President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 207 (Friday, October 25, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 207 (Friday, October 25, 2019)]
[Presidential Documents]
[Pages 57309-57311]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office []
[FR Doc No: 2019-23525]
                        Presidential Documents
Federal Register / Vol. 84 , No. 207 / Friday, October 25, 2019 /
Presidential Documents
Title 3--
The President
[[Page 57309]]
                Executive Order 13895 of October 22, 2019

President's Council of Advisors on Science and
                By the authority vested in me as President by the
                Constitution and the laws of the United States of
                America, and in order to establish an advisory council
                on science and technology, it is hereby ordered as
                Section 1. Purpose. In every age of our Nation's
                history, American ingenuity has driven technological
                progress and the promise of the American Dream.
                Scientific advancement has improved the lives of our
                citizens, created jobs and better futures for American
                workers, and kept the American people safe at home and
                abroad. American thinkers, inventors, and
                entrepreneurs, empowered by free-market capitalism and
                driven by bold ideas, have created an ecosystem of
                innovation that is the envy of the world, making our
                Nation prosperous and strong.
                Since World War II, our Nation's greatest scientists
                and engineers have advised the Federal Government,
                guiding the United States through the nuclear age, the
                mission to the moon, and the transformations of the
                digital revolution. Emerging technologies like
                artificial intelligence and quantum information science
                are now on the horizon, and how we address their
                development will determine whether they give rise to
                new American industries or challenge American values.
                With American leadership facing fierce global
                competition, today more than ever our Nation is in need
                of new approaches for unleashing the creativity of our
                research enterprise and empowering private sector
                innovation to ensure American technological dominance.
                Through collaborative partnerships across the American
                science and technology enterprise, which includes an
                unmatched constellation of public and private
                educational institutions, research laboratories,
                corporations, and foundations, the United States can
                usher extraordinary new technologies into homes,
                hospitals, and highways across the world. These
                technologies would have American values at their core.
                By strengthening the ties that connect government,
                industry, and academia, my Administration will champion
                a new era of American research and innovation, which
                will give rise to new discoveries that create the
                industries of the future.
                Sec. 2. Establishment. The President's Council of
                Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) is hereby
                established. The PCAST shall be composed of the
                Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy
                (the ``Director''), and not more than 16 additional
                members appointed by the President. These additional
                members shall include distinguished individuals from
                sectors outside of the Federal Government. They shall
                have diverse perspectives and expertise in science,
                technology, education, and innovation. The Director
                shall serve as the Chair of the PCAST.
                Sec. 3. Functions. (a) The PCAST shall advise the
                President on matters involving science, technology,
                education, and innovation policy. The Council shall
                also provide the President with scientific and
                technical information that is needed to inform public
                policy relating to the American economy, the American
                worker, national and homeland security, and other
                topics. The PCAST shall meet regularly and shall:
(i) respond to requests from the President or the Director for information,
analysis, evaluation, or advice;
[[Page 57310]]
(ii) solicit information and ideas from a broad range of stakeholders on
contemporary topics of critical importance to the Nation in order to inform
policy making. Stakeholders include the research community, the private
sector, universities, national laboratories, State and local governments,
and non-profit organizations;
(iii) serve as the advisory committee identified in subsection 101(b) of
the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-194), as amended
(15 U.S.C. 5511(b)). In performing the functions of such advisory
committee, the PCAST shall be known as the President's Innovation and
Technology Advisory Committee; and
(iv) serve as the advisory panel identified in section 4 of the 21st
Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act (Public Law 108-153),
as amended (15 U.S.C. 7503). In performing the functions of such advisory
committee, the PCAST shall be known as the National Nanotechnology Advisory
                    (b) The PCAST shall provide advice to the National
                Science and Technology Council in response to requests
                from that Council.
                Sec. 4. Administration. (a) The heads of executive
                departments and agencies shall, to the extent permitted
                by law, provide the PCAST with information concerning
                scientific and technological matters when requested by
                the PCAST Chair.
                    (b) In consultation with the Director, the PCAST
                may create standing subcommittees and ad hoc groups,
                including technical advisory groups to assist the PCAST
                and provide preliminary information to the PCAST.
                    (c) The Director may request that members of the
                PCAST, its standing subcommittees, or ad hoc groups who
                do not hold a current clearance for access to
                classified information, receive security clearance and
                access determinations pursuant to Executive Order 12968
                of August 2, 1995 (Access to Classified Information),
                as amended, or any successor order.
                    (d) The Department of Energy shall provide such
                funding and administrative and technical support as the
                PCAST may require.
                    (e) Members of the PCAST shall serve without any
                compensation for their work on the PCAST, but may
                receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of
                subsistence, as authorized by law for persons serving
                intermittently in the government service (5 U.S.C.
                Sec. 5. Termination. The PCAST shall terminate 2 years
                from the date of this order unless extended by the
                Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) Insofar as the Federal
                Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. App.)
                (FACA), may apply to the PCAST, any functions of the
                President under the FACA, except that of reporting to
                the Congress, shall be performed by the Secretary of
                Energy in accordance with the guidelines and procedures
                established by the Administrator of General Services.
                    (b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to
                impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or
the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
                    (c) This order shall be implemented consistent with
                applicable law and subject to the availability of
                    (d) This order is not intended to, and does not,
                create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,
                enforceable at law or in equity by any party against
                the United States, its departments, agencies, or
                entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any
                other person.
[[Page 57311]]
                Sec. 7. Revocation. Executive Order 13539 of April 21,
                2010 (President's Council of Advisors on Science and
                Technology), as amended, is hereby revoked.

                    (Presidential Sig.)
                THE WHITE HOUSE,
                    October 22, 2019.
[FR Doc. 2019-23525
Filed 10-24-19; 8:45 am]
Billing code 3295-F0-P