Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 85 Issue 91 (Monday, May 11, 2020)
[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 91 (Monday, May 11, 2020)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 27810-27901]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-06205]
[[Page 27809]]
Vol. 85
Monday,
No. 91
May 11, 2020
Part II
Department of Transportation
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Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
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49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178 and 180
 Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards; Final
Rule
Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 91 / Monday, May 11, 2020 / Rules and
Regulations
[[Page 27810]]
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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178 and 180
[Docket No. PHMSA-2017-0108 (HM-215O)]
RIN 2137-AF32
Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards
AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA),
Department of Transportation (DOT).
ACTION: Final rule.
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SUMMARY: PHMSA is issuing this final rule to amend the Hazardous
Materials Regulations (HMR) to maintain alignment with international
regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments,
including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing
groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport
quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. These revisions
are necessary to harmonize the HMR with recent changes made to the
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, the International Civil
Aviation Organization's Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport
of Dangerous Goods by Air, and the United Nations Recommendations on
the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations. Additionally,
PHMSA is adopting several amendments to the HMR that would allow for
increased alignment with the Transport Canada, Transportation of
Dangerous Goods Regulations.
DATES:
 Effective date: This rule is effective May 11, 2020, except for
instruction 17, which is effective January 2, 2023.
 Voluntary compliance date: January 1, 2019.
 Delayed compliance date: May 10, 2021.
 Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of
certain publications listed in this rule is approved by the Director of
the Federal Register as of May 11, 2020.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Webb, International Program or
Aaron Wiener, International Program, telephone (202) 366-8553, Pipeline
and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, East Building, 2nd Floor,
Washington, DC 20590-0001.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Table of Contents
I. Executive Summary
II. Background
III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR part 51
IV. NPRM Comment Discussion
V. Section-by-Section Review
VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices
 A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Final Rule
 B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and
Procedures
 C. Executive Order 13771
 D. Executive Order 13132
 E. Executive Order 13175
 F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT
Policies and Procedures
 G. Paperwork Reduction Act
 H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)
 I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
 J. Environment Assessment
 K. Privacy Act
 L. International Trade Analysis and Executive Order 13609
 M. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
List of Subjects
I. Executive Summary
 The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
is amending the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171
to 180) to maintain alignment with international regulations and
standards by incorporating various amendments, including changes to
proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special
provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. This rulemaking project
is part of PHMSA's ongoing biennial process to harmonize the HMR with
international regulations and standards.
 As part of this biennial process, PHMSA is amending the HMR to
incorporate changes from the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
Regulations, Amendment 39-18 of the International Maritime Dangerous
Goods (IMDG) Code, and the 2019-2020 International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO) Technical Instructions, which became effective
January 1, 2019.\1\ Notable amendments to the HMR in this final rule
include the following:
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 \1\ Amendment 39-18 to the IMDG Code may be voluntarily applied
on January 1, 2019; however, the previous amendment remained
effective through December 31, 2019.
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 Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA incorporates by
reference the newest versions of various international hazardous
materials (hazmat) standards, including: The 2019-2020 Edition of the
International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for
the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical
Instructions); Amendment 39-18 to the International Maritime Dangerous
Goods Code (IMDG Code); the 20th Revised Edition of the United Nations
Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN Model
Regulations); Amendment 1 to the 6th Revised Edition of the UN Manual
of Tests and Criteria; and the 7th Revised Edition of the Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
Additionally, we are updating our incorporation by reference of the
Transport Canada, Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations
to include: SOR/2016-95, published June 1, 2016; SOR/2017-137,
published July 12, 2017; and SOR/2017-253, published December 13, 2017.
Finally, PHMSA is adopting various updated International Organization
for Standardization (ISO) standards.
 Hazardous Materials Table: PHMSA amends the Hazardous
Materials Table (HMT; Sec. 172.101) consistent with recent changes in
the Dangerous Goods List of the UN Model Regulations, the IMDG Code,
and the ICAO Technical Instructions. Specifically, PHMSA is making
amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove certain proper shipping
names, hazard classes, packing groups, special provisions, packaging
authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and passenger and cargo
aircraft maximum quantity limits.
 Articles Containing Dangerous Goods: PHMSA adds a
classification system for articles containing hazardous materials that
do not already have a proper shipping name. This addresses situations
in which hazardous materials or hazardous materials residues are
present in articles, and authorizes a safe method to transport articles
that may be too large to fit into typical packages.
 Lithium Battery Test Summary: PHMSA adds requirements
regarding lithium battery test summaries. The HMR requires lithium
battery manufacturers to subject lithium batteries and cells to
appropriate UN design tests to ensure they are classified correctly for
transport, and to develop records of successful test completion, called
a test report. The test summary includes a standardized set of elements
that provide traceability and accountability, thereby ensuring that
lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport contain specific
information on the required UN tests. The test summary must be made
available to subsequent distributors.
 Baggage Equipped with Lithium Batteries: PHMSA is amending
the aircraft passenger provisions for carriage
[[Page 27811]]
of baggage equipped with lithium batteries intended to power features
such as location tracking, battery charging, digital weighing, or
motors (sometimes referred to as ``smart luggage''). Specifically,
baggage equipped with a lithium battery or batteries will be required
to be carried in the cabin of the aircraft unless the battery or
batteries are removed. This restriction in checked baggage does not
apply to baggage containing lithium metal batteries with a lithium
content not exceeding 0.3 grams, or lithium ion batteries with a Watt-
hour (Wh) rating not exceeding 2.7 Wh.
 Segregation of Lithium Batteries from Specific Hazardous
Materials: PHMSA is adding requirements to segregate lithium cells and
batteries from certain other hazardous materials, notably flammable
liquids, when offered for transport or transported on aircraft. PHMSA
is taking this action to promote consistency with the ICAO Technical
Instructions and to implement a National Transportation Safety Board
(NTSB) Safety Recommendation (A-16-001) stemming from the investigation
of the July 28, 2011, in-flight fire and crash of Asiana Airlines
Flight 991 that resulted in the loss of the aircraft and crew. The
investigation report cited the flammable materials and lithium ion
batteries that were loaded together in either the same or adjacent
pallets as a contributing factor to the accident.
 Alternative Criteria for Classification of Corrosive
Materials: PHMSA is including non-testing alternatives for classifying
corrosive mixtures using existing data on its chemical properties.
Currently, the HMR require offerors to classify Class 8 corrosive
material and assign a packing group based on test data. The HMR
authorizes a skin corrosion test and various in vitro test methods that
do not involve animal testing. However, data obtained from testing is
currently the only data acceptable for classification and assigning a
packing group. The alternatives added in this final rule afford
offerors the ability to make a classification and packing group
assignment without the need to conduct physical tests.
 Provisions for Polymerizing Substances: PHMSA is extending
the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019 to January 2, 2023. This
additional time will allow PHMSA to conduct research and analyze
comments and data concerning the issue submitted to the docket for this
rulemaking, to have a more comprehensive understanding of polymerizing
substances and further consider the most appropriate transport
provisions for these materials.
II. Background
 Federal hazardous materials transportation law (Federal hazmat law;
49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.) directs PHMSA to participate in relevant
international standard-setting bodies and promotes consistency of the
HMR with international transport standards to the extent practicable.
Federal hazmat law permits PHMSA to depart from international standards
where a more stringent standard or requirement is necessary in the
public interest or if a different standard or requirement is
unnecessary or unsafe. However, Federal hazmat law otherwise encourages
domestic and international harmonization (see 49 U.S.C. 5120).
 Harmonization facilitates international trade by minimizing the
costs and other burdens of complying with multiple or inconsistent
safety requirements for transportation of hazardous materials. Safety
is enhanced by creating a uniform framework for compliance. As the
volume of hazardous materials transported in international commerce
continues to grow, harmonization is increasingly important.
 PHMSA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) under Docket
HM-215O [83 FR 60970 (November 27, 2018)] to incorporate various
amendments to harmonize the HMR with recent changes to the IMDG Code,
ICAO Technical Instructions, and the United Nations Recommendations on
the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations (UN Model
Regulations). When considering alignment of the HMR with international
standards, PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit,
on the basis of its overall impact on transportation safety, and on the
basis of the economic implications associated with its adoption into
the HMR. PHMSA's goal is to harmonize without diminishing the level of
safety currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the
regulated community.
III. Incorporation by Reference Discussion Under 1 CFR Part 51
 The UN Model Regulations, Manual of Tests and Criteria, and GHS, as
well as all of the Transport Canada Clear Language Amendments, are free
and easily accessible to the public on the internet, with access
provided through the parent organization websites. The ICAO Technical
Instructions, IMDG Code, and all ISO references are available for
interested parties to purchase either print or electronic versions
through the parent organization websites. The specific standards are
discussed in greater detail in the section-by-section review (see Sec.
171.7).
IV. NPRM Comment Discussion
 In response to the November 27, 2018 NPRM [83 FR 60970], PHMSA
received comments from the following organizations and individuals:
 Air Line Pilots Association, International (ALPA)
 Alaska Airlines
 Amazon
 American Coatings Association (ACA)
 Anonymous
 Anonymous 2
 Association of American Railroads and the American Short Line
and Regional Railroad Association (AAR and ASLRRA)
 Association of Hazmat Shippers (AHS)
 The Basic Acrylic Monomer Manufacturers, Inc. (BAMM)
 Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
 Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous Articles (COSTHA)
 Dangerous Goods Advisory Council (DGAC)
 The Dow Chemical Company (Dow)
 Frits Wybenga
 Gases and Welding Distributors Association
 Institute of Makers of Explosives (IME)
 Interested Parties for Hazardous Materials Transportation
(Interested Parties)
 International Air Transport Association (IATA)
 International Vessel Operators Dangerous Goods Association
(IVODGA)
 Yvonne Keller
 Medical Device Battery Transport Council (MDBTC)
 National Retail Federation (NRF)
 The Rechargeable Battery Association (PRBA)
 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA)
 Transport Canada (TC)
 U.S. Chamber of Commerce (Chamber)
 Utility Solid Waste Activities Group (USWAG)
 PHMSA received comments from the ACA, CGA, ALPA, IATA, DGAC, and
the Chamber all providing general support for harmonization with
international standards and additional support from CGA for the
incorporation by reference of the proposed ISO standards. In addition,
PHSMA received a comment from IME in support of updating the edition of
the GHS that is incorporated by reference.
[[Page 27812]]
 Comments concerning the issuance of a direct final rule, the sunset
provisions for polymerizing substances, compliance and applicability
dates for the test summary, fuel gas containment systems, damaged and
defective lithium batteries, competency based training, and safety
devices in dedicated handling devices are discussed below. PHMSA
concluded that comments made by Anonymous 2, portions of comments made
by MDBTC concerning ``receipted for in one lot,'' in Sec. 173.185,\2\
portions of comments made by Alaska Airlines concerning air transport
provisions for fish meal, and portions of comments made by IME
concerning amendments to packaging instruction US 1 in Sec. 173.62,\3\
are outside the scope of this rulemaking. Therefore, PHMSA did not
address these comments in this rulemaking. All other comments specific
to the respective HMR sections are addressed in the ``Section-by-
Section Review'' of this document.\4\
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 \2\ Section 173.185 defines consignment to mean ``one or more
packages of hazardous materials accepted by an operator from one
shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and
moving to one consignee at one destination address.''
 \3\ Section 173.62 establishes specific packing requirements for
explosives. US 1 is a packing instruction that is ``particular to
the United States and not found in applicable international
regulations.''
 \4\ Comments which were outside the scope of this rulemaking are
not addressed in this final rule.
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Delays in Issuing the Final Rule
 PHMSA received a comment from AAR and ASLRRA that indicated the
delay associated with publication of a final rule ``presents immediate
challenges for shippers and carriers involved in the transportation of
hazardous materials across U.S. borders'' and suggested alternative
ways for proceeding with the rulemaking. PHMSA recognizes that a delay
in publication of this final rule may have presented challenges for
shippers and carriers. To mitigate these challenges, on December 18,
2018, PHMSA issued a Notice of Enforcement Policy Regarding
International Standards authorizing the use of the applicable
international standards.\5\ The notice explained that PHMSA would not
take enforcement action against any offeror or carrier using the
updated standards when all or part of the transportation is by air with
respect to the ICAO TI, or all or part of the transportation is by
vessel with respect to the IMDG code.
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 \5\ https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/sites/phmsa.dot.gov/files/docs/international-program/70251/notice-enforcement-policy-international-standards.pdf.
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Sunset Provisions for Polymerizing Substances
 In the March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796], PHMSA
added four new Division 4.1 entries for polymerizing substances to the
HMT, and added defining criteria, authorized packagings, and safety
requirements including, but not limited to, stabilization methods and
operational controls into the HMR. In this prior rulemaking, PHMSA
indicated that these changes would be in effect until January 2, 2019.
During the interim time period between publication of that final rule
and January 2, 2019, PHMSA indicated it would review and research the
implications of the polymerizing substance amendments, and readdress
the issue in the next international harmonization rulemaking. In the
HM-215O NPRM, PHMSA proposed to extend the sunset dates for provisions
concerning the transportation of polymerizing substances from January
2, 2019 to January 2, 2021 as the research is still in progress. PHMSA
received comments from BAMM, DGAC, and Dow expressing support for the
extension of the sunset provisions proposed in the HM-215O NPRM. These
commenters also requested that PHMSA harmonize the requirements for
temperature control of polymerizing substances in portable tanks and
testing requirements for these substances intended to be carried in
portable tanks or intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) with those found
in the transport international standards while awaiting the results of
a currently underway research project.
 DGAC and Dow requested that the previously adopted changes to Sec.
173.21 in the March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796],
requiring temperature control at 50 [deg]C for portable tanks carrying
polymerizing substances be harmonized with the internationally adopted
45 [deg]C, while PHMSA awaits the outcome of ongoing research into
polymerizing substances. BAMM, DGAC, and Dow requested that PHMSA not
require polymerizing substances intended to be transported in portable
tanks or IBCs to undergo the Test Series E heating under confinement
testing. The commenters requested that the provisions for polymerizing
substances be harmonized with those found in the applicable
international standards while PHMSA awaits the outcome of ongoing
research into polymerizing substances. DGAC and Dow commented that
differing domestic and international temperature control thresholds
before temperature control is required would result in materials with a
self-accelerating polymerization temperature (SAPT) greater than 45
[deg]C and less than or equal to 50 [deg]C being subject to temperature
control when transported in portable tanks in the United States, but
not elsewhere in the world. BAMM, DGAC, and Dow expressed their view
that because the recommended test methods for Test Series E were not
specifically designed for polymerizing substances that the test results
would be meaningless. The commenters did not raise any new reasons for
not adopting the provisions beyond those previously addressed in the
March 30, 2017 final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796]. PHMSA understands the
concerns raised by the commenters, but to ensure the safe and efficient
transportation of these commodities, PHMSA is adopting the provisions
as proposed in the NPRM and codified in the March 30, 2017, final rule
for the reasons that were previously outlined [HM-215N; 82 FR 15796,
15798-99]. In brief, the rationale for adopting the 50 [deg]C SAPT
threshold before temperature control is required for transport in
portable tanks is primarily that 50 [deg]C is the maximum temperature
reasonable expected to be experienced by any selfreactive, organic
peroxide, and/or polymerizing substance. The rationale for requiring
Test Series E testing for polymerizing substances intended to be
transported in portable tanks or IBC is that Test Series E (or an
equivalent performance measure) provides information on how the
material behaves when heated under confinement. For additional
discussion of these issues refer to the March 30, 2017 final rule [HM-
215N; 82 FR 15796, 15798-99].
 To accommodate additional potential delays in completion and
reviewing the results of the research project on polymerizing
substances, PHMSA is extending the date for the sunset provisions for
an additional two years beyond the date proposed in the NPRM. The new
sunset date for transport provisions concerning polymerizing substances
is January 2, 2023.
Lithium Battery Test Summary
 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed the inclusion of lithium battery test
summary requirements. The test summary includes a standardized set of
elements that provide traceability and accountability to ensure that
lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport contain specific
information on the required UN tests. PHMSA proposed that manufacturers
and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and batteries manufactured
after June 30, 2003 must make test summaries available to others in the
supply chain.
[[Page 27813]]
In the international standards, and as proposed in the NPRM, the
lithium battery test summary requirements would have an effective date
of January 1, 2020.
 In response to the comments received, in this final rule, PHMSA is
providing additonal background on the test summary. The development of
the test summary by the United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts on the
Transport of Dangerous Goods spanned several years. The work was the
outgrowth of an industry-identified problem concerning lack of
availability of information needed to verify compliance and facilitate
transportation. Specifically, the inability of shippers to access
documentation verifying that lithium cells and batteries have
successfully passed the tests prescribed in part III, sub-section 38.3
of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. In 2014, a trade association
representing major rechargeable battery manufacturers relayed to the UN
Sub-Committee that shippers were experiencing difficulties in verifying
compliance with the UN 38.3 tests (See UN/SCETDG/46/INF.11, paragraph
15).\6\ It was the industry group's suggestion to work within the UN
Sub-Committee towards a summary format that would facilitate making
available essential compliance information to all concerned. This
suggestion led the UN Sub-Committee over the next two years in
cooperation with government and industry stakeholders to develop a
standardized list of information to be included in a test summary (see
ST/SG/AC.10/C.3/100, paragraph 56).\7\ PHMSA received several comments,
which are discussed throughout this rulemaking and the associated RIA,
concerning the potential costs of the test summary provisions. While
providing no specific cost estimates, these commenters indicated that
they believed implementing the test summary provisions as proposed
would be more burdensome than PHMSA estimated. In this final rule,
PHMSA is adopting changes to the compliance date, the implementation
date, and several other variatons from the NPRM proposals that will
reduce the burden on lithium cell and battery manufacturers and
distributors.
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 \6\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2014/dgac10c3/UN-SCETDG-46-INF11e.pdf.
 \7\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2016/dgac10c3/ST-SG-AC10-C3-100e.pdf.
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Compliance Date
 PHMSA received comments from Alaska Airlines, Amazon, Chamber,
COSTHA, DGAC, MDBTC, NRF, PRBA, and an anonymous commenter concerning
the proposed effective date of January 1, 2020 for the proposed test
summary requirements. These commenters requested that PHMSA provide
additional time to comply. Alaska Airlines commented that they hope the
test summary requirements can be implemented by January 1, 2021. PRBA,
Amazon, MDBTC, the Chamber, and NRF indicated that PHMSA should allow
manufacturers and subsequent distributors until January 1, 2022 to
comply with the test summary requirements. The DGAC recommended a one-
year transition period following publication of the final rule. The
commenters opined that the proposed compliance deadline of January 1,
2020 would not allow sufficient time for U.S. manufacturers and
subsequent distributors of these products to establish procedures for
preparing and securing test summaries. In their comments, NRF commented
that it will take significant time for manufacturers and shippers,
especially small companies, to develop and prepare the test summaries
for their products. NRF opined that a longer implementation time will
give companies enough time to identify, develop, and prepare the
materials that are needed for compliance.
 PHMSA agrees that additional time may be required to fully
integrate systems, processes, and policies for preparing test
summaries. The additional time can be used to help ensure the
availability of test summaries and to prepare procedures for making
test summaries available to subsequent distributors. In this final
rule, the required compliance date for both the creation of and
subsequent distribution upon request for test summaries is January 1,
2022.
 COSTHA noted that using the same implementation date for both
battery manufacturers and distributors presents the possibility that
manufacturers could wait until December 31, 2021 to prepare the
documents and distributors would not have any additional time to
receive and make available the test summaries throughout the supply
chain. COSTHA requested a staggered implementation date that would
allow distributors an additional year to comply. PHMSA believes that
the extended transition period for domestic implementation of the test
summary requirements (two years after the requirements enter the IMDG
Code and ICAO Technical Instructions) will mitigate this concern over
shared implementation dates for shippers and distributors by providing
additional time for battery distributers to work with manufacturers to
acquire the necessary information and establish mechanisms for further
distribution.
Applicability Date
 PHMSA received comments from PRBA, NRF, DGAC, MDBTC, Amazon, and
the Chamber requesting that PHMSA reconsider which lithium batteries
require a test summary be created and made available. PHMSA proposed a
requirement that a test summary be made available for all lithium cells
and batteries manufactured after June 30, 2003, and that manufacturers
and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and batteries manufactured
after June 30, 2003, must make this information available to others in
the supply chain.
 PRBA commented that ``[i]t is not practicable to require the post-
hoc generation of a Test Summary for batteries that were manufactured
as far back as 2003,'' and asked that PHMSA adopt a date that requires
the creation of test summaries and subsequent distribution for only
batteries and cells manufactured after the effective date of the
provisions. In conjunction with its request to extend the compliance
date for the test summary generally to January 1, 2022, PRBA requests
that only batteries and cells manufactured after this date require test
summaries and subsequent distribution. The Chamber also requested that
the applicability be limited to lithium cells and batteries
manufactured after January 1, 2022 noting that ``there may be times
when distributors are shipping older battery designs that were
manufactured by a company that is no longer in business. In instances
like this, it may be impossible for shippers to acquire the necessary
information for the TS.'' The NRF and Amazon commented with similar
requests to limit the scope of batteries subject to the test summary by
using the effective date of the requirement which would then apply the
requirements to cells and batteries currently in production and those
made going forward. The NRF noted that it would be incredibly difficult
and burdensome to locate a test certification and create a test summary
for batteries dating back up to 17 years. MDBTC supported requiring
test summary documents for only lithium cells and batteries
manufactured after January 1, 2014.
 PHMSA recognizes the comments noting the potential difficulty in
obtaining test summaries for older batteries, particularly in cases
where a manufacturer may no longer be in business or has merged with
another company. Therefore, PHMSA is applying the test summary
requirements
[[Page 27814]]
only to cells and batteries manufactured after January 1, 2008. This
date is the effective date of the final rule that required all lithium
batteries (including small batteries) be of the type proven to meet the
criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and
Criteria (``Hazardous Materials; Transportation of Lithium Batteries,''
August 9, 2007, 72 FR 44929). As of January 1, 2008, all batteries
transported in accordance with the HMR should have valid test reports
that will help facilitate the creation of and availability of test
summaries. PHMSA believes that amending the scope of cells and
batteries that require a test summary to those manufactured after
January 1, 2008 will lead to fewer instances where insufficient
information will be available to create the required test summary while
still capturing the majority of batteries and cells being offered for
transportation.
 PHMSA reiterates the importance of the test summary in providing
confirmation to users that the battery is from a legitimate and
compliant source and allowing those in the transport chain to more
easily identify non-counterfeit products. Additionally, PHMSA maintains
that the creation and subsequent distribution of test summaries for
lithium batteries provides an enhanced mechanism for shippers to meet
their existing requirement to only offer lithium cells and batteries of
a type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. The availability of specific
information in the test summary document will enhance the users'
ability to obtain the information needed to ensure they are receiving,
and potentially reoffering for transportation, a battery that is of a
tested and approved type.
Fuel Gas Containment Systems
 In the NPRM, PHMSA discussed amendments to international standards
that are not being considered for adoption. As stated in the NPRM, the
20th Revised Edition to the UN Model Regulations added a special
provision to allow for the transportation of vehicle fuel gas
containment systems containing certain gases, such as compressed
natural gas and liquified petroleum gas, transported for disposal,
recycling, repair, inspection, maintenance, or from where they are
manufactured to a vehicle assembly plant. The provisions allow for
gaseous fuels to be transported in fuel tanks designed for vehicles
meeting certain European automotive standards rather than specification
pressure receptacles. In the NPRM, PHMSA explained that the vehicle
specification pressure vessels that are incorporated and authorized by
the UN Model Regulations do not apply to U.S. domestic transportation
as most of the fuel gas containment standards that are addressed in the
UN Model Regulations are more appropriate for European road and rail
regulations. PHMSA solicited comments on the fuel gas containment
systems amendment in the UN Model Regulations and asked whether it
would benefit industry to include a similar amendment in the HMR.
 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA on the decision not to include
provisions for fuel gas containment decisions. The commenter disagreed
with the view that the amendments are more appropriate for European
regulations. COSTHA commented on the benefits of adopting the
provisions into the HMR. COSTHA opined that when fuel tanks are removed
from the vehicle and offered for transportation they are constructed to
meet motor vehicle standards, but the tanks will not be permitted for
transport of gaseous fuels under the HMR without the gas being
completely removed from the tank. COSTHA further commented that the gas
removal process has the potential to lead to dangerous situations at
repair shops, dealers, and disposal locations not equipped to properly
empty these fuel tanks. COSTHA notes that U.S. automobile manufacturers
often use UN or Global Technical Regulations to demonstrate compliance
with equivalent Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS).\8\ In
addition, COSTHA supports referencing applicable FMVSS in the HMR to
facilitate U.S. domestic gas containment system transport.
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 \8\ National Highway Transportation Safety Administration issues
FMVSS. The regulations establishing the FMVSS are primarily found at
49 CFR part 571. https://www.nhtsa.gov/laws-regulations/fmvss.
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 PHMSA thanks COSTHA for its comments on this topic, and PHMSA
understands the concerns related to difficulties in ensuring gas is
removed from these cylinders prior to transport, but it would be
premature to adopt the FMVSS requirements into the HMR. The FMVSS
requirements are not presently incorporated in the UN Model
Regulations, and adoption of the FMVSS requirements would require
additional coordination with Federal agencies outside of PHMSA. PHMSA
may consider this action in a future rulemaking and invites COSTHA to
file a petition for rulemaking in accordance with 49 CFR 106.95,
106.100 and 106.105, to formally request this change be made in the
HMR. Additonally, PHMSA believes that a more comprehensive review of
the current domestic standards used by vehicle fuel gas containment
systems is necessary prior to incorporation in the HMR to help ensure
safety standards that most closely align with existing practices are
incorporated. The request could be further evaluated for merit to
address in an upcoming rulemaking.
Damaged and Defective Lithium Batteries
 In the NPRM, PHMSA discussed amendments to international standards
not being considered for adoption. As stated in the NPRM, the 20th
Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations adopted transportation
provisions for damaged and defective cells and batteries liable to
rapidly disassemble, dangerously react, or produce a flame, a dangerous
evolution of heat, or a dangerous emission of toxic, corrosive, or
flammable gases or vapors under normal conditions of transport (UN Nos.
3090, 3091, 3480 and 3481). In the NPRM, PHMSA explained that the
existing packaging and hazard communication requirements in Sec.
173.185(f) sufficiently address consignments of this nature. PHMSA
received one comment from MDBTC in support of not adopting the
provisions for damaged and defective lithium batteries.
Competency-Based Training
 PHMSA received comments from AAR and ASLRRA, ACA, AHS, Alaska
Airlines, CGA, COSTHA, DGAC, Dow, IATA, IME, Interested Parties,
IVODGA, MDBTC, and RIPA in response to our request for comments on the
principles of Competency-Based Training, recently published in the
attachments of the ICAO Technical Instructions. As noted in the NPRM,
the provisions concerning Competency-Based Training were not finalized
or adopted in the 2017-2018 ICAO Technical Instructions and there were
no proposals concerning this topic in the NPRM. PHMSA thanks all
commenters for their views on the issue and, as noted in the NPRM,
comments will be considered for the betterment of PHMSA's work in
various international forums.
Safety Devices in Dedicated Handling Devices
 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA concerning safety devices in
dedicated handling devices. COSTHA commented that PHMSA should align
the provisions of Sec. 173.166(e)(4)(i) with the UN Model Regulations
and the IMDG Code to authorize unpackaged articles in dedicated
handling devices, vehicles, or containers to, from, or
[[Page 27815]]
between where they are manufactured and an assembly plant including
intermediate handling locations. PHMSA notes that the provisions
adopted by the UN and the IMDG Code are currently authorized in
Sec. Sec. 173.166(e)(4)(i) and (ii), therefore no additional action is
required.
V. Section-By-Section Review
 The following is a section-by-section review of the amendments
adopted in this final rule:
Part 171--General Information, Regulations, and Definitions
Section 171.7 Reference Material
 Section 171.7 provides a listing of all voluntary consensus
standards incorporated by reference into the HMR, as directed by the
``National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995.'' According
to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Circular A-119, ``Federal
Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus
Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities,'' and in accordance
with Sec 12(d)(1) of the ``National Technology Transfer and Advancement
Act of 1995,'' government agencies must use voluntary consensus
standards wherever practical in the development of regulations. When
properly conducted, agency adoption of industry standards promotes
productivity and efficiency in government and industry, expands
opportunities for international trade, conserves resources, improves
health and safety, and protects the environment.
 PHMSA actively participates in the development and updating of
consensus standards through representation on more than 20 consensus
standard bodies, and it regularly reviews updated consensus standards
to consider their merit for inclusion in the HMR. For this rulemaking,
PHMSA evaluated updated international consensus standards pertaining to
proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups, special
provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. It determined that the
revised standards provide an enhanced level of safety without imposing
significant compliance burdens. These standards have well-established
and documented safety histories, and their adoption will maintain the
high safety standard currently achieved under the HMR. Therefore, in
this final rule, PHMSA is adding and revising the following
incorporation by reference materials:
 Paragraph (s)(2) is added, to incorporate the
International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct on the Safety and
Security of Radioactive Sources. Section 172.800 references the
incorporation by reference of this document; however, this entry does
not currently appear in Sec. 171.7. The addition of this paragraph
corrects this oversight. The incorporation of this document in Sec.
172.800 provides a list of Category 1 and 2 radioactive sources for
which offerors or carriers require a security plan.
 Paragraph (t)(1), which incorporates the International
Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions for the Safe
Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions),
2017-2018 Edition, is revised to incorporate the 2019-2020 Edition.
These instructions contain the detailed instructions for the
international transport of hazardous materials by air. In a previous
rulemaking, [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0102 (HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA
added Sec. 172.407 to the list of sections in paragraph (t)(1) and
(v)(2). The NPRM did not account for this addition, and in this final
rule Sec. 172.407 has been added to the list in paragraphs (t)(1) and
(v)(2) consistent with the earlier published final rule.
 Paragraph (v)(2), which incorporates the International
Maritime Organization International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG
Code), incorporating Amendment 38-16 (English Edition), is revised to
incorporate the 39-18 (English Edition), 2018 Edition. This code
contains detailed instructions for the international transport of
hazardous materials by vessel.
 Paragraph (w), which incorporates various International
Organization for Standardization entries, is revised to incorporate by
reference standards for the specification, design, construction,
testing, and use of gas cylinders:
--ISO 11118(E), Gas cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas cylinders--
Specification and test methods is replaced by ISO 11118:2015(E), Gas
cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas cylinders--Specification and
test methods in paragraph (w)(53). The purpose of this standard is to
provide a specification for the design, manufacture, inspection, and
testing of non-refillable metallic gas cylinders for worldwide safe
use, handling, and transport. The updated version of ISO 11118
includes, among other edits, clarified requirements for the processing
of carbon steel to avoid strain aging and the inclusion of alternative
temperatures for artificial aging of carbon steel cylinders prior to
burst testing.
--ISO 11120(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel tubes of water
capacity between 150 L and 3000 L--Design, construction and testing,
First edition, March 1999 is replaced by ISO 11120:2015(E), Gas
cylinders--Refillable seamless steel tubes of water capacity between
150 L and 3,000 L--Design, construction and testing in paragraph
(w)(62). This standard provides a specification for the design,
manufacture, inspection and testing of tubes at the time of manufacture
for worldwide usage. The updated version of ISO 11120 includes, among
other edits, the modification of ultrasonic provisions for ultrasonic
examination in 8.3 to include ultrasonic examination for wall thickness
and for imperfections also on the supplied tubing and revision of the
provisions for design of tubes for embrittling gases.
--ISO 11623(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Periodic inspection and
testing of composite gas cylinders, First edition, March 2002 is
replaced by ISO 11623:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Composite construction--
Periodic inspection and testing in paragraph (w)(66). This standard
specifies the requirements for periodic inspection and testing and to
verify the integrity for further service of hoop-wrapped and fully-
wrapped composite transportable gas cylinders, with aluminum-alloy,
steel or non-metallic liners or of linerless construction (Types 2, 3,
4, and 5), intended for compressed, liquefied or dissolved gases under
pressure, of water capacity from .5 L up to 450 L. The updated version
of ISO 11623 includes, among other edits, updated terminology,
particularly for the various types of composite cylinders, and moves
information regarding intervals between periodic inspection and testing
based on cylinder type into the new Annex C (formerly listed in Tables
1 through 4).
--ISO 14246:2014(E), Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--Manufacturing
tests and examination is added in paragraph (w)(69). This standard
covers the function of a cylinder valve as a closure.
--ISO 16148:2016(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel gas
cylinders and tubes--Acoustic emission examination (AT) and follow-up
ultrasonic examination (UT) for periodic inspection and testing is
added in paragraph (w)(71). This International Standard describes two
methods of AT, defined as Method A and Method B, and a method of
[[Page 27816]]
follow-up UT. These non-destructive examination techniques are an
alternative to conventional testing procedures for cylinders and tubes.
--ISO 17871:2015(E) Gas cylinders--Quick-release cylinder valves--
Specification and type testing is added in paragraph (w)(72). This
standard covers the function of a quick-release cylinder valve as a
closure.
--ISO 21172-1:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up to
3,000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1,000 litres is added in
paragraph (w)(75). This standard provides a specification for the
design, manufacture, inspection, and approval of welded steel gas
pressure drums.
--ISO 22434:2006(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and
maintenance of cylinder valves is added in paragraph (w)(76). This
standard specifies the requirements for the inspection and maintenance
of cylinder valves, including valves with integrated pressure
regulators.
--ISO/TR 11364:2012(E), Gas cylinders--Compilation of national and
international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and their
identification and marking system is added in paragraph (w)(77). The
purpose of this standard is to list all known cylinder/valve threads
currently used and also threads used in the past and to specify a
harmonized identification code and marking system for both cylinders
and valves.
 Paragraphs (aa)(1)-(4), which updates four (4) existing
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guidelines
concerning corrosivity testing (Nos. 404, 430, 431, & 435). The
references to these standards are updated to the 2015 versions of the
standards. Updated OECD Guideline 404 and OECD Guideline 435 contain
minor variations in the types of information to be recorded as a part
of the test report. Updated OECD Guideline 430 and OECD Guideline 431
include references to a developed document on integrated approaches to
testing and assessment.
 Paragraph (bb)(1), which incorporates the Transport Canada
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, adds subparagraphs (xx),
(xxi), and (xxii), to include SOR/2016-95 published June 1, 2016; SOR/
2017-137 published July 12, 2017; and SOR/2017-253 published December
13, 2017, respectively. These additions are to incorporate changes to
the Transport Canada Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
SOR/2016-95 contains amendments concerning reporting requirements and
international restrictions on lithium batteries. SOR/2017-137 contains
amendments related to international harmonization. SOR/2017-253
containes amendments related to marine transportation.
 Paragraph (bb)(2) is added to incorporate by reference
Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail, a Transport Canada
standard that was published in 2013. The standard applies to the
design, manufacture, maintenance and qualification of tank cars and ton
containers and the selection and use of large containers or transport
units used in the handling, offering for transport, or transporting of
dangerous goods by rail.
 Paragraph (dd)(1), which incorporates the United Nations
Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods--Model Regulations,
19th Revised Edition (2015), Volumes I and II, is revised to
incorporate the 20th Revised Edition (2017), Volumes I and II. This
standard presents a basic scheme of provisions that allow uniform
development of national and international regulations governing the
various modes of transport. In a previous rulemaking, [Docket No.
PHMSA-2015-0102 (HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA added Sec. 172.519 to
the list of sections in paragraph (dd)(1). The NPRM did not account for
this addition and in this final rule, Sec. 172.519 has been added to
the list in paragraph (dd)(1) consistent with the earlier published
final rule.
 Paragraph (dd)(2)(ii) is added to incorporate the United
Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of
Tests and Criteria, 6th Revised Edition, Amendment 1. This standard
contains criteria, test methods, and procedures to be used for the
classification of hazardous materials according to the UN Model
Regulations.
 Paragraph (dd)(3), which incorporates the United Nations
Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals Sixth
revised edition (2015), is revised to incorporate the United Nations
Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS),
Seventh revised edition (2017). This standard helps identify the
intrinsic hazards found in substances and mixtures and to convey
information about these hazards.
Section 171.8 Definitions and Abbreviations
 Section 171.8 defines terms generally used throughout the HMR that
have broad or multi-modal applicability. In this final rule, PHMSA is
amending the definition of ``UN pressure receptacle'' to include
pressure drums. Additionally, PHMSA is adding a definition for ``UN
Pressure drum'' to mean a welded transportable pressure receptacle of a
water capacity exceeding 150 L and not more than 1,000 L (e.g.,
cylindrical receptacles equipped with rolling hoops, spheres on skids).
These amendments provide defining terms related to pressure drums for
which ISO 21172-1:2015(E) Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up
to 3,000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1,000 litres is incorporated in
Sec. 178.71.
Section 171.12 North American Shipments
 Section 171.12 prescribes requirements for the use of the Transport
Canada TDG Regulations. In a March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82 FR
15796], PHMSA amended the HMR to expand recognition of cylinders and
pressure receptacles, cargo tank repair facilities, and certificates of
equivalency (an authorization to conduct an activity in compliance with
the conditions of that authorization instead of the standard
requirements) in accordance with the TDG Regulations. The goal of these
amendments is to promote flexibility and permit the use of advanced
technology for the requalification and use of pressure receptacles;
doing so will provide for a broader selection of authorized pressure
receptacles, reduce the need for special permits, and to facilitate
cross-border transportation of these cylinders. In this final rule,
PHMSA is clarifying the recognition of certificates of equivalency
issued by Transport Canada. Transport Canada issues equivalency
certificates as both a competent authority approval and for an
alternative means of compliance with TDG Regulations. PHMSA provides
reciprocity for equivalency certificates that are issued by Transport
Canada as an alternative to the TDG Regulations; PHMSA does not provide
recognition to Canada's competent authority approvals. In this final
rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (a)(1) to clarify the extent of
reciprocity regarding certificates of equivalency.
 Additionally, PHMSA is amending paragraph (a)(3)(v) to update the
standard incorporated by reference to
[[Page 27817]]
which Canadian rail cars must conform. The existing reference to the
Canadian General Standards Board standard 43.147 is replaced with
Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (2013).
 PHMSA received comments of general support from the Dow and DGAC.
Dow specifically mentioned support for the incorporation by reference
of the Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail and
clarification of the certificates of equivalency.
 PHMSA received a comment from Transport Canada suggesting that the
terms ``pressure drum'' and ``pressure receptacle'' addressed in Sec.
171.8 of this final rule, also be included in Sec. 171.12 in a manner
that promotes reciprocity between the United States and Canada. We
agree with the commenter and in this final rule are adding the terms
``pressure drum'' and ``UN pressure receptacle'' to Sec. 171.12 and
authorizing use of these packages when marked with the letters ``CAN.''
Part 172--Hazardous Materials Table, Special Provisions, Hazardous
Materials Communications, Emergency Response Information, Training
Requirements, and Security Plans
Section 172.101 Purpose and Use of Hazardous Materials Table
 Section 172.101 contains the HMT and provides instructions for its
use. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the instructional text that
precedes the HMT for paragraph (e) of this section.
 Paragraph (e) of Sec. 172.101 provides instructions for the use of
column (4) of the HMT. Column (4) lists the identification number
assigned to each proper shipping name. Most identification numbers are
preceded by the letters ``UN'' and are associated with proper shipping
names, which may be used for both domestic and international
transportation. Some proper shipping names are assigned ``NA'' or
``North American'' numbers. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed a revision to
paragraph (e) to indicate that NA numbers are only recognized for use
in the United States. In the NPRM, PHMSA stated that NA numbers are not
authorized in Canada because the TDG limit the use of NA numbers to
materials classified as ``Consumer commodity,'' and do not allow for
the use of other NA numbers. Transport Canada made this amendment in
August 15, 2001 with SOR 2001-186.\9\ The TDG, Part 9.1 Transporting
Dangerous Goods from the United States into or through Canada state
that the HMR may be followed as an alternative to the TDG if certain
conditions are met, including that ``the classification in Schedule 1
or in the UN Recommendations, for dangerous goods that have the letter
``D'' assigned to them in column 1 of the table to section 172.101 of
49 CFR, except for dangerous goods with the shipping name `Consumer
commodity'.'' The letter ``D'' is assigned to NA numbers. Therefore, NA
numbers are not recognized for shipments from a place in the United
States to a place in Canada or from a place in the United States
through Canada to a place outside Canada. As such, PHMSA is revising
the HMR to be consistent with Canada's national regulations. PHMSA
received comments from DGAC on the use of NA numbers in Sec.
172.101(e), North American Shipments. Specifically, DGAC stated this
change will eliminate mutual recognition of NA numbers between the
United States and Canada. Although the text in Sec. 172.101(e),
stating that NA numbers are not recognized for international
transportation, except to and from Canada, was not previously amended
to align with the TDG, the mutual recognition of NA numbers has not
been permitted under the TDG since the August 15, 2001 publication. NA
numbers will continue to be recognized for shipments within the United
States.
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1. Hazardous Materials Table (HMT)
 In this final rule, PHMSA is amending the HMT. Readers should
review all changes for a complete understanding of the amendments. For
purposes of the U.S. Government Printing Office's typesetting
procedures, proposed changes to the HMT appear under three sections of
the Table, ``remove,'' ``add,'' and ``revise.'' Certain entries in the
HMT, such as those with revisions to the proper shipping names, appear
as a ``remove'' and ``add.'' The amendments to the HMT include the
following:
2. New HMT Entries
 UN3537 Articles containing flammable gas, n.o.s.
 UN3538 Articles containing non-flammable, non-toxic gas,
n.o.s.
 UN3539 Articles containing toxic gas, n.o.s.
 UN3540 Articles containing flammable liquid, n.o.s.
 UN3541 Articles containing flammable solid, n.o.s.
 UN3542 Articles containing a substance liable to spontaneous
combustion, n.o.s.
 UN3543 Articles containing a substance which in contact with
water emits flammable gases, n.o.s.
 UN3544 Articles containing oxidizing substance, n.o.s.
 UN3545 Articles containing organic peroxide, n.o.s.
 UN3546 Articles containing toxic substance, n.o.s.
 UN3547 Articles containing corrosive substance, n.o.s.
 UN3548 Articles containing miscellaneous dangerous goods,
n.o.s.
 PHMSA is adding a classification scheme for articles containing
hazardous materials not otherwise specified by name in the HMR that
contain hazardous materials of various hazard classes and divisions.
This addresses transportation scenarios where various hazardous
materials or hazardous materials residues are present in articles above
the quantities currently authorized for dangerous goods in machinery or
apparatus. This authorizes safe and secure methods to transport
articles that may be too large to fit into typical packagings. Absent
provisions to package and transport these materials safely, such
articles may be offered for transport under provisions that do not
adequately account for the physical and chemical properties of the
substances or mode of transport and may require the issuance of an
approval by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
 UN3535 Toxic solid, flammable, inorganic, n.o.s.
 Consistent with the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
Regulations, this new generic entry addresses toxic solids with a
flammable subsidiary risk in Packing Groups (PG) I and II.
 UN3536 Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit
lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries
 This new HMT entry addresses lithium metal and lithium ion
batteries that are installed in a cargo transport unit and designed
only to provide power external to the cargo transport unit. The lithium
batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185 and contain the
necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over discharge between the
batteries. Such units are forbidden for transport on aircraft. PHMSA
received one comment on the proposed changes to Sec. 172.101 from PRBA
supporting the new entry of UN3536 in the table.
3. Amendments to Column (2) Hazardous Materials Descriptions and Proper
Shipping Names
 Section 172.101(c) describes column (2) of the HMT and the
requirements for hazardous materials descriptions and proper shipping
names. For the entry ``2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate,'' the word
``stabilized'' is added to the end,
[[Page 27818]]
as the substance has been determined to polymerize in certain
conditions.
4. Amendments to Column (5) Packing Group
 The HMT entries for articles ``UN3316, Chemical kit'' and ``UN3316,
First aid kit'' are revised to remove Packing Group II and III
assignments. This revision reverts the entries to a single row with the
packing group column left blank as they existed prior to adding the
Packing Group II and III assignments in a final rule published on
January 8, 2015 [Docket No. PHMSA-2013-0260 (HM-215M); 80 FR 1075].
This revision addresses situations where materials in the kits are not
assigned to a packing group or have Packing Group I assigned, as
permitted by Sec. 173.161.
5. Amendments to Column (7) Special Provisions
 Section 172.101(h) describes column (7) of the HMT, which contains
special provisions for each entry in the table. Section 172.102(c)
prescribes the special provisions assigned to specific entries in the
HMT. The modifications to the entries in the HMT are discussed below.
 In an October 18, 2018, final rule, entitled ``Notification of the
Pilot-in-Command and Response to Air Related Petitions for Rulemaking''
[(HM-259); 83 FR 52878], PHMSA removed special provision A6 from UN
numbers 2789, 2790, 1715, 1717, 1723, 1732, 1739, 1758, 2240, 3264,
3265, 1764, 1765, 1768, 1775, 1776, 1778, 1777, 1782, 1786, 1790, 2031,
2308, 1808, 2258, 2879, 1818, 2564, 2699, 2502, 2443, and 2444.
However, the HM-215O NPRM incorrectly showed special provision A6 as
still being applicable to these entries. Therefore, in this final rule,
A6 is not assigned to these HMT entries consistent with the previously
published HM-259 final rule.
 Similarly, in the HM-259 final rule, PHMSA removed special
provision A3 from UN numbers 1739, 2604, 1758, 2240, 1183, 1777, 1242,
1798, 1873, 2879, 1828, 1831, 2699, and 2444. However, the HM-215O NPRM
incorrectly showed special provision A3 as still being applicable to
these entries. Therefore, in this final rule, A3 is not assigned to
these HMT entries consistent with the previously published HM-259 final
rule.
 Finally, in a March 6, 2019, interim final rule (IFR) [(HM-224I);
84 FR 8006], PHMSA removed special provision A51 from UN3480 and added
special provision A100 to UN 3480. However, the HM-215O NPRM did not
account for this action and in this final rule, A51 is removed from
UN3480 and A100 is added to UN 3480 consistent with the previously
published HM-224I IFR.
 See ``Section 172.102 special provisions'' below for a detailed
discussion of the additions, revisions, and deletions to the special
provisions addressed in this final rule.
 Special provision 325. Special provision 325 is added to
the following HMT entries:
UN2912 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-I) non-fissile
or fissile-excepted
UN2913 Radioactive material, surface contaminated objects (SCO-I or
SCO-II) non-fissile or fissile-excepted
UN2915 Radioactive material, Type A package non-special form, non-
fissile or fissile-excepted
UN2916 Radioactive material, Type B(U) package non-fissile or fissile-
excepted
UN2917 Radioactive material, Type B(M) package non-fissile or fissile-
excepted
UN2919 Radioactive material, transported under special arrangement,
non-fissile or fissile-excepted
UN3321 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-II) non-fissile
or fissile-excepted
UN3322 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-III) non-
fissile or fissile-excepted
 Special provision 347. Special provision 347 restricts the
use of certain HMT entries classed as Division 1.4S explosive materials
to those articles successfully passing Test Series 6(d) of Part I of
the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. The 6(d) test is a test on a
single package to determine if there are hazardous effects outside the
package arising from accidental ignition or initiation of the contents.
A Division 1.4 explosive is defined as an explosive that presents a
minor explosion hazard such that hazardous effects are confined to a
package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range are
expected; and that an external fire must not cause virtually
instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of a package
containing a Division 1.4 explosive. Explosive articles or substances
are assigned to Division 1.4, Compatibility Group S (1.4S) if hazardous
effects are confined within a package or the blast and projection
effects do not significantly hinder emergency response efforts.
 Special provision 347 is presently assigned to eight (8) Division
1.4S entries in the HMT including shaped charges, detonators, power
device cartridges, detonator assemblies, and plastic bonded bursting
charges. Following a review of other Division 1.4S entries, the UN
Working Group on Explosives supported applying special provision 347 to
entries for Division 1.4S articles and substances that are generic or
``not otherwise specified'' (n.o.s.), and to UN 0367 (Fuzes,
detonating) that are normally package dependent. The UN Working Group
noted that generic entries normally warrant more systematic testing. In
the NPRM, PHMSA requested comment on whether this provision is likely
to have net benefits. PHMSA received one comment from IME stating that
the ``addition of the special provision will benefit transportation
safety and that the additional costs are, accordingly justified.''
Therefore, in this final rule, consistent with the UN Model
Regulations, PHMSA is adding special provision 347 to the following
entries:
UN0349 Articles, explosives, n.o.s.
UN0367 Fuzes, detonating
UN0384 Components, explosive train, n.o.s.
UN0481 Substances, explosive, n.o.s.
 Special provision 368. Special provision 368 prescribes
requirements for non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium hexafluoride
that must be described as UN3507 or UN2978, as appropriate. Based on an
informal working paper submitted at the 50th session of the UN Sub-
Committee of Experts (SCOE) on the Transport of Dangerous Goods that
highlighted potential errors in the 19th revised edition of the Model
Regulations, it was agreed that special provision 368 should have been
assigned to ``UN 2908, Radioactive material, excepted package--empty
packaging'' because empty uncleaned packagings containing residues of
non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium hexafluoride should be
classified under UN3507 or UN2978 as appropriate. Therefore, in this
final rule, PHMSA is assigning special provision 368 to the following
entry to aid shippers:
UN2908 Radioactive material, excepted package--empty packaging.
 Special provision 369. Special provision 369 is revised
for clarity and is applicable to the following HMT entry:
UN3507 Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package,
less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted
 Special provision 383. Consistent with the deletion of
this special provision in section 172.102, special provision 383 is
removed from the following PG II HMT entries:
UN1133 Adhesives, containing a flammable liquid
[[Page 27819]]
UN1263 Paint related material including paint thinning, drying,
removing, or reducing compound
UN1263 Paint including paint, lacquer, enamel, stain, shellac
solutions, varnish, polish, liquid filler and liquid lacquer base
UN1210 Printing ink, flammable or Printing ink related material
(including printing ink thinning or reducing compound), flammable
UN1866 Resin Solution, flammable
 Special provision 388. New special provision 388 is added
to the following HMT entries:
UN3090 Lithium metal batteries including lithium alloy batteries
UN3091 Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment including lithium
alloy batteries
UN3091 Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment including lithium
alloy batteries
UN3480 Lithium ion batteries including lithium ion polymer batteries
UN3481 Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment including lithium
ion polymer batteries
UN3481 Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment including lithium
ion polymer batteries
 Special provision 389. New special provision 389 providing
applicable transport conditions is added to the following new HMT
entry:
UN3536 Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit lithium ion
batteries or lithium metal batteries
 Special provision 391. New special provision 391 is added
to the following new HMT entries:
UN3537 Articles containing flammable gas, n.o.s.
UN3538 Articles containing non-flammable, non-toxic gas, n.o.s.
UN3539 Articles containing toxic gas, n.o.s.
UN3540 Articles containing flammable liquid, n.o.s.
UN3541 Articles containing flammable solid, n.o.s.
UN3542 Articles containing a substance liable to spontaneous
combustion, n.o.s.
UN3543Articles containing a substance which in contact with water emits
flammable gases, n.o.s.
UN3544 Articles containing oxidizing substance, n.o.s.
UN3545 Articles containing organic peroxide, n.o.s.
UN3546 Articles containing toxic substance, n.o.s.
UN3547 Articles containing corrosive substance, n.o.s.
UN3548 Articles containing miscellaneous dangerous goods, n.o.s.
 Special provision B136. PHMSA is adding new special
provision B136 to the following HMT entries:
UN1363 Copra
UN1386 Seed cake, containing vegetable oil solvent extractions and
expelled seeds, with not more than 10 percent of oil and when the
amount of moisture is higher than 11 percent, with not more than 20
percent of oil and moisture combined
UN1386 Seed cake with more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than 11
percent moisture
UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
UN1435 Zinc ashes
UN2071 Ammonium nitrate based fertilizer
UN2216 Fish meal, stabilized or Fish scrap, stabilized
UN2217 Seed cake with not more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than
11 percent moisture
UN2793 Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous metal shavings or Ferrous metal
turnings or Ferrous metal cuttings in a form liable to self-heating
 Special provisions W31 and W32. Special provision W32 is
removed from the following PG I HMT entries (unless otherwise noted in
Table 1) and replaced with special provision W31:
 Table 1
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Proper shipping name UN No.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Calcium phosphide........................ UN1360
Aluminum phosphide....................... UN1397
Calcium carbide.......................... UN1402
Calcium hydride.......................... UN1404
Cesium or Caesium........................ UN1407
Metal hydrides, water reactive, n.o.s.... UN1409
Lithium aluminum hydride................. UN1410
Lithium borohydride...................... UN1413
Lithium hydride.......................... UN1414
Lithium.................................. UN1415
Magnesium, powder or Magnesium alloys, UN1418
 powder.
Magnesium aluminum phosphide............. UN1419
Rubidium................................. UN1423
Sodium borohydride....................... UN1426
Sodium hydride........................... UN1427
Sodium................................... UN1428
Sodium phosphide......................... UN1432
Stannic phosphide........................ UN1433
Zinc phosphide........................... UN1714
Potassium borohydride.................... UN1870
Magnesium hydride........................ UN2010
Magnesium phosphide...................... UN2011
Potassium phosphide...................... UN2012
Strontium phosphide...................... UN2013
Potassium................................ UN2257
Aluminum hydride......................... UN2463
Lithium nitride.......................... UN2806
Water-reactive solid, n.o.s.............. UN2813
Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s UN3208
Metallic substance, water-reactive, self- UN3209 (All PGs)
 heating, n.o.s.
Alkali metal amalgam, solid.............. UN3401
Alkaline earth metal amalgams, solid..... UN3402
Potassium, metal alloys, solid........... UN3403
Potassium sodium alloys, solid........... UN3404
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Special provision W40. Special provision W40 prohibits the
use of non-bulk bags. This requirement typically applies to solid
substances in Packing Group II. Consistent with changes made in
Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code, special provision W40 is removed from
the following HMT entries:
UN1396 Aluminum powder, uncoated (PG III)
UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
UN1403 Calcium cyanamide with more than 0.1 percent of calcium carbide
UN1405 Calcium silicide (PG III)
U3208 Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s. (PG III)
 Additionally, PHMSA is adding special provision W40 to the
following HMT entry:
UN3208 Metallic substance, water-reactive, n.o.s. (PG II)
6. Amendments to Column (10) Vessel Stowage Requirements
 Section 172.101(k) explains the purpose of column (10) of the HMT
and prescribes the vessel stowage and segregation requirements for
specific entries. Column (10) is divided into two columns: Column (10A)
[Vessel stowage] specifies the authorized stowage locations on board
cargo and passenger vessels, and column (10B) [Other provisions]
specifies special stowage and segregation provisions. The meaning of
each code in column (10B) is set forth in Sec. 176.84.
 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed to amend various vessel stowage codes
assigned to explosives articles to allow under deck stowage of these
articles when not in closed cargo transport units (CCTUs). PHMSA
received a comment from IME noting support for the changes, but
indicating that the commercial ports used by their industry in the
United States require commercial explosives to be containerized
regardless of whether they are shipped on deck or under deck. PHMSA
reiterates that these changes also allow the shipment of large and
robust articles that while generally contained in some manner (e.g. a
custom built crate, cradle, or box) may not fit in a traditional CCTU.
The changes made in this final rule authorize such transport when not
in a traditional CCTU. While these changes do not authorize the break
bulk stowage of explosive substances, they
[[Page 27820]]
do facilitate the movement of larger explosive articles.
 The following table addresses this issue through modification of
the stowage categories for individual UN numbers for which under deck
stowage was previously permitted prior to Amendment 36-12 of the IMDG
Code. Table 2 contains the changes listed in numerical order by UN
identification number and additionally lists the proper shipping name,
the previous column (10A) entry, and the adopted column (10A) entry.
 Table 2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Previous code Adopted code
 Proper shipping name UN No. column (10A) column (10A)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0005 05 03
Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0006 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0007 05 03
Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0033 05 03
Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0034 04 03
Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0035 04 03
Bombs, photo-flash............................................ 0037 05 03
Bombs, photo-flash............................................ 0038 04 03
Boosters, without detonator................................... 0042 04 03
Bursters, explosive........................................... 0043 04 03
Charges, demolition........................................... 0048 04 03
Charges, depth................................................ 0056 04 03
Charges, shaped, without detonator............................ 0059 04 03
Charges, supplementary explosive.............................. 0060 04 03
Cord, detonating, flexible.................................... 0065 04 03
Fracturing devices, explosive, without detonators for oil 0099 04 03
 wells........................................................
Cord, detonating or Fuze, detonating metal clad............... 0102 04 03
Jet perforating guns, charged oil well without detonator...... 0124 04 03
Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0136 05 03
Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0137 04 03
Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0138 04 03
Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0167 05 03
Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0168 04 03
Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0169 04 03
Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0180 05 03
Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0181 04 03
Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0182 04 03
Rockets, with inert head...................................... 0183 04 03
Rocket motors................................................. 0186 04 03
Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0204 05 03
Warheads, torpedo with bursting charge........................ 0221 04 03
Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0242 04 03
Charges, propelling........................................... 0271 04 03
Charges, propelling........................................... 0272 04 03
Cartridges, power device...................................... 0275 04 03
Cartridges, oil well.......................................... 0277 04 03
Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0279 04 03
Rocket motors................................................. 0280 04 03
Boosters, without detonator................................... 0283 04 03
Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0284 04 03
Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0285 04 03
Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0286 04 03
Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0287 04 03
Cord, detonating or Fuze, detonating metal clad............... 0290 04 03
Bombs, with bursting charge................................... 0291 05 03
Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0292 05 03
Grenades, hand or rifle, with bursting charge................. 0293 05 03
Mines with bursting charge.................................... 0294 05 03
Rockets, with bursting charge................................. 0295 05 03
Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0296 05 03
Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0321 04 03
Projectiles, with bursting charge............................. 0324 05 03
Cartridges for weapons, blank................................. 0326 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, blank or Cartridges, small arms, blank 0327 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, inert projectile...................... 0328 04 03
Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0329 04 03
Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0330 05 03
Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0346 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, with bursting charge.................. 0348 05 03
Warheads, rocket with bursting charge......................... 0369 05 03
Warheads, rocket with burster or expelling charge............. 0371 05 03
Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0374 04 03
Sounding devices, explosive................................... 0375 04 03
Cartridges, power device...................................... 0381 04 03
Fuzes, detonating, with protective features................... 0408 04 03
[[Page 27821]]

Fuzes, detonating, with protective features................... 0409 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, blank................................. 0413 04 03
Charges, propelling, for cannon............................... 0414 04 03
Charges, propelling........................................... 0415 04 03
Cartridges for weapons, inert projectile or Cartridges, small 0417 04 03
 arms.........................................................
Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0426 05 03
Projectiles, with burster or expelling charge................. 0427 05 03
Rockets, with expelling charge................................ 0436 04 03
Rockets, with expelling charge................................ 0437 04 03
Charges, shaped, without detonator............................ 0439 04 03
Charges, explosive, commercial without detonator.............. 0442 04 03
Charges, explosive, commercial without detonator.............. 0443 04 03
Cases, combustible, empty, without primer..................... 0447 04 03
Torpedoes with bursting charge................................ 0451 04 03
Charges, bursting, plastics bonded............................ 0457 04 03
Charges, bursting, plastics bonded............................ 0458 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0462 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0463 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0464 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0465 05 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0466 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0467 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0468 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0469 05 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0470 04 03
Articles, explosive, n.o.s.................................... 0472 05 03
Rockets, with inert head...................................... 0502 02 03
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Consistent with changes to Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code, PHMSA
is making numerous changes to the special stowage and segregation
provisions [Other provisions] indicated in column (10B) of the HMT.
 Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code amended multiple entries to ensure
proper segregation between acids and both amines and cyanides. Amines
react dangerously with acids, evolving heat, and the heat of reaction
has the potential to generate corrosive vapors. Cyanides react with
acids to generate toxic vapors. However, current vessel segregation
requirements are inconsistent. Therefore, PHMSA is applying stowage
codes 52, 53, and 58--which require stowage ``separated from acids,''
``separated from alkaline compounds'', and ``separated from cyanides,''
respectively--to column 10B of the HMT, as shown in Table 3, below.
 Consistent with changes adopted in Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG
Code, PHMSA is adding existing stowage codes 12 and 25 to entries in
the HMT. Vessel stowage code 12 requires keeping the cargo as cool as
reasonably practicable. Vessel stowage code 25 requires protecting
shipments from sources of heat. PHMSA is adding codes 12 and 25 to
Nitrocellulose with alcohol with not less than 25 percent alcohol by
mass, and with not more than 12.6 percent nitrogen, by dry mass, UN
2556. The addition of these two vessel stowage codes will help ensure
that nitrocellulose is stowed so as to keep it as cool as practicable
during transportation and to avoid possible loss of stabilization
material in packages. Additionally, PHMSA is adding stowage code 25 to
Dipropylamine, UN 2383 consistent with changes adopted in Amendment 39-
18 of the IMDG Code.
 PHMSA is adding vessel stowage codes to multiple HMT entries for
uranium hexafluoride. In a previous final rule [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-
0273 (HM-215N); 82 FR 15796] a subsidiary hazard of 6.1 was added to
the UN 2977 and UN 2978 Uranium hexafluoride entries, and the primary
hazard for UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material,
excepted package was changed from 8 to 6.1. Consequential amendments to
the stowage and segregation requirements codes for these materials were
not addressed at the time of these changes in the IMDG Code or the HMR.
In this final rule, PHMSA is adding existing vessel stowage code 74 and
new vessel stowage codes 151 and 153 to UN 2977 and UN 2978.
Additionally, PHMSA is adding new vessel stowage code 152 to UN 3507.
Stowage code 74 requires stowage separated from oxidizers. See a
section-by-section discussion on the proposed changes to Sec. 176.84
for a description of stowage codes 151, 152 and 153. These amendments
are necessary to ensure appropriate stowage and segregation provisions
that account for the subsidiary and tertiary hazards of these
commodities.
 Finally, we are adding new stowage provision 154 and assigning it
to the NA 0124, NA 0494, UN 0494, and UN 0124 jet perforating gun HMT
entries. This new stowage provision indicates that, notwithstanding the
stowage category assigned to the entries in the HMT, jet perforating
guns may be stowed in accordance with the provisions of packing
instruction US 1 in Sec. 173.62. See the discussion on stowage
provision 154 in the Sec. 176.84 section by section portion of this
rulemaking.
 Table 3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Proper shipping name UN No. Addition(s)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jet perforating guns, NA0124.................... 154
 charged oil well, with
 detonator.
Jet perforating guns, UN0124.................... 154
 charged oil well, without
 detonator.
[[Page 27822]]

Jet perforating guns, NA0494.................... 154
 charged oil well, with
 detonator.
Jet perforating guns, UN0494.................... 154
 charged, oil well, without
 detonator.
Dimethylamine, anhydrous.... UN1032.................... 52
Ethylamine.................. UN1036.................... 52
Hydrogen fluoride, anhydrous UN1052.................... 53, 58
Methylamine, anhydrous...... UN1061.................... 52
Trimethylamine, anhydrous... UN1083.................... 52
Amylamines.................. UN1106 PG II & III........ 52
n-Butylamine................ UN1125.................... 52
Diethylamine................ UN1154.................... 52
Diisopropylamine............ UN1158.................... 52
Ethyl chloroformate......... UN1182.................... 53, 58
Ethyldichlorosilane......... UN1183.................... 53, 58
Isobutylamine............... UN1214.................... 52
Isopropylamine.............. UN1221.................... 52
Methyl chloroformate........ UN1238.................... 53, 58
Methyldichlorosilane........ UN1242.................... 53, 58
Methyltrichlorosilane....... UN1250.................... 53, 58
Propylamine................. UN1277.................... 52
Trichlorosilane............. UN1295.................... 53, 58
Trimethylamine, aqueous UN1297 all PG's........... 52
 solutions with not more
 than 50 percent
 trimethylamine by mass.
Trimethylchlorosilane....... UN1298.................... 53, 58
Vinyltrichlorosilane........ UN1305.................... 53, 58
Cacodylic acid.............. UN1572.................... 53, 58
Dimethyl sulfate............ UN1595.................... 53, 58
Acetic anhydride............ UN1715.................... 53, 58
Acetyl bromide.............. UN1716.................... 53, 58
Acetyl chloride............. UN1717.................... 53, 58
Butyl acid phosphate........ UN1718.................... 53, 58
Allyl chloroformate......... UN1722.................... 53, 58
Allyl iodide................ UN1723.................... 53, 58
Allyltrichlorosilane, UN1724.................... 53, 58
 stabilized.
Aluminum bromide, anhydrous. UN1725.................... 53, 58
Aluminum chloride, anhydrous UN1726.................... 53, 58
Ammonium hydrogendifluoride, UN1727.................... 53, 58
 solid.
Amyltrichlorosilane......... UN1728.................... 53, 58
Anisoyl chloride............ UN1729.................... 53, 58
Antimony pentachloride, UN1730.................... 53, 58
 liquid.
Antimony pentachloride, UN 1731 all PG's.......... 53, 58
 solutions.
Antimony pentafluoride...... UN1732.................... 53, 58
Antimony trichloride, liquid UN1733.................... 53, 58
 and solid.
Benzoyl chloride............ UN1736.................... 53, 58
Benzyl bromide.............. UN1737.................... 53, 58
Benzyl chloride and Benzyl UN1738.................... 53, 58
 chloride unstabilized.
Benzyl chloroformate........ UN1739.................... 53, 58
Hydrogendifluoride, solid, UN1740 all PG's........... 53, 58
 n.o.s.
Boron trifluoride acetic UN1742.................... 53, 58
 acid complex, liquid.
Boron trifluoride propionic UN1743.................... 53, 58
 acid complex, liquid.
Bromine solutions........... UN1744 all entries........ 53, 58
Bromine pentafluoride....... UN1745.................... 53, 58
Bromine trifluoride......... UN1746.................... 53, 58
Butyltrichlorosilane........ UN1747.................... 53, 58
Chloroacetic acid, solution. UN1750.................... 53, 58
Chloroacetic acid, solid.... UN1751.................... 53, 58
Chloroacetyl chloride....... UN1752.................... 53, 58
Chlorophenyltrichlorosilane. UN1753.................... 53, 58
Chlorosulfonic acid (with or UN1754.................... 53, 58
 without sulfur trioxide).
Chromic acid solution....... UN1755 all PG's........... 53, 58
Chromic fluoride, solid..... UN1756.................... 53, 58
Chromic fluoride, solution.. UN1757 all PG's........... 53, 58
Chromium oxychloride........ UN1758.................... 53, 58
Cupriethylenediamine UN1761 all PG's........... 52
 solution.
Cyclohexenyltrichlorosilane. UN1762.................... 53, 58
Cyclohexyltrichlorosilane... UN1763.................... 53, 58
Dichloroacetic acid......... UN1764.................... 53, 58
Dichloroacetyl chloride..... UN1765.................... 53, 58
Dichlorophenyltrichlorosilan UN1766.................... 53, 58
 e.
Diethyldichlorosilane....... UN1767.................... 53, 58
Difluorophosphoric acid, UN1768.................... 53, 58
 anhydrous.
Diphenyldichlorosilane...... UN1769.................... 53, 58
Diphenylmethyl bromide...... UN1770.................... 53, 58
Dodecyltrichlorosilane...... UN1771.................... 53, 58
[[Page 27823]]

Ferric chloride, anhydrous.. UN1773.................... 53, 58
Fluoroboric acid............ UN1775.................... 53, 58
Fluorophosphoric acid UN1776.................... 53, 58
 anhydrous.
Fluorosulfonic acid......... UN1777.................... 53, 58
Fluorosilicic acid.......... UN1778.................... 53, 58
Formic acid with more than UN1779.................... 53, 58
 85% acid by mass.
Fumaryl chloride............ UN1780.................... 53, 58
Hexadecyltrichlorosilane.... UN1781.................... 53, 58
Hexafluorophosphoric acid... UN1782.................... 53, 58
Hexamethylenediamine UN1783 all PG's........... 52
 solution.
Hexyltrichlorosilane........ UN1784.................... 53, 58
Hydrofluoric acid and UN1786.................... 53, 58
 Sulfuric acid mixtures.
Hydrobromic acid, with more UN1788 all PG's........... 53, 58
 than 49 percent hydrobromic
 acid.
Hydrochloric acid........... UN1789 all PG's........... 53, 58
Hydrofluoric acid........... UN1790 all PG's........... 53, 58
Hypochlorite solutions...... UN1791 all PG's........... 53, 58
Iodine monochloride, solid.. UN1792.................... 53, 58
Isopropyl acid phosphate.... UN1793.................... 53, 58
Lead sulfate with more than UN1794.................... 53, 58
 3 percent free acid.
Nitrating acid mixtures..... UN1796 all PG's........... 53, 58
Nitrohydrochloric acid...... UN1798.................... 53, 58
Nonyltrichlorosilane........ UN1799.................... 53, 58
Octadecyltrichlorosilane.... UN1800.................... 53, 58
Octyltrichlorosilane........ UN1801.................... 53, 58
Perchloric acid with not UN1802.................... 53, 58
 more than 50 percent acid
 by mass.
Phenolsulfonic acid, liquid. UN1803.................... 53, 58
Phenyltrichlorosilane....... UN1804.................... 53, 58
Phosphoric acid solution.... UN1805.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus pentachloride.... UN1806.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus pentoxide........ UN1807.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus tribromide....... UN1808.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus trichloride...... UN1809.................... 53, 58
Phosphorous oxychloride..... UN1810.................... 53, 58
Potassium hydrogendifluoride UN1811.................... 53, 58
 solid.
Propionyl chloride.......... UN1815.................... 53, 58
Propyltrichlorosilane....... UN1816.................... 53, 58
Pyrosulfuryl chloride....... UN1817.................... 53, 58
Silicon tetrachloride....... UN1818.................... 53, 58
Nitrating acid mixtures, UN1826 all PGs............ 53, 58
 spent.
Stannic chloride, anhydrous. UN1827.................... 53, 58
Sulfur chlorides............ UN1828.................... 53, 58
Sulfur trioxide, stabilized. UN1829.................... 53, 58
Sulfuric acid with more than UN1830.................... 53, 58
 51 percent acid.
Sulfuric acid, fuming with UN1831.................... 53, 58
 less than 30 percent free
 sulfur trioxide.
Sulfuric acid, fuming with UN1831.................... 53, 58
 30 percent or more free
 sulfur trioxide.
Sulfuric acid, spent........ UN1832.................... 53, 58
Sulfurous acid.............. UN1833.................... 53, 58
Sulfuryl chloride........... UN1834.................... 53, 58
Thionyl chloride............ UN1836.................... 53, 58
Thiophosphoryl chloride..... UN1837.................... 53, 58
Titanium tetrachloride...... UN1838.................... 53, 58
Trichloroacetic acid........ UN1839.................... 53, 58
Zinc chloride, solution..... UN1840.................... 53, 58
Propionic acid with not less UN1848.................... 53, 58
 than 10% and less than 90%
 acid by mass.
Perchloric acid with more UN1873.................... 53, 58
 than 50 percent but not
 more than 72 percent acid,
 by mass.
Acetyl iodide............... UN1898.................... 53, 58
Diisooctyl acid phosphate... UN1902.................... 53, 58
Selenic acid................ UN1905.................... 53, 58
Sludge, acid................ UN1906.................... 53, 58
Bromoacetic acid solution... UN1938 all PGs............ 53, 58
Phosphorus oxybromide....... UN1939.................... 53, 58
Thioglycolic acid........... UN1940.................... 53, 58
Nitric acid other than red UN2031 all entries........ 53, 58
 fuming.
Nitric acid, red fuming..... UN2032.................... 53, 58
2-Dimethylaminoethanol...... UN2051.................... 52
Phthalic anhydride with more UN2214.................... 53, 58
 than .05 percent maleic
 anhydride.
Maleic anhydride............ UN2215 all entries........ 53, 58
Acrylic acid, stabilized.... UN2218.................... 53, 58
Benzotrichloride............ UN2226.................... 53, 58
Chromosulfuric acid......... UN2240.................... 53, 58
Di-n-butylamine............. UN2248.................... 52
1,2-Propylenediamine........ UN2258.................... 52
[[Page 27824]]

Tripropylamine.............. UN2260.................... 52
Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride.. UN2262.................... 53, 58
N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine. UN2264.................... 52
Dimethyl-N-propylamine...... UN2266.................... 52
Dimethyl thiophosphoryl UN2267.................... 53, 58
 chloride.
3,3'-Iminodipropylamine..... UN2269.................... 52
2-Ethylhexylamine........... UN2276.................... 52
Hexamethylenediamine, solid. UN2280.................... 52
Isophoronediamine........... UN2289.................... 52
Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid... UN2305.................... 53, 58
Nitrosylsulfuric acid, UN2308.................... 53, 58
 liquid.
Trimethylcyclohexylamine.... UN2326.................... 52
Trimethylhexamethylenediamin UN2327.................... 52
 es.
Zinc chloride, anhydrous.... UN2331.................... 53, 58
Allylamine.................. UN2334.................... 52
Butyryl chloride............ UN2353.................... 53, 58
Cyclohexylamine............. UN2357.................... 52
Diallylamine................ UN2359.................... 52
Diisobutylamine............. UN2361.................... 52
Dipropylamine............... UN2383.................... 25, 52
Isobutyryl chloride......... UN2395.................... 53, 58
Isopropyl chloroformate..... UN2407.................... 53, 58
Dibenzyldichlorosilane...... UN2434.................... 53, 58
Ethylphenyldichlorosilane... UN2435.................... 53, 58
Methylphenyldichlorosilane.. UN2437.................... 53, 58
Trimethylacetyl chloride.... UN2438.................... 53, 58
Sodium hydrogendifluoride... UN2439.................... 53, 58
Stannic chloride UN2440.................... 53, 58
 pentahydrate.
Trichloroacetyl chloride.... UN2442.................... 53, 58
Vanadium oxytrichloride..... UN2443.................... 53, 58
Vanadium tetrachloride...... UN2444.................... 53, 58
Vanadium trichloride........ UN2475.................... 53, 58
Iodine pentafluoride........ UN2495.................... 53, 58
Propionic anhydride......... UN2496.................... 53, 58
Valeryl chloride............ UN2502.................... 53, 58
Zirconium tetrachloride..... UN2503.................... 53, 58
Ammonium hydrogen sulfate... UN2506.................... 53, 58
Chloroplatinic acid, solid.. UN2507.................... 53, 58
Molybdenum pentachloride.... UN2508.................... 53, 58
Potassium hydrogen sulfate.. UN2509.................... 53, 58
2-Chloropropionic acid...... UN2511.................... 53, 58
Bromoacetyl bromide......... UN2513.................... 58
Furfurylamine............... UN2526.................... 52
Methacrylic acid, stabilized UN2531.................... 53, 58
Nitrocellulose with alcohol UN2556.................... 12, 25
 with not less than 25
 percent alcohol by mass,
 and with not more than 12.6
 percent nitrogen, by dry
 mass.
Trichloroacetic acid, UN2564 all PGs............ 53, 58
 solution.
Dicyclohexylamine........... UN2565.................... 52
Alkylsulfuric acids......... UN2571.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus oxybromide, UN2576.................... 53, 58
 molten.
Phenylacetyl chloride....... UN2577.................... 53, 58
Phosphorus trioxide......... UN2578.................... 53, 58
Aluminum bromide, solution.. UN2580.................... 53, 58
Aluminum chloride, solution. UN2581.................... 53, 58
Ferric chloride, solution... UN2582.................... 53, 58
Alkyl sulfonic acids, solid UN2583.................... 53, 58
 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
 solid, with more than 5
 percent free sulfuric acid.
Alkyl sulfonic acids, liquid UN2584.................... 53, 58
 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
 liquid with more than 5
 percent free sulfuric acid.
Alkyl sulfonic acids, solid UN2585.................... 53, 58
 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
 solid with not more than 5
 percent free sulfuric acid.
Alkyl sulfonic acids, liquid UN2586.................... 53, 58
 or Aryl sulfonic acids,
 liquid with not more than 5
 percent free sulfuric acid.
Boron trifluoride diethyl UN2604.................... 53, 58
 etherate.
Triallylamine............... UN2610.................... 52
Benzyldimethylamine......... UN2619.................... 52
Chloric acid aqueous UN2626.................... 53
 solution, with not more
 than 10 percent chloric
 acid.
Fluoroacetic acid........... UN2642.................... 53, 58
Cyanuric chloride........... UN2670.................... 53, 58
3-Diethyamino-propylamine... UN2684.................... 52
N,N-Diethylethylenediamine.. UN2685.................... 52
2-Diethylaminoethanol....... UN2686.................... 52
Phosphorus pentabromide..... UN2691.................... 58
Boron tribromide............ UN2692.................... 53, 58
Tetrahydrophthalic UN2698.................... 53, 58
 anhydrides with more than
 0.05 percent of maleic
 anhydride.
Trifluoroacetic acid........ UN2699.................... 53, 58
[[Page 27825]]

Butyric anhydride........... UN2739.................... 53, 58
n-Propyl chloroformate...... UN2740.................... 53, 58
Chloroformates, toxic, UN2742.................... 53, 58
 corrosive, flammable, n.o.s.
n-Butyl chloroformate....... UN2743.................... 53, 58
Cyclobutyl chloroformate.... UN2744.................... 53, 58
Chloromethyl chloroformate.. UN2745.................... 53, 58
Phenyl chloroformate........ UN2746.................... 53, 58
2-Ethylhexyl chloroformate.. UN2748.................... 53, 58
Diethylthiophosphoryl UN2751.................... 53, 58
 chloride.
Acetic acid, glacial or UN2789.................... 53, 58
 Acetic acid solution, with
 more than 80 percent acid,
 by mass.
Acetic acid solution........ UN2790 all entries........ 53, 58
Batteries, wet, filled with UN2794.................... 53, 58
 acid, electric storage.
Sulfuric acid with not more UN2796.................... 53, 58
 than 51% acid.
Phenyl phosphorus dichloride UN2798.................... 53, 58
Phenyl phosphorus UN2799.................... 53, 58
 thiodichloride.
Copper chloride............. UN2802.................... 53, 58
N-Aminoethylpiperazine...... UN2815.................... 52
Ammonium hydrogendifluoride, UN2817 all PGs............ 53, 58
 solution.
Amyl acid phosphate......... UN2819.................... 53, 58
Butyric acid................ UN2820.................... 53, 58
Crotonic acid, solid........ UN2823.................... 53, 58
Ethyl chlorothioformate..... UN2826.................... 53, 58
Caproic acid................ UN2829.................... 53, 58
Phosphorous acid............ UN2834.................... 53, 58
Di-n-amylamine.............. UN2841.................... 52
Boron trifluoride dehydrate. UN2851.................... 53, 58
Hydroxylamine sulfate....... UN2865.................... 52, 53, 58
Titanium trichloride UN2869 all PGs............ 53, 58
 mixtures.
Selenium oxychloride........ UN2879.................... 53, 58
N-Methylbutylamine.......... UN2945.................... 52
Sulfamic acid............... UN2967.................... 53, 58
Radioactive material, UN2978.................... 74, 151, 153
 uranium hexafluoride non
 fissile or fissile-excepted.
Radioactive material, UN2977.................... 74, 151, 153
 uranium hexafluoride,
 fissile.
Chlorosilanes, flammable, UN2985.................... 53, 58
 corrosive, n.o.s.
Chlorosilanes, corrosive, UN2986.................... 53, 58
 flammable, n.o.s.
Chlorosilanes, corrosive, UN2987.................... 53, 58
 n.o.s.
Chlorosilanes, water- UN2988.................... 53, 58
 reactive, flammable,
 corrosive, n.o.s.
2-(2-Aminoethoxy) ethanol... UN3055.................... 52
Methanesulfonyl chloride.... UN3246.................... 53, 58
Chloroacetic acid, molten... UN3250.................... 53, 58
Corrosive solid, acidic, UN3260 all PGs............ 53, 58
 inorganic, n.o.s.
Corrosive solid, acidic, UN3261 all PGs............ 53, 58
 organic, n.o.s.
Corrosive liquid, acidic, UN3264 all PGs............ 53, 58
 inorganic, n.o.s.
Corrosive liquid, acidic, UN3265 all PGs............ 53, 58
 organic, n.o.s.
Chloroformates, toxic, UN3277.................... 53, 58
 corrosive, n.o.s.
Chlorosilanes, toxic, UN3361.................... 53, 58
 corrosive, n.o.s.
Chlorosilanes, toxic, UN3362.................... 53, 58
 corrosive, flammable, n.o.s.
Formic acid................. UN3412 all PGs............ 53, 58
Boron trifluoride acetic UN3419.................... 53, 58
 acid complex, solid.
Boron trifluoride propionic UN3420.................... 53, 58
 acid complex, solid.
Potassium hydrogendifluoride UN3421 all PGs............ 53, 58
 solution.
Bromoacetic acid, solid..... UN3425.................... 53, 58
Phosphoric acid, solid...... UN3453.................... 53, 58
Nitrosylsulphuric acid, UN3456.................... 53, 58
 solid.
Propionic acid with not less UN3463.................... 53, 58
 than 90% acid by mass.
Crotonic acid, liquid....... UN3472.................... 53, 58
Iodine monochloride, liquid. UN3498.................... 53, 58
Uranium hexafluoride, UN3507.................... 152
 radioactive material,
 excepted package, less than
 0.1 kg per package, non-
 fissile or fissile-excepted.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Appendix B to Sec. 172.101--List of Marine Pollutants
 Appendix B to Sec. 172.101 lists marine pollutants regulated under
the HMR. Based on the test data submitted to PHMSA, the USCG, and the
IMO, Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code was updated to indicate that 1-
dodecene is not a marine pollutant. In this final rule, PHMSA is
amending the entry for ``Dodecene'' in the list of marine pollutants in
Appendix B to Sec. 172.101 to indicate that 1-dodecene is not a marine
pollutant, and as a result, shipments of 1-dodecene are not subject to
the provisions of the HMR applicable to marine pollutants.
Section 172.102 Special Provisions
 Section 172.102 lists special provisions applicable to the
transportation of specific hazardous materials. Special provisions
contain packaging requirements, prohibitions, and exceptions applicable
to particular quantities or forms of hazardous
[[Page 27826]]
materials. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the following Sec.
172.102 special provisions:
 Special provision 132. This special provision prescribes
conditions for use of description ``UN 2071, Ammonium nitrate based
fertilizer, Class 9.'' As the composition limits and requirement on
self-sustaining decomposition were replaced by a flow chart in sub-
section 39.5 of the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, section 39,
the corresponding UN Model Regulations special provision 193 was
revised by removing the specific conditions and making a reference to
the applicable section of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.
Consistent with these changes to the UN Model Regulations, in this
final rule, PHMSA is revising special provision 132 by removing the
specific conditions applicable to use of this description and
clarifying that UN 2071 may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
compound fertilizers and that they must be classified in accordance
with the procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part
III, section 39.
 Special provision 150. This special provision prescribes
conditions for use of description ``UN 2067, Ammonium nitrate based
fertilizer, Division 5.1.'' As the composition limits were replaced by
a flow chart in sub-section 39.5 of the Manual of Tests and Criteria,
part III, section 39, the corresponding UN Model Regulations special
provision 307 was revised by removing the specific conditions and
making a reference to the applicable section of the UN Manual of Tests
and Criteria. Consistent with these changes to the UN Model
Regulations, in this final rule, PHMSA is revising special provision
150 by removing the specific conditions applicable to use of this
description by clarifying that UN 2067 may only be used for ammonium
nitrate-based fertilizers and that they must be classified in
accordance with the procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and
Criteria, part III, section 39.
 Special provision 238. Special provision 238 prescribes
the requirements for neutron radiation detectors containing boron
trifluoride. In a final rule published under [(HM-215N); 82 FR 15796],
special provision 238 was revised to align with special provision 373
of the UN Model Regulations. In reformatting the special provision for
alignment, several of the preexisting references to paragraphs within
the special provision were not revised accordingly. Therefore, PHMSA is
removing the first instance of the text ``a.'' in the introductory text
as it is not necessary and inadvertently results in two paragraphs with
the same letter header. In paragraph e, the references to preceding
paragraphs within the special provision are revised from a(1), a(2),
and a(3) to a, b, and c, respectively.
 Special provision 325. Consistent with a pre-existing
special provision 325 in the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is adding new
special provision 325 to assist shippers of this material by clarifying
that in the case of non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium
hexafluoride, the material must be classified as ``UN2978 Radioactive
material, uranium hexafluoride non fissile or fissile-excepted.'' In
this final rule, PHMSA is assigning special provision 325 to the
following entries to aid shippers:
UN2912 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-I) non fissile
or fissile-excepted
UN2913 Radioactive material, surface contaminated objects (SCO-I or
SCO-II), non-fissile or fissile excepted
UN2915 Radioactive material, Type A package non-special form, non
fissile or fissile-excepted
UN2916 Radioactive material, Type B(U) package non fissile or fissile-
excepted
UN2917 Radioactive material, Type B(M) package non fissile or fissile-
excepted
UN2919 Radioactive material, transported under special arrangement, non
fissile or fissile-excepted
UN3321 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-II) non fissile
or fissile-excepted
UN3322 Radioactive material, low specific activity (LSA-III) non
fissile or fissile excepted
 Special provision 369. Special provision 369 prescribes
requirements for UN3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material,
excepted package, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-
excepted. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the first sentence of
the special provision for editorial clarity by replacing the words ``a
radioactive material and corrosive subsidiary risk'' with
``radioactivity and corrosive subsidiary risks.''
 Special provision 383. PHMSA is removing special provision
383, which allows certain high viscosity flammable liquids, when
offered for transportation by motor vehicle, to be reassigned to
Packing Group III when packaged in UN metal drums with a capacity not
exceeding 220 L (58 gallons). Amendments to Sec. 173.121 in this final
rule provide a larger capacity package, additional packaging options,
and more modes of transport (all modes except air). PHMSA believes
these amendments to Sec. 173.121 provide more regulatory relief than
special provision 383 currently offers, and is deleting special
provision 383 and removing the special provision from the HMT for those
entries to which it is assigned.
 Special provision 387. Special provision 387 is revised to
extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019, to January 2, 2023.
 Special provision 388. Consistent with the UN Model
Regulations, PHMSA is adding new special provision 388, which
prescribes requirements for lithium batteries containing both primary
lithium metal cells and rechargeable lithium ion cells that are not
designed to be externally charged and for which the existing provisions
for lithium batteries do not adequately address. Such batteries must
meet the following conditions: (1) The rechargeable lithium ion cells
can only be charged from the primary lithium metal cells; (2)
overcharge of the rechargeable lithium ion cells is precluded by
design; (3) the battery has been tested as a primary lithium battery;
and (4) component cells of the battery must be of a type proved to meet
the respective testing requirements of the UN Manual of Tests and
Criteria, part III, subsection 38.3. Lithium batteries conforming to
special provision 388 must be assigned to UN Nos. 3090 or 3091, as
appropriate. When such batteries are transported in accordance with
Sec. 173.185(c), the total lithium content of all lithium metal cells
contained in the battery must not exceed 1.5 g and the total capacity
of all lithium ion cells contained in the battery must not exceed 10
Wh.
 Special provision 389. In conjunction with the new HMT
entry ``UN3536, Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit
lithium ion batteries or lithium metal batteries,'' PHMSA is adding new
special provision 389, which prescribes requirements for lithium ion
batteries or lithium metal batteries installed in a cargo transport
unit and designed only to provide power external to the cargo transport
unit.
 This special provision, which captures many of the safety elements
included in previous approvals issued by PHMSA, specifies that the
lithium batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185(a) and
contain the necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over-discharge
between the batteries. The batteries inside the cargo transport unit
are not subject to marking or labelling requirements of part 172
subparts D and E of this subchapter. The cargo transport
[[Page 27827]]
unit shall display the UN number in a manner in accordance with Sec.
172.332 of this subchapter and be placarded on two opposing sides.
 The batteries must be securely attached to the interior structure
of the cargo transport unit (e.g., by means of placement in racks,
cabinets, etc.) in such a manner as to prevent short circuits,
accidental operation, and significant movement relative to the cargo
transport unit under the shocks, loadings, and vibrations normally
incidental to transport. Further, hazardous materials necessary for the
safe and proper operation of the cargo transport unit (e.g., fire
extinguishing systems and air conditioning systems), must be properly
secured to or installed in the cargo transport unit and are not
otherwise subject to this subchapter. Lastly, other hazardous materials
must not be transported within the cargo transport unit.
 Special provision 391. As part of the classification and
packaging framework for ``Articles containing dangerous goods'' adopted
in this rulemaking, PHMSA is adding new special provision 391, which
prohibits articles containing certain high-hazard materials of Division
2.3, Division 4.2, Division 4.3, Division 5.1, Division 5.2, or
Division 6.1 (substances with a inhalation toxicity of Packing Group I)
and articles containing more than one of the following hazards from
being offered for transport or transported, except under conditions
approved by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety:
(1) Gases of Class 2; (2) Liquid desensitized explosives of Class 3; or
(3) Self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives of
Division 4.1.
 Special provision 421. Special provision 421 is revised to
extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the transportation of
polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019 to January 2, 2023.
 Special provision 422. PHMSA is revising special provision
422 to remove the transition period authorizing lithium battery Class 9
labels conforming to requirements in place on December 31, 2016 to
continue to be used until December 31, 2018.
 Special provision A56. Special provision A56 prescribes
the requirements for radioactive materials with subsidiary hazards when
transported by aircraft. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising special
provision A56 consistent with the revisions made to special provision
A78 in the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions. Specifically, where
the subsidiary hazard material is listed as ``Forbidden'' in column
(9A) or (9B) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, the radioactive material may
only be offered for transportation and transported by aircraft under
conditions approved by the Associate Administrator.
 Special provision A105. PHMSA is revising special
provision A105, which prescribes requirements for the air transport of
machinery or apparatus containing hazardous materials as an integral
element of the machinery or apparatus. Where the quantity of hazardous
materials contained as an integral element in machinery or apparatus
exceeds the limits permitted for air transport in Sec. 173.222, and
the hazardous materials meet the provisions of Sec. 173.222 for other
than air transport, the machinery or apparatus may be transported by
aircraft only with the prior approval of the Associate Administrator
for Hazardous Materials Safety.
 Special provision B136. Consistent with the 20th Revised
Edition of the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is adding new special
provision B136 that authorizes non-specification closed bulk bins for
the following solid substances:
UN1363 Copra
UN1386 Seed cake, containing vegetable oil solvent extractions and
expelled seeds, with not more than 10 percent of oil and when the
amount of moisture is higher than 11 percent, with not more than 20
percent of oil and moisture combined
UN1386 Seed cake with more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than 11
percent moisture
UN1398 Aluminum silicon powder, uncoated
UN1435 Zinc ashes
UN2071 Ammonium nitrate based fertilizer
UN2216 Fish meal, stabilized or Fish scrap, stabilized
UN2217 Seed cake with not more than 1.5 percent oil and not more than
11 percent moisture
UN2793 Ferrous metal borings or Ferrous metal shavings or Ferrous metal
turnings or Ferrous metal cuttings in a form liable to self-heating
 Portable tank special provisions: PHMSA is revising
Portable Tank Special Provision TP10, assigned to UN 1744, to authorize
a three-month extension for the transportation of bromine portable
tanks for the purposes of performing the next required liner test--
after emptying, but before cleaning.
 Special provisions W31 and W32. Special provision W32
currently requires non-bulk packagings to be hermetically sealed,
except for solid fused material. Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code
removed the qualifying text from the equivalent special packaging
provision. Discussions at the International Maritime Organization noted
that when a substance evolves flammable gases when in contact with
water at the rate and quantity meeting the classification requirements
for a Division 4.3 material, there is no safety justification to permit
their transportation in packagings which are not hermetically sealed.
In Amendment 39-18, the text ``except for solid fused material'' was
removed from special packing provision PP31 in packing instruction
P403. Consistent with the IMDG Code PHMSA is deleting special provision
W32 and assigning W31, which requires non-bulk packagings to be
hermetically sealed regardless of the form of the material.
Section 172.203 Additional Description Requirements
 Section 172.203 prescribes additional description requirements for
shipping papers. In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed revising Sec.
172.203(o)(2), to require that the words ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED,''
when appropriate, be added to the proper shipping name for Division 4.1
(polymerizing substance and self-reactive) and Division 5.2 (organic
peroxide), if not already indicated in the HMT. PHMSA received a
comment from DGAC noting that the HMT lists only four (4) n.o.s.
entries for ``polymerizing materials,'' two of which identify that the
material is stabilized and the other two of which already include the
words ``temperature controlled.'' Therefore, the commenter states that
the addition of ``polymerizing substances'' to this listing is
unnecessary. PHMSA points out that polymerizing substances are not
limited to the four (4) n.o.s. entries, but also include HMT entries
assigned special provision 387. While it may be the case that all
organic peroxides and self-reactive materials that require temperature
control are assigned to HMT entries that include the words
``temperature control'' the same does not apply to polymerizing
substances. Therefore, in this final rule PHMSA is revising paragraph
(o)(2) as proposed in the NPRM. This amendment provides notice to those
in the transport chain that a material is being offered under
temperature control.
 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed revising paragraph Sec. 172.203(o)(3)
by requiring that for samples of polymerizing substances, the word
``SAMPLE'' must be included in association with the basic description.
[[Page 27828]]
PHMSA received comments from DGAC and Dow. Both commented that the
corresponding regulatory reference in paragraph (o)(3) to Sec.
173.224(c)(3) applies to self-reactive substances but not to
polymerizing substances, and noted that there are no equivalent
requirements in the HMR for samples of polymerizing substances. DGAC
also noted that requiring the word ``SAMPLE'' for all polymerizing
substances would create disharmony with the provisions in the IMDG
code, which only require ``SAMPLE'' to be included on the transport
document for self-reactive materials and organic peroxides. PHMSA
agrees with the commenters and is not revising paragraph (o)(3) in this
final rule.
 Additionally, PHMSA is adding polymerizing substances to the list
of types of materials that the additional documentation requirements in
paragraph (o) apply to.
Section 172.407 Label Specifications
 Section 172.407 prescribes specifications for hazard communication
labels. Consistent with changes made in Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG
Code and the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is amending
paragraph (c)(1) to remove the requirement that the width of the solid
line forming the inner border of labels must be at least 2 mm.
Additionally, we are amending the requirement that the solid line inner
border, currently required to be 5 mm inside and parallel to the edge,
to include the word ``approximately'' before 5 mm. These changes
provide flexibility for minor labeling variations that do not have an
appreciable impact on transportation safety. Finally, paragraph
(c)(1)(iii) which contains a transitional exception allowing for labels
in conformance with the requirements of 49 CFR 172.407(c)(1) (revised
October 1, 2014) to continue to be used until December 31, 2018, is
removed and reserved. PHMSA received comments from IME, DGAC and MDBTC
expressing support for the revision of label border specifications.
Yvonne Keller commented that changes to Sec. 172.407 (c)(1) that were
made in a previous final rule on Nov. 7, 2018 [(HM-219A); 83 FR 55792],
would be overwritten by the proposed changes in the NPRM. The changes
to (c)(1) in this rulemaking were intentional and consistent with
changes made to international standards and adequately account for the
changes to this paragraph in HM-219A.
Section 172.514 Bulk Packagings
 Section 172.514 prescribes placarding requirements and exceptions
for a bulk packaging containing a hazardous material. The general
placarding requirements prescribe that bulk packagings are to be
placarded on each side and each end. Due to the form and shape (e.g.,
round) of flexible bulk containers, it is impractical to require
placards on each side and each end. Consistent with the IMDG Code, in
this final rule, PHMSA is allowing flexible bulk containers to be
placarded on two opposing sides. PHMSA received a comment from DGAC
supporting the changes to placarding requirements for flexible bulk
containers.
Section 172.604 Emergency Response Telephone Number
 Section 172.604 prescribes requirements for emergency response
telephone numbers. Paragraph (d) identifies materials for which an
emergency response telephone number is not required when offered for
transportation. In a March 30, 2017, final rule [(HM-215N); 82 FR
15796], PHMSA harmonized the HMR with international regulations by
adopting separate HMT entries for internal combustion engines based on
the fuel, (e.g., engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered
and engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered). Previously, a
single HMT entry covered all engines. At that time, we did not amend
Sec. 172.604(d)(2) to ensure that ``engines, internal combustion''
offered under any of the new proper shipping names would continue to be
excepted from the emergency response telephone requirements of Sec.
172.604. In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (d)(2) to list
all possible proper shipping names for engines per the original intent.
PHMSA received a comment from DGAC supporting the change to the
requirements for shipping descriptions of internal combustion engines.
In a previous rulemaking [(HM-219A); 83 FR 55792], PHMSA made
amendments to Sec. 172.604 to clarify that excepted quantities do not
require an emergency response telephone number. This final rule amends
the same section, but accounts for the changes made in HM-219A.
Section 172.800 Purpose and Applicability
 Section 172.800 prescribes the requirements for developing and
implementing plans to address security risks related to the
transportation of hazardous materials in commerce. During review of
existing material that is incorporated by reference into the HMR it was
noted that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Code of
Conduct Category 1 and 2, while referenced in paragraph (b)(15), was
not appropriately incorporated by reference (see Sec. 171.7). In this
final rule, PHMSA is incorporating by reference the IAEA Code of
Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources into
paragraph (b)(15). Furthermore, we are revising a reference to known
radionuclides in forms listed as RAM-QC by the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission, to Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Category 1 and Category 2
radioactive materials as listed in Table 1, Appendix A to 10 CFR part
37. Lastly, we are listing the reference to Highway Route Controlled
Quantities separately in this paragraph. This amendment does not
require the creation and retention of security plans by any new
individuals, but simply incorporates by reference the appropriate IAEA
reference and clarifies the existing requirement.
Part 173--Shippers--General Requirements for Shipments and Packagings
Section 173.2a Classification of a Material Having More Than One Hazard
 Section 173.2a outlines classification requirements for materials
having more than one hazard. PHMSA is amending paragraph (a) to
indicate the appropriate classification precedence for the new
``Articles'' HMT entries added in this final rule. This change gives
guidance to offerors and shippers using the new HMT entries numbers
that do not conform to a single hazard class.
Section 173.6 Materials of Trade Exceptions
 Section 173.6 provides authorization for certain hazardous
materials meeting the definition of a material of trade (MOT) to be
transported by motor vehicle in conformance with this section and be
excepted from all other requirements of this subchapter if certain
quantity limitations, packaging provisions, and hazard communication
requirements are met. In two recent rulemakings [(HM-218H); 81 FR
35483] and [(HM-215N); 82 FR 15796], PHMSA removed packing group
assignments from Column (5) of the HMT for all organic peroxides
(Division 5.2), self-reactive substances (Division 4.1), explosives
(Class 1), and specific articles containing hazardous materials
indicated in Table 4 below. This removal of an indication of packing
group for these materials and articles has led to questions about the
ability of these materials and articles to utilize the MOTs exceptions
provided in Sec. 173.6. Further, this final rule adds 12 new proper
shipping names for articles that
[[Page 27829]]
are also not assigned a packing group. See ``Section 172.101 Hazardous
Materials Table (HMT)'' for a detailed discussion of this addition.
 It was not the intention of these previous rulemakings to exclude
these materials and articles from the ability to utilize the MOTs
exceptions, provided the hazardous materials within the articles comply
with the existing quantity limitations and other transport provisions
of Sec. 173.6. In this final rule, PHMSA is adding a new paragraph
(a)(7) to clarify that materials and articles for which Column (5) of
the HMT in Sec. 172.101 does not indicate a packing group are
authorized to utilize the MOTs exceptions as applicable, and indicate
the appropriate quantity limits applicable to those materials in
articles. For all materials and articles for which a packing group was
recently removed from the HMT, the corresponding section referenced in
Column (8) of the Sec. 172.101 Table requires packaging meeting either
Packing Group II or III performance level or non-specification
packaging. Therefore, the quantity limits in the new paragraph (a)(7)
will reference the PG II or PG III limits in Sec. 173.6(a)(1)(ii) or
Sec. 173.6(a)(3) for articles containing Division 4.3 materials, as
appropriate. PHMSA received a supporting comment from USWAG stating:
``We are pleased to note that PHMSA has proposed this change in the
current rulemaking. We appreciate PHMSA's efforts to correct this
important oversight.'' In addition, PHMSA is revising paragraph (b)(3)
to clarify the securement requirement for the transportation of
articles under the MOTs exceptions.
 Table 4
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Proper shipping name UN No. Class/division
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ammunition, tear-producing, non- UN2017................. 6.1
 explosive, without burster or
 expelling charge, non-fuzed.
Ammunition, toxic, non- UN2016................. 6.1
 explosive, without burster or
 expelling charge, non-fuzed.
Batteries, containing sodium... UN3292................. 4.3
Lithium ion batteries including UN3480................. 9
 lithium ion polymer batteries.
Lithium ion batteries contained UN3481................. 9
 in equipment including lithium
 ion polymer batteries.
Lithium ion batteries packed UN3481................. 9
 with equipment including
 lithium ion polymer batteries.
Lithium metal batteries UN3090................. 9
 including lithium alloy
 batteries.
Lithium metal batteries UN3091................. 9
 contained in equipment
 including lithium alloy
 batteries.
Lithium metal batteries packed UN3091................. 9
 with equipment including
 lithium alloy batteries.
Mercury contained in UN3506................. 8
 manufactured articles.
Oxygen generator, chemical UN3356................. 5.1
 (including when contained in
 associated equipment, e.g.,
 passenger service units
 (PSUs), portable breathing
 equipment (PBE), etc).
Safety devices, electrically UN3268................. 9
 initiated *.
Tear gas candles............... UN1700................. 6.1
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 173.21 Forbidden Materials and Packages
 Section 173.21 describes the situations in which the offering for
transport or transportation of materials or packages is forbidden. In
this final rule, PHMSA is reinstating the provisions adopted in the HM-
215N final rule. A delayed effective date of January 2, 2019 was placed
on amendment 22 of the HM-215N final rule, which reinstated the
provisions of Sec. 173.21 in place prior to publication of that rule.
Section 173.21 was not mentioned in the NPRM for this final rule
because there was no amendment to make at the time, as the effective
text of the section on the date of publication of the NPRM was the text
we are reinstating in this final rule. The provisions that previously
sunset on January 2, 2019 are reinstated in this final rule. PHMSA is
extending the date for the sunset provisions for an additional two
years versus the date proposed in the NPRM. The new sunset date for
transport provisions concerning polymerizing substances is January 2,
2023. This addition is consistent with the discussion above on
polymerizing substances and associated research in the background and
comment discussion sections of this rulemaking.
Section 173.62 Specific Packaging Requirements for Explosives
 Section 173.62 outlines specific packaging requirements for
explosives. In paragraph (c), in the Table of Packing Methods, Packing
Instruction US 1 containing packing instructions for jet perforating
guns, PHMSA is increasing the maximum authorized amount of explosive
contents per tool pallet and cargo vessel compartment from 90.8 kg to
95 kg. These limits are consistent with a provision added to Amendment
39-18 of the IMDG Code authorizing jet perforating guns to be
transported to or from offshore oil platforms, mobile offshore drilling
units, and other offshore installations in offshore well tool pallets,
cradles, or baskets. PHMSA notes that the amendments adopted in section
7.1.4.4.5 of Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code require both ends of jet
perforating guns to be protected by means of steel end caps. PHMSA is
not adopting this additional requirement for steel end caps noting the
safe transportation record of these explosive articles under the
existing requirements of the HMR. PHMSA received one comment from IME
supporting the increase in the maximum authorized amount of explosive
contents per tool pallet and cargo vessel compartment and PHMSA's
decision to not require steel end caps, leaving the existing HMR
requirement intact.
Section 173.121 Class 3--Assignment of Packing Group
 Section 173.121 provides the criteria for the assignment of packing
groups to Class 3 materials. Paragraph (b) provides criteria for
viscous flammable liquids of Class 3 (e.g., paints, enamels, lacquers,
and varnishes) to be placed in packing group III on the basis of their
viscosity, coupled with other criteria. Consistent with recent changes
to the IMDG Code, PHMSA is amending paragraph (b)(1)(iii) to authorize
a packaging capacity up to 450 L (119 gallons), an increase from the
presently authorized 30 L. A working paper submitted to the IMO Sub-
Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers noted that both the UN
Model Regulations and The European Agreements Concerning the
International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail allow
receptacles up to 450 L, and that due to the nature of viscous
materials (e.g., lower flow rate in the event of damage to a
receptacle, and lower levels of solvent vapors), which present a lower
fire risk than non-viscous flammable liquids, there has been a history
of safe transport of these materials by road and
[[Page 27830]]
rail since the introduction of the provision.
 This change will increase the allowed volume of viscous liquids in
a single package and will be applicable to all modes except for air.
Specifically, in this final rule, PHMSA is increasing the packaging
limits for viscous flammable liquids of Packing Group II material that
may be assigned Packing Group III. For transport by vessel, PHMSA is
increasing the limit from 30 L to 450 L. For transport by rail and
highway, PHMSA is increasing the limit from 100 L to 450 L. Consistent
with the ICAO Technical Instructions, the packaging quantity limits for
air will remain 30 L for passenger aircraft and 100 L for cargo
aircraft.
Section 173.124 Class 4, Divisions 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3--Definitions
 Section 173.124 contains definitions for Class 4, Divisions 4.1,
4.2, and 4.3. In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph
(a)(4)(iv) to extend the sunset dates for provisions concerning the
transportation of polymerizing substances from January 2, 2019, to
January 2, 2023. See the background and comment discussion sections of
this rulemaking for a more detailed discussion on polymerizing
substances.
Section 173.127 Class 5, Division 5.1--Definition and Assignment of
Packing Groups
 Section 173.127 provides a definition and criteria for the
assignment of packing groups for Division 5.1 Oxidizers. A new Section
39 in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria was introduced containing all
provisions for the classification of ammonium nitrate based
fertilizers. As a consequence of the new section, existing text in both
the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria and the UN Model Regulations was
amended or removed to avoid duplicative provisions in both
publications. In this final rule, PHMSA is revising the classification
criteria for ammonium nitrate based fertilizers by requiring that they
are classified in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the UN
Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, Section 39. These changes will
not result in changes to the current classification provisions for
ammonium nitrate fertilizers, but rather consolidate the provisions for
ease of use and to prevent inadvertent misclassification.
Section 173.134 Class 6, Division 6.2--Definitions and Exceptions
 Section 173.134 provides definitions and exceptions for infectious
substances. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising
the definition for ``patient specimen'' in paragraph (a)(4) by removing
redundant references to humans and animals.
Section 173.136 Class 8--Definitions
 Section 173.136 provides the definition for corrosive materials. In
the UN Model Regulations, the definition for corrosive materials was
revised to align with the text in Chapter 3.2 of the UN GHS and the
OECD Test Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals. PHMSA is amending the
definition in paragraph (a) for a corrosive material by replacing the
text ``full thickness destruction'' with ``irreversible damage.''
Harmonized terminology increases understanding and reduces the
potential for confusion between those in the transport and storage and
use sectors.
Section 173.137 Class 8--Assignment of Packing Group and Appendix I to
Part 173
 Section 173.137 prescribes the requirements for assigning a packing
group to Class 8 (corrosive) materials. Currently, the HMR require
offerors to classify Class 8 material and assign a packing group based
on test data. The HMR authorize a skin corrosion test and various in
vitro test methods that do not involve animal testing. Data obtained
from the currently authorized test methods is the only data acceptable
for classification and assignment of a packing group. In this final
rule, consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
adding alternative packing group assignment methods for making a
corrosivity classification determination for mixtures that do not
involve testing. These amendments include bridging principles and a
calculation method for the classification of mixtures. Bridging
principles include; dilution, batching, concentration of mixtures of PG
I, interpolation within one packing group, and provisions for
substantially similar mixtures.
 In a new paragraph (d), PHMSA is creating an alternative, tiered
approach to classification and packing group assignment depending on
how much information is available about the mixture itself, similar
mixtures, and/or the mixture's ingredients. When sufficient data is
available on similar mixtures to estimate skin corrosion hazards for
bridging, the bridging principle method may be used to classify and
assign a packing group. When no bridging data is available, the more
conservative calculation method may be used. When there is not
sufficient information to determine a packing group using the non-
testing methods described in paragraph (d), the testing and criteria in
Sec. 173.137 introductory paragraph and (a)-(c) must be applied. To
emphasize this point, PHMSA is adding an additional line to Figure 1 in
paragraph (d) to state that in such cases the testing and criteria in
Sec. 173.137 introductory paragraph and (a)-(c) must be applied to the
mixture. This tiered approach ensures an appropriate level of safety in
situations where reliable test data on that specific mixture may not be
available. These alternatives for classifying corrosive mixtures
provide opportunities for offerors to make a classification and packing
group assignment without having to conduct physical tests.
 Additionally, the new corrosivity classification methods are much
more closely aligned with those found in the UN GHS. However, not all
GHS corrosivity classification methods were incorporated in the UN
Model Regulations corrosivity requirements. For example, the use of
extreme pH values to assign corrosivity was not addressed in the UN
Model Regulations, and as such is not adopted in this final rule.
 PHMSA is replacing all instances of the text ``full thickness
destruction'' with ``irreversible damage'' consistent with the change
to the definition of a corrosive material in Sec. 173.136. PHMSA is
also adding a new Appendix I to part 173, containing a flow chart for
use with the calculation method.
 The corrigendum to the 20th Revised edition of the UN Model
Regulations made several corrections to the calculation method
classification criteria that were not included in the NPRM. Consistent
with the UN Model Regulations, the last sentence of paragraph
(d)(2)(i)(B) in the NPRM was added to a new paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) and
the following subparagraphs were renumbered accordingly. The new
paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) provides additional guidance on the use of the
flow chart added in Appendix I to part 173.
 Finally, PHMSA is updating the four existing OECD Guidelines
currently incorporated by reference in this section to their 2015
versions (Test Nos. 404, 430, 431, and 435). OECD Guideline 404
addresses in vivo testing and OECD Guidelines 430, 431, and 435 address
in vitro testing. OECD Guideline 404 and OECD Guideline 435 contain
minor variations in the types of information to be recorded as a part
of the test report in relation to the previously incorporated versions.
OECD Guideline 430 and OECD Guideline 431 were updated to include a
reference to a developed document on integrated approaches to testing
and assessment.
[[Page 27831]]
Section 173.159 Batteries, Wet
 Section 173.159 prescribes the requirements applicable to the
transportation of electric storage batteries containing electrolyte
acid or alkaline corrosive battery fluid (i.e., wet batteries).
Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is making several
editorial amendments in paragraphs (a) and (d) to specify that
electrically non-conductive packaging materials must be used and that
contact with other electrically conductive materials must be prevented.
Section 173.185 Lithium Cells and Batteries
 Section 173.185 prescribes requirements for lithium cells and
batteries. The introductory paragraph defines terms as used in this
section. In Sec. 173.185(a), the HMR describe UN cell and battery
design testing, general cell and battery design safety requirements,
and packaging requirements. In this final rule, PHMSA clarifies in
paragraph (a)(1) that a single cell battery is considered a ``cell''
and must be transported in accordance with the requirements for cells.
PHMSA is also amending Sec. 173.185(a) to include a lithium cell and
battery test summary (TS) with a standardized set of elements.
Manufacturers and subsequent distributers of lithium cells and
batteries manufactured on or after January 1, 2008 must make this
information available to others in the supply chain. This action is
intended to provide subsequent distributors and consumers the
information necessary to ensure that lithium cells and batteries that
are offered and reoffered for transport contain specific information on
the required UN tests.
 PHMSA received comments on the test summary from Alaska Airlines,
Amazon, the Chamber, COSTHA, DGAC, IATA, MDBTC, NRF, and PRBA. MDBTC
noted ``our Council understands the rationale behind the TS Document
and, if implemented effectively, agrees with PHMSA and international
regulators that making vital battery information more accessible will
enhance the safety of all lithium battery shipments.'' IATA commented
that it believes ``the availability of the test summary will improve
safety by providing clear visibility that the lithium cell and battery
types have been tested as required.'' Amazon commented that there are
other effective methods for improving the safe transportation of
lithium batteries, including common safety messaging across the supply
chain, expanding supplier outreach, and improved packaging methods.
Amazon noted that the test summary requirements, if implemented
strategically and with appropriate clarity, could complement these
other measures. However, Amazon suggested that additional outreach may
be needed to ensure manufacturers and suppliers are informed of the new
test summary requirements. Amazon further states that there is no
publicly available data that supports the claim that the test summary
requirement would improve the safe transport of lithium batteries.
PHMSA recognizes that internal process improvements implemented by
shippers (e.g., supplier outreach and common safety messaging) may also
positively impact lithium battery transportation safety. Additionally,
PHMSA is aware of, and is participating in, ongoing research into
packaging solutions and classification criteria for lithium batteries.
As previously stated, PHMSA believes that the test summary will ensure
shippers are verifying that a cell or battery is from a legitimate and
compliant source, and allow those in the transport chain to more easily
identify non-counterfeit products.
 Comments on the compliance date and applicability date for the
lithium battery test summary are addressed in the ``Comments Received''
section of this rulemaking. The requests that PHMSA reexamine the test
summary document's impact for businesses, specifically small
businesses, are addressed in the ``Information Collection'' section of
this rulemaking and the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA). The remaining
comments received regarding the proposed test summary requirements
requested clarifications on terminology and when the document must be
made available, exceptions for button cell batteries, and additional
clarification of the docketed guidance document.
Requests for Clarification on Terminology and When the TS Must Be Made
Available
 PHMSA received a comment from COSTHA that asked for clarification
that in addition to being required for cells and batteries, a test
summary is only required for equipment where the safety components of
the equipment are necessary for the cells or batteries contained to
pass the relevant UN sub-section 38.3 tests (e.g., when the overcharge
protection for a battery is part of the equipment circuit board and not
installed in the battery), and would not be required for all devices
containing lithium batteries. In response to this comment, PHMSA would
like to clarify that a test summary document is required for all cells
and batteries manufactured on or after January 1, 2008, without regard
to whether they are transported as standalone shipments, contained in
equipment, packed with equipment, or used in vehicles. As noted in the
``New UN Requirements for Lithium Battery Test Summaries'' \10\
guidance document found in the docket for this rulemaking, product
manufacturers of devices containing lithium batteries are not required
to create new test summary documents for their products if compliant
test summaries have been created and are made available for the
batteries contained in those products. Product manufactuerers may use
existing test summaries for the batteries in their devices to meet
their obligation to make them available to subsequent distributors.
PHMSA also understands that there may be instances where device
manufacturers desire to create a test summary for a product containing
a lithium cell or battery. While not required, creating a test summary
for a specific device rather than using an existing test summary
applicable to a battery installed in the device is authorized if the
required elements of the test summary are provided.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \10\ https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=PHMSA-2017-0108-0008.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Amazon requested that PHMSA require that manufacturers create a
complete test summary for each lithium battery and lithium battery
product and require that manufacturers post the summary online for
widespread access for anyone in the supply chain. As proposed in the
NPRM and adopted in this final rule, manufacturers and each subsequent
distributor of lithium cells or batteries must make available test
summaries as specified in Sec. 173.185. PHMSA expects that the first
entity offering the cell or battery into transport would likely create
the document for use by subsequent offerors or end users. However, the
HMR intentionally do not specify who must create the test summary to
provide implementation flexibility. The ``make available'' phrase is
also intentional to allow for compliance through any means
manufacturers and subsequent distributors find best fits their business
needs and capabilities. Any method that ensures the information is made
available to downstream distributors would be acceptable. This includes
the envisioned least burdensome method of posting the information or
links to the information on websites. Other possible methods include,
but are not limited to, emailing copies of the required
[[Page 27832]]
information or providing physical hard copies with shipments.
 PHMSA received comments from Amazon, COSTHA, MDBTC, and NRF
regarding the entity in the transportation chain that must make the
test summary available and the phrase ``each manufacturer and
subsequent distributor.'' Amazon and NRF commented that because the
supply chain for lithium batteries involves many different entities
acting in different roles, the phrase ``subsequent distributor'' should
be defined. Amazon and NRF suggested that PHMSA clarify ``subsequent
distributor'' by defining it as limited to entities and persons who
possess and transfer title to lithium batteries and lithium battery
products. MDBTC commented that one of the most challenging aspects of
implementing the test summary requirement will be to clearly delineate
the role of a ``subsequent distributor.'' COSTHA requested that PHMSA
confirm that the use of the term ``distributor'' is only to emphasize
that proof of successful design type testing is needed by shippers of
lithium batteries, and that distributors are the logical persons to
have such information needed for the TS, and that ultimately it is the
shipper's responsibility to obtain the information for proof of
classification. COSTHA also commented that the terms ``offerors'' and
``subsequent offerors,'' which are more commonly used in transportation
regulations, would provide more clarity. We confirm COSTHA's
understanding that in addition to manufacturers, distributors of
lithium batteries are a logical entity to have information needed for a
TS and that a shipper or offeror of lithium batteries is the person
ultimately responsible for ensuring that lithium cells and batteries
offered for transport contain specific information on the required UN
tests. In response to the requests to define ``subsequent
distributor,'' PHMSA does not believe that a definition of ``subsequent
distributor'' is necessary, as the intent is simply to indicate in
broad terms the persons responsible for providing test summary
information. PHMSA does not believe that the language proposed by
Amazon and NRF defining ``subsequent distributor'' as those who possess
and transfer title to lithium batteries and lithium battery products
provides additional clarity as the phrase ``transfer title to'' is not
understood in the context of the HMR. We note that the phrase
``subsequent distributor'' is also used in section Sec. 178.2(c) of
the HMR, applicable to package closure notifications, requiring
manufacturers and subsequent distributors to notify each person to whom
the package is transferred with appropriate closure information.
 In its comments, MDBTC stated that the proposed requirement for
subsequent distributors to verify that a test summary document is
available for all of the products it ships could be ``extremely
burdensome'' and could potentially require the hiring of additional
staff to verify the presence of a test summary. MDBTC suggests that a
more reasonable approach would be for shippers of lithium cells and
batteries to notify upstream distributors of test summary requirements
but not to require the explicit verification for each shipment. MDBTCs
comment contains no specific cost estimates, other than referencing the
potential need to hire additional staff to manage the test summary
requirements. PHMSA is cognizant of the costs associated with
compliance such as creation of the test summary and activities related
to subsequent distribution (see the ``Information Collection'' section
of this rulemaking and the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA)), but notes
that lithium batteries are already subject to the design testing
requirements. Other than contacting the manufacturer, shippers
currently have no way to confirm compliance with the UN design testing
requirements. The proposed requirement provides a means for shippers to
comply with the HMR when previously no such mechanism existed.
Retrieving a test summary and ensuring it is made available to
subsequent distributors will result in most instances in a one-time
action and cost for each cell or battery design type offered for
transportation (e.g., verifying the existence of the information and
procuring a copy or creating a link for their own further use). It is
expected to streamline what is currently a difficult process. While it
is a requirement to make a test summary available for shipments of
lithium cells or batteries, PHMSA does not intend to require a positive
verification that the information has been received by each downstream
customer. For instance, a distributor who has posted copies of test
summaries or links to the appropriate test summaries on a website
accessible to the next downstream distributor has made the test
summaries available. There would be no additional burden on the initial
distributor unless contact was initiated by the subsequent distributor
who is unable to locate a test summary.
 MDBTC also submitted comments concerning who can make a request for
a test summary, suggesting that requests should be limited to an actual
distributor and not just anyone from the public or a person that is
attempting to collect information not related to transport. MDBTC
indicates that this limitation would be especially critical with
respect to new product development and protecting proprietary
information. While it is not envisioned that consumers of lithium
batteries or products containing lithium batteries would generally
request a test summary, if they are going to be offering the batteries
back into transportation it would be necessary for them to have access
to this information. The information required in the test summary was
specifically crafted so as not to require proprietary information or
information that would hinder product development.
 Amazon commented that PHMSA should clarify that if a subsequent
distributor cannot obtain a test summary, but has a process in place to
accurately classify lithium batteries, that distributor will not be
subject to enforcement action for failure to provide a test summary for
a specific product. PHMSA disagrees with the commenter. In accordance
with Sec. 173.185(a)(1), each lithium cell or battery must be of the
type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. Therefore, a lithium cell or battery
could not be classified unless the information provided on the test
summary was available. If a distributor or other person in the
transportation chain is classifying lithium cells or batteries, the
information needed to develop a test summary must be available to that
person.
 COSTHA compared the test summary requirements to those for safety
data sheets (SDS) required by the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) under their Hazard Communication Standard in 29
CFR, Sec. 1910.1200. Manufacturers of hazardous chemicals are required
to develop and make available safety data sheets that indicate the
hazards associated with the hazardous chemicals that may be encountered
in the workplace. COSTHA notes that SDSs are required to be provided by
distributors to commercial customers, but not to non-commercial
customers. COSTHA notes that test summary distributors would be
required to provide the testing summary to a greater relative
population than OSHA requires SDSs to be made available. PHMSA
reiterates that the HMR require that shippers of lithium cells and
batteries know that their batteries are of a tested type. If a non-
commercial customer does not intend to offer the battery or cell for
[[Page 27833]]
transportation there would be no requirement for them to further make
the test summary available.
Requests for Exceptions for Button Cell Batteries
 DGAC and MDBTC requested PHMSA provide an exception from the
requirement to provide a test summary for button cells installed in
equipment or articles. The commenters noted that button cells installed
in equipment are excepted from packaging and marking requirements under
existing regulations. While lithium button cell batteries are excepted
from certain requirements in the HMR and international standards, they
are not excepted from the requirement to be of a tested type. The
purpose of the test summary is provide information to downstream
shippers that the lithium battery passed required tests and can be
accepted or offered for transport. The primary benefit of the test
summary is the increased visibility of the presence of lithium
batteries particularly in products, and the ability of individuals in
the transport chain to determine that that the lithium cells and
batteries they offer for transport are of a tested type. If PHMSA was
to accept the suggestions of MDBTC and DGAC to except equipment
containing lithium button cell batteries from the test summary
requirements, the benefits attributed to these provisions would not be
gained. Excepting certain button cells and batteries from the test
summary requirement does not enhance compliance and could lead to
confusion on whether these cells and batteries are even subject to the
design tests.
Requests for Clarification on the Docketed Guidance Document
 PHMSA drafted a guidance document to assist manufacturers and
distributors with understanding and implementing this requirement. The
guidance includes an explanation of the requirement, a sample test
summary, and questions and answers. A copy of this guidance is
available in the docket for this rulemaking. In the NPRM, PHMSA
requested comment on the usefulness of the guidance. PHMSA also
requested comment to help improve its clarity and provide additional
questions to add to the guidance. PHMSA received comments from COSTHA,
MDBTC, PRBA, and the Chamber concerning the guidance document, which
are categorized as follows:
 Must the test summary accompany the shipment
 Additional input on the development of the guidance document
 Devices containing different battery types
 Test summary availability
Must the Test Summary Accompany the Shipment
 In their comments, COSTHA and MDBTC provided general support for
PHMSA's effort to issue a guidance document. COSTHA suggested that the
HMR and guidance document should be amended to clarify that the test
summary document is not required to be provided as documentation with
each shipment, noting that PHMSA cannot prohibit industry from
implementing its own procedures, such as requiring additional
documentation be provided with a shipment. The guidance document
available in the docket addressed this question. Specifically, on page
5 of the guidance document, question and answer number 7. The question:
``Must a manufacturer or distributor include the TS with product
shipments?'' The answer: ``No, the product manufacturer or distributor
would have to make the information available. This may be achieved by
placing this information on a website or through alternative means.''
 PHMSA is not amending the HMR, as it believes the text in paragraph
(a)(3) sufficiently addresses the commenters concern by indicating that
the test summary must be made ``available upon request.'' The summary
document does not need to physically accompany a shipment containing
lithium batteries. PHMSA supports making the test summary available by
electronic means and may revise the guidance document for
clarification.
Additional Input on the Development of the Guidance Document
 COSTHA requested that PHMSA revise the guidance document once the
final rule is issued and subsequently update it on a periodic basis
with input from stakeholders. COSTHA also requested that PHMSA solicit
additional input on the guidance document before the end of 2019 as
experience gained both domestically and internationally could be
captured in the guidance document for future reference. MDBTC requested
that PHMSA revise the guidance document prior to issuing a final rule
and consider soliciting additional input on the document. PHMSA does
not believe an additional round of comments is necessary prior to
publishing the final rule since comments were already received. PHMSA
does intend to update the guidance to account for comments received in
response to the NPRM. PHMSA also intends to update the guidance
document as regulations change and when experience and feedback from
stakeholders dictate a need.
Devices Containing Different Battery Types
 In its comments, MDBTC suggested that the guidance document should
address situations where any number of different commercially available
cells or batteries may be installed in a medical device. Specifically,
the commenter indicated that while each battery supplier may have made
the test summary available, it is a challenge to identify which battery
is in the product, especially when it may be one of several similar
batteries produced by different suppliers. PHMSA answered this question
on page 5 of guidance document. The test summary requirement may be
satisfied by using multiple, different test summaries for the batteries
themselves, or by issuing a comprehensive test summary for the device
that includes information for all of the batteries contained within the
device.
Test Summary Availability
 PHMSA received comments from Amazon, DGAC, MDBTC, NRF, PRBA, and
the Chamber concerning the timeframe in which the test summary must be
provided following a request. The commenters asked for clarification as
to what constitutes a ``reasonable time and location.'' NRF, PRBA, and
the Chamber suggested PHMSA clarify that a ``reasonable'' time does not
mean that the test summary must be made available immediately upon
request. Amazon suggested that PHMSA should clarify that ``subsequent
distributors'' will not be required to have test summaries on hand and
will be afforded a reasonable amount of time to obtain one from the
manufacturer. Amazon further suggested that PHMSA should clarify that
it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to respond in a timely
manner. PRBA and the Chamber suggested that PHMSA's final rule and
guidance document should be consistent with the IATA's lithium battery
guidance \11\ and industry test summary Q&A \12\ that states: ``Due to
the large volume of lithium batteries and lithium battery powered
products that are shipped daily, manufacturers and distributors should
not be expected to immediately provide a test summary for every product
they ship. Manufacturers and distributors should be provided a
reasonable amount of time to provide
[[Page 27834]]
the required test summary.'' MDBTC recommended that PHMSA revise the
text in paragraph Sec. 173.185(a)(3) from, ``must make available upon
request at reasonable times and locations,'' to mirror the language in
the UN Model Regulations, which reads ``shall make available.'' PHMSA
agrees with the commenters that the test summary does not need to be
made available immediately upon request, as that was not the intent of
this requirement in the UN Model Regulations. As a result, PHMSA is
amending the guidance document to clarify that manufacturers and
distributors should make available the test summary in a reasonable
amount of time but should not be expected to immediately provide a test
summary for every product they ship. In addition, in this final rule,
PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(3) consistent with text in the
international standards (a)(3) with the phrase ``must make available''
instead of ``must make available upon request at reasonable times and
locations.'' The language proposed in the NPRM was an attempt to add
clarity to the UN text by using similar language found in other
sections of the HMR. Based on the comments received and upon further
consideration, PHMSA believes aligning with the UN text will better
reflect the intent of the regulation and avoid the possibility of
imposing an undue burden.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \11\ https://www.iata.org/whatwedo/cargo/dgr/Documents/lithium-battery-shipping-guidelines.pdf.
 \12\ http://www.prba.org/wp-content/uploads/Q-A-on-Lithium-Battery-Test-Summary-September-2018-Version-A.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Section 173.185(b) requires lithium cells and batteries to be
packed in inner packagings in such a manner as to prevent short
circuits, including movement that could lead to short circuits. These
inner packagings must be placed in an outer package that conforms to
the requirements of part 178, subparts L and M, at the Packing Group II
performance level. PHMSA is making several amendments to Sec.
173.185(b) to update and clarify various provisions. PHMSA is amending
Sec. 173.185(b)(2)(ii) to specify that lithium cells and batteries
including lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in,
equipment, must be packaged in a manner that prevents damage caused by
movement or placement within the package. The current text requires
lithium batteries to be packaged in a manner to prevent movement. This
could be interpreted as to require no movement within the package. This
amendment minimizes the ambiguity in the current requirements and only
prohibits movement that leads to damage within the package. PHMSA
received a comment from MBDTC in support of this amendment.
 Further, PHMSA is amending Sec. 173.185(b)(3)(i) to specify that
inner packagings must be separated from electrically conductive
materials. This change is based on revisions to the UN Model
Regulations that revised the existing requirement that inner packagings
separate lithium cells and batteries from ``conductive materials'' to
require separation from ``electrically conductive'' materials. In the
NPRM, PHMSA had proposed adding ``except for transportation by
passenger-carrying aircraft,'' to the beginning of Sec. 173.185(b)(5).
This paragraph provides an exception from specification packaging for
lithium batteries that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and have a
strong, impact-resistant outer casing. This proposed addition is not
being adopted, as the last sentence of this paragraph indicates that
shipments in accordance with this paragraph are not permitted for
transportation by passenger-carrying aircraft, and may be transported
by cargo aircraft only if approved by the Associate Administrator.
 PHMSA is amending Sec. 173.185(b)(6) to clarify the provisions for
the use of large packagings. Currently, large packagings are authorized
for the transport of a single battery, including a battery contained in
equipment. This amendment clarifies that large packagings are limited
to a single battery or to a single item of equipment. This acknowledges
that a single item of equipment may contain one or more cells or
batteries. Additionally, consistent with revisions to the ICAO
Technical Instructions, PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (b)(7) to
prohibit the placement of lithium batteries in the same outer packaging
as substances and articles of the following classes and divisions:
Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S; Division 2.1 (flammable
gases); Class 3 (flammable liquids); Division 4.1 (flammable solids);
or Division 5.1 (oxidizers) when offered for transport or transported
by aircraft. This action promotes consistency with the ICAO Technical
Instructions and responds to a recommendation (A-16-001) from the NTSB
stemming from the investigation of the July 28, 2011 in-flight fire and
crash of Asiana Airlines Flight 991 that resulted in the loss of the
aircraft and crew. The investigation report cited as a contributing
factor the flammable materials and lithium ion batteries that were
loaded together either in the same or adjacent pallets. Logically, if
the materials are not allowed to be stowed in the same or adjacent
pallets, segregation within the same package also would result in
decreased risk in the event of a fire.
 Section 173.185(c) of the HMR describes provisions for the carriage
of up to eight small lithium cells or two small lithium batteries per
package with alternative hazard communication that replaces the Class 9
label with a lithium battery mark. Additional conditions for the
transport of small lithium cells and batteries by air are contained in
Sec. 173.185(c)(4). In this final rule, PHMSA is making several
amendments to Sec. 173.185(c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) to align the HMR
with the UN Model Regulations and the ICAO Technical Instructions,
address the hazards associated with placing lithium batteries next to
other hazardous materials, and clarify specific provisions. PHMSA is
amending Sec. 173.185(c)(2) to except equipment that is robust enough
to protect lithium batteries from damage or short circuits from the
requirement to be packaged. The current regulations provide an
exception from the requirement for the package to be rigid, but
otherwise require the equipment to be placed into a package. This
amendment removes an unnecessary requirement to package otherwise
robust equipment that protects lithium batteries from damage or short
circuits. This amendment further aligns the HMR with the UN Model
Regulations provisions found in special provision 188 for packaging of
lithium cells, batteries, and equipment. PHMSA is removing the expired
transitional provision in paragraph Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(ii), applicable
to marking requirements. PHMSA is adding a new Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(iii)
to require that when packages of lithium cells or batteries required to
bear the lithium battery mark are placed in an overpack, the lithium
battery mark must either: (1) Be clearly visible through the overpack;
or (2) the lithium battery mark must also be affixed on the outside of
the overpack, and the overpack must be marked with the word
``OVERPACK'' in lettering at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high. PHMSA is
amending Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(ii) to adopt an ``OVERPACK'' marking
minimum size requirement consistent with the proposed requirement for
surface transport in Sec. 173.185(c)(3)(iii). PHMSA received a comment
from MBDTC in support of the amendments that align the ``OVERPACK''
marking requirements. PHMSA is clarifying the limits for spare
batteries in Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(vi) to state that up to ``two spare
sets'' of cells or batteries can be placed in a package with equipment.
For the purposes of this paragraph, a spare set is equal to the number
of individual spare cells or batteries
[[Page 27835]]
required to power each piece of equipment. For example, if a single
item of equipment requires two lithium batteries to operate, a maximum
of four additional batteries (two spare sets) may be placed in the
package, provided the package continues to meet the other conditions of
Sec. 173.185(c). PHMSA received a comment from MBDTC in support of
this amendment. PHMSA is adding a new Sec. 173.185(c)(4)(viii) to
specify that for air transport, lithium cells and batteries may not be
placed in the same package as other hazardous materials. Further,
packages containing small lithium cells and batteries must not be
placed into an overpack with packages containing Class 1 (explosives)
other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1 (flammable gases), Class 3
(flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable solids) or Division 5.1
(oxidizers).
 Section 173.185(d) of the HMR describes provisions for the
transport of lithium cells and batteries for disposal or recycling. In
the NPRM, PHMSA proposed to authorize the use of certain rigid large
packagings to transport a single large battery or a single large item
of equipment when transported for disposal or recycling. PRBA noted
that the existing regulations for disposal or recycling of lithium
batteries authorize strong outer packaging conforming to the
requirements of Sec. Sec. 173.24 and 173.24a for batteries and
equipment of all sizes and do not require the use of UN packaging.
PHMSA agrees with the commenter. Lithium batteries and equipment
transported for disposal or recycling are not required to be placed in
UN packagings. PHMSA did not intend to implement more burdensome
packaging requirements for large lithium batteries transported for
disposal or recycling where packages prepared in accordance with the
current requirements have a demonstrated record of safe transport.
Accordingly, PHMSA is not adopting this proposal and amends Sec.
173.185(d) to clarify this point. The use of UN specification
packagings, including large packagings, will remain an option.
 Section 173.185(e) of the HMR sets forth provisions for the
transport of low production and prototype lithium cells and batteries,
including equipment. In this final rule, PHMSA is making an editorial
amendment to the Sec. 173.185(e) introductory paragraph to clarify
that the ``transported for purposes of testing'' condition applies to
prototype cells and batteries and that both low production and
prototype lithium cells and batteries may be contained in equipment.
PHMSA received a comment from MBDTC in support of this amendment. PHMSA
is also making an editorial amendment to paragraphs (e)(1) and (2) to
specify that cushioning material must be electrically non-conductive
instead of the existing ``non-conductive'' requirement. In addition,
PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (e)(4) to authorize the use of certain
rigid large packagings to transport a single large battery or a single
large item of equipment. This provides additional packaging options to
transport large batteries and equipment that, by nature of their size
or shape, cannot fit into a non-bulk package. Each of the remaining
sub-paragraphs in Sec. 173.185(e) is renumbered and remain unchanged.
 Section 173.185(f) of the HMR describes the provisions for the
transport of lithium batteries that have been damaged or identified by
the manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, and that have
the potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire, or
short circuit (e.g., those being returned to the manufacturer for
safety reasons). PHMSA is making an editorial amendment to Sec.
173.185(f)(2) to specify that cushioning material must be electrically
non-conductive, which harmonizes the HMR with the international
standards. PHMSA is also amending Sec. 173.185(f)(3) to clarify the
provisions for the use of large packagings. Currently, large packagings
are authorized for the transport of a single battery including a
battery contained in equipment. This amendment clarifies that large
packagings are limited to a single battery or to a single item of
equipment. This acknowledges that a single item of equipment may
contain one or more batteries.
 ALPA commented that they did not see any proposed amendments for
harmonization with three emergency amendments to the 2015-2016 ICAO
Technical Instructions concerning the transport of lithium batteries by
air. PHMSA published an interim final rule entitled ``Enhanced Safety
Provisions for Lithium Batteries Transported by Aircraft'' on March 6,
2019 [(HM-224I); 84 FR 8006], that amended and added multiple
paragraphs in Sec. 173.185 incorporating these ICAO Technical
Instructions amendments. The NPRM did not account for these amendments
and additions. Therefore, in this final rule, we are revising this
section consistent with the March 6, 2019 interim final rule.
Specifically, we are including text added or revised in the March 6,
2019 interim final rule in the following paragraphs: Sec.
173.185(c)(1)(iii); (c)(4)(ii) through (vii); (c)(5); redesignated
paragraph (g) as paragraph (h); and a new paragraph (g).
Section 173.218 Fish Meal or Fish Scrap
 Section 173.218 contains packaging requirements for shipments of
stabilized fish meal and fish scrap. Stabilization of fish meal and
fish scrap by applying antioxidants is required in order to offer the
material under a Class 9 stabilized proper shipping name. Historically,
the IMDG Code and the HMR only reference one antioxidant, ethoxyquin,
by name, although other antioxidants exist. In response to testing
performed by the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization \13\
that indicated that concentrations of 50 ppm (mg/kg) of ethoxyquin, 100
ppm (mg/kg) of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and 250 ppm (mg/kg) of
tocopherol-based antioxidant are effective in stabilizing fish meal,
the UN and the IMO adopted allowances for the use of two additional
antioxidants (butylated hydroxytoluene and tocopherols) and a reduction
in the required ethoxyquin concentration at time of shipment from 100
ppm to 50 ppm.
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 \13\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2016/dgac10c3/ST-SG-AC.10-C.3-2016-82e.pdf.
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 In this final rule, PHMSA is amending paragraph (c) of this section
to lower the required ethoxyquin level at the time of shipment in bulk
in freight containers for transportation by vessel from 100 ppm to 50
ppm and to specify acceptable levels of for butylated hydroxytoluene
(100 ppm) and for tocopherols (250 ppm) in shipments of fish meal or
fish scrap transported by vessel in bulk in freight containers.
Reducing the required minimum concentration of ethoxyquin and
permitting the use of additional antioxidants will reduce cost and add
flexibility while maintaining an equivalent level of safety.
Section 173.220 Internal Combustion Engines, Vehicles, Machinery
Containing Internal Combustion Engines, Battery-Powered Equipment or
Machinery, Fuel Cell-Powered Equipment or Machinery
 Section 173.220 prescribes transportation requirements and
exceptions for internal combustion engines, vehicles, machinery
containing internal combustion engines, battery-powered equipment or
machinery, and fuel cell-powered equipment or machinery.
 Special provision 135 is assigned to the HMT entries for certain
vehicles. It specifies that if a vehicle is powered by both a flammable
liquid and a
[[Page 27836]]
flammable gas internal combustion engine, it must be consigned under
the entry ``Vehicle, flammable gas powered.'' Special provision 135
does not, however, clearly indicate that a flammable gas-powered
vehicle must also comply with the requirements applicable to the
quantity of flammable liquid in the fuel tank in addition to all of the
applicable provisions for a flammable gas-powered vehicle. Consistent
with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is clarifying in a new
paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(C) that if a vehicle is powered by a flammable
liquid and a flammable gas internal combustion engine, the flammable
liquid fuel tank requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) of this section must
also be met.
 In this final rule, PHMSA is making an editorial amendment to the
requirements for vehicles powered by lithium batteries in paragraph
(d). Specifically, we are clarifying that when a lithium battery is
removed from the vehicle and is packed separately from the vehicle in
the same outer packaging, the package must be classified as ``UN 3481,
Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment'' or ``UN 3091, Lithium
metal batteries packed with equipment,'' and is not eligible for
classification as ``UN3171, Battery-powered vehicle or Battery-powered
equipment.'' This clarification is a result of a working paper
submitted at the 26th Meeting of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel (ICAO
DGP/26) concerning the carriage of battery powered vehicles such as
``e-bikes'' and it addresses instances where a shipper removes the
lithium battery from the battery powered vehicle and subsequently packs
the battery in a separate packaging, which is then placed with the
vehicle in the same outer packaging. Although this was the result of an
amendment to the ICAO Technical Instructions, we believe that it
provides clarification of a preexisting requirement for all modes of
transport.
Section 173.222 Dangerous Goods in Equipment, Machinery or Apparatus
 Section 173.222 specifies the requirements for dangerous goods in
machinery or apparatus. During the course of reviewing provisions
associated with the new HMT entries for ``Articles containing hazardous
materials, n.o.s.,'' PHMSA found that the quantity limits prescribed in
Sec. 173.222 are inconsistent with certain international standards.
The current authorized quantity of hazardous materials in one item of
machinery or apparatus are as follows: 1 kg for solids; 0.5 L for
liquids, and 0.5 kg for Division 2.2 gases. These quantity limits are
consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions; however, they are not
aligned with the UN Model Regulations or the IMDG Code. Special
provision 301 of the UN Model Regulations and the IMDG Code authorize
up to the limited quantity amount for each item of dangerous goods
contained in the machinery or apparatus. An example of the current
authorizations is for an article containing ``Heptanes UN 1206, Class
3'' the HMR and ICAO Techinical Instructions authorize the use of UN
3363 for machinery or apparatus up to a total net quantity of .5 L. For
the same material the UN Model Regulations and the IMDG Code authorize
1 L total net quantity of heptanes. The authorized limited quantity
amounts in the IMDG Code and the UN Model Regulations generally align
the ``methodology for determining limited quantities'' indicated in the
Guiding Principles for the Development of the UN Model Regulations.\14\
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 \14\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/danger/publi/unrec/GuidingPrinciples/Guiding_Principles_Rev19.pdf.
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 In a previous final rule published on March 5, 1999 [Docket No.
RSPA-98-4185 (HM-215C); 64 FR 10742], PHMSA's predecessor agency, the
Research and Special Projects Administration (RSPA), aligned the HMR
with the ICAO Technical Instructions by adding ``Dangerous goods in
machinery or Dangerous goods in apparatus'' to the HMT. The proper
shipping name was assigned identification number ``NA8001,'' special
provision 136 was added for directions on class assignment, and Sec.
173.222 was added containing requirements applicable to the new entry.
In the HM-215C rulemaking, RSPA stated that upon the assignment of a UN
identification number, it would revise the entry accordingly [81 FR
53935]. This was accomplished in the 11th revised edition of the UN
Model Regulations, in which identification number UN3363 and Class 9
were assigned to this entry. The ICAO Technical Instructions were
amended to be consistent with the UN Model Regulations. Subsequently,
the HMR were updated accordingly in a final rule published on June 21,
2001 [Docket No. RSPA-2000-7702 (HM-215D); 66 FR 33315]. While the HMR
were amended to incorporate the identification number and Class 9
designation, the quantity limit was not amended to allow up to the
limited quantity amount authorized by the UN Model Regulations.
Therefore, the ICAO quantity limits were retained for all modes of
transport.
 In the 20th Revised Edition of UN Model Regulations and Amendment
39-18 of the IMDG Code, the new ``Articles containing hazardous
materials, n.o.s.'' entries apply to articles that contain only
hazardous materials that exceed the permitted limited quantity amount
for UN3363. The ICAO addressed the difference between the quantity
authorized in the Technical Instructions and both the UN Model
Regulations and the IMDG Code by amending ICAO special provision A107.
The revised special provision A107 indicates that where the quantity of
dangerous goods contained in machinery or apparatus exceeds the limits
permitted by ICAO Technical Instructions Packing Instruction 962 (same
as the existing HMR authorization), and the dangerous goods meet the
provisions of Special Provision 301 of the UN Model Regulations, the
machinery or apparatus may be transported as UN3363 only with the prior
approval of the appropriate authority of the State of Origin and the
State of the Operator under the written conditions established by those
authorities. The use of the new ``Articles containing hazardous
materials, n.o.s.'' requires in all cases require competent authority
approval prior to being offered for transport in accordance with the
ICAO Technical Instructions.
 To more closely align with the UN Model Regulations and IMDG Code,
for other than air transportation, PHMSA is increasing the quantity
limits for liquids and solids in paragraph (c) up to the limited
quantity amount prescribed in the corresponding section of Part 173
referenced in Column (8A) of the Sec. 172.101 Table. Without this
amendment, the HMR would differ from the UN Model Regulations and IMDG
Code for application of the new ``Articles, n.o.s.'' entries, and an
approach used by the ICAO Technical Instructions would be necessary for
all modes. The authorized quantity for gases remains unchanged for all
modes of transport.
Section 173.224 Packaging and Control and Emergency Temperatures for
Self-Reactive Materials
 Section 173.224 establishes packaging and control and emergency
temperatures for self-reactive materials. The Self-Reactive Materials
Table in paragraph (b)(7) of this section specifies self-reactive
materials authorized for transportation without first being approved
for transportation by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous
Materials Safety, as well as requirements for transporting these
materials. Consistent with the UN
[[Page 27837]]
Model Regulations, in paragraph (b)(7), PHMSA is adding a new entry
``Phosphorothioic acid, O-[(cyanophenyl methylene) azanyl] O,O-diethyl
ester'' to the Self-Reactive Materials Table. In addition, consistent
with the UN Model Regulations, a new ``Note 5'' assigned to this entry
is added to the list following the table stating that this entry
applies to the technical mixture in n-butanol within the specified
concentration limits of the (Z) isomer.
 Paragraph (c) of this section prescribes requirements for new self-
reactive materials, formulations, and samples. In paragraph (c)(4),
PHMSA is authorizing small samples of certain potentially explosive or
self-reactive substances when transported for testing purposes. These
substances usually consist of organic molecules which are active
ingredients, building blocks, or intermediates for pharmaceutical or
agricultural chemicals. The molecules of the substances often carry
functional groups listed in tables A6.1 and/or A6.2 in Annex 6
(Screening Procedures) of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, that
would indicate explosive or self-reactive properties; however, these
substances are not designed to be explosives of Class 1. This amendment
is necessary because during the early development phase of a new
product, complete test data is often unavailable but the substances
must be transported for further testing. The provisions adopted in
paragraph (c)(4) prescribe applicability criteria and packaging
conditions for these substances to be transported as samples for the
purpose of testing. These criteria and packaging conditions are based
on submissions to the United Nations SCOE on the Transport of Dangerous
Goods showing the effectiveness of the packaging methods.
 Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising
paragraph (b)(4) to authorize the transportation of self-reactive
substances packed in accordance with packing method OP8 (non-bulk
packaging authorization) where transport in IBCs or portable tanks is
permitted in accordance with Sec. 173.225, provided that the control
and emergency temperatures specified in the instructions are complied
with. This change allows materials that are authorized in bulk
packagings to also be transported in appropriate non-bulk packagings.
Section 173.225 Packaging Requirements and Other Provisions for Organic
Peroxides
 Section 173.225 prescribes packaging requirements and other
provisions for organic peroxides. The Organic Peroxide Table in the UN
Model Regulations is continually updated based on data submitted by
governments and industry groups to account for new peroxides and
formulations that have become commercially available. Consistent with
revisions to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is revising the Organic
Peroxide Table in paragraph (c) by adding the entries: ``Di-(4-tert-
butylcyclohexyl) peroxydicarbonate [as a paste],'' ``Diisobutyryl
peroxide [as a stable dispersion in water],'' and ``1-Phenylethyl
hydroperoxide.'' The table in paragraph (d)(4) currently titled
``Maximum Quantity per Packaging/Package'' is amended to read ``Table
to paragraph (d): Maximum Quantity per Packaging/Package.'' This change
is being made in response to a request made during the publishing of
the NPRM by the Federal Register to align with their requirements for
table headings in regulations. The Organic Peroxide IBC Table in
paragraph (e) is revised to maintain alignment with the UN Model
Regulations by adding new entries for ``Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate, not
more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water,'' ``2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-
di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane, not more than 52% in diluent type A,''
``3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl-1,4,7-triperoxonane not more than 27%
diluent type A,'' and ``tert-Amyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate, not more
than 62% in a diluent type A'' and by adding a type 31HA1 IBC
authorization to the existing entry for ``tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, not
more than 72% with water.''
 In addition, consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
amending paragraphs (e) and (g) to authorize organic peroxides to be
transported packed in accordance with packing method OP8, where
transport in IBCs or portable tanks is permitted, provided that the
control and emergency temperatures specified in the instructions are
complied with.
Section 173.232 Articles Containing Hazardous Materials, n.o.s.
 New section 173.232 prescribes requirements for articles not
otherwise specified by name in the HMR that contain hazardous materials
of various hazard classes and divisions. This addresses situations in
which hazardous materials or hazardous materials residues are present
in articles in quantities greater than the amounts authorized for
dangerous goods in machinery or apparatus. This new section authorizes
a safe method to transport articles that may be too large to fit into
typical packages. The packaging section 173.232 added in this final
rule for the new proper shipping names for articles requires packaging
at the Packing Group II performance level. Non-specification packaging,
and transportation in an unpackaged manner or on pallets when the
hazardous materials are afforded equivalent protection by the article
in which they are contained, are also authorized. Absent these
provisions to package and transport these materials safely, these
articles may be offered for transport under provisions that do not
adequately account for the physical and chemical properties of the
substances and may require the issuance of an approval by PHMSA's
Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
Section 173.301b Additional General Requirements for Shipment of UN
Pressure Receptacles
 Section 173.301b describes additional requirements when shipping
gases in UN pressure receptacles. In paragraph (c)(1), PHMSA is
incorporating ISO 17871:2015 containing specification and type testing
requirements for quick release cylinder valves. In paragraph (d)(1),
PHMSA is phasing out ISO 13340:2001, Transportable gas cylinders--
Cylinder valves for non-refillables cylinders--Specification and
prototype testing, which can be utilized until December 31, 2020. ISO
13340:2001 is being phased out because the applicable valve standard in
ISO 13340:2001 has been incorporated into ISO 11118:2015.
Section 173.304b Additional Requirements for Shipment of Liquefied
Compressed Gases in UN Pressure Receptacles
 Section 173.304b contains additional requirements for the shipment
of liquefied compressed gases in UN pressure receptacles. In this final
rule, consistent with a change made in the 20th Revised Edition of the
UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is amending paragraph (b)(5) by replacing
``liquid phase'' with ``liquefied gas'' and ``compressed'' with
``compressed gas'' to better describe the phases of the material being
stored and to align with the UN language.
Section 173.422 Additional Requirements for Excepted Packages
Containing Class 7 (Radioactive) Materials
 Section 173.422 contains additional requirements for excepted
packages containing Class 7 (radioactive) materials. Shipments of
excepted packages containing Class 7 materials are not required to meet
the general
[[Page 27838]]
shipping paper requirements found in the HMR. Amendment 39-18 of the
IMDG Code adopted a requirement that vessels carrying these excepted
packages include information concerning these packages (e.g., UN ID
Number and location on board the vessel) on the Dangerous Cargo
Manifest (DCM). Historically, the HMR has not required any
documentation to accompany shipments of excepted packages containing
radioactive material when offered for transportation by vessel. In this
final rule, PHMSA is amending the DCM requirements in Sec. 176.30 to
require information about these shipments to be included in the DCM
carried aboard the vessel. Without a corresponding amendment to Sec.
173.422 to require the information to be provided to the vessel
operator, the vessel operator would not have the information available
that would be required to be included on the DCM.
 In this final rule, PHMSA proposes to add a new paragraph (f) that
would require excepted packages of radioactive materials offered for
transportation by vessel to have a special transport document such as
an ocean bill of lading or other similar document that includes the UN
identification number for the material being offered, the name and
address of the consignor and consignee, and a container packing
certificate, in accordance with the requirements in Sec. 176.27. This
amendment provides for the conveyance of necessary information to the
vessel operator for creation of the DCM.
Appendix I to Part 173
 PHMSA is also adding a new Appendix I to part 173, containing a
flow chart for use with the calculation method for corrosive
classification. Please see the section-by-section discussion for Sec.
173.137 for further information on Appendix I to Part 173.
Part 174--Carriage by Rail
Section 174.50 Nonconforming or Leaking Packages
 Section 174.50 prescribes regulations for the movement of
nonconforming or leaking packages by rail. Under the HMR, no person may
offer for transportation or transport a bulk hazmat packaging
(typically a tank car) by rail unless that packaging is marked,
represented, maintained, reconditioned, repaired, and retested in
accordance with the HMR (Sec. 171.2(g)). However, Sec. 174.50
authorizes the movement of a non-conforming bulk hazmat package moved
by rail when: (1) The movement is necessary to reduce or eliminate an
immediate threat or harm to human health or the environment; or (2) the
movement is approved by the Federal Railroad Administration's (FRA)
Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety.
 Approvals issued by FRA's Associate Administrator for Railroad
Safety are commonly referred to as One-Time Movement Approvals
(OTMA).\15\ Transport Canada issues similar approvals for the movement
of non-conforming bulk hazmat packages and tank cars, which are
referred to as Temporary Certificates. Historically, for movements of
non-conforming tank cars from Canada to or through the United States,
the offeror would have to obtain both an OTMA from FRA and a Temporary
Certificate from Transport Canada. These applications initiate
administrative processes and safety reviews by both governments that
nearly always result in the same conclusion. Since the safety analysis
used to evaluate Temporary Certificates in Canada is similar to the
safety analysis used to evaluate OTMAs by FRA, the requirement to
obtain two government approvals for a cross border movement provides no
additional safety benefit and is redundant and burdensome. Thus, to
facilitate cross border trade, for movements to or through the United
States from Canada, PHMSA is amending the regulation to recognize
Temporary Certificates issued by Transport Canada. This amendment would
reduce the duplicative requirement to apply for both an OTMA from the
United States and a Temporary Certificate from Canada, should the non-
conforming package need to be transported over the U.S.-Canadian
border.
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 \15\ On October 7, 2014 FRA issued guidance on One-Time Movement
Approvals titled One-Time Movement Approval Procedures, HMG-127.
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 On July 12, 2007, Transport Canada published, ``Regulations
Amending the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations
(International Harmonization Update, 2016).'' In this publication,
Transport Canada indicated that recognition of OTMA may be included in
a future amendment. This amendment aims to facilitate international
transportation and at the same time ensures the safety of people,
property, and the environment. Finally, for low-risk movements of non-
conforming tank cars, Transport Canada authorizes the one-time movement
without the need to obtain a temporary certificate (see TP-14877). For
clarification, such movements under the TDG Regulations are already
authorized by Sec. 171.12, provided the movements are compliant with
all applicable requirements in the TDG Regulations and Sec. 171.12.
PHMSA received comments from DGAC and Dow in support of the changes to
Sec. 174.50 noting these amendments work to facilitate cross border
trade.
Part 175--Carriage by Aircraft
Section 175.10 Exceptions for Passengers, Crewmembers, and Air
Operators
 Section 175.10 specifies the conditions under which passengers,
crew members, or an operator may carry hazardous materials aboard an
aircraft. Consistent with revisions to the ICAO Technical Instructions,
in this final rule, PHMSA is making several revisions to this section.
 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(2) to account for lighters powered
by lithium batteries (e.g., laser plasma lighters, tesla coil lighters,
flux lighters, arc lighters, and double arc lighters). The assigned
provisions would be consistent with a combination of the existing
requirements applicable to portable electronic devices powered by
lithium batteries and battery powered portable electronic smoking
devices. Specifically, each lithium battery must be of a type which
meets the requirements of each test in the UN Manual of Tests and
Criteria, Part III, Subsection 38.3 and must not exceed the size limits
authorized for portable electronic devices. Recharging of the devices
and/or the batteries on board the aircraft is not permitted consistent
with the requirements for portable electronic smoking devices. In
addition, lithium battery powered lighters without a safety cap or
means of protection against unintentional activation are prohibited in
carry-on baggage, checked baggage, and when carried on one's person.
 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(3), to authorize medical devices
containing radioactive material fitted externally as the result of
medical treatment, consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions. In
addition, the reference to implanted medical devices containing lithium
batteries is removed. For medical devices containing lithium batteries
(including those implanted, externally fitted, or carried by passengers
or crew members) the quantity limits provided in (a)(18)(i) or (ii)
apply, as applicable.
 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(14) for consistency with the ICAO
Technical Instructions and other paragraphs in this section. The first
sentence is revised to clarify that the paragraph is applicable to
battery powered heat-producing devices rather
[[Page 27839]]
than ``electrically powered'' articles. For lithium battery powered
devices, quantity limits are added in new paragraphs (i) and (ii)
consistent with the existing requirements applicable to portable
electronic devices powered by lithium batteries and battery powered
portable electronic smoking devices. The requirements for spare
batteries are revised to reference the provisions for spare batteries
in paragraph (a)(18).
 PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(15) by adding a new paragraph (vi)
to separate and clarify the handling requirements applicable to each
``non-spillable'' and ``dry sealed'' battery presently prescribed in
paragraph (v). PHMSA is also adding a new paragraph (vii) to authorize
passengers with restricted mobility to carry a spare non-spillable or
dry sealed battery for their mobility aid. Prior to this rulemaking,
spare lithium batteries were permitted for passengers with lithium
battery-powered mobility aids; this was deemed acceptable for mobility
aids equipped with non-spillable or dry sealed batteries. This action
is consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions.
 PHMSA is amending provisions for carriage of wheelchairs or other
mobility aids equipped with a lithium ion battery by removing the
requirement that ``collapsible'' mobility aids necessitate removal of
the battery. The intent of the existing requirement was to allow the
removal of the batteries from lightweight collapsible mobility aids
when these do not afford any protection to the batteries. However, the
existing text in both the HMR and ICAO Technical Instructions can be
construed to mean that if the battery was designed to be removable from
the mobility aid, that it must be removed in all circumstances, even
when adequate protection to the batteries is provided. In cases when
the batteries are adequately protected, it is preferable that they
remain installed in the mobility aid; however, there may be situations
when that is not possible or safe to do, and in these cases the
batteries must be removed. Therefore, in this final rule, PHMSA is
amending (a)(17)(v) by removing the word ``collapsible'' and clarifying
that when the wheelchair or mobility aid does not provide adequate
protection to the battery, that the battery must be removed and handled
in accordance with the existing conditions prescribed in (a)(17)(v)(A)
through (E).
 PHMSA is amending the provisions for carriage of portable
electronic devices (PEDs) containing lithium batteries to address
safety concerns requiring passengers to carry PEDs in checked baggage.
Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, Sec. 175.10(a)(18) is
revised to require that when PEDs powered by lithium batteries are in
checked baggage, they must be completely powered off and protected to
prevent unintentional activation or damage. PHMSA received a comment
from Yvonne Keller noting that in an October 18, 2018, final rule
[Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0100 (HM-259) [83 FR 52878], PHMSA amended
paragraph (a)(18)(i) to authorize passengers and crewmembers to carry
on board an aircraft lithium metal battery-powered portable medical
electronic devices and two spare batteries for those devices exceeding
2 grams of lithium content per battery, but not exceeding 8 grams of
lithium content per battery, with the approval of the operator. We
agree that the NPRM did not account for this amendment. Therefore, in
this final rule, we are revising this paragraph consistent with the
earlier published final rule.
 PHMSA is revising the carriage requirements for battery-powered
portable electronic smoking devices in paragraph (a)(19). The 2015-2016
Edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions incorporated provisions
prohibiting passengers and crew from carrying such devices in checked
baggage or recharging them in the cabin, and requiring that any spare
batteries be protected from short circuit. In a working paper (DGP/26-
WP/42) submitted by the United States at the ICAO DGP/26 meeting, it
was reported that even after the prohibition, 10 incidents involving
these devices were documented between May 2015 and May 2017. As
described in the working paper, seven of the incidents occurred inside
a passenger aircraft and three occurred inside an airport. These
incidents typically involved the electronic smoking device while it was
being transported in carry-on baggage, with the suspected cause of the
majority of these incidents being the accidental activation of the
device.
 In this final rule, PHMSA is aligning the HMR with the ICAO
Technical Instructions by requiring passengers or crew to take
effective measures for preventing accidental activation of the heating
element of the device when transporting such devices in carry-on
baggage on board passenger aircraft. Examples of effective measures
include, but are not limited to: Removing the battery from the
electronic smoking device; separating the battery from the heating
coil; placing the electronic smoking device into a protective case;
using a protective cover, safety latch, or locking device on the
electronic smoking device's heating coil activation button; and
electronics or technology in the device designed to prevent accidental
activation, such as those requiring the electronic smoking device to be
powered on before the heating coil button can be activated.
 PHMSA is adding a new paragraph (a)(26) that amends the passenger
provisions for carriage of baggage equipped with lithium batteries
(e.g., smart baggage) intended to power features designed to make
travel easier, such as location tracking, PED battery charging, short
range wireless connections, digital weighing, or motors. To address
concerns that passengers would check baggage containing lithium
batteries (e.g., power banks) despite existing requirements that
articles whose primary purpose is to provide power to another device be
carried as spare batteries in the cabin as carry-on baggage, the ICAO
Technical Instructions were amended to require that passengers remove
lithium batteries from baggage they intend to check, in accordance with
the provisions for spare batteries. Specifically, baggage equipped with
a lithium battery or batteries is required to be carried as carry-on
baggage, unless the battery or batteries are removed from the baggage.
Once the battery or batteries are removed from baggage intended to be
checked, the battery or batteries must be carried in the cabin in
accordance with the provisions for spare batteries prescribed in
paragraph (a)(18). This restriction in checked baggage does not apply
to baggage containing lithium metal batteries with a lithium content
not exceeding 0.3 grams, or lithium ion batteries with a Watt-hour
rating not exceeding 2.7 Wh.
 PHMSA received a comment from Alaska Airlines requesting that
additional text be added to clarify that batteries must be removable
without the use of any tool for baggage to be carried on, in the event
the bag must subsequently be placed in the cargo compartment. However,
in the NPRM, we proposed to align with the text of the ICAO Technical
Instructions, which does not include this requirement. The requested
language would, therefore, result in unalignment with the ICAO
Technical Instructions and additional changes in existing practices in
manufacturing and design of these types of bags.
Section 175.33 Shipping Paper and Information to the Pilot-in-Command
 Section 175.33 establishes requirements for shipping papers and for
the notification of the pilot-in-command when hazardous materials are
transported by aircraft. Consistent with
[[Page 27840]]
revisions to the ICAO Technical Instructions, in paragraph (a)(13)(i),
PHMSA is including a requirement to indicate the airport at which the
lithium batteries will be unloaded in the information to the pilot-in-
command when a summary is used for lithium batteries. Including the
airport at which the batteries will be unloaded is consistent with the
existing authorization in paragraph (a)(12) to use a summary instead of
the default information to the pilot in command for ``UN 1845, Carbon
dioxide, solid (dry ice).'' Yevon Keller commented noting that the HM-
215O NPRM did not take into account recent changes to this section made
in an October 18, 2018, final rule [Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0100 (HM-
259); 83 FR 52878]. The NPRM did not fully account for this amendment
and, in this final rule, we are revising paragraphs (a)(12) and (13) to
make them editorially consistent with the earlier published final rule.
 Additionally, in a recent interim final rule (IFR) published March
6, 2019, [HM-224I; 84 FR 8006], PHMSA made revisions to some lithium
battery requirements in the HMR.\16\ As part of the IFR, we made
changes to Sec. 173.185(c) including redesignating paragraph
(c)(4)(vi) as paragraph (c)(5). However, in the HM-224I IFR, we did not
make a conforming amendment to Sec. 175.33, specifically Sec.
175.33(a)(13)(iii), which continued to incorrectly reference Sec.
173.185(c)(4)(vi). As such, the reference in Sec. 175.33(a)(13)(iii)
should be to Sec. 173.185(c)(5), as this will correctly indicate that
UN3480, UN3481, UN3090, and UN3091 materials prepared in accordance
with Sec. 173.185(c)(5) are still required to appear on the
information to the pilot-in-command. This HM-215O final rule makes that
necessary editorial correction.
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 \16\ https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2019-03-06/pdf/2019-03812.pdf.
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Section 175.78 Stowage Compatibility of Cargo
 Section 175.78 prescribes the stowage compatibility of hazardous
materials offered for transportation by aircraft. Consistent with
international standards, in a March 30, 2017, final rule [HM-215N; 82
FR 15796], PHMSA added new Class 3 HMT entry ``UN 3528,'' applicable to
the fuel contained in engines and machinery powered by Class 3
flammable liquids. In accordance with the segregation requirements
prescribed in this section, engines and machinery classified under the
new UN 3528 entry in Class 3 are required to be segregated from
dangerous goods with a primary or subsidiary hazard of Division 5.1.
Prior to the addition of the UN 3528 HMT entry, such engines and
machinery were classed in Class 9 and, therefore, not required to be
segregated from Division 5.1 materials. The packing requirements by air
for UN 3528 require engines to be drained and the tank caps fitted
securely. These precautions ensure that there is only a negligible
amount of residual fuel remaining. There is no indication that, as
prepared for transport, UN 3528 poses any more hazard now that would
require these items to be segregated than when these items were
previously identified as a Class 9. Therefore, in this final rule,
PHMSA is adding an exception to the segregation requirement by
including a ``Note 3'' to the paragraph (b) Segregation Table and
adding a new paragraph (c)(8) stating that materials consigned under UN
3528 need not be segregated from packages containing hazardous
materials in Division 5.1.
 Consistent with the ICAO Technical Instructions, PHMSA is requiring
that packages and overpacks containing lithium cells and batteries that
bear the Class 9 label must not be stowed on an aircraft next to, in
contact with, or in a position that would allow interaction with,
packages or overpacks containing other hazardous materials in Class 1
(other than Division 1.4S), Division 2.1, Class 3, Division 4.1 and
Division 5.1. Specifically, the current paragraph (b) is reformatted
into two paragraphs. A new paragraph (b)(2) is added to prescribe the
segregation requirements applicable to lithium cells and batteries. The
existing Segregation Table is revised by adding the necessary columns
and rows representing hazard classes not presently in the Table. These
changes to the Table indicate that hazardous materials in the classes
described above must be segregated from packages and overpacks
containing lithium cells or batteries prepared in accordance with Sec.
173.185(b)(3) and (c)(4)(vi). PHMSA is taking this action to promote
consistency with the ICAO Technical Instructions and in response to a
NTSB recommendation (A-16-001). The recommendation stemmed from NTSB's
investigation of the July 28, 2011, in-flight fire and crash of Asiana
Airlines Flight 991, which resulted in the loss of the aircraft and
crew. The investigation report cited as a contributing factor the
flammable materials and lithium ion batteries that were loaded together
either in the same or adjacent pallets.
 PHMSA received two comments from COSTHA and Alaska Airlines in
support of the segregation requirements. Alaska Airlines supports the
changes to the segregation requirements and COSTHA supports the new
Note 3 in Sec. 175.78 exempting ``UN3528'' from Division 5.1
segregation requirements. Alaska Airlines asked if it was an oversight
that PHMSA did not propose to amend Sec. 175.310(c)(1)(ii) to include
similar prohibitions on shipping lithium metal and lithium ion
batteries with flammable liquids, which authorizes transportation of
flammable liquid fuel by passenger and cargo aircraft when other means
of transportation are impracticable. Shipments made in accordance with
Sec. 175.310 may vary from the packaging references and quantity
limits listed in Columns 7, 8, and 9 of the HMT. PHMSA did not propose
or intend to propose amendments to Sec. 175.310 in the NPRM. As no
amendments were proposed to this section or these provisions, we are
not amending the requirements in this section in this final rule. The
FAA and PHMSA have agreed to look at the issue further and any
potential future rulemaking action would afford stakeholders the
opportunity to review and provide comments.
Part 176--Carriage by Vessel
Section 176.30 Dangerous Cargo Manifest
 Section 176.30 prescribes requirements for DCMs, lists, or stowage
plans required to be carried aboard vessels transporting hazardous
materials. For consistency with the IMDG Code in this final rule, PHMSA
is adding a new paragraph (a)(9) to require that DCMs include
information on shipments of excepted packages containing Class 7
materials. For shipments of excepted packages containing Class 7
material only the UN identification number, the name and address of the
consignor and the consignee, and the stowage location of the hazardous
material on board the vessel is required to be entered on the DCM,
list, or stowage plan carried aboard the vessel.
Section 176.84 Other Requirements for Stowage, Cargo Handling, and
Segregation for Cargo Vessels and Passenger Vessels
 Section 176.84 prescribes the meanings and requirements for
numbered or alphanumeric stowage provisions for vessel shipments listed
in column (10B) of the Sec. 172.101 HMT. The provisions in Sec.
176.84 are separated into general stowage provisions, which are defined
in the ``table of provisions'' in paragraph (b), and the stowage
provisions applicable to vessel shipments of Class 1 explosives, which
[[Page 27841]]
are defined in the table in paragraph (c)(2). In a previous final rule
[Docket No. PHMSA-2015-0273 (HM-215N); 82 FR 15796], a subsidiary
hazard of 6.1 was added to the UN 2977 and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride
entries, and the primary hazard for UN 3507, Uranium hexafluoride,
radioactive material, excepted package was changed from 8 to 6.1.
Consequential amendments to the stowage and segregation requirements
codes for these materials were not addressed at the time of these
changes in the IMDG Code or the HMR. In this final rule, we are adding
new stowage provisions that clarify what segregation requirements apply
to shipments of uranium hexafluoride.
 PHMSA is adding a new stowage provision 151 and assigning it to the
UN 2977 and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride entries. This new stowage
provision requires segregation for Class 7 materials to apply to
uranium hexafluoride shipped under these two UN numbers.
 Additionally, consistent with Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code,
PHMSA is adding a new stowage provision 152 and assigning it to UN
3507, Uranium hexafluoride, radioactive material, excepted package.
This new stowage provision requires segregation for Class 8, but
excepts segregation in relation to Class 7 materials. This exception to
the general segregation requirements between Class 8 and Class 7
materials allows shipments of excepted packages of uranium hexafluoride
to be stowed in close proximity to shipments of fully regulated uranium
hexafluoride.
 Based on changes to the IMDG Code to address the appropriate
segregation requirements for shipments of uranium hexafluoride, PHMSA
is adding a new stowage provision 153 and assigning it to the UN 2977
and UN 2978 uranium hexafluoride HMT entries. This new stowage
provision requires these materials to be stowed ``separated
longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from''
Divisions 1.1, 1.2, and 1.5.
 Based on changes to the IMDG Code to provide additional flexibility
in the stowage requirements for jet perforating guns, PHMSA is adding a
new stowage provision 154 and assigning it to the NA 0124, NA 0494, UN
0494, and UN 0124 jet perforating gun HMT entries. This new stowage
provision indicates that, notwithstanding the stowage category assigned
to the entries in the HMT, jet perforating guns may be stowed in
accordance with the provisions of packing instruction US 1 in Sec.
173.62. These jet perforating guns are currently assigned to stowage
categories ``02'' and ``04.'' Both stowage categories require stowage
in closed cargo transport units. The inclusion of new stowage provision
154 clarifies that regardless of the stowage category assigned, jet
perforating guns offered in accordance with US 1 in Sec. 173.62 are
not required to be offered for transport or transported in closed cargo
transport units.
Part 178--Specifications for Packagings
Section 178.71 Specifications for UN Pressure Receptacles
 Section 178.71 prescribes specifications for UN pressure
receptacles. Consistent with the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
amending paragraphs (d)(2), (f), (i), (j), and (q)(12), to reflect the
adoption of the latest ISO standards for the design, construction, and
testing of gas cylinders and their associated service equipment. In
paragraph (d)(2), PHMSA is adding a phase out date for ISO 13340:2001,
which is authorized for valves manufactured until December 31, 2020,
and incorporating by reference ISO 14246:2014 (E) ``Gas cylinders--
Cylinder valves--Manufacturing tests and examination,'' which addresses
initial inspection and testing requirements for valves. ISO 13340:2001
is being phased out because the applicable valve requirements have been
incorporated into ISO 11118:2015. In paragraph (f), PHMSA is amending
the title of the paragraph to include pressure drums and adding ISO
21172-1:2015(E), ``Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure drums up to 3
000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design and
construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1 000 litres'' in new paragraph
(f)(4). A note was added to the UN Model Regulations that authorizes
welded steel gas pressure drums with dished ends convex to pressure to
be used for the transport of corrosive substances provided all
applicable additional requirements are met, irrespective of section
6.3.3.4 of this standard which prohibits such use.\17\ Therefore, PHMSA
is authorizing the same deviation from the ISO standard in paragraph
(f).
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 \17\ https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2015/dgac10c3/UN-SCETDG-48-INF49_e_.pdf.
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 In addition, in paragraph (i), PHMSA is adding a phase out date for
ISO 11118:1999 ``Gas Cylinders for Non-refillable Metallic Gas
Cylinders,'' which is authorized until December 31, 2020, and replacing
it with the new standard, ISO 11118:2015. In paragraph (j), PHMSA is
adding a phase out date for ISO 111120:1999, ``Gas Cylinders for
Refillable Seamless Steel Tubes,'' which is authorized until December
31, 2022, and replacing it with ISO 111120:2015. In paragraph (q)(12),
PHMSA is incorporating ISO/TR 11364, ``Gas cylinders--Compilation of
national and international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and
their identification and marking system'' to specify a harmonized
identification code and marking system for both cylinders and valves.
Section 178.75
 Section 178.75 prescribes specifications for multi-element gas
containers (MEGCs). In paragraph (d)(3)(v), PHMSA is adding a phase out
date for ISO 11120:1999, which is authorized for construction and
testing of receptacles of MEGCs until December 31, 2022, and
authorizing the new, updated standard ISO 11120:2015. Changes to the
new edition of this standard include the addition of an annex outlining
typical chemistry groupings for seamless steel tubes, the addition of
nickel chromium molybdenum steel, the modification of ultrasonic
examination provisions, and revisions to the provisions for the design
of tubes for embrittling gases.
Section 178.601 General Requirements
 Section 178.601 prescribes the general requirements for test
procedures for non-bulk packagings and packages. A test report must be
prepared and made available to a user of a packaging or a DOT
representative upon request. In this final rule, PHMSA is requiring in
paragraph (l)(2)(viii) that the test report for plastic packagings that
are subject to the hydraulic pressure test include the temperature of
the water used for the test. Tests with different water temperatures
applied to one design type can produce different test results (pass or
fail). This action is consistent with amendments to the UN Model
Regulations. PHMSA received a comment from RIPA supporting the
requirement.
Section 178.801 General Requirements
 Section 178.801 prescribes the general requirements for test
procedures of an IBC containing a hazardous material. A test report for
an IBC must be prepared and made available to a user of a packaging or
a DOT representative upon request. In this final rule, PHMSA is
requiring in paragraph (l)(2)(viii) that the test report for rigid
plastics and composite IBCs that are subject to the hydraulic pressure
test must include the temperature of the water used for the test. Tests
with different water temperatures applied to one design type can
produce different test results (pass
[[Page 27842]]
or fail). The inclusion of the temperature of the water used for the
test will allow for tests that more accurately simulate the original
design type testing when such additional testing is performed. PHMSA
received a comment from RIPA supporting the requirement.
Section 178.810 Drop Test
 Section 178.810 prescribes the requirements for an IBC drop test.
In the NPRM, we proposed to amend paragraph (c)(1), to clarify that the
same IBC or a different IBC of the same design type may be utilized for
the required drop tests. PHMSA received a comment from Frits Wybenga
noting that IBCs exceeding 450 L (0.45 cubic meters) capacity only
require one drop test and that our proposed language could confuse
users. PHMSA agrees and has determined that (c)(2), addressing IBC
design types with a capacity of 0.45 cubic meters or less is the most
appropriate paragraph for this provision. As such, we are amending
paragraph (c)(2).
Part 180--Continuing Qualification and Maintenance of Packagings
Section 180.207 Requirements for Requalification of UN Pressure
Receptacles
 Section 180.207 prescribes requirements for requalification of UN
pressure receptacles. In March 2017, PHMSA published a final rule under
Docket HM-215N [82 FR 15796 (March 30, 2017)]. In this rule, PHMSA
amended the HMR to expand recognition of cylinders and pressure
receptacles, cargo tank repair facilities, and certificates of
equivalency in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations.
The goal of these amendments is to promote flexibility and permit the
use of advanced technology for the requalification and use of pressure
receptacles, to provide for a broader selection of authorized pressure
receptacles, to reduce the need for special permits, and to facilitate
cross-border transportation of these cylinders. Section Sec.
171.12(a)(4) permits the transportation of a cylinder authorized by
Transport Canada TDG Regulations to, from, or within the United States.
In HM-215N, PHMSA amended (a)(4)(ii) to authorize the use of Canadian
manufactured cylinders. Specifically, PHMSA authorized the
transportation of CTC, CRC, BTC, and TC cylinders that have a
corresponding DOT specification cylinder prescribed in the HMR. HM-215N
did not remove or amend existing requirements for DOT specification
cylinders; rather, PHMSA provided that a shipper may use either a DOT
specification cylinder or a TC cylinder, as appropriate. In this final
rule, PHMSA is clarifying the amendments in HM-215N and allowing for
the requalification of ``CAN'' marked UN cylinders in the United
States.
 In the NPRM, PHMSA proposed that cylinders marked with the letters
``CAN'' for Canada as a country of manufacture or a country of approval
may be requalified in the United States, provided the requirements in
Sec. Sec. 178.69, 178.70, and 178.71, as applicable, are met. PHMSA
received a comment from Transport Canada stating that it disagrees that
UN cylinders marked with the letters ``CAN'' must comply with the U.S.
manufacturing and approval requirements in Sec. Sec. 178.69, 178.70,
and 178.71, as the cylinders are manufactured to comply with the TDG
Regulations. Transport Canada recommended that consistent with the
reciprocity provisions for TC cylinders added in the HM-215N final
rule, UN cylinders marked with the letters ``CAN'' be requalified and
marked by a facility registered by Transport Canada in accordance with
the Transport Canada TDG Regulations. PHMSA agrees with the commenter
that allowing this method of requalification is consistent with
previous amendments concerning requalification of Canadian pressure
vessels using TDG Regulations, promotes U.S. and Canadian regulatory
reciprocity and facilitates international trade. In this final rule,
PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)(2) per the recommendation from
Transport Canada.
 Consistent with changes to the UN Model Regulations, PHMSA is
revising paragraph (d)(1) to incorporate ISO 16148:2016, which
addresses the requalification of seamless steel cylinders and tubes.
This addition allows the internal inspection and hydraulic pressure
test for seamless steel ISO cylinders and tubes to be replaced by non-
destructive testing methods identified in ISO 16148:2016. Non-
destructive test methods in this ISO standard have been updated to
provide a method for evaluating the significance of acoustic emission
examination identifed emission sources. This standard specifies the
ultrasonic examination method as a follow-up procedure to evaluate the
significance of sources identified through acoustic emissions
examinations. Additionally, in paragraph (d)(4), PHMSA is adding a
phase out date for ISO 11623:2002, which is authorized for inspection
and testing of composite UN cylinders until December 31, 2020, and
authorizing the new standard, ISO 11623:2015. Finally, PHMSA is adding
new paragraph (d)(6) to incorporate inspection and maintenance
requirements for cylinder valves as found in ISO 22434:2006
``Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and maintenance of cylinder
valves.'' Changes to the revised standard include: Up-to-date
terminology, particularly for the various types of composite cylinders;
up-to-date references to additional documents for steel and aluminum-
alloy liner materials; and an update of some photographs to provide
sharper examples of damage.
Section 180.217 Requalification Requirements for MEGCs
 Section 180.217 contains requalification requirements for MEGCs.
PHMSA received a comment from Transport Canada that the HM-215N final
rule did not extend reciprocity to the requalification of MEGCs
performed by facilities registered with Transport Canada. The commenter
noted that having mutual recognition for cylinder requalification was
one of the main goals of the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation
Council. PHMSA agrees that the ability to requalify MEGC's is
consistent with previous amendments concerning pressure vessels and
promotes U.S. and Canadian regulatory reciprocity and facilitates
international trade. In this final rule PHMSA is revising paragraph (a)
by authorizing MEGCs to be requalified by a facility registered by
Transport Canada in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG
Regulations.
VI. Regulatory Analyses and Notices
A. Statutory/Legal Authority for This Final Rule
 This final rule amends the HMR to maintain alignment with
international standards by incorporating various amendments, including
changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing groups,
special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport quantity
limitations, and vessel stowage requirements. This final rule is
published under the statutory authority of Federal hazardous materials
transportation law (Federal hazmat law; 49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.).
Section 5103(b) of Federal hazmat law authorizes the Secretary of
Transportation to prescribe regulations for the safe transportation,
including security, of hazardous materials in intrastate, interstate,
and foreign commerce. Additionally, 49 U.S.C. 5120(b) authorizes the
Secretary to ensure that, to the extent practicable, regulations
governing the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce are
[[Page 27843]]
consistent with standards adopted by international authorities. The
Secretary's authority is delegated to PHMSA at 49 CFR 1.97.
B. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures
 This final rule is not considered a significant regulatory action
under section 3(f) of Executive Order (E.O.) 12866, Regulatory Planning
and Review, 58 FR 51735 and, therefore, was not formally reviewed by
the Office of Management and Budget. This final rule is not considered
a significant rule under the Department of Transportation's Policies
and Procedures for Rulemakings (DOT Order 2100.6; Dec. 20, 2018).
 E.O. 12866 requires agencies to design regulations ``in the most
cost-effective manner,'' to make a ``reasoned determination that the
benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs,'' and to develop
regulations that ``impose the least burden on society.'' In this final
rule, PHMSA accomplishes the directives of E.O. 12866 by harmonizing
the HMR with widely used consensus international standards to address
specific safety concerns, reduce regulatory burdens, and facilitate
international trade. Such alignment promotes international trade
through standardization, facilitates domestic transportation and
reduces regulatory burden by using a single set of guiding principles
worldwide.
 Overall, the issues discussed in this final rule promote the
continued safe transportation of hazardous materials while producing
net cost savings. Cost savings are derived from generalized
harmonization effects (such as avoided costs of compliance) and the
specific provisions related to corrosivity classification that adds
alternative packing group assignment methods to classify corrosive
mixtures without conducting physical testing. Details on the estimated
cost savings and benefits of this final rule can be found in the rule's
Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA), which is available in the public
docket.
 Based on the discussions of benefits and costs provided above,
PHMSA estimates discounted net cost savings at a 3 percent discount
rate of approximately $93,000-$2.2 million per year and at a 7 percent
discount rate of approximately $55,000-$2.1 million per year. Please
see the complete RIA for a more detailed analysis of the costs and
benefits of this final rule.
C. Executive Order 13771
 This final rule is considered an E.O. 13771 deregulatory action.
Details on the estimated cost savings of this final rule are discussed
in the rule's RIA, which has been uploaded to the docket.
D. Executive Order 13132
 This final rule was analyzed in accordance with the principles and
criteria contained in E.O. 13132, Federalism, 64 FR 43255. E.O. 13132
requires agencies to assure meaningful and timely input by State and
local officials in the development of regulatory policies that may have
``substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between
the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.'' The
regulatory changes in this final rule may preempt State, local, and
Indian tribe requirements but do not have substantial direct effects on
the States, the relationship between the national government and the
States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the
various levels of government. Therefore, the consultation and funding
requirements of Executive Order 13132 do not apply.
 The Federal hazardous materials transportation law contains an
express preemption provision, 49 U.S.C. 5125(b), that preempts State,
local, and Indian tribe requirements on certain covered subjects,
unless the non-Federal requirements are ``substantively the same'' as
the Federal requirements:
 (1) The designation, description, and classification of hazardous
material;
 (2) The packing, repacking, handling, labeling, marking, and
placarding of hazardous material;
 (3) The preparation, execution, and use of shipping documents
related to hazardous material and requirements related to the number,
contents, and placement of those documents;
 (4) The written notification, recording, and reporting of the
unintentional release in transportation of hazardous material; and
 (5) The design, manufacture, fabrication, inspection, marking,
maintenance, recondition, repair, or testing of a packaging or
container represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use
in transporting hazardous material in commerce.
 This final rule addresses covered subject items (1), (2), (3), and
(5) above. Therefore, this final rule preempts State, local, or tribal
requirements concerning these subjects unless the non-Federal
requirements are ``substantively the same'' as the Federal
requirements. PHMSA received no comments on the NPRM regarding the
effect of the adoption of the specific proposals on State, local or
tribal governments.
E. Executive Order 13175
 This final rule was analyzed in accordance with the principles and
criteria contained in E.O. 13175, Consultation and Coordination with
Indian Tribal Governments, 65 FR 67249. E.O. 13175 requires agencies to
assure meaningful and timely input from Indian tribal government
representatives in the development of rules that significantly or
uniquely affect Tribal communities by imposing ``substantial direct
compliance costs'' or ``substantial direct effects'' on such
communities or the relationship and distribution of power between the
Federal government and Indian tribes. This final rule is likely to
affect offerors and carriers of hazardous materials, some of whom are
small entities, such as chemical manufacturers, users and suppliers,
packaging manufacturers, distributors, and training companies. It does
not impose substantial direct compliance costs and does not have
substantial direct effects on Native American tribal governments.
Therefore, the funding and consultation requirements of E.O. 13175 do
not apply. Further, PHMSA did not receive comments on the tribal
implications of the rulemaking.
F. Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Policies
and Procedures
 The Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) requires an
agency to review regulations to assess its impact on small entities,
unless the agency determines that a rule is not expected to have a
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
E.O. 13272, ``Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency
Rulemaking, 68 FR 7990,'' requires agencies to establish procedures and
policies to promote compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act and
to ``thoroughly review draft rules to assess and take appropriate
account of the potential impact'' of the rules on small businesses,
governmental jurisdictions and small organizations. This rule was
developed in accordance with this E.O. and DOT's procedures and
policies (DOT Order 2100.6) to promote compliance with the Regulatory
Flexibility Act and to ensure that the potential impacts of a
regulatory action on small entities were properly considered.
 Section 603(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act requires an
analysis of the possible impact of the rule on small entities,
including the need for the rule, the description of the action, the
identification of potentially affected
[[Page 27844]]
small entities, the reporting and recordkeeping requirements, the
related Federal rules and regulations, and the alternative proposals
considered.
 PHMSA expects the amendments in this rule to result in overall net
cost savings and ease the regulatory compliance burden for shippers
engaged in domestic and international commerce, including trans-border
shipments within North America. Additionally, the changes effected by
this rule will relieve U.S. companies, including small entities
competing in foreign markets, from the burden of complying with a dual
system of regulations. Therefore, PHMSA expects that these amendments
will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of
small entities. However, PHMSA solicited comments in the NPRM on the
anticipated economic impacts to small entities. Comments from Amazon
and NRF to the NPRM indicated that the requirement to prepare a test
summary and the subsequent distribution to others in the supply chain
for all lithium cells and batteries manufactured would have a
disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenters
provided no quantitative context, PHMSA estimated the burden on
manufacturers and subsequent distributors for the lithium cell and
battery test summary requirement in the SBA below to address this
issue. Such analysis for this final rule is as follows, supplemented by
the analysis contained in the RIA, which can be found in the docket for
this rulemaking:
1. Need for the Final Rule
 This final rule adopts the conditional use of international
standards, and where appropriate, harmonizes domestic transportation
requirements for hazardous materials with those found in the applicable
international standards. This harmonization promotes compliance cost
savings, process efficiencies/time savings, reduced potential property,
health and environmental damages, and increased trade flows/reduction
in barriers to trade.
 The benefits from the adoption of the amendments include enhanced
transportation safety resulting from the consistency of domestic and
international hazard communication and continued access to foreign
markets by U.S. manufacturers and other businesses that are
transporters of hazardous materials.
2. Description of the Action
 This final rule facilitates the transportation of hazardous
materials in international commerce by providing consistency with
international standards. The rule will align the HMR with international
regulations and standards by incorporating various amendments,
including changes to proper shipping names, hazard classes, packing
groups, special provisions, packaging authorizations, air transport
quantity limitations, and vessel stowage requirements.
3. Identification of Potentially Affected Small Entities
 The term ``small entities,'' as described in 5 U.S.C. 601,
comprises small businesses and not-for-profit organizations that are
independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields
and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000.
The amendments considered here are likely to affect offerors and
carriers of hazardous materials, some of whom are small entities, such
as chemical manufacturers, users and suppliers, packaging
manufacturers, distributors, and training companies.
 As noted above, PHMSA expects that these amendments will not have a
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
However, to address comments to the NPRM indicating that the
requirement to create a test summary for lithium cells and batteries
and for subsequent distributors to make this information available to
others in the supply chain would have a disproportionate impact on
small businesses, PHMSA estimated the burden on manufacturers and
subsequent distributors for the lithium cells and batteries test
summary requirements. PHMSA identified approximately 3,700 small
entities that may be impacted by the lithium cell and battery test
summary requirements. PHMSA examined the entities in NAICS codes for
battery retailers, wholesalers, and merchants and identified the
percentage of entities in each NAICS industry that are involved in
distributing batteries based on the sub-NAICS product series
information provided in the 2012 Economic Census by Industry. PHMSA
assumed that product manufacturers would include 27.9 percent of
Electrical Apparatus and Equipment, Wiring Supplies, and Related
Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (NAICS 423610), 50 percent of Power-
Driven Handtool Manufacturing (NAICS 333991) and 100 percent of
Electronic Computer Manufacturing (NAICS 334111) and Radio and
Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment
Manufacturing (NAICS 334220). Finally, PHMSA determined that retailers
would need to make the test summary document available to customers.
PHMSA assessed that retailers would predominantly fall within the All
Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (NAICS 453998) and that 2.2 percent
of all firms in this sector may be affected. Then PHMSA multiplied this
percent by the more recent U.S. Census Bureau Statistics of U.S.
Businesses (SUSB) 2016 \18\ to estimate the total number of potentially
impacted respondents. Please see the RIA submitted to the docket for
this rulemaking for a more detailed analysis of these small entities.
As a result of our analysis on the impacts test summary document
requirements will have on small buisnesses, PHMSA believes that
although some small businesses will be directly impacted, particular
firms and their associated industries are unlikely to experience
significant (i.e., greater than 1 percent) impacts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \18\ SUSB 2016. Annual Data Tables by Establishment Industry,
Data by Enterprise Employment Size, U.S. 6-digit NAICS. https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2016/econ/susb/2016-susb-annual.html.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements are discussed in detail in
the RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking and the ``Paperwork
Reduction Act'' section of this rulemaking. These requirements will
apply to all regulated entities, including small entities.
4. Related Federal Rules and Regulations
 PHMSA is unaware of any Federal rules and regulations that are
substantially similar to the requirements in this final rule.
5. Alternative Proposals for Small Business
 The Regulatory Flexibility Act directs agencies to establish
exceptions and differing compliance standards for small businesses,
where it is possible to do so and still meet the objectives of
applicable regulatory statutes. PHMSA does not believe there are
alternative compliance standards for small businesses that still meet
the objectives of these regulatory statutes.
 Excepting small entities from the test summary requirements would
not fully harmonize the HMR with the UN Model Regulations, IMDG Code,
ICAO Technical Instructions, IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and other
related national and international dangerous goods regulations that
require
[[Page 27845]]
manufacturers and distributors of lithium cells and batteries and
equipment powered by cells and batteries to make available a ``test
summary'' as specified in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, Sixth
Revised Edition, Amendment 1, Part III, sub-section 38.3, paragraph
38.3.5. Fully harmonizing the test summary requirements allows
traceability and accountability of those involved in the lithium cells
and batteries transport chain, including small entities, thereby
ensuring that lithium cell and battery designs offered for transport
contain specific information on the required UN tests. In addition, it
allows those in the distribution chain, including small entities, to
more easily identify non-counterfeit products by providing confirmation
to users that the battery is from a legitimate and compliant source and
that they are receiving, and potentially reoffering for transportation,
a battery that is of a tested and approved type. PHMSA believes this
may generate safety benefits if counterfeit batteries are more likely
to rupture, catch fire or otherwise increase the risk of a dangerous
incident.
6. Conclusion
 PHMSA conducted a Small Business Analysis (SBA) for this final rule
(see RIA in the docket for this rulemaking). Based on this analysis,
PHMSA believes that some small businesses will be directly impacted by
the lithium cells and batteries test summary requirement; however,
PHMSA found particular firms and their associated industries are
unlikely to experience significant impacts. In particular, PHMSA
demonstrated that the average annual cost of the test summary document
is less than one percent of the average annual revenue for each NAICS
revenue category for which data was available. Please see the RIA for a
more detailed analysis.
 Comments from Amazon and NRF to the NPRM indicated that the
requirement that subsequent distributors produce a test summary would
have disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenters
provided no quantitative data, PHMSA did review the initial estimation
of burden on subsequent distributors in the SBA for the lithium cells
and batteries test summary requirement to address this issue. Please
see the RIA for this rulemaking in the docket.
 Many companies, including small entities, will realize overall
economic benefits as a result of the amendments in the final rule. As
previously discussed, PHMSA expects the amendments in this rule to
result in a net cost savings and ease the regulatory compliance burden
for shippers engaged in domestic and international commerce, including
trans-border shipments within North America. Additionally, the changes
effected by this final rule will relieve U.S. companies, including
small entities, competing in foreign markets, from the burden of
complying with a dual system of regulations. Consequently, PHMSA
certifies that this final rule does not have a significant economic
impact on a substantial number of small entities.
G. Paperwork Reduction Act
 PHMSA has analyzed this rule in accordance with the Paperwork
Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (Pub. L. 96-511). PHMSA is revising the
approved information collections under the following OMB Control
Numbers: OMB Control No. 2137-0018, ``Inspection and Testing of
Portable Tanks and Intermediate Bulk Containers;'' OMB Control No.
2137-0034, ``Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers & Emergency Response
Information;'' OMB Control No. 2137-0557, ``Approvals for Hazardous
Materials;'' OMB Control No. 2137-0572, ``Testing Requirements for Non-
Bulk Packaging (Formerly: Testing Requirements for Packaging);'' OMB
Control No. 2137-0559, ``Rail Carriers and Tank Car Tank Requirements,
Rail Tank Car Tanks--Transportation of Hazardous Materials by Rail.''
OMB Control Number 2137-0018, ``Inspection and Testing of Portable
Tanks and Intermediate Bulk Containers''
 PHMSA anticipates that this final rule will result in an increase
in burden due to the proposed requirement to indicate the water
temperature during a hydraulic pressure test for rigid plastics and
composite IBCs. PHMSA does not estimate an increase in the number of
respondents or responses, because the proposed amendment only adds
burden for respondents already pressure testing rigid plastics and
composite IBCs. PHMSA estimates that it will take an average of 1
additional minute to add the additional information to the already
required test report. This information collection currently accounts
for 20 respondents completing 100 test reports per year at 6 minutes
per response. Increasing the burden time to 7 minutes per response
increases the burden by 33.33 hours. At a mean hourly wage of
$38.77,\19\ it is estimated to increase annual salary costs by
$1,292.34. PHMSA does not anticipate this requirement will affect out-
of-pocket expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \19\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``First-line supervisors of
transportation and material moving workers, except aircraft cargo
handling (53-1048)'' in the Plastics and Rubber Products
Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($26.48) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
= wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 0.
 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 0.
 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 33.33.
 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $1,292.34.
 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
OMB Control Number 2137-0034, ``Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers &
Emergency Response Information''
 PHMSA estimates that this rulemaking will result in an overall
increase in burden attributed to the proposed requirement to create a
test summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after January
1, 2008. Lithium cell or battery manufacturers will need to create a
test summary for all the previously manufactured lithium cells and
batteries. Following the publication of the final rule, PHMSA will
revise the annual burden, as a test summary will only need to be
created following manufacture of a new lithium cell and battery.
Because this final rule accounts for previously manufactured lithium
cells and batteries, PHMSA believes that the burden will substantially
decrease for subsequent years after a final rule goes into effect.
 In the NPRM, PHMSA estimated the requirement to create a test
summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after June 30,
2003 would result in an overall increase in burden. In response to
comments received in the NPRM, discussed in more detail above, PHMSA is
adopting a requirement to require a test summary for lithium cells and
batteries manufactured after January 1, 2008. This will result in less
lithium cells and batteries requiring test summaries than estimated in
the NPRM. Cells and batteries that ceased being manufactured between
June 30, 2003 and December 31, 2007 would not require a test summary or
subsequent distribution to downstream distributors. In addition, PHMSA
is changing the implementation date for this provision from year 2020
to year 2022. During the voluntary compliance period of the final rule,
lithium cell or battery
[[Page 27846]]
manufacturers will need to create a test summary for all of the
previously manufactured lithium cells and batteries; after the final
rule goes into effect, lithium cell or battery manufacturers will need
to create a test summary for newly manufactured lithium cells and
batteries. Therefore, PHMSA is adding two information collections
associated with this OMB Control Number--one for lithium cells and
batteries manufactured from January 1, 2008 to a final rule
implementation date and one accounting for the annual manufacture of
new lithium cells and batteries after a final rule compliance date.
 In the preliminary RIA, PHMSA identified 73 domestic lithium cell
or battery manufacturers per U.S. Census' Annual Survey of Manufactures
(NAICS code 335912).\20\ PHMSA looked at publicly available company
websites for 35 domestic companies known to manufacture lithium cells
or batteries.\21\ Of the 35 domestic lithium cell or battery
manufacturers websites that were reviewed, 14 provided product
information (e.g., specification sheets or safety data sheets) for
specific lithium cells or batteries the company currently manufactures
or sells. Based on the information provided on these 14 company
websites, the mean number of lithium cell and battery design types
currently manufactured by these domestic manufacturers is 32. PHMSA
estimated in the preliminary RIA that the number of batteries and cells
currently manufactured that were tested between June 30, 2003 and the
estimated date of a final rule publication by each domestic lithium
cell or battery manufacture to be 80 per manufacturer (32 lithium cells
or batteries manufactured x 2.5).\22\ Therefore, 5,840 new test
summaries must be created for lithium cells or batteries (73
manufacturers x 80 lithium cells or batteries).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \20\ 2015 County Business Patterns. ``Geography Area Series:
County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization.'' 2016
Annual Survey of Manufactures. Annual Survey of Manufactures:
General Statistics: Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries:
2016 and 2015.
 \21\ Only 35 of the identified domestic lithium cell and battery
manufacturers had websites with usable information containing
battery or cell design types.
 \22\ 2.5 is a multiplier to account for the uncertainties noted
in the RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 The time to create a test summary is estimated conservatively at 30
minutes per document. PHMSA personnel obtained various existing test
reports for lithium cells and batteries and completed sample test
summary documents using these test reports with an average time to
complete of 13 minutes. In these exercises, the test reports contained
almost all the information required for completion of the test summary.
PHMSA expected this to be the case for most test summaries and assumes
that test reports will be readily available for most design types, but
to account for the procuring of any missing information where required,
we have estimated the test summary completion time to be 30 minutes.
Therefore, PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA that this proposal
will increase burden by 2,920 hours (5,840 test reports x 30 minutes).
 To determine the projected salary cost for preparing new test
summaries, PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA a mean hourly wage
rate of approximately $67.03 \23\ for a total of $195,727.76 in salary
cost (2,920 burden hours x $67.03). PHMSA does not estimate any out-of-
pocket expenses for the creation of the test summary.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \23\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
= wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 As noted above, comments received to the NPRM indicated that
applying the test summary requirements to batteries manufactured after
June 30, 2003 is too long of a time frame to include. For the reasons
explained above, PHMSA is changing this provision to require a test
summary for lithium cells and batteries manufactured after January 1,
2008. Therefore, cells and batteries that ceased being manufactured
between June 30, 2003 and December 31, 2007 will not require a test
summary or subsequent distribution to downstream distributors. No
comments were received regarding our estimation of the number of
domestic cell and battery manufacturers, the number of design types
they make, or the time it takes to develop a test summary. Therefore,
PHMSA is utilizing the preliminary RIA figures for these items and
adjusting to account for the final rule applicability date change.
 This final rule extends the applicability date for this provision
from year 2020 to year 2022. This increases the compliance time from
one year to two years, which results in a reduction of the costs
estimated with this provision at the NPRM stage. In the preliminary
RIA, PHMSA estimated that the number of batteries and cells currently
manufactured--that were tested between June 30, 2003 and the estimated
date of a final rule publication--by each domestic lithium cell or
battery manufacture to be 80 per manufacturer and that 5,840 new test
summaries would need to be created for lithium cells or batteries. To
account for the change in not requiring the creation and distribution
of test summaries from batteries and cells manufactured between June
30, 2003 to January 1, 2008, PHMSA is reducing the uncertainty
multiplier utilized to determine the number of test summaries required
from 2.5 to 2.0. Based on the uncertainties noted below, PHMSA
estimates the number of batteries and cells currently manufactured--
that were tested between January 1, 2008 and the estimated compliance
date of a final rule--by each domestic lithium cell or battery
manufacture to be 64 per manufacturer (32 lithium cells or batteries
manufactured x 2). This change results in a reduction in the number of
test summaries required from 5,840 to 4,672 (32 lithium cells or
batteries per manufacturer x 2 x 73 manufacturers). Therefore, PHMSA
estimates that this requirement will increase the total burden by 2,336
hours (4,672 test reports x 30 minutes).
 Uncertainties:
--Information on company websites generally only accounts for battery
and cells that are currently actively offered for sale by the company.
The test summary requirement would be applicable to all batteries and
cells manufactured after January 1, 2008. Thus, the information
available on manufacturer websites does not account for these
previously made cells and batteries.
--While several websites did show component cells for sale, others did
not. It is difficult to know if some battery manufacturers that only
list completed batteries on their websites also make their own cells.
--PHMSA identified 14 domestic lithium battery cell and battery
manufacturers with usable information on design types on their websites
as a representative sample. Companies that did not provide individual
product listings on their websites were not included in the above
calculations. The companies that were researched constitute a
representative sample of lithium cell and battery manufacturers because
they make cells and batteries for automobiles, military, medical, and
portable electronic devices.
 To calculate the total salary cost for preparing new test
summaries, PHMSA estimates in this final analysis a mean
[[Page 27847]]
hourly wage rate of approximately $67.0278,\24\ for a total of $156,577
in salary cost, reduced from the total salary cost estimated at the
NPRM stage of $195,721.23. Because there is a two year compliance date,
PHMSA estimates that half of the test summary will be created in the
first year. Therefore, to estimate first year burden, PHMSA divided the
estimated number of responses by 2, resulting in half of the estimated
annual burden hours and costs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \24\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
$67.0278 = wage rate $45.78/wage % of total compensation 68.3%).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 73.
 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 2,336.
 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 1,168.
 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $78,288.
 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
 This test summary requirement is also anticipated to increase the
burden for recordkeeping requirements. As detailed in the new
requirements, the test summary must be made available for every cell or
battery design type, including to subsequent distributors, upon
request. For the purposes of this analysis, PHMSA assumes that in order
to make a test summary available, manufacturers and downstream
distributors of lithium cells and batteries will choose the alternative
that requires the least amount of recordkeeping burden possible. PHMSA
believes the least burdensome method is to make the test summaries
available on company websites by utilizing links to battery
manufacturer websites where the information is made available. This
method presumes that cell and battery manufacturers and distributors
maintain infrastructure such as websites that have storage capacity to
link to these reports.
 To estimate the burden hours and salary costs for this
recordkeeping requirement, in the preliminary RIA, PHMSA examined
entities in NAICS codes for battery retailers, wholesalers, and
merchants (NAICS 453998 & 423610) and identified the percentage of
entities in each NAICS industry that is involved in distributing
batteries based on the sub-NAICS product series information provided in
the 2012 Economic Census by Industry. PHMSA multiplied this percent by
the more recent, 2016 County Business Patterns estimate of the total
number of entities to estimate the number of potentially impacted
respondents. Based on these calculations, PHMSA estimated that 5,644
downstream distributors of lithium cells and batteries comprised of
product manufacturers and distributors/retailers, in addition to the 73
domestic manufacturers identified above could be subject to additional
recordkeeping requirements as a result of this proposal. PHMSA further
estimated that product manufacturers utilize cells and batteries from
an average of five different cell or battery manufacturers. Lastly,
PHMSA estimated that distributors and retail outlets utilize cells and
batteries from an average of 20 cell or battery manufacturers. See
Table 5 for a breakdown of the lithium cell and battery supply chain,
the number of estimated entities, and the number of estimated test
summaries that are required to be made available.
 As noted above, to account for the change in requiring creation and
distribution of test summaries from batteries and cells manufactured
June 30, 2003 to January 1, 2008, PHMSA is reducing the uncertainty
multiplier utilized in the preliminary RIA to determine the number of
test summaries required from 2.5 to 2.0. This change results in a
reduction in the number of test summaries required from 5,840 to 4,672.
See below the breakdown of the lithium cell and battery supply chain,
the number of estimated entities, and the number of estimated test
summaries required to be made available.
 Table 5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Individual
 Supply chain Number of recordkeeping
 respondents responses
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cells/Batteries to product manufacturers 73 5,840
Product manufacturers to distributors/ 5,224 26,120
 retailers..............................
Distributors/retailers to customer...... 420 8,400
 -------------------------------
 Total............................... 5,790 40,360
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 PHMSA estimated in the preliminary RIA that ensuring test summaries
are available will take 5 minutes per report utilizing the electronic
methods noted above.\25\ This results in a total recordkeeping
requirement of 3,363.33 annual burden hours (40,360 responses x 5
minutes). At an estimated mean hourly annual salary wage of
approximately $67.03 \26\ PHMSA estimates the salary cost for
recordkeeping will increase by $225,444.01. PHMSA does not estimate
that this will result in a increase in any out-of-pocket expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \25\ Estimated time to create a link to another website where
the information is hosted.
 \26\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
= wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Comments to the NPRM from Amazon indicated that the requirement
that subsequent distributors produce a test summary would have
disproportionate impact on small businesses. While the commenter
provided no quantitative information, PHMSA has reviewed our initial
estimation of burden on subsequent distributors (both large and small)
and revised our estimated impact. The initial review of impacts
adequately accounts for the time required to ensure a test summary
exists in the least burdensome method of compliance noted above.
However, we are amending our estimated impact to account for additional
time that may be needed to verify that appropriate information exists,
either after initial procurement of the document or link and
verification on request of subsequent downstream distributors. This
additional time will add another 2 minutes to each test summary
increasing the annual burden hours from 5 minutes a response to 7
minutes
[[Page 27848]]
a response.\27\ This results in a total recordkeeping requirement of
4,572.4 hours (39,192 responses x 7 minutes). At an estimated mean
hourly wage of $67.03,\28\ PHMSA estimates the total cost for
recordkeeping increases to $306,478 from the preliminary estimate with
recordkeeping requirement of $225,437. To estimate the annual increases
in the number of respondents, responses and in the burden hours and
costs, PHMSA divides the total estimated burden by 2, the number of
years of voluntary compliance with this provision due to the change in
the implementation date as noted above.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \27\ Additional 2 minutes per record to address additional time
that may be needed to verify that appropriate information exists.
 \28\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Electrical Engineers (17-
2070)'' in the Other Electrical Equipment and Component
Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($45.78) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation (i.e., benefits) based on the BLS Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for
civilian workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage
= wage rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 5,790.
 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 19,596.
 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 2,286.
 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $153,239.
 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
 PHMSA is adding additional requirements that would affect the
burden for OMB Control No. 2137-0034, but PHMSA believes that the
overall effect on the number of respondents and burden hours are
negligible in relation to the number of respondents and burden hours
currently associated with this information collection. The revisions
include: A new requirement to indicate ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED'' on a
shipping paper if not already indicated in the proper shipping name,
when appropriate; removing 1-dodecene to the list of marine pollutants
in Appendix B to Sec. 172.101; a new requirement to include the UN
identification number for the material being offered, the name and
address of the consignor and consignee, and a container packing
certificate on a Dangerous Cargo Manifest for excepted packages
containing Class 7 materials transported by vessel.
OMB Control Number 2137-0557, ``Approvals for Hazardous Materials''
 We anticipate this final rule will increase the overall burden for
this information collection request. PHMSA is adding special provision
347 to four explosive Division 1.4S entries on the HMT, which would
require the articles to pass the 6(d) test from Part I of the UN Manual
of Tests and Criteria to maintain Compatibility Group ``S''
classification. It is estimated that this will increase the number of
annual respondents by 54. PHMSA estimates that each respondent will
submit 10 applications each year, for a total increase of 540 annual
responses (54 respondents x 10 responses). PHMSA estimates that each
application will take 4.75 hours to complete, for a total increase of
2,565 annual burden hours (2,500 response x 4.75 hours). Please see the
RIA submitted to the docket for this rulemaking for more information.
At a mean hourly wage of $79.06,\29\ PHMSA estimates an increase of
$202,797 in salary costs. PHMSA does not estimate any additional out-
of-pocket expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \29\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Chemical Engineers (17-
2041)'' in the Chemical Manufacturing industry. The hourly mean wage
for this occupation ($54) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of
employee compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 54.
 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 540.
 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 2,565.
 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $202,797.
 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
 PHMSA is also adding additional requirements that would affect the
burden for OMB Control No. 2137-0557, but PHMSA believes that the
overall effect on the number of respondents and burden hours are
negligible in relation to the number of respondents and burden hours
associated with this OMB Control Number. PHMSA expects a minimal
increase due to the proposed revision of special provision A105, which
would allow a person to obtain approval from the Associate
Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety if the quantity of
hazardous materials exceeds the quantity limits and applicability
provisions of Sec. 173.222(c). PHMSA also expects a minimal decrease
in the number of approval applicants based on the adoption of a new
entry in the Sec. 173.224 Self-Reactive Materials Table and the
adoption of three new entries in the Sec. 173.225 Organic Peroxide
Table. Respondents wishing to offer these materials in transportation,
are no longer required to obtain approval from the Associate
Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety.
OMB Control No. 2137-0572, ``Testing Requirements for Non-Bulk
Packaging (Formerly: Testing Requirements for Packaging)''
 PHMSA estimates this rulemaking will result in an increase in
burden due to the proposed requirement to include the water temperature
during the hydraulic pressure test for plastic non-bulk packagings.
PHMSA does not estimate an increase in the number of respondents or
responses, because the proposed amendment only adds burden to persons
currently pressure testing plastic non-bulk packagings.
 OMB Control Number 2137-0572, as currently approved by OMB, is
divided into five Information Collections (IC), one of which is
identified as Testing Requirements for Non-Bulk Packaging. This IC is
specific to the requirements in Sec. 178.601 for creating the test
report. As mentioned in the approved supporting statement (see
reginfo.gov), PHMSA has estimated that 5,000 persons will complete this
requirement based on historic stakeholder feedback. It's important to
note, that this IC is not specific to each packaging type, instead it
is for all persons testing non-bulk packaging.
 In the approved IC, PHMSA estimated a total of 2 hours for the
creation of each test report. Because the change in requirement is only
for a small subset of the 5,000 respondents, PHMSA estimated an
increase of 1 minute to determine the appropriate water temperature and
note in the existing test report. This accounts for a reasonable
average increase for all persons completing the test report. At a mean
hourly wage of $68.58,\30\ it is estimated to increase annual salary
costs of $17,145 (5,000 x 3 = 15,000 responses x 1 min/= 15,000
minutes) (15,000 minutes/60 = 250 hours x $68.58 = $17,145). PHMSA does
not anticipate this requirement to affect out-of-pocket expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \30\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Transportation, Storage,
and Distribution Managers (11-3071)'' in the Transportation and
Warehousing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($48.43) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Increase in Number of Respondents: 0.
 Annual Increase in Number of Responses: 0.
[[Page 27849]]
 Annual Increase in Burden Hours: 250.
 Annual Increase in Salary Costs: $17,145.
 Annual Increase in Burden Costs: $0.
OMB Control No. 2137-0559 ``Rail Carrier and Tank Car Tank
Requirements, Rail Tank Car Tanks--Transportation of Hazardous
Materials by Rail''
 PHMSA anticipates this final rule will result in a decrease in
burden because of the proposed requirement to recognize Transport
Canada issued Temporary Certificates for one time movements of non-
compliant tank cars, in lieu of a DOT-issued OTMA when the tank car
shipment's origin or destination is in Canada. Data from the FRA
indicates that in calendar year 2017 there were 214 one-time movement
requests for tank car shipments with an origin or destination in
Canada. PHMSA estimates that half of these movements will operate under
a Temporary Certificate issued by Transport Canada, and thus not
require PHMSA approval. Therefore, PHMSA estimates there will be a
decrease in 54 annual respondents. Each of these respondents is
estimated to annually request two OTMAs, for a decrease of 108
responses. PHMSA estimates that each application requires 4.75 hours to
complete, resulting in a reduction of 513 burden hours. At an estimated
mean hourly wage of $68.58,\31\ this reduction is expected to save
$35,181.54 in salary cost. PHMSA estimates there is no reduction in
out-of-pocket expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \31\ Occupation labor rates based on 2017 Occupational and
Employment Statistics Survey (OES) for ``Transportation, Storage,
and Distribution Managers (11-3071)'' in the Transportation and
Warehousing industry. The hourly mean wage for this occupation
($46.84) is adjusted to reflect the total costs of employee
compensation based on the BLS Employer Costs for Employee
Compensation Summary, which indicates that wages for civilian
workers are 68.3 percent of total compensation (total wage = wage
rate/wage % of total compensation).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Annual Decrease in Number of Respondents: 54.
 Annual Decrease in Number of Responses: 108.
 Annual Decrease in Burden Hours: 513.
 Annual Decrease in Salary Costs: $35,181.54.
 Annual Decrease in Burden Costs: $0.
 PHMSA will submit the revised information collection and
recordkeeping requirements to OMB for approval.
H. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)
 A RIN is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified
Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service
Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year.
The RIN contained in the heading of this document can be used to cross-
reference this action with the Unified Agenda.
I. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
 The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995, Public Law 104-4,
establishes significance thresholds for the direct costs of regulations
on state, local, or tribal governments or the private sector that
trigger certain agency reporting requirements. The statutory thresholds
established in UMRA were $50 million for intergovernmental mandates and
$100 million for private-sector mandates in 1996. According to the
Congressional Budget Office, the thresholds for 2019, which are
adjusted annually for inflation, are $82 million and $164 million,
respectively, for intergovernmental and private-sector mandates.\32\
This final rule results in cost savings of approximately $55,000 to
$2,100,000 per year at a 7 percent discount rate and is the least
burdensome alternative that achieves the objective of the rule. It is
not significant under UMRA. Therefore, PHMSA is not required to prepare
a written statement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 \32\ https://www.cbo.gov/publication/51335.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
J. Environmental Assessment
 The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended
(42 U.S.C. 4321-4375), and implementing regulations by the Council on
Environmental Quality (CEQ) (40 CFR part 1500), require that Federal
agencies consider the consequences of major Federal actions and prepare
a detailed statement on actions that significantly affect quality of
the human environment. The CEQ regulations require Federal agencies to
conduct an environmental review considering (1) the need for the
action, (2) alternatives to the action, (3) probable environmental
impacts of the action and alternatives, and (4) the agencies and
persons consulted during the consideration process.
1. Need for the Action
 This final rule amends the HMR (49 CFR parts 171-180) to maintain
alignment with international standards, in part, by incorporating the
20th Revised Edition of the UN Model Regulations, Amendment 39-18 to
the IMDG Code, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, and Transport
Canada's newest amendments to TDG Regulations.
 This action is necessary to incorporate changes adopted in the IMDG
Code, the ICAO Technical Instructions, and the UN Model Regulations,
effective January 1, 2019. If the changes in this final rule are not
adopted in the HMR, U.S. companies--including numerous small entities
competing in foreign markets--would be at an economic disadvantage
because they would be required to comply with a dual system of
regulations. The changes to the HMR contained in this rulemaking are
intended to avoid this result.
 The intended effect of this action is to align the HMR with
international transport standards and requirements to the extent
practicable in accordance with Federal hazmat law (see 49 U.S.C. 5120).
When considering the adoption of international standards under the HMR,
PHMSA reviews and evaluates each amendment on its own merit, on its
overall impact on transportation safety, and on the economic
implications associated with its adoption. The rule harmonizes the HMR
with international standards without diminishing the level of safety
currently provided by the HMR or imposing undue burdens on the
regulated public. PHMSA has provided a brief summary of each revision
and the justification for the revision in this rule.
2. Alternatives
 In developing this rulemaking, PHMSA is considering the following
alternatives:
Alternative (1): No Action Alternative
 If PHMSA were to take no action, current regulations would remain
in place and no new provisions would be added.
Alternative (2): Preferred Alternative
 This alternative is the adoption of this final rule. The amendments
included in this alternative are more fully addressed in the preamble
and regulatory text sections of this final rule.
3. Environmental Impacts
 Hazardous materials are substances that may pose a threat to public
safety or the environment during transportation because of their
physical, chemical, or nuclear properties. Under the HMR, hazardous
materials are transported by aircraft, vessel, rail, and highway. The
hazardous materials regulatory system is a risk management system that
is prevention-oriented and focused on identifying a safety hazard and
reducing the probability and quantity of a hazardous material release.
[[Page 27850]]
The potential for environmental damage or contamination exists when
packages of hazardous materials are involved in accidents or en route
incidents resulting from cargo shifts, valve failures, package
failures, loading, unloading, collisions, handling problems, or
deliberate sabotage. The release of hazardous materials can cause the
loss of ecological resources (e.g., wildlife habitats) and the
contamination of air, aquatic environments, and soil. Contamination of
soil can lead to the contamination of ground water. Compliance with the
HMR substantially reduces the possibility of accidental release of
hazardous materials.
Alternative (1): No Action Alternative
 If PHMSA takes no action, the current regulations would remain in
place and no new provisions would be added. With this alternative,
efficiencies gained through harmonization with updates to international
transport standards--including regulated substances, definitions,
packagings, stowage requirements/codes, flexibilities allowed, enhanced
markings, segregation requirements, etc.--would not be realized. Taking
no action would mean enhanced and clarified regulatory requirements
intended to decrease the risk of environmental and safety incidents
would not be adopted. PHMSA believes these amendments will increase
standardization and consistency of regulations, which will result in
greater protection of human health and the environment. Consistency
between United States and international regulations enhances the safety
and environmental protection of international hazardous materials
transportation through a better understanding of the regulations, an
increased level of industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous
materials from their points of origin to their points of destination,
and consistent emergency response procedures in the event of a
hazardous materials incident. The HMR authorize shipments prepared in
accordance with the ICAO Technical Instructions from transport by
aircraft and for transport by motor vehicle either before or after
being transported by aircraft. Similarly, the HMR authorize shipments
prepared in accordance with the IMDG Code if all or part of the
transportation is by vessel. The authorizations to use the ICAO
Technical Instructions and the IMDG Code are subject to certain
conditions and limitations outlined in part 171 subpart C.
 Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training,
thereby facilitating enhanced environmental protection. This rule will
reduce inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper
compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate
regulations, air and vessel carriers engaged in the transportation of
hazardous materials generally elect to comply with the ICAO Technical
Instructions and IMDG Code, as appropriate.
 Not adopting the proposed environmental and safety requirements in
the final rule under the No Action Alternative would result in a lost
opportunity for reducing environmental and safety-related incidents.
Alternative (2): Preferred Alternative
 PHMSA selected the preferred alternative. Potential environmental
impacts of each proposed amendment in the preferred alternative are
discussed as follows:
 1. Incorporation by Reference: PHMSA is updating references to
various international hazardous materials transport standards
including, in part, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions;
Amendment 39-18 to the IMDG Code; the 20th Revised Edition of the UN
Model Regulations; Amendment 1 to the 6th Revised Edition of the UN
Manual of Tests and Criteria; and the latest amendments to the
Transport Canada TDG Regulations. Additionally, PHMSA is adding three
new references to standards and updating six other references to
standards applicable to the manufacture use and requalification of
pressure vessels published by the ISO.
 PHMSA believes these amendments will increase standardization and
consistency of regulations, which will result in greater protection of
human health and the environment. Consistency between United States and
international regulations enhances the safety and environmental
protection of international hazardous materials transportation through
a better understanding of the regulations, an increased level of
industry compliance, the smooth flow of hazardous materials from their
points of origin to their points of destination, and consistent
emergency response procedures in the event of a hazardous materials
incident. The HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance with the
ICAO Technical Instructions from transport by aircraft and for
transport by motor vehicle either before or after being transported by
aircraft. Similarly, the HMR authorize shipments prepared in accordance
with the IMDG Code if all or part of the transportation is by vessel.
The authorizations to use the ICAO Technical Instructions and the IMDG
Code are subject to certain conditions and limitations outlined in part
171 subpart C.
 Harmonization will result in more targeted and effective training,
thereby facilitating enhanced environmental protection. This rule will
reduce inconsistent hazardous materials regulations, which hamper
compliance training efforts. For ease of compliance with appropriate
regulations, air and vessel carriers engaged in the transportation of
hazardous materials generally elect to comply with the ICAO Technical
Instructions and IMDG Code, as appropriate.
 2. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model
Regulations, PHMSA is revising the Hazardous Materials Table in Sec.
172.101 to include 12 new n.o.s. entries for articles containing
dangerous goods and adding defining criteria, authorized packagings,
and safety requirements for transportation of these articles. Inclusion
of the new entries in the HMT allows for identification of appropriate
packaging for 12 n.o.s. entries, which is intended to reduce the
likelihood of release of hazardous materials that threaten human health
and safety and the environment.
 3. PHMSA is making amendments to the HMT to add, revise, or remove
certain proper shipping names, packing groups, special provisions,
packaging authorizations, bulk packaging requirements, and vessel
stowage requirements. Amendments to HMT proper shipping names include:
Requiring additional 6(d) testing for certain explosive articles;
adding an entry for ``Lithium batteries installed in cargo transport
unit''; and adding two new entries for ``Toxic solid, flammable,
inorganic, n.o.s.'' Additionally, we also propose to add and revise
special provisions, large packaging authorizations, and intermediate
bulk container (IBC) authorizations consistent with the UN Model
Regulations to provide a wider range of packaging options to shippers
of hazardous materials.
 Inclusion of entries in the HMT reflects a degree of danger
associated with a particular material and identifies appropriate
packaging. These inclusions in the HMT provide a greater level of
protection against release and consistency across borders. These
provisions are not expected to have a material impact on the
environment.
 4. Changes to the corrosivity classification procedures to include
methods that do not involve testing for making a corrosivity
classification determination for mixtures.
 This amendment permits additional flexibility for classifying
corrosive
[[Page 27851]]
mixtures and provides offerors the ability to make a classification and
packing group assignment without having to conduct physical tests. This
allowance does not compromise environmental protection or safety. The
increased use of not-test methods for classification of mixtures
results in less product being utilized to conduct physical testing,
less clean-up and disposal that occurs after testing, which provide
environmental benefits along with expanded alternatives to traditional
testing methods.
 5. Consistent with amendments adopted into the UN Model
Regulations, PHMSA is requiring the creation of a lithium cell or
battery test summary.
 PHMSA believes that these amendments provide important additional
information to downstream shippers and consumers of lithium batteries,
including a standardized set of elements that provide traceability and
accountability that lithium cells and batteries offered for transport
contain specific information on the required UN tests. Testing
standards for lithium batteries help ensure design types are subject to
as many as eight separate tests designed to assess their ability to
withstand the anticipated rigors incurred during transport. Increased
availability of documentation indicating that cells and batteries are
of a tested type could lead to a decrease in the number of illegitimate
lithium batteries that can present a hazard to users and the
environment.
 6. Amendments to the HMR regarding the segregation of lithium cells
and batteries offered for transport or transported on aircraft in
relation to other hazardous materials.
 PHMSA believes that the amendments requiring lithium batteries to
be segregated from other listed dangerous goods would enhance safety
and environmental protection by decreasing the risk posed by a fire
involving lithium batteries or another hazardous material. The
segregation requirements are intended to avoid the cumulative effects
of a fire involving both goods simultaneously. PHMSA believes that this
amendment will provide for a net increase in environmental protection
and safety by potentially lessening the severity of a fire aboard an
aircraft, thus preventing damage to human health and the natural
environment.
Summary
 In summary, consistency between these international regulations and
the HMR allows shippers and carriers to train their hazmat employees in
a single set of requirements for classification, packaging, hazard
communication, handling, stowage, etc., thereby minimizing the
possibility of improperly preparing and transporting a shipment of
hazardous materials because of differences between domestic and
international regulations. These changes closely mirror changes in the
Dangerous Goods List of the 20th Revised Edition of the UN Model
Regulations, the 2019-2020 ICAO Technical Instructions, and Amendment
39-18 to the IMDG Code. It is important for the domestic HMR to mirror
these international standards regarding the entries in the HMT to
ensure consistent naming conventions across modes and international
borders.
 In some instances, the changes in this final rule may result in a
streamlining or reduction in burden to industry. However, in each case,
PHMSA believes that those changes are consistent with safety and will
not significantly increase the risk of release. Most of the proposed
regulations in this final rule increase protections aimed at avoiding
safety and environmental risks.
4. Agencies Consulted
 PHMSA has coordinated with the FAA, the FMCSA, the FRA, and the
U.S. Coast Guard in the development of this final rule. PHMSA
considered the views expressed in comments to the NPRM submitted by
members of the public, state and local governments, and industry.
5. Conclusion
 PHMSA has determined that no significant environmental impacts will
result from this the adoption of this final rule. The provisions of the
rule build on current regulatory requirements in order to enhance the
transportation safety and security of shipments of hazardous materials
transported by highway, rail, aircraft, and vessel, thereby reducing
the risks of an accidental or intentional release of hazardous
materials and consequent environmental damage. PHMSA received no
comments specially addressing the environmental impacts of the changes
made in this final rule.
K. Privacy Act
 In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the
public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these
comments, without edit, including any personal information the
commenter provides, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system
of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), DOT's complete Privacy Act
Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR
19477), and at http://www.dot.gov/privacy.
L. International Trade Analysis and Executive Order 13609
 The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (Pub. L. 96-39), as amended by the
Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), prohibits Federal
agencies from establishing any standards or engaging in related
activities that create unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of
the United States. Pursuant to these Acts, the establishment of
standards is not considered an unnecessary obstacle to the foreign
commerce of the United States, so long as the standards have a
legitimate domestic objective, such as the protection of safety, and do
not operate in a manner that excludes imports that meet this objective.
The statute also requires consideration of international standards, and
where appropriate, that they be the basis for U.S. standards. PHMSA
notes the purpose is to ensure the safety of the American public and
has assessed the effects of this final rule to ensure that it does not
exclude imports that meet this objective. The final rule will have
positive impacts on international trade because it increases the level
of harmonization between U.S. regulations and international standards,
which is also consistent with the policy in Executive Order 13609,
``Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation,'' 77 FR 26413. As a
result, this final rule is not considered as creating an unnecessary
obstacle to foreign commerce.
M. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
 The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15
U.S.C. 272 note) directs Federal agencies to use voluntary consensus
standards in their regulatory activities unless doing so would be
inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary
consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., specification of
materials, test methods, or performance requirements) that are
developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standard bodies. This final
rule involves multiple voluntary consensus standards that are
identified and discussed in the section-by-section analysis for Sec.
171.7.
List of Subjects
49 CFR Part 171
 Exports, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste,
Imports, Incorporation by reference,
[[Page 27852]]
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
49 CFR Part 172
 Education, Hazardous materials transportation, Hazardous waste,
Incorporation by reference, Labeling, Markings, Packaging and
containers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
49 CFR Part 173
 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
Packaging and containers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements, Uranium.
49 CFR Part 174
 Hazardous materials transportation, Rail carriers, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.
49 CFR Part 175
 Air carriers, Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by
reference, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping
requirements.
49 CFR Part 176
 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
Maritime carriers, Radioactive materials, Reporting and recordkeeping
requirements.
49 CFR Part 178
 Hazardous materials transportation, Incorporation by reference,
Motor vehicle safety, Packaging and containers, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements.
49 CFR Part 180
 Hazardous materials transportation, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle
safety, Packaging and containers, Railroad safety, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements.
 In consideration of the foregoing, PHMSA amends 49 CFR chapter I as
follows:
PART 171--GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS
0
1. The authority citation for part 171 continues to read as follows:
 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; Pub. L. 101-410 section
4; Pub. L. 104-134, section 31001; Pub. L 114-74 section 4 (28
U.S.C. 2461 note); 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.
0
2. In Sec. 171.7:
0
a. Add paragraph (s)(2);
0
b. Revise paragraphs (t)(1) and (v)(2);
0
c. Redesignate paragraphs (w)(53) through (68) as follows:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Old New
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(w)(53) through (60)...................... (w)(54) through (61).
(w)(61) through (63)...................... (w)(63) through (65).
(w)(64) and (65).......................... (w)((67) and (68).
(w)(66)................................... (w)(70).
(w)(67) and (68).......................... (w)(73) and (74).
------------------------------------------------------------------------
0
d. Add paragraphs (w)(53), (62), and (66) and paragraphs (w)(71), (72)
and (75) through (77);
0
e. Revise paragraphs (aa)(1) through (4);
0
f. Add paragraphs (bb)(1) (xx), (xxi), and (xxii) and (bb)(2); and
0
g. Revise paragraphs (dd)(1) through (3).
 The revisions and additions read as follows:
Sec. 171.7 Reference material.
* * * * *
 (s) * * *
 (2) Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive
Sources (International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct), copyright
2004, into Sec. 172.800.
 (t) * * *
 (1) ICAO Doc 9284, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of
Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions), 2019-2020
Edition, copyright 2018, into Sec. Sec. 171.8; 171.22; 171.23; 171.24;
172.101; 172.202; 172.401; 172.407; 172.512; 172.519; 172.602; 173.56;
173.320; 175.10, 175.33; 178.3.
* * * * *
 (v) * * *
 (2) International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code),
Incorporating Amendment 39-18 (English Edition), Volumes 1 and 2, 2018
Edition, copyright 2018, into Sec. Sec. 171.22; 171.23; 171.25;
172.101; 172.202; 172.203 172.401; 172.407; 172.502; 172.519; 172.602;
173.21; 173.56; 176.2; 176.5; 176.11; 176.27; 176.30; 176.83; 176.84;
176.140; 176.720; 176.906; 178.3; 178.274.
 (w) * * *
* * * * *
 (53) ISO 11118:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Non-refillable metallic gas
cylinders--Specification and test methods, Second edition, 2015-09-15,
into Sec. Sec. 173.301b; 178.71.
* * * * *
 (62) ISO 11120:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel
tubes of water capacity between 150 l and 3000 l--Design, construction
and testing, Second Edition, 2015-02-01, into Sec. Sec. 178.71;
178.75.
* * * * *
 (66) ISO 11623:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Composite construction--
Periodic inspection and testing, Second edition, 2015-12-01, into Sec.
180.207.
* * * * *
 (69) ISO 14246:2014(E), Gas cylinders--Cylinder valves--
Manufacturing tests and examination, Second Edition, 2014-06-15, into
Sec. 178.71.
* * * * *
 (71) ISO 16148:2016(E), Gas cylinders--Refillable seamless steel
gas cylinders and tubes--Acoustic emission examination (AT) and follow-
up ultrasonic examination (UT) for periodic inspection and testing,
Second Edition, 2016-04-15, into Sec. 180.207.
 (72) ISO 17871:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Quick-release cylinder
valves--Specification and type testing, First Edition, 2015-08-15, into
173.301b.
* * * * *
 (75) ISO 21172-1:2015(E), Gas cylinders--Welded steel pressure
drums up to 3 000 litres capacity for the transport of gases--Design
and construction--Part 1: Capacities up to 1 000 litres, First edition,
2015-04-01, into Sec. 178.71.
 (76) ISO 22434:2006(E), Transportable gas cylinders--Inspection and
maintenance of cylinder valves, First Edition, 2006-09-01, into Sec.
180.207.
 (77) ISO/TR 11364:2012(E), Gas cylinders--Compilation of national
and international valve stem/gas cylinder neck threads and their
identification and marking system, First Edition, 2012-12-01, into
Sec. 178.71.
* * * * *
 (aa) * * *
 (1) Test No. 404: Acute Dermal Irritation/Corrosion, OECD
Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into
Sec. 173.137.
 (2) Test No. 430: In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Transcutaneous
Electrical Resistance Test (TER), OECD Guidelines for the Testing of
Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
 (3) Test No. 431: In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Reconstructed Human
Epidermis (RHE) Test Method, OECD Guidelines for the Testing of
Chemicals, adopted 28 July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
 (4) Test No. 435: In Vitro Membrane Barrier Test Method for Skin
Corrosion, OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, adopted 28
July 2015, into Sec. 173.137.
 (bb) * * *
 (1) * * *
 (xx) SOR/2016-95 June 1, 2016;
 (xxi) SOR/2017-137 July 12, 2017.
 (xxii) SOR/2017-253 December 13, 2017.
[[Page 27853]]
 (2) Containers for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail, TP 14877E,
12/2013, into Sec. 171.12.
* * * * *
 (dd) * * *
 (1) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model
Regulations (UN Recommendations), 20th revised edition, Volumes I and
II, ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev.20(Vol.I) and (Vol.II), (2017), into Sec. Sec.
171.8; 171.12; 172.202; 172.401; 172.407; 172.502; 172.519; 173.22;
173.24; 173.24b; 173.40; 173.56; 173.192; 173.302b; 173.304b; 178.75;
178.274.
 (2) UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual
of Tests and Criteria, (Manual of Tests and Criteria), into Sec. Sec.
171.24, 172.102; 173.21; 173.56; 173.57; 173.58; 173.60; 173.115;
173.124; 173.125; 173.127; 173.128; 173.137; 173.185; 173.220; 173.221;
173.224; 173.225; 173.232; part 173, appendix H; 175.10; 176.905;
178.274:
 (i) Sixth Revised Edition (2015);
 (ii) Sixth Revised Edition, Amendment 1, ST/SG/AC.10/11/
Rev.6/.Amend.1 (2017).
 (3) Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of
Chemicals (GHS), Seventh Revised Edition, ST/SG/AC.10/30/Rev.7 (2017),
into Sec. 172.401.
* * * * *
0
3. In Sec. 171.8,:
0
a. Add the definition for ``UN pressure drum'' in alphabetical order;
and
0
b. Revise the definition of ``UN pressure receptacle''.
 The addition and revision read as follows:
Sec. 171.8 Definitions and abbreviations.
* * * * *
 UN pressure drum means a welded transportable pressure receptacle
of a water capacity exceeding 150 L (39.6 gallons) and not more than
1,000 L (264.2 gallons) (e.g. cylindrical receptacles equipped with
rolling hoops, spheres on skids).
 UN pressure receptacle means a UN cylinder, drum, or tube.
* * * * *
0
4. In Sec. 171.12, paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(3)(v), (a)(4), and (a)(4)(i)
are revised to read as follows:
Sec. 171.12 North American Shipments.
 (a) * * *
 (1) A hazardous material transported from Canada to the United
States, from the United States to Canada, or transiting the United
States to Canada or a foreign destination may be offered for
transportation or transported by motor carrier and rail in accordance
with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations (IBR, see Sec. 171.7) or an
equivalency certificate (permit for equivalent level of safety) issued
by Transport Canada as an alternative to the TDG Regulations, as
authorized in Sec. 171.22, provided the requirements in Sec. Sec.
171.22 and 171.23, as applicable, and this section are met. In
addition, a cylinder, pressure drum, MEGC, cargo tank motor vehicle,
portable tank or rail tank car authorized by the Transport Canada TDG
Regulations may be used for transportation to, from, or within the
United States provided the cylinder, pressure drum, MEGC, cargo tank
motor vehicle, portable tank or rail tank car conforms to the
applicable requirements of this section. Except as otherwise provided
in this subpart and subpart C of this part, the requirements in parts
172, 173, and 178 of this subchapter do not apply for a material
transported in accordance with the Transport Canada TDG Regulations.
* * * * *
 (3) * * *
 (v) Rail tank cars must conform to the requirements of Containers
for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (IBR, see Sec. 171.7).
 (4) Cylinders, Pressure Drums, and MEGCs. When the provisions of
this subchapter require that a DOT specification or a UN pressure
receptacle must be used for a hazardous material, a packaging
authorized by the Transport Canada TDG Regulations may be used only if
it corresponds to the DOT specification or UN standard authorized by
this subchapter. Unless otherwise excepted in this subchapter, a
cylinder (including a UN pressure receptacle) or MEGC may not be
transported unless--
 (i) The packaging is a UN pressure receptacle or MEGC marked with
the letters ``CAN'' for Canada as a country of manufacture or a country
of approval or is a cylinder that was manufactured, inspected and
tested in accordance with a DOT specification or a UN standard
prescribed in part 178 of this subchapter, except that cylinders
(including UN pressure receptacles) not conforming to these
requirements must meet the requirements in Sec. 171.23. Each cylinder
(including UN pressure receptacles) must conform to the applicable
requirements in part 173 of this subchapter for the hazardous material
involved.
* * * * *
PART 172--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS
MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, AND
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
0
5. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows:
 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and
1.97.
0
6. In Sec. 172.101:
0
a. Paragraph (e) is revised;
0
b. The Hazardous Materials Table is amended by removing the entries
under ``[REMOVE]'', by adding the entries under ``[ADD]'' and revising
entries under ``[REVISE]'' in the appropriate alphabetical sequence;
and
0
c. In appendix B to Sec. 172.101, the List of Marine Pollutants is
amended by revising the entry for Dodecene.
 The revisions and additions read as follows:
Sec. 172.101 Purpose and use of the hazardous materials table.
* * * * *
 (e) Column 4: Identification number. Column 4 lists the
identification number assigned to each proper shipping name. Those
preceded by the letters ``UN'' are associated with proper shipping
names considered appropriate for international transportation as well
as domestic transportation. Those preceded by the letters ``NA'' are
associated with proper shipping names not recognized for transportation
outside of the United States. Identification numbers in the ``NA9000''
series are associated with proper shipping names not appropriately
covered by international hazardous materials (dangerous goods)
transportation standards, or not appropriately addressed by
international transportation standards for emergency response
information purposes, except for transportation in the United States.
Those preceded by the letters ``ID'' are associated with proper
shipping names recognized by the ICAO Technical Instructions (see Sec.
171.7 of this subchapter for availability).
[[Page 27854]]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (8) (9) (10)
 Hazardous -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 materials Hazard Special Packaging (Sec. 173.***) Quantity limitations (see Sec. Vessel stowage
 Symbols descriptions and class or Identification PG Label codes provisions (Sec. -------------------------------------------------- Sec. 173.27 and 175.75) -------------------------------
 proper shipping division No. 172.102) --------------------------------
 names Excep- tions Non- bulk Bulk Passenger Cargo aircraft Location Other
 aircraft/rail only
(1) (2)............... (3) (4) (5)............ (6)............ (7)............... (8A)........... (8B)........... (8C).......... (9A).......... (9B).......... (10A)......... (10B)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 [REMOVE]

 * * * * * * *
 Chemical kits..... 9 UN3316 II............. 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
 III............ 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............

 * * * * * * *
 First aid kits.... 9 UN3316 II............. 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............
 First aid kits.... 9 UN3316 III............ 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............

 * * * * * * *
 2- 6.1 UN3302 II............. 6.1............ IB2, T7, TP2...... 153............ 202............ 243........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... D............. 25
 Dimethylaminoethy
 l acrylate.

 * * * * * * *
 [ADD]

 * * * * * * *
G............ Articles 4.2 UN3542 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
 containing a
 substance liable
 to spontaneous
 combustion, n.o.s.
G............ Articles 4.3 UN3543 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
 containing a
 substance which
 in contact with
 water emits
 flammable gases,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 8 UN3547 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
 containing
 corrosive
 substance, n.o.s.
G............ Articles 2.1 UN3537 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D.............
 containing
 flammable gas,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 3 UN3540 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
 containing
 flammable liquid,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 4.1 UN3541 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
 containing
 flammable solid,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 9 UN3548 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
 containing
 miscellaneous
 dangerous goods,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 2.2 UN3538 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
 containing non-
 flammable, non-
 toxic gas, n.o.s.
G............ Articles 5.2 UN3545 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
 containing
 organic peroxide,
 n.o.s.
G............ Articles 5.1 UN3544 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
 containing
 oxidizing
 substance, n.o.s.
G............ Articles 2.3 UN3539 ............... ............... 131, 391.......... None........... 214............ 214........... Forbidden..... Forbidden.....
 containing toxic
 gas, n.o.s.
G............ Articles 6.1 UN3546 ............... ............... 391............... None........... 232............ 232........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B.............
 containing toxic
 substance, n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
 Chemical kit...... 9 UN3316 ............... 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............

 * * * * * * *
 2- 6.1 UN3302 II............. 6.1............ 387, IB2, T7, TP2. 153............ 202............ 243........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... D............. 25
 Dimethylaminoethy
 l acrylate,
 stabilized.

 * * * * * * *
 First aid kit..... 9 UN3316 ............... 9.............. 15................ 161............ 161............ None.......... 10 kg......... 10 kg......... A.............

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium batteries 9 UN3536 ............... ............... 389............... ............... ............... .............. Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A.............
 installed in
 cargo transport
 unit lithium ion
 batteries or
 lithium metal
 batteries.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Toxic solid, 6.1 UN3535 I.............. 6.1. 4.1....... IB6, T6, TP33..... None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... B.............
 flammable,
 inorganic, n.o.s.
 II............. 6.1, 4.1....... IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 153............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B.............
 TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 [REVISE]

[[Page 27855]]

 * * * * * * *
 Acetic acid, 8 UN2789 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, A10, B2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 glacial or Acetic IB2, T7, TP2.
 acid solution,
 with more than 80
 percent acid, by
 mass.
 Acetic acid 8 UN2790 II............. 8.............. 148, A3, A7, A10, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution, not B2, IB2, T7, TP2.
 less than 50
 percent but not
 more than 80
 percent acid, by
 mass.
 Acetic acid 8 UN2790 III............ 8.............. 148, IB3, T4, TP1. 154............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution, with
 more than 10
 percent and less
 than 50 percent
 acid, by mass.
 Acetic anhydride.. 8 UN1715 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, A10, B2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 IB2, T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Acetyl bromide.... 8 UN1716 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 Acetyl chloride... 3 UN1717 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, IB1, N34, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
 T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Acetyl iodide..... 8 UN1898 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Acrylic acid, 8 UN2218 II............. 8, 3........... 387, B2, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
 stabilized. TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Adhesives, 3 UN1133 I.............. 3.............. T11, TP1, TP8, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B.............
 containing a TP27.
 flammable liquid.
 II............. 3.............. 149, B52, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
 TP1, TP8.
 III............ 3.............. B1, B52, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
 TP1.

 * * * * * * *
 Alkali metal 4.3 UN3401 I.............. 4.3............ IB4, IP1, N40, T9, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 amalgam, solid. TP7, TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Alkaline earth 4.3 UN3402 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N34, N40, T9, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 metal amalgams, TP7, TP33, W31.
 solid.

 * * * * * * *
 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2584 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
 acids, liquid or TP13.
 Aryl sulfonic
 acids, liquid
 with more than 5
 percent free
 sulfuric acid.
 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2586 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 53, 58
 acids, liquid or
 Aryl sulfonic
 acids, liquid
 with not more
 than 5 percent
 free sulfuric
 acid.
 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2583 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 acids, solid or TP33.
 Aryl sulfonic
 acids, solid,
 with more than 5
 percent free
 sulfuric acid.
 Alkyl sulfonic 8 UN2585 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 acids, solid or
 Aryl sulfonic
 acids, solid with
 not more than 5
 percent free
 sulfuric acid.

 * * * * * * *
 Alkylsulfuric 8 UN2571 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
 acids. TP13, TP28.

 * * * * * * *
 Allyl 6.1 UN1722 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
 chloroformate. N41, T20, TP2, 58, 100
 TP13, TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Allyl iodide...... 3 UN1723 II............. 3, 8........... A3, IB1, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
 TP2, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Allylamine........ 6.1 UN2334 I.............. 6.1, 3......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 52
 T20, TP2, TP13,
 TP38, TP45.
 Allyltrichlorosila 8 UN1724 II............. 8, 3........... 387, A7, B2, B6, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
 ne, stabilized. N34, T10, TP2,
 TP7, TP13.
[[Page 27856]]


 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum bromide, 8 UN1725 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 anhydrous. TP33.
 Aluminum bromide, 8 UN2580 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution.

 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum chloride, 8 UN1726 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 anhydrous. TP33.
 Aluminum chloride, 8 UN2581 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution.

 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum hydride.. 4.3 UN2463 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum phosphide 4.3 UN1397 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A8, A19, N40, W31. None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum powder, 4.3 UN1396 II............. 4.3............ A19, A20, IB7, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
 uncoated. IP2, IP21, T3, 53, 148
 TP33, W31, W40.
 III............ 4.3............ A19, A20, IB8, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 52,
 IP21, T1, TP33, 53, 148
 W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Aluminum silicon 4.3 UN1398 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, B136, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 40,
 powder, uncoated. IB8, IP4, T1, 52, 53, 85,
 TP33, W31. 103, 148

 * * * * * * *
 2-(2-Aminoethoxy) 8 UN3055 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 ethanol.
 N- 8 UN2815 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 12, 25, 40, 52
 Aminoethylpiperaz
 ine.

 * * * * * * *
 Ammonium hydrogen 8 UN2506 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 sulfate. TP33.
 Ammonium 8 UN1727 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
 e, solid.
 Ammonium 8 UN2817 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, N34, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 hydrogendifluorid TP13.
 e, solution.
 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, N3, T4, TP1, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58, 95
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
A W.......... Ammonium nitrate 9 UN2071 III............ 9.............. 132, B136, IB8, 155............ 213............ 240........... 200 kg........ 200 kg........ A.............
 based fertilizer. IP3.

 * * * * * * *
 Amyl acid 8 UN2819 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 phosphate.

 * * * * * * *
 Amylamines........ 3 UN1106 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 52
 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 Amyltrichlorosilan 8 UN1728 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 e. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Anisoyl chloride.. 8 UN1729 II............. 8.............. B2, B4, IB8, IP2, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 IP4, T3, TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Antimony 8 UN1730 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 pentachloride,
 liquid.
 Antimony 8 UN1731 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 pentachloride,
 solutions.
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
[[Page 27857]]

 Antimony 8 UN1732 II............. 8, 6.1......... A3, A7, A10, IB2, None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 44, 53,
 pentafluoride. N3, N36, T7, TP2. 58, 89, 100,
 141

 * * * * * * *
 Antimony 8 UN1733 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2........... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 trichloride,
 liquid.
 Antimony 8 UN1733 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 trichloride, TP33.
 solid.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Articles, 1.4S UN0349 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 148, 347, 382 None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Articles, 1.1C UN0462 ............... 1.1C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.1D UN0463 ............... 1.1D........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.1E UN0464 ............... 1.1E........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.1F UN0465 ............... 1.1F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.2C UN0466 ............... 1.2C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.2D UN0467 ............... 1.2D........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.2E UN0468 ............... 1.2E........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.2F UN0469 ............... 1.2F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.
G............ Articles, 1.3C UN0470 ............... 1.3C........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Articles, 1.4F UN0472 ............... 1.4F........... 101............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
 Batteries, wet, 8 UN2794 ............... 8.............. A51............... 159............ 159............ 159........... 30 kg......... No limit...... A............. 53, 58, 146
 filled with acid,
 electric storage.

 * * * * * * *
 Benzotrichloride.. 8 UN2226 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Benzoyl chloride.. 8 UN1736 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 TP13.
 Benzyl bromide.... 6.1 UN1737 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, IB2, N33, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
 N34, T8, TP2,
 TP13.
 Benzyl chloride... 6.1 UN1738 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, B70, IB2, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
 N33, N42, T8,
 TP2, TP13.
 Benzyl chloride 6.1 UN1738 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, B8, B11, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 13, 40, 53, 58
 unstabilized. IB2, N33, N34,
 N43, T8, TP2,
 TP13.
 Benzyl 8 UN1739 I.............. 8.............. B4, N41, T10, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 chloroformate. TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Benzyldimethylamin 8 UN2619 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 25, 40, 52
 e.

 * * * * * * *
 Bombs, photo-flash 1.1F UN0037 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 Bombs, photo-flash 1.1D UN0038 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25

 * * * * * * *
 Bombs, with 1.1F UN0033 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Bombs, with 1.1D UN0034 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Bombs, with 1.2D UN0035 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Bombs, with 1.2F UN0291 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Boosters, without 1.1D UN0042 ............... 1.1D........... 148............... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 detonator.
 Boosters, without 1.2D UN0283 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 detonator.

 * * * * * * *
+............ Boron tribromide.. 8 UN2692 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 12, 25, 53, 58
 N34, T20, TP2,
 TP13, TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Boron trifluoride 8 UN1742 II............. 8.............. B2, B6, IB2, T8, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 acetic acid TP2.
 complex, liquid.
 Boron trifluoride 8 UN3419 II............. 8.............. B2, B6, IB8, IP2, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 acetic acid IP4, T3, TP33.
 complex, solid.

 * * * * * * *
 Boron trifluoride 8 UN2604 I.............. 8, 3........... A19, T10, TP2, W31 None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 diethyl etherate.
[[Page 27858]]

 Boron trifluoride 8 UN2851 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
 dihydrate. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Boron trifluoride 8 UN1743 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 propionic acid
 complex, liquid.
 Boron trifluoride 8 UN3420 II............. 8.............. B2, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 propionic acid T3, TP33.
 complex, solid.

 * * * * * * *
+............ Bromine........... 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 1, B9, B85, N34, None........... 226............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90

 * * * * * * *
+............ Bromine 5.1 UN1745 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... 1, B9, B14, B30, None........... 228............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 53,
 pentafluoride. T22, TP2, TP13, 58, 66, 90
 TP38, TP44.
+............ Bromine solutions. 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 1, B9, B85, N34, None........... 226............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90
+............ Bromine solutions. 8 UN1744 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B85, N34, None........... 227............ 249........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 N43, T22, TP2, 53, 58, 66,
 TP10, TP13. 74, 89, 90
+............ Bromine 5.1 UN1746 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 228............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 53,
 trifluoride. T22, TP2, TP13, 58, 66, 90
 TP38, TP45.


 * * * * * * *
 Bromoacetic acid, 8 UN3425 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 solid. N34, T3, TP33.
 Bromoacetic acid 8 UN1938 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 solution. TP2.
 III............ 8.............. B2, IB3, T7, TP2.. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Bromoacetyl 8 UN2513 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 bromide.

 * * * * * * *
 Bursters, 1.1D UN0043 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive.

 * * * * * * *
 Butyl acid 8 UN1718 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 phosphate.

 * * * * * * *
 n-Butyl 6.1 UN2743 I.............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 12, 13, 21,
 chloroformate. T20, TP2, TP13, 25, 40, 53,
 TP38, TP45. 58, 100

 * * * * * * *
 n-Butylamine...... 3 UN1125 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Butyltrichlorosila 8 UN1747 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Butyric acid...... 8 UN2820 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
 Butyric anhydride. 8 UN2739 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Butyryl chloride.. 3 UN2353 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T8, TP2, TP13 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... C............. 40, 53, 58
 Cacodylic acid.... 6.1 UN1572 II............. 6.1............ IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 153............ 212............ 242........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 52, 53, 58
 TP33.

[[Page 27859]]

 * * * * * * *
 Calcium carbide... 4.3 UN1402 I.............. 4.3............ A1, A8, B55, B59, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 148
 IB4, IP1, N34,
 T9, TP7, TP33,
 W31.
 II............. 4.3............ A1, A8, B55, B59, 151............ 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 148
 IB7, IP2, IP21,
 N34, T3, TP33,
 W31, W40.

 * * * * * * *
 Calcium cyanamide 4.3 UN1403 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, IB8, IP4, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 52, 148
 with more than T1, TP33, W31.
 0.1 percent of
 calcium carbide.

 * * * * * * *
 Calcium hydride... 4.3 UN1404 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Calcium phosphide. 4.3 UN1360 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A8, A19, N40, W31. None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Calcium silicide.. 4.3 UN1405 II............. 4.3............ A19, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 13, 52, 85,
 IP21, T3, TP33, 103, 148
 W31.
 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, IB8, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ B............. 13, 52, 85,
 IP21, T1, TP33, 103, 148
 W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Caproic acid...... 8 UN2829 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges for 1.1C UN0326 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, blank.
 Cartridges for 1.2C UN0413 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, blank.
 Cartridges for 1.3C UN0327 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, blank or
 Cartridges, small
 arms, blank.

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges for 1.2C UN0328 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, inert
 projectile.

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges for 1.3C UN0417 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, inert
 projectile or
 Cartridges, small
 arms.
 Cartridges for 1.1F UN0005 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, with
 bursting charge.
 Cartridges for 1.1E UN0006 ............... 1.1E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, with
 bursting charge.
 Cartridges for 1.2F UN0007 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, with
 bursting charge.
 Cartridges for 1.2E UN0321 ............... 1.2E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, with
 bursting charge.
 Cartridges for 1.4F UN0348 ............... 1.4F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 weapons, with
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges, oil 1.3C UN0277 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 well.

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges, power 1.3C UN0275 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... 75 kg......... 03............ 25
 device.

 * * * * * * *
 Cartridges, power 1.2C UN0381 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 device.

 * * * * * * *
 Cases, 1.3C UN0447 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 combustible,
 empty, without
 primer.

 * * * * * * *
 Cesium or Caesium. 4.3 UN1407 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, IB4, IP1, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 N34, N40, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, bursting, 1.1D UN0457 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 plastics bonded.
 Charges, bursting, 1.2D UN0458 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 plastics bonded.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, 1.1D UN0048 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 demolition.
[[Page 27860]]

 Charges, depth.... 1.1D UN0056 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, 1.1D UN0442 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive,
 commercial
 without detonator.
 Charges, 1.2D UN0443 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive,
 commercial
 without detonator.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, 1.1C UN0271 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling.
 Charges, 1.3C UN0272 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling.
 Charges, 1.2C UN0415 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, 1.3C UN0242 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling, for
 cannon.
 Charges, 1.1C UN0279 ............... 1.1C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling, for
 cannon.
 Charges, 1.2C UN0414 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 propelling, for
 cannon.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, shaped, 1.1D UN0059 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 without detonator.
 Charges, shaped, 1.2D UN0439 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 without detonator.

 * * * * * * *
 Charges, 1.1D UN0060 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 supplementary
 explosive.

 * * * * * * *
 Chloric acid 5.1 UN2626 II............. 5.1............ IB2, T4, TP1, W31. None........... 229............ None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 53, 56, 58
 aqueous solution,
 with not more
 than 10 percent
 chloric acid.

 * * * * * * *
 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN3250 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB1, T7, TP3, TP28 None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
 molten.
 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN1751 II............. 6.1, 8......... A3, A7, IB8, IP2, 153............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 solid. IP4, N34, T3,
 TP33.
 Chloroacetic acid, 6.1 UN1750 II............. 6.1, 8......... A7, IB2, N34, T7, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 solution. TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Chloroacetyl 6.1 UN1752 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B3, B8, B9, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride. B14, B32, B77,
 N34, N43, T20,
 TP2, TP13, TP38,
 TP45.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Chloroformates, 6.1 UN2742 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 5, IB1, T7, TP2... 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 21,
 toxic, corrosive, 25, 40, 53,
 flammable, n.o.s. 58,100
G............ Chloroformates, 6.1 UN3277 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T8, TP2, 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP28. 40, 53, 58
 n.o.s.
 Chloromethyl 6.1 UN2745 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Chlorophenyltrichl 8 UN1753 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 orosilane. T10, TP2, TP7.

 * * * * * * *
 Chloroplatinic 8 UN2507 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 acid, solid.

 * * * * * * *
 2-Chloropropionic 8 UN2511 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 8, 53, 58
 acid.

 * * * * * * *
 Chlorosilanes, 8 UN2986 II............. 8, 3........... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 corrosive, TP13, TP27.
 flammable, n.o.s.
 Chlorosilanes, 8 UN2987 II............. 8.............. B2, T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 corrosive, n.o.s. TP13, TP27.
[[Page 27861]]

 Chlorosilanes, 3 UN2985 II............. 3, 8........... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
 flammable, TP13, TP27.
 corrosive, n.o.s.
G............ Chlorosilanes, 6.1 UN3362 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58,
 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP27. 125
 flammable, n.o.s.
G............ Chlorosilanes, 6.1 UN3361 II............. 6.1, 8......... T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 toxic, corrosive, TP13, TP27.
 n.o.s.
 Chlorosilanes, 4.3 UN2988 I.............. 4.3, 3, 8...... A2, T14, TP2, TP7, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 13, 21, 40,
 water-reactive, TP13, W31. 49, 53, 58,
 flammable, 100, 147, 148
 corrosive, n.o.s.
+............ Chlorosulfonic 8 UN1754 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B10, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
 acid (with or B32, T20, TP2,
 without sulfur TP38, TP45.
 trioxide).

 * * * * * * *
 Chromic acid 8 UN1755 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
 solution. 58, 89, 100,
 141
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
 58, 89, 100,
 141

 * * * * * * *
 Chromic fluoride, 8 UN1756 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 52, 53, 58
 solid. TP33.
 Chromic fluoride, 8 UN1757 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution.
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Chromium 8 UN1758 I.............. 8.............. A7, B10, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58,
 oxychloride. TP2. 66, 74, 89,
 90

 * * * * * * *
 Chromosulfuric 8 UN2240 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, B6, N34, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5L.......... 2.5L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58,
 acid. T10, TP2, TP13. 66, 74, 89,
 90

 * * * * * * *
G............ Components, 1.4S UN0384 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
 explosive train,
 n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
 Copper chloride... 8 UN2802 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
A,W.......... Copra............. 4.2 UN1363 III............ 4.2............ B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25, 119
 IP7.
 Cord, detonating, 1.1D UN0065 ............... 1.1D........... 102, 148.......... 63(a).......... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 flexible.

 * * * * * * *
 Cord, detonating 1.2D UN0102 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 or Fuze,
 detonating metal
 clad.
 Cord, detonating 1.1D UN0290 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 or Fuze,
 detonating metal
 clad.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Corrosive liquid, 8 UN3264 I.............. 8.............. B10, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 acidic, TP27.
 inorganic, n.o.s.
 II............. 8.............. 386, B2, IB2, T11, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 TP2, TP27.
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T7, TP1, TP28 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
G............ Corrosive liquid, 8 UN3265 I.............. 8.............. B10, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 acidic, organic, TP27.
 n.o.s.
 II............. 8.............. 148, B2, IB2, T11, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 TP2, TP27.
 III............ 8.............. 386, IB3, T7, TP1, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 TP28.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Corrosive solid, 8 UN3260 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 25 kg......... B............. 53, 58
 acidic,
 inorganic, n.o.s.
 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 53, 58
 TP33.
 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
G............ Corrosive solid, 8 UN3261 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 25 kg......... B............. 53, 58
 acidic, organic,
 n.o.s.
 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... B............. 53, 58
 TP33.
[[Page 27862]]

 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Crotonic acid, 8 UN3472 III............ 8.............. IB8, T1........... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
 liquid.
 Crotonic acid, 8 UN2823 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
 solid.

 * * * * * * *
 Cupriethylenediami 8 UN1761 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
 ne solution.
 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, T7, TP1, TP28 154............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52, 95

 * * * * * * *
 Cyanuric chloride. 8 UN2670 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 12, 25, 40,
 TP33. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Cyclobutyl 6.1 UN2744 II............. 6.1, 8, 3...... IB1, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 21,
 chloroformate. 25, 40, 53,
 58, 100

 * * * * * * *
 Cyclohexenyltrichl 8 UN1762 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 orosilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Cyclohexylamine... 8 UN2357 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
 Cyclohexyltrichlor 8 UN1763 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 osilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Di-n-amylamine.... 3 UN2841 III............ 3, 6.1......... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Di-n-butylamine... 8 UN2248 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Diallylamine...... 3 UN2359 II............. 3, 6.1, 8...... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 21, 40, 52,
 100

 * * * * * * *
 Dibenzyldichlorosi 8 UN2434 II............. 8.............. B2, T10, TP2, TP7, 154............ 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 lane. TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Dichloroacetic 8 UN1764 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 acid. N34, T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Dichloroacetyl 8 UN1765 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B6, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride. IB2, N34, T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Dichlorophenyltric 8 UN1766 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 hlorosilane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Dicyclohexylamine. 8 UN2565 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Diethylamine...... 3 UN1154 II............. 3, 8........... A3, IB2, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... E............. 40, 52
 TP1.
 2- 8 UN2686 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
 Diethylaminoethan
 ol.
 3-Diethyamino- 3 UN2684 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 propylamine.

[[Page 27863]]

 * * * * * * *
 Diethyldichlorosil 8 UN1767 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B6, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ane. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 N,N- 8 UN2685 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
 Diethylethylenedi
 amine.

 * * * * * * *
 Diethylthiophospho 8 UN2751 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 ryl chloride. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Difluorophosphoric 8 UN1768 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N5, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 acid, anhydrous. N34, T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Diisobutylamine... 3 UN2361 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Diisooctyl acid 8 UN1902 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 phosphate.

 * * * * * * *
 Diisopropylamine.. 3 UN1158 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Dimethyl-N- 3 UN2266 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52
 propylamine.
 Dimethyl sulfate.. 6.1 UN1595 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 B77, T20, TP2,
 TP13, TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Dimethyl 6.1 UN2267 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2...... 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 25, 53, 58
 thiophosphoryl
 chloride.
 Dimethylamine, 2.1 UN1032 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... None........... 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ D............. 40, 52
 anhydrous.

 * * * * * * *
 2- 8 UN2051 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
 Dimethylaminoetha
 nol.

 * * * * * * *
 Dimethylcarbamoyl 8 UN2262 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride.

 * * * * * * *
 N,N- 8 UN2264 II............. 8, 3........... B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
 Dimethylcyclohexy
 lamine.

 * * * * * * *

 * * * * * * *
 Diphenyldichlorosi 8 UN1769 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 lane. TP2, TP7, TP13.
 Diphenylmethyl 8 UN1770 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 bromide. TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Dipropylamine..... 3 UN2383 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 25, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Dodecyltrichlorosi 8 UN1771 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 lane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Ethyl 6.1 UN1182 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
 chloroformate. N34, T20, TP2, 58, 100
 TP13, TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
+............ Ethyl 8 UN2826 II............. 8, 6.1, 3...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 40, 53, 58
 chlorothioformate. T20, TP2, TP38,
 TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Ethylamine........ 2.1 UN1036 ............... 2.1............ B77, N87, T50..... None........... 321............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ D............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Ethyldichlorosilan 4.3 UN1183 I.............. 4.3, 8, 3...... A2, A7, N34, T14, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 21, 40, 49,
 e. TP2, TP7, TP13, 53, 58, 100
 W31.

[[Page 27864]]

 * * * * * * *
 2-Ethylhexyl 6.1 UN2748 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58
 2-Ethylhexylamine. 3 UN2276 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Ethylphenyldichlor 8 UN2435 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
 osilane. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Ferric chloride, 8 UN1773 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 anhydrous.
 Ferric chloride, 8 UN2582 III............ 8.............. B15, IB3, T4, TP1. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution.

 * * * * * * *
 Ferrous metal 4.2 UN2793 III............ 4.2............ A1, A19, B134, None........... 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 148
 borings or B136, IB8, IP3,
 Ferrous metal IP7, IP21, W100.
 shavings or
 Ferrous metal
 turnings or
 Ferrous metal
 cuttings in a
 form liable to
 self-heating.

 * * * * * * *
A,W.......... Fish meal, 9 UN2216 III............ None........... 155, B136, IB8, 155............ 218............ 218........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 25, 88, 122,
 stabilized or IP3, T1, TP33. 128
 Fish scrap,
 stabilized.

 * * * * * * *
 Fluoroacetic acid. 6.1 UN2642 I.............. 6.1............ IB7, IP1, T6, TP33 None........... 211............ 242........... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... E............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Fluoroboric acid.. 8 UN1775 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B15, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 N3, N34, T7, TP2.
 Fluorophosphoric 8 UN1776 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N3, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 acid anhydrous. N34, T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Fluorosilicic acid 8 UN1778 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B15, IB2, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 N3, N34, T8, TP2.
 Fluorosulfonic 8 UN1777 I.............. 8.............. A7, A10, B6, B10, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 acid. N3, N36, T10, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Formic acid with 8 UN3412 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 not less than 10%
 but not more than
 85% acid by mass.
 Formic acid with 8 UN3412 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 not less than 5%
 but less than 10%
 acid by mass.
 Formic acid with 8 UN1779 II............. 8, 3........... B2, B28, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 more than 85% TP2.
 acid by mass.
 Fracturing 1.1D UN0099 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 devices,
 explosive,
 without
 detonators for
 oil wells.

 * * * * * * *
 Fumaryl chloride.. 8 UN1780 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 8, 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Furfurylamine..... 3 UN2526 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Fuzes, detonating. 1.4S UN0367 ............... 1.4S........... 116, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ 01............ 25
 Fuzes, detonating, 1.1D UN0408 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with protective
 features.
 Fuzes, detonating, 1.2D UN0409 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with protective
 features.

 * * * * * * *
 Grenades, hand or 1.1D UN0284 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 rifle, with
 bursting charge.
[[Page 27865]]

 Grenades, hand or 1.2D UN0285 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 rifle, with
 bursting charge.
 Grenades, hand or 1.1F UN0292 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 rifle, with
 bursting charge.
 Grenades, hand or 1.2F UN0293 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 rifle, with
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Hexadecyltrichloro 8 UN1781 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 silane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Hexafluorophosphor 8 UN1782 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N3, None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 ic acid. N34, T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Hexamethylenediami 8 UN2280 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 52
 ne, solid.
 Hexamethylenediami 8 UN1783 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... None........... 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 52
 ne solution.
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Hexyltrichlorosila 8 UN1784 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrobromic acid, 8 UN1788 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, N41, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 53, 58
 with more than 49 T7, TP2.
 percent
 hydrobromic acid.
 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 8, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrochloric acid. 8 UN1789 II............. 8.............. 386, A3, B3, B15, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
 B133, IB2, N41,
 T8, TP2.
 III............ 8.............. A3, IB3, T4, TP1.. 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... C............. 8, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrofluoric acid 8 UN1786 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B15, B23, N5, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 and Sulfuric acid N34, T10, TP2,
 mixtures. TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrofluoric acid, 8 UN1790 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B4, B15, B23, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 with more than 60 N5, N34, T10, 53, 58
 percent strength. TP2, TP13.
 Hydrofluoric acid, 8 UN1790 II............. 8, 6.1......... A7, B15, IB2, N5, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 12, 25, 40,
 with not more N34, T8, TP2. 53, 58
 than 60 percent
 strength.

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrogen fluoride, 8 UN1052 I.............. 8.6.1.......... 3, B7, B46, B77, None........... 163............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 anhydrous. N86, T10, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Hydrogendifluoride 8 UN1740 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, None........... 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
 , solid, n.o.s. N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, N3, N34, 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 25, 40, 52,
 T1, TP33. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Hydroxylamine 8 UN2865 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 52, 53, 58
 sulfate.
 Hypochlorite 8 UN1791 II............. 8.............. 148, A7, B2, B15, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 26, 53, 58
 solutions. IB2, IP5, N34,
 T7, TP2, TP24.
 III............ 8.............. 386, IB3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 26, 53, 58
 TP2, TP24.

 * * * * * * *
 3,3'- 8 UN2269 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 Iminodipropylamin
 e.

 * * * * * * *
 Iodine 8 UN3498 II............. 8.............. IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 monochloride, 66, 74, 89,
 liquid. 90
 Iodine 8 UN1792 II............. 8.............. B6, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 monochloride, N41, T7, TP2. 66, 74
 solid.
[[Page 27866]]

 Iodine 5.1 UN2495 I.............. 5.1, 6.1, 8.... .................. None........... 205............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 25, 40, 52,
 pentafluoride. 53, 58, 66,
 90

 * * * * * * *
 Isobutylamine..... 3 UN1214 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Isobutyryl 3 UN2395 II............. 3, 8........... IB1, T7, TP2...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... C............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride.

 * * * * * * *
 Isophoronediamine. 8 UN2289 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52

 * * * * * * *
 Isopropyl acid 8 UN1793 III............ 8.............. IB2, T4, TP1...... 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 phosphate.

 * * * * * * *
 Isopropyl 6.1 UN2407 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 21, 40, 53,
 chloroformate. B77, T20, TP2, 58, 100
 TP13, TP38, TP44.

 * * * * * * *
 Isopropylamine.... 3 UN1221 I.............. 3, 8........... T11, TP2.......... None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... E............. 52

 * * * * * * *
D............ Jet perforating 1.1D NA0124 ............... 1.1D........... 55, 56............ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 154
 guns, charged oil
 well with
 detonator.
D............ Jet perforating 1.4D NA0494 ............... 1.4D........... 55, 56............ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 02............ 25, 154
 guns, charged oil
 well, with
 detonator.
 Jet perforating 1.4D UN0494 ............... 1.4D........... 55, 114........... None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... 300 kg........ 02............ 25, 154
 guns, charged,
 oil well, without
 detonator.
 Jet perforating 1.1D UN0124 ............... 1.1D........... 55................ None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 154
 guns, charged oil
 well without
 detonator.

 * * * * * * *
 Lead sulfate with 8 UN1794 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 more than 3 TP33.
 percent free acid.

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium........... 4.3 UN1415 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, IB4, IP1, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 N45, T9, TP7,
 TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium aluminum 4.3 UN1410 I.............. 4.3............ A19, W31.......... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
 hydride.

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium 4.3 UN1413 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
 borohydride.

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium hydride... 4.3 UN1414 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium ion 9 UN3480 ............... 9.............. 388, 422, A54, 185............ 185............ 185........... Forbidden..... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries A100.
 including lithium
 ion polymer
 batteries.
 Lithium ion 9 UN3481 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries
 contained in
 equipment
 including lithium
 ion polymer
 batteries.
 Lithium ion 9 UN3481 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries packed
 with equipment
 including lithium
 ion polymer
 batteries.
 Lithium metal 9 UN3090 ............... 9.............. 388, 422, A54..... 185............ 185............ 185........... Forbidden..... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries
 including lithium
 alloy batteries.
 Lithium metal 9 UN3091 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries A54, A101.
 contained in
 equipment
 including lithium
 alloy batteries.
[[Page 27867]]

 Lithium metal 9 UN3091 ............... 9.............. 181, 388, 422, A54 185............ 185............ 185........... 5 kg.......... 35 kg......... A.............
 batteries packed
 with equipment
 including lithium
 alloy batteries.

 * * * * * * *
 Lithium nitride... 4.3 UN2806 I.............. 4.3............ A19, IB4, IP1, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E.............
 N40, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Magnesium aluminum 4.3 UN1419 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N34, N40, W31 None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 phosphide. 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Magnesium hydride. 4.3 UN2010 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Magnesium 4.3 UN2011 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 phosphide. 85, 148
 Magnesium, powder 4.3 UN1418 I.............. 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, W31..... None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
 or Magnesium 148
 alloys, powder.
 II............. 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, IB5, None........... 212............ 241........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 13, 39, 52,
 IP2, T3, TP33, 148
 W31, W40.
 III............ 4.3, 4.2....... A19, B56, IB8, None........... 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 39, 52,
 IP4, T1, TP33, 148
 W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Maleic anhydride.. 8 UN2215 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58, 95,
 102
 Maleic anhydride, 8 UN2215 III............ 8.............. T4, TP3........... None........... 213............ 240........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 53, 58, 95,
 molten. 102

 * * * * * * *
G............ Metal hydrides, 4.3 UN1409 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N34, N40, W31 None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 water reactive,
 n.o.s.
 II............. 4.3............ A19, IB4, N34, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 N40, T3, TP33,
 W31, W40.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Metallic 4.3 UN3208 I.............. 4.3............ A7, IB4, W31...... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 substance, water-
 reactive, n.o.s.
 II............. 4.3............ A7, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 IP21, T3, TP33,
 W31, W40.
 III............ 4.3............ A7, IB8, IP21, T1, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
 TP33, W31.
G............ Metallic 4.3 UN3209 I.............. 4.3, 4.2....... A7, W31........... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 substance, water-
 reactive, self-
 heating, n.o.s.
 II............. 4.3, 4.2....... A7, IB5, IP2, T3, None........... 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 TP33, W31, W40.
 III............ 4.3, 4.2....... A7, IB8, IP4, T1, None........... 213............ 242........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
 TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Methacrylic acid, 8 UN2531 II............. 8.............. 41, 387, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 25, 40, 53, 58
 stabilized. TP1, TP18, TP30.

 * * * * * * *
 Methanesulfonyl 6.1 UN3246 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride. T20, TP2, TP13,
 TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Methyl 6.1 UN1238 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 1, B9, B14, B30, None........... 226............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 53,
 chloroformate. N34, T22, TP2, 58, 100
 TP13, TP38, TP44.

 * * * * * * *
 Methylamine, 2.1 UN1061 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... 306............ 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ B............. 40, 52
 anhydrous.

 * * * * * * *
 N-Methylbutylamine 3 UN2945 II............. 3, 8........... IB2, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Methyldichlorosila 4.3 UN1242 I.............. 4.3, 8, 3...... A2, A7, B6, B77, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 1 L........... D............. 21, 40, 49,
 ne. N34, T14, TP2, 53, 58, 100
 TP7, TP13, W31.
[[Page 27868]]


 * * * * * * *
 Methylphenyldichlo 8 UN2437 II............. 8.............. T10, TP2, TP7, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 rosilane. TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Methyltrichlorosil 3 UN1250 II............. 3, 8........... A7, B6, B77, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Mines with 1.1F UN0136 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Mines with 1.1D UN0137 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Mines with 1.2D UN0138 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Mines with 1.2F UN0294 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Molybdenum 8 UN2508 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ C............. 40, 53, 58
 pentachloride.

 * * * * * * *
 Nitrating acid 8 UN1826 I.............. 8, 5.1......... A7, T10, TP2, TP13 None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58, 66
 mixtures, spent
 with more than 50
 percent nitric
 acid.
 Nitrating acid 8 UN1826 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T8, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 mixtures spent TP2.
 with not more
 than 50 percent
 nitric acid.
 Nitrating acid 8 UN1796 I.............. 8, 5.1......... A7, T10, TP2, TP13 None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58, 66
 mixtures with
 more than 50
 percent nitric
 acid.
 Nitrating acid 8 UN1796 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, T8, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58
 mixtures with not TP2, TP13.
 more than 50
 percent nitric
 acid.
 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8, 5.1......... B2, B47, B53, IB2, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 53, 58, 66,
 than red fuming, IP15, T8, TP2. 74, 89, 90
 with at least 65
 percent, but not
 more than 70
 percent nitric
 acid.
 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8.............. A212, B2, B47, None........... 158............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... D............. 44, 53, 58,
 than red fuming, B53, IB2, IP15, 66, 74, 89,
 with more than 20 T8, TP2. 90
 percent and less
 than 65 percent
 nitric acid.
 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 II............. 8.............. B2, B47, B53, IB2, None........... 158............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 53, 58
 than red fuming T8, TP2.
 with not more
 than 20 percent
 nitric acid.
+............ Nitric acid, red 8 UN2032 I.............. 8, 5.1, 6.1.... 2, B9, B32, T20, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 fuming. TP2, TP13, TP38, 66, 74, 89,
 TP45. 90
 Nitric acid other 8 UN2031 I.............. 8, 5.1......... B47, B53, T10, None........... 158............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 44, 53, 58,
 than red fuming, TP2, TP12, TP13. 66, 89, 90,
 with more than 70 110, 111
 percent nitric
 acid.

 * * * * * * *
 Nitrobenzenesulfon 8 UN2305 II............. 8.............. B2, B4, IB8, IP2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 ic acid. IP4, T3, TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Nitrocellulose 4.1 UN2556 II............. 4.1............ W31............... 151............ 212............ None.......... 1 kg.......... 15 kg......... D............. 12, 25, 28, 36
 with alcohol with
 not less than 25
 percent alcohol
 by mass, and with
 not more than
 12.6 percent
 nitrogen, by dry
 mass.

 * * * * * * *
 Nitrohydrochloric 8 UN1798 I.............. 8.............. B10, N41, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 acid. TP2, TP13. 66, 74, 89,
 90

 * * * * * * *
 Nitrosylsulfuric 8 UN2308 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 acid, liquid. N34, T8, TP2. 66, 74, 89,
 90
 Nitrosylsulphuric 8 UN3456 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, T3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... D............. 40, 53, 58,
 acid, solid. TP33. 66, 74, 89,
 90

[[Page 27869]]

 * * * * * * *
 Nonyltrichlorosila 8 UN1799 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Octadecyltrichloro 8 UN1800 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 silane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Octyltrichlorosila 8 UN1801 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Paint including 3 UN1263 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
 paint, lacquer, TP8, TP27.
 enamel, stain,
 shellac
 solutions,
 varnish, polish,
 liquid filler and
 liquid lacquer
 base.
 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
 B131, IB2, T4,
 TP1, TP8, TP28.
 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
 B131, IB3, T2,
 TP1, TP29.

 * * * * * * *
 Paint related 3 UN1263 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
 material TP8, TP27.
 including paint
 thinning, drying,
 removing, or
 reducing compound.
 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
 B131, IB2, T4,
 TP1, TP8, TP28.
 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, B52, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
 B131, IB3, T2,
 TP1, TP29.

 * * * * * * *
 Perchloric acid 5.1 UN1873 I.............. 5.1, 8......... A2, N41, T10, TP1. None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... D............. 53, 58, 66
 with more than 50
 percent but not
 more than 72
 percent acid, by
 mass.
 Perchloric acid 8 UN1802 II............. 8, 5.1......... IB2, N41, T7, TP2. None........... 202............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58, 66
 with not more
 than 50 percent
 acid by mass.

 * * * * * * *
 Phenolsulfonic 8 UN1803 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, N41, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
 acid, liquid. TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Phenyl 6.1 UN2746 II............. 6.1, 8......... IB2, T7, TP2, TP13 153............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 12, 13, 25,
 chloroformate. 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Phenyl phosphorus 8 UN2798 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 dichloride. TP2.
 Phenyl phosphorus 8 UN2799 II............. 8.............. B2, B15, IB2, T7, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
 thiodichloride. TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Phenylacetyl 8 UN2577 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride.

 * * * * * * *
 Phenyltrichlorosil 8 UN1804 II............. 8.............. A7, B6, N34, T10, None........... 206............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ane. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Phosphoric acid 8 UN1805 III............ 8.............. A7, IB3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution. TP1.
 Phosphoric acid, 8 UN3453 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 solid.

 * * * * * * *
 Phosphorous acid.. 8 UN2834 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 25, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Phosphorus 8 UN1939 II............. 8.............. B8, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... C............. 12, 25, 40,
 oxybromide. N41, N43, T3, 53, 58
 TP33.
 Phosphorus 8 UN2576 II............. 8.............. B2, B8, IB1, N41, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
 oxybromide, N43, T7, TP3,
 molten. TP13.
+............ Phosphorous 6.1 UN1810 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 oxychloride. B77, N34, T20,
 TP2, TP13, TP38,
 TP45.
 Phosphorus 8 UN2691 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
 pentabromide. N34, T3, TP33. 53, 55, 58
[[Page 27870]]

 Phosphorus 8 UN1806 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, None........... 212............ 240........... Forbidden..... 50 kg......... C............. 40, 44, 53,
 pentachloride. N34, T3, TP33. 58, 89, 100,
 141

 * * * * * * *
 Phosphorus 8 UN1807 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 pentoxide. N34, T3, TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Phosphorus 8 UN1808 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B25, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 tribromide. IB2, N34, N43,
 T7, TP2.
 Phosphorus 6.1 UN1809 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B9, B14, B15, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
 trichloride. B32, B77, N34,
 T20, TP2, TP13,
 TP38, TP45.
 Phosphorus 8 UN2578 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 12, 25, 53, 58
 trioxide.

 * * * * * * *
 Phthalic anhydride 8 UN2214 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 with more than
 .05 percent
 maleic anhydride.

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium......... 4.3 UN2257 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A19, A20, B27, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 IB4, IP1, N6,
 N34, T9, TP7,
 TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium 4.3 UN1870 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
 borohydride.

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium hydrogen 8 UN2509 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 sulfate. N34, T3, TP33.
 Potassium 8 UN1811 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 53, 58
 e solid.
 Potassium 8 UN3421 II............. 8, 6.1......... IB2, N3, N34, T7, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 25, 40, 52,
 hydrogendifluorid TP2. 53, 58
 e solution.
 III............ 8, 6.1......... IB3, N3, N34, T4, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52, 53, 58
 TP1.

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium, metal 4.3 UN3403 I.............. 4.3............ A19, A20, B27, None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 alloys, solid. IB4, IP1, T9,
 TP7, TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium 4.3 UN2012 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 phosphide. 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Potassium sodium 4.3 UN3404 I.............. 4.3............ A19, B27, N34, None........... 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 alloys, solid. N40, T9, TP7,
 TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Printing ink, 3 UN1210 I.............. 3.............. 367, T11, TP1, TP8 150............ 173............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
 flammable or
 Printing ink
 related material
 (including
 printing ink
 thinning or
 reducing
 compound),
 flammable.
 II............. 3.............. 149, 367, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
 TP1, TP8.
 III............ 3.............. 367, B1, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
 TP1.

 * * * * * * *
 Projectiles, with 1.2D UN0346 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 burster or
 expelling charge.

[[Page 27871]]

 * * * * * * *
 Projectiles, with 1.2F UN0426 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 burster or
 expelling charge.
 Projectiles, with 1.4F UN0427 ............... 1.4F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 burster or
 expelling charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Projectiles, with 1.1F UN0167 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Projectiles, with 1.1D UN0168 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Projectiles, with 1.2D UN0169 ............... 1.2D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Projectiles, with 1.2F UN0324 ............... 1.2F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Propionic acid 8 UN3463 II............. 8, 3........... IB2, T7, TP2...... 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 with not less
 than 90% acid by
 mass.
 Propionic acid 8 UN1848 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 with not less
 than 10% and less
 than 90% acid by
 mass.
 Propionic 8 UN2496 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 anhydride.

 * * * * * * *
 Propionyl chloride 3 UN1815 II............. 3, 8........... IB1, T7, TP1...... 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 n-Propyl 6.1 UN2740 I.............. 6.1, 3, 8...... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... B............. 21, 40, 53,
 chloroformate. B77, N34, T20, 58, 100
 TP2, TP13, TP38,
 TP44.

 * * * * * * *
 Propylamine....... 3 UN1277 II............. 3, 8........... A7, IB2, N34, T7, 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... E............. 40, 52
 TP1.

 * * * * * * *
 1,2- 8 UN2258 II............. 8, 3........... A3, IB2, N34, T7, None........... 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 40, 52
 Propylenediamine. TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Propyltrichlorosil 8 UN1816 II............. 8, 3........... A7, B2, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Pyrosulfuryl 8 UN1817 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T8, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride.

 * * * * * * *
 Radioactive 7 UN2908 ............... Empty.......... 368............... 422, 428....... 422, 428....... 422, 428...... .............. .............. A.............
 material,
 excepted package-
 empty packaging.

 * * * * * * *
 Radioactive 7 UN2912 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 129
 material, low W7.
 specific activity
 (LSA-I) non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.
 Radioactive 7 UN3321 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 129
 material, low W7.
 specific activity
 (LSA-II) non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.
 Radioactive 7 UN3322 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, T5, TP4, 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 150
 material, low W7.
 specific activity
 (LSA-III) non
 fissile or
 fissile excepted.
 Radioactive 7 UN2913 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... 421, 422, 428.. 427............ 427........... .............. .............. A............. 95
 material, surface
 contaminated
 objects (SCO-I or
 SCO-II) non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.
 Radioactive 7 UN2919 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, 139..... ............... ............... .............. .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
 material,
 transported under
 special
 arrangement, non
 fissile or
 fissile excepted.

 * * * * * * *
 Radioactive 7 UN2915 ............... 7.............. 325, A56, W7, W8.. None........... 415, 418, 419.. 415, 418, 419. .............. .............. A............. 95, 130
 material, Type A
 package non-
 special form, non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.

 * * * * * * *
 Radioactive 7 UN2917 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... ............... 416............ 416........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
 material, Type
 B(M) package non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.

 * * * * * * *
 Radioactive 7 UN2916 ............... 7.............. 325, A56.......... ............... 416............ 416........... .............. .............. A............. 95, 105
 material, Type
 B(U) package non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.
 Radioactive 7 UN2978 ............... 7, 6.1, 8...... .................. 423............ 420, 427....... 420, 427...... .............. .............. B............. 40, 74, 95,
 material, uranium 132, 151, 153
 hexafluoride non
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.
[[Page 27872]]

 Radioactive 7 UN2977 ............... 7, 6.1, 8...... .................. 453............ 417, 420....... 417, 420...... .............. .............. B............. 40, 74, 95,
 material, uranium 132, 151, 153
 hexafluoride,
 fissile.

 * * * * * * *
 Resin Solution, 3 UN1866 I.............. 3.............. B52, T11, TP1, 150............ 201............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... E.............
 flammable. TP8, TP28.
 II............. 3.............. 149, B52, IB2, T4, 150............ 173............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B.............
 TP1, TP8.
 III............ 3.............. B1, B52, IB3, T2, 150............ 173............ 242........... 60 L.......... 220 L......... A.............
 TP1.

 * * * * * * *
 Rocket motors..... 1.3C UN0186 ............... 1.3C........... 109............... None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... 220 kg........ 03............ 25
 Rocket motors..... 1.1C UN0280 ............... 1.1C........... 109............... None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25

 * * * * * * *
 Rockets, with 1.1F UN0180 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Rockets, with 1.1E UN0181 ............... 1.1E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Rockets, with 1.2E UN0182 ............... 1.2E........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Rockets, with 1.2F UN0295 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Rockets, with 1.2C UN0436 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 expelling charge.
 Rockets, with 1.3C UN0437 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 expelling charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Rockets, with 1.3C UN0183 ............... 1.3C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 inert head.
 Rockets, with 1.2C UN0502 ............... 1.2C........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25, 5E
 inert head.

 * * * * * * *
 Rubidium.......... 4.3 UN1423 I.............. 4.3............ 22, A7, A19, IB4, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 IP1, N34, N40,
 N45, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Seed cake, 4.2 UN1386 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25
 containing IP7, N7.
 vegetable oil
 solvent
 extractions and
 expelled seeds,
 with not more
 than 10 percent
 of oil and when
 the amount of
 moisture is
 higher than 11
 percent, with not
 more than 20
 percent of oil
 and moisture
 combined.
I............ Seed cake with 4.2 UN1386 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... E............. 13, 25
 more than 1.5 IP7, N7.
 percent oil and
 not more than 11
 percent moisture.
I............ Seed cake with not 4.2 UN2217 III............ None........... B136, IB8, IP3, None........... 213............ 241........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 13, 25, 120
 more than 1.5 IP7, N7.
 percent oil and
 not more than 11
 percent moisture.

 * * * * * * *
 Selenic acid...... 8 UN1905 I.............. 8.............. IB7, IP1, N34, T6, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 25 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Selenium 8 UN2879 I.............. 8, 6.1......... A7, N34, T10, TP2, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... E............. 40, 53, 58
 oxychloride. TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Silicon 8 UN1818 II............. 8.............. A3, B2, B6, T10, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 tetrachloride. TP2, TP7, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Sludge, acid...... 8 UN1906 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
 N34, T8, TP2,
 TP28.

[[Page 27873]]

 * * * * * * *
 Sodium............ 4.3 UN1428 I.............. 4.3............ A7, A8, A19, A20, 151............ 211............ 244........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... D............. 13, 52, 148
 B9, B48, B68,
 IB4, IP1, N34,
 T9, TP7, TP33,
 TP46, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Sodium borohydride 4.3 UN1426 I.............. 4.3............ N40, W31.......... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Sodium hydride.... 4.3 UN1427 I.............. 4.3............ A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 52, 148
 Sodium 8 UN2439 II............. 8.............. IB8, IP2, IP4, N3, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 12, 25, 40,
 hydrogendifluorid N34, T3, TP33. 52, 53, 58
 e.

 * * * * * * *
 Sodium phosphide.. 4.3 UN1432 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Sounding devices, 1.2F UN0204 ............... 1.2F........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive.
 Sounding devices, 1.1F UN0296 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive.
 Sounding devices, 1.1D UN0374 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive.
 Sounding devices, 1.2D UN0375 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 explosive.

 * * * * * * *
 Stannic chloride, 8 UN1827 II............. 8.............. B2, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 53, 58
 anhydrous.
 Stannic chloride 8 UN2440 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 pentahydrate.
 Stannic phosphide. 4.3 UN1433 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Strontium 4.3 UN2013 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 phosphide. 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
G............ Substances, 1.4S UN0481 ............... 1.4S........... 101, 347.......... None........... 62............. None.......... 25 kg......... 75 kg......... 01............ 25
 explosive, n.o.s.

 * * * * * * *
 Sulfamic acid..... 8 UN2967 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Sulfur chlorides.. 8 UN1828 I.............. 8.............. 5, A7, A10, B10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 B77, N34, T20,
 TP2.

 * * * * * * *
+............ Sulfur trioxide, 8 UN1829 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, 387, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... A............. 25, 40, 53, 58
 stabilized. B32, B49, B77,
 N34, T20, TP4,
 TP13, TP25, TP26,
 TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1831 I.............. 8.............. A7, N34, T20, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 14, 40, 53, 58
 fuming with less TP2,TP13.
 than 30 percent
 free sulfur
 trioxide.
 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1831 I.............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 53, 58
 fuming with 30 B77, B84, N34,
 percent or more T20, TP2, TP12,
 free sulfur TP13.
 trioxide.
 Sulfuric acid, 8 UN1832 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B83, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
 spent. B84, IB2, N34,
 T8, TP2.
 Sulfuric acid with 8 UN1830 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B3, B83, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 14, 53, 58
 more than 51 B84, IB2, N34,
 percent acid. T8, TP2.
 Sulfuric acid with 8 UN2796 II............. 8.............. 386, A3, A7, B2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
 not more than 51% B15, IB2, N6,
 acid. N34, T8, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Sulfurous acid.... 8 UN1833 II............. 8.............. B3, IB2, T7, TP2.. 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 40, 53, 58
+............ Sulfuryl chloride. 6.1 UN1834 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 1, B6, B9, B10, None........... 226............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 B14, B30, B77,
 N34, T22, TP2,
 TP13, TP38, TP44.

 * * * * * * *
 Tetrahydrophthalic 8 UN2698 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 anhydrides with
 more than 0.05
 percent of maleic
 anhydride.
[[Page 27874]]


 * * * * * * *
 Thioglycolic acid. 8 UN1940 II............. 8.............. A7, B2, IB2, N34, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Thionyl chloride.. 8 UN1836 I.............. 8.............. B6, B10, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... C............. 40, 53, 58
 TP2, TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Thiophosphoryl 8 UN1837 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B8, None........... 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride. B25, IB2, N34,
 T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
+............ Titanium 6.1 UN1838 I.............. 6.1, 8......... 2, B7, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 tetrachloride. B32, B77, T20,
 TP2, TP13, TP38,
 TP45.
 Titanium 8 UN2869 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 40, 53, 58
 trichloride N34, T3, TP33.
 mixtures.
 III............ 8.............. A7, IB8, IP3, N34, 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 40, 53, 58
 T1, TP33.

 * * * * * * *
 Torpedoes with 1.1E UN0329 ............... 1.1E........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Torpedoes with 1.1F UN0330 ............... 1.1F........... .................. ............... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.
 Torpedoes with 1.1D UN0451 ............... 1.1D........... .................. ............... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 bursting charge.

 * * * * * * *
 Triallylamine..... 3 UN2610 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. None........... 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Trichloroacetic 8 UN1839 II............. 8.............. A7, IB8, IP2, IP4, 154............ 212............ 240........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... A............. 53, 58
 acid. N34, T3, TP33.
 Trichloroacetic 8 UN2564 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 242........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... B............. 53, 58
 acid, solution. N34, T7, TP2.
 .................. .......... ................. III............ 8.............. A3, A7, IB3, N34, 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... B............. 8, 53, 58
 T4, TP1.
+............ Trichloroacetyl 8 UN2442 II............. 8, 6.1......... 2, B9, B14, B32, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 40, 53, 58
 chloride. N34, T20, TP2,
 TP38, TP45.

 * * * * * * *
 Trichlorosilane... 4.3 UN1295 I.............. 4.3, 3, 8...... N34, T14, TP2, None........... 201............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 40, 49,
 TP7, TP13, W31. 53, 58, 100

 * * * * * * *
 Trifluoroacetic 8 UN2699 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, N3, N34, None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... B............. 12, 25, 40,
 acid. N36, T10, TP2. 53, 58

 * * * * * * *
 Trimethylacetyl 6.1 UN2438 I.............. 6.1, 8, 3...... 2, B3, B9, B14, None........... 227............ 244........... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... D............. 21, 25, 40,
 chloride. B32, N34, T20, 53, 58, 100
 TP2, TP13, TP38,
 TP45.
 Trimethylamine, 2.1 UN1083 ............... 2.1............ N87, T50.......... 306............ 304............ 314, 315...... Forbidden..... 150 kg........ B............. 40, 52
 anhydrous.
 Trimethylamine, 3 UN1297 I.............. 3, 8........... T11, TP1.......... None........... 201............ 243........... 0.5 L......... 2.5 L......... D............. 40, 52, 135
 aqueous solutions
 with not more
 than 50 percent
 trimethylamine by
 mass.
 II............. 3, 8........... B1, IB2, T7, TP1.. 150............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 5 L........... B............. 40, 41, 52
 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T7, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 41, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Trimethylchlorosil 3 UN1298 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, B77, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... E............. 40, 53, 58
 ane. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.
 Trimethylcyclohexy 8 UN2326 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 lamine.

[[Page 27875]]

 * * * * * * *
 Trimethylhexamethy 8 UN2327 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP1...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 52
 lenediamines.

 * * * * * * *
 Tripropylamine.... 3 UN2260 III............ 3, 8........... B1, IB3, T4, TP1.. 150............ 203............ 242........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 40, 52

 * * * * * * *
 Uranium 6.1 UN3507 I.............. 6.1, 7, 8...... 369............... 420............ None........... None.......... Less than .1 Less than .1 A............. 132, 152
 hexafluoride, kg. kg.
 radioactive
 material,
 excepted package,
 less than 0.1 kg
 per package, non-
 fissile or
 fissile-excepted.

 * * * * * * *
 Valeryl chloride.. 8 UN2502 II............. 8, 3........... A3, A7, B2, IB2, 154............ 202............ 243........... 1 L........... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 N34, T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Vanadium 8 UN2443 II............. 8.............. A3, A7, B2, B16, 154............ 202............ 242........... Forbidden..... 30 L.......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 oxytrichloride. IB2, N34, T7, TP2.

 * * * * * * *
 Vanadium 8 UN2444 I.............. 8.............. A7, B4, N34, T10, None........... 201............ 243........... Forbidden..... 2.5 L......... C............. 40, 53, 58
 tetrachloride. TP2.
 Vanadium 8 UN2475 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 40, 53, 58
 trichloride.

 * * * * * * *
 Vinyltrichlorosila 3 UN1305 II............. 3, 8........... A3, A7, B6, N34, None........... 206............ 243........... Forbidden..... 5 L........... B............. 40, 53, 58
 ne. T10, TP2, TP7,
 TP13.

 * * * * * * *
 Warheads, rocket 1.4F UN0371 ............... 1.4F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with burster or
 expelling charge.
 Warheads, rocket 1.1D UN0286 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with bursting
 charge.
 Warheads, rocket 1.2D UN0287 ............... 1.2D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with bursting
 charge.
 Warheads, rocket 1.1F UN0369 ............... 1.1F........... .................. None........... 62............. None.......... Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with bursting
 charge.
 Warheads, torpedo 1.1D UN0221 ............... 1.1D........... .................. None........... 62............. 62............ Forbidden..... Forbidden..... 03............ 25
 with bursting
 charge.

 * * * * * * *
G............ Water-reactive 4.3 UN2813 I.............. 4.3............ IB4, N40, T9, TP7, None........... 211............ 242........... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 solid, n.o.s. TP33, W31.
 II............. 4.3............ B132, IB7, IP2, 151............ 212............ 242........... 15 kg......... 50 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 148
 IP21, T3, TP33,
 W31, W40.
 III............ 4.3............ B132, IB8, IP21, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ E............. 13, 40, 148
 T1, TP33, W31.

 * * * * * * *
 Zinc ashes........ 4.3 UN1435 III............ 4.3............ A1, A19, B136, 151............ 213............ 241........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 13, 148
 IB8, IP4, T1,
 TP33, W100.

 * * * * * * *
 Zinc chloride, 8 UN2331 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 None........... 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 anhydrous.
 Zinc chloride, 8 UN1840 III............ 8.............. IB3, T4, TP2...... 154............ 203............ 241........... 5 L........... 60 L.......... A............. 53, 58
 solution.

 * * * * * * *
 Zinc phosphide.... 4.3 UN1714 I.............. 4.3, 6.1....... A19, N40, W31..... None........... 211............ None.......... Forbidden..... 15 kg......... E............. 13, 40, 52,
 85, 148

 * * * * * * *
 Zirconium 8 UN2503 III............ 8.............. IB8, IP3, T1, TP33 154............ 213............ 240........... 25 kg......... 100 kg........ A............. 53, 58
 tetrachloride.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[[Page 27876]]
* * * * *
Appendix B to Sec. 172.101--List of Marine Pollutants
* * * * *
 List of Marine Pollutants
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 S. M. P. (1) Marine pollutant (2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

 * * * * *
 Dodecene (except 1-dodecene).

 * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* * * * *
0
7. In Sec. 172.102:
0
a. In paragraph (c)(1):
0
i. Special provisions 132, 150, 238, the first sentence of special
provision 369, and special provision 387 are revised;
0
ii. Special provisions 325, 388, 389, and 391 are added; and
0
iii. Special provisions 421 and 422 are revised;
0
b. In paragraph (c)(2), special provisions A56 and A105 are revised;
0
c. In paragraph (c)(3), special provision B136 is added;
0
d. In paragraph (c)(8)(ii), special provision TP10 is revised; and
0
e. In paragraph (c)(9), special provision W32 is removed.
 The additions and revisions read as follows:
Sec. 172.102 Special Provisions.
* * * * *
 (c) * * *
 (1) * * *
 132 This description may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
compound fertilizers. They must be classified in accordance with the
procedure as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III,
section 39 (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter). Fertilizers
meeting the criteria for this identification number are only subject to
the requirements of this subchapter when offered for transportation and
transported by air or vessel.
* * * * *
 150 This description may only be used for ammonium nitrate-based
fertilizers. They must be classified in accordance with the procedure
as set out in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, section 39
(IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this subchapter).
* * * * *
 238 Neutron radiation detectors: Neutron radiation detectors
containing non-pressurized boron trifluoride gas in excess of 1 gram
(0.035 ounces) and radiation detection systems containing such neutron
radiation detectors as components may be transported by highway, rail,
vessel, or cargo aircraft in accordance with the following:
 a. Each radiation detector must meet the following conditions:
 (1) The pressure in each neutron radiation detector must not exceed
105 kPa absolute at 20 [deg]C (68 [deg]F);
 (2) The amount of gas must not exceed 13 grams (0.45 ounces) per
detector; and
 (3) Each neutron radiation detector must be of welded metal
construction with brazed metal to ceramic feed through assemblies.
These detectors must have a minimum burst pressure of 1800 kPa as
demonstrated by design type qualification testing; and
 (4) Each detector must be tested to a 1 x 10-10 cm\3\/s
leaktightness standard before filling.
 b. Radiation detectors transported as individual components must be
transported as follows:
 (1) They must be packed in a sealed intermediate plastic liner with
sufficient absorbent or adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the
entire gas contents.
 (2) They must be packed in strong outer packagings and the
completed package must be capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9
feet) drop without leakage of gas contents from detectors.
 (3) The total amount of gas from all detectors per outer packaging
must not exceed 52 grams (1.83 ounces).
 c. Completed neutron radiation detection systems containing
detectors meeting the conditions of paragraph a of this special
provision must be transported as follows:
 (1) The detectors must be contained in a strong sealed outer
casing;
 (2) The casing must contain include sufficient absorbent or
adsorbent material to absorb or adsorb the entire gas contents;
 (3) The completed system must be packed in strong outer packagings
capable of withstanding a 1.8 meter (5.9 feet) drop test without
leakage unless a system's outer casing affords equivalent protection.
 d. Except for transportation by aircraft, neutron radiation
detectors and radiation detection systems containing such detectors
transported in accordance with paragraph a of this special provision
are not subject to the labeling and placarding requirements of part 172
of this subchapter.
 e. When transported by highway, rail, vessel, or as cargo on an
aircraft, neutron radiation detectors containing not more than 1 gram
of boron trifluoride, including those with solder glass joints are not
subject to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they meet
the requirements in paragraph a of this special provision and are
packed in accordance with paragraph b of this special provision.
Radiation detection systems containing such detectors are not subject
to any other requirements of this subchapter provided they are packed
in accordance with paragraph c of this special provision.
* * * * *
 325 In the case of non-fissile or fissile-excepted uranium
hexafluoride, the material must be classified under UN 2978.
* * * * *
 369 In accordance with Sec. 173.2a of this subchapter, this
radioactive material in an excepted package possessing toxic and
corrosive properties is classified in Division 6.1 with radioactivity
and corrosive subsidiary risks. * * *
* * * * *
 387 When materials are stabilized by temperature control, the
provisions of Sec. 173.21(f) of this subchapter apply. When chemical
stabilization is employed, the person offering the material for
transport shall ensure that the level of stabilization is sufficient to
prevent the material as packaged from dangerous polymerization at 50
[deg]C (122 [deg]F). If chemical stabilization becomes ineffective at
lower temperatures within the anticipated duration of transport,
temperature control is required and is forbidden by aircraft. In making
this determination factors to be taken into consideration include, but
are not limited to, the capacity and geometry of the packaging and the
effect of any insulation present, the temperature of the material when
offered for transport, the duration of the journey, and the ambient
temperature conditions typically encountered in the journey
(considering also the season of year), the effectiveness and other
properties of the stabilizer employed, applicable operational controls
imposed by regulation (e.g., requirements to protect from sources of
heat, including other cargo carried at a temperature above ambient) and
any other relevant factors. The provisions of this special provision
will be effective until January 2, 2023, unless we terminate them
earlier or extend them beyond that date by notice of a final rule in
the Federal Register.
 388 a. Lithium batteries containing both primary lithium metal
cells and rechargeable lithium ion cells that are not designed to be
externally charged, must meet the following conditions:
[[Page 27877]]
 i. The rechargeable lithium ion cells can only be charged from the
primary lithium metal cells;
 ii. Overcharge of the rechargeable lithium ion cells is precluded
by design;
 iii. The battery has been tested as a primary lithium battery; and
 iv. Component cells of the battery must be of a type proved to meet
the respective testing requirements of the Manual of Tests and
Criteria, part III, subsection 38.3 (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of this
subchapter).
 b. Lithium batteries conforming to paragraph a. of this special
provision must be assigned to UN Nos. 3090 or 3091, as appropriate.
When such batteries are transported in accordance with Sec.
173.185(c), the total lithium content of all lithium metal cells
contained in the battery must not exceed 1.5 g and the total capacity
of all lithium ion cells contained in the battery must not exceed 10
Wh.
 389 This entry only applies to lithium ion batteries or lithium
metal batteries installed in a cargo transport unit and designed only
to provide power external to the cargo transport unit. The lithium
batteries must meet the requirements of Sec. 173.185(a) and contain
the necessary systems to prevent overcharge and over discharge between
the batteries. The batteries must be securely attached to the interior
structure of the cargo transport unit (e.g., by means of placement in
racks, cabinets, etc.) in such a manner as to prevent short circuits,
accidental operation, and significant movement relative to the cargo
transport unit under the shocks, loadings, and vibrations normally
incident to transport. Hazardous materials necessary for the safe and
proper operation of the cargo transport unit (e.g., fire extinguishing
systems and air conditioning systems), must be properly secured to or
installed in the cargo transport unit and are not otherwise subject to
this subchapter. Hazardous materials not necessary for the safe and
proper operation of the cargo transport unit must not be transported
within the cargo transport unit. The batteries inside the cargo
transport unit are not subject to marking or labelling requirements of
part 172 subparts D and E of this subchapter. The cargo transport unit
shall display the UN number in a manner in accordance with Sec.
172.332 of this subchapter and be placarded on two opposing sides. For
transportation by aircraft, cargo transport units may only be offered
for transportation and transported under conditions approved by the
Associate Administrator.
 391 Except for articles being transported by motor vehicle as a
material of trade in accordance with Sec. 173.6 of this subchapter,
articles containing hazardous materials of Division 2.3, or Division
4.2, or Division 4.3, or Division 5.1, or Division 5.2, or Division 6.1
(substances with an inhalation toxicity of Packing Group I) and
articles containing more than one of the following hazards: (1) Gases
of Class 2; (2) Liquid desensitized explosives of Class 3; or (3) Self-
reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives of Division 4.1,
may only be offered for transportation and transported under conditions
approved by the Associate Administrator.
* * * * *
 421 This entry will no longer be effective on January 2, 2023,
unless we terminate it earlier or extend it beyond that date by notice
of a final rule in the Federal Register.
 422 When labelling is required, the label to be used must be the
label shown in Sec. 172.447. When a placard is displayed, the placard
must be the placard shown in Sec. 172.560.
 (2) * * *
 A56 Radioactive material with a subsidiary hazard of Division 4.2,
Packing Group I, must be transported in Type B packages when offered
for transportation by aircraft. Where the subsidiary hazard material is
``Forbidden'' in column (9A) or (9B) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, the
radioactive material may only be offered for transportation and
transported by aircraft under conditions approved by the Associate
Administrator.
* * * * *
 A105 a. This entry applies to machinery or apparatus containing
hazardous materials as a residue or as an integral element of the
machinery or apparatus. It must not be used for machinery or apparatus
for which a proper shipping name already exists in the Sec. 172.101
Table.
 b. Where the quantity of hazardous materials contained as an
integral element in machinery or apparatus exceeds the limits permitted
by Sec. 173.222(c)(2), and the hazardous materials meet the provisions
of Sec. 173.222(c), the machinery or apparatus may be transported by
aircraft only with the prior approval of the Associate Administrator.
* * * * *
 (3) * * *
 B136 Non-specification closed bulk bins are authorized.
* * * * *
 (8) * * *
 (ii) * * *
 TP10 A lead lining, not less than 5 mm thick, which shall be tested
annually, or another suitable lining material approved by the competent
authority, is required. A portable tank may be offered for transport
after the date of expiry of the last lining inspection for a period not
to exceed three months for purposes of performing the next required
test or inspection, after emptying but before cleaning.
* * * * *
0
8. In Sec. 172.203, paragraph (o) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 172.203 Additional description requirements.
* * * * *
 (o) Organic peroxides, polymerizing substances, and self-reactive
materials. The description on a shipping paper for a Division 4.1
(polymerizing substance and self-reactive) material or a Division 5.2
(organic peroxide) material must include the following additional
information, as appropriate:
 (1) If notification or competent authority approval is required,
the shipping paper must contain a statement of approval of the
classification and conditions of transport.
 (2) For Division 4.1 (polymerizing substance and self-reactive) and
Division 5.2 (organic peroxide) materials that require temperature
control during transport, the words ``TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED'' must be
added as part of the proper shipping name, unless already part of the
proper shipping name. The control and emergency temperature must be
included on the shipping paper.
 (3) The word ``SAMPLE'' must be included in association with the
basic description when a sample of a Division 4.1 (self-reactive)
material (see Sec. 173.224(c)(3) of this subchapter) or Division 5.2
(organic peroxide) material (see Sec. 173.225(b)(2) of this
subchapter) is offered for transportation.
* * * * *
0
9. In Sec. 172.407, paragraph (c)(1) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 172.407 Label specifications.
* * * * *
 (c) * * *
 (1) Each diamond (square-on-point) label prescribed in this subpart
must be at least 100 mm (3.9 inches) on each side with each side having
a solid line inner border approximately 5 mm (.2 inches) inside and
parallel to the edge. The 5 mm (.2 inches) measurement is from the
outside edge of the label to the outside of the solid line forming the
inner border.
 (i) If the size of the package so requires, the dimensions of the
label
[[Page 27878]]
and its features may be reduced proportionally provided the symbol and
other elements of the label remain clearly visible.
 (ii) Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in
approximate proportion to those shown in Sec. Sec. 172.411 through
172.448 of this subpart, as appropriate.
 (iii) [Reserved]
 (iv) For domestic transportation, a packaging labeled prior to
January 1, 2017, and in conformance with the requirements of this
paragraph in effect on December 31, 2014, may continue in service until
the end of its useful life.
* * * * *
0
10. In, Sec. 172.514 paragraphs (a) and (c)(3) are revised and
paragraph (d) is added to read as follows:
Sec. 172.514 Bulk packagings.
 (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section,
each person who offers for transportation a bulk packaging which
contains a hazardous material, shall affix the placards specified for
the material in Sec. Sec. 172.504 and 172.505.
* * * * *
 (c) * * *
 (3) A bulk packaging other than a portable tank, cargo tank,
flexible bulk container, or tank car (e.g., a bulk bag or box) with a
volumetric capacity of less than 18 cubic meters (640 cubic feet);
* * * * *
 (d) A flexible bulk container may be placarded in two opposing
positions.
0
11. In Sec. 172.604, paragraph (d)(2) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 172.604 Emergency response telephone number.
* * * * *
 (d) * * *
 (2) Materials properly described under the following shipping
names:
 (i) Battery powered equipment.
 (ii) Battery powered vehicle.
 (iii) Carbon dioxide, solid.
 (iv) Castor bean.
 (v) Castor flake.
 (vi) Castor meal.
 (vii) Castor pomace.
 (viii) Consumer commodity.
 (ix) Dry ice.
 (x) Engine, fuel cell, flammable gas powered.
 (xi) Engine, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered.
 (xii) Engine, internal combustion.
 (xiii) Engine, internal combustion, flammable gas powered.
 (xiv) Engine, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered.
 (xv) Fish meal, stabilized.
 (xvi) Fish scrap, stabilized.
 (xvii) Krill Meal, PG III.
 (xviii) Machinery, internal combustion.
 (xix) Machinery, fuel cell, flammable gas powered.
 (xx) Machinery, fuel cell, flammable liquid powered.
 (xxi) Machinery, internal combustion, flammable gas powered.
 (xxii) Machinery, internal combustion, flammable liquid powered.
 (xxiii) Refrigerating machine.
 (xxiv) Vehicle, flammable gas powered.
 (xxv) Vehicle, flammable liquid powered.
 (xxvi) Wheelchair, electric.
* * * * *
0
12. In Sec. 172.800, paragraph (b)(15) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 172.800 Purpose and applicability.
* * * * *
 (b) * * *
 (15) International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Conduct (IBR, see
Sec. 171.7) Category 1 and 2 materials, Nuclear Regulatory Commission,
Category 1 and Category 2 radioactive materials as listed in Table 1,
Appendix A to 10 CFR part 37, and Highway Route Controlled quantities
as defined in 49 CFR 173.403.
* * * * *
PART 173--SHIPPERS--GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND
PACKAGINGS
0
13. The authority citation for part 173 continues to read as follows:
 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.81, 1.96 and
1.97.
0
14. In Sec. 173.2a, revise paragraph (a) introductory text to read as
follows:
Sec. 173.2a Classification of a material having more than one hazard.
 (a) Classification of a material having more than one hazard.
Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, a material not
specifically listed in the Sec. 172.101 Table or assigned to an entry
of articles containing hazardous materials (UN3537 to UN3548) that
meets the definition of more than one hazard class or division as
defined in this part, shall be classed according to the highest
applicable hazard class of the following hazard classes, which are
listed in descending order of hazard:
* * * * *
0
15. In Sec. 173.6, paragraph (a)(7) is added and paragraph (b)(3) is
revised to read as follows:
Sec. 173.6 Materials of trade exceptions.
* * * * *
 (a) * * *
 (7) For a material or article for which Column (5) of the Hazardous
Materials Table in Sec. 172.101 of this subchapter does not indicate a
packing group. Authorized amounts are:
 (i) For Classes or Divisions indicated in paragraph (a)(1) of this
section, the amounts shown in paragraph (a)(1)(ii).
 (ii) For Division 4.3, the amounts shown in paragraph (a)(3) of
this section.
 (b) * * *
 (3) Outer packagings are not required for receptacles (e.g., cans
and bottles) or articles that are secured against shifting in cages,
carts, bins, boxes, or compartments or by other means.
* * * * *
0
16. In Sec. 173.21, revise paragraph (f) introductory text and
paragraph (f)(1) to read as follows:
Sec. 173.21 Forbidden materials and packages.
* * * * *
 (f) A package containing a material which is likely to decompose
with a self-accelerated decomposition temperature (SADT) or polymerize
with a self-accelerated polymerization temperature (SAPT) of 50 [deg]C
(122 [deg]F) or less, with an evolution of a dangerous quantity of heat
or gas when decomposing or polymerizing, unless the material is
stabilized or inhibited in a manner to preclude such evolution. The
SADT and SAPT may be determined by any of the test methods described in
Part II of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR, see Sec. 171.7 of
this subchapter).
 (1) A package meeting the criteria of paragraph (f) of this section
may be required to be shipped under controlled temperature conditions.
The control temperature and emergency temperature for a package shall
be as specified in the table in this paragraph (f)(1) based upon the
SADT or SAPT of the material. The control temperature is the
temperature above which a package of the material may not be offered
for transportation or transported. The emergency temperature is the
temperature at which, due to imminent danger, emergency measures must
be initiated.
[[Page 27879]]
 Table 1 to Paragraph (f)(1)--Derivation of Control and Emergency Temperature
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SADT/SAPT \1\ Control temperatures Emergency temperature
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SADT/SAPT =1%
shall be taken into account, or = 1. The generic concentration
limits to be used for the evaluation in each step of the calculation
method are those found in Appendix I of this part. Where applicable,
the generic concentration limit shall be substituted by the specific
concentration limit assigned to the substance(s) (SCLi), and the
adapted formula is a weighted average of the different concentration
limits assigned to the different substances in the mixture:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR11MY20.001
PG xi = concentration of substance 1, 2 . . .i in the
mixture, assigned to packing group x (I, II or III)
GCL = generic concentration limit
SCLi = specific concentration limit assigned to substance
i
Note to Sec. 173.137: When an initial test on either a steel or
aluminum surface indicates the material being tested is corrosive, the
follow up test on the other surface is not required.
0
25. In Sec. 173.159, paragraphs (a)(2)(i) through (iii) and (d)(1) are
revised to read as follows:
Sec. 173.159 Batteries, wet.
 (a) * * *
 (2) * * *
 (i) Packaging each battery or each battery-powered device when
practicable, in fully enclosed inner packagings made of electrically
non-conductive material;
 (ii) Separating or packaging batteries and battery-powered devices
in a manner to prevent contact with other batteries, devices or
electrically conductive materials (e.g., metal) in the packagings; or
 (iii) Ensuring exposed terminals are protected with electrically
non-conductive caps, electrically non-conductive tape, or by other
appropriate means; and;
* * * * *
 (d) * * *
 (1) Electric storage batteries are firmly secured to skids or
pallets capable of withstanding the shocks normally incident to
transportation are authorized for transportation by rail, highway, or
vessel. The height of the completed unit must not exceed 1\1/2\ times
the width of the skid or pallet. The unit must be capable of
withstanding, without damage, a superimposed weight equal to two times
the weight of the unit or, if the weight of the unit exceeds 907 kg
(2,000 pounds), a superimposed weight of 1,814 kg (4,000 pounds).
Battery terminals must not be relied upon to support any part of the
superimposed weight and must not short out if an electrically
conductive material is placed in direct contact with them.
* * * * *
0
26. Revise Sec. 173.185 to read as follows:
Sec. 173.185 Lithium cells and batteries.
 As used in this section, consignment means one or more packages of
hazardous materials accepted by an operator from one shipper at one
time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and moving to one
consignee at one destination address. Equipment means the device or
apparatus for which the lithium cells or batteries will provide
electrical power for its operation. Lithium cell(s) or battery(ies)
includes both lithium metal and lithium ion chemistries. Medical device
means an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance,
implant, or in vitro reagent, including any component, part, or
accessory thereof, which is intended for use in the diagnosis of
disease or other conditions, or in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or
prevention of disease, of a person.
 (a) Classification. (1) Each lithium cell or battery must be of the
type proven to meet the criteria in part III, sub-section 38.3 of the
UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR; see Sec. 171.7 of this
subchapter). Lithium cells and batteries are subject to these tests
regardless of whether the cells used to construct the battery are of a
tested type. A single cell battery as defined in part III, sub-section
38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria is considered a ``cell''
and must be offered for transportation in accordance with the
requirements for cells.
 (i) Cells and batteries manufactured according to a type meeting
the requirements of sub-section 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and
Criteria, Revision 3, Amendment 1 or any subsequent revision and
amendment applicable at the date of the type testing may continue to be
transported, unless otherwise provided in this subchapter.
 (ii) Cell and battery types only meeting the requirements of the UN
Manual of Tests and Criteria, Revision 3, are no longer valid. However,
cells and batteries manufactured in conformity with such types before
July 2003 may continue to be transported if all other applicable
requirements are fulfilled.
 (2) Each person who manufactures lithium cells or batteries must
create a record of satisfactory completion of the testing (e.g. test
report) required by this paragraph prior to offering the lithium cell
or battery for transport and must:
 (i) Maintain this record for as long as that design is offered for
transportation and for one year thereafter; and
 (ii) Make this record available to an authorized representative of
the Federal, state or local government upon request.
 (3) Beginning January 1, 2022 each manufacturer and subsequent
distributor of lithium cells or batteries manufactured on or after
January 1, 2008, must make available a test summary. The test summary
must include the following elements:
 (i) Name of cell, battery, or product manufacturer, as applicable;
 (ii) Cell, battery, or product manufacturer's contact information
to include address, telephone number, email address, and website for
more information;
 (iii) Name of the test laboratory, to include address, telephone
number, email address, and website for more information;
 (iv) A unique test report identification number;
 (v) Date of test report;
[[Page 27883]]
 (vi) Description of cell or battery to include at a minimum;
 (A) Lithium ion or lithium metal cell or battery;
 (B) Mass of cell or battery;
 (C) Watt-hour rating, or lithium content;
 (D) Physical description of the cell/battery; and
 (E) Cell or battery model number or, alternatively, if the test
summary is established for a product containing a cell or battery, the
product model number.
 (vii) List of tests conducted and results (i.e., pass/fail);
 (viii) Reference to assembled battery testing requirements (if
applicable);
 (ix) Reference to the revised edition of the UN Manual of Tests and
Criteria used and to amendments thereto, if any; and
 (x) Signature with name and title of signatory as an indication of
the validity of information provided.
 (4) Except for cells or batteries meeting the requirements of
paragraph (c) of this section, each lithium cell or battery must:
 (i) Incorporate a safety venting device or be designed to preclude
a violent rupture under conditions normally incident to transport;
 (ii) Be equipped with means of preventing external short circuits;
and
 (iii) Be equipped with a means of preventing dangerous reverse
current flow (e.g., diodes or fuses) if a battery contains cells, or a
series of cells that are connected in parallel.
 (b) Packaging. (1) Each package offered for transportation
containing lithium cells or batteries, including lithium cells or
batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment, must meet all
applicable requirements of subpart B of this part.
 (2) Lithium cells or batteries, including lithium cells or
batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment, must be packaged in
a manner to prevent:
 (i) Short circuits;
 (ii) Damage caused by movement or placement within the package; and
 (iii) Accidental activation of the equipment.
 (3) For packages containing lithium cells or batteries offered for
transportation:
 (i) The lithium cells or batteries must be placed in non-metallic
inner packagings that completely enclose the cells or batteries, and
separate the cells or batteries from contact with equipment, other
devices, or electrically conductive materials (e.g., metal) in the
packaging.
 (ii) The inner packagings containing lithium cells or batteries
must be placed in one of the following packagings meeting the
requirements of part 178, subparts L and M, of this subchapter at the
Packing Group II level:
 (A) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), fiberboard (4G),
or solid plastic (4H1, 4H2) box;
 (B) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), fiber (1G), or plastic
(1H2) drum;
 (C) Metal (3A2, 3B2) or plastic (3H2) jerrican.
 (iii) When packed with equipment, lithium cells or batteries must:
 (A) Be placed in inner packagings that completely enclose the cell
or battery, then placed in an outer packaging. The completed package
for the cells or batteries must meet the Packing Group II performance
requirements as specified in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this section; or
 (B) Be placed in inner packagings that completely enclose the cell
or battery, then placed with equipment in a package that meets the
Packing Group II performance requirements as specified in paragraph
(b)(3)(ii) of this section.
 (4) When lithium cells or batteries are contained in equipment:
 (i) The outer packaging, when used, must be constructed of suitable
material of adequate strength and design in relation to the capacity
and intended use of the packaging, unless the lithium cells or
batteries are afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in which
they are contained;
 (ii) Equipment must be secured to prevent damage caused by movement
within the outer packaging and be packed so as to prevent accidental
operation during transport; and
 (iii) Any spare lithium cells or batteries packed with the
equipment must be packaged in accordance with paragraph (b)(3) of this
section.
 (5) Lithium batteries that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and
have a strong, impact-resistant outer casing and assemblies of such
batteries, may be packed in strong outer packagings; in protective
enclosures (for example, in fully enclosed or wooden slatted crates);
or on pallets or other handling devices, instead of packages meeting
the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii) and
(b)(3)(iii) of this section. Batteries or battery assemblies must be
secured to prevent inadvertent movement, and the terminals may not
support the weight of other superimposed elements. Batteries or battery
assemblies packaged in accordance with this paragraph may be
transported by cargo aircraft if approved by the Associate
Administrator.
 (6) Except for transportation by aircraft, the following rigid
large packagings are authorized for a single battery, and for a single
item of equipment containing batteries, meeting provisions in
paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section and the requirements of part
178, subparts P and Q, of this subchapter at the Packing Group II
level:
 (i) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N) metal packagings must be fitted with an
electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastics) of
adequate strength for the intended use;
 (ii) Rigid plastic (50H);
 (iii) Wooden (50C, 50D, 50F);
 (iv) Rigid fiberboard (50G).
 (7) For transportation by aircraft, lithium cells and batteries
must not be packed in the same outer packaging with substances and
articles of Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1
(flammable gases), Class 3 (flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable
solids), or Division 5.1 (oxidizers).
 (c) Exceptions for smaller cells or batteries. Other than as
specifically stated below, a package containing lithium cells or
batteries, or lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in,
equipment, that meets the conditions of this paragraph is excepted from
the requirements in subparts C through H of part 172 of this subchapter
and the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii)
and (iii) of this section under the following conditions and
limitations.
 (1) Size limits. (i) The Watt-hour (Wh) rating may not exceed 20 Wh
for a lithium ion cell or 100 Wh for a lithium ion battery. After
December 31, 2015, each lithium ion battery subject to this provision
must be marked with the Watt-hour rating on the outside case.
 (ii) The lithium content may not exceed 1 g for a lithium metal
cell or 2 g for a lithium metal battery.
 (iii) Except when lithium cells or batteries are packed with or
contained in equipment in quantities not exceeding 5 kg net weight, the
outer package that contains lithium cells or batteries must be
appropriately marked: ``PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR
TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'', ``LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES--
FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'', ``LITHIUM ION
BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT'' or
labeled with a ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY'' label specified in Sec. 172.448
of this subchapter.
 (iv) For transportation by highway or rail only, the lithium
content of the cell and battery may be increased to 5 g for a lithium
metal cell or 25 g for a lithium metal battery and 60 Wh for a lithium
[[Page 27884]]
ion cell or 300 Wh for a lithium ion battery, provided the outer
package is marked: ``LITHIUM BATTERIES--FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD
AIRCRAFT AND VESSEL.''
 (v) The marking specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
this section must have a background of contrasting color, and the
letters in the marking must be:
 (A) At least 6 mm (0.25 inch) in height on packages having a gross
weight of 30 kg (66 pounds) or less, except that smaller font may be
used as necessary when package dimensions so require.
 (B) At least 12 mm (0.5 inch) in height on packages having a gross
weight of more than 30 kg (66 pounds).
 (vi) Except when lithium cells or batteries are packed with, or
contained in, equipment, each package must not exceed 30 kg (66 pounds)
gross weight.
 (2) Packaging. Lithium cells and batteries must be packed in inner
packagings that completely enclose the cell or battery then placed in a
strong rigid outer package unless the cell or battery is contained in
equipment and is afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in
which it is contained. Except when lithium cells or batteries are
contained in equipment, each package of lithium cells or batteries, or
the completed package when packed with equipment, must be capable of
withstanding a 1.2 meter drop test, in any orientation, without damage
to the cells or batteries contained in the package, without shifting of
the contents that would allow battery-to-battery (or cell-to-cell)
contact, and without release of the contents of the package.
 (3) Hazard communication. Each package must display the lithium
battery mark except when a package contains button cell batteries
installed in equipment (including circuit boards), or no more than four
lithium cells or two lithium batteries contained in equipment, where
there are not more than two packages in the consignment.
 (i) The mark must indicate the UN number: ``UN3090'' for lithium
metal cells or batteries; or ``UN3480'' for lithium ion cells or
batteries. Where the lithium cells or batteries are contained in, or
packed with, equipment, the UN number ``UN3091'' or ``UN3481,'' as
appropriate, must be indicated. Where a package contains lithium cells
or batteries assigned to different UN numbers, all applicable UN
numbers must be indicated on one or more marks. The package must be of
such size that there is adequate space to affix the mark on one side
without the mark being folded.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR11MY20.002
 (A) The mark must be in the form of a rectangle with hatched
edging. The mark must be not less than 120 mm (4.7 inches) wide by 110
mm (4.3 inches) high and the minimum width of the hatching must be 5 mm
(0.2 inches), except marks of 105 mm (4.1 inches) wide by 74 mm (2.9
inches) high may be used on a package containing lithium batteries when
the package is too small for the larger mark;
 (B) The symbols and letters must be black on white or suitable
contrasting background and the hatching must be red;
 (C) The ``*'' must be replaced by the appropriate UN number(s) and
the ``**'' must be replaced by a telephone number for additional
information; and
 (D) Where dimensions are not specified, all features shall be in
approximate proportion to those shown.
 (ii) [Reserved]
 (iii) When packages are placed in an overpack, the lithium battery
mark shall either be clearly visible through the overpack or be
reproduced on the outside of the overpack and the overpack shall be
marked with the word ``OVERPACK''. The lettering of the ``OVERPACK''
mark shall be at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high.
 (4) Air transportation. (i) For transportation by aircraft, lithium
cells and batteries may not exceed the limits in the following Table 1
to paragraph (c)(4)(i). The limits on the maximum number of batteries
and maximum net quantity of batteries in the following table may not be
combined in the same package:
[[Page 27885]]
 Table 1 to Paragraph (c)(4)(i)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Lithium metal Lithium metal Lithium metal Lithium ion
 cells and/or cells with a batteries with a Lithium ion cells Lithium ion cells batteries with a
 batteries with a lithium content lithium content and/or batteries with a watt-hour watt-hour rating
 Contents lithium content more than 0.3 g more than 0.3 g with a watt-hour rating more than more than 2.7 Wh
 not more than 0.3 but not more than but not more than rating not more 2.7 Wh but not but not more than
 g 1 g 2 g than 2.7 Wh more than 20 Wh 100 Wh
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maximum number of cells/ No Limit.......... 8 cells........... 2 batteries....... No Limit.......... 8 cells........... 2 batteries.
 batteries per package.
Maximum net quantity (mass) per 2.5 kg............ n/a............... n/a............... 2.5 kg............ n/a............... n/a.
 package.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (ii) Not more than one package prepared in accordance with this
paragraph (c)(4) may be placed into an overpack. When a package is
required to display the ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY'' label, the paragraph
(c)(1)(iii) mark, or the paragraph (c)(3)(i) lithium battery mark and
the package is placed in an overpack, the appropriate label or mark
must either be clearly visible through the overpack, or the label or
mark must also be affixed on the outside of the overpack, and the
overpack must be marked with the word ``OVERPACK''. The lettering of
the ``OVERPACK'' mark shall be at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high.
 (iii) A shipper is not permitted to offer for transport more than
one package prepared in accordance with the provisions of this
paragraph in any single consignment.
 (iv) Each shipment with packages required to display the paragraph
(c)(3)(i) lithium battery mark must include an indication on the air
waybill of compliance with this paragraph (c)(4) (or the applicable
ICAO Technical Instructions Packing Instruction), when an air waybill
is used.
 (v) Packages and overpacks of lithium batteries prepared in
accordance with this paragraph (c)(4) must be offered to the operator
separately from cargo which is not subject to the requirements of this
subchapter and must not be loaded into a unit load device before being
offered to the operator.
 (vi) For lithium batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment,
the number of batteries in each package is limited to the minimum
number required to power the piece of equipment, plus two spare sets,
and the total net quantity (mass) of the lithium cells or batteries in
the completed package must not exceed 5 kg. A ``set'' of cells or
batteries is the number of individual cells or batteries that are
required to power each piece of equipment.
 (vii) Each person who prepares a package for transport containing
lithium cells or batteries, including cells or batteries packed with,
or contained in, equipment in accordance with the conditions and
limitations of this paragraph (c)(4), must receive instruction on these
conditions and limitations, corresponding to their functions.
 (viii) Lithium cells and batteries must not be packed in the same
outer packaging with other hazardous materials. Packages prepared in
accordance with this paragraph (c)(4) must not be placed into an
overpack with packages containing hazardous materials and articles of
Class 1 (explosives) other than Division 1.4S, Division 2.1 (flammable
gases), Class 3 (flammable liquids), Division 4.1 (flammable solids) or
Division 5.1 (oxidizers).
 (5) For transportation by aircraft, a package that exceeds the
number or quantity (mass) limits in the table shown in paragraph
(c)(4)(i) of this section, the overpack limit described in paragraph
(c)(4)(ii) of this section, or the consignment limit described in
paragraph (c)(4)(iii) of this section is subject to all applicable
requirements of this subchapter, except that a package containing no
more than 2.5 kg lithium metal cells or batteries or 10 kg lithium ion
cells or batteries is not subject to the UN performance packaging
requirements in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this section when the package
displays both the lithium battery mark in paragraph (c)(3)(i) and the
Class 9 Lithium Battery label specified in Sec. 172.447 of this
subchapter. This paragraph does not apply to batteries or cells packed
with or contained in equipment.
 (d) Lithium cells or batteries shipped for disposal or recycling. A
lithium cell or battery, including a lithium cell or battery contained
in equipment, that is transported by motor vehicle to a permitted
storage facility or disposal site, or for purposes of recycling, is
excepted from the testing and record keeping requirements of paragraph
(a) and the UN performance packaging requirements in paragraphs
(b)(3)(ii), (b)(3)(iii) and (b)(6) of this section, when packed in a
strong outer packaging conforming to the applicable requirements of
subpart B of this part. A lithium cell or battery that meets the size,
packaging, and hazard communication conditions in paragraph (c)(1)-(3)
of this section is excepted from subparts C through H of part 172 of
this subchapter.
 (e) Low production runs and prototypes. Low production runs (i.e.,
annual production runs consisting of not more than 100 lithium cells or
batteries), prototype lithium cells or batteries transported for
purposes of testing, and equipment containing such cells or batteries
are excepted from the testing and record keeping requirements of
paragraph (a) of this section, provided:
 (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(5) of this section, each
cell or battery is individually packed in a non-metallic inner
packaging, inside an outer packaging, and is surrounded by cushioning
material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive, or
contained in equipment. Equipment must be constructed or packaged in a
manner as to prevent accidental operation during transport;
 (2) Appropriate measures shall be taken to minimize the effects of
vibration and shocks and prevent movement of the cells or batteries
within the package that may lead to damage and a dangerous condition
during transport. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and
electrically non-conductive may be used to meet this requirement;
 (3) The lithium cells or batteries are packed in inner packagings
or contained in equipment. The inner packaging or equipment is placed
in one of the following outer packagings that meet the requirements of
part 178, subparts L and M, of this subchapter at the Packing Group I
level. Cells and batteries, including equipment of different sizes,
shapes or masses must be placed into an outer packaging of a tested
design type listed in this section provided the total gross mass of the
package does not
[[Page 27886]]
exceed the gross mass for which the design type has been tested. A cell
or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg is limited to one cell or
battery per outer packaging;
 (i) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), or solid plastic
(4H2) box;
 (ii) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), or plastic (1H2) drum.
 (4) For a single battery, and for a single item of equipment
containing cells or batteries, the following rigid large packagings are
authorized:
 (i) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N) metal packagings must be fitted with an
electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastics) of
adequate strength for the intended use;
 (ii) Rigid plastic (50H);
 (iii) Plywood (50D).
 (5) Lithium batteries, including lithium batteries contained in
equipment, that weigh 12 kg (26.5 pounds) or more and have a strong,
impact-resistant outer casing or assemblies of such batteries, may be
packed in strong outer packagings, in protective enclosures (for
example, in fully enclosed or wooden slatted crates), or on pallets or
other handling devices, instead of packages meeting the UN performance
packaging requirements in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii) and (iii) of this
section. The battery or battery assembly must be secured to prevent
inadvertent movement, and the terminals may not support the weight of
other superimposed elements;
 (6) Irrespective of the limit specified in column (9B) of the Sec.
172.101 Hazardous Materials Table, the battery or battery assembly
prepared for transport in accordance with this paragraph may have a
mass exceeding 35 kg gross weight when transported by cargo aircraft;
 (7) Batteries or battery assemblies packaged in accordance with
this paragraph are not permitted for transportation by passenger-
carrying aircraft, and may be transported by cargo aircraft only if
approved by the Associate Administrator prior to transportation; and
 (8) Shipping papers must include the following notation:
``Transport in accordance with Sec. 173.185(e).''
 (f) Damaged, defective, or recalled cells or batteries. Lithium
cells or batteries that have been damaged or identified by the
manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, that have the
potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire, or short
circuit (e.g., those being returned to the manufacturer for safety
reasons) may be transported by highway, rail or vessel only, and must
be packaged as follows:
 (1) Each cell or battery must be placed in individual, non-metallic
inner packaging that completely encloses the cell or battery;
 (2) The inner packaging must be surrounded by cushioning material
that is non-combustible, electrically non-conductive, and absorbent;
and
 (3) Each inner packaging must be individually placed in one of the
following packagings meeting the applicable requirements of part 178,
subparts L, M, P, and Q of this subchapter at the Packing Group I
level:
 (i) Metal (4A, 4B, 4N), wooden (4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F), or solid plastic
(4H2) box;
 (ii) Metal (1A2, 1B2, 1N2), plywood (1D), or plastic (1H2) drum; or
 (iii) For a single battery, and for a single item of equipment
containing cells or batteries, the following rigid large packagings are
authorized:
 (A) Metal (50A, 50B, 50N);
 (B) Rigid plastic (50H);
 (C) Plywood (50D); and
 (4) The outer package must be marked with an indication that the
package contains a ``Damaged/defective lithium ion battery'' and/or
``Damaged/defective lithium metal battery'' as appropriate. The marking
required by this paragraph must be in characters at least 12 mm (0.47
inches) high.
 (g) Limited exceptions to restrictions on air transportation of
medical device batteries. Irrespective of the quantity limitations
described in column 9A of the Sec. 172.101 Hazardous Materials Table
of this subchapter, up to two replacement lithium cells or batteries
specifically used for a medical device as defined in this section may
be transported as cargo on a passenger aircraft. Packages containing
these cells or batteries are not subject to the marking requirement in
paragraph (c)(1)(iii) of this section or the ``CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY''
label required by Sec. 172.402(c) of this subchapter and may be
transported as cargo on a passenger aircraft when approved by the
Associate Administrator and provided the following conditions are met:
 (1) The intended destination of the cells or batteries is not
serviced daily by cargo aircraft if a cell or battery is required for
medically necessary care; and
 (2) Lithium ion cells or batteries for medical devices are excepted
from the state of charge limitations in Sec. 172.102, special
provision A100, of this subchapter, provided each cell or battery is:
 (i) Individually packed in an inner packaging that completely
encloses the cell or battery;
 (ii) Placed in a rigid outer packaging; and
 (iii) Protected to prevent short circuits.
 (h) Approval. A lithium cell or battery that does not conform to
the provisions of this subchapter may be transported only under
conditions approved by the Associate Administrator.
0
27. In Sec. 173.218, paragraph (c) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 173.218 Fish meal or fish scrap.
* * * * *
 (c) When fish scrap or fish meal is offered for transportation by
vessel in bulk in freight containers, the fish scrap or fish meal shall
contain at least 50 ppm (mg/kg) of ethoxyquin, 100 ppm (mg/kg) of
butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) or 250 ppm (mg/kg) of tocopherol based
antioxidant at the time of shipment.
0
28. In Sec. 173.220, paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(C) is added and paragraph
(d) is revised to read as follows:
Sec. 173.220 Internal combustion engines, vehicles, machinery
containing internal combustion engines, battery-powered equipment or
machinery, fuel cell-powered equipment or machinery.
* * * * *
 (b) * * *
 (2) * * *
 (ii) * * *
 (C) If a vehicle is powered by a flammable liquid and a flammable
gas internal combustion engine, the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1)
of this section must also be met.
* * * * *
 (d) Lithium batteries. Except as provided in Sec. 172.102, special
provision A101, of this subchapter, vehicles, engines, and machinery
powered by lithium metal batteries that are transported with these
batteries installed are forbidden aboard passenger-carrying aircraft.
Lithium batteries contained in vehicles, engines, or mechanical
equipment must be securely fastened in the battery holder of the
vehicle, engine, or mechanical equipment, and be protected in such a
manner as to prevent damage and short circuits (e.g., by the use of
non-conductive caps that cover the terminals entirely). Except for
vehicles, engines, or machinery transported by highway, rail, or vessel
with prototype or low production lithium batteries securely installed,
each lithium battery must be of a type that has successfully passed
each test in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria (IBR, see Sec. 171.7
of this subchapter), as specified in Sec. 173.185, unless approved by
the Associate Administrator. Where a vehicle could possibly be handled
in other than an upright position, the vehicle must be
[[Page 27887]]
secured in a strong, rigid outer packaging. The vehicle must be secured
by means capable of restraining the vehicle in the outer packaging to
prevent any movement during transport which would change the
orientation or cause the vehicle to be damaged. Where the lithium
battery is removed from the vehicle and is packed separate from the
vehicle in the same outer packaging, the package must be consigned as
``UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment'' or ``UN 3091,
Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment'' and prepared in
accordance with the requirements specified in Sec. 173.185.
* * * * *
0
29. In Sec. 173.222, paragraphs (c) and (d) are revised to read as
follows:
Sec. 173.222 Dangerous goods in equipment, machinery or apparatus.
* * * * *
 (c)(1) Except for transportation by aircraft, the total net
quantity of hazardous materials contained in one item of machinery or
apparatus must not exceed the following:
 (i) In the case of solids or liquids, the limited quantity amount
specified in the corresponding section referenced in Column (8A) of the
Sec. 172.101 Table;
 (ii) 0.5 kg (1.1 pounds) in the case of Division 2.2 gases.
 (iii) When machinery or apparatus contains multiple hazardous
materials, the quantity of each hazardous material must not exceed the
quantity specified in the corresponding section referenced in Column
(8A) of the Sec. 172.101 Table, or for gases, paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of
this section.
 (2) For transportation by aircraft, the total net quantity of
hazardous materials contained in one item of machinery or apparatus
must not exceed the following:
 (i) 1 kg (2.2 pounds) in the case of solids;
 (ii) 0.5 L (0.1 gallons) in the case of liquids;
 (iii) 0.5 kg (1.1 pounds) in the case of Division 2.2 gases.
Division 2.2 gases with subsidiary risks and refrigerated liquefied
gases are not authorized;
 (iv) A total quantity of not more than the aggregate of that
permitted in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section, for
each category of material in the package, when a package contains
hazardous materials in two or more of the categories in paragraphs
(c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section; and
 (d) Except for transportation by aircraft, when a package contains
hazardous materials in two or more of the categories listed in
paragraph (c)(1) of this section the total quantity required by Sec.
172.202(c) of this subchapter to be entered on the shipping paper must
be either the aggregate quantity, or the estimated quantity, of all
hazardous materials, expressed as net mass.
0
30. In Sec. 173.224, revise paragraph (b)(4), the table to paragraph
(b), and paragraph (c) to read as follows:
Sec. 173.224 Packaging and control and emergency temperatures for
self-reactive materials.
* * * * *
 (b) * * *
 (4) Packing method. Column 4 specifies the highest packing method
which is authorized for the self-reactive material. A packing method
corresponding to a smaller package size may be used, but a packing
method corresponding to a larger package size may not be used. The
Table of Packing Methods in Sec. 173.225(d) defines the packing
methods. Bulk packagings for Type F self-reactive substances are
authorized by Sec. 173.225(f) for IBCs and Sec. 173.225(h) for bulk
packagings other than IBCs. The formulations listed in Sec. 173.225(f)
for IBCs and in Sec. 173.225(g) for portable tanks may also be
transported packed in accordance with packing method OP8, with the same
control and emergency temperatures, if applicable. Additional bulk
packagings are authorized if approved by the Associate Administrator.
* * * * *
 Self-Reactive Materials Table
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Control
 Self-reactive substance Identification Concentration Packing temperature Emergency Notes
 No. (%) method ([deg]C) temperature
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetone-pyrogallol copolymer 2-diazo-1-naphthol-5-sulphonate.. 3228 100 OP8 .............. .............. .........
Azodicarbonamide formulation type B, temperature controlled... 3232 =88 + 1 g/L;
 (2) Within the foam carrier, inner packagings are segregated from
each other by a minimum distance of 40 mm and from the wall of the
outer packaging by a minimum distance of 70 mm. The package may contain
up to two layers of such foam matrices, each carrying up to twenty-
eight inner packagings;
 (3) The outer packaging consists only of corrugated fiberboard
boxes (4G) having minimum dimensions of 60 cm (length) by 40.5 cm
(width) by 30 cm (height) and minimum wall thickness of 1.3 cm.
 (vi) When dry ice or liquid nitrogen is optionally used as a
coolant for quality control measures, all applicable requirements of
this subchapter must be met. Interior supports must be provided to
secure the inner packagings in the original position after the ice or
dry ice has dissipated. If ice is used, the outside packaging or
overpack must be leakproof. If dry ice is used, the requirements in
Sec. 173.217 must be met. The inner and outer packagings must maintain
their integrity at the temperature of the refrigerant used as well as
the temperatures and the pressures which could result if refrigeration
were lost.
0
31. In Sec. 173.225, revise the table to paragraph (c), the heading of
the table to paragraph (d), paragraph (e), paragraph (g) introductory
text, and the heading to the table to paragraph (g) to read as follows:
Sec. 173.225 Packaging requirements and other provisions for organic
peroxides.
* * * * *
 (c) * * *
 (8) * * *
 Table to Paragraph (c): Organic Peroxide Table
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Diluent (mass %) Temperature ( [deg]C)
 Technical name ID No. Concentration ------------------------------ Water Packing ----------------------- Notes
 (mass %) A B I (mass %) method Control Emergency
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) (2) (3) (4a) (4b) (4c) (5) (6) (7a) (7b) (8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetyl acetone peroxide........ UN3105 =48 ........ ........ >=8 OP7 ........ ........... 2
Acetyl acetone peroxide [as a UN3106 =12 OP4 -10 0 ........
 peroxide.
Acetyl cyclohexanesulfonyl UN3115 =68 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
 peroxide.
tert-Amyl hydroperoxide........ UN3107 =6 ........ ........ >=6 OP8 ........ ........... ........
tert-Amyl peroxyacetate........ UN3105 =38 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
tert-Amyl peroxybenzoate....... UN3103 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 carbonate.
tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
tert-Amyl peroxyneodecanoate... UN3119 =53 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
tert-Amyl peroxypivalate....... UN3113 =23 ........ ......... OP5 10 15 ........
tert-Amyl peroxypivalate....... UN3119 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 10 15 ........
tert-Amyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3105 42-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 9
tert-Butyl cumyl peroxide...... UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... 9
n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)valerate.
n-Butyl-4,4-di-(tert- UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)valerate.
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3103 >79-90 ........ ........ ........ >=10 OP5 ........ ........... 13
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3105 =20 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 4, 13
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3107 14 OP8 ........ ........... 13, 16
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide....... UN3109 =28 OP8 ........ ........... 13
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide [and] UN3103 9 ........ ........ ........ >=7 OP5 ........ ........... 13
 Di-tert-butylperoxide.
tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3102 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3103 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate... UN3108 =48 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl monoperoxymaleate UN3108 52-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxyacetate....... UN3103 >32-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxyacetate....... UN3109 =68 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3103 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3105 >52-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 1
tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate...... UN3109 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxybutyl fumarate UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxycrotonate..... UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
tert-Butyl peroxydiethylacetate UN3113 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP6 20 25 ........
 ethylhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3117 >32-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP8 30 35 ........
 ethylhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3118 =48 ......... OP8 20 25 ........
 ethylhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3119 =68 ........ ......... OP8 40 45 ........
 ethylhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3106 =14 ........ >=60 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 ethylhexanoate [and] 2,2-di-
 (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3115 =33 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
 ethylhexanoate [and] 2,2-di-
 (tert-Butylperoxy)butane.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3105 52-77 ........ >=23 ........ ......... OP5 15 20 ........
tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate... UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 15 20 ........
tert-Butylperoxy UN3103 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 isopropylcarbonate.
1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 isopropyl)-3-
 isopropenylbenzene.
1-(2-tert-Butylperoxy UN3108 =58 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 isopropyl)-3-
 isopropenylbenzene.
tert-Butyl peroxy-2- UN3103 77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate.. UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate UN3119 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate. UN3115 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate UN3117 67-77 >=23 ........ ........ ......... OP5 0 10 ........
tert-Butyl peroxypivalate...... UN3115 >27-67 ........ >=33 ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
tert-Butyl peroxypivalate...... UN3119 =73 ........ ......... OP8 30 35 ........
tert-Butylperoxy UN3106 37-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3106 =58 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 trimethlyhexanoate.
tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5- UN3109 =63 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylhexanoate.
3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3102 >57-86 ........ ........ >=14 ......... OP1 ........ ........... ........
[[Page 27891]]

3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3106 =3 >=40 OP7 ........ ........... ........
3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid..... UN3106 =6 >=17 OP7 ........ ........... ........
Cumyl hydroperoxide............ UN3107 >90-98 =10 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 13, 15
Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate....... UN3115 =13 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate....... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate [as a UN3119 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
Cumyl peroxypivalate........... UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)...... UN3104 =9 OP6 ........ ........... 13
Cyclohexanone peroxide(s)...... UN3105 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5
Cyclohexanone peroxide(s) [as a UN3106 68 ........ ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
Diacetone alcohol peroxides.... UN3115 =26 ........ >=8 OP7 40 45 5
Diacetyl peroxide.............. UN3115 =73 ........ ......... OP7 20 25 8,13
Di-tert-amyl peroxide.......... UN3107 =43 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 =18 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
 amylperoxy)cyclohexane.
Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3102 >52-100 ........ ........ 77-94 ........ ........ ........ >=6 OP4 ........ ........... 3
Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3104 =23 OP6 ........ ........... ........
Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3106 =28 >=10 OP7 ........ ........... ........
Dibenzoyl peroxide [as a paste] UN3106 >52-62 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 21
Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3106 >35-52 ........ ........ >=48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
Dibenzoyl peroxide............. UN3107 >36-42 >=18 ........ ........ =15 OP8 ........ ........... ........
Dibenzoyl peroxide [as a paste] UN3108 =65 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
Di-(4-tert- UN3114 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
Di-tert-butyl peroxide......... UN3109 =48 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 24
Di-tert-butyl peroxyazelate.... UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
2,2-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)butane UN3103 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP6 ........ ........... ........
1,6-Di-(tert- UN3103 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxycarbonyloxy)hexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3101 >80-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3103 >52-80 >=20 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)- UN3103 =28 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 30
 cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3105 >42-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3106 =13 ........ >=45 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3107 =25 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 22
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-Butylperoxy) UN3109 =63 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =25 >=50 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3109 =13 >=74 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert- UN3105 =41 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexane + tert-
 Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate.
Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3115 >27-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3117 =73 ........ ......... OP8 -10 0 ........
Di-n-butyl peroxydicarbonate UN3118 52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP4 -20 -10 6
Di-sec-butyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
Di-(tert-butylperoxyisopropyl) UN3106 >42-100 ........ ........ =58 ......... Exempt ........ ........... ........
 benzene(s).
Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate. UN3105 >42-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
Di-(tert-butylperoxy)phthalate UN3106 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
2,2-Di-(tert- UN3105 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)propane.
2,2-Di-(tert- UN3106 =13 ........ >=45 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)propane.
[[Page 27892]]

1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3101 >90-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 >57-90 >=10 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =23 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3103 =10 ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 30
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3110 =43 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =43 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)-3,3,5- UN3107 =26 >=42 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylcyclohexane.
Dicetyl peroxydicarbonate...... UN3120 =23 OP5 ........ ........... ........
Di-4-chlorobenzoyl peroxide.... Exempt =68 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3118 52-100 ........ ........ =48 ......... Exempt ........ ........... 29
Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3112 >91-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP3 10 15 ........
Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate. UN3114 =9 OP5 10 15 ........
Dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate UN3119 =58 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.
2,2-Di-(4,4-di(tert- UN3107 =78 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)cyclohexyl)propane.
Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3102 =23 OP5 ........ ........... ........
Di-2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide UN3106 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
 peroxydicarbonate.
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3113 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
 peroxydicarbonate.
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3115 =23 ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
 peroxydicarbonate.
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) UN3119 =73 ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
Di-(1- UN3106 32-52 ........ >=48 ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
Diisobutyryl peroxide [as a UN3119 =68 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
Diisopropylbenzene UN3106 =5 ........ ........ >=5 OP7 ........ ........... 17
 dihydroperoxide.
Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3112 >52-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 -15 -5 ........
Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3115 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3115 =68 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -15 -5 ........
Dilauroyl peroxide............. UN3106 =48 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
 peroxydicarbonate.
Di-(2-methylbenzoyl)peroxide... UN3112 =13 OP5 30 35 ........
Di-(4-methylbenzoyl)peroxide UN3106 =58 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
 Benzoyl (3-methylbenzoyl) 82-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3106 =18 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di- UN3104 =18 OP5 ........ ........... ........
 (benzoylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >90-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3105 >52--90 >=10 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 =23 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexane.
[[Page 27893]]

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3109 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3108 86-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3103 >52-86 >=14 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(tert- UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)hexyne-3.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(2- UN3113 =18 OP6 ........ ........... ........
 dihydroperoxyhexane.
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di-(3,5,5- UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 trimethylhexanoylperoxy)hexane.
1,1-Dimethyl-3- UN3117 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 0 10 ........
 hydroxybutylperoxyneoheptanoat
 e.
Dimyristyl peroxydicarbonate... UN3116 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -10 0 ........
 neodecanoylperoxyisopropyl)ben
 zene.
Di-(2-neodecanoyl- UN3119 85-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.
Di-(2- UN3106 =15 OP7 ........ ........... ........
 phenoxyethyl)peroxydicarbonate.
Dipropionyl peroxide........... UN3117 =73 ........ ......... OP8 15 20 ........
Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate.. UN3113 =23 ........ ......... OP5 -20 -10 ........
Disuccinic acid peroxide....... UN3102 >72-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP4 ........ ........... 18
Disuccinic acid peroxide....... UN3116 =28 OP7 10 15 ........
Di-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl) UN3115 >52-82 >=18 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
 peroxide.
Di-(3,5,5- UN3119 38-52 >=48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 10 15 ........
 peroxide.
Di-(3,5,5- UN3119 =62 ........ ........ ......... OP8 20 25 ........
 trimethylhexanoyl)peroxide.
Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =33 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 amylperoxy)butyrate.
Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3103 >77-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)butyrate.
Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3105 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)butyrate.
Ethyl 3,3-di-(tert- UN3106 =48 ......... OP7 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxy)butyrate.
1-(2-ethylhexanoylperoxy)-1,3- UN3115 =45 >=10 ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
 Dimethylbutyl peroxypivalate.
tert-Hexyl peroxyneodecanoate.. UN3115 =29 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
tert-Hexyl peroxypivalate...... UN3115 =28 ........ ......... OP7 10 15 ........
3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3115 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
 peroxyneodecanoate.
3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl UN3119 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP8 -5 5 ........
 peroxyneodecanoate.
Isopropyl sec-butyl UN3111 =38 ........ ........ ......... OP7 -20 -10 ........
 peroxydicarbonate + Di-sec- + =28 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 13
p-Menthyl hydroperoxide........ UN3105 >72-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 13
p-Menthyl hydroperoxide........ UN3109 =28 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
Methylcyclohexanone peroxide(s) UN3115 =33 ........ ......... OP7 35 40 ........
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3101 =48 ........ ........ ......... OP5 ........ ........... 5, 13
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3105 =55 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide(s) UN3107 =60 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 7
Methyl isobutyl ketone UN3105 =19 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 5, 23
 peroxide(s).
Methyl isopropyl ketone UN3109 (See remark 31) >=70 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... 31
 peroxide(s).
Organic peroxide, liquid, UN3103 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
 sample.
Organic peroxide, liquid, UN3113 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
 sample, temperature controlled.
Organic peroxide, solid, sample UN3104 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
Organic peroxide, solid, UN3114 ............... ........ ........ ........ ......... OP2 ........ ........... 12
 sample, temperature controlled.
3,3,5,7,7-Pentamethyl-1,2,4- UN3107 =15 OP8 ........ ........... 13, 20,
 acid [with not more than 7% 28
 hydrogen peroxide].
Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic Exempt =60 Exempt ........ ........... 28
 acid [with not more than 20%
 hydrogen peroxide].
Peroxyacetic acid or peracetic UN3109 =62 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
Pinanyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3105 >56-100 ........ ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 13
Pinanyl hydroperoxide.......... UN3109 =44 ........ ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
Polyether poly-tert- UN3107 =48 ........ ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 butylperoxycarbonate.
Tetrahydronaphthyl UN3106 =28 ........ ......... OP7 -5 5 ........
 peroxyneodecanoate.
1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl UN3119 =23 ........ ........ ......... OP7 0 10 ........
 peroxypivalate.
3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl- UN3110 =18 ........ >=65 ......... OP8 ........ ........... ........
 1,4,7-triperoxonane.
3,6,9-Triethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl- UN3105 =58 ........ ........ ......... OP7 ........ ........... 26
 1,4,7-triperoxonane.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes:
1. For domestic shipments, OP8 is authorized.
2. Available oxygen must be =36% diluent type A by mass, and in addition ethylbenzene.
23. With >=19% diluent type A by mass, and in addition methyl isobutyl ketone.
24. Diluent type B with boiling point >100 C.
25. No ``Corrosive'' subsidiary risk label is required for concentrations below 56%.
26. Available oxygen must be 130 [deg]C (266 [deg]F).
31. Available oxygen