Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions, DHS/CBP - 014 Regulatory Audit Archive System.
Federal Register: December 19, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 245) Proposed Rules Page 77543-77544From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] DOCID:fr19de08-27DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITYOffice of Security 6 CFR Part 5 Docket No. DHS-2008-0176Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; DHS/USSS-003Non-Criminal Investigation Information SystemAGENCY: Department of Homeland Security.ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is giving concurrent notice of a revised and updated system of records pursuant to thePrivacy Act of 1974 for the DHS United States Secret Service--003 Non-Criminal Investigation Information System system of records and this proposed rulemaking. In this proposed rulemaking, the Department proposes to exempt portions of the system of records from one or more provisions of the Privacy Act because of criminal, civil, and administrative enforcement requirements.DATES: Comments must be received on or before January 20, 2009.ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by docket number DHS- 2008-0176, by one of the following methods:Federal e-Rulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov.Follow the instructions for submitting comments.Fax: 1-866-466-5370.Mail: Hugo Teufel III, Chief Privacy Officer, Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC 20528.Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number for this notice. All comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided.Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov.FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For general questions and privacy issues, please contact: Hugo Teufel III (703-235-0780), Chief PrivacyOfficer, Privacy Office, U.S. Department of Homeland Security,Washington, DC 20528.SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background: Pursuant to the savings clause in the Homeland Security Act of 2002, the Department of HomelandSecurity (DHS) and United States Secret Service (USSS) have relied on preexisting Privacy Act systems of records notices for the collection and maintenance of records that concern DHS/USSS-003 Non-CriminalInvestigation Information System records.As part of its efforts to streamline and consolidate its PrivacyAct record systems, DHS/USSS is updating and reissuing a DHS/USSS system of records under the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a) for USSS records that concern individuals involved in non-criminal statutory investigations and/or requirements. Information related investigations into employee activities is retired into DHS/All 020 Internal Affairs published in the Federal Register on November 14, 2008 73 FR 67529; information related to claims against USSS is retired into DHS/All-013Claims published in the Federal Register on October 28, 2008 at 73 FR 63987; and information related to employment and security clearance suitability are retired in DHS/OS1 Office of Security Files, publishedSeptember 12, 2006 71 FR 53700. This will ensure that all organizational parts of USSS follow the same privacy rules for collecting and handling records non-criminal USSS investigation records. In this notice of proposed rulemaking, DHS now is proposing to exempt DHS/USSS-003 Non-Criminal Investigation Information System, in part, from certain provisions of the Privacy Act.The Privacy Act embodies fair information principles in a statutory framework governing the means by which the United States Government collects, maintains, uses, and disseminates personally identifiable information. The Privacy Act applies to information that is maintained in a ``system of records.'' A ``system of records'' is a group of any records under the control of an agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the individual or by some identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the individual.Individuals may request their own records that are maintained in a system of records in the possession or under the control of DHS by complying with DHS Privacy Act regulations, 6 CFR part 5.The Privacy Act requires each agency to publish in the FederalRegister a description of the type and character of each system of records that the agency maintains, and the routine uses that are contained in each system in order to make agency recordkeeping practices transparent, to notify individuals regarding the uses to which personally identifiable information is put, and to assist individuals in finding such files within the agency.The Privacy Act allows Government agencies to exempt certain records from the access and amendment provisions. If an agency claims an exemption, however, it must issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to make clear to the public the reasons why a particular exemption is claimed.DHS is claiming exemptions from certain requirements of the PrivacyAct for DHS/USSS-003 Non-Criminal Investigation Information System.Some information in Non-Criminal Investigation Information System relates to law enforcement, training, and protective services to thePresident of the United States or other individuals pursuant to Section 3056 and 3056A of Title 18. These exemptions are needed to protect information relating to DHS activities from disclosure to subjects or others related to these activities. Specifically, the exemptions are required to preclude subjects of these activities from frustrating these processes; to avoid disclosure of activity techniques; to protect the identities and physical safety of confidential informants and law enforcement personnel; to ensure DHS' ability to obtain information from third parties and other sources; to protect the privacy of third parties; to protect testing materials; and to safeguard records in connection with providing protective services to the President of theUnited States or other individuals pursuant to Section 3056 and 3056A of Title 18. Disclosure of information to the subject of the inquiry could also permit the subject to avoid detection or apprehension.The exemptions proposed here are standard law enforcement and national security exemptions exercised by a large number of Federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies. In appropriate circumstances, where compliance would not appear to interfere with or adversely affect the law enforcement purposes of this system and the overall law enforcement process, the applicable exemptions may be waived on a case by case basis.A notice of system of records for DHS/USSS-003 Non-CriminalInvestigation Information System is also published in this issue of theFederal Register. Page 77544List of Subjects in 6 CFR Part 5Freedom of information; Privacy.For the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS proposes to amendChapter I of Title 6, Code of Federal Regulations, as follows:PART 5--DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS AND INFORMATION 1. The authority citation for Part 5 continues to read as follows:Authority: 6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.; Public Law 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135; 5 U.S.C. 301. Subpart A also issued under 5 U.S.C. 552.Subpart B also issued under 5 U.S.C. 552a. 2. Add at the end of Appendix C to Part 5, the following new paragraph ``14'':Appendix C to Part 5--DHS Systems of Records Exempt From the PrivacyAct* * * * * 14. The Department of Homeland Security DHS/USSS-003 Non-Criminal Investigation Information System system of records consists of electronic and paper records and will be used by DHS and its components. DHS/USSS-003 Non-Criminal Investigation InformationSystem is a repository of information held by DHS in connection with its several and varied missions and functions, including, but not limited to: The enforcement of civil and criminal laws; investigations, inquiries, and proceedings thereunder; protection of the President of the United States or other individuals pursuant toSection 3056 and 3056A of Title 18; and protection of testing materials. DHS/USSS-003 Non-Criminal Investigation InformationSystem contains information that is collected by, on behalf of, in support of, or in cooperation with DHS and its components and may contain personally identifiable information collected by otherFederal, State, local, tribal, foreign, or international government agencies. Pursuant to exemption 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2) of the PrivacyAct, portions of this system are exempt from 5 U.S.C. 552a(c)(3) and(4); (d); (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (e)(4)(G), (e)(4)(H), (e)(4)(I),(e)(5) and (e)(8); (f), and (g). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(2),(3), (5), and (6) this system is exempt from the following provisions of the Privacy Act, subject to the limitations set forth in those subsections: 5 U.S.C. 552a(c)(3), (d), (e)(1), (e)(4)(G),(e)(4)(H), (e)(4)(I), and (f). Exemptions from these particular subsections are justified, on a case-by-case basis to be determined at the time a request is made, for the following reasons:(a) From subsection (c)(3) and (4) (Accounting for Disclosures) because release of the accounting of disclosures could alert the subject of an investigation of an actual or potential criminal, civil, or regulatory violation to the existence of the investigation, and reveal investigative interest on the part of DHS as well as the recipient agency. Disclosure of the accounting would therefore present a serious impediment to law enforcement efforts and/or efforts to preserve national security. Disclosure of the accounting would also permit the individual who is the subject of a record to impede the investigation, to tamper with witnesses or evidence, and to avoid detection or apprehension, which would undermine the entire investigative process.(b) From subsection (d) (Access to Records) because access to the records contained in this system of records could inform the subject of an investigation of an actual or potential criminal, civil, or regulatory violation, to the existence of the investigation, and reveal investigative interest on the part of DHS or another agency. Access to the records could permit the individual who is the subject of a record to impede the investigation, to tamper with witnesses or evidence, and to avoid detection or apprehension. Amendment of the records could interfere with ongoing investigations and law enforcement activities and would impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring investigations to be continuously reinvestigated. In addition, permitting access and amendment to such information could disclose security-sensitive information that could be detrimental to homeland security.(c) From subsection (e)(1) (Relevancy and Necessity ofInformation) because in the course of investigations into potential violations of Federal law, the accuracy of information obtained or introduced occasionally may be unclear or the information may not be strictly relevant or necessary to a specific investigation. In the interests of effective law enforcement, it is appropriate to retain all information that may aid in establishing patterns of unlawful activity.(d) From subsection (e)(2) (Collection of Information fromIndividuals) because requiring that information be collected from the subject of an investigation would alert the subject to the nature or existence of an investigation, thereby interfering with the related investigation and law enforcement activities.(e) From subsection (e)(3) (Notice to Subjects) because providing such detailed information would impede law enforcement in that it could compromise investigations by: Revealing the existence of an otherwise confidential investigation and thereby provide an opportunity for the subject of an investigation to conceal evidence, alter patterns of behavior, or take other actions that could thwart investigative efforts; reveal the identity of witnesses in investigations, thereby providing an opportunity for the subjects of the investigations or others to harass, intimidate, or otherwise interfere with the collection of evidence or other information from such witnesses; or reveal the identity of confidential informants, which would negatively affect the informant's usefulness in any ongoing or future investigations and discourage members of the public from cooperating as confidential informants in any future investigations.(f) From subsections (e)(4)(G), (H), and (I) (AgencyRequirements), and (f) (Agency Rules) because portions of this system are exempt from the individual access provisions of subsection (d) for the reasons noted above, and therefore DHS is not required to establish requirements, rules, or procedures with respect to such access. Providing notice to individuals with respect to existence of records pertaining to them in the system of records or otherwise setting up procedures pursuant to which individuals may access and view records pertaining to themselves in the system would undermine investigative efforts and reveal the identities of witnesses, and potential witnesses, and confidential informants.(g) From subsection (e)(5) (Collection of Information) because in the collection of information for law enforcement purposes it is impossible to determine in advance what information is accurate, relevant, timely, and complete. Compliance with (e)(5) would preclude DHS agents from using their investigative training, and exercise of good judgment to both conduct and report on investigations.(h) From subsection (e)(8) (Notice on Individuals) because compliance would interfere with DHS' ability to obtain, serve, and issue subpoenas, warrants, and other law enforcement mechanisms that may be filed under seal, and could result in disclosure of investigative techniques, procedures, and evidence.(i) From subsection (g) to the extent that the system is exempt from other specific subsections of the Privacy Act relating to individuals' rights to access and amend their records contained in the system. Therefore DHS is not required to establish rules or procedures pursuant to which individuals may seek a civil remedy for the agency's: refusal to amend a record; refusal to comply with a request for access to records; failure to maintain accurate, relevant timely and complete records; or failure to otherwise comply with an individual's right to access or amend records.Dated: December 10, 2008.Hugo Teufel III,Chief Privacy Officer, Department of Homeland Security. FR Doc. E8-29880 Filed 12-18-08; 8:45 amBILLING CODE 4410-10-P