Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 68 (Tuesday, April 9, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 68 (Tuesday, April 9, 2019)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 14038-14041]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-06794]
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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Aviation Administration
14 CFR Part 39
[Docket No. FAA-2019-0194; Product Identifier 2019-NM-009-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64
Airworthiness Directives; Airbus SAS Airplanes
AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.
ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).
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SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all
Airbus SAS Model A350-941 and -1041 airplanes. This proposed AD was
prompted by reports of cracks within the ring gears of a slat geared
rotary actuator (SGRA) resulting from a change in the raw material
manufacturing process. This proposed AD would require replacement of
affected parts with serviceable parts, as specified in an European
Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which will be incorporated by
reference. We are proposing this AD to address the unsafe condition on
these products.
DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by May 24, 2019.
ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
[[Page 14039]]
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    For the incorporation by reference (IBR) material described in the
``Related IBR material under 1 CFR part 51'' section in SUPPLEMENTARY
INFORMATION, contact EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne,
Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 1000; email [email protected];
internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this IBR material on the EASA
website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this IBR material at
the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines,
WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA,
call 206-231-3195. It is also available in the AD docket on the
internet at http://www.regulations.gov.
Examining the AD Docket
    You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-
0194; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.,
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains
this NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other
information. The street address for Docket Operations (telephone 800-
647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in
the AD docket shortly after receipt.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathleen Arrigotti, Aerospace
Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200
South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206-231-3218.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Comments Invited
    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or
arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed
under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2019-0194;
Product Identifier 2019-NM-009-AD'' at the beginning of your comments.
We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic,
environmental, and energy aspects of this NPRM. We will consider all
comments received by the closing date and may amend this NPRM based on
those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we
receive about this NPRM.
Discussion
    The EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the
European Union, has issued EASA AD 2019-0020, dated January 31, 2019
(``EASA AD 2019-0020'') (also referred to as the Mandatory Continuing
Airworthiness Information, or ``the MCAI''), to correct an unsafe
condition for all Airbus SAS Model A350-941 and -1041 airplanes. The
MCAI states:
    Cracks have been found within the ring gears of an SGRA.
Investigation identified that this is due to a change in the
manufacturing process of the 300M steel raw material, that did not
have adequate post-production non destructive testing for potential
cracks. A batch of SGRA has been identified as having been subject
to this manufacturing process.
    This condition, if not detected and corrected, could, in
combination with an independent failure on the second SGRA of the
same slat surface, lead to detachment of the slat surface, possibly
resulting in reduced control of the aeroplane and/or injury to
persons on the ground.
    To address this potential unsafe condition, Airbus issued the SB
[Service Bulletin A350-27-P026] to provide instructions to replace
the affected parts, referencing the applicable Liebherr SB for in-
shop correction.
    For the reason described above, this [EASA] AD requires
replacement of each affected part with a serviceable part.
Related IBR Material Under 1 CFR Part 51
    EASA AD 2019-0020 describes procedures for replacing the affected
SGRAs. This material is reasonably available because the interested
parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by
the means identified in the ADDRESSES section, and it is publicly
available through the EASA website.
FAA's Determination and Requirements of this Proposed AD
    This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another
country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant
to our bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, we have
been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI referenced
above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all pertinent
information and determined an unsafe condition exists and is likely to
exist or develop on other products of the same type design.
Proposed Requirements of This NPRM
    This proposed AD would require accomplishing the actions specified
in EASA AD 2019-0020 described previously, as incorporated by
reference, except for any differences identified as exceptions in the
regulatory text of this AD.
Explanation of Required Compliance Information
    In the FAA's ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of the AD
process, the FAA worked with Airbus and EASA to develop a process to
use certain EASA ADs as the primary source of information for
compliance with requirements for corresponding FAA ADs. As a result,
EASA AD 2019-0020 will be incorporated by reference in the FAA final
rule. This proposed AD would, therefore, require compliance with the
provisions specified in EASA AD 2019-0020, through that incorporation,
except for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory
text of this proposed AD. Service information specified in EASA AD
2019-0020 that is required for compliance with EASA AD 2019-0020 will
be available on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching
for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0194 after the FAA final rule is
published.
Costs of Compliance
    We estimate that this proposed AD affects 12 airplanes of U.S.
registry. We estimate the following costs to comply with this proposed
AD:
                                     Estimated Costs for Required Actions *
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                                                                                    Cost per       Cost on U.S.
                          Labor cost                              Parts cost        product         operators
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25 work-hours x $85 per hour = $2,125........................              $0           $2,125          $25,500
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* We have received no definitive data that would enable us to provide cost estimates for the parts specified in
  this proposed AD.
[[Page 14040]]
    According to the manufacturer, some or all of the costs of this
proposed AD may be covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost
impact on affected individuals. We do not control warranty coverage for
affected individuals. As a result, we have included all known costs in
our cost estimate.
Authority for This Rulemaking
    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: ``General
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this
rulemaking action.
    This proposed AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated
by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as
authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order,
issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and
Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the
Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable
to transport category airplanes and associated appliances to the
Director of the System Oversight Division.
Regulatory Findings
    We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed
regulation:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order
12866;
    2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979);
    3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska; and
    4. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39
    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by
reference, Safety.
The Proposed Amendment
    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:
PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.
Sec.  39.13   [Amended]
0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness
directive (AD):
Airbus SAS: Docket No. FAA-2019-0194; Product Identifier 2019-NM-
009-AD.
(a) Comments Due Date
    We must receive comments by May 24, 2019.
(b) Affected ADs
    None.
(c) Applicability
    This AD applies to all Airbus SAS Model A350-941 and -1041
airplanes, certificated in any category.
(d) Subject
    Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 27, Flight
controls.
(e) Reason
    This AD was prompted by reports of cracks within the ring gears
of a slat geared rotary actuator (SGRA), resulting from a change in
the raw material manufacturing process. We are issuing this AD to
address cracking of SGRA ring gears. This condition, if not detected
and corrected, could, in combination with an independent failure on
the second SGRA of the same slat surface, lead to detachment of the
slat surface, possibly resulting in reduced control of the airplane
and injury to persons on the ground.
(f) Compliance
    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified,
unless already done.
(g) Requirements
    Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: Comply with all
required actions and compliance times specified in, and in
accordance with, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019-
0020, dated January 31, 2019 (``EASA AD 2019-0020'').
(h) Exceptions to EASA AD 2019-0020
    (1) For purposes of determining compliance with the requirements
of this AD: Where EASA AD 2019-0020 refers to its effective date,
this AD requires using the effective date of this AD.
    (2) The ``Remarks'' section of EASA AD 2019-0020 does not apply
to this AD.
(i) Other FAA AD Provisions
    The following provisions also apply to this AD:
    (1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager,
International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, has the
authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the
procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19,
send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight
Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information
directly to the International Section, send it to the attention of
the person identified in paragraph (j)(2) of this AD. Information
may be emailed to: [email protected]. Before using any
approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or
lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight
standards district office/certificate holding district office.
    (2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD
to obtain instructions from a manufacturer, the instructions must be
accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International
Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA; or EASA; or Airbus SAS's
EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA). If approved by the DOA, the
approval must include the DOA-authorized signature.
    (3) Required for Compliance (RC): For any service information
referenced in EASA AD 2019-0020 that contains RC procedures and
tests: Except as required by paragraph (i)(2) of this AD, RC
procedures and tests must be done to comply with this AD; any
procedures or tests that are not identified as RC are recommended.
Those procedures and tests that are not identified as RC may be
deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the
operator's maintenance or inspection program without obtaining
approval of an AMOC, provided the procedures and tests identified as
RC can be done and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy
condition. Any substitutions or changes to procedures or tests
identified as RC require approval of an AMOC.
(j) Related Information
    (1) For information about EASA AD 2019-0020, contact EASA,
Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221
89990 6017; email [email protected]; Internet www.easa.europa.eu.
You may find this EASA AD on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this EASA AD at the FAA, Transport
Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For
information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call
206-231-3195. EASA AD 2019-0020 may be found in the AD docket on the
internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating
Docket No. FAA-2019-0194.
[[Page 14041]]
    (2) For more information about this AD, contact Kathleen
Arrigotti, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport
Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198;
telephone and fax 206-231-3218.
    Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on April 1, 2019.
Michael Kaszycki,
Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification
Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-06794 Filed 4-8-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-P