Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for Comments; Consolidated Vehicles' Owner's Manual Requirements for Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment

CourtNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration,Transportation Department
Citation87 FR 9787
Record Number2022-02453
Published date22 February 2022
Federal Register, Volume 87 Issue 35 (Tuesday, February 22, 2022)
[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 35 (Tuesday, February 22, 2022)]
                [Notices]
                [Pages 9787-9795]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2022-02453]
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                DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
                National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                [Docket No. NHTSA-2021-0059]
                Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for
                Comments; Consolidated Vehicles' Owner's Manual Requirements for Motor
                Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment
                AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
                Department of Transportation (DOT).
                ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a reinstatement with
                modification of a previously approved information collection.
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                SUMMARY: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration invites
                public comments about our intention to request approval from the Office
                of Management and Budget (OMB) to reinstate a previously approved
                information collection with modification. Before a Federal agency can
                collect certain information from the public, it must receive approval
                from OMB. Under procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act
                of 1995, before seeking OMB approval, Federal agencies must solicit
                public comment on proposed collections of information, including
                extensions and reinstatements of previously approved collections. This
                document describes a collection of information for which NHTSA intends
                to seek OMB approval on Vehicle Owner's Manual Requirements for Motor
                Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment. NHTSA is requesting a
                modification of the information collection to include regulatory
                changes made by NHTSA's Adaptive Driving Beam Headlamps final rule.
                NHTSA is also requesting modification to include requirements for
                owner's manuals in NHTSA's existing regulations.
                DATES: Written comments should be submitted by April 25, 2022.
                ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by NHTSA docket number
                identified above, through any of the following methods:
                 Electronic submissions: Go to the Federal eRulemaking
                Portal at https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions
                for submitting comments.
                 Fax: 202-493-2251.
                 Mail or Hand Delivery: Docket Management, U.S. Department
                of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Room W12-
                140, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through
                Friday, except on Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help
                you, please call (202) 366-9322 before coming.
                 Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and
                docket number for this notice. Note that all comments received will be
                posted without change to https://www.regulations.gov, including any
                personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading
                below.
                 Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all
                comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual
                submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf
                of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's
                complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on
                April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit https://www.transportation.gov/privacy.
                 Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or
                comments received, go to https://www.regulations.gov or the street
                address listed above. Follow the online instructions for accessing the
                dockets via internet.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access
                to background documents, contact James Myers, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey
                Avenue SE, West Building, Room W43-320, NRM-100, Washington, DC 20590.
                Mr. Myers' telephone number is 202-493-0031. Please identify the
                relevant collection of information by referring to its OMB Control
                Number.
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
                (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before an agency submits a proposed
                collection of information to OMB for approval, it must first publish a
                document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and
                otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies
                concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has
                promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a
                document. Under OMB's regulation (at 5 CFR 1320.8(d)), an agency must
                ask for public comment on the following: (a) Whether the proposed
                collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of
                the functions of the agency, including whether the information will
                have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of
                the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the
                validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) how to enhance
                the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be
                [[Page 9788]]
                collected; and (d) how to minimize the burden of the collection of
                information on those who are to respond, including the use of
                appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological
                collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g.,
                permitting electronic submission of responses. In compliance with these
                requirements, NHTSA asks for public comments on the following proposed
                collection of information for which the agency is seeking approval from
                OMB.
                 Title: Consolidated Vehicle Owner's Manual Requirements for Motor
                Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment.
                 OMB Control Number: 2127-0541.
                 Form Numbers: N/A.
                 Type of Request: Request for reinstatement with modification of a
                previously approved collection of information.
                 Type of Review Requested: Regular.
                 Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of
                approval.
                 Summary of the Collection of Information:
                 NHTSA is seeking approval for a reinstatement with modification of
                a previously approved information collection request (ICR) covering
                fifteen information collections. These information collections require
                or ask manufacturers of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment to
                provide information in owner's manuals, as specified in the Federal
                motor vehicle safety standards and other NHTSA regulations. The
                modification reflects regulatory changes contained in the Adaptive
                Driving Beam (ADB) final rule published today affecting FMVSS No. 108,
                ``Lamps, reflective devices, and associated equipment.'' The
                modification also covers information collection requirements
                inadvertently left out of previous ICRs.
                 The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act authorizes the
                Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA by delegation), at 49 U.S.C. 30111,
                to issue Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) that set
                performance standards for motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle
                equipment. Further, the Secretary (NHTSA by delegation) is authorized,
                at 49 U.S.C. 30117, to require manufacturers to provide information to
                first purchasers of motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle equipment
                related to performance and safety in printed materials that are
                attached to or accompany the motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle
                equipment. NHTSA has exercised this authority to require manufacturers
                to provide certain specified safety information to be readily available
                to consumers and purchasers of motor vehicles and items of motor
                vehicle equipment. This information is most often provided in vehicle
                owners' manuals and the requirements are found in 49 CFR parts 563,
                571, and 575. This information collection request only covers
                requirements or requests to provide information that is not provided
                verbatim in the regulation or standard. The information requirements or
                requests are included in: Part 563, ``Event data recorders;'' FMVSS No.
                108, ``Lamps, reflective devices, and associated equipment;'' FMVSS No.
                110, ``Tire selection and rims;'' FMVSS No. 138, ``Tire Pressure
                Monitoring Systems;'' FMVSS No. 202a, ``Head restraints;'' FMVSS No.
                205, ``Glazing materials;'' FMVSS No. 208, ``Occupant crash
                protection;'' FMVSS No. 210, ``Seat belt assembly anchorages;'' FMVSS
                No. 213, ``Child restraint systems;'' FMVSS No. 225; ``Child restraint
                anchorage systems:'' FMVSS No. 226, ``Ejection mitigation;'' FMVSS No.
                303, ``Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles;''
                section 575.103, ``Truck-camper loading;'' section 575.104, ``Uniform
                tire quality grading standards;'' and section 575.105, ``Vehicle
                rollover.'' NHTSA is seeking approval from OMB for reinstatement with
                modification of this previously approved collection. Details of the
                information collection and modifications are described below.
                 Part 563--Event data recorders. Section 563.11 requires
                manufacturers of vehicles equipped with event data recorders (EDRs) to
                provide a prescribed statement in the owner's manual.\1\ However, this
                statement is provided verbatim in the regulation and, therefore, is not
                an information collection. Section 563.11 also states that the owner's
                manual may include additional information about the form, function, and
                capabilities of the EDR, in supplement to the required statement. This
                voluntary disclosure of information is an information collection for
                which NHTSA is seeking approval.
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                 \1\ 49 CFR 563.11(a).
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                 FMVSS No. 108, ``Lamps, reflective devices, and associated
                equipment.'' This standard requires that certain lamps and reflective
                devices with certain performance levels be installed on motor vehicles
                to assure that the roadway is properly illuminated, that vehicles can
                be readily seen, and the signals can be transmitted to other drivers
                sharing the road during day, night, and inclement weather. In addition
                to establishing performance requirements for those lamps and reflective
                devices, FMVSS No. 108 also contains provisions requiring manufacturers
                to provide instructions or information on the lighting device.
                 NHTSA is seeking approval to modify two of these requirements. The
                first (in S10.18.8.2) requires manufacturers to provide instructions so
                that owners, as well as traditional vehicle service personnel, can aim
                their vehicle's Vehicle Headlamp Aiming Device (VHAD) headlamps using
                equipment that is an integral part of the headlamp system. Because the
                specific manner in which headlamp aiming is to be performed is not
                regulated (only the performance of the device is), aiming devices
                manufactured or installed by different vehicle and headlamp
                manufacturers may work in significantly different ways. To assure that
                the VHAD can be correctly aimed, this standard requires that
                instructions for proper use of VHAD systems be part of the vehicle as a
                label, or optionally, be placed in the vehicle owner's manual. The
                second informational requirement NHTSA is seeking to modify (S9.4.1.1)
                requires manufacturers to provide information regarding how to operate
                semiautomatic beam switching devices.
                 On October 12, 2018 (83 FR 51766), NHTSA published a Notice of
                Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposing performance requirements for
                adaptive driving beam (ADB) headlighting systems. NHTSA is today
                publishing a final rule (Docket No. NHTSA-2021-0062) that modifies the
                informational requirements referred to above.
                 First, the ADB final rule modifies the requirements regarding
                providing instructions for VHADs in S10.18.8.2.1. Prior to this final
                rule, the standard required manufacturers to provide instructions
                advising that the headlighting system is properly aimed if the
                appropriate vertical plane (as defined by the vehicle manufacturer) is
                perpendicular to both the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, and a
                horizontal plane when the vehicle is on a horizontal surface, and the
                VHAD is set at ``0'' vertical and ``0'' horizontal. The final rule
                changes this provision to require manufacturers to provide instructions
                either on a label permanently affixed to the vehicle adjacent to the
                VHAD, or in the operator's manual, advising the vehicle owner what to
                do if the headlighting system requires aiming, using the VHAD.
                 Second, the ADB final rule modifies the requirements in S9.4.1.1
                for manufacturers to provide instructions for operating semiautomatic
                headlamp switching devices. Prior to this final rule, the standard
                required manufacturers to provide instructions on how to operate the
                device correctly,
                [[Page 9789]]
                including: How to turn the automatic control on and off; how to adjust
                the sensitivity control; and any other specific instructions applicable
                to the device. The final rule modifies this by excluding ADB systems
                from the requirement to provide instructions on how to adjust the
                sensitivity control.
                 FMVSS No. 110, ``Tire selection and rims.'' This standard specifies
                requirements for tire selection to prevent tire overloading. The
                vehicle's normal load and maximum load on the tire shall not be greater
                than applicable specified limits. Section 7.2 of FMVSS No. 110 requires
                certain information in the owner's manual for vehicles equipped with a
                non-pneumatic spare tire. The owner's manual of the passenger car shall
                contain, in writing in the English language and in not less than 10
                point type, the following information under the heading ``IMPORTANT--
                USE OF SPARE TIRE'': (a) A statement indicating the information related
                to appropriate use for the non-pneumatic spare tire including at a
                minimum the information set forth in S6 (a) and (b) and either the
                information set forth in S4.3(g) or a statement that the information
                set forth in S4.3(g) is located on the vehicle placard and on the non-
                pneumatic tire; (b) An instruction to drive carefully when the non-
                pneumatic spare tire is in use, and to install the proper pneumatic
                tire and rim at the first reasonable opportunity; and (c) A statement
                that operation of the passenger car is not recommended with more than
                one non-pneumatic spare tire in use at the same time.
                 FMVSS No. 138, ``Tire pressure monitoring systems.'' This standard
                specifies requirements for a tire pressure monitoring system to warn
                the driver of an under-inflated tire condition. Its purpose is to
                reduce the likelihood of a vehicle crash resulting from tire failure
                due to operation in an under-inflated condition. The standard requires
                the owner's manual to include specific information on the low-pressure
                warning telltale and the malfunction indicator telltale. While most of
                this information is provided verbatim, the statement requires some
                customization. FMVSS No. 138, also states that the owner's manual may
                include additional information about the time for the TPMS telltale(s)
                to extinguish once the low tire pressure condition or the malfunction
                is corrected. It may also include additional information about the
                significance of the low tire pressure warning telltale illuminating, a
                description of corrective action to be undertaken, whether the tire
                pressure monitoring system functions with the vehicle's spare tire (if
                provided), and how to use a reset button, if one is provided.
                 FMVSS No. 202a, ``Head restraints.'' This standard specifies
                requirements for head restraints. The standard, which seeks to reduce
                whiplash injuries in rear collisions, currently requires head
                restraints for front outboard designated seating positions in passenger
                cars and in light multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses
                with a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,536 kg or less and specifies
                requirements for optionally provided rear outboard seat head restraints
                in the same vehicles. The standard requires that vehicle manufacturers
                include information in owner's manuals for vehicles manufactured on or
                after September 1, 2008. The owner's manual must clearly identify which
                seats are equipped with head restraints. If the head restraints are
                removable, the owner's manual must provide instructions on how to
                remove the head restraint by a deliberate action distinct from any act
                necessary for adjustment, and how to reinstall the head restraints. The
                owner's manual must warn that all head restraints must be reinstalled
                to properly protect vehicle occupants. Finally, the owner's manual must
                describe, in an easily understandable format, the adjustment of the
                head restraints and/or seat back to achieve appropriate head restraint
                position relative to the occupant's head.
                 FMVSS No. 205, ``Glazing materials.'' This standard specifies
                requirement for all glazing material used in windshields, windows, and
                interior partitions of motor vehicles. Its purpose is to reduce
                injuries resulting from impact to glazing surfaces, to ensure a
                necessary degree of transparency in motor vehicle windows for driver
                visibility, and to minimize the possibility of occupants being thrown
                through the vehicle windows in collisions. Detailed information
                regarding the care and maintenance of plastic glazing items, such as a
                glass-plastic windshield, is required to be placed in the vehicle
                owner's manual.
                 FMVSS No. 208, ``Occupant crash protection.'' This standard
                specifies requirements for both active and passive occupant crash
                protection systems for passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles,
                trucks, and buses. Certain safety features, such as air bags, or the
                care and maintenance of air bag systems, are required to be explained
                to the owner by means of the owner's manual. For example, the owner's
                manual must describe the vehicle's air bag system and provide
                precautionary information about the proper positioning of the
                occupants, including children. The owner's manual must also warn that
                no objects should be placed over or near the air bag covers. The
                owner's manual must also describe the operation of any tension
                relieving and locking features of the provided seat belts. There is
                also required information about the operation of seat belt assemblies
                and other information that could total up to about 20 pages in the
                owner's manual. This material would also need to be kept current with
                the latest technical information on an annual basis.
                 FMVSS No. 210, ``Seat belt assembly anchorages.'' This standard
                specifies requirements for seat belt assembly anchorages to ensure
                effective occupant restraint and to reduce the likelihood of failure in
                a crash. FMVSS No. 210 requires that manufacturers place the following
                information in the vehicle owner's manual: (a) An explanation that
                child restraints are designed to be secured by means of the vehicle's
                seat belts, and (b) a statement alerting vehicle owners that children
                are always safer in the rear seat.
                 FMVSS No. 213; ``Child restraint systems.'' This standard specifies
                requirements for built-in child restraint systems and requires vehicle
                manufacturers provide consumers with information about the operation
                and do's and don'ts in its owner's manual.
                 FMVSS No. 225; ``Child restraint anchorage systems.'' This standard
                establishes requirements for child restraint anchorage systems to
                ensure their proper location and strength for the effective securing of
                child restraints, to reduce the likelihood of the anchorage systems'
                failure, and to increase the likelihood that child restraints are
                properly secured and thus more fully achieve their potential
                effectiveness in motor vehicles. The vehicle owner's manual must
                provide written instructions, in English, for using the tether
                anchorages and the child restraint anchorage system in the vehicle.
                Instructions must at a minimum indicate which seating positions in the
                vehicle are equipped with tether anchorages and child restraint
                anchorage systems, explain the meaning of markings provided to locate
                the lower anchorages, and include instructions that provide a step-by-
                step procedure (including diagrams) for properly attaching a child
                restraint system's tether strap to the tether anchorages.
                 FMVSS No. 226, ``Ejection mitigation.'' This standard establishes
                vehicle requirements intended to reduce the partial and complete
                ejection of vehicle occupants through side windows in crashes,
                particularly rollover crashes. The standard applies to passenger cars,
                and to multipurpose
                [[Page 9790]]
                passenger vehicles, trucks, and buses with a gross vehicle weight
                rating of 4,536 kg (10,000 pounds) or less. Written information must be
                provided that describes any ejection mitigation countermeasure that
                deploys in the event of a rollover and a discussion of the readiness
                indicator with a list of the elements of the system being monitored by
                the indicator, a discussion of the purpose and location of the
                telltale, and instructions to the consumer on the steps to take if the
                telltale is illuminated.
                 FMVSS No. 303, ``Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas
                Vehicles.'' This standard specifies requirements for the integrity of
                motor vehicle fuel systems using compressed natural gas (CNG),
                including the CNG fuel systems of bi-fuel, dedicated, and dual fuel CNG
                vehicles. This regulation requires manufacturers to permanently label
                CNG vehicles, near the vehicle refueling connection, with service
                pressure information and the statement ``See instructions on fuel
                container for inspection and service life.'' Manufacturers of CNG
                vehicles must also provide a first purchaser this information in either
                an owner's manual or a one-page document.
                 Section 575.103, ``Truck-camper loading.'' This regulation requires
                manufacturers of slide-in campers to affix to each camper a label that
                contains information relating to identification and proper loading of
                the camper and to provide more detailed loading information in the
                owner's manual. This regulation also requires manufacturers of trucks
                that would accommodate slide-in campers to specify the cargo weight
                ratings and the longitudinal limits within which the center of gravity
                for the cargo weight rating should be located.
                 Section 575.104, ``Uniform tire quality grading standards.'' This
                regulation requires manufacturers of motor vehicles to inform the
                drivers of the type and quality of the tires with which their vehicles
                are equipped. Manufacturers must include in the vehicle owner's manual
                a list of all possible grades for traction and temperature resistance
                and restate verbatim the explanation for each performance area
                specified in Sec. 575.104 Figure 2, Part II. The information must
                contain a statement referring the reader to the tire sidewall for the
                specific tire grades for the tires with which the vehicle is equipped.
                 Section 575.105, ``Vehicle rollover.'' This regulation requires
                manufacturers of utility vehicles \2\ to alert the drivers of those
                vehicles that they have a higher possibility of rollover than other
                vehicle types and to advise them of steps that can be taken to reduce
                the possibility of rollover and/or to reduce the likelihood of injury
                in a rollover. The owner's manual must include a discussion of the
                vehicle design features which cause this type of vehicles to be more
                likely to rollover (e.g., higher center of gravity) and a discussion of
                the driving practices that can reduce the risk of a rollover (e.g.,
                avoiding sharp turns at excessive speed).
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                 \2\ 49 CFR 575.105 states Utility vehicles means multipurpose
                passenger vehicles (other than those which are passenger car
                derivatives) which have a wheelbase of 110 inches or less and
                special features for occasional off-road operation.
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                Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the
                Information
                 The purpose of requiring that certain information be provided in
                manuals is to ensure owners and operators are provided with readily
                accessible important information about critical components of their
                vehicles, such as the performance of their vehicle or instructions for
                proper operation. The Federal program for reducing highway fatalities,
                injuries and crashes is likely to be adversely affected if the
                information is not collected, since consumers would not be made readily
                aware of certain important safety provisions that apply to critical
                components of their vehicles and would not have a readily accessible
                source of information when circumstances require such information.
                Earlier 60-Day Notice
                 On May 12, 2021, NHTSA published a notice in the Federal Register
                (86 FR 26128) soliciting comments on reinstating the collection of
                information (Consolidated Vehicle Owner's Manual Requirements for Motor
                Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment). NHTSA received one comment from
                the Alliance for Automotive Innovation (Auto Innovators) requesting
                that NHTSA consider the development of new compliance options to permit
                digital format owners' manuals in lieu of hard copy (printed) owners'
                manuals. However, as no such compliance option currently exists, the
                Auto Innovators' request to change the FMVSS is outside of the scope of
                this reinstatement request. NHTSA will consider the request for future
                Agency action.
                 Affected Public: Vehicle manufacturers.
                 Estimated Number of Respondents: 52.
                 Frequency: On occasion.
                 Number of Responses: 52.
                 Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 8,628.
                 NHTSA estimates the burden for each of the information collections
                individually based on the estimated number of manufacturers expected to
                need to comply with the requirements and the estimated time each
                manufacturer spends each year complying with the requirements to put
                specific information into owner's manual. To calculate manufacturer
                burden, NHTSA has estimated the time to compile, revise, and review
                information for owner's manuals by vehicle model. This estimate is
                informed by the estimated number of vehicle models that would be
                subject to the requirements and also the expected number of new models
                or models undergoing changes that would necessitate updates to owner's
                manuals.
                 Part 563--Event Data Recorders. NHTSA estimates that the vehicle
                manufacturers that voluntarily provide this additional information in
                the owner's manual incur minimal burden. We conservatively estimate
                that half of the 406 vehicle models for light duty vehicles will have
                owner's manuals that contain this supplemental information and that the
                burden for updating and reviewing this information will be 1 hour per
                model line. This would result in 203 annual burden hours (203 vehicle
                model lines x 1 hour of time x 1 manual per model).
                 FMVSS No. 108, ``Lamps, reflective devices, and associated
                equipment.''
                Vehicle Headlamp Aiming Device
                 Considering that we anticipate adaptive driving beam systems to
                include a horizontal vehicle headlamp aiming device (VHAD), it is
                estimated 50% of models will offer adaptive driving beam headlighting
                systems on at least one trim level that will include a VHAD. Vehicles
                equipped with VHAD headlamps, for one model line with new VHAD
                headlamps, the time to collect the required information, prepare
                technical input, and review for accuracy of the required information
                placed for publication in the owner's manual template is estimated to
                be 4 hours per manual. In a carry-over vehicle owner's manual, we
                estimate that it would take a vehicle manufacturer 1 hour to review the
                required information for continued accuracy relating to VHAD systems.
                Section 571.108 permits each manufacturer a choice in placing headlamp
                aiming instruction in the owner's manual or on a label affixed to the
                vehicle. We estimate about half of the VHAD aiming applications would
                be
                [[Page 9791]]
                on labels attached to the VHAD, with the remainder (50%) using
                information in the owner's manual to convey the necessary information.
                Therefore, the number of annual burden hours imposed on manufacturers
                whose vehicles are subject to FMVSS No. 108 would be determined from
                the number of model lines produced annually (of which an estimated 25%
                are new and 75% are non-new, a repeat of previous years' model lines)
                multiplied by the portion of vehicles equipped with VHAD headlamps
                multiplied by the estimated number of hours required to assemble the
                required information (estimated to be 4 hours of review for new
                vehicles and 1 hour to review the information for non-new models). The
                annual burden hours required by FMVSS No. 108's VHAD section in the
                owner's manual is 383 hours ((438 models x 0.5 use VHAD x 0.25 new
                models x 4 hours/model) + (438 models x 0.5 use VHAD x 0.75 non-new
                models x 1 hour/model)).
                SemiAutomatic Beam Switching Devices
                 We estimate that approximately 80% of new vehicle models include a
                semiautomatic beam switching device (either traditional semiautomatic
                beam switching or adaptive driving beam) on at least one trim level for
                the U.S. market. For new model vehicles equipped with semiautomatic
                beam switching devices (SABs), the time to collect the required
                information, prepare technical input, and review for accuracy of the
                required information placed for publication in the owner's manual
                template is estimated to be 4 hours per manual. In a carry-over vehicle
                owner's manual, we estimate that it would take a vehicle manufacturer 1
                hour to review the required information for continued accuracy relating
                to semiautomatic beam switching devices. Section 571.108 requires
                manufacturers to provide instructions on how to operate semiautomatic
                beam switching devices if they are installed on the vehicle. The number
                of annual burden hours imposed on manufacturers whose vehicles are
                subject to FMVSS No. 108 would be determined from the number of model
                lines produced annually (of which an estimated 25% are new and 75% are
                non-new, a repeat of previous years' model lines) multiplied by the
                portion of vehicles equipped with semiautomatic beam switching devices
                multiplied by the estimated number of hours required to assemble the
                required information (estimated to be 4 hours of review for new models
                and 1 hour to review the information for non-new models). The annual
                burden hours required by FMVSS No. 108's semiautomatic beam switching
                device section in the owner's manual is 613 hours ((438 models x 0.8
                offer SABs x 0.25 new models x 4 hours/model) + (438 models x 0.8 offer
                SABs x 0.75 non-new models x 1 hour/model)).
                 FMVSS No. 110, ``Tire selection and rims.'' Currently,
                manufacturers do not equip current passenger vehicles, trucks, buses,
                trailers, or motorcycles with non-pneumatic spare tires. If vehicles
                were equipped with non-pneumatic spare tires, the number of annual
                burden hours imposed on manufacturers who choose to equip their
                vehicles with this equipment would be determined from the number of
                model lines produced annually (of which an estimated 25% are new and
                75% are on-new, a repeat of previous years' model lines) multiplied by
                the portion of vehicle models equipped with non-pneumatic spare tires
                multiplied by the estimated number of hours required to assemble the
                required information (estimated to be 4 hours of review for new
                vehicles and 1 hour to review the information for non-new vehicles).
                The product of these factors would provide the number of hours required
                by manufacturers to produce necessary information to place into an
                owner's manual ``master'' for printing. Because manufacturers do not
                equip current passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, or
                motorcycles with non-pneumatic spare tires, NHTSA estimates the hour
                burden as 0 hours.
                 FMVSS No. 138, ``Tire pressure monitoring systems.'' The
                information required by FMVSS No. 138 to be included in the owner's
                manual is provided verbatim and may be taken from the Federal
                regulation in its entirety. FMVSS No. 138, also states that the owner's
                manual may include additional information about the low-pressure
                telltale and the malfunction indicator telltale. NHTSA estimates the
                burden to be 1 hour for the respondents to compile, review, and revise
                the additional information. There is an average of 438 model lines each
                year that include tire pressure monitoring information in the owner's
                manual. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total annual burden hours for
                Sec. 571.138 to be 438 hours (438 model lines x 1 manual per model x 1
                hour).
                 FMVSS No. 202a, ``Head restraints.'' It is estimated that 438 model
                lines need to be reviewed annually, but only a fraction (25 percent)
                need major revision each year. It is further estimated that it would
                take 5 hours to complete the major revisions. The remaining fraction of
                model lines (75 percent) only require reverification of existing
                information. The total annual burden hours are estimated to be 876
                hours ((438 model lines x 0.25 needing revision x 5 hours) + (438 model
                lines x 0.75 needing revision x 1 hour)).
                 FMVSS No. 205, ``Glazing materials.'' It is estimated that the
                burden to provide information in the owner's manual for detailed care
                and maintenance is minimal because manufacturers already provide this
                type of information in the vehicle cleaning and maintenance section of
                the owner's manual. NHTSA estimates a burden for each manual of 1 hour
                because manufacturers would need to verify that detailed care and
                maintenance information has been included in their cleaning and
                maintenance section of the owner's manual. The annual estimated burden
                from Sec. 571.205 is 176 hours (176 model lines x 1 manual per model x
                1 hour).
                 FMVSS No. 208, ``Occupant crash protection.'' A conservative
                estimated burden to produce the required text and information is 16
                hours (or 2 days). It is also estimated that a fraction (25 percent) of
                the model lines would require updates annually. The remaining fraction
                of model lines (75 percent) only require reverification (1-hour burden)
                of existing information. This would result in 2,750 annual burden hours
                ((579 vehicle model lines x 0.25 percent that need updating x 16 hours
                of time) + (579 model lines x 0.75 needing revision x 1 hour)).
                 FMVSS No. 210, ``Seat belt assembly anchorages.'' It is estimated
                that it would take a vehicle manufacturer no more than 1 hour per
                vehicle model line to assemble all of the FMVSS No. 210 information for
                inclusion in the owner's manual. This would result in 438 annual burden
                hours (438 vehicle model lines x 1 manual per model x 1 hour).
                 FMVSS No. 213, ``Child restraint systems.'' NHTSA estimates that
                the burden associated with compiling, revising, and reviewing FMVSS No.
                213 information for owner's manuals will be minimal. This information
                must also be made available on strategically placed labels within the
                vehicles, in addition to the vehicle's owner's manual. Thus, it is
                assumed that the burden hours would be minimal since the information is
                already available from the information required to produce the labels.
                NHTSA estimates that there are very few vehicle models that are
                equipped with built-in child restraints. A conservative estimate is
                that no more than 20 models would have built-in child restraints. This
                would result in 20 annual burden hours (20 vehicle model lines x 1
                manual per model x 1 hour).
                [[Page 9792]]
                 FMVSS No. 225, ``Child restraint anchorage systems.'' NHTSA
                estimates that it takes a vehicle manufacturer no more than 5 hours to
                compile the required material and that only a fraction (25 percent)
                would need major revisions each year. The remaining fraction of model
                lines (75 percent) only require reverification (1-hour burden) of
                existing information. This would result in 876 annual burden hours
                ((438 vehicle model lines x 1 manual per model x 0.25 (percent
                requiring major revisions) x 5 hours of time) + (438 model lines x 1
                manual per model x 0.75 (percent requiring reverification) x 1 hour)).
                 FMVSS No. 226, ``Ejection mitigation.'' NHTSA estimates that it
                takes a vehicle manufacturer no more than 8 hours to compile the
                required material and it is estimated that a fraction (25 percent)
                would need major revisions each year. The remaining fraction of model
                lines (75 percent) only require reverification (1-hour burden) of
                existing information. This would result in 1,205 annual burden hours
                ((438 vehicle model lines x 1 manual per model x 0.25 (percent that
                need major revision) x 8 hours of time) + (438 model lines x 1 manual
                per model x 0.75 (percent needing reverification) x 1 hour)).
                 FMVSS No. 303, ``Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas
                Vehicles.'' Vehicle manufacturers must provide specific information to
                the consumer dealing with CNG vehicles' fuel systems. The information
                must be available on the fuel container of the vehicle and must also be
                made available in the Vehicle owner's manual. For the purposes of this
                justification, NHTSA assumes that all the necessary information is
                already available from the information required to produce the fuel
                container labels. Therefore, there is a slight burden of 1 hour for
                respondents to include this information in their owner's manuals. This
                would result in 18 annual burden hours (18 vehicle model lines x 1
                manual per model x 1 hour of time).
                 Section 575.103, ``Truck-camper loading.'' The information required
                for the owner's manuals under section 575.103 is developed by
                manufacturers as part of their routine engineering development for
                their vehicles. The figures to include in truck and slide-in camper
                owner's manuals are provided in the regulation. Therefore, there is a
                slight 1-hour burden for respondents to include this information in
                their owner's manuals. This would result in 35 annual burden hours (35
                vehicle model lines x 1 manual per model x 1 hour of time).
                 Section 575.104, ``Uniform tire quality grading standards.'' This
                requirement directs manufacturers to provide a statement in the owner's
                manual, that is provided in the regulation almost in its entirety or
                equivalent form. This regulation requires manufacturers of motor
                vehicles to include in the vehicle owner's manual a list of all
                possible grades for traction and temperature resistance and restate
                verbatim the explanation for each performance area specified in section
                575.104 Figure 2, Part II. A statement is provided in the regulation
                which manufacturers shall include, in its entirety or equivalent form,
                in the owner's manual. Therefore, NHTSA estimates that the burden for
                compiling, revising, and reviewing this information will only take 1
                hour per model each year. This results in 579 annual burden hours (579
                vehicle model lines x 1 manual per model x 1 hour of time).
                 Section 575.105, ``Vehicle rollover.'' To comply with Section
                575.105, manufacturers of utility vehicles must include, in the owner's
                manual, a discussion of the vehicle design features which cause this
                type of vehicles to be more likely to rollover (e.g., higher center of
                gravity) and a discussion of the driving practices that can reduce the
                risk of a rollover (e.g., avoiding sharp turns at excessive speed).
                NHTSA estimates that because this information should be readily
                available, that it will take manufacturers 1 hour each year to compile,
                revise, and review the information for inclusion in the owner's
                manuals. This would result in 18 annual burden hours (18 vehicle model
                lines x 1 manual per model x 1 hour of time).
                 The labor costs associated with these burden hours are derived by
                using hourly labor rates published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics
                (BLS). For the burden hours associated with compiling the owner's
                manual information required under the FMVSSs, NHTSA uses the mean
                hourly wage of $35.41 per hour for ``Technical Writers'' (occupational
                code 27-3042).\3\ BLS estimates that hourly wages represent
                approximately 70.2% of total compensation for private industry
                workers.\4\ Therefore, NHTSA estimates the labor cost associated with
                less senior Technical Writers to be $50.44 per hour. The total labor
                cost associated with the burden hours of this information collection
                are determined by multiplying the annual burden hours by $50.44;
                therefore, the total annual labor costs are estimated to be $435,171 in
                each of the next three years.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \3\ May 2019 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment
                and Wage Estimates, NAICS 336100--Motor Vehicle Manufacturing,
                https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/naics4_336100.htm#27-0000.
                 \4\ https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/ecec.pdf. Accessed
                March 20, 2020. Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by
                ownership [March 2020], https://www.bls.gov/news.release/ecec.t01.htm.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 The table below summarizes the total hour burden and associated
                labor costs estimates.
                 Table 1--Estimated Hour Burden and Associated Labor Costs
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Estimated
                 Estimated total annual
                 Part/section Brief title total annual labor costs at
                 burden hours $50.44/hour
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                563........................................... Event Data Recorders............ 203 $10,239
                571.108....................................... Lighting-VHAD................... 383 19,319
                571.108....................................... Lighting-SABs................... 613 30,920
                571.110....................................... Tire Selection and Rims......... 0 0
                571.138....................................... Tire Pressure Monitoring........ 438 22,093
                571.202a...................................... Head Restraints................. 876 44,185
                571.205....................................... Glazing......................... 176 8,877
                571.208....................................... Crash Protection................ 2,750 138,710
                571.210....................................... Seat Belt Anchors............... 438 22,093
                571.213....................................... Child Restraints................ 20 1,009
                571.225....................................... Child Restraint Anchorages...... 876 44,185
                [[Page 9793]]
                
                571.226....................................... Ejection Mitigation............. 1,205 60,755
                571.303....................................... CNG Fuel Systems................ 18 908
                575.103....................................... Truck-Camper Loading............ 35 1,765
                575.104....................................... Tire Quality.................... 579 29,205
                575.105....................................... Utility Vehicles................ 18 908
                 -----------------------------------------------------------------
                 Totals.................................... ................................ 8,628 435,171
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: $7,971,461.
                 NHTSA estimates that the only costs, other than labor costs
                associated with labor hours, for this information collection are costs
                associated with printing the owner's manuals. NHTSA has estimated these
                costs by multiplying the estimated number owner's manuals that will be
                produced by the number of words provided in the owner's manual in
                response to the information collection. This estimate is then
                multiplied by the estimated cost per word for printing.
                 Part 563--Event Data Recorders. NHTSA estimates that the word
                content in the owner's manual required by Part 563 would be 100 text
                words. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers is estimated to
                be $30,566.25 (17,100,000 total vehicles x 50% of vehicles including
                added language in the owner's manuals x 100 text words x 1.1 production
                factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word). Cost burdens for
                this regulation were not included in the previous information
                collection request.
                 FMVSS No. 108, ``Lamps, reflective devices, and associated
                equipment.'' The ADB final rule amended the standard with specific
                instructions for using the VHAD to aim ADB headlighting systems. We
                amended the VHAD requirements from specifically saying that it should
                be aimed at zero to a more general phrase that tells the owner what
                they should do when the headlamps need aimed horizontally. We expect
                this to decrease the words needed to convey the required information
                from 500 words to 250 words.
                 The printing cost burden for these owner's manuals would be the
                number of vehicles produced annually multiplied by the portion of
                vehicles equipped with VHAD headlamps, multiplied by certain printing
                factors (an estimated 250 text words required per owner's manual, a 1.1
                multiplier to account for aftermarket manuals, a 0.25 printing factor,
                and a $0.00013 cost per word). The annual cost burden to the
                respondents to include the information required by FMVSS No. 108's VHAD
                section in the owner's manual is $38,208 (17,100,000 vehicles x 0.5 use
                VHAD x 0.5 provide info in manual x 250 words of text x 1.1 production
                factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 The printing cost burden for these owner's manuals would be the
                number of vehicles produced annually multiplied by the portion of
                vehicles equipped with semiautomatic beam switching devices, multiplied
                by certain printing factors (an estimated 500 text words required per
                owner's manual, a 1.1 multiplier to account for aftermarket manuals, a
                0.25 printing factor, and a $0.00013 cost per word). The annual cost
                burden to the respondents to include the information required by FMVSS
                No. 108's semiautomatic beam switching device section in the owner's
                manual is $244,530 (17,100,000 vehicles x 0.8 use SABs x 500 words of
                text x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per
                word).
                 FMVSS No. 110, ``Tire selection and rims.'' The printing cost
                burden for these owner's manuals would be the number of vehicles
                produced annually multiplied by the portion of vehicles equipped with
                non-pneumatic spare tires, multiplied by certain printing factors (an
                estimated 500 text words required per owner's manual, a 1.1 multiplier
                to account for aftermarket manuals, a 0.25 printing factor, and a
                $0.00013 cost per word). Because manufacturers do not equip current
                passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, or motorcycles with non-
                pneumatic spare tires, NHTSA estimates the printing cost to be $0.
                 FMVSS 571.138, ``Tire pressure monitoring systems.'' The recurring
                cost to the respondents to include the information required by section
                571.138 is based on the typical length of the tire pressure monitoring
                system information that is required, including depictions of the low-
                pressure telltale and, if equipped, a separate malfunction indicator
                telltale. NHTSA estimates that this information is equivalent to 400
                words of text for the average owner's manual. NHTSA estimates there are
                17,100,000 new vehicles each year requiring tire pressure monitoring
                system information in the owner's manual. The annual cost burden to the
                respondents to include the information required by FMVSS No. 138 is
                $244,530 (17,100,000 vehicles x 400 words of text x 1.1 production
                factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS 571.202a, ``Head restraints.'' NHTSA estimates that it would
                take approximately 4 pages of the owner's manual to disclose the
                required head restraint information. Assuming that a page of owner's
                manual information represents a typical density of 300 words per page,
                manufacturers would need to publish about 1,200 words of instructions
                or cautioning information for the average owner's manual. NHTSA
                estimates there are 17,100,000 new vehicles each year requiring head
                restraint information in the owner's manual. Therefore, the total
                recurring cost estimate is $733,590 (17,100,000 vehicles x 1,200 words
                of text x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per
                word).
                 FMVSS No. 205, ``Glazing materials.'' The word count required in
                the owner's manual is estimated to be 210 words. Only buses and low
                speed vehicles currently use plastic type glazing. Therefore, NHTSA
                estimates there are 17,400 new vehicles each year that include glazing
                information in the owner's manual. The annual cost burden to the
                respondents to include the information required by FMVSS No. 205 is
                estimated to be $130.63 (17,400 vehicles x 210 words of text x 1.1
                production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS No. 208, ``Occupant crash protection.'' NHTSA estimates that
                the word content in the owner's manual required by FMVSS No. 208 would
                be 5,400 text words. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers is
                estimated to be $3,397,680 (17,600,000
                [[Page 9794]]
                total vehicles x 5,400 text words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25
                printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS No. 210, ``Seat belt assembly anchorages.'' It is estimated
                that the word content in the owner's manual required by FMVSS No. 210
                would be 400 text words. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle
                manufacturers is estimated to be $244,530 (17,100,000 total vehicles x
                400 text words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x
                $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS No. 213, ``Child restraint systems.'' It is estimated that
                the recurring information required for child safety in the owner's
                manual would be 500 text words. NHTSA estimates that, conservatively,
                5% of vehicles may be in lines that offer built in child restraints.
                Therefore, NHTSA estimates that there would be 880,000 vehicles with
                owner's manual containing information provided in response to this
                information collection. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers
                is estimated to be $15,730 (880,000 total vehicles x 500 text words x
                1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS No. 225, ``Child Restraint Anchorage Systems.'' NHTSA
                estimates that the word content in the owner's manual required by FMVSS
                No. 225 would be 1,500 text words. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle
                manufacturers is estimated to be $943,800 (17,600,000 total vehicles x
                1,500 text words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x
                $0.00013 per word).
                 FMVSS No. 226, ``Ejection Mitigation.'' NHTSA estimates that the
                word content in the owner's manual required by FMVSS No. 226 would be
                3,000 text words. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers is
                estimated to be $1,833,975 (17,100,000 total vehicles x 3,000 text
                words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per
                word).
                 FMVSS No. 303, ``Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas
                Vehicles.'' NHTSA estimates that no more than 50 words are required in
                the owner's manual to comply with the requirements in FMVSS No. 303.
                There are conservatively 20,000 CNG vehicles produced annually. Hence,
                the cost burden to CNG vehicle manufacturers is estimated to be $35.75
                (20,000 total units x 50 text words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25
                printing factor x $0.00013 per word). Cost burdens for this regulation
                were not included in the previous information collection request.
                 Section 575.103, ``Truck-camper loading.'' It is estimated that 480
                words are required in the owner's manual to comply with Sec. 575.103.
                There are approximately 2,300,000 pickup trucks and 11,000 truck camper
                units produced annually. These total to an annual production of
                2,311,000 units. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers is
                estimated to be $39,656.76 (2,311,000 total units x 480 text words x
                1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word).
                 Section 575.104, ``Uniform tire quality grading standards.'' NHTSA
                estimates that 390 words are minimally required in the owner's manual
                to comply with Sec. 575.104. There are approximately 13,857,300
                vehicles covered by this regulation. Hence, the cost burden to vehicle
                manufacturers is estimated to be $193,205.41 (13,857,300 total vehicles
                x 390 text words x 1.1 production factor x 0.25 printing factor x
                $0.00013 per word). Cost burdens for this regulation were not included
                in the previous information collection request.
                 Section 575.105, ``Vehicle rollover.'' NHTSA estimates that 117
                words are minimally required in the owner's manual to comply with
                section 575.105. There are approximately 2,700,000 utility vehicles
                with 4-wheel drive and a wheelbase of 110 inches or less. Therefore,
                the cost burden to vehicle manufacturers is estimated to be $11,293.43
                (2,700,000 total vehicles x 117 text words x 1.1 production factor x
                0.25 printing factor x $0.00013 per word). Cost burdens for this
                regulation were not included in the previous information collection
                request.
                 The total annual cost to the respondents for information published
                in vehicles' owner's manuals is summarized in the table below.
                 Table 2--Estimated Printing Costs
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Estimated
                 Part/section Brief title total costs to
                 respondents
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                563............................... Event Data Recorders $30,566
                571.108........................... Lighting-VHAD....... 38,208
                571.108........................... Lighting-SABs....... 244,530
                571.110........................... Tire Selection and 0
                 Rims.
                571.138........................... Tire Pressure 244,530
                 Monitoring Systems.
                571.202a.......................... Head Restraints..... 733,590
                571.205........................... Glazing............. 131
                571.208........................... Occupant Crash 3,397,680
                 Protection.
                571.210........................... Seat Belt Assembly 244,530
                 Anchors.
                571.213........................... Child Restraints 15,730
                 Systems.
                571.225........................... Child Restraint 943,800
                 Anchorage Systems.
                571.226........................... Ejection Mitigation. 1,833,975
                571.303........................... Fuel System 36
                 Integrity of
                 Compressed Natural
                 Gas Vehicles.
                575.103........................... Truck-Camper Loading 39,657
                575.104........................... Uniform Tire Quality 193,205
                 Grading Standards.
                575.105........................... Vehicle Rollover.... 11,293
                 -------------------------------------
                 Total Costs................... .................... 7,971,461
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of
                this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed
                collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of
                the functions of the Department, including whether the information will
                have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department's estimate
                of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to
                enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be
                collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of
                information on respondents, including the use of automated collection
                techniques or other forms of information technology.
                [[Page 9795]]
                The agency will summarize and/or include your comments in the request
                for OMB's clearance of this information collection.
                 Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter
                35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29.
                Raymond R. Posten,
                Associate Administrator for Rulemaking.
                [FR Doc. 2022-02453 Filed 2-18-22; 8:45 am]
                BILLING CODE 4910-59-P
                

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