Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; California; California Mobile Source Regulations

Federal Register, Volume 81 Issue 116 (Thursday, June 16, 2016)

Federal Register Volume 81, Number 116 (Thursday, June 16, 2016)

Rules and Regulations

Pages 39423-39446

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov

FR Doc No: 2016-13941

Page 39423

Vol. 81

Thursday,

No. 116

June 16, 2016

Part III

Environmental Protection Agency

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40 CFR Part 52

Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; California; California Mobile Source Regulations; Final Rule

Page 39424

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

EPA-R09-OAR-2015-0622; FRL-9947-59-Region 9

Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; California; California Mobile Source Regulations

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to approve a revision to the California State Implementation Plan (SIP) consisting of certain state regulations establishing standards and other requirements relating to the control of emissions from new on-road and new and in-use off-road vehicles and engines. The EPA is approving the SIP revision because the regulations meet the applicable requirements of the Clean Air Act. Approval of the regulations as part of the California SIP makes them federally enforceable.

DATES: This rule is effective on July 18, 2016.

ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R09-OAR-2015-0622. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through http://www.regulations.gov, or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional availability information.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Doris Lo, EPA Region IX, (415) 972-

3959, lo.doris@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us'' and ``our'' refer to the EPA.

Table of Contents

  1. Proposed Action

  2. Public Comments and EPA Responses

  3. Final Action

  4. Incorporation by Reference

  5. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

  6. Proposed Action

    On November 12, 2015 (80 FR 69915) (``proposed rule''), the EPA proposed to approve a SIP revision submitted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) on August 14, 2015 consisting of certain state regulations establishing standards and other requirements relating to the control of emissions from new on-road and new and in-use off-road vehicles and engines (referred to herein as ``mobile source regulations'') for which the EPA has previously issued waivers or authorizations under section 209(b) and section 209(e)(2), respectively, of the Clean Air Act (Act or CAA).

    Our proposed rule provides background information concerning the CAA, national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS), SIPs, and other matters pertinent to this rulemaking. See 80 FR at pages 69916-69917. We noted in particular that a basic content requirement for SIPs is that they include enforceable emission limitations and other control measures, means, or techniques as may be necessary or appropriate to meet the applicable requirements of the CAA (see section 110(a)(2)(A)). We also noted that the EPA's long-standing practice was to allow California emissions reductions credit for mobile source regulations for which the EPA had issued waivers or authorizations under section 209 but that had not been submitted or approved as part of the SIP. We noted that the EPA's rationale for this long-standing practice was rejected by the Ninth Circuit in Committee for a Better Arvin v. EPA, 786 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2015) (``Committee for a Better Arvin''), and that the decision in Committee for a Better Arvin led to the submittal by CARB of the mobile source regulations as a SIP revision on August 14, 2015.

    In our proposed rule, we describe CARB's August 14, 2015 SIP revision as consisting of the regulations themselves and documentation of the public process conducted by CARB in approving the regulations as part of the California SIP. Specifically, the proposed rule includes table 1, which presents the contents of the SIP revision by mobile source category and provides, for each category, a listing of the relevant sections of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) that establish standards and other requirements for control of emissions from new on-road and new or in-use off-road vehicles or engines; the corresponding date of CARB's hearing or Executive Officer (EO) action through which the regulations or amendments were adopted; and the notice of decision in which the EPA granted a waiver or authorization for the given set of regulations. For this final rule, we are republishing table 1 from the proposed rule as amended in response to CARB comment #1 (see section II of this document).

    Table 1--CARB SIP Revision Submittal Summary

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    Date of relevant CARB

    Relevant sections of hearing date(s) or

    Source category California Code of Executive Officer EPA Notice of decision

    Regulations action

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    On-Road Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Amendments to 13 CCR 12/12/02, 6/22/06....... 70 FR 22034 (4/28/05);

    Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles Sec. Sec. 1961, 75 FR 44948 (7/30/10)

    (LEV II). 1965, and 1978 and the

    documents incorporated

    by reference (see

    table 2 below),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 12/04/

    03; and amendments to

    13 CCR Sec. Sec.

    1961, 1976, 1978, and

    documents incorporated

    by reference (see

    table 2 below),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 2/17/

    07.

    Page 39425

    On-Road Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Adoption of 13 CCR Sec. 01/26/12, 11/15/12...... 78 FR 2112 (1/9/13)

    Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles Sec. 1961.2 and

    (LEV III) and Zero Emission 1962.2 (excluding

    Vehicles (ZEV). subsection

    1962.2(g)(6)) and

    amendments to 13 CCR

    Sec. Sec. 1900,

    1956.8, 1960.1, 1961,

    1962.1, 1962.2 (re-

    numbered to 1961.3),

    1965, 1976, 1978,

    2037, 2038, 2062,

    2112, 2139, 2140,

    2145, 2147, and 2235

    and the documents

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    08/07/12; amendments

    to 13 CCR Sec. Sec.

    1900, 1956.8, 1960.1,

    1961, 1961.2, 1962.1,

    1962.2 (excluding

    subsection

    1962.2(g)(6)(C)), and

    1976 and the documents

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    12/31/12.

    On-Road Heavy-Duty Gasoline Engines. 13 CCR Sec. 1956.8 12/12/02, 9/5/03 (EO)... 75 FR 70237 (11/17/10)

    and the document

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    12/4/03.

    On-Road Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines... Amendments to 13 CCR 10/25/01................ 70 FR 50322 (8/26/05)

    Sec. 1956.8, and the

    document incorporated

    by reference (see

    table 2 below),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 11/17/

    02.

    On-Road Motorcycles................. Amendments to 13 CCR 12/10/98................ 71 FR 44027 (8/3/06)

    Sec. Sec. 1900,

    1958 (excluding

    1958(a)(1)), and 1965,

    and the document

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    11/22/99.

    On-Road Heavy-Duty Engines--On-Board 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 5/28/09................. 77 FR 73459 (12/10/12)

    Diagnostic System (HD OBD). 1971.1 and 1971.5,

    effective for state

    law purposes on 6/17/

    10.

    On-Road Heavy Duty Vehicles--engine 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 10/20/05................ 77 FR 9239 (2/16/12)

    or vehicle idle controls. 1956.8, 2404, 2424,

    2425, and 2485

    (excluding subsections

    2485(c)(1)(A),

    2485(c)(1)(B), and

    2485(c)(3)(B)), and

    the document

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    11/15/2006.

    In-Use Diesel-Fueled Transport 13 CCR Sec. 2477, as 11/18/10................ 78 FR 38970 (6/28/13)

    Refrigeration Units. amended, effective for

    state law purposes on

    3/7/11.

    Commercial Harbor Craft............. 17 CCR Sec. 93118.5 11/15/07, 9/2/08 (EO)... 76 FR 77521 (12/13/11)

    (excluding subsection

    93118.5(e)(1)),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 11/19/

    08.

    Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition (LSI) New LSI engine 5/25/06, 3/2/07 (EO).... 77 FR 20388 (4/4/12)

    Engines. emissions standards:

    13 CCR Sec. Sec.

    2430, 2431, 2433,

    2434, and 2438; LSI

    fleet requirements: 13

    CCR Sec. Sec. 2775,

    2775.1 and 2775.2, and

    the documents

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    5/12/07.

    Auxiliary Diesel Engines on Ocean- 13 CCR Sec. 2299.3 12/6/07, 10/16/08 (EO).. 76 FR 77515 (12/13/11)

    Going Vessels. and 17 CCR Sec.

    93118.3, effective for

    state law purposes on

    01/02/09.

    In-Use Off-Road Diesel Fueled Fleets 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 5/25/07, 7/26/07, 12/11/ 78 FR 58090 (9/20/13)

    2449 (excluding 08, 1/22/09, 7/23/09,

    subsection 2449(d)(2)) 12/17/10.

    2449.1, and 2449.2,

    effective for state

    law purposes on 12/14/

    11.

    Mobile Cargo Handling Equipment 13 CCR Sec. 2479 12/8/05, 9/22/11........ 77 FR 9916 (2/21/12);

    (CHE). (excluding subsections 80 FR 26249 (5/7/15)

    (e)(2) and (e)(4)),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 12/31/

    06; and amendments to

    13 CCR Sec. 2479

    (excluding subsections

    (e)(2) and (e)(4)),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 10/14/

    12.

    Small Off-Road Engines (SORE)....... 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 11/21/08................ 80 FR 26041 (5/6/15)

    2401, 2403, 2404,

    2405, 2406, 2408,

    2408.1, and 2409, and

    the document

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    5/5/10.

    Off-Road Compression--Ignition (CI) 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 1/27/00, 12/9/04........ 75 FR 8056 (2/23/10)

    Engines. 2420, 2421, 2423,

    2424, 2425, 2425.1,

    2426, and 2427, and

    the documents

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    1/6/06.

    In-Use Portable Diesel-Fueled 17 CCR Sec. Sec. 2/26/04................. 77 FR 72846 (12/6/12)

    Engines (PDE). 93116 through 93116.5

    (excluding subsection

    93116.3(a)), effective

    for state law purposes

    on 3/11/05.

    Page 39426

    Portable Equipment Registration 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 3/27/97, 7/31/07 (EO), 77 FR 72851 (12/6/12)

    Program (PERP). 2451, 2452, 2453, 2455 12/10/98, 2/26/04, 6/22/

    (excluding subsections 06, 3/22/07.

    2455(a) and 2455(b)),

    2456 (excluding

    subsections 2456(a),

    2456(d)(3),

    2456(d)(5), and

    2456(d)(6)), 2458,

    2459, 2460, 2461, and

    2462, as amended,

    effective for state

    law purposes on 9/12/

    07.

    Spark-Ignition Marine Engines and 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 7/24/08, 6/5/09 (EO).... 80 FR 26032 (5/16/15)

    Boats (Marine SI). 2111, 2112, Appendix A

    therein, 2139, 2147,

    2440, 2442, 2443.1,

    2443.2, 2444.1,

    2444.2, 2445.1,

    2445.2, 2446, 2447 and

    2474, and the

    documents incorporated

    by reference (see

    table 2 below),

    effective for state

    law purposes on 08/16/

    09.

    Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles 13 CCR Sec. Sec. 7/20/06................. 79 FR 6584 (2/4/14)

    and Engines (OHRV). 2111, 2112, 2411,

    2412, and 2413, and

    the document

    incorporated by

    reference (see table 2

    below), effective for

    state law purposes on

    8/15/07.

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The regulations submitted by CARB and listed in table 1 incorporate by reference certain documents that establish test procedures and labeling specifications, among other things, and CARB submitted these documents as part of the overall SIP revision. In our proposed rule, we included a table (table 2) that lists the incorporated documents included in the SIP submittal and are republishing that table in this final rule. Our proposed rule also included a third table in which we described the applicability of the regulations listed in table 1 above and summarized some of the key emissions control requirements contained in the rules. In today's action, we are approving the regulations in table 1 and the test procedures and specifications in table 2 as a revision to the California SIP.\1\

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    \1\ There is one exception to the EPA's approval of the regulations and test procedures listed in tables 1 and 2. The exception is 13 CCR section 2449.2(f)(4), a provision for which the EPA is deferring final action at this time.

    Table 2--Documents Incorporated by Reference in CARB Regulations Listed

    in Table 1, Above, and Submitted as Part of SIP Revision

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    On-Road Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles (LEV

    II):

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001

    and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks and Medium-

    Duty Vehicles, as last amended September 5, 2003.

    California Motor Vehicle Emission Control and Smog Index Label

    Specifications for 1978 through 2003 Model Year Motorcycles, Light-

    , Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles, as last amended

    September 5, 2003.

    California Smog Index Label Specifications for 2004 and Subsequent

    Model Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks, adopted September 5,

    2003.

    California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended September 5,

    2003.

    California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for

    2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as amended June 22, 2006.

    California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended June 22, 2006.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards Test Procedures for 2001 and

    Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty

    Vehicles, as last amended June 22, 2006.

    On-Road Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles (LEV

    III) and Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV):

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as

    last amended March 22, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle Engines, as last amended

    March 22, 2012.

    California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test Procedures, as last amended

    March 22, 2012.

    California 2001 through 2014 Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2009 through 2016 Model

    Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for

    Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as

    last amended March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Environmental Performance Label Specifications for 2009

    and Subsequent Model Year Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and

    Medium-Duty Passenger Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012.

    California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for

    2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended March 22,

    2012.

    California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended March 22,

    2012.

    Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of 1977 through 2014

    Model Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, as last amended March 22, 2012.

    Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of 2015 and Subsequent

    Model Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, adopted March 22, 2012.

    Page 39427

    California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent

    Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures

    for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    adopted March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2009

    through 2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric

    Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty

    Vehicle Classes, as last amended March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-

    related provisions.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2018

    and Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric

    Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty

    Vehicle Classes, adopted March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related

    provisions.

    California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent

    Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures

    for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as

    last amended December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California 2001 through 2014 Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2009 through 2016 Model

    Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission standards and Test Procedures for

    Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as

    last amended December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test Procedures, as last amended

    December 6, 2012.

    California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for

    2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended December

    6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle Engines, as last amended

    December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as

    last amended December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2009

    through 2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric

    Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty

    Vehicle Classes, as last amended December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2018

    and Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles, in

    the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Vehicle

    Classes, adopted December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provision.

    On-Road Heavy-Duty Gasoline Engines:

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-cycle Engines, as last amended

    December 12, 2002.

    On-Road Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines:

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 1985

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as

    last amended October 25, 2001.

    On-Road Motorcycles:

    California Motor Vehicle Emission Control and Smog Index Label

    Specifications, as last amended October 22, 1999.

    On-Road Heavy Duty Vehicles--Reduced Idling:

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004

    and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines, as last amended

    September 1, 2006.

    Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition (LSI) Engines:

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New

    2001 through 2006 Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines, Parts I

    and II, adopted September 1, 1999 and as last amended March 2,

    2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for 2007 through 2009 Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition

    Engines, (2007-2009 Test Procedure 1048), adopted March 2, 2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for New 2010 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition

    Engines, (2010 and Later Test Procedure 1048), adopted March 2,

    2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for New 2007 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition

    Engines (Test Procedures 1065 and 1068), adopted March 2, 2007.

    Small Off-Road Engines (SORE):

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2005

    and Later Small Off-Road Engines, as last amended February 24,

    2010.

    Off-Road Compression-Ignition (CI) Engines:

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New

    2000 and Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-Road Compression-

    Ignition Engines, Part I-B, adopted January 28, 2000 and as last

    amended October 20, 2005.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New

    1996 and Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-Road Compression-

    Ignition Engines, Part II, adopted May 12, 1993 and as last amended

    October 20, 2005.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New

    2008 and Later Tier 4 Off-Road Compression-Ignition Engines, Part I-

    C, adopted October 20, 2005.

    Spark-Ignition Marine Engines and Boats (Marine SI):

    California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001

    Model Year and Later Spark-Ignition Marine Engines, as last amended

    June 5, 2009.

    Procedures for Exemption of Add-On and Modified Parts for Off-Road

    Categories, as last amended June 5, 2009.

    Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles and Engines (OHRV):

    California Exhaust Emissions Standards and Test Procedures for 1997

    and Later Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles, and Engines, as last

    amended August 15, 2007.

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    We noted in our proposed rule that CARB has expressly excluded from the August 14, 2015 SIP submittal certain sections or subsections of California code that have been authorized or waived by the EPA under CAA section 209. The excluded provisions pertain to:

    Greenhouse Gas (GHG) exhaust emission standards 2009 through 2016 Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, and 2017 and subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles; and

    Page 39428

    GHG related provisions incorporated in the test procedures.

    Also, CARB has expressly excluded certain sections or subsections of California code that are not subject to preemption under CAA section 209 and thus not included in the related waiver or authorization by the EPA. These provisions pertain to:

    Fuel use requirements;

    Idling restrictions on drivers;

    Opacity standards;

    Daily mass emission limits (from the PERP regulations); and

    Certain labeling and consumer notification requirements.

    On pages 69923-69925 of our proposed rule, we described how we evaluated the regulations and how we determined that the regulations meet all applicable CAA requirements in order to be included in the California SIP. In short, we determined that:

    CARB provided adequate public notice of a comment period and a hearing on the draft SIP revision prior to adoption and submittal to the EPA, and thereby complied with the applicable procedural requirements for SIP revisions under the CAA section 110(l) and 40 CFR 51.102;

    CARB has adequate legal authority to implement the regulations because state law so provides, because the regulations are not preempted under the CAA (pursuant to waivers or authorizations issued for them by the EPA), and because CARB is not otherwise prohibited by any provision of federal or state law from carrying out the regulations;

    The regulations include all of the elements necessary to provide for practical enforceability, including clear applicability and exemption provisions, emissions standards and other requirements, test methods, recordkeeping and reporting provisions, and thereby establish enforceable emissions limitations as required under CAA section 110(a)(2)(A); \2\

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    \2\ After proposing action on CARB's mobile source regulations, we discovered a specific provision in the ``Surplus Off-Road Opt-In for NOX (SOON) Program'' portion of CARB's Regulation for In-Use Off-Road Diesel-Fueled Fleets that cannot be reconciled with the principle that SIP rules relied upon for emissions reductions must be federally enforceable. The specific provision is 13 CCR section 2449.2(f)(4) (``ARB Authority''), which states, in pertinent part: ``ARB has sole authority to enforce the requirements of section 2449.2.'' We find 13 CCR section 2449.2(f)(4) to be severable from the rest of the regulation and have not included it in today's approval action.

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    CARB's mobile source regulations submitted for approval as a revision to the California SIP establish emission limitations relied upon by RFP, attainment, and maintenance plans developed by California to meet CAA SIP requirements for nonattainment areas, and thus would not interfere with such CAA requirements for the purposes of CAA section 110(l); and

    Given the longstanding nature of CARB's mobile source program, and its documented effectiveness at achieving significant reductions from mobile sources, the state has adequate personnel and funding to carry out the mobile source regulations submitted for approval as part of the California SIP.

    For more background information on the regulatory context for this final rule, and for additional detail on the SIP submittal itself, and our evaluation, please see our proposed rule.

  7. Public Comments and EPA Responses

    The EPA's proposed rule, published at 80 FR 69915 (November 12, 2015), provided for a 30-day comment period. The EPA received two comment letters in response to the proposed rule: (1) A comment letter dated December 8, 2015 from CARB; and (2) a comment letter dated December 14, 2015 from the Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association, Inc. (OOIDA). In the paragraphs below, we summarize the comments and provide our responses.

    CARB comment #1: CARB indicates that while the August 14, 2015 SIP revision submittal included two regulations affecting Mobile Cargo Handling Equipment at Ports and Intermodal Rail Yards (CHE Regulation), table 1 of the EPA's November 12, 2015 proposed rule only lists one such regulation. CARB notes that, while table 1 of the proposed rule only listed one CHE regulation, table 3 of the proposed rule lists both. CARB suggests that table 1 be amended to include both CHE regulations, consistent with CARB's August 14, 2015 SIP revision submittal.

    EPA response to CARB comment #1: CARB is correct that the proposed action covers both CHE rules and that the EPA inadvertently failed to include one of the two CHE regulations in table 1 of the proposed rule. Table 1, as amended to list both CHE regulations, is included in the preamble to this final rule.

    OOIDA comment #1: OOIDA contends that the EPA's proposed action to approve CARB's mobile source regulations as part of the California SIP is inconsistent with the Ninth Circuit's decision in Committee for a Better Arvin by failing to demonstrate how CARB has satisfied the requirement under the CAA that SIPs must include ``enforceable emission limitations and other control measures . . . as may be necessary or appropriate to meet the applicable requirements of the CAA.'' Section 110(a)(2)(A). OOIDA asserts that the materials that CARB and the EPA are relying upon were previously submitted as part of CARB's waiver or authorization requests to the EPA, and thus are outdated. OOIDA notes that many of these regulations have been in effect under state law for years, and thus, to comply with Committee for a Better Arvin, the EPA must require CARB to submit current evidence showing how well these requirements have been adopted, whether the reductions in pollution have been met, what the experience of the regulated community has been, and whether CARB's cost estimates were accurate.

    EPA response to OOIDA comment #1: We disagree that our action to approve California's mobile source regulations that have been waived or authorized by the EPA under CAA section 209 is inconsistent with the Ninth Circuit's decision in Committee for a Better Arvin or that the information sought by OOIDA is necessary to establish that the regulations are ``necessary or appropriate'' for the purposes of CAA section 110(a)(2)(A).

    First, in Committee for a Better Arvin, the Ninth Circuit remanded to the EPA the Agency's final actions approving two specific regional plans that were adopted to meet nonattainment area SIP requirements and that rely, in part, on emissions reductions from so-called ``waiver'' measures, i.e., CARB mobile source regulations for which the EPA has issued waivers or authorizations under CAA section 209. In so doing, the court rejected the EPA's arguments supporting the Agency's longstanding practice of allowing California to rely on emissions reductions from state mobile source measures waived or authorized by the EPA under CAA section 209 to meet CAA SIP requirements without requiring approval of those measures into the California SIP. The Ninth Circuit found that CAA section 110(a)(2)(A) plainly mandates that the SIP include all state and local emission limitations, control measures, means, and techniques on which the state relies to assure compliance with the CAA. 786 F.3d 1169, at 1175-1178 (9th Cir. 2015). The Court found support for its view in the Act's provisions that allow the EPA or citizens to commence lawsuits to enforce emissions standards or limitations established under the Act. Id.

    In response to the decision, CARB selected for the SIP those mobile source regulations that represent the most current set of such regulations that have been waived or authorized by the EPA under CAA section 209 and that are

    Page 39429

    relied upon to provide emissions reductions in the most recently-

    approved or pending SIPs for the various nonattainment areas in California, such as the two regional plans that were the subject of the remand in Committee for a Better Arvin. The issue of whether the emissions reductions anticipated by CARB when adopting the regulations reasonably approximate those that have actually occurred is not relevant for the EPA's action on CARB's mobile source regulations SIP revision. The fact that California is relying on the emissions reductions from the mobile source regulations to meet any CAA requirements makes the regulations ``necessary or appropriate'' for inclusion in the SIP, regardless of whether the reductions are the same as those originally estimated by CARB at the time of submittal of the waiver or authorization request.

    In response to CARB's SIP revision submittal, however, the EPA did not simply propose to approve the mobile source regulations without review and evaluation for compliance with relevant CAA requirements for such regulations. For example, the EPA reviewed the regulations to determine whether SIP procedural requirements under CAA section 110(a)(2) and related EPA regulations were met; to determine whether the regulations are enforceable and thereby comply with the applicable requirement in CAA section 110(a)(2)(A); to determine whether the state has provided necessary assurances that it has adequate personnel, funding, and authority to implement the regulations and thereby comply with the applicable requirements in CAA section 110(a)(2)(E); and to determine whether the SIP revision would interfere with attainment or reasonable further progress or any other CAA requirement as required under CAA section 110(l). See our proposed rule, 80 FR at 69923-69925. For the reasons stated in the proposed rule, we concluded that CARB's mobile source regulation SIP revision met all of the relevant CAA requirements and would not interfere with attainment or reasonable further progress or any other CAA requirement.

    One consideration that the EPA did not take into account was the cost of compliance by manufacturers or owners/operators subject to CARB's mobile source regulations. Such cost issues standing alone, which OOIDA believes CARB must submit and that the EPA must consider, are not relevant to the EPA's review of SIPs and SIP revisions under CAA section 110. This has been settled law since 1976 when the Supreme Court issued its decision in Union Electric Co. v. EPA, 427 U.S. 246, at 255-266 (1976) (``Union Electric''), rehearing denied 429 U.S. 873 (1976). In Union Electric, the Supreme Court found that the 1970 version of section 110(a)(2) did not allow the EPA to disapprove an attainment sulfur dioxide (SO2) SIP on the ground that the SIP's control measures for complying with the SO2 NAAQS would be so stringent as to be technologically or economically infeasible. Id. at 265. The Supreme Court made it clear that Congress left states free to choose technology-forcing measures to achieve attainment within what was then a three-year deadline. Id. at 268-269. While the CAA has been amended a number of times since 1970, the basic allocation of responsibilities on the states in developing and submitting SIPs and on the EPA in reviewing SIPs and SIP revisions remains the same today, and thus the holding of Union Electric continues to inform the EPA's review of SIPs and SIP revisions today.

    OOIDA comment #2: Citing CAA section 307(b)(1), OOIDA asserts that the EPA must specify whether any SIP approval has nationwide scope or effect. OOIDA further declares that if the EPA fails to make such an express determination, then OOIDA will advise its members residing outside of California that they do not need to comply with any of the California laws, statutes or regulations included in the SIP. If, on the other hand, the EPA finds that the SIP does have ``nationwide scope and effect,'' then OOIDA claims that CARB is required under CAA section 110(a)(2)(E) to satisfy the EPA that the imposition of California's regulatory regime on interstate truckers residing outside of California is consistent with the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Without such a demonstration from CARB, and a finding of nationwide scope or effect by the EPA, OOIDA objects to the EPA's proposed approval of CARB's mobile source regulations as part of the California SIP.

    EPA response to OOIDA comment #2: CAA section 307(b)(1) provides that a petition for review of the EPA in promulgating certain specific types of standards, such as the NAAQS, ``or any other nationally applicable regulations promulgated, or final action taken, by the EPA under the CAA may be filed only in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia.'' A petition for review of the EPA's action in approving a SIP under CAA section 110 that is locally or regionally applicable may be filed only in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit unless such SIP action is based on a determination of ``nationwide scope or effect'' and if in taking such action the EPA finds and publishes that such action is based on such a determination. In that case, CAA section 307(b)(1) provides for review of the EPA's SIP action in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Thus, section 307(b)(1) not only confers jurisdiction upon the U.S. Courts of Appeals but also specifies how the venue for petitions for review of actions covered by section 307(b)(1) is determined. Dalton Trucking Inc. v. EPA, No. 13-1283, slip op. at 7-8 (D.C. Cir. Dec. 18, 2015).

    When the EPA issues a final decision waiving or authorizing CARB mobile source regulations under CAA section 209 of the CAA, the proper venue for judicial review of that decision is the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit if either the decision is ``nationally applicable'' or the EPA determines the decision is of ``nationwide scope or effect'' and publishes the determination. Section 307(b)(1). In making a determination of nationwide scope or effect for a waiver or authorization under section 209, the EPA takes into account that other states may adopt California's standards for which a section 209 waiver or authorization has been granted if certain criteria are met. Sections 177 and 209(e)(2)(B) allow other states to adopt (and subsequently enforce in their state) California's regulations for which the EPA has issued waivers or authorizations. The EPA may also consider the applicability of such regulations to manufacturers or owner/operators residing outside of California but selling, leasing, or operating vehicles or equipment in California.\3\

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    \3\ The D.C. Circuit recently concluded that a decision under section 209 is not ``nationally applicable'' under section 307(b) if it applies only to vehicles owned or operated in California, even if those vehicles are based outside California. Dalton Trucking Inc. v. EPA, No. 13-1283, slip op. at 10 (D.C. Cir. Dec. 18, 2015). However, a decision that is not applicable outside California can still have effect outside California.

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    In this case, the EPA is taking action under section 110 of the CAA to approve CARB's mobile source regulations as part of the California SIP. Unlike the Agency's issuance of a waiver or authorization under section 209, approval of CARB's mobile source regulations under section 110 does not enable other states to adopt the regulations. The EPA's approval of the regulations under section 110 does extend federal enforceability to the standards. See CAA sections 113 (EPA enforcement authority) and 304 (citizen suits). However, that is true of all SIP approval actions under section 110, and

    Page 39430

    thus, like other SIP approval actions, we find that our final action herein is not nationally applicable, nor is it of nationwide scope or effect. Petitions for review of this final action therefore must be filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit, i.e., in this case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

    Lastly, because the EPA finds that the Agency's final action herein is not of ``nationwide scope or effect,'' no further response to OOIDA's comment is necessary.

    OOIDA comment #3: OOIDA notes that, in addition to being an affirmative grant of congressional authority, the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, which authorizes Congress ``to regulate Commerce . . . among the several states,'' is in its negative aspect also a limitation on the regulatory authority of the states. OOIDA contends that, in its negative aspect, the Commerce Clause protects the nation against economic Balkanization and state regulations affecting interstate commerce where the burden on commerce is excessive in relation to the putative local benefits. For example, OOIDA cites high aggregate costs purportedly incurred to comply with two specific CARB regulations, the Heavy-Duty (Truck) Greenhouse Gas (HD GHG) Regulations and the In-Use On-Road Heavy-Duty Diesel-Fueled Vehicles Regulation (``Truck and Bus Regulation''). OOIDA argues that the EPA should expressly consider and make findings whether the aggregate impact of regulations which California has sought to ``federalize'' through SIP approvals violate these Constitutional principles.

    EPA response to OOIDA comment #3: First of all, we note that today's action does not include CARB's HD GHG Regulations or the Truck and Bus Regulation. The former was not included in the SIP revision submittal and has never been submitted as part of the California SIP, and the latter was submitted and approved by the EPA as a SIP revision in 2012 at 77 FR 20308 (April 4, 2012).

    As to the Commerce Clause comment more generally, the negative aspect of the Commerce Clause to which OOIDA refers is often referred to as the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause. OOIDA notes some of the basic principles under which courts have found state regulations to be invalid under the dormant Commerce Clause.\4\ OOIDA asks the EPA to expressly consider and make findings whether the aggregate impact of regulations that California has sought to ``federalize'' through SIP approvals violate dormant Commerce Clause principles.

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    \4\ OOIDA cites the court's reasoning in Union Pac. R.R. v. Cal. Pub. Utils. Comm'n, 346 F.3d 851, 871 (9th Cir. 2003) in support of its arguments challenging California's mobile source regulations on the grounds of extra-territorial impact. In Union Pac. R.R., the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals struck down certain California regulations having an extraterritorial impact; however, in more recent years, the Ninth Circuit appears to have modified its views on the extra-territoriality doctrine. In Rocky Mountain Farmers Union v. Corey, 730 F.3d 1070, 1101 (9th Cir. 2013), a case challenging California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard, the Ninth Circuit noted: ``In the modern era, the Supreme Court has rarely held that statutes violate the extraterritoriality doctrine.'', and concluded: ``The district court held that the Fuel Standard regulated extraterritorial conduct because: (1) . . . it `attempts to control' out-of-state conduct, . . . We disagree.'' Id. We also note that, while Rocky Mountain Farmers Union stands for the proposition that CAA section 211(c)(4)(B) ``does not insulate California from scrutiny under the dormant Commerce Clause,'' Id., at 1107, CAA section 211(c)(4) does not establish for motor vehicle fuels the type of specific process under which California rules shall be waived or authorized by the EPA as that found for mobile source emissions standards in CAA sections 209(b) and (e). See additional discussion regarding the dormant Commerce Clause and California regulations waived or authorized under CAA sections 209(b) and (e) later in the response to OOIDA comment #3.

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    Under the CAA, the EPA's responsibility in reviewing SIPs and SIP revisions is to ensure that all CAA requirements that apply to a given SIP or SIP revision are met, and if a given SIP or SIP revision meets minimum applicable CAA requirements, then the EPA ``shall'' approve it. See CAA section 110(k)(3). Among the CAA requirements that apply to SIPs or SIP revisions is section 110(a)(2)(E), which provides in relevant part that SIPs and SIP revisions must provide necessary assurances that the state will have adequate authority under state law to carry out such SIP and is not prohibited by any provision of federal or state law from carrying out such SIP. In this instance, the EPA has issued waivers or authorization under section 209 for all of the subject regulations (and in doing so has removed the federal Clean Air Act preemption), and the EPA has found CARB to have the necessary legal authority to enforce the standards under state law. Furthermore, none of the subject regulations has been found by any court to be preempted under the dormant Commerce Clause or any other federal law, and thus, CARB is not prohibited from carrying out such SIP.

    Moreover, in this instance, the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause is no obstacle to the EPA's approval of CARB's mobile source regulations SIP revision. As a general matter, the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause acts to limit certain types of state regulation that affect interstate commerce, but does not limit actions by federal agencies, such as the EPA. Additionally, ``dormant'' Commerce Clause principles simply do not apply where Congress has so clearly established a process under which the EPA must waive preemption if certain conditions are met. Here, the regulations submitted as part of CARB's SIP revision fall within the scope of CAA section 209, the Congressional provision under which the explicit general preemption of state mobile source regulations may be waived for California. Congress can authorize state or local government action that otherwise would violate the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause, even if the action ultimately interferes with interstate commerce. See White v. Massachusetts Council of Constr. Employers, Inc., 460 U.S. 204, 213 (1983). Both the legislative history of CAA section 209 and the text of the statute itself show that Congress affirmatively contemplated the type of regulations at issue here, even assuming those regulations might otherwise be considered to interfere with interstate commerce. See Motor & Equip. Mfrs. Ass'n v. EPA, 627 F.2d 1095 (D.C. Cir. 1979) (``MEMA I''). The EPA has consistently interpreted these provisions as providing a narrow review of California's decision making. These views are consistent with the views we expressed in more detail in our recent brief in Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association, Inc. v. EPA, D.C. Cir., Case No. 14-1192 (``OOIDA v. EPA''), which has been placed in the docket for this rulemaking. While the specific California regulations at issue in OOIDA v. EPA are not included in the SIP revision approved in today's action, we believe that the views expressed in our brief in that case on the Commerce Clause apply more generally to EPA actions and to California regulations (including those approved herein) for which the EPA has issued waivers or authorizations and thus we are adopting the reasoning set forth therein in support of today's action.

    Lastly, Congress allows for cost considerations in reviewing requests for waivers of preemption under section 209 of the Act. The third prong of EPA's consideration (section 209(b)(1)(C) for on-road waivers and section 209(e)(2)(A)(iii) for off-road authorizations) includes an assessment of whether CARB's regulations are technologically infeasible. Such assessment includes a review of whether those opposing the waiver have demonstrated that there is inadequate lead time to permit the development of technology necessary to meet the

    Page 39431

    regulations at issue, giving appropriate consideration to the cost of compliance within that time frame.\5\ Each of the regulations approved in today's actions were the subject of a waiver or authorization by the EPA under section 209, and thus, cost compliance issues have already been considered by the Agency in that context. The EPA does not intend to reopen those issues through today's action under CAA section 110 on CARB's SIP revision.

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    \5\ See 79 FR 46256, 46262-46264. In MEMA I, the court addressed the cost of compliance issue in reviewing a waiver decision. According to the court: Section 202's cost of compliance concern, juxtaposed as it is with the requirement that the Administrator provide the requisite lead time to allow technological developments, refers to the economic costs of motor vehicle emission standards and accompanying enforcement procedures. See S. Rep. No. 192, 89th Cong., 1st Sess. 5-8 (1965); H.R. Rep. No. 728 90th Cong., 1st Sess. 23 (1967), reprinted in U.S. Code Cong. & Admin. News 1967, p. 1938. It relates to the timing of a particular emission control regulation rather than to its social implications. Congress wanted to avoid undue economic disruption in the automotive manufacturing industry and also sought to avoid doubling or tripling the cost of motor vehicles to purchasers. It, therefore, requires that the emission control regulations be technologically feasible within economic parameters. Therein lies the intent of the cost of compliance requirement (emphasis added).

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    OOIDA Comment #4: OOIDA believes that the costs to comply with CARB's On-Road Heavy-Duty Vehicle--Engine or Vehicle Idle Controls (``Anti-Idling'') Regulations disproportionately burden motor carriers and drivers from outside of the State of California because local California truck owners who go home at night on a regular basis are not pressured to purchase an Alternative Power Source (APS) to condition the truck cab for the comfort of the driver for those times when the idling shutdown system activates in uncomfortably hot or cold weather. On the benefit side, OOIDA contends that CARB did not quantify the environmental benefits that will be derived from the Anti-Idling Regulations in either the SIP revision or the waiver request to the EPA for the rules back in 2008. OOIDA believes that the burden of these regulations upon out-of-state trucks far exceeds the air pollution benefits, but in any event, now that the regulations have been in effect for several years, OOIDA states that the EPA should not approve the Anti-Idling Regulations as part of the SIP until CARB presents, and the EPA considers, up-to-date information concerning costs and benefits.

    EPA response to OOIDA comment #4: CARB included the Anti-Idling Regulations in the package of mobile source regulations submitted as part of the California SIP because recent and pending regional air quality plans depend upon the emissions reductions from implementation of the regulations. At the time the regulations were adopted, CARB estimated statewide benefits from reducing idling of sleeper berth equipped trucks at 46 tons per day of oxides of nitrogen, 4.2 tons per day of reactive organic gases, and 0.4 tons per day of particulate matter in year 2010.\6\

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    \6\ CARB's Updated Informative Digest, ``Requirements to Reduce Idling Emissions from New and In-Use Trucks, Beginning in 2008,'' posted September 6, 2006.

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    As noted previously, the CAA requires the EPA to approve SIPs and SIP revisions that meet the applicable requirements of the CAA. One of those requirements involves a determination that the state has provided necessary assurances that the state is not prohibited by any provision of federal or state law from carrying out the SIP (see CAA section 110(a)(2)(E)), and in this case, no court has found the Anti-Idling Regulations to be in violation of the Commerce Clause or any other provision of federal law.

    Also, as noted above in our responses to OOIDA comment #1, under Union Electric, compliance cost issues standing alone are not relevant to the EPA's review of SIPs and SIP revisions under CAA section 110, and as noted in response to OOIDA comment #3, the Commerce Clause acts to limit certain types of state regulation that affect interstate commerce, but does not limit actions by federal agencies, such as the EPA. As also previously explained, the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause principles do not apply where Congress has established a process under which the EPA must waive preemption if certain conditions are met. The EPA's views expressed herein concerning the reach of the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause and the viability of challenges under the Commerce Clause to California regulations for which waivers or authorizations have been issued are consistent with our recent brief in Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association, Inc. v. EPA, D.C. Cir., Case No. 14-

    1192, which has been placed in the docket for this rulemaking.

    OOIDA comment #5: OOIDA cites CARB's In-Use Diesel-Fueled Transport Refrigeration Units (TRUs) Regulation as another example of what it contends is a state regulation whose costs on interstate commerce far exceed any benefit yet demonstrated by CARB. OOIDA further contends that the EPA does not have the authority to approve a rule with what it views as an unconstitutional impact on interstate commerce.

    EPA response to OOIDA comment #5: As previously explained, the Commerce Clause acts to limit certain types of state regulation that affect interstate commerce, but does not limit actions by federal agencies, such as the EPA. As also previously explained, the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause principles do not apply where Congress has established a process under which the EPA must waive preemption if certain conditions are met. On the other hand, the EPA recognizes that it must review SIPs and SIP revisions for compliance with CAA section 110(a)(2)(E), which provides in relevant part that the state must provide necessary assurances that, among other things, the state is not prohibited by any provision of federal or state law from carrying out the SIP. In this instance, no court has found CARB's TRUs Regulation to be in violation of the Commerce Clause or any other provision of federal law.

    As noted above in the EPA response to OOIDA comment #3, the EPA has considered in detail the issue of the relevance of the ``dormant'' Commerce Clause to CARB's regulations that are subject to waivers or authorizations under section 209 in a recent brief filed in the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association, Inc. v. EPA, D.C. Cir., Case No. 14-1192, which is in the docket for this rulemaking.

  8. Final Action

    Under section 110(k)(3) of the CAA, and for the reasons given above, we are taking final action to approve a SIP revision submitted by CARB on August 14, 2015 that includes certain sections of title 13 and title 17 of the California Code of Regulations that establish standards and other requirements relating to the control of emissions from new on-road and new and in-use off-road vehicles and engines. Tables 1 and 2 above list the regulations and related test procedures and other specifications we are approving in this action.\7\ We are approving the SIP revision because the regulations (and related test procedures and other specifications) included therein fulfill all relevant CAA requirements. This final action incorporates by reference the regulations into the federally enforceable SIP for the State of California.

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    \7\ As discussed above in footnotes #1 and #2, we are deferring action on 13 CCR section 2449.2(f)(4).

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    Page 39432

  9. Incorporation by Reference

    In this rule, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of certain sections of title 13 and title 17 of the California Code of Regulations described in the amendments to 40 CFR part 52 set forth below. Therefore, these materials have been approved by the EPA for inclusion in the State implementation plan, have been incorporated by reference by the EPA into that plan, are fully federally enforceable under sections 110 and 113 of the CAA as of the effective date of the final rulemaking of EPA's approval, and will be incorporated by reference by the Director of the Federal Register in the next update to the SIP compilation.\8\ The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov and/or at the EPA Region IX Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information).

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    \8\ 62 FR 27968 (May 22, 1997).

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  10. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

    Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);

    does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);

    is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);

    does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);

    does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);

    is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);

    is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);

    is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and

    does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

    In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, this action does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by August 15, 2016. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2)).

    List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Dated: June 1, 2016.

    Alexis Strauss,

    Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.

    Chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

    PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

    0

    1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Subpart F--California

    0

    2. Section 52.220a is amended as follows:

    0

    a. In paragraph (c), table 1 is amended:

    0

    i. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 1 (Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices), Article 1 (General Provisions)'' after the entry for ``6626''; and under it, adding entries for ``1900(b)(11) through (b)(17)'', ``1900(b)(9) and (b)(22)'', and ``1900(b)(22)'';

    0

    ii. By adding entries for ``1956.8(a)(2), (a)(5), (b), and (h)'', ``1956.8(b), (c)(1)(B), (d), and (h)(2)(footnotes J and K)'', and ``1956.8(a)(2)(A), (a)(6), and (b)'' after the heading ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 1 (Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices), Article 2 (Approval of Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Divisions (New Vehicles))'';

    0

    iii. By adding entries for ``1956.8(b), (c)(1)(B), (c)(3), (d), (h)(2), and (h)(5)'', ``1956.8(b), (c)(1)(A)(3), (d), and (h)(5)'', and ``1958 (a) (excluding (a)(1)), (b)(1), (b)(2), (f), (g), and (h)'', after the entry for ``1956.8'';

    0

    iv. By adding entries for ``1960.1(r)'', ``1960.1(r)'', ``1961, including Introduction, (a)(4), (a)(8), (a)(12), (a)(15); (b)(3)(B), (b)(3)(C), (b)(3)(D), (b)(3)(E); (d); and (e)'', and ``1961(d)'' after the entry for ``1960.1'';

    0

    v. By adding entries for ``1961, including Introduction, (a)(1), (a)(3),

    Page 39433

    (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(7), (a)(8)(B), (a)(14)(A); (b)(1)(A), (b)(1)(B)(1.)(c.), (b)(1)(B)(3.), (b)(1)(C)(1.), (b)(1)(D), (b)(3)(A), (b)(3)(B), (b)(3)(C), (b)(3)(E); (c)(1), (c)(2)(A), (c)(3)(A), (d)'', ``1961, including Introduction, (a)(1), (b)(1)(A), (d)'', ``1961.2'', ``1961.2, including Introduction, (a)(1), (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(D), (a)(7)(A), (a)(7)(A)(2.) (through equation 2), (A)(9), (b)(1)(A), (b)(1)(A)(2.), (b)(1)(D), (b)(4)(A), (c)(1)(B), (c)(3)(B), and (d)''; ``1962.1'', ``1962.1 (b)(2)(D)(1) and (2), (c)(3)(A), and (h)(1)''; ``1962.2, excluding (g)(6)(C)''; ``1962.2(c)(2)(B), (c)(3)(A), (c)(3)(A)(1.), (h)(1)''; ``1962.3''; ``1965''; ``1965''; ``1965''; ``1971.1''; ``1971.5''; ``1976(c)''; ``1976(b)(1), (c), (f)(3) and (f)(4)''; ``1976(b)(1), (b)(1)(G)(3), (c)''; ``1978(a)(1), (b)''; ``1978(b)''; and ``1978'' after the entry for ``1961'';

    0

    vi. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 1 (Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices), Article 6 (Emission Control Warranty System)'' after the entry for ``2027''; and under it, adding entries for ``2037(g)'' and ``2038(c)(3)'';

    0

    vii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 1 (Assembly-Line Testing)'' after the new entry ``2038(c)(3)''; and under it, adding an entry for ``2062'';

    0

    viii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.1 (Procedures for In-Use Vehicle Voluntary and Influenced Recalls)'' after the new entry ``2062''; and under it, adding entries for ``2111(a)(1)'', ``2111(a)(4)'', ``2112(l)(12)'', ``2112(l)(20), (l)(23)'', and ``2112(b), (l)(9), (l)(18)'';

    0

    ix. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.3 (In-Use Vehicle Enforcement Test Procedures)'' after the new entry ``2112(b), (l)(9), (l)(18)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2139(h)'', ``2139(a), (b), (c)(2)'', and ``2140(b)'';

    0

    x. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.4 (Procedures for Reporting Failures of Emission-Related Components)'' after the new entry ``2140(b)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2145(b)(3)'', ``2147(b)'', and ``2147(b)(3)'';

    0

    xi. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 4.4 (Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks)'' after the new entry ``2147(b)(3)''; and under it, adding an entry for ``2235'';

    0

    xii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 5.1 (Standards for Fuels for Nonvehicular Sources)'' after the entry for ``2297''; and under it, adding an entry for ``2299.3'';

    0

    xiii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 1 (Small Off-Road Engines)'' after the new entry ``2299.3''; and under it, adding entries for ``2401(a)(13), (36), (41), (51), (52)'', ``2403(b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4), (d), (e)(1)'', ``2404(a)''; ``2404(m)(1), (m)(2), (m)(3)''; ``2405(b)(1), (b)(2), (h)(1), (h)(2)''; ``2406(b)(1), (b)(2)''; ``2408(b)(2), (d)(4), (f)(1), (f)(3), (f)(4), (f)(5), (g)(1)(E), (i)(3), (i)(7)''; ``2408.1''; and ``2409(a), (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(5), (b)(6), (d)(3)'';

    0

    xiv. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 3 (Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles and Engines)'' after the new entry ``2409(a), (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(5), (b)(6), (d)(3)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2411(a)(1), (a)(13), (a)(17), (a)(18), (a)(19)''; ``2412''; and ``2413'';

    0

    xv. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4 (Off-Road Compression-

    Ignition Engines and Equipment)'' after the new entry ``2413''; and under it, adding entries for ``2420'', ``2421'', ``2423'', ``2424'', ``2424(a)'', ``2425'', ``2425(e)'', ``2425.1'', ``2426'', and ``2427'';

    0

    xvi. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.5 (Off-Road Large Spark-

    Ignition Engines)'' after the new entry ``2427''; and under it, adding entries for ``2430'', ``2431(a), (a)(19), (a)(28)'', ``2433'', ``2434(c)'', and ``2438(e)(7)'';

    0

    xvii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.7 (Spark-Ignition Marine Engines)'' after the new entry ``2438(e)(7)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2440(a)(3)'', ``2442(a)(1), (a)(2), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h)'', ``2443.1(b)(1), (c)(2)(B), (c)(4)(B), (c)(4)(D), (c)(4)(G), (c)(4)(H), (d)(4)(B)'', ``2443.2(b)(1), (c)(1), (c)(2), (e)'', ``2444.1(a), (b)(3)(B), (b)(3)(E), (b)(3)(G), (e)(4)(A)(1. through 10.), (e)(4)(B), (e)(4)(C)(1., 2., and 3.)'', ``2444.2'', ``2445.1(a), (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), (e)(10), (e)(11), (g)(2)(A)'', ``2445.2(a)'', ``2446(a), (b)(4)(B), (c)(1)(A), (c)(1)(B), (c)(2)(A), (c)(3)(D), (c)(3)(E), (d)(3)(D), (d)(5), (e)'', and ``2447'';

    0

    xviii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.8 (In-Use Off-Road Diesel-Fueled Fleets)'' after the new entry ``2447''; and under it, adding entries for ``2449, excluding (d)(2)'', ``2449.1'', and ``2449.2, excluding (f)(4)'';

    0

    xix. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 5 (Portable Engine and Equipment Registration)'' after the new entry ``2449.2, excluding (f)(4)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2451'', ``2452'', ``2453'', ``2455, excluding (a) and (b)'', ``2456, excluding (a), (d)(3), (d)(5), and (d)(6)'', ``2458'', ``2459'', ``2460'', ``2461'', and ``2462'';

    0

    xx. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 7 (Certification Procedures for Aftermarket Parts for Off-Road Vehicles, Engines, Equipment)'' after the new entry ``2462''; and under it, adding an entry for ``2474(e), (i)(1)'';

    0

    xxi. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 8 (Off-Road Airborne Toxic Control Measures)'' after the new entry ``2474(e), (i)(1)''; and under it, adding entries for ``2477'', ``2479, excluding (e)(2) and (e)(4)'', and ``2479(a), (b), (c), (d), (e)(1), (e)(3), (e)(5), (f)(1), (f)(2), (f)(3), (f)(6), (h)(1), (i), (j)(1), (j)(2), (j)(3), (k), (l), (m), (n), (o), (p), (q), (r)'';

    0

    xxii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 10 (Mobile Source Operational Controls), Article 1 (Motor Vehicles)'' after the new entry ``2479(a), (b), (c), (d), (e)(1), (e)(3), (e)(5), (f)(1), (f)(2), (f)(3), (f)(6), (h)(1), (i), (j)(1), (j)(2), (j)(3), (k), (l), (m), (n), (o), (p), (q), (r)''; and under it, adding an entry for ``2485, excluding (c)(1)(A), (c)(1)(B), (c)(3)(B)'';

    Page 39434

    0

    xxiii. By adding a table entry titled ``Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 15 (Additional Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Requirements), Article 2 (Large Spark Ignition (LSI) Engines Fleet Requirements)'' after the entry for ``2701''; and under it, adding entries for ``2775'', ``2775.1'', and ``2775.2'';

    0

    xxiv. By adding entries for ``93116'', ``93116.1'', ``93116.2'', ``93116.3, excluding (a)'', ``93116.4'', ``93116.5'', ``93118.3'', and ``93118.5, excluding (e)(1)'' after the entry for ``93114''; and b. Paragraph (c), table 2 is amended by adding entries for ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as last amended September 5, 2003'', ``California Motor Vehicle Emission Control and Smog Index Label Specifications for 1978 through 2003 Model Year Motorcycles, Light-, Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles,'' as last amended September 5, 2003'', ``California Smog Index Label Specifications for 2004 and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks,'' adopted September 5, 2003'', ``California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended September 5, 2003'', ``California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as amended June 22, 2006'', ``California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended June 22, 2006'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as last amended June 22, 2006'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle Engines, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test Procedures, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``California 2001 through 2014 Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2009 through 2016 Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California Environmental Performance Label Specifications for 2009 and Subsequent Model Year Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Passenger Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``California Refueling Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of 1977 through 2014 Model Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, as last amended March 22, 2012'', ``Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of 2015 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, adopted March 22, 2012'', ``California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, adopted March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2009 through 2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, as last amended March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2018 and Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, adopted March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as last amended December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California 2001 through 2014 Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2009 through 2016 Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as last amended December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test Procedures, as last amended December 6, 2012'', ``California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as last amended December 6, 2012'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle Engines, as last amended December 6, 2012'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as last amended December 6, 2012'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2009 through 2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, as last amended December 6, 2012'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2018 and Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles, in the Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, adopted December 6, 2012, excluding GHG-related provisions'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-cycle Engines, as last amended December 12, 2002'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 1985 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and Vehicles, as last amended October 25, 2001'', ``California Motor Vehicle Emission Control and Smog Index Label Specifications, as last amended October 22, 1999'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2004 and Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines, as last amended September 1, 2006'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 2001 through 2006 Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines, Parts I and II, adopted September 1, 1999 and as last amended March 2, 2007'', ``California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2007 through 2009 Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines, (2007-2009 Test Procedure 1048), adopted March 2, 2007'', ``California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 2010 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines, (2010 and Later Test Procedure 1048), adopted March 2, 2007'', ``California Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 2007 and Later Off-Road Large Spark-Ignition Engines (Test Procedures 1065 and 1068), adopted March 2, 2007'',

    Page 39435

    ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2005 and Later Small Off-Road Engines, as last amended February 24, 2010'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 2000 and Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-Road Compression-Ignition Engines, Part I-B, adopted January 28, 2000 and as last amended October 20, 2005'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 1996 and Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-Road Compression-

    Ignition Engines, Part II, adopted May 12, 1993 and as last amended October 20, 2005'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for New 2008 and Later Tier 4 Off-Road Compression-Ignition Engines, Part I-C, adopted October 20, 2005'', ``California Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 Model Year and Later Spark-Ignition Marine Engines, as last amended June 5, 2009'', ``Procedures for Exemption of Add-On and Modified Parts for Off-Road Categories, as last amended June 5, 2009'', and ``California Exhaust Emissions Standards and Test Procedures for 1997 and Later Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles, and Engines, as last amended August 15, 2007'' after the entry for ``Procedures for Using the California Model for California Reformulated Gasoline Blendstocks for Oxygenate Blending (CARBOB)''.

    The additions read as follows:

    Sec. 52.220a Identification of plan--partial.

    * * * * *

    (c) * * *

    Table 1--EPA-Approved Statutes and State Regulations \1\

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    State

    State citation Title/subject effective EPA approval date Additional explanation

    date

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    * * * * * * *

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 1 (Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices), Article 1 (General Provisions)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1900(b)(11) through (b)(17)........... Definitions................... 11/22/1999 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions of ``motorcycle

    6/16/2016. engine,'' ``passenger car,''

    ``recall,'' ``replacement

    part,'' ``subgroup,'' and

    ``reactivity adjustment

    factor.''

    1900(b)(9) and (b)(22)................ Definitions................... 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions of ``intermediate

    6/16/2016. volume manufacturer'' and

    ``small volume

    manufacturer.''

    1900(b)(22)........................... Definitions................... 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Definition of ``small volume

    6/16/2016. manufacturer.''

    * * * * * * *

    1956.8(a)(2), (a)(5), (b), and (h).... Exhaust Emissions Standards 11/17/2002 Insert Federal Register citation, Exhaust emissions standards

    and Test Procedures--1985 and 6/16/2016. for new 2004 and subsequent

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty model heavy-duty diesel

    Engines and Vehicles. engines, heavy-duty natural

    gas-fueled and LPG-fueled

    engines derived from diesel-

    cycle engines; crankcase

    emissions requirements; test

    procedures.

    1956.8(b), (c)(1)(B), (d), and (h)(2) Exhaust Emissions Standards 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures; exhaust

    (footnotes J and K). and Test Procedures--1985 and 6/16/2016. emissions standards for new

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty 2005 and subsequent model HD

    Engines and Vehicles. OC engines.

    1956.8(a)(2)(A), (a)(6), and (b)...... Exhaust Emissions Standards 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Heavy-duty diesel engine

    and Test Procedures--1985 and 6/16/2016. idling requirements; test

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty procedures.

    Engines and Vehicles.

    * * * * * * *

    1956.8(b), (c)(1)(B), (c)(3), (d), Exhaust Emissions Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures; exhaust

    (h)(2), and (h)(5). and Test Procedures--1985 and 6/16/2016. emissions standard for new

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty 2005 and subsequent model HD

    Engines and Vehicles. OC engines; 1992 and

    subsequent model diesel

    engines used in MD low-

    emissions vehicles.

    1956.8(b), (c)(1)(A)(3), (d), and Exhaust Emissions Standards 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures; exhaust

    (h)(5). and Test Procedures--1985 and 6/16/2016. emissions standard for new

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty 2005 and subsequent model HD

    Engines and Vehicles. OC engines; 1992 and

    subsequent model diesel

    engines used in MD low-

    emissions vehicles.

    1958(a) (excluding (a)(1)), (b)(1), Exhaust Emissions Standards 11/22/1999 Insert Federal Register citation, Exhaust emissions standards

    (b)(2), (f), (g), and (h). and Test Procedures-- 6/16/2016. for HC + NOX and for CO;

    Motorcycles and Motorcycle different standards

    Engines Manufactured on or established for different

    after January 1, 1978. sizes and for different

    models years; provisions for

    small volume manufacturers

    and for early-compliance

    credits; sunset review.

    Excluded subsection relates

    to an exclusion for

    motorcycles or motorcycle

    engines where the engine

    displacement is less than 50

    cubic centimeters.

    Page 39436

    * * * * * * *

    1960.1(r)............................. Exhaust Emission Standards and 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, 4,000-mile Supplement FTP

    Test Procedures--1981 through 6/16/2016. Emission Standards for LEV,

    2006 Model Passenger Cars, ULEV, and SULEV in the PC,

    Light Duty Trucks, and Medium LDT, and MDVs.

    Duty Vehicles.

    1960.1(r)............................. Exhaust Emission Standards and 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, 4,000-mile Supplement FTP

    Test Procedures--1981 through 6/16/2016. Emission Standards for LEV,

    2006 Model Passenger Cars, ULEV, and SULEV in the PC,

    Light Duty Trucks, and Medium LDT, and MDVs.

    Duty Vehicles.

    1961, including Introduction, (a)(4), Exhaust Emission Standards and 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register citation, 50 degF Exhaust emissions

    (a)(8), (a)(12), (a)(15); (b)(3)(B), Test Procedures--2004 and 6/16/2016. standards, requirements for

    (b)(3)(C), (b)(3)(D), (b)(3)(E); (d); Subsequent Model Passenger vehicles certified to the

    and (e). Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and optional 150,000 mile

    Medium-Duty Vehicles. standards, NMOG credit

    provisions, fuel-fired

    heater provisions, phase-in

    requirements for MDV

    manufacturers; test

    procedures.

    1961(d)............................... Exhaust Emission Standards and 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures.

    Test Procedures--2004 and 6/16/2016.

    Subsequent Model Passenger

    Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and

    Medium-Duty Vehicles.

    * * * * * * *

    1961, including Introduction, (a)(1), Exhaust Emission Standards and 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ``LEV III'' exhaust emission

    (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(7), Test Procedures--2004 through 6/16/2016. standards for 2004 through

    (a)(8)(B), (a)(14)(A); (b)(1)(A), 2019 Model Passenger Cars, 2019 model PC, LDT, and MDV;

    (b)(1)(B)(1.)(c.), (b)(1)(B)(3.), Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium- test procedures.

    (b)(1)(C)(1.), (b)(1)(D), (b)(3)(A), Duty Vehicles.

    (b)(3)(B), (b)(3)(C), (b)(3)(E);

    (c)(1), (c)(2)(A), (c)(3)(A), (d).

    1961, including Introduction, (a)(1), Exhaust Emission Standards and 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ``LEV III'' exhaust emission

    (b)(1)(A), (d). Test Procedures--2004 through 6/16/2016. standards for 2004 through

    2019 Model Passenger Cars, 2019 model PC, LDT, and MDV;

    Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium- test procedures.

    Duty Vehicles.

    1961.2................................ Exhaust Emission Standards and 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ``LEV III'' exhaust emission

    Test Procedures--2015 and 6/16/2016. standards for 2015 and

    Subsequent Model Passenger subsequent model year PC,

    Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and LDT, and MDV.

    Medium-Duty Vehicles.

    1961.2, including Introduction, Exhaust Emission Standards and 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ``LEV III'' exhaust emission

    (a)(1), (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(D), Test Procedures--2015 and 6/16/2016. standards for 2015 and

    (a)(7)(A), (a)(7)(A)(2.) (through Subsequent Model Passenger subsequent model year PC,

    equation 2), (A)(9), (b)(1)(A), Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and LDT, and MDV.

    (b)(1)(A)(2.), (b)(1)(D), (b)(4)(A), Medium-Duty Vehicles.

    (c)(1)(B), (c)(3)(B), and (d).

    1962.1................................ Zero-Emission Vehicle 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ZEV standards, percentage ZEV

    Standards for 2009 through 6/16/2016. requirements, PZEV

    2017 Model Year Passenger provisions, qualification

    Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and for ZEV multipliers and

    Medium-Duty Vehicles. credits, generation and use

    of credits, calculation of

    penalties, test procedures.

    1962.1(b)(2)(D)(1) and (2), (c)(3)(A), Zero-Emission Vehicle 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ZEV requirements for large

    and (h)(1). Standards for 2009 through 6/16/2016. volume manufacturers in

    2017 Model Year Passenger model years 2012 through

    Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and 2017 and PZEV allowances;

    Medium-Duty Vehicles. test procedures, ZEV-

    specific definitions.

    1962.2, excluding (g)(6)(C)........... Zero-Emission Vehicle 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, ZEV standards, percentage ZEV

    Standards for 2018 and 6/16/2016. requirements, TZEV

    Subsequent Model Year provisions, qualification of

    Passenger Cars, Light-Duty ZEV credits, generation and

    Trucks, and Medium-Duty use of credits, test

    Vehicles. procedures, ZEV-specific

    definitions; excluded

    provision relates to GHG-ZEV

    over compliance credits.

    1962.2(c)(2)(B), (c)(3)(A), Zero-Emission Vehicle 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Certain ZEV requirements in

    (c)(3)(A)(1.), (h)(1). Standards for 2018 and 6/16/2016. model years 2018 and

    Subsequent Model Year subsequent model years

    Passenger Cars, Light-Duty including evaporative

    Trucks, and Medium-Duty emission standards for

    Vehicles. TZEVs, TZEV allowances, and

    test procedures.

    1962.3................................ Electric Vehicle Charging 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability, definitions,

    Requirements. 6/16/2016. requirements, alternatives.

    1965.................................. Emission Control and Smog 11/22/1999 Insert Federal Register citation, Emission control label

    Index Labels--1979 and 6/16/2016. requirements.

    Subsequent Model-Year Motor

    Vehicles.

    1965.................................. Emission Control and Smog 12/04/2003 Insert Federal Register citation, Emission control label

    Index Labels--1979 and 6/16/2016. requirements.

    Subsequent Model-Year Motor

    Vehicles.

    1965.................................. Emission Control, Smog Index, 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Emission control label

    and Environmental Performance 6/16/2016. requirements.

    Labels--1979 and Subsequent

    Model-Year Motor Vehicles.

    Page 39437

    1971.1................................ On-Board Diagnostic System 6/17/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Establishes emission

    Requirements--2010 and 6/16/2016. standards and other

    Subsequent Model-Year Heavy- requirements for OBD systems

    Duty Engines. that monitor emission

    systems in-use for the

    actual life of the engine

    and detect malfunctions of

    the monitored emissions

    systems, illuminating a

    malfunction indicator light

    to notify the vehicle

    operator of detected

    malfunctions, and storing

    fault codes identifying the

    detected malfunctions.

    1971.5................................ Enforcement of Malfunction and 6/17/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Establishes enforcement

    Diagnostic System 6/16/2016. protocol for use by CARB to

    Requirements for 2010 and assure the engines certified

    Subsequent Model-Year Heavy- for sale in California are

    Duty Engines. equipped with OBD systems

    that properly function and

    meet the applicable

    regulatory requirements.

    1976(c)............................... Standards and Test Procedures 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures.

    for Motor Vehicle Fuel 6/16/2016.

    Evaporative Emissions.

    1976(b)(1), (c), (f)(3) and (f)(4).... Standards and Test Procedures 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Fuel evaporative emission

    for Motor Vehicle Fuel 6/16/2016. standards; test procedures;

    Evaporative Emissions. definitions.

    1976(b)(1), (b)(1)(G)(3), (c)......... Standards and Test Procedures 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Fuel evaporative emission

    for Motor Vehicle Fuel 6/16/2016. standards; test procedures;

    Evaporative Emissions. definitions.

    1978(a)(1), (b)....................... Standards and Test Procedures 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register citation, Standards for vehicle

    for Vehicle Refueling 6/16/2016. refueling for 1998 and

    Emissions. subsequent model passenger

    cars, LDT, and MDV less than

    8,501 pounds.

    1978(b)............................... Standards and Test Procedures 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Test procedures.

    for Vehicle Refueling 6/16/2016.

    Emissions.

    1978.................................. Standards and Test Procedures 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Refueling emissions standards

    for Vehicle Refueling 6/16/2016. for 1998 and subsequent

    Emissions. model gasoline-fueled,

    alcohol-fueled, diesel-

    fueled, LPG-fueled, fuel-

    flexible and hybrid electric

    PC, LDT, and MDV up to 8,501

    pounds, and similarly-fueled

    2015 and subsequent year MDV

    from 8,501 pounds to 14,000

    pounds.

    * * * * * * *

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 1 (Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Devices), Article 6 (Emission Control Warranty

    System)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2037(g)............................... Defects Warranty Requirements 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Reporting requirements.

    for 1990 and Subsequent Model 6/16/2016.

    Passenger Cars, Light-Duty

    Trucks, Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    and Motor Vehicle Engines

    Used in Such Vehicles.

    2038(c)(3)............................ Performance Warranty 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Reporting requirements.

    Requirements for 1990 and 6/16/2016.

    Subsequent Model Passenger

    Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and

    Medium-Duty Vehicles, and

    Motor Vehicle Engines Used in

    Such Vehicles.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 1

    (Assembly-Line Testing)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2062.................................. Assembly-Line Procedures--1998 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Assembly-line test

    and Subsequent Model Years. 6/16/2016. procedures.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.1

    (Procedures for In-Use Vehicle Voluntary and Influenced Recalls)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2111(a)(1)............................ Applicability................. 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Procedures apply to

    6/16/2016. California-certified 1982

    and subsequent model-year

    passenger cars, light-duty

    trucks, medium-duty

    vehicles, heavy-duty

    vehicles, motorcycles, and

    1997 and subsequent model-

    year off-road motorcycles

    and all-terrain vehicles,

    and 2007 and subsequent

    model-year off-road sport

    vehicles, off-road utility

    vehicles, and sand cars.

    Page 39438

    2111(a)(4)............................ Applicability................. 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Procedures apply to certain

    6/16/2016. California-certified 2008

    model year spark-ignition

    sterndrive/inboard marine

    engines with maximum rated

    power less than or equal to

    373 kilowatts, and all

    California-certified 2009

    and subsequent model-year

    spark-ignition sterndrive/

    inboard marine engines.

    2112(l)(12)........................... Definitions................... 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Definition of ``useful life''

    6/16/2016. for 1997 and subsequent

    model year off-road

    motorcycles, all-terrain

    vehicles, and for 2007 and

    subsequent model year off-

    road sport vehicles, off-

    road utility vehicles, sand

    cars, and engines used in

    such vehicles.

    2112(l)(20), (l)(23).................. Definitions................... 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Definition of ``useful life''

    6/16/2016. for certain types of

    vehicles.

    2112(b), (l)(9), (l)(18).............. Definitions................... 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Definition of ``correlation

    6/16/2016. factor,'' and definition of

    ``useful life'' for certain

    types of vehicles.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.3

    (In-Use Vehicle Enforcement Test Procedures)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2139(h)............................... Testing....................... 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Specifies in-use compliance

    6/16/2016. tests for spark-ignition

    sterndrive/inboard marine

    engines.

    2139(a), (b), (c)(2).................. Testing....................... 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Specifies in-use vehicle

    6/16/2016. emission tests by CARB after

    vehicles have been accepted

    and restorative maintenance,

    if any, has been performed.

    2140(b)............................... Notification and Use of Test 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Notification and use

    Results. 6/16/2016. requirements once the in-use

    emission tests have been

    completed.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 2 (Enforcement of Vehicle Emission Standards and Surveillance Testing), Article 2.4

    (Procedures for Reporting Failures of Emission-Related Components)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2145(b)(3)............................ Field Information Report...... 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Reporting requirements.

    6/16/2016.

    2147(b)............................... Demonstration of Compliance 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies the requirements to

    with Emissions Standards. 6/16/2016. sterndrive/inboard marine

    engines.

    2147(b)(3)............................ Demonstration of Compliance 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Testing requirements and

    with Emissions Standards. 6/16/2016. selection of deterioration

    factors.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 4.4 (Specifications for Fill Pipes and Openings of Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2235.................................. Requirements.................. 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Requirements for 1977 and

    6/16/2016. subsequent model gasoline-

    fueled motor vehicles with

    respect to fill pipes and

    openings.

    * * * * * * *

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 5.1 (Standards for Fuels for Nonvehicular Sources)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2299.3................................ Airborne Toxic Control Measure 1/2/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Requires that any person who

    for Auxiliary Diesel Engines 6/16/2016. owns, operates, container

    Operated on Ocean-Going vessel, passenger vessel, or

    Vessels At-Berth in a refrigerated cargo vessel

    California Port. that visits a California

    port comply with section

    93118.3 relating to the

    operation of auxiliary

    diesel engines on OGV at-

    berth in a California port.

    Also applies to any person

    who owns or operates a port

    or terminal located at a

    California port where

    container, passenger or

    refrigerated cargo vessels

    visit.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 1 (Small Off-

    Road Engines)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2401(a)(13), (36), (41) , (51), (52).. Definitions................... 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions for ``eight-hour

    6/16/2016. workday,'' ``professional

    level,'' ``standard battery

    package,'' ``zero-emission

    equipment credits,'' and

    ``zero-emission equipment

    engine family.''

    Page 39439

    2403(b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4), (d), Exhaust Emission Standards and 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Low-emitting blue sky series

    (e)(1). Test Procedures--Small Off- 6/16/2016. engine requirements,

    Road Engines. evaporative emission

    requirements, test

    procedures.

    2404(a)............................... Emission Control Labels and 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, The requirements in section

    Consumer Information--1995 6/16/2016. 2404 recognize the certain

    and Later Small Off-Road emission-critical or

    Engines. emission-related parts must

    be properly identified and

    maintained in order for

    engines to meet the

    applicable emissions

    standards and that

    information regarding

    engines' emissions levels

    may influence consumer

    choice.

    2404(m)(1), (m)(2), (m)(3)............ Emission Control Labels and 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Zero-emission equipment label

    Consumer Information--1995 6/16/2016. content and placement

    and Later Small Off-Road requirements.

    Engines.

    2405(b)(1), (b)(2), (h)(1), (h)(2).... Defects Warranty Requirements 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Zero-emission equipment

    for 1995 and Later Small Off- 6/16/2016. warranty requirements.

    Road Engines.

    2406(b)(1), (b)(2).................... Emission Control System 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Warranty contact requirement.

    Warranty Statement. 6/16/2016.

    2408(b)(2), (d)(4), (f)(1), (f)(3), Emission Reduction Credits-- 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Limits on use of

    (f)(4), (f)(5), (g)(1)(E), (i)(3), Certification Averaging, 6/16/2016. certification emission

    (i)(7). Banking, and Trading credits, certain reporting

    Provisions. requirements.

    2408.1................................ Emission Reduction Credits-- 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability; general

    Zero-Emission Equipment 6/16/2016. provisions; averaging,

    Credits Averaging, Banking, banking, and trading

    and Trading Provisions. provisions; credit

    calculation and compliance

    provisions; use of zero-

    emission equipment credit;

    recordkeeping and reporting.

    2409(a), (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(5), Emission Reduction Credits-- 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability; general

    (b)(6), (d)(3). Production Credit Program for 6/16/2016. provisions; certain banking

    New Engines. provisions.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 3 (Off-Highway

    Recreational Vehicles and Engines)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2411(a)(1), (a)(13), (a)(17), (a)(18), Definitions................... 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions for ``all-terrain

    (a)(19). 6/16/2016. vehicle,'' off-highway

    recreational vehicle

    engines,'' ``off-road sport

    vehicle,'' ``off-road

    utility vehicle,'' ``sand

    car.''

    2412.................................. Emission Standards and Test 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Exhaust and evaporative

    Procedures--New Off-Highway 6/16/2016. emissions standards for off-

    Recreational Vehicles and highway recreational

    Engines. vehicles and engines used in

    such vehicles produced on or

    after January 1, 1997 that

    are sold, leased, used, or

    introduced into commerce in

    California; test procedures.

    2413.................................. Emission Control Labels--New 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Provisions related to

    Off-Highway Recreational 6/16/2016. applicability, and label

    Vehicles. content and location.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4 (Off-Road

    Compression-Ignition Engines and Equipment)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2420.................................. Applicability................. 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to new heavy-duty off-

    6/16/2016. road CI engines produced on

    or after January 1, 1996 and

    all other new 2000 model

    year and later off-road CI

    engines, except those

    covered by the preemption

    provisions in CAA section

    209(e)(1). Certification

    required for new engines

    subject to 13 CCR chapter 9,

    article 4.

    2421.................................. Definitions................... 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Defined terms in addition to

    6/16/2016. hose in 13 CCR Sec.

    1900(b).

    2423.................................. Exhaust Emission Standards and 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Exhaust emissions standards

    Test Procedures--Off-Road 6/16/2016. (tiers 1, 2, 3 and 4), upper

    Compression-Ignition Engines. limits for family emission

    limits (tiers 1, 2, 3 and

    4), low-emitting blue sky

    series engine requirements,

    crankcase emissions

    provisions, early

    certification provisions,

    prohibition on defeat

    devices, test procedures,

    recordkeeping and compliance

    calculations, economic

    hardship provisions,

    allowance for production of

    engines, labeling

    requirements,

    Page 39440

    2424.................................. Emission Control Labels--1996 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Requirements on manufacturers

    and Later Off-Road 6/16/2016. to affix a label on each

    Compression-Ignition Engines. production engine (or

    equipment) to provide the

    engine or equipment owner

    and service mechanic with

    information necessary for

    the proper maintenance of

    these parts in customer use.

    2424(a)............................... Emission Control Labels--1996 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, The requirements of section

    and Later Off-Road 6/16/2016. 2424 recognize that certain

    Compression-Ignition Engines. emissions-critical or

    emissions-related parts must

    be properly identified and

    maintained in order for

    engines to meet the

    applicable emissions

    standards.

    2425.................................. Defects Warranty Requirements 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to new 1996-1999

    for 1996 and Later Off-Road 6/16/2016. model year heavy-duty off-

    Compression-Ignition Engines. road CI engines and new 2000

    and later model year CI

    engines.

    2425(e)............................... Defects Warranty Requirements 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Requirement on manufacturers

    for 1996 and Later Off-Road 6/16/2016. to furnish with each new

    Compression-Ignition Engines. engine written instructions

    for the maintenance and use

    of the engine by the owner.

    2425.1................................ Defect Investigation and 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability, general

    Reporting Requirements. 6/16/2016. provisions, and

    investigation and reporting

    procedures.

    2426.................................. Emission Control System 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Requires manufacturers to

    Warranty Statement. 6/16/2016. furnish a specific warranty

    statements with each 1996-

    1999 heavy-duty off-road CI

    engine.

    2427.................................. Production Engine Testing, 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Compliance test procedures,

    Selection, Evaluation, and 6/16/2016. quality-audit test

    Enforcement Action. procedures, selective

    enforcement audit

    requirements.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.5 (Off-Road

    Large Spark-Ignition Engines)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2430.................................. Applicability................. 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to LSI off-road

    6/16/2016. engines 25 horsepower or

    greater after 1/1/2001 and

    all equipment and vehicles

    after 1/1/2001 that use such

    engines. On 1/1/2007,

    applicability remains the

    same but is defined in terms

    of kW (i.e., 19 kW and

    above).

    2431(a), (a)(19), (a)(28)............. Definitions................... 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions of ``Family

    6/16/2016. Emission Level or FEL'' and

    ``Off-Road Large Spark-

    Ignition Engines'' or ``LSI

    Engines.''

    2433.................................. Emission Standards and Test 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, New off-road LSI exhaust,

    Procedures--Off-Road Large 6/16/2016. crankcase, and evaporative

    Spark Ignition Engines. emission standards and test

    procedures.

    2434(c)............................... Emission Control Labels--2001 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Label content and location

    and Later Off-Road Large 6/16/2016. requirements.

    Spark-Ignition Engines.

    2438(e)(7)............................ In-Use Compliance Program..... 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Credit calculation.

    6/16/2016.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.7 (Spark-

    Ignition Marine Engines)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2440(a)(3)............................ Applicability................. 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Exemption for spark-ignition

    6/16/2016. sterndrive/inboard marine

    engines used solely for

    competition.

    2442(a)(1), (a)(2), (b), (c), (d), Emissions Standards........... 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Model year 2001 and later

    (e), (f), (g), (h). 6/16/2016. model year spark-ignition

    personal watercraft and

    outboard marine engines;

    model year 2003 and later

    model year spark-ignition

    sterndrive/inboard marine

    engines; Not-to-Exceed (NTE)

    limits; voluntary standards;

    new replacement engine

    requirements for

    manufacturers; test

    equipment and test

    procedures.

    2443.1(b)(1), (c)(2)(B), (c)(4)(B), Emission Control Labels--Model 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Requirements related to

    (c)(4)(D), (c)(4)(G), (c)(4)(H), Year 2001 and Later Spark- 6/16/2016. emission control labels.

    (d)(4)(B). Ignition Marine Engines.

    2443.2(b)(1), (c)(1), (c)(2), (e)..... Consumer/Environmental Label 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Label requirements for

    Requirements. 6/16/2016. certified model year 2001

    and later spark-ignition

    personal watercraft and

    outboard marine engines and

    certified model year 2003

    and later spark-ignition

    sterndrive/inboard engines.

    Page 39441

    2444.1(a), (b)(3)(B), (b)(3)(E), In-Use Compliance Testing and 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Recordkeeping and reporting

    (b)(3)(G), (e)(4)(A)(1. Through 10.), Recall Regulations--Model 6/16/2016. requirements.

    (e)(4)(B), (e)(4)(C)(1., 2., and 3.). Year 2001 and Later Spark-

    Ignition Marine Engines.

    2444.2................................ On-Board Engine Malfunction 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, General requirements;

    Detection System 6/16/2016. monitoring requirements;

    Requirements--Model Year 2007 additional audio/visual

    and Later Spark-Ignition alert device activation and

    Sterndrive/Inboard Marine diagnostic trouble code

    Engines. storage protocol; tampering

    protection; certification

    documentation; testing,

    standardization, and

    implementation schedule.

    2445.1(a), (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), Defects Warranty Requirements 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Warranty requirements.

    (e)(10), (e)(11), (g)(2)(A). for Model Year 2001 and Later 6/16/2016.

    Spark-Ignition Marine Engines.

    2445.2(a)............................. Emission Control Warranty 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Emission control warranty

    Statements. 6/16/2016. statement requirements.

    2446(a), (b)(4)(B), (c)(1)(A), 2001 and Later Model Year 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability provision;

    (c)(1)(B), (c)(2)(A), (c)(3)(D), Production-Line Test 6/16/2016. certain quality-audit line

    (c)(3)(E), (d)(3)(D), (d)(5), (e). Procedures and Selective test procedures for 2001 and

    Enforcement Auditing later model years; test

    Regulations for Spark- procedures; selective

    Ignition Marine Engines. enforcement auditing

    regulations.

    2447.................................. California Exhaust Emission 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Certain test procedures are

    Standards and Test Procedures 6/16/2016. incorporated by reference.

    for 2001 Model Year and Later

    Spark-Ignition Marine Engines.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 4.8 (In-Use

    Off-Road Diesel-Fueled Fleets)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2449, excluding (d)(2)................ General Requirements for In- 12/14/2011 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability, definitions,

    Use Off-Road Diesel-Fueled 6/16/2016. performance requirements

    Fleets. (different requirements

    apply to large, medium and

    small fleets), compliance

    date extension provision,

    labeling requirements,

    reporting and recordkeeping

    requirements. Excluded

    subsection relates to idling

    limits.

    2449.1................................ Performance Requirements...... 12/14/2011 Insert Federal Register citation, Establishes fleet average

    6/16/2016. requirements and compliance

    dates, BACT provisions,

    credit provisions.

    2449.2, excluding (f)(4).............. Surplus Off-Road Opt-In for 12/14/2011 Insert Federal Register citation, Purpose is to achieve

    NOX (SOON) Program. 6/16/2016. additional reductions of NOX

    from in-use off-road diesel-

    fueled vehicles beyond those

    achieved through

    implementation of the

    requirements in 13 CCR Sec.

    Sec. 2449 and 2449.1.

    Applicability, definitions,

    requirements, SOON targets,

    local air district opt-in

    provisions.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 5 (Portable

    Engine and Equipment Registration)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2451.................................. Applicability................. 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Voluntary registration

    6/16/2016. program for owners or

    portable engines or

    equipment units, with

    certain exceptions. If not

    registered under this

    program, the engine or

    equipment units shall be

    subject to district

    permitting requirements

    pursuant to district

    regulations.

    2452.................................. Definitions................... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Definitions that apply to the

    6/16/2016. portable engine and

    equipment registration

    regulations.

    2453.................................. Application Process........... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, To be considered for

    6/16/2016. registration, portable

    engines or equipment units

    must meet the requirements

    in article 5, including the

    application-related

    requirements in this

    section.

    2455, excluding (a) and (b)........... General Requirements.......... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Provisions related to

    6/16/2016. operation of portable

    engines and equipment units

    during emergency events; PSD

    notification requirements if

    the registered equipment

    unit operates at a major

    stationary source. Excluded

    subsections relate to

    attainment or maintenance of

    ambient air quality

    standards, nuisance, and

    opacity.

    Page 39442

    2456, excluding (a), (d)(3), (d)(5), Engine Requirements........... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Various requirements

    and (d)(6). 6/16/2016. specified for different

    categories of engines.

    Excluded subsections relate

    to opacity limits, fuel

    specifications, and daily

    and annual mass (per engine)

    limits.

    2458.................................. Recordkeeping and Reporting... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Recordkeeping and reporting

    6/16/2016. requirements for owners of

    registered portable engines

    and equipment units.

    2459.................................. Notification.................. 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, In most instances, if a

    6/16/2016. registered equipment unit

    will be at a location for

    more than five days, the

    owner or operator of that

    equipment must notify the

    district in writing.

    2460.................................. Inspections and Testing....... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Authorization for CARB to

    6/16/2016. conduct testing both before

    and after registration in

    the program. Districts must

    inspect all register engines

    and equipment units for

    which the district has been

    designated as the home

    district. Test methods are

    specified.

    2461.................................. Fees.......................... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Provisions establishing fees

    6/16/2016. for registration, renewal,

    and associated

    administrative tasks.

    2462.................................. Duration of Registration...... 09/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Registrations and renewal are

    6/16/2016. generally valid for three

    years from the date of

    issuance.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 7

    (Certification Procedures for Aftermarket Parts for Off-Road Vehicles, Engines, Equipment)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2474(e), (i)(1)....................... Add-On Parts and Modified 08/16/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Incorporation of procedures

    Parts. 6/16/2016. for exemptions of add-on and

    modified parts for off-road

    categories.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 9 (Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Devices), Article 8 (Off-Road

    Airborne Toxic Control Measures)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2477.................................. Airborne Toxic Control Measure 3/7/2011 Insert Federal Register citation, Regulation applies, with

    for In-Use Diesel-Fueled 6/16/2016. certain exceptions, to

    Transport Refrigeration Units owners and operators of

    (TRU) and TRU Generator Sets, diesel fueled TRUs and TRU

    and Facilities Where TRUs generator sets used to power

    Operate. electrically drive

    refrigerated shipping

    containers and trailers that

    are operated in California;

    definitions; in-use

    performance standards; in-

    use compliance dates;

    monitoring, recordkeeping

    and reporting requirements;

    prohibitions; penalties.

    2479, excluding (e)(2) and (e)(4)..... Regulation for Mobile Cargo 12/31/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to any person who

    Handling Equipment at Ports 6/16/2016. conducts business in

    and Intermodal Rail Yards. California who sells, offers

    for sale, leases, rents,

    purchases, owns or operates

    any CI mobile cargo handling

    equipment that operates at

    any California port or

    intermodal rail yard.

    Includes exemptions,

    definitions, performance

    standards for newly

    purchased leased or rented

    yard trucks and non-yard

    truck cargo handling

    equipment, provisions for

    compliance extensions and

    alternative compliance

    plans, recordkeeping and

    reporting requirements, test

    methods. Excluded

    subsections relate to in-use

    performance standards for

    yard trucks, and fuel

    requirements.

    2479(a), (b), (c), (d), (e)(1), Regulation for Mobile Cargo 10/14/2012 Insert Federal Register citation, Amendments to exemptions,

    (e)(3), (e)(5), (f)(1), (f)(2), Handling Equipment at Ports 6/16/2016. definitions, performance

    (f)(3), (f)(6), (h)(1), (i), (j)(1), and Intermodal Rail Yards. standards for newly

    (j)(2), (j)(3), (k), (l), (m), (n), purchased leased or rented

    (o), (p), (q), (r). equipment and in-use

    performance standards for

    non-yard truck mobile CHE,

    provisions for compliance

    extensions and alternative

    compliance plans,

    recordkeeping and reporting

    requirements, test methods.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Page 39443

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 10 (Mobile Source Operational Controls), Article 1 (Motor Vehicles)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2485, excluding (c)(1)(A), (c)(1)(B), Airborne Toxic Control Measure 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register citation, Establishes requirements to

    (c)(3)(B). to Limit Diesel-Fueled 6/16/2016. reduce emissions from idling

    Commercial Motor Vehicle of diesel-fueled commercial

    Idling. motor vehicles that operate

    in California with gross

    vehicle weight ratings

    greater than 10,000 pounds;

    exceptions; enforcement and

    penalty provisions;

    definitions. Excluded

    subsections relate to idling

    restrictions on drivers and

    a fuel-fired heater

    provision.

    * * * * * * *

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Title 13 (Motor Vehicles), Division 3 (Air Resources Board), Chapter 15 (Additional Off-Road Vehicles and Engines Pollution Control Requirements),

    Article 2 (Large Spark Ignition (LSI) Engines Fleet Requirements)

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2775.................................. Applicability................. 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to operators of

    6/16/2016. certain off-road LSI engine

    forklifts, sweepers/

    scrubbers, industrial tow

    tractors or airport ground

    support equipment operated

    within the State of

    California. Exemptions

    provided for small fleets

    and certain other equipment.

    Includes definitions.

    2775.1................................ Standards..................... 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Establishes fleet average

    6/16/2016. emission level standards

    with certain exceptions.

    2775.2................................ Compliance Requirements for 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register citation, Compliance and recordkeeping

    Fleet Operators. 6/16/2016. requirements, provisions for

    extensions in compliance

    dates.

    * * * * * * *

    93116................................. Purpose....................... 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Purpose is to reduce diesel

    6/16/2016. particulate matter emissions

    from portable diesel-fueled

    engines having a rated brake

    horsepower of 50 and

    greater.

    93116.1............................... Applicability................. 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Applies to all portable

    6/16/2016. engines having a maximum

    rated horse horsepower of 50

    bhp and greater and fueled

    with diesel unless exempted

    under (b).

    93116.2............................... Definitions................... 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Defines specific terms used

    6/16/2016. in the regulation.

    93116.3, excluding (a)................ Requirements.................. 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Diesel PM standards for in-

    6/16/2016. use portable diesel-fueled

    engines; different

    requirements apply to such

    engines not permitted or

    registered prior to January

    1, 2006; fleet requirements

    (for subject engines

    operated in California),

    fleet average calculation

    provisions. Excluded

    subsection relates to fuel

    requirements.

    93116.4............................... Fleet Recordkeeping and 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Fleet recordkeeping and

    Reporting Requirements. 6/16/2016. reporting requirements.

    93116.5............................... Enforcement of Fleet 3/11/2005 Insert Federal Register citation, Authority to review and seek

    Requirements. 6/16/2016. enforcement action for

    violation of the fleet

    emission standard.

    93118.3............................... Airborne Toxic Control Measure 1/2/2009 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability, exemptions,

    for Auxiliary Diesel Engines 6/16/2016. definitions, vessel in-use

    Operated on Ocean-Going operational requirements,

    Vessels At-Berth in a calculation procedures for

    California Port. certain options, terminal

    plan requirements, reporting

    and recordkeeping

    requirements.

    93118.5, excluding (e)(1)............. Airborne Toxic Control Measure 11/19/2008 Insert Federal Register citation, Applicability, exemptions,

    for Commercial Harbor Craft. 6/16/2016. definitions, engine emission

    requirements, alternative

    control provisions,

    recordkeeping and reporting

    requirements, test methods.

    Excluded subsection relates

    to the low sulfur fuel use

    requirement.

    * * * * * * *

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Table 1 lists EPA-approved California statutes and regulations incorporated by reference in the applicable SIP. Table 2 of paragraph (c) lists

    approved California test procedures, test methods and specifications that are cited in certain regulations listed in Table 1. Approved California

    statutes that are nonregulatory or quasi-regulatory are listed in paragraph (e).

    Page 39444

    Table 2--EPA-Approved California Test Procedures, Test Methods, and Specifications

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    State

    Title/subject effective date EPA approval date Additional explanation

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    * * * * * * *

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2001 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Passenger Cars, Light-

    Duty Trucks and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    as last amended September 5, 2003.

    California Motor Vehicle Emission 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Control and Smog Index Label citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.\

    Specifications for 1978 through 2003

    Model Year Motorcycles, Light-, Medium-

    and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles,''

    as last amended September 5, 2003.

    California Smog Index Label 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Specifications for 2004 and Subsequent citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Model Passenger Cars and Light-Duty

    Trucks,'' adopted September 5, 2003.

    California Refueling Emission Standards 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2001 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    last amended September 5, 2003.

    California Evaporative Emission 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    amended June 22, 2006.

    California Refueling Emission Standards 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2001 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    last amended June 22, 2006.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 2/17/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Model Passenger Cars, Light-Duty

    Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles, as

    last amended June 22, 2006.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel

    Engines and Vehicles, as last amended

    March 22, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle

    Engines, as last amended March 22, 2012.

    California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Procedures, as last amended March 22, citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    2012.

    California 2001 through 2014 Model 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Standards and Test Procedures and 2009

    through 2016 Model Greenhouse Gas

    Exhaust Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-

    Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    as last amended March 22, 2012,

    excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Environmental Performance 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Label Specifications for 2009 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Year Passenger Cars,

    Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty

    Passenger Vehicles, as last amended

    March 22, 2012.

    California Evaporative Emission 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    last amended March 22, 2012.

    California Refueling Emission Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2001 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    last amended March 22, 2012.

    Specifications for Fill Pipes and 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Openings of 1977 through 2014 Model citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, as last

    amended March 22, 2012.

    Specifications for Fill Pipes and 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Openings of 2015 and Subsequent Model citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Motor Vehicle Fuel Tanks, adopted March

    22, 2012.

    California 2015 and Subsequent Model 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Standards and Test Procedures and 2017

    and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas

    Exhaust Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-

    Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    adopted March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-

    related provisions.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2009 through citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and

    Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the

    Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and

    Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, as last

    amended March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-

    related provisions.

    Page 39445

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 8/7/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2018 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles

    and Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the

    Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and

    Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, adopted

    March 22, 2012, excluding GHG-related

    provisions.

    California 2015 and Subsequent Model 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Standards and Test Procedures and 2017

    and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas

    Exhaust Emission Standards and Test

    Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-

    Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    as last amended December 6, 2012,

    excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California 2001 through 2014 Model 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Standards and Test Procedures and 2009

    through 2016 Model Greenhouse Gas

    Exhaust Emission standards and Test

    Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-

    Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles,

    as last amended December 6, 2012,

    excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Non-Methane Organic Gas Test 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Procedures, as last amended December 6, citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    2012.

    California Evaporative Emission 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles, as

    last amended December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-Cycle

    Engines, as last amended December 6,

    2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel

    Engines and Vehicles, as last amended

    December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2009 through citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    2017 Model Zero-Emission Vehicles and

    Hybrid Electric Vehicles, in the

    Passenger Car, Light-Duty Truck, and

    Medium-Duty Vehicle Classes, as last

    amended December 6, 2012.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/31/2012 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2018 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Zero-Emission Vehicles

    and Hybrid Vehicles, in the Passenger

    Car, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty

    Vehicle Classes, adopted December 6,

    2012, excluding GHG-related provisions.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 12/4/2003 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Otto-cycle

    Engines, as last amended December 12,

    2002.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 11/17/2002 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 1985 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel

    Engines and Vehicles, as last amended

    October 25, 2001.

    California Motor Vehicle Emission 11/22/1999 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Control and Smog Index Label citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Specifications, as last amended October

    22, 1999.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 11/15/2006 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2004 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Subsequent Model Heavy-Duty Diesel

    Engines, as last amended September 1,

    2006.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for New 2001 citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    through 2006 Off-Road Large Spark-

    Ignition Engines, Parts I and II,

    adopted September 1, 1999 and as last

    amended March 2, 2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    for 2007 through 2009 Off-Road Large

    Spark-Ignition Engines, (2007-2009 Test

    Procedure 1048), adopted March 2, 2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    for New 2010 and Later Off-Road Large

    Spark-Ignition Engines, (2010 and Later

    Test Procedure 1048), adopted March 2,

    2007.

    California Exhaust and Evaporative 5/12/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Emission Standards and Test Procedures citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    for New 2007 and Later Off-Road Large

    Spark-Ignition Engines (Test Procedures

    1065 and 1068), adopted March 2, 2007.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 5/5/2010 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2005 and Later citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Small Off-Road Engines, as last amended

    February 24, 2010.

    Page 39446

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for New 2000 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-

    Road Compression-Ignition Engines, Part

    I-B, adopted January 28, 2000 and as

    last amended October 20, 2005.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for New 1996 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Later Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 Off-

    Road Compression-Ignition Engines, Part

    II, adopted May 12, 1993 and as last

    amended October 20, 2005.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 1/6/2006 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for New 2008 and citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Later Tier 4 Off-Road Compression-

    Ignition Engines, Part I-C, adopted

    October 20, 2005.

    California Exhaust Emission Standards 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 2001 Model Year citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    and Later Spark-Ignition Marine

    Engines, as last amended June 5, 2009.

    Procedures for Exemption of Add-On and 8/16/2009 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    Modified Parts for Off-Road Categories, citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    as last amended June 5, 2009.

    California Exhaust Emissions Standards 8/15/2007 Insert Federal Register Submitted by CARB on

    and Test Procedures for 1997 and Later citation, 6/16/2016. August 14, 2015.

    Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles, and

    Engines, as last amended August 15,

    2007.

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    * * * * *

    FR Doc. 2016-13941 Filed 6-15-16; 8:45 am

    BILLING CODE 6560-50-P