Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 236 / Tuesday, December 8, 2020 / Presidential Documents
in AI, protects our Nation’s values, and remains consistent with all applicable
laws, including those related to privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties.
(b) It is the policy of the United States that responsible agencies, as
defined in section 8 of this order, shall, when considering the design,
development, acquisition, and use of AI in Government, be guided by the
common set of Principles set forth in section 3 of this order, which are
designed to foster public trust and confidence in the use of AI, protect
our Nation’s values, and ensure that the use of AI remains consistent with
all applicable laws, including those related to privacy, civil rights, and
(c) It is the policy of the United States that the Principles for the use
of AI in Government shall be governed by common policy guidance issued
by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as outlined in section
4 of this order, consistent with applicable law.
Sec. 3. Principles for Use of AI in Government. When designing, developing,
acquiring, and using AI in the Federal Government, agencies shall adhere
to the following Principles:
(a) Lawful and respectful of our Nation’s values. Agencies shall design,
develop, acquire, and use AI in a manner that exhibits due respect for
our Nation’s values and is consistent with the Constitution and all other
applicable laws and policies, including those addressing privacy, civil rights,
and civil liberties.
(b) Purposeful and performance-driven. Agencies shall seek opportunities
for designing, developing, acquiring, and using AI, where the benefits of
doing so significantly outweigh the risks, and the risks can be assessed
(c) Accurate, reliable, and effective. Agencies shall ensure that their appli-
cation of AI is consistent with the use cases for which that AI was trained,
and such use is accurate, reliable, and effective.
(d) Safe, secure, and resilient. Agencies shall ensure the safety, security,
and resiliency of their AI applications, including resilience when confronted
with systematic vulnerabilities, adversarial manipulation, and other malicious
(e) Understandable. Agencies shall ensure that the operations and outcomes
of their AI applications are sufficiently understandable by subject matter
experts, users, and others, as appropriate.
(f) Responsible and traceable. Agencies shall ensure that human roles
and responsibilities are clearly defined, understood, and appropriately as-
signed for the design, development, acquisition, and use of AI. Agencies
shall ensure that AI is used in a manner consistent with these Principles
and the purposes for which each use of AI is intended. The design, develop-
ment, acquisition, and use of AI, as well as relevant inputs and outputs
of particular AI applications, should be well documented and traceable,
as appropriate and to the extent practicable.
(g) Regularly monitored. Agencies shall ensure that their AI applications
are regularly tested against these Principles. Mechanisms should be main-
tained to supersede, disengage, or deactivate existing applications of AI
that demonstrate performance or outcomes that are inconsistent with their
intended use or this order.
(h) Transparent. Agencies shall be transparent in disclosing relevant infor-
mation regarding their use of AI to appropriate stakeholders, including the
Congress and the public, to the extent practicable and in accordance with
applicable laws and policies, including with respect to the protection of
privacy and of sensitive law enforcement, national security, and other pro-
(i) Accountable. Agencies shall be accountable for implementing and en-
forcing appropriate safeguards for the proper use and functioning of their
applications of AI, and shall monitor, audit, and document compliance
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