Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards

Citation85 FR 27810
CourtPipeline And Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
Publication Date11 May 2020
Record Number2020-06205
Federal Register, Volume 85 Issue 91 (Monday, May 11, 2020)
[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 91 (Monday, May 11, 2020)]
                [Rules and Regulations]
                [Pages 27810-27901]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2020-06205]
                [[Page 27809]]
                Vol. 85
                Monday,
                No. 91
                May 11, 2020
                Part II
                Department of Transportation
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                Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
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                49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178 and 180
                 Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards; Final
                Rule
                Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 91 / Monday, May 11, 2020 / Rules and
                Regulations
                [[Page 27810]]
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                DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
                Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
                49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178 and 180
                [Docket No. PHMSA-2017-0108 (HM-215O)]
                RIN 2137-AF32
                Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards
                AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA),
                Department of Transportation (DOT).
                ACTION: Final rule.
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                SUMMARY: PHMSA is issuing this final rule to amend the Hazardous
                Materials Regulations (HMR) to maintain alignment with international
                regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments,
                including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing
                groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport
                quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. These revisions
                are necessary to harmonize the HMR with recent changes made to the
                International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, the International Civil
                Aviation Organization's Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport
                of Dangerous Goods by Air, and the United Nations Recommendations on
                the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations. Additionally,
                PHMSA is adopting several amendments to the HMR that would allow for
                increased alignment with the Transport Canada, Transportation of
                Dangerous Goods Regulations.
                DATES:
                 Effective date: This rule is effective May 11, 2020, except for
                instruction 17, which is effective January 2, 2023.
                 Voluntary compliance date: January 1, 2019.
                 Delayed compliance date: May 10, 2021.
                 Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of
                certain publications listed in this rule is approved by the Director of
                the Federal Register as of May 11, 2020.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Webb, International Program or
                Aaron Wiener, International Program, telephone (202) 366-8553, Pipeline
                and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of
                Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, East Building, 2nd Floor,
                Washington, DC 20590-0001.
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
                Table of Contents
                I. Executive Summary
                II. Background
                III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51
                IV. NPRM Comment Discussion
                V. Section-by-Section Review
                VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices
                 A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Final Rule
                 B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and
                Procedures
                 C. Executive Order 13771
                 D. Executive Order 13132
                 E. Executive Order 13175
                 F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT
                Policies and Procedures
                 G. Paperwork Reduction Act
                 H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)
                 I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
                 J. Environment Assessment
                 K. Privacy Act
                 L. International Trade Analysis and Executive Order 13609
                 M. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
                List of Subjects
                I. Executive Summary
                 The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
                is amending the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171
                to 180) to maintain alignment with international regulations and
                standards by incorporating various amendments, including changes to
                proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special
                provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
                limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. This rulemaking project
                is part of PHMSA's ongoing biennial process to harmonize the HMR with
                international regulations and standards.
                 As part of this biennial process, PHMSA is amending the HMR to
                incorporate changes from the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
                Regulations, Amendment 39-18 of the International Maritime Dangerous
                Goods (IMDG) Code, and the 2019-2020 International Civil Aviation
                Organization (ICAO) Technical Instructions, which became effective
                January 1, 2019.\1\ Notable amendments to the HMR in this final rule
                include the following:
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                 \1\ Amendment 39-18 to the IMDG Code may be voluntarily applied
                on January 1, 2019; however, the previous amendment remained
                effective through December 31, 2019.
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                 Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA incorporates by
                reference the newest versions of various international hazardous
                materials (hazmat) standards, including: The 2019-2020 Edition of the
                International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for
                the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical
                Instructions); Amendment 39-18 to the International Maritime Dangerous
                Goods Code (IMDG Code); the 20th Revised Edition of the United Nations
                Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN Model
                Regulations); Amendment 1 to the 6th Revised Edition of the UN Manual
                of Tests and Criteria; and the 7th Revised Edition of the Globally
                Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
                Additionally, we are updating our incorporation by reference of the
                Transport Canada, Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations
                to include: SOR/2016-95, published June 1, 2016; SOR/2017-137,
                published July 12, 2017; and SOR/2017-253, published December 13, 2017.
                Finally, PHMSA is adopting various updated International Organization
                for Standardization (ISO) standards.
                 Hazardous Materials Table: PHMSA amends the Hazardous
                Materials Table (HMT; Sec. 172.101) consistent with recent changes in
                the Dangerous Goods List of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code,
                and the ICAO Technical Instructions. Specifically, PHMSA is making
                amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping
                names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging
                authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and passenger and cargo
                aircraft maximum quantity limits.
                 Articles Containing Dangerous Goods: PHMSA adds a
                classification system for articles containing hazardous materials that
                do not already have a proper shipping name. This addresses situations
                in which hazardous materials or hazardous materials residues are
                present in articles, and authorizes a safe method to transport articles
                that may be too large to fit into typical packages.
                 Lithium Battery Test Summary: PHMSA adds requirements
                regarding lithium battery test summaries. The HMR requires lithium
                battery manufacturers to subject lithium batteries and cells to
                appropriate UN design tests to ensure they are classified correctly for
                transport, and to develop records of successful test completion, called
                a test report. The test summary includes a standardized set of elements
                that provide traceability and accountability, thereby ensuring that
                lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport contain specific
                information on the required UN tests. The test summary must be made
                available to subsequent distributors.
                 Baggage Equipped with Lithium Batteries: PHMSA is amending
                the aircraft passenger provisions for carriage
                [[Page 27811]]
                of baggage equipped with lithium batteries intended to power features
                such as location tracking, battery charging, digital weighing, or
                motors (sometimes referred to as ``smart luggage''). Specifically,
                baggage equipped with a lithium battery or batteries will be required
                to be carried in the cabin of the aircraft unless the battery or
                batteries are removed. This restriction in checked baggage does not
                apply to baggage containing lithium metal batteries with a lithium
                content not exceeding 0.3 grams, or lithium ion batteries with a Watt-
                hour (Wh) rating not exceeding 2.7 Wh.
                 Segregation of Lithium Batteries from Specific Hazardous
                Materials: PHMSA is adding requirements to segregate lithium cells and
                batteries from certain other hazardous materials, notably flammable
                liquids, when offered for transport or transported on aircraft. PHMSA
                is taking this action to promote consistency with the ICAO Technical
                Instructions and to implement a National Transportation Safety Board
                (NTSB) Safety Recommendation (A-16-001) stemming from the investigation
                of the July 28, 2011, in-flight fire and crash of Asiana Airlines
                Flight 991 that resulted in the loss of the aircraft and crew. The
                investigation report cited the flammable materials and lithium ion
                batteries that were loaded together in either the same or adjacent
                pallets as a contributing factor to the accident.
                 Alternative Criteria for Classification of Corrosive
                Materials: PHMSA is including non-testing alternatives for classifying
                corrosive mixtures using existing data on its chemical properties.
                Currently, the HMR require offerors to classify Class 8 corrosive
                material and assign a packing group based on test data. The HMR
                authorizes a skin corrosion test and various in vitro test methods that
                do not involve animal testing. However, data obtained from testing is
                currently the only data acceptable for classification and assigning a
                packing group. The alternatives added in this final rule afford
                offerors the ability to make a classification and packing group
                assignment without the need to conduct physical tests.
                 Provisions for Polymerizing Substances: PHMSA is extending
                the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
                polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019 to January 2, 2023. This
                additional time will allow PHMSA to conduct research and analyze
                comments and data concerning the issue submitted to the docket for this
                rulemaking, to have a more comprehensive understanding of polymerizing
                substances and further consider the most appropriate transport
                provisions for these materials.
                II. Background
                 Federal hazardous materials transportation law (Federal hazmat law;
                49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.) directs PHMSA to participate in relevant
                international standard-setting bodies and promotes consistency of the
                HMR with international transport standards to the extent practicable.
                Federal hazmat law permits PHMSA to depart from international standards
                where a more stringent standard or requirement is necessary in the
                public interest or if a different standard or requirement is
                unnecessary or unsafe. However, Federal hazmat law otherwise encourages
                domestic and international harmonization (see 49 U.S.C. 5120).
                 Harmonization facilitates international trade by minimizing the
                costs and other burdens of complying with multiple or inconsistent
                safety requirements for transportation of hazardous materials. Safety
                is enhanced by creating a uniform framework for compliance. As the
                volume of hazardous materials transported in international commerce
                continues to grow, harmonization is increasingly important.
                 PHMSA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) under Docket
                HM-215O [83 FR 60970 (November 27, 2018)] to incorporate various
                amendments to harmonize the HMR with recent changes to the IMDG Code,
                ICAO Technical Instructions, and the United Nations Recommendations on
                the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations (UN Model
                Regulations). When considering alignment of the HMR with international
                standards, PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit,
                on the basis of its overall impact on transportation safety, and on the
                basis of the economic implications associated with its adoption into
                the HMR. PHMSA's goal is to harmonize without diminishing the level of
                safety currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the
                regulated community.
                III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR Part 51
                 The UN Model Regulations, Manual of Tests and Criteria, and GHS, as
                well as all of the Transport Canada Clear Language Amendments, are free
                and easily accessible to the public on the internet, with access
                provided through the parent organization websites. The ICAO Technical
                Instructions, IMDG Code, and all ISO references are available for
                interested parties to purchase either print or electronic versions
                through the parent organization websites. The specific standards are
                discussed in greater detail in the section-by-section review (see Sec.
                171.7).
                IV. NPRM Comment Discussion
                 In response to the November 27, 2018 NPRM [83 FR 60970], PHMSA
                received comments from the following organizations and individuals:
                 Air Line Pilots Association, International (ALPA)
                 Alaska Airlines
                 Amazon
                 American Coatings Association (ACA)
                 Anonymous
                 Anonymous 2
                 Association of American Railroads and the American Short Line
                and Regional Railroad Association (AAR and ASLRRA)
                 Association of Hazmat Shippers (AHS)
                 The Basic Acrylic Monomer Manufacturers, Inc. (BAMM)
                 Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
                 Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA)
                 Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC)
                 The Dow Chemical Company (Dow)
                 Frits Wybenga
                 Gases and Welding Distributors Association
                 Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME)
                 Interested Parties for Hazardous Materials Transportation
                (Interested Parties)
                 International Air Transport Association (IATA)
                 International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association
                (IVODGA)
                 Yvonne Keller
                 Medical Device Battery Transport Council (MDBTC)
                 National Retail Federation (NRF)
                 The Rechargeable Battery Association (PRBA)
                 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA)
                 Transport Canada (TC)
                 U.S. Chamber of Commerce (Chamber)
                 Utility Solid Waste Activities Group (USWAG)
                 PHMSA received comments from the ACA, CGA, ALPA, IATA, DGAC, and
                the Chamber all providing general support for harmonization with
                international standards and additional support from CGA for the
                incorporation by reference of the proposed ISO standards. In addition,
                PHSMA received a comment from IME in support of updating the edition of
                the GHS that is incorporated by reference.
                [[Page 27812]]
                 Comments concerning the issuance of a direct final rule, the sunset
                provisions for polymerizing substances, compliance and applicability
                dates for the test summary, fuel gas containment systems, damaged and
                defective lithium batteries, competency based training, and safety
                devices in dedicated handling devices are discussed below. PHMSA
                concluded that comments made by Anonymous 2, portions of comments made
                by MDBTC concerning ``receipted for in one lot,'' in Sec. 173.185,\2\
                portions of comments made by Alaska Airlines concerning air transport
                provisions for fish meal, and portions of comments made by IME
                concerning amendments to packaging instruction US 1 in Sec. 173.62,\3\
                are outside the scope of this rulemaking. Therefore, PHMSA did not
                address these comments in this rulemaking. All other comments specific
                to the respective HMR sections are addressed in the ``Section-by-
                Section Review'' of this document.\4\
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                 \2\ Section 173.185 defines consignment to mean ``one or more
                packages of hazardous materials accepted by an operator from one
                shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and
                moving to one consignee at one destination address.''
                 \3\ Section 173.62 establishes specific packing requirements for
                explosives. US 1 is a packing instruction that is ``particular to
                the United States and not found in applicable international
                regulations.''
                 \4\ Comments which were outside the scope of this rulemaking are
                not addressed in this final rule.
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                Delays in Issuing the Final Rule
                 PHMSA received a comment from AAR and ASLRRA that indicated the
                delay associated with publication of a final rule ``presents immediate
                challenges for shippers and carriers involved in the transportation of
                hazardous materials across U.S. borders'' and suggested alternative
                ways for proceeding with the rulemaking. PHMSA recognizes that a delay
                in publication of this final rule may have presented challenges for
                shippers and carriers. To mitigate these challenges, on December 18,
                2018, PHMSA issued a Notice of Enforcement Policy Regarding
                International Standards authorizing the use of the applicable
                international standards.\5\ The notice explained that PHMSA would not
                take enforcement action against any offeror or carrier using the
                updated standards when all or part of the transportation is by air with
                respect to the ICAO TI, or all or part of the transportation is by
                vessel with respect to the IMDG code.
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                 \5\ https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/sites/phmsa.dot.gov/files/docs/international-program/70251/notice-enforcement-policy-international-standards.pdf.
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                Sunset Provisions for Polymerizing Substances
                 In the March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796], PHMSA
                added four new Division 4.1 entries for polymerizing substances to the
                HMT, and added defining criteria, authorized packagings, and safety
                requirements including, but not limited to, stabilization methods and
                operational controls into the HMR. In this prior rulemaking, PHMSA
                indicated that these changes would be in effect until January 2, 2019.
                During the interim time period between publication of that final rule
                and January 2, 2019, PHMSA indicated it would review and research the
                implications of the polymerizing substance amendments, and readdress
                the issue in the next international harmonization rulemaking. In the
                HM-215O NPRM, PHMSA proposed to extend the sunset dates for provisions
                concerning the transportation of polymerizing substances from January
                2, 2019 to January 2, 2021 as the research is still in progress. PHMSA
                received comments from BAMM, DGAC, and Dow expressing support for the
                extension of the sunset provisions proposed in the HM-215O NPRM. These
                commenters also requested that PHMSA harmonize the requirements for
                temperature control of polymerizing substances in portable tanks and
                testing requirements for these substances intended to be carried in
                portable tanks or intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) with those found
                in the transport international standards while awaiting the results of
                a currently underway research project.
                 DGAC and Dow requested that the previously adopted changes to Sec.
                173.21 in the March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796],
                requiring temperature control at 50 [deg]C for portable tanks carrying
                polymerizing substances be harmonized with the internationally adopted
                45 [deg]C, while PHMSA awaits the outcome of ongoing research into
                polymerizing substances. BAMM, DGAC, and Dow requested that PHMSA not
                require polymerizing substances intended to be transported in portable
                tanks or IBCs to undergo the Test Series E heating under confinement
                testing. The commenters requested that the provisions for polymerizing
                substances be harmonized with those found in the applicable
                international standards while PHMSA awaits the outcome of ongoing
                research into polymerizing substances. DGAC and Dow commented that
                differing domestic and international temperature control thresholds
                before temperature control is required would result in materials with a
                self-accelerating polymerization temperature (SAPT) greater than 45
                [deg]C and less than or equal to 50 [deg]C being subject to temperature
                control when transported in portable tanks in the United States, but
                not elsewhere in the world. BAMM, DGAC, and Dow expressed their view
                that because the recommended test methods for Test Series E were not
                specifically designed for polymerizing substances that the test results
                would be meaningless. The commenters did not raise any new reasons for
                not adopting the provisions beyond those previously addressed in the
                March 30, 2017 final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796]. PHMSA understands the
                concerns raised by the commenters, but to ensure the safe and efficient
                transportation of these commodities, PHMSA is adopting the provisions
                as proposed in the NPRM and codified in the March 30, 2017, final rule
                for the reasons that were previously outlined [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796,
                15798-99]. In brief, the rationale for adopting the 50 [deg]C SAPT
                threshold before temperature control is required for transport in
                portable tanks is primarily that 50 [deg]C is the maximum temperature
                reasonable expected to be experienced by any selfreactive, organic
                peroxide, and/or polymerizing substance. The rationale for requiring
                Test Series E testing for polymerizing substances intended to be
                transported in portable tanks or IBC is that Test Series E (or an
                equivalent performance measure) provides information on how the
                material behaves when heated under confinement. For additional
                discussion of these issues refer to the March 30, 2017 final rule [HM-
                215N; 82 FR 15796, 15798-99].
                 To accommodate additional potential delays in completion and
                reviewing the results of the research project on polymerizing
                substances, PHMSA is extending the date for the sunset provisions for
                an additional two years beyond the date proposed in the NPRM. The new
                sunset date for transport provisions concerning polymerizing substances
                is January 2, 2023.
                Lithium Battery Test Summary
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed the inclusion of lithium battery test
                summary requirements. The test summary includes a standardized set of
                elements that provide traceability and accountability to ensure that
                lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport contain specific
                information on the required UN tests. PHMSA proposed that manufacturers
                and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and batteries manufactured
                after June 30, 2003 must make test summaries available to others in the
                supply chain.
                [[Page 27813]]
                In the international standards, and as proposed in the NPRM, the
                lithium battery test summary requirements would have an effective date
                of January 1, 2020.
                 In response to the comments received, in this final rule, PHMSA is
                providing additonal background on the test summary. The development of
                the test summary by the United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts on the
                Transport of Dangerous Goods spanned several years. The work was the
                outgrowth of an industry-identified problem concerning lack of
                availability of information needed to verify compliance and facilitate
                transportation. Specifically, the inability of shippers to access
                documentation verifying that lithium cells and batteries have
                successfully passed the tests prescribed in part III, sub-section 38.3
                of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. In 2014, a trade association
                representing major rechargeable battery manufacturers relayed to the UN
                Sub-Committee that shippers were experiencing difficulties in verifying
                compliance with the UN 38.3 tests (See UN/SCETDG/46/INF.11, paragraph
                15).\6\ It was the industry group's suggestion to work within the UN
                Sub-Committee towards a summary format that would facilitate making
                available essential compliance information to all concerned. This
                suggestion led the UN Sub-Committee over the next two years in
                cooperation with government and industry stakeholders to develop a
                standardized list of information to be included in a test summary (see
                ST/SG/AC.10/C.3/100, paragraph 56).\7\ PHMSA received several comments,
                which are discussed throughout this rulemaking and the associated RIA,
                concerning the potential costs of the test summary provisions. While
                providing no specific cost estimates, these commenters indicated that
                they believed implementing the test summary provisions as proposed
                would be more burdensome than PHMSA estimated. In this final rule,
                PHMSA is adopting changes to the compliance date, the implementation
                date, and several other variatons from the NPRM proposals that will
                reduce the burden on lithium cell and battery manufacturers and
                distributors.
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                 \6\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2014/dgac10c3/UN-SCETDG-46-INF11e.pdf.
                 \7\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2016/dgac10c3/ST-SG-AC10-C3-100e.pdf.
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                Compliance Date
                 PHMSA received comments from Alaska Airlines, Amazon, Chamber,
                COSTHA, DGAC, MDBTC, NRF, PRBA, and an anonymous commenter concerning
                the proposed effective date of January 1, 2020 for the proposed test
                summary requirements. These commenters requested that PHMSA provide
                additional time to comply. Alaska Airlines commented that they hope the
                test summary requirements can be implemented by January 1, 2021. PRBA,
                Amazon, MDBTC, the Chamber, and NRF indicated that PHMSA should allow
                manufacturers and subsequent distributors until January 1, 2022 to
                comply with the test summary requirements. The DGAC recommended a one-
                year transition period following publication of the final rule. The
                commenters opined that the proposed compliance deadline of January 1,
                2020 would not allow sufficient time for U.S. manufacturers and
                subsequent distributors of these products to establish procedures for
                preparing and securing test summaries. In their comments, NRF commented
                that it will take significant time for manufacturers and shippers,
                especially small companies, to develop and prepare the test summaries
                for their products. NRF opined that a longer implementation time will
                give companies enough time to identify, develop, and prepare the
                materials that are needed for compliance.
                 PHMSA agrees that additional time may be required to fully
                integrate systems, processes, and policies for preparing test
                summaries. The additional time can be used to help ensure the
                availability of test summaries and to prepare procedures for making
                test summaries available to subsequent distributors. In this final
                rule, the required compliance date for both the creation of and
                subsequent distribution upon request for test summaries is January 1,
                2022.
                 COSTHA noted that using the same implementation date for both
                battery manufacturers and distributors presents the possibility that
                manufacturers could wait until December 31, 2021 to prepare the
                documents and distributors would not have any additional time to
                receive and make available the test summaries throughout the supply
                chain. COSTHA requested a staggered implementation date that would
                allow distributors an additional year to comply. PHMSA believes that
                the extended transition period for domestic implementation of the test
                summary requirements (two years after the requirements enter the IMDG
                Code and ICAO Technical Instructions) will mitigate this concern over
                shared implementation dates for shippers and distributors by providing
                additional time for battery distributers to work with manufacturers to
                acquire the necessary information and establish mechanisms for further
                distribution.
                Applicability Date
                 PHMSA received comments from PRBA, NRF, DGAC, MDBTC, Amazon, and
                the Chamber requesting that PHMSA reconsider which lithium batteries
                require a test summary be created and made available. PHMSA proposed a
                requirement that a test summary be made available for all lithium cells
                and batteries manufactured after June 30, 2003, and that manufacturers
                and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and batteries manufactured
                after June 30, 2003, must make this information available to others in
                the supply chain.
                 PRBA commented that ``[i]t is not practicable to require the post-
                hoc generation of a Test Summary for batteries that were manufactured
                as far back as 2003,'' and asked that PHMSA adopt a date that requires
                the creation of test summaries and subsequent distribution for only
                batteries and cells manufactured after the effective date of the
                provisions. In conjunction with its request to extend the compliance
                date for the test summary generally to January 1, 2022, PRBA requests
                that only batteries and cells manufactured after this date require test
                summaries and subsequent distribution. The Chamber also requested that
                the applicability be limited to lithium cells and batteries
                manufactured after January 1, 2022 noting that ``there may be times
                when distributors are shipping older battery designs that were
                manufactured by a company that is no longer in business. In instances
                like this, it may be impossible for shippers to acquire the necessary
                information for the TS.'' The NRF and Amazon commented with similar
                requests to limit the scope of batteries subject to the test summary by
                using the effective date of the requirement which would then apply the
                requirements to cells and batteries currently in production and those
                made going forward. The NRF noted that it would be incredibly difficult
                and burdensome to locate a test certification and create a test summary
                for batteries dating back up to 17 years. MDBTC supported requiring
                test summary documents for only lithium cells and batteries
                manufactured after January 1, 2014.
                 PHMSA recognizes the comments noting the potential difficulty in
                obtaining test summaries for older batteries, particularly in cases
                where a manufacturer may no longer be in business or has merged with
                another company. Therefore, PHMSA is applying the test summary
                requirements
                [[Page 27814]]
                only to cells and batteries manufactured after January 1, 2008. This
                date is the effective date of the final rule that required all lithium
                batteries (including small batteries) be of the type proven to meet the
                criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and
                Criteria (``Hazardous Materials; Transportation of Lithium Batteries,''
                August 9, 2007, 72 FR 44929). As of January 1, 2008, all batteries
                transported in accordance with the HMR should have valid test reports
                that will help facilitate the creation of and availability of test
                summaries. PHMSA believes that amending the scope of cells and
                batteries that require a test summary to those manufactured after
                January 1, 2008 will lead to fewer instances where insufficient
                information will be available to create the required test summary while
                still capturing the majority of batteries and cells being offered for
                transportation.
                 PHMSA reiterates the importance of the test summary in providing
                confirmation to users that the battery is from a legitimate and
                compliant source and allowing those in the transport chain to more
                easily identify non-counterfeit products. Additionally, PHMSA maintains
                that the creation and subsequent distribution of test summaries for
                lithium batteries provides an enhanced mechanism for shippers to meet
                their existing requirement to only offer lithium cells and batteries of
                a type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
                UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. The availability of specific
                information in the test summary document will enhance the users'
                ability to obtain the information needed to ensure they are receiving,
                and potentially reoffering for transportation, a battery that is of a
                tested and approved type.
                Fuel Gas Containment Systems
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA discussed amendments to international standards
                that are not being considered for adoption. As stated in the NPRM, the
                20th Revised Edition to the UN Model Regulations added a special
                provision to allow for the transportation of vehicle fuel gas
                containment systems containing certain gases, such as compressed
                natural gas and liquified petroleum gas, transported for disposal,
                recycling, repair, inspection, maintenance, or from where they are
                manufactured to a vehicle assembly plant. The provisions allow for
                gaseous fuels to be transported in fuel tanks designed for vehicles
                meeting certain European automotive standards rather than specification
                pressure receptacles. In the NPRM, PHMSA explained that the vehicle
                specification pressure vessels that are incorporated and authorized by
                the UN Model Regulations do not apply to U.S. domestic transportation
                as most of the fuel gas containment standards that are addressed in the
                UN Model Regulations are more appropriate for European road and rail
                regulations. PHMSA solicited comments on the fuel gas containment
                systems amendment in the UN Model Regulations and asked whether it
                would benefit industry to include a similar amendment in the HMR.
                 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA on the decision not to include
                provisions for fuel gas containment decisions. The commenter disagreed
                with the view that the amendments are more appropriate for European
                regulations. COSTHA commented on the benefits of adopting the
                provisions into the HMR. COSTHA opined that when fuel tanks are removed
                from the vehicle and offered for transportation they are constructed to
                meet motor vehicle standards, but the tanks will not be permitted for
                transport of gaseous fuels under the HMR without the gas being
                completely removed from the tank. COSTHA further commented that the gas
                removal process has the potential to lead to dangerous situations at
                repair shops, dealers, and disposal locations not equipped to properly
                empty these fuel tanks. COSTHA notes that U.S. automobile manufacturers
                often use UN or Global Technical Regulations to demonstrate compliance
                with equivalent Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS).\8\ In
                addition, COSTHA supports referencing applicable FMVSS in the HMR to
                facilitate U.S. domestic gas containment system transport.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \8\ National Highway Transportation Safety Administration issues
                FMVSS. The regulations establishing the FMVSS are primarily found at
                49 CFR part 571. https://www.nhtsa.gov/laws-regulations/fmvss.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 PHMSA thanks COSTHA for its comments on this topic, and PHMSA
                understands the concerns related to difficulties in ensuring gas is
                removed from these cylinders prior to transport, but it would be
                premature to adopt the FMVSS requirements into the HMR. The FMVSS
                requirements are not presently incorporated in the UN Model
                Regulations, and adoption of the FMVSS requirements would require
                additional coordination with Federal agencies outside of PHMSA. PHMSA
                may consider this action in a future rulemaking and invites COSTHA to
                file a petition for rulemaking in accordance with 49 CFR 106.95,
                106.100 and 106.105, to formally request this change be made in the
                HMR. Additonally, PHMSA believes that a more comprehensive review of
                the current domestic standards used by vehicle fuel gas containment
                systems is necessary prior to incorporation in the HMR to help ensure
                safety standards that most closely align with existing practices are
                incorporated. The request could be further evaluated for merit to
                address in an upcoming rulemaking.
                Damaged and Defective Lithium Batteries
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA discussed amendments to international standards
                not being considered for adoption. As stated in the NPRM, the 20th
                Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations adopted transportation
                provisions for damaged and defective cells and batteries liable to
                rapidly disassemble, dangerously react, or produce a flame, a dangerous
                evolution of heat, or a dangerous emission of toxic, corrosive, or
                flammable gases or vapors under normal conditions of transport (UN Nos.
                3090, 3091, 3480 and 3481). In the NPRM, PHMSA explained that the
                existing packaging and hazard communication requirements in Sec.
                173.185(f) sufficiently address consignments of this nature. PHMSA
                received one comment from MDBTC in support of not adopting the
                provisions for damaged and defective lithium batteries.
                Competency-Based Training
                 PHMSA received comments from AAR and ASLRRA, ACA, AHS, Alaska
                Airlines, CGA, COSTHA, DGAC, Dow, IATA, IME, Interested Parties,
                IVODGA, MDBTC, and RIPA in response to our request for comments on the
                principles of Competency-Based Training, recently published in the
                attachments of the ICAO Technical Instructions. As noted in the NPRM,
                the provisions concerning Competency-Based Training were not finalized
                or adopted in the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions and there were
                no proposals concerning this topic in the NPRM. PHMSA thanks all
                commenters for their views on the issue and, as noted in the NPRM,
                comments will be considered for the betterment of PHMSA's work in
                various international forums.
                Safety Devices in Dedicated Handling Devices
                 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA concerning safety devices in
                dedicated handling devices. COSTHA commented that PHMSA should align
                the provisions of Sec. 173.166(e)(4)(i) with the UN Model Regulations
                and the IMDG Code to authorize unpackaged articles in dedicated
                handling devices, vehicles, or containers to, from, or
                [[Page 27815]]
                between where they are manufactured and an assembly plant including
                intermediate handling locations. PHMSA notes that the provisions
                adopted by the UN and the IMDG Code are currently authorized in
                Sec. Sec. 173.166(e)(4)(i) and (ii), therefore no additional action is
                required.
                V. Section-By-Section Review
                 The following is a section-by-section review of the amendments
                adopted in this final rule:
                Part 171--General Information, Regulations, and Definitions
                Section 171.7 Reference Material
                 Section 171.7 provides a listing of all voluntary consensus
                standards incorporated by reference into the HMR, as directed by the
                ``National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995.'' According
                to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Circular A-119, ``Federal
                Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus
                Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities,'' and in accordance
                with Sec 12(d)(1) of the ``National Technology Transfer and Advancement
                Act of 1995,'' government agencies must use voluntary consensus
                standards wherever practical in the development of regulations. When
                properly conducted, agency adoption of industry standards promotes
                productivity and efficiency in government and industry, expands
                opportunities for international trade, conserves resources, improves
                health and safety, and protects the environment.
                 PHMSA actively participates in the development and updating of
                consensus standards through representation on more than 20 consensus
                standard bodies, and it regularly reviews updated consensus standards
                to consider their merit for inclusion in the HMR. For this rulemaking,
                PHMSA evaluated updated international consensus standards pertaining to
                proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special
                provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
                limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. It determined that the
                revised standards provide an enhanced level of safety without imposing
                significant compliance burdens. These standards have well-established
                and documented safety histories, and their adoption will maintain the
                high safety standard currently achieved under the HMR. Therefore, in
                this final rule, PHMSA is adding and revising the following
                incorporation by reference materials:
                 Paragraph (s)(2) is added, to incorporate the
                International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct on the Safety and
                Security of Radioactive Sources. Section 172.800 references the
                incorporation by reference of this document; however, this entry does
                not currently appear in Sec. 171.7. The addition of this paragraph
                corrects this oversight. The incorporation of this document in Sec.
                172.800 provides a list of Category 1 and 2 radioactive sources for
                which offerors or carriers require a security plan.
                 Paragraph (t)(1), which incorporates the International
                Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe
                Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions),
                2017-2018 Edition, is revised to incorporate the 2019-2020 Edition.
                These instructions contain the detailed instructions for the
                international transport of hazardous materials by air. In a previous
                rulemaking, [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0102 (HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA
                added Sec. 172.407 to the list of sections in paragraph (t)(1) and
                (v)(2). The NPRM did not account for this addition, and in this final
                rule Sec. 172.407 has been added to the list in paragraphs (t)(1) and
                (v)(2) consistent with the earlier published final rule.
                 Paragraph (v)(2), which incorporates the International
                Maritime Organization International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG
                Code), incorporating Amendment 38-16 (English Edition), is revised to
                incorporate the 39-18 (English Edition), 2018 Edition. This code
                contains detailed instructions for the international transport of
                hazardous materials by vessel.
                 Paragraph (w), which incorporates various International
                Organization for Standardization entries, is revised to incorporate by
                reference standards for the specification, design, construction,
                testing, and use of gas cylinders:
                --ISO 11118(E), Gas cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas cylinders--
                Specification and test methods is replaced by ISO 11118:2015(E), Gas
                cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas cylinders--Specification and
                test methods in paragraph (w)(53). The purpose of this standard is to
                provide a specification for the design, manufacture, inspection, and
                testing of non-refillable metallic gas cylinders for worldwide safe
                use, handling, and transport. The updated version of ISO 11118
                includes, among other edits, clarified requirements for the processing
                of carbon steel to avoid strain aging and the inclusion of alternative
                temperatures for artificial aging of carbon steel cylinders prior to
                burst testing.
                --ISO 11120(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel tubes of water
                capacity between 150 L and 3000 L--Design, construction and testing,
                First edition, March 1999 is replaced by ISO 11120:2015(E), Gas
                cylinders--Refillable seamless steel tubes of water capacity between
                150 L and 3,000 L--Design, construction and testing in paragraph
                (w)(62). This standard provides a specification for the design,
                manufacture, inspection and testing of tubes at the time of manufacture
                for worldwide usage. The updated version of ISO 11120 includes, among
                other edits, the modification of ultrasonic provisions for ultrasonic
                examination in 8.3 to include ultrasonic examination for wall thickness
                and for imperfections also on the supplied tubing and revision of the
                provisions for design of tubes for embrittling gases.
                --ISO 11623(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Periodic inspection and
                testing of composite gas cylinders, First edition, March 2002 is
                replaced by ISO 11623:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Composite construction--
                Periodic inspection and testing in paragraph (w)(66). This standard
                specifies the requirements for periodic inspection and testing and to
                verify the integrity for further service of hoop-wrapped and fully-
                wrapped composite transportable gas cylinders, with aluminum-alloy,
                steel or non-metallic liners or of linerless construction (Types 2, 3,
                4, and 5), intended for compressed, liquefied or dissolved gases under
                pressure, of water capacity from .5 L up to 450 L. The updated version
                of ISO 11623 includes, among other edits, updated terminology,
                particularly for the various types of composite cylinders, and moves
                information regarding intervals between periodic inspection and testing
                based on cylinder type into the new Annex C (formerly listed in Tables
                1 through 4).
                --ISO 14246:2014(E), Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--Manufacturing
                tests and examination is added in paragraph (w)(69). This standard
                covers the function of a cylinder valve as a closure.
                --ISO 16148:2016(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas
                cylinders and tubes--Acoustic emission examination (AT) and follow-up
                ultrasonic examination (UT) for periodic inspection and testing is
                added in paragraph (w)(71). This International Standard describes two
                methods of AT, defined as Method A and Method B, and a method of
                [[Page 27816]]
                follow-up UT. These non-destructive examination techniques are an
                alternative to conventional testing procedures for cylinders and tubes.
                --ISO 17871:2015(E) Gas cylinders--Quick-release cylinder valves--
                Specification and type testing is added in paragraph (w)(72). This
                standard covers the function of a quick-release cylinder valve as a
                closure.
                --ISO 21172-1:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up to
                3,000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
                construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1,000 litres is added in
                paragraph (w)(75). This standard provides a specification for the
                design, manufacture, inspection, and approval of welded steel gas
                pressure drums.
                --ISO 22434:2006(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and
                maintenance of cylinder valves is added in paragraph (w)(76). This
                standard specifies the requirements for the inspection and maintenance
                of cylinder valves, including valves with integrated pressure
                regulators.
                --ISO/TR 11364:2012(E), Gas cylinders--Compilation of national and
                international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and their
                identification and marking system is added in paragraph (w)(77). The
                purpose of this standard is to list all known cylinder/valve threads
                currently used and also threads used in the past and to specify a
                harmonized identification code and marking system for both cylinders
                and valves.
                 Paragraphs (aa)(1)-(4), which updates four (4) existing
                Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guidelines
                concerning corrosivity testing (Nos. 404, 430, 431, & 435). The
                references to these standards are updated to the 2015 versions of the
                standards. Updated OECD Guideline 404 and OECD Guideline 435 contain
                minor variations in the types of information to be recorded as a part
                of the test report. Updated OECD Guideline 430 and OECD Guideline 431
                include references to a developed document on integrated approaches to
                testing and assessment.
                 Paragraph (bb)(1), which incorporates the Transport Canada
                Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, adds subparagraphs (xx),
                (xxi), and (xxii), to include SOR/2016-95 published June 1, 2016; SOR/
                2017-137 published July 12, 2017; and SOR/2017-253 published December
                13, 2017, respectively. These additions are to incorporate changes to
                the Transport Canada Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
                SOR/2016-95 contains amendments concerning reporting requirements and
                international restrictions on lithium batteries. SOR/2017-137 contains
                amendments related to international harmonization. SOR/2017-253
                containes amendments related to marine transportation.
                 Paragraph (bb)(2) is added to incorporate by reference
                Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail, a Transport Canada
                standard that was published in 2013. The standard applies to the
                design, manufacture, maintenance and qualification of tank cars and ton
                containers and the selection and use of large containers or transport
                units used in the handling, offering for transport, or transporting of
                dangerous goods by rail.
                 Paragraph (dd)(1), which incorporates the United Nations
                Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations,
                19th Revised Edition (2015), Volumes I and II, is revised to
                incorporate the 20th Revised Edition (2017), Volumes I and II. This
                standard presents a basic scheme of provisions that allow uniform
                development of national and international regulations governing the
                various modes of transport. In a previous rulemaking, [Docket No.
                PHMSA-2015-0102 (HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA added Sec. 172.519 to
                the list of sections in paragraph (dd)(1). The NPRM did not account for
                this addition and in this final rule, Sec. 172.519 has been added to
                the list in paragraph (dd)(1) consistent with the earlier published
                final rule.
                 Paragraph (dd)(2)(ii) is added to incorporate the United
                Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of
                Tests and Criteria, 6th Revised Edition, Amendment 1. This standard
                contains criteria, test methods, and procedures to be used for the
                classification of hazardous materials according to the UN Model
                Regulations.
                 Paragraph (dd)(3), which incorporates the United Nations
                Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally
                Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals Sixth
                revised edition (2015), is revised to incorporate the United Nations
                Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally
                Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS),
                Seventh revised edition (2017). This standard helps identify the
                intrinsic hazards found in substances and mixtures and to convey
                information about these hazards.
                Section 171.8 Definitions and Abbreviations
                 Section 171.8 defines terms generally used throughout the HMR that
                have broad or multi-modal applicability. In this final rule, PHMSA is
                amending the definition of ``UN pressure receptacle'' to include
                pressure drums. Additionally, PHMSA is adding a definition for ``UN
                Pressure drum'' to mean a welded transportable pressure receptacle of a
                water capacity exceeding 150 L and not more than 1,000 L (e.g.,
                cylindrical receptacles equipped with rolling hoops, spheres on skids).
                These amendments provide defining terms related to pressure drums for
                which ISO 21172-1:2015(E) Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up
                to 3,000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
                construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1,000 litres is incorporated in
                Sec. 178.71.
                Section 171.12 North American Shipments
                 Section 171.12 prescribes requirements for the use of the Transport
                Canada TDG Regulations. In a March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR
                15796], PHMSA amended the HMR to expand recognition of cylinders and
                pressure receptacles, cargo tank repair facilities, and certificates of
                equivalency (an authorization to conduct an activity in compliance with
                the conditions of that authorization instead of the standard
                requirements) in accordance with the TDG Regulations. The goal of these
                amendments is to promote flexibility and permit the use of advanced
                technology for the requalification and use of pressure receptacles;
                doing so will provide for a broader selection of authorized pressure
                receptacles, reduce the need for special permits, and to facilitate
                cross-border transportation of these cylinders. In this final rule,
                PHMSA is clarifying the recognition of certificates of equivalency
                issued by Transport Canada. Transport Canada issues equivalency
                certificates as both a competent authority approval and for an
                alternative means of compliance with TDG Regulations. PHMSA provides
                reciprocity for equivalency certificates that are issued by Transport
                Canada as an alternative to the TDG Regulations; PHMSA does not provide
                recognition to Canada's competent authority approvals. In this final
                rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (a)(1) to clarify the extent of
                reciprocity regarding certificates of equivalency.
                 Additionally, PHMSA is amending paragraph (a)(3)(v) to update the
                standard incorporated by reference to
                [[Page 27817]]
                which Canadian rail cars must conform. The existing reference to the
                Canadian General Standards Board standard 43.147 is replaced with
                Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (2013).
                 PHMSA received comments of general support from the Dow and DGAC.
                Dow specifically mentioned support for the incorporation by reference
                of the Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail and
                clarification of the certificates of equivalency.
                 PHMSA received a comment from Transport Canada suggesting that the
                terms ``pressure drum'' and ``pressure receptacle'' addressed in Sec.
                171.8 of this final rule, also be included in Sec. 171.12 in a manner
                that promotes reciprocity between the United States and Canada. We
                agree with the commenter and in this final rule are adding the terms
                ``pressure drum'' and ``UN pressure receptacle'' to Sec. 171.12 and
                authorizing use of these packages when marked with the letters ``CAN.''
                Part 172--Hazardous Materials Table, Special Provisions, Hazardous
                Materials Communications, Emergency Response Information, Training
                Requirements, and Security Plans
                Section 172.101 Purpose and Use of Hazardous Materials Table
                 Section 172.101 contains the HMT and provides instructions for its
                use. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the instructional text that
                precedes the HMT for paragraph (e) of this section.
                 Paragraph (e) of Sec. 172.101 provides instructions for the use of
                column (4) of the HMT. Column (4) lists the identification number
                assigned to each proper shipping name. Most identification numbers are
                preceded by the letters ``UN'' and are associated with proper shipping
                names, which may be used for both domestic and international
                transportation. Some proper shipping names are assigned ``NA'' or
                ``North American'' numbers. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed a revision to
                paragraph (e) to indicate that NA numbers are only recognized for use
                in the United States. In the NPRM, PHMSA stated that NA numbers are not
                authorized in Canada because the TDG limit the use of NA numbers to
                materials classified as ``Consumer commodity,'' and do not allow for
                the use of other NA numbers. Transport Canada made this amendment in
                August 15, 2001 with SOR 2001-186.\9\ The TDG, Part 9.1 Transporting
                Dangerous Goods from the United States into or through Canada state
                that the HMR may be followed as an alternative to the TDG if certain
                conditions are met, including that ``the classification in Schedule 1
                or in the UN Recommendations, for dangerous goods that have the letter
                ``D'' assigned to them in column 1 of the table to section 172.101 of
                49 CFR, except for dangerous goods with the shipping name `Consumer
                commodity'.'' The letter ``D'' is assigned to NA numbers. Therefore, NA
                numbers are not recognized for shipments from a place in the United
                States to a place in Canada or from a place in the United States
                through Canada to a place outside Canada. As such, PHMSA is revising
                the HMR to be consistent with Canada's national regulations. PHMSA
                received comments from DGAC on the use of NA numbers in Sec.
                172.101(e), North American Shipments. Specifically, DGAC stated this
                change will eliminate mutual recognition of NA numbers between the
                United States and Canada. Although the text in Sec. 172.101(e),
                stating that NA numbers are not recognized for international
                transportation, except to and from Canada, was not previously amended
                to align with the TDG, the mutual recognition of NA numbers has not
                been permitted under the TDG since the August 15, 2001 publication. NA
                numbers will continue to be recognized for shipments within the United
                States.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \9\ http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2001/2001-08-15-s/pdf/g2-135s1.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                1. Hazardous Materials Table (HMT)
                 In this final rule, PHMSA is amending the HMT. Readers should
                review all changes for a complete understanding of the amendments. For
                purposes of the U.S. Government Printing Office's typesetting
                procedures, proposed changes to the HMT appear under three sections of
                the Table, ``remove,'' ``add,'' and ``revise.'' Certain entries in the
                HMT, such as those with revisions to the proper shipping names, appear
                as a ``remove'' and ``add.'' The amendments to the HMT include the
                following:
                2. New HMT Entries
                 UN3537 Articles containing flammable gas, n.o.s.
                 UN3538 Articles containing non-flammable, non-toxic gas,
                n.o.s.
                 UN3539 Articles containing toxic gas, n.o.s.
                 UN3540 Articles containing flammable liquid, n.o.s.
                 UN3541 Articles containing flammable solid, n.o.s.
                 UN3542 Articles containing a substance liable to spontaneous
                combustion, n.o.s.
                 UN3543 Articles containing a substance which in contact with
                water emits flammable gases, n.o.s.
                 UN3544 Articles containing oxidizing substance, n.o.s.
                 UN3545 Articles containing organic peroxide, n.o.s.
                 UN3546 Articles containing toxic substance, n.o.s.
                 UN3547 Articles containing corrosive substance, n.o.s.
                 UN3548 Articles containing miscellaneous dangerous goods,
                n.o.s.
                 PHMSA is adding a classification scheme for articles containing
                hazardous materials not otherwise specified by name in the HMR that
                contain hazardous materials of various hazard classes and divisions.
                This addresses transportation scenarios where various hazardous
                materials or hazardous materials residues are present in articles above
                the quantities currently authorized for dangerous goods in machinery or
                apparatus. This authorizes safe and secure methods to transport
                articles that may be too large to fit into typical packagings. Absent
                provisions to package and transport these materials safely, such
                articles may be offered for transport under provisions that do not
                adequately account for the physical and chemical properties of the
                substances or mode of transport and may require the issuance of an
                approval by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
                 UN3535 Toxic solid, flammable, inorganic, n.o.s.
                 Consistent with the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
                Regulations, this new generic entry addresses toxic solids with a
                flammable subsidiary risk in Packing Groups (PG) I and II.
                 UN3536 Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit
                lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries
                 This new HMT entry addresses lithium metal and lithium ion
                batteries that are installed in a cargo transport unit and designed
                only to provide power external to the cargo transport unit. The lithium
                batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185 and contain the
                necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over discharge between the
                batteries. Such units are forbidden for transport on aircraft. PHMSA
                received one comment on the proposed changes to Sec. 172.101 from PRBA
                supporting the new entry of UN3536 in the table.
                3. Amendments to Column (2) Hazardous Materials Descriptions and Proper
                Shipping Names
                 Section 172.101(c) describes column (2) of the HMT and the
                requirements for hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping
                names. For the entry ``2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate,'' the word
                ``stabilized'' is added to the end,
                [[Page 27818]]
                as the substance has been determined to polymerize in certain
                conditions.
                4. Amendments to Column (5) Packing Group
                 The HMT entries for articles ``UN3316, Chemical kit'' and ``UN3316,
                First aid kit'' are revised to remove Packing Group II and III
                assignments. This revision reverts the entries to a single row with the
                packing group column left blank as they existed prior to adding the
                Packing Group II and III assignments in a final rule published on
                January 8, 2015 [Docket No. PHMSA-2013-0260 (HM-215M); 80 FR 1075].
                This revision addresses situations where materials in the kits are not
                assigned to a packing group or have Packing Group I assigned, as
                permitted by Sec. 173.161.
                5. Amendments to Column (7) Special Provisions
                 Section 172.101(h) describes column (7) of the HMT, which contains
                special provisions for each entry in the table. Section 172.102(c)
                prescribes the special provisions assigned to specific entries in the
                HMT. The modifications to the entries in the HMT are discussed below.
                 In an October 18, 2018, final rule, entitled ``Notification of the
                Pilot-in-Command and Response to Air Related Petitions for Rulemaking''
                [(HM-259); 83 FR 52878], PHMSA removed special provision A6 from UN
                numbers 2789, 2790, 1715, 1717, 1723, 1732, 1739, 1758, 2240, 3264,
                3265, 1764, 1765, 1768, 1775, 1776, 1778, 1777, 1782, 1786, 1790, 2031,
                2308, 1808, 2258, 2879, 1818, 2564, 2699, 2502, 2443, and 2444.
                However, the HM-215O NPRM incorrectly showed special provision A6 as
                still being applicable to these entries. Therefore, in this final rule,
                A6 is not assigned to these HMT entries consistent with the previously
                published HM-259 final rule.
                 Similarly, in the HM-259 final rule, PHMSA removed special
                provision A3 from UN numbers 1739, 2604, 1758, 2240, 1183, 1777, 1242,
                1798, 1873, 2879, 1828, 1831, 2699, and 2444. However, the HM-215O NPRM
                incorrectly showed special provision A3 as still being applicable to
                these entries. Therefore, in this final rule, A3 is not assigned to
                these HMT entries consistent with the previously published HM-259 final
                rule.
                 Finally, in a March 6, 2019, interim final rule (IFR) [(HM-224I);
                84 FR 8006], PHMSA removed special provision A51 from UN3480 and added
                special provision A100 to UN 3480. However, the HM-215O NPRM did not
                account for this action and in this final rule, A51 is removed from
                UN3480 and A100 is added to UN 3480 consistent with the previously
                published HM-224I IFR.
                 See ``Section 172.102 special provisions'' below for a detailed
                discussion of the additions, revisions, and deletions to the special
                provisions addressed in this final rule.
                 Special provision 325. Special provision 325 is added to
                the following HMT entries:
                UN2912 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-I) non-fissile
                or fissile-excepted
                UN2913 Radioactive material, surface contaminated objects (SCO-I or
                SCO-II) non-fissile or fissile-excepted
                UN2915 Radioactive material, Type A package non-special form, non-
                fissile or fissile-excepted
                UN2916 Radioactive material, Type B(U) package non-fissile or fissile-
                excepted
                UN2917 Radioactive material, Type B(M) package non-fissile or fissile-
                excepted
                UN2919 Radioactive material, transported under special arrangement,
                non-fissile or fissile-excepted
                UN3321 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-II) non-fissile
                or fissile-excepted
                UN3322 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-III) non-
                fissile or fissile-excepted
                 Special provision 347. Special provision 347 restricts the
                use of certain HMT entries classed as Division 1.4S explosive materials
                to those articles successfully passing Test Series 6(d) of Part I of
                the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. The 6(d) test is a test on a
                single package to determine if there are hazardous effects outside the
                package arising from accidental ignition or initiation of the contents.
                A Division 1.4 explosive is defined as an explosive that presents a
                minor explosion hazard such that hazardous effects are confined to a
                package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range are
                expected; and that an external fire must not cause virtually
                instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of a package
                containing a Division 1.4 explosive. Explosive articles or substances
                are assigned to Division 1.4, Compatibility Group S (1.4S) if hazardous
                effects are confined within a package or the blast and projection
                effects do not significantly hinder emergency response efforts.
                 Special provision 347 is presently assigned to eight (8) Division
                1.4S entries in the HMT including shaped charges, detonators, power
                device cartridges, detonator assemblies, and plastic bonded bursting
                charges. Following a review of other Division 1.4S entries, the UN
                Working Group on Explosives supported applying special provision 347 to
                entries for Division 1.4S articles and substances that are generic or
                ``not otherwise specified'' (n.o.s.), and to UN 0367 (Fuzes,
                detonating) that are normally package dependent. The UN Working Group
                noted that generic entries normally warrant more systematic testing. In
                the NPRM, PHMSA requested comment on whether this provision is likely
                to have net benefits. PHMSA received one comment from IME stating that
                the ``addition of the special provision will benefit transportation
                safety and that the additional costs are, accordingly justified.''
                Therefore, in this final rule, consistent with the UN Model
                Regulations, PHMSA is adding special provision 347 to the following
                entries:
                UN0349 Articles, explosives, n.o.s.
                UN0367 Fuzes, detonating
                UN0384 Components, explosive train, n.o.s.
                UN0481 Substances, explosive, n.o.s.
                 Special provision 368. Special provision 368 prescribes
                requirements for non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium hexafluoride
                that must be described as UN3507 or UN2978, as appropriate. Based on an
                informal working paper submitted at the 50th session of the UN Sub-
                Committee of Experts (SCOE) on the Transport of Dangerous Goods that
                highlighted potential errors in the 19th revised edition of the Model
                Regulations, it was agreed that special provision 368 should have been
                assigned to ``UN 2908, Radioactive material, excepted package--empty
                packaging'' because empty uncleaned packagings containing residues of
                non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium hexafluoride should be
                classified under UN3507 or UN2978 as appropriate. Therefore, in this
                final rule, PHMSA is assigning special provision 368 to the following
                entry to aid shippers:
                UN2908 Radioactive material, excepted package--empty packaging.
                 Special provision 369. Special provision 369 is revised
                for clarity and is applicable to the following HMT entry:
                UN3507 Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package,
                less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted
                 Special provision 383. Consistent with the deletion of
                this special provision in section 172.102, special provision 383 is
                removed from the following PG II HMT entries:
                UN1133 Adhesives, containing a flammable liquid
                [[Page 27819]]
                UN1263 Paint related material including paint thinning, drying,
                removing, or reducing compound
                UN1263 Paint including paint, lacquer, enamel, stain, shellac
                solutions, varnish, polish, liquid filler and liquid lacquer base
                UN1210 Printing ink, flammable or Printing ink related material
                (including printing ink thinning or reducing compound), flammable
                UN1866 Resin Solution, flammable
                 Special provision 388. New special provision 388 is added
                to the following HMT entries:
                UN3090 Lithium metal batteries including lithium alloy batteries
                UN3091 Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment including lithium
                alloy batteries
                UN3091 Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment including lithium
                alloy batteries
                UN3480 Lithium ion batteries including lithium ion polymer batteries
                UN3481 Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment including lithium
                ion polymer batteries
                UN3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment including lithium
                ion polymer batteries
                 Special provision 389. New special provision 389 providing
                applicable transport conditions is added to the following new HMT
                entry:
                UN3536 Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit lithium ion
                batteries or lithium metal batteries
                 Special provision 391. New special provision 391 is added
                to the following new HMT entries:
                UN3537 Articles containing flammable gas, n.o.s.
                UN3538 Articles containing non-flammable, non-toxic gas, n.o.s.
                UN3539 Articles containing toxic gas, n.o.s.
                UN3540 Articles containing flammable liquid, n.o.s.
                UN3541 Articles containing flammable solid, n.o.s.
                UN3542 Articles containing a substance liable to spontaneous
                combustion, n.o.s.
                UN3543Articles containing a substance which in contact with water emits
                flammable gases, n.o.s.
                UN3544 Articles containing oxidizing substance, n.o.s.
                UN3545 Articles containing organic peroxide, n.o.s.
                UN3546 Articles containing toxic substance, n.o.s.
                UN3547 Articles containing corrosive substance, n.o.s.
                UN3548 Articles containing miscellaneous dangerous goods, n.o.s.
                 Special provision B136. PHMSA is adding new special
                provision B136 to the following HMT entries:
                UN1363 Copra
                UN1386 Seed cake, containing vegetable oil solvent extractions and
                expelled seeds, with not more than 10 percent of oil and when the
                amount of moisture is higher than 11 percent, with not more than 20
                percent of oil and moisture combined
                UN1386 Seed cake with more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than 11
                percent moisture
                UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
                UN1435 Zinc ashes
                UN2071 Ammonium nitrate based fertilizer
                UN2216 Fish meal, stabilized or Fish scrap, stabilized
                UN2217 Seed cake with not more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than
                11 percent moisture
                UN2793 Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous metal shavings or Ferrous metal
                turnings or Ferrous metal cuttings in a form liable to self-heating
                 Special provisions W31 and W32. Special provision W32 is
                removed from the following PG I HMT entries (unless otherwise noted in
                Table 1) and replaced with special provision W31:
                 Table 1
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Proper shipping name UN No.
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Calcium phosphide........................ UN1360
                Aluminum phosphide....................... UN1397
                Calcium carbide.......................... UN1402
                Calcium hydride.......................... UN1404
                Cesium or Caesium........................ UN1407
                Metal hydrides, water reactive, n.o.s.... UN1409
                Lithium aluminum hydride................. UN1410
                Lithium borohydride...................... UN1413
                Lithium hydride.......................... UN1414
                Lithium.................................. UN1415
                Magnesium, powder or Magnesium alloys, UN1418
                 powder.
                Magnesium aluminum phosphide............. UN1419
                Rubidium................................. UN1423
                Sodium borohydride....................... UN1426
                Sodium hydride........................... UN1427
                Sodium................................... UN1428
                Sodium phosphide......................... UN1432
                Stannic phosphide........................ UN1433
                Zinc phosphide........................... UN1714
                Potassium borohydride.................... UN1870
                Magnesium hydride........................ UN2010
                Magnesium phosphide...................... UN2011
                Potassium phosphide...................... UN2012
                Strontium phosphide...................... UN2013
                Potassium................................ UN2257
                Aluminum hydride......................... UN2463
                Lithium nitride.......................... UN2806
                Water-reactive solid, n.o.s.............. UN2813
                Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s UN3208
                Metallic substance, water-reactive, self- UN3209 (All PGs)
                 heating, n.o.s.
                Alkali metal amalgam, solid.............. UN3401
                Alkaline earth metal amalgams, solid..... UN3402
                Potassium, metal alloys, solid........... UN3403
                Potassium sodium alloys, solid........... UN3404
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Special provision W40. Special provision W40 prohibits the
                use of non-bulk bags. This requirement typically applies to solid
                substances in Packing Group II. Consistent with changes made in
                Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code, special provision W40 is removed from
                the following HMT entries:
                UN1396 Aluminum powder, uncoated (PG III)
                UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
                UN1403 Calcium cyanamide with more than 0.1 percent of calcium carbide
                UN1405 Calcium silicide (PG III)
                U3208 Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s. (PG III)
                 Additionally, PHMSA is adding special provision W40 to the
                following HMT entry:
                UN3208 Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s. (PG II)
                6. Amendments to Column (10) Vessel Stowage Requirements
                 Section 172.101(k) explains the purpose of column (10) of the HMT
                and prescribes the vessel stowage and segregation requirements for
                specific entries. Column (10) is divided into two columns: Column (10A)
                [Vessel stowage] specifies the authorized stowage locations on board
                cargo and passenger vessels, and column (10B) [Other provisions]
                specifies special stowage and segregation provisions. The meaning of
                each code in column (10B) is set forth in Sec. 176.84.
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed to amend various vessel stowage codes
                assigned to explosives articles to allow under deck stowage of these
                articles when not in closed cargo transport units (CCTUs). PHMSA
                received a comment from IME noting support for the changes, but
                indicating that the commercial ports used by their industry in the
                United States require commercial explosives to be containerized
                regardless of whether they are shipped on deck or under deck. PHMSA
                reiterates that these changes also allow the shipment of large and
                robust articles that while generally contained in some manner (e.g. a
                custom built crate, cradle, or box) may not fit in a traditional CCTU.
                The changes made in this final rule authorize such transport when not
                in a traditional CCTU. While these changes do not authorize the break
                bulk stowage of explosive substances, they
                [[Page 27820]]
                do facilitate the movement of larger explosive articles.
                 The following table addresses this issue through modification of
                the stowage categories for individual UN numbers for which under deck
                stowage was previously permitted prior to Amendment 36-12 of the IMDG
                Code. Table 2 contains the changes listed in numerical order by UN
                identification number and additionally lists the proper shipping name,
                the previous column (10A) entry, and the adopted column (10A) entry.
                 Table 2
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Previous code Adopted code
                 Proper shipping name UN No. column (10A) column (10A)
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0005 05 03
                Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0006 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0007 05 03
                Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0033 05 03
                Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0034 04 03
                Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0035 04 03
                Bombs, photo-flash............................................ 0037 05 03
                Bombs, photo-flash............................................ 0038 04 03
                Boosters, without detonator................................... 0042 04 03
                Bursters, explosive........................................... 0043 04 03
                Charges, demolition........................................... 0048 04 03
                Charges, depth................................................ 0056 04 03
                Charges, shaped, without detonator............................ 0059 04 03
                Charges, supplementary explosive.............................. 0060 04 03
                Cord, detonating, flexible.................................... 0065 04 03
                Fracturing devices, explosive, without detonators for oil 0099 04 03
                 wells........................................................
                Cord, detonating or Fuze, detonating metal clad............... 0102 04 03
                Jet perforating guns, charged oil well without detonator...... 0124 04 03
                Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0136 05 03
                Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0137 04 03
                Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0138 04 03
                Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0167 05 03
                Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0168 04 03
                Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0169 04 03
                Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0180 05 03
                Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0181 04 03
                Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0182 04 03
                Rockets, with inert head...................................... 0183 04 03
                Rocket motors................................................. 0186 04 03
                Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0204 05 03
                Warheads, torpedo with bursting charge........................ 0221 04 03
                Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0242 04 03
                Charges, propelling........................................... 0271 04 03
                Charges, propelling........................................... 0272 04 03
                Cartridges, power device...................................... 0275 04 03
                Cartridges, oil well.......................................... 0277 04 03
                Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0279 04 03
                Rocket motors................................................. 0280 04 03
                Boosters, without detonator................................... 0283 04 03
                Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0284 04 03
                Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0285 04 03
                Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0286 04 03
                Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0287 04 03
                Cord, detonating or Fuze, detonating metal clad............... 0290 04 03
                Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0291 05 03
                Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0292 05 03
                Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0293 05 03
                Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0294 05 03
                Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0295 05 03
                Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0296 05 03
                Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0321 04 03
                Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0324 05 03
                Cartridges for weapons, blank................................. 0326 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, blank or Cartridges, small arms, blank 0327 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, inert projectile...................... 0328 04 03
                Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0329 04 03
                Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0330 05 03
                Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0346 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0348 05 03
                Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0369 05 03
                Warheads, rocket with burster or expelling charge............. 0371 05 03
                Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0374 04 03
                Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0375 04 03
                Cartridges, power device...................................... 0381 04 03
                Fuzes, detonating, with protective features................... 0408 04 03
                [[Page 27821]]
                
                Fuzes, detonating, with protective features................... 0409 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, blank................................. 0413 04 03
                Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0414 04 03
                Charges, propelling........................................... 0415 04 03
                Cartridges for weapons, inert projectile or Cartridges, small 0417 04 03
                 arms.........................................................
                Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0426 05 03
                Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0427 05 03
                Rockets, with expelling charge................................ 0436 04 03
                Rockets, with expelling charge................................ 0437 04 03
                Charges, shaped, without detonator............................ 0439 04 03
                Charges, explosive, commercial without detonator.............. 0442 04 03
                Charges, explosive, commercial without detonator.............. 0443 04 03
                Cases, combustible, empty, without primer..................... 0447 04 03
                Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0451 04 03
                Charges, bursting, plastics bonded............................ 0457 04 03
                Charges, bursting, plastics bonded............................ 0458 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0462 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0463 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0464 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0465 05 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0466 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0467 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0468 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0469 05 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0470 04 03
                Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0472 05 03
                Rockets, with inert head...................................... 0502 02 03
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Consistent with changes to Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA
                is making numerous changes to the special stowage and segregation
                provisions [Other provisions] indicated in column (10B) of the HMT.
                 Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code amended multiple entries to ensure
                proper segregation between acids and both amines and cyanides. Amines
                react dangerously with acids, evolving heat, and the heat of reaction
                has the potential to generate corrosive vapors. Cyanides react with
                acids to generate toxic vapors. However, current vessel segregation
                requirements are inconsistent. Therefore, PHMSA is applying stowage
                codes 52, 53, and 58--which require stowage ``separated from acids,''
                ``separated from alkaline compounds'', and ``separated from cyanides,''
                respectively--to column 10B of the HMT, as shown in Table 3, below.
                 Consistent with changes adopted in Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG
                Code, PHMSA is adding existing stowage codes 12 and 25 to entries in
                the HMT. Vessel stowage code 12 requires keeping the cargo as cool as
                reasonably practicable. Vessel stowage code 25 requires protecting
                shipments from sources of heat. PHMSA is adding codes 12 and 25 to
                Nitrocellulose with alcohol with not less than 25 percent alcohol by
                mass, and with not more than 12.6 percent nitrogen, by dry mass, UN
                2556. The addition of these two vessel stowage codes will help ensure
                that nitrocellulose is stowed so as to keep it as cool as practicable
                during transportation and to avoid possible loss of stabilization
                material in packages. Additionally, PHMSA is adding stowage code 25 to
                Dipropylamine, UN 2383 consistent with changes adopted in Amendment 39-
                18 of the IMDG Code.
                 PHMSA is adding vessel stowage codes to multiple HMT entries for
                uranium hexafluoride. In a previous final rule [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-
                0273 (HM-215N); 82 FR 15796] a subsidiary hazard of 6.1 was added to
                the UN 2977 and UN 2978 Uranium hexafluoride entries, and the primary
                hazard for UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material,
                excepted package was changed from 8 to 6.1. Consequential amendments to
                the stowage and segregation requirements codes for these materials were
                not addressed at the time of these changes in the IMDG Code or the HMR.
                In this final rule, PHMSA is adding existing vessel stowage code 74 and
                new vessel stowage codes 151 and 153 to UN 2977 and UN 2978.
                Additionally, PHMSA is adding new vessel stowage code 152 to UN 3507.
                Stowage code 74 requires stowage separated from oxidizers. See a
                section-by-section discussion on the proposed changes to Sec. 176.84
                for a description of stowage codes 151, 152 and 153. These amendments
                are necessary to ensure appropriate stowage and segregation provisions
                that account for the subsidiary and tertiary hazards of these
                commodities.
                 Finally, we are adding new stowage provision 154 and assigning it
                to the NA 0124, NA 0494, UN 0494, and UN 0124 jet perforating gun HMT
                entries. This new stowage provision indicates that, notwithstanding the
                stowage category assigned to the entries in the HMT, jet perforating
                guns may be stowed in accordance with the provisions of packing
                instruction US 1 in Sec. 173.62. See the discussion on stowage
                provision 154 in the Sec. 176.84 section by section portion of this
                rulemaking.
                 Table 3
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Proper shipping name UN No. Addition(s)
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Jet perforating guns, NA0124.................... 154
                 charged oil well, with
                 detonator.
                Jet perforating guns, UN0124.................... 154
                 charged oil well, without
                 detonator.
                [[Page 27822]]
                
                Jet perforating guns, NA0494.................... 154
                 charged oil well, with
                 detonator.
                Jet perforating guns, UN0494.................... 154
                 charged, oil well, without
                 detonator.
                Dimethylamine, anhydrous.... UN1032.................... 52
                Ethylamine.................. UN1036.................... 52
                Hydrogen fluoride, anhydrous UN1052.................... 53, 58
                Methylamine, anhydrous...... UN1061.................... 52
                Trimethylamine, anhydrous... UN1083.................... 52
                Amylamines.................. UN1106 PG II & III........ 52
                n-Butylamine................ UN1125.................... 52
                Diethylamine................ UN1154.................... 52
                Diisopropylamine............ UN1158.................... 52
                Ethyl chloroformate......... UN1182.................... 53, 58
                Ethyldichlorosilane......... UN1183.................... 53, 58
                Isobutylamine............... UN1214.................... 52
                Isopropylamine.............. UN1221.................... 52
                Methyl chloroformate........ UN1238.................... 53, 58
                Methyldichlorosilane........ UN1242.................... 53, 58
                Methyltrichlorosilane....... UN1250.................... 53, 58
                Propylamine................. UN1277.................... 52
                Trichlorosilane............. UN1295.................... 53, 58
                Trimethylamine, aqueous UN1297 all PG's........... 52
                 solutions with not more
                 than 50 percent
                 trimethylamine by mass.
                Trimethylchlorosilane....... UN1298.................... 53, 58
                Vinyltrichlorosilane........ UN1305.................... 53, 58
                Cacodylic acid.............. UN1572.................... 53, 58
                Dimethyl sulfate............ UN1595.................... 53, 58
                Acetic anhydride............ UN1715.................... 53, 58
                Acetyl bromide.............. UN1716.................... 53, 58
                Acetyl chloride............. UN1717.................... 53, 58
                Butyl acid phosphate........ UN1718.................... 53, 58
                Allyl chloroformate......... UN1722.................... 53, 58
                Allyl iodide................ UN1723.................... 53, 58
                Allyltrichlorosilane, UN1724.................... 53, 58
                 stabilized.
                Aluminum bromide, anhydrous. UN1725.................... 53, 58
                Aluminum chloride, anhydrous UN1726.................... 53, 58
                Ammonium hydrogendifluoride, UN1727.................... 53, 58
                 solid.
                Amyltrichlorosilane......... UN1728.................... 53, 58
                Anisoyl chloride............ UN1729.................... 53, 58
                Antimony pentachloride, UN1730.................... 53, 58
                 liquid.
                Antimony pentachloride, UN 1731 all PG's.......... 53, 58
                 solutions.
                Antimony pentafluoride...... UN1732.................... 53, 58
                Antimony trichloride, liquid UN1733.................... 53, 58
                 and solid.
                Benzoyl chloride............ UN1736.................... 53, 58
                Benzyl bromide.............. UN1737.................... 53, 58
                Benzyl chloride and Benzyl UN1738.................... 53, 58
                 chloride unstabilized.
                Benzyl chloroformate........ UN1739.................... 53, 58
                Hydrogendifluoride, solid, UN1740 all PG's........... 53, 58
                 n.o.s.
                Boron trifluoride acetic UN1742.................... 53, 58
                 acid complex, liquid.
                Boron trifluoride propionic UN1743.................... 53, 58
                 acid complex, liquid.
                Bromine solutions........... UN1744 all entries........ 53, 58
                Bromine pentafluoride....... UN1745.................... 53, 58
                Bromine trifluoride......... UN1746.................... 53, 58
                Butyltrichlorosilane........ UN1747.................... 53, 58
                Chloroacetic acid, solution. UN1750.................... 53, 58
                Chloroacetic acid, solid.... UN1751.................... 53, 58
                Chloroacetyl chloride....... UN1752.................... 53, 58
                Chlorophenyltrichlorosilane. UN1753.................... 53, 58
                Chlorosulfonic acid (with or UN1754.................... 53, 58
                 without sulfur trioxide).
                Chromic acid solution....... UN1755 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Chromic fluoride, solid..... UN1756.................... 53, 58
                Chromic fluoride, solution.. UN1757 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Chromium oxychloride........ UN1758.................... 53, 58
                Cupriethylenediamine UN1761 all PG's........... 52
                 solution.
                Cyclohexenyltrichlorosilane. UN1762.................... 53, 58
                Cyclohexyltrichlorosilane... UN1763.................... 53, 58
                Dichloroacetic acid......... UN1764.................... 53, 58
                Dichloroacetyl chloride..... UN1765.................... 53, 58
                Dichlorophenyltrichlorosilan UN1766.................... 53, 58
                 e.
                Diethyldichlorosilane....... UN1767.................... 53, 58
                Difluorophosphoric acid, UN1768.................... 53, 58
                 anhydrous.
                Diphenyldichlorosilane...... UN1769.................... 53, 58
                Diphenylmethyl bromide...... UN1770.................... 53, 58
                Dodecyltrichlorosilane...... UN1771.................... 53, 58
                [[Page 27823]]
                
                Ferric chloride, anhydrous.. UN1773.................... 53, 58
                Fluoroboric acid............ UN1775.................... 53, 58
                Fluorophosphoric acid UN1776.................... 53, 58
                 anhydrous.
                Fluorosulfonic acid......... UN1777.................... 53, 58
                Fluorosilicic acid.......... UN1778.................... 53, 58
                Formic acid with more than UN1779.................... 53, 58
                 85% acid by mass.
                Fumaryl chloride............ UN1780.................... 53, 58
                Hexadecyltrichlorosilane.... UN1781.................... 53, 58
                Hexafluorophosphoric acid... UN1782.................... 53, 58
                Hexamethylenediamine UN1783 all PG's........... 52
                 solution.
                Hexyltrichlorosilane........ UN1784.................... 53, 58
                Hydrofluoric acid and UN1786.................... 53, 58
                 Sulfuric acid mixtures.
                Hydrobromic acid, with more UN1788 all PG's........... 53, 58
                 than 49 percent hydrobromic
                 acid.
                Hydrochloric acid........... UN1789 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Hydrofluoric acid........... UN1790 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Hypochlorite solutions...... UN1791 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Iodine monochloride, solid.. UN1792.................... 53, 58
                Isopropyl acid phosphate.... UN1793.................... 53, 58
                Lead sulfate with more than UN1794.................... 53, 58
                 3 percent free acid.
                Nitrating acid mixtures..... UN1796 all PG's........... 53, 58
                Nitrohydrochloric acid...... UN1798.................... 53, 58
                Nonyltrichlorosilane........ UN1799.................... 53, 58
                Octadecyltrichlorosilane.... UN1800.................... 53, 58
                Octyltrichlorosilane........ UN1801.................... 53, 58
                Perchloric acid with not UN1802.................... 53, 58
                 more than 50 percent acid
                 by mass.
                Phenolsulfonic acid, liquid. UN1803.................... 53, 58
                Phenyltrichlorosilane....... UN1804.................... 53, 58
                Phosphoric acid solution.... UN1805.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus pentachloride.... UN1806.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus pentoxide........ UN1807.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus tribromide....... UN1808.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus trichloride...... UN1809.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorous oxychloride..... UN1810.................... 53, 58
                Potassium hydrogendifluoride UN1811.................... 53, 58
                 solid.
                Propionyl chloride.......... UN1815.................... 53, 58
                Propyltrichlorosilane....... UN1816.................... 53, 58
                Pyrosulfuryl chloride....... UN1817.................... 53, 58
                Silicon tetrachloride....... UN1818.................... 53, 58
                Nitrating acid mixtures, UN1826 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 spent.
                Stannic chloride, anhydrous. UN1827.................... 53, 58
                Sulfur chlorides............ UN1828.................... 53, 58
                Sulfur trioxide, stabilized. UN1829.................... 53, 58
                Sulfuric acid with more than UN1830.................... 53, 58
                 51 percent acid.
                Sulfuric acid, fuming with UN1831.................... 53, 58
                 less than 30 percent free
                 sulfur trioxide.
                Sulfuric acid, fuming with UN1831.................... 53, 58
                 30 percent or more free
                 sulfur trioxide.
                Sulfuric acid, spent........ UN1832.................... 53, 58
                Sulfurous acid.............. UN1833.................... 53, 58
                Sulfuryl chloride........... UN1834.................... 53, 58
                Thionyl chloride............ UN1836.................... 53, 58
                Thiophosphoryl chloride..... UN1837.................... 53, 58
                Titanium tetrachloride...... UN1838.................... 53, 58
                Trichloroacetic acid........ UN1839.................... 53, 58
                Zinc chloride, solution..... UN1840.................... 53, 58
                Propionic acid with not less UN1848.................... 53, 58
                 than 10% and less than 90%
                 acid by mass.
                Perchloric acid with more UN1873.................... 53, 58
                 than 50 percent but not
                 more than 72 percent acid,
                 by mass.
                Acetyl iodide............... UN1898.................... 53, 58
                Diisooctyl acid phosphate... UN1902.................... 53, 58
                Selenic acid................ UN1905.................... 53, 58
                Sludge, acid................ UN1906.................... 53, 58
                Bromoacetic acid solution... UN1938 all PGs............ 53, 58
                Phosphorus oxybromide....... UN1939.................... 53, 58
                Thioglycolic acid........... UN1940.................... 53, 58
                Nitric acid other than red UN2031 all entries........ 53, 58
                 fuming.
                Nitric acid, red fuming..... UN2032.................... 53, 58
                2-Dimethylaminoethanol...... UN2051.................... 52
                Phthalic anhydride with more UN2214.................... 53, 58
                 than .05 percent maleic
                 anhydride.
                Maleic anhydride............ UN2215 all entries........ 53, 58
                Acrylic acid, stabilized.... UN2218.................... 53, 58
                Benzotrichloride............ UN2226.................... 53, 58
                Chromosulfuric acid......... UN2240.................... 53, 58
                Di-n-butylamine............. UN2248.................... 52
                1,2-Propylenediamine........ UN2258.................... 52
                [[Page 27824]]
                
                Tripropylamine.............. UN2260.................... 52
                Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride.. UN2262.................... 53, 58
                N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine. UN2264.................... 52
                Dimethyl-N-propylamine...... UN2266.................... 52
                Dimethyl thiophosphoryl UN2267.................... 53, 58
                 chloride.
                3,3'-Iminodipropylamine..... UN2269.................... 52
                2-Ethylhexylamine........... UN2276.................... 52
                Hexamethylenediamine, solid. UN2280.................... 52
                Isophoronediamine........... UN2289.................... 52
                Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid... UN2305.................... 53, 58
                Nitrosylsulfuric acid, UN2308.................... 53, 58
                 liquid.
                Trimethylcyclohexylamine.... UN2326.................... 52
                Trimethylhexamethylenediamin UN2327.................... 52
                 es.
                Zinc chloride, anhydrous.... UN2331.................... 53, 58
                Allylamine.................. UN2334.................... 52
                Butyryl chloride............ UN2353.................... 53, 58
                Cyclohexylamine............. UN2357.................... 52
                Diallylamine................ UN2359.................... 52
                Diisobutylamine............. UN2361.................... 52
                Dipropylamine............... UN2383.................... 25, 52
                Isobutyryl chloride......... UN2395.................... 53, 58
                Isopropyl chloroformate..... UN2407.................... 53, 58
                Dibenzyldichlorosilane...... UN2434.................... 53, 58
                Ethylphenyldichlorosilane... UN2435.................... 53, 58
                Methylphenyldichlorosilane.. UN2437.................... 53, 58
                Trimethylacetyl chloride.... UN2438.................... 53, 58
                Sodium hydrogendifluoride... UN2439.................... 53, 58
                Stannic chloride UN2440.................... 53, 58
                 pentahydrate.
                Trichloroacetyl chloride.... UN2442.................... 53, 58
                Vanadium oxytrichloride..... UN2443.................... 53, 58
                Vanadium tetrachloride...... UN2444.................... 53, 58
                Vanadium trichloride........ UN2475.................... 53, 58
                Iodine pentafluoride........ UN2495.................... 53, 58
                Propionic anhydride......... UN2496.................... 53, 58
                Valeryl chloride............ UN2502.................... 53, 58
                Zirconium tetrachloride..... UN2503.................... 53, 58
                Ammonium hydrogen sulfate... UN2506.................... 53, 58
                Chloroplatinic acid, solid.. UN2507.................... 53, 58
                Molybdenum pentachloride.... UN2508.................... 53, 58
                Potassium hydrogen sulfate.. UN2509.................... 53, 58
                2-Chloropropionic acid...... UN2511.................... 53, 58
                Bromoacetyl bromide......... UN2513.................... 58
                Furfurylamine............... UN2526.................... 52
                Methacrylic acid, stabilized UN2531.................... 53, 58
                Nitrocellulose with alcohol UN2556.................... 12, 25
                 with not less than 25
                 percent alcohol by mass,
                 and with not more than 12.6
                 percent nitrogen, by dry
                 mass.
                Trichloroacetic acid, UN2564 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 solution.
                Dicyclohexylamine........... UN2565.................... 52
                Alkylsulfuric acids......... UN2571.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus oxybromide, UN2576.................... 53, 58
                 molten.
                Phenylacetyl chloride....... UN2577.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorus trioxide......... UN2578.................... 53, 58
                Aluminum bromide, solution.. UN2580.................... 53, 58
                Aluminum chloride, solution. UN2581.................... 53, 58
                Ferric chloride, solution... UN2582.................... 53, 58
                Alkyl sulfonic acids, solid UN2583.................... 53, 58
                 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
                 solid, with more than 5
                 percent free sulfuric acid.
                Alkyl sulfonic acids, liquid UN2584.................... 53, 58
                 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
                 liquid with more than 5
                 percent free sulfuric acid.
                Alkyl sulfonic acids, solid UN2585.................... 53, 58
                 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
                 solid with not more than 5
                 percent free sulfuric acid.
                Alkyl sulfonic acids, liquid UN2586.................... 53, 58
                 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
                 liquid with not more than 5
                 percent free sulfuric acid.
                Boron trifluoride diethyl UN2604.................... 53, 58
                 etherate.
                Triallylamine............... UN2610.................... 52
                Benzyldimethylamine......... UN2619.................... 52
                Chloric acid aqueous UN2626.................... 53
                 solution, with not more
                 than 10 percent chloric
                 acid.
                Fluoroacetic acid........... UN2642.................... 53, 58
                Cyanuric chloride........... UN2670.................... 53, 58
                3-Diethyamino-propylamine... UN2684.................... 52
                N,N-Diethylethylenediamine.. UN2685.................... 52
                2-Diethylaminoethanol....... UN2686.................... 52
                Phosphorus pentabromide..... UN2691.................... 58
                Boron tribromide............ UN2692.................... 53, 58
                Tetrahydrophthalic UN2698.................... 53, 58
                 anhydrides with more than
                 0.05 percent of maleic
                 anhydride.
                Trifluoroacetic acid........ UN2699.................... 53, 58
                [[Page 27825]]
                
                Butyric anhydride........... UN2739.................... 53, 58
                n-Propyl chloroformate...... UN2740.................... 53, 58
                Chloroformates, toxic, UN2742.................... 53, 58
                 corrosive, flammable, n.o.s.
                n-Butyl chloroformate....... UN2743.................... 53, 58
                Cyclobutyl chloroformate.... UN2744.................... 53, 58
                Chloromethyl chloroformate.. UN2745.................... 53, 58
                Phenyl chloroformate........ UN2746.................... 53, 58
                2-Ethylhexyl chloroformate.. UN2748.................... 53, 58
                Diethylthiophosphoryl UN2751.................... 53, 58
                 chloride.
                Acetic acid, glacial or UN2789.................... 53, 58
                 Acetic acid solution, with
                 more than 80 percent acid,
                 by mass.
                Acetic acid solution........ UN2790 all entries........ 53, 58
                Batteries, wet, filled with UN2794.................... 53, 58
                 acid, electric storage.
                Sulfuric acid with not more UN2796.................... 53, 58
                 than 51% acid.
                Phenyl phosphorus dichloride UN2798.................... 53, 58
                Phenyl phosphorus UN2799.................... 53, 58
                 thiodichloride.
                Copper chloride............. UN2802.................... 53, 58
                N-Aminoethylpiperazine...... UN2815.................... 52
                Ammonium hydrogendifluoride, UN2817 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 solution.
                Amyl acid phosphate......... UN2819.................... 53, 58
                Butyric acid................ UN2820.................... 53, 58
                Crotonic acid, solid........ UN2823.................... 53, 58
                Ethyl chlorothioformate..... UN2826.................... 53, 58
                Caproic acid................ UN2829.................... 53, 58
                Phosphorous acid............ UN2834.................... 53, 58
                Di-n-amylamine.............. UN2841.................... 52
                Boron trifluoride dehydrate. UN2851.................... 53, 58
                Hydroxylamine sulfate....... UN2865.................... 52, 53, 58
                Titanium trichloride UN2869 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 mixtures.
                Selenium oxychloride........ UN2879.................... 53, 58
                N-Methylbutylamine.......... UN2945.................... 52
                Sulfamic acid............... UN2967.................... 53, 58
                Radioactive material, UN2978.................... 74, 151, 153
                 uranium hexafluoride non
                 fissile or fissile-excepted.
                Radioactive material, UN2977.................... 74, 151, 153
                 uranium hexafluoride,
                 fissile.
                Chlorosilanes, flammable, UN2985.................... 53, 58
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                Chlorosilanes, corrosive, UN2986.................... 53, 58
                 flammable, n.o.s.
                Chlorosilanes, corrosive, UN2987.................... 53, 58
                 n.o.s.
                Chlorosilanes, water- UN2988.................... 53, 58
                 reactive, flammable,
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                2-(2-Aminoethoxy) ethanol... UN3055.................... 52
                Methanesulfonyl chloride.... UN3246.................... 53, 58
                Chloroacetic acid, molten... UN3250.................... 53, 58
                Corrosive solid, acidic, UN3260 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 inorganic, n.o.s.
                Corrosive solid, acidic, UN3261 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 organic, n.o.s.
                Corrosive liquid, acidic, UN3264 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 inorganic, n.o.s.
                Corrosive liquid, acidic, UN3265 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 organic, n.o.s.
                Chloroformates, toxic, UN3277.................... 53, 58
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                Chlorosilanes, toxic, UN3361.................... 53, 58
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                Chlorosilanes, toxic, UN3362.................... 53, 58
                 corrosive, flammable, n.o.s.
                Formic acid................. UN3412 all PGs............ 53, 58
                Boron trifluoride acetic UN3419.................... 53, 58
                 acid complex, solid.
                Boron trifluoride propionic UN3420.................... 53, 58
                 acid complex, solid.
                Potassium hydrogendifluoride UN3421 all PGs............ 53, 58
                 solution.
                Bromoacetic acid, solid..... UN3425.................... 53, 58
                Phosphoric acid, solid...... UN3453.................... 53, 58
                Nitrosylsulphuric acid, UN3456.................... 53, 58
                 solid.
                Propionic acid with not less UN3463.................... 53, 58
                 than 90% acid by mass.
                Crotonic acid, liquid....... UN3472.................... 53, 58
                Iodine monochloride, liquid. UN3498.................... 53, 58
                Uranium hexafluoride, UN3507.................... 152
                 radioactive material,
                 excepted package, less than
                 0.1 kg per package, non-
                 fissile or fissile-excepted.
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                7. Appendix B to Sec. 172.101--List of Marine Pollutants
                 Appendix B to Sec. 172.101 lists marine pollutants regulated under
                the HMR. Based on the test data submitted to PHMSA, the USCG, and the
                IMO, Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code was updated to indicate that 1-
                dodecene is not a marine pollutant. In this final rule, PHMSA is
                amending the entry for ``Dodecene'' in the list of marine pollutants in
                Appendix B to Sec. 172.101 to indicate that 1-dodecene is not a marine
                pollutant, and as a result, shipments of 1-dodecene are not subject to
                the provisions of the HMR applicable to marine pollutants.
                Section 172.102 Special Provisions
                 Section 172.102 lists special provisions applicable to the
                transportation of specific hazardous materials. Special provisions
                contain packaging requirements, prohibitions, and exceptions applicable
                to particular quantities or forms of hazardous
                [[Page 27826]]
                materials. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the following Sec.
                172.102 special provisions:
                 Special provision 132. This special provision prescribes
                conditions for use of description ``UN 2071, Ammonium nitrate based
                fertilizer, Class 9.'' As the composition limits and requirement on
                self-sustaining decomposition were replaced by a flow chart in sub-
                section 39.5 of the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, section 39,
                the corresponding UN Model Regulations special provision 193 was
                revised by removing the specific conditions and making a reference to
                the applicable section of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.
                Consistent with these changes to the UN Model Regulations, in this
                final rule, PHMSA is revising special provision 132 by removing the
                specific conditions applicable to use of this description and
                clarifying that UN 2071 may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
                compound fertilizers and that they must be classified in accordance
                with the procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part
                III, section 39.
                 Special provision 150. This special provision prescribes
                conditions for use of description ``UN 2067, Ammonium nitrate based
                fertilizer, Division 5.1.'' As the composition limits were replaced by
                a flow chart in sub-section 39.5 of the Manual of Tests and Criteria,
                part III, section 39, the corresponding UN Model Regulations special
                provision 307 was revised by removing the specific conditions and
                making a reference to the applicable section of the UN Manual of Tests
                and Criteria. Consistent with these changes to the UN Model
                Regulations, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising special provision
                150 by removing the specific conditions applicable to use of this
                description by clarifying that UN 2067 may only be used for ammonium
                nitrate-based fertilizers and that they must be classified in
                accordance with the procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and
                Criteria, part III, section 39.
                 Special provision 238. Special provision 238 prescribes
                the requirements for neutron radiation detectors containing boron
                trifluoride. In a final rule published under [(HM-215N); 82 FR 15796],
                special provision 238 was revised to align with special provision 373
                of the UN Model Regulations. In reformatting the special provision for
                alignment, several of the preexisting references to paragraphs within
                the special provision were not revised accordingly. Therefore, PHMSA is
                removing the first instance of the text ``a.'' in the introductory text
                as it is not necessary and inadvertently results in two paragraphs with
                the same letter header. In paragraph e, the references to preceding
                paragraphs within the special provision are revised from a(1), a(2),
                and a(3) to a, b, and c, respectively.
                 Special provision 325. Consistent with a pre-existing
                special provision 325 in the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is adding new
                special provision 325 to assist shippers of this material by clarifying
                that in the case of non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium
                hexafluoride, the material must be classified as ``UN2978 Radioactive
                material, uranium hexafluoride non fissile or fissile-excepted.'' In
                this final rule, PHMSA is assigning special provision 325 to the
                following entries to aid shippers:
                UN2912 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-I) non fissile
                or fissile-excepted
                UN2913 Radioactive material, surface contaminated objects (SCO-I or
                SCO-II), non-fissile or fissile excepted
                UN2915 Radioactive material, Type A package non-special form, non
                fissile or fissile-excepted
                UN2916 Radioactive material, Type B(U) package non fissile or fissile-
                excepted
                UN2917 Radioactive material, Type B(M) package non fissile or fissile-
                excepted
                UN2919 Radioactive material, transported under special arrangement, non
                fissile or fissile-excepted
                UN3321 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-II) non fissile
                or fissile-excepted
                UN3322 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-III) non
                fissile or fissile excepted
                 Special provision 369. Special provision 369 prescribes
                requirements for UN3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material,
                excepted package, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-
                excepted. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the first sentence of
                the special provision for editorial clarity by replacing the words ``a
                radioactive material and corrosive subsidiary risk'' with
                ``radioactivity and corrosive subsidiary risks.''
                 Special provision 383. PHMSA is removing special provision
                383, which allows certain high viscosity flammable liquids, when
                offered for transportation by motor vehicle, to be reassigned to
                Packing Group III when packaged in UN metal drums with a capacity not
                exceeding 220 L (58 gallons). Amendments to Sec. 173.121 in this final
                rule provide a larger capacity package, additional packaging options,
                and more modes of transport (all modes except air). PHMSA believes
                these amendments to Sec. 173.121 provide more regulatory relief than
                special provision 383 currently offers, and is deleting special
                provision 383 and removing the special provision from the HMT for those
                entries to which it is assigned.
                 Special provision 387. Special provision 387 is revised to
                extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
                polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019, to January 2, 2023.
                 Special provision 388. Consistent with the UN Model
                Regulations, PHMSA is adding new special provision 388, which
                prescribes requirements for lithium batteries containing both primary
                lithium metal cells and rechargeable lithium ion cells that are not
                designed to be externally charged and for which the existing provisions
                for lithium batteries do not adequately address. Such batteries must
                meet the following conditions: (1) The rechargeable lithium ion cells
                can only be charged from the primary lithium metal cells; (2)
                overcharge of the rechargeable lithium ion cells is precluded by
                design; (3) the battery has been tested as a primary lithium battery;
                and (4) component cells of the battery must be of a type proved to meet
                the respective testing requirements of the UN Manual of Tests and
                Criteria, part III, subsection 38.3. Lithium batteries conforming to
                special provision 388 must be assigned to UN Nos. 3090 or 3091, as
                appropriate. When such batteries are transported in accordance with
                Sec. 173.185(c), the total lithium content of all lithium metal cells
                contained in the battery must not exceed 1.5 g and the total capacity
                of all lithium ion cells contained in the battery must not exceed 10
                Wh.
                 Special provision 389. In conjunction with the new HMT
                entry ``UN3536, Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit
                lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries,'' PHMSA is adding new
                special provision 389, which prescribes requirements for lithium ion
                batteries or lithium metal batteries installed in a cargo transport
                unit and designed only to provide power external to the cargo transport
                unit.
                 This special provision, which captures many of the safety elements
                included in previous approvals issued by PHMSA, specifies that the
                lithium batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185(a) and
                contain the necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over-discharge
                between the batteries. The batteries inside the cargo transport unit
                are not subject to marking or labelling requirements of part 172
                subparts D and E of this subchapter. The cargo transport
                [[Page 27827]]
                unit shall display the UN number in a manner in accordance with Sec.
                172.332 of this subchapter and be placarded on two opposing sides.
                 The batteries must be securely attached to the interior structure
                of the cargo transport unit (e.g., by means of placement in racks,
                cabinets, etc.) in such a manner as to prevent short circuits,
                accidental operation, and significant movement relative to the cargo
                transport unit under the shocks, loadings, and vibrations normally
                incidental to transport. Further, hazardous materials necessary for the
                safe and proper operation of the cargo transport unit (e.g., fire
                extinguishing systems and air conditioning systems), must be properly
                secured to or installed in the cargo transport unit and are not
                otherwise subject to this subchapter. Lastly, other hazardous materials
                must not be transported within the cargo transport unit.
                 Special provision 391. As part of the classification and
                packaging framework for ``Articles containing dangerous goods'' adopted
                in this rulemaking, PHMSA is adding new special provision 391, which
                prohibits articles containing certain high-hazard materials of Division
                2.3, Division 4.2, Division 4.3, Division 5.1, Division 5.2, or
                Division 6.1 (substances with a inhalation toxicity of Packing Group I)
                and articles containing more than one of the following hazards from
                being offered for transport or transported, except under conditions
                approved by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety:
                (1) Gases of Class 2; (2) Liquid desensitized explosives of Class 3; or
                (3) Self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives of
                Division 4.1.
                 Special provision 421. Special provision 421 is revised to
                extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
                polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019 to January 2, 2023.
                 Special provision 422. PHMSA is revising special provision
                422 to remove the transition period authorizing lithium battery Class 9
                labels conforming to requirements in place on December 31, 2016 to
                continue to be used until December 31, 2018.
                 Special provision A56. Special provision A56 prescribes
                the requirements for radioactive materials with subsidiary hazards when
                transported by aircraft. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising special
                provision A56 consistent with the revisions made to special provision
                A78 in the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions. Specifically, where
                the subsidiary hazard material is listed as ``Forbidden'' in column
                (9A) or (9B) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, the radioactive material may
                only be offered for transportation and transported by aircraft under
                conditions approved by the Associate Administrator.
                 Special provision A105. PHMSA is revising special
                provision A105, which prescribes requirements for the air transport of
                machinery or apparatus containing hazardous materials as an integral
                element of the machinery or apparatus. Where the quantity of hazardous
                materials contained as an integral element in machinery or apparatus
                exceeds the limits permitted for air transport in Sec. 173.222, and
                the hazardous materials meet the provisions of Sec. 173.222 for other
                than air transport, the machinery or apparatus may be transported by
                aircraft only with the prior approval of the Associate Administrator
                for Hazardous Materials Safety.
                 Special provision B136. Consistent with the 20th Revised
                Edition of the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is adding new special
                provision B136 that authorizes non-specification closed bulk bins for
                the following solid substances:
                UN1363 Copra
                UN1386 Seed cake, containing vegetable oil solvent extractions and
                expelled seeds, with not more than 10 percent of oil and when the
                amount of moisture is higher than 11 percent, with not more than 20
                percent of oil and moisture combined
                UN1386 Seed cake with more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than 11
                percent moisture
                UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
                UN1435 Zinc ashes
                UN2071 Ammonium nitrate based fertilizer
                UN2216 Fish meal, stabilized or Fish scrap, stabilized
                UN2217 Seed cake with not more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than
                11 percent moisture
                UN2793 Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous metal shavings or Ferrous metal
                turnings or Ferrous metal cuttings in a form liable to self-heating
                 Portable tank special provisions: PHMSA is revising
                Portable Tank Special Provision TP10, assigned to UN 1744, to authorize
                a three-month extension for the transportation of bromine portable
                tanks for the purposes of performing the next required liner test--
                after emptying, but before cleaning.
                 Special provisions W31 and W32. Special provision W32
                currently requires non-bulk packagings to be hermetically sealed,
                except for solid fused material. Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code
                removed the qualifying text from the equivalent special packaging
                provision. Discussions at the International Maritime Organization noted
                that when a substance evolves flammable gases when in contact with
                water at the rate and quantity meeting the classification requirements
                for a Division 4.3 material, there is no safety justification to permit
                their transportation in packagings which are not hermetically sealed.
                In Amendment 39-18, the text ``except for solid fused material'' was
                removed from special packing provision PP31 in packing instruction
                P403. Consistent with the IMDG Code PHMSA is deleting special provision
                W32 and assigning W31, which requires non-bulk packagings to be
                hermetically sealed regardless of the form of the material.
                Section 172.203 Additional Description Requirements
                 Section 172.203 prescribes additional description requirements for
                shipping papers. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed revising Sec.
                172.203(o)(2), to require that the words ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED,''
                when appropriate, be added to the proper shipping name for Division 4.1
                (polymerizing substance and self-reactive) and Division 5.2 (organic
                peroxide), if not already indicated in the HMT. PHMSA received a
                comment from DGAC noting that the HMT lists only four (4) n.o.s.
                entries for ``polymerizing materials,'' two of which identify that the
                material is stabilized and the other two of which already include the
                words ``temperature controlled.'' Therefore, the commenter states that
                the addition of ``polymerizing substances'' to this listing is
                unnecessary. PHMSA points out that polymerizing substances are not
                limited to the four (4) n.o.s. entries, but also include HMT entries
                assigned special provision 387. While it may be the case that all
                organic peroxides and self-reactive materials that require temperature
                control are assigned to HMT entries that include the words
                ``temperature control'' the same does not apply to polymerizing
                substances. Therefore, in this final rule PHMSA is revising paragraph
                (o)(2) as proposed in the NPRM. This amendment provides notice to those
                in the transport chain that a material is being offered under
                temperature control.
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed revising paragraph Sec. 172.203(o)(3)
                by requiring that for samples of polymerizing substances, the word
                ``SAMPLE'' must be included in association with the basic description.
                [[Page 27828]]
                PHMSA received comments from DGAC and Dow. Both commented that the
                corresponding regulatory reference in paragraph (o)(3) to Sec.
                173.224(c)(3) applies to self-reactive substances but not to
                polymerizing substances, and noted that there are no equivalent
                requirements in the HMR for samples of polymerizing substances. DGAC
                also noted that requiring the word ``SAMPLE'' for all polymerizing
                substances would create disharmony with the provisions in the IMDG
                code, which only require ``SAMPLE'' to be included on the transport
                document for self-reactive materials and organic peroxides. PHMSA
                agrees with the commenters and is not revising paragraph (o)(3) in this
                final rule.
                 Additionally, PHMSA is adding polymerizing substances to the list
                of types of materials that the additional documentation requirements in
                paragraph (o) apply to.
                Section 172.407 Label Specifications
                 Section 172.407 prescribes specifications for hazard communication
                labels. Consistent with changes made in Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG
                Code and the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is amending
                paragraph (c)(1) to remove the requirement that the width of the solid
                line forming the inner border of labels must be at least 2 mm.
                Additionally, we are amending the requirement that the solid line inner
                border, currently required to be 5 mm inside and parallel to the edge,
                to include the word ``approximately'' before 5 mm. These changes
                provide flexibility for minor labeling variations that do not have an
                appreciable impact on transportation safety. Finally, paragraph
                (c)(1)(iii) which contains a transitional exception allowing for labels
                in conformance with the requirements of 49 CFR 172.407(c)(1) (revised
                October 1, 2014) to continue to be used until December 31, 2018, is
                removed and reserved. PHMSA received comments from IME, DGAC and MDBTC
                expressing support for the revision of label border specifications.
                Yvonne Keller commented that changes to Sec. 172.407 (c)(1) that were
                made in a previous final rule on Nov. 7, 2018 [(HM-219A); 83 FR 55792],
                would be overwritten by the proposed changes in the NPRM. The changes
                to (c)(1) in this rulemaking were intentional and consistent with
                changes made to international standards and adequately account for the
                changes to this paragraph in HM-219A.
                Section 172.514 Bulk Packagings
                 Section 172.514 prescribes placarding requirements and exceptions
                for a bulk packaging containing a hazardous material. The general
                placarding requirements prescribe that bulk packagings are to be
                placarded on each side and each end. Due to the form and shape (e.g.,
                round) of flexible bulk containers, it is impractical to require
                placards on each side and each end. Consistent with the IMDG Code, in
                this final rule, PHMSA is allowing flexible bulk containers to be
                placarded on two opposing sides. PHMSA received a comment from DGAC
                supporting the changes to placarding requirements for flexible bulk
                containers.
                Section 172.604 Emergency Response Telephone Number
                 Section 172.604 prescribes requirements for emergency response
                telephone numbers. Paragraph (d) identifies materials for which an
                emergency response telephone number is not required when offered for
                transportation. In a March 30, 2017, final rule [(HM-215N); 82 FR
                15796], PHMSA harmonized the HMR with international regulations by
                adopting separate HMT entries for internal combustion engines based on
                the fuel, (e.g., engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered
                and engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered). Previously, a
                single HMT entry covered all engines. At that time, we did not amend
                Sec. 172.604(d)(2) to ensure that ``engines, internal combustion''
                offered under any of the new proper shipping names would continue to be
                excepted from the emergency response telephone requirements of Sec.
                172.604. In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (d)(2) to list
                all possible proper shipping names for engines per the original intent.
                PHMSA received a comment from DGAC supporting the change to the
                requirements for shipping descriptions of internal combustion engines.
                In a previous rulemaking [(HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA made
                amendments to Sec. 172.604 to clarify that excepted quantities do not
                require an emergency response telephone number. This final rule amends
                the same section, but accounts for the changes made in HM-219A.
                Section 172.800 Purpose and Applicability
                 Section 172.800 prescribes the requirements for developing and
                implementing plans to address security risks related to the
                transportation of hazardous materials in commerce. During review of
                existing material that is incorporated by reference into the HMR it was
                noted that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Code of
                Conduct Category 1 and 2, while referenced in paragraph (b)(15), was
                not appropriately incorporated by reference (see Sec. 171.7). In this
                final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the IAEA Code of
                Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources into
                paragraph (b)(15). Furthermore, we are revising a reference to known
                radionuclides in forms listed as RAM-QC by the Nuclear Regulatory
                Commission, to Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Category 1 and Category 2
                radioactive materials as listed in Table 1, Appendix A to 10 CFR part
                37. Lastly, we are listing the reference to Highway Route Controlled
                Quantities separately in this paragraph. This amendment does not
                require the creation and retention of security plans by any new
                individuals, but simply incorporates by reference the appropriate IAEA
                reference and clarifies the existing requirement.
                Part 173--Shippers--General Requirements for Shipments and Packagings
                Section 173.2a Classification of a Material Having More Than One Hazard
                 Section 173.2a outlines classification requirements for materials
                having more than one hazard. PHMSA is amending paragraph (a) to
                indicate the appropriate classification precedence for the new
                ``Articles'' HMT entries added in this final rule. This change gives
                guidance to offerors and shippers using the new HMT entries numbers
                that do not conform to a single hazard class.
                Section 173.6 Materials of Trade Exceptions
                 Section 173.6 provides authorization for certain hazardous
                materials meeting the definition of a material of trade (MOT) to be
                transported by motor vehicle in conformance with this section and be
                excepted from all other requirements of this subchapter if certain
                quantity limitations, packaging provisions, and hazard communication
                requirements are met. In two recent rulemakings [(HM-218H); 81 FR
                35483] and [(HM-215N); 82 FR 15796], PHMSA removed packing group
                assignments from Column (5) of the HMT for all organic peroxides
                (Division 5.2), self-reactive substances (Division 4.1), explosives
                (Class 1), and specific articles containing hazardous materials
                indicated in Table 4 below. This removal of an indication of packing
                group for these materials and articles has led to questions about the
                ability of these materials and articles to utilize the MOTs exceptions
                provided in Sec. 173.6. Further, this final rule adds 12 new proper
                shipping names for articles that
                [[Page 27829]]
                are also not assigned a packing group. See ``Section 172.101 Hazardous
                Materials Table (HMT)'' for a detailed discussion of this addition.
                 It was not the intention of these previous rulemakings to exclude
                these materials and articles from the ability to utilize the MOTs
                exceptions, provided the hazardous materials within the articles comply
                with the existing quantity limitations and other transport provisions
                of Sec. 173.6. In this final rule, PHMSA is adding a new paragraph
                (a)(7) to clarify that materials and articles for which Column (5) of
                the HMT in Sec. 172.101 does not indicate a packing group are
                authorized to utilize the MOTs exceptions as applicable, and indicate
                the appropriate quantity limits applicable to those materials in
                articles. For all materials and articles for which a packing group was
                recently removed from the HMT, the corresponding section referenced in
                Column (8) of the Sec. 172.101 Table requires packaging meeting either
                Packing Group II or III performance level or non-specification
                packaging. Therefore, the quantity limits in the new paragraph (a)(7)
                will reference the PG II or PG III limits in Sec. 173.6(a)(1)(ii) or
                Sec. 173.6(a)(3) for articles containing Division 4.3 materials, as
                appropriate. PHMSA received a supporting comment from USWAG stating:
                ``We are pleased to note that PHMSA has proposed this change in the
                current rulemaking. We appreciate PHMSA's efforts to correct this
                important oversight.'' In addition, PHMSA is revising paragraph (b)(3)
                to clarify the securement requirement for the transportation of
                articles under the MOTs exceptions.
                 Table 4
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Proper shipping name UN No. Class/division
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Ammunition, tear-producing, non- UN2017................. 6.1
                 explosive, without burster or
                 expelling charge, non-fuzed.
                Ammunition, toxic, non- UN2016................. 6.1
                 explosive, without burster or
                 expelling charge, non-fuzed.
                Batteries, containing sodium... UN3292................. 4.3
                Lithium ion batteries including UN3480................. 9
                 lithium ion polymer batteries.
                Lithium ion batteries contained UN3481................. 9
                 in equipment including lithium
                 ion polymer batteries.
                Lithium ion batteries packed UN3481................. 9
                 with equipment including
                 lithium ion polymer batteries.
                Lithium metal batteries UN3090................. 9
                 including lithium alloy
                 batteries.
                Lithium metal batteries UN3091................. 9
                 contained in equipment
                 including lithium alloy
                 batteries.
                Lithium metal batteries packed UN3091................. 9
                 with equipment including
                 lithium alloy batteries.
                Mercury contained in UN3506................. 8
                 manufactured articles.
                Oxygen generator, chemical UN3356................. 5.1
                 (including when contained in
                 associated equipment, e.g.,
                 passenger service units
                 (PSUs), portable breathing
                 equipment (PBE), etc).
                Safety devices, electrically UN3268................. 9
                 initiated *.
                Tear gas candles............... UN1700................. 6.1
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Section 173.21 Forbidden Materials and Packages
                 Section 173.21 describes the situations in which the offering for
                transport or transportation of materials or packages is forbidden. In
                this final rule, PHMSA is reinstating the provisions adopted in the HM-
                215N final rule. A delayed effective date of January 2, 2019 was placed
                on amendment 22 of the HM-215N final rule, which reinstated the
                provisions of Sec. 173.21 in place prior to publication of that rule.
                Section 173.21 was not mentioned in the NPRM for this final rule
                because there was no amendment to make at the time, as the effective
                text of the section on the date of publication of the NPRM was the text
                we are reinstating in this final rule. The provisions that previously
                sunset on January 2, 2019 are reinstated in this final rule. PHMSA is
                extending the date for the sunset provisions for an additional two
                years versus the date proposed in the NPRM. The new sunset date for
                transport provisions concerning polymerizing substances is January 2,
                2023. This addition is consistent with the discussion above on
                polymerizing substances and associated research in the background and
                comment discussion sections of this rulemaking.
                Section 173.62 Specific Packaging Requirements for Explosives
                 Section 173.62 outlines specific packaging requirements for
                explosives. In paragraph (c), in the Table of Packing Methods, Packing
                Instruction US 1 containing packing instructions for jet perforating
                guns, PHMSA is increasing the maximum authorized amount of explosive
                contents per tool pallet and cargo vessel compartment from 90.8 kg to
                95 kg. These limits are consistent with a provision added to Amendment
                39-18 of the IMDG Code authorizing jet perforating guns to be
                transported to or from offshore oil platforms, mobile offshore drilling
                units, and other offshore installations in offshore well tool pallets,
                cradles, or baskets. PHMSA notes that the amendments adopted in section
                7.1.4.4.5 of Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code require both ends of jet
                perforating guns to be protected by means of steel end caps. PHMSA is
                not adopting this additional requirement for steel end caps noting the
                safe transportation record of these explosive articles under the
                existing requirements of the HMR. PHMSA received one comment from IME
                supporting the increase in the maximum authorized amount of explosive
                contents per tool pallet and cargo vessel compartment and PHMSA's
                decision to not require steel end caps, leaving the existing HMR
                requirement intact.
                Section 173.121 Class 3--Assignment of Packing Group
                 Section 173.121 provides the criteria for the assignment of packing
                groups to Class 3 materials. Paragraph (b) provides criteria for
                viscous flammable liquids of Class 3 (e.g., paints, enamels, lacquers,
                and varnishes) to be placed in packing group III on the basis of their
                viscosity, coupled with other criteria. Consistent with recent changes
                to the IMDG Code, PHMSA is amending paragraph (b)(1)(iii) to authorize
                a packaging capacity up to 450 L (119 gallons), an increase from the
                presently authorized 30 L. A working paper submitted to the IMO Sub-
                Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers noted that both the UN
                Model Regulations and The European Agreements Concerning the
                International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail allow
                receptacles up to 450 L, and that due to the nature of viscous
                materials (e.g., lower flow rate in the event of damage to a
                receptacle, and lower levels of solvent vapors), which present a lower
                fire risk than non-viscous flammable liquids, there has been a history
                of safe transport of these materials by road and
                [[Page 27830]]
                rail since the introduction of the provision.
                 This change will increase the allowed volume of viscous liquids in
                a single package and will be applicable to all modes except for air.
                Specifically, in this final rule, PHMSA is increasing the packaging
                limits for viscous flammable liquids of Packing Group II material that
                may be assigned Packing Group III. For transport by vessel, PHMSA is
                increasing the limit from 30 L to 450 L. For transport by rail and
                highway, PHMSA is increasing the limit from 100 L to 450 L. Consistent
                with the ICAO Technical Instructions, the packaging quantity limits for
                air will remain 30 L for passenger aircraft and 100 L for cargo
                aircraft.
                Section 173.124 Class 4, Divisions 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3--Definitions
                 Section 173.124 contains definitions for Class 4, Divisions 4.1,
                4.2, and 4.3. In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph
                (a)(4)(iv) to extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the
                transportation of polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019, to
                January 2, 2023. See the background and comment discussion sections of
                this rulemaking for a more detailed discussion on polymerizing
                substances.
                Section 173.127 Class 5, Division 5.1--Definition and Assignment of
                Packing Groups
                 Section 173.127 provides a definition and criteria for the
                assignment of packing groups for Division 5.1 Oxidizers. A new Section
                39 in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria was introduced containing all
                provisions for the classification of ammonium nitrate based
                fertilizers. As a consequence of the new section, existing text in both
                the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria and the UN Model Regulations was
                amended or removed to avoid duplicative provisions in both
                publications. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the classification
                criteria for ammonium nitrate based fertilizers by requiring that they
                are classified in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the UN
                Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, Section 39. These changes will
                not result in changes to the current classification provisions for
                ammonium nitrate fertilizers, but rather consolidate the provisions for
                ease of use and to prevent inadvertent misclassification.
                Section 173.134 Class 6, Division 6.2--Definitions and Exceptions
                 Section 173.134 provides definitions and exceptions for infectious
                substances. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising
                the definition for ``patient specimen'' in paragraph (a)(4) by removing
                redundant references to humans and animals.
                Section 173.136 Class 8--Definitions
                 Section 173.136 provides the definition for corrosive materials. In
                the UN Model Regulations, the definition for corrosive materials was
                revised to align with the text in Chapter 3.2 of the UN GHS and the
                OECD Test Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals. PHMSA is amending the
                definition in paragraph (a) for a corrosive material by replacing the
                text ``full thickness destruction'' with ``irreversible damage.''
                Harmonized terminology increases understanding and reduces the
                potential for confusion between those in the transport and storage and
                use sectors.
                Section 173.137 Class 8--Assignment of Packing Group and Appendix I to
                Part 173
                 Section 173.137 prescribes the requirements for assigning a packing
                group to Class 8 (corrosive) materials. Currently, the HMR require
                offerors to classify Class 8 material and assign a packing group based
                on test data. The HMR authorize a skin corrosion test and various in
                vitro test methods that do not involve animal testing. Data obtained
                from the currently authorized test methods is the only data acceptable
                for classification and assignment of a packing group. In this final
                rule, consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
                adding alternative packing group assignment methods for making a
                corrosivity classification determination for mixtures that do not
                involve testing. These amendments include bridging principles and a
                calculation method for the classification of mixtures. Bridging
                principles include; dilution, batching, concentration of mixtures of PG
                I, interpolation within one packing group, and provisions for
                substantially similar mixtures.
                 In a new paragraph (d), PHMSA is creating an alternative, tiered
                approach to classification and packing group assignment depending on
                how much information is available about the mixture itself, similar
                mixtures, and/or the mixture's ingredients. When sufficient data is
                available on similar mixtures to estimate skin corrosion hazards for
                bridging, the bridging principle method may be used to classify and
                assign a packing group. When no bridging data is available, the more
                conservative calculation method may be used. When there is not
                sufficient information to determine a packing group using the non-
                testing methods described in paragraph (d), the testing and criteria in
                Sec. 173.137 introductory paragraph and (a)-(c) must be applied. To
                emphasize this point, PHMSA is adding an additional line to Figure 1 in
                paragraph (d) to state that in such cases the testing and criteria in
                Sec. 173.137 introductory paragraph and (a)-(c) must be applied to the
                mixture. This tiered approach ensures an appropriate level of safety in
                situations where reliable test data on that specific mixture may not be
                available. These alternatives for classifying corrosive mixtures
                provide opportunities for offerors to make a classification and packing
                group assignment without having to conduct physical tests.
                 Additionally, the new corrosivity classification methods are much
                more closely aligned with those found in the UN GHS. However, not all
                GHS corrosivity classification methods were incorporated in the UN
                Model Regulations corrosivity requirements. For example, the use of
                extreme pH values to assign corrosivity was not addressed in the UN
                Model Regulations, and as such is not adopted in this final rule.
                 PHMSA is replacing all instances of the text ``full thickness
                destruction'' with ``irreversible damage'' consistent with the change
                to the definition of a corrosive material in Sec. 173.136. PHMSA is
                also adding a new Appendix I to part 173, containing a flow chart for
                use with the calculation method.
                 The corrigendum to the 20th Revised edition of the UN Model
                Regulations made several corrections to the calculation method
                classification criteria that were not included in the NPRM. Consistent
                with the UN Model Regulations, the last sentence of paragraph
                (d)(2)(i)(B) in the NPRM was added to a new paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) and
                the following subparagraphs were renumbered accordingly. The new
                paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) provides additional guidance on the use of the
                flow chart added in Appendix I to part 173.
                 Finally, PHMSA is updating the four existing OECD Guidelines
                currently incorporated by reference in this section to their 2015
                versions (Test Nos. 404, 430, 431, and 435). OECD Guideline 404
                addresses in vivo testing and OECD Guidelines 430, 431, and 435 address
                in vitro testing. OECD Guideline 404 and OECD Guideline 435 contain
                minor variations in the types of information to be recorded as a part
                of the test report in relation to the previously incorporated versions.
                OECD Guideline 430 and OECD Guideline 431 were updated to include a
                reference to a developed document on integrated approaches to testing
                and assessment.
                [[Page 27831]]
                Section 173.159 Batteries, Wet
                 Section 173.159 prescribes the requirements applicable to the
                transportation of electric storage batteries containing electrolyte
                acid or alkaline corrosive battery fluid (i.e., wet batteries).
                Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is making several
                editorial amendments in paragraphs (a) and (d) to specify that
                electrically non-conductive packaging materials must be used and that
                contact with other electrically conductive materials must be prevented.
                Section 173.185 Lithium Cells and Batteries
                 Section 173.185 prescribes requirements for lithium cells and
                batteries. The introductory paragraph defines terms as used in this
                section. In Sec. 173.185(a), the HMR describe UN cell and battery
                design testing, general cell and battery design safety requirements,
                and packaging requirements. In this final rule, PHMSA clarifies in
                paragraph (a)(1) that a single cell battery is considered a ``cell''
                and must be transported in accordance with the requirements for cells.
                PHMSA is also amending Sec. 173.185(a) to include a lithium cell and
                battery test summary (TS) with a standardized set of elements.
                Manufacturers and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and
                batteries manufactured on or after January 1, 2008 must make this
                information available to others in the supply chain. This action is
                intended to provide subsequent distributors and consumers the
                information necessary to ensure that lithium cells and batteries that
                are offered and reoffered for transport contain specific information on
                the required UN tests.
                 PHMSA received comments on the test summary from Alaska Airlines,
                Amazon, the Chamber, COSTHA, DGAC, IATA, MDBTC, NRF, and PRBA. MDBTC
                noted ``our Council understands the rationale behind the TS Document
                and, if implemented effectively, agrees with PHMSA and international
                regulators that making vital battery information more accessible will
                enhance the safety of all lithium battery shipments.'' IATA commented
                that it believes ``the availability of the test summary will improve
                safety by providing clear visibility that the lithium cell and battery
                types have been tested as required.'' Amazon commented that there are
                other effective methods for improving the safe transportation of
                lithium batteries, including common safety messaging across the supply
                chain, expanding supplier outreach, and improved packaging methods.
                Amazon noted that the test summary requirements, if implemented
                strategically and with appropriate clarity, could complement these
                other measures. However, Amazon suggested that additional outreach may
                be needed to ensure manufacturers and suppliers are informed of the new
                test summary requirements. Amazon further states that there is no
                publicly available data that supports the claim that the test summary
                requirement would improve the safe transport of lithium batteries.
                PHMSA recognizes that internal process improvements implemented by
                shippers (e.g., supplier outreach and common safety messaging) may also
                positively impact lithium battery transportation safety. Additionally,
                PHMSA is aware of, and is participating in, ongoing research into
                packaging solutions and classification criteria for lithium batteries.
                As previously stated, PHMSA believes that the test summary will ensure
                shippers are verifying that a cell or battery is from a legitimate and
                compliant source, and allow those in the transport chain to more easily
                identify non-counterfeit products.
                 Comments on the compliance date and applicability date for the
                lithium battery test summary are addressed in the ``Comments Received''
                section of this rulemaking. The requests that PHMSA reexamine the test
                summary document's impact for businesses, specifically small
                businesses, are addressed in the ``Information Collection'' section of
                this rulemaking and the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA). The remaining
                comments received regarding the proposed test summary requirements
                requested clarifications on terminology and when the document must be
                made available, exceptions for button cell batteries, and additional
                clarification of the docketed guidance document.
                Requests for Clarification on Terminology and When the TS Must Be Made
                Available
                 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA that asked for clarification
                that in addition to being required for cells and batteries, a test
                summary is only required for equipment where the safety components of
                the equipment are necessary for the cells or batteries contained to
                pass the relevant UN sub-section 38.3 tests (e.g., when the overcharge
                protection for a battery is part of the equipment circuit board and not
                installed in the battery), and would not be required for all devices
                containing lithium batteries. In response to this comment, PHMSA would
                like to clarify that a test summary document is required for all cells
                and batteries manufactured on or after January 1, 2008, without regard
                to whether they are transported as standalone shipments, contained in
                equipment, packed with equipment, or used in vehicles. As noted in the
                ``New UN Requirements for Lithium Battery Test Summaries'' \10\
                guidance document found in the docket for this rulemaking, product
                manufacturers of devices containing lithium batteries are not required
                to create new test summary documents for their products if compliant
                test summaries have been created and are made available for the
                batteries contained in those products. Product manufactuerers may use
                existing test summaries for the batteries in their devices to meet
                their obligation to make them available to subsequent distributors.
                PHMSA also understands that there may be instances where device
                manufacturers desire to create a test summary for a product containing
                a lithium cell or battery. While not required, creating a test summary
                for a specific device rather than using an existing test summary
                applicable to a battery installed in the device is authorized if the
                required elements of the test summary are provided.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \10\ https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2017-0108-0008.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Amazon requested that PHMSA require that manufacturers create a
                complete test summary for each lithium battery and lithium battery
                product and require that manufacturers post the summary online for
                widespread access for anyone in the supply chain. As proposed in the
                NPRM and adopted in this final rule, manufacturers and each subsequent
                distributor of lithium cells or batteries must make available test
                summaries as specified in Sec. 173.185. PHMSA expects that the first
                entity offering the cell or battery into transport would likely create
                the document for use by subsequent offerors or end users. However, the
                HMR intentionally do not specify who must create the test summary to
                provide implementation flexibility. The ``make available'' phrase is
                also intentional to allow for compliance through any means
                manufacturers and subsequent distributors find best fits their business
                needs and capabilities. Any method that ensures the information is made
                available to downstream distributors would be acceptable. This includes
                the envisioned least burdensome method of posting the information or
                links to the information on websites. Other possible methods include,
                but are not limited to, emailing copies of the required
                [[Page 27832]]
                information or providing physical hard copies with shipments.
                 PHMSA received comments from Amazon, COSTHA, MDBTC, and NRF
                regarding the entity in the transportation chain that must make the
                test summary available and the phrase ``each manufacturer and
                subsequent distributor.'' Amazon and NRF commented that because the
                supply chain for lithium batteries involves many different entities
                acting in different roles, the phrase ``subsequent distributor'' should
                be defined. Amazon and NRF suggested that PHMSA clarify ``subsequent
                distributor'' by defining it as limited to entities and persons who
                possess and transfer title to lithium batteries and lithium battery
                products. MDBTC commented that one of the most challenging aspects of
                implementing the test summary requirement will be to clearly delineate
                the role of a ``subsequent distributor.'' COSTHA requested that PHMSA
                confirm that the use of the term ``distributor'' is only to emphasize
                that proof of successful design type testing is needed by shippers of
                lithium batteries, and that distributors are the logical persons to
                have such information needed for the TS, and that ultimately it is the
                shipper's responsibility to obtain the information for proof of
                classification. COSTHA also commented that the terms ``offerors'' and
                ``subsequent offerors,'' which are more commonly used in transportation
                regulations, would provide more clarity. We confirm COSTHA's
                understanding that in addition to manufacturers, distributors of
                lithium batteries are a logical entity to have information needed for a
                TS and that a shipper or offeror of lithium batteries is the person
                ultimately responsible for ensuring that lithium cells and batteries
                offered for transport contain specific information on the required UN
                tests. In response to the requests to define ``subsequent
                distributor,'' PHMSA does not believe that a definition of ``subsequent
                distributor'' is necessary, as the intent is simply to indicate in
                broad terms the persons responsible for providing test summary
                information. PHMSA does not believe that the language proposed by
                Amazon and NRF defining ``subsequent distributor'' as those who possess
                and transfer title to lithium batteries and lithium battery products
                provides additional clarity as the phrase ``transfer title to'' is not
                understood in the context of the HMR. We note that the phrase
                ``subsequent distributor'' is also used in section Sec. 178.2(c) of
                the HMR, applicable to package closure notifications, requiring
                manufacturers and subsequent distributors to notify each person to whom
                the package is transferred with appropriate closure information.
                 In its comments, MDBTC stated that the proposed requirement for
                subsequent distributors to verify that a test summary document is
                available for all of the products it ships could be ``extremely
                burdensome'' and could potentially require the hiring of additional
                staff to verify the presence of a test summary. MDBTC suggests that a
                more reasonable approach would be for shippers of lithium cells and
                batteries to notify upstream distributors of test summary requirements
                but not to require the explicit verification for each shipment. MDBTCs
                comment contains no specific cost estimates, other than referencing the
                potential need to hire additional staff to manage the test summary
                requirements. PHMSA is cognizant of the costs associated with
                compliance such as creation of the test summary and activities related
                to subsequent distribution (see the ``Information Collection'' section
                of this rulemaking and the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA)), but notes
                that lithium batteries are already subject to the design testing
                requirements. Other than contacting the manufacturer, shippers
                currently have no way to confirm compliance with the UN design testing
                requirements. The proposed requirement provides a means for shippers to
                comply with the HMR when previously no such mechanism existed.
                Retrieving a test summary and ensuring it is made available to
                subsequent distributors will result in most instances in a one-time
                action and cost for each cell or battery design type offered for
                transportation (e.g., verifying the existence of the information and
                procuring a copy or creating a link for their own further use). It is
                expected to streamline what is currently a difficult process. While it
                is a requirement to make a test summary available for shipments of
                lithium cells or batteries, PHMSA does not intend to require a positive
                verification that the information has been received by each downstream
                customer. For instance, a distributor who has posted copies of test
                summaries or links to the appropriate test summaries on a website
                accessible to the next downstream distributor has made the test
                summaries available. There would be no additional burden on the initial
                distributor unless contact was initiated by the subsequent distributor
                who is unable to locate a test summary.
                 MDBTC also submitted comments concerning who can make a request for
                a test summary, suggesting that requests should be limited to an actual
                distributor and not just anyone from the public or a person that is
                attempting to collect information not related to transport. MDBTC
                indicates that this limitation would be especially critical with
                respect to new product development and protecting proprietary
                information. While it is not envisioned that consumers of lithium
                batteries or products containing lithium batteries would generally
                request a test summary, if they are going to be offering the batteries
                back into transportation it would be necessary for them to have access
                to this information. The information required in the test summary was
                specifically crafted so as not to require proprietary information or
                information that would hinder product development.
                 Amazon commented that PHMSA should clarify that if a subsequent
                distributor cannot obtain a test summary, but has a process in place to
                accurately classify lithium batteries, that distributor will not be
                subject to enforcement action for failure to provide a test summary for
                a specific product. PHMSA disagrees with the commenter. In accordance
                with Sec. 173.185(a)(1), each lithium cell or battery must be of the
                type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
                UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. Therefore, a lithium cell or battery
                could not be classified unless the information provided on the test
                summary was available. If a distributor or other person in the
                transportation chain is classifying lithium cells or batteries, the
                information needed to develop a test summary must be available to that
                person.
                 COSTHA compared the test summary requirements to those for safety
                data sheets (SDS) required by the Occupational Safety and Health
                Administration (OSHA) under their Hazard Communication Standard in 29
                CFR, Sec. 1910.1200. Manufacturers of hazardous chemicals are required
                to develop and make available safety data sheets that indicate the
                hazards associated with the hazardous chemicals that may be encountered
                in the workplace. COSTHA notes that SDSs are required to be provided by
                distributors to commercial customers, but not to non-commercial
                customers. COSTHA notes that test summary distributors would be
                required to provide the testing summary to a greater relative
                population than OSHA requires SDSs to be made available. PHMSA
                reiterates that the HMR require that shippers of lithium cells and
                batteries know that their batteries are of a tested type. If a non-
                commercial customer does not intend to offer the battery or cell for
                [[Page 27833]]
                transportation there would be no requirement for them to further make
                the test summary available.
                Requests for Exceptions for Button Cell Batteries
                 DGAC and MDBTC requested PHMSA provide an exception from the
                requirement to provide a test summary for button cells installed in
                equipment or articles. The commenters noted that button cells installed
                in equipment are excepted from packaging and marking requirements under
                existing regulations. While lithium button cell batteries are excepted
                from certain requirements in the HMR and international standards, they
                are not excepted from the requirement to be of a tested type. The
                purpose of the test summary is provide information to downstream
                shippers that the lithium battery passed required tests and can be
                accepted or offered for transport. The primary benefit of the test
                summary is the increased visibility of the presence of lithium
                batteries particularly in products, and the ability of individuals in
                the transport chain to determine that that the lithium cells and
                batteries they offer for transport are of a tested type. If PHMSA was
                to accept the suggestions of MDBTC and DGAC to except equipment
                containing lithium button cell batteries from the test summary
                requirements, the benefits attributed to these provisions would not be
                gained. Excepting certain button cells and batteries from the test
                summary requirement does not enhance compliance and could lead to
                confusion on whether these cells and batteries are even subject to the
                design tests.
                Requests for Clarification on the Docketed Guidance Document
                 PHMSA drafted a guidance document to assist manufacturers and
                distributors with understanding and implementing this requirement. The
                guidance includes an explanation of the requirement, a sample test
                summary, and questions and answers. A copy of this guidance is
                available in the docket for this rulemaking. In the NPRM, PHMSA
                requested comment on the usefulness of the guidance. PHMSA also
                requested comment to help improve its clarity and provide additional
                questions to add to the guidance. PHMSA received comments from COSTHA,
                MDBTC, PRBA, and the Chamber concerning the guidance document, which
                are categorized as follows:
                 Must the test summary accompany the shipment
                 Additional input on the development of the guidance document
                 Devices containing different battery types
                 Test summary availability
                Must the Test Summary Accompany the Shipment
                 In their comments, COSTHA and MDBTC provided general support for
                PHMSA's effort to issue a guidance document. COSTHA suggested that the
                HMR and guidance document should be amended to clarify that the test
                summary document is not required to be provided as documentation with
                each shipment, noting that PHMSA cannot prohibit industry from
                implementing its own procedures, such as requiring additional
                documentation be provided with a shipment. The guidance document
                available in the docket addressed this question. Specifically, on page
                5 of the guidance document, question and answer number 7. The question:
                ``Must a manufacturer or distributor include the TS with product
                shipments?'' The answer: ``No, the product manufacturer or distributor
                would have to make the information available. This may be achieved by
                placing this information on a website or through alternative means.''
                 PHMSA is not amending the HMR, as it believes the text in paragraph
                (a)(3) sufficiently addresses the commenters concern by indicating that
                the test summary must be made ``available upon request.'' The summary
                document does not need to physically accompany a shipment containing
                lithium batteries. PHMSA supports making the test summary available by
                electronic means and may revise the guidance document for
                clarification.
                Additional Input on the Development of the Guidance Document
                 COSTHA requested that PHMSA revise the guidance document once the
                final rule is issued and subsequently update it on a periodic basis
                with input from stakeholders. COSTHA also requested that PHMSA solicit
                additional input on the guidance document before the end of 2019 as
                experience gained both domestically and internationally could be
                captured in the guidance document for future reference. MDBTC requested
                that PHMSA revise the guidance document prior to issuing a final rule
                and consider soliciting additional input on the document. PHMSA does
                not believe an additional round of comments is necessary prior to
                publishing the final rule since comments were already received. PHMSA
                does intend to update the guidance to account for comments received in
                response to the NPRM. PHMSA also intends to update the guidance
                document as regulations change and when experience and feedback from
                stakeholders dictate a need.
                Devices Containing Different Battery Types
                 In its comments, MDBTC suggested that the guidance document should
                address situations where any number of different commercially available
                cells or batteries may be installed in a medical device. Specifically,
                the commenter indicated that while each battery supplier may have made
                the test summary available, it is a challenge to identify which battery
                is in the product, especially when it may be one of several similar
                batteries produced by different suppliers. PHMSA answered this question
                on page 5 of guidance document. The test summary requirement may be
                satisfied by using multiple, different test summaries for the batteries
                themselves, or by issuing a comprehensive test summary for the device
                that includes information for all of the batteries contained within the
                device.
                Test Summary Availability
                 PHMSA received comments from Amazon, DGAC, MDBTC, NRF, PRBA, and
                the Chamber concerning the timeframe in which the test summary must be
                provided following a request. The commenters asked for clarification as
                to what constitutes a ``reasonable time and location.'' NRF, PRBA, and
                the Chamber suggested PHMSA clarify that a ``reasonable'' time does not
                mean that the test summary must be made available immediately upon
                request. Amazon suggested that PHMSA should clarify that ``subsequent
                distributors'' will not be required to have test summaries on hand and
                will be afforded a reasonable amount of time to obtain one from the
                manufacturer. Amazon further suggested that PHMSA should clarify that
                it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to respond in a timely
                manner. PRBA and the Chamber suggested that PHMSA's final rule and
                guidance document should be consistent with the IATA's lithium battery
                guidance \11\ and industry test summary Q&A \12\ that states: ``Due to
                the large volume of lithium batteries and lithium battery powered
                products that are shipped daily, manufacturers and distributors should
                not be expected to immediately provide a test summary for every product
                they ship. Manufacturers and distributors should be provided a
                reasonable amount of time to provide
                [[Page 27834]]
                the required test summary.'' MDBTC recommended that PHMSA revise the
                text in paragraph Sec. 173.185(a)(3) from, ``must make available upon
                request at reasonable times and locations,'' to mirror the language in
                the UN Model Regulations, which reads ``shall make available.'' PHMSA
                agrees with the commenters that the test summary does not need to be
                made available immediately upon request, as that was not the intent of
                this requirement in the UN Model Regulations. As a result, PHMSA is
                amending the guidance document to clarify that manufacturers and
                distributors should make available the test summary in a reasonable
                amount of time but should not be expected to immediately provide a test
                summary for every product they ship. In addition, in this final rule,
                PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(3) consistent with text in the
                international standards (a)(3) with the phrase ``must make available''
                instead of ``must make available upon request at reasonable times and
                locations.'' The language proposed in the NPRM was an attempt to add
                clarity to the UN text by using similar language found in other
                sections of the HMR. Based on the comments received and upon further
                consideration, PHMSA believes aligning with the UN text will better
                reflect the intent of the regulation and avoid the possibility of
                imposing an undue burden.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \11\ https://www.iata.org/whatwedo/cargo/dgr/Documents/lithium-battery-shipping-guidelines.pdf.
                 \12\ http://www.prba.org/wp-content/uploads/Q-A-on-Lithium-Battery-Test-Summary-September-2018-Version-A.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Section 173.185(b) requires lithium cells and batteries to be
                packed in inner packagings in such a manner as to prevent short
                circuits, including movement that could lead to short circuits. These
                inner packagings must be placed in an outer package that conforms to
                the requirements of part 178, subparts L and M, at the Packing Group II
                performance level. PHMSA is making several amendments to Sec.
                173.185(b) to update and clarify various provisions. PHMSA is amending
                Sec. 173.185(b)(2)(ii) to specify that lithium cells and batteries
                including lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in,
                equipment, must be packaged in a manner that prevents damage caused by
                movement or placement within the package. The current text requires
                lithium batteries to be packaged in a manner to prevent movement. This
                could be interpreted as to require no movement within the package. This
                amendment minimizes the ambiguity in the current requirements and only
                prohibits movement that leads to damage within the package. PHMSA
                received a comment from MBDTC in support of this amendment.
                 Further, PHMSA is amending Sec. 173.185(b)(3)(i) to specify that
                inner packagings must be separated from electrically conductive
                materials. This change is based on revisions to the UN Model
                Regulations that revised the existing requirement that inner packagings
                separate lithium cells and batteries from ``conductive materials'' to
                require separation from ``electrically conductive'' materials. In the
                NPRM, PHMSA had proposed adding ``except for transportation by
                passenger-carrying aircraft,'' to the beginning of Sec. 173.185(b)(5).
                This paragraph provides an exception from specification packaging for
                lithium batteries that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and have a
                strong, impact-resistant outer casing. This proposed addition is not
                being adopted, as the last sentence of this paragraph indicates that
                shipments in accordance with this paragraph are not permitted for
                transportation by passenger-carrying aircraft, and may be transported
                by cargo aircraft only if approved by the Associate Administrator.
                 PHMSA is amending Sec. 173.185(b)(6) to clarify the provisions for
                the use of large packagings. Currently, large packagings are authorized
                for the transport of a single battery, including a battery contained in
                equipment. This amendment clarifies that large packagings are limited
                to a single battery or to a single item of equipment. This acknowledges
                that a single item of equipment may contain one or more cells or
                batteries. Additionally, consistent with revisions to the ICAO
                Technical Instructions, PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (b)(7) to
                prohibit the placement of lithium batteries in the same outer packaging
                as substances and articles of the following classes and divisions:
                Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S; Division 2.1 (flammable
                gases); Class 3 (flammable liquids); Division 4.1 (flammable solids);
                or Division 5.1 (oxidizers) when offered for transport or transported
                by aircraft. This action promotes consistency with the ICAO Technical
                Instructions and responds to a recommendation (A-16-001) from the NTSB
                stemming from the investigation of the July 28, 2011 in-flight fire and
                crash of Asiana Airlines Flight 991 that resulted in the loss of the
                aircraft and crew. The investigation report cited as a contributing
                factor the flammable materials and lithium ion batteries that were
                loaded together either in the same or adjacent pallets. Logically, if
                the materials are not allowed to be stowed in the same or adjacent
                pallets, segregation within the same package also would result in
                decreased risk in the event of a fire.
                 Section 173.185(c) of the HMR describes provisions for the carriage
                of up to eight small lithium cells or two small lithium batteries per
                package with alternative hazard communication that replaces the Class 9
                label with a lithium battery mark. Additional conditions for the
                transport of small lithium cells and batteries by air are contained in
                Sec. 173.185(c)(4). In this final rule, PHMSA is making several
                amendments to Sec. 173.185(c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) to align the HMR
                with the UN Model Regulations and the ICAO Technical Instructions,
                address the hazards associated with placing lithium batteries next to
                other hazardous materials, and clarify specific provisions. PHMSA is
                amending Sec. 173.185(c)(2) to except equipment that is robust enough
                to protect lithium batteries from damage or short circuits from the
                requirement to be packaged. The current regulations provide an
                exception from the requirement for the package to be rigid, but
                otherwise require the equipment to be placed into a package. This
                amendment removes an unnecessary requirement to package otherwise
                robust equipment that protects lithium batteries from damage or short
                circuits. This amendment further aligns the HMR with the UN Model
                Regulations provisions found in special provision 188 for packaging of
                lithium cells, batteries, and equipment. PHMSA is removing the expired
                transitional provision in paragraph Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(ii), applicable
                to marking requirements. PHMSA is adding a new Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(iii)
                to require that when packages of lithium cells or batteries required to
                bear the lithium battery mark are placed in an overpack, the lithium
                battery mark must either: (1) Be clearly visible through the overpack;
                or (2) the lithium battery mark must also be affixed on the outside of
                the overpack, and the overpack must be marked with the word
                ``OVERPACK'' in lettering at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high. PHMSA is
                amending Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(ii) to adopt an ``OVERPACK'' marking
                minimum size requirement consistent with the proposed requirement for
                surface transport in Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(iii). PHMSA received a comment
                from MBDTC in support of the amendments that align the ``OVERPACK''
                marking requirements. PHMSA is clarifying the limits for spare
                batteries in Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(vi) to state that up to ``two spare
                sets'' of cells or batteries can be placed in a package with equipment.
                For the purposes of this paragraph, a spare set is equal to the number
                of individual spare cells or batteries
                [[Page 27835]]
                required to power each piece of equipment. For example, if a single
                item of equipment requires two lithium batteries to operate, a maximum
                of four additional batteries (two spare sets) may be placed in the
                package, provided the package continues to meet the other conditions of
                Sec. 173.185(c). PHMSA received a comment from MBDTC in support of
                this amendment. PHMSA is adding a new Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(viii) to
                specify that for air transport, lithium cells and batteries may not be
                placed in the same package as other hazardous materials. Further,
                packages containing small lithium cells and batteries must not be
                placed into an overpack with packages containing Class 1 (explosives)
                other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1 (flammable gases), Class 3
                (flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable solids) or Division 5.1
                (oxidizers).
                 Section 173.185(d) of the HMR describes provisions for the
                transport of lithium cells and batteries for disposal or recycling. In
                the NPRM, PHMSA proposed to authorize the use of certain rigid large
                packagings to transport a single large battery or a single large item
                of equipment when transported for disposal or recycling. PRBA noted
                that the existing regulations for disposal or recycling of lithium
                batteries authorize strong outer packaging conforming to the
                requirements of Sec. Sec. 173.24 and 173.24a for batteries and
                equipment of all sizes and do not require the use of UN packaging.
                PHMSA agrees with the commenter. Lithium batteries and equipment
                transported for disposal or recycling are not required to be placed in
                UN packagings. PHMSA did not intend to implement more burdensome
                packaging requirements for large lithium batteries transported for
                disposal or recycling where packages prepared in accordance with the
                current requirements have a demonstrated record of safe transport.
                Accordingly, PHMSA is not adopting this proposal and amends Sec.
                173.185(d) to clarify this point. The use of UN specification
                packagings, including large packagings, will remain an option.
                 Section 173.185(e) of the HMR sets forth provisions for the
                transport of low production and prototype lithium cells and batteries,
                including equipment. In this final rule, PHMSA is making an editorial
                amendment to the Sec. 173.185(e) introductory paragraph to clarify
                that the ``transported for purposes of testing'' condition applies to
                prototype cells and batteries and that both low production and
                prototype lithium cells and batteries may be contained in equipment.
                PHMSA received a comment from MBDTC in support of this amendment. PHMSA
                is also making an editorial amendment to paragraphs (e)(1) and (2) to
                specify that cushioning material must be electrically non-conductive
                instead of the existing ``non-conductive'' requirement. In addition,
                PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (e)(4) to authorize the use of certain
                rigid large packagings to transport a single large battery or a single
                large item of equipment. This provides additional packaging options to
                transport large batteries and equipment that, by nature of their size
                or shape, cannot fit into a non-bulk package. Each of the remaining
                sub-paragraphs in Sec. 173.185(e) is renumbered and remain unchanged.
                 Section 173.185(f) of the HMR describes the provisions for the
                transport of lithium batteries that have been damaged or identified by
                the manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, and that have
                the potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire, or
                short circuit (e.g., those being returned to the manufacturer for
                safety reasons). PHMSA is making an editorial amendment to Sec.
                173.185(f)(2) to specify that cushioning material must be electrically
                non-conductive, which harmonizes the HMR with the international
                standards. PHMSA is also amending Sec. 173.185(f)(3) to clarify the
                provisions for the use of large packagings. Currently, large packagings
                are authorized for the transport of a single battery including a
                battery contained in equipment. This amendment clarifies that large
                packagings are limited to a single battery or to a single item of
                equipment. This acknowledges that a single item of equipment may
                contain one or more batteries.
                 ALPA commented that they did not see any proposed amendments for
                harmonization with three emergency amendments to the 2015-2016 ICAO
                Technical Instructions concerning the transport of lithium batteries by
                air. PHMSA published an interim final rule entitled ``Enhanced Safety
                Provisions for Lithium Batteries Transported by Aircraft'' on March 6,
                2019 [(HM-224I); 84 FR 8006], that amended and added multiple
                paragraphs in Sec. 173.185 incorporating these ICAO Technical
                Instructions amendments. The NPRM did not account for these amendments
                and additions. Therefore, in this final rule, we are revising this
                section consistent with the March 6, 2019 interim final rule.
                Specifically, we are including text added or revised in the March 6,
                2019 interim final rule in the following paragraphs: Sec.
                173.185(c)(1)(iii); (c)(4)(ii) through (vii); (c)(5); redesignated
                paragraph (g) as paragraph (h); and a new paragraph (g).
                Section 173.218 Fish Meal or Fish Scrap
                 Section 173.218 contains packaging requirements for shipments of
                stabilized fish meal and fish scrap. Stabilization of fish meal and
                fish scrap by applying antioxidants is required in order to offer the
                material under a Class 9 stabilized proper shipping name. Historically,
                the IMDG Code and the HMR only reference one antioxidant, ethoxyquin,
                by name, although other antioxidants exist. In response to testing
                performed by the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization \13\
                that indicated that concentrations of 50 ppm (mg/kg) of ethoxyquin, 100
                ppm (mg/kg) of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and 250 ppm (mg/kg) of
                tocopherol-based antioxidant are effective in stabilizing fish meal,
                the UN and the IMO adopted allowances for the use of two additional
                antioxidants (butylated hydroxytoluene and tocopherols) and a reduction
                in the required ethoxyquin concentration at time of shipment from 100
                ppm to 50 ppm.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \13\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2016/dgac10c3/ST-SG-AC.10-C.3-2016-82e.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (c) of this section
                to lower the required ethoxyquin level at the time of shipment in bulk
                in freight containers for transportation by vessel from 100 ppm to 50
                ppm and to specify acceptable levels of for butylated hydroxytoluene
                (100 ppm) and for tocopherols (250 ppm) in shipments of fish meal or
                fish scrap transported by vessel in bulk in freight containers.
                Reducing the required minimum concentration of ethoxyquin and
                permitting the use of additional antioxidants will reduce cost and add
                flexibility while maintaining an equivalent level of safety.
                Section 173.220 Internal Combustion Engines, Vehicles, Machinery
                Containing Internal Combustion Engines, Battery-Powered Equipment or
                Machinery, Fuel Cell-Powered Equipment or Machinery
                 Section 173.220 prescribes transportation requirements and
                exceptions for internal combustion engines, vehicles, machinery
                containing internal combustion engines, battery-powered equipment or
                machinery, and fuel cell-powered equipment or machinery.
                 Special provision 135 is assigned to the HMT entries for certain
                vehicles. It specifies that if a vehicle is powered by both a flammable
                liquid and a
                [[Page 27836]]
                flammable gas internal combustion engine, it must be consigned under
                the entry ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered.'' Special provision 135
                does not, however, clearly indicate that a flammable gas-powered
                vehicle must also comply with the requirements applicable to the
                quantity of flammable liquid in the fuel tank in addition to all of the
                applicable provisions for a flammable gas-powered vehicle. Consistent
                with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is clarifying in a new
                paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(C) that if a vehicle is powered by a flammable
                liquid and a flammable gas internal combustion engine, the flammable
                liquid fuel tank requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) of this section must
                also be met.
                 In this final rule, PHMSA is making an editorial amendment to the
                requirements for vehicles powered by lithium batteries in paragraph
                (d). Specifically, we are clarifying that when a lithium battery is
                removed from the vehicle and is packed separately from the vehicle in
                the same outer packaging, the package must be classified as ``UN 3481,
                Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment'' or ``UN 3091, Lithium
                metal batteries packed with equipment,'' and is not eligible for
                classification as ``UN3171, Battery-powered vehicle or Battery-powered
                equipment.'' This clarification is a result of a working paper
                submitted at the 26th Meeting of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel (ICAO
                DGP/26) concerning the carriage of battery powered vehicles such as
                ``e-bikes'' and it addresses instances where a shipper removes the
                lithium battery from the battery powered vehicle and subsequently packs
                the battery in a separate packaging, which is then placed with the
                vehicle in the same outer packaging. Although this was the result of an
                amendment to the ICAO Technical Instructions, we believe that it
                provides clarification of a preexisting requirement for all modes of
                transport.
                Section 173.222 Dangerous Goods in Equipment, Machinery or Apparatus
                 Section 173.222 specifies the requirements for dangerous goods in
                machinery or apparatus. During the course of reviewing provisions
                associated with the new HMT entries for ``Articles containing hazardous
                materials, n.o.s.,'' PHMSA found that the quantity limits prescribed in
                Sec. 173.222 are inconsistent with certain international standards.
                The current authorized quantity of hazardous materials in one item of
                machinery or apparatus are as follows: 1 kg for solids; 0.5 L for
                liquids, and 0.5 kg for Division 2.2 gases. These quantity limits are
                consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions; however, they are not
                aligned with the UN Model Regulations or the IMDG Code. Special
                provision 301 of the UN Model Regulations and the IMDG Code authorize
                up to the limited quantity amount for each item of dangerous goods
                contained in the machinery or apparatus. An example of the current
                authorizations is for an article containing ``Heptanes UN 1206, Class
                3'' the HMR and ICAO Techinical Instructions authorize the use of UN
                3363 for machinery or apparatus up to a total net quantity of .5 L. For
                the same material the UN Model Regulations and the IMDG Code authorize
                1 L total net quantity of heptanes. The authorized limited quantity
                amounts in the IMDG Code and the UN Model Regulations generally align
                the ``methodology for determining limited quantities'' indicated in the
                Guiding Principles for the Development of the UN Model Regulations.\14\
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \14\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/danger/publi/unrec/GuidingPrinciples/Guiding_Principles_Rev19.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 In a previous final rule published on March 5, 1999 [Docket No.
                RSPA-98-4185 (HM-215C); 64 FR 10742], PHMSA's predecessor agency, the
                Research and Special Projects Administration (RSPA), aligned the HMR
                with the ICAO Technical Instructions by adding ``Dangerous goods in
                machinery or Dangerous goods in apparatus'' to the HMT. The proper
                shipping name was assigned identification number ``NA8001,'' special
                provision 136 was added for directions on class assignment, and Sec.
                173.222 was added containing requirements applicable to the new entry.
                In the HM-215C rulemaking, RSPA stated that upon the assignment of a UN
                identification number, it would revise the entry accordingly [81 FR
                53935]. This was accomplished in the 11th revised edition of the UN
                Model Regulations, in which identification number UN3363 and Class 9
                were assigned to this entry. The ICAO Technical Instructions were
                amended to be consistent with the UN Model Regulations. Subsequently,
                the HMR were updated accordingly in a final rule published on June 21,
                2001 [Docket No. RSPA-2000-7702 (HM-215D); 66 FR 33315]. While the HMR
                were amended to incorporate the identification number and Class 9
                designation, the quantity limit was not amended to allow up to the
                limited quantity amount authorized by the UN Model Regulations.
                Therefore, the ICAO quantity limits were retained for all modes of
                transport.
                 In the 20th Revised Edition of UN Model Regulations and Amendment
                39-18 of the IMDG Code, the new ``Articles containing hazardous
                materials, n.o.s.'' entries apply to articles that contain only
                hazardous materials that exceed the permitted limited quantity amount
                for UN3363. The ICAO addressed the difference between the quantity
                authorized in the Technical Instructions and both the UN Model
                Regulations and the IMDG Code by amending ICAO special provision A107.
                The revised special provision A107 indicates that where the quantity of
                dangerous goods contained in machinery or apparatus exceeds the limits
                permitted by ICAO Technical Instructions Packing Instruction 962 (same
                as the existing HMR authorization), and the dangerous goods meet the
                provisions of Special Provision 301 of the UN Model Regulations, the
                machinery or apparatus may be transported as UN3363 only with the prior
                approval of the appropriate authority of the State of Origin and the
                State of the Operator under the written conditions established by those
                authorities. The use of the new ``Articles containing hazardous
                materials, n.o.s.'' requires in all cases require competent authority
                approval prior to being offered for transport in accordance with the
                ICAO Technical Instructions.
                 To more closely align with the UN Model Regulations and IMDG Code,
                for other than air transportation, PHMSA is increasing the quantity
                limits for liquids and solids in paragraph (c) up to the limited
                quantity amount prescribed in the corresponding section of Part 173
                referenced in Column (8A) of the Sec. 172.101 Table. Without this
                amendment, the HMR would differ from the UN Model Regulations and IMDG
                Code for application of the new ``Articles, n.o.s.'' entries, and an
                approach used by the ICAO Technical Instructions would be necessary for
                all modes. The authorized quantity for gases remains unchanged for all
                modes of transport.
                Section 173.224 Packaging and Control and Emergency Temperatures for
                Self-Reactive Materials
                 Section 173.224 establishes packaging and control and emergency
                temperatures for self-reactive materials. The Self-Reactive Materials
                Table in paragraph (b)(7) of this section specifies self-reactive
                materials authorized for transportation without first being approved
                for transportation by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous
                Materials Safety, as well as requirements for transporting these
                materials. Consistent with the UN
                [[Page 27837]]
                Model Regulations, in paragraph (b)(7), PHMSA is adding a new entry
                ``Phosphorothioic acid, O-[(cyanophenyl methylene) azanyl] O,O-diethyl
                ester'' to the Self-Reactive Materials Table. In addition, consistent
                with the UN Model Regulations, a new ``Note 5'' assigned to this entry
                is added to the list following the table stating that this entry
                applies to the technical mixture in n-butanol within the specified
                concentration limits of the (Z) isomer.
                 Paragraph (c) of this section prescribes requirements for new self-
                reactive materials, formulations, and samples. In paragraph (c)(4),
                PHMSA is authorizing small samples of certain potentially explosive or
                self-reactive substances when transported for testing purposes. These
                substances usually consist of organic molecules which are active
                ingredients, building blocks, or intermediates for pharmaceutical or
                agricultural chemicals. The molecules of the substances often carry
                functional groups listed in tables A6.1 and/or A6.2 in Annex 6
                (Screening Procedures) of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, that
                would indicate explosive or self-reactive properties; however, these
                substances are not designed to be explosives of Class 1. This amendment
                is necessary because during the early development phase of a new
                product, complete test data is often unavailable but the substances
                must be transported for further testing. The provisions adopted in
                paragraph (c)(4) prescribe applicability criteria and packaging
                conditions for these substances to be transported as samples for the
                purpose of testing. These criteria and packaging conditions are based
                on submissions to the United Nations SCOE on the Transport of Dangerous
                Goods showing the effectiveness of the packaging methods.
                 Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising
                paragraph (b)(4) to authorize the transportation of self-reactive
                substances packed in accordance with packing method OP8 (non-bulk
                packaging authorization) where transport in IBCs or portable tanks is
                permitted in accordance with Sec. 173.225, provided that the control
                and emergency temperatures specified in the instructions are complied
                with. This change allows materials that are authorized in bulk
                packagings to also be transported in appropriate non-bulk packagings.
                Section 173.225 Packaging Requirements and Other Provisions for Organic
                Peroxides
                 Section 173.225 prescribes packaging requirements and other
                provisions for organic peroxides. The Organic Peroxide Table in the UN
                Model Regulations is continually updated based on data submitted by
                governments and industry groups to account for new peroxides and
                formulations that have become commercially available. Consistent with
                revisions to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising the Organic
                Peroxide Table in paragraph (c) by adding the entries: ``Di-(4-tert-
                butylcyclohexyl) peroxydicarbonate [as a paste],'' ``Diisobutyryl
                peroxide [as a stable dispersion in water],'' and ``1-Phenylethyl
                hydroperoxide.'' The table in paragraph (d)(4) currently titled
                ``Maximum Quantity per Packaging/Package'' is amended to read ``Table
                to paragraph (d): Maximum Quantity per Packaging/Package.'' This change
                is being made in response to a request made during the publishing of
                the NPRM by the Federal Register to align with their requirements for
                table headings in regulations. The Organic Peroxide IBC Table in
                paragraph (e) is revised to maintain alignment with the UN Model
                Regulations by adding new entries for ``Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate, not
                more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water,'' ``2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-
                di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane, not more than 52% in diluent type A,''
                ``3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl-1,4,7-triperoxonane not more than 27%
                diluent type A,'' and ``tert-Amyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate, not more
                than 62% in a diluent type A'' and by adding a type 31HA1 IBC
                authorization to the existing entry for ``tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, not
                more than 72% with water.''
                 In addition, consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
                amending paragraphs (e) and (g) to authorize organic peroxides to be
                transported packed in accordance with packing method OP8, where
                transport in IBCs or portable tanks is permitted, provided that the
                control and emergency temperatures specified in the instructions are
                complied with.
                Section 173.232 Articles Containing Hazardous Materials, n.o.s.
                 New section 173.232 prescribes requirements for articles not
                otherwise specified by name in the HMR that contain hazardous materials
                of various hazard classes and divisions. This addresses situations in
                which hazardous materials or hazardous materials residues are present
                in articles in quantities greater than the amounts authorized for
                dangerous goods in machinery or apparatus. This new section authorizes
                a safe method to transport articles that may be too large to fit into
                typical packages. The packaging section 173.232 added in this final
                rule for the new proper shipping names for articles requires packaging
                at the Packing Group II performance level. Non-specification packaging,
                and transportation in an unpackaged manner or on pallets when the
                hazardous materials are afforded equivalent protection by the article
                in which they are contained, are also authorized. Absent these
                provisions to package and transport these materials safely, these
                articles may be offered for transport under provisions that do not
                adequately account for the physical and chemical properties of the
                substances and may require the issuance of an approval by PHMSA's
                Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
                Section 173.301b Additional General Requirements for Shipment of UN
                Pressure Receptacles
                 Section 173.301b describes additional requirements when shipping
                gases in UN pressure receptacles. In paragraph (c)(1), PHMSA is
                incorporating ISO 17871:2015 containing specification and type testing
                requirements for quick release cylinder valves. In paragraph (d)(1),
                PHMSA is phasing out ISO 13340:2001, Transportable gas cylinders--
                Cylinder valves for non-refillables cylinders--Specification and
                prototype testing, which can be utilized until December 31, 2020. ISO
                13340:2001 is being phased out because the applicable valve standard in
                ISO 13340:2001 has been incorporated into ISO 11118:2015.
                Section 173.304b Additional Requirements for Shipment of Liquefied
                Compressed Gases in UN Pressure Receptacles
                 Section 173.304b contains additional requirements for the shipment
                of liquefied compressed gases in UN pressure receptacles. In this final
                rule, consistent with a change made in the 20th Revised Edition of the
                UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is amending paragraph (b)(5) by replacing
                ``liquid phase'' with ``liquefied gas'' and ``compressed'' with
                ``compressed gas'' to better describe the phases of the material being
                stored and to align with the UN language.
                Section 173.422 Additional Requirements for Excepted Packages
                Containing Class 7 (Radioactive) Materials
                 Section 173.422 contains additional requirements for excepted
                packages containing Class 7 (radioactive) materials. Shipments of
                excepted packages containing Class 7 materials are not required to meet
                the general
                [[Page 27838]]
                shipping paper requirements found in the HMR. Amendment 39-18 of the
                IMDG Code adopted a requirement that vessels carrying these excepted
                packages include information concerning these packages (e.g., UN ID
                Number and location on board the vessel) on the Dangerous Cargo
                Manifest (DCM). Historically, the HMR has not required any
                documentation to accompany shipments of excepted packages containing
                radioactive material when offered for transportation by vessel. In this
                final rule, PHMSA is amending the DCM requirements in Sec. 176.30 to
                require information about these shipments to be included in the DCM
                carried aboard the vessel. Without a corresponding amendment to Sec.
                173.422 to require the information to be provided to the vessel
                operator, the vessel operator would not have the information available
                that would be required to be included on the DCM.
                 In this final rule, PHMSA proposes to add a new paragraph (f) that
                would require excepted packages of radioactive materials offered for
                transportation by vessel to have a special transport document such as
                an ocean bill of lading or other similar document that includes the UN
                identification number for the material being offered, the name and
                address of the consignor and consignee, and a container packing
                certificate, in accordance with the requirements in Sec. 176.27. This
                amendment provides for the conveyance of necessary information to the
                vessel operator for creation of the DCM.
                Appendix I to Part 173
                 PHMSA is also adding a new Appendix I to part 173, containing a
                flow chart for use with the calculation method for corrosive
                classification. Please see the section-by-section discussion for Sec.
                173.137 for further information on Appendix I to Part 173.
                Part 174--Carriage by Rail
                Section 174.50 Nonconforming or Leaking Packages
                 Section 174.50 prescribes regulations for the movement of
                nonconforming or leaking packages by rail. Under the HMR, no person may
                offer for transportation or transport a bulk hazmat packaging
                (typically a tank car) by rail unless that packaging is marked,
                represented, maintained, reconditioned, repaired, and retested in
                accordance with the HMR (Sec. 171.2(g)). However, Sec. 174.50
                authorizes the movement of a non-conforming bulk hazmat package moved
                by rail when: (1) The movement is necessary to reduce or eliminate an
                immediate threat or harm to human health or the environment; or (2) the
                movement is approved by the Federal Railroad Administration's (FRA)
                Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety.
                 Approvals issued by FRA's Associate Administrator for Railroad
                Safety are commonly referred to as One-Time Movement Approvals
                (OTMA).\15\ Transport Canada issues similar approvals for the movement
                of non-conforming bulk hazmat packages and tank cars, which are
                referred to as Temporary Certificates. Historically, for movements of
                non-conforming tank cars from Canada to or through the United States,
                the offeror would have to obtain both an OTMA from FRA and a Temporary
                Certificate from Transport Canada. These applications initiate
                administrative processes and safety reviews by both governments that
                nearly always result in the same conclusion. Since the safety analysis
                used to evaluate Temporary Certificates in Canada is similar to the
                safety analysis used to evaluate OTMAs by FRA, the requirement to
                obtain two government approvals for a cross border movement provides no
                additional safety benefit and is redundant and burdensome. Thus, to
                facilitate cross border trade, for movements to or through the United
                States from Canada, PHMSA is amending the regulation to recognize
                Temporary Certificates issued by Transport Canada. This amendment would
                reduce the duplicative requirement to apply for both an OTMA from the
                United States and a Temporary Certificate from Canada, should the non-
                conforming package need to be transported over the U.S.-Canadian
                border.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \15\ On October 7, 2014 FRA issued guidance on One-Time Movement
                Approvals titled One-Time Movement Approval Procedures, HMG-127.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 On July 12, 2007, Transport Canada published, ``Regulations
                Amending the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations
                (International Harmonization Update, 2016).'' In this publication,
                Transport Canada indicated that recognition of OTMA may be included in
                a future amendment. This amendment aims to facilitate international
                transportation and at the same time ensures the safety of people,
                property, and the environment. Finally, for low-risk movements of non-
                conforming tank cars, Transport Canada authorizes the one-time movement
                without the need to obtain a temporary certificate (see TP-14877). For
                clarification, such movements under the TDG Regulations are already
                authorized by Sec. 171.12, provided the movements are compliant with
                all applicable requirements in the TDG Regulations and Sec. 171.12.
                PHMSA received comments from DGAC and Dow in support of the changes to
                Sec. 174.50 noting these amendments work to facilitate cross border
                trade.
                Part 175--Carriage by Aircraft
                Section 175.10 Exceptions for Passengers, Crewmembers, and Air
                Operators
                 Section 175.10 specifies the conditions under which passengers,
                crew members, or an operator may carry hazardous materials aboard an
                aircraft. Consistent with revisions to the ICAO Technical Instructions,
                in this final rule, PHMSA is making several revisions to this section.
                 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(2) to account for lighters powered
                by lithium batteries (e.g., laser plasma lighters, tesla coil lighters,
                flux lighters, arc lighters, and double arc lighters). The assigned
                provisions would be consistent with a combination of the existing
                requirements applicable to portable electronic devices powered by
                lithium batteries and battery powered portable electronic smoking
                devices. Specifically, each lithium battery must be of a type which
                meets the requirements of each test in the UN Manual of Tests and
                Criteria, Part III, Subsection 38.3 and must not exceed the size limits
                authorized for portable electronic devices. Recharging of the devices
                and/or the batteries on board the aircraft is not permitted consistent
                with the requirements for portable electronic smoking devices. In
                addition, lithium battery powered lighters without a safety cap or
                means of protection against unintentional activation are prohibited in
                carry-on baggage, checked baggage, and when carried on one's person.
                 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(3), to authorize medical devices
                containing radioactive material fitted externally as the result of
                medical treatment, consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions. In
                addition, the reference to implanted medical devices containing lithium
                batteries is removed. For medical devices containing lithium batteries
                (including those implanted, externally fitted, or carried by passengers
                or crew members) the quantity limits provided in (a)(18)(i) or (ii)
                apply, as applicable.
                 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(14) for consistency with the ICAO
                Technical Instructions and other paragraphs in this section. The first
                sentence is revised to clarify that the paragraph is applicable to
                battery powered heat-producing devices rather
                [[Page 27839]]
                than ``electrically powered'' articles. For lithium battery powered
                devices, quantity limits are added in new paragraphs (i) and (ii)
                consistent with the existing requirements applicable to portable
                electronic devices powered by lithium batteries and battery powered
                portable electronic smoking devices. The requirements for spare
                batteries are revised to reference the provisions for spare batteries
                in paragraph (a)(18).
                 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(15) by adding a new paragraph (vi)
                to separate and clarify the handling requirements applicable to each
                ``non-spillable'' and ``dry sealed'' battery presently prescribed in
                paragraph (v). PHMSA is also adding a new paragraph (vii) to authorize
                passengers with restricted mobility to carry a spare non-spillable or
                dry sealed battery for their mobility aid. Prior to this rulemaking,
                spare lithium batteries were permitted for passengers with lithium
                battery-powered mobility aids; this was deemed acceptable for mobility
                aids equipped with non-spillable or dry sealed batteries. This action
                is consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions.
                 PHMSA is amending provisions for carriage of wheelchairs or other
                mobility aids equipped with a lithium ion battery by removing the
                requirement that ``collapsible'' mobility aids necessitate removal of
                the battery. The intent of the existing requirement was to allow the
                removal of the batteries from lightweight collapsible mobility aids
                when these do not afford any protection to the batteries. However, the
                existing text in both the HMR and ICAO Technical Instructions can be
                construed to mean that if the battery was designed to be removable from
                the mobility aid, that it must be removed in all circumstances, even
                when adequate protection to the batteries is provided. In cases when
                the batteries are adequately protected, it is preferable that they
                remain installed in the mobility aid; however, there may be situations
                when that is not possible or safe to do, and in these cases the
                batteries must be removed. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is
                amending (a)(17)(v) by removing the word ``collapsible'' and clarifying
                that when the wheelchair or mobility aid does not provide adequate
                protection to the battery, that the battery must be removed and handled
                in accordance with the existing conditions prescribed in (a)(17)(v)(A)
                through (E).
                 PHMSA is amending the provisions for carriage of portable
                electronic devices (PEDs) containing lithium batteries to address
                safety concerns requiring passengers to carry PEDs in checked baggage.
                Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, Sec. 175.10(a)(18) is
                revised to require that when PEDs powered by lithium batteries are in
                checked baggage, they must be completely powered off and protected to
                prevent unintentional activation or damage. PHMSA received a comment
                from Yvonne Keller noting that in an October 18, 2018, final rule
                [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0100 (HM-259) [83 FR 52878], PHMSA amended
                paragraph (a)(18)(i) to authorize passengers and crewmembers to carry
                on board an aircraft lithium metal battery-powered portable medical
                electronic devices and two spare batteries for those devices exceeding
                2 grams of lithium content per battery, but not exceeding 8 grams of
                lithium content per battery, with the approval of the operator. We
                agree that the NPRM did not account for this amendment. Therefore, in
                this final rule, we are revising this paragraph consistent with the
                earlier published final rule.
                 PHMSA is revising the carriage requirements for battery-powered
                portable electronic smoking devices in paragraph (a)(19). The 2015-2016
                Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions incorporated provisions
                prohibiting passengers and crew from carrying such devices in checked
                baggage or recharging them in the cabin, and requiring that any spare
                batteries be protected from short circuit. In a working paper (DGP/26-
                WP/42) submitted by the United States at the ICAO DGP/26 meeting, it
                was reported that even after the prohibition, 10 incidents involving
                these devices were documented between May 2015 and May 2017. As
                described in the working paper, seven of the incidents occurred inside
                a passenger aircraft and three occurred inside an airport. These
                incidents typically involved the electronic smoking device while it was
                being transported in carry-on baggage, with the suspected cause of the
                majority of these incidents being the accidental activation of the
                device.
                 In this final rule, PHMSA is aligning the HMR with the ICAO
                Technical Instructions by requiring passengers or crew to take
                effective measures for preventing accidental activation of the heating
                element of the device when transporting such devices in carry-on
                baggage on board passenger aircraft. Examples of effective measures
                include, but are not limited to: Removing the battery from the
                electronic smoking device; separating the battery from the heating
                coil; placing the electronic smoking device into a protective case;
                using a protective cover, safety latch, or locking device on the
                electronic smoking device's heating coil activation button; and
                electronics or technology in the device designed to prevent accidental
                activation, such as those requiring the electronic smoking device to be
                powered on before the heating coil button can be activated.
                 PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (a)(26) that amends the passenger
                provisions for carriage of baggage equipped with lithium batteries
                (e.g., smart baggage) intended to power features designed to make
                travel easier, such as location tracking, PED battery charging, short
                range wireless connections, digital weighing, or motors. To address
                concerns that passengers would check baggage containing lithium
                batteries (e.g., power banks) despite existing requirements that
                articles whose primary purpose is to provide power to another device be
                carried as spare batteries in the cabin as carry-on baggage, the ICAO
                Technical Instructions were amended to require that passengers remove
                lithium batteries from baggage they intend to check, in accordance with
                the provisions for spare batteries. Specifically, baggage equipped with
                a lithium battery or batteries is required to be carried as carry-on
                baggage, unless the battery or batteries are removed from the baggage.
                Once the battery or batteries are removed from baggage intended to be
                checked, the battery or batteries must be carried in the cabin in
                accordance with the provisions for spare batteries prescribed in
                paragraph (a)(18). This restriction in checked baggage does not apply
                to baggage containing lithium metal batteries with a lithium content
                not exceeding 0.3 grams, or lithium ion batteries with a Watt-hour
                rating not exceeding 2.7 Wh.
                 PHMSA received a comment from Alaska Airlines requesting that
                additional text be added to clarify that batteries must be removable
                without the use of any tool for baggage to be carried on, in the event
                the bag must subsequently be placed in the cargo compartment. However,
                in the NPRM, we proposed to align with the text of the ICAO Technical
                Instructions, which does not include this requirement. The requested
                language would, therefore, result in unalignment with the ICAO
                Technical Instructions and additional changes in existing practices in
                manufacturing and design of these types of bags.
                Section 175.33 Shipping Paper and Information to the Pilot-in-Command
                 Section 175.33 establishes requirements for shipping papers and for
                the notification of the pilot-in-command when hazardous materials are
                transported by aircraft. Consistent with
                [[Page 27840]]
                revisions to the ICAO Technical Instructions, in paragraph (a)(13)(i),
                PHMSA is including a requirement to indicate the airport at which the
                lithium batteries will be unloaded in the information to the pilot-in-
                command when a summary is used for lithium batteries. Including the
                airport at which the batteries will be unloaded is consistent with the
                existing authorization in paragraph (a)(12) to use a summary instead of
                the default information to the pilot in command for ``UN 1845, Carbon
                dioxide, solid (dry ice).'' Yevon Keller commented noting that the HM-
                215O NPRM did not take into account recent changes to this section made
                in an October 18, 2018, final rule [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0100 (HM-
                259); 83 FR 52878]. The NPRM did not fully account for this amendment
                and, in this final rule, we are revising paragraphs (a)(12) and (13) to
                make them editorially consistent with the earlier published final rule.
                 Additionally, in a recent interim final rule (IFR) published March
                6, 2019, [HM-224I; 84 FR 8006], PHMSA made revisions to some lithium
                battery requirements in the HMR.\16\ As part of the IFR, we made
                changes to Sec. 173.185(c) including redesignating paragraph
                (c)(4)(vi) as paragraph (c)(5). However, in the HM-224I IFR, we did not
                make a conforming amendment to Sec. 175.33, specifically Sec.
                175.33(a)(13)(iii), which continued to incorrectly reference Sec.
                173.185(c)(4)(vi). As such, the reference in Sec. 175.33(a)(13)(iii)
                should be to Sec. 173.185(c)(5), as this will correctly indicate that
                UN3480, UN3481, UN3090, and UN3091 materials prepared in accordance
                with Sec. 173.185(c)(5) are still required to appear on the
                information to the pilot-in-command. This HM-215O final rule makes that
                necessary editorial correction.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \16\ https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2019-03-06/pdf/2019-03812.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Section 175.78 Stowage Compatibility of Cargo
                 Section 175.78 prescribes the stowage compatibility of hazardous
                materials offered for transportation by aircraft. Consistent with
                international standards, in a March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82
                FR 15796], PHMSA added new Class 3 HMT entry ``UN 3528,'' applicable to
                the fuel contained in engines and machinery powered by Class 3
                flammable liquids. In accordance with the segregation requirements
                prescribed in this section, engines and machinery classified under the
                new UN 3528 entry in Class 3 are required to be segregated from
                dangerous goods with a primary or subsidiary hazard of Division 5.1.
                Prior to the addition of the UN 3528 HMT entry, such engines and
                machinery were classed in Class 9 and, therefore, not required to be
                segregated from Division 5.1 materials. The packing requirements by air
                for UN 3528 require engines to be drained and the tank caps fitted
                securely. These precautions ensure that there is only a negligible
                amount of residual fuel remaining. There is no indication that, as
                prepared for transport, UN 3528 poses any more hazard now that would
                require these items to be segregated than when these items were
                previously identified as a Class 9. Therefore, in this final rule,
                PHMSA is adding an exception to the segregation requirement by
                including a ``Note 3'' to the paragraph (b) Segregation Table and
                adding a new paragraph (c)(8) stating that materials consigned under UN
                3528 need not be segregated from packages containing hazardous
                materials in Division 5.1.
                 Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is requiring
                that packages and overpacks containing lithium cells and batteries that
                bear the Class 9 label must not be stowed on an aircraft next to, in
                contact with, or in a position that would allow interaction with,
                packages or overpacks containing other hazardous materials in Class 1
                (other than Division 1.4S), Division 2.1, Class 3, Division 4.1 and
                Division 5.1. Specifically, the current paragraph (b) is reformatted
                into two paragraphs. A new paragraph (b)(2) is added to prescribe the
                segregation requirements applicable to lithium cells and batteries. The
                existing Segregation Table is revised by adding the necessary columns
                and rows representing hazard classes not presently in the Table. These
                changes to the Table indicate that hazardous materials in the classes
                described above must be segregated from packages and overpacks
                containing lithium cells or batteries prepared in accordance with Sec.
                173.185(b)(3) and (c)(4)(vi). PHMSA is taking this action to promote
                consistency with the ICAO Technical Instructions and in response to a
                NTSB recommendation (A-16-001). The recommendation stemmed from NTSB's
                investigation of the July 28, 2011, in-flight fire and crash of Asiana
                Airlines Flight 991, which resulted in the loss of the aircraft and
                crew. The investigation report cited as a contributing factor the
                flammable materials and lithium ion batteries that were loaded together
                either in the same or adjacent pallets.
                 PHMSA received two comments from COSTHA and Alaska Airlines in
                support of the segregation requirements. Alaska Airlines supports the
                changes to the segregation requirements and COSTHA supports the new
                Note 3 in Sec. 175.78 exempting ``UN3528'' from Division 5.1
                segregation requirements. Alaska Airlines asked if it was an oversight
                that PHMSA did not propose to amend Sec. 175.310(c)(1)(ii) to include
                similar prohibitions on shipping lithium metal and lithium ion
                batteries with flammable liquids, which authorizes transportation of
                flammable liquid fuel by passenger and cargo aircraft when other means
                of transportation are impracticable. Shipments made in accordance with
                Sec. 175.310 may vary from the packaging references and quantity
                limits listed in Columns 7, 8, and 9 of the HMT. PHMSA did not propose
                or intend to propose amendments to Sec. 175.310 in the NPRM. As no
                amendments were proposed to this section or these provisions, we are
                not amending the requirements in this section in this final rule. The
                FAA and PHMSA have agreed to look at the issue further and any
                potential future rulemaking action would afford stakeholders the
                opportunity to review and provide comments.
                Part 176--Carriage by Vessel
                Section 176.30 Dangerous Cargo Manifest
                 Section 176.30 prescribes requirements for DCMs, lists, or stowage
                plans required to be carried aboard vessels transporting hazardous
                materials. For consistency with the IMDG Code in this final rule, PHMSA
                is adding a new paragraph (a)(9) to require that DCMs include
                information on shipments of excepted packages containing Class 7
                materials. For shipments of excepted packages containing Class 7
                material only the UN identification number, the name and address of the
                consignor and the consignee, and the stowage location of the hazardous
                material on board the vessel is required to be entered on the DCM,
                list, or stowage plan carried aboard the vessel.
                Section 176.84 Other Requirements for Stowage, Cargo Handling, and
                Segregation for Cargo Vessels and Passenger Vessels
                 Section 176.84 prescribes the meanings and requirements for
                numbered or alphanumeric stowage provisions for vessel shipments listed
                in column (10B) of the Sec. 172.101 HMT. The provisions in Sec.
                176.84 are separated into general stowage provisions, which are defined
                in the ``table of provisions'' in paragraph (b), and the stowage
                provisions applicable to vessel shipments of Class 1 explosives, which
                [[Page 27841]]
                are defined in the table in paragraph (c)(2). In a previous final rule
                [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0273 (HM-215N); 82 FR 15796], a subsidiary
                hazard of 6.1 was added to the UN 2977 and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride
                entries, and the primary hazard for UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride,
                radioactive material, excepted package was changed from 8 to 6.1.
                Consequential amendments to the stowage and segregation requirements
                codes for these materials were not addressed at the time of these
                changes in the IMDG Code or the HMR. In this final rule, we are adding
                new stowage provisions that clarify what segregation requirements apply
                to shipments of uranium hexafluoride.
                 PHMSA is adding a new stowage provision 151 and assigning it to the
                UN 2977 and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride entries. This new stowage
                provision requires segregation for Class 7 materials to apply to
                uranium hexafluoride shipped under these two UN numbers.
                 Additionally, consistent with Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code,
                PHMSA is adding a new stowage provision 152 and assigning it to UN
                3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package.
                This new stowage provision requires segregation for Class 8, but
                excepts segregation in relation to Class 7 materials. This exception to
                the general segregation requirements between Class 8 and Class 7
                materials allows shipments of excepted packages of uranium hexafluoride
                to be stowed in close proximity to shipments of fully regulated uranium
                hexafluoride.
                 Based on changes to the IMDG Code to address the appropriate
                segregation requirements for shipments of uranium hexafluoride, PHMSA
                is adding a new stowage provision 153 and assigning it to the UN 2977
                and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride HMT entries. This new stowage
                provision requires these materials to be stowed ``separated
                longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from''
                Divisions 1.1, 1.2, and 1.5.
                 Based on changes to the IMDG Code to provide additional flexibility
                in the stowage requirements for jet perforating guns, PHMSA is adding a
                new stowage provision 154 and assigning it to the NA 0124, NA 0494, UN
                0494, and UN 0124 jet perforating gun HMT entries. This new stowage
                provision indicates that, notwithstanding the stowage category assigned
                to the entries in the HMT, jet perforating guns may be stowed in
                accordance with the provisions of packing instruction US 1 in Sec.
                173.62. These jet perforating guns are currently assigned to stowage
                categories ``02'' and ``04.'' Both stowage categories require stowage
                in closed cargo transport units. The inclusion of new stowage provision
                154 clarifies that regardless of the stowage category assigned, jet
                perforating guns offered in accordance with US 1 in Sec. 173.62 are
                not required to be offered for transport or transported in closed cargo
                transport units.
                Part 178--Specifications for Packagings
                Section 178.71 Specifications for UN Pressure Receptacles
                 Section 178.71 prescribes specifications for UN pressure
                receptacles. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
                amending paragraphs (d)(2), (f), (i), (j), and (q)(12), to reflect the
                adoption of the latest ISO standards for the design, construction, and
                testing of gas cylinders and their associated service equipment. In
                paragraph (d)(2), PHMSA is adding a phase out date for ISO 13340:2001,
                which is authorized for valves manufactured until December 31, 2020,
                and incorporating by reference ISO 14246:2014 (E) ``Gas cylinders--
                Cylinder valves--Manufacturing tests and examination,'' which addresses
                initial inspection and testing requirements for valves. ISO 13340:2001
                is being phased out because the applicable valve requirements have been
                incorporated into ISO 11118:2015. In paragraph (f), PHMSA is amending
                the title of the paragraph to include pressure drums and adding ISO
                21172-1:2015(E), ``Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up to 3
                000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
                construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1 000 litres'' in new paragraph
                (f)(4). A note was added to the UN Model Regulations that authorizes
                welded steel gas pressure drums with dished ends convex to pressure to
                be used for the transport of corrosive substances provided all
                applicable additional requirements are met, irrespective of section
                6.3.3.4 of this standard which prohibits such use.\17\ Therefore, PHMSA
                is authorizing the same deviation from the ISO standard in paragraph
                (f).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \17\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2015/dgac10c3/UN-SCETDG-48-INF49_e_.pdf.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 In addition, in paragraph (i), PHMSA is adding a phase out date for
                ISO 11118:1999 ``Gas Cylinders for Non-refillable Metallic Gas
                Cylinders,'' which is authorized until December 31, 2020, and replacing
                it with the new standard, ISO 11118:2015. In paragraph (j), PHMSA is
                adding a phase out date for ISO 111120:1999, ``Gas Cylinders for
                Refillable Seamless Steel Tubes,'' which is authorized until December
                31, 2022, and replacing it with ISO 111120:2015. In paragraph (q)(12),
                PHMSA is incorporating ISO/TR 11364, ``Gas cylinders--Compilation of
                national and international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and
                their identification and marking system'' to specify a harmonized
                identification code and marking system for both cylinders and valves.
                Section 178.75
                 Section 178.75 prescribes specifications for multi-element gas
                containers (MEGCs). In paragraph (d)(3)(v), PHMSA is adding a phase out
                date for ISO 11120:1999, which is authorized for construction and
                testing of receptacles of MEGCs until December 31, 2022, and
                authorizing the new, updated standard ISO 11120:2015. Changes to the
                new edition of this standard include the addition of an annex outlining
                typical chemistry groupings for seamless steel tubes, the addition of
                nickel chromium molybdenum steel, the modification of ultrasonic
                examination provisions, and revisions to the provisions for the design
                of tubes for embrittling gases.
                Section 178.601 General Requirements
                 Section 178.601 prescribes the general requirements for test
                procedures for non-bulk packagings and packages. A test report must be
                prepared and made available to a user of a packaging or a DOT
                representative upon request. In this final rule, PHMSA is requiring in
                paragraph (l)(2)(viii) that the test report for plastic packagings that
                are subject to the hydraulic pressure test include the temperature of
                the water used for the test. Tests with different water temperatures
                applied to one design type can produce different test results (pass or
                fail). This action is consistent with amendments to the UN Model
                Regulations. PHMSA received a comment from RIPA supporting the
                requirement.
                Section 178.801 General Requirements
                 Section 178.801 prescribes the general requirements for test
                procedures of an IBC containing a hazardous material. A test report for
                an IBC must be prepared and made available to a user of a packaging or
                a DOT representative upon request. In this final rule, PHMSA is
                requiring in paragraph (l)(2)(viii) that the test report for rigid
                plastics and composite IBCs that are subject to the hydraulic pressure
                test must include the temperature of the water used for the test. Tests
                with different water temperatures applied to one design type can
                produce different test results (pass
                [[Page 27842]]
                or fail). The inclusion of the temperature of the water used for the
                test will allow for tests that more accurately simulate the original
                design type testing when such additional testing is performed. PHMSA
                received a comment from RIPA supporting the requirement.
                Section 178.810 Drop Test
                 Section 178.810 prescribes the requirements for an IBC drop test.
                In the NPRM, we proposed to amend paragraph (c)(1), to clarify that the
                same IBC or a different IBC of the same design type may be utilized for
                the required drop tests. PHMSA received a comment from Frits Wybenga
                noting that IBCs exceeding 450 L (0.45 cubic meters) capacity only
                require one drop test and that our proposed language could confuse
                users. PHMSA agrees and has determined that (c)(2), addressing IBC
                design types with a capacity of 0.45 cubic meters or less is the most
                appropriate paragraph for this provision. As such, we are amending
                paragraph (c)(2).
                Part 180--Continuing Qualification and Maintenance of Packagings
                Section 180.207 Requirements for Requalification of UN Pressure
                Receptacles
                 Section 180.207 prescribes requirements for requalification of UN
                pressure receptacles. In March 2017, PHMSA published a final rule under
                Docket HM-215N [82 FR 15796 (March 30, 2017)]. In this rule, PHMSA
                amended the HMR to expand recognition of cylinders and pressure
                receptacles, cargo tank repair facilities, and certificates of
                equivalency in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations.
                The goal of these amendments is to promote flexibility and permit the
                use of advanced technology for the requalification and use of pressure
                receptacles, to provide for a broader selection of authorized pressure
                receptacles, to reduce the need for special permits, and to facilitate
                cross-border transportation of these cylinders. Section Sec.
                171.12(a)(4) permits the transportation of a cylinder authorized by
                Transport Canada TDG Regulations to, from, or within the United States.
                In HM-215N, PHMSA amended (a)(4)(ii) to authorize the use of Canadian
                manufactured cylinders. Specifically, PHMSA authorized the
                transportation of CTC, CRC, BTC, and TC cylinders that have a
                corresponding DOT specification cylinder prescribed in the HMR. HM-215N
                did not remove or amend existing requirements for DOT specification
                cylinders; rather, PHMSA provided that a shipper may use either a DOT
                specification cylinder or a TC cylinder, as appropriate. In this final
                rule, PHMSA is clarifying the amendments in HM-215N and allowing for
                the requalification of ``CAN'' marked UN cylinders in the United
                States.
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed that cylinders marked with the letters
                ``CAN'' for Canada as a country of manufacture or a country of approval
                may be requalified in the United States, provided the requirements in
                Sec. Sec. 178.69, 178.70, and 178.71, as applicable, are met. PHMSA
                received a comment from Transport Canada stating that it disagrees that
                UN cylinders marked with the letters ``CAN'' must comply with the U.S.
                manufacturing and approval requirements in Sec. Sec. 178.69, 178.70,
                and 178.71, as the cylinders are manufactured to comply with the TDG
                Regulations. Transport Canada recommended that consistent with the
                reciprocity provisions for TC cylinders added in the HM-215N final
                rule, UN cylinders marked with the letters ``CAN'' be requalified and
                marked by a facility registered by Transport Canada in accordance with
                the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. PHMSA agrees with the commenter
                that allowing this method of requalification is consistent with
                previous amendments concerning requalification of Canadian pressure
                vessels using TDG Regulations, promotes U.S. and Canadian regulatory
                reciprocity and facilitates international trade. In this final rule,
                PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(2) per the recommendation from
                Transport Canada.
                 Consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
                revising paragraph (d)(1) to incorporate ISO 16148:2016, which
                addresses the requalification of seamless steel cylinders and tubes.
                This addition allows the internal inspection and hydraulic pressure
                test for seamless steel ISO cylinders and tubes to be replaced by non-
                destructive testing methods identified in ISO 16148:2016. Non-
                destructive test methods in this ISO standard have been updated to
                provide a method for evaluating the significance of acoustic emission
                examination identifed emission sources. This standard specifies the
                ultrasonic examination method as a follow-up procedure to evaluate the
                significance of sources identified through acoustic emissions
                examinations. Additionally, in paragraph (d)(4), PHMSA is adding a
                phase out date for ISO 11623:2002, which is authorized for inspection
                and testing of composite UN cylinders until December 31, 2020, and
                authorizing the new standard, ISO 11623:2015. Finally, PHMSA is adding
                new paragraph (d)(6) to incorporate inspection and maintenance
                requirements for cylinder valves as found in ISO 22434:2006
                ``Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and maintenance of cylinder
                valves.'' Changes to the revised standard include: Up-to-date
                terminology, particularly for the various types of composite cylinders;
                up-to-date references to additional documents for steel and aluminum-
                alloy liner materials; and an update of some photographs to provide
                sharper examples of damage.
                Section 180.217 Requalification Requirements for MEGCs
                 Section 180.217 contains requalification requirements for MEGCs.
                PHMSA received a comment from Transport Canada that the HM-215N final
                rule did not extend reciprocity to the requalification of MEGCs
                performed by facilities registered with Transport Canada. The commenter
                noted that having mutual recognition for cylinder requalification was
                one of the main goals of the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation
                Council. PHMSA agrees that the ability to requalify MEGC's is
                consistent with previous amendments concerning pressure vessels and
                promotes U.S. and Canadian regulatory reciprocity and facilitates
                international trade. In this final rule PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)
                by authorizing MEGCs to be requalified by a facility registered by
                Transport Canada in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG
                Regulations.
                VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices
                A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Final Rule
                 This final rule amends the HMR to maintain alignment with
                international standards by incorporating various amendments, including
                changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups,
                special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
                limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. This final rule is
                published under the statutory authority of Federal hazardous materials
                transportation law (Federal hazmat law; 49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.).
                Section 5103(b) of Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary of
                Transportation to prescribe regulations for the safe transportation,
                including security, of hazardous materials in intrastate, interstate,
                and foreign commerce. Additionally, 49 U.S.C. 5120(b) authorizes the
                Secretary to ensure that, to the extent practicable, regulations
                governing the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce are
                [[Page 27843]]
                consistent with standards adopted by international authorities. The
                Secretary's authority is delegated to PHMSA at 49 CFR 1.97.
                B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures
                 This final rule is not considered a significant regulatory action
                under section 3(f) of Executive Order (E.O.) 12866, Regulatory Planning
                and Review, 58 FR 51735 and, therefore, was not formally reviewed by
                the Office of Management and Budget. This final rule is not considered
                a significant rule under the Department of Transportation's Policies
                and Procedures for Rulemakings (DOT Order 2100.6; Dec. 20, 2018).
                 E.O. 12866 requires agencies to design regulations ``in the most
                cost-effective manner,'' to make a ``reasoned determination that the
                benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs,'' and to develop
                regulations that ``impose the least burden on society.'' In this final
                rule, PHMSA accomplishes the directives of E.O. 12866 by harmonizing
                the HMR with widely used consensus international standards to address
                specific safety concerns, reduce regulatory burdens, and facilitate
                international trade. Such alignment promotes international trade
                through standardization, facilitates domestic transportation and
                reduces regulatory burden by using a single set of guiding principles
                worldwide.
                 Overall, the issues discussed in this final rule promote the
                continued safe transportation of hazardous materials while producing
                net cost savings. Cost savings are derived from generalized
                harmonization effects (such as avoided costs of compliance) and the
                specific provisions related to corrosivity classification that adds
                alternative packing group assignment methods to classify corrosive
                mixtures without conducting physical testing. Details on the estimated
                cost savings and benefits of this final rule can be found in the rule's
                Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA), which is available in the public
                docket.
                 Based on the discussions of benefits and costs provided above,
                PHMSA estimates discounted net cost savings at a 3 percent discount
                rate of approximately $93,000-$2.2 million per year and at a 7 percent
                discount rate of approximately $55,000-$2.1 million per year. Please
                see the complete RIA for a more detailed analysis of the costs and
                benefits of this final rule.
                C. Executive Order 13771
                 This final rule is considered an E.O. 13771 deregulatory action.
                Details on the estimated cost savings of this final rule are discussed
                in the rule's RIA, which has been uploaded to the docket.
                D. Executive Order 13132
                 This final rule was analyzed in accordance with the principles and
                criteria contained in E.O. 13132, Federalism, 64 FR 43255. E.O. 13132
                requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input by State and
                local officials in the development of regulatory policies that may have
                ``substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between
                the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power
                and responsibilities among the various levels of government.'' The
                regulatory changes in this final rule may preempt State, local, and
                Indian tribe requirements but do not have substantial direct effects on
                the States, the relationship between the national government and the
                States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the
                various levels of government. Therefore, the consultation and funding
                requirements of Executive Order 13132 do not apply.
                 The Federal hazardous materials transportation law contains an
                express preemption provision, 49 U.S.C. 5125(b), that preempts State,
                local, and Indian tribe requirements on certain covered subjects,
                unless the non-Federal requirements are ``substantively the same'' as
                the Federal requirements:
                 (1) The designation, description, and classification of hazardous
                material;
                 (2) The packing, repacking, handling, labeling, marking, and
                placarding of hazardous material;
                 (3) The preparation, execution, and use of shipping documents
                related to hazardous material and requirements related to the number,
                contents, and placement of those documents;
                 (4) The written notification, recording, and reporting of the
                unintentional release in transportation of hazardous material; and
                 (5) The design, manufacture, fabrication, inspection, marking,
                maintenance, recondition, repair, or testing of a packaging or
                container represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use
                in transporting hazardous material in commerce.
                 This final rule addresses covered subject items (1), (2), (3), and
                (5) above. Therefore, this final rule preempts State, local, or tribal
                requirements concerning these subjects unless the non-Federal
                requirements are ``substantively the same'' as the Federal
                requirements. PHMSA received no comments on the NPRM regarding the
                effect of the adoption of the specific proposals on State, local or
                tribal governments.
                E. Executive Order 13175
                 This final rule was analyzed in accordance with the principles and
                criteria contained in E.O. 13175, Consultation and Coordination with
                Indian Tribal Governments, 65 FR 67249. E.O. 13175 requires agencies to
                assure meaningful and timely input from Indian tribal government
                representatives in the development of rules that significantly or
                uniquely affect Tribal communities by imposing ``substantial direct
                compliance costs'' or ``substantial direct effects'' on such
                communities or the relationship and distribution of power between the
                Federal government and Indian tribes. This final rule is likely to
                affect offerors and carriers of hazardous materials, some of whom are
                small entities, such as chemical manufacturers, users and suppliers,
                packaging manufacturers, distributors, and training companies. It does
                not impose substantial direct compliance costs and does not have
                substantial direct effects on Native American tribal governments.
                Therefore, the funding and consultation requirements of E.O. 13175 do
                not apply. Further, PHMSA did not receive comments on the tribal
                implications of the rulemaking.
                F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Policies
                and Procedures
                 The Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) requires an
                agency to review regulations to assess its impact on small entities,
                unless the agency determines that a rule is not expected to have a
                significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
                E.O. 13272, ``Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency
                Rulemaking, 68 FR 7990,'' requires agencies to establish procedures and
                policies to promote compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act and
                to ``thoroughly review draft rules to assess and take appropriate
                account of the potential impact'' of the rules on small businesses,
                governmental jurisdictions and small organizations. This rule was
                developed in accordance with this E.O. and DOT's procedures and
                policies (DOT Order 2100.6) to promote compliance with the Regulatory
                Flexibility Act and to ensure that the potential impacts of a
                regulatory action on small entities were properly considered.
                 Section 603(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act requires an
                analysis of the possible impact of the rule on small entities,
                including the need for the rule, the description of the action, the
                identification of potentially affected
                [[Page 27844]]
                small entities, the reporting and recordkeeping requirements, the
                related Federal rules and regulations, and the alternative proposals
                considered.
                 PHMSA expects the amendments in this rule to result in overall net
                cost savings and ease the regulatory compliance burden for shippers
                engaged in domestic and international commerce, including trans-border
                shipments within North America. Additionally, the changes effected by
                this rule will relieve U.S. companies, including small entities
                competing in foreign markets, from the burden of complying with a dual
                system of regulations. Therefore, PHMSA expects that these amendments
                will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of
                small entities. However, PHMSA solicited comments in the NPRM on the
                anticipated economic impacts to small entities. Comments from Amazon
                and NRF to the NPRM indicated that the requirement to prepare a test
                summary and the subsequent distribution to others in the supply chain
                for all lithium cells and batteries manufactured would have a
                disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenters
                provided no quantitative context, PHMSA estimated the burden on
                manufacturers and subsequent distributors for the lithium cell and
                battery test summary requirement in the SBA below to address this
                issue. Such analysis for this final rule is as follows, supplemented by
                the analysis contained in the RIA, which can be found in the docket for
                this rulemaking:
                1. Need for the Final Rule
                 This final rule adopts the conditional use of international
                standards, and where appropriate, harmonizes domestic transportation
                requirements for hazardous materials with those found in the applicable
                international standards. This harmonization promotes compliance cost
                savings, process efficiencies/time savings, reduced potential property,
                health and environmental damages, and increased trade flows/reduction
                in barriers to trade.
                 The benefits from the adoption of the amendments include enhanced
                transportation safety resulting from the consistency of domestic and
                international hazard communication and continued access to foreign
                markets by U.S. manufacturers and other businesses that are
                transporters of hazardous materials.
                2. Description of the Action
                 This final rule facilitates the transportation of hazardous
                materials in international commerce by providing consistency with
                international standards. The rule will align the HMR with international
                regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments,
                including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing
                groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport
                quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements.
                3. Identification of Potentially Affected Small Entities
                 The term ``small entities,'' as described in 5 U.S.C. 601,
                comprises small businesses and not-for-profit organizations that are
                independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields
                and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000.
                The amendments considered here are likely to affect offerors and
                carriers of hazardous materials, some of whom are small entities, such
                as chemical manufacturers, users and suppliers, packaging
                manufacturers, distributors, and training companies.
                 As noted above, PHMSA expects that these amendments will not have a
                significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
                However, to address comments to the NPRM indicating that the
                requirement to create a test summary for lithium cells and batteries
                and for subsequent distributors to make this information available to
                others in the supply chain would have a disproportionate impact on
                small businesses, PHMSA estimated the burden on manufacturers and
                subsequent distributors for the lithium cells and batteries test
                summary requirements. PHMSA identified approximately 3,700 small
                entities that may be impacted by the lithium cell and battery test
                summary requirements. PHMSA examined the entities in NAICS codes for
                battery retailers, wholesalers, and merchants and identified the
                percentage of entities in each NAICS industry that are involved in
                distributing batteries based on the sub-NAICS product series
                information provided in the 2012 Economic Census by Industry. PHMSA
                assumed that product manufacturers would include 27.9 percent of
                Electrical Apparatus and Equipment, Wiring Supplies, and Related
                Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (NAICS 423610), 50 percent of Power-
                Driven Handtool Manufacturing (NAICS 333991) and 100 percent of
                Electronic Computer Manufacturing (NAICS 334111) and Radio and
                Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment
                Manufacturing (NAICS 334220). Finally, PHMSA determined that retailers
                would need to make the test summary document available to customers.
                PHMSA assessed that retailers would predominantly fall within the All
                Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (NAICS 453998) and that 2.2 percent
                of all firms in this sector may be affected. Then PHMSA multiplied this
                percent by the more recent U.S. Census Bureau Statistics of U.S.
                Businesses (SUSB) 2016 \18\ to estimate the total number of potentially
                impacted respondents. Please see the RIA submitted to the docket for
                this rulemaking for a more detailed analysis of these small entities.
                As a result of our analysis on the impacts test summary document
                requirements will have on small buisnesses, PHMSA believes that
                although some small businesses will be directly impacted, particular
                firms and their associated industries are unlikely to experience
                significant (i.e., greater than 1 percent) impacts.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \18\ SUSB 2016. Annual Data Tables by Establishment Industry,
                Data by Enterprise Employment Size, U.S. 6-digit NAICS. https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2016/econ/susb/2016-susb-annual.html.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
                 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements are discussed in detail in
                the RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking and the ``Paperwork
                Reduction Act'' section of this rulemaking. These requirements will
                apply to all regulated entities, including small entities.
                4. Related Federal Rules and Regulations
                 PHMSA is unaware of any Federal rules and regulations that are
                substantially similar to the requirements in this final rule.
                5. Alternative Proposals for Small Business
                 The Regulatory Flexibility Act directs agencies to establish
                exceptions and differing compliance standards for small businesses,
                where it is possible to do so and still meet the objectives of
                applicable regulatory statutes. PHMSA does not believe there are
                alternative compliance standards for small businesses that still meet
                the objectives of these regulatory statutes.
                 Excepting small entities from the test summary requirements would
                not fully harmonize the HMR with the UN Model Regulations, IMDG Code,
                ICAO Technical Instructions, IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and other
                related national and international dangerous goods regulations that
                require
                [[Page 27845]]
                manufacturers and distributors of lithium cells and batteries and
                equipment powered by cells and batteries to make available a ``test
                summary'' as specified in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, Sixth
                Revised Edition, Amendment 1, Part III, sub-section 38.3, paragraph
                38.3.5. Fully harmonizing the test summary requirements allows
                traceability and accountability of those involved in the lithium cells
                and batteries transport chain, including small entities, thereby
                ensuring that lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport
                contain specific information on the required UN tests. In addition, it
                allows those in the distribution chain, including small entities, to
                more easily identify non-counterfeit products by providing confirmation
                to users that the battery is from a legitimate and compliant source and
                that they are receiving, and potentially reoffering for transportation,
                a battery that is of a tested and approved type. PHMSA believes this
                may generate safety benefits if counterfeit batteries are more likely
                to rupture, catch fire or otherwise increase the risk of a dangerous
                incident.
                6. Conclusion
                 PHMSA conducted a Small Business Analysis (SBA) for this final rule
                (see RIA in the docket for this rulemaking). Based on this analysis,
                PHMSA believes that some small businesses will be directly impacted by
                the lithium cells and batteries test summary requirement; however,
                PHMSA found particular firms and their associated industries are
                unlikely to experience significant impacts. In particular, PHMSA
                demonstrated that the average annual cost of the test summary document
                is less than one percent of the average annual revenue for each NAICS
                revenue category for which data was available. Please see the RIA for a
                more detailed analysis.
                 Comments from Amazon and NRF to the NPRM indicated that the
                requirement that subsequent distributors produce a test summary would
                have disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenters
                provided no quantitative data, PHMSA did review the initial estimation
                of burden on subsequent distributors in the SBA for the lithium cells
                and batteries test summary requirement to address this issue. Please
                see the RIA for this rulemaking in the docket.
                 Many companies, including small entities, will realize overall
                economic benefits as a result of the amendments in the final rule. As
                previously discussed, PHMSA expects the amendments in this rule to
                result in a net cost savings and ease the regulatory compliance burden
                for shippers engaged in domestic and international commerce, including
                trans-border shipments within North America. Additionally, the changes
                effected by this final rule will relieve U.S. companies, including
                small entities, competing in foreign markets, from the burden of
                complying with a dual system of regulations. Consequently, PHMSA
                certifies that this final rule does not have a significant economic
                impact on a substantial number of small entities.
                G. Paperwork Reduction Act
                 PHMSA has analyzed this rule in accordance with the Paperwork
                Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (Pub. L. 96-511). PHMSA is revising the
                approved information collections under the following OMB Control
                Numbers: OMB Control No. 2137-0018, ``Inspection and Testing of
                Portable Tanks and Intermediate Bulk Containers;'' OMB Control No.
                2137-0034, ``Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers & Emergency Response
                Information;'' OMB Control No. 2137-0557, ``Approvals for Hazardous
                Materials;'' OMB Control No. 2137-0572, ``Testing Requirements for Non-
                Bulk Packaging (Formerly: Testing Requirements for Packaging);'' OMB
                Control No. 2137-0559, ``Rail Carriers and Tank Car Tank Requirements,
                Rail Tank Car Tanks--Transportation of Hazardous Materials by Rail.''
                OMB Control Number 2137-0018, ``Inspection and Testing of Portable
                Tanks and Intermediate Bulk Containers''
                 PHMSA anticipates that this final rule will result in an increase
                in burden due to the proposed requirement to indicate the water
                temperature during a hydraulic pressure test for rigid plastics and
                composite IBCs. PHMSA does not estimate an increase in the number of
                respondents or responses, because the proposed amendment only adds
                burden for respondents already pressure testing rigid plastics and
                composite IBCs. PHMSA estimates that it will take an average of 1
                additional minute to add the additional information to the already
                required test report. This information collection currently accounts
                for 20 respondents completing 100 test reports per year at 6 minutes
                per response. Increasing the burden time to 7 minutes per response
                increases the burden by 33.33 hours. At a mean hourly wage of
                $38.77,\19\ it is estimated to increase annual salary costs by
                $1,292.34. PHMSA does not anticipate this requirement will affect out-
                of-pocket expenses.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \19\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``First-line supervisors of
                transportation and material moving workers, except aircraft cargo
                handling (53-1048)'' in the Plastics and Rubber Products
                Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($26.48) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
                Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
                civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
                = wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 0.
                 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 0.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 33.33.
                 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $1,292.34.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
                OMB Control Number 2137-0034, ``Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers &
                Emergency Response Information''
                 PHMSA estimates that this rulemaking will result in an overall
                increase in burden attributed to the proposed requirement to create a
                test summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after January
                1, 2008. Lithium cell or battery manufacturers will need to create a
                test summary for all the previously manufactured lithium cells and
                batteries. Following the publication of the final rule, PHMSA will
                revise the annual burden, as a test summary will only need to be
                created following manufacture of a new lithium cell and battery.
                Because this final rule accounts for previously manufactured lithium
                cells and batteries, PHMSA believes that the burden will substantially
                decrease for subsequent years after a final rule goes into effect.
                 In the NPRM, PHMSA estimated the requirement to create a test
                summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after June 30,
                2003 would result in an overall increase in burden. In response to
                comments received in the NPRM, discussed in more detail above, PHMSA is
                adopting a requirement to require a test summary for lithium cells and
                batteries manufactured after January 1, 2008. This will result in less
                lithium cells and batteries requiring test summaries than estimated in
                the NPRM. Cells and batteries that ceased being manufactured between
                June 30, 2003 and December 31, 2007 would not require a test summary or
                subsequent distribution to downstream distributors. In addition, PHMSA
                is changing the implementation date for this provision from year 2020
                to year 2022. During the voluntary compliance period of the final rule,
                lithium cell or battery
                [[Page 27846]]
                manufacturers will need to create a test summary for all of the
                previously manufactured lithium cells and batteries; after the final
                rule goes into effect, lithium cell or battery manufacturers will need
                to create a test summary for newly manufactured lithium cells and
                batteries. Therefore, PHMSA is adding two information collections
                associated with this OMB Control Number--one for lithium cells and
                batteries manufactured from January 1, 2008 to a final rule
                implementation date and one accounting for the annual manufacture of
                new lithium cells and batteries after a final rule compliance date.
                 In the preliminary RIA, PHMSA identified 73 domestic lithium cell
                or battery manufacturers per U.S. Census' Annual Survey of Manufactures
                (NAICS code 335912).\20\ PHMSA looked at publicly available company
                websites for 35 domestic companies known to manufacture lithium cells
                or batteries.\21\ Of the 35 domestic lithium cell or battery
                manufacturers websites that were reviewed, 14 provided product
                information (e.g., specification sheets or safety data sheets) for
                specific lithium cells or batteries the company currently manufactures
                or sells. Based on the information provided on these 14 company
                websites, the mean number of lithium cell and battery design types
                currently manufactured by these domestic manufacturers is 32. PHMSA
                estimated in the preliminary RIA that the number of batteries and cells
                currently manufactured that were tested between June 30, 2003 and the
                estimated date of a final rule publication by each domestic lithium
                cell or battery manufacture to be 80 per manufacturer (32 lithium cells
                or batteries manufactured x 2.5).\22\ Therefore, 5,840 new test
                summaries must be created for lithium cells or batteries (73
                manufacturers x 80 lithium cells or batteries).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \20\ 2015 County Business Patterns. ``Geography Area Series:
                County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization.'' 2016
                Annual Survey of Manufactures. Annual Survey of Manufactures:
                General Statistics: Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries:
                2016 and 2015.
                 \21\ Only 35 of the identified domestic lithium cell and battery
                manufacturers had websites with usable information containing
                battery or cell design types.
                 \22\ 2.5 is a multiplier to account for the uncertainties noted
                in the RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 The time to create a test summary is estimated conservatively at 30
                minutes per document. PHMSA personnel obtained various existing test
                reports for lithium cells and batteries and completed sample test
                summary documents using these test reports with an average time to
                complete of 13 minutes. In these exercises, the test reports contained
                almost all the information required for completion of the test summary.
                PHMSA expected this to be the case for most test summaries and assumes
                that test reports will be readily available for most design types, but
                to account for the procuring of any missing information where required,
                we have estimated the test summary completion time to be 30 minutes.
                Therefore, PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA that this proposal
                will increase burden by 2,920 hours (5,840 test reports x 30 minutes).
                 To determine the projected salary cost for preparing new test
                summaries, PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA a mean hourly wage
                rate of approximately $67.03 \23\ for a total of $195,727.76 in salary
                cost (2,920 burden hours x $67.03). PHMSA does not estimate any out-of-
                pocket expenses for the creation of the test summary.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \23\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
                2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
                Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
                Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
                civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
                = wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 As noted above, comments received to the NPRM indicated that
                applying the test summary requirements to batteries manufactured after
                June 30, 2003 is too long of a time frame to include. For the reasons
                explained above, PHMSA is changing this provision to require a test
                summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after January 1,
                2008. Therefore, cells and batteries that ceased being manufactured
                between June 30, 2003 and December 31, 2007 will not require a test
                summary or subsequent distribution to downstream distributors. No
                comments were received regarding our estimation of the number of
                domestic cell and battery manufacturers, the number of design types
                they make, or the time it takes to develop a test summary. Therefore,
                PHMSA is utilizing the preliminary RIA figures for these items and
                adjusting to account for the final rule applicability date change.
                 This final rule extends the applicability date for this provision
                from year 2020 to year 2022. This increases the compliance time from
                one year to two years, which results in a reduction of the costs
                estimated with this provision at the NPRM stage. In the preliminary
                RIA, PHMSA estimated that the number of batteries and cells currently
                manufactured--that were tested between June 30, 2003 and the estimated
                date of a final rule publication--by each domestic lithium cell or
                battery manufacture to be 80 per manufacturer and that 5,840 new test
                summaries would need to be created for lithium cells or batteries. To
                account for the change in not requiring the creation and distribution
                of test summaries from batteries and cells manufactured between June
                30, 2003 to January 1, 2008, PHMSA is reducing the uncertainty
                multiplier utilized to determine the number of test summaries required
                from 2.5 to 2.0. Based on the uncertainties noted below, PHMSA
                estimates the number of batteries and cells currently manufactured--
                that were tested between January 1, 2008 and the estimated compliance
                date of a final rule--by each domestic lithium cell or battery
                manufacture to be 64 per manufacturer (32 lithium cells or batteries
                manufactured x 2). This change results in a reduction in the number of
                test summaries required from 5,840 to 4,672 (32 lithium cells or
                batteries per manufacturer x 2 x 73 manufacturers). Therefore, PHMSA
                estimates that this requirement will increase the total burden by 2,336
                hours (4,672 test reports x 30 minutes).
                 Uncertainties:
                --Information on company websites generally only accounts for battery
                and cells that are currently actively offered for sale by the company.
                The test summary requirement would be applicable to all batteries and
                cells manufactured after January 1, 2008. Thus, the information
                available on manufacturer websites does not account for these
                previously made cells and batteries.
                --While several websites did show component cells for sale, others did
                not. It is difficult to know if some battery manufacturers that only
                list completed batteries on their websites also make their own cells.
                --PHMSA identified 14 domestic lithium battery cell and battery
                manufacturers with usable information on design types on their websites
                as a representative sample. Companies that did not provide individual
                product listings on their websites were not included in the above
                calculations. The companies that were researched constitute a
                representative sample of lithium cell and battery manufacturers because
                they make cells and batteries for automobiles, military, medical, and
                portable electronic devices.
                 To calculate the total salary cost for preparing new test
                summaries, PHMSA estimates in this final analysis a mean
                [[Page 27847]]
                hourly wage rate of approximately $67.0278,\24\ for a total of $156,577
                in salary cost, reduced from the total salary cost estimated at the
                NPRM stage of $195,721.23. Because there is a two year compliance date,
                PHMSA estimates that half of the test summary will be created in the
                first year. Therefore, to estimate first year burden, PHMSA divided the
                estimated number of responses by 2, resulting in half of the estimated
                annual burden hours and costs.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \24\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
                2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
                Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
                Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
                civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
                $67.0278 = wage rate $45.78/wage % of total compensation 68.3%).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 73.
                 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 2,336.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 1,168.
                 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $78,288.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
                 This test summary requirement is also anticipated to increase the
                burden for recordkeeping requirements. As detailed in the new
                requirements, the test summary must be made available for every cell or
                battery design type, including to subsequent distributors, upon
                request. For the purposes of this analysis, PHMSA assumes that in order
                to make a test summary available, manufacturers and downstream
                distributors of lithium cells and batteries will choose the alternative
                that requires the least amount of recordkeeping burden possible. PHMSA
                believes the least burdensome method is to make the test summaries
                available on company websites by utilizing links to battery
                manufacturer websites where the information is made available. This
                method presumes that cell and battery manufacturers and distributors
                maintain infrastructure such as websites that have storage capacity to
                link to these reports.
                 To estimate the burden hours and salary costs for this
                recordkeeping requirement, in the preliminary RIA, PHMSA examined
                entities in NAICS codes for battery retailers, wholesalers, and
                merchants (NAICS 453998 & 423610) and identified the percentage of
                entities in each NAICS industry that is involved in distributing
                batteries based on the sub-NAICS product series information provided in
                the 2012 Economic Census by Industry. PHMSA multiplied this percent by
                the more recent, 2016 County Business Patterns estimate of the total
                number of entities to estimate the number of potentially impacted
                respondents. Based on these calculations, PHMSA estimated that 5,644
                downstream distributors of lithium cells and batteries comprised of
                product manufacturers and distributors/retailers, in addition to the 73
                domestic manufacturers identified above could be subject to additional
                recordkeeping requirements as a result of this proposal. PHMSA further
                estimated that product manufacturers utilize cells and batteries from
                an average of five different cell or battery manufacturers. Lastly,
                PHMSA estimated that distributors and retail outlets utilize cells and
                batteries from an average of 20 cell or battery manufacturers. See
                Table 5 for a breakdown of the lithium cell and battery supply chain,
                the number of estimated entities, and the number of estimated test
                summaries that are required to be made available.
                 As noted above, to account for the change in requiring creation and
                distribution of test summaries from batteries and cells manufactured
                June 30, 2003 to January 1, 2008, PHMSA is reducing the uncertainty
                multiplier utilized in the preliminary RIA to determine the number of
                test summaries required from 2.5 to 2.0. This change results in a
                reduction in the number of test summaries required from 5,840 to 4,672.
                See below the breakdown of the lithium cell and battery supply chain,
                the number of estimated entities, and the number of estimated test
                summaries required to be made available.
                 Table 5
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Individual
                 Supply chain Number of recordkeeping
                 respondents responses
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Cells/Batteries to product manufacturers 73 5,840
                Product manufacturers to distributors/ 5,224 26,120
                 retailers..............................
                Distributors/retailers to customer...... 420 8,400
                 -------------------------------
                 Total............................... 5,790 40,360
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA that ensuring test summaries
                are available will take 5 minutes per report utilizing the electronic
                methods noted above.\25\ This results in a total recordkeeping
                requirement of 3,363.33 annual burden hours (40,360 responses x 5
                minutes). At an estimated mean hourly annual salary wage of
                approximately $67.03 \26\ PHMSA estimates the salary cost for
                recordkeeping will increase by $225,444.01. PHMSA does not estimate
                that this will result in a increase in any out-of-pocket expenses.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \25\ Estimated time to create a link to another website where
                the information is hosted.
                 \26\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
                2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
                Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
                Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
                civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
                = wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Comments to the NPRM from Amazon indicated that the requirement
                that subsequent distributors produce a test summary would have
                disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenter
                provided no quantitative information, PHMSA has reviewed our initial
                estimation of burden on subsequent distributors (both large and small)
                and revised our estimated impact. The initial review of impacts
                adequately accounts for the time required to ensure a test summary
                exists in the least burdensome method of compliance noted above.
                However, we are amending our estimated impact to account for additional
                time that may be needed to verify that appropriate information exists,
                either after initial procurement of the document or link and
                verification on request of subsequent downstream distributors. This
                additional time will add another 2 minutes to each test summary
                increasing the annual burden hours from 5 minutes a response to 7
                minutes
                [[Page 27848]]
                a response.\27\ This results in a total recordkeeping requirement of
                4,572.4 hours (39,192 responses x 7 minutes). At an estimated mean
                hourly wage of $67.03,\28\ PHMSA estimates the total cost for
                recordkeeping increases to $306,478 from the preliminary estimate with
                recordkeeping requirement of $225,437. To estimate the annual increases
                in the number of respondents, responses and in the burden hours and
                costs, PHMSA divides the total estimated burden by 2, the number of
                years of voluntary compliance with this provision due to the change in
                the implementation date as noted above.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \27\ Additional 2 minutes per record to address additional time
                that may be needed to verify that appropriate information exists.
                 \28\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
                2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
                Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
                Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
                civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
                = wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 5,790.
                 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 19,596.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 2,286.
                 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $153,239.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
                 PHMSA is adding additional requirements that would affect the
                burden for OMB Control No. 2137-0034, but PHMSA believes that the
                overall effect on the number of respondents and burden hours are
                negligible in relation to the number of respondents and burden hours
                currently associated with this information collection. The revisions
                include: A new requirement to indicate ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED'' on a
                shipping paper if not already indicated in the proper shipping name,
                when appropriate; removing 1-dodecene to the list of marine pollutants
                in Appendix B to Sec. 172.101; a new requirement to include the UN
                identification number for the material being offered, the name and
                address of the consignor and consignee, and a container packing
                certificate on a Dangerous Cargo Manifest for excepted packages
                containing Class 7 materials transported by vessel.
                OMB Control Number 2137-0557, ``Approvals for Hazardous Materials''
                 We anticipate this final rule will increase the overall burden for
                this information collection request. PHMSA is adding special provision
                347 to four explosive Division 1.4S entries on the HMT, which would
                require the articles to pass the 6(d) test from Part I of the UN Manual
                of Tests and Criteria to maintain Compatibility Group ``S''
                classification. It is estimated that this will increase the number of
                annual respondents by 54. PHMSA estimates that each respondent will
                submit 10 applications each year, for a total increase of 540 annual
                responses (54 respondents x 10 responses). PHMSA estimates that each
                application will take 4.75 hours to complete, for a total increase of
                2,565 annual burden hours (2,500 response x 4.75 hours). Please see the
                RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking for more information.
                At a mean hourly wage of $79.06,\29\ PHMSA estimates an increase of
                $202,797 in salary costs. PHMSA does not estimate any additional out-
                of-pocket expenses.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \29\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Chemical Engineers (17-
                2041)'' in the Chemical Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage
                for this occupation ($54) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of
                employee compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
                Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
                workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
                rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 54.
                 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 540.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 2,565.
                 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $202,797.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
                 PHMSA is also adding additional requirements that would affect the
                burden for OMB Control No. 2137-0557, but PHMSA believes that the
                overall effect on the number of respondents and burden hours are
                negligible in relation to the number of respondents and burden hours
                associated with this OMB Control Number. PHMSA expects a minimal
                increase due to the proposed revision of special provision A105, which
                would allow a person to obtain approval from the Associate
                Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety if the quantity of
                hazardous materials exceeds the quantity limits and applicability
                provisions of Sec. 173.222(c). PHMSA also expects a minimal decrease
                in the number of approval applicants based on the adoption of a new
                entry in the Sec. 173.224 Self-Reactive Materials Table and the
                adoption of three new entries in the Sec. 173.225 Organic Peroxide
                Table. Respondents wishing to offer these materials in transportation,
                are no longer required to obtain approval from the Associate
                Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
                OMB Control No. 2137-0572, ``Testing Requirements for Non-Bulk
                Packaging (Formerly: Testing Requirements for Packaging)''
                 PHMSA estimates this rulemaking will result in an increase in
                burden due to the proposed requirement to include the water temperature
                during the hydraulic pressure test for plastic non-bulk packagings.
                PHMSA does not estimate an increase in the number of respondents or
                responses, because the proposed amendment only adds burden to persons
                currently pressure testing plastic non-bulk packagings.
                 OMB Control Number 2137-0572, as currently approved by OMB, is
                divided into five Information Collections (IC), one of which is
                identified as Testing Requirements for Non-Bulk Packaging. This IC is
                specific to the requirements in Sec. 178.601 for creating the test
                report. As mentioned in the approved supporting statement (see
                reginfo.gov), PHMSA has estimated that 5,000 persons will complete this
                requirement based on historic stakeholder feedback. It's important to
                note, that this IC is not specific to each packaging type, instead it
                is for all persons testing non-bulk packaging.
                 In the approved IC, PHMSA estimated a total of 2 hours for the
                creation of each test report. Because the change in requirement is only
                for a small subset of the 5,000 respondents, PHMSA estimated an
                increase of 1 minute to determine the appropriate water temperature and
                note in the existing test report. This accounts for a reasonable
                average increase for all persons completing the test report. At a mean
                hourly wage of $68.58,\30\ it is estimated to increase annual salary
                costs of $17,145 (5,000 x 3 = 15,000 responses x 1 min/= 15,000
                minutes) (15,000 minutes/60 = 250 hours x $68.58 = $17,145). PHMSA does
                not anticipate this requirement to affect out-of-pocket expenses.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \30\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Transportation, Storage,
                and Distribution Managers (11-3071)'' in the Transportation and
                Warehousing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($48.43) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
                Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
                workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
                rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 0.
                 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 0.
                [[Page 27849]]
                 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 250.
                 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $17,145.
                 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
                OMB Control No. 2137-0559 ``Rail Carrier and Tank Car Tank
                Requirements, Rail Tank Car Tanks--Transportation of Hazardous
                Materials by Rail''
                 PHMSA anticipates this final rule will result in a decrease in
                burden because of the proposed requirement to recognize Transport
                Canada issued Temporary Certificates for one time movements of non-
                compliant tank cars, in lieu of a DOT-issued OTMA when the tank car
                shipment's origin or destination is in Canada. Data from the FRA
                indicates that in calendar year 2017 there were 214 one-time movement
                requests for tank car shipments with an origin or destination in
                Canada. PHMSA estimates that half of these movements will operate under
                a Temporary Certificate issued by Transport Canada, and thus not
                require PHMSA approval. Therefore, PHMSA estimates there will be a
                decrease in 54 annual respondents. Each of these respondents is
                estimated to annually request two OTMAs, for a decrease of 108
                responses. PHMSA estimates that each application requires 4.75 hours to
                complete, resulting in a reduction of 513 burden hours. At an estimated
                mean hourly wage of $68.58,\31\ this reduction is expected to save
                $35,181.54 in salary cost. PHMSA estimates there is no reduction in
                out-of-pocket expenses.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \31\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
                Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Transportation, Storage,
                and Distribution Managers (11-3071)'' in the Transportation and
                Warehousing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
                ($46.84) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
                compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
                Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
                workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
                rate/wage % of total compensation).
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Annual Decrease in Number of Respondents: 54.
                 Annual Decrease in Number of Responses: 108.
                 Annual Decrease in Burden Hours: 513.
                 Annual Decrease in Salary Costs: $35,181.54.
                 Annual Decrease in Burden Costs: $0.
                 PHMSA will submit the revised information collection and
                recordkeeping requirements to OMB for approval.
                H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)
                 A RIN is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified
                Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service
                Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year.
                The RIN contained in the heading of this document can be used to cross-
                reference this action with the Unified Agenda.
                I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
                 The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995, Public Law 104-4,
                establishes significance thresholds for the direct costs of regulations
                on state, local, or tribal governments or the private sector that
                trigger certain agency reporting requirements. The statutory thresholds
                established in UMRA were $50 million for intergovernmental mandates and
                $100 million for private-sector mandates in 1996. According to the
                Congressional Budget Office, the thresholds for 2019, which are
                adjusted annually for inflation, are $82 million and $164 million,
                respectively, for intergovernmental and private-sector mandates.\32\
                This final rule results in cost savings of approximately $55,000 to
                $2,100,000 per year at a 7 percent discount rate and is the least
                burdensome alternative that achieves the objective of the rule. It is
                not significant under UMRA. Therefore, PHMSA is not required to prepare
                a written statement.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 \32\ https://www.cbo.gov/publication/51335.
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                J. Environmental Assessment
                 The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended
                (42 U.S.C. 4321-4375), and implementing regulations by the Council on
                Environmental Quality (CEQ) (40 CFR part 1500), require that Federal
                agencies consider the consequences of major Federal actions and prepare
                a detailed statement on actions that significantly affect quality of
                the human environment. The CEQ regulations require Federal agencies to
                conduct an environmental review considering (1) the need for the
                action, (2) alternatives to the action, (3) probable environmental
                impacts of the action and alternatives, and (4) the agencies and
                persons consulted during the consideration process.
                1. Need for the Action
                 This final rule amends the HMR (49 CFR parts 171-180) to maintain
                alignment with international standards, in part, by incorporating the
                20th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, Amendment 39-18 to
                the IMDG Code, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, and Transport
                Canada's newest amendments to TDG Regulations.
                 This action is necessary to incorporate changes adopted in the IMDG
                Code, the ICAO Technical Instructions, and the UN Model Regulations,
                effective January 1, 2019. If the changes in this final rule are not
                adopted in the HMR, U.S. companies--including numerous small entities
                competing in foreign markets--would be at an economic disadvantage
                because they would be required to comply with a dual system of
                regulations. The changes to the HMR contained in this rulemaking are
                intended to avoid this result.
                 The intended effect of this action is to align the HMR with
                international transport standards and requirements to the extent
                practicable in accordance with Federal hazmat law (see 49 U.S.C. 5120).
                When considering the adoption of international standards under the HMR,
                PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit, on its
                overall impact on transportation safety, and on the economic
                implications associated with its adoption. The rule harmonizes the HMR
                with international standards without diminishing the level of safety
                currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the
                regulated public. PHMSA has provided a brief summary of each revision
                and the justification for the revision in this rule.
                2. Alternatives
                 In developing this rulemaking, PHMSA is considering the following
                alternatives:
                Alternative (1): No Action Alternative
                 If PHMSA were to take no action, current regulations would remain
                in place and no new provisions would be added.
                Alternative (2): Preferred Alternative
                 This alternative is the adoption of this final rule. The amendments
                included in this alternative are more fully addressed in the preamble
                and regulatory text sections of this final rule.
                3. Environmental Impacts
                 Hazardous materials are substances that may pose a threat to public
                safety or the environment during transportation because of their
                physical, chemical, or nuclear properties. Under the HMR, hazardous
                materials are transported by aircraft, vessel, rail, and highway. The
                hazardous materials regulatory system is a risk management system that
                is prevention-oriented and focused on identifying a safety hazard and
                reducing the probability and quantity of a hazardous material release.
                [[Page 27850]]
                The potential for environmental damage or contamination exists when
                packages of hazardous materials are involved in accidents or en route
                incidents resulting from cargo shifts, valve failures, package
                failures, loading, unloading, collisions, handling problems, or
                deliberate sabotage. The release of hazardous materials can cause the
                loss of ecological resources (e.g., wildlife habitats) and the
                contamination of air, aquatic environments, and soil. Contamination of
                soil can lead to the contamination of ground water. Compliance with the
                HMR substantially reduces the possibility of accidental release of
                hazardous materials.
                Alternative (1): No Action Alternative
                 If PHMSA takes no action, the current regulations would remain in
                place and no new provisions would be added. With this alternative,
                efficiencies gained through harmonization with updates to international
                transport standards--including regulated substances, definitions,
                packagings, stowage requirements/codes, flexibilities allowed, enhanced
                markings, segregation requirements, etc.--would not be realized. Taking
                no action would mean enhanced and clarified regulatory requirements
                intended to decrease the risk of environmental and safety incidents
                would not be adopted. PHMSA believes these amendments will increase
                standardization and consistency of regulations, which will result in
                greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency
                between United States and international regulations enhances the safety
                and environmental protection of international hazardous materials
                transportation through a better understanding of the regulations, an
                increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous
                materials from their points of origin to their points of destination,
                and consistent emergency response procedures in the event of a
                hazardous materials incident. The HMR authorize shipments prepared in
                accordance with the ICAO Technical Instructions from transport by
                aircraft and for transport by motor vehicle either before or after
                being transported by aircraft. Similarly, the HMR authorize shipments
                prepared in accordance with the IMDG Code if all or part of the
                transportation is by vessel. The authorizations to use the ICAO
                Technical Instructions and the IMDG Code are subject to certain
                conditions and limitations outlined in part 171 subpart C.
                 Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training,
                thereby facilitating enhanced environmental protection. This rule will
                reduce inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper
                compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate
                regulations, air and vessel carriers engaged in the transportation of
                hazardous materials generally elect to comply with the ICAO Technical
                Instructions and IMDG Code, as appropriate.
                 Not adopting the proposed environmental and safety requirements in
                the final rule under the No Action Alternative would result in a lost
                opportunity for reducing environmental and safety-related incidents.
                Alternative (2): Preferred Alternative
                 PHMSA selected the preferred alternative. Potential environmental
                impacts of each proposed amendment in the preferred alternative are
                discussed as follows:
                 1. Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA is updating references to
                various international hazardous materials transport standards
                including, in part, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions;
                Amendment 39-18 to the IMDG Code; the 20th Revised Edition of the UN
                Model Regulations; Amendment 1 to the 6th Revised Edition of the UN
                Manual of Tests and Criteria; and the latest amendments to the
                Transport Canada TDG Regulations. Additionally, PHMSA is adding three
                new references to standards and updating six other references to
                standards applicable to the manufacture use and requalification of
                pressure vessels published by the ISO.
                 PHMSA believes these amendments will increase standardization and
                consistency of regulations, which will result in greater protection of
                human health and the environment. Consistency between United States and
                international regulations enhances the safety and environmental
                protection of international hazardous materials transportation through
                a better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of
                industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their
                points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent
                emergency response procedures in the event of a hazardous materials
                incident. The HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance with the
                ICAO Technical Instructions from transport by aircraft and for
                transport by motor vehicle either before or after being transported by
                aircraft. Similarly, the HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance
                with the IMDG Code if all or part of the transportation is by vessel.
                The authorizations to use the ICAO Technical Instructions and the IMDG
                Code are subject to certain conditions and limitations outlined in part
                171 subpart C.
                 Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training,
                thereby facilitating enhanced environmental protection. This rule will
                reduce inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper
                compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate
                regulations, air and vessel carriers engaged in the transportation of
                hazardous materials generally elect to comply with the ICAO Technical
                Instructions and IMDG Code, as appropriate.
                 2. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model
                Regulations, PHMSA is revising the Hazardous Materials Table in Sec.
                172.101 to include 12 new n.o.s. entries for articles containing
                dangerous goods and adding defining criteria, authorized packagings,
                and safety requirements for transportation of these articles. Inclusion
                of the new entries in the HMT allows for identification of appropriate
                packaging for 12 n.o.s. entries, which is intended to reduce the
                likelihood of release of hazardous materials that threaten human health
                and safety and the environment.
                 3. PHMSA is making amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove
                certain proper shipping names, packing groups, special provisions,
                packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and vessel
                stowage requirements. Amendments to HMT proper shipping names include:
                Requiring additional 6(d) testing for certain explosive articles;
                adding an entry for ``Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport
                unit''; and adding two new entries for ``Toxic solid, flammable,
                inorganic, n.o.s.'' Additionally, we also propose to add and revise
                special provisions, large packaging authorizations, and intermediate
                bulk container (IBC) authorizations consistent with the UN Model
                Regulations to provide a wider range of packaging options to shippers
                of hazardous materials.
                 Inclusion of entries in the HMT reflects a degree of danger
                associated with a particular material and identifies appropriate
                packaging. These inclusions in the HMT provide a greater level of
                protection against release and consistency across borders. These
                provisions are not expected to have a material impact on the
                environment.
                 4. Changes to the corrosivity classification procedures to include
                methods that do not involve testing for making a corrosivity
                classification determination for mixtures.
                 This amendment permits additional flexibility for classifying
                corrosive
                [[Page 27851]]
                mixtures and provides offerors the ability to make a classification and
                packing group assignment without having to conduct physical tests. This
                allowance does not compromise environmental protection or safety. The
                increased use of not-test methods for classification of mixtures
                results in less product being utilized to conduct physical testing,
                less clean-up and disposal that occurs after testing, which provide
                environmental benefits along with expanded alternatives to traditional
                testing methods.
                 5. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model
                Regulations, PHMSA is requiring the creation of a lithium cell or
                battery test summary.
                 PHMSA believes that these amendments provide important additional
                information to downstream shippers and consumers of lithium batteries,
                including a standardized set of elements that provide traceability and
                accountability that lithium cells and batteries offered for transport
                contain specific information on the required UN tests. Testing
                standards for lithium batteries help ensure design types are subject to
                as many as eight separate tests designed to assess their ability to
                withstand the anticipated rigors incurred during transport. Increased
                availability of documentation indicating that cells and batteries are
                of a tested type could lead to a decrease in the number of illegitimate
                lithium batteries that can present a hazard to users and the
                environment.
                 6. Amendments to the HMR regarding the segregation of lithium cells
                and batteries offered for transport or transported on aircraft in
                relation to other hazardous materials.
                 PHMSA believes that the amendments requiring lithium batteries to
                be segregated from other listed dangerous goods would enhance safety
                and environmental protection by decreasing the risk posed by a fire
                involving lithium batteries or another hazardous material. The
                segregation requirements are intended to avoid the cumulative effects
                of a fire involving both goods simultaneously. PHMSA believes that this
                amendment will provide for a net increase in environmental protection
                and safety by potentially lessening the severity of a fire aboard an
                aircraft, thus preventing damage to human health and the natural
                environment.
                Summary
                 In summary, consistency between these international regulations and
                the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in
                a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard
                communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the
                possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of
                hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and
                international regulations. These changes closely mirror changes in the
                Dangerous Goods List of the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
                Regulations, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, and Amendment
                39-18 to the IMDG Code. It is important for the domestic HMR to mirror
                these international standards regarding the entries in the HMT to
                ensure consistent naming conventions across modes and international
                borders.
                 In some instances, the changes in this final rule may result in a
                streamlining or reduction in burden to industry. However, in each case,
                PHMSA believes that those changes are consistent with safety and will
                not significantly increase the risk of release. Most of the proposed
                regulations in this final rule increase protections aimed at avoiding
                safety and environmental risks.
                4. Agencies Consulted
                 PHMSA has coordinated with the FAA, the FMCSA, the FRA, and the
                U.S. Coast Guard in the development of this final rule. PHMSA
                considered the views expressed in comments to the NPRM submitted by
                members of the public, state and local governments, and industry.
                5. Conclusion
                 PHMSA has determined that no significant environmental impacts will
                result from this the adoption of this final rule. The provisions of the
                rule build on current regulatory requirements in order to enhance the
                transportation safety and security of shipments of hazardous materials
                transported by highway, rail, aircraft, and vessel, thereby reducing
                the risks of an accidental or intentional release of hazardous
                materials and consequent environmental damage. PHMSA received no
                comments specially addressing the environmental impacts of the changes
                made in this final rule.
                K. Privacy Act
                 In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the
                public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these
                comments, without edit, including any personal information the
                commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system
                of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), DOT's complete Privacy Act
                Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR
                19477), and at http://www.dot.gov/privacy.
                L. International Trade Analysis and Executive Order 13609
                 The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (Pub. L. 96-39), as amended by the
                Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), prohibits Federal
                agencies from establishing any standards or engaging in related
                activities that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of
                the United States. Pursuant to these Acts, the establishment of
                standards is not considered an unnecessary obstacle to the foreign
                commerce of the United States, so long as the standards have a
                legitimate domestic objective, such as the protection of safety, and do
                not operate in a manner that excludes imports that meet this objective.
                The statute also requires consideration of international standards, and
                where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards. PHMSA
                notes the purpose is to ensure the safety of the American public and
                has assessed the effects of this final rule to ensure that it does not
                exclude imports that meet this objective. The final rule will have
                positive impacts on international trade because it increases the level
                of harmonization between U.S. regulations and international standards,
                which is also consistent with the policy in Executive Order 13609,
                ``Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation,'' 77 FR 26413. As a
                result, this final rule is not considered as creating an unnecessary
                obstacle to foreign commerce.
                M. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
                 The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15
                U.S.C. 272 note) directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus
                standards in their regulatory activities unless doing so would be
                inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary
                consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., specification of
                materials, test methods, or performance requirements) that are
                developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standard bodies. This final
                rule involves multiple voluntary consensus standards that are
                identified and discussed in the section-by-section analysis for Sec.
                171.7.
                List of Subjects
                49 CFR Part 171
                 Exports, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste,
                Imports, Incorporation by reference,
                [[Page 27852]]
                Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
                49 CFR Part 172
                 Education, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste,
                Incorporation by reference, Labeling, Markings, Packaging and
                containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
                49 CFR Part 173
                 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
                Packaging and containers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and
                recordkeeping requirements, Uranium.
                49 CFR Part 174
                 Hazardous materials transportation, Rail carriers, Reporting and
                recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.
                49 CFR Part 175
                 Air carriers, Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by
                reference, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping
                requirements.
                49 CFR Part 176
                 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
                Maritime carriers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping
                requirements.
                49 CFR Part 178
                 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
                Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Reporting and
                recordkeeping requirements.
                49 CFR Part 180
                 Hazardous materials transportation, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle
                safety, Packaging and containers, Railroad safety, Reporting and
                recordkeeping requirements.
                 In consideration of the foregoing, PHMSA amends 49 CFR chapter I as
                follows:
                PART 171--GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS
                0
                1. The authority citation for part 171 continues to read as follows:
                 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410 section
                4; Pub. L. 104-134, section 31001; Pub. L 114-74 section 4 (28
                U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.
                0
                2. In Sec. 171.7:
                0
                a. Add paragraph (s)(2);
                0
                b. Revise paragraphs (t)(1) and (v)(2);
                0
                c. Redesignate paragraphs (w)(53) through (68) as follows:
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Old New
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                (w)(53) through (60)...................... (w)(54) through (61).
                (w)(61) through (63)...................... (w)(63) through (65).
                (w)(64) and (65).......................... (w)((67) and (68).
                (w)(66)................................... (w)(70).
                (w)(67) and (68).......................... (w)(73) and (74).
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                0
                d. Add paragraphs (w)(53), (62), and (66) and paragraphs (w)(71), (72)
                and (75) through (77);
                0
                e. Revise paragraphs (aa)(1) through (4);
                0
                f. Add paragraphs (bb)(1) (xx), (xxi), and (xxii) and (bb)(2); and
                0
                g. Revise paragraphs (dd)(1) through (3).
                 The revisions and additions read as follows:
                Sec. 171.7 Reference material.
                * * * * *
                 (s) * * *
                 (2) Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive
                Sources (International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct), copyright
                2004, into Sec. 172.800.
                 (t) * * *
                 (1) ICAO Doc 9284, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of
                Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions), 2019-2020
                Edition, copyright 2018, into Sec. Sec. 171.8; 171.22; 171.23; 171.24;
                172.101; 172.202; 172.401; 172.407; 172.512; 172.519; 172.602; 173.56;
                173.320; 175.10, 175.33; 178.3.
                * * * * *
                 (v) * * *
                 (2) International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code),
                Incorporating Amendment 39-18 (English Edition), Volumes 1 and 2, 2018
                Edition, copyright 2018, into Sec. Sec. 171.22; 171.23; 171.25;
                172.101; 172.202; 172.203 172.401; 172.407; 172.502; 172.519; 172.602;
                173.21; 173.56; 176.2; 176.5; 176.11; 176.27; 176.30; 176.83; 176.84;
                176.140; 176.720; 176.906; 178.3; 178.274.
                 (w) * * *
                * * * * *
                 (53) ISO 11118:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas
                cylinders--Specification and test methods, Second edition, 2015-09-15,
                into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.
                * * * * *
                 (62) ISO 11120:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel
                tubes of water capacity between 150 l and 3000 l--Design, construction
                and testing, Second Edition, 2015-02-01, into Sec. Sec. 178.71;
                178.75.
                * * * * *
                 (66) ISO 11623:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Composite construction--
                Periodic inspection and testing, Second edition, 2015-12-01, into Sec.
                180.207.
                * * * * *
                 (69) ISO 14246:2014(E), Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--
                Manufacturing tests and examination, Second Edition, 2014-06-15, into
                Sec. 178.71.
                * * * * *
                 (71) ISO 16148:2016(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel
                gas cylinders and tubes--Acoustic emission examination (AT) and follow-
                up ultrasonic examination (UT) for periodic inspection and testing,
                Second Edition, 2016-04-15, into Sec. 180.207.
                 (72) ISO 17871:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Quick-release cylinder
                valves--Specification and type testing, First Edition, 2015-08-15, into
                173.301b.
                * * * * *
                 (75) ISO 21172-1:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure
                drums up to 3 000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design
                and construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1 000 litres, First edition,
                2015-04-01, into Sec. 178.71.
                 (76) ISO 22434:2006(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and
                maintenance of cylinder valves, First Edition, 2006-09-01, into Sec.
                180.207.
                 (77) ISO/TR 11364:2012(E), Gas cylinders--Compilation of national
                and international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and their
                identification and marking system, First Edition, 2012-12-01, into
                Sec. 178.71.
                * * * * *
                 (aa) * * *
                 (1) Test No. 404: Acute Dermal Irritation/Corrosion, OECD
                Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into
                Sec. 173.137.
                 (2) Test No. 430: In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Transcutaneous
                Electrical Resistance Test (TER), OECD Guidelines for the Testing of
                Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
                 (3) Test No. 431: In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Reconstructed Human
                Epidermis (RHE) Test Method, OECD Guidelines for the Testing of
                Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
                 (4) Test No. 435: In Vitro Membrane Barrier Test Method for Skin
                Corrosion, OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, adopted 28
                July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
                 (bb) * * *
                 (1) * * *
                 (xx) SOR/2016-95 June 1, 2016;
                 (xxi) SOR/2017-137 July 12, 2017.
                 (xxii) SOR/2017-253 December 13, 2017.
                [[Page 27853]]
                 (2) Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail, TP 14877E,
                12/2013, into Sec. 171.12.
                * * * * *
                 (dd) * * *
                 (1) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model
                Regulations (UN Recommendations), 20th revised edition, Volumes I and
                II, ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev.20(Vol.I) and (Vol.II), (2017), into Sec. Sec.
                171.8; 171.12; 172.202; 172.401; 172.407; 172.502; 172.519; 173.22;
                173.24; 173.24b; 173.40; 173.56; 173.192; 173.302b; 173.304b; 178.75;
                178.274.
                 (2) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual
                of Tests and Criteria, (Manual of Tests and Criteria), into Sec. Sec.
                171.24, 172.102; 173.21; 173.56; 173.57; 173.58; 173.60; 173.115;
                173.124; 173.125; 173.127; 173.128; 173.137; 173.185; 173.220; 173.221;
                173.224; 173.225; 173.232; part 173, appendix H; 175.10; 176.905;
                178.274:
                 (i) Sixth Revised Edition (2015);
                 (ii) Sixth Revised Edition, Amendment 1, ST/SG/AC.10/11/
                Rev.6/.Amend.1 (2017).
                 (3) Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of
                Chemicals (GHS), Seventh Revised Edition, ST/SG/AC.10/30/Rev.7 (2017),
                into Sec. 172.401.
                * * * * *
                0
                3. In Sec. 171.8,:
                0
                a. Add the definition for ``UN pressure drum'' in alphabetical order;
                and
                0
                b. Revise the definition of ``UN pressure receptacle''.
                 The addition and revision read as follows:
                Sec. 171.8 Definitions and abbreviations.
                * * * * *
                 UN pressure drum means a welded transportable pressure receptacle
                of a water capacity exceeding 150 L (39.6 gallons) and not more than
                1,000 L (264.2 gallons) (e.g. cylindrical receptacles equipped with
                rolling hoops, spheres on skids).
                 UN pressure receptacle means a UN cylinder, drum, or tube.
                * * * * *
                0
                4. In Sec. 171.12, paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(3)(v), (a)(4), and (a)(4)(i)
                are revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 171.12 North American Shipments.
                 (a) * * *
                 (1) A hazardous material transported from Canada to the United
                States, from the United States to Canada, or transiting the United
                States to Canada or a foreign destination may be offered for
                transportation or transported by motor carrier and rail in accordance
                with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see Sec. 171.7) or an
                equivalency certificate (permit for equivalent level of safety) issued
                by Transport Canada as an alternative to the TDG Regulations, as
                authorized in Sec. 171.22, provided the requirements in Sec. Sec.
                171.22 and 171.23, as applicable, and this section are met. In
                addition, a cylinder, pressure drum, MEGC, cargo tank motor vehicle,
                portable tank or rail tank car authorized by the Transport Canada TDG
                Regulations may be used for transportation to, from, or within the
                United States provided the cylinder, pressure drum, MEGC, cargo tank
                motor vehicle, portable tank or rail tank car conforms to the
                applicable requirements of this section. Except as otherwise provided
                in this subpart and subpart C of this part, the requirements in parts
                172, 173, and 178 of this subchapter do not apply for a material
                transported in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations.
                * * * * *
                 (3) * * *
                 (v) Rail tank cars must conform to the requirements of Containers
                for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (IBR, see Sec. 171.7).
                 (4) Cylinders, Pressure Drums, and MEGCs. When the provisions of
                this subchapter require that a DOT specification or a UN pressure
                receptacle must be used for a hazardous material, a packaging
                authorized by the Transport Canada TDG Regulations may be used only if
                it corresponds to the DOT specification or UN standard authorized by
                this subchapter. Unless otherwise excepted in this subchapter, a
                cylinder (including a UN pressure receptacle) or MEGC may not be
                transported unless--
                 (i) The packaging is a UN pressure receptacle or MEGC marked with
                the letters ``CAN'' for Canada as a country of manufacture or a country
                of approval or is a cylinder that was manufactured, inspected and
                tested in accordance with a DOT specification or a UN standard
                prescribed in part 178 of this subchapter, except that cylinders
                (including UN pressure receptacles) not conforming to these
                requirements must meet the requirements in Sec. 171.23. Each cylinder
                (including UN pressure receptacles) must conform to the applicable
                requirements in part 173 of this subchapter for the hazardous material
                involved.
                * * * * *
                PART 172--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS
                MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, AND
                TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
                0
                5. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows:
                 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and
                1.97.
                0
                6. In Sec. 172.101:
                0
                a. Paragraph (e) is revised;
                0
                b. The Hazardous Materials Table is amended by removing the entries
                under ``[REMOVE]'', by adding the entries under ``[ADD]'' and revising
                entries under ``[REVISE]'' in the appropriate alphabetical sequence;
                and
                0
                c. In appendix B to Sec. 172.101, the List of Marine Pollutants is
                amended by revising the entry for Dodecene.
                 The revisions and additions read as follows:
                Sec. 172.101 Purpose and use of the hazardous materials table.
                * * * * *
                 (e) Column 4: Identification number. Column 4 lists the
                identification number assigned to each proper shipping name. Those
                preceded by the letters ``UN'' are associated with proper shipping
                names considered appropriate for international transportation as well
                as domestic transportation. Those preceded by the letters ``NA'' are
                associated with proper shipping names not recognized for transportation
                outside of the United States. Identification numbers in the ``NA9000''
                series are associated with proper shipping names not appropriately
                covered by international hazardous materials (dangerous goods)
                transportation standards, or not appropriately addressed by
                international transportation standards for emergency response
                information purposes, except for transportation in the United States.
                Those preceded by the letters ``ID'' are associated with proper
                shipping names recognized by the ICAO Technical Instructions (see Sec.
                171.7 of this subchapter for availability).
                [[Page 27854]]
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 (8) (9) (10)
                 Hazardous -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 materials Hazard Special Packaging (Sec. 173.***) Quantity limitations (see Sec. Vessel stowage
                 Symbols descriptions and class or Identification PG Label codes provisions (Sec. -------------------------------------------------- Sec. 173.27 and 175.75) -------------------------------
                 proper shipping division No. 172.102) --------------------------------
                 names Excep- tions Non- bulk Bulk Passenger Cargo aircraft Location Other
                 aircraft/rail only
                (1) (2)............... (3) (4) (5)............ (6)............ (7)............... (8A)........... (8B)........... (8C).......... (9A).......... (9B).......... (10A)......... (10B)
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 [REMOVE]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chemical kits..... 9 UN3316 II............. 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                 III............ 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 First aid kits.... 9 UN3316 II............. 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                 First aid kits.... 9 UN3316 III............ 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2- 6.1 UN3302 II............. 6.1............ IB2, T7, TP2...... 153............ 202............ 243........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... D............. 25
                 Dimethylaminoethy
                 l acrylate.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 [ADD]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Articles 4.2 UN3542 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
                 containing a
                 substance liable
                 to spontaneous
                 combustion, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 4.3 UN3543 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
                 containing a
                 substance which
                 in contact with
                 water emits
                 flammable gases,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 8 UN3547 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
                 containing
                 corrosive
                 substance, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 2.1 UN3537 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D.............
                 containing
                 flammable gas,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 3 UN3540 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
                 containing
                 flammable liquid,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 4.1 UN3541 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
                 containing
                 flammable solid,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 9 UN3548 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
                 containing
                 miscellaneous
                 dangerous goods,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 2.2 UN3538 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
                 containing non-
                 flammable, non-
                 toxic gas, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 5.2 UN3545 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
                 containing
                 organic peroxide,
                 n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 5.1 UN3544 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
                 containing
                 oxidizing
                 substance, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 2.3 UN3539 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
                 containing toxic
                 gas, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles 6.1 UN3546 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
                 containing toxic
                 substance, n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chemical kit...... 9 UN3316 ............... 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2- 6.1 UN3302 II............. 6.1............ 387, IB2, T7, TP2. 153............ 202............ 243........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... D............. 25
                 Dimethylaminoethy
                 l acrylate,
                 stabilized.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 First aid kit..... 9 UN3316 ............... 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium batteries 9 UN3536 ............... ............... 389............... ............... ............... .............. Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
                 installed in
                 cargo transport
                 unit lithium ion
                 batteries or
                 lithium metal
                 batteries.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Toxic solid, 6.1 UN3535 I.............. 6.1. 4.1....... IB6, T6, TP33..... None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... B.............
                 flammable,
                 inorganic, n.o.s.
                 II............. 6.1, 4.1....... IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 153............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B.............
                 TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 [REVISE]
                
                [[Page 27855]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Acetic acid, 8 UN2789 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, A10, B2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 glacial or Acetic IB2, T7, TP2.
                 acid solution,
                 with more than 80
                 percent acid, by
                 mass.
                 Acetic acid 8 UN2790 II............. 8.............. 148, A3, A7, A10, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution, not B2, IB2, T7, TP2.
                 less than 50
                 percent but not
                 more than 80
                 percent acid, by
                 mass.
                 Acetic acid 8 UN2790 III............ 8.............. 148, IB3, T4, TP1. 154............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution, with
                 more than 10
                 percent and less
                 than 50 percent
                 acid, by mass.
                 Acetic anhydride.. 8 UN1715 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, A10, B2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 IB2, T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Acetyl bromide.... 8 UN1716 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 Acetyl chloride... 3 UN1717 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, IB1, N34, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Acetyl iodide..... 8 UN1898 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Acrylic acid, 8 UN2218 II............. 8, 3........... 387, B2, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
                 stabilized. TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Adhesives, 3 UN1133 I.............. 3.............. T11, TP1, TP8, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B.............
                 containing a TP27.
                 flammable liquid.
                 II............. 3.............. 149, B52, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
                 TP1, TP8.
                 III............ 3.............. B1, B52, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
                 TP1.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Alkali metal 4.3 UN3401 I.............. 4.3............ IB4, IP1, N40, T9, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 amalgam, solid. TP7, TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Alkaline earth 4.3 UN3402 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N34, N40, T9, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 metal amalgams, TP7, TP33, W31.
                 solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2584 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
                 acids, liquid or TP13.
                 Aryl sulfonic
                 acids, liquid
                 with more than 5
                 percent free
                 sulfuric acid.
                 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2586 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 53, 58
                 acids, liquid or
                 Aryl sulfonic
                 acids, liquid
                 with not more
                 than 5 percent
                 free sulfuric
                 acid.
                 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2583 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 acids, solid or TP33.
                 Aryl sulfonic
                 acids, solid,
                 with more than 5
                 percent free
                 sulfuric acid.
                 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2585 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 acids, solid or
                 Aryl sulfonic
                 acids, solid with
                 not more than 5
                 percent free
                 sulfuric acid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Alkylsulfuric 8 UN2571 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
                 acids. TP13, TP28.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Allyl 6.1 UN1722 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
                 chloroformate. N41, T20, TP2, 58, 100
                 TP13, TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Allyl iodide...... 3 UN1723 II............. 3, 8........... A3, IB1, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP2, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Allylamine........ 6.1 UN2334 I.............. 6.1, 3......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 52
                 T20, TP2, TP13,
                 TP38, TP45.
                 Allyltrichlorosila 8 UN1724 II............. 8, 3........... 387, A7, B2, B6, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
                 ne, stabilized. N34, T10, TP2,
                 TP7, TP13.
                [[Page 27856]]
                
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum bromide, 8 UN1725 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 anhydrous. TP33.
                 Aluminum bromide, 8 UN2580 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum chloride, 8 UN1726 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 anhydrous. TP33.
                 Aluminum chloride, 8 UN2581 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum hydride.. 4.3 UN2463 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum phosphide 4.3 UN1397 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A8, A19, N40, W31. None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum powder, 4.3 UN1396 II............. 4.3............ A19, A20, IB7, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
                 uncoated. IP2, IP21, T3, 53, 148
                 TP33, W31, W40.
                 III............ 4.3............ A19, A20, IB8, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 52,
                 IP21, T1, TP33, 53, 148
                 W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Aluminum silicon 4.3 UN1398 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, B136, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 40,
                 powder, uncoated. IB8, IP4, T1, 52, 53, 85,
                 TP33, W31. 103, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2-(2-Aminoethoxy) 8 UN3055 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 ethanol.
                 N- 8 UN2815 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 12, 25, 40, 52
                 Aminoethylpiperaz
                 ine.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ammonium hydrogen 8 UN2506 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 sulfate. TP33.
                 Ammonium 8 UN1727 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
                 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
                 e, solid.
                 Ammonium 8 UN2817 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, N34, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 hydrogendifluorid TP13.
                 e, solution.
                 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, N3, T4, TP1, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58, 95
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                A W.......... Ammonium nitrate 9 UN2071 III............ 9.............. 132, B136, IB8, 155............ 213............ 240........... 200 kg........ 200 kg........ A.............
                 based fertilizer. IP3.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Amyl acid 8 UN2819 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 phosphate.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Amylamines........ 3 UN1106 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 52
                 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 Amyltrichlorosilan 8 UN1728 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 e. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Anisoyl chloride.. 8 UN1729 II............. 8.............. B2, B4, IB8, IP2, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 IP4, T3, TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Antimony 8 UN1730 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 pentachloride,
                 liquid.
                 Antimony 8 UN1731 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 pentachloride,
                 solutions.
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                [[Page 27857]]
                
                 Antimony 8 UN1732 II............. 8, 6.1......... A3, A7, A10, IB2, None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 44, 53,
                 pentafluoride. N3, N36, T7, TP2. 58, 89, 100,
                 141
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Antimony 8 UN1733 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2........... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 trichloride,
                 liquid.
                 Antimony 8 UN1733 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 trichloride, TP33.
                 solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Articles, 1.4S UN0349 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 148, 347, 382 None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Articles, 1.1C UN0462 ............... 1.1C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.1D UN0463 ............... 1.1D........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.1E UN0464 ............... 1.1E........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.1F UN0465 ............... 1.1F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.2C UN0466 ............... 1.2C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.2D UN0467 ............... 1.2D........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.2E UN0468 ............... 1.2E........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.2F UN0469 ............... 1.2F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Articles, 1.3C UN0470 ............... 1.3C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Articles, 1.4F UN0472 ............... 1.4F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Batteries, wet, 8 UN2794 ............... 8.............. A51............... 159............ 159............ 159........... 30 kg......... No limit...... A............. 53, 58, 146
                 filled with acid,
                 electric storage.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Benzotrichloride.. 8 UN2226 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Benzoyl chloride.. 8 UN1736 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP13.
                 Benzyl bromide.... 6.1 UN1737 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, IB2, N33, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
                 N34, T8, TP2,
                 TP13.
                 Benzyl chloride... 6.1 UN1738 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, B70, IB2, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
                 N33, N42, T8,
                 TP2, TP13.
                 Benzyl chloride 6.1 UN1738 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, B8, B11, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
                 unstabilized. IB2, N33, N34,
                 N43, T8, TP2,
                 TP13.
                 Benzyl 8 UN1739 I.............. 8.............. B4, N41, T10, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloroformate. TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Benzyldimethylamin 8 UN2619 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 25, 40, 52
                 e.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Bombs, photo-flash 1.1F UN0037 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 Bombs, photo-flash 1.1D UN0038 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Bombs, with 1.1F UN0033 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Bombs, with 1.1D UN0034 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Bombs, with 1.2D UN0035 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Bombs, with 1.2F UN0291 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Boosters, without 1.1D UN0042 ............... 1.1D........... 148............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 detonator.
                 Boosters, without 1.2D UN0283 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 detonator.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Boron tribromide.. 8 UN2692 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 12, 25, 53, 58
                 N34, T20, TP2,
                 TP13, TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN1742 II............. 8.............. B2, B6, IB2, T8, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 acetic acid TP2.
                 complex, liquid.
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN3419 II............. 8.............. B2, B6, IB8, IP2, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 acetic acid IP4, T3, TP33.
                 complex, solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN2604 I.............. 8, 3........... A19, T10, TP2, W31 None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 diethyl etherate.
                [[Page 27858]]
                
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN2851 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
                 dihydrate. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN1743 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 propionic acid
                 complex, liquid.
                 Boron trifluoride 8 UN3420 II............. 8.............. B2, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 propionic acid T3, TP33.
                 complex, solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Bromine........... 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 1, B9, B85, N34, None........... 226............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
                 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Bromine 5.1 UN1745 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... 1, B9, B14, B30, None........... 228............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 53,
                 pentafluoride. T22, TP2, TP13, 58, 66, 90
                 TP38, TP44.
                +............ Bromine solutions. 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 1, B9, B85, N34, None........... 226............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
                 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90
                +............ Bromine solutions. 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B85, N34, None........... 227............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
                 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90
                +............ Bromine 5.1 UN1746 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 228............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 53,
                 trifluoride. T22, TP2, TP13, 58, 66, 90
                 TP38, TP45.
                
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Bromoacetic acid, 8 UN3425 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 solid. N34, T3, TP33.
                 Bromoacetic acid 8 UN1938 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 solution. TP2.
                 III............ 8.............. B2, IB3, T7, TP2.. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Bromoacetyl 8 UN2513 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 bromide.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Bursters, 1.1D UN0043 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Butyl acid 8 UN1718 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 phosphate.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 n-Butyl 6.1 UN2743 I.............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 12, 13, 21,
                 chloroformate. T20, TP2, TP13, 25, 40, 53,
                 TP38, TP45. 58, 100
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 n-Butylamine...... 3 UN1125 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Butyltrichlorosila 8 UN1747 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Butyric acid...... 8 UN2820 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
                 Butyric anhydride. 8 UN2739 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Butyryl chloride.. 3 UN2353 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T8, TP2, TP13 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 Cacodylic acid.... 6.1 UN1572 II............. 6.1............ IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 153............ 212............ 242........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 52, 53, 58
                 TP33.
                
                [[Page 27859]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Calcium carbide... 4.3 UN1402 I.............. 4.3............ A1, A8, B55, B59, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 148
                 IB4, IP1, N34,
                 T9, TP7, TP33,
                 W31.
                 II............. 4.3............ A1, A8, B55, B59, 151............ 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 148
                 IB7, IP2, IP21,
                 N34, T3, TP33,
                 W31, W40.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Calcium cyanamide 4.3 UN1403 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, IB8, IP4, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 52, 148
                 with more than T1, TP33, W31.
                 0.1 percent of
                 calcium carbide.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Calcium hydride... 4.3 UN1404 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Calcium phosphide. 4.3 UN1360 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A8, A19, N40, W31. None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Calcium silicide.. 4.3 UN1405 II............. 4.3............ A19, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 85,
                 IP21, T3, TP33, 103, 148
                 W31.
                 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, IB8, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ B............. 13, 52, 85,
                 IP21, T1, TP33, 103, 148
                 W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Caproic acid...... 8 UN2829 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges for 1.1C UN0326 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, blank.
                 Cartridges for 1.2C UN0413 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, blank.
                 Cartridges for 1.3C UN0327 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, blank or
                 Cartridges, small
                 arms, blank.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges for 1.2C UN0328 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, inert
                 projectile.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges for 1.3C UN0417 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, inert
                 projectile or
                 Cartridges, small
                 arms.
                 Cartridges for 1.1F UN0005 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Cartridges for 1.1E UN0006 ............... 1.1E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Cartridges for 1.2F UN0007 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Cartridges for 1.2E UN0321 ............... 1.2E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Cartridges for 1.4F UN0348 ............... 1.4F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 weapons, with
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges, oil 1.3C UN0277 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 well.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges, power 1.3C UN0275 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... 75 kg......... 03............ 25
                 device.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cartridges, power 1.2C UN0381 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 device.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cases, 1.3C UN0447 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 combustible,
                 empty, without
                 primer.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cesium or Caesium. 4.3 UN1407 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, IB4, IP1, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 N34, N40, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, bursting, 1.1D UN0457 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 plastics bonded.
                 Charges, bursting, 1.2D UN0458 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 plastics bonded.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, 1.1D UN0048 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 demolition.
                [[Page 27860]]
                
                 Charges, depth.... 1.1D UN0056 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, 1.1D UN0442 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive,
                 commercial
                 without detonator.
                 Charges, 1.2D UN0443 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive,
                 commercial
                 without detonator.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, 1.1C UN0271 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling.
                 Charges, 1.3C UN0272 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling.
                 Charges, 1.2C UN0415 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, 1.3C UN0242 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling, for
                 cannon.
                 Charges, 1.1C UN0279 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling, for
                 cannon.
                 Charges, 1.2C UN0414 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 propelling, for
                 cannon.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, shaped, 1.1D UN0059 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 without detonator.
                 Charges, shaped, 1.2D UN0439 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 without detonator.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Charges, 1.1D UN0060 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 supplementary
                 explosive.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chloric acid 5.1 UN2626 II............. 5.1............ IB2, T4, TP1, W31. None........... 229............ None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 53, 56, 58
                 aqueous solution,
                 with not more
                 than 10 percent
                 chloric acid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN3250 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB1, T7, TP3, TP28 None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 molten.
                 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN1751 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, IB8, IP2, 153............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 solid. IP4, N34, T3,
                 TP33.
                 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN1750 II............. 6.1, 8......... A7, IB2, N34, T7, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 solution. TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chloroacetyl 6.1 UN1752 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B3, B8, B9, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride. B14, B32, B77,
                 N34, N43, T20,
                 TP2, TP13, TP38,
                 TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Chloroformates, 6.1 UN2742 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 5, IB1, T7, TP2... 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 21,
                 toxic, corrosive, 25, 40, 53,
                 flammable, n.o.s. 58,100
                G............ Chloroformates, 6.1 UN3277 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T8, TP2, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
                 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP28. 40, 53, 58
                 n.o.s.
                 Chloromethyl 6.1 UN2745 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
                 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chlorophenyltrichl 8 UN1753 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 orosilane. T10, TP2, TP7.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chloroplatinic 8 UN2507 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 acid, solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2-Chloropropionic 8 UN2511 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 8, 53, 58
                 acid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chlorosilanes, 8 UN2986 II............. 8, 3........... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 corrosive, TP13, TP27.
                 flammable, n.o.s.
                 Chlorosilanes, 8 UN2987 II............. 8.............. B2, T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 corrosive, n.o.s. TP13, TP27.
                [[Page 27861]]
                
                 Chlorosilanes, 3 UN2985 II............. 3, 8........... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 flammable, TP13, TP27.
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                G............ Chlorosilanes, 6.1 UN3362 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58,
                 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP27. 125
                 flammable, n.o.s.
                G............ Chlorosilanes, 6.1 UN3361 II............. 6.1, 8......... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP27.
                 n.o.s.
                 Chlorosilanes, 4.3 UN2988 I.............. 4.3, 3, 8...... A2, T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 13, 21, 40,
                 water-reactive, TP13, W31. 49, 53, 58,
                 flammable, 100, 147, 148
                 corrosive, n.o.s.
                +............ Chlorosulfonic 8 UN1754 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B10, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 acid (with or B32, T20, TP2,
                 without sulfur TP38, TP45.
                 trioxide).
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chromic acid 8 UN1755 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
                 solution. 58, 89, 100,
                 141
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
                 58, 89, 100,
                 141
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chromic fluoride, 8 UN1756 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 52, 53, 58
                 solid. TP33.
                 Chromic fluoride, 8 UN1757 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution.
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chromium 8 UN1758 I.............. 8.............. A7, B10, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58,
                 oxychloride. TP2. 66, 74, 89,
                 90
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Chromosulfuric 8 UN2240 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, B6, N34, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5L.......... 2.5L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58,
                 acid. T10, TP2, TP13. 66, 74, 89,
                 90
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Components, 1.4S UN0384 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
                 explosive train,
                 n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Copper chloride... 8 UN2802 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                A,W.......... Copra............. 4.2 UN1363 III............ 4.2............ B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25, 119
                 IP7.
                 Cord, detonating, 1.1D UN0065 ............... 1.1D........... 102, 148.......... 63(a).......... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 flexible.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cord, detonating 1.2D UN0102 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 or Fuze,
                 detonating metal
                 clad.
                 Cord, detonating 1.1D UN0290 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 or Fuze,
                 detonating metal
                 clad.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Corrosive liquid, 8 UN3264 I.............. 8.............. B10, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 acidic, TP27.
                 inorganic, n.o.s.
                 II............. 8.............. 386, B2, IB2, T11, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP2, TP27.
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T7, TP1, TP28 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                G............ Corrosive liquid, 8 UN3265 I.............. 8.............. B10, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 acidic, organic, TP27.
                 n.o.s.
                 II............. 8.............. 148, B2, IB2, T11, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP2, TP27.
                 III............ 8.............. 386, IB3, T7, TP1, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP28.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Corrosive solid, 8 UN3260 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 25 kg......... B............. 53, 58
                 acidic,
                 inorganic, n.o.s.
                 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 53, 58
                 TP33.
                 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                G............ Corrosive solid, 8 UN3261 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 25 kg......... B............. 53, 58
                 acidic, organic,
                 n.o.s.
                 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 53, 58
                 TP33.
                [[Page 27862]]
                
                 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Crotonic acid, 8 UN3472 III............ 8.............. IB8, T1........... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
                 liquid.
                 Crotonic acid, 8 UN2823 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
                 solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cupriethylenediami 8 UN1761 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                 ne solution.
                 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, T7, TP1, TP28 154............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52, 95
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cyanuric chloride. 8 UN2670 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 12, 25, 40,
                 TP33. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cyclobutyl 6.1 UN2744 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... IB1, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 21,
                 chloroformate. 25, 40, 53,
                 58, 100
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cyclohexenyltrichl 8 UN1762 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 orosilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Cyclohexylamine... 8 UN2357 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                 Cyclohexyltrichlor 8 UN1763 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 osilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Di-n-amylamine.... 3 UN2841 III............ 3, 6.1......... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Di-n-butylamine... 8 UN2248 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diallylamine...... 3 UN2359 II............. 3, 6.1, 8...... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 21, 40, 52,
                 100
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dibenzyldichlorosi 8 UN2434 II............. 8.............. B2, T10, TP2, TP7, 154............ 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 lane. TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dichloroacetic 8 UN1764 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 acid. N34, T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dichloroacetyl 8 UN1765 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B6, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride. IB2, N34, T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dichlorophenyltric 8 UN1766 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 hlorosilane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dicyclohexylamine. 8 UN2565 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diethylamine...... 3 UN1154 II............. 3, 8........... A3, IB2, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... E............. 40, 52
                 TP1.
                 2- 8 UN2686 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                 Diethylaminoethan
                 ol.
                 3-Diethyamino- 3 UN2684 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 propylamine.
                
                [[Page 27863]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diethyldichlorosil 8 UN1767 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B6, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 N,N- 8 UN2685 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                 Diethylethylenedi
                 amine.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diethylthiophospho 8 UN2751 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 ryl chloride. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Difluorophosphoric 8 UN1768 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N5, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 acid, anhydrous. N34, T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diisobutylamine... 3 UN2361 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diisooctyl acid 8 UN1902 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 phosphate.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diisopropylamine.. 3 UN1158 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dimethyl-N- 3 UN2266 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52
                 propylamine.
                 Dimethyl sulfate.. 6.1 UN1595 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 B77, T20, TP2,
                 TP13, TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dimethyl 6.1 UN2267 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2...... 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 25, 53, 58
                 thiophosphoryl
                 chloride.
                 Dimethylamine, 2.1 UN1032 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... None........... 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ D............. 40, 52
                 anhydrous.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2- 8 UN2051 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                 Dimethylaminoetha
                 nol.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dimethylcarbamoyl 8 UN2262 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 N,N- 8 UN2264 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                 Dimethylcyclohexy
                 lamine.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Diphenyldichlorosi 8 UN1769 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 lane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                 Diphenylmethyl 8 UN1770 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 bromide. TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dipropylamine..... 3 UN2383 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 25, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Dodecyltrichlorosi 8 UN1771 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 lane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ethyl 6.1 UN1182 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
                 chloroformate. N34, T20, TP2, 58, 100
                 TP13, TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Ethyl 8 UN2826 II............. 8, 6.1, 3...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 chlorothioformate. T20, TP2, TP38,
                 TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ethylamine........ 2.1 UN1036 ............... 2.1............ B77, N87, T50..... None........... 321............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ D............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ethyldichlorosilan 4.3 UN1183 I.............. 4.3, 8, 3...... A2, A7, N34, T14, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 21, 40, 49,
                 e. TP2, TP7, TP13, 53, 58, 100
                 W31.
                
                [[Page 27864]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 2-Ethylhexyl 6.1 UN2748 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
                 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58
                 2-Ethylhexylamine. 3 UN2276 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ethylphenyldichlor 8 UN2435 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
                 osilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ferric chloride, 8 UN1773 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 anhydrous.
                 Ferric chloride, 8 UN2582 III............ 8.............. B15, IB3, T4, TP1. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Ferrous metal 4.2 UN2793 III............ 4.2............ A1, A19, B134, None........... 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 148
                 borings or B136, IB8, IP3,
                 Ferrous metal IP7, IP21, W100.
                 shavings or
                 Ferrous metal
                 turnings or
                 Ferrous metal
                 cuttings in a
                 form liable to
                 self-heating.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                A,W.......... Fish meal, 9 UN2216 III............ None........... 155, B136, IB8, 155............ 218............ 218........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 25, 88, 122,
                 stabilized or IP3, T1, TP33. 128
                 Fish scrap,
                 stabilized.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Fluoroacetic acid. 6.1 UN2642 I.............. 6.1............ IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... E............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Fluoroboric acid.. 8 UN1775 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B15, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 N3, N34, T7, TP2.
                 Fluorophosphoric 8 UN1776 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N3, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 acid anhydrous. N34, T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Fluorosilicic acid 8 UN1778 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B15, IB2, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 N3, N34, T8, TP2.
                 Fluorosulfonic 8 UN1777 I.............. 8.............. A7, A10, B6, B10, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 acid. N3, N36, T10, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Formic acid with 8 UN3412 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 not less than 10%
                 but not more than
                 85% acid by mass.
                 Formic acid with 8 UN3412 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 not less than 5%
                 but less than 10%
                 acid by mass.
                 Formic acid with 8 UN1779 II............. 8, 3........... B2, B28, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 more than 85% TP2.
                 acid by mass.
                 Fracturing 1.1D UN0099 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 devices,
                 explosive,
                 without
                 detonators for
                 oil wells.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Fumaryl chloride.. 8 UN1780 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 8, 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Furfurylamine..... 3 UN2526 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Fuzes, detonating. 1.4S UN0367 ............... 1.4S........... 116, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
                 Fuzes, detonating, 1.1D UN0408 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with protective
                 features.
                 Fuzes, detonating, 1.2D UN0409 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with protective
                 features.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Grenades, hand or 1.1D UN0284 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 rifle, with
                 bursting charge.
                [[Page 27865]]
                
                 Grenades, hand or 1.2D UN0285 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 rifle, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Grenades, hand or 1.1F UN0292 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 rifle, with
                 bursting charge.
                 Grenades, hand or 1.2F UN0293 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 rifle, with
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hexadecyltrichloro 8 UN1781 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 silane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hexafluorophosphor 8 UN1782 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N3, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 ic acid. N34, T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hexamethylenediami 8 UN2280 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 52
                 ne, solid.
                 Hexamethylenediami 8 UN1783 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
                 ne solution.
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hexyltrichlorosila 8 UN1784 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrobromic acid, 8 UN1788 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, N41, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 53, 58
                 with more than 49 T7, TP2.
                 percent
                 hydrobromic acid.
                 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 8, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrochloric acid. 8 UN1789 II............. 8.............. 386, A3, B3, B15, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
                 B133, IB2, N41,
                 T8, TP2.
                 III............ 8.............. A3, IB3, T4, TP1.. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 8, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrofluoric acid 8 UN1786 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B15, B23, N5, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 and Sulfuric acid N34, T10, TP2,
                 mixtures. TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrofluoric acid, 8 UN1790 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B4, B15, B23, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 with more than 60 N5, N34, T10, 53, 58
                 percent strength. TP2, TP13.
                 Hydrofluoric acid, 8 UN1790 II............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B15, IB2, N5, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
                 with not more N34, T8, TP2. 53, 58
                 than 60 percent
                 strength.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrogen fluoride, 8 UN1052 I.............. 8.6.1.......... 3, B7, B46, B77, None........... 163............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 anhydrous. N86, T10, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydrogendifluoride 8 UN1740 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
                 , solid, n.o.s. N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
                 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, N3, N34, 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 25, 40, 52,
                 T1, TP33. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Hydroxylamine 8 UN2865 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 52, 53, 58
                 sulfate.
                 Hypochlorite 8 UN1791 II............. 8.............. 148, A7, B2, B15, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 26, 53, 58
                 solutions. IB2, IP5, N34,
                 T7, TP2, TP24.
                 III............ 8.............. 386, IB3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 26, 53, 58
                 TP2, TP24.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 3,3'- 8 UN2269 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 Iminodipropylamin
                 e.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Iodine 8 UN3498 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 monochloride, 66, 74, 89,
                 liquid. 90
                 Iodine 8 UN1792 II............. 8.............. B6, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 monochloride, N41, T7, TP2. 66, 74
                 solid.
                [[Page 27866]]
                
                 Iodine 5.1 UN2495 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... .................. None........... 205............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 52,
                 pentafluoride. 53, 58, 66,
                 90
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isobutylamine..... 3 UN1214 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isobutyryl 3 UN2395 II............. 3, 8........... IB1, T7, TP2...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isophoronediamine. 8 UN2289 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isopropyl acid 8 UN1793 III............ 8.............. IB2, T4, TP1...... 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 phosphate.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isopropyl 6.1 UN2407 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 21, 40, 53,
                 chloroformate. B77, T20, TP2, 58, 100
                 TP13, TP38, TP44.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Isopropylamine.... 3 UN1221 I.............. 3, 8........... T11, TP2.......... None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... E............. 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                D............ Jet perforating 1.1D NA0124 ............... 1.1D........... 55, 56............ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 154
                 guns, charged oil
                 well with
                 detonator.
                D............ Jet perforating 1.4D NA0494 ............... 1.4D........... 55, 56............ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 02............ 25, 154
                 guns, charged oil
                 well, with
                 detonator.
                 Jet perforating 1.4D UN0494 ............... 1.4D........... 55, 114........... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... 300 kg........ 02............ 25, 154
                 guns, charged,
                 oil well, without
                 detonator.
                 Jet perforating 1.1D UN0124 ............... 1.1D........... 55................ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 154
                 guns, charged oil
                 well without
                 detonator.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lead sulfate with 8 UN1794 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 more than 3 TP33.
                 percent free acid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium........... 4.3 UN1415 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, IB4, IP1, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 N45, T9, TP7,
                 TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium aluminum 4.3 UN1410 I.............. 4.3............ A19, W31.......... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                 hydride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium 4.3 UN1413 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                 borohydride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium hydride... 4.3 UN1414 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium ion 9 UN3480 ............... 9.............. 388, 422, A54, 185............ 185............ 185........... Forbidden..... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries A100.
                 including lithium
                 ion polymer
                 batteries.
                 Lithium ion 9 UN3481 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries
                 contained in
                 equipment
                 including lithium
                 ion polymer
                 batteries.
                 Lithium ion 9 UN3481 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries packed
                 with equipment
                 including lithium
                 ion polymer
                 batteries.
                 Lithium metal 9 UN3090 ............... 9.............. 388, 422, A54..... 185............ 185............ 185........... Forbidden..... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries
                 including lithium
                 alloy batteries.
                 Lithium metal 9 UN3091 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries A54, A101.
                 contained in
                 equipment
                 including lithium
                 alloy batteries.
                [[Page 27867]]
                
                 Lithium metal 9 UN3091 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
                 batteries packed
                 with equipment
                 including lithium
                 alloy batteries.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Lithium nitride... 4.3 UN2806 I.............. 4.3............ A19, IB4, IP1, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E.............
                 N40, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Magnesium aluminum 4.3 UN1419 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N34, N40, W31 None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 phosphide. 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Magnesium hydride. 4.3 UN2010 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Magnesium 4.3 UN2011 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 phosphide. 85, 148
                 Magnesium, powder 4.3 UN1418 I.............. 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, W31..... None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
                 or Magnesium 148
                 alloys, powder.
                 II............. 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, IB5, None........... 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
                 IP2, T3, TP33, 148
                 W31, W40.
                 III............ 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, IB8, None........... 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 52,
                 IP4, T1, TP33, 148
                 W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Maleic anhydride.. 8 UN2215 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58, 95,
                 102
                 Maleic anhydride, 8 UN2215 III............ 8.............. T4, TP3........... None........... 213............ 240........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 53, 58, 95,
                 molten. 102
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Metal hydrides, 4.3 UN1409 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N34, N40, W31 None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 water reactive,
                 n.o.s.
                 II............. 4.3............ A19, IB4, N34, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 N40, T3, TP33,
                 W31, W40.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Metallic 4.3 UN3208 I.............. 4.3............ A7, IB4, W31...... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 substance, water-
                 reactive, n.o.s.
                 II............. 4.3............ A7, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 IP21, T3, TP33,
                 W31, W40.
                 III............ 4.3............ A7, IB8, IP21, T1, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
                 TP33, W31.
                G............ Metallic 4.3 UN3209 I.............. 4.3, 4.2....... A7, W31........... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 substance, water-
                 reactive, self-
                 heating, n.o.s.
                 II............. 4.3, 4.2....... A7, IB5, IP2, T3, None........... 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 TP33, W31, W40.
                 III............ 4.3, 4.2....... A7, IB8, IP4, T1, None........... 213............ 242........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
                 TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methacrylic acid, 8 UN2531 II............. 8.............. 41, 387, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
                 stabilized. TP1, TP18, TP30.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methanesulfonyl 6.1 UN3246 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride. T20, TP2, TP13,
                 TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methyl 6.1 UN1238 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 1, B9, B14, B30, None........... 226............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
                 chloroformate. N34, T22, TP2, 58, 100
                 TP13, TP38, TP44.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methylamine, 2.1 UN1061 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... 306............ 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ B............. 40, 52
                 anhydrous.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 N-Methylbutylamine 3 UN2945 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methyldichlorosila 4.3 UN1242 I.............. 4.3, 8, 3...... A2, A7, B6, B77, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 21, 40, 49,
                 ne. N34, T14, TP2, 53, 58, 100
                 TP7, TP13, W31.
                [[Page 27868]]
                
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methylphenyldichlo 8 UN2437 II............. 8.............. T10, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 rosilane. TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Methyltrichlorosil 3 UN1250 II............. 3, 8........... A7, B6, B77, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Mines with 1.1F UN0136 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Mines with 1.1D UN0137 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Mines with 1.2D UN0138 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Mines with 1.2F UN0294 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Molybdenum 8 UN2508 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ C............. 40, 53, 58
                 pentachloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nitrating acid 8 UN1826 I.............. 8, 5.1......... A7, T10, TP2, TP13 None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58, 66
                 mixtures, spent
                 with more than 50
                 percent nitric
                 acid.
                 Nitrating acid 8 UN1826 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T8, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 mixtures spent TP2.
                 with not more
                 than 50 percent
                 nitric acid.
                 Nitrating acid 8 UN1796 I.............. 8, 5.1......... A7, T10, TP2, TP13 None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58, 66
                 mixtures with
                 more than 50
                 percent nitric
                 acid.
                 Nitrating acid 8 UN1796 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T8, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 mixtures with not TP2, TP13.
                 more than 50
                 percent nitric
                 acid.
                 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8, 5.1......... B2, B47, B53, IB2, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 53, 58, 66,
                 than red fuming, IP15, T8, TP2. 74, 89, 90
                 with at least 65
                 percent, but not
                 more than 70
                 percent nitric
                 acid.
                 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8.............. A212, B2, B47, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 44, 53, 58,
                 than red fuming, B53, IB2, IP15, 66, 74, 89,
                 with more than 20 T8, TP2. 90
                 percent and less
                 than 65 percent
                 nitric acid.
                 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8.............. B2, B47, B53, IB2, None........... 158............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 53, 58
                 than red fuming T8, TP2.
                 with not more
                 than 20 percent
                 nitric acid.
                +............ Nitric acid, red 8 UN2032 I.............. 8, 5.1, 6.1.... 2, B9, B32, T20, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 fuming. TP2, TP13, TP38, 66, 74, 89,
                 TP45. 90
                 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 I.............. 8, 5.1......... B47, B53, T10, None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 44, 53, 58,
                 than red fuming, TP2, TP12, TP13. 66, 89, 90,
                 with more than 70 110, 111
                 percent nitric
                 acid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nitrobenzenesulfon 8 UN2305 II............. 8.............. B2, B4, IB8, IP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 ic acid. IP4, T3, TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nitrocellulose 4.1 UN2556 II............. 4.1............ W31............... 151............ 212............ None.......... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... D............. 12, 25, 28, 36
                 with alcohol with
                 not less than 25
                 percent alcohol
                 by mass, and with
                 not more than
                 12.6 percent
                 nitrogen, by dry
                 mass.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nitrohydrochloric 8 UN1798 I.............. 8.............. B10, N41, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 acid. TP2, TP13. 66, 74, 89,
                 90
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nitrosylsulfuric 8 UN2308 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 acid, liquid. N34, T8, TP2. 66, 74, 89,
                 90
                 Nitrosylsulphuric 8 UN3456 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
                 acid, solid. TP33. 66, 74, 89,
                 90
                
                [[Page 27869]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Nonyltrichlorosila 8 UN1799 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Octadecyltrichloro 8 UN1800 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 silane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Octyltrichlorosila 8 UN1801 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Paint including 3 UN1263 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
                 paint, lacquer, TP8, TP27.
                 enamel, stain,
                 shellac
                 solutions,
                 varnish, polish,
                 liquid filler and
                 liquid lacquer
                 base.
                 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
                 B131, IB2, T4,
                 TP1, TP8, TP28.
                 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
                 B131, IB3, T2,
                 TP1, TP29.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Paint related 3 UN1263 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
                 material TP8, TP27.
                 including paint
                 thinning, drying,
                 removing, or
                 reducing compound.
                 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
                 B131, IB2, T4,
                 TP1, TP8, TP28.
                 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
                 B131, IB3, T2,
                 TP1, TP29.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Perchloric acid 5.1 UN1873 I.............. 5.1, 8......... A2, N41, T10, TP1. None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 53, 58, 66
                 with more than 50
                 percent but not
                 more than 72
                 percent acid, by
                 mass.
                 Perchloric acid 8 UN1802 II............. 8, 5.1......... IB2, N41, T7, TP2. None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58, 66
                 with not more
                 than 50 percent
                 acid by mass.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phenolsulfonic 8 UN1803 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, N41, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
                 acid, liquid. TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phenyl 6.1 UN2746 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
                 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phenyl phosphorus 8 UN2798 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 dichloride. TP2.
                 Phenyl phosphorus 8 UN2799 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 thiodichloride. TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phenylacetyl 8 UN2577 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phenyltrichlorosil 8 UN1804 II............. 8.............. A7, B6, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phosphoric acid 8 UN1805 III............ 8.............. A7, IB3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution. TP1.
                 Phosphoric acid, 8 UN3453 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 solid.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phosphorous acid.. 8 UN2834 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 25, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phosphorus 8 UN1939 II............. 8.............. B8, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... C............. 12, 25, 40,
                 oxybromide. N41, N43, T3, 53, 58
                 TP33.
                 Phosphorus 8 UN2576 II............. 8.............. B2, B8, IB1, N41, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 oxybromide, N43, T7, TP3,
                 molten. TP13.
                +............ Phosphorous 6.1 UN1810 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 oxychloride. B77, N34, T20,
                 TP2, TP13, TP38,
                 TP45.
                 Phosphorus 8 UN2691 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
                 pentabromide. N34, T3, TP33. 53, 55, 58
                [[Page 27870]]
                
                 Phosphorus 8 UN1806 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
                 pentachloride. N34, T3, TP33. 58, 89, 100,
                 141
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phosphorus 8 UN1807 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 pentoxide. N34, T3, TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phosphorus 8 UN1808 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B25, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 tribromide. IB2, N34, N43,
                 T7, TP2.
                 Phosphorus 6.1 UN1809 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B15, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 trichloride. B32, B77, N34,
                 T20, TP2, TP13,
                 TP38, TP45.
                 Phosphorus 8 UN2578 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
                 trioxide.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Phthalic anhydride 8 UN2214 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 with more than
                 .05 percent
                 maleic anhydride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium......... 4.3 UN2257 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, A20, B27, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 IB4, IP1, N6,
                 N34, T9, TP7,
                 TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium 4.3 UN1870 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                 borohydride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium hydrogen 8 UN2509 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 sulfate. N34, T3, TP33.
                 Potassium 8 UN1811 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
                 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
                 e solid.
                 Potassium 8 UN3421 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, N3, N34, T7, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
                 hydrogendifluorid TP2. 53, 58
                 e solution.
                 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, N3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52, 53, 58
                 TP1.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium, metal 4.3 UN3403 I.............. 4.3............ A19, A20, B27, None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 alloys, solid. IB4, IP1, T9,
                 TP7, TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium 4.3 UN2012 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 phosphide. 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Potassium sodium 4.3 UN3404 I.............. 4.3............ A19, B27, N34, None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 alloys, solid. N40, T9, TP7,
                 TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Printing ink, 3 UN1210 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, TP8 150............ 173............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
                 flammable or
                 Printing ink
                 related material
                 (including
                 printing ink
                 thinning or
                 reducing
                 compound),
                 flammable.
                 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
                 TP1, TP8.
                 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
                 TP1.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Projectiles, with 1.2D UN0346 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 burster or
                 expelling charge.
                
                [[Page 27871]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Projectiles, with 1.2F UN0426 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 burster or
                 expelling charge.
                 Projectiles, with 1.4F UN0427 ............... 1.4F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 burster or
                 expelling charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Projectiles, with 1.1F UN0167 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Projectiles, with 1.1D UN0168 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Projectiles, with 1.2D UN0169 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Projectiles, with 1.2F UN0324 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Propionic acid 8 UN3463 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 with not less
                 than 90% acid by
                 mass.
                 Propionic acid 8 UN1848 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 with not less
                 than 10% and less
                 than 90% acid by
                 mass.
                 Propionic 8 UN2496 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 anhydride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Propionyl chloride 3 UN1815 II............. 3, 8........... IB1, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 n-Propyl 6.1 UN2740 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 21, 40, 53,
                 chloroformate. B77, N34, T20, 58, 100
                 TP2, TP13, TP38,
                 TP44.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Propylamine....... 3 UN1277 II............. 3, 8........... A7, IB2, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... E............. 40, 52
                 TP1.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 1,2- 8 UN2258 II............. 8, 3........... A3, IB2, N34, T7, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                 Propylenediamine. TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Propyltrichlorosil 8 UN1816 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Pyrosulfuryl 8 UN1817 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Radioactive 7 UN2908 ............... Empty.......... 368............... 422, 428....... 422, 428....... 422, 428...... .............. .............. A.............
                 material,
                 excepted package-
                 empty packaging.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Radioactive 7 UN2912 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 129
                 material, low W7.
                 specific activity
                 (LSA-I) non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                 Radioactive 7 UN3321 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 129
                 material, low W7.
                 specific activity
                 (LSA-II) non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                 Radioactive 7 UN3322 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 150
                 material, low W7.
                 specific activity
                 (LSA-III) non
                 fissile or
                 fissile excepted.
                 Radioactive 7 UN2913 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95
                 material, surface
                 contaminated
                 objects (SCO-I or
                 SCO-II) non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                 Radioactive 7 UN2919 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, 139..... ............... ............... .............. .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
                 material,
                 transported under
                 special
                 arrangement, non
                 fissile or
                 fissile excepted.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Radioactive 7 UN2915 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, W7, W8.. None........... 415, 418, 419.. 415, 418, 419. .............. .............. A............. 95, 130
                 material, Type A
                 package non-
                 special form, non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Radioactive 7 UN2917 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... ............... 416............ 416........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
                 material, Type
                 B(M) package non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Radioactive 7 UN2916 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... ............... 416............ 416........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
                 material, Type
                 B(U) package non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                 Radioactive 7 UN2978 ............... 7, 6.1, 8...... .................. 423............ 420, 427....... 420, 427...... .............. .............. B............. 40, 74, 95,
                 material, uranium 132, 151, 153
                 hexafluoride non
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                [[Page 27872]]
                
                 Radioactive 7 UN2977 ............... 7, 6.1, 8...... .................. 453............ 417, 420....... 417, 420...... .............. .............. B............. 40, 74, 95,
                 material, uranium 132, 151, 153
                 hexafluoride,
                 fissile.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Resin Solution, 3 UN1866 I.............. 3.............. B52, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
                 flammable. TP8, TP28.
                 II............. 3.............. 149, B52, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
                 TP1, TP8.
                 III............ 3.............. B1, B52, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
                 TP1.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Rocket motors..... 1.3C UN0186 ............... 1.3C........... 109............... None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... 220 kg........ 03............ 25
                 Rocket motors..... 1.1C UN0280 ............... 1.1C........... 109............... None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Rockets, with 1.1F UN0180 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Rockets, with 1.1E UN0181 ............... 1.1E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Rockets, with 1.2E UN0182 ............... 1.2E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Rockets, with 1.2F UN0295 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Rockets, with 1.2C UN0436 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 expelling charge.
                 Rockets, with 1.3C UN0437 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 expelling charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Rockets, with 1.3C UN0183 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 inert head.
                 Rockets, with 1.2C UN0502 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 5E
                 inert head.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Rubidium.......... 4.3 UN1423 I.............. 4.3............ 22, A7, A19, IB4, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 IP1, N34, N40,
                 N45, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Seed cake, 4.2 UN1386 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25
                 containing IP7, N7.
                 vegetable oil
                 solvent
                 extractions and
                 expelled seeds,
                 with not more
                 than 10 percent
                 of oil and when
                 the amount of
                 moisture is
                 higher than 11
                 percent, with not
                 more than 20
                 percent of oil
                 and moisture
                 combined.
                I............ Seed cake with 4.2 UN1386 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... E............. 13, 25
                 more than 1.5 IP7, N7.
                 percent oil and
                 not more than 11
                 percent moisture.
                I............ Seed cake with not 4.2 UN2217 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25, 120
                 more than 1.5 IP7, N7.
                 percent oil and
                 not more than 11
                 percent moisture.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Selenic acid...... 8 UN1905 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, N34, T6, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 25 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Selenium 8 UN2879 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, N34, T10, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... E............. 40, 53, 58
                 oxychloride. TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Silicon 8 UN1818 II............. 8.............. A3, B2, B6, T10, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 tetrachloride. TP2, TP7, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sludge, acid...... 8 UN1906 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
                 N34, T8, TP2,
                 TP28.
                
                [[Page 27873]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sodium............ 4.3 UN1428 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A8, A19, A20, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
                 B9, B48, B68,
                 IB4, IP1, N34,
                 T9, TP7, TP33,
                 TP46, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sodium borohydride 4.3 UN1426 I.............. 4.3............ N40, W31.......... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sodium hydride.... 4.3 UN1427 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
                 Sodium 8 UN2439 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 12, 25, 40,
                 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 52, 53, 58
                 e.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sodium phosphide.. 4.3 UN1432 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sounding devices, 1.2F UN0204 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive.
                 Sounding devices, 1.1F UN0296 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive.
                 Sounding devices, 1.1D UN0374 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive.
                 Sounding devices, 1.2D UN0375 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 explosive.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Stannic chloride, 8 UN1827 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
                 anhydrous.
                 Stannic chloride 8 UN2440 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 pentahydrate.
                 Stannic phosphide. 4.3 UN1433 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Strontium 4.3 UN2013 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 phosphide. 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Substances, 1.4S UN0481 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 75 kg......... 01............ 25
                 explosive, n.o.s.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sulfamic acid..... 8 UN2967 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sulfur chlorides.. 8 UN1828 I.............. 8.............. 5, A7, A10, B10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 B77, N34, T20,
                 TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Sulfur trioxide, 8 UN1829 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, 387, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 25, 40, 53, 58
                 stabilized. B32, B49, B77,
                 N34, T20, TP4,
                 TP13, TP25, TP26,
                 TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1831 I.............. 8.............. A7, N34, T20, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 14, 40, 53, 58
                 fuming with less TP2,TP13.
                 than 30 percent
                 free sulfur
                 trioxide.
                 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1831 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 53, 58
                 fuming with 30 B77, B84, N34,
                 percent or more T20, TP2, TP12,
                 free sulfur TP13.
                 trioxide.
                 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1832 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B83, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
                 spent. B84, IB2, N34,
                 T8, TP2.
                 Sulfuric acid with 8 UN1830 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B3, B83, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
                 more than 51 B84, IB2, N34,
                 percent acid. T8, TP2.
                 Sulfuric acid with 8 UN2796 II............. 8.............. 386, A3, A7, B2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
                 not more than 51% B15, IB2, N6,
                 acid. N34, T8, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Sulfurous acid.... 8 UN1833 II............. 8.............. B3, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
                +............ Sulfuryl chloride. 6.1 UN1834 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 1, B6, B9, B10, None........... 226............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 B14, B30, B77,
                 N34, T22, TP2,
                 TP13, TP38, TP44.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Tetrahydrophthalic 8 UN2698 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 anhydrides with
                 more than 0.05
                 percent of maleic
                 anhydride.
                [[Page 27874]]
                
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Thioglycolic acid. 8 UN1940 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N34, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Thionyl chloride.. 8 UN1836 I.............. 8.............. B6, B10, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 TP2, TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Thiophosphoryl 8 UN1837 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B8, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride. B25, IB2, N34,
                 T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                +............ Titanium 6.1 UN1838 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B7, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 tetrachloride. B32, B77, T20,
                 TP2, TP13, TP38,
                 TP45.
                 Titanium 8 UN2869 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
                 trichloride N34, T3, TP33.
                 mixtures.
                 III............ 8.............. A7, IB8, IP3, N34, 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 40, 53, 58
                 T1, TP33.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Torpedoes with 1.1E UN0329 ............... 1.1E........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Torpedoes with 1.1F UN0330 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                 Torpedoes with 1.1D UN0451 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 bursting charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Triallylamine..... 3 UN2610 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. None........... 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trichloroacetic 8 UN1839 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
                 acid. N34, T3, TP33.
                 Trichloroacetic 8 UN2564 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
                 acid, solution. N34, T7, TP2.
                 .................. .......... ................. III............ 8.............. A3, A7, IB3, N34, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 8, 53, 58
                 T4, TP1.
                +............ Trichloroacetyl 8 UN2442 II............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
                 chloride. N34, T20, TP2,
                 TP38, TP45.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trichlorosilane... 4.3 UN1295 I.............. 4.3, 3, 8...... N34, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 49,
                 TP7, TP13, W31. 53, 58, 100
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trifluoroacetic 8 UN2699 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, N3, N34, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
                 acid. N36, T10, TP2. 53, 58
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trimethylacetyl 6.1 UN2438 I.............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 2, B3, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 25, 40,
                 chloride. B32, N34, T20, 53, 58, 100
                 TP2, TP13, TP38,
                 TP45.
                 Trimethylamine, 2.1 UN1083 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... 306............ 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ B............. 40, 52
                 anhydrous.
                 Trimethylamine, 3 UN1297 I.............. 3, 8........... T11, TP1.......... None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 52, 135
                 aqueous solutions
                 with not more
                 than 50 percent
                 trimethylamine by
                 mass.
                 II............. 3, 8........... B1, IB2, T7, TP1.. 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 41, 52
                 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T7, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 41, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trimethylchlorosil 3 UN1298 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, B77, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... E............. 40, 53, 58
                 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                 Trimethylcyclohexy 8 UN2326 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 lamine.
                
                [[Page 27875]]
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Trimethylhexamethy 8 UN2327 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
                 lenediamines.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Tripropylamine.... 3 UN2260 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Uranium 6.1 UN3507 I.............. 6.1, 7, 8...... 369............... 420............ None........... None.......... Less than .1 Less than .1 A............. 132, 152
                 hexafluoride, kg. kg.
                 radioactive
                 material,
                 excepted package,
                 less than 0.1 kg
                 per package, non-
                 fissile or
                 fissile-excepted.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Valeryl chloride.. 8 UN2502 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 N34, T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Vanadium 8 UN2443 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B16, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 oxytrichloride. IB2, N34, T7, TP2.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Vanadium 8 UN2444 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58
                 tetrachloride. TP2.
                 Vanadium 8 UN2475 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 40, 53, 58
                 trichloride.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Vinyltrichlorosila 3 UN1305 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
                 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
                 TP13.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Warheads, rocket 1.4F UN0371 ............... 1.4F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with burster or
                 expelling charge.
                 Warheads, rocket 1.1D UN0286 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with bursting
                 charge.
                 Warheads, rocket 1.2D UN0287 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with bursting
                 charge.
                 Warheads, rocket 1.1F UN0369 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with bursting
                 charge.
                 Warheads, torpedo 1.1D UN0221 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
                 with bursting
                 charge.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                G............ Water-reactive 4.3 UN2813 I.............. 4.3............ IB4, N40, T9, TP7, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 solid, n.o.s. TP33, W31.
                 II............. 4.3............ B132, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
                 IP21, T3, TP33,
                 W31, W40.
                 III............ 4.3............ B132, IB8, IP21, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
                 T1, TP33, W31.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Zinc ashes........ 4.3 UN1435 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, B136, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 148
                 IB8, IP4, T1,
                 TP33, W100.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Zinc chloride, 8 UN2331 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 None........... 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 anhydrous.
                 Zinc chloride, 8 UN1840 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
                 solution.
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Zinc phosphide.... 4.3 UN1714 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
                 85, 148
                
                 * * * * * * *
                 Zirconium 8 UN2503 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
                 tetrachloride.
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                [[Page 27876]]
                * * * * *
                Appendix B to Sec. 172.101--List of Marine Pollutants
                * * * * *
                 List of Marine Pollutants
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 S. M. P. (1) Marine pollutant (2)
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                
                 * * * * *
                 Dodecene (except 1-dodecene).
                
                 * * * * *
                ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                * * * * *
                0
                7. In Sec. 172.102:
                0
                a. In paragraph (c)(1):
                0
                i. Special provisions 132, 150, 238, the first sentence of special
                provision 369, and special provision 387 are revised;
                0
                ii. Special provisions 325, 388, 389, and 391 are added; and
                0
                iii. Special provisions 421 and 422 are revised;
                0
                b. In paragraph (c)(2), special provisions A56 and A105 are revised;
                0
                c. In paragraph (c)(3), special provision B136 is added;
                0
                d. In paragraph (c)(8)(ii), special provision TP10 is revised; and
                0
                e. In paragraph (c)(9), special provision W32 is removed.
                 The additions and revisions read as follows:
                Sec. 172.102 Special Provisions.
                * * * * *
                 (c) * * *
                 (1) * * *
                 132 This description may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
                compound fertilizers. They must be classified in accordance with the
                procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III,
                section 39 (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter). Fertilizers
                meeting the criteria for this identification number are only subject to
                the requirements of this subchapter when offered for transportation and
                transported by air or vessel.
                * * * * *
                 150 This description may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
                fertilizers. They must be classified in accordance with the procedure
                as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, section 39
                (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter).
                * * * * *
                 238 Neutron radiation detectors: Neutron radiation detectors
                containing non-pressurized boron trifluoride gas in excess of 1 gram
                (0.035 ounces) and radiation detection systems containing such neutron
                radiation detectors as components may be transported by highway, rail,
                vessel, or cargo aircraft in accordance with the following:
                 a. Each radiation detector must meet the following conditions:
                 (1) The pressure in each neutron radiation detector must not exceed
                105 kPa absolute at 20 [deg]C (68 [deg]F);
                 (2) The amount of gas must not exceed 13 grams (0.45 ounces) per
                detector; and
                 (3) Each neutron radiation detector must be of welded metal
                construction with brazed metal to ceramic feed through assemblies.
                These detectors must have a minimum burst pressure of 1800 kPa as
                demonstrated by design type qualification testing; and
                 (4) Each detector must be tested to a 1 x 10-10 cm\3\/s
                leaktightness standard before filling.
                 b. Radiation detectors transported as individual components must be
                transported as follows:
                 (1) They must be packed in a sealed intermediate plastic liner with
                sufficient absorbent or adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the
                entire gas contents.
                 (2) They must be packed in strong outer packagings and the
                completed package must be capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9
                feet) drop without leakage of gas contents from detectors.
                 (3) The total amount of gas from all detectors per outer packaging
                must not exceed 52 grams (1.83 ounces).
                 c. Completed neutron radiation detection systems containing
                detectors meeting the conditions of paragraph a of this special
                provision must be transported as follows:
                 (1) The detectors must be contained in a strong sealed outer
                casing;
                 (2) The casing must contain include sufficient absorbent or
                adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the entire gas contents;
                 (3) The completed system must be packed in strong outer packagings
                capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9 feet) drop test without
                leakage unless a system's outer casing affords equivalent protection.
                 d. Except for transportation by aircraft, neutron radiation
                detectors and radiation detection systems containing such detectors
                transported in accordance with paragraph a of this special provision
                are not subject to the labeling and placarding requirements of part 172
                of this subchapter.
                 e. When transported by highway, rail, vessel, or as cargo on an
                aircraft, neutron radiation detectors containing not more than 1 gram
                of boron trifluoride, including those with solder glass joints are not
                subject to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they meet
                the requirements in paragraph a of this special provision and are
                packed in accordance with paragraph b of this special provision.
                Radiation detection systems containing such detectors are not subject
                to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they are packed
                in accordance with paragraph c of this special provision.
                * * * * *
                 325 In the case of non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium
                hexafluoride, the material must be classified under UN 2978.
                * * * * *
                 369 In accordance with Sec. 173.2a of this subchapter, this
                radioactive material in an excepted package possessing toxic and
                corrosive properties is classified in Division 6.1 with radioactivity
                and corrosive subsidiary risks. * * *
                * * * * *
                 387 When materials are stabilized by temperature control, the
                provisions of Sec. 173.21(f) of this subchapter apply. When chemical
                stabilization is employed, the person offering the material for
                transport shall ensure that the level of stabilization is sufficient to
                prevent the material as packaged from dangerous polymerization at 50
                [deg]C (122 [deg]F). If chemical stabilization becomes ineffective at
                lower temperatures within the anticipated duration of transport,
                temperature control is required and is forbidden by aircraft. In making
                this determination factors to be taken into consideration include, but
                are not limited to, the capacity and geometry of the packaging and the
                effect of any insulation present, the temperature of the material when
                offered for transport, the duration of the journey, and the ambient
                temperature conditions typically encountered in the journey
                (considering also the season of year), the effectiveness and other
                properties of the stabilizer employed, applicable operational controls
                imposed by regulation (e.g., requirements to protect from sources of
                heat, including other cargo carried at a temperature above ambient) and
                any other relevant factors. The provisions of this special provision
                will be effective until January 2, 2023, unless we terminate them
                earlier or extend them beyond that date by notice of a final rule in
                the Federal Register.
                 388 a. Lithium batteries containing both primary lithium metal
                cells and rechargeable lithium ion cells that are not designed to be
                externally charged, must meet the following conditions:
                [[Page 27877]]
                 i. The rechargeable lithium ion cells can only be charged from the
                primary lithium metal cells;
                 ii. Overcharge of the rechargeable lithium ion cells is precluded
                by design;
                 iii. The battery has been tested as a primary lithium battery; and
                 iv. Component cells of the battery must be of a type proved to meet
                the respective testing requirements of the Manual of Tests and
                Criteria, part III, subsection 38.3 (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this
                subchapter).
                 b. Lithium batteries conforming to paragraph a. of this special
                provision must be assigned to UN Nos. 3090 or 3091, as appropriate.
                When such batteries are transported in accordance with Sec.
                173.185(c), the total lithium content of all lithium metal cells
                contained in the battery must not exceed 1.5 g and the total capacity
                of all lithium ion cells contained in the battery must not exceed 10
                Wh.
                 389 This entry only applies to lithium ion batteries or lithium
                metal batteries installed in a cargo transport unit and designed only
                to provide power external to the cargo transport unit. The lithium
                batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185(a) and contain
                the necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over discharge between
                the batteries. The batteries must be securely attached to the interior
                structure of the cargo transport unit (e.g., by means of placement in
                racks, cabinets, etc.) in such a manner as to prevent short circuits,
                accidental operation, and significant movement relative to the cargo
                transport unit under the shocks, loadings, and vibrations normally
                incident to transport. Hazardous materials necessary for the safe and
                proper operation of the cargo transport unit (e.g., fire extinguishing
                systems and air conditioning systems), must be properly secured to or
                installed in the cargo transport unit and are not otherwise subject to
                this subchapter. Hazardous materials not necessary for the safe and
                proper operation of the cargo transport unit must not be transported
                within the cargo transport unit. The batteries inside the cargo
                transport unit are not subject to marking or labelling requirements of
                part 172 subparts D and E of this subchapter. The cargo transport unit
                shall display the UN number in a manner in accordance with Sec.
                172.332 of this subchapter and be placarded on two opposing sides. For
                transportation by aircraft, cargo transport units may only be offered
                for transportation and transported under conditions approved by the
                Associate Administrator.
                 391 Except for articles being transported by motor vehicle as a
                material of trade in accordance with Sec. 173.6 of this subchapter,
                articles containing hazardous materials of Division 2.3, or Division
                4.2, or Division 4.3, or Division 5.1, or Division 5.2, or Division 6.1
                (substances with an inhalation toxicity of Packing Group I) and
                articles containing more than one of the following hazards: (1) Gases
                of Class 2; (2) Liquid desensitized explosives of Class 3; or (3) Self-
                reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives of Division 4.1,
                may only be offered for transportation and transported under conditions
                approved by the Associate Administrator.
                * * * * *
                 421 This entry will no longer be effective on January 2, 2023,
                unless we terminate it earlier or extend it beyond that date by notice
                of a final rule in the Federal Register.
                 422 When labelling is required, the label to be used must be the
                label shown in Sec. 172.447. When a placard is displayed, the placard
                must be the placard shown in Sec. 172.560.
                 (2) * * *
                 A56 Radioactive material with a subsidiary hazard of Division 4.2,
                Packing Group I, must be transported in Type B packages when offered
                for transportation by aircraft. Where the subsidiary hazard material is
                ``Forbidden'' in column (9A) or (9B) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, the
                radioactive material may only be offered for transportation and
                transported by aircraft under conditions approved by the Associate
                Administrator.
                * * * * *
                 A105 a. This entry applies to machinery or apparatus containing
                hazardous materials as a residue or as an integral element of the
                machinery or apparatus. It must not be used for machinery or apparatus
                for which a proper shipping name already exists in the Sec. 172.101
                Table.
                 b. Where the quantity of hazardous materials contained as an
                integral element in machinery or apparatus exceeds the limits permitted
                by Sec. 173.222(c)(2), and the hazardous materials meet the provisions
                of Sec. 173.222(c), the machinery or apparatus may be transported by
                aircraft only with the prior approval of the Associate Administrator.
                * * * * *
                 (3) * * *
                 B136 Non-specification closed bulk bins are authorized.
                * * * * *
                 (8) * * *
                 (ii) * * *
                 TP10 A lead lining, not less than 5 mm thick, which shall be tested
                annually, or another suitable lining material approved by the competent
                authority, is required. A portable tank may be offered for transport
                after the date of expiry of the last lining inspection for a period not
                to exceed three months for purposes of performing the next required
                test or inspection, after emptying but before cleaning.
                * * * * *
                0
                8. In Sec. 172.203, paragraph (o) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 172.203 Additional description requirements.
                * * * * *
                 (o) Organic peroxides, polymerizing substances, and self-reactive
                materials. The description on a shipping paper for a Division 4.1
                (polymerizing substance and self-reactive) material or a Division 5.2
                (organic peroxide) material must include the following additional
                information, as appropriate:
                 (1) If notification or competent authority approval is required,
                the shipping paper must contain a statement of approval of the
                classification and conditions of transport.
                 (2) For Division 4.1 (polymerizing substance and self-reactive) and
                Division 5.2 (organic peroxide) materials that require temperature
                control during transport, the words ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED'' must be
                added as part of the proper shipping name, unless already part of the
                proper shipping name. The control and emergency temperature must be
                included on the shipping paper.
                 (3) The word ``SAMPLE'' must be included in association with the
                basic description when a sample of a Division 4.1 (self-reactive)
                material (see Sec. 173.224(c)(3) of this subchapter) or Division 5.2
                (organic peroxide) material (see Sec. 173.225(b)(2) of this
                subchapter) is offered for transportation.
                * * * * *
                0
                9. In Sec. 172.407, paragraph (c)(1) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 172.407 Label specifications.
                * * * * *
                 (c) * * *
                 (1) Each diamond (square-on-point) label prescribed in this subpart
                must be at least 100 mm (3.9 inches) on each side with each side having
                a solid line inner border approximately 5 mm (.2 inches) inside and
                parallel to the edge. The 5 mm (.2 inches) measurement is from the
                outside edge of the label to the outside of the solid line forming the
                inner border.
                 (i) If the size of the package so requires, the dimensions of the
                label
                [[Page 27878]]
                and its features may be reduced proportionally provided the symbol and
                other elements of the label remain clearly visible.
                 (ii) Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in
                approximate proportion to those shown in Sec. Sec. 172.411 through
                172.448 of this subpart, as appropriate.
                 (iii) [Reserved]
                 (iv) For domestic transportation, a packaging labeled prior to
                January 1, 2017, and in conformance with the requirements of this
                paragraph in effect on December 31, 2014, may continue in service until
                the end of its useful life.
                * * * * *
                0
                10. In, Sec. 172.514 paragraphs (a) and (c)(3) are revised and
                paragraph (d) is added to read as follows:
                Sec. 172.514 Bulk packagings.
                 (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section,
                each person who offers for transportation a bulk packaging which
                contains a hazardous material, shall affix the placards specified for
                the material in Sec. Sec. 172.504 and 172.505.
                * * * * *
                 (c) * * *
                 (3) A bulk packaging other than a portable tank, cargo tank,
                flexible bulk container, or tank car (e.g., a bulk bag or box) with a
                volumetric capacity of less than 18 cubic meters (640 cubic feet);
                * * * * *
                 (d) A flexible bulk container may be placarded in two opposing
                positions.
                0
                11. In Sec. 172.604, paragraph (d)(2) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 172.604 Emergency response telephone number.
                * * * * *
                 (d) * * *
                 (2) Materials properly described under the following shipping
                names:
                 (i) Battery powered equipment.
                 (ii) Battery powered vehicle.
                 (iii) Carbon dioxide, solid.
                 (iv) Castor bean.
                 (v) Castor flake.
                 (vi) Castor meal.
                 (vii) Castor pomace.
                 (viii) Consumer commodity.
                 (ix) Dry ice.
                 (x) Engine, fuel cell, flammable gas powered.
                 (xi) Engine, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered.
                 (xii) Engine, internal combustion.
                 (xiii) Engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered.
                 (xiv) Engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered.
                 (xv) Fish meal, stabilized.
                 (xvi) Fish scrap, stabilized.
                 (xvii) Krill Meal, PG III.
                 (xviii) Machinery, internal combustion.
                 (xix) Machinery, fuel cell, flammable gas powered.
                 (xx) Machinery, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered.
                 (xxi) Machinery, internal combustion, flammable gas powered.
                 (xxii) Machinery, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered.
                 (xxiii) Refrigerating machine.
                 (xxiv) Vehicle, flammable gas powered.
                 (xxv) Vehicle, flammable liquid powered.
                 (xxvi) Wheelchair, electric.
                * * * * *
                0
                12. In Sec. 172.800, paragraph (b)(15) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 172.800 Purpose and applicability.
                * * * * *
                 (b) * * *
                 (15) International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct (IBR, see
                Sec. 171.7) Category 1 and 2 materials, Nuclear Regulatory Commission,
                Category 1 and Category 2 radioactive materials as listed in Table 1,
                Appendix A to 10 CFR part 37, and Highway Route Controlled quantities
                as defined in 49 CFR 173.403.
                * * * * *
                PART 173--SHIPPERS--GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND
                PACKAGINGS
                0
                13. The authority citation for part 173 continues to read as follows:
                 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and
                1.97.
                0
                14. In Sec. 173.2a, revise paragraph (a) introductory text to read as
                follows:
                Sec. 173.2a Classification of a material having more than one hazard.
                 (a) Classification of a material having more than one hazard.
                Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, a material not
                specifically listed in the Sec. 172.101 Table or assigned to an entry
                of articles containing hazardous materials (UN3537 to UN3548) that
                meets the definition of more than one hazard class or division as
                defined in this part, shall be classed according to the highest
                applicable hazard class of the following hazard classes, which are
                listed in descending order of hazard:
                * * * * *
                0
                15. In Sec. 173.6, paragraph (a)(7) is added and paragraph (b)(3) is
                revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.6 Materials of trade exceptions.
                * * * * *
                 (a) * * *
                 (7) For a material or article for which Column (5) of the Hazardous
                Materials Table in Sec. 172.101 of this subchapter does not indicate a
                packing group. Authorized amounts are:
                 (i) For Classes or Divisions indicated in paragraph (a)(1) of this
                section, the amounts shown in paragraph (a)(1)(ii).
                 (ii) For Division 4.3, the amounts shown in paragraph (a)(3) of
                this section.
                 (b) * * *
                 (3) Outer packagings are not required for receptacles (e.g., cans
                and bottles) or articles that are secured against shifting in cages,
                carts, bins, boxes, or compartments or by other means.
                * * * * *
                0
                16. In Sec. 173.21, revise paragraph (f) introductory text and
                paragraph (f)(1) to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.21 Forbidden materials and packages.
                * * * * *
                 (f) A package containing a material which is likely to decompose
                with a self-accelerated decomposition temperature (SADT) or polymerize
                with a self-accelerated polymerization temperature (SAPT) of 50 [deg]C
                (122 [deg]F) or less, with an evolution of a dangerous quantity of heat
                or gas when decomposing or polymerizing, unless the material is
                stabilized or inhibited in a manner to preclude such evolution. The
                SADT and SAPT may be determined by any of the test methods described in
                Part II of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of
                this subchapter).
                 (1) A package meeting the criteria of paragraph (f) of this section
                may be required to be shipped under controlled temperature conditions.
                The control temperature and emergency temperature for a package shall
                be as specified in the table in this paragraph (f)(1) based upon the
                SADT or SAPT of the material. The control temperature is the
                temperature above which a package of the material may not be offered
                for transportation or transported. The emergency temperature is the
                temperature at which, due to imminent danger, emergency measures must
                be initiated.
                [[Page 27879]]
                 Table 1 to Paragraph (f)(1)--Derivation of Control and Emergency Temperature
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 SADT/SAPT \1\ Control temperatures Emergency temperature
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                SADT/SAPT =1%
                shall be taken into account, or = 1. The generic concentration
                limits to be used for the evaluation in each step of the calculation
                method are those found in Appendix I of this part. Where applicable,
                the generic concentration limit shall be substituted by the specific
                concentration limit assigned to the substance(s) (SCLi), and the
                adapted formula is a weighted average of the different concentration
                limits assigned to the different substances in the mixture:
                [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR11MY20.001
                PG xi = concentration of substance 1, 2 . . .i in the
                mixture, assigned to packing group x (I, II or III)
                GCL = generic concentration limit
                SCLi = specific concentration limit assigned to substance
                i
                Note to Sec. 173.137: When an initial test on either a steel or
                aluminum surface indicates the material being tested is corrosive, the
                follow up test on the other surface is not required.
                0
                25. In Sec. 173.159, paragraphs (a)(2)(i) through (iii) and (d)(1) are
                revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.159 Batteries, wet.
                 (a) * * *
                 (2) * * *
                 (i) Packaging each battery or each battery-powered device when
                practicable, in fully enclosed inner packagings made of electrically
                non-conductive material;
                 (ii) Separating or packaging batteries and battery-powered devices
                in a manner to prevent contact with other batteries, devices or
                electrically conductive materials (e.g., metal) in the packagings; or
                 (iii) Ensuring exposed terminals are protected with electrically
                non-conductive caps, electrically non-conductive tape, or by other
                appropriate means; and;
                * * * * *
                 (d) * * *
                 (1) Electric storage batteries are firmly secured to skids or
                pallets capable of withstanding the shocks normally incident to
                transportation are authorized for transportation by rail, highway, or
                vessel. The height of the completed unit must not exceed 1\1/2\ times
                the width of the skid or pallet. The unit must be capable of
                withstanding, without damage, a superimposed weight equal to two times
                the weight of the unit or, if the weight of the unit exceeds 907 kg
                (2,000 pounds), a superimposed weight of 1,814 kg (4,000 pounds).
                Battery terminals must not be relied upon to support any part of the
                superimposed weight and must not short out if an electrically
                conductive material is placed in direct contact with them.
                * * * * *
                0
                26. Revise Sec. 173.185 to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.185 Lithium cells and batteries.
                 As used in this section, consignment means one or more packages of
                hazardous materials accepted by an operator from one shipper at one
                time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and moving to one
                consignee at one destination address. Equipment means the device or
                apparatus for which the lithium cells or batteries will provide
                electrical power for its operation. Lithium cell(s) or battery(ies)
                includes both lithium metal and lithium ion chemistries. Medical device
                means an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance,
                implant, or in vitro reagent, including any component, part, or
                accessory thereof, which is intended for use in the diagnosis of
                disease or other conditions, or in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or
                prevention of disease, of a person.
                 (a) Classification. (1) Each lithium cell or battery must be of the
                type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
                UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR; see Sec. 171.7 of this
                subchapter). Lithium cells and batteries are subject to these tests
                regardless of whether the cells used to construct the battery are of a
                tested type. A single cell battery as defined in part III, sub-section
                38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria is considered a ``cell''
                and must be offered for transportation in accordance with the
                requirements for cells.
                 (i) Cells and batteries manufactured according to a type meeting
                the requirements of sub-section 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and
                Criteria, Revision 3, Amendment 1 or any subsequent revision and
                amendment applicable at the date of the type testing may continue to be
                transported, unless otherwise provided in this subchapter.
                 (ii) Cell and battery types only meeting the requirements of the UN
                Manual of Tests and Criteria, Revision 3, are no longer valid. However,
                cells and batteries manufactured in conformity with such types before
                July 2003 may continue to be transported if all other applicable
                requirements are fulfilled.
                 (2) Each person who manufactures lithium cells or batteries must
                create a record of satisfactory completion of the testing (e.g. test
                report) required by this paragraph prior to offering the lithium cell
                or battery for transport and must:
                 (i) Maintain this record for as long as that design is offered for
                transportation and for one year thereafter; and
                 (ii) Make this record available to an authorized representative of
                the Federal, state or local government upon request.
                 (3) Beginning January 1, 2022 each manufacturer and subsequent
                distributor of lithium cells or batteries manufactured on or after
                January 1, 2008, must make available a test summary. The test summary
                must include the following elements:
                 (i) Name of cell, battery, or product manufacturer, as applicable;
                 (ii) Cell, battery, or product manufacturer's contact information
                to include address, telephone number, email address, and website for
                more information;
                 (iii) Name of the test laboratory, to include address, telephone
                number, email address, and website for more information;
                 (iv) A unique test report identification number;
                 (v) Date of test report;
                [[Page 27883]]
                 (vi) Description of cell or battery to include at a minimum;
                 (A) Lithium ion or lithium metal cell or battery;
                 (B) Mass of cell or battery;
                 (C) Watt-hour rating, or lithium content;
                 (D) Physical description of the cell/battery; and
                 (E) Cell or battery model number or, alternatively, if the test
                summary is established for a product containing a cell or battery, the
                product model number.
                 (vii) List of tests conducted and results (i.e., pass/fail);
                 (viii) Reference to assembled battery testing requirements (if
                applicable);
                 (ix) Reference to the revised edition of the UN Manual of Tests and
                Criteria used and to amendments thereto, if any; and
                 (x) Signature with name and title of signatory as an indication of
                the validity of information provided.
                 (4) Except for cells or batteries meeting the requirements of
                paragraph (c) of this section, each lithium cell or battery must:
                 (i) Incorporate a safety venting device or be designed to preclude
                a violent rupture under conditions normally incident to transport;
                 (ii) Be equipped with means of preventing external short circuits;
                and
                 (iii) Be equipped with a means of preventing dangerous reverse
                current flow (e.g., diodes or fuses) if a battery contains cells, or a
                series of cells that are connected in parallel.
                 (b) Packaging. (1) Each package offered for transportation
                containing lithium cells or batteries, including lithium cells or
                batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment, must meet all
                applicable requirements of subpart B of this part.
                 (2) Lithium cells or batteries, including lithium cells or
                batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment, must be packaged in
                a manner to prevent:
                 (i) Short circuits;
                 (ii) Damage caused by movement or placement within the package; and
                 (iii) Accidental activation of the equipment.
                 (3) For packages containing lithium cells or batteries offered for
                transportation:
                 (i) The lithium cells or batteries must be placed in non-metallic
                inner packagings that completely enclose the cells or batteries, and
                separate the cells or batteries from contact with equipment, other
                devices, or electrically conductive materials (e.g., metal) in the
                packaging.
                 (ii) The inner packagings containing lithium cells or batteries
                must be placed in one of the following packagings meeting the
                requirements of part 178, subparts L and M, of this subchapter at the
                Packing Group II level:
                 (A) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), fiberboard (4G),
                or solid plastic (4H1, 4H2) box;
                 (B) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), fiber (1G), or plastic
                (1H2) drum;
                 (C) Metal (3A2, 3B2) or plastic (3H2) jerrican.
                 (iii) When packed with equipment, lithium cells or batteries must:
                 (A) Be placed in inner packagings that completely enclose the cell
                or battery, then placed in an outer packaging. The completed package
                for the cells or batteries must meet the Packing Group II performance
                requirements as specified in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this section; or
                 (B) Be placed in inner packagings that completely enclose the cell
                or battery, then placed with equipment in a package that meets the
                Packing Group II performance requirements as specified in paragraph
                (b)(3)(ii) of this section.
                 (4) When lithium cells or batteries are contained in equipment:
                 (i) The outer packaging, when used, must be constructed of suitable
                material of adequate strength and design in relation to the capacity
                and intended use of the packaging, unless the lithium cells or
                batteries are afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in which
                they are contained;
                 (ii) Equipment must be secured to prevent damage caused by movement
                within the outer packaging and be packed so as to prevent accidental
                operation during transport; and
                 (iii) Any spare lithium cells or batteries packed with the
                equipment must be packaged in accordance with paragraph (b)(3) of this
                section.
                 (5) Lithium batteries that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and
                have a strong, impact-resistant outer casing and assemblies of such
                batteries, may be packed in strong outer packagings; in protective
                enclosures (for example, in fully enclosed or wooden slatted crates);
                or on pallets or other handling devices, instead of packages meeting
                the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii) and
                (b)(3)(iii) of this section. Batteries or battery assemblies must be
                secured to prevent inadvertent movement, and the terminals may not
                support the weight of other superimposed elements. Batteries or battery
                assemblies packaged in accordance with this paragraph may be
                transported by cargo aircraft if approved by the Associate
                Administrator.
                 (6) Except for transportation by aircraft, the following rigid
                large packagings are authorized for a single battery, and for a single
                item of equipment containing batteries, meeting provisions in
                paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section and the requirements of part
                178, subparts P and Q, of this subchapter at the Packing Group II
                level:
                 (i) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N) metal packagings must be fitted with an
                electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastics) of
                adequate strength for the intended use;
                 (ii) Rigid plastic (50H);
                 (iii) Wooden (50C, 50D, 50F);
                 (iv) Rigid fiberboard (50G).
                 (7) For transportation by aircraft, lithium cells and batteries
                must not be packed in the same outer packaging with substances and
                articles of Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1
                (flammable gases), Class 3 (flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable
                solids), or Division 5.1 (oxidizers).
                 (c) Exceptions for smaller cells or batteries. Other than as
                specifically stated below, a package containing lithium cells or
                batteries, or lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in,
                equipment, that meets the conditions of this paragraph is excepted from
                the requirements in subparts C through H of part 172 of this subchapter
                and the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii)
                and (iii) of this section under the following conditions and
                limitations.
                 (1) Size limits. (i) The Watt-hour (Wh) rating may not exceed 20 Wh
                for a lithium ion cell or 100 Wh for a lithium ion battery. After
                December 31, 2015, each lithium ion battery subject to this provision
                must be marked with the Watt-hour rating on the outside case.
                 (ii) The lithium content may not exceed 1 g for a lithium metal
                cell or 2 g for a lithium metal battery.
                 (iii) Except when lithium cells or batteries are packed with or
                contained in equipment in quantities not exceeding 5 kg net weight, the
                outer package that contains lithium cells or batteries must be
                appropriately marked: ``PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR
                TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'', ``LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES--
                FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'', ``LITHIUM ION
                BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'' or
                labeled with a ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY'' label specified in Sec. 172.448
                of this subchapter.
                 (iv) For transportation by highway or rail only, the lithium
                content of the cell and battery may be increased to 5 g for a lithium
                metal cell or 25 g for a lithium metal battery and 60 Wh for a lithium
                [[Page 27884]]
                ion cell or 300 Wh for a lithium ion battery, provided the outer
                package is marked: ``LITHIUM BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD
                AIRCRAFT AND VESSEL.''
                 (v) The marking specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
                this section must have a background of contrasting color, and the
                letters in the marking must be:
                 (A) At least 6 mm (0.25 inch) in height on packages having a gross
                weight of 30 kg (66 pounds) or less, except that smaller font may be
                used as necessary when package dimensions so require.
                 (B) At least 12 mm (0.5 inch) in height on packages having a gross
                weight of more than 30 kg (66 pounds).
                 (vi) Except when lithium cells or batteries are packed with, or
                contained in, equipment, each package must not exceed 30 kg (66 pounds)
                gross weight.
                 (2) Packaging. Lithium cells and batteries must be packed in inner
                packagings that completely enclose the cell or battery then placed in a
                strong rigid outer package unless the cell or battery is contained in
                equipment and is afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in
                which it is contained. Except when lithium cells or batteries are
                contained in equipment, each package of lithium cells or batteries, or
                the completed package when packed with equipment, must be capable of
                withstanding a 1.2 meter drop test, in any orientation, without damage
                to the cells or batteries contained in the package, without shifting of
                the contents that would allow battery-to-battery (or cell-to-cell)
                contact, and without release of the contents of the package.
                 (3) Hazard communication. Each package must display the lithium
                battery mark except when a package contains button cell batteries
                installed in equipment (including circuit boards), or no more than four
                lithium cells or two lithium batteries contained in equipment, where
                there are not more than two packages in the consignment.
                 (i) The mark must indicate the UN number: ``UN3090'' for lithium
                metal cells or batteries; or ``UN3480'' for lithium ion cells or
                batteries. Where the lithium cells or batteries are contained in, or
                packed with, equipment, the UN number ``UN3091'' or ``UN3481,'' as
                appropriate, must be indicated. Where a package contains lithium cells
                or batteries assigned to different UN numbers, all applicable UN
                numbers must be indicated on one or more marks. The package must be of
                such size that there is adequate space to affix the mark on one side
                without the mark being folded.
                [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR11MY20.002
                 (A) The mark must be in the form of a rectangle with hatched
                edging. The mark must be not less than 120 mm (4.7 inches) wide by 110
                mm (4.3 inches) high and the minimum width of the hatching must be 5 mm
                (0.2 inches), except marks of 105 mm (4.1 inches) wide by 74 mm (2.9
                inches) high may be used on a package containing lithium batteries when
                the package is too small for the larger mark;
                 (B) The symbols and letters must be black on white or suitable
                contrasting background and the hatching must be red;
                 (C) The ``*'' must be replaced by the appropriate UN number(s) and
                the ``**'' must be replaced by a telephone number for additional
                information; and
                 (D) Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in
                approximate proportion to those shown.
                 (ii) [Reserved]
                 (iii) When packages are placed in an overpack, the lithium battery
                mark shall either be clearly visible through the overpack or be
                reproduced on the outside of the overpack and the overpack shall be
                marked with the word ``OVERPACK''. The lettering of the ``OVERPACK''
                mark shall be at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high.
                 (4) Air transportation. (i) For transportation by aircraft, lithium
                cells and batteries may not exceed the limits in the following Table 1
                to paragraph (c)(4)(i). The limits on the maximum number of batteries
                and maximum net quantity of batteries in the following table may not be
                combined in the same package:
                [[Page 27885]]
                 Table 1 to Paragraph (c)(4)(i)
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Lithium metal Lithium metal Lithium metal Lithium ion
                 cells and/or cells with a batteries with a Lithium ion cells Lithium ion cells batteries with a
                 batteries with a lithium content lithium content and/or batteries with a watt-hour watt-hour rating
                 Contents lithium content more than 0.3 g more than 0.3 g with a watt-hour rating more than more than 2.7 Wh
                 not more than 0.3 but not more than but not more than rating not more 2.7 Wh but not but not more than
                 g 1 g 2 g than 2.7 Wh more than 20 Wh 100 Wh
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Maximum number of cells/ No Limit.......... 8 cells........... 2 batteries....... No Limit.......... 8 cells........... 2 batteries.
                 batteries per package.
                Maximum net quantity (mass) per 2.5 kg............ n/a............... n/a............... 2.5 kg............ n/a............... n/a.
                 package.
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 (ii) Not more than one package prepared in accordance with this
                paragraph (c)(4) may be placed into an overpack. When a package is
                required to display the ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY'' label, the paragraph
                (c)(1)(iii) mark, or the paragraph (c)(3)(i) lithium battery mark and
                the package is placed in an overpack, the appropriate label or mark
                must either be clearly visible through the overpack, or the label or
                mark must also be affixed on the outside of the overpack, and the
                overpack must be marked with the word ``OVERPACK''. The lettering of
                the ``OVERPACK'' mark shall be at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high.
                 (iii) A shipper is not permitted to offer for transport more than
                one package prepared in accordance with the provisions of this
                paragraph in any single consignment.
                 (iv) Each shipment with packages required to display the paragraph
                (c)(3)(i) lithium battery mark must include an indication on the air
                waybill of compliance with this paragraph (c)(4) (or the applicable
                ICAO Technical Instructions Packing Instruction), when an air waybill
                is used.
                 (v) Packages and overpacks of lithium batteries prepared in
                accordance with this paragraph (c)(4) must be offered to the operator
                separately from cargo which is not subject to the requirements of this
                subchapter and must not be loaded into a unit load device before being
                offered to the operator.
                 (vi) For lithium batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment,
                the number of batteries in each package is limited to the minimum
                number required to power the piece of equipment, plus two spare sets,
                and the total net quantity (mass) of the lithium cells or batteries in
                the completed package must not exceed 5 kg. A ``set'' of cells or
                batteries is the number of individual cells or batteries that are
                required to power each piece of equipment.
                 (vii) Each person who prepares a package for transport containing
                lithium cells or batteries, including cells or batteries packed with,
                or contained in, equipment in accordance with the conditions and
                limitations of this paragraph (c)(4), must receive instruction on these
                conditions and limitations, corresponding to their functions.
                 (viii) Lithium cells and batteries must not be packed in the same
                outer packaging with other hazardous materials. Packages prepared in
                accordance with this paragraph (c)(4) must not be placed into an
                overpack with packages containing hazardous materials and articles of
                Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1 (flammable
                gases), Class 3 (flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable solids) or
                Division 5.1 (oxidizers).
                 (5) For transportation by aircraft, a package that exceeds the
                number or quantity (mass) limits in the table shown in paragraph
                (c)(4)(i) of this section, the overpack limit described in paragraph
                (c)(4)(ii) of this section, or the consignment limit described in
                paragraph (c)(4)(iii) of this section is subject to all applicable
                requirements of this subchapter, except that a package containing no
                more than 2.5 kg lithium metal cells or batteries or 10 kg lithium ion
                cells or batteries is not subject to the UN performance packaging
                requirements in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this section when the package
                displays both the lithium battery mark in paragraph (c)(3)(i) and the
                Class 9 Lithium Battery label specified in Sec. 172.447 of this
                subchapter. This paragraph does not apply to batteries or cells packed
                with or contained in equipment.
                 (d) Lithium cells or batteries shipped for disposal or recycling. A
                lithium cell or battery, including a lithium cell or battery contained
                in equipment, that is transported by motor vehicle to a permitted
                storage facility or disposal site, or for purposes of recycling, is
                excepted from the testing and record keeping requirements of paragraph
                (a) and the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs
                (b)(3)(ii), (b)(3)(iii) and (b)(6) of this section, when packed in a
                strong outer packaging conforming to the applicable requirements of
                subpart B of this part. A lithium cell or battery that meets the size,
                packaging, and hazard communication conditions in paragraph (c)(1)-(3)
                of this section is excepted from subparts C through H of part 172 of
                this subchapter.
                 (e) Low production runs and prototypes. Low production runs (i.e.,
                annual production runs consisting of not more than 100 lithium cells or
                batteries), prototype lithium cells or batteries transported for
                purposes of testing, and equipment containing such cells or batteries
                are excepted from the testing and record keeping requirements of
                paragraph (a) of this section, provided:
                 (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(5) of this section, each
                cell or battery is individually packed in a non-metallic inner
                packaging, inside an outer packaging, and is surrounded by cushioning
                material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive, or
                contained in equipment. Equipment must be constructed or packaged in a
                manner as to prevent accidental operation during transport;
                 (2) Appropriate measures shall be taken to minimize the effects of
                vibration and shocks and prevent movement of the cells or batteries
                within the package that may lead to damage and a dangerous condition
                during transport. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and
                electrically non-conductive may be used to meet this requirement;
                 (3) The lithium cells or batteries are packed in inner packagings
                or contained in equipment. The inner packaging or equipment is placed
                in one of the following outer packagings that meet the requirements of
                part 178, subparts L and M, of this subchapter at the Packing Group I
                level. Cells and batteries, including equipment of different sizes,
                shapes or masses must be placed into an outer packaging of a tested
                design type listed in this section provided the total gross mass of the
                package does not
                [[Page 27886]]
                exceed the gross mass for which the design type has been tested. A cell
                or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg is limited to one cell or
                battery per outer packaging;
                 (i) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), or solid plastic
                (4H2) box;
                 (ii) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), or plastic (1H2) drum.
                 (4) For a single battery, and for a single item of equipment
                containing cells or batteries, the following rigid large packagings are
                authorized:
                 (i) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N) metal packagings must be fitted with an
                electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastics) of
                adequate strength for the intended use;
                 (ii) Rigid plastic (50H);
                 (iii) Plywood (50D).
                 (5) Lithium batteries, including lithium batteries contained in
                equipment, that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and have a strong,
                impact-resistant outer casing or assemblies of such batteries, may be
                packed in strong outer packagings, in protective enclosures (for
                example, in fully enclosed or wooden slatted crates), or on pallets or
                other handling devices, instead of packages meeting the UN performance
                packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii) and (iii) of this
                section. The battery or battery assembly must be secured to prevent
                inadvertent movement, and the terminals may not support the weight of
                other superimposed elements;
                 (6) Irrespective of the limit specified in column (9B) of the Sec.
                172.101 Hazardous Materials Table, the battery or battery assembly
                prepared for transport in accordance with this paragraph may have a
                mass exceeding 35 kg gross weight when transported by cargo aircraft;
                 (7) Batteries or battery assemblies packaged in accordance with
                this paragraph are not permitted for transportation by passenger-
                carrying aircraft, and may be transported by cargo aircraft only if
                approved by the Associate Administrator prior to transportation; and
                 (8) Shipping papers must include the following notation:
                ``Transport in accordance with Sec. 173.185(e).''
                 (f) Damaged, defective, or recalled cells or batteries. Lithium
                cells or batteries that have been damaged or identified by the
                manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, that have the
                potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire, or short
                circuit (e.g., those being returned to the manufacturer for safety
                reasons) may be transported by highway, rail or vessel only, and must
                be packaged as follows:
                 (1) Each cell or battery must be placed in individual, non-metallic
                inner packaging that completely encloses the cell or battery;
                 (2) The inner packaging must be surrounded by cushioning material
                that is non-combustible, electrically non-conductive, and absorbent;
                and
                 (3) Each inner packaging must be individually placed in one of the
                following packagings meeting the applicable requirements of part 178,
                subparts L, M, P, and Q of this subchapter at the Packing Group I
                level:
                 (i) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), or solid plastic
                (4H2) box;
                 (ii) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), or plastic (1H2) drum; or
                 (iii) For a single battery, and for a single item of equipment
                containing cells or batteries, the following rigid large packagings are
                authorized:
                 (A) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N);
                 (B) Rigid plastic (50H);
                 (C) Plywood (50D); and
                 (4) The outer package must be marked with an indication that the
                package contains a ``Damaged/defective lithium ion battery'' and/or
                ``Damaged/defective lithium metal battery'' as appropriate. The marking
                required by this paragraph must be in characters at least 12 mm (0.47
                inches) high.
                 (g) Limited exceptions to restrictions on air transportation of
                medical device batteries. Irrespective of the quantity limitations
                described in column 9A of the Sec. 172.101 Hazardous Materials Table
                of this subchapter, up to two replacement lithium cells or batteries
                specifically used for a medical device as defined in this section may
                be transported as cargo on a passenger aircraft. Packages containing
                these cells or batteries are not subject to the marking requirement in
                paragraph (c)(1)(iii) of this section or the ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY''
                label required by Sec. 172.402(c) of this subchapter and may be
                transported as cargo on a passenger aircraft when approved by the
                Associate Administrator and provided the following conditions are met:
                 (1) The intended destination of the cells or batteries is not
                serviced daily by cargo aircraft if a cell or battery is required for
                medically necessary care; and
                 (2) Lithium ion cells or batteries for medical devices are excepted
                from the state of charge limitations in Sec. 172.102, special
                provision A100, of this subchapter, provided each cell or battery is:
                 (i) Individually packed in an inner packaging that completely
                encloses the cell or battery;
                 (ii) Placed in a rigid outer packaging; and
                 (iii) Protected to prevent short circuits.
                 (h) Approval. A lithium cell or battery that does not conform to
                the provisions of this subchapter may be transported only under
                conditions approved by the Associate Administrator.
                0
                27. In Sec. 173.218, paragraph (c) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.218 Fish meal or fish scrap.
                * * * * *
                 (c) When fish scrap or fish meal is offered for transportation by
                vessel in bulk in freight containers, the fish scrap or fish meal shall
                contain at least 50 ppm (mg/kg) of ethoxyquin, 100 ppm (mg/kg) of
                butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) or 250 ppm (mg/kg) of tocopherol based
                antioxidant at the time of shipment.
                0
                28. In Sec. 173.220, paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(C) is added and paragraph
                (d) is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.220 Internal combustion engines, vehicles, machinery
                containing internal combustion engines, battery-powered equipment or
                machinery, fuel cell-powered equipment or machinery.
                * * * * *
                 (b) * * *
                 (2) * * *
                 (ii) * * *
                 (C) If a vehicle is powered by a flammable liquid and a flammable
                gas internal combustion engine, the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1)
                of this section must also be met.
                * * * * *
                 (d) Lithium batteries. Except as provided in Sec. 172.102, special
                provision A101, of this subchapter, vehicles, engines, and machinery
                powered by lithium metal batteries that are transported with these
                batteries installed are forbidden aboard passenger-carrying aircraft.
                Lithium batteries contained in vehicles, engines, or mechanical
                equipment must be securely fastened in the battery holder of the
                vehicle, engine, or mechanical equipment, and be protected in such a
                manner as to prevent damage and short circuits (e.g., by the use of
                non-conductive caps that cover the terminals entirely). Except for
                vehicles, engines, or machinery transported by highway, rail, or vessel
                with prototype or low production lithium batteries securely installed,
                each lithium battery must be of a type that has successfully passed
                each test in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR, see Sec. 171.7
                of this subchapter), as specified in Sec. 173.185, unless approved by
                the Associate Administrator. Where a vehicle could possibly be handled
                in other than an upright position, the vehicle must be
                [[Page 27887]]
                secured in a strong, rigid outer packaging. The vehicle must be secured
                by means capable of restraining the vehicle in the outer packaging to
                prevent any movement during transport which would change the
                orientation or cause the vehicle to be damaged. Where the lithium
                battery is removed from the vehicle and is packed separate from the
                vehicle in the same outer packaging, the package must be consigned as
                ``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment'' or ``UN 3091,
                Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment'' and prepared in
                accordance with the requirements specified in Sec. 173.185.
                * * * * *
                0
                29. In Sec. 173.222, paragraphs (c) and (d) are revised to read as
                follows:
                Sec. 173.222 Dangerous goods in equipment, machinery or apparatus.
                * * * * *
                 (c)(1) Except for transportation by aircraft, the total net
                quantity of hazardous materials contained in one item of machinery or
                apparatus must not exceed the following:
                 (i) In the case of solids or liquids, the limited quantity amount
                specified in the corresponding section referenced in Column (8A) of the
                Sec. 172.101 Table;
                 (ii) 0.5 kg (1.1 pounds) in the case of Division 2.2 gases.
                 (iii) When machinery or apparatus contains multiple hazardous
                materials, the quantity of each hazardous material must not exceed the
                quantity specified in the corresponding section referenced in Column
                (8A) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, or for gases, paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of
                this section.
                 (2) For transportation by aircraft, the total net quantity of
                hazardous materials contained in one item of machinery or apparatus
                must not exceed the following:
                 (i) 1 kg (2.2 pounds) in the case of solids;
                 (ii) 0.5 L (0.1 gallons) in the case of liquids;
                 (iii) 0.5 kg (1.1 pounds) in the case of Division 2.2 gases.
                Division 2.2 gases with subsidiary risks and refrigerated liquefied
                gases are not authorized;
                 (iv) A total quantity of not more than the aggregate of that
                permitted in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section, for
                each category of material in the package, when a package contains
                hazardous materials in two or more of the categories in paragraphs
                (c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section; and
                 (d) Except for transportation by aircraft, when a package contains
                hazardous materials in two or more of the categories listed in
                paragraph (c)(1) of this section the total quantity required by Sec.
                172.202(c) of this subchapter to be entered on the shipping paper must
                be either the aggregate quantity, or the estimated quantity, of all
                hazardous materials, expressed as net mass.
                0
                30. In Sec. 173.224, revise paragraph (b)(4), the table to paragraph
                (b), and paragraph (c) to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.224 Packaging and control and emergency temperatures for
                self-reactive materials.
                * * * * *
                 (b) * * *
                 (4) Packing method. Column 4 specifies the highest packing method
                which is authorized for the self-reactive material. A packing method
                corresponding to a smaller package size may be used, but a packing
                method corresponding to a larger package size may not be used. The
                Table of Packing Methods in Sec. 173.225(d) defines the packing
                methods. Bulk packagings for Type F self-reactive substances are
                authorized by Sec. 173.225(f) for IBCs and Sec. 173.225(h) for bulk
                packagings other than IBCs. The formulations listed in Sec. 173.225(f)
                for IBCs and in Sec. 173.225(g) for portable tanks may also be
                transported packed in accordance with packing method OP8, with the same
                control and emergency temperatures, if applicable. Additional bulk
                packagings are authorized if approved by the Associate Administrator.
                * * * * *
                 Self-Reactive Materials Table
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Control
                 Self-reactive substance Identification Concentration Packing temperature Emergency Notes
                 No. (%) method ([deg]C) temperature
                (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Acetone-pyrogallol copolymer 2-diazo-1-naphthol-5-sulphonate.. 3228 100 OP8 .............. .............. .........
                Azodicarbonamide formulation type B, temperature controlled... 3232 =88 + 1 g/L;
                 (2) Within the foam carrier, inner packagings are segregated from
                each other by a minimum distance of 40 mm and from the wall of the
                outer packaging by a minimum distance of 70 mm. The package may contain
                up to two layers of such foam matrices, each carrying up to twenty-
                eight inner packagings;
                 (3) The outer packaging consists only of corrugated fiberboard
                boxes (4G) having minimum dimensions of 60 cm (length) by 40.5 cm
                (width) by 30 cm (height) and minimum wall thickness of 1.3 cm.
                 (vi) When dry ice or liquid nitrogen is optionally used as a
                coolant for quality control measures, all applicable requirements of
                this subchapter must be met. Interior supports must be provided to
                secure the inner packagings in the original position after the ice or
                dry ice has dissipated. If ice is used, the outside packaging or
                overpack must be leakproof. If dry ice is used, the requirements in
                Sec. 173.217 must be met. The inner and outer packagings must maintain
                their integrity at the temperature of the refrigerant used as well as
                the temperatures and the pressures which could result if refrigeration
                were lost.
                0
                31. In Sec. 173.225, revise the table to paragraph (c), the heading of
                the table to paragraph (d), paragraph (e), paragraph (g) introductory
                text, and the heading to the table to paragraph (g) to read as follows:
                Sec. 173.225 Packaging requirements and other provisions for organic
                peroxides.
                * * * * *
                 (c) * * *
                 (8) * * *
                 Table to Paragraph (c): Organic Peroxide Table
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Diluent (mass %) Temperature ( [deg]C)
                 Technical name ID No. Concentration ------------------------------ Water Packing ----------------------- Notes
                 (mass %) A B I (mass %) method Control Emergency
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                (1) (2) (3) (4a) (4b) (4c) (5) (6) (7a) (7b) (8)
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Acetyl acetone peroxide........ UN3105 =48 ........ ........ >=8 OP7 ........ ........... 2
                Acetyl acetone peroxide [as a UN3106 =12 OP4 -10 0 ........
                 peroxide.
                Acetyl cyclohexanesulfonyl UN3115 =68 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                 peroxide.
                tert-Amyl hydroperoxide........ UN3107 =6 ........ ........ >=6 OP8 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Amyl peroxyacetate........ UN3105 =38 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Amyl peroxybenzoate....... UN3103 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 carbonate.
                tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate... UN3119 =53 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
                tert-Amyl peroxypivalate....... UN3113 =23 ........ ......... OP5 10 15 ........
                tert-Amyl peroxypivalate....... UN3119 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 10 15 ........
                tert-Amyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3105 42-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 9
                tert-Butyl cumyl peroxide...... UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... 9
                n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)valerate.
                n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)valerate.
                tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3103 >79-90 ........ ........ ........ >=10 OP5 ........ ........... 13
                tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3105 =20 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 4, 13
                tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3107 14 OP8 ........ ........... 13, 16
                tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3109 =28 OP8 ........ ........... 13
                tert-Butyl hydroperoxide [and] UN3103 9 ........ ........ ........ >=7 OP5 ........ ........... 13
                 Di-tert-butylperoxide.
                tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3102 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3103 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate UN3108 52-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyacetate....... UN3103 >32-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyacetate....... UN3109 =68 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3103 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3105 >52-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 1
                tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3109 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxybutyl fumarate UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxycrotonate..... UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                tert-Butyl peroxydiethylacetate UN3113 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP6 20 25 ........
                 ethylhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3117 >32-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP8 30 35 ........
                 ethylhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3118 =48 ......... OP8 20 25 ........
                 ethylhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3119 =68 ........ ......... OP8 40 45 ........
                 ethylhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3106 =14 ........ >=60 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 ethylhexanoate [and] 2,2-di-
                 (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3115 =33 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
                 ethylhexanoate [and] 2,2-di-
                 (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3105 52-77 ........ >=23 ........ ......... OP5 15 20 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate... UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 15 20 ........
                tert-Butylperoxy UN3103 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 isopropylcarbonate.
                1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 isopropyl)-3-
                 isopropenylbenzene.
                1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy UN3108 =58 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 isopropyl)-3-
                 isopropenylbenzene.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3103 77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate.. UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate UN3119 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate. UN3115 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate UN3117 67-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 0 10 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxypivalate...... UN3115 >27-67 ........ >=33 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                tert-Butyl peroxypivalate...... UN3119 =73 ........ ......... OP8 30 35 ........
                tert-Butylperoxy UN3106 37-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3106 =58 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethlyhexanoate.
                tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3109 =63 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylhexanoate.
                3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3102 >57-86 ........ ........ >=14 ......... OP1 ........ ........... ........
                [[Page 27891]]
                
                3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3106 =3 >=40 OP7 ........ ........... ........
                3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3106 =6 >=17 OP7 ........ ........... ........
                Cumyl hydroperoxide............ UN3107 >90-98 =10 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 13, 15
                Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate....... UN3115 =13 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate....... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate [as a UN3119 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                Cumyl peroxypivalate........... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
                Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)...... UN3104 =9 OP6 ........ ........... 13
                Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)...... UN3105 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5
                Cyclohexanone peroxide(s) [as a UN3106 68 ........ ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
                Diacetone alcohol peroxides.... UN3115 =26 ........ >=8 OP7 40 45 5
                Diacetyl peroxide.............. UN3115 =73 ........ ......... OP7 20 25 8,13
                Di-tert-amyl peroxide.......... UN3107 =43 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 =18 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
                 amylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3102 >52-100 ........ ........ 77-94 ........ ........ ........ >=6 OP4 ........ ........... 3
                Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3104 =23 OP6 ........ ........... ........
                Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3106 =28 >=10 OP7 ........ ........... ........
                Dibenzoyl peroxide [as a paste] UN3106 >52-62 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 21
                Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3106 >35-52 ........ ........ >=48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3107 >36-42 >=18 ........ ........ =15 OP8 ........ ........... ........
                Dibenzoyl peroxide [as a paste] UN3108 =65 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
                Di-(4-tert- UN3114 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                Di-tert-butyl peroxide......... UN3109 =48 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 24
                Di-tert-butyl peroxyazelate.... UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                2,2-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)butane UN3103 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
                1,6-Di-(tert- UN3103 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxycarbonyloxy)hexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3101 >80-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 >52-80 >=20 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)- UN3103 =28 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 30
                 cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3105 >42-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3106 =13 ........ >=45 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3107 =25 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 22
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-Butylperoxy) UN3109 =63 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =25 >=50 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =13 >=74 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert- UN3105 =41 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexane + tert-
                 Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate.
                Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3115 >27-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
                Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3117 =73 ........ ......... OP8 -10 0 ........
                Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate UN3118 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP4 -20 -10 6
                Di-sec-butyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
                Di-(tert-butylperoxyisopropyl) UN3106 >42-100 ........ ........ =58 ......... Exempt ........ ........... ........
                 benzene(s).
                Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate. UN3105 >42-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate UN3106 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                2,2-Di-(tert- UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)propane.
                2,2-Di-(tert- UN3106 =13 ........ >=45 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)propane.
                [[Page 27892]]
                
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3101 >90-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 >57-90 >=10 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =23 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =10 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 30
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3110 =43 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =43 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =26 >=42 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylcyclohexane.
                Dicetyl peroxydicarbonate...... UN3120 =23 OP5 ........ ........... ........
                Di-4-chlorobenzoyl peroxide.... Exempt =68 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
                Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3118 52-100 ........ ........ =48 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
                Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3112 >91-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP3 10 15 ........
                Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3114 =9 OP5 10 15 ........
                Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate UN3119 =58 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.
                2,2-Di-(4,4-di(tert- UN3107 =78 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.
                Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3102 =23 OP5 ........ ........... ........
                Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3106 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                 peroxydicarbonate.
                Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3113 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
                 peroxydicarbonate.
                Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
                 peroxydicarbonate.
                Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3119 =73 ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                Di-(1- UN3106 32-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
                Diisobutyryl peroxide [as a UN3119 =68 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
                Diisopropylbenzene UN3106 =5 ........ ........ >=5 OP7 ........ ........... 17
                 dihydroperoxide.
                Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3112 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 -15 -5 ........
                Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
                Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3115 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
                Dilauroyl peroxide............. UN3106 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
                 peroxydicarbonate.
                Di-(2-methylbenzoyl)peroxide... UN3112 =13 OP5 30 35 ........
                Di-(4-methylbenzoyl)peroxide UN3106 =58 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
                 Benzoyl (3-methylbenzoyl) 82-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3106 =18 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3104 =18 OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >90-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3105 >52--90 >=10 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 =23 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexane.
                [[Page 27893]]
                
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3109 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 86-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-86 >=14 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(2- UN3113 =18 OP6 ........ ........... ........
                 dihydroperoxyhexane.
                2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(3,5,5- UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 trimethylhexanoylperoxy)hexane.
                1,1-Dimethyl-3- UN3117 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
                 hydroxybutylperoxyneoheptanoat
                 e.
                Dimyristyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3116 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
                 neodecanoylperoxyisopropyl)ben
                 zene.
                Di-(2-neodecanoyl- UN3119 85-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.
                Di-(2- UN3106 =15 OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.
                Dipropionyl peroxide........... UN3117 =73 ........ ......... OP8 15 20 ........
                Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3113 =23 ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
                Disuccinic acid peroxide....... UN3102 >72-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP4 ........ ........... 18
                Disuccinic acid peroxide....... UN3116 =28 OP7 10 15 ........
                Di-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl) UN3115 >52-82 >=18 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                 peroxide.
                Di-(3,5,5- UN3119 38-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 10 15 ........
                 peroxide.
                Di-(3,5,5- UN3119 =62 ........ ........ ......... OP8 20 25 ........
                 trimethylhexanoyl)peroxide.
                Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =33 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 amylperoxy)butyrate.
                Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3103 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)butyrate.
                Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)butyrate.
                Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxy)butyrate.
                1-(2-ethylhexanoylperoxy)-1,3- UN3115 =45 >=10 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
                 Dimethylbutyl peroxypivalate.
                tert-Hexyl peroxyneodecanoate.. UN3115 =29 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                tert-Hexyl peroxypivalate...... UN3115 =28 ........ ......... OP7 10 15 ........
                3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3115 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
                 peroxyneodecanoate.
                3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3119 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 -5 5 ........
                 peroxyneodecanoate.
                Isopropyl sec-butyl UN3111 =38 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
                 peroxydicarbonate + Di-sec- + =28 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 13
                p-Menthyl hydroperoxide........ UN3105 >72-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 13
                p-Menthyl hydroperoxide........ UN3109 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                Methylcyclohexanone peroxide(s) UN3115 =33 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
                Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3101 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 5, 13
                Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3105 =55 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5
                Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3107 =60 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 7
                Methyl isobutyl ketone UN3105 =19 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5, 23
                 peroxide(s).
                Methyl isopropyl ketone UN3109 (See remark 31) >=70 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 31
                 peroxide(s).
                Organic peroxide, liquid, UN3103 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
                 sample.
                Organic peroxide, liquid, UN3113 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
                 sample, temperature controlled.
                Organic peroxide, solid, sample UN3104 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
                Organic peroxide, solid, UN3114 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
                 sample, temperature controlled.
                3,3,5,7,7-Pentamethyl-1,2,4- UN3107 =15 OP8 ........ ........... 13, 20,
                 acid [with not more than 7% 28
                 hydrogen peroxide].
                Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic Exempt =60 Exempt ........ ........... 28
                 acid [with not more than 20%
                 hydrogen peroxide].
                Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic UN3109 =62 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                Pinanyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3105 >56-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 13
                Pinanyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3109 =44 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                Polyether poly-tert- UN3107 =48 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 butylperoxycarbonate.
                Tetrahydronaphthyl UN3106 =28 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
                 peroxyneodecanoate.
                1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl UN3119 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
                 peroxypivalate.
                3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl- UN3110 =18 ........ >=65 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
                 1,4,7-triperoxonane.
                3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl- UN3105 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 26
                 1,4,7-triperoxonane.
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Notes:
                1. For domestic shipments, OP8 is authorized.
                2. Available oxygen must be =36% diluent type A by mass, and in addition ethylbenzene.
                23. With >=19% diluent type A by mass, and in addition methyl isobutyl ketone.
                24. Diluent type B with boiling point >100 C.
                25. No ``Corrosive'' subsidiary risk label is required for concentrations below 56%.
                26. Available oxygen must be 130 [deg]C (266 [deg]F).
                31. Available oxygen