Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards (RRR)

 
CONTENT

Federal Register, Volume 81 Issue 173 (Wednesday, September 7, 2016)

Federal Register Volume 81, Number 173 (Wednesday, September 7, 2016)

Proposed Rules

Pages 61741-61831

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov

FR Doc No: 2016-20580

Page 61741

Vol. 81

Wednesday,

No. 173

September 7, 2016

Part II

Department of Transportation

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Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

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49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, et al.

Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards (RRR); Proposed Rule

Page 61742

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 178, and 180

Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0273 (HM-215N)

RIN 2137-AF18

Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards (RRR)

AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

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SUMMARY: The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) proposes to amend the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) to maintain consistency with international regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments, including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. These revisions are necessary to harmonize the HMR with recent changes made to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, the International Civil Aviation Organization's Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, and the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations. Additionally, PHMSA proposes several amendments to the HMR that result from coordination with Canada under the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council.

DATES: Comments must be received by November 7, 2016.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods:

Federal Rulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.

Fax: 1-202-493-2251.

Mail: Docket Management System; U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001.

Hand Delivery: To U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Instructions: Include the agency name and docket number PHMSA-2015-

0273 (HM-215N) or RIN 2137-AF18 for this rulemaking at the beginning of your comment. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov including any personal information provided. If sent by mail, comments must be submitted in duplicate. Persons wishing to receive confirmation of receipt of their comments must include a self-addressed stamped postcard.

Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of any written communications and comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the document (or signing the document, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477), or you may visit http://www.regulations.gov.

Docket: You may view the public docket through the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov or in person at the Docket Operations office at the above address (See ADDRESSES).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Webb, Office of Hazardous Materials Standards or Aaron Wiener, International Standards, telephone (202) 366-8553, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20590-0001.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents

I. Executive Summary

II. Background

III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR Part 51

IV. Harmonization Proposals in This NPRM

V. Amendments Not Being Considered for Adoption in This NPRM

VI. Section-by-Section Review

VII. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

  1. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking

  2. Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

  3. Executive Order 13132

  4. Executive Order 13175

  5. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Policies and Procedures

  6. Paperwork Reduction Act

  7. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

  8. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    I. Environment Assessment

  9. Privacy Act

  10. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis

    L. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    List of Subjects

    I. Executive Summary

    The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) proposes to amend the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171 to 180) to maintain consistency with international regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments, including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. This rulemaking project is part of our ongoing biennial process to harmonize the HMR with international regulations and standards.

    In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend the HMR to maintain consistency with various international standards. The following are some of the more noteworthy proposals set forth in this NPRM:

    Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA proposes to incorporate by reference the newest versions of various international hazardous materials standards, including the 2017-2018 Edition of the International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions); Amendment 38-16 to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code); the 19th Revised Edition of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN Model Regulations); the 6th Revised Edition of the United Nations Manual of Tests and Criteria; and the 6th Revised Edition of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals. Additionally, we propose to update our incorporation by reference of the Canadian Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations to include SOR/2014-152 and SOR/2014-159 published July 2, 2014; SOR/2014-

    159 Erratum published July 16, 2014; SOR/2014-152 Erratum published August 27, 2014; SOR/2014-306 published December 31, 2014; SOR/2014-306 Erratum published January 28, 2015; and SOR/2015-100 published May 20, 2015. Finally, in this NPRM, PHMSA proposes the adoption of updated International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards.

    Hazardous Materials Table (HMT): PHMSA proposes amendments to the Sec. 172.101 Hazardous Materials Table (HMT) consistent with recent changes in the Dangerous Goods List of the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code, and the

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    ICAO Technical Instructions. Specifically, we propose amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and passenger and cargo aircraft maximum quantity limits.

    Provisions for Polymerizing Substances: PHMSA proposes to revise the HMT consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model Regulations. Specifically, we propose to include into the HMT four new Division 4.1 entries for polymerizing substances and to add into the HMR defining criteria, authorized packagings, and safety requirements including, but not limited to, stabilization methods and operational controls.

    Modification of the Marine Pollutant List: PHMSA proposes to modify the list of marine pollutants in appendix B to Sec. 172.101. The HMR maintain this list as the basis for regulating substances toxic to the aquatic environment and allow use of the criteria in the IMDG Code if a listed material does not meet the criteria for a marine pollutant. PHMSA periodically updates this list based on changes to the IMDG Code and evaluation of listed materials.

    Packaging Requirements for Water-Reactive Materials Transported by Vessel: PHMSA proposes various amendments to packaging requirements for vessel transportation of water-reactive substances consistent with requirements in the IMDG Code. The amendments include changes to the packaging requirements to require certain commodities to have hermetically sealed packaging and to require other commodities--

    when packed in flexible, fiberboard, or wooden packagings--to have sift-proof and water-resistant packaging or packaging fitted with a sift-proof and water-resistant liner.

    Hazard Communication Requirements for Lithium Batteries: PHMSA proposes to revise hazard communication requirements for shipments of lithium batteries consistent with changes adopted in the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations. Specifically, PHMSA proposes to adopt a new lithium battery label in place of the existing Class 9 label; to amend the existing marking requirements for small lithium battery shipments in Sec. 173.185(c) to incorporate a new standard lithium battery mark for use across all modes; \1\ to delete the documentation requirement in Sec. 173.185(c) for shipments of small lithium cells and batteries; and to require the lithium battery mark be applied to each package containing small lithium cells or batteries contained in equipment when there are more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries installed in the equipment or where there are more than two packages in the consignment.

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    \1\ Small cells and batteries for the purposes of this rulemaking are a lithium metal cell containing not more than 1 gram of lithium metal, a lithium metal battery containing not more than 2 grams of lithium metal, a lithium ion cell not more than 20 Watt-

    hours (Wh), and a lithium ion battery not more than 100 Wh (49 CFR 173.185(c) and Section II of Packing Instructions 965 and 968 in the ICAO Technical Instructions).

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    Engine, Internal Combustion/Machinery, Internal Combustion: PHMSA proposes to harmonize the HMT proper shipping names utilized for the transportation of engines and machinery containing engines with those in the UN Model Regulations. Additionally, PHMSA proposes harmonization with the IMDG Code for domestic vessel shipments of engines, internal combustion, and machinery containing combustion engines. Under the proposals in this NPRM, the existing ``Engine, internal combustion'' entries would be assigned their own UN numbers and hazard class based on the type of fuel (e.g. a flammable liquid powered engine is assigned a proper shipping name with a Class 3 designation). Existing requirements and exceptions for the transportation of engines and machinery containing engines transported by road, rail, and aircraft would remain unchanged. PHMSA is, however, proposing to harmonize the transportation requirements for transportation by vessel, which includes varying degrees of hazard communication based on the type of fuel, amount of fuel, and capacity of the fuel tank.

    U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) Proposals: PHMSA proposes several amendments to the HMR resulting from coordination with Canada under the U.S.-Canada RCC. Specifically, we propose provisions for recognition of Transport Canada (TC) cylinders, equivalency certificates (permit for equivalent level of safety), and inspection and repair of cargo tanks. These changes would be made in conjunction with Transport Canada proposing similar regulatory changes that will provide reciprocal recognition of DOT cylinders and DOT special permits.

    If adopted in a final rule, the amendments proposed in this NPRM will result in minimal burdens on the regulated community. The benefits achieved from their adoption include enhanced transportation safety resulting from the consistency of domestic and international hazard communication and continued access to foreign markets by U.S. manufacturers of hazardous materials. PHMSA anticipates that most of the amendments in this NPRM will result in cost savings and will ease the regulatory compliance burden for shippers engaged in domestic and international commerce, including trans-border shipments within North America.

    PHMSA solicits comment from the regulated community on these amendments and others proposed in this NPRM pertaining to need, benefits and costs of international harmonization, impact on safety, and any other relevant concerns. In addition, PHMSA solicits comment regarding approaches to reducing the costs of this rule while maintaining or increasing the benefits. In its preliminary analysis, PHMSA concluded that the aggregate benefits of the amendments proposed in this NPRM justify their aggregate costs. Nonetheless, PHMSA solicits comment on specific changes (i.e., greater flexibility with regard to a particular amendment) that might improve the rule.

    II. Background

    Federal law and policy strongly favor the harmonization of domestic and international standards for hazardous materials transportation. The Federal hazardous materials transportation law (49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq., ``Federal hazmat law'') directs PHMSA to participate in relevant international standard-setting bodies and promotes consistency of the HMR with international transport standards to the extent practicable. Although Federal hazmat law permits PHMSA to depart from international standards to promote safety or other overriding public interest, it otherwise encourages domestic and international harmonization (see 49 U.S.C. 5120).

    In a final rule published December 21, 1990 (Docket HM-181; 55 FR 52402), PHMSA's predecessor--the Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA)--comprehensively revised the HMR for international harmonization with the UN Model Regulations. The UN Model Regulations constitute a set of recommendations issued by the United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts (UNSCOE) on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG) and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The UN Model Regulations are amended and updated biennially by the UNSCOE and serve as

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    the basis for national, regional, and international modal regulations, including the IMDG Code and the ICAO Technical Instructions.

    Since publication of the 1990 rule, PHMSA has issued 11 additional international harmonization rulemakings under the following dockets: HM-215A 59 FR 67390; Dec. 29, 1994; HM-215B 62 FR 24690; May 6, 1997; HM-215C 64 FR 10742; Mar. 5, 1999; HM-215D 66 FR 33316; June 21, 2001; HM-215E 68 FR 44992; July 31, 2003; HM-215G 69 FR 76044; Dec. 20, 2004; HM-215I 71 FR 78595; Dec. 29, 2006; HM-215J 74 FR 2200; Jan. 14, 2009; HM-215K 76 FR 3308; Jan. 19, 2011; HM-215L 78 FR 987; Jan. 7, 2013; and HM-215M 80 FR 1075; Jan. 8, 2015. These rulemakings were based on biennial updates of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code, and the ICAO Technical Instructions.

    Harmonization becomes increasingly important as the volume of hazardous materials transported in international commerce grows. It not only facilitates international trade by minimizing the costs and other burdens of complying with multiple or inconsistent safety requirements for transportation of hazardous materials, but it also enhances safety when the international standards provide an appropriate level of protection. PHMSA actively participates in the development of international standards for the transportation of hazardous materials and promotes the adoption of standards consistent with the HMR. When considering the harmonization of the HMR with international standards, PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit, on its overall impact on transportation safety, and on the economic implications associated with its adoption. Our goal is to harmonize with international standards without diminishing the level of safety currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the regulated community.

    Based on recent review and evaluation, PHMSA proposes to revise the HMR to incorporate changes from the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code, and the 2017-2018 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions, which become effective January 1, 2017.\2\

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    \2\ Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code may be voluntarily applied on January 1, 2017; however, the previous amendment remains effective through December 31, 2017.

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    In addition, PHMSA proposes to incorporate by reference the newest editions of various international standards. These standards incorporated by reference are authorized for use, under specific circumstances, in part 171 subpart C of the HMR. This proposed rule is necessary to incorporate revisions to the international standards and, if adopted in the HMR, will be effective January 1, 2017.

    Possible Interim Final Rule

    The changes to the international standards will take effect on January 1, 2017. Therefore, it is essential that a final rule incorporating these standards by reference be published no later than December 31, 2016 with an effective date of January 1, 2017. Otherwise, U.S. companies--including numerous small entities competing in foreign markets--will be at an economic disadvantage because of their need to comply with a dual system of regulations (specifically, the HMR, UN Model Regulations, and ICAO Technical Instructions). To this end, if it appears a final rule under this docket will not be published prior to January 1, 2017, PHMSA will publish a bridging document in the form of an interim final rule to amend the HMR by incorporating the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Recommendations and the 2017-2018 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions.

    With regard to Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) approved an implementation date of January 1, 2018. The current edition of the IMDG Code (Amendment 37-14) remains in effect through 2017; therefore, we will not include the newest version of the IMDG Code in any bridging document. The proposed incorporation by reference of the newest edition of the IMDG Code and all other changes proposed in this NPRM would be addressed in a subsequent final rule also under this docket PHMSA-2015-0273 (HM-

    215N). Accordingly, any interim final rule will only incorporate by reference editions of the international standards that become effective on January 1, 2017.

    III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR Part 51

    The UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations, Manual of Tests and Criteria, and Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, as well as all of the Transport Canada Clear Language Amendments, are free and easily accessible to the public on the internet, with access provided through the parent organization Web sites. The ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, and all ISO references are available for interested parties to purchase in either print or electronic versions through the parent organization Web sites. The price charged for those not freely available helps to cover the cost of developing, maintaining, hosting, and accessing these standards. The specific standards are discussed at length in the ``Section-by-Section Review'' for Sec. 171.7.

    IV. Harmonization Proposals in This NPRM

    In addition to various other revisions to the HMR, PHMSA proposes the following amendments to harmonize the HMR with the most recent revisions to the UN Model Regulations, ICAO Technical Instructions, and IMDG Code, as well as several amendments resulting from coordination with Canada under the U.S.-Canada RCC:

    Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA proposes to incorporate by reference the latest editions of various international transport standards including the 2017-2018 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions; Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code; the 6th Revised Edition of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria; the 6th Revised Edition of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals; and the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations. Additionally, we are proposing to update our incorporation by reference of the Canadian TDG Regulations to include SOR/2014-152 and SOR/2014-159 published July 2, 2014; SOR/2014-159 Erratum published July 16, 2014; SOR/2014-152 Erratum published August 27, 2014; SOR/

    2014-306 published December 31, 2014; SOR/2014-306 Erratum published January 28, 2015; and SOR/2015-100 published May 20, 2015. This incorporation by reference augments the broad reciprocity provided in Sec. 171.12 where the HMR allow the use of the TDG Regulations under certain conditions when transporting hazardous materials to or from Canada by highway or rail. Finally, PHMSA proposes the incorporation by reference of new and updated ISO standards.

    Hazardous Materials Table (HMT): PHMSA proposes amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, vessel stowage and segregation requirements, and passenger and cargo aircraft maximum quantity limits.

    Packaging Requirements for Water-Reactive Materials Transported by

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    Vessel: PHMSA proposes various amendments to packaging requirements for vessel transportation of water-reactive substances. The amendments include changes to the packaging requirements to require certain commodities to have hermetically sealed packaging and to require other commodities--when packed in flexible, fiberboard, or wooden packagings--to have sift-proof and water-resistant packaging or packaging fitted with a sift-proof and water-resistant liner. These proposed changes are consistent with IMDG Code requirements.

    Hazard Communication Requirements for Lithium Batteries: PHMSA proposes to revise hazard communication requirements for lithium batteries consistent with changes adopted in the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations. Specifically, PHMSA proposes to adopt a new lithium battery label in place of the existing Class 9 label; to amend the existing marking requirements for small lithium battery shipments in Sec. 173.185(c) to incorporate a new standard lithium battery mark for use across all modes; to remove the documentation requirement in Sec. 173.185(c) for shipments of small lithium cells and batteries; and to amend the exception for small lithium cells and batteries requiring the lithium battery mark from the current applicability of ``no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries installed in the equipment'' to ``no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries contained in equipment, where there are not more than two packages in the consignment.''

    Engine, Internal Combustion/Machinery, Internal Combustion: PHMSA proposes to harmonize the HMT entries for the transportation of engines and machinery containing engines with those in the UN Model Regulations. Additionally, PHMSA proposes harmonization with the IMDG Code for domestic vessel shipments of engines, internal combustion, and machinery containing combustion engines. Under the proposals in this NPRM, the existing ``Engine, internal combustion'' entries would be assigned their own UN numbers and hazard class based on the type of fuel (e.g., a flammable liquid powered engine is assigned a proper shipping name with a Class 3 designation). Existing requirements and exceptions for the transportation of engines and machinery containing engines transported by road, rail, and aircraft would remain unchanged. PHMSA is, however, proposing to harmonize the transportation requirements for transportation by vessel, which includes varying degrees of hazard communication based on the type of fuel, amount of fuel, and capacity of the fuel tank.

    U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) Proposals: The Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States created the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council in 2011. Through this effort, the United States and Canada strive to strengthen regulatory cooperation and reciprocity to enhance economic competitiveness while maintaining high standards of health, safety, and environmental protection. DOT, together with Transport Canada, have collaborated to develop a regulatory partnership statement and work plan, both of which can be viewed at http://trade.gov/rcc. Stakeholder input (which can be viewed at www.regulations.gov under Docket No. PHMSA 2012-0058), as well as internal and mutual regulatory review, help determine work plan initiatives and areas where enhanced regulatory cooperation and reciprocity might be feasible and beneficial provided there is no compromise in safety. Three primary initiatives identified in the work plan are the recognition of inspection and repair of cargo tanks under the U.S. requirements for highway transport, the mutual recognition of standard pressure receptacles (cylinders), and mutual recognition of DOT special permits and Transport Canada equivalency certificates.

    --PHMSA proposes to address the cargo tank initiative by authorizing facilities in Canada that hold a Certificate of Authorization for repair from a provincial pressure vessel jurisdiction to repair DOT specification cargo tanks that are used to transport hazardous materials in the United States. PHMSA further proposes to except those facilities from registering in accordance with part 107 subpart F of the HMR provided they are registered in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. This proposed authority and exception would provide carriers with additional access to repair facilities in Canada without jeopardizing the DOT specification of a cargo tank and broaden reciprocity with Canada, which already recognizes repairs of TC specification cargo tanks performed by authorized and registered facilities in the United States.

    --PHMSA proposes to address the cylinder initiative by authorizing the filling, requalification, and use of cylinders manufactured in accordance with the TDG Regulations that have a corresponding DOT specification in the HMR. Mutual recognition of cylinder specifications and requalification inspections will mean cylinder users that frequently conduct business that crosses the border will not need to maintain two sets of substantially similar cylinders.

    --PHMSA proposes to address the equivalency certificate initiative by amending the HMR to allow shipments offered in accordance with an equivalency certificate to transit to their first destination without having to apply for a duplicative special permit from PHMSA.

    V. Amendments Not Being Considered for Adoption in This NPRM

    PHMSA's goal in this rulemaking is to maintain consistency between the HMR and the international requirements. We are not striving to make the HMR identical to the international regulations but rather to remove or avoid potential barriers to international transportation.

    PHMSA proposes changes to the HMR based on amendments adopted in the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, the 2017-2018 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions, and Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code. We are not, however, proposing to adopt all of the amendments made to the various international standards into the HMR.

    In many cases, amendments to the international recommendations and regulations are not adopted into the HMR because the framework or structure makes adoption unnecessary. In other cases, we have addressed, or will address, the amendments in separate rulemaking proceedings. If we have inadvertently omitted an amendment in this NPRM, we will attempt to include the omission in the final rule; however, our ability to make changes in a final rule is limited by requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553). In some instances, we can adopt a provision inadvertently omitted in the NPRM if it is clearly within the scope of changes proposed in the notice. Otherwise, in order to provide opportunity for notice and comment, the change must first be proposed in an NPRM.

    The following is a list of notable amendments to the international regulations that PHMSA is not considering for adoption in this NPRM:

    Large Salvage Cylinders: The 17th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes guidelines for Competent Authorities to use when issuing approvals for salvage pressure

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    receptacles. These revisions are found in Chapter 1.2, 4.1, 5.4, and 6.2 of the UN Model Regulations. Specifically, these requirements address the packaging, hazard communication, and safe transport of salvage pressure receptacles, also known as salvage cylinders in the United States. The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes changes to the definition and packaging allowances for salvage cylinders. These changes authorize the use of a large salvage cylinder with a water capacity not exceeding 3,000 L to transport a cylinder with a water capacity up to 1,000 L. Salvage cylinders still require approval by appropriate Competent Authorities.

    The HMR currently address the packaging, hazard communication, and safe transport of salvage cylinders in Sec. 173.3(d) and do not require approval of the Associate Administrator to do so. PHMSA considers the current salvage cylinder requirements in the HMR to provide a sufficient level of safety and adequately address the shipment of damaged and defective cylinders. It is appropriate that larger salvage cylinders go through the existing approval process. Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for salvage cylinders.

    Large Packagings for Waste Aerosols: The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes changes to the large packaging requirements for waste aerosols. The most notable change was to the packing group (PG) performance level required for large packagings transporting waste aerosols--from PG III to PG II. The HMR do not currently authorize the use of large packagings for aerosols. Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for large packagings for waste aerosols.

    Table Tennis Balls: The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes a special provision assigned to ``UN 2000, Celluloid'' that excepts table tennis balls made of celluloid from the requirements of the Model Regulations if the total net mass of each table tennis ball does not exceed 3 grams and the net mass of table tennis balls does not exceed 500 grams per package. In a previously issued letter of interpretation (Ref. No. 14-0141), PHMSA stated that ``it is the opinion of this office that the entry for UN 2000 Celluloid only applies when the material is in a pre-manufactured state i.e. blocks, rod, rolls, sheets, tubes etc.'' We further stated: ``Based on the information provided in your letter, including form and quantity of celluloid contained in the table tennis balls, it is our determination the table tennis balls are not in a quantity and form that pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety or property during transportation and, therefore, are not subject to regulation under the HMR.''

    PHMSA maintains our position as stated in the letter of interpretation (Ref. No. 14-0141) that table tennis balls are not subject to the requirements of the HMR and that the ``UN 2000, Celluloid'' entry only applies when the material is in a pre-

    manufactured state (i.e. blocks rod, rolls, sheets, tubes, etc). Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements to provide an exception for UN 2000.

    IMO Portable Tank Marking: Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code includes an amendment to require IMO portable tanks manufactured before January 1, 2003, to be marked with an indication of the portable tank instruction for which it meets the minimum test pressure, minimum shell thickness, pressure relief requirements, and bottom opening requirements (i.e., the appropriate portable tank instruction). This change was made to clarify that the existing requirement for marking portable tanks with the portable tank instruction either on the tank itself or the tank data plate also applied to older IMO type portable tanks manufactured before January 1, 2003. PHMSA did not adopt the requirement for portable tanks to be marked with an indication of the portable tank instruction to which they comply when this requirement was first introduced. Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for IMO type portable tank markings. PHMSA notes, however, that portable tanks utilized in international transportation will need to be marked with an indication of an appropriate portable tank instruction.

    Classification Inconsistencies: The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes text to address situations in which a consignor who is aware, on the basis of test data, that a substance listed by name in column 2 of the Dangerous Goods List in Chapter 3.2 of the UN Model Regulations meets classification criteria for a hazard class or division that is not identified in the list, may with the approval of the competent authority consign the substance:

    --Under the same UN number and name but with additional hazard communication information as appropriate to reflect the additional subsidiary risk(s) (e.g., documentation, label, placard) provided that the primary hazard class remains unchanged and that any other transport conditions (e.g., limited quantity, packing and tank provisions) that would normally apply to substances possessing such a combination of hazards are the same as those applicable to the substance listed; or

    --Under the most appropriate generic or n.o.s. entry reflecting all hazards.

    The HMR, in Sec. Sec. 172.402(a)(2) and 172.202(a)(3), allow and in most cases require hazardous materials exhibiting an additional subsidiary hazard to be labeled with the subsidiary hazard and to have the additional hazard described on shipping papers.

    As detailed in the definition of Competent Authority Approval in Sec. 107.1, specific regulations in subchapter A or C of the HMR are considered Competent Authority Approvals. PHMSA generally does not issue Competent Authority Approvals for situations already addressed by the HMR. Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing such changes to the current HMR requirements. Although PHMSA is not incorporating language specifically requiring a Competent Authority Approval in situations where a consignor has determined a substance has a different subsidiary risk than those identified in the HMT, we maintain the power to do so in order to facilitate commerce in situations where other competent authorities or carriers require such a document be provided.

    Filling Procedures for UN Pressure Receptacles: The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations includes text in P200 requiring the filling of pressure receptacles to be carried out by qualified staff using appropriate equipment and procedures. These procedures are described as including checks of the following: conformity of receptacles and accessories with the UN Model Regulations, compatibility of the cylinder with the product to be transported, absence of damage that might affect safety, compliance with the degree or pressure of filling, and accuracy of marks and identification. Additionally, five ISO standards concerning inspection and filling of various cylinders were incorporated into P200. Compliance with these filling procedures is considered met if the appropriate ISO standard is applied.

    The existing HMR requirements for filling procedures for pressure receptacles provide a sufficient level of safety and adequately address filling requirements for pressure vessels. Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for the filling of pressure receptacles nor the adoption of any of

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    the five ISO standards applicable to filling conditions and inspections.

    Intentionally Infected Animals: The 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions adopted changes to the classification framework for infected live animals and animal materials. These changes are intended to support consistent classification for infected animals and animal materials. The issue was brought to the attention of the UN Sub-

    Committee at its 48th session, but they were not able to ascertain the impact of the changes made to the ICAO Technical Instructions or if further changes were necessary to the UN Model Regulations. The representative from ICAO who presented the paper noted they would come back with an additional paper and clarifications at the next session. As work at the UN Sub-Committee is still ongoing, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for the classification or transportation of infected live animals or animal materials at this time.

    Special Aircraft Operations: The 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions adopted changes to the general exceptions for hazardous materials carried by an aircraft in special aircraft operations (e.g., air ambulance, search and rescue). These changes are to clarify that hazardous materials involved in these special aircraft operations for related purposes (e.g., training flights and positioning flights prior to or after maintenance) are excepted from the ICAO Technical Instructions as stated in Part 1, Chapter 1. On June 2, 2016, PHMSA published a final rule Docket No. PHMSA-2013-0225 (HM-218H); 81 FR 35483 that revised Sec. 175.1(d) (formerly Sec. 175.9(b)(4)) to clarify that staging operations and other operations related to dedicated air ambulance, firefighting, or search and rescue operations are intended to be excepted from the HMR when in compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR).'' Accordingly, PHMSA and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) believe that the current special aircraft operation's provisions in Sec. 175.1(d) sufficiently provide the flexibility to allow for these types of flight activities (e.g., training flights and positioning flights prior to or after maintenance). Therefore, PHMSA is not proposing changes to the current HMR requirements for special aircraft operations.

    Enhanced Safety Provisions for Lithium Batteries Transported by Aircraft: The 2015-2016 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions adopted enhanced safety provisions for lithium batteries transported by aircraft, effective April 1, 2016. These amendments (1) prohibit the transport of lithium ion cells and batteries as cargo on passenger aircraft; (2) require all lithium ion cells and batteries to be shipped at not more than a 30 percent state of charge on cargo-only aircraft; and (3) limit the use of alternative provisions for small lithium cell or battery shipments under 49 CFR 173.185(c). PHMSA is considering adopting these amendments in a separate rulemaking. Further information is available in the docket for this rulemaking PHMSA-2016-

    0014.

    Sterilization Devices Containing Nitrogen Tetroxide or Nitric Oxide: The 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions adopted special provision A211 to allow for the transport of sterilization devices that contain small quantities of ``UN 1067, Nitrogen dioxide'' and ``UN 1660, Nitric oxide, compressed'' by both passenger and cargo aircraft. We are not proposing incorporation of ICAO special provision A211 at this time.

    While we did not oppose the adoption of this provision at ICAO, we did so recognizing that the transport environment and infrastructure is much different in parts of the world outside of the United States; and that consistent with our harmonization rulemaking considerations we would assess how best to address this topic within the HMR. During the time these amendments were being considered by ICAO, we received a special permit application that detailed more specific information than was available during the ICAO deliberations. Additionally, PHMSA received a petition for rulemaking (P-1672) requesting PHMSA harmonize with the recently adopted ICAO TI provisions for sterilization devices. Based on the lack of broad applicability, the technically specific nature of these devices and packaging systems, the significant toxicity hazard and corresponding risk to air transport, and the benefit of considering additional operational controls available to mitigate risk, it is our determination that transport in accordance with the provisions of ICAO special provision A211 are more suitably addressed through PHMSA's Special Permit program.

    Cylinders Containing Gases for Use in Fire Extinguishers or Stationary Fire-Fighting Installations: In some cases cylinders that are not a permanent component of a fire extinguisher or a stationary fire-fighting installation are transported separately from these fire extinguishers (e.g., prior to their use in the fire extinguisher or stationary fire-fighting installation and for filling). At the 44th session of the UN Sub-Committee, it was agreed that when the cylinder containing the compressed gas is transported separately, it should be subject to the same requirements as conventional cylinders.

    On July 26, 2016, PHMSA published a NPRM Docket No. PHMSA-2011-

    0140 (HM-234); 81 FR 48977 proposing to revise the Sec. 173.309 introductory text to include cylinders used as part of a fire suppression system as a cylinder type authorized for transport in accordance with the HMT entry for fire extinguishers. The HM-234 NPRM notes the controls detailed in Sec. 173.309 provide an acceptable level of safety regardless of whether the cylinder is equipped for use as a handheld fire extinguisher or as a component of a fixed fire suppression system.

    As this issue is already being considered in an open rulemaking, we are not proposing to make any changes to the transport provisions for fire extinguishers or cylinders used in fire extinguishers. All comments, including potential impacts arising from differing domestic and international requirements, concerning transport requirements for cylinders used in fire extinguishers should be submitted to the HM-234 docket (Docket No. PHMSA-2011-0140) at http://www.regulations.gov.

    VI. Section-By-Section Review

    The following is a section-by-section review of the amendments proposed in this NPRM:

    Part 107

    Section 107.502

    Section 107.502 provides general requirements for the registration of cargo tank and cargo tank motor vehicle manufacturers, assemblers, repairers, inspectors, testers, and design certifying engineers. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (b) to provide an exception from the registration requirements for certain persons engaged in the repair, as defined in Sec. 180.403, of DOT specification cargo tanks by facilities in Canada in accordance with the proposed Sec. 180.413(a)(1)(iii) in this NPRM. Persons engaged in the repair of cargo tanks in Canada are required to register in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations as the Canadian registration requirements are substantially equivalent to those in part 107 subpart F of the HMR. The registration information is available on Transport Canada's Web site at http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/saf-sec-sur/3/fdr-rici/highway/tanks.aspx. The Transport Canada TDG Regulations except persons

    Page 61748

    repairing TC specification cargo tanks at facilities in the United States from registering in Canada if they are registered in accordance with part 107 subpart F.

    Therefore, PHMSA believes that requiring the registration of Canadian cargo tank repair facilities authorized by the proposed Sec. 180.413(a)(1)(iii) would be unnecessarily duplicative and that excepting them from registering in accordance with part 107 subpart F would augment reciprocity without negatively impacting safety. See ``Harmonization Proposals in this NPRM'' and the Sec. 180.413 entry in the ``Section-by-Section Review'' of this document for additional background and discussion of this proposal.

    Section 107.801

    Section 107.801 prescribes approval procedures for persons seeking to engage in a variety of activities regulated by PHMSA (i.e., independent inspection agencies, cylinder requalification). In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a)(2) to include provisions for persons seeking approval to engage in the requalification, rebuilding, or repair of a cylinder manufactured in accordance with a Transport Canada (TC), Canadian Transportation Commission (CTC), Board of Transport Commissioners for Canada (BTC) or Canadian Railway Commission (CRC) specification under the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. Persons engaged in the requalification, rebuilding, or repair of TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinders in the U.S. are required to register with DOT in accordance with this subpart. PHMSA will issue a new approval or revise an existing one to reflect the applicant's intent to requalify TC cylinders. Upon approval, the Requalifier Identification Number (RIN) holder must mark the TC cylinder in accordance with applicable Transport Canada TDG Regulations except that the requalifier's registered mark shall be replaced with the DOT RIN. See the discussion of proposed changes to Sec. 107.805 for additional requirements and exceptions.

    Section 107.805

    Section 107.805 prescribes the requirements cylinder and pressure receptacle requalifiers need to meet in order to be approved by PHMSA. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a) to authorize prospective requalifiers to obtain approval by PHMSA to inspect, test, certify, repair, or rebuild TC specification cylinders; to amend paragraph (c)(2) to ensure the types of TC cylinders intended to be inspected, tested, repaired, or rebuilt at the facility are included in the application for approval to PHMSA; and to amend paragraph (d) to include various TC cylinders to the list of cylinders requiring issuance of a RIN to requalifiers.

    PHMSA also proposes to amend paragraph (f) to recognize facilities authorized by Transport Canada to requalify comparable DOT specification cylinders, as well as DOT RIN holders to requalify comparable Transport Canada cylinders subject to modification of their existing approval. PHMSA recognizes that Transport Canada's approval and registration requirements are substantially equivalent to the requirements in 49 CFR part 107 subpart I and provide an equivalent level of safety. In addition, traceability is maintained based on Transport Canada's publicly available Web site at http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/saf-sec-sur/3/fdr-rici/cylinder/requalifier.aspx, which allows tracing of a DOT specification cylinder marked with a Transport Canada assigned requalifier's registered mark back to the appropriate requalification facility.\3\

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ The search function on Transport Canada's Web site allows users to search for the registered mark of requalifiers. Searching by the registered mark found on a cylinder will allow interested parties to verify that the cylinder was requalified by a facility certified by Transport Canada.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed addition of paragraph (f)(2) would allow persons who are already registered with PHMSA to perform requalification functions on DOT specification cylinders to register to requalify corresponding TC cylinder specifications without additional review by an independent inspection agency. Specifications considered equivalent are identified in the preamble to this notice (see Table 1 in Sec. 171.12 discussion). Applicants would be required to submit all of the information prescribed in Sec. 107.705(a) that identifies the TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinder(s) or tube(s) to be inspected; certifies the requalifier will operate in compliance with the applicable TDG regulations; and certifies the persons performing requalification have been trained in the functions applicable to the requalifier activities.

    The proposed addition of paragraph (f)(3) would allow persons who are already registered with Transport Canada to requalify corresponding DOT specification cylinders without additional application to PHMSA for approval. This proposed exception would provide cylinder owners with additional access to repair and requalification facilities in Canada, while also broadening reciprocity with Canada.

    Part 171

    Section 171.2

    Section 171.2 prescribes general requirements for each person performing functions covered by this subchapter. PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (h)(1) by adding the letters ``TC,'' ``CRC,'' and ``BTC'' to the list of specification indications that may not be misrepresented according to Sec. 171.2(g). This is necessary as a result of proposed amendments in Sec. 171.12 authorizing the use of various Transport Canada approved specification cylinders under certain conditions.

    Section 171.7

    Section 171.7 provides a listing of all voluntary consensus standards incorporated by reference into the HMR, as directed by the ``National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1996.'' According to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Circular A-119, ``Federal Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities,'' government agencies must use voluntary consensus standards wherever practical in the development of regulations. Agency adoption of industry standards promotes productivity and efficiency in government and industry, expands opportunities for international trade, conserves resources, improves health and safety, and protects the environment.

    PHMSA actively participates in the development and updating of consensus standards through representation on more than 20 consensus standard bodies and regularly reviews updated consensus standards and considers their merit for inclusion in the HMR. For this rulemaking, we evaluated updated international consensus standards pertaining to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements and determined that the revised standards provide an enhanced level of safety without imposing significant compliance burdens. These standards have well-established and documented safety histories, and their adoption will maintain the high safety standard currently achieved under the HMR. Therefore, in this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to add and revise the following incorporation by reference materials:

    Page 61749

    Paragraph (t)(1), which incorporates the International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, 2015-2016 Edition, would be revised to incorporate the 2017-2018 Edition. The International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air contain detailed instructions necessary for the safe international transport of dangerous goods by air. The ICAO TI supports the broad principles by establishing requirements necessary to ensure hazardous materials are safely transported in aircraft while providing a level of safety that protects the aircraft and its occupants from undue risk.

    Paragraph (v)(2), which incorporates the International Maritime Organization International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, 2014 Edition, Incorporating Amendment 37-14, English Edition, Volumes 1 and 2, would be revised to incorporate the 2016 Edition, Amendment 38-16. The International Maritime Organization International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code is intended to provide for the safe transportation of hazardous materials by vessel, protect crew members and to prevent marine pollution. The Code is based on the UN Model Regulations, but also includes additional requirements applicable to the transport of hazardous materials by sea (e.g., requirements for marine pollutants; freight container loading procedures; stowage and segregation; and other requirements applicable to shipboard safety and preservation of the marine environment) that are not covered by the UN Model Regulations.

    Paragraph (w), which incorporates various International Organization for Standardization entries, would be revised to incorporate by reference standards for the specification, design, construction, testing, and use of gas cylinders:

    --ISO 3807:2013 Gas cylinders--Acetylene cylinders--Basic requirements and type testing is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(16). ISO 3807:2013 specifies the basic and type testing requirements for acetylene cylinders with and without fusible plugs with a maximum nominal water capacity of 150 L (39.62 gallons) and requirements regarding production/batch test procedures for manufacturing of acetylene cylinders with porous material.

    --ISO 7866:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing; and ISO 7866:2012/Cor 1:2014 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing, Technical Corrigendum 1 are proposed for incorporation in paragraphs (w)(27) and (w)(28). ISO 7866:2012 specifies minimum requirements for the material, design, construction and workmanship, manufacturing processes and tests at time of manufacture of refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders of water capacities up to and including 150 L (39.62 gallons) for compressed, liquefied and dissolved gases for worldwide use.

    --ISO 11114-2:2013 Gas cylinders--Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas contents--Part 2: Non-metallic materials is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(48). ISO 11114-2:2013 gives guidance in the selection and evaluation of compatibility between non-metallic materials for gas cylinders and valves and the gas contents. It also covers bundles, tubes and pressure drums.

    --ISO 9809-4:2014 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 4: Stainless steel cylinders with an Rm value of less than 1 100 MPa is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(36). ISO 9809-4:2014 specifies the minimum requirements for the material, design, construction and workmanship, manufacturing processes, examinations, and tests at manufacture of refillable seamless stainless steel gas cylinders of water capacities from 0.5 L (.13 gallons) up to and including 150 L (39.62 gallons) for compressed, liquefied, and dissolved gases.

    --ISO 10297:2014 Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--Specification and type testing is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(42). ISO 10297:2014 specifies design, type testing and marking requirements for: (a) Cylinder valves intended to be fitted to refillable transportable gas cylinders; (b) main valves (excluding ball valves) for cylinder bundles; (c) cylinder valves or main valves with integrated pressure regulator (VIPR); which convey compressed, liquefied or dissolved gases.

    --ISO 10462:2013 Gas cylinders--Transportable cylinders for dissolved acetylene--Periodic inspection and maintenance is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(44). ISO 10462:2013 specifies requirements for the periodic inspection of acetylene cylinders as required for the transport of dangerous goods and for maintenance in connection with periodic inspection. It applies to acetylene cylinders with and without solvent and with a maximum nominal water capacity of 150 L (39.62 gallons).

    --ISO 11119-1:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--Part 1: Hoop wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l; ISO 11119-

    2:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--

    Design, construction and testing--Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with load-

    sharing metal liners; ISO 11119-2:2012/Amd 1:2014 Gas cylinders--

    Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with load-sharing metal liners; and ISO 11119-

    3:2013 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--

    Design, construction and testing--Part 3: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with non-load-

    sharing metallic or non-metallic liners are proposed for incorporation in paragraphs (w)(54), (w)(56), (w)(57), and (w)(59), respectively. ISO 11119-1:2012, ISO 11119-2:2012, and ISO 11119-3:2013 specify requirements for composite gas cylinders and tubes between 0.5 L (39.62 gallons) and 450 L (119 gallons) water capacity, for the storage and conveyance of compressed or liquefied gases.

    --ISO 11515:2013 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite reinforced tubes of water capacity between 450 L and 3000 L--Design, construction and testing is proposed for incorporation in paragraph (w)(62). ISO 11515:2013 specifies minimum requirements for the design, construction and performance testing of composite reinforced tubes between 450 L (119 gallons) and 3,000 L (792.5 gallons) water capacity, for transport, storage and use of compressed or liquefied gases with test pressures up to and including 1600 bar with a design life of at least 15 years and less than or equal to 30 years.

    Paragraph (bb)(1), which incorporates the Transport Canada Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, would add subparagraphs (xiii), (xiv), (xv), (xvi), (xvii), (xviii), and (xix) to include SOR/

    2014-152 and SOR/2014-159 published July 2, 2014; SOR/2014-159 Erratum published July

    Page 61750

    16, 2014; SOR/2014-152 Erratum published August 27, 2014; SOR/2014-306 published December 31, 2014; SOR/2014-306 Erratum published January 28, 2015; and SOR/2015-100 published May 20, 2015, respectively. The Transport Canada Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations proposed for incorporation in this NPRM are updates to the existing Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations and cover all updates made by Transport Canada between January 2014-May 2015.

    Paragraph (dd)(1), which incorporates the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations, 18th Revised Edition (2013), Volumes I and II, would be revised to incorporate the 19th Revised Edition (2015), Volumes I and II. The United Nations Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods provide a basis for development of harmonized regulations for all modes of transport, in order to facilitate trade and the safe, efficient transport of hazardous materials.

    Paragraph (dd)(2), which incorporates the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Manual of Tests and Criteria, 5th Revised Edition (2009), would be revised to incorporate the 6th Revised Edition (2015). The Manual of Tests and Criteria contains criteria, test methods and procedures to be used for classification of dangerous goods according to the provisions of Parts 2 and 3 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, as well as of chemicals presenting physical hazards according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).

    Paragraph (dd)(3) would be added to incorporate the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), 6th Revised Edition (2015). Section 172.401 references the incorporation by reference of the GHS in Sec. 171.7; however, this entry does not currently appear in Sec. 171.7. The proposed addition of this paragraph would correct this oversight. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), addresses classification of chemicals by types of hazard and proposes harmonized hazard communication elements, including labels and safety data sheets. It aims at ensuring that information on physical hazards and toxicity from chemicals be available in order to enhance the protection of human health and the environment during the handling, transport and use of these chemicals. The GHS also provides a basis for harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals at national, regional and worldwide level, an important factor also for trade facilitation.

    Section 171.8

    Section 171.8 defines terms generally used throughout the HMR that have broad or multi-modal applicability. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to add the following terms and definitions:

    Design life: PHMSA proposes to add the term ``design life'' to define the maximum life of composite cylinders and tubes. This term is specifically limited to references in the HMR related to composite cylinders and tubes.

    SAPT: PHMSA proposes to add the term ``SAPT'' and a reference to Sec. 173.21(f). SAPT means self-accelerated polymerization temperature. See Sec. 173.21(f) of this subchapter. This is consistent with the similar term SADT (self-accelerated decomposition temperature).

    Service life: PHMSA proposes to add the term ``service life'' to define the number of years a composite cylinder or tube is permitted to be in service. This term is specifically limited to references in the HMR related to composite cylinders and tubes.

    Additionally, PHMSA proposes to amend the definitions for the following terms:

    Aerosol: PHMSA proposes to revise the definition of ``aerosol'' to clarify that it is an article. Currently under the HMR, an aerosol is considered to be an article and therefore the use of inner packagings in a combination package in not necessary. However, practice has shown that an aerosol is often mistaken for the inner packaging of a combination packaging, including both the substance dispensed (liquid, paste, or powder) and the propellant gas itself.

    Large salvage packaging: PHMSA proposes to revise the definition of ``large salvage packaging'' to add a reference to non-

    conforming hazardous materials packages to be consistent with the wording in the definition of ``salvage packaging.''

    UN tube: PHMSA proposes to revise the definition of ``UN tube,'' which describes it as a seamless pressure receptacle, to specify that the term includes composite cylinders.

    Section 171.12

    Section 171.12 prescribes requirements for the use of the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. Under the U.S.-Canada RCC, which was established in 2011 by the President of the United States and the Canadian Prime Minister, PHMSA and Transport Canada, with input from stakeholders, identified impediments to cross-border transportation of hazardous materials. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to address these barriers by amending the HMR to expand recognition of cylinders, cargo tank repair facilities, and equivalency certificates in accordance with the TDG Regulations.

    The HMR in Sec. 171.12(a)(1) provide general authorizations to use the TDG Regulations for hazardous materials transported from Canada to the United States, from the United States to Canada, or through the United States to Canada or a foreign destination. PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 171.12(a)(1) to authorize the use of a Transport Canada equivalency certificate for such road or rail transportation of a hazardous material shipment. Consistent with existing authorizations to utilize the TDG Regulations for transportation from Canada to the United States, the proposed authorization to use a Transport Canada equivalency certificate only applies until the shipment's initial transportation ends. In other words, once a shipment offered in accordance with a Transport Canada equivalency certificate reaches the destination shown on either a transport document or package markings, transportation under the authorization in Sec. 171.12 has ended. Any subsequent offering of packages imported under a Transport Canada equivalency certificate would have to be done in full compliance with the HMR. Transport Canada is proposing amendments to the TDG Regulations to authorize similar reciprocal treatment of PHMSA special permits.

    The HMR in Sec. 171.12(a)(4) authorize the transportation of a cylinder authorized by the Transport Canada TDG Regulations to, from, or within the United States. Currently this authorization is limited to Canadian Transport Commission (CTC) cylinders corresponding to a DOT specification cylinder and UN pressure receptacles marked with ``CAN.'' In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a)(4)(ii) authorizing the use of Canadian manufactured cylinders. Specifically, PHMSA proposes to authorize the transportation of CTC, CRC, BTC, and TC cylinders that have a corresponding DOT specification cylinder prescribed in the HMR.

    This proposal does not remove or amend existing requirements for DOT specification cylinders; rather, PHMSA proposes to provide that a shipper may use either a DOT specification cylinder or a TC cylinder as appropriate. The goal of these amendments is to promote

    Page 61751

    flexibility; to permit the use of advanced technology for the requalification and use of pressure receptacles; to provide for a broader selection of authorized pressure receptacles; to reduce the need for special permits; and to facilitate cross-border transportation of these cylinders.

    Additionally, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a)(4) to authorize the filling, maintenance, testing, and use of CTC, CRC, BTC, and TC cylinders that have a corresponding DOT specification cylinder as prescribed in HMR. This authorization will extend the recognition of cylinders manufactured in Canada to be filled, used, and requalified (including rebuild, repair, reheat-treatment) in the United States in accordance with the TDG Regulations.

    Table 1 lists the Canadian cylinders with the corresponding DOT specification cylinders:

    Table 1

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    DOT (some or all CTC (some or all of

    of these may also these may also be

    TC be marked with a marked with a BTC

    ICC prefix) and a CRC prefix)

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    TC-3AM......................... DOT-3A ICC-3.... CTC-3A

    TC-3AAM........................ DOT-3AA........... CTC-3AA

    TC-3ANM........................ DOT-3BN........... CTC-3BN

    TC-3EM......................... DOT-3E............ CTC-3E

    TC-3HTM........................ DOT-3HT........... CTC-3HT

    TC-3ALM........................ DOT-3AL........... CTC-3AL

    -- DOT-3B............ CTC-3B

    TC-3AXM........................ DOT-3AX........... CTC-3AX

    TC-3AAXM....................... DOT-3AAX.......... CTC-3AAX

    TC-3TM......................... DOT-3T............

    TC-4AAM33...................... DOT-4AA480........ CTC-4AA480

    TC-4BM......................... DOT-4B............ CTC-4B

    TC-4BM17ET..................... DOT-4B240ET....... CTC-4B240ET

    TC-4BAM........................ DOT-4BA........... CTC-4BA

    TC-4BWM........................ DOT-4BW........... CTC-4BW

    TC-4DM......................... DOT-4D............ CTC-4D

    TC-4DAM........................ DOT-4DA........... CTC-4DA

    TC-4DSM........................ DOT-4DS........... CTC-4DS

    TC-4EM......................... DOT-4E............ CTC-4E

    TC-39M......................... DOT-39............ CTC-39

    TC-4LM......................... DOT-4L............ CTC-4L

    DOT-8............. CTC-8

    DOT-8AL........... CTC-8AL

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A U.S.-based facility is permitted to refill and use a cylinder marked as meeting CTC specification provided it complies with the applicable requirements specified in Sec. 171.12. In accordance with Sec. 171.12(a)(4), when the provisions of subchapter C of the HMR require that a DOT specification or a UN pressure receptacle must be used for a hazardous material, a packaging authorized by Transport Canada's TDG Regulations may be used only if it corresponds to the DOT specification or UN standard authorized by this subchapter.

    If implemented, the proposed actions described above would resolve many of the existing reciprocity issues, streamline the processing of Canadian cylinders within the United States, and alleviate unnecessary burdens on the transportation industry. DOT RIN holders may requalify and mark a TC cylinder in accordance with applicable TDG Regulations, including the application of metric markings.

    Section 171.23

    Section 171.23 prescribes requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the various international standards authorized by the HMR. PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a) to add TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification cylinders to the list of cylinders which may be transported to from or within the United States.

    Part 172

    Section 172.101

    Section 172.101 provides the Hazardous Materials Table (HMT), as well as instructions for its use. Readers should review all changes for a complete understanding of the amendments. For purposes of the Government Printing Office's typesetting procedures, proposed changes to the HMT appear under three sections of the Table: ``remove,'' ``add,'' and ``revise.'' Certain entries in the HMT, such as those with revisions to the proper shipping names, appear as a ``remove'' and ``add.'' In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend the HMT for the following:

    New HMT entries:

    UN 0510 Rocket Motors, Division 1.4C

    This new HMT entry is the result of packaged products of low power ``Rocket motors'' that typically meet test criteria for assignment to Division 1.4, Compatibility Group C, but are assigned to 1.3C (i.e., UN 0186) or the 1.4C n.o.s. classification (i.e., UN 0351). This 1.4 rocket motor entry accurately reflects the product type and hazard of these articles and allows for the assignment of specific packaging instructions. With the addition of an internationally recognized proper shipping name and identification number, PHMSA is considering the removal of the existing HMT entry ``NA 0276, Model rocket motor.'' We specifically solicit comment on the potential impact of removing the existing ``NA 0276'' 1.4C HMT entry.

    UN 3527 Polyester resin kit, solid base material

    This new HMT entry addresses polyester resin kits with a base material that does not meet the definition of Class 3 (Flammable liquid) and is more appropriately classed as a Division 4.1 (Flammable solid). Presently, polyester resin kits are limited to those with a Class 3 liquid base material component and are assigned under the entry UN 3269. This new entry permits products with a viscous base component containing a flammable solvent that

    Page 61752

    does not meet the definition of a flammable liquid but does meet the definition of a flammable solid.

    UN 3528 Engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered or Engine, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered or Machinery, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered or Machinery, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered

    UN 3529 Engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered or Engine, fuel cell, flammable gas powered or Machinery, internal combustion, flammable gas powered or Machinery, fuel cell, flammable gas powered

    UN 3530 Engine, internal combustion or Machinery, internal combustion

    These new HMT entries apply to the fuel contained in engines and machinery powered by Class 3 flammable liquids, Division 2.1 gases, and Class 9 environmentally hazardous substances. The previous entry applicable to these articles, UN 3166, is now applicable to vehicles only. As a result of the new ``Engine'' and ``Machinery'' entries, the entries ``UN 3166, Engines, internal combustion, or Engines, fuel cell, flammable gas powered'' and ``UN 3166, Engines internal combustion, or Engines, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered'' are removed.

    UN 3531 Polymerizing substance, solid, stabilized, n.o.s.

    UN 3532 Polymerizing substance, liquid, stabilized, n.o.s.

    UN 3533 Polymerizing substance, solid, temperature controlled, n.o.s.

    UN 3534 Polymerizing substance, liquid, temperature controlled, n.o.s.

    These new Division 4.1 HMT entries are added for polymerizing substances that do not meet the criteria for inclusion in any other hazard class.

    Catecholborane (also known as 1, 3, 2-Benzodioxaborole)

    At the ICAO DGP/25 meeting, the Panel was informed of an incident involving Catecholborane (also known as 1, 3, 2-Benzodioxaborole) that resulted in an industry recommendation to forbid transport of the substance by air unless transported in pressure receptacles and under cooled conditions. The material was classified as ``UN 2924, Flammable liquid, corrosive, n.o.s.'' The product properties indicated (1) that the substance decomposes to borane gas at a rate of 2 percent per week at room temperature, (2) that borane gas could ignite when in contact with moist air, and (3) that catecholborane could react violently with water. The incident occurred after transport of the substance was delayed for nine days as the result of extreme weather conditions with temperatures consistently above 33 degC (91emsp14degF). After being stored for approximately two weeks at a low temperature at the destination, several bottles containing the substance exploded and caught fire. It was concluded that moist air entered the bottles during the long transit time under high temperatures causing a chemical reaction and pressure build up. Panel members suspected a classification problem, but they could not determine whether this was due to shipper error or a limitation in the classification criteria in the regulations. The issue was submitted to the attention of the UN Sub-Committee at the December 2016 meeting for further review and determination if a new classification was required. In the interim, a new light type entry was added to the ICAO Technical Instructions Dangerous Goods List with a new special provision (A210) assigned to ``Catecholborane'' and ``1, 3, 2-Benzodioxaborole'' forbidding the substance for transport by air on both passenger and cargo aircraft. Transport on cargo aircraft would be possible with the approval of the State of Origin and State of the Operator.

    Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA proposes to add new HMT entries in italics for ``Catecholborane'' and ``1, 3, 2-

    Benzodioxaborole'' and to assign a new special provision A210 clarifying that this material is forbidden for air transport unless approved by the Associate Administrator.

    Amendments to column (2) hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names:

    Section 172.101(c) describes column (2) of the HMT and the requirements for hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping names.

    PHMSA proposes to amend the proper shipping name for ``UN 3269, Polyester resin kit'' by adding the italicized text ``liquid base material.'' This is consistent with the format of the new HMT entry for polyester resin kits with a solid base material.

    PHMSA proposes to amend the proper shipping names for ``UN 3151, Polyhalogenated biphenyls, liquid or Polyhalogenated terphenyls, liquid'' and ``UN 3152, Polyhalogenated biphenyls, solid or Polyhalogenated terphenyls, solid'' by adding ``Halogenated monomethyldiphenylmethanes, liquid'' and ``Halogenated monomethyldiphenylmethanes, solid,'' respectively. Noting that halogenated monomethyldiphenylmethanes have similar chemical and ecotoxicological properties as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated terphenyls (PCTs), we propose this revision to ensure that they are considered as PCBs or PCTs for the purposes of transport.

    Amendments to column (3) hazard class or division:

    Section 172.101(d) describes column (3) of the HMT and the designation of the hazard class or division corresponding to each proper shipping name.

    PHMSA proposes to revise the hazard class of ``UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted,'' from Class 8 to Division 6.1 and subsequently to add the Class 8 hazard as a subsidiary hazard label code in column (6). This revision is based on the precedence provisions for classification of materials possessing more than one hazard and is consistent with the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations. The presence of a Division 6.1 hazard was determined following a thorough review of literature and test data on uranium hexafluoride. A summary of the data and a proposal to revise the primary hazard class from Class 8 to Division 6.1 was provided in Working Paper ST/SG/AC.10/C.3/2014/60, which was submitted to the 45th session of the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and is available at http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2013/dgac10c3/ST-SG-AC.10-C.3-2014-60e.pdf.

    Amendments to column (6) label(s):

    Section 172.101(g) describes column (6) of the HMT and the labels required (primary and subsidiary) for specific entries in the HMT.

    Data presented to the UNSCOE in this last biennium indicated a need for the addition of a subsidiary hazard of Division 6.1 to be assigned to ``UN 2815, N-Aminoethylpiperazine,'' ``UN 2977, Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride, fissile,'' and ``UN 2978, Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride non fissile or fissile-excepted.'' PHMSA proposes to make appropriate amendments to the HMT to account for these revisions to the UN Model Regulations.

    For the HMT entry, ``UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted,'' PHMSA proposes to revise the labels for consistency with the change made to the classification of this material under amendments to column (3) (see above). The Class 8 (Corrosive) primary hazard label would be revised to a Division 6.1 primary hazard label and Class 8 subsidiary hazard label in

    Page 61753

    addition to the existing Class 7 (Radioactive) subsidiary hazard label to read ``6.1, 7, 8.''

    Amendments to column (7) special provisions:

    Section 172.101(h) describes column (7) of the HMT whereas Sec. 172.102(c) prescribes the special provisions assigned to specific entries in the HMT. The particular modifications to the entries in the HMT are discussed below. See ``Section 172.102 special provisions'' below for a detailed discussion of the proposed additions, revisions, and deletions to the special provisions addressed in this NPRM.

    In this NPRM, new special provision 157 is proposed to be assigned to the HMT entry ``UN 3527, Polyester resin kit, solid base material.''

    In this NPRM, new special provision 379 is proposed to be assigned to the HMT entries ``UN1005, Ammonia, anhydrous'' and ``UN 3516, Adsorbed gas, toxic, corrosive, n.o.s.''

    In the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, new special provision 386 was assigned to the four new ``n.o.s.'' HMT entries for polymerizing substances and to the 52 named substances in the HMT that polymerize, all of which contain the text ``stabilized'' as part of the proper shipping name, except for ``UN 2383, Dipropylamine'' (see Table 2 below). This new special provision includes transport controls to avoid dangerous polymerization reactions including the use of chemical stabilization or temperature control.

    In this NPRM, new special provision 387 (special provision 386 already exists) is proposed to be assigned to all 52 HMT entries.

    Table 2

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proper shipping name UN No.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Acrolein dimer, stabilized.............................. UN2607

    Acrolein, stabilized.................................... UN1092

    Acrylic acid, stabilized................................ UN2218

    Acrylonitrile, stabilized............................... UN1093

    Allyl isothiocyanate, stabilized........................ UN1545

    Allyltrichlorosilane, stabilized........................ UN1724

    Bicyclo 2,2,1 hepta-2,5-diene, stabilized or 2,5- UN2251

    Norbornadiene, stabilized..............................

    Butadienes, stabilized or Butadienes and Hydrocarbon UN1010

    mixture, stabilized containing more than 40% butadienes

    Butyl acrylates, stabilized............................. UN2348

    n-Butyl methacrylate, stabilized........................ UN2227

    Butyl vinyl ether, stabilized........................... UN2352

    1,2-Butylene oxide, stabilized.......................... UN3022

    Chloroprene, stabilized................................. UN1991

    Crotonaldehyde or Crotonaldehyde, stabilized............ UN1143

    Cyanogen chloride, stabilized........................... UN1589

    Diketene, stabilized.................................... UN2521

    Dipropylamine........................................... UN2383

    Divinyl ether, stabilized............................... UN1167

    Ethyl acrylate, stabilized.............................. UN1917

    Ethyl methacrylate, stabilized.......................... UN2277

    Ethylacetylene, stabilized.............................. UN2452

    Ethyleneimine, stabilized............................... UN1185

    Hydrogen cyanide, stabilized with less than 3 percent UN1051

    water..................................................

    Hydrogen cyanide, stabilized, with less than 3 percent UN1614

    water and absorbed in a porous inert material..........

    Isobutyl acrylate, stabilized........................... UN2527

    Isobutyl methacrylate, stabilized....................... UN2283

    Isoprene, stabilized.................................... UN1218

    Methacrylaldehyde, stabilized........................... UN2396

    Methacrylic acid, stabilized............................ UN2531

    Methacrylonitrile, stabilized........................... UN3079

    Methyl acetylene and propadiene mixtures, stabilized.... UN1060

    Methyl acrylate, stabilized............................. UN1919

    Methyl isopropenyl ketone, stabilized................... UN1246

    Methyl methacrylate monomer, stabilized................. UN1247

    Methyl vinyl ketone, stabilized......................... UN1251

    Propadiene, stabilized.................................. UN2200

    Propyleneimine, stabilized.............................. UN1921

    Styrene monomer, stabilized............................. UN2055

    Sulfur trioxide, stabilized............................. UN1829

    Tetrafluoroethylene, stabilized......................... UN1081

    Trifluorochloroethylene, stabilized or Refrigerant gas R UN1082

    1113...................................................

    Vinyl acetate, stabilized............................... UN1301

    Vinyl bromide, stabilized............................... UN1085

    Vinyl butyrate, stabilized.............................. UN2838

    Vinyl chloride, stabilized.............................. UN1086

    Vinyl ethyl ether, stabilized........................... UN1302

    Vinyl fluoride, stabilized.............................. UN1860

    Vinyl isobutyl ether, stabilized........................ UN1304

    Vinyl methyl ether, stabilized.......................... UN1087

    Vinylidene chloride, stabilized......................... UN1303

    Vinylpyridines, stabilized.............................. UN3073

    Vinyltoluenes, stabilized............................... UN2618

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Page 61754

    In this NPRM, new special provision 422 is proposed to be assigned to the HMT entries ``UN 3480, Lithium ion batteries including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3090, Lithium metal batteries including lithium alloy batteries''; ``UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment including lithium alloy batteries''; and ``UN3091, Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment including lithium alloy batteries.''

    In this NPRM, special provision 134 is proposed to be removed from the HMT entry ``UN 3072, Life-saving appliances, not self-

    inflating containing dangerous goods as equipment'' and replaced with new special provision 182. On January 8, 2015, PHMSA published a final rule Docket No. PHMSA-2013-0260 (HM-215M); 80 FR 1075 that added special provision 134 to ``UN 3072.'' The intent of this action was to harmonize with special provision A182 of the ICAO Technical Instructions to clarify that equipment containing only lithium batteries must be classified as either lithium batteries contained in or packed with equipment ``UN 3091'' or ``UN 3481.'' In reviewing the assignment of special provision 134 to ``UN 3072'' to make this clarification, PHMSA found that the provisions of special provision 134 are not assigned to ``UN 3072'' in any international standard, but rather to the entry for ``UN 3171, Battery-powered vehicle or Battery-

    powered equipment.'' Although special provision 134 does require that equipment powered only by lithium metal batteries or lithium ion batteries must be consigned under the entries associated with lithium batteries contained in or packed with equipment, the rest of special provision 134 is not applicable to ``Life-saving appliances, not self-

    inflating containing dangerous goods as equipment.'' As a result, PHMSA proposes a new special provision 182 applicable only to the HMT entry for ``UN 3072, Life-saving appliances, not self-inflating containing dangerous goods as equipment'' to clarify that equipment containing only lithium batteries must be classified as either lithium batteries contained in or packed with equipment ``UN 3091'' or ``UN 3481,'' as appropriate.

    In this NPRM, new special provision A210 is proposed to be assigned to the new HMT italicized entries for ``Catecholborane'' and ``1, 3, 2-Benzodioxaborole.''

    In this NPRM, new special provision A212 is proposed to be assigned to the HMT entry ``UN 2031, Nitric acid other than red fuming, with more than 20 percent and less than 65 percent nitric acid.''

    In this NPRM, new special provision B134 is proposed to be assigned to the PG III entries in Table 4 to be consistent with revisions to the IMDG Code.

    Table 4

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proper shipping name UN No.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Aluminum powder, coated................................. UN1309

    Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous metal shavings or UN2793

    Ferrous metal turnings or Ferrous metal cuttings in a

    form liable to self-heating............................

    Iron oxide, spent, or Iron sponge, spent obtained from UN1376

    coal gas purification..................................

    Magnesium or Magnesium alloys with more than 50 percent UN1869

    magnesium in pellets, turnings or ribbons..............

    Peroxides, inorganic, n.o.s............................. UN1483

    Titanium sponge granules or Titanium sponge powders..... UN2878

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this NPRM, new special provision B135 is proposed to be assigned to the PG III entries in Table 5 consistent with revisions to the IMDG Code.

    Table 5

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proper shipping name UN No.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Hafnium powder, dry..................................... UN2545

    Metal catalyst, dry..................................... UN2881

    Metal powder, self-heating, n.o.s....................... UN3189

    Titanium powder, dry.................................... UN2546

    Zirconium powder, dry................................... UN2008

    Zirconium scrap......................................... UN1932

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this NPRM, special provision TP1 is changed to TP2 for the following entries: ``UN 2672, Ammonia solution, relative density between 0.880 and 0.957 at 15 degrees C in water, with more than 10 percent but not more than 35 percent ammonia''; ``UN 2709, Butyl benzenes''; ``UN 2241, Cycloheptane''; ``UN 1206, Heptanes''; ``UN 1208, Hexanes''; ``UN 2294, N-Methylaniline''; ``UN 2296, Methylcyclohexane''; ``UN 1920, Nonanes''; ``UN 1262, Octanes''; ``UN 2368, alpha-Pinene''; ``UN 1272, Pine oil''; ``UN 2850, Propylene tetramer''; ``UN 2325, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene''; ``UN 2057, Tripropylene''; ``UN 1299, Turpentine''; and ``UN 1840, Zinc chloride, solution.'' Tank provision TP2 authorizes a slightly lower degree of filling than TP1. The IMDG Code follows a guiding principle that assigns TP2 to materials that are marine pollutants. In a previous harmonization rulemaking (HM-215M; 80 FR 1075), PHMSA added various hazardous materials to the list of marine pollutants in appendix B to Sec. 172.101, but both the HMT and IMDG Code failed to change the TP code from TP1 to TP2 to authorize a lower degree of filling.

    In this NPRM, special provisions T9, TP7, and TP33 are proposed to be assigned to the HMT entry ``UN 1415, Lithium.'' This permits UN 1415 for transportation in UN portable tanks consistent with similar Division 4.3, PG I materials.

    In this NPRM, new special provisions W31, W32, W40, and W100 are proposed to certain water-reactive substances. The proposed special provisions correspond with special packaging provisions PP31, PP31 ``modified'' (Packing Instruction P403), PP40, and PP100 of the IMDG Code, respectively. Table 6 contains the proposed changes listed in alphabetical order and showing the proper shipping name, UN identification number, and the proposed special provision(s).

    Table 6

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proper shipping name UN No. Proposed addition(s)

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Alkali metal alcoholates, self- UN3206 W31

    heating, corrosive, n.o.s.

    Alkali metal alloys, liquid, UN1421 W31

    n.o.s.

    Alkali metal amalgam, liquid.... UN1389 W31

    Alkali metal amalgam, solid..... UN3401 W32

    Alkali metal amides............. UN1390 W31, W40

    Alkali metal dispersions, UN3482 W31

    flammable or Alkaline earth

    metal dispersions, flammable.

    Alkali metal dispersions, or UN1391 W31

    Alkaline earth metal

    dispersions.

    Page 61755

    Alkaline earth metal UN3205 W31

    alcoholates, n.o.s.

    Alkaline earth metal alloys, UN1393 W31, W40

    n.o.s.

    Alkaline earth metal amalgams, UN1392 W31

    liquid.

    Alkaline earth metal amalgams, UN3402 W32

    solid.

    Aluminum carbide................ UN1394 W31, W40

    Aluminum ferrosilicon powder (PG UN1395 W31, W40

    II).

    Aluminum hydride................ UN2463 W32

    Aluminum phosphide.............. UN1397 W32

    Aluminum phosphide pesticides... UN3048 W31

    Aluminum powder, coated......... UN1309 W100

    Aluminum powder, uncoated....... UN1396 W31, W40

    Aluminum silicon powder, UN1398 W31, W40

    uncoated.

    Aluminum smelting by-products or UN3170 W31, W40

    Aluminum remelting by-products

    (PG II).

    Aluminum smelting by-products or UN3170 W31

    Aluminum remelting by-products

    (PG III).

    2-Amino-4,6-Dinitrophenol, UN3317 W31

    wetted with not less than 20

    percent water by mass.

    Ammonium picrate, wetted with UN1310 W31

    not less than 10 percent water,

    by mass.

    Arsenic acid, liquid............ UN1533 W31

    Barium.......................... UN1400 W31, W40

    Barium alloys, pyrophoric....... UN1854 W31

    Barium azide, wetted with not UN1571 W31

    less than 50 percent water, by

    mass.

    Barium cyanide.................. UN1565 W31

    Barium peroxide................. UN1449 W100

    Beryllium, powder............... UN1567 W100

    Boron trifluoride diethyl UN2604 W31

    etherate.

    Boron trifluoride dimethyl UN2965 W31

    etherate.

    Bromobenzyl cyanides, liquid.... UN1694 W31

    Bromobenzyl cyanides, solid..... UN3449 W31

    Calcium......................... UN1401 W31, W40

    Calcium carbide (PG I).......... UN1402 W32

    Calcium carbide (PG II)......... UN1402 W31, W40

    Calcium cyanamide with more than UN1403 W31, W40

    0.1 percent of calcium carbide.

    Calcium cyanide................. UN1575 W31

    Calcium dithionite or Calcium UN1923 W31

    hydrosulfite.

    Calcium hydride................. UN1404 W32

    Calcium manganese silicon....... UN2844 W31

    Calcium peroxide................ UN1457 W100

    Calcium phosphide............... UN1360 W32

    Calcium, pyrophoric or Calcium UN1855 W31

    alloys, pyrophoric.

    Calcium silicide (PG II)........ UN1405 W31

    Calcium silicide (PG III)....... UN1405 W31, W40

    Carbon, activated............... UN1362 W31

    Carbon disulfide................ UN1131 W31

    Cerium, slabs, ingots, or rods.. UN1333 W100

    Cerium, turnings or gritty UN3078 W31, W40

    powder.

    Cesium or Caesium............... UN1407 W32

    Chloric acid aqueous solution, UN2626 W31

    with not more than 10 percent

    chloric acid.

    Chlorosilanes, water-reactive, UN2988 W31

    flammable, corrosive, n.o.s.

    Chromium trioxide, anhydrous.... UN1463 W31

    Corrosive solids, water- UN3096 W100

    reactive, n.o.s (PG II).

    Cyanogen bromide................ UN1889 W31

    Decaborane...................... UN1868 W31

    Dinitrophenol, wetted with not UN1320 W31

    less than 15 percent water, by

    mass.

    Dinitrophenolates, wetted with UN1321 W31

    not less than 15 percent water,

    by mass.

    Dinitroresorcinol, wetted with UN1322 W31

    not less than 15 percent water,

    by mass.

    Diphenylamine chloroarsine...... UN1698 W31

    Diphenylchloroarsine, liquid.... UN1699 W31

    Diphenylchloroarsine, solid..... UN3450 W31

    Dipicryl sulfide, wetted with UN2852 W31

    not less than 10 percent water,

    by mass.

    Ethyldichlorosilane............. UN1183 W31

    Ferrocerium..................... UN1323 W100

    Ferrosilicon with 30 percent or UN1408 W100

    more but less than 90 percent

    silicon.

    Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous UN2793 W100

    metal shavings or Ferrous metal

    turnings or Ferrous metal

    cuttings in a form liable to

    self-heating.

    Fibers or Fabrics, animal or UN1373 W31

    vegetable or Synthetic, n.o.s.

    with animal or vegetable oil.

    Fish meal, unstabilized or Fish UN1374 W31, W40

    scrap, unstabilized.

    Hafnium powder, dry............. UN2545 W31

    Hafnium powder, wetted with not UN1326 W31, W40

    less than 25 percent water (a

    visible excess of water must be

    present) (a) mechanically

    produced, particle size less

    than 53 microns; (b) chemically

    produced, particle size less

    than 840 microns.

    Iron oxide, spent, or Iron UN1376 W100

    sponge, spent obtained from

    coal gas purification.

    Isocyanates, flammable, toxic, UN2478 W31

    n.o.s. or Isocyanate solutions,

    flammable, toxic, n.o.s. flash

    point less than 23 degrees C.

    Page 61756

    Lithium......................... UN1415 W32

    Lithium aluminum hydride........ UN1410 W32

    Lithium borohydride............. UN1413 W32

    Lithium ferrosilicon............ UN2830 W31, W40

    Lithium hydride................. UN1414 W32

    Lithium hydride, fused solid.... UN2805 W31, W40

    Lithium nitride................. UN2806 W32

    Lithium peroxide................ UN1472 W100

    Lithium silicon................. UN1417 W31, W40

    Magnesium aluminum phosphide.... UN1419 W32

    Magnesium diamide............... UN2004 W31

    Magnesium granules, coated, UN2950 W100

    particle size not less than 149

    microns.

    Magnesium hydride............... UN2010 W32

    Magnesium or Magnesium alloys UN1869 W100

    with more than 50 percent

    magnesium in pellets, turnings

    or ribbons.

    Magnesium peroxide.............. UN1476 W100

    Magnesium phosphide............. UN2011 W32

    Magnesium, powder or Magnesium UN1418 W32

    alloys, powder (PG I).

    Magnesium, powder or Magnesium UN1418 W31, W40

    alloys, powder (PG II).

    Magnesium, powder or Magnesium UN1418 W31

    alloys, powder (PG III).

    Magnesium silicide.............. UN2624 W31, W40

    Maneb or Maneb preparations with UN2210 W100

    not less than 60 percent maneb.

    Maneb stabilized or Maneb UN2968 W100

    preparations, stabilized

    against self-heating.

    Mercuric potassium cyanide...... UN1626 W31

    Metal catalyst, dry............. UN2881 W31

    Metal catalyst, wetted with a UN1378 W31, W40

    visible excess of liquid.

    Metal hydrides, flammable, UN3182 W31, W40

    n.o.s. (PG II).

    Metal hydrides, flammable, UN3182 W31

    n.o.s. (PG III).

    Metal hydrides, water reactive, UN1409 W32

    n.o.s (PG I).

    Metal hydrides, water reactive, UN1409 W31, W40

    n.o.s (PG II).

    Metal powder, self-heating, UN3189 W31

    n.o.s.

    Metal powders, flammable, n.o.s. UN3089 W100

    Metal salts of organic UN3181 W31

    compounds, flammable, n.o.s.

    Metallic substance, water- UN3208 W32

    reactive, n.o.s (PG I).

    Metallic substance, water- .............. W31

    reactive, n.o.s (PG II).

    Metallic substance, water- UN3208 W31, W40

    reactive, n.o.s (PG III).

    Metallic substance, water- UN3209 W32

    reactive, self-heating, n.o.s

    (PG I and III).

    Metallic substance, water- UN3209 W32, W40

    reactive, self-heating, n.o.s

    (PG II).

    Methyldichlorosilane............ UN1242 W31

    Nitrocellulose, with not more UN2557 W31

    than 12.6 percent nitrogen, by

    dry mass mixture with or

    without plasticizer, with or

    without pigment.

    Nitrocellulose with alcohol with UN2556 W31

    not less than 25 percent

    alcohol by mass, and with not

    more than 12.6 percent

    nitrogen, by dry mass.

    Nitrocellulose with water with UN2555 W31

    not less than 25 percent water

    by mass.

    Nitroguanidine, wetted or UN1336 W31

    Picrite, wetted with not less

    than 20 percent water, by mass.

    4dashNitrophenylhydrazine, UN3376 W31

    with not less than 30 percent

    water, by mass.

    Nitrostarch, wetted with not UN1337 W31

    less than 20 percent water, by

    mass.

    Organometallic substance, UN3398 W31

    liquid, water-reactive.

    Organometallic substance, UN3399 W31

    liquid, water-reactive,

    flammable.

    Organometallic substance, solid, UN3395 W31

    water-reactive.

    Organometallic substance, solid, UN3396 W31

    water-reactive, flammable.

    Organometallic substance, solid, UN3397 W31

    water-reactive, self-heating.

    Osmium tetroxide................ UN2471 W31

    Paper, unsaturated oil treated UN1379 W31

    incompletely dried (including

    carbon paper).

    Peroxides, inorganic, n.o.s..... UN1483 W100

    9-Phosphabicyclononanes or UN2940 W31

    Cyclooctadiene phosphines.

    Phosphorus heptasulfide, free UN1339 W31

    from yellow or white phosphorus.

    Phosphorus pentasulfide, free UN1340 W31, W40

    from yellow or white phosphorus.

    Phosphorus sesquisulfide, free UN1341 W31

    from yellow or white phosphorus.

    Phosphorus trisulfide, free from UN1343 W31

    yellow or white phosphorus.

    Phosphorus, white dry or UN1381 W31

    Phosphorus, white, under water

    or Phosphorus white, in

    solution or Phosphorus, yellow

    dry or Phosphorus, yellow,

    under water or Phosphorus,

    yellow, in solution.

    Potassium....................... UN2257 W32

    Potassium borohydride........... UN1870 W32

    Potassium cyanide, solid........ UN1680 W31

    Potassium cyanide solution...... UN3413 W31

    Potassium dithionite or UN1929 W31

    Potassium hydrosulfite.

    Potassium, metal alloys, liquid. UN1420 W31

    Potassium, metal alloys, solid.. UN3403 W32

    Potassium phosphide............. UN2012 W32

    Potassium sodium alloys, liquid. UN1422 W31

    Potassium sodium alloys, solid.. UN3404 W32

    Page 61757

    Potassium sulfide, anhydrous or UN1382 W31, W40

    Potassium sulfide with less

    than 30 percent water of

    crystallization.

    Pyrophoric liquids, organic, UN2845 W31

    n.o.s.

    Pyrophoric metals, n.o.s., or UN1383 W31

    Pyrophoric alloys, n.o.s.

    Pyrophoric solid, inorganic, UN3200 W31

    n.o.s.

    Pyrophoric solids, organic, UN2846 W31

    n.o.s.

    Rubidium........................ UN1423 W32

    Self-heating liquid, corrosive, UN3188 W31

    inorganic, n.o.s.

    Self-heating liquid, corrosive, UN3185 W31

    organic, n.o.s.

    Self-heating liquid, inorganic, UN3186 W31

    n.o.s.

    Self-heating liquid, organic, UN3183 W31

    n.o.s.

    Self-heating liquid, toxic, UN3187 W31

    inorganic, n.o.s.

    Self-heating liquid, toxic, UN3184 W31

    organic, n.o.s.

    Self-heating solid, inorganic, UN3190 W31

    n.o.s.

    Self-heating solid, organic, UN3088 W31

    n.o.s.

    Silver picrate, wetted with not UN1347 W31

    less than 30 percent water, by

    mass.

    Sodium.......................... UN1428 W32

    Sodium aluminum hydride......... UN2835 W31, W40

    Sodium borohydride.............. UN1426 W32

    Sodium cyanide, solid........... UN1689 W31

    Sodium cyanide solution......... UN3414 W31

    Sodium dinitro-o-cresolate, UN3369 W31

    wetted with not less than 10%

    water, by mass.

    Sodium dinitro-o-cresolate, UN1348 W31

    wetted with not less than 15

    percent water, by mass.

    Sodium dithionite or Sodium UN1384 W31

    hydrosulfite.

    Sodium hydride.................. UN1427 W32

    Sodium hydrosulfide, with less UN2318 W31

    than 25 percent water of

    crystallization.

    Sodium methylate................ UN1431 W31

    Sodium phosphide................ UN1432 W32

    Sodium picramate, wetted with UN1349 W31

    not less than 20 percent water,

    by mass.

    Sodium sulfide, anhydrous or UN1385 W31, W40

    Sodium sulfide with less than

    30 percent water of

    crystallization.

    Stannic phosphide............... UN1433 W32

    Strontium peroxide.............. UN1509 W100

    Strontium phosphide............. UN2013 W32

    Tear gas substances, liquid, UN1693 W31

    n.o.s.

    Tear gas substance, solid, n.o.s UN3448 W31

    4-Thiapentanal.................. UN2785 W31

    Thiourea dioxide................ UN3341 W31

    Titanium disulphide............. UN3174 W31

    Titanium hydride................ UN1871 W31, W40

    Titanium powder, dry............ UN2546 W31

    Titanium powder, wetted with not UN1352 W31, W40

    less than 25 percent water (a

    visible excess of water must be

    present) (a) mechanically

    produced, particle size less

    than 53 microns; (b) chemically

    produced, particle size less

    than 840 microns.

    Titanium sponge granules or UN2878 W100

    Titanium sponge powders.

    Titanium trichloride, pyrophoric UN2441 W31

    or Titanium trichloride

    mixtures, pyrophoric.

    Toxic solids, water-reactive, UN3125 W100

    n.o.s.

    Trichlorosilane................. UN1295 W31

    Trinitrobenzene, wetted, with UN3367 W31

    not less than 10% water, by

    mass.

    Trinitrobenzene, wetted with not UN1354 W31

    less than 30 percent water, by

    mass.

    Trinitrobenzoic acid, wetted UN3368 W31

    with not less than 10% water by

    mass.

    Trinitrobenzoic acid, wetted UN1355 W31

    with not less than 30 percent

    water, by mass.

    Trinitrochlorobenzene (picryl UN3365 W31

    chloride), wetted, with not

    less than 10% water by mass.

    Trinitrophenol (picric acid), UN3364 W31

    wetted, with not less than 10

    percent water by mass.

    Trinitrophenol, wetted with not UN1344 W31

    less than 30 percent water, by

    mass.

    Trinitrotoluene (TNT), wetted, UN3366 W31

    with not less than 10 percent

    water by mass.

    Trinitrotoluene, wetted or TNT, UN1356 W31

    wetted, with not less than 30

    percent water by mass.

    Urea nitrate, wetted, with not UN3370 W31

    less than 10 percent water by

    mass.

    Urea nitrate, wetted with not UN1357 W31

    less than 20 percent water, by

    mass.

    Water-reactive liquid, n.o.s.... UN3148 W31

    Water-reactive solid, corrosive, UN3131 W31

    n.o.s (PG I and III).

    Water-reactive solid, corrosive, UN3131 W31, W40

    n.o.s (PG II).

    Water-reactive solid, flammable, UN3132 W31

    n.o.s (PG I and III).

    Water-reactive solid, flammable, UN3132 W31, W40

    n.o.s (PG III).

    Water-reactive solid, n.o.s (PG UN2813 W32

    I).

    Water-reactive solid, n.o.s (PG UN2813 W31, W40

    II).

    Water-reactive solid, n.o.s (PG UN2813 W31

    III).

    Water-reactive solid, self- UN3135 W31

    heating, n.o.s (PG I and III).

    Water-reactive solid, self- UN3135 W31, W40

    heating, n.o.s (PG I).

    Water-reactive solid, toxic, UN3134 W31

    n.o.s (PG I and III).

    Water-reactive solid, toxic, UN3134 W31, W40

    n.o.s (PG II).

    Xanthates....................... UN3342 W31

    Xylyl bromide, liquid........... UN1701 W31

    Page 61758

    Zinc ashes...................... UN1435 W100

    Zinc peroxide................... UN1516 W100

    Zinc phosphide.................. UN1714 W32

    Zinc powder or Zinc dust (PG I UN1436 W31

    and III).

    Zinc powder or Zinc dust (PG II) UN1436 W31, W40

    Zirconium hydride............... UN1437 W31, W40

    Zirconium, dry, coiled wire, UN2858 W100

    finished metal sheets, strip

    (thinner than 254 microns but

    not thinner than 18 microns).

    Zirconium, dry, finished sheets, UN2009 W31

    strip or coiled wire.

    Zirconium picramate, wetted with UN1517 W31

    not less than 20 percent water,

    by mass.

    Zirconium powder, dry........... UN2008 W31

    Zirconium powder, wetted with UN1358 W31, W40

    not less than 25 percent water

    (a visible excess of water must

    be present) (a) mechanically

    produced, particle size less

    than 53 microns; (b) chemically

    produced, particle size less

    than 840 microns.

    Zirconium scrap................. UN1932 W31

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Amendments to column (9) quantity limitations:

    Section 172.101(j) describes column (9) of the HMT and the quantity limitations for specific entries. Furthermore, columns (9A) and (9B) specify the maximum quantities that may be offered for transportation in one package by passenger-carrying aircraft or passenger-carrying rail car (column (9A)) or by cargo-only aircraft (column (9B)). The indication of ``forbidden'' means the material may not be offered for transportation or transported in the applicable mode of transport.

    In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes for column (9B) a quantity limit of 75 kg for ``UN 0501, Propellant, solid, Division 1.4C.'' Previously, column (9B) forbid the transport of UN 0501 by cargo-only aircraft. This new quantity limit is consistent with the authorized quantity limit found in the ICAO Technical Instructions. In a working paper submitted at the 25th meeting the ICAO DGP, it was noted that while all other Division 1.4C explosives listed in the table were forbidden on passenger aircraft, only UN 0501 was also forbidden on cargo aircraft. A maximum net quantity of 75 kg per package was permitted on cargo aircraft for all other Division 1.4C explosives. It was also reported that a June 2015 meeting of the United Nations Working Group on Explosives had determined that there were no differences between the transport risks posed by UN 0501 and other Division 1.4C explosives.

    Amendments to column (10) vessel stowage requirements:

    Section 172.101(k) explains the purpose of column (10) of the HMT and prescribes the vessel stowage and segregation requirements for specific entries. Column (10) is divided into two columns: column (10A) Vessel stowage specifies the authorized stowage locations on board cargo and passenger vessels, and column (10B) Other provisions specifies special stowage and segregation provisions. The meaning of each code in column (10B) is set forth in Sec. 176.84 of this subchapter.

    Consistent with changes to Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes numerous changes to the vessel stowage location codes shown in column (10A) of the HMT. The majority of these changes are a result of those made to the IMDG Code to ensure the safe transportation of substances requiring stabilization when transported by vessel. Table 7 contains the proposed changes listed in alphabetical order and showing the proper shipping name, UN identification number, current vessel stowage location code, and proposed vessel stowage location.

    Table 7

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed

    Proper shipping name UN No. Current vessel vessel stowage

    stowage code code

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Acrolein dimer, stabilized.................................... 2607 A C

    Acrylonitrile, stabilized..................................... 1093 E D

    N-Aminoethylpiperazine........................................ 2815 A B

    Butyl acrylates, stabilized................................... 2348 A C

    n-Butyl methacrylate, stabilized.............................. 2227 A C

    Butyl vinyl ether, stabilized................................. 2352 B C

    1,2-Butylene oxide, stabilized................................ 3022 B C

    Ethyl acrylate, stabilized.................................... 1917 B C

    Ethyl methacrylate, stabilized................................ 2277 B C

    Isobutyl acrylate, stabilized................................. 2527 A C

    Isobutyl methacrylate, stabilized............................. 2283 A C

    Isoprene, stabilized.......................................... 1218 E D

    Methacrylaldehyde, stabilized................................. 2396 E D

    Methyl acrylate, stabilized................................... 1919 B C

    Methyl isopropenyl ketone, stabilized......................... 1246 B C

    Methyl methacrylate monomer, stabilized....................... 1247 B C

    Potassium superoxide.......................................... 2466 E D

    Propyleneimine, stabilized.................................... 1921 B D

    Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride non fissile or 2978 A B

    fissile-excepted.............................................

    Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride, fissile........... 2977 A B

    Page 61759

    Styrene monomer, stabilized................................... 2055 A C

    Vinyl acetate, stabilized..................................... 1301 B C

    Vinyl butyrate, stabilized.................................... 2838 B C

    Vinyl isobutyl ether, stabilized.............................. 1304 B C

    Vinylidene chloride, stabilized............................... 1303 E D

    Vinyltoluenes, stabilized..................................... 2618 A C

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    With the addition of a Division 6.1 subsidiary hazard to ``UN 2815, N-Aminoethylpiperazine,'' ``UN 2977, Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride, fissile,'' and ``UN 2978, Radioactive material, uranium hexafluoride non fissile or fissile-excepted,'' PHMSA proposes that code ``40,'' which indicates that the material must be stowed clear of living quarters, be added to column (10B) for these entries to remain consistent with the IMDG Code.

    As a consequence of adding special provision 387, which addresses stabilization requirements to 52 existing entries in the HMT that are identified as requiring such, the IMO amended vessel stowage requirements for these entries. PHMSA proposes to add code ``25'' to column (10B) for the same 52 entries identified in Table 2. We note that the IMDG Code did not assign stowage provisions equivalent to code ``25'' to ``UN 1167, Divinyl ether, stabilized'' or ``UN 2383, Dipropylamine.'' Stowage code ``25'' requires these materials to be protected from sources of heat. PHMSA believes the omission of this stowage requirement in the IMDG Code to be an oversight, and we propose to add stowage code ``25'' to these two HMR entries.

    Code ``28'' requires materials to which this code is assigned to be stowed away from flammable liquids. In this NPRM, consistent with changes to the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes to remove code ``28'' from column (10B) for the following HMT entries: ``UN 2965, Boron trifluoride dimethyl etherate''; ``UN 2988, Chlorosilanes, water-

    reactive, flammable, corrosive, n.o.s''; ``UN 1183, Ethyldichlorosilane''; ``UN 1242, Methyldichlorosilane''; ``UN 3490, Toxic by inhalation liquid, water-reactive, flammable, n.o.s. with an LC50 lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapor concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50''; and ``UN 1295, Trichlorosilane.''

    Appendix B to Sec. 172.101:

    Appendix B to Sec. 172.101 lists marine pollutants regulated under the HMR. PHMSA proposes to revise the list of marine pollutants by adding six new entries to remain consistent with the IMDG Code. These changes are proposed to include those substances that were either assigned a ``P'' in the dangerous goods list or identified in the alphabetical index to Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code--based on review of evaluations for each individual material, and associated isomers where appropriate, performed by the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP) and the GESAMP defining criteria for marine pollutants. The following entries are proposed to be added to the list of marine pollutants in appendix B to Sec. 172.101: Hexanes; Hypochlorite solutions; Isoprene, stabilized; N-Methylaniline; Methylcyclohexane; and Tripropylene.

    Section 172.102 special provisions:

    Section 172.102 lists special provisions applicable to the transportation of specific hazardous materials. Special provisions contain packaging requirements, prohibitions, and exceptions applicable to particular quantities or forms of hazardous materials. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes the following revisions to Sec. 172.102 special provisions:

    Special Provision 40: Special provision 40 prescribes the criteria for classification of a ``Polyester resin kit.'' PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 40 by authorizing a polyester resin kit to contain a Division 4.1 base material consistent with the new HMT entry ``UN 3527, Polyester resin kit, solid base material, 4.1.''

    Special Provision 134: Special provision 134 prescribes the applicability of the HMT entry ``UN 3171, Battery-powered vehicle or Battery-powered equipment.'' PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 134 by amending the list of battery powered vehicle examples to include trucks, locomotives, bicycles (pedal cycles with an electric motor) and other vehicles of this type (e.g., self-balancing vehicles or vehicles not equipped with at least one seating position), and self-

    propelled farming and construction equipment. In addition, PHMSA proposes to organize the structure of the special provision into paragraph form for ease of reading.

    Special Provision 135: Special provision 135 specifies that an internal combustion engine installed in a vehicle must be consigned to the entries ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered'' or ``Vehicle, flammable liquid powered,'' as appropriate. PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 135 by clarifying that vehicles powered by both a flammable liquid and a flammable gas internal combustion engine must be consigned to the entry ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered.'' In addition, PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 135 by clarifying that for the purpose of this special provision, a ``vehicle'' is a self-propelled apparatus designed to carry one or more persons or goods. A list of examples is provided.

    Special Provision 157: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision 157 and assigning it to ``UN 3527, Polyester resin kit, solid base material.'' The special provision would allow the maximum net capacity for inner packagings of flammable solids in packing group II to be increased to no more than 5 kg (11 pounds) when the material is transported as a limited quantity.

    Special Provision 181: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision 181 and assigning it to ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment''; ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment''; ``UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment''; and ``UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment.'' The special provision would specify that when lithium cells or batteries packed with equipment and lithium cells or batteries contained in equipment are packed in the same package, the shipping paper (if used) and the package must use the ``packed with'' proper shipping name and UN number. Further, all packaging requirements applicable to both proper shipping names must be met and the total mass of cells or batteries in the package must not exceed the quantity

    Page 61760

    limits specified in columns (9A) and (9B), as applicable.

    Special Provision 182: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision 182 and assigning it to ``UN 3072, Life-saving appliances, not self-inflating containing dangerous goods as equipment'' to clarify that equipment containing only lithium batteries must be classified as either UN 3091 or UN 3481, as appropriate.

    Special Provision 238: Special provision 238 addresses the shipment of neutron radiation detectors. PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 238 to align with the UN Model Regulations special provision 373 by permitting the packaging to contain ``absorbent'' or ``adsorbent'' material where the previous requirement permitted ``absorbent'' material only.

    Special Provision 369: Special provision 369 prescribes classification criteria, consignment instructions and transport conditions for ``UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-

    excepted.'' PHMSA proposes to revise special provision 369 in conjunction with revising the primary classification for UN 3507 from Class 8 to Division 6.1. Specifically, PHMSA proposes to clarify that this radioactive material in an excepted package possessing toxic and corrosive properties is classified in Division 6.1 with radioactive and corrosive subsidiary risks.

    Special Provision 379: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision 379 and assigning it to the HMT entries ``UN 1005, Ammonia, anhydrous'' and ``UN 3516, Adsorbed gas, toxic, corrosive, n.o.s.'' This special provision is applicable to ammonia dispensers containing adsorbed ammonia, which are used to reduce polluting nitrogen oxide emissions from automobiles. The UN Sub-Committee found that the substance contained in the receptacles did not meet any criteria for classification in the Model Regulations, but it acknowledged that the substance did fit the recent definition of an adsorbed gas. Based on the stability of adsorption under normal transport conditions, an exception for these dispensers was adopted subject to appropriate packaging conditions. These materials are normally forbidden for transport by air on passenger and cargo aircraft; however, consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA proposes to authorize them on cargo aircraft subject to the transport conditions prescribed in the special provision with additional approval of the Associate Administrator.

    Special Provision 387: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision 387 and assigning it to the four new ``n.o.s.'' polymerizing substance HMT entries and to the 52 existing HMT entries that are identified as requiring stabilization. This special provision sets forth the transport conditions when stabilization, or prevention of polymerization, is provided through the use of a chemical inhibitor. When a substance is stabilized via use of a chemical inhibitor, it is important to ensure that the level of stabilization is sufficient to prevent the onset of a dangerous reaction under conditions normally incident to transportation. This special provision requires a determination that the degree of chemical stabilization employed at the time the package, IBC, or tank is offered for transport must be suitable to ensure that the sustained bulk mean temperature of the substance in the package, IBC, or tank will not exceed 50 degC (122emsp14degF), under conditions normally incident to transportation. The special provision also specifies that temperature control is required at the point where chemical stabilization becomes ineffective at lower temperatures within the anticipated duration of transport. Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA proposes to clarify in special provision 387 that these substances are forbidden for transport by air when temperature control is required.

    Special Provision 422: PHMSA proposes to add new special provision 422 to the HMT entries ``UN 3480, Lithium ion batteries including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment including lithium ion polymer batteries''; ``UN 3090, Lithium metal batteries including lithium alloy batteries''; ``UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment including lithium alloy batteries''; and ``Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment including lithium alloy batteries.'' Special provision 422 states that the new lithium battery Class 9 label shown in Sec. 172.447 is to be used for packages containing lithium batteries that require labels. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes a transition period that would authorize labels conforming to requirements in place on December 31, 2016 to continue to be used until December 31, 2018. Class 9 placards, when used, must conform to the existing requirements in Sec. 172.560.

    Special Provision A210: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision A210 and assigning it to the new italicized HMT entries ``Catecholborane'' and its synonym ``1, 3, 2-Benzodioxaborole.'' Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, this special provision clarifies that this substance is forbidden for transport by air and may only be transported on cargo aircraft with the approval of the Associate Administrator.

    Special Provision A212: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision A212 and assigning it to the to the HMT entry ``UN 2031, Nitric acid other than red fuming, with more than 20 percent and less than 65 percent nitric acid.'' Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, this special provision allows sterilization devices containing nitric acid conforming to the conditions in the special provision to be offered for transportation by passenger aircraft irrespective of column (9A) of the Sec. 172.101 HMT listing the material as forbidden.

    Special Provision B134: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision B134 and assigning it to UN Numbers 1309, 1376, 1483, 1869, 2793, and 2878. When in Large Packagings offered for transport by vessel, flexible or fiber inner packages containing these materials would need to be sift-proof and water-resistant, or fitted with a sift-

    proof and water-resistant liner. Consistent with the IMDG Code, these provisions will increase the ability of these packages to perform their containment function and reduce the likelihood of a fire on board cargo vessels when used to transport substances that either generate large amounts of heat or give off flammable or corrosive toxic gases on contact with water or moisture.

    Special Provision B135: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision B135 and assigning it to UN Numbers 1932, 2008, 2545, 2546, 2881, and 3189. When in Large Packagings offered for transport by vessel, flexible or fiber inner packages containing these materials would need to be hermetically sealed. Consistent with the IMDG Code, these provisions will increase the ability of these packages to perform their containment function and reduce the likelihood of a fire on board cargo vessels when used to transport substances that either generate large amounts of heat or give off flammable or corrosive toxic gases on contact with water or moisture.

    IP Code 19: PHMSA proposes to add a new IP Code 19 and assign it to UN 3531, UN 3532, UN 3553, and UN 3534. Consistent with international

    Page 61761

    regulations, this special provision would require that IBCs are designed and constructed to permit the release of gas or vapor, thereby preventing a build-up of pressure that could rupture the IBCs in the event of loss of stabilization

    Special Provision N90: Special provision N90 is assigned to the HMT entry ``UN 3474, 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole, monohydrate'' and prohibits the use of metal packages. PHMSA proposes, consistent with the UN Model Regulations, to revise special provision N90 by clarifying that the prohibition of metal packages does not include packagings constructed of other material with a small amount of metal (e.g., metal closures or other metal fittings). However, packagings constructed with a small amount of metal must be designed such that the hazardous material does not contact the metal.

    Special Provision N92: PHMSA proposes adding special provision N92 to the four proposed polymerizing substance, n.o.s. entries. This special provision requires packages that are utilized for the transportation of polymerizing substances to be designed and constructed to permit the release of gas or vapor to prevent a build-up of pressure that could rupture the packagings in the event of loss of stabilization.

    Special Provision W31: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision W31 and assigning it to the 155 HMT entries identified in Table 6 in the ``Amendments to column (7) special provisions'' section of this rulemaking. With the addition of this special provision, PHMSA proposes to require packages assigned as such to be hermetically sealed when offered for transportation by vessel.

    The proposed addition of W31 to these commodities harmonizes the HMR with changes made in Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, as well as the transportation requirements of the HMR with the IMDG Code for other commodities where they were not previously harmonized. The IMDG Code has had provisions in place equivalent to proposed W31 (PP31) for certain commodities since at least 1998.\4\ Other hazardous materials regulations (ICAO Technical Instructions, HMR, and UN Model Regulations) do not currently contain provisions similar to W31. Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code is adding this hermetically sealed packaging requirement to 15 entries in its Dangerous Goods List (some with multiple packing groups).

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ These provisions have potentially been in place before 1998. PHMSA reviewed hard copy IMDG Codes dating back to 1998 but was unable to locate the origin of these provisions.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendment would reduce the risk of fire on board cargo vessels carrying hazardous materials that can react dangerously with the ship's available water and carbon dioxide fire extinguishing systems. Some of the hazardous materials for which PHMSA is proposing to amend the vessel transportation packaging requirements react with water or moisture generating excessive heat or releasing toxic or flammable gases. Common causes for water entering into the container are: water entering through ventilation or structural flaws in the container; water entering into the containers placed on deck or in the hold in heavy seas; and water entering into the cargo space upon a ship collision or leak. If water has already entered the container, the packaging is the only protection from a potential fire.

    In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to strengthen the ability of these packages transporting water-reactive substances. PHMSA anticipates this proposed amendment could result in additional costs to domestic-only shippers but not to those shippers transporting such goods internationally. We assume that all shippers that ship hazardous materials internationally will incorporate IMDG Code-compliant packaging requirements into their business practices. These proposed amendments will increase costs for some domestic shipments of affected commodities and will require materials currently transported in packaging not already hermetically sealed to be thus packaged. Adoption of these provisions will increase the ability of these packages to perform their containment function and reduce the likelihood of a fire on board cargo vessels when used to transport substances that either generate large amounts of heat or give off flammable or toxic gases on contact with water or moisture. A 2011 Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) report presented to the IMO on shipping water-reactive materials by vessel \5\ provides guidance regarding changes to the regulation of such shipments, as well as the net benefit of such changes. The FSA report notes that analysis of the documented cases of fire at sea indicates that the cause of the accidents is often difficult or impossible to determine. Although the cargo space is in some cases identified as the origin of the fire, the originating container is only identifiable in rare instances, and thus, there is no reliable data on the involvement of water-reactive materials in these fires. Additionally, in most cases, fires that start do not exceed the containment of the container itself and extinguish on their own. These self-extinguishing fires are usually not detected until the container is unloaded at its destination and, thus, are rarely documented in any relation to vessel or mode of shipment.\6\

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ International Maritime Organization, 2011. ``Stowage of Water-Reactive Materials--Report of the Formal Safety Assessment--

    Submitted by Germany.'' Report No. SO-ER 2009.267A.

    \6\ Ibid, p. 24.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regarding the cost of reducing the risk of fire from water-exposure of water-reactive materials by requiring water-resistant packaging, the FSA report concluded that the costs in relation to the amount of affected goods is likely to be high.\7\ However, the FSA expect that this measure will affect only a small number of goods, which are transported in small amounts, so that the costs in relation to the total amount of all transported goods is likely to be low.\8\ PHMSA recognizes that both the FSA report and our own Regulatory Impact Analysis lack quantitative data on the true cost of this proposal, as well as the amount of these hazardous materials currently transported by vessel. We are specifically soliciting comment addressing any estimates of the cost of compliance with these amendments and any quantitative data on the amounts of the commodities affected by this proposal that are currently offered for transportation by domestic vessel.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ Ibid. p. 78.

    \8\ Ibid, p. 78.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Special Provision W32: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision W32 and assigning it to 38 HMT entries identified in Table 6 in the ``Amendments to column (7) special provisions'' section of this rulemaking. With the addition of this special provision, PHMSA proposes to require packages assigned this special provision to be hermetically sealed, except for solid fused material, when offered for transportation by vessel. The 38 entries to which this addition are proposed are already required to be packaged in this manner in accordance with the IMDG Code through a modified PP31 (when compared to the PP31 mentioned in the W31 discussion above) assigned to various packing instructions. See the comments in the W31 discussion above for more discussion on the reasons for this proposed amendment.

    Special Provision W40: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision W40 and assigning it to 38 HMT entries identified in Table 6 in the ``Amendments to column (7) special provisions'' section of this rulemaking.

    Page 61762

    With the addition of this special provision, PHMSA proposes to prohibit the use of bags when offered for transportation by vessel. See the comments in the W31 discussion above for more discussion on the reasons for this proposed amendment.

    Special Provision W100: PHMSA proposes adding new special provision W100 and assigning it to 27 HMT entries identified in Table 6 in the ``Amendments to the column (7) special provisions'' section of this rulemaking. With the addition of this special provision, PHMSA proposes to require flexible, fiberboard, or wooden packagings that are assigned this special provision to be sift-proof and water-resistant, or to be fitted with a sift-proof and water-resistant liner. These proposed amendments are intended to ensure that water-reactive materials transported by vessel are in packages that provide an appropriate level of protection from the ingress of water. See the comments in the W31 discussion above for more discussion on the reasons for this proposed amendment.

    Section 172.407

    Section 172.407 prescribes specifications for labels. On January 8, 2015, PHMSA published a final rule Docket No. PHMSA-2013-0260 (HM-

    215M); 80 FR 1075 that required labels to have a solid line forming the inner border 5 mm from the outside edge of the label and a minimum line width of 2 mm. Transitional exceptions were provided allowing labels authorized prior to this rulemaking to be used until December 31, 2016.

    The rulemaking authorized a reduction in label dimensions and features if the size of the packaging so requires. This allowance for reduction in label dimensions, consistent with the requirements for standard size labels, was contingent on the solid line forming the inner border remaining 5 mm from the outside edge of the label and the minimum width of the line remaining 2 mm. PHMSA has become aware that maintaining these inner border size requirements, while reducing the size of other label elements, may potentially result in the symbols on the reduced size labels no longer being identifiable. Consequently, we are proposing to revise paragraph (c)(i) to remove the existing inner border size requirements for reduced dimension labels and authorizing the entire label to be reduced proportionally.

    In the same January 8, 2015 final rule, PHMSA authorized the continued use of a label in conformance with the requirements of this paragraph in effect on December 31, 2014, until December 31, 2016. PHMSA has been made aware that the transition period provided may not be sufficient to allow the regulated community to implement necessary changes to business practices or to deplete inventories of previously authorized labels. PHMSA is proposing to extend the transition date provided in paragraph (c)(1)(iii) until December 31, 2018 for domestic transportation in order to provide additional time for implementation and depletion of existing stocks of labels.

    Section 172.447

    PHMSA proposes to create a new section containing a new Class 9 hazard warning label for lithium batteries. The label would consist of the existing Class 9 label with the addition of a figure depicting a group of batteries with one broken and emitting a flame in the lower half. This label would appear on packages containing lithium batteries required to display hazard warning labels and is intended to better communicate the specific hazards posed by lithium batteries. This action is consistent with the most recent editions of the UN Model Regulations, the ICAO Technical Instructions, and the IMDG Code. Packages of lithium batteries displaying the existing Class 9 label may continue to be used until December 31, 2018. We propose this transition period to allow shippers to exhaust existing stocks of labels and pre-

    printed packagings. We are not proposing any modifications to the existing Class 9 placard or the creation of a Class 9 placard specifically for cargo transport units transporting lithium batteries. PHMSA solicits comment on the appropriateness of this transition period.

    Section 172.505

    Section 172.505 details the transport situations that require subsidiary placarding. Uranium hexafluoride is a volatile solid that may present both chemical and radiological hazards. It is one of the most highly soluble industrial uranium compounds and, when airborne, hydrolyzes rapidly on contact with water to form hydrofluoric acid (HF) and uranyl fluoride (UO2F2).\9\

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-11/documents/tsd58.pdf.

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    As previously discussed in the review of changes to Sec. 172.102, the UN Sub-Committee determined it necessary that a 6.1 subsidiary hazard be added to the Dangerous Goods List of uranium hexafluoride entries. Currently, in addition to the radioactive placard which may be required by Sec. 172.504(e), each transport vehicle, portable tank, or freight container that contains 454 kg (1,001 pounds) or more gross weight of non-fissile, fissile-excepted, or fissile uranium hexafluoride must be placarded with a corrosive placard on each side and each end. PHMSA proposes to add a requirement for these shipments currently requiring corrosive subsidiary placards to also placard with 6.1 poison or toxic placards. PHMSA believes the addition of this requirement will provide important hazard communication information in the event of a release of uranium hexafluoride.

    Part 173

    Section 173.4a

    Section 173.4a prescribes transportation requirements for excepted packages. In this NPRM, consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (e)(3) to allow required absorbent materials to be placed in either the intermediate or outer packaging. PHMSA believes this change will provide shippers of excepted packages with increased flexibility in choosing packaging configurations, while maintaining the current level of safety for the transportation of these small amounts of hazardous materials.

    Section 173.9

    Section 173.9 prescribes requirements for the fumigant marking. In this NRPM, PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 173.9 to require that the fumigant marking and its required information are capable of withstanding a 30-day exposure to open weather conditions. This requirement is consistent with the survivability requirements for placards found in Sec. 172.519. Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code was amended to require the fumigant marking to be capable of surviving three months immersion in the sea, which is consistent with IMDG Code requirements for placard survivability. PHMSA believes ensuring that the fumigant marking and its required information are robust enough to handle conditions normally incident to transportation will ensure the proper information is conveyed to those needing it. Therefore, we are proposing amendments to this section consistent with the survivability requirements for placards.

    Section 173.21

    Section 173.21 describes situations in which the offering for transport or transportation of materials or packages is forbidden. Examples include materials designated as ``Forbidden'' in column (3) of the HMT; electrical

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    devices that are likely to generate sparks and/or a dangerous amount of heat; and materials that are likely to decompose or polymerize and generate dangerous quantities of heat or gas during decomposition or polymerization. In Sec. 173.21, PHMSA proposes to lower the temperature threshold at which a polymerizing substance is forbidden for transport, unless the material is stabilized or inhibited, from 54 degC (130emsp14degF) to 50 degC (122emsp14degF) and to amend the table in paragraph (f)(1) to accommodate the specific temperature controls applicable to polymerizing substances. This 50 degC (122emsp14degF) temperature is consistent with existing requirements for Division 4.1 (Self-reactive) and Division 5.2 (Organic peroxide) hazardous materials, as well as the 19th Revised Edition of UN Model Regulations for the transport of polymerizing substances in packages and IBCs, which requires temperature control in transport if the SAPT is 45 degC (113emsp14degF) only for polymerizing substances offered for transport in portable tanks. We are not proposing to adopt a different temperature threshold before temperature control is required for portable tanks transporting polymerizing substances. At this time, we believe there is not sufficient data to support a different threshold for polymerizing substances in portable tanks. Further, we believe maintaining a single SADT/SAPT for temperature controls for all relevant materials (i.e., self-reactives, organic peroxides, and polymerizing substances) and all packaging sizes (i.e., non-bulk, IBC, and bulk) is less confusing for the user.

    Section 173.40

    Section 173.40 provides general packaging requirements for toxic materials packaged in cylinders. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (a)(1) to clarify that TC, CTC, CRC, and BTC cylinders authorized in Sec. 171.12, except for acetylene cylinders, may be used for toxic materials.

    Section 173.50

    Section 173.50 provides definitions for the various divisions of Class 1 (Explosive) materials referenced in part 173 subpart C. Paragraph (b) of this section notes that Class 1 (Explosive) materials are divided into six divisions and that the current definition of Division 1.6 states that ``this division comprises articles which contain only extremely insensitive substances.'' PHMSA proposes to amend the definition of Division 1.6 to note that the division is made up of articles that predominately contain extremely insensitive substances. Consistent with the recent changes to the UN Model Regulations, the new definition means that an article does not need to contain solely extremely insensitive substances to be classified as a Division 1.6 material.

    Section 173.52

    Section 173.52 contains descriptions of classification codes for explosives assigned by the Associate Administrator. These compatibility codes consist of the division number followed by the compatibility group letter. Consistent with changes proposed to Sec. 173.50 and those made in the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to amend the descriptive text for the 1.6N classification code entry in the existing table in this section to indicate that these explosives are articles predominantly containing extremely insensitive substances.

    Section 173.62

    Section 173.62 provides specific packaging requirements for explosives. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise Sec. 173.62 relating to specific packaging requirements for explosives.

    In paragraph (b), in the Explosives Table, the entry for ``UN 0510, Rocket motors'' would be added and assigned Packing Instruction 130 consistent with other rocket motor entries.

    In paragraph (c), in the Table of Packing Methods, Packing Instruction 112(c) would be revised by adding a particular packaging requirement applicable to UN 0504 requiring that metal packagings must not be used. It would also be clarified that the prohibition of metal packagings does not include packagings constructed of other material with a small amount of metal (e.g., metal closures or other metal fittings). Packing Instruction 114(b) would be revised to clarify in the particular packaging requirement applicable to UN 0508 and UN 0509 that the prohibition of metal packagings does not include packagings constructed of other material with a small amount of metal (i.e., metal closures or other metal fittings). Packing Instruction 130 would be revised by adding UN 0510 to the list of large and robust explosives articles that may be transported unpackaged. PHMSA proposes to add UN 0502 to Packing Instruction P130. This addition corrects an existing error in the HMR. Packing Instruction 130 is referenced for UN 0502, but there is no mention of UN 0502 in the actual instruction. Packing Instruction 137 would be revised by amending the particular packaging instruction applicable to UN Numbers 0059, 0439, 0440, and 0441 by replacing the marking requirement ``THIS SIDE UP'' with a reference to the package orientation marking prescribed in Sec. 172.312(b).

    Section 173.121

    Section 173.121 provides criteria for the assignment of packing groups to Class 3 materials. Paragraph (b)(iv) provides criteria for viscous flammable liquids of Class 3, such as paints, enamels, lacquers and varnishes, to be placed in packing group III on the basis of their viscosity, coupled with other criteria. In this NPRM, and consistent with the changes to the UN Model regulations, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (b)(iv) to include additional viscosity criteria that can be used as an alternative where a flow cup test is unsuitable. Many products of the paint and printing ink industry are thixotropic in nature, which means that they are viscous at rest but become thinner on application of shear or agitation (such as stirring or brushing). During transport these viscous flammable liquids have the potential to thin under movement, but their viscosity cannot be properly characterized using a flow cup test since they will not run through the cup under static conditions. Additionally, PHMSA proposes to include an explanatory footnote to the existing table of viscosity and flash point to assist users of the section in determining kinematic viscosity.

    Section 173.124

    Section 173.124 outlines defining criteria for Divisions 4.1 (Flammable solid), 4.2 (Spontaneously combustible), and 4.3 (Dangerous when wet material). Division 4.1 (Flammable solid) includes desensitized explosives, self-reactive materials, and readily combustible solids. The UN Model Regulations adopted amendments to include polymerizing materials to the list of materials that meet the definition of Division 4.1. Transport conditions for polymerizing materials are not new under the HMR. Section Sec. 173.21 presently contains approval provisions for the transport of polymerizing materials. Unlike the present HMR requirements, the classification requirements adopted in the UN Model Regulations do not require testing to determine the rate of vapor production when heated under confinement. This rate should be the deciding factor when determining whether a polymerizing substance should be authorized for transportation in an IBC or portable tank. PHMSA proposes to add polymerizing materials to the list of materials that meet the definition of

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    Division 4.1 with the additional requirement that that polymerizing substances are only authorized for transport if they pass the UN Test Series E at the ``None'' or ``Low'' level when tested for heating under confinement, or other equivalent test method. Given concerns with potential test equipment issues (i.e., clogging) when subjecting polymerizing materials to the UN Test Series E, PHMSA solicits comment on other equivalent test methods.

    Specifically, we propose to add a new paragraph, (a)(4), that defines polymerizing materials generally and specifies defining criteria. Polymerizing materials are materials that are liable to undergo an exothermic reaction resulting in the formation of polymers under conditions normally encountered in transport. Additionally, polymerizing materials in Division 4.1 have a self-accelerating polymerization temperature of 75 degC (167emsp14degF) or less; have an appropriate packaging determined by successfully passing the UN Test Series E at the ``None'' or ``Low'' level or by an equivalent test method; exhibit a heat of reaction of more than 300 J/g; and do not meet the definition of any other hazard class.

    Section 173.165

    Section 173.165 prescribes the transport and packaging requirements for polyester resin kits. PHMSA proposes to revise Sec. 173.165 by adding the requirements for polyester resin kits with a flammable solid base consistent with the new HMT entry ``UN 3527, Polyester resin kit, solid base material, 4.1.''

    Section 173.185

    Section 173.185 prescribes transportation requirements for lithium batteries. Paragraph (c) describes alternative packaging and alternative hazard communication for shipments of up to 8 small lithium cells or 2 small batteries per package (up to 1 gram per lithium metal cell, 2 grams per lithium metal battery, 20 Wh per lithium ion cell, and 100 Wh per lithium ion battery). Specifically, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (c) to require strong outer packagings for small lithium cells or batteries to be rigid and to replace the current text markings that communicate the presence of lithium batteries and the flammability hazard that exists if damaged with a single lithium battery mark. Additionally, the package must be of adequate size that the lithium battery mark can be displayed on one side of the package without folding. PHMSA also proposes to require the lithium battery mark to appear on packages containing lithium cells or batteries, or lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment when there are more than two packages in the consignment. This requirement would not apply to a package containing button cell batteries installed in equipment (including circuit boards) or when no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries are installed in the equipment. We are further clarifying what is meant by the term ``consignment'' by defining the term used in Sec. 173.185 as one or more packages of hazardous materials accepted by an operator from one shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and moving to one consignee at one destination address.

    Under current HMR requirements, a package of cells or batteries that meets the requirements of Sec. 173.185(c) may be packed in strong outer packagings that meet the general requirements of Sec. Sec. 173.24 and 173.24a instead of the standard UN performance packaging. Lithium batteries packed in accordance with Sec. 173.185(c) must be packed in strong outer packagings that meet the general packaging requirements of Sec. Sec. 173.24 and 173.24a and be capable of withstanding a 1.2 meter (3.9 ft) drop test without damage to the cells or batteries contained in the package, shifting of the contents that would allow battery to battery or cell to cell contact, or release of contents. Alternative hazard communication requirements also apply. The Class 9 label is replaced with text indicating the presence of lithium batteries; an indication that the package must be handled with care and that a flammability hazard exists if damaged; procedures to take in the event of damage; and a telephone number for additional information. Instead of a shipping paper, the shipper can provide the carrier with an alternative document that includes the same information as provided on the package.

    In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to replace the existing text marking requirements in Sec. 173.185(c)(3) with a standard lithium battery mark for use in all transport modes and to remove the requirement in Sec. 173.185(c)(3) for shippers to provide an alternative document. The lithium battery mark communicates key information (i.e., the package contents and that a flammability hazard exists if damaged). The mark utilizes recognizable symbols that permit transport workers and emergency responders to quickly ascertain the package contents and take appropriate action. A single mark that is understood and accepted for all transport modes will increase the effectiveness. PHMSA proposes a transition period of December 31, 2018, to provide adequate time for shippers to transition the new lithium battery mark and exhaust existing stocks of preprinted packagings or markings. The current documentation requirement is redundant given the existing marking requirement and provides minimal additional safety value to that provided by the mark.

    At the 49th session of UN Sub-Committee, a late design revision to the lithium battery mark was adopted to authorize the mark on a background of ``suitable contrasting color'' in addition to white. This is consistent with design requirements for limited quantity marks and other marks in the Model Regulations. We are proposing to also allow the mark on a background of suitable contrasting color in addition to white.

    Additionally, PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 173.185(c)(2) to specify that outer packagings used to contain small lithium batteries must be rigid and of adequate size so the handling mark can be affixed on one side without the mark being folded. The HMR currently do not prescribe minimum package dimensions or specific requirements for package performance other than the requirements described in Sec. Sec. 173.24 and 173.24a. We are aware of several instances in which either the package dimensions were not adequate to accommodate the required marks and labels or the package was not sufficiently strong to withstand the rigors of transport. These proposals will enhance the communication and recognition of lithium batteries and better ensure that packaging is strong enough to withstand normal transport conditions.

    PHMSA proposes amendments to Sec. 173.185(e) to permit the transport of prototype and low production runs of lithium batteries contained in equipment. These proposals are mostly consistent with amendments adopted into the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations and Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code, which authorize the transportation of prototype and low production runs of lithium batteries contained in equipment in packaging tested to the PG II level. The ICAO TI authorizes the transportation of prototype and low production runs of lithium batteries contained in equipment in packaging tested to the PG I level. PHMSA proposes to continue to require prototype and low production batteries to be placed in packaging tested to the PG I performance level. PHMSA believes that the higher integrity packaging provides an

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    additional layer of protection for cells and batteries not otherwise subjected to the UN design tests.

    Consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code, and the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA proposes to add new paragraph (e)(7) to require shipments of low production runs and prototype lithium batteries to note conformance with the requirements of Sec. 173.185(e) on shipping papers.

    Additionally, PHMSA proposes amendments to Sec. 173.185(f)(4) to harmonize with a requirement in the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations that the ``Damaged/defective lithium ion battery'' and/or ``Damaged/defective lithium metal battery'' marking as appropriate be in characters at least 12 mm (.47 inch) high.

    Section 173.217

    Section 173.217 establishes packaging requirements for dry ice (carbon dioxide, solid). Paragraph (c) prescribes additional packaging requirements for air transport. Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, in this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to remove the term ``other type of pallet'' in paragraph (c)(3) that excepts dry ice being used as a refrigerant for other non-hazardous materials from the quantity limits per package shown in columns (9A) and (9B) of the Sec. 172.101 HMT.

    A working paper submitted to the October 2014 ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel meeting noted that the term ``other type of pallet'' was used in conjunction in various parts of the ICAO Technical Instructions with the terms ``package,'' ``overpack,'' or ``unit load device,'' which were all defined in the ICAO Technical Instructions. The ICAO Technical Instructions do not have a specific definition for ``other type of pallet,'' as the term is understood to represent devices that are widely used in transport, such as wooden skids or pallets that allow the use of a forklift for ease of moving packages around and to prevent damage to the contents of the skid or pallet. The definition for ``overpack'' already addresses the intent of the term ``other type of pallet,'' so it was agreed that the term ``other type of pallet'' was redundant and that references to it would be removed.

    Section 173.220

    Section 173.220 prescribes transportation requirements and exceptions for internal combustion engines, vehicles, machinery containing internal combustion engines, battery-powered equipment or machinery, and fuel cell-powered equipment or machinery. The UN Model Regulations adopted amendments to the existing UN 3166 engine and vehicle entries during the last biennium. These changes are continuations of efforts undertaken by the UN Sub-Committee to ensure appropriate hazard communication is provided for engines containing large quantities of fuels.

    The 17th Edition of the UN Model Regulations added special provision 363, which required varying levels of hazard communication depending on the type and quantity of fuel present, in attempts to ensure the hazards associated with engines containing large quantities of fuel were sufficiently communicated. PHMSA did not adopt the provisions found in special provision 363 at the time they were introduced.

    As previously discussed in the review of the new proposed HMT entries, the existing UN 3166 identification number was maintained for the various vehicle entries in the Model Regulations, and three new UN identification numbers and proper shipping names were created for engines or machinery internal combustion and were assigned a hazard classification based on the type of fuel used. The three new UN numbers and proper shipping names are as follows: A Class 3 entry ``UN 3528, Engine, internal combustion engine, flammable liquid powered, or Engine fuel cell, flammable liquid powered, or Machinery, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered, or Machinery, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered''; a Division 2.1 entry ``UN 3529, Engine, internal combustion engine, flammable gas powered, or Engine fuel cell, flammable gas powered, or Machinery, internal combustion, flammable gas powered, or Machinery, fuel cell, flammable gas powered''; and a Class 9 entry ``UN 3530, Engine, internal combustion, or Machinery, internal combustion.''

    Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to add to the HMR the new UN identification numbers and proper shipping names for engines and machinery. PHMSA proposes to maintain the existing transportation requirements and exceptions for engines and machinery found in Sec. 173.220 for all modes of transportation other than vessel. To harmonize as closely as possible with Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes the following amendments to Sec. 173.220: Amending paragraph (b)(1) to include a reference to engines powered by fuels that are marine pollutants but do not meet the criteria of any other Class or Division; amending paragraph (b)(4)(ii) to include a reference to the proposed new Sec. 176.906 containing requirements for shipments of engines or machinery offered for transportation by vessel; amending paragraph (d) to authorize the transportation of securely installed prototype or low production run lithium batteries in engines and machinery by modes of transportation other than air; and adding paragraph (h)(3) to include references to existing and proposed exceptions for vehicles, engines, and machinery in Sec. Sec. 176.905 and 176.906.

    ICAO adopted a provision that requires battery powered vehicles that could be handled in other than an upright position to be placed into a strong rigid outer package. ICAO adopted this provision to ensure that small vehicles, particularly those powered by lithium batteries are adequately protected from damage during transport. PHMSA proposes to amend paragraphs (c) and (d) consistent with this requirement. While this international requirement is specific to air transport, we believe there is benefit to applying this requirement for transportation by all transport modes.

    Section 173.221

    Section 173.221 prescribes the packaging requirements for Polymeric beads (or granules), expandable, evolving flammable vapor. PHMSA proposes to add a procedure for declassification of polymeric beads, expandable. This exception is proposed to differentiate between polymeric beads made of materials that may present a risk for formation of a flammable atmosphere in a package and those that do not. When it can be demonstrated that no flammable vapor, resulting in a flammable atmosphere, is evolved by utilizing test U1--the test method for substances liable to evolve flammable vapors--of part III, sub-section 38.4.4 of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, polymeric beads, expandable need not be classed as Class 9 (UN 2211).

    Section 173.225

    Section 173.225 prescribes packaging requirements and other provisions for organic peroxides. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise the Organic Peroxide Table in paragraph (c) by amending the entries for: ``Dibenzoyl peroxide,'' ``tert-Butyl cumyl peroxide,'' ``Dicetyl peroxydicarbonate,'' and ``tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate.'' We propose to revise the Organic Peroxide IBC Table in paragraph (e) to maintain alignment with the UN Model Regulations by adding new entries for ``tert-Butyl cumyl peroxide'' and

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    ``1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate, not more than 67%, in diluent type A'' and adding a type 31HA1 IBC authorization to the existing entry for ``Di-(2-ethylhexyl) peroxydicarbonate, not more than 62%, stable dispersion, in water.'' We are republishing the complete Organic Peroxide and Organic Peroxide IBC tables to ensure the proposed revisions are correctly inserted and adding the missing ``UN'' code to several identification numbers assigned to existing entries in the Organic Peroxide Table.

    Section 173.301b

    Section 173.301b contains additional general requirements for shipment of UN pressure receptacles. PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (a)(2) to include the most recent ISO standard for UN pressure receptacles and valve materials for non-metallic materials in ISO 11114-2:2013. Additionally, we propose to amend paragraph (c)(1) to include the most recent ISO standard on cylinder valves ISO 10297:2014. This paragraph also contains end dates for when the manufacture of cylinders and service equipment is no longer authorized in accordance with the outdated ISO standard. Finally, we propose to amend Sec. 173.301b(g) to amend a reference to marking requirements for composite cylinders used for underwater applications. The current reference to the ``UW'' marking in Sec. 173.301b(g) direct readers to Sec. 178.71(o)(17). The correct reference for the ``UW marking is Sec. 178.71(q)(18). We propose to make this editorial change in this NPRM.

    Section 173.303

    Section 173.303 prescribes requirements for charging of cylinders with compressed gas in solution (acetylene). PHMSA proposes to amend paragraph (f)(1) to require UN cylinders for acetylene use to comply with the current ISO standard ISO 3807:2013. This paragraph also contains end dates for when the manufacture of cylinders and service equipment is no longer authorized in accordance with the outdated ISO standard.

    Section 173.304b

    Section 173.304b prescribes filling requirements for liquefied gases in UN pressure receptacles. The UN Model Regulations amended packing instruction P200 by adding requirements for liquefied gases charged with compressed gases. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 173.304b specifically by adding a new paragraph (b)(5) to include filling limits when a UN cylinder filled with a liquefied gas is charged with a compressed gas. We are not proposing similar filling limits for DOT specification cylinders filled with a liquefied gas and charged with a compressed gas, as we feel the situation is adequately addressed by the requirements found in Sec. 173.301(a)(8).

    Section 173.310

    Section 173.310 provides the transport conditions for certain specially designed radiation detectors containing a Division 2.2 (Non-

    flammable) gas. The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations added a new special provision 378 applicable to radiation detectors containing certain Division 2.2 gases. Special provision 378 outlines conditions for the use of a non-specification pressure receptacle and strong outer packaging requirements. As Sec. 173.310 currently prescribes similar transport conditions for radiation detectors containing Division 2.2 gases, we are not proposing to add a new special provision.

    Consistent with special provision 378 of the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes the following revisions to the transport conditions in Sec. 173.310: 1 In the section header, clarify that Division 2.2 gases must be in non-refillable cylinders; 2 in (b), increase the maximum design pressure from 4.83 MPa (700 psig) to 5.00 MPa (725 psig) and increase the capacity from 355 fluid ounces (641 cubic inches) to 405 fluid ounces (731 cubic inches); 3 in new paragraph (d), require specific emergency response information to accompany each shipment and be available from the associated emergency response telephone number; 4 in new paragraph (e), require that transport in accordance with this section be noted on the shipping paper; and 5 in new paragraph (f), except radiation detectors, including detectors in radiation detection systems, containing less than 1.69 fluid ounces (50 ml) capacity, from the requirements of the subchapter if they conform to (a) through (d) of this section.

    Section 173.335

    Section 173.335 contains requirements for cylinders filled with chemicals under pressure. The 19th Revised Edition of the UN Recommendations includes new instructions in P200 and P206 on how to calculate the filling ratio and test pressure when a liquid phase of a fluid is charged with a compressed gas. PHMSA proposes to revise the requirements of Sec. 173.335 for chemical under pressure n.o.s. to include a reference to Sec. 173.304b, which specifies additional requirements for liquefied compressed gases in UN pressure receptacles. In another proposed amendment in this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 173.304b specifically by adding a new paragraph (b)(5) to include these filling and test pressure requirements consistent with the UN Recommendations.

    Part 175

    Section 175.10

    Section 175.10 specifies the conditions for which passengers, crew members, or an operator may carry hazardous materials aboard an aircraft. Paragraph (a)(7) permits the carriage of medical or clinical mercury thermometers, when carried in a protective case in carry-on or checked baggage. Consistent with revisions to the ICAO Technical Instructions, in this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (a)(7) by limiting thermometers containing mercury to checked baggage only. This revision was based on a proposal submitted to the ICAO DGP/25 meeting that highlighted two incidents involving leakage of mercury from thermometers carried in the cabin and addressed the cost and difficult process of cleaning a spill. The proposal noted that digital thermometers had become widely available, and as such, there was no longer a need to allow mercury thermometers in the cabin or cockpit. The Panel discussed whether mercury thermometers should also be banned from checked baggage but agreed to retain the provision for checked baggage on the basis that there were parts of the world where their use was more prevalent.

    Section 175.25

    Section 175.25 prescribes the notification that operators must provide to passengers regarding restrictions on the types of hazardous material they may or may not carry aboard an aircraft on their person or in checked or carry-on baggage. Passenger notification of hazardous materials restrictions addresses the potential risks that passengers can introduce on board aircraft. PHMSA's predecessor, the Materials Transportation Bureau, introduced passenger notification requirements in 1980 Docket No. HM-166B; 45 FR 13087. Although this section had been previously amended to account for ticket purchase or check-in via the Internet, new technological innovations have continued to outpace these provisions. Notwithstanding the

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    several rounds of revisions, the rule remains unduly prescriptive.

    The 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions has removed prescriptive requirements concerning how the information concerning dangerous goods that passengers are forbidden to transport are required to be conveyed to passengers by removing references to ``prominently displayed'' and ``in sufficient numbers.'' Additional ICAO Technical Instructions changes include removal of prescriptive requirements that the information be in ``text or pictorial form'' when checking in remotely, or ``pictorial form'' when not checking in remotely. ICAO's decision to move to a performance-based requirement will account for changes in technology as well as the unique characteristics of some air carrier operations. ICAO noted that these provisions lagged behind the latest technology and could sometimes hinder the effectiveness and efficiency of notifying passengers about hazardous materials. To account for the utilization of different technologies as well as air carrier specific differences in operating or business practices, ICAO adopted changes that require air carriers to describe their procedures for informing passengers about dangerous goods in their operations manual and/or other appropriate manuals.

    PHMSA agrees with this approach and proposes to harmonize with the amendments made to the ICAO Technical Instructions part 7; 5.1. Harmonization is appropriate not only to account for evolving technologies or air carrier specific conditions, but also because we believe that this amendment will result in a more effective notification to passengers.

    Under the proposed revisions to Sec. 175.25, in accordance with 14 CFR parts 121 and 135, air carriers operating under 14 CFR parts 121 or 135 will need to describe in an operations manual and/or other appropriate manuals in accordance with the applicable provisions of 14 CFR. The manual(s) will be required to provide procedures and information necessary to allow personnel to implement and maintain their air carrier's specific passenger notification system. Aside from the manual provisions, all persons engaging in for hire air transportation of passengers will continue to be subject to Sec. 175.25.

    Section 175.33

    Section 175.33 establishes requirements for shipping papers and for the notification of the pilot-in-command when hazardous materials are transported by aircraft. The pilot notification requirements of part 7;4.1.1.1 of the ICAO Technical Instructions include an exception for consumer commodities (ID8000) to allow for the average gross mass of the packages to be shown instead of the actual gross mass of each individual package. This exception is limited to consumer commodities offered to the operator by the shipper in a unit load device (ULD). Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions packing instruction applicable to consumer commodities (PI Y963), which permits the shipper to show on the shipping paper either the actual gross mass of each package or the average gross mass of all packages in the consignment, the notification to the pilot-in-command requirement for consumer commodities was revised to remove the exception applicability to ULDs only. This exception did not previously exist under the HMR. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to revise Sec. 175.33(a)(3) by adding the text ``For consumer commodities, the information provided may be either the gross mass of each package or the average gross mass of the packages as shown on the shipping paper.'' This revision would align the consumer commodity notification of the pilot-in-command requirements in the HMR with the ICAO Technical Instructions.

    Section 175.900

    Section 175.900 prescribes the handling requirements for air carriers that transport dry ice. Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA proposes to remove the term ``other type of pallet'' with regard to packages containing dry ice prepared by a single shipper. See ``Section 173.217'' of this rulemaking for a detailed discussion of the proposed revision.

    Part 176

    Section 176.83

    Section 176.83 prescribes segregation requirements applicable to all cargo spaces on all types of vessels and to all cargo transport units. Paragraph (a)(4)(ii) has several groups of hazardous materials of different classes, which comprise a group of substances that do not react dangerously with each other and that are excepted from the segregation requirements of Sec. 176.83. Consistent with changes made in Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes to add a new group of hazardous materials that do not react dangerously with each other to this paragraph. The following materials are proposed for new paragraph (a)(4)(ii)(C); ``UN 3391, Organometallic substance, solid, pyrophoric''; ``UN 3392, Organometallic substance, liquid, pyrophoric''; ``UN 3393, Organometallic substance, solid, pyrophoric, water-reactive''; ``UN 3394, Organometallic substance, liquid, pyrophoric, water-reactive''; ``UN 3395, Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive''; ``UN 3396, Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive, flammable''; ``UN 3397, Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive, self-heating''; ``UN 3398, Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive''; ``UN 3399, Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive, flammable''; and ``UN 3400, Organometallic substance, solid, self-heating.''

    Section 176.84

    Section 176.84 prescribes the meanings and requirements for numbered or alpha-numeric stowage provisions for vessel shipments listed in column (10B) of the Sec. 172.101 HMT. The provisions in Sec. 176.84 are broken down into general stowage provisions, which are defined in the ``table of provisions'' in paragraph (b), and the stowage provisions applicable to vessel shipments of Class 1 explosives, which are defined in the table to paragraph (c)(2). PHMSA proposes to create a new stowage provision 149 and assign it to the new UN 3528 engines or machinery powered by internal combustion engine flammable liquid entry. This new stowage provision will require engines or machinery containing fuels with a flash point equal or greater than 23 degC (73.4 degF) to be stowed in accordance with the stowage requirements of stowage Category A. Engines and machinery containing fuels with a flash point less than 23 degC (73.4 degF) are required to comply with the requirements of stowage Category E.

    Additionally, consistent with Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes to create a new stowage provision 150 to replace existing stowage provision 129 for ``UN 3323, Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-III) non fissile or fissile excepted.'' This proposed new stowage provision requires that any material that is classified as UN 3323, which is either uranium metal pyrophoric or thorium metal pyrophoric, be stowed in accordance with stowage Category D requirements.

    Section 176.905

    Section 176.905 prescribes transportation requirements and exceptions for vessel transportation of motor vehicles and mechanical equipment. PHMSA proposes to revise Sec. 176.905 to update the transport

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    requirements and exceptions for vehicles transported by vessel. These changes are necessary to remove references to machinery (see proposed Sec. 176.906) and to maintain consistency with changes made in Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code.

    The following changes are proposed to the transport requirements for vehicles transported by vessel: 1 In paragraph (a)(2) for flammable liquid powered vehicles, the requirement that flammable liquid must not exceed 250 L (66 gal) unless otherwise approved by the Associate Administrator; 2 in paragraph (a)(4), the authorization to transport vehicles containing prototype or low production run batteries securely installed in vehicles; 3 also in paragraph (a)(4), the requirement that damaged or defective lithium batteries must be removed and transported in accordance with Sec. 173.185(f); and 4 in paragraph (i)(1)(i), the inclusion of text to ensure lithium batteries in vehicles stowed in a hold or compartment designated by the administration of the country in which the vessel is registered as specially designed and approved for vehicles have lithium batteries that have successfully passed the tests found in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (except for prototypes and low production runs).

    Section 176.906

    Consistent with changes made in Amendment 38-16 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA proposes the creation of a new section Sec. 176.906 to prescribe transportation requirements for engines and machinery. Requirements found in paragraphs (a)-(h) are identical to existing requirements for engines and machinery contained in Sec. 176.905, and their reproduction in this section is made necessary by the splitting of the provisions for engines/machinery and vehicles. Paragraph (i) contains exceptions that are divided into two separate categories: 1 Engines and machinery meeting one of the conditions provided in (i)(1), which are not subject to the requirements of subchapter C of the HMR; and 2 engines and machinery not meeting the conditions provided in (i)(1), which are subject to the requirements found in (i)(2) that prescribe general conditions for transport and varying degrees of hazard communication required for engines and machinery based on the actual fuel contents and capacity of the engine or machinery.

    A summary of the proposed hazard communication requirements for vessel transportation of engines and machinery that are not empty of fuel based on fuel content and capacity are provided in Tables 8 and 9. The additional hazard communication requirements column indicates requirements that would differ from existing hazard communication requirements for engines or machinery.

    Table 8--Liquid Fuels Class 3 (UN 3528) and Class 9 (UN 3530)

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Additional hazard

    Contents Capacity communication

    requirements

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    60 L........................... Not more than 450 Label, Transport

    L. Document.

    >60 L........................... More than 450 L Labeled on two

    but not more than opposing sides,

    3000 L. Transport

    Document.

    >60 L........................... More than 3000 L.. Placarded on two

    opposing sides,

    Transport

    Document.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Table 9--Gaseous Fuels Division 2.1 (UN 3529)

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Additional hazard communication

    Water capacity requirements

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Not more than 450 L.................... Label, Transport Document.

    More than 450 L but not more than 1000 Labeled on two opposing sides,

    L. Transport Document.

    More than 1000 L....................... Placarded on two opposing

    sides, Transport Document.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Part 178

    Section 178.71

    Section 178.71 prescribes specifications for UN pressure receptacles. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to amend paragraphs (d)(2), (h), (k)(2), and (l)(1) to reflect the adoption of the latest ISO standards for the design, construction, and testing of gas cylinders and their associated service equipment. In paragraph (l)(1), we propose to require that composite cylinders be designed for a design life of not less than 15 years, as well as that composite cylinders and tubes with a design life longer than 15 years must not be filled after 15 years from the date of manufacture, unless the design has successfully passed a service life test program. The service life test program must be part of the initial design type approval and must specify inspections and tests to demonstrate that cylinders manufactured accordingly remain safe to the end of their design life. The service life test program and the results must be approved by the competent authority of the country of approval that is responsible for the initial approval of the cylinder design. The service life of a composite cylinder or tube must not be extended beyond its initial approved design life. These paragraphs also contain proposed end dates for when the manufacture of cylinders and service equipment is no longer authorized in accordance with the outdated ISO standard.

    Additionally, consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (o)(2) to adopt the current ISO standard relating to material compatibility and to add paragraph (g)(4) to adopt the current ISO standard relating to design, construction, and testing of stainless steel cylinders with an Rm value of less than 1,100 MPa.

    Finally, we propose to revise paragraphs (q) and (r) to indicate the required markings for composite cylinders and tubes with a limited design life of 15 years or for cylinders and tubes with a design life greater than 15 years, or a non-limited design life.

    Section 178.75

    Section 178.75 contains specifications for Multiple-element gas containers (MEGCs). Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to renumber existing paragraph (d)(3)(iv) as (d)(3)(v) and to add a new paragraph (d)(3)(iv) to incorporate ISO 9809-

    Page 61769

    4:2014 for stainless steel cylinders with an Rm value of less than 1,100 MPa.

    Section 178.1015

    Section 178.1015 prescribes general standards for the use of flexible bulk containers (FBCs). Consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (f) to require that FBCs be fitted with a vent that is designed to prevent the ingress of water in situations where a dangerous accumulation of gases may develop absent such a vent. It is our understanding that only one particular material authorized for transportation in FBCs--UN3378, Sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate--is known to decompose causing a dangerous accumulation of gas.

    Part 180

    Section 180.205

    Section 180.205 outlines general requirements for requalification of specification cylinders. PHMSA proposes an amendment to paragraph (c) to require that Transport Canada cylinders be requalified and marked in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. This amendment is necessary to ensure that RIN holders utilize the TDG Regulations when requalifying and marking Transport Canada cylinders.

    Section 180.207

    Section 180.207 prescribes requirements for requalification of UN pressure receptacles. Consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise paragraph (d)(3) to incorporate ISO 10462:2013 concerning requalification of dissolved acetylene cylinders. This paragraph also includes an authorization to requalify acetylene cylinders in accordance with the current ISO standard until December 31, 2018.

    Section 180.413

    Section 180.413 provides the requirements for the repair, modification, stretching, rebarrelling, or mounting of specification cargo tanks. Currently, Sec. 180.413(a)(1) requires that each repair of a specification cargo tank must be performed by a repair facility holding a valid National Board Certificate of Authorization for use of the National Board ``R'' stamp and must be made in accordance with the edition of the National Board Inspection Code in effect at the time the work is performed. ``Repair'' is defined in Sec. 180.403 as any welding on a cargo tank wall done to return a cargo tank or a cargo tank motor vehicle to its original design and construction specification, or to a condition prescribed for a later equivalent specification in effect at the time of the repair. As discussed in the ``Harmonization Proposals in this NPRM'' section, stakeholders participating in the U.S.-Canada RCC identified this requirement as being burdensome to United States carriers who also operate in Canada. In accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations, a facility in Canada can perform a repair on a specification cargo tank if it holds either a valid National Board Certificate of Authorization for use of the National Board ``R'' stamp or a valid Certificate of Authorization from a provincial pressure vessel jurisdiction for repair. The latter authorization becomes problematic for United States carriers requiring the repair of a DOT specification cargo tank while in Canada. Section 180.413 currently only authorizes the repair of a DOT specification cargo tank by a facility holding a valid National Board Certificate of Authorization for use of the National Board ``R'' stamp. If a DOT specification cargo tank is repaired in Canada at a facility holding a Certificate of Authorization from a provincial pressure vessel jurisdiction for repair and not a National Board Certificate of Authorization for use of the National Board ``R'' stamp, the DOT specification of the cargo tank is placed in jeopardy.

    Based on this input from RCC stakeholders, PHMSA conducted a comparison of the HMR requirements for the repair of specification cargo tanks and the corresponding requirements of the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. PHMSA finds that the requirements for the repair of a specification cargo tank conducted in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations by a facility in Canada holding a valid Certificate of Authorization from a provincial pressure vessel jurisdiction for repair provides for at least an equivalent level of safety as those provided by the HMR. Further, the Transport Canada TDG Regulations authorize the repair of TC specification cargo tanks by facilities in the U.S. that are registered in accordance with part 107 subpart F.

    Accordingly, PHMSA proposes to expand the authorization for the repair of DOT specification cargo tanks by revising Sec. 180.413(a)(1). Specifically, PHMSA proposes to add a new subparagraph (iii) authorizing a repair, as defined in Sec. 180.403, of a DOT specification cargo tank used for the transportation of hazardous materials in the United States performed by a facility in Canada in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations, provided the facility holds a valid Certificate of Authorization from a provincial pressure vessel jurisdiction for repair; the facility is registered in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations to repair the corresponding TC specification; and all repairs are performed using the quality control procedures used to obtain the Certificate of Authorization.

    PHMSA also proposes an incidental revision to Sec. 180.413(b) to except facilities in Canada that perform a repair in accordance with the proposed Sec. 180.413(a)(1)(iii) from the requirement that each repair of a cargo tank involving welding on the shell or head must be certified by a Registered Inspector. The Transport Canada TDG Regulations provide requirements for the oversight of welding repairs and do not use the term ``Registered Inspector.''

    These proposed provisions would not place any additional financial or reporting burden on U.S. companies. Rather, the enhanced regulatory reciprocity between the United States and Canada as a result of these provisions would provide the companies with additional flexibility and cost savings due to necessary opportunities for obtaining repairs to DOT specification cargo tanks in Canada.

    See the review of Sec. 107.502 for the discussion of a related proposal.

    Section 180.605

    Section 180.605 prescribes requirements for the qualification of portable tanks. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes an amendment to paragraph (g)(1) to require as a part of internal and external examination that the wall thickness must be verified by appropriate measurement if this inspection indicates a reduction of wall thickness. This proposed amendment would require the inspector to verify that the shell thickness is equal to or greater than the minimum shell thickness indicated on the portable tanks metal plate (see Sec. 178.274(i)(1)).

    VII. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

  11. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Rulemaking

    This proposed rule is published under the statutory authority of Federal hazardous materials transportation law (49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.). Section 5103(b) of Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to prescribe regulations for the safe transportation, including security, of hazardous materials in intrastate, interstate, and foreign commerce. This proposed rule

    Page 61770

    amends regulations to maintain alignment with international standards by incorporating various amendments, including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity limitations and vessel stowage requirements. To this end, the proposed rule amends the HMR to more fully align with the biennial updates of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code, and the ICAO Technical Instructions.

    Harmonization serves to facilitate international commerce, while also promoting the safety of people, property, and the environment by reducing the potential for confusion and misunderstanding that could result if shippers and transporters were required to comply with two or more conflicting sets of regulatory requirements. While the intent of this rulemaking is to align the HMR with international standards, we review and consider each amendment based on its own merit, on its overall impact on transportation safety, and on the economic implications associated with its adoption into the HMR. Our goal is to harmonize internationally without sacrificing the current HMR level of safety or imposing undue burdens on the regulated community. Thus, as explained in the corresponding sections above, we are not proposing harmonization with certain specific provisions of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code, and the ICAO Technical Instructions. Moreover, we are maintaining a number of current exceptions for domestic transportation that should minimize the compliance burden on the regulated community. Additionally, the following external agencies were consulted in the development of this rule: Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Coast Guard.

    Section 49 U.S.C. 5120(b) of Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary to ensure that, to the extent practicable, regulations governing the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce are consistent with standards adopted by international authorities. This rule proposes to amend the HMR to maintain alignment with international standards by incorporating various amendments to facilitate the transport of hazardous material in international commerce. To this end, as discussed in detail above, PHMSA proposes to incorporate changes into the HMR based on the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code, and the 2017-2018 Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions, which become effective January 1, 2017. The large volume of hazardous materials transported in international commerce warrants the harmonization of domestic and international requirements to the greatest extent possible.

  12. Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

    This notice is not considered a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 (``Regulatory Planning and Review'') and, therefore, was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. This notice is not considered a significant rule under the Regulatory Policies and Procedures of the Department of Transportation (44 FR 11034). Additionally, Executive Order 13563 (``Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review'') supplements and reaffirms Executive Order 12866, stressing that, to the extent permitted by law, an agency rulemaking action must be based on benefits that justify its costs, impose the least burden, consider cumulative burdens, maximize benefits, use performance objectives, and assess available alternatives.

    Benefits to Harmonization

    General Harmonization Benefit: In an earlier regulatory evaluation,\10\ PHMSA estimated a proxy for benefits of harmonization of the HMR with international standards of $87.9 million. We estimated this number by multiplying a hazard communication cost per dollar of hazardous materials output ($0.001) by the value of hazardous materials involved in international trade, as estimated by the proportion of trade (the total of gross imports and gross exports) in the fuels and lubricants, chemicals, and medicinal/dental/pharmaceutical products industries ($879 billion in 2013) \11\ that are hazardous products (approximately 10 percent).

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ HM-215M: Hazardous Materials: Harmonization with International Standards (RRR), Final Rule, 80 FR 1075, January 8, 2015.

    \11\ As reported in the quarterly trade data of the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, available at: http://www.bea.gov/international/detailed_trade_data.htm.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For estimating benefits of this proposed rule, we follow a nearly identical approach, while acknowledging there is an inherent imprecision of benefits, and update the data and assumptions where possible. Unlike in the last regulatory evaluation, 2012 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) data on hazardous materials is now available. According to the 2012 CFS, $13,852,143 million worth of commodities were transported in the U.S. in 2012, of which $2,334,425 million worth were hazardous (or 16.9 percent).\12\

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/2012/hazardous_materials/index.html.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    However, we acknowledge that the estimated 16.9 percent proportion of total shipment values classed as hazardous materials may have had a high-side bias due to the variety of different classes of products classified as hazardous. The percentage of shipments properly classified as hazardous--particularly for medicinal/dental/

    pharmaceutical products--is likely lower, which for the purpose of this analysis we assume to be 10 percent.

    We update our estimate of value of hazardous materials involved in international trade by using U.S. trade in goods seasonally adjusted, Census-based total gross imports, and gross exports in the fuels and lubricants, chemicals, and medicinal/dental/pharmaceutical products industries for 2015, which is the most recent year available.

    Gross imports: $451.8 billion (rounded).

    cir Fuels and lubricants: $198.217 billion.

    cir Chemicals: $73.304 billion.

    cir Medicinal/dental/pharmaceutical products: $180.280 billion.

    Gross exports: $281.6 billion (rounded).

    cir Fuels and lubricants: $115.013 billion.

    cir Chemicals: $111.492 billion.

    cir Medicinal/dental/pharmaceutical products: $55.046 billion.

    Gross imports plus gross exports: $733.4 billion.\13\

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Trade in Goods (IDS-0008), available at: http://www.bea.gov/international/detailed_trade_data.htm.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Multiplying this $733.4 billion figure by the estimated proportion of annual trade in these three industries that are hazardous products (10 percent) by the average hazard communication cost per dollar of hazardous materials produced in the United States ($0.001) results in an estimate of benefits from general harmonization of about $73.3 million annually, rounded.

    If the HMR are not harmonized with international standards, we estimate that it will cost U.S. companies an additional $73.3 million per year to comply with both the domestic and international standards. Harmonizing the HMR with the international

    Page 61771

    standards, however, will avert these $73.3 million in additional costs, making them the primary benefit attributable to this rulemaking.

    RCC Initiatives: PHMSA believes that recognition under the HMR of Transport Canada cylinders, equivalency certificates, and cargo tanks would not result in any significant costs but would instead provide benefits in flexibility to cylinder users, shipments of hazardous materials made under an equivalency certificate to the U.S., and certain U.S.-based cargo tank motor vehicle operators requiring repairs while in Canada. We do not believe there is currently a basis for reliably estimating quantitatively the benefits of the cylinder and equivalency certificate provisions of this proposed rule. However, we welcome and specifically solicit data available to commenters to more accurately estimate benefits quantitatively. With regard to all three RCC proposed amendments, PHMSA believes that aligning regulatory approaches between Canada and the United States can spur economic growth and job creation in both nations, facilitate trade, and still maintain appropriate safety standards. Preliminary analysis indicates that the total annual benefit of the cargo tank RCC provisions proposed in this rulemaking would be $6,555,234 per year (for the high estimate of U.S.-made cargo tanks affected), $779,337 per year (for the middle estimate), or $693,804 per year (for the low estimate). Please see the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) for this rulemaking action for a detailed discussion of the benefits of recognizing cargo tank repairs made in Canadian facilities.

    Costs of Harmonization

    Please see the RIA for this rulemaking--a copy of which has been placed in the docket--for detailed analysis of the costs of various amendments proposed in this NPRM. We provide below a summary of cost estimates for several of the larger cost proposals.

    Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA anticipates that the primary cost of updating references incorporated in the HMR to the most recent international hazardous material standards will be the purchase of updated copies to be incorporated by reference. These costs will be borne by offerors, package manufacturers, and transporters of hazardous materials if this rulemaking were finalized.

    It is unknown how many individuals and firms involved in shipping hazardous materials will purchase copies of these international standards as a result of finalizing this rulemaking. We take a conservative approach to estimating such a figure by using as a proxy the number of shippers, carriers, or other offerors or transporters of hazardous materials in commerce with a PHMSA registration expiring before 2019. Currently, PHMSA's registration database indicates 38,070 registrants as of March 18, 2016.\14\ Of these, 31,103 (approximately 82 percent) are small businesses as defined by the U.S. Small Business Administration. Further, 31,765 registrants (approximately 83 percent) indicated that they offer or transport hazardous materials solely by highway method.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ See PHMSA Hazardous Materials Registration Program Registration Data Files, link available at: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/registration, accessed on March 18, 2016.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If we assume (for conservative estimation purposes) that all registrants will purchase copies of the ICAO and IMDG publications, this indicates an estimated cost of $19.3 million (rounded, $508.70 cost of ICAO and IMDG publications x 38,070 registrants). However, we further assume that the two publications included in the $19.3 cost (ICAO Technical Instructions (for air) and IMDG Code (by vessel)) will not apply to such registrants who indicated that they offer or transport in commerce hazardous materials only via highway. Therefore, costs for the 31,765 highway-only registrants would be zero. To counterbalance a registrant purchasing more than one copy, we conservatively assume all other registrants--while acknowledging that, in fact, some will purchase both standards copies and some will purchase none--will purchase updated copies of all standards publications listed here, indicating a rounded cost of $3.2 million ($508.70 x 6,305 registrants 38,070 total registrants - 31,765 highway-only registrants).

    All of the ISO standards incorporated will not be purchased by the majority of shippers and carriers and, thus, will likely only impact a small subset of the regulated community. Further, we assume that many companies will purchase multiple copies of the ISO codes, rather than only one copy. Manufacturers of pressure receptacles impacted by the ISO codes are included in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 332420 ``Metal Tank (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing,'' which includes cylinders, and NAICS 332911 ``Industrial Valve Manufacturing,'' or more generally in NAICS 332, ``Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing.'' Users of pressure receptacles impacted by the ISO codes are included in NAICS 325120 ``Industrial Gas Manufacturing,'' or more generally in NAICS 325 ``Chemical Manufacturing.'' Testers and requalifiers of pressure receptacles are included in NAICS 541380 ``Testing Laboratories,'' or more generally in NAICS 541 ``Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.'' The more conservative, all-encompassing three-digit NAICS industries are used to estimate impacted entities, as each entity may purchase more than one copy of a publication. The PHMSA registration database has 834 registrants in NAICS 332; 3,335 registrants in NAICS 325; and 415 registrants in NAICS 541, for a total of 4,584 impacted registrants. It costs each impacted registrant $1,853 to purchase the ISO standards, or $8.5 million total (rounded, 4,584 impacted registrants x $1,853 cost per registrant).

    It will cost $3.2 million to purchase the ICAO and IMDG publications and $8.5 million to purchasing the ISO publications, giving a total one-time cost of $11.7 million. We do not believe we have sufficient data to estimate the precise number of registrants. However, we use one copy per impacted registrant as a reasonably conservative estimate on costs of the proposed rulemaking. It should also be noted that several of the companies purchasing the international standards may serve international markets and would have purchased these publications even in the absence of this rulemaking. Therefore, costs due to this proposed rule are likely lower than these estimates.

    Lithium Battery Hazard Communication: PHMSA anticipates that incorporating a new battery label in place of the existing label and requiring a new lithium battery label in place of the existing label will be cost neutral. We anticipate that the price of the new label will be similar to the price of existing labels. The proposed amendment provides a phase-in period to December 2018, allowing shippers and carriers of the impacted lithium battery shipments a sufficient transition period to use the new label.

    PHMSA anticipates that incorporating a new standard lithium battery mark across all modes will provide consistent hazard communication, reduce training costs, and facilitate intermodal movements. Expanding the scope of packages requiring application of the new lithium battery mark for small shipments of lithium batteries will provide benefits pertaining to better identification of lithium battery shipments, but it will likely involve some amount of increased compliance cost. As with the proposed labeling

    Page 61772

    revisions, PHMSA would provide a phase-in period to December 2018, allowing shippers and carriers of the impacted lithium battery shipments a sufficient transition period to use the new mark.

    PHMSA anticipates that eliminating additional document requirements for shipments of small lithium batteries will likely provide economic benefits and cost savings to shippers.

    However, PHMSA anticipates the provision increasing the number of packages containing lithium batteries installed in equipment that have to be marked with the lithium battery mark will increase compliance costs. The proposals in this NPRM would apply the lithium battery mark to an expanded number of lithium batteries installed in equipment (LBIIE) packages. Currently packages that contain ``no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries installed in equipment'' are not subject to marking requirements regardless of how many packages are in a single shipment. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to require each package that contains lithium batteries installed in equipment to display the lithium battery marking when there are more than two packages in the consignment.

    We assume that U.S. manufacturers of certain equipment containing lithium batteries and wholesalers of LBIIE that supply retailers with consignments containing more than two packages of LBIIE will be most impacted by the proposed provision.\15\ We anticipate the provisions of this proposed change to impact U.S.-based manufacturers, wholesalers, and certain retailers of lithium batteries and equipment containing lithium batteries. PHMSA specifically solicits comment on the types and numbers of entities that are to be impacted by this proposed change.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ We assume that most retailers selling to end users are likely not impacted, as we assume that they primarily ship single units of LBIIE for the majority of their consignments, which would not require marking due to the two or few packages per consignment exception. However, we solicit comment on whether this assumption is appropriate and welcome data confirming or refuting this assumption.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The total domestic manufacturer and wholesaler marking costs as illustrated in the RIA in the docket for this rulemaking approximates the upper bound annual cost of the provision to be about $4.9 million ($838,456 + $7,665 + $4.0 million).\16\ We anticipate that the cost will be substantially lower because many domestic manufacturers and shippers may already label their LBIIE packages with a current lithium battery label (regardless if required by the HMR); not all of these shippers would necessarily ship LBIIE with more than two packages per shipment (for which shipments would be excepted from the lithium battery marking requirements of this provision); and transitioning to the new lithium battery mark may have minimal impact.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ Because of the 2-year transition period, these costs would not be encountered until the third year after finalizing the rule.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net Benefit

    Based on the discussions of benefits and costs provided above, PHMSA estimates the net benefit associated with the rulemaking to be $63.2 million-69 million in the first year after publication and $70 million-75.8 million in the second year after publication. Please see the complete RIA for a more detailed analysis of the costs and benefits of this proposed rule.

  13. Executive Order 13132

    This proposed rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13132 (``Federalism''). It preempts State, local, and Indian tribe requirements but does not propose any regulation that has substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the national government and the States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, the consultation and funding requirements of Executive Order 13132 do not apply.

    The Federal hazmat law, 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, contains an express preemption provision (49 U.S.C. 5125(b)) that preempts State, local, and Indian tribe requirements on certain covered subjects, as follows:

    (1) The designation, description, and classification of hazardous material;

    (2) The packing, repacking, handling, labeling, marking, and placarding of hazardous material;

    (3) The preparation, execution, and use of shipping documents related to hazardous material and requirements related to the number, contents, and placement of those documents;

    (4) The written notification, recording, and reporting of the unintentional release in transportation of hazardous material; and

    (5) The design, manufacture, fabrication, inspection, marking, maintenance, recondition, repair, or testing of a packaging or container represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material in commerce.

    This proposed rule addresses covered subject items (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) above and preempts State, local, and Indian tribe requirements not meeting the ``substantively the same'' standard. This proposed rule is necessary to incorporate changes adopted in international standards, effective January 1, 2017. If the proposed changes are not adopted in the HMR, U.S. companies--including numerous small entities competing in foreign markets--would be at an economic disadvantage because of their need to comply with a dual system of regulations. The changes in this proposed rulemaking are intended to avoid this result. Federal hazmat law provides at 49 U.S.C. 5125(b)(2) that, if DOT issues a regulation concerning any of the covered subjects, DOT must determine and publish in the Federal Register the effective date of Federal preemption. The effective date may not be earlier than the 90th day following the date of issuance of the final rule and not later than two years after the date of issuance. PHMSA proposes the effective date of Federal preemption be 90 days from publication of a final rule in this matter.

  14. Executive Order 13175

    This proposed rule was analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13175 (``Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments''). Because this proposed rule does not have tribal implications, does not impose substantial direct compliance costs, and is required by statute, the funding and consultation requirements of Executive Order 13175 do not apply.

  15. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Procedures and Policies

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) requires an agency to review regulations to assess their impact on small entities, unless the agency determines that a rule is not expected to have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. This proposed rule facilitates the transportation of hazardous materials in international commerce by providing consistency with international standards. It applies to offerors and carriers of hazardous materials, some of whom are small entities, such as chemical manufacturers, users and suppliers, packaging manufacturers, distributors, and training companies. As previously discussed under ``Executive Order 12866,'' the majority of amendments in this proposed rule should result in cost savings and ease the regulatory compliance burden for shippers engaged in domestic and international commerce, including trans-border shipments within North America.

    Page 61773

    Many companies will realize economic benefits as a result of these amendments. Additionally, the changes effected by this NPRM will relieve U.S. companies, including small entities competing in foreign markets, from the burden of complying with a dual system of regulations. Therefore, we certify that these amendments will not, if promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

    This proposed rule has been developed in accordance with Executive Order 13272 (``Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency Rulemaking'') and DOT's procedures and policies to promote compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act to ensure that potential impacts of draft rules on small entities are properly considered.

  16. Paperwork Reduction Act

    PHMSA currently has approved information collections under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number 2137-0557, ``Approvals for Hazardous Materials,'' and OMB Control Number 2137-0034, ``Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers & Emergency Response Information.'' We anticipate that this proposed rule will result in an increase in the annual burden for OMB Control Number 2137-0034 due to an increase in the number of applications for modifications to existing holders of DOT-issued RINs. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to amend Sec. 107.805(f)(2) to allow RIN holders to submit an application containing all the required information prescribed in Sec. 107.705(a); identifying the TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinder(s) or tube(s) to be inspected; certifying the requalifier will operate in compliance with the applicable TDG Regulations; and certifying the persons performing requalification have been trained and have the information contained in the TDG Regulations. This application would be in addition to any existing application and burden encountered during the initial RIN application.

    We anticipate this proposed rule will result in a decrease in the annual burden and costs of OMB Control Number 2137-0034. This burden and cost decrease is primarily attributable to the proposed removal of the alternative document currently required for lithium cells or batteries offered in accordance with Sec. 173.185(c). Additional increased burdens and costs to OMB Control Number 2137-0034 in this proposed rule are attributable to a new proposed indication on shipping papers that a shipment of prototype or low production run lithium batteries or cells is in accordance with Sec. 173.185(e)(7) and the proposed addition of new marine pollutant entries.

    This rulemaking identifies revised information collection requests that PHMSA will submit to OMB for approval based on the requirements in this NPRM. PHMSA has developed burden estimates to reflect changes in this NPRM and estimates the information collection and recordkeeping burdens in this rule are as follows:

    OMB Control Number 2137-0557

    Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 3,600.

    Annual Increase in Annual Number of Responses: 3,600.

    Annual Increase in Annual Burden Hours: 1,800.

    Annual Increase in Annual Burden Costs: $63,000.

    OMB Control Number 2137-0034

    Annual Decrease in Number of Respondents: 972,551.

    Annual Decrease in Annual Number of Responses: 9,765,507.

    Annual Decrease in Annual Burden Hours: 27,161.

    Annual Decrease in Annual Burden Costs: $950,635.

    Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no person is required to respond to an information collection unless it has been approved by OMB and displays a valid OMB control number. Section 1320.8(d) of 5 CFR requires that PHMSA provide interested members of the public and affected agencies an opportunity to comment on information and recordkeeping requests. PHMSA specifically solicits comment on the information collection and recordkeeping burdens associated with developing, implementing, and maintaining these proposed requirements. Address written comments to the Dockets Unit as identified in the ADDRESSES section of this rulemaking. We must receive comments regarding information collection burdens prior to the close of the comment period as identified in the DATES section of this rulemaking. In addition, you may submit comments specifically related to the information collection burden to the PHMSA Desk Officer, Office of Management and Budget, at fax number 202-395-6974. Requests for a copy of this information collection should be directed to Steven Andrews or T. Glenn Foster, Standards and Rulemaking Division (PHH-10), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001. If these proposed requirements are adopted in a final rule, PHMSA will submit the revised information collection and recordkeeping requirements to OMB for approval.

  17. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

    A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. The RIN contained in the heading of this document can be used to cross-reference this action with the Unified Agenda.

  18. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This proposed rule does not impose unfunded mandates under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. It does not result in costs of $141.3 million or more, adjusted for inflation, to either State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector in any one year, and is the least burdensome alternative that achieves the objective of the rule.

    I. Environmental Assessment

    The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 42 U.S.C. 4321-4375, requires that Federal agencies analyze proposed actions to determine whether the action will have a significant impact on the human environment. The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations that implement NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508) require Federal agencies to conduct an environmental review considering (1) the need for the proposed action, (2) alternatives to the proposed action, (3) probable environmental impacts of the proposed action and alternatives, and (4) the agencies and persons consulted during the consideration process.

    1. Purpose and Need

    This NPRM would amend the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171 through 180) to maintain consistency with international standards by incorporating the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations, Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code, the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions, and Canada's newest amendments to TDG Regulations.

    This action is necessary to incorporate changes adopted in the IMDG Code, the ICAO Technical Instructions, and the UN Model Regulations, effective January 1, 2017. If the changes in this proposed rule are not adopted in the HMR by this effective date, U.S. companies--including numerous small entities

    Page 61774

    competing in foreign markets--would be at an economic disadvantage because of their need to comply with a dual system of regulations. The changes in this proposed rulemaking are intended to avoid this result.

    The intended effect of this action is to harmonize the HMR with international transport standards and requirements to the extent practicable in accordance with Federal hazmat law (see 49 U.S.C. 5120). When considering the adoption of international standards under the HMR, PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit, on its overall impact on transportation safety, and on the economic implications associated with its adoption. Our goal is to harmonize internationally without diminishing the level of safety currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the regulated public. PHMSA has provided a brief summary of each revision, the justification for the revision, and a preliminary estimate of economic impact.

    2. Alternatives

    In proposing this rulemaking, PHMSA is considering the following alternatives:

    No Action Alternative

    If PHMSA were to select the No Action Alternative, current regulations would remain in place and no new provisions would be added. However, efficiencies gained through harmonization in updates to transport standards, lists of regulated substances, definitions, packagings, stowage requirements/codes, flexibilities allowed, enhanced markings, segregation requirements, etc., would not be realized. Foregone efficiencies in the No Action Alternative include freeing up limited resources to concentrate on vessel transport hazard communication (hazcom) issues of potentially much greater environmental impact. Adopting the No Action Alternative would result in a lost opportunity for reducing environmental and safety-related incidents.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under the No Action Alternative.

    Preferred Alternative

    This alternative is the current proposal as it appears in this NPRM, applying to transport of hazardous materials by various transport modes (highway, rail, vessel, and aircraft). The proposed amendments included in this alternative are more fully addressed in the preamble and regulatory text sections of this NPRM. However, they generally include:

    (1) Updates to references to various international hazardous materials transport standards;

    (2) Amendments to the Hazardous Materials Table to include four new Division 4.1 entries for polymerizing substances and to add into the HMR defining criteria, authorized packagings, and safety requirements;

    (3) Amendments to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping names, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and vessel stowage requirements;

    (4) Changes to add the following substances to the list of marine pollutants in appendix B to Sec. 172.101: Hexanes; Hypochlorite solutions; Isoprene, stabilized; N-Methylaniline; Methylcyclohexane; and Tripropylene;

    (5) Changes throughout the part 173 packaging requirements to authorize more flexibility when choosing packages for hazardous materials;

    (6) Various amendments to packaging requirements for the vessel transportation of water-reactive substances;

    (7) Revisions to hazard communication requirements for shipments of lithium batteries consistent with changes adopted in the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations; and

    (8) Amendments to the HMR resulting from coordination with Canada under the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC).

    3. Probable Environmental Impact of the Alternatives

    No Action Alternative

    If PHMSA were to select the No Action Alternative, current regulations would remain in place and no new provisions would be added. However, efficiencies gained through harmonization in updates to transport standards, lists of regulated substances, definitions, packagings, stowage requirements/codes, flexibilities allowed, enhanced markings, segregation requirements, etc., would not be realized. Foregone efficiencies in the No Action Alternative include freeing up limited resources to concentrate on vessel transport hazcom issues of potentially much greater environmental impact.

    Additionally, the Preferred Alternative encompasses enhanced and clarified regulatory requirements, which would result in increased compliance and a decreased number of environmental and safety incidents. Not adopting the proposed environmental and safety requirements in the NPRM under the No Action Alternative would result in a lost opportunity for reducing environmental and safety-related incidents.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under the No Action Alternative.

    Preferred Alternative

    If PHMSA selects the provisions as proposed in this NPRM, safety and environmental risks would be reduced and that protections to human health and environmental resources would be increased. Potential environmental impacts of each proposed amendment in the preferred alternative are discussed as follows:

    1. Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA proposes to update references to various international hazardous materials transport standards including the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions; Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code; the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations; the 6th Revised Edition of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria; and the latest amendments to the Canadian TDG Regulations. Additionally, we propose to add one new reference to standards and update eight other references to standards applicable to the manufacture use and requalification of pressure vessels published by the International Organization for Standardization.

    This proposed amendment, which will increase standardization and consistency of regulations, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency between U.S. and international regulations enhances the safety and environmental protection of international hazardous materials transportation through better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent emergency response in the event of a hazardous materials incident. The HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance with the ICAO Technical Instructions and by motor vehicle either before or after being transported by aircraft. Similarly, the HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance with the IMDG Code if all or part of the transportation is by vessel. The authorizations to use the ICAO Technical Instructions and the IMDG Code are subject to certain conditions and limitations outlined in part 171 subpart C.

    Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training and

    Page 61775

    thereby enhanced environmental protection. This proposed amendment will eliminate inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate regulations, air and vessel carriers engaged in the transportation of hazardous materials generally elect to comply with the ICAO Technical Instructions and IMDG Code as appropriate. Consistency between these international regulations and the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and international regulations.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    2. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to revise the Hazardous Materials Table in Sec. 172.101 to include four new Division 4.1 entries for polymerizing substances. Additionally, we propose to add into the HMR defining criteria, authorized packagings, and safety requirements including, but not limited to, stabilization methods and operational controls.

    This proposed amendment, which will increase standardization and consistency of regulations, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency between U.S. and international regulations enhances the safety and environmental protection of international hazardous materials transportation through better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent emergency response in the event of a hazardous materials incident. New and revised entries to the HMT reflect emerging technologies and a need to better describe or differentiate between existing entries. These proposed changes mirror changes in the Dangerous Goods List of the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions, and the Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code. It is extremely important for the domestic HMR to mirror these international standards regarding the entries in the HMT to allow for consistent naming conventions across modes and international borders.

    Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training and thereby enhanced environmental protection. This proposed amendment will eliminate inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate regulations, international carriers engaged in the transportation of hazardous materials by vessel generally elect to comply with the IMDG Code. Consistency between these international regulations and the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and international regulations.

    Inclusion of entries in the HMT reflects a degree of danger associated with a particular material and identifies appropriate packaging. This proposed change provides a level of consistency for all articles specifically listed in the HMT, without diminishing environmental protection and safety.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    3. PHMSA proposes amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping names, packing groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and vessel stowage requirements. Amendments to HMT proper shipping names include: Assigning the existing ``Engines, internal combustion'' entries to their own new UN numbers and provisions; amending existing ``Uranium Hexafluoride'' entries to include a new Division 6.1 subsidiary hazard class designation; adding a new entry for ``Polyester resin kit, solid base material; and adding a Division 1.4C new entry for ``Rocket motors.'' Additionally, we also propose to add and revise special provisions, large packaging authorizations, and intermediate bulk container (IBC) authorizations consistent with the UN Model Regulations to provide a wider range of packaging options to shippers of hazardous materials.

    This proposed amendment, which will increase standardization and consistency of regulations, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency between U.S. and international regulations enhances the safety and environmental protection of international hazardous materials transportation through better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent emergency response in the event of a hazardous materials incident. New and revised entries to the HMT reflect emerging technologies and a need to better describe or differentiate between existing entries. These proposed changes mirror changes in the Dangerous Goods List of the 19th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions, and the Amendment 38-16 to the IMDG Code. It is extremely important for the domestic HMR to mirror these international standards regarding the entries in the HMT to allow for consistent naming conventions across modes and international borders.

    Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training and thereby enhanced environmental protection. This proposed amendment will eliminate inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate regulations, international carriers engaged in the transportation of hazardous materials by vessel generally elect to comply with the IMDG Code. Consistency between these international regulations and the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and international regulations.

    Inclusion of entries in the HMT reflects a degree of danger associated with a particular material and identifies appropriate packaging. This proposed change provides a level of consistency for all articles specifically listed in the HMT, without diminishing environmental protection and safety.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    4. PHMSA proposes to add the following substances to the list of marine pollutants in appendix B to Sec. 172.101: Hexanes; Hypochlorite solutions; Isoprene, stabilized; N-Methylaniline; Methylcyclohexane; and Tripropylene.

    This proposed amendment, which will increase standardization and

    Page 61776

    consistency of regulations, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency between U.S. and international regulations enhances the safety and environmental protection of international hazardous materials transportation through better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent emergency response in the event of a hazardous materials incident. These proposed additions and deletions are based on the criteria contained in the IMDG Code for substances classified as toxic to the aquatic environment. The HMR maintain a list as the basis for regulating substances toxic to the aquatic environment and allow use of the criteria in the IMDG Code if a listed material does not meet the criteria for a marine pollutant. PHMSA periodically updates its list based on changes to the IMDG Code and evaluation of listed materials against the IMDG Code criteria. Amending the marine pollutant list will facilitate consistent communication of the presence of marine pollutants and facilitate safe and efficient transportation without imposing significant burden associated with characterizing mixtures as marine pollutants.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    5. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA proposes to adopt changes throughout the part 173 packaging requirements to authorize more flexibility when choosing packages for hazardous materials. These changes include design, construction, and performance testing criteria of composite reinforced tubes between 450 L and 3,000 L water capacity.

    These proposed amendments permit additional flexibility for authorized packages without compromising environmental protection or safety. Manufacturing and performance standards for gas pressure receptacles strengthen the packaging without being overly prescriptive. Increased flexibility will also add to environmental protection by increasing the ease of regulatory compliance.

    Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training and thereby enhanced environmental protection. This proposed amendment will eliminate inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper compliance training efforts. Consistency between these international regulations and the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and international regulations.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    6. PHMSA proposes various amendments to packaging requirements for the vessel transportation of water-reactive substances. The amendments include changes to the packaging requirements to require certain commodities to have hermetically sealed packaging and to require other commodities--when packed in flexible, fiberboard, or wooden packagings--to have sift-proof and water-resistant packaging or packaging fitted with a sift-proof and water-resistant liner.

    The proposed amendment will reduce the risk of fire on board cargo vessels carrying hazardous materials that can react dangerously with the ship's available water and carbon dioxide fire extinguishing systems. PHMSA proposes to amend the packaging requirements for vessel transportation of hazardous materials that react with water or moisture to generate excessive heat or release toxic or flammable gases. Common causes for water entering into the container are: Water entering through ventilation or structural flaws in the container; water entering into the containers placed on deck or in the hold in heavy seas; and water entering into the cargo space upon a ship collision or leak. If water has already entered the container, the packaging is the only protection from the fire. In this NPRM, PHMSA proposes to strengthen the ability of these packages transporting water-reactive substances. This proposed amendment will allow for a net increase in environmental protection and safety by keeping reactive substances in their packages, thus preventing release and damage to human health and the natural environment.

    Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training and thereby enhanced environmental protection. This proposed amendment will eliminate inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate regulations, international carriers engaged in the transportation of hazardous materials by vessel generally elect to comply with the IMDG Code. Consistency between these international regulations and the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and international regulations.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    7. PHMSA proposes to revise hazard communication requirements for shipments of lithium batteries. Specifically, PHMSA proposes to adopt a new lithium battery label in place of the existing Class 9 label; to amend the existing marking requirements for small lithium battery shipments in Sec. 173.185(c) to incorporate a new standard lithium battery mark for use across all modes; to delete the documentation requirement in Sec. 173.185(c) for shipments of small lithium cells and batteries; and to amend the exception for small lithium cells and batteries requiring the lithium battery mark from the current applicability of ``no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries installed in the equipment'' to ``no more than four lithium cells or two lithium batteries installed in equipment, where there are not more than two packages in the consignment.''

    This proposed amendment, which will provide for enhanced hazard communication, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment by increasing awareness and preparedness.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    8. PHMSA proposes several amendments to the HMR resulting from coordination with Canada under the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC). We are proposing provisions for recognition of Transport Canada (TC) cylinders, equivalency certificates, and inspection and repair of cargo tanks.

    This proposed amendment, which will increase standardization and consistency of regulations, will result in greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency between U.S. and international regulations enhances the safety and environmental protection of international hazardous materials transportation through better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their points of origin to their

    Page 61777

    points of destination, and consistent emergency response in the event of a hazardous materials incident. The proposed additions intend to provide reciprocal treatment of DOT Special Permits and TC equivalency certificates, DOT cylinders and TC cylinders, and cargo tank repair capabilities in both countries. Amending the HMR will facilitate consistent communication for substances transported by cylinders and cargo tanks, thus decreasing not only incident response time, but the number and severity of environmental and safety incidents.

    The proposed action is consistent with concurrent actions by Transport Canada to amend the TDG Regulations.

    Greenhouse gas emissions would remain the same under this proposed amendment.

    4. Agencies Consulted

    This NPRM represents PHMSA's first action in the U.S. for this program area. PHMSA has coordinated with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the Federal Railroad Administration, and the U.S. Coast Guard, in the development of this proposed rule. PHMSA will consider the views expressed in comments to the NPRM submitted by members of the public, state and local governments, and industry.

    5. Conclusion

    The provisions of this proposed rule build on current regulatory requirements to enhance the transportation safety and security of shipments of hazardous materials transported by highway, rail, aircraft, and vessel, thereby reducing the risks of an accidental or intentional release of hazardous materials and consequent environmental damage. PHMSA concludes that the net environmental impact will be positive and that there are no significant environmental impacts associated with this proposed rule.

    PHMSA welcomes any views, data, or information related to environmental impacts that may result if the proposed requirements are adopted, as well as possible alternatives and their environmental impacts.

  19. Privacy Act

    Anyone is able to search the electronic form of any written communications and comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the document (or signing the document, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477), or you may visit http://www.dot.gov/privacy.html.

  20. Executive Order 13609 and International Trade Analysis

    Under Executive Order 13609 (``Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation''), agencies must consider whether the impacts associated with significant variations between domestic and international regulatory approaches are unnecessary or may impair the ability of American business to export and compete internationally. In meeting shared challenges involving health, safety, labor, security, environmental, and other issues, international regulatory cooperation can identify approaches that are at least as protective as those that are or would be adopted in the absence of such cooperation. International regulatory cooperation can also reduce, eliminate, or prevent unnecessary differences in regulatory requirements.

    Similarly, the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (Pub. L. 96-39), as amended by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), prohibits Federal agencies from establishing any standards or engaging in related activities that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States. For purposes of these requirements, Federal agencies may participate in the establishment of international standards, so long as the standards have a legitimate domestic objective, such as providing for safety, and do not operate to exclude imports that meet this objective. The statute also requires consideration of international standards and, where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards.

    PHMSA participates in the establishment of international standards to protect the safety of the American public. PHMSA has assessed the effects of the proposed rule and determined that it does not cause unnecessary obstacles to foreign trade. In fact, the rule is designed to facilitate international trade. Accordingly, this rulemaking is consistent with Executive Order 13609 and PHMSA's obligations under the Trade Agreement Act, as amended.

    L. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards in their regulatory activities unless doing so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., specification of materials, test methods, or performance requirements) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standard bodies. This NPRM involves multiple voluntary consensus standards which are discussed at length in the ``Section-by-Section Review'' for Sec. 171.7.

    List of Subjects

    49 CFR Part 107

    Administrative practice and procedure, Hazardous materials transportation, Packaging and containers, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 171

    Exports, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, Imports, Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 172

    Education, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste, Incorporation by reference, Labeling, Markings, Packaging and containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 173

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Packaging and containers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Uranium.

    49 CFR Part 175

    Air carriers, Hazardous materials transportation, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 176

    Maritime carriers, Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 178

    Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference, Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    49 CFR Part 180

    Hazardous materials transportation, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Railroad safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Page 61778

    In consideration of the foregoing, PHMSA proposes to amend 49 CFR chapter I as follows:

    PART 107--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM PROCEDURES

    0

    1. The authority citation for part 107 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410 section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461note); Pub. L. 104-121 sections 212-213; Pub. L. 104-134 section 31001; Pub. L. 112-141 section 33006, 33010; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.

    0

    2. In Sec. 107.502, paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 107.502 General registration requirements.

    * * * * *

    (b) No person may engage in the manufacture, assembly, certification, inspection or repair of a cargo tank or cargo tank motor vehicle manufactured under the terms of a DOT specification under subchapter C of this chapter or a special permit issued under this part unless the person is registered with the Department in accordance with the provisions of this subpart. A person employed as an inspector or design certifying engineer is considered to be registered if the person's employer is registered. The requirements of this paragraph do not apply to a person engaged in the repair of a DOT specification cargo tank used in the transportation of hazardous materials in the United States in accordance with Sec. 180.413(a)(1)(iii) of this chapter.

    * * * * *

    0

    3. In Sec. 107.801, paragraph (a)(2) is revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 107.801 Purpose and scope.

    (a) * * *

    (2) A person who seeks approval to engage in the requalification (e.g. inspection, testing, or certification), rebuilding, or repair of a cylinder manufactured in accordance with a DOT specification or a pressure receptacle in accordance with a UN standard under subchapter C of this chapter or under the terms of a special permit issued under this part, or a cylinder or tube manufactured in accordance with a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification under the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR; see Sec. 171.7);

    * * * * *

    0

    4. In Sec. 107.805, paragraphs (a), (c)(2), (d), and (f) are revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 107.805 Approval of cylinder and pressure receptacle requalifiers.

    (a) General. A person must meet the requirements of this section to be approved to inspect, test, certify, repair, or rebuild a cylinder in accordance with a DOT specification or a UN pressure receptacle under subpart C of part 178 or subpart C of part 180 of this chapter, or under the terms of a special permit issued under this part, or a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinder or tube manufactured in accordance with the TDG Regulations (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter).

    * * * * *

    (c) * * *

    (2) The types of DOT specification or special permit cylinders, UN pressure receptacles, or TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinders or tubes that will be inspected, tested, repaired, or rebuilt at the facility;

    * * * * *

    (d) Issuance of requalifier identification number (RIN). The Associate Administrator issues a RIN as evidence of approval to requalify DOT specification or special permit cylinders, or TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinders or tubes, or UN pressure receptacles if it is determined, based on the applicant's submission and other available information, that the applicant's qualifications and, when applicable, facility are adequate to perform the requested functions in accordance with the criteria prescribed in subpart C of part 180 of this subchapter or TDG Regulations, as applicable.

    * * * * *

    (f) Exceptions. The requirements in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section do not apply to:

    (1) A person who only performs inspections in accordance with Sec. 180.209(g) of this chapter provided the application contains the following, in addition to the information prescribed in Sec. 107.705(a): Identifies the DOT specification/special permit cylinders to be inspected; certifies the requalifier will operate in compliance with the applicable requirements of subchapter C of this chapter; certifies the persons performing inspections have been trained and have the information contained in each applicable CGA pamphlet incorporated by reference in Sec. 171.7 of this chapter applicable to the requalifiers' activities; and includes the signature of the person making the certification and the date on which it was signed. Each person must comply with the applicable requirements in this subpart. In addition, the procedural requirements in subpart H of this part apply to the filing, processing and termination of an approval issued under this subpart; or

    (2) A person holding a DOT-issued RIN to perform the requalification (inspect, test, certify), repair, or rebuild of DOT specification cylinders, that wishes to perform any of these actions on corresponding TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC cylinders or tubes may submit an application that, in addition to the information prescribed in Sec. 107.705(a): Identifies the TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification cylinder(s) or tube(s) to be inspected; certifies the requalifier will operate in compliance with the applicable TDG Regulations; certifies the persons performing requalification have been trained in the functions applicable to the requalifiers' activities; and includes the signature of the person making the certification and the date on which it was signed. In addition, the procedural requirements in subpart H of this part apply to the filing, processing and termination of an approval issued under this subpart.

    (3) A person holding a certificate of registration issued by Transport Canada in accordance with the TDG Regulations to perform the requalification (inspect, test, certify), repair, or rebuild of a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC cylinder who performs any of these actions on corresponding DOT specification cylinders.

    * * * * *

    PART 171--GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

    0

    5. The authority citation for part 171 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410 section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 104-134, section 31001; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.

    0

    6. In Sec. 171.2, paragraph (h)(1) is revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 171.2 General requirements.

    (h) * * *

    (1) Specification identifications that include the letters ``ICC'', ``DOT'', ``TC'', ``CTC'', ``CRC'', ``BTC'', ``MC'', or ``UN'';

    * * * * *

    0

    7. In Sec. 171.7,

    0

    1. Revise paragraphs (t) introductory text, (t)(1), (v) introductory text, (v)(2), and (w)(1) through (58);

      0

    2. Add paragraphs (w)(59) through (69);

      0

    3. Revise paragraphs (bb) introductory text and (bb)(1) introductory text;

      0

    4. Add paragraphs (bb)(1)(xiii) through (xix);

      0

    5. Revise paragraphs (dd) introductory text and (dd)(1) and (2); and

      0

    6. Add paragraph (dd)(3).

      The revisions and additions read as follows:

      Page 61779

      Sec. 171.7 Reference material.

      * * * * *

      (t) International Civil Aviation Organization (``ICAO''), 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, Montreacuteal, Quebec H3C 5H7, Canada, 1-

      514-954-8219, http://www.icao.int. ICAO Technical Instructions available from: ICAO Document Sales Unit, sales@icao.int.

      (1) Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions), 2017-2018 Edition, into Sec. Sec. 171.8; 171.22; 171.23; 171.24; 172.101; 172.202; 172.401; 172.512; 172.519; 172.602; 173.56; 173.320; 175.10, 175.33; 178.3.

      * * * * *

      (v) International Maritime Organization (``IMO''), 4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, + 44 (0) 20 7735 7611, http://www.imo.org. IMDG Code available from: IMO Publishing, sales@imo.org.

      (1) * * *

      (2) International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code), Incorporating Amendment 38-16 (English Edition), 2016 Edition, into Sec. Sec. 171.22; 171.23; 171.25; 172.101; 172.202; 172.203 172.401; 172.502; 172.519; 172.602; 173.21; 173.56; 176.2; 176.5; 176.11; 176.27; 176.30; 176.83; 176.84; 176.140; 176.720; 178.3; 178.274.

      (w) * * *

      (1) ISO 535-1991(E) Paper and board--Determination of water absorptiveness--Cobb method, 1991, into Sec. Sec. 178.516; 178.707; 178.708.

      (2) ISO 1496-1: 1990 (E)--Series 1 freight containers--

      Specification and testing, Part 1: General cargo containers. Fifth Edition, (August 15, 1990), into Sec. 173.411.

      (3) ISO 1496-3(E)--Series 1 freight containers--Specification and testing--Part 3: Tank containers for liquids, gases and pressurized dry bulk, Fourth edition, March 1995, into Sec. Sec. 178.74; 178.75; 178.274.

      (4) ISO 1516:2002(E), Determination of flash/no flash--Closed cup equilibrium method, Third Edition, 2002-03-01, into Sec. 173.120.

      (5) ISO 1523:2002(E), Determination of flash point--Closed cup equilibrium method, Third Edition, 2002-03-01, into Sec. 173.120.

      (6) ISO 2431-1984(E) Standard Cup Method, 1984, into Sec. 173.121.

      (7) ISO 2592:2000(E), Determination of flash and fire points--

      Cleveland open cup method, Second Edition, 2000-09-15, into Sec. 173.120.

      (8) ISO 2719:2002(E), Determination of flash point--Pensky-Martens closed cup method, Third Edition, 2002-11-15, into Sec. 173.120.

      (9) ISO 2919:1999(E), Radiation Protection--Sealed radioactive sources--General requirements and classification, (ISO 2919), second edition, February 15, 1999, into Sec. 173.469.

      (10) ISO 3036-1975(E) Board--Determination of puncture resistance, 1975, into Sec. 178.708.

      (11) ISO 3405:2000(E), Petroleum products--Determination of distillation characteristics at atmospheric pressure, Third Edition, 2000-03-01, into Sec. 173.121.

      (12) ISO 3574-1986(E) Cold-reduced carbon steel sheet of commercial and drawing qualities, into Sec. 178.503; part 178, appendix C.

      (13) ISO 3679:2004(E), Determination of flash point--Rapid equilibrium closed cup method, Third Edition, 2004-04-01, into Sec. 173.120.

      (14) ISO 3680:2004(E), Determination of flash/no flash--Rapid equilibrium closed cup method, Fourth Edition, 2004-04-01, into Sec. 173.120.

      (15) ISO 3807-2(E), Cylinders for acetylene--Basic requirements--

      Part 2: Cylinders with fusible plugs, First edition, March 2000, into Sec. Sec. 173.303; 178.71.

      (16) ISO 3807:2013: Gas cylinders--Acetylene cylinders--Basic requirements and type testing, Second edition, 2013-08-19, into Sec. Sec. 173.303; 178.71.

      (17) ISO 3924:1999(E), Petroleum products--Determination of boiling range distribution--Gas chromatography method, Second Edition, 1999-08-

      01, into Sec. 173.121.

      (18) ISO 4126-1:2004(E): Safety devices for protection against excessive pressure--Part 1: Safety valves, Second edition 2004-02-15, into Sec. 178.274.

      (19) ISO 4126-7:2004(E): Safety devices for protection against excessive pressure--Part 7: Common data, First Edition 2004-02-15 into Sec. 178.274.

      (20) ISO 4126-7:2004/Cor.1:2006(E): Safety devices for protection against excessive pressure--Part 7: Common data, Technical Corrigendum 1, 2006-11-01, into Sec. 178.274.

      (21) ISO 4626:1980(E), Volatile organic liquids--Determination of boiling range of organic solvents used as raw materials, First Edition, 1980-03-01, into Sec. 173.121.

      (22) ISO 4706:2008(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable welded steel cylinders--Test pressure 60 bar and below, First Edition, 2008-04-15, Corrected Version, 2008-07-01, into Sec. 178.71.

      (23) ISO 6406(E), Gas cylinders--Seamless steel gas cylinders--

      Periodic inspection and testing, Second edition, February 2005, into Sec. 180.207.

      (24) ISO 6892 Metallic materials--Tensile testing, July 15, 1984, First Edition, into Sec. 178.274.

      (25) ISO 7225(E), Gas cylinders--Precautionary labels, Second Edition, July 2005, into Sec. 178.71.

      (26) ISO 7866(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless aluminum alloy gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing, First edition, June 1999, into Sec. 178.71.

      (27) ISO 7866:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing, Second edition, 2012-08-21, into Sec. 178.71.

      (28) ISO 7866:2012/Cor 1:2014 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing, Technical Corrigendum 1, 2014-04-15, into Sec. 178.71.

      (29) ISO 8115 Cotton bales--Dimensions and density, 1986 Edition, into Sec. 172.102.

      (30) ISO 9809-1:1999(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 1: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength less than 1100 MPa., First edition, June 1999, into Sec. Sec. 178.37; 178.71; 178.75.

      (31) ISO 9809-1:2010(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 1: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength less than 1 100 MPa., Second edition, 2010-04-15, into Sec. Sec. 178.37; 178.71; 178.75.

      (32) ISO 9809-2:2000(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 2: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength greater than or equal to 1 100 MPa., First edition, June 2000, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (33) ISO 9809-2:2010(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 2: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength greater than or equal to 1100 MPa., Second edition, 2010-04-15, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (34) ISO 9809-3:2000(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 3: Normalized steel cylinders, First edition, December 2000, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (35) ISO 9809-3:2010(E): Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--Design, construction and testing--Part 3: Normalized steel cylinders, Second edition, 2010-04-15, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (36) ISO 9809-4:2014 Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders--

      Page 61780

      Design, construction and testing--Part 4: Stainless steel cylinders with an Rm value of less than 1 100 MPa, First edition, 2014-07-08, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (37) ISO 9978:1992(E)--Radiation protection--Sealed radioactive sources--Leakage test methods. First Edition, (February 15, 1992), into Sec. 173.469.

      (38) ISO 10156:2010(E): Gases and gas mixtures--Determination of fire potential and oxidizing ability for the selection of cylinder valve outlets, Third edition, 2010-04-01, into Sec. 173.115.

      (39) ISO 10156:2010/Cor.1:2010(E): Gases and gas mixtures--

      Determination of fire potential and oxidizing ability for the selection of cylinder valve outlets, Technical Corrigendum 1, 2010-09-01, into Sec. 173.115.

      (40) ISO 10297:1999(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable gas cylinder valves--Specification and type testing, First Edition, 1995-05-01, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.

      (41) ISO 10297:2006(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--Specification and type testing, Second Edition, 2006-01-15, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.

      (42) ISO 10297:2014 Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--Specification and type testing, Third Edition, 20014-07-16, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.

      (43) ISO 10461:2005(E), Gas cylinders--Seamless aluminum-alloy gas cylinders--Periodic inspection and testing, Second Edition, 2005-02-15 and Amendment 1, 2006-07-15, into Sec. 180.207.

      (44) ISO 10462 (E), Gas cylinders--Transportable cylinders for dissolved acetylene--Periodic inspection and maintenance, Second edition, February 2005, into Sec. 180.207.

      (45) ISO 10462:2013 Gas cylinders--Acetylene cylinders--Periodic inspection and maintenance, Third edition, 2013-12-05, into Sec. 180.207.

      (46) ISO 10692-2:2001(E), Gas cylinders--Gas cylinder valve connections for use in the micro-electronics industry--Part 2: Specification and type testing for valve to cylinder connections, First Edition, 2001-08-01, into Sec. Sec. 173.40; 173.302c.

      (47) ISO 11114-1:2012(E), Gas cylinders--Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas contents--Part 1: Metallic materials, Second edition, 2012-03-15, into Sec. Sec. 172.102; 173.301b; 178.71.

      (48) ISO 11114-2:2013 Gas cylinders--Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas contents--Part 2: Non-metallic materials, Second edition, 2013-03-21, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.

      (49) ISO 11117:1998(E): Gas cylinders--Valve protection caps and valve guards for industrial and medical gas cylinders.--Design, construction and tests, First edition, 1998-08-01, into Sec. 173.301b.

      (50) ISO 11117:2008(E): Gas cylinders--Valve protection caps and valve guards--Design, construction and tests, Second edition, 2008-09-

      01, into Sec. 173.301b.

      (51) ISO 11117:2008/Cor.1:2009(E): Gas cylinders--Valve protection caps and valve guards--Design, construction and tests, Technical Corrigendum 1, 2009-05-01, into Sec. 173.301b.

      (52) ISO 11118(E), Gas cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas cylinders--Specification and test methods, First edition, October 1999, into Sec. 178.71.

      (53) ISO 11119-1(E), Gas cylinders--Gas cylinders of composite construction--Specification and test methods--Part 1: Hoop-wrapped composite gas cylinders, First edition, May 2002, into Sec. 178.71.

      (54) ISO 11119-1:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--Part 1: Hoop wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l, Second edition, 2012-07-25, into Sec. 178.71.

      (55) ISO 11119-2(E), Gas cylinders--Gas cylinders of composite construction--Specification and test methods--Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders with load-sharing metal liners, First edition, May 2002, into Sec. 178.71.

      (56) ISO 11119-2:2012 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with load-sharing metal liners, Second edition, 2012-07-13, into Sec. 178.71.

      (57) ISO 11119-2:2012/Amd 1:2014 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--

      Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with load-sharing metal liners, Second edition, 2014-

      08-11, into Sec. 178.71.

      (58) ISO 11119-3(E), Gas cylinders of composite construction--

      Specification and test methods--Part 3: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders with non-load-sharing metallic or non-metallic liners, First edition, September 2002, into Sec. 178.71.

      (59) ISO 11119-3:2013 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes--Design, construction and testing--Part 3: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l with non-load-sharing metallic or non-metallic liners, Second edition, 2013-04-17, into Sec. 178.71.

      (60) ISO 11120(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel tubes of water capacity between 150 L and 3000 L--Design, construction and testing, First edition, March 1999, into Sec. Sec. 178.71; 178.75.

      (61) ISO 11513:2011(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable welded steel cylinders containing materials for sub-atmospheric gas packaging (excluding acetylene)--Design, construction, testing, use and periodic inspection, First edition, 2011-09-12, into Sec. Sec. 173.302c; 178.71; 180.207.

      (62) ISO 11515:2013 Gas cylinders--Refillable composite reinforced tubes of water capacity between 450 L and 3000 L--Design, construction and testing, First edition, 2013-07-22, into Sec. 178.71.

      (63) ISO 11621(E), Gas cylinders--Procedures for change of gas service, First edition, April 1997, into Sec. Sec. 173.302, 173.336, 173.337.

      (64) ISO 11623(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Periodic inspection and testing of composite gas cylinders, First edition, March 2002, into Sec. 180.207.

      (65) ISO 13340:2001(E) Transportable gas cylinders--Cylinder valves for non-refillable cylinders--Specification and prototype testing, First edition, 2004-04-01, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.

      (66) ISO 13736:2008(E), Determination of flash point--Abel closed-

      cup method, Second Edition, 2008-09-15, into Sec. 173.120.

      (67) ISO 16111:2008(E), Transportable gas storage devices--Hydrogen absorbed in reversible metal hydride, First Edition, 2008-11-15, into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 173.311; 178.71.

      (68) ISO 18172-1:2007(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable welded stainless steel cylinders--Part 1: Test pressure 6 MPa and below, First Edition, 2007-03-01, into Sec. 178.71.

      (69) ISO 20703:2006(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable welded aluminum-

      alloy cylinders--Design, construction and testing, First Edition, 2006-

      05-01, into Sec. 178.71.

      * * * * *

      (bb) Transport Canada, Transport Dangerous Goods. Mailstop: ASD 330 Sparks Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0N5, 416-973-1868, http://www.tc.gc.ca.

      (1) Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (Transport Canada TDG Regulations), into Sec. Sec. 171.12; 171.22; 171.23; 172.401; 172.502; 172.519; 172.602; 173.31; 173.32; 173.33; 180.413.

      * * * * *

      (xiii) SOR/2014-152 July 2, 2014.

      Page 61781

      (xiv) SOR/2014-159 July 2, 2014.

      (xv) SOR/2014-159 Erratum July 16, 2014.

      (xvi) SOR/2014-152 Erratum August 27, 2014.

      (xvii) SOR/2014-306 December 31, 2014.

      (xviii) SOR/2014-306 Erratum January 28, 2015.

      (xix) SOR/2015-100 May 20, 2015.

      * * * * *

      (dd) United Nations, Bookshop, GA-1B-103, New York, NY 10017, 1-

      212-963-7680, https://shop.un.org or bookshop@un.org.

      (1) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations (UN Recommendations), 19th revised edition, Volumes I and II (2015), into Sec. Sec. 171.8; 171.12; 172.202; 172.401; 172.407; 172.502; 173.22; 173.24; 173.24b; 173.40; 173.56; 173.192; 173.302b; 173.304b; 178.75; 178.274.

      (2) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests and Criteria, (Manual of Tests and Criteria), Sixth revised edition (2015), into Sec. Sec. 171.24, 172.102; 173.21; 173.56; 173.57; 173.58; 173.60; 173.115; 173.124; 173.125; 173.127; 173.128; 173.137; 173.185; 173.220; 173.221; 173.225, part 173, appendix H; 178.274:

      (3) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), Sixth revised edition (2015), into Sec. 172.401.

      * * * * *

      0

      8. In Sec. 171.8:

      0

    7. Revise the definition of ``Aerosol'';

      0

    8. Add a definition for ``Design life'' in alphabetical order;

      0

    9. Revise the definition of ``Large salvage packaging'';

      0

    10. Add definitions for ``SAPT'' and ``Service life'' in alphabetical order;

      0

    11. Revise the definition of ``UN tube''.

      The revisions and additions read as follows:

      Sec. 171.8 Definitions and abbreviations.

      * * * * *

      Aerosol means an article consisting of any non-refillable receptacle containing a gas compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure, the sole purpose of which is to expel a nonpoisonous (other than a Division 6.1 Packing Group III material) liquid, paste, or powder and fitted with a self-closing release device allowing the contents to be ejected by the gas.

      * * * * *

      Design life, for composite cylinders and tubes, means the maximum life (in number of years) to which the cylinder or tube is designed and approved in accordance with the applicable standard.

      * * * * *

      Large salvage packaging means a special packaging into which damaged, defective, leaking or non-conforming hazardous materials packages, or hazardous materials that have spilled or leaked are placed for the purpose of transport for recovery or disposal, that--

      (1) Is designed for mechanical handling; and

      (2) Has a net mass greater than 400 kg (882 pounds) or a capacity of greater than 450 L (119 gallons), but has a volume of not more than 3 cubic meters (106 cubic feet).

      * * * * *

      SAPT means self-accelerated polymerization temperature. See Sec. 173.21(f) of this subchapter.

      * * * * *

      Service life, for composite cylinders and tubes, means the number of years the cylinder or tube is permitted to be in service.

      * * * * *

      UN tube means a transportable pressure receptacle of seamless or composite construction having with a water capacity exceeding 150 L (39.6 gallons) but not more than 3,000 L (792.5 gallons) that has been marked and certified as conforming to the requirements in part 178 of this subchapter.

      * * * * *

      0

      9. In Sec. 171.12, paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(4)(ii) are revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 171.12 North American Shipments.

      (a) * * *

      (1) A hazardous material transported from Canada to the United States, from the United States to Canada, or transiting the United States to Canada or a foreign destination may be offered for transportation or transported by motor carrier and rail in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see Sec. 171.7) or an equivalency certificate (permit for equivalent level of safety) issued under the TDG Regulations, as authorized in Sec. 171.22, provided the requirements in Sec. Sec. 171.22 and 171.23, as applicable, and this section are met. In addition, a cylinder, cargo tank motor vehicle, portable tank or rail tank car authorized by the Transport Canada TDG Regulations may be used for transportation to, from, or within the United States provided the cylinder, cargo tank motor vehicle, portable tank or rail tank car conforms to the applicable requirements of this section. Except as otherwise provided in this subpart and subpart C of this part, the requirements in parts 172, 173, and 178 of this subchapter do not apply for a material transported in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations.

      * * * * *

      (4) * * *

      (ii) A Canadian Railway Commission (CRC), Board of Transport Commissioners for Canada (BTC), Canadian Transport Commission (CTC) or Transport Canada (TC) specification cylinder manufactured, originally marked, and approved in accordance with the TDG regulations, and in full conformance with the TDG Regulations is authorized for transportation to, from or within the United States provided:

      (A) The CRC, BTC, CTC or TC specification cylinder corresponds with a DOT specification cylinder and the markings are the same as those specified in this subchapter, except that the original markings were ``CRC'', ``BTC'', ``CTC'', or ``TC'';

      (B) The CRC, BTC, CTC or TC cylinder has been requalified under a program authorized by the TDG regulations; and

      (C) When the regulations authorize a cylinder for a specific hazardous material with a specification marking prefix of ``DOT,'' a cylinder marked ``CRC'', ``BTC'', ``CTC'', or ``TC'' otherwise bearing the same markings required of the specified ``DOT'' cylinder may be used.

      (D) Transport of the cylinder and the material it contains is in all other respects in conformance with the requirements of this subchapter (e.g. valve protection, filling requirements, operational requirements, etc.).

      * * * * *

      0

      10. In Sec. 171.23, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 171.23 Requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, Transport Canada TDG Regulations, or the IAEA Regulations.

      * * * * *

      (a) Conditions and requirements for cylinders--(1) Except as provided in this paragraph, a filled cylinder (pressure receptacle) manufactured to other than a DOT specification or a UN standard in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, a DOT exemption or special permit cylinder, a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC cylinder authorized under Sec. 171.12, or a cylinder used as a fire extinguisher in conformance with Sec. 173.309(a) of this subchapter, may not be transported to, from, or within the United States.

      (2) Cylinders (including UN pressure receptacles) transported to, from, or within the United States must conform

      Page 61782

      to the applicable requirements of this subchapter. Unless otherwise excepted in this subchapter, a cylinder must not be transported unless--

      (i) The cylinder is manufactured, inspected and tested in accordance with a DOT specification or a UN standard prescribed in part 178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, CRC, or BTC specification set out in the TDG Regulations, except that cylinders not conforming to these requirements must meet the requirements in paragraph (a)(3), (4), or (5) of this section;

      (ii) The cylinder is equipped with a pressure relief device in accordance with Sec. 173.301(f) of this subchapter and conforms to the applicable requirements in part 173 of this subchapter for the hazardous material involved;

      (iii) The openings on an aluminum cylinder in oxygen service conform to the requirements of this paragraph, except when the cylinder is used for aircraft parts or used aboard an aircraft in accordance with the applicable airworthiness requirements and operating regulations. An aluminum DOT specification cylinder must have an opening configured with straight (parallel) threads. A UN pressure receptacle may have straight (parallel) or tapered threads provided the UN pressure receptacle is marked with the thread type, e.g. ``17E, 25E, 18P, or 25P'' and fitted with the properly marked valve; and

      (iv) A UN pressure receptacle is marked with ``USA'' as a country of approval in conformance with Sec. Sec. 178.69 and 178.70 of this subchapter, or ``CAN'' for Canada.

      (3) Importation of cylinders for discharge within a single port area: A cylinder manufactured to other than a DOT specification or UN standard in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, or a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification cylinder set out in the TDG Regulations, and certified as being in conformance with the transportation regulations of another country may be authorized, upon written request to and approval by the Associate Administrator, for transportation within a single port area, provided--

      (i) The cylinder is transported in a closed freight container;

      (ii) The cylinder is certified by the importer to provide a level of safety at least equivalent to that required by the regulations in this subchapter for a comparable DOT, TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification or UN cylinder; and

      (iii) The cylinder is not refilled for export unless in compliance with paragraph (a)(4) of this section.

      (4) Filling of cylinders for export or for use on board a vessel: A cylinder not manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter, or a cylinder manufactured to other than a UN standard, DOT specification, exemption or special permit, or other than a TC, CTC, BTC, or CRC specification, may be filled with a gas in the United States and offered for transportation and transported for export or alternatively, for use on board a vessel, if the following conditions are met:

      (i) The cylinder has been requalified and marked with the month and year of requalification in accordance with subpart C of part 180 of this subchapter, or has been requalified as authorized by the Associate Administrator;

      (ii) In addition to other requirements of this subchapter, the maximum filling density, service pressure, and pressure relief device for each cylinder conform to the requirements of this part for the gas involved; and

      (iii) The bill of lading or other shipping paper identifies the cylinder and includes the following certification: ``This cylinder has (These cylinders have) been qualified, as required, and filled in accordance with the DOT requirements for export.''

      (5) Cylinders not equipped with pressure relief devices: A DOT specification or a UN cylinder manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter and otherwise conforms to the requirements of part 173 of this subchapter for the gas involved, except that the cylinder is not equipped with a pressure relief device may be filled with a gas and offered for transportation and transported for export if the following conditions are met:

      (i) Each DOT specification cylinder or UN pressure receptacle must be plainly and durably marked ``For Export Only'';

      (ii) The shipping paper must carry the following certification: ``This cylinder has (These cylinders have) been retested and refilled in accordance with the DOT requirements for export.'' and

      (iii) The emergency response information provided with the shipment and available from the emergency response telephone contact person must indicate that the pressure receptacles are not fitted with pressure relief devices and provide appropriate guidance for exposure to fire.

      * * * * *

      PART 172--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, TRAINING REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS

      0

      11. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows:

      Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 1.97.

      0

      12. In Sec. 172.101, the Hazardous Materials Table is amended by removing the entries under ``REMOVE'', by adding the entries under ``ADD'' and revising entries under ``REVISE'' in the appropriate alphabetical sequence to read as follows:

      Sec. 172.101 Purpose and use of the hazardous materials table.

      * * * * *

      Page 61783

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      (8) (9) (10)

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Hazardous Packaging (Sec. 173. ***) Quantity limitations (see Vessel stowage

      materials Hazard Special ---------------------------------------- Sec. Sec. 173.27 and ------------------------

      Symbols descriptions and class or Identification PG Label provisions 175.75)

      proper shipping division Nos. codes (Sec. ----------------------------

      names 172.102) Exceptions Non-bulk Bulk Passenger Cargo Location Other

      aircraft/ aircraft

      rail only

      (1) (2)............. (3) (4)............ (5)....... (6)...... (7)............ (8A)........ (8B)....... (8C)....... (9A)........ (9B)........ (10A).... (10B)

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      REMOVE

      * * * * * * *

      Engines, 9 UN3166......... .......... 9........ 135, A200...... 220......... 220........ 220........ Forbidden... No limit.... A.

      internal

      combustion, or

      Engines, fuel

      cell, flammable

      gas powered.

      Engines internal 9 UN3166......... .......... 9........ 135, A200...... 220......... 220........ 220........ No limit.... No limit.... A.

      combustion, or

      Engines, fuel

      cell, flammable

      liquid powered.

      * * * * * * *

      Polyester resin 3 UN3269......... .......... 3........ 40, 149........ 165......... 165........ None....... 5 kg........ 5 kg........ B.

      kit.

      * * * * * * *

      ADD

      * * * * * * *

      1,3,2- ........ ............... .......... ......... A210.

      Benzodioxaborol

      e.

      * * * * * * *

      Catecholborane.. ........ ............... .......... ......... A210.

      * * * * * * *

      Engine, internal 2.1 UN3529......... .......... 2.1...... 363............ 220......... 220........ 220........ Forbidden... No limit.... E.

      combustion,

      flammable gas

      powered or

      Engine, fuel

      cell, flammable

      gas powered or

      Machinery,

      internal

      combustion,

      flammable gas

      powered or

      Machinery, fuel

      cell, flammable

      gas powered.

      Engine, internal 3 UN3528......... .......... 3........ 363............ 220......... 220........ 220........ No limit.... No limit.... E........ 149

      combustion,

      flammable

      liquid powered

      or Engine, fuel

      cell, flammable

      liquid powered

      or Machinery,

      internal

      combustion,

      flammable

      liquid powered

      or Machinery,

      fuel cell,

      flammable

      liquid powered.

      Engine, internal 9 UN3530......... .......... 9........ 363............ 220......... 220........ 220........ No limit.... No limit.... A.

      combustion or

      Machinery,

      internal

      combustion.

      * * * * * * *

      Polyester resin 3 UN3269......... .......... 3........ 40, 149........ 165......... 165........ None....... 5 kg........ 5 kg........ B.

      kit, liquid

      base material.

      Polyester resin 4.1 UN3527......... .......... 4.1...... 40, 157........ 165......... 165........ None....... 5 kg........ 5 kg........ B.

      kit, solid base

      material.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Polymerizing 4.1 UN3532......... III....... 4.1...... 387, IB3, IP19, None........ 203........ 241........ 10 L........ 25 L........ D........ 25, 52, 53

      substance, N92, T7, TP4,

      liquid, TP6.

      stabilized,

      n.o.s.

      G............. Polymerizing 4.1 UN3534......... III....... 4.1...... 387, IB3, IP19, None........ 203........ 241........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 2, 25, 52,

      substance, N92, T7, TP4, 53

      liquid, TP6.

      temperature

      controlled,

      n.o.s.

      G............. Polymerizing 4.1 UN3531......... III....... 4.1...... 387, IB7, IP19, None........ 213........ 240........ 10 kg....... 25 kg....... D........ 25, 52, 53

      substance, N92, T7, TP4,

      solid, TP6, TP33.

      stabilized,

      n.o.s.

      G............. Polymerizing 4.1 UN3533......... III....... 4.1...... 387, IB7, IP19, None........ 213........ 240........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 2, 25, 52,

      substance, N92, T7, TP4, 53

      solid, TP6, TP33.

      temperature

      controlled,

      n.o.s.

      Page 61784

      * * * * * * *

      Rocket motors... 1.4C UN0510......... .......... 1.4C..... 109............ None........ 62......... 62......... Forbidden... 75 kg....... 02....... 25

      * * * * * * *

      REVISE

      * * * * * * *

      Acrolein dimer, 3 UN2607......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25, 40

      stabilized. T2, TP1.

      Acrolein, 6.1 UN1092......... I......... 6.1, 3... 1, 380, 387, None........ 226........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      stabilized. B9, B14, B30,

      B42, B77, T22,

      TP2, TP7,

      TP13, TP38,

      TP44.

      * * * * * * *

      Acrylic acid, 8 UN2218......... II........ 8, 3..... 387, B2, IB2, 154......... 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ C........ 25, 40

      stabilized. T7, TP2.

      Acrylonitrile, 3 UN1093......... I......... 3, 6.1... 387, B9, T14, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 30 L........ D........ 25, 40

      stabilized. TP2, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Adsorbed gas, 2.3 UN3516......... .......... 2.3, 8... 1, 379......... None........ 302c....... None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      toxic,

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      Inhalation

      hazard zone A.

      G............. Adsorbed gas, 2.3 UN3516......... .......... 2.3, 8... 2, 379, B9, B14 None........ 302c....... None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      toxic,

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      Inhalation

      hazard zone B.

      G............. Adsorbed gas, 2.3 UN3516......... .......... 2.3, 8... 3, 379, B14.... None........ 302c....... None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      toxic,

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      Inhalation

      hazard zone C.

      G............. Adsorbed gas, 2.3 UN3516......... .......... 2.3, 8... 4, 379......... None........ 302c....... None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      toxic,

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      Inhalation

      hazard zone D.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Alkali metal 4.2 UN3206......... II........ 4.2, 8... 64, A7, IB5, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B.

      alcoholates, IP2, T3, TP33,

      self-heating, W31.

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2, 8... 64, A7, IB8, None........ 213........ 242........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B.

      IP3, T1, TP33,

      W31.

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN1421......... I......... 4.3...... A2, A3, A7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 52, 148

      alloys, liquid, B48, N34, W31.

      n.o.s.

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN1389......... I......... 4.3...... A2, A3, A7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 40, 52,

      amalgam, liquid. N34, W31. 148

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN3401......... I......... 4.3...... IB4, IP1, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      amalgam, solid. T9, TP7, TP33,

      W32.

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN1390......... II........ 4.3...... A6, A7, A8, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      amides. A19, A20, IB7, 148

      IP2, IP4, T3,

      TP33, W31, W40.

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN3482......... I......... 4.3, 3... A2, A3, A7, W31 None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 52, 148

      dispersions,

      flammable or

      Alkaline earth

      metal

      dispersions,

      flammable.

      Alkali metal 4.3 UN1391......... I......... 4.3...... A2, A3, A7, W31 None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 52, 148

      dispersions, or

      Alkaline earth

      metal

      dispersions.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Alkaline earth 4.2 UN3205......... II........ 4.2...... 65, A7, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B.

      metal IP2, T3, TP33,

      alcoholates, W31.

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2...... 65, A7, IB8, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B.

      IP3, T1, TP33,

      W31.

      Alkaline earth 4.3 UN1393......... II........ 4.3...... A19, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      metal alloys, IP4, T3, TP33,

      n.o.s. W31, W40.

      Page 61785

      Alkaline earth 4.3 UN1392......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N34, N40, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      metal amalgams, W31. 148

      liquid.

      Alkaline earth 4.3 UN3402......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N34, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 14

      metal amalgams, T9, TP7, TP33,

      solid. W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Allyl 6.1 UN1545......... II........ 6.1, 3... 387, A3, A7, None........ 202........ 243........ Forbidden... 60 L........ D........ 25, 40

      isothiocyanate, IB2, T7, TP2.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Allyltrichlorosi 8 UN1724......... II........ 8, 3..... 387, A7, B2, None........ 206........ 243........ Forbidden... 30 L........ C........ 25, 40

      lane, B6, N34, T10,

      stabilized. TP2, TP7, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      Aluminum carbide 4.3 UN1394......... II........ 4.3...... A20, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 52, 148

      IP4, N41, T3,

      TP33, W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Aluminum 4.3 UN1395......... II........ 4.3, 6.1. A19, IB5, IP2, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 39, 40,

      ferrosilicon T3, TP33, W31, 52, 53, 85,

      powder. W40. 103, 148

      III....... 4.3, 6.1. A19, A20, IB4.. 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 40,

      52, 53, 85,

      103, 148

      Aluminum hydride 4.3 UN2463......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Aluminum 4.3 UN1397......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A8, A19, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. W32. 85, 148

      Aluminum 6.1 UN3048......... I......... 6.1...... A8, IB7, IP1, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 40, 85

      phosphide T6, TP33, W31.

      pesticides.

      Aluminum powder, 4.1 UN1309......... II........ 4.1...... IB8, IP2, IP4, 151......... 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      coated. T3, TP33, W100. 53, 74,

      101, 147,

      148

      III....... 4.1...... B134, IB8, IP4, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      T1, TP33, W100. 53, 74,

      101, 147,

      148

      Aluminum powder, 4.3 UN1396......... II........ 4.3...... A19, A20, IB7, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      uncoated. IP2, IP4, T3, 53, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3...... A19, A20, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      IP4, T1, TP33, 53, 148

      W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Aluminum silicon 4.3 UN1398......... III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 40,

      powder, IP4, T1, TP33, 52, 53, 85,

      uncoated. W31, W40. 103, 148

      Aluminum 4.3 UN3170......... II........ 4.3...... 128, B115, IB7, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 85, 103,

      smelting by- IP2, IP4, T3, 148

      products or TP33, W31, W40.

      Aluminum

      remelting by-

      products.

      III....... 4.3...... 128, B115, IB8, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B........ 13, 85, 103,

      IP4, T1, TP33, 148

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      2-Amino-4,6- 4.1 UN3317......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      Dinitrophenol, A20, N41, W31.

      wetted with not

      less than 20

      percent water

      by mass.

      Page 61786

      * * * * * * *

      N- 8 UN2815......... III....... 8, 6.1... IB3, T4, TP1... 154......... 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B........ 12, 25, 40

      Aminoethylpiper

      azine.

      * * * * * * *

      I............. Ammonia, 2.3 UN1005......... .......... 2.3, 8... 4, 379, N87, None........ 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40, 52, 57

      anhydrous. T50.

      D............. Ammonia, 2.2 UN1005......... .......... 2.2...... 13, 379, T50... None........ 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40, 52, 57

      anhydrous.

      * * * * * * *

      Ammonia 8 UN2672......... III....... 8........ 336, IB3, IP8, 154......... 203........ 241........ 5L.......... 60L......... A........ 40, 52, 85

      solution, T7, TP2.

      relative

      density between

      0.880 and 0.957

      at 15 degrees C

      in water, with

      more than 10

      percent but not

      more than 35

      percent ammonia.

      * * * * * * *

      Ammonium 4.1 UN1310......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A2, N41, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... D........ 28, 36

      picrate, wetted W31.

      with not less

      than 10 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Arsenic acid, 6.1 UN1553......... I......... 6.1...... T20, TP2, TP7, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ B........ 46

      liquid. TP13, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Barium.......... 4.3 UN1400......... II........ 4.3...... A19, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      IP4, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      Barium alloys, 4.2 UN1854......... I......... 4.2...... T21, TP7, TP33, None........ 181........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      pyrophoric. W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Barium azide, 4.1 UN1571......... I......... 4.1, 6.1. 162, A2, W31... None........ 182........ None....... Forbidden... 0.5 kg...... D........ 28, 36

      wetted with not

      less than 50

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Barium cyanide.. 6.1 UN1565......... I......... 6.1...... IB7, IP1, N74, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... A........ 40, 52

      N75, T6, TP33,

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Barium peroxide. 5.1 UN1449......... II........ 5.1, 6.1. A9, IB6, IP2, 152......... 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      T3, TP33, W100. 75, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Beryllium, 6.1 UN1567......... II........ 6.1, 4.1. IB8, IP2, IP4, 153......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 147, 148

      powder. T3, TP33, W100.

      Bicyclo 2,2,1 3 UN2251......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T7, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ D........ 25

      hepta-2,5- TP2.

      diene,

      stabilized or

      2,5-

      Norbornadiene,

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Boron 8 UN2604......... I......... 8, 3..... A3, A19, T10, None........ 201........ 243........ 0.5 L....... 2.5 L....... D........ 40

      trifluoride TP2, W31.

      diethyl

      etherate.

      * * * * * * *

      Boron 4.3 UN2965......... I......... 4.3, 8, 3 A19, T10, TP2, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 21, 25, 40,

      trifluoride TP7, TP13, W31. 49, 100

      dimethyl

      etherate.

      Page 61787

      * * * * * * *

      Bromobenzyl 6.1 UN1694......... I......... 6.1...... T14, TP2, TP13, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 30 L........ D........ 12, 25, 40,

      cyanides, W31. 52

      liquid.

      Bromobenzyl 6.1 UN3449......... I......... 6.1...... T6, TP33, W31.. None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... D........ 12, 25, 40,

      cyanides, solid. 52

      * * * * * * *

      Butadienes, 2.1 UN1010......... .......... 2.1...... 387, T50....... 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      stabilized or

      Butadienes and

      Hydrocarbon

      mixture,

      stabilized

      containing more

      than 40%

      butadienes.

      * * * * * * *

      Butyl acrylates, 3 UN2348......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      stabilized. T2, TP1.

      * * * * * * *

      Butyl benzenes.. 3 UN2709......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      n-Butyl 3 UN2227......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      methacrylate, T2, TP1.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Butyl vinyl 3 UN2352......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25, 40

      ether, TP1.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      1,2-Butylene 3 UN3022......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25, 27, 49

      oxide, TP1.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium......... 4.3 UN1401......... II........ 4.3...... IB7, IP2, IP4, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50kg........ E........ 13, 52, 148

      T3, TP33, W31,

      W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium carbide. 4.3 UN1402......... I......... 4.3...... A1, A8, B55, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... B........ 13, 52, 148

      B59, IB4, IP1,

      N34, T9, TP7,

      TP33, W32.

      II........ 4.3...... A1, A8, B55, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 52, 148

      B59, IB7, IP2,

      IP4, N34, T3,

      TP33, W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium 4.3 UN1403......... III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 52, 148

      cyanamide with IP4, T1, TP33,

      more than 0.1 W31, W40.

      percent of

      calcium carbide.

      Calcium cyanide. 6.1 UN1575......... I......... 6.1...... IB7, IP1, N79, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... A........ 40, 52

      N80, T6, TP33,

      W31.

      Calcium 4.2 UN1923......... II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13

      dithionite or IP2, T3, TP33,

      Calcium W31.

      hydrosulfite.

      Calcium hydride. 4.3 UN1404......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium 4.3 UN2844......... III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 52, 85,

      manganese IP4, T1, TP33, 103, 148

      silicon. W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium peroxide 5.1 UN1457......... II........ 5.1...... IB6, IP2, T3, 152......... 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      TP33, W100. 75, 148

      Calcium 4.3 UN1360......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A8, A19, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. W32. 85, 148

      Calcium, 4.2 UN1855......... I......... 4.2...... W31............ None........ 187........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      pyrophoric or

      Calcium alloys,

      pyrophoric.

      * * * * * * *

      Calcium silicide 4.3 UN1405......... II........ 4.3...... A19, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 52, 85,

      IP4, T3, TP33, 103, 148

      W31.

      III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B........ 13, 52, 85,

      IP4, T1, TP33, 103, 148

      W31, W40.

      Page 61788

      * * * * * * *

      I............. Carbon, 4.2 UN1362......... III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... A........ 12, 25

      activated. TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Carbon disulfide 3 UN1131......... I......... 3, 6.1... B16, T14, TP2, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40, 78, 115

      TP7, TP13, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Cerium, slabs, 4.1 UN1333......... II........ 4.1...... IB8, IP2, IP4, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 74, 91,

      ingots, or rods. N34, W100. 147, 148

      Cerium, turnings 4.3 UN3078......... II........ 4.3...... A1, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      or gritty IP4, T3, TP33,

      powder. W31, W40.

      Cesium or 4.3 UN1407......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A19, IB4, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      Caesium. IP1, N34, N40,

      W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Chloric acid 5.1 UN2626......... II........ 5.1...... IB2, T4, TP1, None........ 229........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 56, 58

      aqueous W31.

      solution, with

      not more than

      10 percent

      chloric acid.

      * * * * * * *

      Chloroprene, 3 UN1991......... I......... 3, 6.1... 387, B57, T14, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 30 L........ D........ 25, 40

      stabilized. TP2, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      Chlorosilanes, 4.3 UN2988......... I......... 4.3, 3, 8 A2, T14, TP2, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 21, 40,

      water-reactive, TP7, TP13, W31. 49, 100,

      flammable, 147, 148

      corrosive,

      n.o.s.

      * * * * * * *

      Chromium 5.1 UN1463......... II........ 5.1, 6.1, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........ 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... A........ 66, 90

      trioxide, 8. T3, TP33, W31.

      anhydrous.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Corrosive 8 UN3096......... I......... 8, 4.3... IB4, IP1, T6, None........ 211........ 243........ 1 kg........ 25 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      solids, water- TP33.

      reactive, n.o.s.

      II........ 8, 4.3... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      TP33, W100.

      * * * * * * *

      Crotonaldehyde 6.1 UN1143......... I......... 6.1, 3... 2, 175, 387, None........ 227........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      or B9, B14, B32,

      Crotonaldehyde, B77, T20, TP2,

      stabilized. TP13, TP38,

      TP45.

      * * * * * * *

      Cyanogen bromide 6.1 UN1889......... I......... 6.1, 8... A6, A8, T6, None........ 211........ 242........ 1 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 40, 52

      TP33, W31.

      Cyanogen 2.3 UN1589......... .......... 2.3, 8... 1, 387......... None........ 192........ 245........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      chloride,

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Cycloheptane.... 3 UN2241......... II........ 3........ IB2, T4, TP2... 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B........ 40

      * * * * * * *

      Decaborane...... 4.1 UN1868......... II........ 4.1, 6.1. A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ None....... Forbidden... 50 kg....... A........ 74

      IP2, T3, TP33,

      W31.

      Page 61789

      * * * * * * *

      Diketene, 6.1 UN2521......... I......... 6.1, 3... 2, 387, B9, None........ 227........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 26, 27,

      stabilized. B14, B32, T20, 40

      TP2, TP13,

      TP38, TP45.

      * * * * * * *

      Dinitrophenol, 4.1 UN1320......... I......... 4.1, 6.1. 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      wetted with not A20, N41, W31.

      less than 15

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Dinitrophenolate 4.1 UN1321......... I......... 4.1, 6.1. 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      s, wetted with A20, N41, W31.

      not less than

      15 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Dinitroresorcino 4.1 UN1322......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      l, wetted with A20, N41, W31.

      not less than

      15 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Diphenylamine 6.1 UN1698......... I......... 6.1...... T6, TP33, W31.. None........ 201........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      chloroarsine.

      Diphenylchloroar 6.1 UN1699......... I......... 6.1...... A8, B14, B32, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 30 L........ D........ 40

      sine, liquid. N33, N34, T14,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP27, W31.

      Diphenylchloroar 6.1 UN3450......... I......... 6.1...... IB7, IP1, T6, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... D........ 40

      sine, solid. TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Dipicryl 4.1 UN2852......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A2, N41, None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 0.5 kg...... D........ 28, 36

      sulfide, wetted N84, W31.

      with not less

      than 10 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Dipropylamine... 3 UN2383......... II........ 3, 8..... 387, IB2, T7, 150......... 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... B........ 25

      TP1.

      * * * * * * *

      Divinyl ether, 3 UN1167......... I......... 3........ 387, A7, T11, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ E........ 25, 40

      stabilized. TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Ethyl acrylate, 3 UN1917......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25, 40

      stabilized. TP1, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      Ethyl 3 UN2277......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      methacrylate, TP1.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Ethylacetylene, 2.1 UN2452......... .......... 2.1...... 387, N88....... None........ 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Ethyldichlorosil 4.3 UN1183......... I......... 4.3, 8, 3 A2, A3, A7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 21, 40, 49,

      ane. N34, T14, TP2, 100

      TP7, TP13, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Ethyleneimine, 6.1 UN1185......... I......... 6.1, 3... 1, 387, B9, None........ 226........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      stabilized. B14, B30, B77,

      N25, N32, T22,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP38, TP44.

      * * * * * * *

      Ferrocerium..... 4.1 UN1323......... II........ 4.1...... 59, A19, IB8, 151......... 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 147, 148

      IP2, IP4, T3,

      TP33, W100.

      Ferrosilicon 4.3 UN1408......... III....... 4.3, 6.1. A1, A19, B6, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 40, 52,

      with 30 percent IB8, IP4, IP7, 53, 85,

      or more but T1, TP33, W100. 103, 148

      less than 90

      percent silicon.

      Page 61790

      * * * * * * *

      Ferrous metal 4.2 UN2793......... III....... 4.2...... A1, A19, B134, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 148

      borings or IB8, IP4, IP7,

      Ferrous metal W100.

      shavings or

      Ferrous metal

      turnings or

      Ferrous metal

      cuttings in a

      form liable to

      self-heating.

      * * * * * * *

      A W........... Fibers or 4.2 UN1373......... III....... 4.2...... 137, IB8, IP3, None........ 213........ 241........ Forbidden... Forbidden... A........

      Fabrics, animal T1, TP33, W31.

      or vegetable or

      Synthetic,

      n.o.s. with

      animal or

      vegetable oil.

      * * * * * * *

      Fish meal, 4.2 UN1374......... II........ 4.2...... 155, A1, A19, None........ 212........ 241........ Forbidden... Forbidden... B........ 18, 25, 128

      unstablized or IB8, IP2, IP4,

      Fish scrap, T3, TP33, W31,

      unstabilized. W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Hafnium powder, 4.2 UN2545......... I......... 4.2...... W31............ None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      dry.

      II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      IP2, N34, T3,

      TP33, W31.

      III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 13, 148

      T1, TP33, W31.

      Hafnium powder, 4.1 UN1326......... II........ 4.1...... A6, A19, A20, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 74

      wetted with not IB6, IP2, N34,

      less than 25 T3, TP33, W31,

      percent water W40.

      (a visible

      excess of water

      must be

      present) (a)

      mechanically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 53

      microns; (b)

      chemically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 840

      microns.

      * * * * * * *

      Heptanes........ 3 UN1206......... II........ 3........ IB2, T4, TP2... 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B........

      * * * * * * *

      Hexanes......... 3 UN1208......... II........ 3........ IB2, T4, TP2... 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ E........

      * * * * * * *

      Hydrogen 6.1 UN1051......... I......... 6.1, 3... 1, 387, B35, None........ 195........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      cyanide, B61, B65, B77,

      stabilized with B82.

      less than 3

      percent water.

      Hydrogen 6.1 UN1614......... I......... 6.1...... 5, 387......... None........ 195........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      cyanide,

      stabilized,

      with less than

      3 percent water

      and absorbed in

      a porous inert

      material.

      * * * * * * *

      Iron oxide, 4.2 UN1376......... III....... 4.2...... B18, B134, IB8, None........ 213........ 240........ Forbidden... Forbidden... E........ 13, 148

      spent, or Iron IP4, T1, TP33,

      sponge, spent W100.

      obtained from

      coal gas

      purification.

      * * * * * * *

      Isobutyl 3 UN2527......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      acrylate, T2, TP1.

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Isobutyl 3 UN2283......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      methacrylate, T2, TP1.

      stabilized.

      Page 61791

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Isocyanates, 3 UN2478......... II........ 3, 6.1... 5, A3, A7, IB2, 150......... 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 60 L........ D........ 40

      flammable, T11, TP2,

      toxic, n.o.s. TP13, TP27,

      or Isocyanate W31.

      solutions,

      flammable,

      toxic, n.o.s.

      flash point

      less than 23

      degrees C.

      III....... 3, 6.1... 5, A3, A7, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      T7, TP1, TP13,

      TP28, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Isoprene, 3 UN1218......... I......... 3........ 387, T11, TP2.. 150......... 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ D........ 25

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Life-saving 9 UN3072......... .......... None..... 182............ None........ 219........ None....... No limit.... No limit.... A........ 122

      appliances, not

      self inflating

      containing

      dangerous goods

      as equipment.

      * * * * * * *

      Lithium......... 4.3 UN1415......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A19, IB4, 151......... 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      IP1, N45, T9,

      TP7, TP33, W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Lithium aluminum 4.3 UN1410......... I......... 4.3...... A19, W32....... None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      hydride.

      * * * * * * *

      Lithium 4.3 UN1413......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      borohydride.

      Lithium 4.3 UN2830......... II........ 4.3...... A19, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 85,

      ferrosilicon. IP4, T3, TP33, 103, 148

      W31, W40.

      Lithium hydride. 4.3 UN1414......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      Lithium hydride, 4.3 UN2805......... II........ 4.3...... A8, A19, A20, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      fused solid. IB4, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Lithium ion 9 UN3480......... .......... 9........ 422, A51, A54.. 185......... 185........ 185........ 5 kg........ 35 kg....... A.

      batteries

      including

      lithium ion

      polymer

      batteries.

      Lithium ion 9 UN3481......... .......... 9........ 181, 422, A54.. 185......... 185........ 185........ 5 kg........ 35 kg....... A. ............

      batteries

      contained in

      equipment

      including

      lithium ion

      polymer

      batteries.

      Lithium ion 9 UN3481......... .......... 9........ 181, 422, A54.. 185......... 185........ 185........ 5 kg........ 35 kg....... A.

      batteries

      packed with

      equipment

      including

      lithium ion

      polymer

      batteries.

      Lithium metal 9 UN3090......... .......... 9........ 422, A54....... 185......... 185........ 185........ Forbidden... 35 kg....... A.

      batteries

      including

      lithium alloy

      batteries.

      Lithium metal 9 UN3091......... .......... 9........ 181, 422, A54, 185......... 185........ 185........ 5 kg........ 35 kg....... A.

      batteries A101.

      contained in

      equipment

      including

      lithium alloy

      batteries.

      Lithium metal 9 UN3091......... .......... 9........ 181, 422, A54.. 185......... 185........ 185........ 5 kg........ 35 kg....... A.

      batteries

      packed with

      equipment

      including

      lithium alloy

      batteries.

      * * * * * * *

      Lithium nitride. 4.3 UN2806......... I......... 4.3...... A19, IB4, IP1, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E.

      N40, W32.

      Lithium peroxide 5.1 UN1472......... II........ 5.1...... A9, IB6, IP2, 152......... 212........ None....... 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      N34, T3, TP33, 75, 148

      W100.

      Lithium silicon. 4.3 UN1417......... II........ 4.3...... A19, A20, IB7, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 85, 103,

      IP2, IP4, T3, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Magnesium 4.3 UN1419......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N34, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      aluminum W32. 85, 148

      phosphide.

      Page 61792

      * * * * * * *

      Magnesium 4.2 UN2004......... II........ 4.2...... A8, A19, A20, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... C........ 13, 148

      diamide. IB6, T3, TP33,

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Magnesium 4.3 UN2950......... III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 52, 148

      granules, IP4, T1, TP33,

      coated, W100.

      particle size

      not less than

      149 microns.

      Magnesium 4.3 UN2010......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      hydride.

      Magnesium or 4.1 UN1869......... III....... 4.1...... A1, B134, IB8, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      Magnesium IP4, T1, TP33, 53, 74,

      alloys with W100. 101, 147,

      more than 50 148

      percent

      magnesium in

      pellets,

      turnings or

      ribbons.

      * * * * * * *

      Magnesium 5.1 UN1476......... II........ 5.1...... IB6, IP2, T3, 152......... 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      peroxide. TP33, W100. 75, 148

      Magnesium 4.3 UN2011......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. 85, 148

      Magnesium, 4.3 UN1418......... I......... 4.3, 4.2. A19, B56, W32.. None........ 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      powder or 148

      Magnesium

      alloys, powder.

      II........ 4.3, 4.2. A19, B56, IB5, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      IP2, T3, TP33, 148

      W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3, 4.2. A19, B56, IB8, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 39, 52,

      IP4, T1, TP33, 148

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Magnesium 4.3 UN2624......... II........ 4.3...... A19, A20, IB7, 151......... 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 85, 103,

      silicide. IP2, IP4, T3, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Maneb or Maneb 4.2 UN2210......... III....... 4.2, 4.3. 57, A1, A19, None........ 213........ 242........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 34, 148

      preparations IB6, T1, TP33,

      with not less W100.

      than 60 percent

      maneb.

      Maneb stabilized 4.3 UN2968......... III....... 4.3...... 54, A1, A19, 151......... 213........ 242........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B........ 13, 25, 34,

      or Maneb IB8, IP4, T1, 52, 148

      preparations, TP33, W100.

      stabilized

      against self-

      heating.

      * * * * * * *

      +............. Mercuric 6.1 UN1626......... I......... 6.1...... IB7, IP1, N74, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... A........ 52

      potassium N75, T6, TP33,

      cyanide. W31.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Metal catalyst, 4.2 UN2881......... I......... 4.2...... N34, T21, TP7, None........ 187........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... C........ 13, 147, 148

      dry. TP33, W31.

      II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, N34, None........ 187........ 242........ Forbidden... 50 kg....... C........ 13, 147, 148

      T3, TP33, W31.

      III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 187........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... C........ 13, 147, 148

      N34, T1, TP33,

      W31.

      G............. Metal catalyst, 4.2 UN1378......... II........ 4.2...... A2, A8, IB1, None........ 212........ None....... Forbidden... 50 kg....... C.

      wetted with a N34, T3, TP33,

      visible excess W31, W40.

      of liquid.

      Metal hydrides, 4.1 UN3182......... II........ 4.1...... A1, IB4, T3, 151......... 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E.

      flammable, TP33, W31, W40.

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.1...... A1, IB4, T1, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E.

      TP33, W31.

      Page 61793

      Metal hydrides, 4.3 UN1409......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N34, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      water reactive, W32.

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3...... A19, IB4, N34, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      N40, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      Metal powder, 4.2 UN3189......... II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... C........ 13, 148

      self-heating, TP33, W31.

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... C........ 13, 148

      T1, TP33, W31.

      Metal powders, 4.1 UN3089......... II........ 4.1...... IB8, IP2, IP4, 151......... 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 74, 147,

      flammable, T3, TP33, W100. 148

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.1...... IB8, IP2, IP4, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B........ 13, 74, 147,

      T1, TP33, W100. 148

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Metal salts of 4.1 UN3181......... II........ 4.1...... A1, IB8, IP2, 151......... 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 40

      organic IP4, T3, TP33,

      compounds, W31.

      flammable,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.1...... A1, IB8, IP3, 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... B........ 40

      T1, TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Metallic 4.3 UN3208......... I......... 4.3...... A7, IB4, W32... None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      substance,

      water-reactive,

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3...... A7, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      IP4, T3, TP33,

      W31.

      III....... 4.3...... A7, IB8, IP4, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 148

      T1, TP33, W31,

      W40.

      G............. Metallic 4.3 UN3209......... I......... 4.3, 4.2. A7, W32........ None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      substance,

      water-reactive,

      self-heating,

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3, 4.2. A7, IB5, IP2, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      T3, TP33, W32,

      W40.

      III....... 4.3, 4.2. A7, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 242........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 148

      T1, TP33, W32.

      Methacrylaldehyd 3 UN2396......... II........ 3, 6.1... 45, 387, IB2, 150......... 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 60 L........ D........ 25, 40

      e, stabilized. T7, TP1, TP13.

      Methacrylic 8 UN2531......... II........ 8........ 41, 387, IB2, 154......... 202........ 242........ 1 L......... 30 L........ C........ 25, 40

      acid, T7, TP1, TP18,

      stabilized. TP30.

      +............. Methacrylonitril 6.1 UN3079......... I......... 6.1, 3... 2, 387, B9, None........ 227........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 12, 25, 40

      e, stabilized. B14, B32, T20,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP38, TP45.

      * * * * * * *

      Methyl acetylene 2.1 UN1060......... .......... 2.1...... 387, N88, T50.. 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      and propadiene

      mixtures,

      stabilized.

      Methyl acrylate, 3 UN1919......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      stabilized. TP1, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      Methyl 3 UN1246......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      isopropenyl TP1.

      ketone,

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Methyl 3 UN1247......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25, 40

      methacrylate TP1.

      monomer,

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Methyl vinyl 6.1 UN1251......... I......... 6.1, 3, 8 1, 387, B9, None........ 226........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... B........ 21, 25, 40,

      ketone, B14, B30, T22, 100

      stabilized. TP2, TP13,

      TP38, TP44.

      * * * * * * *

      N-Methylaniline. 6.1 UN2294......... III....... 6.1...... IB3, T4, TP2... 153......... 203........ 241........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      * * * * * * *

      Methylcyclohexan 3 UN2296......... II........ 3........ B1, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B.

    12. TP2.

      Page 61794

      * * * * * * *

      Methyldichlorosi 4.3 UN1242......... I......... 4.3, 8, 3 A2, A3, A7, B6, None........ 201........ 243........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 21, 40, 49,

      lane. B77, N34, T14, 100

      TP2, TP7,

      TP13, W31.

      Nitric acid 8 UN2031......... II........ 8........ A6, A212, B2, None........ 158........ 242........ Forbidden... 30 L........ D........ 44, 66, 74,

      other than red B47, B53, IB2, 89, 90

      fuming, with IP15, T8, TP2.

      more than 20

      percent and

      less than 65

      percent nitric

      acid.

      * * * * * * *

      Nitrocellulose, 4.1 UN2557......... II........ 4.1...... 44, W31........ 151......... 212........ 240........ 1 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 28, 36

      with not more

      than 12.6

      percent

      nitrogen, by

      dry mass

      mixture with or

      without

      plasticizer,

      with or without

      pigment.

      * * * * * * *

      Nitrocellulose 4.1 UN2556......... II........ 4.1...... W31............ 151......... 212........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 28, 36

      with alcohol

      with not less

      than 25 percent

      alcohol by

      mass, and with

      not more than

      12.6 percent

      nitrogen, by

      dry mass.

      Nitrocellulose 4.1 UN2555......... II........ 4.1...... W31............ 151......... 212........ None....... 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      with water with

      not less than

      25 percent

      water by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Nitroguanidine, 4.1 UN1336......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      wetted or A20, N41, W31.

      Picrite, wetted

      with not less

      than 20 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      4dashNitrophen 4.1 UN3376......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      ylhydrazine, A20, N41, W31.

      with not less

      than 30 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Nitrostarch, 4.1 UN1337......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 28, 36

      wetted with not A20, N41, W31.

      less than 20

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Nonanes......... 3 UN1920......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Octanes......... 3 UN1262......... II........ 3........ IB2, T4, TP2... 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Organometallic 4.3 UN3398......... I......... 4.3...... T13, TP2, TP7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 40, 52,

      substance, TP36, TP47, 148

      liquid, water- W31.

      reactive.

      II........ 4.3...... IB1, IP2, T7, None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... D........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP2, TP7, 148

      TP36, TP47,

      W31.

      III....... 4.3...... IB2, IP4, T7, None........ 203........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP2, TP7, 148

      TP36, TP47,

      W31.

      Page 61795

      G............. Organometallic 4.3 UN3399......... I......... 4.3, 3... T13, TP2, TP7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... D........ 13, 40, 52,

      substance, TP36, TP47, 148

      liquid, water- W31.

      reactive,

      flammable.

      II........ 4.3, 3... IB1, IP2, T7, None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... D........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP2, TP7, 148

      TP36, TP47,

      W31.

      III....... 4.3, 3... IB2, IP4, T7, None........ 203........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP2, TP7, 148

      TP36, TP47,

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Organometallic 4.3 UN3395......... I......... 4.3...... N40, T9, TP7, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      substance, TP33, TP36, 14

      solid, water- TP47, W31.

      reactive.

      II........ 4.3...... IB4, T3, TP33, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 148

      W31.

      III....... 4.3...... IB6, T1, TP33, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 148

      W31.

      G............. Organometallic 4.3 UN3396......... I......... 4.3, 4.1. N40, T9, TP7, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      substance, TP33, TP36, 148

      solid, water- TP47, W31.

      reactive,

      flammable.

      II........ 4.3, 4.1. IB4, T3, TP33, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 148

      W31.

      III....... 4.3, 4.1. IB6, T1, TP33, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 148

      W31.

      G............. Organometallic 4.3 UN3397......... I......... 4.3, 4.2. N40, T9, TP7, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      substance, TP33, TP36, 148

      solid, water- TP47, W31.

      reactive, self-

      heating.

      II........ 4.3, 4.2. IB4, T3, TP33, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 14

      W31.

      III....... 4.3, 4.2. IB6, T1, TP33, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      TP36, TP47, 14

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Osmium tetroxide 6.1 UN2471......... I......... 6.1...... A8, IB7, IP1, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... B........ 40

      N33, N34, T6,

      TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Paper, 4.2 UN1379......... III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, W31.. None........ 213........ 241........ Forbidden... Forbidden... A.

      unsaturated oil

      treated

      incompletely

      dried

      (including

      carbon paper).

      * * * * * * *

      Peroxides, 5.1 UN1483......... II........ 5.1...... A7, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      inorganic, IP2, N34, T3, 75, 148

      n.o.s. TP33, W100.

      III....... 5.1...... A7, A20, B134, 152......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      IB8, IP4, N34, 75, 148

      T1, TP33, W100.

      * * * * * * *

      9- 4.2 UN2940......... II........ 4.2...... A19, IB6, IP2, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A.

      Phosphabicyclon T3, TP33, W31.

      onanes or

      Cyclooctadiene

      phosphines.

      * * * * * * *

      Phosphorus 4.1 UN1339......... II........ 4.1...... A20, IB4, N34, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 74, 147,

      heptasulfide, T3, TP33, W31. 148

      free from

      yellow or white

      phosphorus.

      * * * * * * *

      Phosphorus 4.3 UN1340......... II........ 4.3, 4.1. A20, B59, IB4, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 74, 148

      pentasulfide, T3, TP33, W31,

      free from W40.

      yellow or white

      phosphorus.

      * * * * * * *

      Phosphorus 4.1 UN1341......... II........ 4.1...... A20, IB4, N34, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 74

      sesquisulfide, T3, TP33, W31.

      free from

      yellow or white

      phosphorus.

      * * * * * * *

      Phosphorus 4.1 UN1343......... II........ 4.1...... A20, IB4, N34, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B........ 13, 74, 147,

      trisulfide, T3, TP33, W31. 148

      free from

      yellow or white

      phosphorus.

      Page 61796

      Phosphorus, 4.2 UN1381......... I......... 4.2, 6.1. B9, B26, N34, None........ 188........ 243........ Forbidden... Forbidden... E.

      white dry or T9, TP3, TP31,

      Phosphorus, W31.

      white, under

      water or

      Phosphorus

      white, in

      solution or

      Phosphorus,

      yellow dry or

      Phosphorus,

      yellow, under

      water or

      Phosphorus,

      yellow, in

      solution.

      * * * * * * *

      Pine oil........ 3 UN1272......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      alpha-Pinene.... 3 UN2368......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Polyhalogenated 9 UN3151......... II........ 9........ IB2............ 155......... 204........ 241........ 100 L....... 220 L....... A........ 95

      biphenyls,

      liquid or

      Halogenated

      monomethyldiphe

      nyl-methanes,

      liquid or

      Polyhalogenated

      terphenyls,

      liquid.

      Polyhalogenated 9 UN3152......... II........ 9........ IB8, IP2, IP4, 155......... 204........ 241........ 100 kg...... 200 kg...... A........ 95

      biphenyls, T3, TP33.

      solid or

      Halogenated

      monomethyldiphe

      nyl-methanes,

      solid or

      Polyhalogenated

      terphenyls,

      solid.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium....... 4.3 UN2257......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A19, A20, 151......... 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 52

      B27, IB4, IP1,

      N6, N34, T9,

      TP7, TP33, W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 4.3 UN1870......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      borohydride.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 6.1 UN1680......... I......... 6.1...... B69, B77, IB7, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... B........ 52

      cyanide, solid. IP1, N74, N75,

      T6, TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 6.1 UN3413......... I......... 6.1...... B69, B77, N74, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ B........ 52

      cyanide N75, T14, TP2,

      solution. TP13, W31.

      II........ 6.1...... B69, B77, IB2, 153......... 202........ 243........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B........ 52

      N74, N75, T11,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP27, W31.

      III....... 6.1...... B69, B77, IB3, 153......... 203........ 241........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A........ 52

      N74, N75, T7,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP28, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 4.2 UN1929......... II........ 4.2...... A8, A19, A20, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13

      dithionite or IB6, IP2, T3,

      Potassium TP33, W31.

      hydrosulfite.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium, metal 4.3 UN1420......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A19, A20, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      alloys, liquid. B27, W31. 148

      Page 61797

      Potassium, metal 4.3 UN3403......... I......... 4.3...... A19, A20, B27, None........ 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      alloys, solid. IB4, IP1, T9,

      TP7, TP33, W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 4.3 UN2012......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. 85, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium sodium 4.3 UN1422......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A19, B27, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      alloys, liquid. N34, N40, T9, 148

      TP3, TP7,

      TP31, W31.

      Potassium sodium 4.3 UN3404......... I......... 4.3...... A19, B27, N34, None........ 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      alloys, solid. N40, T9, TP7,

      TP33, W32.

      Potassium 4.2 UN1382......... II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, B16, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 52

      sulfide, IB6, IP2, N34,

      anhydrous or T3, TP33, W31,

      Potassium W40.

      sulfide with

      less than 30

      percent water

      of

      crystallization.

      * * * * * * *

      Potassium 5.1 UN2466......... I......... 5.1...... A20, IB6, IP1.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 66,

      superoxide. 75, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Propadiene, 2.1 UN2200......... .......... 2.1...... 387............ None........ 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Propellant, 1.4C UN0501......... II........ 1.4C..... ............... None........ 62......... None....... Forbidden... 75 kg....... 2........ 25

      solid.

      * * * * * * *

      Propylene 3 UN2850......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      tetramer. TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Propyleneimine, 3 UN1921......... I......... 3, 6.1... 387, A3, N34, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ D........ 25, 40

      stabilized. T14, TP2, TP13.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Pyrophoric 4.2 UN2845......... I......... 4.2...... B11, T22, TP2, None........ 181........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 78, 148

      liquids, TP7, W31.

      organic, n.o.s.

      G............. Pyrophoric 4.2 UN1383......... I......... 4.2...... B11, T21, TP7, None........ 187........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      metals, n.o.s., TP33, W31.

      or Pyrophoric

      alloys, n.o.s.

      G............. Pyrophoric 4.2 UN3200......... I......... 4.2...... T21, TP7, TP33, None........ 187........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      solid, W31.

      inorganic,

      n.o.s.

      G............. Pyrophoric 4.2 UN2846......... I......... 4.2...... W31............ None........ 187........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      solids,

      organic, n.o.s.

      * * * * * * *

      Radioactive 7 UN3322......... .......... 7........ A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 427........ 427........ ............ ............ A........ 95, 150

      material, low W7. 428.

      specific

      activity (LSA-

      III) non

      fissile or

      fissile

      excepted.

      * * * * * * *

      Radioactive 7 UN2978......... .......... 7, 6.1, 8 ............... 423......... 420, 427... 420, 427... ............ ............ B........ 40, 95, 132

      material,

      uranium

      hexafluoride

      non fissile or

      fissile-

      excepted.

      Radioactive 7 UN2977......... .......... 7, 6.1, 8 ............... 453......... 417, 420... 417, 420... ............ ............ B........ 40, 95, 132

      material,

      uranium

      hexafluoride,

      fissile.

      * * * * * * *

      Rubidium........ 4.3 UN1423......... I......... 4.3...... 22, A7, A19, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      IB4, IP1, N34,

      N40, N45, W32.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3188......... II........ 4.2, 8... IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid,

      corrosive,

      inorganic,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2, 8... IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3185......... II........ 4.2, 8... IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid,

      corrosive,

      organic, n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2, 8... IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      Page 61798

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3186......... II........ 4.2...... IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 242........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid,

      inorganic,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2...... IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3183......... II........ 4.2...... IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 242........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid,

      organic, n.o.s..

      III....... 4.2...... IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3187......... II........ 4.2, 6.1. IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid, toxic,

      inorganic,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2, 6.1. IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3184......... II........ 4.2, 6.1. IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... C.

      liquid, toxic,

      organic, n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2, 6.1. IB2, W31....... None........ 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3190......... II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... C.

      solid, TP33, W31.

      inorganic,

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... C.

      TP33, W31.

      G............. Self-heating 4.2 UN3088......... II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... C.

      solid, organic, TP33, W31.

      n.o.s.

      III....... 4.2...... B116, B130, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... C.

      IB8, IP3, T1,

      TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Silver picrate, 4.1 UN1347......... I......... 4.1...... 23, W31........ None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 28, 36

      wetted with not

      less than 30

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium.......... 4.3 UN1428......... I......... 4.3...... A7, A8, A19, 151......... 211........ 244........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 52, 148

      A20, B9, B48,

      B68, IB4, IP1,

      N34, T9, TP7,

      TP33, TP46,

      W32.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium aluminum 4.3 UN2835......... II........ 4.3...... A8, A19, A20, 151......... 212........ 242........ Forbidden... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      hydride. IB4, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium 4.3 UN1426......... I......... 4.3...... N40, W32....... None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      borohydride.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium cyanide, 6.1 UN1689......... I......... 6.1...... B69, B77, IB7, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 50 kg....... B........ 52

      solid. N74, N75, T6,

      TP33, W31.

      Sodium cyanide 6.1 UN3414......... I......... 6.1...... B69, B77, N74, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ B........ 52

      solution. N75, T14, TP2,

      TP13, W31.

      II........ 6.1...... B69, B77, IB2, 153......... 202........ 243........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B........ 52

      N74, N75, T11,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP27, W31.

      III....... 6.1...... B69, B77, IB3, 153......... 203........ 241........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A........ 52

      N74, N75, T7,

      TP2, TP13,

      TP28, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium dinitro-o- 4.1 UN3369......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      cresolate, N41, N84, W31.

      wetted with not

      less than 10%

      water, by mass.

      Page 61799

      Sodium dinitro-o- 4.1 UN1348......... I......... 4.1, 6.1. 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      cresolate, A20, N41, W31.

      wetted with not

      less than 15

      percent water,

      by mass.

      Sodium 4.2 UN1384......... II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13

      dithionite or IP2, T3, TP33,

      Sodium W31.

      hydrosulfite.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium hydride.. 4.3 UN1427......... I......... 4.3...... A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 52, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium 4.2 UN2318......... II........ 4.2...... A7, A19, A20, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 52

      hydrosulfide, IB6, IP2, T3,

      with less than TP33, W31.

      25 percent

      water of

      crystallization.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium methylate 4.2 UN1431......... II........ 4.2, 8... A7, A19, IB5, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... B.

      IP2, T3, TP33,

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium phosphide 4.3 UN1432......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      85, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium 4.1 UN1349......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      picramate, N41, W31.

      wetted with not

      less than 20

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Sodium sulfide, 4.2 UN1385......... II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 52

      anhydrous or IP2, N34, T3,

      Sodium sulfide TP33, W31, W40.

      with less than

      30 percent

      water of

      crystallization.

      * * * * * * *

      Stannic 4.3 UN1433......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. 85, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Strontium 5.1 UN1509......... II........ 5.1...... IB6, IP2, T3, 152......... 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      peroxide. TP33, W100. 75, 148

      Strontium 4.3 UN2013......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      phosphide. 85, 148

      * * * * * * *

      Styrene monomer, 3 UN2055......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      stabilized. T2, TP1.

      * * * * * * *

      +............. Sulfur trioxide, 8 UN1829......... I......... 8, 6.1... 2, 387, B9, None........ 227........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... A........ 25, 40

      stabilized. B14, B32, B49,

      B77, N34, T20,

      TP4, TP13,

      TP25, TP26,

      TP38, TP45.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Tear gas 6.1 UN1693......... I......... 6.1...... W31............ None........ 201........ None....... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      substances,

      liquid, n.o.s.

      II........ 6.1...... IB2, W31....... None........ 202........ None....... Forbidden... 5 L......... D........ 40

      G............. Tear gas 6.1 UN3448......... I......... 6.1...... T6, TP33, W31.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 40

      substance,

      solid, n.o.s.

      II........ 6.1...... IB8, IP2, IP4, None........ 212........ 242........ Forbidden... 25 kg....... D........ 40

      T3, TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Tetrafluoroethyl 2.1 UN1081......... .......... 2.1...... 387............ 306......... 304........ None....... Forbidden... 150 kg...... E........ 25, 40

      ene, stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      4-Thiapentanal.. 6.1 UN2785......... III....... 6.1...... IB3, T4, TP1, 153......... 203........ 241........ 60 L........ 220 L....... D........ 25, 49

      W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Thiourea dioxide 4.2 UN3341......... II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D.

      TP33, W31.

      Page 61800

      III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D.

      TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Titanium 4.2 UN3174......... III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A.

      disulphide. TP33, W31.

      Titanium hydride 4.1 UN1871......... II........ 4.1...... A19, A20, IB4, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E.

      N34, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      Titanium powder, 4.2 UN2546......... I......... 4.2...... W31............ None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      dry.

      II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      IP2, N5, N34,

      T3, TP33, W31.

      III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 13, 148

      T1, TP33, W31.

      Titanium powder, 4.1 UN1352......... II........ 4.1...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 74

      wetted with not IP2, N34, T3,

      less than 25 TP33, W31, W40.

      percent water

      (a visible

      excess of water

      must be

      present) (a)

      mechanically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 53

      microns; (b)

      chemically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 840

      microns.

      Titanium sponge 4.1 UN2878......... III....... 4.1...... A1, B134, IB8, None........ 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 13, 74, 147,

      granules or IP4, T1, TP33, 148

      Titanium sponge W100.

      powders.

      * * * * * * *

      Titanium 4.2 UN2441......... I......... 4.2, 8... N34, W31....... None........ 181........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 40, 148

      trichloride,

      pyrophoric or

      Titanium

      trichloride

      mixtures,

      pyrophoric.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Toxic by 6.1 UN3490......... I......... 6.1, 4.3, 1, B9, B14, None........ 226........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 21, 40,

      inhalation 3. B30, T22, TP2, 49, 148

      liquid, water- TP13, TP27,

      reactive, TP38, TP44.

      flammable,

      n.o.s. with an

      LC50 lower than

      or equal to 200

      ml/m3 and

      saturated vapor

      concentration

      greater than or

      equal to 500

      LC50.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Toxic solids, 6.1 UN3125......... I......... 6.1, 4.3. A5, T6, TP33, None........ 211........ 242........ 5 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 13, 40, 148

      water-reactive, W100.

      n.o.s.

      * * * * * * *

      Trichlorosilane. 4.3 UN1295......... I......... 4.3, 3, 8 N34, T14, TP2, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 21, 40, 49,

      TP7, TP13, W31. 100

      * * * * * * *

      Trifluorochloroe 2.3 UN1082......... .......... 2.3, 2.1. 3, 387, B14, None........ 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 25, 40

      thylene, T50.

      stabilized or

      Refrigerant gas

      R 1113.

      * * * * * * *

      1,3,5- 3 UN2325......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      Trimethylbenzen TP2.

      e.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrobenzene, 4.1 UN3367......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 3

      wetted, with N41, N84, W31.

      not less than

      10% water, by

      mass.

      Page 61801

      Trinitrobenzene, 4.1 UN1354......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A2, A8, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      wetted with not A19, N41, W31.

      less than 30

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrobenzoic 4.1 UN3368......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      acid, wetted N41, N84, W31.

      with not less

      than 10% water

      by mass.

      Trinitrobenzoic 4.1 UN1355......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A2, A8, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      acid, wetted A19, N41, W31.

      with not less

      than 30 percent

      water, by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrochlorobe 4.1 UN3365......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      nzene (picryl N41, N84, W31.

      chloride),

      wetted, with

      not less than

      10% water by

      mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrophenol 4.1 UN3364......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      (picric acid), N41, N84, W31.

      wetted, with

      not less than

      10 percent

      water by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrophenol, 4.1 UN1344......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      wetted with not N41, W31.

      less than 30

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Trinitrotoluene 4.1 UN3366......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      (TNT), wetted, N41, N84, W31.

      with not less

      than 10 percent

      water by mass.

      Trinitrotoluene, 4.1 UN1356......... I......... 4.1...... 23, A2, A8, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      wetted or TNT, A19, N41, W31.

      wetted, with

      not less than

      30 percent

      water by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Tripropylene.... 3 UN2057......... II........ 3........ IB2, T4, TP2... 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ B.

      III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Turpentine...... 3 UN1299......... III....... 3........ B1, IB3, T2, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... A.

      TP2.

      * * * * * * *

      Uranium 6.1 UN3507......... I......... 6.1, 7, 8 369............ 420......... None....... None....... Less than .1 Less than .1 A........ 132

      hexafluoride, kg. kg.

      radioactive

      material,

      excepted

      package, less

      than 0.1 kg per

      package, non-

      fissile or

      fissile-

      excepted.

      * * * * * * *

      Urea nitrate, 4.1 UN3370......... I......... 4.1...... 162, A8, A19, None........ 211........ None....... 0.5 kg...... 0.5 kg...... E........ 28, 36

      wetted, with N41, N84, W31.

      not less than

      10 percent

      water by mass.

      Urea nitrate, 4.1 UN1357......... I......... 4.1...... 23, 39, A8, None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... E........ 28, 36

      wetted with not A19, N41, W31.

      less than 20

      percent water,

      by mass.

      * * * * * * *

      Vinyl acetate, 3 UN1301......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      stabilized. TP1.

      Vinyl bromide, 2.1 UN1085......... .......... 2.1...... 387, N86, T50.. 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... C........ 25, 40

      stabilized.

      Vinyl butyrate, 3 UN2838......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      stabilized. TP1.

      Vinyl chloride, 2.1 UN1086......... .......... 2.1...... 21, 387, B44, 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      stabilized. N86, T50.

      Vinyl ethyl 3 UN1302......... I......... 3........ 387, A3, T11, None........ 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ D........ 25

      ether, TP2.

      stabilized.

      Vinyl fluoride, 2.1 UN1860......... .......... 2.1...... 387, N86....... 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... E........ 25, 40

      stabilized.

      Vinyl isobutyl 3 UN1304......... II........ 3........ 387, IB2, T4, 150......... 202........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ C........ 25

      ether, TP1.

      stabilized.

      Vinyl methyl 2.1 UN1087......... .......... 2.1...... 387, B44, T50.. 306......... 304........ 314, 315... Forbidden... 150 kg...... B........ 25, 40

      ether,

      stabilized.

      * * * * * * *

      Vinylidene 3 UN1303......... I......... 3........ 387, T12, TP2, 150......... 201........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ D........ 25, 40

      chloride, TP7.

      stabilized.

      Page 61802

      Vinylpyridines, 6.1 UN3073......... II........ 6.1, 3, 8 387, IB1, T7, 153......... 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 30 L........ B........ 21, 25, 40,

      stabilized. TP2, TP13. 52, 100

      Vinyltoluenes, 3 UN2618......... III....... 3........ 387, B1, IB3, 150......... 203........ 242........ 60 L........ 220 L....... C........ 25

      stabilized. T2, TP1.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN3148......... I......... 4.3...... T13, TP2, TP7, None........ 201........ 244........ Forbidden... 1 L......... E........ 13, 40, 148

      liquid, n.o.s. TP41, W31.

      II........ 4.3...... IB1, T7, TP2, None........ 202........ 243........ 1 L......... 5 L......... E........ 13, 40, 148

      TP7, W31.

      III....... 4.3...... IB2, T7, TP2, None........ 203........ 242........ 5 L......... 60 L........ E........ 13, 40, 148

      TP7, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN3131......... I......... 4.3, 8... IB4, IP1, N40, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      solid, T9, TP7, TP33,

      corrosive, W31.

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3, 8... IB6, IP2, T3, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 85, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3, 8... IB8, IP4, T1, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 85, 148

      TP33, W31.

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN3132......... I......... 4.3, 4.1. IB4, N40, W31.. None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      solid,

      flammable,

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3, 4.1. IB4, T3, TP33, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 148

      W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3, 4.1. IB6, T1, TP33, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 148

      W31.

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN2813......... I......... 4.3...... IB4, N40, T9, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      solid, n.o.s. TP7, TP33, W32.

      II........ 4.3...... B132, IB7, IP2, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 148

      IP4, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3...... B132, IB8, IP4, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 40, 148

      T1, TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN3135......... I......... 4.3, 4.2. N40, W31....... None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 148

      solid, self-

      heating, n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3, 4.2. IB5, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      ............... III....... 4.3, 4.2. IB8, IP4, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 148

      TP33, W31.

      G............. Water-reactive 4.3 UN3134......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A8, IB4, IP1, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      solid, toxic, N40, W31.

      n.o.s.

      II........ 4.3, 6.1. IB5, IP2, T3, 151......... 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 85, 148

      TP33, W31, W40.

      III....... 4.3, 6.1. IB8, IP4, T1, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... E........ 13, 85, 148

      TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Xanthates....... 4.2 UN3342......... II........ 4.2...... IB6, IP2, T3, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 40

      TP33, W31.

      III....... 4.2...... IB8, IP3, T1, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 40

      TP33, W31.

      * * * * * * *

      Xylyl bromide, 6.1 UN1701......... II........ 6.1...... A3, A6, A7, None........ 340........ None....... Forbidden... 60 L........ D........ 40

      liquid. IB2, N33, T7,

      TP2, TP13, W31.

      Page 61803

      * * * * * * *

      Zinc ashes...... 4.3 UN1435......... III....... 4.3...... A1, A19, IB8, 151......... 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 148

      IP4, T1, TP33,

      W100.

      * * * * * * *

      Zinc chloride, 8 UN1840......... III....... 8........ IB3, T4, TP2... 154......... 203........ 241........ 5 L......... 60 L........ A.

      solution.

      * * * * * * *

      Zinc peroxide... 5.1 UN1516......... II........ 5.1...... IB6, IP2, T3, 152......... 212........ 242........ 5 kg........ 25 kg....... C........ 13, 52, 66,

      TP33, W100. 75, 148

      Zinc phosphide.. 4.3 UN1714......... I......... 4.3, 6.1. A19, N40, W32.. None........ 211........ None....... Forbidden... 15 kg....... E........ 13, 40, 52,

      85, 148

      Zinc powder or 4.3 UN1436......... I......... 4.3, 4.2. A19, IB4, IP1, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... 15 kg....... A........ 13, 52, 53,

      Zinc dust. N40, W31. 148

      II........ 4.3, 4.2. A19, IB7, IP2, None........ 212........ 242........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... A........ 13, 52, 53,

      T3, TP33, W31, 148

      W40.

      III....... 4.3, 4.2. IB8, IP4, T1, None........ 213........ 242........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 52, 53,

      TP33, W31. 148

      Zirconium 4.1 UN1437......... II........ 4.1...... A19, A20, IB4, None........ 212........ 240........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E.

      hydride. N34, T3, TP33,

      W31, W40.

      * * * * * * *

      Zirconium, dry, 4.1 UN2858......... III....... 4.1...... A1, W100....... 151......... 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... A........ 13, 147, 148

      coiled wire,

      finished metal

      sheets, strip

      (thinner than

      254 microns but

      not thinner

      than 18

      microns).

      Zirconium, dry, 4.2 UN2009......... III....... 4.2...... A1, A19, W31... None........ 213........ 240........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 13, 148

      finished

      sheets, strip

      or coiled wire.

      * * * * * * *

      Zirconium 4.1 UN1517......... I......... 4.1...... 23, N41, W31... None........ 211........ None....... 1 kg........ 15 kg....... D........ 28, 36

      picramate,

      wetted with not

      less than 20

      percent water,

      by mass.

      Zirconium 4.2 UN2008......... I......... 4.2...... T21, TP7, TP33, None........ 211........ 242........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      powder, dry. W31.

      II........ 4.2...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... D........ 13, 148

      IP2, N5, N34,

      T3, TP33, W31.

      III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 241........ 25 kg....... 100 kg...... D........ 13, 148

      T1, TP33, W31.

      Zirconium 4.1 UN1358......... II........ 4.1...... A19, A20, IB6, None........ 212........ 241........ 15 kg....... 50 kg....... E........ 13, 74, 147,

      powder, wetted IP2, N34, T3, 148

      with not less TP33, W31, W40.

      than 25 percent

      water (a

      visible excess

      of water must

      be present) (a)

      mechanically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 53

      microns; (b)

      chemically

      produced,

      particle size

      less than 840

      microns.

      Zirconium scrap. 4.2 UN1932......... III....... 4.2...... B135, IB8, IP4, None........ 213........ 240........ Forbidden... Forbidden... D........ 13, 148

      N34, T1, TP33,

      W31.

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Page 61804

      * * * * *

      0

      13. In Appendix B to Sec. 172.101, the List of Marine Pollutants is amended by adding six (6) entries in appropriate alphabetical order to read as follows:

      Appendix B to Sec. 172.101--List of Marine Pollutants

      * * * * *

      List of Marine Pollutants

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      S.M.P. (1) Marine pollutant (2)

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      * * * * *

      Hexanes.

      * * * * *

      Hypochlorite solutions.

      * * * * *

      Isoprene, stabilized.

      * * * * *

      N-Methylaniline.

      * * * * *

      Methylcyclohexane.

      * * * * *

      Tripropylene.

      * * * * *

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      0

      14. In Sec. 172.102:

      0

    13. In paragraph (c)(1):

      0

      1. Revise special provisions 40, 134, and 135;

      0

      2. Add special provisions 157, 181, and 182;

      0

      3. Revise special provisions 238 and 369; and

      0

      4. Add special provisions, 379, 387, and 422.

      0

    14. In paragraph (c)(2), special provisions A210 and A212 are added.

      0

    15. In paragraph (c)(3), special provisions B134 and B135 are added.

      0

    16. In paragraph (c)(4), Table 2--IP Codes is revised.

      0

    17. In paragraph (c)(5), special provision N90 is revised and N92 is added.

      0

    18. In paragraph (c)(9), special provisions W31, W32, W40, and W100 are added.

      The additions and revisions read as follows:

      Sec. 172.102 Special Provisions.

      * * * * *

      (c) * * *

      (1) * * *

      40 Polyester resin kits consist of two components: A base material (either Class 3 or Division 4.1, Packing Group II or III) and an activator (organic peroxide), each separately packed in an inner packaging. The organic peroxide must be type D, E, or F, not requiring temperature control. The components may be placed in the same outer packaging provided they will not interact dangerously in the event of leakage. The Packing Group assigned will be II or III, according to the classification criteria for either Class 3 or Division 4.1, as appropriate, applied to the base material. Additionally, unless otherwise excepted in this subchapter, polyester resin kits must be packaged in specification combination packagings based on the performance level of the base material contained within the kit.

      * * * * *

      134 This entry only applies to vehicles powered by wet batteries, sodium batteries, lithium metal batteries or lithium ion batteries and equipment powered by wet batteries or sodium batteries that are transported with these batteries installed.

    19. For the purpose of this special provision, vehicles are self-

      propelled apparatus designed to carry one or more persons or goods. Examples of such vehicles are electrically-powered cars, motorcycles, scooters, three- and four-wheeled vehicles or motorcycles, trucks, locomotives, bicycles (pedal cycles with an electric motor) and other vehicles of this type (e.g. self-balancing vehicles or vehicles not equipped with at least one seating position), lawn tractors, self-

      propelled farming and construction equipment, boats, aircraft, wheelchairs and other mobility aids. This includes vehicles transported in a packaging. In this case some parts of the vehicle may be detached from its frame to fit into the packaging.

    20. Examples of equipment are lawnmowers, cleaning machines or model boats and model aircraft. Equipment powered by lithium metal batteries or lithium ion batteries must be consigned under the entries ``Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment'' or ``Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment'' or ``Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment'' or ``Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment'' as appropriate.

    21. Self-propelled vehicles or equipment that also contain an internal combustion engine must be consigned under the entries ``Engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered'' or ``Engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered'' or ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered'' or ``Vehicle, flammable liquid powered,'' as appropriate. These entries include hybrid electric vehicles powered by both an internal combustion engine and batteries. Additionally, self-propelled vehicles or equipment that contain a fuel cell engine must be consigned under the entries ``Engine, fuel cell, flammable gas powered'' or ``Engine, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered'' or ``Vehicle, fuel cell, flammable gas powered'' or ``Vehicle, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered,'' as appropriate. These entries include hybrid electric vehicles powered by a fuel cell engine, an internal combustion engine, and batteries.

      135 Internal combustion engines installed in a vehicle must be consigned under the entries ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered'' or ``Vehicle, flammable liquid powered,'' as appropriate. If a vehicle is powered by a flammable liquid and a flammable gas internal combustion engine, it must be consigned under the entry ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered.'' These entries include hybrid electric vehicles powered by both an internal combustion engine and wet, sodium or lithium batteries installed. If a fuel cell engine is installed in a vehicle, the vehicle must be consigned using the entries ``Vehicle, fuel cell, flammable gas powered'' or ``Vehicle, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered,'' as appropriate. These entries include hybrid electric vehicles powered by a fuel cell, an internal combustion engine, and wet, sodium or lithium batteries installed. For the purpose of this special provision, vehicles are self-propelled apparatus designed to carry one or more persons or goods. Examples of such vehicles are cars, motorcycles, trucks, locomotives, scooters, three- and four-wheeled vehicles or motorcycles, lawn tractors, self-propelled farming and construction equipment, boats and aircraft.

      * * * * *

      157 When transported as a limited quantity or a consumer commodity, the maximum net capacity specified in Sec. 173.151(b)(1)(i) of this subchapter for inner packagings may be increased to 5 kg (11 pounds).

      * * * * *

      181 When a package contains a combination of lithium batteries contained in equipment and lithium batteries packed with equipment, the following requirements apply:

    22. The shipper must ensure that all applicable requirements of Sec. 173.185 are met. The total mass of lithium batteries contained in any package must not exceed the quantity limits in columns 9A and 9B for passenger aircraft or cargo aircraft, as applicable;

    23. except as provided in Sec. 173.185(c)(3), the package must be marked ``UN 3091 Lithium metal

      Page 61805

      batteries packed with equipment'', or ``UN 3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment,'' as appropriate. If a package contains both lithium metal batteries and lithium ion batteries packed with and contained in equipment, the package must be marked as required for both battery types. However, button cell batteries installed in equipment (including circuit boards) need not be considered; and

    24. the shipping paper must indicate ``UN 3091 Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment'' or ``UN 3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment,'' as appropriate. If a package contains both lithium metal batteries and lithium ion batteries packed with and contained in equipment, then the shipping paper must indicate both ``UN 3091 Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment'' and ``UN 3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment.''

      182 Equipment containing only lithium batteries must be classified as either UN 3091 or UN 3481.

      * * * * *

      238 Neutron radiation detectors: a. Neutron radiation detectors containing non-pressurized boron trifluoride gas in excess of 1 gram (0.035 ounces) and radiation detection systems containing such neutron radiation detectors as components may be transported by highway, rail, vessel, or cargo aircraft in accordance with the following:

    25. Each radiation detector must meet the following conditions:

      (1) The pressure in each neutron radiation detector must not exceed 105 kPa absolute at 20 degC (68 degF);

      (2) The amount of gas must not exceed 13 grams (0.45 ounces) per detector; and

      (3) Each neutron radiation detector must be of welded metal construction with brazed metal to ceramic feed through assemblies. These detectors must have a minimum burst pressure of 1800 kPa as demonstrated by design type qualification testing; and

      (4) Each detector must be tested to a 1 x 10-10 cm\3\/s leaktightness standard before filling.

    26. Radiation detectors transported as individual components must be transported as follows:

      (1) They must be packed in a sealed intermediate plastic liner with sufficient absorbent or adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the entire gas contents.

      (2) They must be packed in strong outer packagings and the completed package must be capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9 feet) drop without leakage of gas contents from detectors.

      (3) The total amount of gas from all detectors per outer packaging must not exceed 52 grams (1.83 ounces).

    27. Completed neutron radiation detection systems containing detectors meeting the conditions of paragraph a(1) of this special provision must be transported as follows:

      (1) The detectors must be contained in a strong sealed outer casing;

      (2) The casing must contain include sufficient absorbent or adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the entire gas contents;

      (3) The completed system must be packed in strong outer packagings capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9 feet) drop test without leakage unless a system's outer casing affords equivalent protection.

    28. Except for transportation by aircraft, neutron radiation detectors and radiation detection systems containing such detectors transported in accordance with paragraph a. of this special provision are not subject to the labeling and placarding requirements of part 172 of this subchapter.

    29. When transported by highway, rail, vessel, or as cargo on an aircraft, neutron radiation detectors containing not more than 1 gram of boron trifluoride, including those with solder glass joints are not subject to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they meet the requirements in paragraph a(1) of this special provision and are packed in accordance with paragraph a(2) of this special provision. Radiation detection systems containing such detectors are not subject to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they are packed in accordance with paragraph a(3) of this special provision.

      * * * * *

      369 In accordance with Sec. 173.2a, this radioactive material in an excepted package possessing corrosive properties is classified in Division 6.1 with a radioactive material and corrosive subsidiary risk. Uranium hexafluoride may be classified under this entry only if the conditions of Sec. Sec. 173.420(a)(4) and (6), 173.420(d), 173.421(b) and (d), and, for fissile-excepted material, the conditions of 173.453 of this subchapter are met. In addition to the provisions applicable to the transport of Division 6.1 substances, the provisions of Sec. Sec. 173.421(c), and 173.443(a) of this subchapter apply. In addition, packages shall be legibly and durably marked with an identification of the consignor, the consignee, or both. No Class 7 label is required to be displayed. The consignor shall be in possession of a copy of each applicable certificate when packages include fissile material excepted by competent authority approval. When a consignment is undeliverable, the consignment shall be placed in a safe location and the appropriate competent authority shall be informed as soon as possible and a request made for instructions on further action. If it is evident that a package of radioactive material, or conveyance carrying unpackaged radioactive material, is leaking, or if it is suspected that the package, or conveyance carrying unpackaged material, may have leaked, the requirements of Sec. 173.443(e) of this subchapter apply.

      * * * * *

      379 When offered for transport by highway, rail, or cargo vessel, anhydrous ammonia adsorbed or absorbed on a solid contained in ammonia dispensing systems or receptacles intended to form part of such systems is not subject to the requirements of this subchapter if the following conditions in this provision are met. In addition to meeting the conditions in this provision, transport on cargo aircraft only may be authorized with prior approval of the Associate Administrator.

    30. The adsorption or absorption presents the following properties:

      (1) The pressure at a temperature of 20 degC (68 degF) in the receptacle is less than 0.6 bar (60 kPa);

      (2) The pressure at a temperature of 35 degC (95 degF) in the receptacle is less than 1 bar (100 kPa);

      (3) The pressure at a temperature of 85 degC (185 degF) in the receptacle is less than 12 bar (1200 kPa).

    31. The adsorbent or absorbent material shall not meet the definition or criteria for inclusion in Classes 1 to 8;

    32. The maximum contents of a receptacle shall be 10 kg of ammonia; and

    33. Receptacles containing adsorbed or absorbed ammonia shall meet the following conditions:

      (1) Receptacles shall be made of a material compatible with ammonia as specified in ISO 11114-1:2012 (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter);

      (2) Receptacles and their means of closure shall be hermetically sealed and able to contain the generated ammonia;

      (3) Each receptacle shall be able to withstand the pressure generated at 85 degC (185 degF) with a volumetric expansion no greater than 0.1%;

      (4) Each receptacle shall be fitted with a device that allows for gas evacuation once pressure exceeds 15 bar (1500 kPa) without violent rupture, explosion or projection; and

      (5) Each receptacle shall be able to withstand a pressure of 20 bar (2000

      Page 61806

      kPa) without leakage when the pressure relief device is deactivated.

    34. When offered for transport in an ammonia dispenser, the receptacles shall be connected to the dispenser in such a way that the assembly is guaranteed to have the same strength as a single receptacle.

    35. The properties of mechanical strength mentioned in this special provision shall be tested using a prototype of a receptacle and/or dispenser filled to nominal capacity, by increasing the temperature until the specified pressures are reached.

    36. The test results shall be documented, shall be traceable, and shall be made available to a representative of the Department upon request.

      * * * * *

      387 When materials are stabilized by temperature control, the provisions of Sec. 173.21(f) apply. When chemical stabilization is employed, the person offering the material for transport shall ensure that the level of stabilization is sufficient to prevent the material as packaged from dangerous polymerization at 50 degC (122emsp14degF). If chemical stabilization becomes ineffective at lower temperatures within the anticipated duration of transport, temperature control is required and is forbidden by aircraft. In making this determination factors to be taken into consideration include, but are not limited to, the capacity and geometry of the packaging and the effect of any insulation present, the temperature of the material when offered for transport, the duration of the journey, and the ambient temperature conditions typically encountered in the journey (considering also the season of year), the effectiveness and other properties of the stabilizer employed, applicable operational controls imposed by regulation (e.g., requirements to protect from sources of heat, including other cargo carried at a temperature above ambient) and any other relevant factors.

      * * * * *

      422 When labelling is required, the label to be used must be the label shown in Sec. 172.447. Labels conforming to requirements in place on December 31, 2016 may continue to be used until December 31, 2018. When a placard is displayed, the placard must be the placard shown in Sec. 172.560.

      * * * * *

      (2) * * *

      A210 This substance is forbidden for transport by air. It may be transported on cargo aircraft only with the prior approval of the Associate Administrator.

      * * * * *

      A212 ``UN 2031, Nitric acid, other than red fuming, with more than 20% and less than 65% nitric acid'' intended for use in sterilization devices only, may be transported on passenger aircraft irrespective of the indication of ``forbidden'' in columns (9A) of the Sec. 172.101 table provided that:

    37. Each inner packaging contains not more than 30 mL;

    38. Each inner packaging is contained in a sealed leak-proof intermediate packaging with sufficient absorbent material capable of containing the contents of the inner packaging;

    39. Intermediate packagings are securely packed in an outer packaging of a type permitted by Sec. 173.158(g) which meet the requirements of part 178 of the HMR at the Packing Group I performance level;

    40. The maximum quantity of nitric acid in the package does not exceed 300 mL; and

    41. Transport in accordance with this special provision must be noted on the shipping paper.

      * * * * *

      (3) * * *

      B134 For Large Packagings offered for transport by vessel, flexible or fibre inner packagings shall be sift-proof and water-resistant or shall be fitted with a sift-proof and water-resistant liner.

      B135 For Large Packagings offered for transport by vessel, flexible or fibre inner packagings shall be hermetically sealed.

      * * * * *

      (4) * * *

      Table 2--IP Codes

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      IP code

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      IP1......................... IBCs must be packed in closed freight

      containers or a closed transport vehicle.

      IP2......................... When IBCs other than metal or rigid

      plastics IBCs are used, they must be

      offered for transportation in a closed

      freight container or a closed transport

      vehicle.

      IP3......................... Flexible IBCs must be sift-proof and water-

      resistant or must be fitted with a sift-

      proof and water-resistant liner.

      IP4......................... Flexible, fiberboard or wooden IBCs must

      be sift-proof and water-resistant or be

      fitted with a sift-proof and water-

      resistant liner.

      IP5......................... IBCs must have a device to allow venting.

      The inlet to the venting device must be

      located in the vapor space of the IBC

      under maximum filling conditions.

      IP6......................... Non-specification bulk bins are

      authorized.

      IP7......................... For UN identification numbers 1327, 1363,

      1364, 1365, 1386, 1841, 2211, 2217, 2793

      and 3314, IBCs are not required to meet

      the IBC performance tests specified in

      part 178, subpart N of this subchapter.

      IP8......................... Ammonia solutions may be transported in

      rigid or composite plastic IBCs (31H1,

      31H2 and 31HZ1) that have successfully

      passed, without leakage or permanent

      deformation, the hydrostatic test

      specified in Sec. 178.814 of this

      subchapter at a test pressure that is not

      less than 1.5 times the vapor pressure of

      the contents at 55 degC (131 degF).

      IP13........................ Transportation by vessel in IBCs is

      prohibited.

      IP14........................ Air must be eliminated from the vapor

      space by nitrogen or other means.

      IP15........................ For UN2031 with more than 55% nitric acid,

      rigid plastic IBCs and composite IBCs

      with a rigid plastic inner receptacle are

      authorized for two years from the date of

      IBC manufacture.

      IP16........................ IBCs of type 31A and 31N are only

      authorized if approved by the Associate

      Administrator.

      IP19........................ For UN identification numbers 3531, 3532,

      3533, and 3534, IBCs must be designed and

      constructed to permit the release of gas

      or vapor to prevent a build-up of

      pressure that could rupture the IBCs in

      the event of loss of stabilization.

      IP20........................ Dry sodium cyanide or potassium cyanide is

      also permitted in siftproof, water-

      resistant, fiberboard IBCs when

      transported in closed freight containers

      or transport vehicles.

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      * * * * *

      (5) * * *

      N90 Metal packagings are not authorized. Packagings of other material with a small amount of metal, for example metal closures or other metal fittings such as those mentioned in part 178 of this subchapter, are not considered metal packagings. Packagings of other material constructed with a small amount of metal must be designed such that the hazardous material does not contact the metal.

      * * * * *

      Page 61807

      N92 Notwithstanding the provisions of Sec. 173.24(g), packagings shall be designed and constructed to permit the release of gas or vapor to prevent a build-up of pressure that could rupture the packagings in the event of loss of stabilization.

      * * * * *

      (9) * * *

      W31 Packagings must be hermetically sealed.

      W32 Packagings shall be hermetically sealed, except for solid fused material.

      W40 Bags are not allowed.

      * * * * *

      W100 Flexible, fibreboard or wooden packagings must be sift-proof and water-resistant or must be fitted with a sift-proof and water-

      resistant liner.

      * * * * *

      0

      15. In Sec. 172.407, paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (iii) are revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 172.407 Label specifications.

      * * * * *

      (c) * * *

      (1) * * *

      (i) If the size of the package so requires, the dimensions of the label and its features may be reduced proportionally provided the symbol and other elements of the label remain clearly visible.

      * * * * *

      (iii) Transitional exception--For domestic transportation, a label in conformance with the requirements of this paragraph in effect on December 31, 2014, may continue to be used until December 31, 2018.

      * * * * *

      0

      16. Section 172.447 is added to read as follows:

      Sec. 172.447 LITHIUM BATTERY label.

      (a) Except for size and color, the LITHIUM BATTERY label must be as follows:

      BILLING CODE 4910-60-P

      GRAPHIC TIFF OMITTED TP07SE16.000

      (b) In addition to complying with Sec. 172.407, the background on the LITHIUM BATTERY label must be white with seven black vertical stripes on the top half. The black vertical stripes must be spaced, so that, visually, they appear equal in width to the six white spaces between them. The lower half of the label must be white with the symbol (battery group, one broken and emitting flame) and class number ``9'' underlined and centered at the bottom in black.

      (c) Labels conforming to requirements in place on December 31, 2016 may continue to be used until December 31, 2018.

      0

      17. In Sec. 172.505, paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 172.505 Placarding for subsidiary hazards.

      * * * * *

      (b) In addition to the RADIOACTIVE placard which may be required by Sec. 172.504(e), each transport vehicle, portable tank or freight container that contains 454 kg (1,001 pounds) or more gross weight of non-fissile, fissile-excepted, or fissile uranium hexafluoride must be placarded with a CORROSIVE placard and a POISON placard on each side and each end.

      * * * * *

      PART 173--SHIPPERS--GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS

      0

      18. The authority citation for part 173 continues to read as follows:

      Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and 1.97.

      0

      19. In Sec. 173.4a, paragraph (e)(3) is revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 173.4a Excepted quantities.

      * * * * *

      (e) * * *

      (3) Each inner packaging must be securely packed in an intermediate packaging with cushioning material in such a way that, under normal conditions of transport, it cannot break, be punctured or leak its contents. The completed package as prepared for transport must completely contain the contents in case of breakage or leakage, regardless of package orientation. For liquid hazardous materials, the intermediate or outer packaging must contain sufficient absorbent material that:

      (i) Will absorb the entire contents of the inner packaging.

      (ii) Will not react dangerously with the material or reduce the integrity or function of the packaging materials.

      Page 61808

      (iii) When placed in the intermediate packaging, the absorbent material may be the cushioning material.

      * * * * *

      0

      20. In Sec. 173.9, paragraph (e) is revised to read as follows:

      Sec. 173.9 Transport vehicles or freight containers containing lading which has been fumigated.

      * * * * *

      (e) FUMIGANT marking. (1) The FUMIGANT marking must consist of black letters on a white background that is a rectangle at least 400 mm (15.75 inches) wide and at least 300 mm (11.8 inches) high as measured to the outside of the lines forming the border of the marking. The minimum width of the line forming the border must be 2 mm and the text on the marking must not be less than 25 mm high. Except for size and color, the FUMIGANT marking must be as shown in the following figure. Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in approximate proportion to those shown.

      (i) The marking, and all required information, must be capable of withstanding, without deterioration or a substantial reduction in effectiveness, a 30-day exposure to open weather conditions.

      (ii) Reserved

      BILLING CODE 4910-60-P

      GRAPHIC TIFF OMITTED TP07SE16.001

      BILLING CODE 4910-60-C

      (2) The ``*'' shall be replaced with the technical name of the fumigant.

      * * * * *

      0

      21. In Sec. 173.21, revise paragraph (f) to read as follows:

      Sec. 173.21 Forbidden materials and packages.

      * * * * *

      (f) A package containing a material which is likely to decompose with a self-accelerated decomposition temperature (SADT) or a self-

      accelerated polymerization temperature (SAPT) of 50 degC (122emsp14degF) or less, with an evolution of a dangerous quantity of heat or gas when decomposing or polymerizing, unless the material is stabilized or inhibited in a manner to preclude such evolution. The SADT and SAPT may be determined by any of the test methods described in Part II of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter).

      Page 61809

      (1) A package meeting the criteria of paragraph (f) of this section may be required to be shipped under controlled temperature conditions. The control temperature and emergency temperature for a package shall be as specified in the table in this paragraph based upon the SADT or SAPT of the material. The control temperature is the temperature above which a package of the material may not be offered for transportation or transported. The emergency temperature is the temperature at which, due to imminent danger, emergency measures must be initiated.

      Sec. 173.21 Table--Derivation of Control and Emergency Temperature

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Control Emergency

      SADT/SAPT \1\ temperatures temperature

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      SADT/SAPT =48.......... .............. .............. >=8........... OP7 ........... ........... 2

      Acetyl acetone peroxide as a UN3106 =12.......... OP4 -10 0 ...........

      peroxide.

      Acetyl cyclohexanesulfonyl UN3115 =68.......... .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      peroxide.

      tert-Amyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3107 =6........... .............. .............. >=6........... OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxyacetate.......... UN3105 =38.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxybenzoate......... UN3103 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      carbonate.

      tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate..... UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate..... UN3119 =53.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 0 10 ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxypivalate......... UN3113 =23.......... .............. .............. OP5 10 15 ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxypivalate......... UN3119 =68.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 10 15 ...........

      tert-Amyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3105 42-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 9

      tert-Butyl cumyl peroxide........ UN3108 =48.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... 9

      n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)valerate.

      n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3108 =48.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)valerate.

      tert-Butyl hydroperoxide......... UN3103 >79-90............... .............. .............. .............. >=10.......... OP5 ........... ........... 13

      tert-Butyl hydroperoxide......... UN3105 =20.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 4, 13

      tert-Butyl hydroperoxide......... UN3107 14........... OP8 ........... ........... 13, 16

      tert-Butyl hydroperoxide......... UN3109 =28.......... OP8 ........... ........... 13

      tert-Butyl hydroperoxide and Di- UN3103 9............. .............. .............. .............. >=7........... OP5 ........... ........... 13

      tert-butylperoxide.

      tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate..... UN3102 >52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate..... UN3103 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate..... UN3108 =48.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate as UN3108 52-77............... >=23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyacetate......... UN3103 >32-52............... >=48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyacetate......... UN3109 =68.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate........ UN3103 >77-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate........ UN3105 >52-77............... >=23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 1

      tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate........ UN3106 =48.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate........ UN3109 =68.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      Page 61818

      tert-Butyl peroxybutyl fumarate.. UN3105 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxycrotonate....... UN3105 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxydiethylacetate.. UN3113 52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP6 20 25 ...........

      ethylhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3117 >32-52............... .............. >=48.......... .............. .............. OP8 30 35 ...........

      ethylhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3118 =48.......... .............. OP8 20 25 ...........

      ethylhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3119 =68.......... .............. .............. OP8 40 45 ...........

      ethylhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3106 =14.......... .............. >=60.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      ethylhexanoate and 2,2-di-

      (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3115 =33.......... .............. .............. OP7 35 40 ...........

      ethylhexanoate and 2,2-di-

      (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3105 52-77............... .............. >=23.......... .............. .............. OP5 15 20 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate..... UN3115 =48.......... .............. .............. OP7 15 20 ...........

      tert-Butylperoxy UN3103 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      isopropylcarbonate.

      1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy isopropyl)- UN3105 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      3-isopropenylbenzene.

      1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy isopropyl)- UN3108 =58.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      3-isopropenylbenzene.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3103 77-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP7 -5 5 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate.... UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate as UN3119 =68.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 0 10 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate... UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate UN3117 67-77............... >=23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 0 10 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxypivalate........ UN3115 >27-67............... .............. >=33.......... .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      tert-Butyl peroxypivalate........ UN3119 =73.......... .............. .............. OP8 30 35 ...........

      tert-Butylperoxy stearylcarbonate UN3106 37-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3106 =58.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethlyhexanoate.

      tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3109 =63.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylhexanoate.

      3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid....... UN3102 >57-86............... .............. .............. >=14.......... .............. OP1 ........... ........... ...........

      3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid....... UN3106 =3........... >=40.......... OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid....... UN3106 =6........... >=17.......... OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      Cumyl hydroperoxide.............. UN3107 >90-98............... =10.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 13, 15

      Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate......... UN3115 =13.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate......... UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate as a UN3119 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      Cumyl peroxypivalate............. UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. OP7 -5 5 ...........

      Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)........ UN3104 =9........... OP6 ........... ........... 13

      Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)........ UN3105 =28.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 5

      Cyclohexanone peroxide(s) as a UN3106 68........... .............. .............. Exempt ........... ........... 29

      Diacetone alcohol peroxides...... UN3115 =26.......... .............. >=8........... OP7 40 45 5

      Diacetyl peroxide................ UN3115 =73.......... .............. .............. OP7 20 25 8,13

      Di-tert-amyl peroxide............ UN3107 =43.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 =18.......... .............. .............. .............. OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      amylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      Dibenzoyl peroxide............... UN3102 >52-100.............. .............. .............. 77-94............... .............. .............. .............. >=6........... OP4 ........... ........... 3

      Dibenzoyl peroxide............... UN3104 =23.......... OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      Dibenzoyl peroxide............... UN3106 =28.......... >=10.......... OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      Dibenzoyl peroxide as a paste.. UN3106 >52-62............... .............. .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 21

      Dibenzoyl peroxide............... UN3106 >35-52............... .............. .............. >=48.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      Dibenzoyl peroxide............... UN3107 >36-42............... >=18.......... .............. .............. =15.......... OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      Dibenzoyl peroxide as a paste.. UN3108 =65.......... .............. Exempt ........... ........... 29

      Di-(4-tert- UN3114 52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      Di-tert-butyl peroxide........... UN3109 =48.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 24

      Di-tert-butyl peroxyazelate...... UN3105 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      2,2-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)butane.. UN3103 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      1,6-Di-(tert- UN3103 =28.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxycarbonyloxy)hexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3101 >80-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 >52-80............... >=20.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)- UN3103 =28.......... .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... 30

      cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3105 >42-52............... >=48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3106 =13.......... .............. >=45.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3107 =25.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 22

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =58.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-Butylperoxy) UN3109 =63.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =25.......... >=50.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =13.......... >=74.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexane.

      Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate..... UN3115 >27-52............... .............. >=48.......... .............. .............. OP7 -15 -5 ...........

      Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate..... UN3117 =73.......... .............. .............. OP8 -10 0 ...........

      Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate as UN3118 52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP4 -20 -10 6

      Di-sec-butyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3115 =48.......... .............. .............. OP7 -15 -5 ...........

      Di-(tert-butylperoxyisopropyl) UN3106 >42-100.............. .............. .............. =58.......... .............. Exempt ........... ........... ...........

      benzene(s).

      Page 61820

      Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate... UN3105 >42-52............... >=48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate UN3106 =58.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      2,2-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)propane. UN3105 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      2,2-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)propane. UN3106 =13.......... .............. >=45.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3101 >90-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 >57-90............... >=10.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =23.......... .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =10.......... .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... 30

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3110 =43.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =43.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =26.......... >=42.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylcyclohexane.

      Dicetyl peroxydicarbonate........ UN3120 =23.......... OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      Di-4-chlorobenzoyl peroxide...... Exempt =68.......... .............. Exempt ........... ........... 29

      Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3118 52-100.............. .............. .............. =48.......... .............. Exempt ........... ........... 29

      Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3112 >91-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP3 10 15 ...........

      Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3114 =9........... OP5 10 15 ...........

      Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate UN3119 =58.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.

      2,2-Di-(4,4-di(tert- UN3107 =78.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.

      Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide.. UN3102 =23.......... OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3106 =48.......... .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      peroxydicarbonate.

      Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3113 >77-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 -20 -10 ...........

      peroxydicarbonate.

      Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. OP7 -15 -5 ...........

      peroxydicarbonate.

      Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3119 =73.......... .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      Di-(1-hydroxycyclohexyl)peroxide. UN3106 32-52............... .............. >=48.......... .............. .............. OP5 -20 -10 ...........

      Diisobutyryl peroxide............ UN3115 =68.......... .............. .............. OP7 -20 -10 ...........

      Diisopropylbenzene UN3106 =5........... .............. .............. >=5........... OP7 ........... ........... 17

      dihydroperoxide.

      Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.... UN3112 >52-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP2 -15 -5 ...........

      Page 61821

      Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.... UN3115 =48.......... .............. .............. OP7 -20 -10 ...........

      Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.... UN3115 =68.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -15 -5 ...........

      Dilauroyl peroxide............... UN3106 =48.......... .............. .............. OP7 -5 5 ...........

      peroxydicarbonate.

      Di-(2-methylbenzoyl)peroxide..... UN3112 =13.......... OP5 30 35 ...........

      Di-(4-methylbenzoyl)peroxide as UN3106 =58.......... .............. .............. OP7 35 40 ...........

      Benzoyl (3-methylbenzoyl)

      peroxide + Dibenzoyl peroxide.

      ............... 82-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      (benzoylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3106 =18.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      (benzoylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3104 =18.......... OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      (benzoylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >90-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3105 >52-90............... >=10.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 =23.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3109 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 86-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexyne-3.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-86............... >=14.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexyne-3.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3106 =48.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)hexyne-3.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(2- UN3113 =18.......... OP6 ........... ........... ...........

      dihydroperoxyhexane.

      2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(3,5,5- UN3105 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethylhexanoylperoxy)hexane.

      1,1-Dimethyl-3- UN3117 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 0 10 ...........

      hydroxybutylperoxyneoheptanoate.

      Dimyristyl peroxydicarbonate..... UN3116 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -10 0 ...........

      neodecanoylperoxyisopropyl)benze

      ne.

      Di-(2-neodecanoyl- UN3119 85-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.

      Di-(2- UN3106 =15.......... OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.

      Dipropionyl peroxide............. UN3117 =73.......... .............. .............. OP8 15 20 ...........

      Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate.... UN3113 =23.......... .............. .............. OP5 -20 -10 ...........

      Disuccinic acid peroxide......... UN3102 >72-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP4 ........... ........... 18

      Disuccinic acid peroxide......... UN3116 =28.......... OP7 10 15 ...........

      Di-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl) UN3115 >52-82............... >=18.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      peroxide.

      Page 61822

      Di-(3,5,5- UN3119 =62.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 20 25 ...........

      trimethylhexanoyl)peroxide.

      Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =33.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      amylperoxy)butyrate.

      Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3103 >77-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)butyrate.

      Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)butyrate.

      Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3106 =48.......... .............. OP7 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxy)butyrate.

      1-(2-ethylhexanoylperoxy)-1,3- UN3115 =45.......... >=10.......... .............. .............. OP7 -20 -10 ...........

      Dimethylbutyl peroxypivalate.

      tert-Hexyl peroxyneodecanoate.... UN3115 =29.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      tert-Hexyl peroxypivalate........ UN3115 =28.......... .............. .............. OP7 10 15 ...........

      3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3115 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -5 5 ...........

      peroxyneodecanoate.

      3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3119 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 -5 5 ...........

      peroxyneodecanoate.

      Isopropyl sec-butyl UN3111 =38.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 -20 -10 ...........

      peroxydicarbonate + Di-sec-butyl

      peroxydicarbonate + Di-isopropyl

      peroxydicarbonate.

      ............... -18.................. .............. .............. .............. .............. .............. ........... ........... ...........

      ............... + =28.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 13

      p-Menthyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3105 >72-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 13

      p-Menthyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3109 =28.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      Methylcyclohexanone peroxide(s).. UN3115 =33.......... .............. .............. OP7 35 40 ...........

      Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s).. UN3101 =48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP5 ........... ........... 5, 13

      Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s).. UN3105 =55.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 5

      Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s).. UN3107 =60.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 7

      Methyl isobutyl ketone UN3105 =19.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 5, 23

      peroxide(s).

      Methyl isopropyl ketone UN3109 (See remark 31)...... >=70.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... 31

      peroxide(s).

      Organic peroxide, liquid, sample. UN3103 ..................... .............. .............. .............. .............. OP2 ........... ........... 12

      Organic peroxide, liquid, sample, UN3113 ..................... .............. .............. .............. .............. OP2 ........... ........... 12

      temperature controlled.

      Organic peroxide, solid, sample.. UN3104 ..................... .............. .............. .............. .............. OP2 ........... ........... 12

      Organic peroxide, solid, sample, UN3114 ..................... .............. .............. .............. .............. OP2 ........... ........... 12

      temperature controlled.

      3,3,5,7,7-Pentamethyl-1,2,4- UN3107 =15.......... OP8 ........... ........... 13, 20, 28

      acid with not more than 7%

      hydrogen peroxide.

      Page 61823

      Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic Exempt =60.......... Exempt ........... ........... 28

      acid with not more than 20%

      hydrogen peroxide.

      Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic UN3109 56-100.............. .............. .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 13

      Pinanyl hydroperoxide............ UN3109 =44.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      Polyether poly-tert- UN3107 =48.......... .............. .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      butylperoxycarbonate.

      Tetrahydronaphthyl hydroperoxide. UN3106 =28.......... .............. .............. OP7 -5 5 ...........

      peroxyneodecanoate.

      1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl UN3119 =23.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 0 10 ...........

      peroxypivalate.

      3, 6, 9-Triethyl-3, 6, 9- UN3110 =18.......... .............. >=65.......... .............. OP8 ........... ........... ...........

      trimethyl-1, 4, 7-triperoxonane.

      3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl- UN3105 =58.......... .............. .............. .............. OP7 ........... ........... 26

      1,4,7-triperoxonane.

      Di-(3, 5, 5-trimethylhexanoyl) UN3119 >38-52............... >=48.......... .............. .............. .............. OP8 10 15 ...........

      peroxide.

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      1. For domestic shipments, OP8 is authorized.

      2. Available oxygen must be =36% diluent type A by mass, and in addition ethylbenzene.

      23. With >=19% diluent type A by mass, and in addition methyl isobutyl ketone.

      24. Diluent type B with boiling point >100 C.

      25. No ``Corrosive'' subsidiary risk label is required for concentrations below 56%.

      26. Available oxygen must be 130 degC (266emsp14degF).

      31. Available oxygen