Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for Comment; Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles With Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study

CourtNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Citation87 FR 12772
Published date07 March 2022
Record Number2022-04755
Federal Register, Volume 87 Issue 44 (Monday, March 7, 2022)
[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 44 (Monday, March 7, 2022)]
                [Notices]
                [Pages 12772-12774]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2022-04755]
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                DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
                National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                [Docket No. NHTSA-2022-0018]
                Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for
                Comment; Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles With Automated
                Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study
                AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
                Department of Transportation (DOT).
                ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for approval of a
                new information collection.
                -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                SUMMARY: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
                invites public comments about our intention to request approval from
                the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for a new information
                collection. Before a Federal agency can collect certain information
                from the public, it must receive approval from OMB. Under procedures
                established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before seeking OMB
                approval, Federal agencies must solicit public comment on proposed
                collections of information, including extensions and reinstatement of
                previously approved collections. This document describes a collection
                of information for which NHTSA intends to seek OMB approval to conduct
                an experiment to gather both objective and subjective data regarding
                occupant/passenger seat preference in Automated Driving System-
                Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs).
                DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before May 6, 2022.
                ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Docket No. NHTSA-
                2022-0018 through any of the following methods:
                 Electronic Submissions: Go to the Federal eRulemaking
                Portal at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions
                for submitting comments.
                 Fax: (202) 493-2251.
                 Mail or Hand Delivery: Docket Management, U.S. Department
                of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Room W12-
                140, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through
                Friday, except on Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help
                you, please call (202) 366-9322 before coming.
                 Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and
                docket number for this notice. Note that all comments received will be
                posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any
                personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading
                below.
                 Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all
                comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual
                submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf
                of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's
                complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on
                April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit https://www.transportation.gov/privacy.
                 Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or
                comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov or the street
                address listed above. Follow the online instructions for accessing the
                dockets via internet.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access
                to background documents, contact Arryn Robbins, Office of Behavioral
                Safety Research (NPD-320), (202) 366-8996, National Highway Traffic
                Safety Administration, W46-466, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200
                New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
                (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before an agency submits a proposed
                collection of information to OMB for approval, it must first publish a
                document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and
                otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies
                concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has
                promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a
                document. Under OMB's regulation (at 5 CFR 1320.8(d)), an agency must
                ask for public comment on the following: (a) Whether the proposed
                collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of
                the functions of the agency, including whether the information will
                have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of
                the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the
                validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) how to enhance
                the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected;
                and (d) how to minimize the burden of the collection of information on
                those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated,
                electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or
                other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic
                submission of responses. In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA
                asks for public comments on the following proposed collection of
                information for which the agency is seeking approval from OMB.
                 Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving
                Systems: Seating Preference Study.
                 OMB Control Number: New.
                 Form Number(s): NHTSA Forms 1624, 1625, and 1626.
                 Table 1--Forms To Be Used in the Study
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                NHTSA Form 1624........................ Eligibility Questionnaire--
                 FMVSS Considerations for
                 Vehicles with Automated
                 Driving Systems: Seating
                 Preference Study.
                NHTSA Form 1625........................ Demographic Questionnaire--
                 FMVSS Considerations for
                 Vehicles with Automated
                 Driving Systems: Seating
                 Preference Study.
                NHTSA Form 1626........................ Post Experiment Questionnaire--
                 FMVSS Considerations for
                 Vehicles with Automated
                 Driving Systems: Seating
                 Preference Study.
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Type of Request: New collection.
                 Type of Review Requested: Regular.
                 Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of
                approval.
                 Summary of the Collection of Information: 49 U.S.C. 30181, 30182,
                and 30183 authorize the Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA by
                delegation) to conduct research, development, and testing programs,
                including activities related to new and emerging technologies that
                impact, or that may impact, motor vehicle safety. NHTSA proposes to
                collect information from the public regarding occupant/passenger seat
                preference in Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs).
                Adults aged 18 and older will participate in an on-road study after
                giving informed consent. Participants will ride in one passenger
                vehicle and two ADS-DVs on a closed test track. Questionnaire data will
                be collected at the beginning and end of participation for each
                participant. Objective data will be collected via the data acquisition
                systems installed in each study vehicle. The data from each participant
                will be combined, stratified by demographic information and analyzed.
                 There are four information collections for the study. The (1)
                Eligibility
                [[Page 12773]]
                Questionnaire will be used to identify eligible participants for this
                study; results from this questionnaire will not be kept or analyzed.
                Candidates who are selected for the study will participate in a single
                test-track experiment and will complete two additional questionnaires
                while participating in the experiment. The (2) Demographic
                Questionnaire will be used for description of the participant sample
                (e.g., number of males and females in the dataset, final age range for
                all participants, and driving experience range for all participants).
                This is necessary to compare the sample collected to the general
                driving population. The (3) objective data collected via data
                acquisition systems installed in each study vehicle during the test-
                track experiment is necessary for collecting information about
                participants' seat selection, any seat changes during the ride, seat
                belt use, and how participants interact with the HMI. The (4) Post
                Experiment Questionnaire will be used to analyze the perceptions and
                opinions of ADS-DV technology within the participant sample, as well as
                to gather any comments regarding their seat preference and seat belt
                use. This data will be used to determine how and why participants
                choose seating preferences in ADS-DVs.
                Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the
                Information
                 The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA's)
                mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce economic losses
                resulting from motor vehicle crashes. ADS technology is rapidly
                developing, and current Federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS)
                and/or NHTSA guidance may need to be adapted to ensure this technology
                is deployed safely. Many of NHTSA's FMVSS focus on particular seating
                positions and thus, changes in seating preferences could impact those
                FMVSS. This study will provide NHTSA information about the seating
                preferences of occupants in vehicles that do not require a human driver
                in the left front seat. Several safety outcomes stem from occupant
                seating preference, which may change in the future as Automated Driving
                Systems (ADS) change seating configurations and the way people use
                vehicles. ADS-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs) are vehicles that lack
                manually operated driving controls, and therefore do not require a
                human driver or occupant to drive the vehicle or sit in the left front
                seat (the ``driver's seat'' in conventional vehicles). In conventional
                vehicles, there is the basic assumption that a human will always be in
                the left front seat while the vehicle is operating because a human
                driver would be necessary to operate those vehicles. ADS-DVs provide
                the opportunity for occupants to sit in any seat they choose in the
                vehicle. It is currently unknown where occupants may choose to sit when
                riding in an ADS-DV. Moreover, new seating configurations for occupants
                of ADS-DVs may necessitate changes to how and where information is
                presented to occupants about their responsibilities as occupants (e.g.,
                closing doors, fastening seatbelts). Furthermore, occupants will need a
                human-machine interface (HMI) to provide input that they are ready for
                the ride to begin, or to request that the ride stop. At present, no
                standardized or otherwise commercially produced HMIs exist for this
                purpose. Therefore, in order to conduct the research, a prototype HMI
                will be developed. The two main goals for this study are to:
                 1. Describe the occupant distribution for ADS-DVs (i.e., seating
                distribution).
                 2. Use the prototype HMI to evaluate whether occupants would choose
                to initiate a ride in an ADS-DV without a seatbelt.
                 Affected Public: Adults ages 18 and older who meet eligibility
                criteria such as holding a valid driver's license and having used a
                ride-sharing application at least once in the past year.
                 Estimated Number of Respondents: An expected total of up to 100
                participants will be recruited to participate in the study. It is
                estimated that 200 respondents will be needed in order to identify 100
                eligible participants.
                 Frequency: One-time collection.
                 Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 268.
                 The eligibility questionnaire will have a maximum of 28 questions
                and NHTSA estimates it will take approximately 20 minutes to complete.
                Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total time associated with completing
                eligibility questionnaires to be 67 hours (200 responses x 20 minutes =
                66.7 hours). Study Intake, (reading study information sheet and
                obtaining participant consent, general study instruction) is expected
                to take 10 minutes to complete. Both the demographic and post-
                experiment questionnaires will have a maximum of 20 questions and NHTSA
                estimates that it will take each eligible participant 10 minutes to
                complete the demographic questionnaire and 10 minutes to complete the
                post-experiment questionnaire. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total
                burden for Study Intake to be 17 hours (100 responses x 10 minutes =
                16.67 hours), Demographic Questionnaire to be 17 hours (100 responses x
                10 minutes = 16.67 hours), and The Post Experiment questionnaire to be
                17 hours (100 responses x 10 minutes = 16.67 hours). Accordingly, NHTSA
                estimates the total burden hours for this information collection to be
                268 hours.
                 The table below shows the estimated burden hours for this
                information collection, which accounts for the maximum number of
                expected responses and drop-outs.
                 Estimated Burden Hours
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Estimated Total
                 Maximum individual estimated
                 Instrument number of burden burden
                 respondents (minutes) hours
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Eligibility Questionnaire........ 200 20 67
                Study Intake..................... 100 10 17
                Demographic questionnaire........ 100 10 17
                Study Participation.............. 100 90 150
                Post Experiment Questionnaire.... 100 10 17
                 --------------------------------------
                 Total........................ 200 60 268
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: The only cost burdens
                respondents will incur are costs related to travel to and from the
                study location. The costs are minimal and are expected to be offset by
                [[Page 12774]]
                the honorarium that will be provided to all research participants.
                 Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of
                this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed
                collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of
                the functions of the Department, including whether the information will
                have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department's estimate
                of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to
                enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be
                collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of
                information on respondents, including the use of automated collection
                techniques or other forms of information technology.
                 Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter
                35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29.
                Cem Hatipoglu,
                Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety Research.
                [FR Doc. 2022-04755 Filed 3-4-22; 8:45 am]
                BILLING CODE 4910-59-P
                

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