.
    (iii) We prohibit falconry.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (ii) We allow rabbit and squirrel hunting following the end of the
State's 6-day firearm season for white-tailed deer, until the close of
the regular rabbit and squirrel season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) You must mark tree stands with the owner's New Jersey
Conservation Identification Number.
    (ii) You must remove all tree stands, blinds, and hunting materials
at the end of the State deer hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater sport fishing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from 1 hour before legal sunrise to 1 hour
after legal sunset.
    (ii) We close the Atlantic Ocean beach annually to all access,
including fishing, between April 1 and September 30.
    (iii) We prohibit fishing for, or possession of, shellfish on
refuge lands.
    (b) Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, coot, moorhen, and rail on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit
(Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We require
hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt
Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and hunting on the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit (Big/
Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and
hunting deer and turkey on the refuge.
    (ii) You must mark deer stands with the hunter's New Jersey
Conservation Identification Number. You must remove deer stands from
the refuge at the end of the last day of the hunting season (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System), and possess the signed
refuge permit at all times while hunting or scouting on the refuge.
    (ii) On scouting days, hunters must access the refuge between legal
sunrise and legal sunset. On hunting days, hunters may enter the refuge
2 hours before legal shooting time and must leave no later than 2 hours
after legal shooting time.
    (iii) Hunters may put up tree stands beginning on the first
scouting day, except on the day of the refuge's youth hunt. Hunters
must retrieve their stands by 12 p.m. (noon) on the Sunday after the
last day of the hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). All hunters
must put their last name and Conservation Identification Number on
their stand, and they may have only one stand in the field at any one
time.
    (iv) We allow hunters to use sleds to retrieve deer in the
Wilderness Area east of Long Hill/New Vernon Road. We prohibit wheeled
game carriers.
    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose and duck on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow only bow hunting on the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on the
refuge in designated areas subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the taking of frogs and turtles from all nontidal
waters and refuge lands (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit fishing in designated nontidal waters from legal
sunset to legal sunrise.
    (iii) We prohibit bow fishing in nontidal waters.
    (e) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
[[Page 47750]]
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
time and must leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, crow,
ruffed grouse, opossum, raccoon, pheasant, chukar, rabbit/hare/
jackrabbit, squirrel, and woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (e)(2)(i)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iii) The Armstrong tract is archery only for deer and bear.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We open Owens Station Crossing for catch-and-release fishing
only.
    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit the taking of amphibians and reptiles (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit minnow/bait trapping.
Sec.  32.50   New Mexico.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose; duck; coot; mourning and white-
winged dove; and sandhill crane on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We restrict hunting in the Middle Tract to the following times:
    (A) You may hunt only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays during
the period when the State seasons that apply to the Middle Tract area
are open simultaneously for hunting all of the species allowed.
    (B) You may hunt only until 1 p.m. on each hunt day.
    (ii) On the South Tract, we allow hunting only during special hunts
(hunters with disabilities and/or youth hunters age 17 and younger).
    (iii) You must remove all waterfowl decoys and all temporary
blinds/stands after each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail
(scaled, Gambel's, bobwhite, and Montezuma), Eurasian-collared dove,
cottontail, and jack rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow rabbit hunting on the North Tract only during the
season that is concurrently open for quail hunting within the State.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer, white-tailed
deer, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) Hunters may take feral hog (no bag limit) only while legally
hunting deer and only with the weapon legal for deer on that day in
that area.
    (ii) You must remove all temporary blinds/stands after each day's
hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove and
light goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of light goose on dates to be determined by
refuge staff. Hunters must possess a permit available through a lottery
drawing (Waterfowl Lottery Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) You must remove all waterfowl decoys, spent shells, all
temporary blinds/stands, and all other personal equipment at the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iv) We prohibit falconry on the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of scaled, Gambel's,
bobwhite, and Montezuma quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set
forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) through (iv) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer, oryx, and
bearded Rio Grande turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) You may hunt on the east side of the Rio Grande only by foot,
horseback, or bicycle. Bicycles must stay on designated roads.
    (iii) We allow hunting of bearded Rio Grande turkey for youth
hunters on weekends April through May. All hunters must fill out FWS
Form 3-2439 (Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and pay
a fee. The permit is available through a lottery drawing. If selected,
you must carry your refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2349) at all times
during the hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit trotlines, bow fishing, seining, dip netting, and
traps.
    (iv) We allow frogging for bullfrog on the refuge in areas that are
open to fishing. We allow the use of hook and line, spears, gigs, and
archery equipment to take bullfrog.
    (c) Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory Game Bird
Hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and goose on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iii) We allow hunting of goose on dates to be determined by refuge
staff. Hunters must possess a permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (iv) Shooting hours for geese are from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise to 1 p.m. local time.
    (v) We assign a bag limit for both light goose and Canada goose.
    (2)--(4) [Reserved]
    (d) Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
[[Page 47751]]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from noon March 1 through October 31.
    (ii) We allow boats on Lake 13 only during the fishing season;
boats must travel at trolling speed only.
    (e) San Andres National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of oryx or gemsbok (Oryx
gazella) and desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana) on
designated areas of the refuge as governed by White Sands Missile Range
(WSMR) regulations subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters using livestock (i.e., horses or mules) must provide
only certified weed-free feed to their animals while on the refuge. You
must feed livestock weed-free feed exclusively for 3 days prior to
arrival on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicle (ATV) use by hunters or members
of their hunting party, for game retrieval only. ATVs must remain on
designated roads. All vehicles, including trailers and ATVs, must be
cleaned of mud, vegetation, and other debris prior to use on the
refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (f) Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, white-winged dove, goose,
duck, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) In Units A and B, legal hunting hours begin from \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise and will not extend past 1 p.m. on each hunt day.
Hunters may access Units A and B from 1 hour before legal sunrise until
1 hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) In Unit B, we allow waterfowl hunting from designated blinds
only.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iv) At Unit A, in the Cornerstone Marsh Unit, we give priority use
to disabled hunters (per Mobility-Impaired Certification in the State
Hunting Rules and Information pamphlet).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
Eurasian collared-dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (ii) In the Rio Puerco Unit, legal hunting hours will run from \1/
2\ hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow falcons to hunt dove in the Rio Puerco Unit only.
    (iv) We open to Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
State South Zone mourning and white-winged dove season.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.51   New York.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We seasonally close the
refuge to sport fishing from April 1 to August 31.
    (b) Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3)
[Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, coot, gallinule,
woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) For hunting of duck, goose, and coot:
    (A) We allow hunting on Saturday of the New York State Youth Days.
    (B) We allow hunting Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays from
opening day of regular waterfowl season until the end of the first
split.
    (C) We require proof of successful completion of the New York State
waterfowl identification course, the Iroquois nonresident waterfowl
identification course, or a suitable nonresident State waterfowl
identification course. All hunters must show proof of successful course
completion each time they hunt, in addition to showing their valid
hunting license and signed Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and
Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck Stamp).
    (D) We require a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (E) We only allow hunting from legal starting time until 12 p.m.
(noon). We require hunters to check out no later than 1 p.m., and
return a completed Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361).
    (F) We require hunters to stay in designated hunting areas, unless
actively pursuing downed or crippled birds.
    (ii) For hunting of rail, gallinule, snipe, and woodcock, we only
allow hunting east of Sour Springs Road from October 1 until the
opening of regular waterfowl season.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
squirrel, cottontail rabbit, pheasant, coyote, fox, raccoon, skunk, and
opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) For small game hunting:
    (A) We allow hunting from October 1 until the last day of February.
    (B) We prohibit the use of raptors to take small game.
    (ii) For furbearer hunting, we prohibit hunting from legal sunset
to legal sunrise.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) for spring turkey
hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and frogging from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit collecting fish for use as bait.
    (d) Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, Canada goose, and snow goose on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For the regular waterfowl season:
    (A) We require daily refuge permits (Migratory Bird Hunt Report,
FWS Form 3-2361) and reservations; we issue permits to hunters with a
reservation for that hunt day. We require you to complete and return
your permit by the end of the hunt day.
    (B) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays
during the established refuge season set within the State western zone
season. We allow a youth waterfowl hunt during New York State's
established youth waterfowl hunt each year.
    (C) All hunters with reservations and their hunting companions must
check-in at the Route 89 Hunter Check Station area at least 1 hour
before legal shooting time or forfeit their reservation.
    (D) We allow motorless boats to hunt waterfowl. We limit hunters to
one boat per reservation and one motor vehicle in the hunt area per
reservation.
    (E) We prohibit shooting from any dike or within 50 feet (15.2
meters (m)) of any dike or road, or from within 500 feet (152.4 m) of
the Tschache Pool observation tower.
    (F) We require proof of successful completion of the New York State
waterfowl identification course, the Montezuma nonresident waterfowl
[[Page 47752]]
identification course, or a suitable nonresident State waterfowl
identification course. All hunters must show proof of successful course
completion each time they hunt, in addition to showing their valid
State-issued hunting license and signed Federal Migratory Bird Hunting
and Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck Stamp).
    (ii) For Canada goose and snow goose hunting:
    (A) We allow hunting of Canada goose during the New York State
September (or ``early'') season and of snow goose during portions of
the New York State snow goose season and portions of the period covered
by the Light Goose Conservation Order.
    (B) You must possess a valid daily hunt permit card (Migratory Bird
Hunt Report, FWS Form 3-2361). We require you to complete and return
the daily hunt permit card by the end of the hunt day.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We close Esker Brook and South Spring Pool Trails to hunting
before November 1 each year. We close Wildlife Drive to hunting before
December 1 each year. We open Seneca Trail and the Refuge Headquarters
area during New York State's late archery/muzzleloader season only. We
allow a youth white-tailed deer hunt during the State's established
youth white-tailed deer hunt each year.
    (ii) You must possess a valid daily Big/Upland Game Hunt permit
card (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge
System). We require you to complete and return the daily hunt permit
card by the end of the hunt day.
    (iii) We allow white-tailed deer hunters to be on the refuge during
the period that begins 2 hours before legal sunrise and ends 2 hours
after legal sunset.
    (iv) We only allow turkey hunting during the State fall and youth
turkey seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow access for fishing from designated
areas of the refuge.
    (e) Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may fish from
the refuge shoreline at Mill Pond from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (f) Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may fish in
refuge-controlled waters of the Great South Bay from boats only.
    (g) Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2)
[Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must purchase a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters
to possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) You may take deer using archery equipment only.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
time and leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (h) Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow sport fishing
in Huntington Bay from the refuge shoreline when the refuge is open to
visitors.
    (i) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
time and leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit/hare, gray/
black/fox squirrel, pheasant, bobwhite quail, ruffed grouse, crow, red/
gray fox, coyote, bobcat, raccoon, skunk, mink, weasel, and opossum on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (i)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(ii) and (i)(2)(i)
and (iii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open Owens Station Crossing for catch-and-release fishing
only.
    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit the taking of amphibians and reptiles (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit minnow/bait trapping.
    (j) Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer within
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow archery and shotgun hunting of white-tailed deer
within portions of the refuge during specific days between October 1
and January 31.
    (ii) We require a permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System) for deer hunting on the refuge.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) Hunters assigned to Unit 5 must hunt from portable tree stands
and must direct aim away from a public road and/or dwelling.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow shore and boat fishing on the portion of the Carmans
River
[[Page 47753]]
between Sunrise and Montauk Highways.
    (ii) We allow only boat fishing from Montauk Highway south to the
mouth of the Carmans River.
    (iii) We prohibit spearfishing.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking of baitfish and frogs (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
Sec.  32.52   North Carolina.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, tundra swan, coot,
mourning dove, snipe and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all hunters to possess and carry a signed, self-
service refuge hunting regulations and permit (signed brochure) while
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting in designated areas.
    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, rabbit,
squirrel, opossum, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow dog training during the corresponding hunt
season.
    (iii) We require a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) to hunt
raccoon or opossum from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset until \1/2\ hour
before legal sunrise.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (a)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Unarmed hunters may walk to retrieve stray dogs from closed
areas and ``no dog hunting'' areas.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We only allow pole and line, rod and reel, or cast net.
    (iii) We require a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for
fishing or frogging between legal sunset and legal sunrise.
    (iv) You must only take frogs by use of frog gigs.
    (b) Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of tundra swan, Canada and snow goose, brant,
duck, teal, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow portable blinds. Hunters must remove blinds, decoys,
and other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) Hunters/hunt parties must not hunt closer than 150 yards (135
meters) apart.
    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
shooting time.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (c) Currituck National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of swan, goose, duck, and coot on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a North Carolina Waterfowl Hunt Permit or a refuge
hunt permit (signed brochure). You must carry a permit while hunting on
the refuge.
    (ii) You must hunt from your assigned blind location.
    (iii) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to 4:20
p.m. (as governed by County regulations).
    (iv) We allow hunters to access the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before
legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal shooting time.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and feral hog on
limited dates on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunting permit (signed brochure) that
hunters must sign and carry while hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of shotguns, muzzleloading rifles/shotguns,
and bows in designated units. We prohibit the use of all other rifles
and crossbows.
    (iii) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
sunrise to 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iv) We allow the use of portable tree stands, but hunters must
remove them from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) Hunters may access the refuge by foot, boat, and/or vehicle,
but we prohibit hunting from a boat or vehicle.
    (vi) Each youth hunter, age 15 and younger, must have successfully
completed a State-approved hunter safety course, and must possess and
carry proof of certification. While hunting, each youth hunter must
remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or
older. An adult may directly supervise up to two youth hunters.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.
32.65(e) for regulations.
    (e) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge deer hunting permit (signed brochure) that
hunters must sign and carry while hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of shotguns, muzzleloading rifles/shotguns,
pistols, crossbows, and bows. We prohibit the use of all other rifles.
    (iii) We allow access to hunting areas from 5 a.m. until 8 p.m.
    (iv) We prohibit carrying a loaded firearm on or within 50 feet (15
meters) of gravel roads.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset from
March 15 through October 15, except that we allow fishing along the
Marsh Causeway year-round. The 0.3 Mile Loop Trail and the terminus of
the canal immediately adjacent to the Visitor Center are open year-
round, but we close them during the refuge permit deer hunts.
    (ii) Anglers must attend all fishing lines.
    (f) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of tundra swan, goose, duck, and coot on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require refuge-issued permits (name and address) that you
must validate at the refuge headquarters, sign, and possess while
hunting.
    (ii) Refuge personnel will assign you to a hunting blind. You must
hunt from your assigned blind.
    (iii) Hunters may only shoot crippled waterfowl from outside the
assigned blind.
    (iv) Hunters may use decoys, but you must remove them from the
refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) All waterfowl hunters must check out at the assigned station
prior to leaving the refuge.
    (vi) Shooting hours are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
12 p.m. (noon). Hunting hours on the first day of the youth hunt are
from 1 p.m. until legal sunset.
[[Page 47754]]
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (viii) We allow the taking of only Canada goose during the State
September Canada goose season subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow hunting Monday through Saturday during the State
season.
    (B) The hunter must possess and carry a validated refuge permit
(name and address) while hunting.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The hunter must possess and carry a signed, validated refuge
permit (name and address) and a State-issued lottery permit while
hunting.
    (ii) Hunters may take one antlered deer and one antlerless deer per
day, or two antlerless deer per day.
    (iii) Hunters may take deer with shotgun, bow and arrow, crossbow,
or muzzleloading rifle/shotgun.
    (iv) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
shooting time until 1 hour after legal shooting time.
    (v) Hunters can use boats to access hunt areas, but we prohibit
hunting from a boat.
    (vi) We allow the use of only portable blinds and deer stands.
Blinds must display hunter orange that is visible from all directions.
Hunters with a valid permit (name and address) may erect one portable
blind or stand the day before the start of their hunt and must remove
it at the end of the second day of that 2-day hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter). Any stands or blinds left overnight on the refuge must
have a tag with the hunter's State hunting license number.
    (vii) Hunters must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,250
square centimeters) of hunter-orange material above the waist that is
visible from all directions.
    (viii) An adult may only supervise one youth hunter. The youth
hunter must be within sight and normal voice contact of the adult.
    (ix) We allow the use of only biodegradable-type flagging.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We are open to sport fishing, bow fishing, and crabbing from
March 1 through October 31, from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/
2\ hour after legal sunset, except that we allow bank fishing and
crabbing year-round from:
    (A) State Route 94 (24 hours a day);
    (B) The north bridge and south of the north bridge at Lake Landing;
    (C) The Outfall Canal water control structure;
    (D) The Central Canal bridge on Wildlife Drive; and
    (E) Along the west main and east main canal between the Entrance
Road metal bridge and Number One East Canal as posted.
    (ii) We prohibit herring dipping.
    (iii) We allow crabbing subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We allow only five handlines and hand-activated traps per
person. Owners must be in attendance, and must remove all handlines and
traps daily (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (B) We prohibit crab pots.
    (C) You may only take or possess 12 crabs per person per day.
    (g) Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
require all recreational nighttime surf anglers to possess and carry a
signed, self-service refuge nighttime surf fishing permit (signed
brochure) while fishing on the refuge between \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset and \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise.
    (h) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of dove on designated dates and areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all hunters to possess and carry a signed refuge
general hunt permit (signed brochure) and government-issued picture
identification while in the field.
    (ii) Validly licensed adults, age 21 or older, holding applicable
permits must accompany and supervise, remaining in sight and voice
contact at all times, any youth hunters (age 18 and younger). Each
adult may supervise no more than two youth hunters. Youth hunters must
possess and carry evidence of successful completion of a State-approved
hunter education course.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting on Sundays.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, rabbit,
squirrel, raccoon, and opossum on designated dates and areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply (with the following exception to the condition at
paragraph (h)(1)(ii): Each adult may supervise no more than one youth
hunter).
    (ii) We require the use of dogs on raccoon/opossum hunts. All dogs
must wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated dates and areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply (with the following exception to the condition at
paragraph (h)(1)(ii): Each adult may supervise no more than one youth
hunter).
    (ii) We require each person participating in a muzzleloader or
firearms quota hunt to possess a nontransferable refuge quota hunt
permit. You may apply for quota hunt permits by submitting a completed
hunt application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System) available at the refuge office.
    (iii) During big game hunts, we prohibit hunters from entering the
refuge earlier than 4 a.m., and they must leave the refuge no later
than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (iv) Youth quota hunts are for hunters ages 10 through 17.
    (v) During refuge firearms deer hunts, all participants must wear
at least 500 square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of unbroken,
fluorescent-orange material above the waist as an outer garment while
hunting and while en route to and from hunting areas.
    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (vii) We prohibit placing a tree stand on the refuge more than 4
days prior to the opening day of the deer hunt in which hunters will be
participating, except for participants of the youth deer hunt, who may
place tree stands no more than 7 days prior to the hunt day. Archery
hunters must remove their tree stands by the last day of that hunt (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Muzzleloader and firearms hunters must
remove their tree stands by the day after the last day of that hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) You must check all deer taken on the refuge at the refuge
check station on the date of take prior to removing the animal from the
refuge.
    (ix) During refuge muzzleloader and firearms deer hunts, we
prohibit all other public use in refuge hunting areas.
    (x) We prohibit big game hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of any
vehicle or road open to vehicle traffic.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated dates and
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all anglers to possess and carry a signed refuge
sport fishing permit (signed brochure) and
[[Page 47755]]
government-issued picture identification while fishing in refuge
waters.
    (ii) We prohibit possession or use of trotlines, set hooks, gigs,
jug lines, limblines, snagging devices, nets, seines, fish traps, or
other special devices.
    (i) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, swan, dove, woodcock, rail,
and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require consent from refuge personnel to enter and retrieve
legally taken game animals from closed areas, including ``No Hunting
Zones.''
    (ii) We require all hunters and anglers to possess and carry a
signed, self-service refuge hunting/fishing permit (signed brochure)
while hunting and fishing on the refuge. We require all hunters age 16
and older to purchase and carry a special refuge recreational activity
permit (name/address/phone number).
    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in hunting areas from 2
hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset when we
allow hunting in those areas.
    (iv) We allow the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) only on
designated ATV roads (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter) and only to
transport hunters and their equipment to hunt and scout. We allow
hunting from ATVs while on these designated ATV roads when they are
stationary and the engine is turned off. We allow ATV use only on the
ATV roads at the following times:
    (A) When we open the ATV road and surrounding area to hunting;
    (B) One week prior to the ATV road and surrounding area opening to
hunting; and
    (C) On Sundays, when we open the ATV road and surrounding area for
hunting the following Monday.
    (v) We allow the use of biodegradable-type flagging.
    (vi) We allow the use of only portable blinds and temporary blinds
constructed of natural materials. You must remove portable blinds at
the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) We allow the use of dogs to point and retrieve migratory game
birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
raccoon, opossum, rabbit, beaver, nutria, and fox on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow the taking of beaver and nutria with firearms
and only during those times when the area is open to hunting of other
game animals with firearms.
    (iii) We prohibit the hunting of raccoon and opossum during, 5 days
before, and 5 days after the State bear seasons. Outside of these
periods, we allow the hunting of raccoon and opossum at night but only
while possessing a General Special Use Application and Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-G).
    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles, other than .22-caliber rimfire
rifles for hunting, and we prohibit the use of pistols for hunting.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs for pointing and retrieving upland
game and for chasing rabbit (but not fox). We prohibit possession of
buckshot or slugs while hunting with dogs.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, turkey, and feral
hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may hunt turkey only if you carry a valid permit (General
Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G). These
permits are valid only for the dates and areas shown on the permit. You
may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while
hunting turkeys west of Evans Road and on the Pungo Unit.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of rifles and pistols.
    (iv) We allow deer hunting on the Pungo Unit only through the end
of October each season, except that we allow deer hunting with archery
equipment on the Pungo Unit through the end of November.
    (v) We allow hunters to take feral hogs in any area that is open to
hunting deer using only those weapons authorized for taking deer. On
the Frying Pan tracts, we also allow hunters to take feral hogs, using
only those weapons authorized for taking deer, whenever we open those
tracts to hunting any game species with firearms.
    (vi) We allow the use of only portable deer stands (tree climbers,
ladders, tripods, etc.).We require that you remove all stands, blinds,
and other personal property at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in Pungo Lake and New Lake only from March 1
through October 31, except that we close Pungo Lake and the entire
Pungo Unit to fishing during the limited big game hunts.
    (ii) We allow fishing only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise
until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (j) Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, and
opossum on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (k) Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of tundra swan, goose, brant, duck, teal,
and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow portable blinds. You must remove blinds, decoys, and
other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit hunters/hunt parties from hunting closer than 150
yards (135 meters) apart.
    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
shooting time.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
Sec.  32.53   North Dakota.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow shore fishing and ice fishing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
allow vehicles and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
    (b) Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, partridge, cottontail rabbit, and fox on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of upland game birds on the day following the
close of the State firearm deer season through the end of the regular
upland bird season.
    (ii) We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit and fox on the day
following the close of the State firearm deer season through March 31.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
[[Page 47756]]
    (i) We prohibit entering the refuge before legal shooting hours on
the opening day of firearms deer season. We require all hunters to be
off the refuge 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow deer hunting on the refuge during the State youth
deer season.
    (iii) After harvesting a deer, firearm deer hunters must wear blaze
orange on the refuge.
    (iv) We allow access by foot travel only. You may use a vehicle on
designated refuge roads and trails to retrieve deer during the
following times only: 9:30 to 10 a.m.; 1:30 to 2 p.m.; and \1/2\ hour
after legal sunset for 1 hour.
    (v) We allow temporary tree stands, blinds, and game cameras for
daily use; you must remove them by the end of each day's hunt (see
Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow boats at idle speed only on Arrowwood Lake and Jim
Lake from May 1 to September 30 of each year.
    (ii) We allow ice fishing and dark house spearfishing. We allow
snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility terrain vehicles
(UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
    (iii) You may use and leave fish houses on the ice overnight until
March 15.
    (c) Arrowwood Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94
of this chapter).
    (d) Audubon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
gray partridge, and sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open to upland game hunting annually on the day following
the close of the regular deer gun season, and we close as governed by
the State season.
    (ii) We allow game retrieval without a firearm up to 100 yards (90
meters) inside the refuge boundary fence and closed areas of the
refuge. Retrieval time may not exceed 10 minutes. You may use dogs to
assist in retrieval.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We close the refuge to hunting during the State's special youth
deer hunting season.
    (ii) Hunters may use designated refuge roads to retrieve downed
deer.
    (iii) We allow only portable tree stands. You must remove all tree
stands at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (e) Audubon Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (f) Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (g) Chase Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following conditions: You must remove
boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (h) Crosby Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (i) Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
Hungarian partridge, turkey, and ring-necked pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open for upland game bird hunting on the day following the
close of the regular deer gun season through the end of the State
season.
    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs for retrieval of upland game.
    (iii) We allow fox hunting from the day following the regular
firearm deer season until March 31.
    (iv) We prohibit accessing refuge lands from refuge waters.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow the use of portable tree stands and ground
blinds. We prohibit leaving stands and blinds overnight on the refuge
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
[[Page 47757]]
    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
seasons.
    (iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (i)(2)(iv) of this
section applies.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (j) Devils Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (k) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the
use of dogs for hunting and retrieving game birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed and sharp-
tailed grouse, Hungarian partridge, turkey, ring-necked pheasant, and
fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We open to hunting for sharp-tailed grouse, Hungarian
partridge, and ring-necked pheasant north of the Willow-Upham road on
the day following the close of the regular firearm deer season.
    (ii) We open the refuge to fox hunting on the day following the
close of the regular firearm deer season. Fox hunting on the refuge
closes March 31.
    (iii) Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
32.2(k)) for all upland game hunting, including turkey.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and moose on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge permit to hunt antlered
deer on the refuge outside the nine public hunting areas during the
regular firearms season.
    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
seasons. You may access refuge roads open to the public before 12 p.m.
(noon).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow boat fishing from May 1 through September 30.
    (ii) We allow ice fishing and dark house spearfishing. We allow
snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility terrain vehicles
(UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
    (l) J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (m) Kulm Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (n) Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow motorized boats only during the migratory game bird
hunting season; however, motors must not exceed 10 horsepower.
    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, portable blinds, other
personal property, and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind
construction by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasants,
sharp-tailed grouse, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit,
snowshoe hare, and fox on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and fox hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit trapping.
    (ii) We allow portable tree stands. Hunters must remove tree stands
from the refuge by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow vehicles and fish houses on the ice as conditions
allow.
    (ii) We allow public access for ice fishing from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m.
    (iii) You must remove ice fishing shelters and personal property
from the refuge by 10 p.m. each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (o) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open the lake to fishing from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. year round.
    (ii) We open the refuge to ice fishing from October 1 through March
31.
    (p) Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
deer
[[Page 47758]]
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only portable tree stands.
    (ii) Hunters must remove tree stands from the refuge at the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) [Reserved]
    (q) Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
Hungarian partridge, and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open to upland game bird hunting on the day following the
close of the regular deer gun season through the end of the State
season.
    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs to retrieve upland game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only use portable tree stands and ground blinds. We
prohibit leaving stands and blinds overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
first day of the respective archery, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
season.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (r) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
sharp-tailed grouse, and grey partridge on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We open to upland game bird
hunting annually on the day following the close of the firearm deer
season through the close of the State season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We only allow fishing
from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (s) Long Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (t) Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
Hungarian partridge, and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs
to retrieve upland game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit
entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the first day of the
respective archery, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting season.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (u) Lostwood Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow vehicles and
fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
    (w) Sibley Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (x) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow vehicles and
fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
    (y) Slade National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (z) Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice or shore fishing on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (aa) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow ring-necked pheasant hunting on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
open for upland game hunting on the first Monday following the close of
the State deer gun season through the close of the State pheasant
season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow deer bow hunting on designated areas of the refuge as
governed by State regulations.
    (ii) The deer bow hunting season closes September 30, reopens the
Friday following the close of the State gun deer season, and continues
through the end of the State archery deer season.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (bb) Tewaukon Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (cc) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, sharp-
tailed grouse, Hungarian partridge, and
[[Page 47759]]
pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting and retrieving of upland
game birds with the exception of wild turkey.
    (ii) We allow hunters on the refuge from 5 a.m. until 10 p.m.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow the use of portable tree stands and ground
blinds. You must remove stands and blinds from the refuge at the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (cc)(2)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the use of fishing boats, canoes, kayaks, and float
tubes in designated boat fishing areas from Lake Darling Dam north to
State Highway 28 (Greene) crossing for fishing from May 1 through
September 30.
    (ii) We allow fishing from nonmotorized vessels only on the Beaver
Lodge Canoe Trail from May 1 through September 30.
    (iii) We allow boating and fishing from vessels on the Souris River
from Mouse River Park to the north boundary of the refuge from May 1
through September 30.
    (iv) We allow snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility
terrain vehicles (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as
conditions allow from Lake Darling Dam north to Carter Dam (Dam 41) for
ice fishing.
    (v) We allow you to place fish houses overnight on the ice of Lake
Darling as governed by State regulations.
    (vi) We allow anglers to place portable fish houses on the Souris
River north of Carter Dam (Dam 41) and south of Lake Darling Dam for
ice fishing, but anglers must remove the fish houses from the refuge at
the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (vii) We allow anglers on the refuge from 5 a.m. until 10 p.m.
Sec.  32.54   Ohio.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow white-tailed deer hunting on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a State-issued permit. All hunters
must check in and out at the refuge check station. We require hunters
to check out with the State-issued Harvest Card no later than 2 hours
after the conclusion of their controlled hunt.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 feet (45.7 meters)
of any structure, building, or parking lot.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) You must remove all boats, ice fishing structures, devices,
and personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (b) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, gallinule, coot, dove,
woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) On controlled waterfowl hunt units, we allow hunting of goose,
duck, and coot as governed by with State regulations and subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) You must stop hunting at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.
    (B) You may possess no more than 25 shot shells.
    (ii) On public hunting units, we allow hunting of duck, goose,
rail, gallinule, coot, dove, woodcock, and snipe subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) We allow refuge access from 1\1/2\ hours prior to the State-
listed morning shooting time and 1 hour after the State-listed evening
shooting time.
    (B) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, provided the dog is
under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
    (C) We allow nonmotorized boats in areas open to waterfowl hunting
during the waterfowl hunting seasons with the following exception: We
allow motorized boats in the Metzger Marsh and Two Rivers units.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, squirrel,
rabbit, fox, raccoon, skunk, opossum, groundhog, and coyote on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) and (B) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) On controlled deer hunt units, we allow hunting of white-tailed
deer only as governed by State regulations and subject to the following
conditions:
    (A) We require hunters to possess and carry a State-issued permit.
You must check in and out at the refuge check station using the State-
issued Harvest Card no later than 2 hours after the conclusion of your
hunt.
    (B) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 feet (45.7 meters)
of any structure, building, or parking lot.
    (ii) We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated
public hunting units of the refuge as governed by State regulations and
subject to the following conditions:
    (A) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) and
(b)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
    (B) We allow only portable deer stands for hunting. We allow only
one tree stand per hunter per refuge unit. We allow placement of tree
stands after September 1, and require hunters to remove tree stands by
March 1 of each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We require deer
stands to be labeled with the hunter's Ohio customer identification
number, which is on the hunting license.
    (C) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot
shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field, including shot shells
used for hunting wild turkey.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) You must remove all boats, ice fishing structures, devices,
and personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
Sec.  32.55   Oklahoma.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, dark geese, merganser, and coot on
[[Page 47760]]
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt tearsheet
(signed brochure).
    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays, and
Mondays, from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 1 p.m.
    (iii) You may only use portable blinds or blinds constructed of
natural dead vegetation. You must remove blinds, decoys, stands, and
all personal equipment at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox and gray squirrel,
swamp and cottontail rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow shotguns, .22- and .17-caliber rimfire rifles, and
pistols for rabbit and squirrel hunting.
    (iii) For raccoon hunting only, we allow hunting from legal sunset
to legal sunrise only.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel, rabbit, and
raccoon.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, wild
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
brochure) for the archery deer hunt. Hunters must turn in a Big Game
Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) by December 31 annually. Failure to
submit the report will render the hunter ineligible for the next year's
limited season archery deer hunt.
    (ii) We will offer a limited season archery deer hunt following the
controlled deer hunt.
    (iii) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
season.
    (iv) Hunters may place no more than one stand on the refuge. You
may place stands starting on the day the hunt begins. You must remove
stands the day the hunt ends (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow year-round fishing on the Deep Fork River and at the
Montezuma Creek Fishing Area. We allow fishing on all other sloughs,
farm ponds, and impoundments not connected to the River from March 1
through October 31.
    (ii) We allow bowfishing on the refuge from legal sunrise to legal
sunset from March 1 to September 30.
    (iii) We prohibit snagging and netting.
    (iv) We allow the use of trotlines, juglines, limblines, and yo-yos
only in the Deep Fork River; we prohibit their use in any other areas
on the refuge.
    (b) Little River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only use portable blinds. You must remove blinds,
decoys, and all personal equipment from the refuge at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) You may hunt from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon) each day.
    (iii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
brochure) while hunting.
    (iv) We close the refuge to duck hunting during controlled deer
hunts.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of gray and fox squirrel,
eastern cottontail and swamp rabbit, beaver, coyote, and raccoon on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open squirrel season from May 15 through the Friday before
the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen squirrel season on the
Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through January 31.
    (ii) We open rabbit season from October 1 through the Friday before
the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen rabbit season on the
Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through January 31.
    (iii) You may take take beaver, raccoon, and coyote as incidental
take to any daytime established refuge hunt with legal weapons and a
signed hunt tearsheet for the current hunt season.
    (iv) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
seasons.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel, rabbit, and
raccoon.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We open the deer archery season from October 1 through the
Friday before the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen deer season
on the Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through
January 15.
    (ii) We open the deer gun season during the months of October and
November. Hunters must pay a fee and obtain a controlled hunt permit
through the State.
    (iii) We open the turkey archery season from October 1 through the
Friday before the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen turkey
season on the Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through
January 15.
    (iv) We open the turkey gun season during the month of April.
Hunters must pay a fee and obtain a controlled hunt permit through the
State.
    (v) Shotgun hunters may only possess approved nontoxic shot (see
Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field while hunting turkey.
    (vi) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
season. Refuge signed tearsheet (signed brochure) and legal weapons
apply for the current hunting season.
    (vii) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge
seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (c) Optima National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
bobwhite and scaled quail, cottontail rabbit, and jackrabbit on the
refuge subject to the following condition: We allow only shotguns for
upland game hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, mule
deer, and turkey on the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow archery and shotguns during spring turkey season.
    (ii) We allow only archery hunting during fall seasons.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit and
gray and fox squirrel on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
brochure).
    (ii) We prohibit falconry.
    (iii) The only allowed methods of take are shotguns, .17 or .22
rimfire rifle, and archery equipment as governed by State regulations.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hogs on designated portions of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We only allow the use of archery equipment.
    (iii) We allow the use of portable deer stands only. You must
remove stand(s) from the refuge within 2 days of the last day of the
season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
[[Page 47761]]
    (iv) We allow the incidental take of feral hogs during the deer,
rabbit, and squirrel hunting seasons.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (e) Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, American coot, sandhill
crane, mourning dove, white-winged dove, Eurasian collared dove, and
rock dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
p.m. (noon).
    (ii) We open public hunting areas to all access 2 hours prior to
legal shooting time, and close those areas at 12 p.m. (noon).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of northern bobwhite
quail and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, wild
turkey, American beaver, and feral hog on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a limited hunt permit (State-issued) for controlled
hunts for deer and spring wild turkey hunts.
    (ii) White-tailed deer and wild turkey hunters may place no more
than one stand/blind on the refuge. You may place stands starting on
the day the hunt begins. You must remove stands the day the hunt ends
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) White-tailed deer and wild turkey hunters must check-in and
out at a refuge check station. Refuge staff provide a hunter briefing
as part of check-in.
    (iv) You may take feral hogs and American beaver only as incidental
game during a controlled hunt, open upland game season, or open
migratory game bird season using a State-approved method of take for
that season.
    (v) Wild turkey hunters must use and only possess approved nontoxic
shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through October 15.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of netting, seines, cast nets, trawls, dip
nets, and traps.
    (iii) Posts used to secure or anchor trotlines must reach a minimum
of 2 feet (30 centimeters) above the water surface, and you must mark
them to make them clearly visible to boaters. You must remove posts
when they are not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We only allow youth and persons with disabilities to fish on
Bonham Pond subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (B) We limit anglers to one pole per person.
    (C) We restrict Bonham Pond to catch-and-release fishing only.
    (f) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, mourning dove, American coot,
snipe, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt tearsheet
(signed brochure).
    (ii) We open the refuge to hunting only on Saturdays, Sundays,
Mondays, and Tuesdays. We prohibit hunters from entering the land
portion of the Sandtown Bottom Unit or any portion of Sally Jones Lake
before 5 a.m. Hunters must leave the area by 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 50 feet (15 meters) of
designated roads or parking areas.
    (iv) Season lengths and bag limits will be governed by State
regulations with the exception that all hunting, except for the
conservation light goose season, will close on January 31 of each year.
If a conservation light goose season is in effect, State regulations
apply with the exception of special hunting days.
    (v) You must remove stands, blinds, boats, and other personal
property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (vi) We prohibit hunters from using refuge boat ramps to access
hunting areas outside the refuge boundary:
    (A) On days when we close the refuge to hunting for certain
species; and/or
    (B) When hunting species that we do not allow to be hunted on the
refuge.
    (vii) We restrict the use of airboats within the refuge boundary to
the navigation channel and the designated hunting areas from September
1 through March 31.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of eastern gray and fox
squirrel and swamp and eastern cottontail rabbit on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Season lengths and bag limits will be governed by State
regulations with the exception that all upland game hunting will close
on January 31 of each year.
    (iii) We only allow legal shotguns, and .22 and .17 rimfire rifles,
for hunting upland game. You must plug hunting shotguns so that they
are incapable of holding more than three shells.
    (iv) The east portion of the Sandtown Bottom Unit and the portion
of Robert S. Kerr Reservoir, from Tuff boat ramp to the confluence of
Vian Creek, are designated as a waterfowl sanctuary that we close to
all entry, except for the designated hiking trail, from September 1
through March 31. The closed area is marked with signs and buoys.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, wild
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We require a limited hunt permit (State-issued) for controlled
hunts for archery deer, and for spring wild turkey hunts.
    (iii) Hunters must apply to the State-controlled deer hunt drawing
administered by the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation for
selection. You must attend a pre-hunt briefing.
    (iv) Incidental take of feral hogs may occur during deer, wild
turkey, rabbit, and squirrel hunting seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit fishing or frogging from September 1 through March
31 in the closed zone south of refuge headquarters, as designated by
buoys and signs.
    (ii) You must remove trotlines from the closed zone before
September 1 (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(v) and (vii) of
this section apply.
    (g) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of duck, teal, light geese, dark geese,
snipe, gallinule, American coot, and merganser on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow the hunting of migratory birds every day, but
waterfowl hunters must be off the unit by 1 p.m.
    (ii) Hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt tearsheet (signed
brochure).
    (iii) We require the hunters to self-check-in and self-check-out.
    (iv) We allow only shotguns for hunting.
    (v) We prohibit falconry.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog,
[[Page 47762]]
and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We require State-controlled deer hunt drawing hunters to
attend a pre-hunt briefing.
    (iii) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
season, using the weapon authorized for that particular hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may bank and wade fish with pole and line or rod and
reel year-round.
    (ii) Anglers may use boats from March 1 through September 30 in
designated waters.
    (iii) Anglers may ``no-wake'' boat fish during the boating season
with line and pole or rod and reel, except in areas designated as
sanctuary zones.
    (iv) Anglers may use trotlines and other set tackle only in the
Cumberland Pool (designated areas), Rock Creek, and between the natural
banks of the Washita River. Anglers may only use set tackle with
anchored floats.
    (v) We prohibit use of limblines, throwlines, juglines, and yo-yos.
    (vi) We prohibit use of any containers (jugs, bottles) as floats.
    (vii) Anglers may fish after legal sunset from a boat (during
boating season) in the Cumberland Pool, except in the sanctuary zones.
Anglers may fish after legal sunset at the headquarters area, Sandy
Creek Bridge, Murray 23, and Nida Point.
    (viii) We prohibit bow fishing.
    (ix) We prohibit take of fish by use of hands (noodling).
    (x) We prohibit take of frog, turtle, or mussel (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (h) Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and waterfowl on the
Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo National Wildlife
Refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
turkey, and rabbit on the Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of
Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on the Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo
National Wildlife Refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the Tishomingo
Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
    (i) Washita National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, sandhill crane,
mourning, white-winged, and Eurasian collared-dove on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to carry a signed tearsheet (signed
brochure) while hunting duck, goose, merganser, and sandhill crane.
    (ii) Duck, goose, merganser, and sandhill crane hunters must hunt
only in designated fields on specified days at specified hours.
    (iii) We prohibit bringing natural vegetation from outside the
refuge onto the refuge to construct temporary blinds. You must remove
temporary blinds, decoys, and other hunting equipment from the refuge
at the end of each hunt day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of bobwhite quail,
cottontail rabbit, and black-tailed jackrabbit on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and Rio Grande wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow deer and feral hog hunting during the special refuge
season. We will hold turkey hunts during the State spring turkey
season.
    (ii) You must check in and out of hunt areas daily at the refuge
office or check station.
    (iii) You must take bagged deer, hog, and/or turkey to the refuge
check station.
    (iv) We will determine bag limits on deer and turkey annually.
    (v) We prohibit using handguns for hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing in designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may fish from March 15 through October 14 in the
Washita River and Foss Reservoir.
    (ii) Anglers may bank fish year-round in the Washita River and Foss
Reservoir from open areas.
    (j) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, and coot on
designated portions of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must possess a current signed refuge hunting tearsheet
(signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit waterfowl hunting during the refuge controlled elk
and deer hunts.
    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise until 1 p.m.
    (iv) We allow the use of hunting dogs only for waterfowl hunting.
    (v) You may only build blinds constructed of natural vegetation
materials from the refuge.
    (vi) Hunters must remove decoys and blinds from the refuge at the
end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) We prohibit jump shooting.
    (viii) We prohibit hunting within 400 feet (122 meters) of any
paved road, parking area, or building/dwelling.
    (ix) We prohibit shooting from or across any designated trail,
road, or parking area.
    (x) We prohibit the use of motorized decoys in portions of the
refuge designated as wilderness area.
    (xi) We prohibit the use of game carts or other mechanical
transportation devices on portions of the refuge designated as
wilderness area.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk, turkey, and white-
tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow elk, deer, and turkey hunting only during the State-
controlled hunt program.
    (ii) We allow only five (5) rounds of ammunition per day during
controlled elk and white-tailed deer hunts.
    (iii) We allow elk and deer hunting with centerfire rifles only;
the minimum calibers are .243 for deer and .270 caliber for elk.
    (iv) You must possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
32.2(k)) while in the field while hunting turkey.
    (v) You must check all harvested elk and deer through the refuge
check station, and attach a metal transportation tag, before leaving
refuge property.
    (vi) We only allow use of archery equipment and shotgun or
muzzleloader with a shot size of #2 or smaller for turkey hunting. We
prohibit crossbows.
    (vii) You may take feral hogs and coyote only during controlled
hunts with weapons approved for that hunt.
    (viii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(viii) and (xi)
of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may take fish only with pole and line or rod and reel.
    (ii) We prohibit taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (iii) Anglers may use motorized boats on Elmer Thomas Lake;
however, we enforce a no-wake rule on the lake.
    (iv) We allow fishing after legal sunset on the refuge, but we
prohibit all other boating after legal sunset.
Sec.  32.56   Oregon.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed
[[Page 47763]]
by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe 7 days per
week on that portion of the refuge west of U.S. Highway 101 and outside
the Bandon city limits.
    (ii) On the Ni-les'tun Unit of the refuge, we allow hunting of
goose, duck, and coot only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) Hunters accessing the Ni-les'tun Unit via boat must secure or
anchor boats and use established boat launch areas. Hunters may park
boats within the marsh while they hunt, but we require boats landing on
the bank of the Coquille River within the Ni-les'tun Unit to park
within a designated location.
    (v) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
sunset.
    (vi) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
the hunting season.
    (vii) You may enter posted retrieval zones while retrieving downed
birds and when traveling to and from the hunting areas. We prohibit
discharging firearms while in a retrieval zone.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (b) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and goose on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only hunters age 17 and younger to participate in the
youth waterfowl hunt. Youths must be accompanied by an adult age 21 or
older.
    (ii) We require youth hunters to obtain a refuge waterfowl hunting
permit (Waterfowl Lottery Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). All youth hunting
waterfowl must do so from designated blinds.
    (iii) You must remove blinds, decoys, and other personal property
at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (v) We require waterfowl and goose permit hunters to check in and
out at the Hunter Check Station (refuge office), which is open from
1\1/2\ hours before legal hunting hours to 8 a.m. and from 11 a.m. to 1
p.m. We prohibit hunting after 12 p.m. (noon).
    (vi) We require goose hunters to space themselves no less than 200
yards (183 meters) apart from each other during the early September
goose hunt.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (c) Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunting opens concurrent with the State season and closes
October 31.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting or public entry of any kind from November
1 to the State-regulated opening day of deer season in the hunting
unit.
    (iii) We allow walk-in access only from designated entry points.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters (m)) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as,
but not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy,
or shelter for animals.
    (ii) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
Sundays, and all federally recognized holidays within the State season,
with the exception of dove. We only allow hunting for all dove species
within the State mourning dove season.
    (iii) On the Memorial Marsh Unit:
    (A) We allow waterfowl hunting only from numbered field blind
sites. We allow a maximum of four persons per blind site.
    (B) Waterfowl hunters must remain within 100 feet (30 m) of the
numbered field blind post unless retrieving birds or setting decoys.
    (iv) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter) at the end of each day's hunt.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of legal
hunting hours.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We only allow hunting with a valid, State-issued emergency
hunt permit or kill permit.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (e) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, goose, duck, coot, and
snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: We allow only portable blinds and temporary blinds
constructed of natural materials.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, and
partridge on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: We prohibit hunting from February 1 through May 31.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit shoreline
fishing on the islands of the Snake River Sector from February 1
through May 31.
    (f) Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of chukar on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, antelope, and
bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow ground blinds, but we prohibit construction of them
earlier than 1 week prior to the opening day of the legal season for
which you have a valid permit.
    (ii) You must remove blinds within 24 hours of harvesting an animal
or at the end of the permittee's legal season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iii) We limit hunters to one blind each, and you must tag blinds
with the owner's State license or permit number.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (g) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed
Deer--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck,
coot, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
boats,
[[Page 47764]]
by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (ii) We open the refuge for day-use access from 1\1/2\ hours before
legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (h) Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
prohibit the use of air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats when
waterfowl hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of
boats when sport fishing.
    (i) Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe on the
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We open the refuge for hunting access from 1\1/2\ hours before
legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (j) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
Refuge Recreation Pass (electronic form) for all hunters age 16 and
older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
    (ii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
hunting season. You may obtain a reservation through the waterfowl
lottery (Migratory Bird Hunt Application, FWS form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) each year.
    (iii) Entry hours for hunters begin at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
posted.
    (iv) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In the
controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit for all
hunters age 16 and older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in
the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while
in the field.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (k) Malheur National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of dove, goose, duck, merganser, coot, snipe,
and pigeon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow nonmotorized boats or boats equipped with only
electric motors on the North and South Malheur Lake Hunt Units.
    (ii) We allow only portable and temporary hunting blinds.
    (iii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, materials, and all
personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) The South Malheur Lake and Buena Vista Hunt Units open for
migratory bird hunting on the fourth Saturday of October and close at
the end of the State waterfowl season.
    (v) You may access the South Malheur Lake Hunt Unit from the North
Malheur Lake Hunt Unit, but no earlier than the fourth Saturday of
October.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
partridge, chukar, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of upland game species on designated areas of
the Blitzen Valley east of Highway 205 from the fourth Saturday in
October through the end of the State pheasant season.
    (ii) We allow hunting of upland game species on the North Malheur
Lake Hunt Unit concurrent with the State pheasant season.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and pronghorn on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit ice fishing on, and all public access to, any ice
formations.
    (ii) We allow fishing year-round on Krumbo Reservoir and in the
Blitzen River, East Canal, and Mud Creek upstream from and including
Bridge Creek.
    (iii) We allow fishing on the north bank of the Blitzen River from
Sodhouse Lane downstream to the bridge on the Boat Landing Road between
August 1 and September 15.
    (iv) We prohibit boats on public fishing areas, except that we
allow nonmotorized boats and boats equipped with only electric motors
on Krumbo Reservoir.
    (l) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, and dove on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment from the
refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (l)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) On the opening weekend of the hunting season, we require all
hunters to possess and carry a special refuge permit (signed refuge
brochure).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow elk hunting only with a valid, State-issued
emergency hunt permit or kill permit.
    (iii) We allow deer hunting only with a special, State-issued
permit.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (m) McNary National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.66(h) for
regulations.
    (n) Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
sunset.
    (iii) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
the hunting season.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and shellfishing on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (o) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
[[Page 47765]]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, grouse, and
partridge on designated areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and antelope on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (p) Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting 7 days per week on refuge lands west
of U.S. Highway 101.
    (ii) On the Millport Slough South Unit, we allow waterfowl hunting
only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
    (iii) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
sunset.
    (v) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
the hunting season.
    (vi) You may enter posted retrieval zones while retrieving downed
birds and when traveling to and from the hunting areas. We prohibit
discharging firearms while in a retrieval zone.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and clamming on designated
areas of the refuge only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (q) Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow waterfowl hunting on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Youth age 17 and younger may participate as active hunters. An
adult age 21 or older must accompany and supervise youth hunters. We do
not allow supervising adults to hunt.
    (ii) We allow a maximum of two youth hunters and two nonhunters per
hunting blind, for a maximum occupancy of four persons per blind.
    (iii) Disabled youth hunters must possess an Oregon Disabilities
Hunting and Fishing Permit issued by the Oregon Department of Fish and
Wildlife (ODFW) to qualify for preference in using the designated
accessible hunting blind.
    (iv) We open the hunting season on the last weekend of October, as
conditions allow, through the end of the regular State hunting season.
We close the refuge for the third-period northwest permit zone goose
hunt.
    (v) Official hunting start times for game birds are governed by
State regulations. Hunting ends at 1 p.m. for the entire season.
    (vi) We open the hunt area for access 1\1/2\ hours before legal
shooting hours.
    (vii) You must remove decoys, other personal property, and trash
from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving waterfowl.
    (ix) All hunters must hunt from designated blinds.
    (x) All hunters must have visible means of retrieving waterfowl
such as float tube, waders, or a dog capable of retrieving.
    (xi) Hunters must check-in and check-out with a Refuge
representative and submit a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-
2361) when checking out.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (r) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) On the McCormack Unit, we allow hunting subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) The McCormack Unit is a fee-hunt area only open to hunting on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, and New Year's Day
during State waterfowl seasons.
    (B) We require hunters to stop at the check station to obtain a
special refuge permit (signed refuge brochure).
    (C) We allow hunting only from assigned areas.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) On the McCormack Fee Hunt Unit, we allow hunting subject to
the following conditions:
    (A) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays,
Thanksgiving Day, and New Year's Day from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of
State legal hunting hours.
    (B) We require all hunters to possess and carry a special refuge
permit (signed refuge brochure).
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (r)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting only with a special, State-issued permit.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (s) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge.
    (t) William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and elk hunting on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may harvest only antlerless elk with appropriate State-
issued tags.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting from any refuge structure, observation
blind, or boardwalk.
    (iii) We require all hunters to register at a self-service hunt
kiosk. All hunters must complete a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-
2359) at the end of each hunt day.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow anglers to use only pole and line, or rod and reel.
Anglers must attend their line.
Sec.  32.57   Pennsylvania.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
time and must leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, grouse,
rabbit,
[[Page 47766]]
pheasant, quail, woodchuck, crow, fox, raccoon, opossum, skunk, weasel,
coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this
section applies.
    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(2)(i)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The Cherry Creek section located on the former Cherry Valley
Golf Course is open for catch-and-release fishing, with only artificial
lures and barbless hooks. Anglers at this location must obtain a day-
use fishing permit, with a maximum of three anglers per day.
    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized or electric-motor boats in
designated areas.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of eel chutes, eelpots, and fyke nets.
    (v) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.
    (vi) We prohibit the take, collection, capture, killing and
possession of any reptile or amphibian on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (b) Erie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting.
We allow hunting of mourning dove, woodcock, rail, Wilson's snipe,
Canada goose, duck, coot, and crow on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting activities on the refuge from September 1
through the end of February. We allow scouting for those same dates,
and for the 7 days prior to the start of each season.
    (ii) We allow only nonmotorized boats for waterfowl hunting in
permitted areas.
    (iii) We prohibit field possession of migratory game birds in areas
of the refuge closed to migratory game bird hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse,
squirrel, rabbit, woodchuck, pheasant, quail, raccoon, fox, coyote,
skunk, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow woodchuck hunting on the refuge from September 1
through the end of February.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of raptors to take small game.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, bear, and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow nonmotorized watercraft use in Area 5. Watercraft must
remain in an area from the dike to 3,000 feet (900 meters) upstream.
    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
this chapter).
    (iii) We prohibit the collecting or releasing of baitfish.
    (iv) We prohibit the taking or possession of shellfish on the
refuge (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (c) John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum. (1)-(2)
[Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery-only hunting of white-tailed
deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: Hunters must possess a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and comply with all
of its terms and conditions.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on the refuge from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (ii) Anglers may only operate boats, canoes, and floats in tidal
waters.
    (iii) We prohibit bowfishing or spearfishing on the refuge.
    (iv) We prohibit the take, collection, or capture of any reptile or
amphibian on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (d) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.
32.67(b) for regulations.
Sec.  32.58   Rhode Island.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Block Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to submit a hunt application (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to be selected
to hunt on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters must mark portable tree stands/blinds with refuge
permit number.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of a refuge
trail.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing from refuge
shorelines.
    (b) Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to submit a hunt application (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to be selected
to hunt on the refuge.
    (ii) Hunters must mark portable tree stands/blinds with refuge
permit number.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of a refuge
trail.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing from refuge
shorelines.
    (c) Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers may only saltwater fish at Sachuest Beach shoreline
from September 16 through March 31.
    (ii) Anglers may night-fish after legal sunset with a refuge permit
(FWS Form 3-2358).
    (d) Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of Canada goose and mourning dove on
designated areas of the refuge.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may saltwater
fish from September 16 through March 31.
Sec.  32.59   South Carolina.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
[[Page 47767]]
hunting. We allow hunting of marsh hen/rail on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require each hunter to carry at all times while hunting a
signed, current refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and a government-
issued picture identification.
    (ii) We prohibit hunting on Sundays.
    (iii) Each hunter age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Youth hunters must
have successfully completed a State-approved hunter education course.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs while hunting for marsh hen/rail.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting only on days designated annually by the
refuge within the State season.
    (iii) Each archery hunter must check-in at the camping site on
Bulls Island before setting up camp or before starting to hunt. We
require each hunter to record his or her State hunting license number
in the available register.
    (iv) Hunters may camp in the designated camping areas on Bulls
Island during the archery white-tailed deer hunts from 9 a.m. on the
day preceding the hunt until 12 p.m. (noon) on the day following the
hunt.
    (v) Hunters must hunt from a tree stand or the ground. We prohibit
stalking, driving, corralling, or any other cooperative form of
hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
and (a)(2)(ii) through (v) of this section apply.
    (ii) The refuge designates daily limits for white-tailed deer.
    (iii) We prohibit crossbows, muzzleloaders, shotguns, rifles,
pistols, and any other firearms or illegal means (as governed by State
designations) to take white-tailed deer during the designated refuge
archery hunt.
    (iv) Hunters much check all white-tailed deer at the refuge check
station prior to removal from Bulls Island.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing and shell fishing on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit cast nets on the pier at Garris Landing.
    (ii) We prohibit anglers or visitors taking, possessing, or
transporting more than one 3-quart plastic bag of sea shells per person
per day from the refuge.
    (b) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and woodcock on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All hunters must carry a signed refuge general hunt permit
(signed brochure) and government-issued picture identification.
    (ii) Each youth hunter (age 15 and younger) must remain within
sight and voice contact and under supervision of an adult age 21 or
older.
    (iii) We prohibit discharge of any weapon on or across any part of
the refuge road system.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of outdoor recreational vehicles (ORVs)
except by mobility-impaired hunters with a Special Use Permit (FWS Form
3-1383-G) to use ORV in designated areas during specified hunts.
Companions assisting disabled hunters must be listed on the Special Use
Permit.
    (v) For hunting, you may possess shotguns with shot no larger than
#5.
    (vi) Legal shooting hours for September dove hunts are 12 p.m.
(noon) to 6 p.m.
    (vii) We prohibit the possession of more than 50 shotgun shells
during the September dove hunts.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, rabbit,
raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iv)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We require dogs for hunting raccoon and opossum. All dogs must
wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
    (iii) Upland game hunters may possess shotguns with shot no larger
than #4, or .22 caliber rimfire rifles or primitive muzzleloading
rifles of .40 caliber or smaller. We prohibit possession of buckshot or
slugs.
    (iv) Upland game hunters using archery equipment must use small
game tips on the arrows.
    (v) All persons participating in refuge firearms hunts and while en
route to and from hunting areas must wear either a hat, coat, or vest
of solid blaze orange. This does not apply to raccoon and opossum
hunters.
    (vi) We prohibit falconry.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and
(iv) and (b)(2)(v) of this section apply.
    (ii) Each youth hunter (age 15 and younger) must remain within
sight and voice contact and under supervision of an adult age 21 or
older. Each adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) Harvested deer, feral hog, or turkey must be checked at the
designated check station prior to removing from the refuge. Hunters
must complete the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359).
    (iv) During deer and turkey hunts, we prohibit hunters from
entering the refuge earlier than 4 a.m. and staying on the refuge later
than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (v) During the primitive weapons hunt, you may use bow and arrow,
crossbows, muzzleloading shotguns (20 gauge or larger), or
muzzleloading rifles (.40 caliber or larger). We prohibit revolving
rifles and black-powder handguns.
    (vi) During modern gun hunts, you may use shotguns, rifles
(centerfire and larger than .22 caliber), handguns (.357 caliber or
larger and barrel length no less than 6 inches [15 centimeters (cm)]),
or any weapon allowed during the primitive weapons hunt. We prohibit
military, hard-jacketed bullets, and .22 caliber rimfire rifles during
the modern gun hunts.
    (vii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (viii) We prohibit adults from possessing or discharging firearms
during youth deer or turkey hunts.
    (ix) We prohibit placing stands on the refuge more than 3 days
prior to the opening day of each big game hunt period. You must remove
stands at the end of each hunt period (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing from 1 hour before legal sunrise to 1 hour
after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit bow fishing, fish baskets, nets, set hooks,
trotlines, or snagging devices.
    (iii) We prohibit snagging of fish by pulling or jerking any device
equipped with one or more hooks through the water for the purpose of
impaling fish.
    (iv) At Mays and Honkers Lakes, the creel limit on largemouth bass
is five
[[Page 47768]]
fish per person per day. All bass must be a minimum length of 12 inches
(30 cm).
    (v) We designate Oxpen Lake as adult-youth fishing only. A youth
(age 15 and younger) must be actively fishing and accompanied by no
more than two adults age 18 or older. We prohibit adults fishing unless
a youth accompanies them. The creel limit on channel catfish is five
fish per person per day.
    (vi) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
fishing on the refuge.
    (c) Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require each hunter to carry at all times while hunting a
signed, current refuge hunting regulations brochure (signed brochure)
containing a refuge hunt permit.
    (ii) Each youth hunter (age 15 and younger) must remain within
sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Youth
hunters must have successfully completed a State-approved hunter
education course.
    (iii) We only allow hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) each day during
the State waterfowl season.
    (iv) You must remove portable blinds and decoys at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) We only allow the use of dogs while hunting.
    (vi) We allow scouting all year from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (vii) You may access the hunt areas only by boat.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) Except for the special quota permit hunts, we allow only
archery or muzzleloader hunting. During special quota permit hunts, we
allow use of centerfire rifles or shotguns.
    (iii) On hunt days, hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 5
a.m. and must leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iv) We require all deer taken during any hunt to be checked at the
designated refuge check station before removal from the refuge. In
addition, all deer must be tagged with an antlerless tag (State-issued)
provided by the refuge.
    (v) The refuge daily bag limit is two antlerless deer and one
antlered buck that must have at least three antler points on one side.
We define a ``point'' as an antler projection of at least 1 inch (2.5
centimeters) or more in length.
    (vi) You may take feral hogs during refuge deer hunts. There is no
size or bag limit on hogs. We may offer special hog hunts during and
after deer season to further control this invasive species. We prohibit
removal of live hogs from the refuge.
    (vii) You must hunt deer and feral hogs from an elevated deer
stand. We prohibit shooting big game from a boat.
    (viii) All permanently fixed ground blinds are for the mobility-
impaired hunt only.
    (ix) We prohibit crossbows on the archery hunts. We only allow
muzzleloading rifles using a single projectile on the muzzleloader
hunts. We prohibit buckshot.
    (x) You may use flagging to mark the site of hunter entry from
roads or trails and again at the stand site. You may use clothespins
with reflective tape between these sites to mark the route to the
stand. Hunters must label all such markers with their last name and
State hunting license number.
    (xi) We require hunters to wear an outer garment visible above the
waist that contains a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
centimeters) of solid, florescent-orange material at all times during
the muzzleloader and mobility-impaired hunts.
    (xii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in impounded waters contained within dikes and
levees in the Beaufort County portion of the refuge annually from April
1 through August 31 during daylight hours. We close fishing during all
remaining times within all refuge-impounded waters.
    (ii) We only allow bank fishing.
    (iii) We only allow hook and line sport fishing using rod and reel
or pole.
    (d) Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting on the refuge by lottery.
    (ii) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
hunters chosen in the lottery who are age 16 and older. You must sign
the refuge hunt permit and carry it at all times when hunting.
    (iii) Hunters must check-in at the designated check station and
park in the designated area prior to hunting. We require personal
identification at check-in.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (v) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge during the week
preceding the hunt. You must remove your stand at the end of the hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) We prohibit the use of buckshot.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting closer than 100 yards (90 meters (m)) to
U.S. Highway 278 or the check station area, or closer than 200 yards
(180 m) to the residence area.
    (viii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during a
scheduled hunt before hunters leave the refuge.
    (ix) You may take five deer (no more than two antlered).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
adjacent to the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.
    (e) Santee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow only primitive weapons. We prohibit hunting with
exploding arrows, centerfire rifles, and handguns.
    (ii) All refuge hunters age 14 and younger must show proof of
successful completion of a hunter-education/safety course. A properly
licensed adult age 21 or older must directly supervise (within sight
and normal voice contact) hunters age 14 and younger. An adult may
supervise only one youth.
    (iii) We require hunters to possess a refuge hunt permit (signed
refuge hunt brochure), a valid State hunting license, and government-
issued picture identification while hunting.
    (iv) You must check in all harvested animals at a designated check
station. If no refuge employee is present at a designated check station
to check the harvested animal, the hunter must record species harvest
information on the provided data sheet (FWS Form 3-2405).
[[Page 47769]]
    (v) You must check all animals taken on the refuge before removing
the animal from the refuge and prior to 8:30 p.m. at the check station.
    (vi) We require hunters to make a reasonable effort to retrieve
wounded game. You must obtain permission from refuge personnel to enter
a ``No Hunting Zone'' or ``Closed Area'' for any purpose.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting from within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of
or across any roadway, whether open or closed to vehicular traffic, or
from or within 300 yards (270 m) of any designated hunter check station
or residence.
    (viii) We open hunting areas from 5 a.m. until 8:30 p.m. during
designated hunt periods.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs only for raccoon and opossum hunting.
The dogs must wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
    (x) We allow take of raccoon and opossum only during night hunting
from the hours of 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. We prohibit hunting on Saturday
nights and Sunday nights. Special State regulations apply for night
hunting.
    (xi) We only allow take of raccoon and opossum with a shotgun using
shot size no larger than #4 or a .22-caliber rimfire rifle. We prohibit
possession of buckshot or slugs.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(2)(i) through (viii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit night hunting of deer and feral hogs. On the
refuge, we define ``nighttime'' as from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
to \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise.
    (iii) We allow the unlimited incidental take of feral hog while
hunting during the day.
    (iv) We prohibit trail flagging. You may use clothes pins with
reflective tape/tack or commercially made reflective orange glow or
trail clips to mark the path to the tree. You must mark all clips and
pins with your full name, and you must remove them at the end of the
hunt period (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) You must hunt deer and feral hog from portable elevated hunting
stands. You must wear a safety belt or harness while using a hunting
stand. We prohibit ground blinds. We allow only one stand per hunter,
and each hunter must clearly mark stands with his or her State hunting
license number.
    (vi) You may place stands, clothespins, or clips, only on open hunt
areas, on the Friday, Saturday, and Sunday immediately prior to each
hunt (from 7 a.m. until 5 p.m.). You must remove them by 8:30 p.m. on
the last day of each hunt period (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (vii) We open the Plantation Islands (Cuddo Unit) to deer and feral
hog hunting only from 5 a.m. until 2:30 p.m.
    (viii) Shooting hours are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise
until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (ix) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats for accessing the
unit's interior canals to inland areas open to hunting.
    (x) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Anglers must sign and possess a refuge fishing permit (signed
brochure), and possess government-issued picture identification, while
fishing on the refuge. We require all recreational fishing boat
operators to have one refuge fishing permit per boat.
    (ii) We open Cantey Bay (Bluff Unit), Black Bottom (Cuddo Unit),
and Savannah Branch (Pine Island Unit) only to boating and fishing,
from March 1 through October 31.
    (iii) We allow fishing access in interior freshwater canals and
ponds only by canoes or kayaks, or by foot or bicycle travel only.
    (iv) We prohibit attaching trotlines, bush/limb lines, fishing
devices, signs, or any other objects to trees, posts, or markers within
refuge boundaries.
    (f) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.29(h) for
regulations.
    (g) Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, dove, woodcock, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry at all times while hunting a signed,
current refuge hunting regulations brochure (signed brochure), which
serves as the hunt permit.
    (ii) Each youth hunter age 15 and younger must remain within sight,
within normal voice contact, and under the supervision of an adult age
21 or older, except when participating in the Federal youth days
waterfowl hunt, when the youth hunter must be under the supervision of
an adult age 18 or older. We do not require youth hunters to have a
hunter-education card for migratory gamebird hunting, but they must
possess a signed refuge hunting regulations brochure. The supervising
adult must comply with all State and Federal hunting license
requirements and also possess a signed refuge hunting regulations
brochure. Each supervising adult may supervise no more than two youths.
    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting only until 12 p.m. (noon) each
Saturday and Wednesday during the State waterfowl season. Hunters may
enter the refuge no earlier than 5 a.m. on hunt days and must be off
the refuge by 2 p.m.
    (iv) We allow scouting Monday through Friday during the waterfowl
season. Hunters must be off the refuge by 2 p.m.
    (v) Hunters must remove portable blinds and decoys from the refuge
at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs only while hunting. We require dogs
to wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of gray squirrel,
raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (ii), and
(vi) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting only on days designated annually by the
refuge within the State season.
    (iii) You may possess only nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) no
larger than #2 in shotguns for hunting. We allow .22-caliber rimfire
rifles.
    (iv) We prohibit shooting any game from a boat except waterfowl.
    (v) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge big game hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (g)(2)(ii)
and (iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow archery, muzzleloading (black powder), rifles
(centerfire larger than .22 caliber), and shotguns according to refuge
unit-specific regulations. We allow muzzleloading rifles that use only
a single projectile on the muzzleloader hunts. We prohibit buckshot,
rimfire ammunition, and full-metal-jacketed military ammunition.
    (iii) We allow scouting all year during daylight hours except
during the State waterfowl season. During the waterfowl season, the
same regulations that apply to scouting for waterfowl (paragraph
(g)(1)(iv) of this section) apply to scouting for big game species.
[[Page 47770]]
    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 5 a.m. on hunt
days and must leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (v) We allow harvest of only one antlered deer for each hunt
session; you may not exceed harvest of a total of three antlered deer
per year. We allow harvest of three antlerless deer per season; you may
not exceed harvest of more than two antlerless deer per day.
    (vi) You may take feral hogs during refuge deer hunts. There is no
size or bag limit on hogs.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting on or within 100 feet (30 meters) of all
routes marked as roads or trails on the hunt brochure map.
    (viii) You must hunt deer and feral hog from an elevated hunting
stand.
    (ix) We allow only one portable tree stand per hunter, and you must
clearly mark it with your State hunting license number. We prohibit
placing deer stands on the refuge more than 3 days prior to the opening
day of a hunting session. Hunters must remove stands from the refuge no
later than 3 days after each refuge big game hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (x) We allow hunters to use flagging to mark the site of hunter
entry from roads or trails and again at the stand site. We allow
hunters to use clothes pins with reflective tape between entry and
stand sites to mark the route to the stand. You must label all pins
with your last name, and you must remove them at the end of the hunt
(see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (xi) We require hunters to wear an outer garment visible above the
waist that contains a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
centimeters) of solid, fluorescent-orange material at all times during
big game hunts except for wild turkey.
    (xii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
game.
    (xiii) We allow crossbows only during the big game hunting
sessions, when we allow muzzleloaders and modern weapons.
    (xiv) Each youth hunter age 15 and younger must remain within
sight, within normal voice contact, and under supervision of an adult
age 21 or older. Each youth hunter must possess a signed refuge hunting
regulations brochure. We require youth hunters who are sitting in a
hunting stand by themselves to possess a valid hunter-education card.
The supervising adult must comply with all State and Federal hunting
license requirements and possess a signed refuge hunting regulations
brochure. Each supervising adult may supervise a maximum of one youth.
    (xv) We only allow deer and hog hunting on the uplands of Sandy
Island during a special archery-only lottery hunt. Hunters must apply
for lottery entry (name/address/phone number) and are chosen by a
random selection process. There is a quota on the number of hunters
selected for this hunt.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
Sec.  32.60   South Dakota.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Huron Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (b) LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, coot, common snipe,
sandhill crane, American crow, and mourning dove on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of ring-necked
pheasant and sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following condition: Hunters may remain on the refuge no
longer than \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) All archery deer hunters must possess and carry a refuge permit
(signature required).
    (ii) Deer hunters may enter the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before legal
sunrise and remain no longer than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (iii) Hunters may leave portable tree stands and free-standing
elevated platforms on the refuge from the first Saturday after August
25 through February 15. Hunters must remove all other personal property
by the end of the day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We close the refuge to archery hunting during refuge firearm
seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of live minnows or bait fish
in Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10 and the Cedar Creek Trout Ponds.
    (ii) We open designated fishing areas from \1/2\ hour before legal
sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset, except the Little White River
Recreation Area.
    (c) Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the refuge.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove all
boats, motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property,
excluding ice houses, by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (d) Lake Andes Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
portable ground blinds and other personal property at the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
[[Page 47771]]
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (e) Madison Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
portable ground blinds and other personal property by the end of each
day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (f) Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated portions of the
refuge subject to the following condition: Unarmed waterfowl hunters on
the perimeter of the refuge may retrieve downed waterfowl up to 100
yards (90 meters) inside the refuge boundary.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
grouse, and partridge on designated portions of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting of upland game birds from the Monday following
closure of the refuge firearms deer season through the first Sunday in
January.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 10 a.m. each day.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Only firearms deer hunters possessing and carrying a State-
issued Sand Lake refuge permit may hunt deer on the refuge.
    (ii) We allow portable tree stands; portable, elevated hunting
platforms not attached to trees; and portable ground blinds only.
    (iii) You may place your tree stand(s), elevated platform(s), and/
or ground blind(s) on the refuge only during your designated licensed
season. You must remove these stands/blinds by the end of your
designated licensed season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) Deer hunters may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal shooting
time and remain no longer than 1 hour after shooting time ends.
    (v) We allow vehicles on designated refuge roads only for
retrieving harvested deer and only during the following times: 9:30 to
10 a.m., 1:30 to 2 p.m., and from the end of legal shooting time to 1
hour after the end of shooting time (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Fishing hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour
after legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow ice fishing shanties, but anglers must remove them at
the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (g) Sand Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district and subject to the following condition: You must remove
boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands and free-
standing elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas from the
first Saturday after August 25 through February 15.
    (ii) You must remove portable ground blinds, trail cameras, and
other personal property by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (h) Waubay National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove stands by the end of the hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) Hunters may launch nonmotorized watercraft from designated
access points to travel to islands.
    (iii) We close archery seasons during refuge firearm seasons.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives during archery season. We
define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned effort to pursue,
drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the
direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt
and known to be waiting for the deer.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit open water fishing at any time.
    (ii) Anglers must not be on the ice until 1 hour prior to legal
sunrise and must be off the ice by 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) Anglers must remove ice shacks by 1 hour after legal sunset
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) We restrict angler foot travel to posted access points, public
roads, and lake ice.
    (i) Waubay Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
areas of the district.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
of the district subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands and free-
standing elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas from the
first Saturday after August 25 through February 15.
    (ii) You must remove portable ground blinds and other personal
property by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94
of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
(excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
[[Page 47772]]
Sec.  32.61  Tennessee.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, merganser, mourning
dove, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure) and comply with all permit provisions.
    (ii) We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from \1/
2\ hour before legal sunrise to 12 p.m. (noon). We allow hunters to
access the refuge no more than 2 hours before legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe seasons during
all youth and muzzleloader hunts, and during the first 4 weeks of
firearms deer seasons.
    (iv) You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all
boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, coyote, beaver, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunters to access the refuge no more than 2 hours
before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset,
except that raccoon and opossum hunters may access the refuge from
legal sunset to legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close squirrel, rabbit, and quail seasons during all youth
and muzzleloader hunts, and during the first 4 weeks of firearms deer
seasons.
    (iv) We close raccoon and opossum seasons on Friday and Saturday
nights during all firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer hunts and
seasons, including the Friday night prior to any hunt or season that
opens on a Saturday morning.
    (v) You may take coyote and beaver incidental to legal hunting
activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(2)(ii)
and (v) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may only participate in the refuge quota hunts with a
special quota permit issued through random drawing (electronic form).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing only with pole and line, or rod and reel.
    (ii) We allow the use of bow and arrow, or a gig, to take nongame
fish on refuge waters.
    (iii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (b) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of Canada goose on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
hunters age 17 and older. You must carry a valid refuge permit while
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) The annual refuge hunting and fishing regulations brochure
provides season dates and bag limits.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any
building, public use road, or boat launching ramp.
    (iv) We allow hunters to access the refuge from 2 hours before
legal sunrise to 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve geese.
    (vi) You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all
boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (vii) We allow the take of beaver and coyote incidental to legal
hunting activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, beaver, and
coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through
(iv) and (vii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (iv)
and (b)(1)(vii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We only allow the use of portable blinds and tree stands on
the refuge. You must remove blinds, tree stands, and all other personal
equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) You may only participate in the refuge quota deer hunts with
a special quota permit (electronic form) issued through random drawing.
    (iv) Each youth hunter age 16 and younger must remain within sight
of and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. One adult
hunter may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing on the refuge pools and reservoirs from March
16 through November 14, from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
hour after legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limblines, jugs, and slat baskets in
refuge pools and impoundments and on Elk Reservoir and South Cross
Creeks Reservoir.
    (iii) We prohibit taking frog, turtle, and crawfish on the refuge
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow bow fishing in refuge impoundments and on Barkley
Lake.
    (c) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, merganser, mourning
dove, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure) and comply with all permit provisions.
    (ii) We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from \1/
2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). We allow hunters to
access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe seasons during
all quota gun and youth deer gun hunts.
    (iv) You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all
boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, coyote, beaver, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours
before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset,
except that raccoon and opossum hunters may access the refuge from
legal sunset to legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close all small game hunts during the refuge deer quota
and youth gun hunts.
    (iv) You may take coyote and beaver incidental to legal hunting
activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
[[Page 47773]]
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (c)(2)(ii)
and (iv) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may only participate in the refuge deer quota hunts with a
special quota permit (electronic form) issued through random drawing.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing only with pole and line, or rod and reel.
    (ii) We allow use of a bow and arrow, or gig, to take nongame fish
on refuge waters.
    (iii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (iv) We open Oneal Lake for fishing during a restricted season and
for authorized special events.
    (v) We only allow fishing boats of 18 feet (5.5 meters) or less in
length on refuge lakes.
    (d) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, coyote,
beaver, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure) and comply with all permit provisions.
    (ii) We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours
before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset,
except that raccoon hunters may access the refuge from legal sunset to
legal sunrise.
    (iii) You may take coyote and beaver incidental to legal hunting
activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow only archery hunting for white-
tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(2)(i) through
(iii) of this section apply.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open all waters of Lake Isom to fishing only from March 16
through November 14, and from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle from refuge waters (see
Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow fishing only with pole and line, or rod and reel.
    (iv) We allow use of a bow and arrow, or a gig, to take nongame
fish on refuge waters.
    (e) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, merganser, mourning
dove, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure) and comply with all permit provisions.
    (ii) We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from \1/
2\ hour before legal sunrise to 12 p.m. (noon). We allow hunters to
access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe seasons all youth
and muzzleloader hunts, and during the first 4 weeks of firearms deer
seasons.
    (iv) You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all
boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
quail, coyote, beaver, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunters to access the refuge no more than 2 hours
before legal sunrise to no more than 2 hours after legal sunset, except
that raccoon and opossum hunters may access the refuge from legal
sunset to legal sunrise.
    (iii) We close squirrel, rabbit, and quail seasons during all youth
and muzzleloader hunts, and during the first 4 weeks of firearms deer
seasons.
    (iv) We close raccoon and opossum seasons on Friday and Saturday
nights during all firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer hunts and
seasons, including the Friday night prior to any hunt or season that
opens on a Saturday morning.
    (v) You may take coyote and beaver incidental to legal hunting
activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (e)(2)(ii)
and (v) of this section apply.
    (ii) You may participate in the refuge quota hunts only with a
special quota permit (electronic form) issued through random drawing.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge and the Sunk Lake Public Use Natural Area as governed by
State regulations and subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (ii) We allow fishing only with pole and line, or rod and reel.
    (iii) We allow use of a bow and arrow, or a gig, to take nongame
fish on refuge waters.
    (iv) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (f) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, coyote,
beaver, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
refuge brochure) and comply with all permit provisions.
    (ii) We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours
before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset,
except that raccoon hunters may access the refuge from legal sunset to
legal sunrise.
    (iii) You may take coyote and beaver incidental to legal hunting
activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i) through (iii)
of this section apply.
    (ii) You may participate in the refuge firearms deer and turkey
quota hunts only with a special quota permit (electronic form) issued
through random drawing.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow access to the Long Point Unit (north of Upper Blue
Basin) for fishing from March 16 through November 14, and the Grassy
Island Unit (south of Upper Blue Basin) for fishing from February 1
through November 14.
    (ii) We allow fishing on the refuge from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (iii) We prohibit taking of frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
27.21 of this chapter).
    (g) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of Canada goose on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (name and address) for all
hunters age 17 and older. You must carry a valid refuge permit while
hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) The annual refuge hunting and fishing regulations brochure
provides season dates and bag limits.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any
building, public use road, or boat launching ramp.
[[Page 47774]]
    (iv) We allow hunters to access the refuge from 2 hours before
legal sunrise to 2 hours after legal sunset, except as provided under
paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (v) Youth hunters age 16 and younger must remain in sight of and
normal voice contact with an adult hunter age 21 or older. One adult
hunter may supervise no more than two youth hunters.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve geese.
    (vii) You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all
boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt
(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow the take of beaver and coyote incidental to legal
hunting activities with legal methods of take for those hunts.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, coyote,
beaver, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v)
and (viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow hunting for raccoon from legal sunset to legal
sunrise.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv)
and (viii) of this section apply.
    (ii) Youth hunters age 16 and younger must remain in sight of and
normal voice contact with an adult hunter age 21 or older. One adult
hunter may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
    (iii) You may participate in the refuge quota deer hunts only with
a special quota permit (electronic form) issued through random drawing.
    (iv) We allow the use of only portable blinds and tree stands on
the refuge. You must remove blinds, tree stands, and all other personal
equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in Swamp Creek, Sulphur Well Bay, and Bennetts
Creek from March 16 through November 14. We open the remainder of the
refuge portion of Kentucky Lake to fishing year-round. We allow bank
fishing year-round along Refuge Lake from the New Johnsonville Pump
Station.
    (ii) We allow fishing on interior refuge impoundments from \1/2\
hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset from March
16 to November 14.
    (iii) We prohibit taking frog, turtle, and crawfish on the refuge
(see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (iv) We prohibit trotlines, limblines, jugs, and slat baskets in
refuge pools and impoundments.
    (v) We allow bow fishing in refuge impoundments and on Kentucky
Lake.
Sec.  32.62  Texas.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, white-winged, mourning,
rock, and Eurasian collared-dove, and rock pigeon on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must carry a current signed refuge hunting permit (signed
tearsheet) while waterfowl hunting on all refuge hunt units.
    (ii) Season dates for waterfowl will be concurrent with the State,
except as specified in the refuge hunting permit (signed tearsheet).
    (iii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iv) For waterfowl hunting, you may enter the refuge hunt units no
earlier than 4 a.m. Hunting starts at the designated legal shooting
time and ends at 12 p.m. (noon). You must leave refuge hunt units by
12:30 p.m. For dove hunting, you may enter the refuge 1 hour before
legal sunrise and must leave the refuge by \1/2\ hour after legal
sunset. We close refuge hunt units on Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New
Year's Day.
    (v) For waterfowl hunting, we allow hunting in portions of the East
Unit on Saturdays, Sundays, and Tuesdays during the regular waterfowl
seasons.
    (vi) Hunters must check in and out through the check station (FWS
Form 3-2405) when accessing the East Unit by vehicle.
    (vii) We require hunters to remain in an assigned area for that
day's hunt.
    (viii) We allow hunters to access designated areas of the East Unit
by boat from Jackson Ditch, East Bay Bayou, or Onion Bayou.
    (ix) We allow hunting on the East Unit as governed by the State
light goose conservation order. Hunt areas are by permit on a first-
come, first-served basis the morning of the hunt. We allow a maximum of
six persons per field. Individuals in each group must set up and stay
in their permitted area and stay within 50 feet (15 meters (m)) of each
other unless retrieving goose.
    (x) Hunters must set up within 50 yards (45 m) of the post marker
and must stay within 50 feet (15 m) of each other unless retrieving
waterfowl. We allow a minimum of two, and a maximum of six, persons per
permit.
    (xi) We allow hunting in portions of the Middleton Tract daily
during the September teal season and on Saturdays, Sundays, and
Wednesdays of the regular waterfowl season.
    (xii) We restrict motorized boats in inland waters of the Middleton
Tract to motors of 25 horsepower or less or electric trolling motors
during hunting season.
    (xiii) You may access hunt areas by foot, nonmotorized watercraft,
outboard motorboat, or airboat. Airboats may not exceed 10 horsepower
with direct drive with a propeller length of 48 inches (120
centimeters) or less.
    (xiv) On inland waters of refuge hunt areas open to motorized
boats, we restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds,
ditches, and other waterways when hunting. We prohibit the operation of
motorized boats on or through emergent wetland vegetation.
    (xv) On inland waters of the refuge hunt areas open to motorized
boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by air-cooled or radiator-
cooled engines to those powered by a single engine of 25 horsepower or
less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter
or less during the hunting season.
    (xvi) We allow portable blinds or temporary natural vegetation
blinds. You must remove all blinds, decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh
chairs, and other equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (xvii) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200
yards (180 m).
    (xviii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and crabbing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing only with pole and line, rod and
reel, or handheld line. We prohibit the use any method not expressly
allowed, including trotlines, setlines, jug lines, limb lines, bows and
arrows, gigs, spears, or crab traps.
    (ii) We allow cast netting for bait for personal use along
waterways in areas
[[Page 47775]]
open to the public and along public roads.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(xiii) and (xv)
of this section apply.
    (iv) We prohibit mooring to water control structures.
    (b) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and merganser on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) For the Matagorda Island upland units, each adult hunter age 17
or older must possess an annual public hunting permit administered by
the State.
    (ii) Hunting starts at the designated legal shooting time and ends
at 12 p.m. (noon) on the Matagorda Island upland units. Hunters must
leave upland units by 12:30 p.m. Authorized hunting on other designated
areas begins 30 minutes before legal sunrise and ends at legal sunset.
    (iii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iv) We allow portable blinds or temporary natural vegetation
blinds. You must remove all blinds, decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh
chairs, and other equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (v) For the Matagorda Island upland units, we require all hunters
to check in and out at the hunter check station located on the north
end of the Island.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(iii) of this
section applies.
    (ii) On the Blackjack and Tatton Units, we allow hunting subject to
the following conditions:
    (A) We allow sprays and other non-ingestible attractants.
    (B) For the archery and rifle season, hunters must obtain a refuge
self-clearing permit (FWS Form 3-2405).
    (C) The annual refuge hunt brochure provides bag limits.
    (D) Hunters must field dress all harvested game in the field.
    (E) We prohibit hunting on or across any part of the refuge road
system, or hunting from a vehicle on any refuge road or road right-of-
way. Hunters must remain at a minimum of 100 yards (90 meters) off any
designated refuge road or structure.
    (F) We prohibit hunters using handguns during archery and rifle
hunts.
    (G) We allow use of portable hunting stands, stalking of game, and
still-hunting. There is a limit of two portable stands per permitted
hunter. A hunter may set up the portable stands during the scouting
day, but must remove them when the hunter's permit expires (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (H) We allow the use of only biodegradable flagging tape to mark
trails and hunt stand location during the archery and rifle hunts on
the refuge. You must write your last name in black permanent marker on
the first piece of flagging tape nearest the adjacent designated
roadway.
    (iii) On the Matagorda Island Unit, we allow hunting subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(3)(ii)(A) through
(H) of this section apply.
    (B) We require all hunters to stay in their designated stand unless
they are retrieving game. We prohibit stalking of game.
    (C) Each adult hunter may supervise up to two youth hunters.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and fishing access on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use of crab traps in marshes within the
boundary of any refuge unit.
    (ii) We allow the use of no more than two rods while fishing.
    (iii) Beginning April 15 through October 15, you may access State
waters for fishing at areas designated in the refuge fishing brochure.
From October 16 through April 14, we open to fishing only the area
adjacent to the picnic area off of the fishing pier; we allow wade
fishing access in that immediate area. You may fish all year in the
bayside marsh unit and the Gulf side beach of Matagorda Island.
    (iv) We prohibit consumption of alcohol or possession of open
alcohol containers while fishing.
    (c) Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning, white-wing, rock, and
Eurasian-collared dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters in designated area(s) from 12 p.m. (noon) to
legal sunset.
    (ii) We require refuge permits (name only).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game birds during the
hunt.
    (iv) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (v) Hunter may bring up to two guests. Guests may not use a hunting
firearm. Guests must be with the hunter at all times.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We require hunters to check in and out daily at designated
check station(s).
    (iii) The annual refuge hunt brochure provides bag limits.
    (iv) We allow the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to retrieve
downed game.
    (v) We allow scent attractants.
    (vi) A hunter may bring one guest. The guest may not use a hunting
firearm or other hunting weapon (archery). The guest may assist the
hunter in game retrieval or field dressing activities. The guest must
be with the hunter at all times.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(iv) and
(c)(2)(ii) through (vi) of this section apply.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Season dates will be concurrent with the State for the
September teal season, youth-only season, and duck and coot regular
season in the Texas South Zone, and goose regular season in the Texas
East Zone, with the exception that we prohibit duck (not including the
September teal and youth-only seasons) and coot hunting on the refuge
until the last Saturday in October. If the State-specified duck and
coot regular season opens later than the last Saturday in October, then
hunting on the refuge will open consistent with the State-specified
season date.
    (ii) Hunters 17 and younger must be under the direct supervision of
an adult age 18 or older.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge hunt units no earlier than 4
a.m. Hunting starts at the designated legal shooting time and ends at
12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must leave refuge hunt units by 1 p.m.
[[Page 47776]]
    (iv) We allow motorized boats, including airboats, in open tidal
waters. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats in shallow water
through emergent and submergent wetland vegetation, or where bottom
gouging would occur. We allow motorized boats to enter shallow water by
drifting or polling, or by means of trolling motor where it does not
cause damage to vegetation or the bottom.
    (v) You must remove all decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh chairs,
vegetation (blind material), and other equipment from the refuge at the
end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (vi) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200
yards (180 meters).
    (vii) We restrict vehicle access to designated roads and parking
areas. You may access hunt units from land by foot or nonmotorized
conveyance from designated parking areas or turn-arounds. You may
access public waterfowl hunting areas by motorized boat from State
waters, where applicable.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (e) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Season dates will be concurrent with the State for the
September teal season, youth-only season, and duck and coot regular
season in the Texas South Zone, and goose regular season in the Texas
East Zone, with the exception that we prohibit duck (not including the
September teal and youth-only seasons) and coot hunting on the refuge
until the last Saturday in October. If the State-specified duck and
coot regular season opens later than the last Saturday in October, then
hunting on the refuge will open consistent with the State-specified
season date.
    (ii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge hunt units no earlier than 4
a.m. Hunting starts at the designated legal shooting time and ends at
12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must leave refuge hunt units by 1 p.m.
    (iv) We allow hunting in the Alligator Marsh public waterfowl
hunting area daily during the September teal season and on Saturdays,
Sundays, and Wednesdays of the regular waterfowl season.
    (v) We allow motorized boats, including airboats, in open tidal
waters. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats in shallow waters,
through emergent and submergent wetland vegetation, or where bottom
gouging would occur. We allow motorized boats to enter shallow water by
drifting or polling, or by means of trolling motor where it does not
cause damage to vegetation or the bottom.
    (vi) You must remove all decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh chairs,
vegetation (blind material), and other equipment from the refuge at the
end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (vii) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200
yards (180 meters (m)).
    (viii) We allow the retrieval of downed waterfowl inside a 100-yard
(91-m) retrieval zone west of Middle Bayou. We also allow the retrieval
of downed waterfowl inside a 100-yard (91-m) retrieval zone around the
portions of Alligator Lake that are open to hunting.
    (ix) We restrict vehicle access to designated roads and parking
areas. You may access hunt units from land by foot or nonmotorized
conveyance from designated parking areas and turn-arounds. You may
access public waterfowl hunting areas by motorized boat from State
waters, where applicable.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages in all
public fishing areas.
    (ii) We open Bastrop Bayou Fishing Pier and pull-offs to fishing 24
hours a day.
    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, sail lines, set lines,
jugs, gigs, spears, bush hooks, snatch hooks, crossbows, or bows and
arrows of any type.
    (iv) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(v) of this section
applies.
    (f) Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
1383-G).
    (ii) Hunters age 17 and younger (``youth hunters'') must be under
the direct supervision of an adult age 18 or older (``adult
supervisor'').
    (iii) We limit hunting to 5 days, opening on Saturday as governed
by the opening of the State of Texas hunting season, and the subsequent
Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday.
    (iv) Hunting hours will be from 9 a.m. to the close of legal
shooting time as listed in the State of Texas pheasant hunting
regulations.
    (v) All hunters must check in and out at refuge headquarters.
    (vi) We allow only shotguns for pheasant hunting.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, mule
deer, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(2)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) After legal sunset, hunters may be in designated camping areas
only. We prohibit hunters in all other areas of the refuge after legal
sunset.
    (iii) During the youth hunt:
    (A) When hunting, each adult supervisor may supervise only one
youth hunter. A youth hunter may have up to two adult supervisors.
    (B) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(2)(i) of this section
applies.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (g) Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) The annual refuge tearsheet (signed brochure) provides season
dates and bag limits.
    (ii) Deer archery hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge
tearsheet (signed brochure) while hunting.
    (iii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iv) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
season. Refuge permits and legal weapons apply for the current hunting
season.
    (v) We allow hunters to access the refuge no more than 2 hours
before legal sunrise and no more than 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) You may participate in the refuge firearms deer hunt only with
a Quota Deer Hunt Permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
Wildlife Refuge System) issued through random drawing.
    (vii) We allow the use of only portable blinds and tree stands on
the refuge. You must remove blinds, tree stands, and all other personal
equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (viii) We allow all-terrain vehicles for medically documented
disabled hunters by Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G only).
    (4) [Reserved]
[[Page 47777]]
    (h) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
brochure).
    (ii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iii) We require hunters to self-check-in and self-check-out (FWS
Form 3-2405), with the exception of Nocona Unit.
    (iv) We prohibit falconry.
    (v) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
    (vi) We allow only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) for
all hunts on the refuge.
    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any day
use area or walking trail.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox squirrel and
eastern cottontail rabbit in the months of January, February, and
September on designated areas of the refuge and subject to the
following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i)
through (vii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require a limited hunt permit (name only) for controlled
hunts for archery deer, hunts for feral hog, and spring wild turkey
hunts.
    (ii) We require feral hog and turkey hunters to self-check-in and
self-check-out (FWS Form 3-2405), with the exception of Nocona Unit.
    (iii) We require controlled deer hunters to check in and out (FWS
Form 3-2405) at the refuge check station.
    (iv) We allow muzzleloaders, bow and arrow, and shotguns for feral
hog and spring turkey hunts. You may possess only lead-free, approved
nontoxic (steel, bismuth, copper, or tungsten; see Sec.  32.2(k))
bullets, slugs, and shot (00 buck for hogs, no shell larger than #4
shot size for turkey).
    (v) We require all hunters to check-in, show proof of personal
identification, and produce a valid limited hunt permit (name only)
prior to the hunt.
    (vi) We limit each hunter to one stand, which the hunter may place
on the refuge during the day preceding each hunt. You must remove all
stands by legal sunset on the last day of each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter).
    (vii) Hunters must check all game harvested during limited hunts at
the refuge check station the same day of the kill and prior to leaving
the refuge for the day.
    (viii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(ii) and (v) of
this section apply.
    (ix) We require proof of completion of a bow hunter education
course for all archery deer hunting.
    (x) We require annual successful completion of an archery
proficiency test with a score of 80 percent or higher for all deer hunt
permit holders.
    (xi) We allow hunting only from stands or blinds, or by stalking.
    (xii) We prohibit cutting of trees or limbs greater than 1 inch
(2.5 centimeters).
    (xiii) We allow hunters with valid limited permits to place hunt
stands on trees the day before their hunt segment begins, but they must
first check-in at the hunter check station. They may not enter any hunt
unit until 8 a.m., and they must leave the unit by 2 p.m. We will
disqualify anyone in violation from hunting.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge and subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open Lake Texoma and connected streams to bank fishing with
pole and line, rod and reel, or hand line year-round.
    (ii) We allow wade fishing from March 15 through October 1 annually
from all areas except Refuge Road, Wildlife Drive, Plover Road, Tern
Road, and Egret Road.
    (iii) We allow fishing in refuge ponds from March 15 through
September 30 annually, with the exception of Refuge Road pond, which is
open year-round.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of glass containers, plastic jugs, and/or
plastic bottles as floats on trotlines.
    (v) You may only take bait for personal use while fishing in refuge
waters as governed by Texas State law.
    (vi) We allow the use of bow and arrow to take nongame fish on
refuge waters except from Refuge Road, Wildlife Drive, Plover Road,
Tern Road, and Egret Road.
    (vii) We prohibit limb lines, throw lines, jug lines, seine nets,
noodling, and yo-yos.
    (viii) We prohibit taking frog, turtle, and mussel from refuge
lands and waters (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
    (i) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and nilgai antelope on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to obtain a refuge hunt permit (name and
address only). We require the hunter to possess and carry a signed and
dated refuge hunt permit (tearsheet) in addition to the State hunt
permit.
    (ii) We allow archery and firearm hunting on designated units of
the refuge. Units 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 8 are open to archery hunting
during designated dates. Units 2, 3, 5, and 8 are open to firearm
hunting during designated dates.
    (iii) The annual refuge hunt brochure provides the bag limit for
deer hunted on the refuge.
    (iv) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (v) We allow a scouting period prior to the commencement of the
refuge deer hunting season. A permitted hunter and a limit of two non-
permitted individuals may enter the hunt units during the scouting
period. We allow access to the units during the scouting period from
1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to legal sunset. You must clearly
display the signed refuge hunt permit (tearsheet) face up on the
vehicle dashboard when hunting and scouting.
    (vi) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before legal
sunrise during the permitted hunt season. Hunters must leave the hunt
unit no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours.
    (vii) You may access hunt units only by foot or by bicycle.
    (viii) We allow hunting from portable stands or by stalking and
still hunting. There is a limit of one blind or stand per permitted
hunter. You must attach hunter identification (permit number or license
number) to the blind or stand. You must remove all blinds and stands at
the end of the permitted hunt season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (ix) Hunters must field-dress all harvested big game in the field
and check the game at the refuge check station before removal from the
refuge. You may use a nonmotorized cart to assist with the
transportation of harvested game animals.
    (x) We prohibit killing or wounding a deer, hog, or antelope and
then intentionally or knowingly failing to make a reasonable effort to
retrieve and include it in the hunter's bag limit.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and crabbing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing and crabbing year-round from Adoph Thomae
Jr. County Park on San Martin Lake of the Bahia Grande Unit, and on the
South Padre Island Unit.
    (ii) We only allow pole and line, rod and reel, hand line, dip net,
or cast net
[[Page 47778]]
for fishing. We prohibit the use of crab traps or pots for crabbing.
Anglers must attend all fishing lines, crabbing equipment, or other
fishing devices at all times.
    (iii) We allow the use of boats for sport fishing. We only allow
bank and wade fishing on the shoreline of San Martin Lake within the
refuge boundary. We only allow access by foot behind posted refuge
boundary signs.
    (j) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning, white-winged, and
white-tipped dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to obtain a refuge hunt permit (signed
tearsheet) and to possess and carry that permit at all times during
your designated hunt period. Hunters must also display the refuge-
issued vehicle placard (part of the hunt permit) while participating in
the designated hunt period.
    (ii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iii) You may access the refuge during your permitted hunt period
from 1 hour before legal hunt time to 1 hour after legal hunt time. You
must only hunt during legal hunt hours.
    (iv) We restrict hunt participants to those listed on the refuge
hunt permit (hunter, non-hunting chaperone, and non-hunting assistant).
    (v) We allow hunters to use bicycles on designated routes of
travel.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve doves during the hunt.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
hog, and nilgai antelope on designated areas of the refuge subject to
the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (v) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the use of rattling horns.
    (iii) We allow free-standing blinds or tripods. Hunters may set
them up during the scouting days preceding each permitted hunt day and
must take them down by the end of each hunt day (see Sec.  27.93 of
this chapter). Hunters must mark and tag all stands with their hunting
license number during the period of use.
    (iv) Hunters must field-dress all harvested big game in the field.
    (v) Hunters may use nonmotorized dollies or carts off improved
roads or trails to haul carcasses to a parking area.
    (vi) We prohibit use of big game decoys.
    (vii) We prohibit the killing, wounding, taking, or possession of a
deer, hog, or antelope and then intentionally or knowingly failing to
make a reasonable effort to retrieve or keep the edible portions of the
animal and include it in your bag limit.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (k) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Season dates will be concurrent with the State for the
September teal season, youth-only season, and duck and coot regular
season in the Texas South Zone, and goose regular season in the Texas
East Zone, with the exception that we prohibit duck (not including the
September teal and youth-only seasons) and coot hunting on the refuge
until the last Saturday in October. If the State-specified duck and
coot regular season opens later than the last Saturday in October, then
hunting on the refuge will open consistent with the State-specified
season date.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a current signed refuge hunting
permit (signed tearsheet) while hunting on all units of the refuge.
    (iii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iv) Hunters must enter the refuge hunt units between 4 a.m. and
\1/2\ hour before the designated legal shooting time. Hunting starts at
legal shooting time and ends at 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must leave
refuge hunt units by 12:30 p.m. We close refuge hunt units on
Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
    (v) You may access hunt areas by foot, nonmotorized watercraft,
outboard motorboat, or airboat. Airboats may not exceed 10 horsepower
with direct drive with a propeller length of 48 inches (120
centimeters) or less. Engines may not exceed 2 cylinders and 484 cc.
    (vi) We allow hunting in the Star Lake/Clam Lake Hunt Unit daily
during the special teal season and on Saturdays, Sundays, and Tuesdays
of the regular waterfowl season. During the regular waterfowl season
only, all hunters hunting the Star Lake/Clam Lake Hunt Units must
register at the check station (FWS Form 3-2405), including those
accessing the unit from the beach along the Brine Line or Perkins
Levee.
    (vii) We allow hunting in the Central Hunt Units daily during the
September teal season and on Saturdays, Sundays, and Tuesdays of the
regular waterfowl season.
    (viii) We only allow hunting in the Spaced Hunt Units on Saturdays,
Sundays, and Tuesdays of the regular waterfowl season. We allow a
maximum of four hunters per area. Hunters must possess and carry
Special Fee Area Permits (signed refuge tearsheet) while hunting.
    (ix) We allow daily hunting in the Mud Bayou Hunt Unit during the
September teal season and on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays of the
regular waterfowl season. We allow access by foot from the beach at
designated crossings or by boat from the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway via
Mud Bayou.
    (x) On inland waters of the refuge hunt area open to motorized
boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by air-cooled or radiator-
cooled engines to those powered by a single engine of 25 horsepower or
less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter
or less during the hunting season.
    (xi) We allow portable blinds and temporary natural vegetation
blinds. You must remove all blinds, decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh
chairs, and other equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (xii) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties, and
between hunters and driveable roads and buildings, of 200 yards (180
meters).
    (xiii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and crabbing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing and crabbing with pole and line, rod and
reel, or handheld line. We prohibit the use of any method not expressly
allowed in inland waters, including trotlines, set lines, jug lines,
limb lines, bows and arrows, gigs, spears, and crab traps.
    (ii) We allow cast netting for bait for personal use along
waterways in areas open to the public and along public roads.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) and (x) of
this section apply.
    (iv) We prohibit mooring to water control structures.
    (l) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Season dates will be concurrent with the State for the
September teal season, youth-only season, and duck and coot regular
season in the Texas South Zone, and goose regular season in the Texas
East Zone, with the exception
[[Page 47779]]
that we prohibit duck (not including the September teal and youth-only
seasons) and coot hunting on the refuge until the last Saturday in
October. If the State-specified duck and coot regular season opens
later than the last Saturday in October, then hunting on the refuge
will open consistent with the State-specified season date.
    (ii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge hunt units no earlier than 4
a.m. Hunting starts at the designated legal shooting time and ends at
12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must leave refuge hunt units by 1 p.m.
    (iv) We require hunters to use the Waterfowl Lottery Application
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System)
for the Sargent Permit Waterfowl Hunt Area. Hunters must abide by all
terms and conditions set by the permit.
    (v) We allow motorized boats, including airboats, in open tidal
waters. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats in shallow waters,
through emergent and submergent wetland vegetation, or where bottom
gouging would occur. We allow motorized boats to enter shallow water by
drifting or polling, or by means of trolling motor where it does not
cause damage to vegetation or the bottom.
    (vi) You must remove all decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh chairs,
vegetation (blind material), and other equipment from the refuge at the
end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
chapter).
    (vii) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200
yards (180 meters).
    (viii) We restrict vehicle access to designated roads. You may
access hunt units from land by foot or nonmotorized conveyance from
designated parking areas or turn-arounds. You may access public
waterfowl hunting areas by motorized boat from State waters, where
applicable.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages in all
public fishing areas.
    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (l)(1)(v) of this section
applies.
    (m) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Season dates will be concurrent with the State for the
September teal season, youth-only season, and duck and coot regular
season in the Texas South Zone, and goose regular season in the Texas
East Zone, with the exception that we prohibit duck (not including the
September teal and youth-only seasons) and coot hunting on the refuge
until the last Saturday in October. If the State-specified duck and
coot regular season opens later than the last Saturday in October, then
hunting on the refuge will open consistent with the State-specified
season date.
    (ii) You must possess and carry a current signed refuge hunting
permit (signed tearsheet) while hunting on all hunt units of the
refuge.
    (iii) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct
supervision of an adult age 18 or older.
    (iv) Hunters must enter the refuge hunt unit between 4 a.m. and \1/
2\ hour before the designated legal shooting time. Hunting starts at
legal shooting time and ends at 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must be off
refuge hunt units by 12:30 p.m. We close refuge hunt units on
Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
    (v) We allow hunting in portions of the refuge daily during the
September teal season and on Saturdays, Mondays, and Wednesdays during
the regular waterfowl season.
    (vi) You may access hunt areas by foot, nonmotorized watercraft,
outboard motorboat, or airboat. Airboats may not exceed 10 horsepower
with direct drive with a propeller length of 48 inches (120
centimeters) or less. Engines may not exceed 2 cylinders and 484 cc.
    (vii) On inland waters of the refuge hunt area open to motorized
boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by air-cooled or radiator-
cooled engines to those powered by a single engine of 25 horsepower or
less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter
or less during the hunting season.
    (viii) We allow portable blinds and temporary natural vegetation
blinds. You must remove all blinds, decoys, boats, spent shells, marsh
chairs, and other equipment from the refuge at the end of each day's
hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (ix) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200
yards (180 meters).
    (x) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and crabbing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing with pole and line, rod and reel,
or handheld line. We prohibit the use of any method not expressly
allowed in inland waters, including trotlines, set lines, jug lines,
limb lines, bows and arrows, gigs, spears, and crab traps.
    (ii) We allow cast netting for bait by individuals along waterways
in areas open to the public and along public roads.
    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(vi) and (vii)
of this section apply.
    (iv) We prohibit mooring to water control structures.
    (n) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting on Champion Lake by refuge lottery
drawing.
    (ii) We only allow hunting on Champion Lake Saturdays and Sundays
during the State duck season. Hunters may not enter the refuge until 5
a.m. and must be out of the hunt area by 12 p.m. (noon).
    (iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and other
personal equipment following each hunt day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when retrieving game.
    (v) Hunters age 17 and younger must be under the direct supervision
of an adult age 18 or older.
    (vi) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 150
yards (135 meters).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting for squirrel and rabbit
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess a refuge permit (signed
tearsheet). The hunter must carry the nontransferable permit at all
times while hunting.
    (ii) We require that refuge hunters turn in the Upland/Small Game/
Furbearer Report (FWS Form 3-2362) by the date specified on the permit.
Failure to submit the report will render the hunter ineligible for the
next year's limited upland game hunt.
    (iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (n)(1)(v) of this
section applies.
    (iv) We allow all-terrain vehicle use for hunters with disabilities
in designated units.
    (v) We require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200 yards
(180 meters). Hunters must visibly wear 400 square inches (2,600 square
centimeters) of hunter orange above the waist and a solid hunter-orange
hat or cap.
[[Page 47780]]
    (vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4:30 a.m. We
allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset only
during the days specified on the permit.
    (vii) Hunters may place no more than one temporary stand on the
refuge. Hunters may place the stand during the scouting week before the
hunt begins and must remove it the day the hunt ends (see Sec.  27.93
of this chapter). Hunters must label blinds with the name of the permit
holder. We prohibit hunting or erection of blinds on refuge roads or
mowed/maintained trails.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require a refuge permit (signed refuge tearsheet) and Big
Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359). Hunters must turn in both forms
by the date specified on the permit. Failure to submit the Big Game
Harvest Report will render the hunter ineligible for the next year's
limited big game hunt. Drawings are by lottery. The hunter must carry
the nontransferable permit at all times while hunting.
    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(v) and
(n)(2)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.
    (iii) We allow hunting during a designated 23-day archery season.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow fishing with pole and line, rod and reel, or
hand-held line.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, setlines, bows and arrows,
gigs, spears, fish traps, crab/crawfish traps, and/or nets.
    (iii) We prohibit the harvesting of frog or turtle (see Sec.  27.21
of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
Sec.  32.63   Utah.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and tundra swan on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 100 yards (90 meters
(m)) of refuge roads, parking areas, and observation platforms.
    (ii) We allow airboats only in Refuge Unit 9 and Block C.
    (iii) You may possess only 25 shells while hunting on or within 50
feet (15 m) from the center of Unit 1A or 2C dike.
    (iv) We close for the spring and extended season goose hunts.
    (v) We prohibit archery hunting on the refuge.
    (vi) You may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal sunrise and must
exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit
hunting or taking of pheasants with a shotgun of any description
capable of holding more than three shells, unless it is plugged with a
one-piece filler incapable of removal without disassembling the gun so
that its total capacity does not exceed three shells.
    (3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We open to fishing year-round.
    (ii) You may fish only in designated areas west of the Auto Tour
Road access gate from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
    (b) Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) All hunters must register individually at the visitor
information station before entering the open hunting area and must
check-out at the same location prior to exiting the refuge.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iii) You may construct temporary blinds. You must remove all
blinds constructed out of materials other than vegetation at the end of
each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
    (iv) We allow the use of small boats (15 feet or less) when
hunting. We prohibit gasoline motors and air boats.
    (v) You may enter the refuge 2 hours prior to legal sunrise and
must exit the refuge by 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. You must
remove leave decoys, boats, vehicles, and other personal property on
the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (vi) We have a special blind area for use by disabled hunters. We
prohibit trespass for any reason by any individual not registered to
use that area.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (c) Ouray National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following condition: During hunting
season, the refuge is open from 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to
1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and turkey on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k))
while hunting turkey in the field.
    (ii) We allow turkey hunting for youth hunters only.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all tree stands and blinds no later than the
last day of the hunting season for which you have a permit (see Sec.
27.93 of this chapter).
    (ii) We allow any-legal-weapon elk hunting for youth, disabled, and
depredation pool hunters during State seasons.
    (iii) We close for the general any-legal-weapon (rifle) and
muzzleloader bull elk hunts.
    (iv) We allow any-legal-weapon elk hunting during limited late
season antlerless elk hunts starting on December 1 during State
seasons.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may only fish with the aid of a pole, hook, and line. We
prohibit trot lines, bow and arrows, spears, spear guns, cross bows,
and firearms.
    (ii) You must release unharmed any of the following four endangered
fish if caught: Razorback sucker, Colorado pikeminnow, humpback chub,
and bonytailed chub.
Sec.  32.64   Vermont.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, brant, merganser, coot,
woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) In the Delta Lakeshore Area:
    (A) We prohibit blind staking and unattended decoys.
    (B) We prohibit jumpshooting within 200 yards of a party hunting
from a boat or blind.
    (ii) In the Maquam Shore Area:
    (A) We do not require a refuge permit to hunt or scout in this
area.
    (B) We prohibit jumpshooting within 200 yards (183 meters) of a
party hunting from a boat or blind.
[[Page 47781]]
    (iii) In the Saxes Pothole/Creek and Shad Island Pothole:
    (A) This is a controlled hunting area. We require a refuge permit
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to
hunt in this area.
    (B) Each hunting party must possess and carry a permit (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) for the
specific zone on the specific day they are hunting in this area.
Permits are not transferable.
    (C) You must use a dog to retrieve migratory game birds.
    (iv) In the Junior Waterfowl Hunting Area:
    (A) This is a controlled hunting area. We require a refuge permit
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to
hunt in this area.
    (B) Each junior hunter must possess and carry a permit (FWS Form 3-
2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) for the
assigned blind site and day. On Mentor Day, mentors must also possess
and carry this permit for the assigned blind site. Each adult hunting
party must possess and carry a permit for the blind site and day they
are hunting. Permits are not transferable.
    (C) Shooting hours end at 11 a.m.
    (v) In the Long Marsh Channel and Metcalfe Island:
    (A) This is a controlled hunting area. We require a refuge permit
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to
hunt in this area.
    (B) We limit hunting to Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays
throughout the waterfowl hunting season for duck.
    (C) Each hunting party must possess and carry a permit for the
blind on the specific day they are hunting in this area. Permits are
not transferable.
    (D) Shooting hours end at 11 a.m.
    (E) You must use a dog to retrieve migratory game birds.
    (F) We close this area to waterfowl hunting during split seasons
when geese are the only waterfowl that hunters may legally take.
    (vi) In the Maquam Swamp Area:
    (A) We prohibit blind staking and unattended decoys.
    (B) You must use a dog to retrieve migratory game birds.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit,
snowshoe hare, ruffed grouse, and gray squirrel on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain a signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure)
at refuge headquarters prior to hunting, and you must hold a valid
State hunting license.
    (ii) We only allow shotguns or muzzleloaders on open areas east of
the Missisquoi River and on Shad Island.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting from the end of snowshoe hare and rabbit
season through September 1.
    (iv) On the Eagle Point Unit, conditions in paragraphs (a)(2)(i)
through (iii) of this section do not apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, moose,
bear, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain a signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure)
at refuge headquarters prior to hunting, and you must hold a valid
State hunting license.
    (ii) We only allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, or archery equipment on
open areas east and north of Vermont Route 78. We prohibit rifles in
these areas at any time.
    (iii) You may use portable tree stands as governed by State
regulations guiding their use on State wildlife management areas with
the following exception: We allow only one tree stand or ground blind
for each signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure) we issue.
    (iv) On the Eagle Point Unit, we allow hunting subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) You may use portable tree stands as governed by State
regulations guiding their use on State wildlife management areas.
    (B) We allow training of dogs during the regular hunting seasons as
governed by State regulations. We allow dog training outside the
regular hunting seasons (i.e., from June 1 through July 31) only with a
Special Use Permit (Permit Application Form: National Wildlife Refuge
System General Special Use, FWS Form 3-1383-G).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow sport fishing (including bow fishing) by boat and ice
fishing in designated areas with the following exceptions:
    (A) We close the following areas from ice-out to July 15: Goose
Bay, Saxes Creek and Pothole, Metcalfe Island Pothole, Long Marsh
Channel, and Clark Marsh.
    (B) We close the following areas from Labor Day to December 31:
Long Marsh Bay and Long Marsh Channel.
    (ii) We allow bank fishing along designated areas of Charcoal
Creek.
    (iii) We prohibit taking fish with firearms within refuge
boundaries.
    (iv) We allow boat launching from Louie's Landing year-round. We
allow boat launching from Mac's Bend boat launch area from September
through November (inclusive).
    (b) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, crow, and
American woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following condition: We allow disabled hunters to hunt from a vehicle
that is at least 10 feet from the traveled portion of the refuge road
if the hunter possesses a State-issued disabled hunting license and a
Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, raccoon,
bobcat, woodchuck, red squirrel, eastern gray squirrel, porcupine,
skunk, snowshoe hare, eastern cottontail, and ruffed grouse on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow disabled hunters to hunt from a vehicle that is at
least 10 feet from the traveled portion of the refuge road if the
hunter possesses a State-issued disabled hunting license and a Special
Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
    (ii) Shooting from, over, or within 10 feet of the traveled portion
of any gravel road is prohibited (see Sec.  25.71 of this chapter).
    (iii) We require hunters hunting at night to possess a Special Use
Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, moose,
black bear, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject
to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow disabled hunters to hunt from a vehicle that is at
least 10 feet from the traveled portion of the refuge road if the
hunter possesses a State-issued disabled hunting license and a Special
Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
    (iii) You may use portable tree stands and blinds as governed by
State regulations guiding their use on State wildlife management areas.
You must remove tree stands and blinds by the end of the final deer
season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iv) You may retrieve moose at the Nulhegan Basin Division with the
use of a commercial moose hauler, if the hauler possesses a Special Use
Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge manager.
    (4) [Reserved]
[[Page 47782]]
Sec.  32.65   Virginia.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow scouting on designated days prior to the start of each
refuge hunt period. Hunters may enter the hunt zones on foot, on
bicycle, or through transportation provided by the refuge only.
    (ii) Hunters may go to Hunt Zone 1 (Long Island) only by hand-
launched watercraft (canoe, punt, rowboat, and similar watercraft) from
the canoe launch at refuge headquarters. We prohibit use of trailers.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting or discharging of firearms within
designated safety zones. We prohibit retrieval of wounded game from a
``No Hunting Area'' or ``Safety Zone'' without the consent of the
refuge employee on duty at the check station.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of tree stands, except on Long Island
(Hunt Zone 1).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, noncommercial crabbing,
and clamming on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We close all areas within the hunting zones, as well as the
oceanfront, to fishing, crabbing, and clamming during the annual refuge
white-tailed deer and feral hog hunt.
    (ii) You may surf fish, crab, and clam south of the refuge's beach
access ramp. We allow night surf fishing by Special Use Permit (FWS
Form 3-1383-G) in this area on dates and at times designated on the
permit.
    (iii) For sport fishing in D Pool:
    (A) We only allow fishing from the docks or banks in D Pool. We
prohibit boats, canoes, and kayaks on D Pool.
    (B) We prohibit hooks other than barbless or flattened.
    (C) You must catch and release all freshwater game fish. The daily
creel limit for D Pool for other species is a maximum combination of
any 10 nongame fish.
    (D) Parking for non-ambulatory anglers is available adjacent to the
dock at D Pool. All other anglers must enter the area by foot or
bicycle.
    (b) Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and rail on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and maintain the permit
on your person while hunting on the refuge.
    (ii) You may only access hunting areas by boat.
    (iii) We prohibit hunting on Assawoman and Metompkin Islands' beach
and dune habitats beginning March 15.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
sika in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow holders of a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to access areas of the
refuge typically closed to the nonhunting public. All occupants of a
vehicle or hunt party must possess a refuge hunt permit and be actively
engaged in hunting. We allow an exception for those persons aiding a
disabled person who possesses a valid State-issued Commonwealth of
Virginia Disabled Resident Lifetime License or Commonwealth of Virginia
Resident Disabled Veteran's Lifetime License.
    (ii) You may not hunt within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of any
building.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) You may not hunt, discharge a firearm, or nock an arrow or
crossbow bolt within 50 feet (15.2 meters) of the centerline of any
road, whether improved or unimproved, or paved trail.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and clamming
from the shoreline of the refuge in designated areas subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must attend minnow traps, crab traps, crab pots, and
handlines at all times.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of seine nets and pneumatic (compressed
air or otherwise) bait launchers.
    (iii) The State regulates certain species of finfish, shellfish,
and crustacean (crab) using size or possession limits. You may not
alter these species, to include cleaning or filleting, in such a way
that we cannot determine its species or total length.
    (iv) In order to fish after the refuge closes for the day, anglers
must obtain an overnight fishing pass (name/address/phone) issued by
the National Park Service. Anglers can obtain a pass in person at the
National Park Service Tom's Cove Visitor Center.
    (v) We allow only three surf fishing poles per licensed angler, and
those poles must be attended at all times. This includes persons age 65
or older who are license-exempt in Virginia.
    (c) Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2)
[Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery and shotgun hunting of
white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) We allow holders of a refuge hunt permit (Quota Deer Hunt
Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System) to access areas of the refuge typically closed to the
nonhunting public. All occupants of a vehicle or hunt party must
possess a refuge hunt permit and be actively engaged in hunting. We
allow an exception for those persons aiding a disabled person who
possesses a valid State-issued Commonwealth of Virginia Disabled
Resident Lifetime License or Commonwealth of Virginia Resident Disabled
Veteran's Lifetime License.
    (ii) You must sign in before entering the hunt zone and sign out
upon leaving the zone.
    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iv) You may not hunt, discharge a firearm, or nock an arrow or
crossbow bolt outside of the designated hunting areas.
    (v) We only allow shotguns loaded with buckshot during the firearm
season.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2)
[Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) Hunters must certify/qualify weapons and ammunition and view
the orientation session online prior to issuance of a permit.
    (iii) We only allow shotguns with slugs during the firearm season.
[[Page 47783]]
    (iv) Hunters must remove all hunting equipment from the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (e) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
bear on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
condition: You must possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing in Lake Drummond from a boat (maximum 25
horsepower) and from the piers at Washington Ditch and Interior Ditch.
    (ii) We prohibit bank fishing.
    (iii) We require permits (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G))
for vehicular access to the boat ramp on Interior Ditch Road on the
west side of Lake Drummond.
    (f) James River National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require hunters to possess and carry a refuge hunting permit
(FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) We require persons who wish to hunt during the refuge's
archery season to obtain a refuge hunting permit through a lottery
administered by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.
    (iii) We require that, during firearms and muzzleloader seasons,
hunters remain within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of their assigned stand
while hunting.
    (iv) We require that hunters using a muzzleloader must hunt from a
stand elevated 10 feet (3 m) or more above the ground.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (g) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.52(e)
for regulations.
    (h) Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and be selected in
the refuge lottery to hunt.
    (ii) Hunters must certify/qualify weapons and ammunition and view
an orientation session online prior to issuance of a permit.
    (iii) We only allow shotguns with slugs during the firearm season.
    (iv) Hunters must remove all hunting equipment from the refuge at
the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (i) Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, gallinule, and
coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require migratory game bird hunters to obtain a permit
through a lottery administered by the Virginia Department of Game and
Inland Fisheries. We require hunters to possess and carry that permit,
along with their State hunting license and stamps, while hunting
migratory game birds on the refuge.
    (ii) We prohibit jump-shooting by foot or boat.
    (iii) You must hunt from a blind, as assigned by the hunting
permit.
    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
    (j) Presquile National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require big game hunters to obtain a permit through a
lottery administered by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland
Fisheries.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iii) We allow shotgun hunting on designated days as indicated on
refuge hunting permits, in the State hunting guide, and on the refuge
website.
    (iv) We require hunters to dock their boats at designated locations
on the refuge.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (k) Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2)
[Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
require big game hunters to obtain a permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing access each day from legal sunrise to legal
sunset.
    (ii) During the period when the refuge is open for hunting, we
close hunting areas to all other uses, including sport fishing.
    (iii) We allow fishing only by use of one or more attended poles
with hook and line attached. We prohibit all other fishing methods and
means.
    (iv) We prohibit the use of lead sinkers in freshwater ponds,
including Wilna Pond and Laurel Grove Pond.
    (v) We require catch-and-release fishing for largemouth bass in
freshwater ponds, including Wilna Pond and Laurel Grove Pond. Anglers
may take other finfish species as governed by State regulations.
    (vi) We prohibit the use of minnows as bait.
    (vii) We prohibit use of boats propelled by gasoline motors, sail,
or mechanically operated paddle wheel while fishing.
    (l) Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and carry it on your
person while hunting.
    (ii) You must sign in at the hunter registration station prior to
entering your hunt zone and sign out upon exiting your hunt zone. All
hunters must sign out no later than 2 hours after the end of legal
shooting hours.
    (iii) You must report all harvested animals on the sign-out sheet
at the hunter registration station when signing out.
    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (4) [Reserved]
[[Page 47784]]
Sec.  32.66  Washington.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot
on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunters to possess and carry no more than 25 shells
while hunting in the field.
    (ii) Hunters may access the hunt areas by boat only.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and shellfishing on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit bank fishing within the refuge along the Nisqually
River and McAllister Creek.
    (ii) We prohibit shellfishing (clams, oysters, mussels) on the
tideflats.
    (iii) We prohibit tidal flat and marsh access from refuge trails.
    (b) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) We only allow portable blinds and temporary blinds constructed
of nonliving natural materials. Hunters must remove all decoys and
other equipment at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iii) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and
Federal holidays on Marsh Unit 1 and Farm Units 226 and 227.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting from 12 p.m. (noon) to legal sunset on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and Federal holidays in Marsh Unit 1.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting with shotgun, muzzleloader, and archery only.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) On waters open to fishing, we allow fishing only from April 1
to September 30, except that we allow fishing year-round on Falcon,
Heron, Goldeneye, Corral, Blythe, Chukar, and Scaup Lakes.
    (ii) We allow frogging during periods when we allow fishing on
designated waters.
    (c) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions: The condition set
forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section applies.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (d) Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
of the refuge.
    (e) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National
Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of
goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on designated areas of the monument/
refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, grey
partridge, and chukar partridge on designated areas of the monument/
refuge subject to the following conditions: The conditions set forth at
paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
designated areas of the monument/refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow sport hunting of deer and elk on the Saddle Mountain,
Ringold, and Wahluke (East) units of the monument/refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (A) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (B) We allow hunting with shotgun, muzzleloader, and archery only.
    (ii) We allow population control hunting of elk on the Rattlesnake
Unit of the monument/refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (A) We prohibit overnight camping, overnight parking, and smoking.
    (B) We require elk population control hunters to participate in a
Service-directed, hunt-specific training session each year prior to
hunting. Hunters must check-in and out at a refuge check station and
fill out and display the Self-Clearing check-In Permit (Form 3-2405) on
the dashboards of their vehicles.
    (C) We allow hunting with modern firearms only.
    (D) We allow authorized vehicles only on designated roads and only
in designated parking areas.
    (E) We prohibit the use of bicycles and carts.
    (F) We allow hunting Monday through Friday only.
    (G) All hunt assistants must check-in and out at a refuge check
station and be under the supervision of the permitted hunter at all
times. All hunt assistants must fill out and display the Self-Clearing
check-In Permit (Form 3-2405) on the dashboards of their vehicles.
    (H) We allow foot access only beyond designated roads and parking
areas.
    (I) We prohibit retrieval of animals outside the hunt area without
prior Service approval.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the designated areas
of the monument/refuge subject to the following condition: We allow
access from legal sunrise to legal sunset, except that we allow access
to the Wahluke Unit's White Bluffs boat launch from 2 hours before
legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset for launch and recovery
activities only.
    (f) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed
Deer--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck,
coot, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (ii) We open the refuge for hunting access from 1\1/2\ hours before
legal
[[Page 47785]]
sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting on Mondays through Fridays only. We close the
refuge to hunting on weekends and Federal holidays.
    (ii) We allow a maximum of 10 hunters to use the refuge in any one
day, with one hunt period consisting of 5 consecutive days.
    (iii) We allow hunting of elk using muzzleloading firearms only.
    (iv) We require hunters to attend a refuge-specific orientation
session each year prior to hunting on the refuge.
    (v) We require hunters to sign in and out each day at the refuge
headquarters. When signing out for the day, you must report hunting
success or failure, and any hit-but-not-retrieved animals on the Big
Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359).
    (vi) Additional persons may assist hunters during elk retrieval
only. No more than one unlicensed person may assist each licensed
hunter during the hunt or during elk retrieval.
    (vii) We prohibit hunters from operating motorized vehicles on the
refuge.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow bank fishing on designated areas of the
refuge.
    (g) Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting September through December.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game and small
game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We allow hunting September through December, and during the
spring wild turkey season.
    (ii) During the spring turkey season, we prohibit hunting of all
species except wild turkey.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, with the exception of
raccoon.
    (3) Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions: The condition
set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(i) of this section applies.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (h) McNary National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) On the McNary Fee Hunt Area (McNary Headquarters Unit), we
allow hunting subject to the following conditions:
    (A) The McNary Fee Hunt Area (McNary Headquarters Unit) is only
open on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, and New
Year's Day.
    (B) We require hunters to possess and carry a special refuge permit
(signed refuge brochure).
    (C) We allow hunting only from assigned areas.
    (iv) On the Peninsula Unit, we allow hunting subject to the
following condition: On the east shoreline of the Peninsula Unit, we
allow hunting only from established numbered blind sites, assigned on a
first-come, first-served basis, and we require hunters to remain within
100 feet (30 meters) of marked posts unless retrieving birds or setting
decoys.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (h)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) On the McNary Fee Hunt Area (McNary Headquarters Unit), we
allow hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, and
New Year's Day from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of State legal hunting
hours.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (h)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) On the Stateline and Juniper Canyon Units, we allow hunting
with modern firearms, shotgun, muzzleloader, and archery.
    (iii) On the Peninsula, Two-Rivers, and Wallula Units, we allow
hunting with archery and shotgun only.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (i) Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) You may not shoot or discharge any firearm from, across, or
along any designated route of travel, including pedestrian trails.
    (ii) We close the refuge to goose hunting when the dusky Canada
goose harvest reaches the quota posted at the refuge.
    (iii) We allow hunting on designated portions of the River ``S''
Unit on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, excluding Federal holidays,
during the regular State waterfowl hunting season.
    (iv) Prior to entering the hunt area, you must check in at the
refuge check station, and obtain a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form
3-2361). You must carry the Migratory Bird Hunt Report while hunting as
proof of blind assignment and user fee payment.
    (v) We allow access to the refuge check station 2 hours before
legal shooting time. We require hunters to depart the refuge no later
than 1 hour after legal shooting time.
    (vi) We allow hunting only from designated permanent blinds.
    (vii) We allow a maximum of three persons per hunting blind.
    (viii) We prohibit additional hunters to join a hunt party after
the party has checked in.
    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (x) Prior to switching blinds, you must first report to the refuge
check station to obtain a new blind assignment. You must submit an
accurate Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) for the blind
being vacated, and obtain a new Migratory Bird Hunt Report for the new
blind.
    (xi) Prior to leaving the hunt area, you must check out at the
refuge check station, submit an accurate Migratory Bird Hunt Report
(FWS Form 3-2361), and present all harvested birds for inspection by
check station personnel.
    (xii) We reserve Blind 1A for exclusive use by hunters with
permanent disabilities who qualify for a valid State Disabled Hunter
Permit or America the Beautiful access pass, and their nonhunting
assistants.
    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We allow fishing and frogging from March 1 through September 30
only.
[[Page 47786]]
    (ii) We allow fishing and frogging from legal sunrise to legal
sunset only.
    (j) San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (k) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters (m)) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as,
but not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy,
or shelter for animals.
    (ii) We allow only portable blinds and temporary blinds constructed
of nonliving natural materials. Hunters must remove all decoys and
other equipment at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
chapter).
    (iii) On the Pumphouse, Petty, Isiri, Chamber, and Chloe Units, we
allow hunting 7 days a week subject to the following condition: We
require a minimum distance between hunt parties of 200 yards (180 m).
    (iv) On the Halvorson and Webb Units, we allow hunting only on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and
New Year's Day.
    (v) On the Robbins Road Unit, we allow hunting only on Tuesdays,
Thursdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and New
Year's Day.
    (vi) On the Robbins Road and Pumphouse Units, we allow hunting only
from numbered field blind sites. We prohibit free-roam hunting or jump
shooting, and you must remain within 100 feet (30 m) of the numbered
field blind post unless retrieving birds or setting decoys. We allow a
maximum of four persons per blind site.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (k)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting of upland game birds from 12 p.m. (noon) to
legal sunset of each hunt day.
    (iii) On the Halvorson and Webb Units, we allow hunting only on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and
New Year's Day.
    (iv) On the Robbins Road Unit, we allow hunting only on Tuesdays,
Thursdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and New
Year's Day.
    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
    (l) Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We only allow hunting during the State youth season.
    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (iii) Hunters may access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
legal sunrise and must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iv) Hunters must obtain a letter from the refuge manager
authorizing them to access the refuge for the purpose of hunting
migratory game birds.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must obtain a letter from the refuge manager assigning
them a hunt unit.
    (ii) Hunters may access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
State legal shooting time and must leave no later than 5 hours after
the end of State legal hunting hours.
    (iii) Hunters not using approved nontoxic ammunition (see Sec.
32.2(k)) must remove or bury the visceral remains of harvested animals.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (m) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
shelter for animals.
    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) On the Paterson and Whitcomb Units, we allow hunting only on
Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and all Federal holidays within the
State season.
    (iv) On the Ridge Unit, we allow only shoreline hunting; we
prohibit hunting from boats.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(i) and (iii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) On the Whitcomb Island Unit, we only allow hunting of upland
game from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of State legal hunting hours.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (m)(1)(i) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We allow hunting by special permit only (issued by the State).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
    (n) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all hunters to obtain and carry a Migratory Bird
Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System) prior to entering the hunt area at the Riekkola Unit.
    (ii) We require all hunters to report waterfowl taken per
instructions on the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361).
    (iii) In the designated goose hunt area in the Riekkola Unit,
hunters may take ducks, coots, and snipe only incidental to hunting
geese.
    (iv) We allow goose hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays
in the designated goose hunt area in the Riekkola Unit.
    (v) We open the refuge for hunting access from 1\1/2\ hours before
legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
    (vii) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
this chapter).
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of forest grouse (sooty
and ruffed) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
conditions:
    (i) We require all hunters to obtain and carry a Big/Upland Game
Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
Refuge System).
    (ii) We require all hunters to report game taken, hours hunted, and
name/address/date on the Upland/Small Game/Furbearer Report (FWS Form
3-2362).
    (iii) We allow archery hunting only.
    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(v) and (vi) of
this section apply.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, and bear on
[[Page 47787]]
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require all Long Island hunters to obtain and carry a Big/
Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
National Wildlife Refuge System).
    (ii) We require all hunters to report game taken, hours hunted, and
name/address/date on the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359).
    (iii) At Long Island, we allow only archery hunting; we prohibit
hunting firearms.
    (iv) We prohibit bear hunting on any portion of the refuge except
Long Island.
    (v) We prohibit the use of centerfire or rimfire rifles within the
Lewis, Porter Point, and Riekkola Units.
    (vi) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(v) and (vi) of
this section apply.
    (vii) You may leave your tree stand(s) in place for 3 days. You
must label your tree stand(s) with your hunting license number and the
date you set up the stand. You may set up stands 1\1/2\ hours before
legal sunrise. You must remove your tree stand(s) and all other
personal property from the refuge by 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset on
the third day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
the refuge.
Sec.  32.67   West Virginia.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, rail, coot, gallinule,
mourning dove, snipe, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require each hunter to possess and carry a signed refuge
hunting brochure (signed brochure).
    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking except by Special Use Permit
(FWS Form 3-1383-G) on Forest Road 80.
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting migratory game birds. We
prohibit more than two dogs per hunter. We require all dogs to wear a
collar displaying the owner's name and telephone number.
    (iv) We prohibit dog training except during legal hunting seasons.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of ruffed grouse,
squirrel, cottontail rabbit, snowshoe hare, red fox, gray fox, bobcat,
woodchuck, coyote, opossum, striped skunk, and raccoon on designated
areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iv) of
this section apply.
    (ii) You may hunt raccoon at night, but you must obtain a Special
Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for raccoon hunting.
    (iii) We only allow hunting in the No Rifle Zones with the
following equipment: archery (including crossbow), shotgun, or
muzzleloader.
    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for hunting upland game species. We
prohibit more than six dogs per hunting party for raccoon hunting. All
dogs must wear a collar displaying the owner's name and telephone
number.
    (v) We prohibit the hunting of upland game species from March 1
through August 31.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer,
black bear, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iv) and
(a)(2)(iii) of this section apply.
    (ii) We allow the use of temporary tree stands. You must clearly
print your name and telephone number on the stand in a place that is
easily read while the stand is affixed to a tree. You must remove tree
stands at the end of the deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting black bear during the
gun season. We prohibit more than six dogs per hunting party. We
require all dogs to wear a collar displaying the owner's name and
telephone number.
    (4) [Reserved]
    (b) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds (waterfowl,
coot, rail, gallinule, snipe, woodcock, and dove) on designated areas
of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) We require each hunter to possess and carry a signed refuge
hunting brochure (signed brochure).
    (ii) Hunters and anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal
sunrise and must exit the refuge, including parking areas, no later
than 1 hour after legal sunset.
    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
locate, point, and retrieve.
    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on
designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit the use of rifles, muzzleloaders, or pistols for
hunting rabbit or squirrel.
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery (including crossbow) hunting
of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
following conditions:
    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) of
this section apply.
    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
deer.
    (iii) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds.
You must remove your tree stand(s) and/or blind(s) at the end of each
hunt day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must clearly print your
name and telephone number on the stand(s) and/or blind(s) in a place
that is easily read while the stand is affixed to a tree.
    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the refuge
subject to the following conditions:
    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section
applies.
    (ii) We prohibit trotlines (setlines) and turtle lines.
Sec.  32.68   Wisconsin.
    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
    (a) Fox River National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
designated areas of the refuge and subject to the following conditions:
    (i) Hunters must remove all stands from the refuge following each
day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit hunting from
any stand left up overnight.
    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 1 hour before
legal shooting hours and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour
after legal shooting hours end.
    (iii) Any ground blind used during any gun deer season must display
at least 144 square inches (929 square centime