Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation; Imposition of Additional Sanctions on Russia Under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 165 (Monday, August 26, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 165 (Monday, August 26, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 44671-44672]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-18050]
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DEPARTMENT OF STATE
[Public Notice: 10855]
Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation; Imposition
of Additional Sanctions on Russia Under the Chemical and Biological
Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991
SUMMARY: On August 6, 2018, a determination was made that the Russian
government used chemical weapons in violation of international law or
lethal chemical weapons against its own nationals. Notice of this
determination was published on August 27, 2018 in the Federal Register,
under Public Notice 10519, which resulted in sanctions against Russia.
Section 307(B) of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and
Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 (CBW Act), requires a decision within
three months of August 6, 2018 regarding whether Russia has met certain
conditions described in the law. Additional sanctions on Russia are
required if these conditions are not met. The Secretary of State
decided on November 2, 2018 that Russia had not met the CBW Act's
conditions and decided to impose additional sanctions on Russia on
March 29, 2019.
DATES: This determination is effective on August 26, 2019.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Pamela K. Durham, Office of Missile,
Biological, and Chemical Nonproliferation, Bureau of International
Security and Nonproliferation, Department of State, Telephone (202)
647-4930.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to Section 307(b) of the Chemical
and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991, as
amended (22 U.S.C. Section 5604(a) and Section 5605(a)), on March 29,
2019 the Secretary of State decided to impose
[[Page 44672]]
additional sanctions on Russia. As a result, the following additional
sanctions are hereby imposed:
    1. Multilateral Development Bank Assistance: The United States
Government shall oppose, in accordance with Section 701 of the
International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d), the
extension of any loan or financial or technical assistance to Russia by
international financial institutions.
    2. Bank Loans: The United States Government shall prohibit any
United States bank from making any loan or providing any credit to the
government of Russia, except for loans or credits for the purpose of
purchasing food or other agricultural commodities or products.
    The Secretary of State has determined that it is essential to the
national security interests of the United States to waive the
application of this sanction in all respects, except that the authority
of Executive Order 13883 shall be used by the Department of Treasury to
prohibit United States banks from (1) participating in the primary
market for non-ruble denominated bonds issued by the Russian sovereign
issued after the enactment of these sanctions; and (2) providing non-
ruble denominated loans to the Russian sovereign after the enactment of
these sanctions, in both cases as further described in a Federal
Register Notice issued by the Department of Treasury and implemented
through the Directive and guidance published on the Office of Foreign
Assets Control's website (http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Documents/20190803_cbw_directive.pdf).
    3. Further Export Restrictions: The authorities of section 6 of the
Export Administration Act of 1979 shall be used to prohibit exports to
Russia of all other goods and technology (excluding food and other
agricultural commodities and products). The Secretary of State has
determined that it is essential to the national security interests of
the United States to waive the application of this sanction with
respect to the following:
    CBW: Exports and reexports of goods or technology controlled for
reason CB (Chemical and Biological Weapons) pursuant to new licenses
for Russian state-owned or state-funded enterprises provided that such
licenses will be issued on a case-by-case basis, subject to a
``presumption of denial'' policy.
    Other Reasons for Control: Exports and reexports of goods or
technology controlled for AT (Anti-Terrorism), CC (Crime Control), FC
(Firearms Convention), MT (Missile Technology), NP (Nuclear
Nonproliferation), and RS (Regional Stability), pursuant to new
licenses, provided that such licenses will be issued on a case-by-case
basis, consistent with export licensing policy for Russia prior to
enactment of these sanctions. For information on exports or reexports
of goods or technology controlled for NS (National Security), see the
notices at 83 FR 43723 and 83 FR 47390.
    License Exceptions: Exports and reexports of goods or technology
eligible under License Exceptions GOV, ENC, RPL, BAG, TMP, TSU, APR,
CIV, and AVS.
    Safety of Flight: Exports and reexports of goods or technology
pursuant to new licenses necessary for the safety of flight of civil
fixed-wing passenger aviation, provided that such licenses shall be
issued on a case-by-case basis, consistent with export licensing policy
for Russia prior to enactment of these sanctions.
    Deemed Exports/Reexports: Exports and re-exports of goods or
technology pursuant to new licenses for deemed exports and reexports to
Russian nationals, provided that such licenses shall be issued on a
case-by-case basis, consistent with export licensing policy for Russia
prior to enactment of these sanctions.
    Wholly-Owned U.S. and Other Foreign Subsidiaries: Exports and
reexports of goods or technology pursuant to new licenses for exports
and reexports to wholly-owned U.S. and other foreign subsidiaries in
Russia, provided that such licenses shall be issued on a case-by-case
basis, consistent with export licensing policy for Russia prior to
enactment of these sanctions.
    Space Flight: Exports and reexports of goods or technology pursuant
to new licenses in support of government space cooperation and
commercial space launches, provided that such licenses shall be issued
on a case-by-case basis, consistent with export licensing policy for
Russia prior to enactment of these sanctions.
    Commercial End-Users: Exports and reexports of goods or technology
pursuant to new licenses for commercial end-users civil end-uses in
Russia, provided that such licenses shall be issued on a case-by-case
basis, consistent with export licensing policy for Russia prior to
enactment of these sanctions.
    These measures shall be implemented by the responsible departments
and agencies of the United States Government and will remain in place
for at least one year and until further notice.
Choo S. Kang,
Assistant Secretary of State, Acting, International Security and
Nonproliferation, U.S. Department of State.
[FR Doc. 2019-18050 Filed 8-23-19; 8:45 am]
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