Exportation and importation of animals and animal products: Rhode Island; stallions and mares; receipt authorization,
[Federal Register: November 1, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 212)]
[Rules and Regulations]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
9 CFR Part 93
[Docket No. 01-055-1]
States Approved To Receive Stallions and Mares From CEM-Affected Regions; Rhode Island
AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
ACTION: Direct final rule.
SUMMARY: We are amending the animal importation regulations by adding Rhode Island to the list of States approved to receive certain stallions and mares imported into the United States from regions affected with contagious equine metritis (CEM). We are taking this action becauseRhode Island has entered into an agreement with the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to enforce its State laws and regulations to control CEM and to require inspection, treatment, and testing of horses, as required by Federal regulations, to further ensure the horses' freedom from CEM. This action relieves unnecessary restrictions on the importation of mares and stallions from regions where CEM exists.
DATES: This rule will be effective on December 31, 2001 unless we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments on or before December 3, 2001.
ADDRESSES: Please send four copies (an original and three copies) of your comments or notice of intent to submit adverse comments to: Docket No. 01-055-1, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Suite 3C03,
4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238
Please state that your comment refers to Docket No. 01-055-1.
You may read any comments that we receive on this docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
APHIS documents published in the Federal Register, and related information, including the names of organizations and individuals who have commented on APHIS dockets, are available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppd/rad/webrepor.html.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Barbara Bischoff, Staff Veterinarian, National Center for Import and Export, Technical Trade Services, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 39, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-8364.
The animal importation regulations (contained in 9 CFR part 93 and referred to below as the regulations), among other things, prohibit or restrict the importation of certain animals, including horses, into the United States to protect U.S. livestock from communicable diseases.
In Sec. 93.301, paragraph (c)(1) prohibits the importation of horses into the United States from certain regions where contagious equine metritis (CEM) exists. Paragraph (c)(2) lists categories of horses that are excepted from this prohibition, including, in Sec. 93.301(c)(2)(vi), horses over 731 days of age imported for permanent entry if the horses meet the requirements of Sec. 93.301(e).
One of the requirements in Sec. 93.301(e) is that mares and stallions over 731 days old imported for permanent entry from regions where CEM exists must be consigned to States listed in Sec. 93.301(h)(6), for stallions, or in Sec. 93.301(h)(7), for mares. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has approved these States to receive stallions or mares over 731 days of age from regions where CEM exists because each State has entered into a written agreement with the Administrator to enforce State laws and regulations to control CEM, and each State has agreed to quarantine, test, and treat stallions and mares over 731 days of age from any region where CEM exists in accordance with Sec. 93.301(e).
Rhode Island has entered into a written agreement with the Administrator of APHIS and has agreed to comply with all of the requirements in Sec. 93.301(e) for importing stallions and mares over 731 days old from regions where CEM exists. Therefore, this direct final rule will add Rhode Island to the lists of States in Sec. 93.301(h)(6) and (h)(7) approved to receive certain stallions and mares imported into the United States from regions where CEM exists.
We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because we view this action as noncontroversial and anticipate no adverse public comments. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on December 31, 2001, unless we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments by December 3, 2001.
Adverse comments are comments that suggest the rule should not be adopted or that suggest the rule should be changed.
If we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments, we will publish a notice in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date. We will then publish a proposed rule for public comment.
As discussed above, if we receive no written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments within 30 days of publication of this direct final rule, this direct final rule will become effective 60 days following its publication. We will publish a notice in the Federal Register before the effective date of this direct final rule confirming that it is effective on the date indicated in this document.
Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. For this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review process required by Executive Order 12866.
Horse Imports From CEM-affected Regions
The share of purebred breeding horse imports coming from CEM- affected regions is a relatively small fraction of the total number of horses imported, ranging between 5 and 10 percent between 1996 and 1999 (table 1). However, horses supplied by CEM-affected countries are generally highly valued. In 1999, for example, the average value of a purebred breeding horse imported from a CEM-affected region was $52,300, whereas the average value of a purebred breeding horse imported from anywhere in the world (i.e., from both CEM-affected and CEM-free regions) was $11,700.
During these same 4 years, the United States imported 28,374 horses classified as ``except purebred breeding'' from CEM-affected regions (table 2). While it is possible that some of these horses from CEM- affected regions may be for breeding, it is more likely that they are imported for racing or exhibition.\1\ During 1996-1999, about one of every five ``except purebred breeding'' horses imported into the United States came from CEM-affected countries. Their combined annual value comprised, on average, 60 percent of the value of all ``except purebred breeding'' horse imports.
\1\ As stated in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (2000), ``The expression `purebred breeding animals' covers only animals certified to the U.S. Customs Service by the Department of Agriculture as being purebred of a recognized breed and duly registered in a book of record recognized by the Secretary of Agriculture for that breed, imported specially for breeding purposes, whether intended to be used by the importer himself or for sale for such purposes.''
Table 1.--Quantity and Value of Purebred Breeding Horses Imported From CEM-Affected Regions, 1996-1999
Percent of all
Percent of all purebred
Number breeding imports (million) breeding imports (percent)
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), ``Global Agricultural Trade System,'' using data from the United Nations Statistical Office. Harmonized tariff schedule 010111.
Table 2.--Quantity and Value of Horses ``Except Purebred Breeding'' Imported From CEM-Affected Regions, 1996- 1999
Percent of all Percent of all
Source: USDA, FAS, ``Global Agricultural Trade System,'' using data from the United Nations Statistical Office. Harmonized tariff schedule 010119.
To minimize the risk of the CEM organism entering the United States, restrictions are applied to stallions and mares imported from CEM-affected regions, including health certification and preembarkation and postentry testing and treatment. During 1996 through 1999,21,882 cultures were tested at approved laboratories for CEM and a similar CEM-like organism. Forty of the cultures tested positive, of which at least one-third to one-half were infections by the CEM-like organism (several of domestic origin). Thus, the likelihood of a specimen testingCEM-positive during this period was roughly about 0.1 percent.
As this small percentage indicates, breeding horses imported from CEM-affected regions rarely test positive for CEM. When they do, they are treated and remain in isolation until examined and subsequent cultures test negative. Nevertheless, the potential consequences of the establishment of CEM in the United States make the risk posed by this disease a serious concern.
Besides the health costs associated with infected horses, establishment of CEM would have a disruptive impact on U.S. horse exports, especially on high-value breeding horses. At a minimum, more extensive testing and extended quarantining would be required of exporters.
The addition of Rhode Island to the list of approved States is explicit recognition of the capability of Rhode Island facilities to carry out postentry testing and treatment requirements.
The rule will allow Rhode Island horse operations to import stallions and mares directly from CEM-affected regions, whereas at present they must be imported and undergo post-entry testing and treatment in another, currently approved State. There are now 21 States approved to receive stallions and mares from CEM-affected regions. Neither of Rhode Island's neighboringStates, Connecticut and Massachusetts, is on the list of approved States; breeding horse importers in both of these States may benefit as well from this rule, given their proximity.
The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires that agencies consider the impacts of their rules on small entities. Whether affected entities may be considered small depends on their annual gross receipts. Annual receipts of $750,000 or less is the small-entity criterion set by the SmallBusiness Administration for establishments primarily engaged in raising horses and other equines(North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) code 112920). For operations owning race horses (NAICS code 711219), the small-entity criterion is annual gross receipts of $5 million or less.
Importers of breeding horses in Rhode Island presumably, owners of horse farms and race horses are the entities that will be affected by this rule, but only those importing from CEM-affected regions. It is not known how many such firms there may be, but it is reasonable to assume that at least some of them may be small entities. According to the 1997 Census of Agriculture, there were 163 horse farms in Rhode Island that year, 32 of which sold 79 horses that had a total value of $510,000. These data imply an average income per farm from horse sales of about $16,000.
The economic effects of this rule on affected Rhode Island establishments will be positive. Breeding horses from CEM-affected regions will be allowed to be moved directly into Rhode Island following their postentry quarantine, thereby benefitting Rhode Island importers, as well as importers in neighboring States, through lower transport costs. The benefits are not, however, expected to be large when compared to the value of the imported horses.
Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will not
have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Executive Order 12988
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
List of Subjects in 9 CFR Part 93
Animal diseases, Imports, Livestock, Poultry and poultry products, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
Accordingly, 9 CFR part 93 is amended as follows:
PART 93--IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS
1. The authority citation for part 93 continues to read as follows:
Sec. 93.301 [Amended]
2. Section 93.301 is amended as follows:
In paragraph (h)(6), by adding, in alphabetical order, ``The State of Rhode Island''.
In paragraph (h)(7), by adding, in alphabetical order, ``The State of Rhode Island''.
Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of October 2001. W. Ron DeHaven, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 01-27459Filed10-31-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P