Native American human remains and associated funerary objects: Nebraska State Historical Society, NE— Inventory from Sioux County, NE,

 
CONTENT

[Federal Register: October 28, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 208)]

[Notices]

[Page 57706-57707]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr28oc98-103]

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains from Sioux County, NE in the Possession of the Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service, DOI.

ACTION: Notice.

Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects from Nebraska in the possession of the Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE.

A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Nebraska State Historical Society professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation.

In 1961 and 1981, human remains representing a minimum of one individual were recovered from site 25SX131 in Sioux County, NE during investigations conducted on private land by archaeologists for the Nebraska State Historical Society. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.

Based on U.S. Army records and maps, as well as Indian Agency official accounts, site 25SX131 in Sioux County, NE has been identified as the site of the final battle between the Cheyenne and the U.S. Army on January 22, 1879 following Chief Dull Knife's escape from Ft. Robinson. According to historical records, the ``Cheyenne killed in the final action, on January 22, 1879, were apparently buried on the spot in their

[[Page 57707]]

defensive pit * * *'' According to historical accounts, the U.S. Army removed human remains from this site in 1880. In 1961, a group of three private individuals located what they felt was the site of the last battle between Dull Knife's people and the troops from Fort Robinson and presented their findings to Roger T. Grange, an archaeologist for the Nebraska State Historical Society. The location is entirely consistent with archival U.S. Army records. Grange examined the site that same year (1961) and collected materials from the surface and dug one test pit, yielding twenty human bone fragments. In 1981, Society staff again examined the site and located one human bone fragment on the surface.

Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Nebraska State Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains of a minimum of one individual of Native American ancestry. Officials of the Nebraska State Historical Society have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation.

This notice has been sent to officials of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains should contact Rob Bozell, Associate Director, Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R Street, P.O. Box 82554, Lincoln, NE 68501- 2554; telephone: (402) 471-4789, before November 27, 1998. Repatriation of the human remains to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward. Dated: October 8, 1998. Francis P. McManamon, Departmental Consulting Archeologist, Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.

[FR Doc. 98-28809Filed10-27-98; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-70-F