Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Hearing


Federal Register, Volume 83 Issue 31 (Wednesday, February 14, 2018)

Federal Register Volume 83, Number 31 (Wednesday, February 14, 2018)


Pages 6701-6702

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov

FR Doc No: 2018-03044



Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

Docket No. FMCSA-2017-0058

Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Hearing

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of final disposition.


SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to exempt 91 individuals from the hearing requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. The exemptions enable these hard of hearing and deaf individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce.

DATES: The exemptions were applicable on December 26, 2017. The exemptions expire on December 26, 2019.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, email protected, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366-9826.


  1. Electronic Access

    You may see all the comments online through the Federal Document Management System (FDMS) at: http://www.regulations.gov.

    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments, go to http://www.regulations.gov and/or Room W12-140 on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

    Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to http://www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at http://www.dot.gov/privacy.

  2. Background

    On October 11, 2017, FMCSA published a notice announcing receipt of applications from 91 individuals requesting an exemption from the hearing requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11) to operate a CMV in interstate commerce and requested comments from the public (FR 82 47294). The public comment period ended on November 13, 2017 and two comments were received.

    FMCSA has evaluated the eligibility of these applicants and determined that granting exemptions to these individuals would achieve a level of safety equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved by complying with the current regulation 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11).

    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding hearing found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11) states that a person is physically qualified to driver a CMV if that person first perceives a forced whispered voice in the better ear at not less than 5 feet with or without the use of a hearing aid or, if tested by use of an audiometric device, does not have an average hearing loss in the better ear greater than 40 decibels at 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz, and 2,000 Hz with or without a hearing aid when the audiometric device is calibrated to American National Standard (formerly ASA Standard) Z24.5-1951.

    49 CFR 391.41(b)(11) was adopted in 1970, with a revision in 1971 to allow drivers to be qualified under this standard while wearing a hearing aid, 35 FR 6458, 6463 (April 22, 1970) and 36 FR 12857 (July 3, 1971).

  3. Discussion of Comments

    FMCSA received two comments in this proceeding. Don Lefeve, President and CEO of the Commercial Vehicle Training Association (CVTA) wrote opposing over the road training of hearing-impaired individuals, pointing out the Safety Risks and the Liability it poses, and in addition expressed concerns for the far reaching ramifications of allowing deaf or hard of hearing drivers to test, train and/or drive commercially and concerns regarding the process by which hearing exemptions are granted from parts 49 CFR 394.41. FMCSA acknowledges CVTA's concerns and a response to these comments will be published in a subsequent notice.

    Ira Levinson, a hearing exemption applicant wrote inquiring when he may expect to receive his exemption.

    Basis for Exemption Determination

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315(b), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the hearing standard in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11) if the exemption is likely to achieve an equivalent or greater level of safety than would be achieved without the exemption. The exemption allows the applicants to operate CMVs in interstate commerce.

    The Agency's decision regarding these exemption applications is based on current medical information and literature, and the 2008 Evidence Report, ``Executive Summary on Hearing, Vestibular Function and Commercial Motor Driving Safety.'' The evidence report reached two conclusions regarding the matter of hearing loss and CMV driver safety: (1) No studies that examined the relationship between hearing loss and crash risk exclusively among CMV drivers were identified; and (2) evidence from studies of the private driver's license holder population does not support the contention that individuals with hearing impairment are at an increased risk for a crash. In addition, the Agency reviewed each applicant's driving record found in the Commercial

    Page 6702

    Driver's License Information System (CDLIS), for commercial driver's license (CDL) holders, and inspections recorded in the Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS). For non-CDL holders, the Agency reviewed the driving records from the State Driver's Licensing Agency (SDLA). Each applicant's record demonstrated a safe driving history. Based on an individual assessment of each applicant that focused on whether an equal or greater level of safety is likely to be achieved by permitting each of these drivers to drive in interstate commerce as opposed to restricting him or her to driving in intrastate commerce, the Agency believes the drivers granted this exemption have demonstrated that they do not pose a risk to public safety.

    Consequently, FMCSA finds that in each case exempting these applicants from the hearing standard in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11) is likely to achieve a level of safety equal to that existing without the exemption.

  4. Conditions and Requirements

    The terms and conditions of the exemption are provided to the applicants in the exemption document and includes the following: (1) Each driver must report any crashes or accidents as defined in 49 CFR 390.5; (2) each driver must report all citations and convictions for disqualifying offenses under 49 CFR part 383 and 49 CFR 391 to FMCSA; and (3) each driver is prohibited from operating a motorcoach or bus with passengers in interstate commerce. The driver must also have a copy of the exemption when driving, for presentation to a duly authorized Federal, State, or local enforcement official. In addition, the exemption does not exempt the individual from meeting the applicable CDL testing requirements.

  5. Preemption

    During the period the exemption is in effect, no State shall enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with this exemption with respect to a person operating under the exemption.

  6. Conclusion

    Based upon its evaluation of the 91 exemption applications, FMCSA exempts the following drivers from the hearing standard, 49 CFR 391.41(b)(11), subject to the requirements cited above:

    Mario Alverado (CA)

    Shey C. Amberson (FL)

    Kasseth Andrews (MA)

    Steven Andrews (FL)

    Randy Bailey (NJ)

    Ivan Batista (NJ)

    Larry G. Beeson (NC)

    Deontae Blanks (TX)

    Daryl A. Broker (MN)

    Justin Brooks (WA)

    Daniel Camp (GA)

    Joseph Caplan (CT)

    Vincente Carreon (TX)

    Richard N. Casto (OH)

    Blair D. Chappell (PA)

    Christa B. Coppley (NC)

    Leslie Crump (IN)

    William Darnell (AZ)

    Travis K. Davisson (IA)

    Sean M. Dearsman (OH)

    Shane DiBernado (CO)

    James Edmonson (LA)

    Gary Effner (MA)

    Mitchell R. Estill (MO)

    Jerey Exum (TX)

    William F. Farrell (WI)

    Lucius Fowler (IL)

    Bruce Francechi (NY)

    Buddy Gann (IN)

    Blanca Gerardo (TX)

    Teela Gilmore (GA)

    Douglas M. Gray (OR)

    John Grebenc (MN)

    Kimberly Gumm (IN)

    Conrad Hause (MD)

    John Hayt III (FL)

    Raymond E. Henk (TX)

    Jorge L. Hernandez (TX)

    Andrew J Hippler (ID)

    Charles Holbrook (MD)

    Paul Hoover (PA)

    Buford G Hudson (KY)

    Thomas Gensen (IA)

    Charles J. Jernigan, Jr. (SC)

    James M. Johnson (MN)

    Matthew Jones (CA)

    Ronald L. Jones (OK)

    Wayne A. Kramas (WI)

    Daniel Krytosek (MN)

    Nicholas Kulasa (IL)

    Ryan R. Larkin (MA)

    Aaron S. Leader (AZ)

    Brian Levinson (FL)

    Benjamin Lockwood (TX)

    Srephen O. Lothamer (MI)

    Pete Love Jr. (NE)

    John R. Martikainen (CT)

    Cory McDaniel (PA)

    Jamarques McMahon (TX)

    Ty McRae (GA)

    David. W. Morgan (ID)

    Coltin Mueller (WI)

    Eddie P. Naquin (TX)

    Ernest O. Noel (IN)

    Robert C. Oliver (WA)

    Tim S. Oyler (UT)

    Douglas Pfueger (MO)

    Charles L. Pitt (AL)

    Jonathan Pitts (MD)

    Robert F. Quintero (IL)

    Jonathan Ramos (NE)

    James E. Redmond (IL)

    Lucas Robinson (OH)

    David Rowe (CO)

    Dustin Sargent (TX)

    Carl Seabough (FL)

    Johnny Seng (RI)

    Michael Singleton (TX)

    Marshall Smith (TX)

    Lonnie D. Stockton (TX)

    Robert S. Swafford (OK)

    Michael Swetnam (TX)

    Courtney D. Turner (VA)

    Cory Twombly (NY)

    Gary Wallace (NC)

    James R. Wilson (MS)

    Melanie Wilson (TX)

    Ricky M. Winslow (MI)

    Jerry E. Wright (NC)

    Kedir Yimamu (VA)

    Edward J. Zozaya (AZ)

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31315, each exemption will be valid for two years from the effective date unless revoked earlier by FMCSA. The exemption will be revoked if the following occurs: (1) The person fails to comply with the terms and conditions of the exemption; (2) the exemption has resulted in a lower level of safety than was maintained prior to being granted; or (3) continuation of the exemption would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of 49 U.S.C. 31136 and 31315.

    Issued on: February 7, 2018.

    Larry W. Minor,

    Associate Administrator for Policy.

    FR Doc. 2018-03044 Filed 2-13-18; 8:45 am