Hours of Service of Drivers: Application for Renewal of Exemption

Federal Register, Volume 79 Issue 77 (Tuesday, April 22, 2014)

Federal Register Volume 79, Number 77 (Tuesday, April 22, 2014)


Pages 22571-22573

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office www.gpo.gov

FR Doc No: 2014-09104




Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

Docket No. FMCSA-2010-0027

Hours of Service of Drivers: Application for Renewal of Exemption

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of final disposition; grant of application for exemption renewal.


SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to grant RockTenn's request for a renewal of its exemption from the hours-of-service (HOS) regulation that prohibits drivers from operating property-carrying commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) after the 14th hour after coming on duty. FMCSA renews this limited exemption for RockTenn's shipping department employees and

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occasional substitute commercial driver's license (CDL) holders who transport paper mill products short distances between its shipping and receiving locations on a public road. The exemption is restricted to a specific 275 foot route in Chattanooga, Tennessee. This exemption will allow these individuals to occasionally work up to 16 consecutive hours and be allowed to return to work with less than the mandatory 10 consecutive hours off duty.

DATES: This exemption is effective from April 17, 2014 (12:01 a.m.), through April 16, 2016 (11:59 p.m.).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Pearlie Robinson, FMCSA Driver and Carrier Operations Division, Office of Carrier, Driver and Vehicle Safety Standards, Telephone: 202-366-4325. Email: MCPSD@dot.gov.



Under 49 U.S.C. 31315 and 31136(e), FMCSA may grant an exemption from many of the safety regulations, including the HOS requirements in 49 CFR part 395, for a two-year period if it finds ``such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety that would be achieved absent such exemption'' (49 CFR 381.305(a)).

Request for Exemption

Under 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2), a property-carrying CMV driver is prohibited from operating a CMV on a public road after the end of the 14th hour after coming on duty following 10 or more consecutive hours off duty.

The initial RockTenn exemption application for relief from the HOS rule was submitted in 2009; a copy of the application is in the docket. That application fully described the nature of shipping operations encountered by CMV drivers employed by RockTenn. On April 17, 2012, the Agency granted RockTenn's current exemption from the HOS regulation that prohibits drivers from operating property-carrying commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) after the 14th hour after coming on duty. That exemption expires on April 16, 2014.

RockTenn operates a paper mill located in Chattanooga, Tennessee, its principal place of business. Its shipping and receiving departments are on opposite sides of the paper mill, requiring driver-employees to travel on a public road to shuttle trailers as needed. These drivers utilize a public road--Compress Street--an average of forty times per day to travel between RockTenn's manufacturing facility, and shipping and receiving docks. These drivers do not transport any material farther than the paper mill lots and/or Compress Street. The distance traveled on Compress Street is approximately 275 feet in one direction, and one tractor is used to perform this work.

RockTenn's shipping department currently works 12-hour shifts for 4 days, and then allows employees 4 days off duty. The schedule is subject to change. Usually there are two shipping department employees on each shift. One employee drives a fork-lift truck loading trailers with finished goods, and the other operates the tractor shuttling trailers. These employees do not drive a CMV continuously during their shift(s).

At times, RockTenn may operate on three 8-hour shifts with employees working a double (16-hour) shift when ``rotating back.'' According to RockTenn, the problem arises because of the double-shift, and also on occasion when a shipping department driver does not report for work as scheduled. On a Monday, for example, if an individual worked the weekend, his or her shift would normally have to ``hurry back'' within 8 hours. As a result of the mandatory 10 hours off-duty requirement for drivers, without the exemption RockTenn would be required to schedule these drivers' shifts to start later than other employees. This would create at least 2 hours when the company cannot load or transport trailers with finished goods due to the absence of the drivers. Furthermore, as a result of the 14-hour driving window, they would ``work short'' without the exemption, creating on-time delivery issues for other employees, who are allowed to work an entire ``double shift'' (16 hours) when necessary.

RockTenn requested a limited exemption from 49 CFR part 395 for its shipping department CMV drivers, as well as others with a valid CDL who on occasion must substitute, allowing all such drivers to drive as late as the 16th hour since coming on duty and return to work with a minimum of at least 8 hours off duty. If exempt from the normal HOS requirements, these employees could follow the same work schedule as other RockTenn employees on their shift, and would be able to work for the full 16 hours of a ``double shift.'' RockTenn could therefore minimize the chances of delayed shipments that might occur if their drivers were not allowed to work the same schedule as other employees.

RockTenn acknowledged in its application that these drivers would still be subject to all of the other FMCSRs, including possessing a CDL, random drug testing, medical certification, and other driver-

qualification requirements.

A copy of RockTenn's application for exemption renewal is available for review in the docket for this notice.


On January 29, 2014 (79 FR 4802), FMCSA published notice of this application, and asked for public comment. The Agency received one comment. The commenter recommended that the exemption not be granted but did not provide a substantive basis for the recommendation.

FMCSA Decision

The FMCSA has evaluated RockTenn's application for exemption and the public comment. The Agency believes that RockTenn's overall safety performance as reflected in its ``satisfactory'' safety rating, as well as a number of other factors discussed below, will likely enable it to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety achieved without the exemption (49 CFR 381.305(a)).

This exemption is being renewed under extremely narrow conditions. The exemption is restricted to CDL holders employed by RockTenn who are exclusively assigned to a specific route. This route is entirely on one street (Compress Street), between the shipping and receiving departments--approximately 275 feet in one direction. The CMVs operated by RockTenn's shipping department shuttle drivers will be exposed to travel on a public road for only very brief periods of time. Although two crashes were reported for two drivers of RockTenn's locations in Alabama and Kentucky RockTenn has experienced no crashes or other safety issues as a result of CMV operations conducted under its current exemption, which has been in effect since April 17, 2012.

The exemption enables RockTenn's shipping department employees and occasional substitute CDL holders who transport paper mill products between the shipping and receiving locations to work up to 16 consecutive hours in a duty period and return to work with a minimum of at least 8 hours off duty when necessary. This is comparable to current HOS regulations that allow certain ``short-haul'' drivers a 16-hour driving ``window'' once a week and other non-CDL short-haul drivers two 16-hour duty periods per week, provided specified conditions are met. Furthermore, 49 CFR 381.305(a) specifies that motor carriers ``. . . may

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apply for an exemption if one or more FMCSR prevents you from implementing more efficient or effective operations that would maintain a level of safety equivalent to, or greater than, the level achieved without the exemption.''

Terms of the Exemption

Period of the Exemption

The exemption from the requirements of 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) (the ``14-hour rule'') is granted for the period from 12:01 a.m. on April 17, 2014, through 11:59 p.m. on April 16, 2016, for drivers employed by RockTenn operating CMVs on Compress Street in Chattanooga, Tennessee, between the company's shipping and receiving departments.

Extent of the Exemption

These drivers must comply will all other applicable provisions of the FMCSRs.


In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31315(d), during the period this exemption is in effect, no State shall enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with or is inconsistent with this exemption with respect to a firm or person operating under the exemption.

Notification to FMCSA

RockTenn must notify FMCSA within 5 business days of any accident (as defined in 49 CFR 390.5), involving any of the motor carrier's CMVs operating under the terms of this exemption. The notification must include the following information:

  1. Date of the accident,

  2. City or town, and State, in which the accident occurred, or closest to the accident scene,

  3. Drivers name and license number,

  4. Vehicle number and state license number,

  5. Number of individuals suffering physical injury,

  6. Number of fatalities,

  7. The police-reported cause of the accident,

  8. Whether the driver was cited for violation of any traffic laws, motor carrier safety regulations, and

  9. The total driving time and total on-duty time period prior to the accident. Reports filed under this provision shall be emailed to MCPSD@DOT.GOV.


FMCSA does not believe the drivers covered by this exemption will experience any deterioration of their safety record. However, should this occur, FMCSA will take all steps necessary to protect the public interest, including revocation of the exemption. The FMCSA will immediately revoke the exemption for failure to comply with its terms and conditions.

Issued on: April 14, 2014.

William Bronrott,

Deputy Administrator.

FR Doc. 2014-09104 Filed 4-21-14; 8:45 am