Plant protection and quarantine: Phytosanitary treatments,

 
CONTENT

[Federal Register: June 7, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 108)]

[Rules and Regulations]

[Page 33263-33326]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr07jn05-17]

[[Page 33263]]

Part II

Department of Agriculture

Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Parts 300, 301, 305, et al.

Phytosanitary Treatments; Location of Treatment Schedules and Other Requirements; Final Rule

[[Page 33264]]

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Parts 300, 301, 305, 318, and 319

[Docket No. 02-019-1]

Phytosanitary Treatments; Location of Treatment Schedules and Other Requirements

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Final rule.

SUMMARY: This final rule amends the plant health regulations by adding to 7 CFR part 305 treatment schedules and related requirements that now appear in the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual and by removing the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual from the list of material that is incorporated by reference into the regulations. We are taking this action to simplify the process for amending treatment schedules and related requirements and to more clearly distinguish between treatment-related requirements and nonbinding administrative information, which the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual also contains.

EFFECTIVE DATE: June 7, 2005.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Meredith C. Jones, Regulatory Coordination Specialist, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 141, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; (301) 734-7467.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The regulations in 7 CFR parts 300 to 399 (referred to below as the regulations) are intended, among other things, to prevent the introduction or spread of plant pests and noxious weeds into or within the United States. Under the regulations, certain plants, fruits, vegetables, and other articles must be treated before they may be moved into the United States or interstate. Most of the phytosanitary treatments authorized by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are contained in the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual. Among other things, the PPQ Treatment Manual contains approximately 400 treatment schedules, detailed instructions for administering the treatments, and requirements for certification of facilities that administer the treatments.

Prior to this rule, the PPQ Treatment Manual was incorporated by reference into the regulations at 7 CFR 300.1. In this document, we are amending 7 CFR part 300, ``Incorporation by Reference,'' to remove the PPQ Treatment Manual from the list of materials incorporated.

We are adding the portions of the PPQ Treatment Manual that prescribe the treatment schedules, instructions for administering the treatments, and requirements for certification of facilities that administer the treatments to 7 CFR part 305, ``Phytosanitary Treatments.'' The purpose of part 305 is to provide treatment schedules and other requirements related to approved treatments; it does not indicate whether treatment is required for a particular article to be imported or moved interstate. Whether treatment is required for a commodity will continue to be indicated in the regulations in 7 CFR part 301, the domestic quarantine notices; part 318, the Hawaiian and territorial quarantine notices; part 319, the foreign quarantine notices; on a permit; or by an inspector.

One of the reasons that we are adding the treatment schedules and other requirements to part 305 is to distinguish the treatment schedules and other treatment-related requirements from administrative information in the PPQ Treatment Manual that has no regulatory purpose. In addition to the treatment provisions, the PPQ Treatment Manual contains useful information such as operational procedures for port inspectors, conversion tables, instructions for using treatment and safety equipment, and a reference guide to commercial suppliers of treatment and safety equipment. It also contains copies of U.S. Coast Guard regulations related to shipboard fumigation, as well as other technical information. We believe that placing the treatment schedules and other requirements related to treatments in part 305 will clearly distinguish those requirements that APHIS intends to enforce from other, nonbinding information.

Another reason for placing the treatment schedules and other requirements in part 305 is to simplify and improve the efficiency of our rulemaking process for rules involving phytosanitary treatments. Materials that have been incorporated by reference into the CFR have the same force and effect as the regulations themselves, without taking up what may be a large number of pages in the CFR. The Office of the Federal Register must approve the incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. If that material is later revised, and the agency wishes to have the revision incorporated by reference, the revision must also be approved by the Office of the Federal Register for incorporation by reference. While incorporation by reference can save time and space in the CFR by allowing an agency to refer to an already published document rather than duplicating that material in the CFR, the process is inefficient when the document that is incorporated by reference is frequently updated, as occurs with the PPQ Treatment Manual.

For example, on October 1, 2002, we published a proposed rule in the Federal Register to amend 7 CFR part 319 allow the importation of various fruits and vegetables into the United States under specified conditions (Docket No. 02-026-1, 67 FR 61547-61564). In some cases, the specified conditions included treatments, which needed to be added to the PPQ Treatment Manual. Therefore, before the final rule could be published, the changes to the PPQ Treatment Manual had to be reviewed and approved by the Office of the Federal Register, and the final rule, in addition to amending part 319, also amended part 300 to show that revisions to the PPQ Treatment Manual had been approved for incorporation by reference (Docket No. 02-026-4, 68 FR 37904-37923, published and effective on June 25, 2003). Including the treatment provisions directly in the regulations rather than incorporating them by reference will eliminate the separate approval process required for material incorporated by reference and could make new and amended treatment provisions available to the public sooner.

In conjunction with adding treatment schedules and other requirements to part 305, we are amending the regulations in parts 301, 318, and 319 by removing references to the PPQ Treatment Manual and adding references to part 305. Except as discussed below, we have not moved treatment schedules that are already in the CFR in parts 301, 318, and 319 to part 305. We intend to move those treatment schedules to part 305 in future rulemakings.

Treatment Schedules Moved to Part 305 From Other Parts

Sections 318.13-4a and 318.58-4a of part 318 and Sec. 319.56-2c of part 319 authorize the use of quick freeze treatment for certain fruits and vegetables. We have moved the provisions of these sections that pertain directly to treatment to part 305. Specifically, we have included in Sec. 305.1 a definition of the term quick freeze that is derived from paragraph (a) of those sections. This definition reads: ``A commercially acceptable method of

[[Page 33265]]

quick freezing at subzero temperatures with subsequent storage and transportation at not higher than 20 [deg]F. Methods that accomplish this are known as quick freezing, sharp freezing, cold pack, or frozen pack, but may be any equivalent commercially acceptable freezing method.'' We have also moved to part 305 provisions from those sections regarding inspection of the fruits and vegetables upon arrival. These provisions state that the fruits or vegetables may not be removed from the vessel or vehicle transporting them until an inspector has determined that they are in a satisfactory frozen state upon arrival (i.e., at 20 [deg]F or below). They further state that if the temperature of the fruits or vegetables in any part of a shipment is found to be above 20 [deg]F at the time of inspection upon arrival, the entire shipment must remain on board the vessel or vehicle under such safeguards as may be prescribed by the inspector until the temperature of the shipment is below 20 [deg]F, or the shipment is transported outside the United States or its territorial waters, or is otherwise disposed of to the satisfaction of the inspector.

Since the definition of quick freeze and the requirements for maintaining this frozen state have been moved from Sec. Sec. 318.13- 4a, 318.58-4a, and 319.56-2c to part 305, we have amended all three sections to state that quick freezing is authorized in accordance with part 305. Because the Agency's liability for treatment is discussed in Sec. 305.2, we have removed the paragraphs from each section that pertain to treatment liability. In addition, we have made minor, nonsubstantive changes to those sections, such as changing ``Deputy Administrator'' to ``Administrator'' and redesignating paragraphs, and replacing a reference to the Caroline Islands with references to Palau and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Section 319.75-4 of part 319 contained treatment schedules for khapra beetle. These schedules had typographical errors and inconsistencies with the treatment schedules for khapra beetle in the PPQ Treatment Manual. For example, a treatment schedule at Sec. 319.74(a)(3)(iii) indicated that methyl bromide could be applied at temperatures below 40 [deg]F--a temperature range that is not authorized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and that would not effectively neutralize the pest. The correct schedules from the PPQ Treatment Manual are now included in part 305, and we have removed the treatment schedules from Sec. 319.75-4 and added a reference to part 305. This eliminates duplication of the treatment schedules and the errors contained in Sec. 319.75-4.

Duplication of Some Treatment Schedules

In a few cases, we are adding treatment schedules now located in parts 301 and 318 to part 305, without, at this time, removing the treatment schedules from parts 301 and 318. In these cases, the fruits and vegetables may be moved interstate from areas within the United States that are under Federal quarantine if they are treated either according to treatment schedules found in the PPQ Treatment Manual or according to different treatment schedules found in parts 301 and 318. To ensure that persons referring to part 305 find all approved treatments for these fruits and vegetables will be able to find all applicable treatment schedules in one place in the CFR, we have duplicated in part 305 the treatment schedules for these fruits and vegetables that had only been found in parts 301 and 318. We are leaving the treatment schedules in parts 301 and 318 temporarily to ensure that readers know they are still valid. The format of these treatment schedules in part 305 has, in some cases, been altered to be consistent with the other schedules we are adding to part 305.

We are not duplicating in part 305 any of the treatment schedules found in part 319. We intend to move all the treatment schedules in part 319 to part 305 in a separate rulemaking.

Removal of Some Treatment Schedules From the CFR

In Sec. 319.40-7 of part 319, paragraph (f) set out requirements for fumigation with methyl bromide of logs, lumber, and other unmanufactured wood products. Paragraph (f) referred to specific treatment schedules in the PPQ Treatment Manual and set out other schedules that could be used in lieu of the PPQ Treatment Manual schedules. In lieu of treatment schedule T-404 in the PPQ Treatment Manual, paragraphs (f)(1)(ii), (f)(2), and (f)(3)(ii) provided for fumigation to be conducted with an initial methyl bromide concentration of at least 120 grams per cubic meter with exposure and concentration levels adequate to provide a concentration-time product of at least 1920 gram-hours calculated on the initial methyl bromide concentration. However, this standard is impossible to achieve given normal decreases in fumigant concentration and is therefore never used. We have, therefore, removed this alternative schedule from Sec. 319.40- 7(f)(1)(ii), (f)(2), and (f)(3)(ii). The alternative treatment schedules in Sec. 319.40-7(f)(1)(i) and (f)(3)(i) remain. We have replaced references to the PPQ Treatment Manual with references to part 305.

Correction of Some Treatment Schedules

We have also corrected errors contained in treatment schedules in the PPQ Treatment Manual. Specifically, in a treatment for corn seed (treatment schedule T510-2), the temperature for steam is shown as 40

[deg] F in the PPQ Treatment Manual. The correct temperature of at least 240 [deg]F is now given in part 305. A methyl bromide treatment schedule for khapra beetle (T301-b-1-2) incorrectly stated that the treatment is to be conducted at normal atmospheric pressure. We have corrected that treatment schedule in part 305 to specify that the treatment is to be conducted in vacuum fumigation chambers. A treatment for citrus seeds from countries where citrus canker exists (T511-1) specified a 0.525 percent concentration of sodium hypochlorite for a chemical dip treatment, while the regulations at Sec. 319.37-6(e) specified a concentration of 200 parts per million. The regulations are correct, and part 305 contains the corrected treatment schedule. Both the regulations at Sec. 319.56-2ii(b) and the PPQ Treatment Manual stated that a vapor heat treatment for mangoes from the Philippines (T106-d- 1) was approved for all Bactrocera spp. fruit flies; in fact, it is only approved for Bactrocera occipitalis and B. philippinensis. Part 305 contains the corrected treatment schedule. Finally, in a cold treatment schedule for pecans and hickory nuts (T107-g), the PPQ Treatment Manual lists the temperature range within which the treatment is to be conducted as 32 [deg]F or below; the correct temperature range is 0 [deg]F or below, and part 305 contains the corrected treatment schedule.

Except to correct the errors just discussed, part 305 retains the descriptions of treated articles, treatment schedules, and instructions for administering treatments that had been contained in the PPQ Treatment Manual. In some cases, this has meant retaining schedules and administration instructions that appear to be substantively identical; the three hot water immersion treatment schedules in Sec. 305.22, for example, differ only in wording. In other cases, we have retained language that may be ambiguous; in vapor heat treatment schedule T106- e, the treatment instructions state that fruit must be held at 114.8

[deg] F or above for 20 minutes, without stating whether 20 minutes is a minimum time or the exact time for

[[Page 33266]]

which that temperature must be held. We are currently reviewing the provisions of the PPQ Treatment Manual that we have moved into part 305 in this final rule, and we may amend part 305 in the future to address issues such as those described above. If we undertake such amendments, we will do so through notice-and-comment rulemaking.

In the course of transferring the requirements for treatment facilities to part 305 from the Treatment Manual, we edited the requirements to make them more performance based, clear, and concise, and to eliminate redundancy. However, these requirements were not changed in any substantive way.

The amended content of part 305 is discussed below in general terms; specific requirements for phytosanitary treatments are contained in the rule portion of this document.

Amended Part 305

Definitions

We are amending Sec. 305.1 by adding several definitions for types of treatments and terms related to administering treatments. Specifically, we are adding definitions for the following terms: Autoclaving, cold treatment, forced hot air, fumigant, fumigation, hitchhiker pest, hot water immersion dip, irradiation, methyl bromide, phosphine, quick freeze, Section 18 of Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), sulfuryl fluoride, steam heat, vacuum fumigation, and vapor heat. The definitions for each of these terms are located below in the rule portion of the document, along with the terms and definitions that were already included in part 305, prior to this rule.

We are also amending the definition of inspector, which had previously been defined as ``Any employee of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service or other person authorized by the Administrator to inspect and certify the plant health status of plants and products under this part,'' to reflect the fact that some inspection responsibilities have been transferred to the Department of Homeland Security's Bureau of Customs and Border Protection.

Approved Treatments

Prior to this rule, Sec. 305.2 contained provisions for the irradiation treatment of imported fruits and vegetables for certain fruit flies and a mango seed weevil. Since irradiation treatment of imported fruits and vegetables will now be one of a number of treatments located in part 305, we are reorganizing the part, and we have redesignated the section concerning irradiation of imported fruits and vegetables as Sec. 305.31. Section 305.2 now lists the commodities for which approved treatments are available.

The listed commodities are alpha grass and handicrafts; bags, bagging materials, and covers; broomcorn and broomcorn articles; cotton and cotton products; cut flowers and greenery; equipment; fruits and vegetables; garbage; hay, baled; materials or products that could be infested by khapra beetle; miscellaneous nonfood, nonfeed commodities; plants, bulbs, corms, tubers, rhizomes, and roots; railroad cars (empty); rice straw and hulls; seeds; ships, containers, and surrounding area; skins (goatskins, lambskins, and sheepskins); soil; sugarcane; and wood products. The commodities, except for fruits and vegetables, are primarily arranged alphabetically by the type of commodity, followed by pests of concern and approved treatment schedules.

The list of fruits and vegetables is arranged first by the area of origin of the fruit or vegetable, including specific foreign countries and quarantined areas in the United States. Currently, treatment is authorized for fruits and vegetables from specific regions in 7 CFR parts 301, 318, and 319 or in departmental permits issued in accordance with 7 CFR part 319. Although the origin of fruits and vegetables is seldom identified in the PPQ Treatment Manual, we have included this information in the list of approved treatments for fruits and vegetables, when possible, to assist importers, individuals who administer the treatments, and others in determining whether a treatment is available for admissible fruits or vegetables from a specific country or quarantined area within the United States. In cases where a treatment is approved for a commodity but not associated with a specific country or other area of origin, the commodity is listed under ``All.'' Beside each area of origin, we list specific fruits and vegetables from those areas for which a treatment is authorized. Alongside the specific commodity for which treatment is authorized, the list shows the pest of concern followed by the treatment schedule that may be used to treat the commodity for that pest.

Some treatment schedules are set out in Sec. 305.2, but in most cases, the treatment schedules identified are located in a subsequent subpart according to the type of treatment--chemical, cold, quick freeze, heat, irradiation, various treatments for garbage, and miscellaneous. Most listed treatments are identified by a combination of capital letters and a ``T'' (treatment) number (e.g., MB T104-a-1). The capital letters indicate the type of treatment (e.g., MB refers to methyl bromide fumigation), and the ``T'' number (e.g., T104-a-1) refers to a specific treatment schedule. Listed treatments that duplicate schedules in part 301 have acronymic identifiers; for example, a treatment schedule to neutralize Oriental fruit fly in fruits and vegetables using fumigation with methyl bromide is identified as MBOFF. (It was not necessary to introduce acronymic identifiers for listed treatments that duplicate schedules in part 318; irradiation is the only treatment for which a schedule was duplicated from part 318, and it is identified by the generic abbreviation IR.)

Chemical Treatments

The first section (Sec. 305.5) within the subpart for chemical treatments contains requirements for facility certification, treatment monitoring, and treatment procedures. One of the requirements is that all chemical applications must be administered in accordance with an EPA-approved pesticide label and the APHIS-approved treatment schedule. It is possible that EPA may cancel the approval for use of a pesticide on a commodity before APHIS has had the opportunity to remove the associated treatment schedule for that commodity. If EPA cancels the approval for use of a pesticide on a commodity, the schedule is no longer authorized. If the commodity is not listed on the label or does not have a section 18 exemption under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), then no chemical treatment is available.

The next five sections provide the treatment schedules for administering methyl bromide (Sec. 305.6); phosphine (Sec. 305.7); sulfuryl fluoride (Sec. 305.8); aerosol spray for aircraft (Sec. 305.9); combination treatments (Sec. 305.10), which combine chemical treatments with nonchemical treatments, such as fumigation with methyl bromide and cold treatment; and miscellaneous chemical treatments (Sec. 305.11). The treatment schedules set out requirements that are within the limits authorized by EPA. However, to ensure that an actionable pest is neutralized with minimal effect on the quality of the commodity, the schedules may be more specific than what is stated on the pesticide label.

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Nonchemical Treatments

Nonchemical treatments are organized into six subparts: Cold treatment, quick freeze, heat treatment, irradiation, various treatment for garbage, and miscellaneous treatments.

The subpart for cold treatment contains treatment requirements (Sec. 305.15) and treatment schedules (Sec. 305.16). The treatment requirements in Sec. 305.15 cover facility and carrier approval, treatment enclosures, treatment monitoring, compliance agreements for cold treatment facilities located in the United States, work plans for cold treatment facilities located outside the United States, and treatment procedures.

The subpart for quick freeze treatment lists commodities for which quick freeze is authorized and prohibited in Sec. 305.17 and sets out treatment schedule T110 in Sec. 305.18.

The subpart for heat treatments includes treatment requirements (Sec. 305.20) and treatment schedules for hot water dip (Sec. 305.21), hot water immersion (Sec. 305.22), steam sterilization (Sec. 305.23), vapor heat (Sec. 305.24), dry heat (Sec. 305.25), heat treatment for materials or products that could be infested by khapra beetle (Sec. 305.26), forced hot air (Sec. 305.27), and kiln sterilization (Sec. 305.28). The treatment requirements in Sec. 305.20 cover facility certification, treatment monitoring, compliance agreements for heat treatment facilities located in the United States, work plans for facilities located outside the United States, and treatment procedures.

(Note: APHIS certification of facilities that administer approved phytosanitary treatments always involves the preparation of a compliance agreement for facilities within the United States, or the preparation of a work plan for facilities outside the United States. The compliance agreement or work plan sets out the procedures the facilities will follow and is signed by officials from APHIS and the facility (in the case of a compliance agreement) or by officials from APHIS, the facility, and the national plant protection organization of the country of export (in the case of a work plan). The PPQ Treatment Manual specifically mentions the need for a work plan in sections pertaining to certification of facilities for some types of heat treatment, but not all, and does not mention compliance agreements. For clarity and transparency, we are referencing both types of documents in part 305 under each type of heat treatment.)

The subpart for irradiation includes four sections authorizing irradiation treatment for commodities from different areas and for different pests. Irradiation treatment for imported fruits and vegetables, which was the only treatment provided for in part 305 prior to this final rule, has been moved to Sec. 305.31. This new section includes all the provisions previously in Sec. 305.2, plus two requirements from the PPQ Treatment Manual: (1) All containers or vans that will transport treated commodities must be free of pests prior to loading the treated commodities and (2) each shipment of fruits and vegetables treated outside the United States must be accompanied into the United States by a phytosanitary certificate. All of these requirements are now in Sec. 305.31. The subpart for irradiation also includes three sections, Sec. Sec. 305.32 through 305.34, that duplicate the irradiation treatments in Sec. 301.64-10(g), for regulated articles moved interstate from areas under Federal quarantine for Mexican fruit fly; in Sec. 301.78-10(c), for regulated articles moved interstate from areas under Federal quarantine for Mediterranean fruit fly; and in Sec. 318.13-4f, for certain commodities moved interstate from Hawaii.

The subpart for garbage treatments contains treatment schedules and requirements for caterers conducting the treatments under compliance agreements (Sec. 305.40). The subpart lists three treatment schedules for neutralizing insect pests and pathogens: Incineration, dry heat, and grinding and discharge into a sewer system.

The miscellaneous treatments subpart contains treatment schedules for soapy water and wax for certain fruits; warm soapy water and brushing for durian and other large fruits, such as breadfruit; and alternative treatments for plant material not tolerant to fumigation (Sec. 305.42).

Miscellaneous

We have made minor, nonsubstantive changes to parts 301, 318, and 319. In Sec. 319.56-2k, we have replaced a reference to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics with a reference to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. In parts 301, 318, and 319, we have changed references to ``he'' or ``him'' to terms that are more inclusive (e.g., ``he or she'' or ``the inspector''). Because the Oxford Plant Protection Center has moved to the Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, we have amended the address in the regulations. We have also corrected typographical errors in the regulations.

Internal Agency Management

This rule relates to internal agency management. Therefore, this rule is exempt from the provisions of Executive Orders 12866 and 12988. Moreover, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, notice of proposed rulemaking and opportunity for comment are not required for this rule, and it may be made effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. In addition, under 5 U.S.C. 804, this rule is not subject to congressional review under the Congressional Review Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104-121. Finally, this action is not a rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., the Regulatory Flexibility Act, and thus is exempt from the provisions of that Act.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). [Must be confirmed.]

List of Subjects

7 CFR Part 300

Incorporation by reference, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine.

7 CFR Part 301

Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

7 CFR Part 305

Agricultural commodities, Chemical treatment, Cold treatment, Garbage treatment, Heat treatment, Imports, Irradiation, Phytosanitary treatment, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Quick freeze, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

7 CFR Part 318

Cotton, Cottonseed, Fruits, Guam, Hawaii, Plant diseases and pests, Puerto Rico, Quarantine, Transportation, Vegetables, Virgin Islands.

7 CFR Part 319

Bees, Coffee, Cotton, Fruits, Honey, Imports, Logs, Nursery stock, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rice, Vegetables.

Accordingly, we are amending 7 CFR chapter III as follows:

PART 300--INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

0 1. The authority citation for part 300 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

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Sec. 300.1 [Removed and reserved]

0 2. Section 300.1 is removed and reserved.

PART 301--DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

0 3. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

Section 301.75-15 also issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Pub. L. 106-113, 113 Stat. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 also issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Pub. L. 106-224, 114 Stat. 400 (7 U.S.C. 1421 note).

Sec. 301.45-1 [Amended]

0 4. In Sec. 301.45-1, the definition of treatment manual is amended by removing the words ``and the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and by removing footnote 3.

Sec. 301.45-4 [Amended]

0 5. Section 301.45-4 is amended by redesignating footnote 4 as footnote 3.

Sec. 301.45-5 [Amended]

0 6. In Sec. 301.45-5, paragraph (a)(3) is amended by adding the words ``and part 305 of this chapter'' immediately after the words ``treatment manual''.

Sec. 301.45-6 [Amended]

0 7. In Sec. 301.45-6, paragraph (a) is amended by adding the words ``and part 305 of this chapter'' immediately after the words ``treatment manual''.

Sec. 301.48-1 [Amended]

0 8. Section 301.48-1 is amended by removing the definition of Treatment Manual.

Sec. 301.48-4 [Amended]

0 9. In Sec. 301.48-4, paragraph (d)(4) is amended by removing the words ``with the Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``with part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the words ``the Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

Sec. 301.52-1 [Amended]

0 10. Section 301.52-1 is amended by removing the definition of treatment manual and footnote 2.

Sec. 301.52-3 [Amended]

0 11. Section 301.52-3 is amended by redesignating footnote 3 as footnote 2.

Sec. 301.52-4 [Amended]

0 12. Section 301.52-4 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a)(3), by removing the words ``the treatment manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the treatment manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place. 0 c. In paragraph (f), by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place.

Sec. 301.52-5 [Amended]

0 13. In Sec. 301.52-5, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place.

0 14. Section 301.64-10 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place; and by removing the second sentence. 0 b. In paragraphs (d) and (e), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 c. By revising paragraph (f) to read as set forth below. 0 d. In footnote 10 and in paragraph (g)(7), by removing the address ``Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565'' and adding the address ``Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606'' in its place.

Sec. 301.64-10 Treatments.

* * * * *

(f) Citrons, litchis, longans, persimmons, and white sapotes. Cold treatment in accordance with the following schedule, which is also found in part 305 of this chapter:

Exposure Treatment ([deg]F)

period (days)

33 or below.................................................

18 34 or below.................................................

20 35 or below.................................................

22

* * * * *

Sec. 301.75-4 [Amended]

0 15. In Sec. 301.75-4, paragraph (d)(2) is amended by removing the word ``guarantined'' and adding the word ``quarantined'' in its place, both times it occurs.

Sec. 301.78-10 [Amended]

0 16. Section 301.78-10 is amended as follows: 0 a. In the introductory text, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the second sentence. 0 b. In footnote 10 and in paragraph (c)(7), by removing the address ``Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565'' and adding the address ``Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606'' in its place.

Sec. 301.81-4 [Amended]

0 17. In Sec. 301.81-4, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

Sec. 301.85-1 [Amended]

0 18. Section 301.85-1 is amended by removing the definition of treatment manual.

Sec. 301.85-2 [Amended]

0 19. Section 301.85-2, paragraph (d) is amended by adding the words ``or she'' immediately after the word ``he'', both times it occurs.

Sec. 301.85-4 [Amended]

0 20. Section 301.85-4 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a), by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place. 0 b. In paragraphs (a)(2), (b), and (e), second sentence, by removing the words ``the treatment manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 c. In paragraph (f), by adding the words ``or she'' after the word ``he'' and by adding the words ``or her'' after the word ``his''.

Sec. 301.85-5 [Amended]

0 21. In Sec. 301.85-5, paragraph (c), first sentence, is amended by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place.

Sec. Sec. 301.93-10, 301.97-10 [Amended]

0 22. The introductory text of Sec. Sec. 301.93-10, 301.97-10, is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the second sentence.

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Sec. 301.98-10 [Amended]

0 23. Section 301.98-10 is amended as follows: 0 a. In the introductory text, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the second sentence. 0 b. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

Sec. 301.99-10 [Amended]

0 24. Section 301.99-10 is amended as follows: 0 a. In the introductory text, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the second and third sentences. 0 b. In paragraph (b), first sentence, by removing the words ``as an alternative to treating the fruits as provided in the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual''. 0 c. In paragraph (c), first sentence, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

0 25. Part 305 is revised to read as follows:

PART 305--PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS

Sec. 305.1 Definitions. 305.2 Approved treatments. 305.3-305-4 [Reserved] Subpart--Chemical Treatments 305.5 Treatment requirements. 305.6 Methyl bromide fumigation treatment schedules. 305.7 Phosphine treatment schedules. 305.8 Sulfuryl fluoride treatment schedules. 305.9 Aerosol spray for aircraft treatment schedules. 305.10 Treatment schedules for combination treatments. 305.11 Miscellaneous chemical treatments. 305.12-14 [Reserved] Subpart--Cold Treatments 305.15 Treatment requirements. 305.16 Cold treatment schedules. Subpart--Quick Freeze Treatments 305.17 Authorized treatments; exceptions. 305.18 Quick freeze treatment schedule. 305.19 [Reserved] Subpart--Heat Treatments 305.20 Treatment requirements. 305.21 Hot water dip treatment schedule for mangoes. 305.22 Hot water immersion treatment schedules. 305.23 Steam sterilization treatment schedules. 305.24 Vapor heat treatment schedules. 305.25 Dry heat treatment schedules. 305.26 Khapra beetle treatment schedule for feeds and milled products. 305.27 Forced hot air treatment schedules. 305.28 Kiln sterilization treatment schedule. 305.29-305.30 [Reserved] Subpart--Irradiation Treatments 305.31 Irradiation treatment of imported fruits and vegetables for certain fruit flies and mango seed weevils. 305.32 Irradiation treatment of regulated fruit to be moved interstate from areas quarantined for Mexican fruit fly. 305.33 Irradiation treatment of regulated articles to be moved interstate from areas quarantined for Mediterranean fruit fly. 305.34 Administrative instructions prescribing methods for irradiation treatment of certain fruits and vegetables from Hawaii. 305.35-305.39 [Reserved] Subpart--Treatments for Garbage 305.40 Garbage treatment schedules for insect pests and pathogens. 305.41 [Reserved] Subpart--Miscellaneous Treatments 305.42 Miscellaneous treatment schedules.

Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

Sec. 305.1 Definitions.

The following definitions apply for the purposes of this part:

Administrator. The Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, or any person delegated to act for the Administrator in matters affecting this part.

APHIS. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture.

Autoclaving. The introduction of steam at 212 [deg]F into a pressurized enclosure containing a commodity to kill spores and other treatment-resistant pests.

Cold treatment. Exposure of a commodity to a specified cold temperature that is sustained for a specific time period to kill targeted pests, especially fruit flies.

Dose mapping. Measurement of absorbed dose within a process load using dosimeters placed at specified locations to produce a one-, two-, or three-dimensional distribution of absorbed dose, thus rendering a map of absorbed-dose values.

Dosimeter. A device that, when irradiated, exhibits a quantifiable change in some property of the device that can be related to absorbed dose in a given material using appropriate analytical instrumentation and techniques.

Dosimetry system. A system used for determining absorbed dose, consisting of dosimeters, measurement instruments and their associated reference standards, and procedures for the system's use.

Forced hot air. Hot air blown uniformly across commodities in a shipment until the pulp of each unit in the shipment of the commodity reaches a specified temperature.

Fumigant. A gaseous chemical that easily diffuses and disperses in air and is toxic to the target organism.

Fumigation. Releasing and dispersing a toxic chemical in the air so that it reaches the target organism in a gaseous state.

Hitchhiker pest. A pest that is carried by a commodity or a conveyance and, in the case of plants and plant products, does not infest those plants or plant products.

Hot water immersion dip. Complete immersion of a commodity in heated water to raise the temperature of the commodity to a specific temperature for a specified time. This treatment is usually used to kill fruit flies.

Inspector. Any individual authorized by the Administrator of APHIS or the Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security, to enforce the regulations in this part.

Irradiation. The use of irradiated energy to kill or devitalize organisms.

Methyl bromide. A colorless, odorless biocide used to fumigate a wide range of commodities.

Phosphine. Flammable gas generated from either aluminum phosphide or magnesium phosphide and used to treat stored product commodities.

Quick freeze. A commercially acceptable method of quick freezing at subzero temperatures with subsequent storage and transportation at not higher than 20 [deg]F. Methods that accomplish this are known as quick freezing, sharp freezing, cold pack, or frozen pack, but may be any equivalent commercially acceptable freezing method.

Section 18 of Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). An emergency exemption granted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to Federal or State agencies authorizing an unregistered use of a pesticide for a limited time.

Sulfuryl fluoride. An odorless, colorless, and nonflammable compressed fumigant that is used primarily to kill pests of wood.

Steam heat. The introduction of steam at 212 [deg]F or higher into an enclosure containing a commodity to kill targeted organisms.

Vacuum fumigation. Fumigation performed in a gas-tight enclosure. Most

[[Page 33270]]

air in the enclosure is removed and replaced with a small amount of fumigant. The reduction in pressure reduces the required duration of the treatment.

Vapor heat. Heated air saturated with water vapor and used to raise the temperature of a commodity to a required point for a specific period.

Sec. 305.2 Approved treatments.

(

  1. Certain commodities or articles require treatment, or are subject to treatment, prior to the interstate movement within the United States or importation or entry into the United States. Treatment is required as indicated in parts 301, 318, and 319 of this chapter, on a permit, or by an inspector.

    (1) Treatment schedules provided in this part must be followed to neutralize pests.

    (2) More information about treatment schedules is contained in the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual, which is available on the Internet at http://www. aphis. usda.gov/ ppq/manuals/

    online-- manuals.html or by contacting the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Manuals Unit, 69 Thomas Johnson Drive, Suite 100, Frederick, MD 21702.

    (3) Treatment requirements provided in this part must be followed to adequately administer treatment schedules.

    (4) APHIS is not responsible for losses or damages incurred during treatment and recommends that a sample be treated first before deciding whether to treat the entire shipment.

    (b) Alpha grass and handicrafts (Stipa tenacissima, Ampelodesmos mauritanicus). For treatment schedules, see Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation.

    Pest

    Treatment

    Harmolita spp............................. MB T304-a or MB T304-b.

    (c) Bags, bagging materials, and covers (used). The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS), and Sec. 305.25 for dry heat (DH).

    Used material

    Pest

    Treatment

    Bags and bagging material or Globodera

    MB T306-a. covers used to contain root rostochiensis. crops. Bags and bagging used for

    Potato cyst

    MB T502-1. commodities grown in soil.

    nematode. Bags and bagging material or Pectinophora spp.. MB T306-b. covers used for cotton only. Bags and bagging used for small Downy mildews and T503-1-2: Soak in grains.

    Physoderma

    water slightly diseases of maize. below boiling (212 [deg]F) for 1 hour; or SS T503-1-3; or DH T503-1-4. Flag smut......... DH T504-1-1 or SS T504-1-2. Bags and bagging material or Trogoderma

    MB T306-c-1 or MB covers.

    granarium.

    T306-c-2. Bagging from unroasted coffee Various........... MB T306-d-1 or MB beans.

    T306-d-2. Covers used for commodities Potato cyst

    MB T502-2. grown in soil.

    nematode. Covers used for small grains.... Downy mildews and T503-2-2: Soak in Physoderma

    water slightly diseases of maize. below boiling (212 [deg]F) for 1 hour; or SS T503-2-3; or DH T503-2-4. Covers used for wheat........... Flag smut......... DH T504-2-1 or SS T504-2-2.

    (d) Broomcorn and broomcorn articles. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation and Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS).

    Pest

    Treatment

    Corn-related diseases (precautionary T566-1 (broomcorn) and T566-2 treatment).

    (broomcorn articles): Completely submerge in hot water at 102 [deg]F. Ostrinia nubilalis, ticks, and saw MB T309-a or MB T309-b-1or MB flies.

    T309-b-2 or SS T309-c.

    (e) Cotton and cotton products. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation and Sec. 305.7 for phosphine (PH).

    Material

    Pest

    Treatment

    Baled lint or linters........... Pectinophora spp.. MB T301-a-3. Baled lint, linters, waste, Trogoderma

    MB T301-b-1-1 or piece goods, gin trash.

    granarium.

    MB T301-b-1-2. Cottonseed (samples and bulk)... Pectinophora spp.. T301-a-7: (1) Delint the cottonseed by applying sufficient heat (145 [deg]F) or acid or both; or (2) raise the temperature of the delinted seed during the subsequent drying process to 145 [deg]F for no less than 45 seconds or at least 140 [deg]F for no less than 8 minutes. Cottonseed, cottonseed products, T. granarium...... MB T301-b-2. or samples. Cottonseed meal................. T. granarium...... MB T301-b-3. Cotton and cotton products...... Globodera

    MB T301-c. rostochiensis. Cotton and cotton products...... Anthonomus grandis MB T301-d-1-1 or PH T301-d-1-2.

    [[Page 33271]]

    Lint, linters, cottonseed,

    Pectinophora spp.. MB T301-a-1-1 or cottonseed hulls, gin trash,

    MB T301-a-1-2. waste, cottonseed meal, or other baled or bulk commodities (except samples). Lint, linters, and cottonseed Pectinophora spp.. PH T301-a-6. (bulk, sacked, or packaged cottonseed, lint or linters, cottonseed hulls, gin trash, and all other baled or bulk cotton commodities). Lint (except baled lint or

    Pectinophora spp.. MB T301-a-2. linters), cottonseed (except packaged cottonseed), cottonseed hulls, gin trash, waste, cottonseed meal, or other baled or bulk commodities (excluding samples). Packaged cottonseed............. Pectinophora spp.. MB T301-a-4. Samples of cotton and cotton Pectinophora spp.. MB T301-a-5-1 or products.

    MB T301-a-5-2.

    (f) Cut flowers and greenery. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation.

    Pest

    Treatment

    External feeders, leafminers, hitchhikers (except for

    MB T305-a. snails and slugs), surface pests....................... Borers or soft scales................................... MB T305-b. Mealybugs............................................... MB T305-c.

    (g) Equipment. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.9 for aerosol, and Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS).

    Article

    Pest

    Treatment

    Aircraft........................ Trogoderma

    T409-a: Contact granarium.

    PPQ Regional Director for specific instructions. Hitchhiker pests Aerosol T409-b. (other than T. granarium, fruit flies, and soft- bodied insects). Fruit flies and Aerosol T409-c-1 soft-bodied

    or Aerosol T409-c- insects.

    1. Automobiles..................... Globodera

      T406-c, steam rostochiensis. cleaning: Steam at high pressure until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Construction equipment with cabs G. rostochiensis.. MB T406-b. Construction equipment without G. rostochiensis.. SS T406-d. cabs. Containers...................... G. rostochiensis.. MB T406-b. Containers...................... Potato cyst

      MB T506-1. nematode. Field and processing equipment Xanthomonas

      T514-4: Remove all (Saccharum).

      albilineans and debris and soil X. vasculorum. from equipment with water at high pressure (300 pounds per square inch minimum) or with steam. Mechanical cotton pickers and Pectinophora

      MB T407. other cotton equipment.

      gossypiella. Used farm equipment with cabs... G. rostochiensis.. T406-c, steam cleaning: Steam at high pressure until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Used farm equipment with cabs... G. rostochiensis.. MB T406-b. Used farm equipment without cabs G. rostochiensis.. SS T406-d. Used containers................. G. rostochiensis.. SS T406-d.

      (h) Fruits and vegetables. (1) Treatment of fruits and vegetables from foreign localities by irradiation in accordance with Sec. 305.31 may be substituted for other approved treatments for the mango seed weevil Sternochetus mangiferae (Fabricus) or for one or more of the following 11 species of fruit flies: Anastrepha fraterculus, A. ludens, A. obliqua, A. serpentina, A. suspensa, Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. dorsalis, B. tryoni, B. jarvisi, B. latifrons, and Ceratitis capitata.

      (2) The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.10(a) for methyl bromide fumigation and cold treatment (MB&CT), Sec. 305.10(b) for cold treatment and methyl bromide fumigation (CT&MB), Sec. 305.11 for miscellaneous chemical treatments (CMisc.), Sec. 305.16 for cold treatment (CT), Sec. 305.18 for quick freeze, Sec. 305.21 for hot water dip (HWD), Sec. 305.22 for hot water immersion (HWI), Sec. 305.24 for vapor heat (VH), Sec. 305.27 for forced hot air (FHA), Sec. Sec. 305.31 through 305.34 for irradiation (IR), and Sec. 305.42 for miscellaneous (Misc.).

      (i) Treatment for shipments from foreign localities.

      Location

      Commodity

      Pest

      Treatment schedule \1\

      All.................................. All imported fruits and Hitchhiker pests or MB T104-a-1. vegetables.

      surface pests, except mealybugs.

      [[Page 33272]]

      Mealybugs.............. MB T104-a-2. Most................... Quick freeze T110. Acorns, chestnuts (see Cydia splendana and MB T101-t-1 or MB T101- Sec. 319.56-2b of Curculio spp..

      u-1. this chapter). Banana................. External feeders such MB T101-d-1. as Noctuidae spp., Thrips spp., Copitarsia spp.. Beet................... Internal feeders....... MB T101-g-1. Beet................... External feeders....... MB T101-g-1-1. Blackberry............. External feeders such MB T101-h-1. as Noctuidae spp., Thrips spp., Copitarsia spp., Pentatomidae spp., and Tarsonemus spp.. Broccoli (includes External feeders and MB T101-n-2. Chinese and rapini). leafminers. Brussel sprouts........ External feeders and MB T101-n-2. leafminers. Cabbage (European and External feeders....... MB T101-j-1. Chinese). Cabbage (bok choy, External feeders and MB T101-n-2. napa, Chinese mustard). leafminers. Cantaloupe............. External feeders....... MB T101-k-1. Carrot................. External feeders....... MB T101-l-1. Carrot................. Internal feeders....... MB T101-m-1. Cauliflower............ External feeders and MB T101-n-2. leafminers. Celeriac (celery root). External feeders....... MB T101-n-1. Celery (above ground External feeders....... MB T101-o-1. parts). Chayote (fruit only)... External feeders....... MB T101-p-1. Cherry................. Insects other than MB T101-r-1. fruit flies. Cherry................. Rhagoletis indifferens MB T101-s-1. and Cydia pomonella. Chicory (above ground External feeders....... MB T101-v-1. parts). Chicory root........... External feeders....... MB T101-n-1. Copra.................. External feeders....... MB T101-x-1. Corn-on-the-cob........ Ostrinia nubilalis..... MB T101-x-1-1. Cucumber............... External feeders....... MB T101-y-1. Dasheen................ External feeders....... MB T101-z-1. Dasheen................ Internal feeders....... MB T101-a-2. Durian and other large External feeders....... Misc. T102-c. fruits such as breadfruit. Endive................. External feeders....... MB T101-b-2. Fava bean (dried)...... Bruchidae.............. MB T101-c-2. MB T101-d-2. Garlic................. Brachycerus spp. and MB T101-e-2. Dyspessa ulula. Ginger (rhizome)....... Internal feeders....... MB T101-f-2. Ginger (rhizome)....... External feeders....... MB T101-g-2. Grapefruit and other Aleurocanthus woglumi.. MB T101-j-2. citrus. Herbs and spices

      Various stored product MB T101-n-2-1-1. (dried).

      pests, except khapra beetle. Herbs, fresh (includes External feeders and all fresh plant parts leafminers.. except seeds). Kiwi................... External feeders,

      MB T101-m-2. Nysius huttoni. Leeks.................. Internal feeders....... MB T101-q-2. Lentils (dried)........ Bruchidae.............. MB T101-e-1. Litchi................. Mealybugs

      MB T101-b-1-1. (Pseudococcidae). Lime................... Mealybugs and other HWI T102-e. surface pests. Melon (including

      External feeders such MB T101-o-2. honeydew, muskmelon, as Noctuidae spp., and watermelon).

      Thrips spp., Copitarsia spp.. Onion.................. Internal feeders and MB T101-q-2. leafminers. Papaya................. Cercospora mamaonis and T561: Dip in hot water Phomopis carica-

      at 120.2 [deg]F for 20 papayae.

      minutes. Parsnip................ Internal feeders....... MB T101-g-1. Peas (dried)........... Bruchidae.............. MB T101-e-1. Pecans and hickory nuts Curculio caryae........ CT T107-g. Peppers................ Internal pests (except MB T101-a-3. fruit flies) and external pests (except mealybugs). Pineapple.............. Internal feeders....... MB T101-r-2 Plantain............... External feeders such MB T101-t-2. as Noctuidae spp., Thrips spp., Copitarsia spp.. Potato (white or Irish) Graphognathus spp...... MB T101-u-2.

      [[Page 33273]]

      Potato (white or Irish) Ostrinia nubilalis, MB T101-v-2. Phthorimaea operculella. Pulses (dried)......... Bruchidae.............. MB T101-e-1. Pumpkin (includes

      External feeders....... MB T101-w-2. calabaza varieties). Radish................. Internal feeders....... MB T101-g-1. Raspberry.............. External feeders such MB T101-x-2. as Noctuidae spp., Thrips spp., Copitarsia spp.. Shallots............... Internal feeders

      MB T101-q-2. including leafminers. Squash (winter, summer, External feeders....... MB T101-y-2. and chayote). Sweet potato........... External and internal MB T101-b-3-1. feeders. Strawberry............. External feeders....... MB T101-z-2. Tuna and other cactus External feeders and MB T101-e-3. fruit.

      leafminers. Turnip................. Internal feeders....... MB T101-g-1. Yam (see Sec. 319.56- Internal and external MB T101-f-3. 21 of this chapter). feeders. Zucchini............... Ceratitis capitata, VH T106-b-8. Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. dorsalis. Zucchini............... External feeders....... MB T101-h-3. Albania.............................. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Algeria.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, tangerine.. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Pear, plum, ethrog..... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Antigua and Barbuda.................. Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Argentina............................ Apple, apricot, cherry, Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. kiwi, peach, pear, (other than Anastrepha plum, nectarine,

      ludens), Ceratitis quince, pomegranate. capitata. Blueberry.............. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-i-1-1. Grape.................. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Insects other than MB T101-i-2. Ceratitis capitata and Lobesia botrana. Armenia.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a MB T101-h-2- 1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Australia............................ Apple.................. Austrotortrix spp. and CT&MB T109-d-1. Epiphyas spp., Bactrocera tryoni, Ceratitis capitata, and other fruit flies. Bactrocera tryoni...... CT T107-d. Tortricidae............ MB T101-a-1. External feeders, apple MB T101-a-1. moth. Asparagus.............. External feeders such MB T101-b-1. as Noctuidae spp., Thrips spp. (except Scirtothrips dorsalis from Thailand), Copitarsia spp.. Halotydeus destructor.. T101-b-1-1. Citrus--oranges,

      Bactrocera tryoni...... CT T107-d. grapefruits, limes, lemons, mandarins, satsumas, tangors, tangerines, and other fruits grown from this species or its hybrids (C. reticulata).

      [[Page 33274]]

      Citrus--oranges,

      Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. grapefruits, limes lemons, mandarins, satsumas, tangors, tangerines, and other fruits grown from this species or its hybrids (C. reticulata). Grape.................. Austrotortrix spp. and MB&CT T108-b or CT&MB Epiphyas spp.,

      T109-d-1. Bactrocera tryoni, Ceratitis capitata, and other fruit flies. Kiwi................... Bactrocera tryoni...... CT T107-d. Pear................... Austrotortrix spp., CT&MB and T109-d-1. Epiphyas spp., Bactrocera tryoni, Ceratitis capitata, and other fruit flies. Bactrocera tryoni...... CT T107-d. Tortricidae............ MB T101-a-1. Austria.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Aruba................................ Bean, garden (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- shelled).

      Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Green bean............. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Azerbaijan........................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Bahamas.............................. Bean (pod)............. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Pigeon pea (pod)....... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Barbados............................. Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. pigeon pea (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Belarus.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Belgium.............................. Bean, garden (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled), pea (pod or Epinotia aporema, shelled).

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Belize............................... Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. pigeon pea (pod or Epinotia aporema, shelled).

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Carambola.............. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. tangerine. Papaya................. Ceratitis capitata, FHA T103-d-2 (see Sec. Bactrocera cucurbitae, 319.56-2(j) of this B. dorsalis.

      part). Bolivia.............................. Blueberry.............. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-i-1-1.

      [[Page 33275]]

      Bosnia............................... Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Brazil............................... Apple, grape

      Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. (prohibited into

      (other than Anastrepha California).

      ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Bulgaria............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Cayman Islands....................... Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. pigeon pea (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Chile (all provinces except provinces Apricot, nectarine, External feeders....... MB T101-a-3. of Region 1 or Chanaral Township of peach, plum, plumcot. Region 3). Cherimoya.............. Brevipalpus chilensis.. Misc. T102-b (see Sec. 319.56-2z of this chapter for additional treatment information) Grape.................. External feeders....... MB T101-i-2-1. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Lemon (smooth skin).... External feeders,

      MB T101-n-2-1. Brevipalpus chilensis. Lime................... Brevipalpus chilensis.. Misc. T102-b-1. External feeders,

      MB T101-n-2-1. Brevipalpus chilensis. Passion fruit.......... Brevipalpus chilensis.. Misc. T102-b-2. Tomato................. External feeders....... MB T101-a-3. Chile (all provinces of Region 1 or Apple, cherry, pear, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Chanaral Township of Region 3).

      quince. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Apricot................ Ceratitis capitata and CT T107-a and MB T101-a- external feeders.

    2. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Avocado................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Babaco (fruit)......... Ceratitis capitata, VH T106-b-3. Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. dorsalis. External feeders....... MB T103-d-1. Blueberry.............. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-i-1-1. Grape.................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. External feeders....... MB T101-i-2-1. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Kiwi................... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Lemon (smooth skinned). External feeders,

      MB T101-n-2-1. Brevipalpus chilensis. Lime................... Brevipalpus chilensis.. Misc. T102-b-2.

      [[Page 33276]]

      External feeders,

      MB T101-n-2-1. Brevipalpus chilensis. Loquat................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Mango.................. Anastrepha spp.,

      HWD T102-a. Anastrepha ludens, Ceratitis capitata. Mountain papaya........ Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-3 or FHA T103- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis d-1. capitata. Nectarine.............. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. External feeders....... MB T101-a-3. Papaya................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-4 or FHA T103- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis d-2. capitata. Peach.................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. External feeders....... MB T101-a-3. Persimmon, sand pear... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Plum, plumcot.......... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. External feeders....... MB T101-a-3. Opuntia spp............ Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. Tomato................. Scrobipalpula absoluta, MB T101-c-3-1. Rhagoletis tomatis. China................................ Litchi................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-h. B. dorsalis, Conopomorpha sinensis. Longan................. Bactrocera dorsalis and CT T107-j. B. curcubitae. Pear (Ya variety), Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-f. Shandong Province only. B. dorsalis, Eutetranychus orientalis. Sand pear.............. Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-f. B. dorsalis, Eutetranychus orientalis. Colombia............................. Bean, garden........... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Cape gooseberry........ Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Grape.................. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. plum, tangerine, pomegranate. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Tuna................... Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. Yellow pitaya.......... Ceratitis capitata and VH T106-e. Anastrepha fraterculus. Costa Rica........................... Bean, garden........... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Bean, lima (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled), pigeon pea Epinotia aporema, (pod or shelled).

      Maruca testulalis, and leaf miners. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera MB&CT

      T108-a-1 or T108-a-2 or cucurbitae, B.

      T108-a-3. dorsalis, B. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. tangerine. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Croatia.............................. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Cyprus............................... Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana.

      [[Page 33277]]

      Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. tangerine. Czech Republic....................... Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Denmark.............................. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Dominica............................. Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Dominican Republic................... Bean (pod)............. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Goa bean (pod or

      Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leaf miners. Grape.................. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Hyacinth bean.......... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2-1. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leaf miners. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- shelled).

      Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, Melanagromyza obtusa and leaf miners. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Yard long bean (pod)... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Ecuador.............................. Apple.................. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. pigeon pea (pod or Epinotia aporema, shelled).

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Blueberry.............. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-i-1-1. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. tangerine.

      (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Pea (pod).............. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Egypt................................ Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Orange................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Pea (pod or shelled)... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Pear................... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. El Salvador.......................... Bean, garden and lima.. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers.

      [[Page 33278]]

      Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. tangerine. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Estonia.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Finland.............................. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. France............................... Apple, pear............ Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Ethrog, kiwi........... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Georgia, Republic of................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Germany.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- E B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Greece (includes Rhodes)............. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Kiwi, tangerine, ethrog Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Orange, pomegranate.... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Grenada.............................. Bean (pod)............. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulais, and leafminers. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminrs. Guadeloupe, Dept of (FR) and St. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophors

      MB T101-p-2. Barthelemy.

      gossypiella. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled), bean (pod). Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Guatemala............................ Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a.

      [[Page 33279]]

      Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. plum, tangerine. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Tuna................... Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. Guyana............................... Apple, orange.......... Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Bean (pod or shelled).. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Haiti................................ Apricot, pomegranate... Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod or shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Hungary.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. India................................ Litchi (fruit)......... Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-f. B. dorsalis Eutetranychus orientalis. Israel (includes Gaza)............... Apple, apricot,

      Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. nectarine, peach, pear, plum. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Avocado................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB T101-c-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Brassica oleracea...... External feeders and MB T101-n-2. leafminers. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, litchi, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. loquat, orange, persimmon, pomegranate, pummelo, tangerine. Horseradish root (to Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Hawaii). Lettuce (leaf), field External feeders and MB T101-n-2. grown.

      leafminers. Pea (pod or shelled)... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Tuna (fruit)........... Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. Italy................................ Ethrog (North Atlantic Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. ports only). Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana.

      [[Page 33280]]

      Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. persimmon, tangerine. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Kiwi (fruit)........... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Pea (pod or shelled)... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Tuna (fruit)........... Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. Jamaica.............................. Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Ivy gourd (fruit)...... Cydia, fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testullis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Thyme.................. External feeders and MB T101-n-2. leafminers. Japan (includes Bonian Island,

      Apple (Fuji only)...... Carposina niponensis, CT&MB T109-a-1 or T109- Ryukyu, Island Ryukyu Island, Tokara

      Conogethes

      a-2. Island, Volcano Islands).

      punctiferalis, Tetranychus viennensis, T. kanzawai. Cabbage (to Hawaii).... External feeders and MB T101-n-2. leafminers. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Jordan............................... Apple, persimmon....... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata,.... CT T107-a or MB T1011-h- 2-l. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Kazakhstan........................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108a-1 or T108-a- B. dorsalis, B.

      2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Korea, Republic of (South)........... Apple (Fuji only)...... Carposina niponensis, CT&MB T109-a-1 or T109- Conogethes

      a-2. punctiferalis, Tetranychus viennensis, T. kanzawai. Kyrgyzstan........................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Latvia............................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tyroni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Lebanon.............................. Apple.................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Libya................................ Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Lithuania............................ Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana.

      [[Page 33281]]

      Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Luxembourg........................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Macedonia............................ Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Martinique, Dept. of (FR)............ Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Mexico............................... Apple, cherry, peach, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. plum, tangerine. Brassica spp.,

      External feeders such MB T101-b-1. Chenopodium spp.,

      as Noctuidae spp., cilantro.

      Thrips spp. (except Scirtothrips dorsalis from Thailand), Copitarsia spp.. Carambola.............. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. (other than Anastrepha ludens). Grapefruit............. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Anastrepha spp......... MB T101-j-2-1 or FHA T103-a-1 or VH T106-a- 2. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Mango.................. Anastrepha ludens...... VH T106-a-3. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Anastrepha ludens, FHA T103-c-1. Anastrepha obliqua, Anastrepha serpentina. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Orange................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Anastrepha spp......... MB T101-j-2-1 or FHA T103-a-1. Anastrepha spp.

      VH T106-a-4. (includes Anastrepha ludens). Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled), bean (pod or Epinotia aporema, shelled).

      Maruca testulalis. Tangerine.............. Anastrepha spp......... MB T101-j-2-1 or FHA T103-a-1 or VH T106-a- 1 or VH T106-a-1-1. Moldova.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Montserrat........................... Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Morocco.............................. Apricot, peach, pear, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. plum. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Cipollino (bulb/wild Exosoma lusitanica..... MB T101-w-1. onion). Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a.

      [[Page 33282]]

      Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. tangerine. Netherlands, Kingdom of.............. Bean, garden........... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Netherlands Antilles (includes

      Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St.

      pigeon pea (pod or Epinotia aporema, Eustatius).

      shelled).

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. New Zealand.......................... Apple.................. Tortricidae............ MB T101-a-1. Asparagus.............. Halotydeus destructor.. MB T101-b-1-1. Pear................... Tortricidae............ MB T101-a-1. Nicaragua............................ Faba bean (pod), green Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- bean (pod), mung bean Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. (pod), pea (pod).

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., A. ludens. Yard-long-bean (pod)... Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- Epinotia aporema, and k-2-1. Maruca testulalis. Norway............................... Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Panama and canal zone................ Bean (garden) and lima Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- (pod).

      Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. tangerine. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Peru................................. Asparagus.............. External feeders....... MB T101-b-1. Bean (pod or shelled).. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Blueberry.............. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-i-1-1. Grape.................. Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Philippines.......................... Avocado................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB T101-c-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Bactrocera occipitalis VH T106-d-1. and B. philippinensis. Poland............................... Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Portugal (includes Azores)........... Bean, faba (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2.

      [[Page 33283]]

      Romania.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Ceratitis capitata, CT T107-a. Eutetranychus orientalis. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Russian Federation................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Saint Kitts and Nevis................ Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Saint Lucia.......................... Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. St. Martin (France and Netherlands).. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines..... Bean (pod), pigeon pea Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. (pod).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Senegal.............................. Bean, garden (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- shelled).

      Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Slovakia............................. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Slovenia............................. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. South Africa......................... Apple, grape, pear..... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Nectarine, peach, plum. Cryptophlebia

      CT T107-e. leucotreta and Pterandrus rosa. Citrus (fruit, Western Cryptophlebia

      CT T107-e. Cape Province only). leucotreta and Pterandrus rosa. Spain................................ Apple.................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, loquat, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. orange, tangerine. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Kiwi................... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Lettuce (above ground External feeders and MB T101-n-2. parts).

      leafminers. Ortanique (fruit)...... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Persimmon (fruit)...... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Suriname............................. Bean (pod or shelled).. Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella.

      [[Page 33284]]

      Sweden............................... Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Switzerland.......................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Syrian Arab Republic................. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&T T108-a-1 or T108-a- B. dorsalis, B.

      2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Taiwan............................... Carambola.............. Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-f. B. dorsalis, Eutetranychus orientalis. Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Litchi (including

      Bactrocera dorsalis, B. CT T107-h. clusters of fruit

      cucurbitae, attached to a stem). Conopomorpha sinensis. Mango.................. Bactrocera dorsalis.... VH T106-d. Tajikistan........................... Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-l-2. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Thailand............................. Asparagus (shoot)...... Scirtothrips dorsalis.. MB T101-b-1-1. Trinidad and Tobago.................. Bean (shelled), pigeon Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. pea (shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Grapefruit, orange, Species of Anastrepha CT T107-c. tangerine.

      (other than Anastrepha ludens). Okra, roselle.......... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Tunisia.............................. Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grapefruit, orange, Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. tangerine. Peach, pear, plum...... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Turkey............................... Ethrog................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Orange................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Turkmenistan......................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2.

      [[Page 33285]]

      Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Ukraine.............................. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. United Kingdom (includes Channel Horseradish (to Hawaii) Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Islands, Shetland Island). Uruguay.............................. Apple, nectarine, peach Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. pear, plum.

      (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Uzbekistan........................... Grape.................. Lobesia botrana........ MB T101-h-2. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-h- 2-1. Ceratitis capitata, MB T101-h-2-1. Lobesia botrana. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, B.

      a-2 or T108-a-3. tryoni, Brevipalpus chilensis, Ceratitis capitata, Lobesia botrana. Horseradish............ Baris lepidii.......... MB T101-1-2. Venezuela............................ Bean (pod or shelled), Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- pigeon pea (pod or Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. shelled).

      Maruca testulalis. Grape, grapefruit, Species of Anastrepha CT T107-a-1. orange, tangerine. (other than Anastrepha ludens), Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Ceratitis capitata, HWD T102-a. Anastrepha spp., Anastrepha ludens. Okra................... Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Zimbabwe............................. Apple, kiwi, pear...... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Apricot, nectarine, Cryptophlebia

      CT T107-e. peach, plum.

      leucotreta and Pterandrus rosa.

      \1\ Treatment by irradiation in accordance with Sec. 305.31 may be substituted for other approved treatments for the mango seed weevil Sternochetus mangiferae (Fabricus) or for one or more of the following 11 species of fruit flies: Anastrepha fraterculus, A. ludens, A. obliqua, A. serpentina, A. suspensa, Bactrocera cucurbitae, B. dorsalis, B. tryoni, B. jarvisi, B. latifrons, and Ceratitis capitata.

      (ii) Treatment for shipments from U.S. quarantine localities.

      Location

      Commodity

      Pest

      Treatment schedule

      Areas in the United States under Fruit of the genera Xanthomonas axonopodis CMisc. CC1 or CMisc. Federal quarantine for the listed Citrus and Fortunella pv. citri.

      CC2. pest.

      and of the species Clausena lansium and Poncirus trifoliata. Any fruit listed in Anastrepha ludens...... IR. Sec. 301.64-2(a) of this chapter. Any article listed in Ceratitis capitata..... IR. Sec. 301.78-2(a) of this chapter. Apple.................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Anastrepha spp. (other CT T107-a-1 or CT T107- than A. ludens).

  2. Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis a-2 or T108-a-3. capitata. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB&CT T108- b. Apricot................ Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Bactrocera dorsalis, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- Ceratitis capitata. a-2 or T108-a-3. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Avocado................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis a-2 or T108-a-3. capitata.

    [[Page 33286]]

    Bell pepper............ Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Cherry................. Bactrocera dorsalis, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- Ceratitis capitata. a-2 or T108-a-3. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Citrons................ Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Citrus................. Anastrepha ludens...... FHA T103-a-1. Anastrepha spp. (other CT T107-a-1, CT T107-c. than A. ludens). Bactrocera dorsalis.... MB&CTOFF or CT&MBOFF. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-w- 1-2. Citrus fruit regulated Ceratitis capitata..... MB&CTMedfly or under Sec. 301.78-

    CTMedfly. 2(a) of this chapter. Citrus fruit regulated Anastrepha serpentina.. MBSFF. under Sec. 301.99- 2(b) of this chapter. Eggplant............... Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-2. Ceratitis capitata. Grape.................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T107-f or MB&CT T108- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis a-1 or T108-a-2 or capitata.

    T108-a-3. Bactrocera dorsalis.... MB&CTOFF or CT&MBOFF. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-h-2-1 or CT T107-a or MB&CT T108- b. Grapefruit............. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b or MB T101-j- 2-1 or FHA T103-a-1. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Kiwi................... Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or MB T101-m- 2-1 or MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108-a-2 or T108-a- 3. Litchi................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Longan................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Bactrocera dorsalis.... CT T107-h. Loquat................. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Nectarine.............. Bactrocera dorsalis.... MB&CT T108-a-1or T108-a- 2 or T108-a-3. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or CT T107-c or MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108-a-2 or T108-a-3. Okra................... Pectinophora

    MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Orange................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b MB T101-j-2-1 orFHA T103-a-1. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or CT T107-c. Optunia cactus (Optunia Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-d-3. spp.). Papaya................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-c VH T106-b-4 B. dorsalis, Ceratitis or. capitata. Peach.................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Anastrepha spp. (other CT T107-a-1. than A. ludens). Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis a-2 or T108-a-3. capitata. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or T107-c. Pear................... Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Anastrepha spp. (other CT T107-a-1. than A. ludens). Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis a-2 or T108-a-3. capitata. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or CT T107-c or MB&CT T108-b. Pepper, bell........... Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Persimmons............. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Pineapple (other than Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-5. smooth Cayenne).

    1. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Plum................... Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Bactrocera dorsalis.... MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- a-2 or T108-a-3. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or CT T107-c or MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108-a-2 or T108-a-3. Pomegranate............ Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a or CT T107-c. Pummelo................ Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Quince................. Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b.

      [[Page 33287]]

      Anastrepha spp. (other CT T107-a-1. than A. ludens. Bactrocera dorsalis.... MB&CT T108-a-1 or T108- a-2 or T108-a-3. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Squash................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-6. B. dorsalis. Tomato................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-7. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Bactrocera dorsalis.... MBOFF. Ceratitis capitata..... MB T101-c-3. White sapote........... Anastrepha ludens...... CT T107-b. Hawaii............................... Abiu................... Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Atemoya................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Avocado................ Bactrocera cucurbitae, MB T101-c-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Ceratitis capitata..... CT T107-a. Bactrocera cucurbitae, CT T108-a-1 or T108-a-2 B. dorsalis, B.

      or T108-a-3. tryoni, Ceratitis capitata, Brevipalpus chiliensis, and Lobesia botrana. Bell pepper............ Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR or VH T106-b-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Carambola.............. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Citrus................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, FHA T103-b-1. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Eggplant............... Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR or VH T106-b-2. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Litchi................. Bactrocera or dorsalis, HWI T102-d or VH T106- Ceratitis capitata. f. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Longan................. Bactrocera dorsalis, HWI T102-d-1. Ceratitis capitata. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Mango.................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Papaya................. Bactrocera cucurbitae, VH T106-b-4 or VH T106- B. dorsalis, Ceratitis c or FHA T103-d-2 or capitata.

      IR. Pineapple (other than Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR or VH T106-b-5. smooth Cayenne).

    2. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Rambutan............... Bactrocera dorsalis, FHA T103-e or VH T106- Ceratitis capitata. g. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Sapodilla.............. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Squash, Italian........ Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR or VH T106-b-6. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Sweet potato........... Euscepes postfasciatus, MB T101-b-3-1 or IR. Omphisa anastomosalis, Elytrotreinus subtruncatus. Tomato................. Ceratitis capitata..... VH T106-b-5 or MB T101- c-3. Bactrocera cucurbitae, IR or VH T106-b-7. B. dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata. Puerto Rico.......................... Beans (string, lima, Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- faba) and pigeon peas Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. (fresh shelled or in Maruca testulalis, the pod).

      Melanagromyza obtusa, and leafminers. Citrus fruits (orange, Anastrepha obliqua..... CT T107-c. grapefruit, lemon, citron, and lime). Mango.................. Anastrepha spp.,

      HWD T102-a. Ceratitis capitata. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Sweet potato........... External and internal MB T101-b-3-1. feeders. Pigeon pea (pod or Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2. shelled).

      Epinotia aporema, Maruca testulalis, and leafminers. Virgin Islands....................... Beans (string, lima, Cydia fabivora,

      MB T101-k-2 or MB T101- faba) and pigeon peas, Epinotia aporema,

      k-2-1. in the pod.

      Maruca testulalis, and leafminers.

      [[Page 33288]]

      Citrus fruits (orange, Anastrepha obliqua..... CT T107-c. grapefruit, lemon, citron, and lime). Mango.................. Anastrepha spp.,

      HWD T102-a. Ceratitis capitata. Okra (pod)............. Pectinophora

      MB T101-p-2. gossypiella. Sweet potato........... External and internal MB T101-b-3-1. feeders.

      (i) Garbage. For treatment of garbage, see Sec. 305.33.

      (j) Grains and seeds not intended for propagation. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS), and Sec. 305.25 for dry heat (DH).

      Plant material

      Pest

      Treatment schedule

      Acorns...................... Cydia splendana and MB T302-g-1 or MB Curculio spp.

      T302-g-2. Corn seed (commercial lots). Various corn-related SS T510-1. diseases. Ear corn.................... Borers.............. MB T302-a-1-1 or DH T302-a-1-2. Grains and seeds (guar

      Trogoderma granarium MB T302-c-1 or MB ``gum'').

      T302-c-3. Grains and seeds............ Trogoderma granarium MB T302-c-2. Grains and seeds

      Pectinophora spp.... MB T301-a-1-1 or MB contaminated with cotton

      T301-a-1-2. seed. Grains and seeds............ Insects other than MB T302-e-1 or MB Trogoderma

      T302-e-2. granarium. Grains and seeds excluding Snails.............. T302-f: Remove Rosmarinus seed.

      snails through separation by screening or hand removal. If not feasible, an inspector will deny entry or treat with appropriate schedule (See miscellaneous cargo in paragraph (m) of this section.). Shelled corn contaminated Pectinophora spp.... MB T302-b-1-2 (See with cottonseed. (Do not

      MB T301-a-1-1 or MB use shelled corn treated

      T301-a-1-2.). with T301 for food or feed.).

      (k) Hay, baled. For treatment of baled hay for Mayetiola destructor, see the phosphine treatment schedule T311 in Sec. 305.7.

      (l) Khapra beetle.

      (1) For the heat treatment of feeds and milled products that are heated as a part of the processing procedure, or for other commodities that can be subjected to heat, and that are infested with khapra beetle, see treatment schedule T307-a in Sec. 305.26.

      (2) See treatment schedule T306-c-1 in Sec. 305.6 for finely ground oily meals and flour.

      (3) See also specific articles where the pest is Trogoderma granarium (khapra beetle).

      (4) See treatment schedule T302-g-1 in Sec. 305.6 for sorptive materials.

      (m) Miscellaneous (nonfood, nonfeed commodities or articles). The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.8 for sulfuryl fluoride, Sec. 305.16 for cold treatment (CT), and Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS).

      Material

      Pest

      Treatment schedule

      Brassware from Bombay

      Trogoderma granarium MB T413-a or MB T413- (Mumbai), India.

  3. Inanimate, nonfood articles. Gypsy moth egg

    MB T414. masses. Miscellaneous cargo

    Quarantine

    MB T402-a-1 or CT (nonfood, nonfeed

    significant snails T403-a-6-3. commodities).

    of the family Achatinidae, including Achatina, Archachatina, Lignus, Limicolaria. Quarantine

    MB T403-a-2-1 or MB significant snails T403-a-2-2 or CT of the family

    T403-a-2-3. Hygromiidae, including the following genera: Canidula, Cernuella, Cochlicella, Helicella, Helicopsis, Monacha, Platytheba, Pseudotrichia, Trochoidea, Xerolenta, Xeropicta, Xerosecta, Xerotricha. Quarantine

    MB T403-a-3. significant slugs of the families Agriolimacidae, Arionidae, Limacidae, Milacidae, Philomycidae, Veronicellidae, including the following genera: Agriolimax, Arion, Colosius, Deroceras, Diplosolenodes, Leidyula, Limax, Meghimatium, Milax, Pallifera, Pseudoveronicella, Sarasinula, Semperula, Vaginulus, Veronicella. Quarantine

    MB T403-a-4-1 or MB significant snails T403-a-4-2 or CT of the family

    T403-a-4-3. Helicidae, including the following genera: Caracollina, Cepaea, Cryptomphalus, Helix, Otala, Theba.

    [[Page 33289]]

    Quarantine

    MB T403-a-5-1 or MB significant snails T403-a-5-2, or CT of the families T403-a-5-3. Bradybaenidae and Succineidae, including the following genera: Bradybaena, Cathaica, Helicostyla, Omaloynyx, Succinea, Trishoplita. Quarantine

    CT T403-a-6-1. significant snails sensitive to cold treatment. Members of the families Bradybaenidae, Helicidae, Helicellidae, Hygromiidae, and Succineidae, including the following genera: Bradybaena, Candidula, Cepaea, Cathaica, Cernuella, Cochlicella, Helicella, Helicostyla, Theba, Trishoplita, Trochoidea, Xerolenta, Xeropicta, Xerosecta, Xerotricha. Quarantine

    CT T403-a-6-2. significant snails sensitive to cold treatment, certain members of the family Helicidae, including the genera Helix and Otala. Quarantine

    CT T403-a-6-3. significant snails sensitive to cold treatment of the family Achatinidae, including the genera Achatina, Archachatina, Lignus, Limicolaria. Globodera

    MB T403-c. rostochiensis. Trogoderma granarium MB T401-b or MB T402- b-2. Wood borers or

    See treatments for termites.

    wood products in paragraph (y) of this section. Pieris spp. (all MB T403-f. life stages of cabbageworms) and all other Lepidoptera, hitchhiking insects, including other than Lepidoptera. Miscellaneous cargo

    Quarantine

    MB T403-e-1-1 or MB (nonfood, nonfeed

    significant insects T403-e-1-2. commodities) that is

    not specifically sorptive or difficult to provided for penetrate.

    elsewhere in nonfood or nonfeed commodities. Miscellaneous cargo

    Quarantine

    MB T403-e-2. (nonfood, nonfeed

    significant pests commodity) that is not

    other than insects sorptive or difficult to (including snails penetrate.

    of the families Helicarionidae, Streptacidae, Subulinidae, and Zonitidae, as well as other noninsect pests). Nonfood materials........... Ticks............... MB T310-a or MB T310- b or sulfuryl fluoride T310-d. Nonplant articles........... Potato cyst nematode MB T506-2-1 or SS T506-2-3. Nonplant products........... Ants................ MB T411.

    (n) Plants, bulbs, corms, tubers, rhizomes, and roots. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.10 for combination (COM), and Sec. 305.42(c) for miscellaneous (Misc.).

    Plant material

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Anchusa, Astilbe, Clematis, Lesion nematodes T553-2: Hot water Dicentra, Gardenia,

    (Pratylenchus spp.). dip at 118 [deg]F Helleborus, Hibiscus,

    for 30 minutes. Kniphofia, Primula. Acalypha.................... Pratylenchus spp.... T570-1: Hot water dip at 110 [deg]F for 50 minutes. Aconitum.................... Aphelenchoides

    T570-2: Hot water fragariae spp.

    dip at 110 [deg]F for 50 minutes. Allium, Amaryllis, and bulbs Bulb nematodes: T552-1: Presoak Ditylenchus

    bulbs in water at dipsaci, D.

    75 [deg]F for 2 destructor.

    hours, then at 110- 111 [deg]F for 4 hours. Amaryllis................... Ditylenchus

    T565-1: Hot water destructor.

    dip at 110 [deg]F for 4 hours immediately after digging. Aquatic plants.............. Snails of the

    T201-q: Hot water families:

    treatment at 112 Ampullariidae,

    [deg]F for 10 Bulinidae,

    minutes. (Elodea, Lymnaeidae,

    Danes, and Cabomba Planorbidae,

    caroliniana plants Viviparidae.

    not tolerant to this treatment.) Armoracea (horseradish

    Globodera

    T553-3: Hot water roots), bulbs (not

    rostochiensis and dip at 118 [deg]F specifically provided for). G. pallida.

    for 30 minutes. Astilbe, Bletilla

    Aphelenchoides

    T564-1: Presoak in hyacinthina, Cimicifuga, besseyi.

    water at 68 [deg]F Epimedium pinnatum, Hosta,

    for 1 hour followed Paeonia.

    by hot water soak at 110 [deg]F for 1 hour. Then dip in cold water and let dry. Astilbe roots............... Brachyrhinus larvae. MB T202-b. Azalea...................... Chrysomyxa spp...... T501-1: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray.

    [[Page 33290]]

    Azalea hybrid............... Chrysomyxa spp...... T501-2: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray; or T505-1-1: Treat with mancozeb or other approved fungicide of equal effectiveness according to the label. Banana roots................ External feeders.... T202-c: Pretreatment at 110 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Then, hot water dip at 120 [deg]F for 60 minutes. Begonia..................... Aphelenchoides

    T559-1: Dip in hot fragariae.

    water at 118 [deg]F for 5 minutes. Bletilla hyacinthina........ Aphelenchoides

    T553-4: Dip in hot fragariae.

    water at 118 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Bromeliads.................. External feeders.... MB T201-e-1. Internal feeders MB T201-e-2. such as borers and miners. Phyllosticta

    T507-1: Remove bromeliae Uredo spp. infested leaves and treat all plants of same species in shipment with Captan following label directions. Cacti and other succulents.. External feeders MB T201-f-1. (other than soft scales) infesting collected dormant and nondormant plant material. Borers and soft MB T201-f-2. scales. Calla (rhizomes)............ Meloidogyne spp..... T556-1: Dip in hot water at 122 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Camellia (light infestation) Cylindrosporium Light infestation: camelliae.

    T509-1-1: Remove infested leaves and dip or spray plant with 4-4-50 Bordeaux. Dry quickly and thoroughly. Heavy infestation: An inspector will refuse entry. Christmas tree.............. Phoma chrysanthemi.. T501-5: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray. Chrysanthemum............... Phoma chrysanthemi.. T501-4: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray. Chrysanthemum rooted and Aphids.............. MB T201-g-1. unrooted cuttings. External feeders.... COM T201-g-2. Leafminers, aphids, T201-g-3: Dip in hot mites, etc.

    water at 110-111 (Chrysanthemum spp. [deg]F for 20 from Dominican

    minutes. Republic and Colombia when infested with Agromyzid leafminers requires no treatment unless destined to Florida.). Chrysanthemum (not including Meloidogyne spp. and T557-1: Dip in hot Pyrethrum).

    Pratylenchus spp. water at 118 [deg]F for 25 minutes. Commodities infested with... Slugs of the

    MB T201-l. families Agriolimacidae, Arionidae, Limacidae, Milacidae, Philomycidae, Veronicellidae, including the following genera: Agriolimax, Arion, Colosius, Deroceras, Diplosolenodese, Leidyula, Limax, Meghimatium, Milax, Pallifera, Pseudoveronicella, Sarasinula, Semperula, Vaginulus, Veronicella. Convallaria................. Globodera

    T551-1: Keep the rostochiensis and pips frozen until G. pallida.

    time for treatment. Then thaw enough to separate bundles just before treatment begins. Without preliminary warmup, immerse in hot water at 118 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Crocus...................... Aphelenchoides

    T565-2: Hot water at subtenuis,

    110 [deg]F for 4 Ditylenchus

    hours immediately destructor.

    after digging. Cycads (except Dioon edule). External feeders.... MB T201-h-1. Deciduous woody plants

    External feeders.... MB T201-a-1. (dormant). Gypsy moth egg

    MB T313-a or MB T313- masses.

  4. Mealybugs........... MB T305-c. Deciduous woody plants

    Borers, Citrus

    MB T201-a-2 or MB (dormant), root cuttings, whitefly hosts. T201-k-1. scion wood cuttings, and nonfoliated citrus whitefly host: Acer, Berberis, Fraxinus, Philadelphus, Rosa, Spiraea, Syringa. Dioon edule................. External feeders.... MB T201-h-2. Dieffenbachia, Dracaena, External feeders.... MB T201-i-1. Philodendron (plants and cuttings). Internal feeders.... MB T201-i-2. Evergreens (Azalea,

    External feeders.... MB T201-b-1. Berberis, Camellia, Cedrus, Cupressus, Ilex, Juniperus, Photinia, Podocarpus, Thuja, and Taxus).

    [[Page 33291]]

    Exceptions:

    Araucaria............... External feeders.... MB T201-c-1.

    Azalea indica........... External feeders.... MB T201-c-2.

    Cycads.................. External feeders.... MB T201-l.

    Hosts................... Dialeurodes citri... MB T201-k-1.

    Daphne.................. External feeders.... MB T201-c-1.

    Lavandula............... External feeders.... Misc. T201-p-1.

    Osmanthus americanus.... External feeders.... COM T201-p-2.

    Pinus (Canada to certain .................... MB T201-j. States).

    Peanuts................. Gypsy moth egg

    MB T313-a. masses. Foliated host plants of Dialeurodes citri... MB T201-k-1. Dialeurodes citri, excluding Osmanthus americanus. Fragaria (strawberry)....... Aphelenchoides

    T569-1: Hot water at fragariae.

    121 [deg]F for 7 minutes. Pratylenchus spp.... T558-1: Dip in hot water at 127 [deg]F for 2 minutes. Garlic (see Sec. 319.37- Brachycerus spp. and MB T202-j. 6(c)).

    Dyspessa ulula. Gentiana.................... Septoria gentianae.. T507-2: Remove infested leaves and treat all plants of same species in shipment with Captan following label directions. Gladiolus................... Taeniothrips simplex MB T202-e-1 or MB 202-e-2. Ditylenchus

    T565-3: Hot water at destructor.

    110 [deg]F for 4 hours immediately after digging. Greenhouse-grown plants, External feeders, MB T201-c-1. herbaceous plants and

    leafminers, thrips. cuttings, greenwood cuttings of woody plants. Borers and soft MB T201-c-2. scales. Exceptions:

    Bromeliads.............. External feeders.... MB T201-e-3-1.

    Cacti and other

    External feeders.... MB T201-j. succulents.

    Chrysanthemum........... External feeders.... MB T201-g-1.

    Cycads.................. External feeders.... MB T201-1.

    Cyclamen................ Mites............... MB T201-a-2.

    Dieffenbachia, Dracaena, External feeders.... MB T201-i-1. and Philodendron.

    Kalanchoe synsepala..... Quarantine pests, Misc. T201-p-1. excluding scale insects.

    Lavandula............... Quarantine pests.... COM T201-p-2.

    Orchids................. Dialeurodes citri... MB T201-k-2.

    Osmanthus americanus.... Quarantine pests.... Misc. T201-p-1.

    Pelargonium............. Quarantine pests.... Misc. T201-p-1.

    Sedum adolphi........... Quarantine pests.... Misc. T201-p-1.

    Plants infested with.... Succinea horticola.. T201-o-1: Use a high- pressure water spray on the foliage to flush snails from the plants. The run-off drain must be screened to catch snails before drainage into the sewer system.

    Plants infested with.... Veronicella or other MB T201-1. slugs. Horseradish roots from the External feeders.... MB T202-f. countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Host plants of Aleurocanthus Aleurocanthus

    MB T201-n. woglumi.

    woglumi. Host plants of Omalonyx Omalonyx unguis and T201-o-1: Use a high- unguis and Succinea.

    Succinea spp.

    pressure water (snails).

    spray on the foliage to flush snails from the plants. The run-off drain must be screened to catch snails before drainage into the sewer system; or T201-o-2: Dip plants with solution prepared by adding 3 level tablespoons of 25 percent Malathion wettable powder and 6 level teaspoons of 50 percent carbaryl wettable powder per gallon of water with a sticker-spreader formulation. Humulus..................... Heterodera humuli... T553-5: Hot water at 118 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Hyacinthus (bulbs), Iris Ditylenchus dipsaci T554-1-1: Presoak in (bulbs and rhizomes),

    and D. destructor. water at 70-80 Tigridia.

    [deg]F for 2.5 hours followed by hot water immersion at 110-111 [deg]F for 1 hour; or T554- 1-2: Hot water immersion at 110- 111 [deg]F for 3 hours with no presoaking. Lilium (bulbs).............. Aphelenchoides

    T566-3: Completely fragariae.

    submerge in hot water at 102 [deg]F.

    [[Page 33292]]

    Lily bulbs packed in subsoil Internal feeders.... MB T202-g. Lycoris..................... Taeniothrips

    MB T202-h. eucharii. Muscari, Ornithogalum,

    Ditylenchus dipsaci. T567-1: Dip in hot Polianthes (tuberose).

    water at 113 [deg]F for 4 hours. Narcissus................... Steneotarsonemus MB T202-i-1; or MB laticeps.

    T202-i-2; or T202-i- 3: Hot water at 110- 111 [deg]F for 1 hour after bulbs reach 110 [deg]F pulp temperature. Apply hot water within 1 month after normal harvest as injury to flower bud may occur. Ditylenchus dipsaci. T555-1: Presoak in water at 70-80 [deg]F for 2 hours; then at 110-111 [deg]F until all bulbs reach that temperature and hold for 4 hours. Nonfoliated host plants of Dialeurodes citri... MB T201-k-2. Dialeurodes citri, excluding Osmanthus americanus. Orchids..................... Ascochyta spp....... T513-1: Defoliate if leaf-borne only; inspector will refuse entry if pseudo-bulbs infested. Cercospora spp...... T501-3: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray. Hemileia spp.,

    Light infestation: Leptosphaeria spp., T509-2-1: Remove Mycosphaerella

    infested leaves and spp., Ophiodothella treat plant with 4- orchidearum,

    4-50 Bordeaux dip Phomopsis

    or spray. Dry orchidophilia,

    quickly and Phyllachora spp., thoroughly. Heavy Phyllosticta spp., infestation: An Sphenospora spp., inspector will Sphaerodothis spp., refuse entry. Uredo spp. (except U. scabies). Orchids, plants and cuttings External feeders MB T201-d-1. (see MB T305-c for

    (other than soft mealybugs).

    scales). Orchids, plants and cuttings External feeders MB T201-d-2. (other than soft scales) infesting greenhouse grown plant material. Borers, cattleya MB T201-d-3. fly, Mordellistena spp., soft scales, Vinsonia spp. Cecidomyid galls.... T201-d-4:Excise all galls. Leaf miner, Eurytoma T201-d-5: Hot water spp. infesting

    dip at 118 [deg]F Rhynchostylis.

    for \1/2\ hour followed by a cool water bath. Orchids to Florida.......... Rusts............... T508-1: An inspector will refuse entry of all infested plants and all other plants of the same species or variety in the shipment. Other orchid species in the shipment that may have become contaminated must be treated with Captan. Repackage treated orchids in clean shipping containers. Oryza (paddy rice).......... Aphelenchoides

    T559-2: Dip in hot fragariae.

    water at 132.8 [deg]F for 15 minutes. Pineapple slips............. Various............. MB T201-e-3-1 or MB T201-e-3-2. Pines (Pinus spp.) from Rhyacionia buoliana. MB T201-j. Canada and destined to California, Idaho, Oregon, or Utah. Precautionary treatment for pine trees and twigs and branches of all Pinus spp., except that Christmas trees and other pine decorative materials are exempt from treatment from November 1-December 31. Plant cuttings:

    Scion wood.............. External feeders.... MB T201-m-1.

    Greenwood cuttings of External feeders.... MB T201-m-2. woody plants and herbaceous plant cuttings.

    Root cuttings........... External feeders.... MB T201-m- or MB T201-m-4.

    Exceptions to plant

    .................... cuttings: Avocado............. External feeders.... COM T201-p-1. Chrysanthemum....... External feeders.... MB T201-g-1. Dieffenbachia....... External feeders.... MB T201-i-1. Dracaena............ External feeders.... MB T201-i-2. Lavandula........... External feeders.... COM T201-p-1. Orchids............. External feeders.... MB T201-k-2. Philodendron........ External feeders.... MB T201-i-1. Plant material not tolerant Actionable pests.... COM T201-p-1. to fumigation. Rhododendron................ Chrysomyxa spp...... T501-6: Remove infested parts and treat all plants of same species in shipment with 4-4- 50 Bordeaux dip or spray; or T505-2-1: Treat with mancozeb or other approved fungicide of equal effectiveness according to the label instructions. Rosa (except multiflora).... Meloidogyne spp..... T560-1: Dip in hot water at 123 [deg]F for 10 minutes.

    [[Page 33293]]

    Selaginella................. External feeders.... MB T202-a-1 or MB T202-a-2. Internal feeders.... MB T202-a-3. Senecio (Lingularis)........ Aphelenchoides

    T568-1: Treat with fragariae.

    hot water at 110 [deg]F for 1 hour. Scilla...................... Ditylenchus dipsaci. T565-4: Hot water at 110 [deg]F for 4 hours immediately after digging. Solanum (potato tubers)..... Globodera

    T565-5: Hot water at rostochiensis, G. 110 [deg]F for 4 pallida.

    hours immediately after digging. Various plant commodities... Meloidogyne spp..... T553-1: Hot water at 118 [deg]F for 30 minutes. Yams and sweet potatoes..... .................... MB T202-d.

    (o) Railroad cars (empty). The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation.

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Globodera rostochiensis................ T406-c, steam cleaning: Steam at high pressure until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Pectinophora gossypiella............... MB T401-a. Trogoderma granarium................... MB T401-b. Nematode cysts......................... T401-c, high pressure steam cleaning; or formaldehyde wetting spray (one part 40 percent commercial formalin to 9 parts water).

    (p) Rice straw and hulls. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.25 for dry heat (DH), Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, and Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS).

    Plant material

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Articles made with rice straw... Fungal diseases of DH T303-d-1 or SS rice or internal T303-b-1 or SS feeders.

    T303-d-2. Articles made with rice straw Internal feeders.. MB T303-d-2-2 or for indoor use only.

    MB T303-d-2-3. Brooms made of rice straw....... Various rice- DH T518-1. related diseases. Closely packed rice straw and Various rice- SS T519-1. hulls.

    related diseases. Loose rice straw and hulls...... Various rice- SS T519-2. related diseases. Novelties made of rice straw.... Various rice- DH T518-2-1 or SS related-diseases. T518-2-2. Rice straw and hulls imported Fungal diseases of SS T303-b-1 or SS for purposes other than

    rice.

    T303-b-2. approved processing. Rice straw and hulls imported in Fungal diseases of DH T303-c-1. small lots of 25 pounds or less. rice.

    (q) Seeds. The treatment schedules for which numbers are specified and administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.10 for combination (COM) treatments, Sec. 305.25 for dry heat (DH), Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.7 for phosphine (PH), and Sec. 305.24 for vapor heat (VH).

    (1) Seeds other than noxious weed seeds.

    Type of seeds

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) from Verticillium albo- T520-1-1: Dust Europe.

    atrum.

    with 75 percent Thiram at the rate of 166 grams per 50 kilograms of seed (3.3g/ kg); or T520-1-2: Treat with a slurry of Thiram 75 WP at a rate of 166 grams per 360 milliliters of water per 50 kilograms of seed (3.3 g pesticide/ 7.2 ml water/kg seed). Avocado (no pulp)............... Conotrachelus MB T203-m. spp., Heilipus lauri, Caulophilus latinasus, Copturus aguacatae, Stenoma catenifer. Casuarina....................... Bootanomyia spp... MB T203-o-l. Chestnut and acorn.............. Internal feeders.. MB T203-e. Citrus (Rutaceae family)........ Citrus canker..... COM T203-p; or for seed from regions where citrus canker occurs, COM T511-1. Conifer (species with small External feeders.. MB T203-i-1. seeds, such as Picea spp., Pinus sylvestris, and Pinus mugo).

    [[Page 33294]]

    Conifer (species with small Internal feeders.. MB T203-i-2. seeds, such as Picea spp., Pinus sylvestris, and Pinus mugo and nutlike seeds or tightly packed seeds so as to make fumigant penetration questionable). Corn (small lots for propagation Various corn- T510-2: Treat but not for food, feed, or oil related diseases. seeds with a dry purposes).

    application of Mancozeb in combination with Captan. Disinfect small bags containing corn (bags weighing 60 pounds or less) only with: (1) Dry heat at 212 [deg]F for 1 hour; or (2) steam at 10 pounds pressure at a minimum of 240 [deg]F for 20 minutes. Note: Bags with plastic liners must be opened prior to treatment. Cottonseed (bagged, packaged, or External feeders.. MB T203-f-1 or MB bulk).

    T203-f-2 or MB T203-f-3 or PH T203-f-4. Hevea brasiliensis.............. Seed boring

    MB T203-j. insects. Pods and seeds of kenaf,

    Internal feeders.. MB T203-g-1 or MB hibiscus, and okra.

    T203-g-2 or PH T203-g-3. Leguminosae=Fabaceae............ Bruchophagus spp. MB T203-o-3. and Eurytoma spp.. Caryedon spp...... MB T203-c or MB T203-a-2. Caryedon spp. (in MB T203-o-4-1 or or with, etc.). MB T203-o-4-2. Lonicera and other seeds........ Rhagoletis cerasi MB T203-o-5. pupae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Macadamia nut................... Cryptophlebia MB T203-k. illepida. Rosmarinus...................... Juvenile Helicella MB T203-h. spp. (snails) or internal feeders. Umbelliferae.................... Systole spp....... MB T203-o-2. Vicia spp., excluding seeds of Bruchidae......... MB T203-d-1. Vicia faba. Vicia spp., including seeds of Bruchidae......... MB T203-d-2. Vicia faba. Seeds........................... Trogoderma

    MB T203-l. granarium. Seeds (excluding seeds of Vicia Bruchidae

    MB T203-b. spp.).

    excluding Caryedon spp. at NAP. Seeds not specifically listed... External feeders.. MB T203-a-1. Internal feeders.. MB T203-a-2. Seeds with infested pulp........ Fruit flies and T203-n: Place seed other pulp

    in wire basket. infesting insects. Immerse in 118- 125 [deg]F water for 25 minutes. Remove pulp from seed under running tap water.

    (2) Noxious weed seeds (devitalization treatment).

    Weed seeds

    Treatment schedule

    Asphodelus fistulosus, Digitaria spp., DH T412-a. Oryza spp., Paspalum scrobiculatum, Prosopis spp., Solanum viarum, Striga spp., Urochloa panicoides. Cuscuta spp............................ DH T412-b-1 or VH T412-b-2.

    (r) Ships, containers, and surrounding area. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation.

    Product

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Asphalt surfaces and asphalt- Trogoderma

    T402-b-3-2: base painted surfaces.

    granarium.

    Prepare 3 percent spray by adding 1 pound of 25 percent malathion wettable powder to each gallon of water. Spray at 2 gal/1000 ft \2\ or to the point of runoff. Piers and barges................ Globodera

    T406-c, steam rostochiensis. cleaning: Steam at high pressure until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Metal and wood surfaces such as Trogoderma

    T402-b-3-1: decks, bulkheads, piers, and granarium.

    Prepare 3 percent other areas not subject to

    spray by mixing fumigations.

    \1/2\ pint emulsifiable concentrate (57 percent premium grade malathion) per gallon of water. Spray at 2 gal/1000 ft \2\ or to the point of runoff. Ship holds and any nonplant Quarantine

    MB T402-a-1. cargo material within holds. significant snails of the family Achatinidea, including the following genera: Achatina, Archachatina, Lignus, Limicolaria.

    [[Page 33295]]

    Ship holds and any nonplant Quarantine

    MB T402-a-2. cargo material within holds. significant snails of the family Hygromiidae, including the following genera: Canidula, Cernuella, Cochlicella, Helicella, Helicopsis, Monacha, Platytheba, Pseudotrichia, Trochoidea, Xerolenta, Xeropicta, Xerosecta, Xerotricha. Ship holds and any nonplant Quarantine

    MB T402-a-3. cargo material within holds. significant snails of the families Helicidae and Succineidae, including the following genera: Caracollina, Cepaea, Cryptomphalus, Helix, Omalonyx, Otala, Succinea, Theba. Ship holds and storerooms with Trogoderma

    MB T402-b-1. loosely packed material.

    granarium. Ship holds and storerooms with Trogoderma

    MB T402-b-2. tightly packed material.

    granarium.

    (s) Skins (goatskins, lambskins, and sheepskins). The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation.

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Trogoderma granarium................... MB T416-a-1 or MB T416-a-2 or MB T416-a-3.

    (t) Soil. The treatment schedules for which numbers are specified and administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.23 for steam sterilization (SS), and Sec. 305.25 for dry heat (DH).

    Product

    Pest

    Treatment

    Herbarium specimens of mosses Precautionary..... MB T408-e-1. and liverworts in soil and originating in golden nematode free countries. Herbarium specimens of mosses Globodera

    MB T408-e-2. and liverworts in soil and

    rostochiensis. originating in golden nematode free countries. Soil............................ Potato cyst

    MB T502-3. nematode. Soil............................ Various pests and DH T408-a. pathogens found in soil (including Striga). Various pests and SS T408-b. pathogens found in soil. Soil (friable and moist, but not Globodera

    MB T408-c-2. wet and not more than 12 inches rostochiensis. in depth). Soil............................ Insects........... T408-d-1: Screening through 16 mesh screens will remove most larvae and pupae, except smaller types; or T408-d- 2: Freezing--0 [deg]F for 5 days. Soil (friable and moist, but not Globodera

    MB T408-c-1. wet and not more than 12 inches rostochiensis. in depth) in containers with dimensions that do not exceed 24 inches. Soil on equipment............... Various pests and T408-b-1 (steam pathogens found cleaning): Steam in soil.

    at high pressure until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Soil contaminated equipment Soil fungi,

    T408-f, steam (precautionary treatment).

    nematodes, and cleaning: Steam certain soil

    at high pressure insects.

    until all soil is removed. Treated surfaces must be thoroughly wet and heated. Soil contaminated non-food or Striga............ MB T408-g-1 or MB non-feed commodities (soil must

    T408-g-2. be friable and or moist, but not wet, and must not exceed 12 inches in dimension).

    (u) Sugarcane.

    [[Page 33296]]

    Product

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Saccharum (seed pieces)......... Xanthomonas

    T514-1: Presoak in albilineans and water at room X. vasculorum. temperature for 24 hours. Then immerse in water at 122 [deg]F for 3 hours. Saccharum (true seed fuzz)...... .................. T514-2: Immerse in 0.525 percent sodium hypochlorite solution for 30 minutes followed by at least 8 hours air drying before packaging (Dilute 1 part Clorox or similar solution containing 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite; if using ultra strength chlorine bleach, use only \3/4\ as much bleach). Saccharum (bagasse)............. .................. T514-3: Dry heat treatment for 2 hours at 158 [deg]F. Sugarcane (baled)............... Various sugarcane- T515-1: Introduce related diseases. live steam into 25'' vacuum until pressure reaches 15 to 20 pounds. Hold until center of bale is 220- 230 [deg]F and maintain for 30 minutes. Sugarcane (loose)............... .................. T515-2-1: Introduce steam into 25'' vacuum (or if with initial vacuum, ``bleed'' air until steam vapor fills chamber). T515-2-3: Dry heat at 212 [deg]F for 1 hour. T515-2-4: Remove the pulp in water at 190-205 [deg]F, followed by drying at 212 [deg]F for 1 hour. T515-2-5: Flash heated to 1,000 [deg]F (Arnold dryer).

    (v) Wood articles including containers, oak logs and lumber, Christmas trees. The treatment schedules for which administration instructions are not provided are in Sec. 305.6 for methyl bromide (MB) fumigation, Sec. 305.8 for sulfuryl fluoride (SF), and Sec. 305.28 for kiln sterilization (KS).

    Material

    Pest

    Treatment schedule

    Cut conifer Christmas trees..... Lymantria dispar MB T313-a. egg masses. Cut pine Christmas trees and Tomicus piniperda. MB T313-b. pine logs. Wood surfaces (can be combined .................. SF T404-c-2. with other surfaces such as metal or concrete). Wood surfaces (can be combined Borers (wood

    T404-b-5-1: (1) with other surfaces such as wasps,

    The spray must be metal or concrete).

    cerambycids, and applied by or Dinoderus).

    under the supervision of pest control operators or other trained personnel responsible for insect control programs; (2) prepare the spray by thoroughly mixing 79 ml (2\2/ 3\ fluid ounces) of Dursban 4E with water for a total of 1 gallon of mixture (equivalent to 2.1 gallons in 100 gallons of water); and (3) apply as a 1 percent chlorpyrifos spray with suitable hand- or power-operated ground spray equipment to the point of runoff. Oak logs........................ Oak wilt disease.. MB T312-a. Oak lumber...................... Oak wilt disease.. MB T312-b. Wood products including

    Borers (wood

    MB T404-b-1-1 or containers.

    wasps,

    MB T404-b-1-2 or cerambycids, and SF T404-b-2 or KS Dinoderus).

    T404-b-4. Globodera

    MB T404-a. rostochiensis. Termites.......... MB T404-c-1-1 or MB T404-c-1-2. Borers and

    MB T404-d. Trogoderma granarium.

    Sec. Sec. 305.3-305.4 [Reserved]

    Subpart--Chemical Treatments

    Sec. 305.5 Treatment requirements.

    (

  5. Certified facility. The fumigation treatment facility must be certified by APHIS. Facilities are required to be inspected and recertified annually, or as often as APHIS directs, depending upon treatments performed, commodities handled, and operations conducted at the facility. In order to be certified, a fumigation facility must:

    (1) Be capable of administering the required dosage range for the required duration and at the appropriate temperature.

    (2) Be adequate to contain the fumigant and be constructed from material that is not reactive to the fumigant.

    (3) For vacuum fumigation facilities, be constructed to withstand required negative pressure.

    (b) Monitoring. Treatment must be monitored by an official authorized by APHIS to ensure proper administration of the treatment, including that the correct amount of gas reaches the target organism and that an adequate number and placement of blowers, fans, sampling tubes, or monitoring lines are used in the treatment enclosure. An

    [[Page 33297]]

    official authorized by APHIS approves, adjusts, or rejects the treatment.

    (c) Treatment procedures. (1) To kill the pest, all chemical applications must be administered in accordance with an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved pesticide label and the APHIS-approved treatment schedule prescribed in this part. If EPA cancels approval for the use of a pesticide on a commodity, then the treatment schedule prescribed in this part is no longer authorized for that commodity. If the commodity is not listed on the pesticide label and/or a Federal quarantine or crisis exemption in accordance with FIFRA section 18, then no chemical treatment is available.

    (2) Temperature/concentration readings must be taken for items known to be sorptive or whose sorptive properties are unknown when treatment is administered in chambers at normal atmospheric pressure.

    (3) The volume of the commodity stacked inside the treatment enclosure must not exceed \2/3\ of the volume of the enclosure. Stacking must be approved by an official authorized by APHIS before treatment begins. All commodities undergoing treatment must be listed on the label.

    (4) Recording and measuring equipment must be adequate to accurately monitor the gas concentration, to ensure the correct amount of gas reaches the pests, and to detect any leaks in the enclosure. At least three sampling tubes or monitoring lines must be used in the treatment enclosure.

    (5) An adequate number of blowers or fans must be used inside of the treatment enclosure to uniformly distribute gas throughout the enclosure. The circulation system must be able to recirculate the entire volume of gas in the enclosure in 3 minutes or less.

    (6) The exposure period begins after all gas has been introduced.

    (7) For vacuum fumigation: The vacuum pump must be able to reduce pressure in the treatment enclosure to 1-2 inches of mercury in 15 minutes or less.

    Sec. 305.6 Methyl bromide fumigation treatment schedules.

    (

  6. Standard schedules.

    Dosage rate (lb/ Treatment schedule

    Pressure

    Temperature ([deg]F) 1000 Exposure period cubic

    (hours) feet)

    MBOFF............................. NAP\1\.............. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 T101-a-1.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 4

    2 T101-a-2.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90 or above.............. 2

    2 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T101-a-3.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-b-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-b-1-1........................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 4

    2 T101-b-2.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 45-49.................... 3.5

    2 40-44.................... 4

    2 T101-b-3-1........................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    4 80-89.................... 3

    4 70-79.................... 3.5

    4 60-69.................... 4

    4 T101-c-1.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    4 T101-c-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 3

    3.5 60-69.................... 3

    4 50-59.................... 3

    4.5 40-49.................... 3

    5 T101-c-3.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 65-69.................... 2

    4 T101-c-3-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3

    2 T101-d-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-d-2.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3.5

    11 60-69.................... 3.5

    12 50-59.................... 3.5

    13 40-49.................... 3.5

    14 T101-d-3.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 T101-e-1.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T101-e-2.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90 or above.............. 2

    1.5 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 2.5

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2

    [[Page 33298]]

    50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    4 T101-e-3.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-f-2.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90 or above.............. 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 T101-f-3.......................... See T101-b-3-1...... T101-g-1.......................... See T101-a-2........ T101-g-1-1........................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 50-59.................... 3

    4 T101-g-2.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 T101-h-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-h-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-h-2-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 65-69.................... 2

    4 T101-h-3.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 T101-i-1.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 T101-i-1-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 T101-i-2.......................... See T101-a-1. T101-i-2-1........................ See T101-a-1. T101-j-1.......................... See T101-b-2. T101-j-2.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 1.5

    2 65-69.................... 1.75

    2 T101-j-2-1........................ NAP................. 70-85.................... 2.5

    2 T101-k-1.......................... See T101-a-1. T101-k-2.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90 or above.............. 0.5

    1.5 80-89.................... 1

    1.5 70-79.................... 1.5

    1.5 60-69.................... 2

    1.5 50-59.................... 2.5

    1.5 40-49.................... 3

    1.5 T101-k-2-1........................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 T101-l-1.......................... See 101-g-1-1. T101-l-2.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90 or above.............. 2

    2 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 T101-m-1.......................... See T101-a-2........ T101-m-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-m-2-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 65-69.................... 2

    4 T101-n-1.......................... See T101-g-2........ T101-n-2.......................... See T101-b-2........ T101-n-2-1........................ See T101-k-2-1. T101-n-2-1-1...................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    16 60-69.................... 2

    24 50-59.................... 3

    16 40-49.................... 3

    24 T101-o-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-o-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-p-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-p-2.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 1

    2 80-89.................... 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2

    [[Page 33299]]

    T101-q-2.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2

    2 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T101-r-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-r-2.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    6 T101-s-1.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 4

    2 T101-s-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-t-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 4

    3 80-89.................... 4

    4 70-79.................... 5

    4 60-69.................... 5

    5 50-59.................... 6

    5 40-49.................... 6

    6 T101-t-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-u-1.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80 or above.............. 3

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    3 50-59.................... 4

    4 40-49.................... 4

    5 T101-u-2.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 T101-v-1.......................... See T101-b-2........ T101-v-2.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2.75

    2 T101-w-1.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 80 or above.............. 2

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 4

    2 50-59.................... 4

    3 40-49.................... 4

    4 T101-w-1-2........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    2 T101-w-2.......................... See T101-h-3. T101-x-1.......................... See T101-h-3. T101-x-1-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2.5

    2.5 T101-x-2.......................... See T101-a-1........ T101-y-1.......................... See T101-k-2-1. T101-y-2.......................... See T101-a-1. T101-z-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 50-59.................... 3

    4 40-49.................... 4

    4 T101-z-2.......................... See T101-k-2-1. T104-a-1.......................... See T101-a-1........ T104-a-2.......................... See T101-b-1-1...... T201-a-1/T201-a-2 (except

    NAP/26'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    2 Brachyrhinus larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-a-1/T201-a-2 (Brachyrhinus NAP/26'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-b-1 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 1.5

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 2.5

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2.5 50-59.................... 2.5

    3 40-49.................... 2.5

    3.5 T201-b-1 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5

    [[Page 33300]]

    80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-c-1 \2\...................... NAP................. 80-90.................... 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2 T201-c-2 \3\...................... 15'' vacuum......... 80-90.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-d-1 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-d-1 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-d-2.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 1

    2 80-89.................... 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2 T201-d-3.......................... 15'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 3

    1 80-89.................... 3

    1.5 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-e-1/T201-e-2................. NAP/15'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    1.5 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 T201-e-3-1........................ NAP................. 90-96.................... 1.5

    2 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 2.5

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2 T201-e-3-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 1.5

    1.5 80-89.................... 2

    1.5 70-79.................... 2.5

    1.5 60-69.................... 3

    1.5 T201-f-1/T201-f-2 (except

    NAP/15'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    2 Brachyrhinus larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-f-1/T201-f-2 (Brachyrhinus NAP/15'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-g-1.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 0.75

    2 T201-h-1/T201-h-2................. 15'' vacuum/26'' 90-96.................... 2

    2 vacuum. 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 60-79.................... 3

    2 40-59.................... 3

    2.5

    [[Page 33301]]

    T201-i-1/T201-i-2................. NAP/26'' vacuum..... 90-96.................... 2

    1.5 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 T201-j............................ NAP................. 75....................... 4

    2 74....................... 4

    2 hrs 1 min 73....................... 4

    2 hrs 2 min 72....................... 4

    2 hrs 4 min 71....................... 4

    2 hrs 7 min 70....................... 4

    2 hrs 9 min 69....................... 4

    2 hrs 11min 68....................... 4

    2 hrs 14min 67....................... 4 2 hrs 16 min 66....................... 4 2 hrs 19 min 65....................... 4 2 hrs 22 min 64....................... 4 2 hrs 25 min 63....................... 4 2 hrs 28 min 62....................... 4 2 hrs 31 min 61....................... 4 2 hrs 35 min 60....................... 4 2 hrs 38 min 59....................... 4 2 hrs 41 min 58....................... 4 2 hrs 43 min 57....................... 4 2 hrs 46 min 56....................... 4 2 hrs 49 min 55....................... 4 2 hrs 52 min 54....................... 4 2 hrs 55 min 53....................... 4 2 hrs 58 min 52....................... 4

    3 hrs 1 min 51....................... 4

    3 hrs 5 min 50....................... 4

    3 hrs 8 min 49....................... 4 3 hrs 12 min 48....................... 4 3 hrs 15 min 47....................... 4 3 hrs 19 min 46....................... 4 3 hrs 24 min 45....................... 4 3 hrs 28 min T201-k-1 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 85-96.................... 1

    4 larvae). 80-84.................... 2

    2.5 70-79.................... 2

    3.5 T201-k-1 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 85-96.................... 1.5

    4 80-84.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 2

    3.5 T201-k-2 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-k-2 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-l............................ NAP................. 90-96.................... 1

    2 80-89.................... 1.25

    2 70-79.................... 1.5

    2 60-69.................... 1.75

    2 T201-m-1 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-m-1 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4

    [[Page 33302]]

    T201-m-2.......................... NAP................. 80-90.................... 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2 T201-m-3 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T201-m-3 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-m-4.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T201-n............................ NAP................. 85 or above.............. 1

    2 80-85.................... 1.25

    2 70-79.................... 1.5

    2 65-69.................... 1.75

    2 T202-a-1 (except Brachyrhinus NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-a-1 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T202-a-2.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T202-a-3 (except Brachyrhinus 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-a-3 (Brachyrhinus larvae).... 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T202-b............................ 26'' vacuum......... 70-96.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    2.5 50-59.................... 4

    3 40-49.................... 4

    4 T202-d............................ NAP................. 90-96.................... 2.5

    4 80-89.................... 3

    4 70-79.................... 3.5

    4 60-69.................... 4

    4 T202-e-1.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 50-59.................... 3

    4

    [[Page 33303]]

    40-49.................... 3

    4.5 T202-e-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-f (except Brachyrhinus

    15'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae).

    80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-f (Brachyrhinus larvae)...... 15'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T202-g............................ NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    3 80-89.................... 2.5

    3 70-79.................... 3

    3 60-69.................... 3

    3.5 50-59.................... 3

    4 40-49.................... 3

    4.5 T202-h (except Brachyrhinus

    26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2 larvae). 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-h (Brachyrhinus larvae)...... 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T202-i-1.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 3

    2 80-89.................... 3.5

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    2.5 50-59.................... 4

    3 40-49.................... 4

    3.5 T202-i-2.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2 80-89.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T202-j............................ 15'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2

    1.5 80-89.................... 2

    2 70-79.................... 2.5

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-a-1.......................... NAP................. 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-a-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-b (except Caryedon spp.)..... 26'' vacuum......... 70-96.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4

    [[Page 33304]]

    T203-b (Caryedon spp.)............ 26'' vacuum......... 40-96.................... 5

    2 T203-c............................ NAP................. 50 or above.............. 2

    24 T203-d-1.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3.5

    11 60-69.................... 3.5

    12 50-59.................... 3.5

    13 40-49.................... 3.5

    14 T203-d-2 (except Vicia faba)...... 26'' vacuum......... 70-96.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-d-2 (Vicia faba)............. 26'' vacuum......... 70-96.................... 3

    3.5 60-69.................... 3

    4 50-59.................... 3

    4.5 40-49.................... 3

    5 T203-e............................ 26'' vacuum......... 80-96.................... 3

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    3 50-59.................... 4

    4 40-49.................... 4

    5 T203-f-1.......................... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 6

    12 60 or above.............. 3

    24 40-59.................... 7

    12 40-59.................... 4

    24 T203-f-2.......................... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 7

    12 60 or above.............. 5

    24 40-59.................... 8

    12 40-59.................... 6

    24 T203-f-3.......................... NAP................. 40 or above.............. 4

    2 T203-g-1.......................... NAP................. 60-96.................... 2

    12 60-96.................... 1

    24 40-59.................... 3

    12 40-59.................... 2

    24 T203-g-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 4

    2 40 or above.............. T203-h............................ 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 4

    4 T203-i-1.......................... NAP................. 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-i-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T203-j............................ NAP................. 80-96.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 T203-k............................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2 T203-l............................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 T203-m 26'' vacuum................ 90-96............... 2........................ 2 80-89.................... 3

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    3 50-59.................... 4

    4 40-49.................... 4

    5 T203-o-1.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 3.5

    6 T203-o-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80-86.................... 2.5

    3.5 70-79.................... 3

    3.5 60-69.................... 3

    4 50-59.................... 3

    4.5 40-49.................... 3

    5 T203-o-3.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 4

    4 T203-o-4-1........................ 26'' vacuum......... 50 or above.............. 2

    24 T203-o-4-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 3.5

    3 T203-o-5.......................... NAP................. 70 or above.............. 4

    8

    [[Page 33305]]

    T301-a-1-1 (bulk shipments)....... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 6

    12 60 or above.............. 4

    24 40-59.................... 7

    12 40-59.................... 5

    24 T301-a-1-1 (other than bulk

    NAP................. 60 or above.............. 6

    12 shipments). 60 or above.............. 3

    24 40-59.................... 7

    12 40-59.................... 4

    24 T301-a-1-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T301-a-2.......................... NAP................. 40 or above.............. 7

    12 40 or above.............. 5

    24 T301-a-3.......................... NAP................. 40 or above.............. 7

    12 40 or above.............. 4

    24 T301-a-4.......................... NAP................. 40 or above.............. 7

    12 40 or above.............. 5

    24 T301-a-5-1........................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 3

    24 T301-a-5-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 4

    2 T301-b-1-1........................ NAP................. 60 or above.............. 8

    24 40-59.................... 11

    24 T301-b-1-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T301-b-2.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 T301-b-3.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 4

    24 80-89.................... 6

    24 70-79.................... 8

    24 T301-c............................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 T301-d-1-1........................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    2 80-89.................... 3

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2 60-69.................... 4

    3 55-59.................... 5

    3 50-54.................... 5.5

    4 40-49.................... 6

    8 T302-a-1-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 2

    6 T302-b-1-2........................ See T301-a-1-1 or T301-a-1-2. T302-c-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T302-c-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T302-c-3.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 10

    12 40-49.................... 12

    12 T302-e-1.......................... NAP................. 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T302-e-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80-96.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T302-g-1.......................... NAP................. 90-95.................... 4

    3 80-89.................... 4

    4 70-79.................... 5

    4 60-69.................... 5

    5 50-59.................... 6

    5 40-49.................... 6

    6 T302-g-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 80-96.................... 3

    2 70-79.................... 4

    2

    [[Page 33306]]

    60-69.................... 4

    3 50-59.................... 4

    4 40-49.................... 4

    5 T303-d-2-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 2.5

    2.5 50-59.................... 3.5

    2.5 40-49.................... 5

    2.5 T303-d-2-3........................ NAP................. 60 or above.............. 2.5

    24 50-59.................... 3

    24 40-49.................... 4

    24 T304-a............................ NAP................. 60 or above.............. 2.5

    32 50-59.................... 3.5

    32 40-49.................... 4.5

    32 T304-b............................ 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 2.5

    2.5 50-59.................... 3.5

    2.5 40-49.................... 5

    2.5 T305-a............................ NAP................. 80-89.................... 1.5

    2 70-79.................... 2

    2 60-69.................... 2.5

    2 50-59.................... 3

    2 40-49.................... 3.5

    2 T305-b............................ 15'' vacuum......... 80-90.................... 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    3 40-49.................... 3

    3.5 T305-c............................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 2.5

    2 70-79.................... 3

    2 60-69.................... 4

    2 T306-a............................ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 40 or above.............. 16

    8 T306-b (bulk shipments)........... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 6

    12 60 or above.............. 4

    24 40-59.................... 7

    12 40-59.................... 5

    24 T306-b (other than bulk shipments) NAP................. 60 or above.............. 6

    12 60 or above.............. 3

    24 40-59.................... 7

    12 40-59.................... 4

    24 T306-c-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 4

    24 80-89.................... 8

    24 70-79.................... 8

    24 60-69.................... 12

    24 50-59.................... 12

    28 40-49.................... 12

    32 T306-c-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T306-d-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 4

    24 80-89.................... 6

    24 70-79.................... 8

    24 60-69.................... 12

    24 50-59.................... 12

    28 40-49.................... 12

    32 T306-d-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T309-a (except sawflies).......... 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 2.5

    2.5 50-59.................... 3.5

    2.5 40-49.................... 5

    2.5 T309-a (sawflies)................. 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 2.5

    5 50-59.................... 3.5

    5 40-49.................... 5

    5 T309-b-1.......................... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 2.5

    16 50-59.................... 3.5

    16 40-49.................... 4.5

    16 T309-b-2.......................... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 3

    24 50-59.................... 5

    24 40-49.................... 7

    24 T310-a............................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 4

    3 80-89.................... 5

    3 70-79.................... 6

    4

    [[Page 33307]]

    60-69.................... 7

    5 50-59.................... 8

    7 40-49.................... 8

    16 T310-b............................ 26'' vacuum......... 80 or above.............. 3

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    3.5 60-69.................... 4

    4 50-59.................... 5.5

    5 T312-a............................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 15

    72 T312-b............................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 15

    48 T313-a............................ NAP................. 75 or above.............. 1.5

    2.5 7-74..................... 2

    2.5 60-69.................... 2.5

    3 60-69.................... 3

    2.5 50-59.................... 3

    4 50-59.................... 4

    2.5 40-49.................... 3.5

    4.5 40-49.................... 5

    2.5 T313-b............................ NAP................. 60 or above.............. 3

    4 60 or above.............. 4

    3 50-59.................... 3.5

    4 50-59.................... 4

    3.5 40-49.................... 4

    4 T401-a............................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 4

    12 40 or above.............. 8

    3 T401-b............................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T402-a-1.......................... NAP................. 55 or above.............. 8

    24 T402-a-2.......................... NAP................. 55 or above.............. 8

    72 T402-a-3.......................... NAP................. 80 or above.............. 6

    10 55-79.................... 6

    16 40-54.................... 8

    24 T402-b-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T402-b-2.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 4

    24 80-89.................... 6

    24 70-79.................... 8

    24 T403-a-2-1........................ NAP................. 55 or above.............. 8

    72 T403-a-2-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 8

    16 T403-a-3.......................... NAP................. 90-96.................... 1

    2 80-89.................... 1.25

    2 70-79.................... 1.5

    2 60-69.................... 1.75

    2 T403-a-4-1........................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 6

    10 55-79.................... 6

    16 40-54.................... 8

    24 T403-a-4-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 7 or above............... 6

    6 T403-a-5-1........................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 6

    10 40-79.................... 6

    16 T403-a-5-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 6

    6 T403-b............................ Use T401-b or 402-b- 2. T403-c............................ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 40 or above.............. 16

    8 T403-e-1-1........................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T403-e-1-2........................ NAP................. 90-96.................... 4

    24 80-89.................... 6

    24 70-79.................... 8

    24

    [[Page 33308]]

    60-69.................... 12

    24 50-59.................... 12

    28 40-49.................... 12

    32 T403-e-2.......................... NAP................. 40 or above.............. 10

    48 T403-f............................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3

    3 60-69.................... 3.5

    3 50-59.................... 4

    3 45-49.................... 4.5

    3 40-44.................... 5

    3 T404-a............................ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 40 or above.............. 16

    8 T404-b-1-1........................ NAP................. 70 or above.............. 3

    16 40-69.................... 5

    16 T404-b-1-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 4

    4 40-69.................... 4

    5 T404-c-1-1........................ NAP................. 40 or above.............. 3

    24 T404-c-1-2........................ 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 4

    3 40-69.................... 4

    4 T404-d............................ NAP................. 80 or above.............. 3.5

    24 70-79.................... 4.5

    24 60-69.................... 6

    24 50-59.................... 7.5

    24 40-49.................... 9

    24 T406-b............................ NAP................. 60 or above.............. 15

    24 T407.............................. NAP................. 40 or above.............. 4

    12 40 or above.............. 8

    3 T408-c-1.......................... See T403-c for loose and friable material only. T408-c-2.......................... NAP................. 60 or above.............. 15

    24 T408-e-1.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 70 or above.............. 2

    3.5 T408-e-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 40 or above.............. 16

    8 T408-g-1.......................... Chamber............. 60 or above.............. 10

    24 60 or above.............. 20

    15.5 T408-g-2.......................... Tarpaulin........... 60 or above.............. 15

    24 T411.............................. NAP................. 90-96.................... 2

    2.5 80-89.................... 2.5

    2.5 70-79.................... 3

    2.5 60-69.................... 3

    3 50-59.................... 3

    3.5 40-49.................... 3

    4 T413-a............................ NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T413-b............................ 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T414.............................. NAP................. 50 or above.............. 3.5

    4 50 or above.............. 2.5

    8 50 or above.............. 2

    16 40-49.................... 4.5

    4 40-59.................... 3.25

    8 40-49.................... 2.25

    16 T416-a-1.......................... NAP................. 90 or above.............. 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 7.5

    12 40-49.................... 9

    12 T416-a-2.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 60 or above.............. 8

    3 40-59.................... 9

    3 T416-a-3.......................... 26'' vacuum......... 90-96.................... 2.5

    12 80-89.................... 3.5

    12 70-79.................... 4.5

    12 60-69.................... 6

    12 50-59.................... 10

    12

    [[Page 33309]]

    40-49.................... 12

    12 T502-1, T502-2, T502-3............ 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 T506-1, T506-2-1.................. 26'' vacuum......... 40 or above.............. 8

    16 40 or above.............. 10.5

    12 40 or above.............. 16

    8

    \1\ Normal atmospheric pressure. \2\ See T201-p-3 (Sec. 305.35(c)) for material not tolerant to fumigation. \3\ See footnote 2.

    (b) MBSFF, fumigation with methyl bromide for sapote fruit fly. Regulated citrus fruits originating inside an area quarantined for sapote fruit fly that are to be moved outside the quarantined area may be treated with methyl bromide fumigation in APHIS-approved chambers. Exposure period for this treatment is 2 hours. To enhance equal concentrations of methyl bromide throughout the chamber, a fan should be placed near the point of gas introduction, and allowed to run for at least 15 minutes. Fruit pulp temperature must be between 21.1 [deg]C and 29.4 [deg]C (70 [deg]F and 85 [deg]F). This temperature requirement refers to fruit pulp only and not to air temperature within the chamber. Fruit taken from a cooling room may have to be prewarmed before fumigation is attempted. To determine fruit pulp temperature, stab several fruit to the center with a suitable thermometer that reads at least in whole degrees (F or C). The lowest temperature should be used, not the average. The methyl bromide dosage is set at a rate of 2.5 pounds of 100 percent pure, type ``Q'' (for quarantine use only) methyl bromide per 1,000 cubic feet of chamber space. Dosage is based upon chamber volume, not the volume of the fruit being treated. Fruit should be in cartons approved for fumigation. Cartons must be placed on pallets. There should be an air space of at least 1 foot between adjacent pallet loads; at least 1 foot between chamber walls and the nearest carton of fruit; and at least 2 feet between the height of the stack and the ceiling of the chamber. The compressed liquid methyl bromide inside the cylinder must be put through a volatilizer prior to injection into the chamber. Water temperature in the volatilizer must never fall below 65.6 [deg]C (150 [deg]F) at any time during gas injection. However, if, prior to treatment, representative sampling reveals a level of infestation greater than 0.5 percent for the lot, then the fruit is ineligible for treatment.

    Sec. 305.7 Phosphine treatment schedules.

    Exposure Treatment schedule

    Pressure

    Temperature ([deg]F) Dosage rate

    period (hours)

    T203-f-4.......................... NAP\1\............... 50 or above......... 2.1 grams/cubic

    120 meter. T203-g-3.......................... NAP.................. 50 or above......... 2.1 grams/cubic

    120 meter. T301-a-6.......................... NAP.................. 50 or above......... 60 grams/1000 ft\3\.

    120 T301-d-1-2........................ NAP.................. 50 or above......... 36 grams/1000 ft\3\.

    72 T311.............................. NAP.................. 50 or above......... 60 grams/1000 ft\3\. 168

    \1\ Normal atmospheric pressure.

    Sec. 305.8 Sulfuryl fluoride treatment schedules.

    Dosage rate (lb/ Exposure Treatment schedule

    Pressure

    Temperature ([deg]F) 1000 period cubic (hours) feet)

    T310-d................................ NAP \1\................. 70 or above.............

    2

    24 50-69...................

    2.5

    24 40-49...................

    3

    24 DT404-b-2............................. NAP..................... 70 or above.............

    4

    16 60-69...................

    4

    24 50-59...................

    5

    24 40-49...................

    6.5

    24 5

    32 T404-c-2.............................. NAP..................... 70 or above.............

    1

    16 60-69...................

    1.5

    24 50-59...................

    2.5

    24

    \1\ Normal atmospheric pressure.

    [[Page 33310]]

    Sec. 305.9 Aerosol spray for aircraft treatment schedules.

    (

  7. Military aircraft. Aerosol disinfection of U.S. military aircraft must conform to requirements in the latest edition of ``Quarantine Regulations of the Armed Forces'' (Army Reg. 40-12; SECNAVINST 6210.2A; AFR 161-4).

    (b) Aerosol schedules.

    Treatment schedule

    Aerosol

    Rate

    T409-b................................... d-phenothrin (10%)........... 8g/1,000 ft \3\. T409-c-1................................. Resmethrin (2%).............. 10g/1,000 ft \3\. T409-c-3................................. Resmethrin (1.2%)............ 16.66/1,000 ft \3\.

    Sec. 305.10 Treatment schedules for combination treatments.

    (

  8. Fumigation followed by cold treatment. (1) Treatment requirements for chemical treatments in Sec. 305.5 and for cold treatment in Sec. 305.15 must be followed.

    (2) Normal atmospheric pressure must be used for the methyl bromide portion of the treatment.

    (3) In the following table, CT represents cold treatment, and MB represents methyl bromide fumigation:

    Dosage rate (lb/ Treatment schedule

    Type of treatment Temperature ([deg]F) 1000 ft Exposure period \3\)

    T108-a-1 \1\...................... MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2 hours. CT.................. 33-37............... ......... 4 days. 38-47............... ......... 11 days. T108-a-2 \2\...................... MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2.5 hours. CT.................. 34-40............... ......... 4 days. 41-47............... ......... 6 days. 48-56............... ......... 10 days. T108-a-3 \3\...................... MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 3 hours. CT.................. 43-47............... ......... 3 days. 48-56............... ......... 6 days. T108-b............................ MB.................. 50 or above.........

    1.5 2 hours. 40-49...............

    2 2 hours. CT.................. 33 or below......... ......... 21 days. 48-56............... ......... 6 days. MB&CTMedfly....................... MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2 hours. CT.................. 33-37............... ......... 4 days. 38-47............... ......... 11 days. MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2.5 hours. CT.................. 34-40............... ......... 4 days. 41-47............... ......... 6 days. 48-56............... ......... 10 days. MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 3 hours. CT.................. 43-47............... ......... 3 days. 48-56............... ......... 6 days. MB&CTOFF \4\...................... MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2 hours. CT.................. 33-37............... ......... 4 days. 38-47............... ......... 11 days. MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 2.5 hours. CT.................. 34-40............... ......... 4 days. 41-47............... ......... 6 days. 48-56............... ......... 10 days. MB.................. 70 or above.........

    2 3 hours. CT.................. 43-47............... ......... 3 days. 48-56............... ......... 6 days.

    \1\ For Hawaiian-grown avocados only, a single transient heat spike of no greater than 39.6 [deg]F (4.2 [deg]C) and no longer than 2 hours, during or after 6 days of cold treatment, does not affect the efficacy of the treatment. \2\ See footnote 1. \3\ See footnote 1. \4\ Following fumigation, the fruit must be aerated 2 hours before refrigeration (but refrigeration must begin no more than 24 hours after fumigation is completed).

    (b) Cold treatment followed by fumigation. (1) Treatment requirements for chemical treatments in Sec. 305.5 and for cold treatment in Sec. 305.15 must be followed.

    (2) Use normal atmospheric pressure for the methyl bromide portion of the treatment.

    (3) In the following table, CT represents cold treatment, and MB represents methyl bromide fumigation:

    [[Page 33311]]

    Temperature Dosage rate (lb/ Treatment schedule

    Type of treatment ([deg]F)

    1000 ft \3\) Exposure period

    T109-a-1....................... CT................ 34 or below....... .................. 40 days. MB................ 50 or above....... 3................. 2 hours. T109-a-2....................... CT................ 34 or below....... .................. 40 days. MB................ 59 or above....... 2 pounds 6 ounces. 2 hours. T109-d-1....................... CT................ 33 or below....... .................. 21 days. MB................ 70 or above....... 2................. 2 hours. 60-69............. 2.5. 40-59............. 3. CT&MBOFF....................... CT................ 33................ .................. 21 days. MB................ 40-59............. 3................. 2 hours. 60-69............. 2.5............... 2 hours. 70-79............. 2................. 2 hours.

    (c) T203-p and T511-1, hot water and chemical dip for citrus (Rutacae) seeds for citrus canker. (1) If any mucilaginous material, such as pulp, is adhering to the seed, the seed must be washed to remove it.

    (2) The seed must be immersed in water heated to 125 [deg]F or above for 10 minutes.

    (3) Then the seed must be immersed for at least 2 minutes in a solution containing 200 parts per million sodium hypochlorite at a pH of 6.0 to 7.5.

    (4) Seed from regions where citrus canker occurs must be drained, dried, and repacked near original moisture content.

    (d) T201-g-2 and T201-p-2, hand removal plus malathion-carbaryl chemical dip. (1) Pests must be removed by hand from infested parts.

    (2) The solutions must be prepared by adding 3 level tablespoons of 25 percent malathion wettable powder and 3 level tablespoons of 50 percent carbaryl wettable powder to each gallon of water. The addition of a sticker-spreader formulation may be required for hard to wet plants. Fresh chemicals must be used and the dip must be prepared for same day use. (For T201-p-2, when the actionable pests are scale insects or their immature crawlers and the label permits, the solution is prepared as indicated, except the 25 percent malathion wettable powder is increased to 4 level tablespoons.)

    (3) The entire plant, including the roots, must be submerged in the chemical dip for 30 seconds.

    Sec. 305.11 Miscellaneous chemical treatments.

    (

  9. CC1 for citrus canker. The fruit must be thoroughly wetted for at least 2 minutes with a solution containing 200 parts per million sodium hypochlorite.

    (b) CC2 for citrus canker. The fruit must be thoroughly wetted with a solution containing sodium o-phenyl phenate (SOPP) at a concentration of 1.86 to 2.0 percent of the total solution, for 45 seconds if the solution has sufficient soap or detergent to cause a visible foaming action or for 1 minute if the solution does not contain sufficient soap to cause a visible foaming action.

    Sec. Sec. 305.12-305.14 [Reserved]

    Subpart-Cold Treatments

    Sec. 305.15 Treatment requirements.

    (

  10. Approved facilities and carriers. Cold treatment facilities or carriers must be approved by APHIS. Reapproval is required annually, or as often as APHIS directs, depending on treatments performed, commodities handled, and operations conducted at the facility. In order to be approved, facilities and carriers must:

    (1) Be capable of keeping treated and untreated fruits, vegetables, or other articles separate so as to prevent reinfestation of articles and spread of pests;

    (2) Have equipment that is adequate to effectively perform cold treatment.

    (b) Cold treatment enclosures. All enclosures in which cold treatment is performed, including refrigerated containers, must:

    (1) Be capable of precooling, cooling, and holding fruit at temperatures less than or equal to 2.2 [deg]C (36 [deg]F).

    (2) Maintain pulp temperatures according to treatment schedules with no more than a 0.3 [deg]C (0.54 [deg]F) variation in temperature.

    (3) Be structurally sound and adequate to maintain required temperatures.

    (c) Monitoring. Treatment must be monitored by an official authorized by APHIS to ensure proper administration of the treatment. An official authorized by APHIS must approve the recording devices and sensors used to monitor temperatures and conduct an operational check of the equipment before each use and ensure sensors are calibrated. An official authorized by APHIS approves, adjusts, or rejects the treatment.

    (d) Compliance agreements. Facilities located in the United States must operate under a compliance agreement with APHIS. The compliance agreement must be signed by a representative of the cold treatment facility and APHIS. The compliance agreement must contain requirements for equipment, temperature, circulation, and other operational requirements for performing cold treatment to ensure that treatments are administered properly. Compliance agreements must allow officials of APHIS to inspect the facility to monitor compliance with the regulations.

    (e) Work plans. Facilities located outside the United States must operate in accordance with a work plan. The work plan must be signed by a representative of the cold treatment facility, the national plant protection organization of the country of origin (NPPO), and APHIS. The work plan must contain requirements for equipment, temperature, circulation, and other operational requirements for performing cold treatment to ensure that cold treatments are administered properly. Work plans for facilities outside the United States may include trust fund agreement information regarding payment of the salaries and expenses of APHIS employees on site. Work plans must allow officials of the NPPO and APHIS to inspect the facility to monitor compliance with APHIS regulations.

    (f) Treatment procedures. (1) All material, labor, and equipment for cold treatment performed on vessels must be provided by the vessel or vessel agent. An official authorized by APHIS monitors, manages, and advises in order to ensure that the treatment procedures are followed.

    (2) Fruit that may be cold treated must be safeguarded to prevent cross-contamination or mixing with other infested fruit. Before loading in cold treatment containers, packages of fruit must be precooled to a treatment temperature or to a uniform temperature

    [[Page 33312]]

    not to exceed 4.5 [deg]C (40 [deg]F) or precooled at the terminal to 2.2 [deg]F (36 [deg]F).

    (3) Breaks, damage, etc., in the treatment enclosure that preclude maintaining correct temperatures must be repaired before use. An official authorized by APHIS must approve loading of compartment, number and placement of sensors, and initial fruit temperature readings before beginning the treatment.

    (4) At least three temperature sensors must be used in the treatment compartment during treatment.

    (5) The time required to complete the treatment begins when the temperature reaches the required temperature.

    (6) Only the same type of fruit in the same type of package may be treated together in a container; no mixture of fruits in containers will be treated.

    (7) Fruit must be stacked to allow cold air to be distributed throughout the enclosure, with no pockets of warmer air, and to allow random sampling of pulp temperature in any location in load. Temperatures must be recorded at intervals no longer than 1 hour apart. Gaps of longer than 1 hour may invalidate the treatment or indicate treatment failure.

    (8) Cold treatment is not completed until so designated by an official authorized by APHIS or the certifying official of the foreign country; shipments of treated commodities may not be discharged until full APHIS clearance has been completed, including review and approval of treatment record charts.

    (9) Pretreatment conditioning (heat shock or 100.4 [deg]F for 10 to 12 hours) of fruits is optional and is the responsibility of the shipper.

    (10) Cold treatment of fruits in break-bulk vessels or containers must be initiated by an official authorized by APHIS if there is not a treatment technician who has been trained to initiate cold treatments for either break-bulk vessels or containers.

    Sec. 305.16 Cold treatment schedules.

    Temperature Treatment schedule

    ([deg]F)

    Exposure period

    T107-a\1\...................... 34 or below....... 14 days. 35 or below....... 16 days. 36 or below....... 18 days. T107-a-1....................... 34 or below....... 15 days. 35 or below....... 17 days. T107-b......................... 33 or below....... 18 days. 34 or below....... 20 days. 35 or below....... 22 days. T107-c......................... 32 or below....... 11 days. 33 or below....... 13 days. 34 or below....... 15 days. 35 or below....... 17 days. T107-d......................... 32 or below....... 13 days. 33 or below....... 14 days. 34 or below....... 18 days. 35 or below....... 20 days. 36 or below....... 22 days. T107-e......................... 31 or below \2\... 22 days. T107-f......................... 32 or below....... 10 days. 33 or below....... 11 days. 34 or below....... 12 days. 35 or below....... 14 days. T107-g......................... 0 or below........ 7 days. T107-h......................... 33.4 or below..... 13 days. 33.8 or below..... 15 days. 34.5 or below..... 18 days. T107-j......................... 33.8 or below..... 13 days. 34.5 or below..... 18 days. CTMedfly....................... 34 or below....... 14 days. 35 or below....... 16 days. 36 or below....... 18 days. T403-a-2-3 (for temperatures 0................. 48 hours. below 55 [deg]F). T403-a-4-3, T403-a-5-3, T403-a- 0................. 48 hours. 6-1. T403-a-6-2..................... 0................. 32 hours. 10................ 48 hours. T403-a-6-3..................... 0................. 8 hours. 10................ 16 hours. 20................ 24 hours.

    \1\ For Hawaiian-grown avocados only, a single transient heat spike of no greater than 39.6 [deg]F (4.2 [deg]C) and no longer than 2 hours, during or after 6 days of cold treatment, does not affect the efficacy of the treatment. \2\ Commence when sensors are at 31 [deg]F or below. If the temperature exceeds 31.5 [deg]F, extend the treatment one-third of a day for each day, or part of a day, that the temperature is above 31.5 [deg]F. If the exposure period is extended, the temperature during the extension period must be 34 [deg]F or below. If the temperature exceeds 34 [deg]F at any time, the treatment is nullified. Also, some freeze damage may occur if the pulp temperature drops below approximately 29.5 [deg]F. This varies with the commodity.

    [[Page 33313]]

    Subpart--Quick Freeze Treatments

    Sec. 305.17 Authorized treatments; exceptions.

    (

  11. Quick freeze is an authorized treatment for all fruits and vegetables imported into the United States or moved interstate from Hawaii or Puerto Rico, except for those fruits and vegetables listed in paragraph (b) of this section. Quick freeze for fruits and vegetables imported into the United States or moved interstate from Hawaii or Puerto Rico must be conducted in accordance with Sec. Sec. 318.13-4a, 318.58-4a, and 319.56-2c, respectively.

    (b) Quick freeze is not an authorized treatment for:

    (1) Avocados with seeds from South America, Central America, or Mexico.

    (2) Citrus with peel from Afghanistan, Andaman Islands, Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, China (People's Republic of), Comoros, Cote d'Ivoire, Fiji Islands, Home Island in Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan and adjacent islands, Korea, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Reunion Islands, Rodrigues Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Thursday Island, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen, and Zaire.

    (3) Mangoes with seeds from Barbados, Dominica, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Lucia, and all countries outside of North, Central, and South America and their adjacent islands (which include the Caribbean Islands and Bermuda).

    (4) Corn-on-the-cob from Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Macedonia, Morocco, Sardinia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey.

    (5) Black currants unless authorized in an import permit to specified areas.

    (c) Quick freeze may damage commodities and is recommended for thick-skinned fruits and vegetables, such as durian and coconut, that will be processed into another form (e.g., for puree, juice, or mashed vegetables).

    Sec. 305.18 Quick freeze treatment schedule.

    (

  12. T110.

    (1) Initially, lower the commodity's temperature to 0 [deg]F or below.

    (2) Hold the temperature of the commodity at 20 [deg]F or below for at least 48 hours.

    (3) The commodity may be transported during the 48-hour treatment period, but the temperature must be maintained at 20 [deg]F or below prior to release.

    (4) The fruits and vegetables may not be removed from the vessel or vehicle transporting them until an inspector has determined that they are in a satisfactory frozen state upon arrival. If the temperature of the fruits or vegetables in any part of a shipment is found to be above 20 [deg]F at the time of inspection upon arrival, the entire shipment must remain on board the vessel or vehicle under such safeguards as may be prescribed by the inspector until the temperature of the shipment is below 20 [deg]F, or the shipment is transported outside the United States or its territorial waters, or is otherwise disposed of to the satisfaction of the inspector.

    (b) [Reserved]

    Sec. 305.19 [Reserved]

    Subpart--Heat Treatments

    Sec. 305.20 Treatment requirements.

    (

  13. Certified facility. The treatment facility must be certified by APHIS. Recertification is required annually, or as often as APHIS directs, depending upon treatments performed, commodities handled, and operations conducted at the facility. In order to be certified, a heat treatment facility must:

    (1) Have equipment that is capable of adequately circulating air or water (as relevant to the treatment), changing the temperature, and maintaining the changed temperature sufficient to meet the treatment schedule parameters.

    (2) Have equipment used to record, monitor, or sense temperature, maintained in proper working order.

    (3) Keep treated and untreated fruits, vegetables, or articles separate so as to prevent reinfestation and spread of pests.

    (b) Monitoring. Treatment must be monitored by an official authorized by APHIS to ensure proper administration of the treatment. An official authorized by APHIS approves, adjusts, or rejects the treatment.

    (c) Compliance agreements. Facilities located in the United States must operate under a compliance agreement with APHIS. The compliance agreement must be signed by a representative of the heat treatment facilities located in the United States and APHIS. The compliance agreement must contain requirements for equipment, temperature, water quality, circulation, and other measures for performing heat treatments to ensure that treatments are administered properly. Compliance agreements must allow officials of APHIS to inspect the facility to monitor compliance with the regulations.

    (d) Work plans. Facilities located outside the United States must operate in accordance with a work plan. The work plan must be signed by a representative of the heat treatment facilities located outside the United States the national plant protection organization of the country of origin (NPPO), and APHIS. The work plan must contain requirements for equipment, temperature, water quality, circulation, and other measures to ensure that heat treatments are administered properly. Work plans for facilities outside the United States must include trust fund agreement information regarding payment of the salaries and expenses of APHIS employees on site. Work plans must allow officials of the NPPO and APHIS to inspect the facility to monitor compliance with APHIS regulations.

    (e) Treatment procedures. (1) Before each treatment can begin, an official authorized by APHIS must approve the loading of the commodity in the treatment container.

    (2) Sensor equipment must be adequate to monitor the treatment, its type and placement must be approved by an official authorized by APHIS, and the equipment must be tested by an official authorized by APHIS prior to beginning the treatment. Sensor equipment must be locked before each treatment to prevent tampering.

    (3) Fruits, vegetables, or articles of substantially different sizes must be treated separately; oversized fruit may be rejected by an official authorized by APHIS.

    (4) The treatment period begins when the temperature specified by the treatment schedule has been reached. An official authorized by APHIS may abort the treatment if the facility requires an unreasonably long time to achieve the required temperature.

    Sec. 305.21 Hot water dip treatment schedule for mangoes.

    Mangoes may be treated using schedule T102-a:

    (

  14. Fruit must be presorted by weight class. Treatment of mixed loads is not allowed.

    (b) The mangoes must be treated in the country of origin at a certified facility under the monitoring of an official authorized by APHIS. Prior to each use, an official authorized by APHIS must test and determine that the treatment tank, temperature recording device, and other monitoring equipment of the tank are adequate to conduct the treatment.

    [[Page 33314]]

    (c) Water in the treatment tank must be treated or changed regularly to prevent microbial contamination. Chlorinated water must be used.

    (d) Pulp temperature must be 70 [deg]F or above before starting the treatment.

    (e) Fruit must be submerged at least 4 inches below the water's surface.

    (f) Water must circulate constantly and be kept at 115 [deg]F or above throughout the treatment with the following tolerances:

    (1) During the first 5 minutes of a treatment, temperatures below 113.7 [deg]F are allowed if the temperature is at least 115 [deg]F at the end of the 5-minute period.

    (2) For treatments lasting 65-75 minutes, temperatures may fall no lower than 113.7 [deg]F for no more than 10 minutes under emergency conditions.

    (3) For treatments lasting 90-110 minutes, temperatures may fall no lower than 113.7 [deg]F for no more than 15 minutes under emergency conditions.

    (g) Dip time is as follows:

    (1)

    Dip time Origin

    Shape of mango \1\

    Weight (grams)

    \2\ (minutes)

    Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, or West Flat, elongated varieties.. Up to 400..................

    65 Indies (excluding Aruba, Bonaire,

    400-570....................

    75 Curacao, Margarita, Tortuga, or Trinidad and Tobago). Rounded varieties.......... Up to 500..................

    75 500-700....................

    90 701-900....................

    110 Central America (north of and including Flat, elongated varieties.. Up to 375..................

    65 Costa Rica) or Mexico. 375-570....................

    75 Rounded varieties.......... Up to 500..................

    75 500-700....................

    90 701-900....................

    110 Panama, South America, or West Indies Flat, elongated varieties.. Up to 375..................

    65 islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao,

    375-570....................

    75 Margarita, Tortuga, or Trinidad and Tobago. Rounded varieties.......... Up to 425..................

    75 425-650....................

    90

    \1\ Flat, elongated varieties include Frances, Carrot, Zill, Ataulfo, Carabao, Irwin, and Manila, and rounded varieties include Tommy Atkins, Kent, Hayden, and Keitt. \2\ See paragraph (g)(2) of this section for required dip times if the fruit is hydrocooled within 30 minutes of removal from the hot water immersion tank.

    (2) Dip times in paragraph (g)(1) of this section are valid if the fruit is not hydrocooled within 30 minutes of removal from the hot water immersion tank. If hydrocooling starts immediately after the hot water immersion treatment, then the original dip time must be extended for an additional 10 minutes. Hydrocooling is optional but may be done only at temperatures of 70 [deg]F or above.

    Sec. 305.22 Hot water immersion treatment schedules.

    (

  15. T102-d. (1) Fruit must be grown and treated in Hawaii.

    (2) Fruit must be submerged at least 4 inches below the water's surface in a hot water immersion treatment tank certified by APHIS.

    (3) The fruit must be submerged for 20 minutes after the water temperature reaches at least 120.2 [deg]F in all locations of the tank. The water must circulate continually and be kept at 120.2 [deg]F or above for the duration of the treatment. Temperatures exceeding 121.1

    [deg] F can cause phytotoxic damage.

    (4) Hydrocooling for 20 minutes at 75.2 [deg]F is recommended to prevent injury to the fruit from the hot water immersion treatment.

    (b) T102-d-1. (1) Fruit must be at ambient temperature before treatment begins.

    (2) Fruit must be submerged at least 4 inches below the water's surface in a hot water immersion treatment tank certified by APHIS.

    (3) The fruit must be submerged for 20 minutes after the water temperature reaches at least 120.2 [deg]F in all locations of the tank. The water must circulate continually and be kept at 120.2 [deg]F or above for the duration of the treatment. Temperatures exceeding 121.1

    [deg] F can cause phytotoxic damage.

    (4) Hydrocooling for 20 minutes at 75.2 [deg]F is recommended to prevent injury to the fruit from the hot water immersion treatment.

    (c) T102-e. (1) Fruit must be submerged at least 4 inches below the water's surface in a hot water immersion treatment tank certified by APHIS.

    (2) Water must circulate continually and be kept at 120.2 [deg]F or above for 20 minutes. Treatment time begins when the water temperature reaches at least 120.2 [deg]F in all locations of the tank. Temperatures exceeding 125.6 [deg]F or treatment times significantly exceeding 20 minutes can cause phytotoxic damage.

    (3) Cooling and waxing the fruit are both optional and are the sole responsibility of the processor.

    Sec. 305.23 Steam sterilization treatment schedules.

    Exposure Treatment schedule

    Temperature

    Pressure

    period

    Directions ([deg]F)

    (minutes)

    T303-b-1............................ ........... 10 lbs...............

    20 Use 28'' vacuum. Steam sterilization is not practical for treatment of bales with a density of greater than 30 pounds per cubic foot. T303-b-2............................ ........... 10 lbs...............

    20 Use 28'' vacuum. If without initial vacuum, bleed air until steam vapor escapes. Steam sterilization is not practical for treatment of bales with a density of greater than 30 pounds per cubic foot. T303-d-2............................

    260 20 lbs...............

    15 ........................... 250 15 lbs...............

    20 ........................... T309-c..............................

    240 10 psi...............

    20 Use 25&Prime vacuum.

    [[Page 33315]]

    T406-d..............................

    140 NAP \1\..............

    60 Steam at NAP, tarpaulin or tent. For treatment enclosures of 4,000 ft \3\ or less, the minimum air temperature must be 40 [deg]F. For treatment enclosures greater than 4,000 ft \3\ and less than or equal to 6,000 ft \3\, the minimum air temperature must be 60 [deg]F. Treatment is not recommended for treatment enclosures greater than 6,000 ft \3\. T408-b..............................

    250 15 psi...............

    30 Preheat laboratory autoclaves. Restrict soil depth to 2 inches when treating quantities of soil in trays. Restrict each package weight to 5 pounds or less when treating individual packages. Load with adequate spacing. Large commercial steam facilities that operate at pressures up to 60 pounds psi will permit treatment of greater soil depth. T503-1-3 or T503-2-3 (nonbaled).....

    240 NAP..................

    10 ........................... T503-1-3 or T503-2-3 (baled)........

    240 10 lbs...............

    20 ........................... T504-1-2, T504-2-2..................

    242 10 lbs...............

    20 ........................... T506-2-3 Loose masses of material... ........... 20 lbs...............

    10 Introduce live steam into a 15 lbs...............

    15 closed chamber containing 10 lbs...............

    20 the material to be treated until the required temperature and pressure are indicated. The temperature/pressure relationship must be maintained at or above this point for the required exposure period. No initial vacuum is needed, but air must be released until steam escapes. T506-2-3 Closely packed material ........... ..................... ......... Exhaust the air in the (such as soil).

    chamber to a high vacuum, and then introduce live steam until the required positive pressure is reached. T510-1..............................

    212 ..................... ......... Live steam from jet of nozzle into loose masses of material until all parts reach 212 [deg]F. T518-2-2............................

    260 20 lbs...............

    15 ........................... 250 15 lbs...............

    20 ........................... T519-1.............................. ........... 10 lbs...............

    20 Introduce steam into 28'' vacuum. T519-2..............................

    259 20 lbs...............

    10 Introduce steam into 28'' 240 10 lbs...............

    20 vacuum (or if without initial vacuum, ``bleed'' air until steam vapor escapes).

    \1\ Normal atmospheric pressure.

    Sec. 305.24 Vapor heat treatment schedules.

    (

  16. T106-a-1, T106-a-2, T106-a-3, T106-a-4. (1) The temperature of the fruit pulp must be increased gradually to 110 [deg]F until the center of the fruit reaches that temperature in 8 hours.

    (2) The fruit temperature must be held at 110 [deg]F for 6 hours.

    (b) T106-a-1-1. (1) The temperature of the fruit pulp must be increased to 110 [deg]F until the center of fruit reaches that temperature in 6 hours. During the first 2 hours, the temperature must be increased rapidly. The increase over the next 4 hours must be gradual.

    (2) The fruit temperature must be held at 110 [deg]F for 4 hours.

    (c) T106-b-1, T106-b-2, T106-b-3, T106-b-4, T106-b-5, T106-b-6, T106-b-7, T106-b-8. The temperature of the article must be increased using saturated water vapor at 112 [deg]F until the approximate center of the fruit reaches 112 [deg]F. The fruit temperature must be held at 112 [deg]F for 8.75 hours; then immediately cooled.

    (d) T106-c (Quick run-up). (1) The temperature of the article must be increased until the approximate center of fruit reaches 117 [deg]F in a time period of at least 4 hours.

    (2) During the last hour of treatment, the relative humidity in the chamber must be maintained at 90 percent or greater.

    (e) T106-d. (1) The fruit must be sized before treatment. Temperature probes must be placed in the center of the largest fruits. The temperature of the fruit must be increased using saturated water vapor at 117.5 [deg]F until the pulp temperature near the seed reaches 115.7 [deg]F. The pulp temperature must be held at 115.7 [deg]F or above for 30 minutes; then immediately cooled.

    (f) T106-d-1. (1) The fruit must be sized before the treatment. Temperature probes must be placed in the center of the largest fruits.

    (2) The temperature of the fruit must be increased using saturated water vapor at 117.5 [deg]F until the center of the fruit reaches 114.8

    [deg] F in a minimum of 4 hours.

    (3) The fruit temperature must be maintained at 114.8 [deg]F for 10 minutes.

    (g) T106-e. (1) Raise temperature of the fruit using saturated water vapor at 116.6 [deg]F until the approximate center of the fruit reaches 114.8 [deg]F within a minimum time period of 4 hours.

    (2) Hold fruit temperature at 114.8 [deg]F or above for 20 minutes. If post-treatment cooling is conducted, wait 30 minutes after the treatment to start the forced cooling process.

    (h) T106-f. (1) The temperature probes must be placed in the approximate center of the largest fruits at the seed's surface.

    (2) The temperature of the fruit must be increased to 117 [deg]F. The total runup time for all sensors must take at least 60 minutes.

    (3) The fruit temperature must be held at 117 [deg]F or above for 20 minutes. During the treatment, the relative humidity must be maintained at 90 percent or greater.

    (4) The fruit must be hydrocooled under a cool water spray until the fruit sensors reach ambient temperature.

    (5) Inspectors will examine the fruit for live quarantine pests. If pests are found, the inspector will reject the treatment.

    (i) T106-g. (1) The internal temperature of the fruit must be increased using saturated water vapor until the approximate center of fruit reaches 117 [deg]F in a minimum time of 1 hour or longer.

    (2) The fruit temperature must be held at 117 [deg]F or above for 20 minutes. During the treatment, the relative humidity must be maintained at 90 percent or greater.

    (j) T412-b-2. The commodity must be heated to 212 [deg]F for 15 minutes.

    Sec. 305.25 Dry heat treatment schedules.

    [[Page 33316]]

    Treatment schedule

    Temperature ([deg]F)

    Time

    Directions

    T302-a-1-2........................... 168 minimum............ At least 2 hours....... Spread the ears of corn in single layers on slats or wire shelves. T303-c-1............................. 212.................... 1 hour. T303-d-1............................. 180-200................ 2 hours. T408-a............................... 230-249................ 16 hours............... Spread soil in layers 250-309................ 2 hours................ 0.5 inches in depth to 310-397................ 30 minutes............. ensure uniform heat 380-429................ 4 minutes.............. penetration. 430-450................ 2 minutes.............. T412-a............................... 248.................... 15 minutes............. Start timing when the entire mass reaches 248 [deg]F.\1\ T412-b-1............................. 212.................... 15 minutes. T503-1-4, T503-2-4, T504-1-1, T504-2- 212.................... 1 hour................. Treat small bales only. 1. T518-1............................... 170.................... 4.5 hours.............. May take 2 hours to reach temperature. T518-2-1............................. 180-200................ 2 hours.

    \1\ A minimum of two temperature probes must be placed in the heat treating equipment in order to determine that all niger seed being treated reaches the target temperature. The treatment temperature must be recorded accurately, precisely, and regularly during treatment. The monitoring equipment must be locked before each treatment begins to prevent tampering. Seed processing equipment must have the capability to divert for retreatment any nontreated seeds or treated seeds that do not meet treatment standards.

    Sec. 305.26 Khapra beetle treatment schedule for feeds and milled products.

    Feeds and milled products may be treated for khapra beetle using schedule T307-a. The temperature must be 180 [deg]F in any part of the products, or the temperature must be at 150 [deg]F for a total of 7 minutes. All parts of the commodity being moved through or manipulated in the heated area must meet the time and temperature requirements. This treatment must be specifically authorized in each case by the Director of Plant Health Programs, PPQ, APHIS.

    Sec. 305.27 Forced hot air treatment schedules.

    (

  17. T103-a-1. (1) The temperature probes must be placed into the center of the largest fruit in the load. The number and placement of temperature probes must be approved by APHIS' Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (CPHST) before APHIS can authorize treatment. CPHST grants approval of treatment equipment and facilities through a chamber certification procedure.

    (2) APHIS may reject the treatment if the size of an individual fruit exceeds the maximum size authorized by APHIS.

    (3) Fruit can be sized before or after the heat treatment. The largest fruit in a load can be identified by either sizing all fruit prior to heating and selecting the largest size class in the load or acquiring fruit of the largest permitted maximum commercial size class.

    (4) The fruit containing the temperature probes must be placed inside the hot air chamber at chamber locations specified by APHIS during the chamber certification.

    (5) Fruit temperature must be increased within specifications:

    (i) The fruit center temperature must be increased to 111.2 [deg]F within 90 minutes or more (minimum approach time is 90 minutes) for all temperature probes.

    (ii) The fruit center temperature must be kept at 111.2 [deg]F or hotter for 100 minutes.

    (iii) The temperature of the fruit center must be recorded every 2 minutes for the duration of the treatment.

    (iv) The total treatment time will vary with the time required to reach 111.2 [deg]F.

    (v) Fruit must be cooled after the treatment is completed.

    (b) T103-b-1, T103-d-1, and T103-d-2. Temperature sensors must be inserted into the centers of the largest fruits. The number of sensors must be approved in advance by APHIS. Sensors must be physically placed in various parts of the load so that high, middle, and low areas are all represented.

    (2) Fruit (placed in open trays, bulk bins, or ventilated boxes) must be loaded into the treatment chamber, and sensors must be attached to the recorder monitor.

    (3) The monitor must be set to record temperatures from all sensors at least once every 5 minutes.

    (4) The fruit in the chamber must be heated using forced hot air, until the fruit center temperature (all sensors) reaches at least 117

    [deg] F. Treatment time may vary, but in every case, it must be at least 4 hours in duration, which includes the lead-up time. The total time required for the fruit to reach 117 [deg]F is counted as part of the 4- hour minimum treatment time.

    (5) The temperature of the forced air used to heat the fruit in the chamber may be constant or increased in a series of two or more steps or ramped over the treatment duration.

    (6) The fruit may be cooled by forced air or hydrocooling. Cooling can be initiated immediately after all sensors reach at least 117

    [deg] F.

    (c) T103-c-1. (1) Size and weight of fruit: Standard fruit size 8- 14; must not exceed 1\1/2\ pounds.

    (2) At least three of the largest mangoes must be probed at the seed's surface. Sensors must be inserted into the thickest portion of the fruit's pulp.

    (3) The temperature must be recorded at least once every 2 minutes until the treatment is concluded.

    (4) Air heated to 122 [deg]F must be introduced in the chamber.

    (5) The treatment must be concluded once the temperature at the seed's surface reaches 118 [deg]F.

    (d) T103-e. (1) The temperature of the fruit must be raised using forced hot air until the fruit center temperature (all sensors) reaches at least 117 [deg]F in a minimum time of 1 hour. Heat the fruit in the chamber.

    (2) The fruit temperature must be held at 117 [deg]F or above for 20 minutes. During the treatment, the relative humidity must be maintained at 90 percent or greater.

    Sec. 305.28 Kiln sterilization treatment schedule.

    [[Page 33317]]

    T404-b-4

    Dry bulb

    Wet bulb temperature

    depression Percent relative Percent moisture Thickness of

    Exposure ([deg]F)

    ([deg]F)

    humidity

    content

    lumber (inches) (hours)

    140

    7

    82

    13.8

    1

    3 2

    5 3

    7 130

    16

    60

    9.4

    1

    10 2

    12 3

    14 125

    15

    61

    9.7

    1

    46 2

    48 3

    50

    Sec. Sec. 305.29-305.30 [Reserved]

    Subpart--Irradiation Treatments

    Sec. 305.31 Irradiation treatment of imported fruits and vegetables for certain fruit flies and mango seed weevils.

    (

  18. Approved doses. Irradiation at the following doses for the specified fruit flies and seed weevils, carried out in accordance with the provisions of this section, is approved as a treatment for all fruits and vegetables:

    Irradiation for Fruit Flies and Seed Weevils in Imported Fruits and Vegetables

    Dose Scientific name

    Common name

    (Gray)

    (1) Bactrocera dorsalis.............. Oriental fruit fly...... 250 (2) Ceratitis capitata............... Mediterranean fruit fly. 225 (3) Bactrocera cucurbitae............ Melon fly............... 210 (4) Anastrepha fraterculus........... South American fruit fly 150 (5) Anastrepha suspensa.............. Caribbean fruit fly..... 150 (6) Anastrepha ludens................ Mexican fruit fly....... 150 (7) Anastrepha obliqua............... West Indian fruit fly... 150 (8) Anastrepha serpentina............ Sapote fruit fly........ 150 (9) Bactrocera tryoni................ Queensland fruit fly.... 150 (10) Bactrocera jarvisi.............. (No common name)........ 150 (11) Bactrocera latifrons............ Malaysian fruit fly..... 150 (12) Sternochetus mangiferae

    Mango seed weevil....... 300 (Fabricus).

    (b) Location of facilities. Where certified irradiation facilities are available, an approved irradiation treatment may be conducted for any fruit or vegetable either prior to shipment to the United States or in the United States. Irradiation facilities certified under this section may be located in any State on the mainland United States except Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia,\1\ Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi,\1\ Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina,\1\ South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. Prior to treatment, the fruits and vegetables to be irradiated may not move into or through any of the States listed in this paragraph, except that movement is allowed through Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, as an authorized stop for air cargo, or as a transloading location for shipments that arrive by air but that are subsequently transloaded into trucks for overland movement from Dallas/Fort Worth into an authorized State by the shortest route.

    \1\ Irradiation facilities may be located at the maritime ports of Gulfport, MS, or Wilmington, NC, or the airport of Atlanta, GA, if the following special conditions are met: The articles to be irradiated must be imported packaged in accordance with paragraph (g)(2)(i)(A) of this section; the irradiation facility and APHIS must agree in advance on the route by which shipments are allowed to move between the vessel on which they arrive and the irradiation facility; untreated articles may not be removed from their packaging prior to treatment under any circumstances; blacklight or sticky paper must be used within the irradiation facility, and other trapping methods, including Jackson/methyl eugenol and McPhail traps, must be used within the 4 square miles surrounding the facility; and the facility must have contingency plans, approved by APHIS, for safely destroying or disposing of fruit.

    (c) Compliance agreement with importers and facility operators for irradiation in the United States. If irradiation is conducted in the United States, both the importer and the operator of the irradiation facility must sign compliance agreements with the Administrator. In the facility compliance agreement, the facility operator must agree to comply with any additional requirements found necessary by the Administrator to prevent the escape, prior to irradiation, of any fruit flies that may be associated with the articles to be irradiated. In the importer compliance agreement, the importer must agree to comply with any additional requirements found necessary by the Administrator to ensure the shipment is not diverted to a destination other than an approved treatment facility and to prevent escape of plant pests from the articles to be irradiated during their transit from the port of first arrival to the irradiation facility in the United States.

    (d) Compliance agreement with irradiation facilities outside the United States. If irradiation is conducted outside the United States, the operator of the irradiation facility must sign a compliance agreement with the Administrator and the plant protection service of the country in which the facility is located. In this agreement, the facility operator must agree to comply with the requirements of this section, and the plant protection service of the country in which the facility is located must agree to monitor that compliance and to inform the Administrator of any noncompliance.

    (e) Certified facility. The irradiation treatment facility must be certified by the Administrator. Recertification is required in the event of an increase or decrease in the amount of radioisotope, a major modification to equipment that affects the delivered dose, or a change in the owner or managing entity of the facility. Recertification also may be required in cases where a significant variance in dose delivery has been measured by the dosimetry system. In order to be certified, a facility must:

    (1) Be capable of administering the minimum absorbed ionizing radiation doses specified in paragraph (a) of this section to the fruits and vegetables; \2\

    \2\ The maximum absorbed ionizing radiation dose and the irradiation of food is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration under 21 CFR part 179.

    (2) Be constructed so as to provide physically separate locations for treated and untreated fruits and vegetables, except that fruits and vegetables traveling by conveyor directly into the irradiation chamber may pass through an area that would otherwise be separated. The locations must be separated by a permanent physical barrier such as a wall or chain link fence 6 or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons, or some other means approved during certification to prevent reinfestation of articles and spread of pests;

    [[Page 33318]]

    (3) If the facility is located in the United States, the facility will only be certified if the Administrator determines that regulated articles will be safely transported to the facility from the port of arrival without significant risk that plant pests will escape in transit or while the regulated articles are at the facility.

    (f) Monitoring and interagency agreements. Treatment must be monitored by an inspector. This monitoring will include inspection of treatment records and unannounced inspections of the facility by an inspector, and may include inspection of articles prior to or after irradiation. Facilities that carry out irradiation operations must notify the Director of Preclearance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 140, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236, of scheduled operations at least 30 days before operations commence, except where otherwise provided in the facility preclearance work plan. To ensure the appropriate level of monitoring, before articles may be imported in accordance with this section, the following agreements must be signed:

    (1) Irradiation treatment framework equivalency work plan. The plant protection service of a country from which articles are to be imported into the United States in accordance with this section must sign a framework equivalency work plan with APHIS. In this plan, both the foreign plant protection service and APHIS will specify the following items for their respective countries:

    (i) Citations for any requirements that apply to the importation of irradiated fruits and vegetables;

    (ii) The type and amount of inspection, monitoring, or other activities that will be required in connection with allowing the importation of irradiated fruits and vegetables into that country; and

    (iii) Any other conditions that must be met to allow the importation of irradiated fruits and vegetables into that country.

    (2) Facility preclearance work plan. Prior to commencing importation into the United States of articles treated at a foreign irradiation facility, APHIS and the plant protection service of the country from which articles are to be imported must jointly develop a preclearance work-plan that details the activities that APHIS and the foreign plant protection service will carry out in connection with each irradiation facility to verify the facility's compliance with the requirements of this section. Typical activities to be described in this work plan may include frequency of visits to the facility by APHIS and foreign plant protection inspectors, methods for reviewing facility records, and methods for verifying that facilities are in compliance with the requirements for separation of articles, packaging, labeling, and other requirements of this section. This facility preclearance work plan will be reviewed and renewed by APHIS and the foreign plant protection service on an annual basis.

    (3) Trust fund agreement. Irradiated articles may be imported into the United States in accordance with this section only if the plant protection service of the country in which the irradiation facility is located has entered into a trust fund agreement with APHIS. That agreement requires the plant protection service to pay, in advance of each shipping season, all costs that APHIS estimates it will incur in providing inspection and treatment monitoring services at the irradiation facility during that shipping season. Those costs include administrative expenses and all salaries (including overtime and the Federal share of employee benefits), travel expenses (including per diem expenses), and other incidental expenses incurred by APHIS in performing these services. The agreement will describe the general nature and scope of APHIS services provided at irradiation facilities covered by the agreement, such as whether APHIS inspectors will monitor operations continuously or intermittently, and will generally describe the extent of inspections APHIS will perform on articles prior to and after irradiation. The agreement requires the plant protection service to deposit a certified or cashier's check with APHIS for the amount of those costs, as estimated by APHIS. If the deposit is not sufficient to meet all costs incurred by APHIS, the agreement further requires the plant protection service to deposit with APHIS a certified or cashier's check for the amount of the remaining costs, as determined by APHIS, before any more articles irradiated in that country may be imported into the United States. After a final audit at the conclusion of each shipping season, any overpayment of funds would be returned to the plant protection service or held on account until needed, at the option of the plant protection service.

    (g) Packaging. Fruits and vegetables that are irradiated in accordance with this section must be packaged in cartons in the following manner:

    (1) All fruits and vegetables treated with irradiation must be shipped in the same cartons in which they are treated. Irradiated fruits and vegetables may not be packaged for shipment in a carton with nonirradiated fruits and vegetables.

    (2) For all fruits and vegetables irradiated prior to arrival in the United States:

    (i) The fruits and vegetables to be irradiated must be packaged either:

    (

    1. In insect-proof cartons that have no openings that will allow the entry of fruit flies. The cartons must be sealed with seals that will visually indicate if the cartons have been opened. The cartons may be constructed of any material that prevents the entry of fruit flies and prevents oviposition by fruit flies into the articles in the carton \3\; or

      \3\ If there is a question as to the adequacy of a carton, send a request for approval of the carton, together with a sample carton, to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Center for Plant Health Inspection and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606.

      (B) In noninsect-proof cartons that are stored immediately after irradiation in a room completely enclosed by walls or screening that completely precludes access by fruit flies. If stored in noninsect- proof cartons in a room that precludes access by fruit flies, prior to leaving the room each pallet of cartons must be completely enclosed in polyethylene, shrink-wrap, or another solid or netting covering that completely precludes access to the cartons by fruit flies.

      (ii) To preserve the identity of treated lots, each pallet-load of cartons containing the fruits and vegetables must be wrapped before leaving the irradiation facility in one of the following ways:

      (

    2. With polyethylene shrink wrap;

      (B) With net wrapping; or

      (C) With strapping so that each carton on an outside row of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap.

      (iii) Packaging must be labeled with treatment lot numbers, packing and treatment facility identification and location, and dates of packing and treatment. Pallets that remain intact as one unit until entry into the United States may have one such label per pallet. Pallets that are broken apart into smaller units prior to or during entry into the United States must have the required label information on each individual carton.

      (h) Containers or vans. Containers or vans that will transport treated commodities must be free of pests prior to loading the treated commodities.

      (i) Phytosanitary certificate. For each shipment treated in an irradiation facility outside the United States, a phytosanitary certificate, with the treatment section completed and issued by the national plant protection

      [[Page 33319]]

      organization, must accompany the shipment.

      (j) Dosimetry systems at the irradiation facility. (1) Dosimetry mapping must indicate the doses needed to ensure that all the commodity will receive the minimum dose prescribed.

      (2) Absorbed dose must be measured using an accurate dosimetry system that ensures that the absorbed dose meets or exceeds the absorbed dose required by paragraph (a) of this section (150, 210, 225, 250, or 300 gray, depending on the target species of fruit fly or seed weevil).

      (3) When designing the facility's dosimetry system and procedures for its operation, the facility operator must address guidance and principles from American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards \4\ or an equivalent standard recognized by the Administrator.

      \4\ Designation ISO/ASTM 51261-2002(E) , ``Standard Guide for Selection and Calibration of Dosimetry Systems for Radiation Processing,'' American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards.

      (k) Records. An irradiation processor must maintain records of each treated lot for 1 year following the treatment date and must make these records available for inspection by an inspector during normal business hours (8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays). These records must include the lot identification, scheduled process, evidence of compliance with the scheduled process, ionizing energy source, source calibration, dosimetry, dose distribution in the product, and the date of irradiation.

      (l) Request for certification and inspection of facility. Persons requesting certification of an irradiation treatment facility must submit the request for approval in writing to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Center for Plant Health Inspection and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606. The initial request must identify the owner, location, and radiation source of the facility, and the applicant must supply additional information about the facility construction, treatment protocols, and operations upon request by APHIS if APHIS requires additional information to evaluate the request. Before the Administrator determines whether an irradiation facility is eligible for certification, an inspector will make a personal inspection of the facility to determine whether it complies with the standards of this section.

      (m) Denial and withdrawal of certification. (1) The Administrator will withdraw the certification of any irradiation treatment facility upon written request from the irradiation processor.

      (2) The Administrator will deny or withdraw certification of an irradiation treatment facility when any provision of this section is not met. Before withdrawing or denying certification, the Administrator will inform the irradiation processor in writing of the reasons for the proposed action and provide the irradiation processor with an opportunity to respond. The Administrator will give the irradiation processor an opportunity for a hearing regarding any dispute of a material fact, in accordance with rules of practice that will be adopted for the proceeding. However, the Administrator will suspend certification pending final determination in the proceeding if he or she determines that suspension is necessary to prevent the spread of any dangerous insect. The suspension will be effective upon oral or written notification, whichever is earlier, to the irradiation processor. In the event of oral notification, written confirmation will be given to the irradiation processor within 10 days of the oral notification. The suspension will continue in effect pending completion of the proceeding and any judicial review of the proceeding.

      (n) Department not responsible for damage. This treatment is approved to assure quarantine security against the listed fruit flies. From the literature available, the fruits and vegetables authorized for treatment under this section are believed tolerant to the treatment; however, the facility operator and shipper are responsible for determination of tolerance. The Department of Agriculture and its inspectors assume no responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from any treatment prescribed or monitored. Additionally, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for ensuring that irradiation facilities are constructed and operated in a safe manner. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for ensuring that irradiated foods are safe and wholesome for human consumption.

      (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0155)

      Sec. 305.32 Irradiation treatment of regulated fruit to be moved interstate from areas quarantined for Mexican fruit fly.

      Irradiation, carried out in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph, is approved as a treatment for any fruit listed as a regulated article in Sec. 301.64-2(a) of this chapter.

      (

  19. Approved facility. The irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must be approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. In order to be approved, a facility must:

    (1) Be capable of administering a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 150 Gray (15 krad) to the fruit;\5\

    \5\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (2) Be constructed so as to provide physically separate locations for treated and untreated fruit, except that fruit traveling by conveyor directly into the irradiation chamber may pass through an area that would otherwise be separated. The locations must be separated by a permanent physical barrier such as a wall or chain link fence 6 or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons;

    (3) Complete a compliance agreement with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service as provided in Sec. 301.64-6 of this chapter; and

    (4) Be certified by Plant Protection and Quarantine for initial use and annually for subsequent use. Recertification is required in the event that an increase or decrease in radioisotope or a major modification to equipment that affects the delivered dose. Recertification may be required in cases where a significant variance in dose delivery is indicated.

    (b) Treatment monitoring. Treatment must be carried out under the monitoring of an inspector. This monitoring must include inspection of treatment records and unannounced inspection visits to the facility by an inspector. Facilities that carry out continual irradiation operations must notify an inspector at least 24 hours before the date of operations. Facilities that carry out periodic irradiation operations must notify an inspector of scheduled operations at least 24 hours before scheduled operations.\6\

    \6\ Inspectors are assigned to local offices of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which are listed in telephone directories.

    (c) Packaging. Fruits and vegetables that are treated within a quarantined area must be packaged in the following manner:

    (1) The cartons must have no openings that will allow the entry of fruit flies and must be sealed with seals that will visually indicate if the cartons have been opened. They may be constructed of any material that prevents the entry of fruit flies and prevents oviposition by fruit flies into the fruit in the carton.\7\

    \7\ See footnote 3 of this subpart.

    (2) The pallet-load of cartons must be wrapped before it leaves the irradiation facility in one of the following ways:

    (i) With polyethylene sheet wrap;

    (ii) With net wrapping; or

    [[Page 33320]]

    (iii) With strapping so that each carton on an outside row of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap.

    (3) Packaging must be labeled with treatment lot numbers, packing and treatment facility identification and location, and dates of packing and treatment.

    (d) Dosage. The fruits and vegetables must receive a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 150 Gray (15 krad).\8\

    \8\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (e) Dosimetry systems. (1) Dosimetry mapping must indicate the dose needed to ensure the fruit will receive the minimum dose prescribed.

    (2) Absorbed dose must be measured using an accurate dosimetry system that ensures that the absorbed dose meets or exceeds 150 Gray (15 krad).

    (3) When designing the facility's dosimetry system and procedures for its operation, the facility operator must address guidance and principles from American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards.\9\

    \9\ See footnote 4 of this subpart.

    (f) Records. Records or invoices for each treated lot must be made available for inspection by an inspector during normal business hours (8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays). An irradiation processor must maintain records as specified in this section for a period of time that exceeds the shelf life of the irradiated food product by 1 year, and must make these records available for inspection by an inspector. These records must include the lot identification, scheduled process, evidence of compliance with the scheduled process, ionizing energy source, source calibration, dosimetry, dose distribution in the product, and the date of irradiation.

    (g) Request for approval and inspection of facility. Persons requesting approval of an irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must submit the request for approval in writing to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565. Before the Administrator determines whether an irradiation facility is eligible for approval, an inspector will make a personal inspection of the facility to determine whether it complies with the standards of paragraph (a) of this section.

    (h) Denial and withdrawal of approval. (1) The Administrator will withdraw the approval of any irradiation treatment facility when the irradiation processor requests in writing the withdrawal of approval.

    (2) The Administrator will deny or withdraw approval of an irradiation treatment facility when any provision of this section is not met. Before withdrawing or denying approval, the Administrator will inform the irradiation processor in writing of the reasons for the proposed action and provide the irradiation processor with an opportunity to respond. The Administrator will give the irradiation processor an opportunity for a hearing regarding any dispute of a material fact, in accordance with rules of practice that will be adopted for the proceeding. However, the Administrator will suspend approval pending final determination in the proceeding, if he or she determines that suspension is necessary to prevent the spread of any dangerous insect infestation. The suspension will be effective upon oral or written notification, whichever is earlier, to the irradiation processor. In the event of oral notification, written confirmation will be given to the irradiation processor within 10 days of the oral notification. The suspension will continue in effect pending completion of the proceeding and any judicial review of the proceeding.

    (i) Department not responsible for damage. This treatment is approved to assure quarantine security against Mexican fruit fly. From the literature available, the fruits authorized for treatment under this section are believed tolerant to the treatment; however, the facility operator and shipper are responsible for determination of tolerance. The Department of Agriculture and its inspectors assume no responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from any treatment prescribed or supervised. Additionally, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for ensuring that irradiation facilities are constructed and operated in a safe manner. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for ensuring that irradiated foods are safe and wholesome for human consumption.

    (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0215)

    Sec. 305.33 Irradiation treatment of regulated articles to be moved interstate from areas quarantined for Mediterranean fruit fly.

    Irradiation, carried out in accordance with the provisions of this section, is approved as a treatment for any berry, fruit, nut, or vegetable listed as a regulated article in Sec. 301.78-2(a) of this chapter.

    (

  20. Approved facility. The irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must be approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. In order to be approved, a facility must:

    (1) Be capable of administering a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 225 Gray (22.5 krad) to the fruits and vegetables; \10\

    \10\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (2) Be constructed so as to provide physically separate locations for treated and untreated fruits and vegetables, except that fruits and vegetables traveling by conveyor directly into the irradiation chamber may pass through an area that would otherwise be separated. The locations must be separated by a permanent physical barrier such as a wall or chain link fence 6 or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons;

    (3) Complete a compliance agreement with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service as provided in Sec. 301.78-6 of this chapter; and

    (4) Be certified by Plant Protection and Quarantine for initial use and annually for subsequent use. Recertification is required in the event that an increase or decrease in radioisotope or a major modification to equipment that affects the delivered dose. Recertification may be required in cases where a significant variance in dose delivery is indicated.

    (b) Treatment monitoring. Treatment must be carried out under the monitoring of an inspector. This monitoring must include inspection of treatment records and unannounced inspection visits to the facility by an inspector. Facilities that carry out continual irradiation operations must notify an inspector at least 24 hours before the date of operations. Facilities that carry out periodic irradiation operations must notify an inspector of scheduled operations at least 24 hours before scheduled operations.\11\

    \11\ See footnote 6 of this subpart.

    (c) Packaging. Fruits and vegetables that are treated within a quarantined area must be packaged in the following manner:

    (1) The cartons must have no openings that will allow the entry of fruit flies and must be sealed with seals that will visually indicate if the cartons have been opened. They may be constructed of any material that prevents the entry of fruit flies and prevents oviposition by fruit flies into the fruit in the carton.\12\

    \12\ See footnote 3 of this subpart.

    (2) The pallet-load of cartons must be wrapped before it leaves the irradiation facility in one of the following ways:

    (i) With polyethylene sheet wrap;

    (ii) With net wrapping; or

    [[Page 33321]]

    (iii) With strapping so that each carton on an outside row of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap.

    (3) Packaging must be labeled with treatment lot numbers, packing and treatment facility identification and location, and dates of packing and treatment.

    (d) Dosage. The fruits and vegetables must receive a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 225 Gray (22.5 krad).\13\

    \13\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (e) Dosimetry systems. (1) Dosimetry must demonstrate that the absorbed dose, including areas of minimum and maximum dose, is mapped, controlled, and recorded.

    (2) Absorbed dose must be measured using a dosimetry system that can accurately measure an adsorbed dose of 225 Gray (22.5 krad).

    (3) The utilization of the dosimetry system, including its calibration and the number and placement of dosimeters used, must be in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards.\14\

    \14\ See footnote 4 of this subpart.

    (f) Records. Records or invoices for each treated lot must be made available for inspection by an inspector during normal business hours (8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays). An irradiation processor must maintain records as specified in this section for a period of time that exceeds the shelf life of the irradiated food product by 1 year, and must make these records available for inspection by an inspector. These records must include the lot identification, scheduled process, evidence of compliance with the scheduled process, ionizing energy source, source calibration, dosimetry, dose distribution in the product, and the date of irradiation.

    (g) Request for approval and inspection of facility. Persons requesting approval of an irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must submit the request for approval in writing to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565. Before the Administrator determines whether an irradiation facility is eligible for approval, an inspector will make a personal inspection of the facility to determine whether it complies with the standards of paragraph (a) of this section.

    (h) Denial and withdrawal of approval. (1) The Administrator will withdraw the approval of any irradiation treatment facility when the irradiation processor requests in writing the withdrawal of approval.

    (2) The Administrator will deny or withdraw approval of an irradiation treatment facility when any provision of this section is not met. Before withdrawing or denying approval, the Administrator will inform the irradiation processor in writing of the reasons for the proposed action and provide the irradiation processor with an opportunity to respond. The Administrator will give the irradiation processor an opportunity for a hearing regarding any dispute of a material fact, in accordance with rules of practice that will be adopted for the proceeding. However, the Administrator will suspend approval pending final determination in the proceeding, if he or she determines that suspension is necessary to prevent the spread of any dangerous insect infestation. The suspension will be effective upon oral or written notification, whichever is earlier, to the irradiation processor. In the event of oral notification, written confirmation will be given to the irradiation processor within 10 days of the oral notification. The suspension will continue in effect pending completion of the proceeding and any judicial review of the proceeding.

    (i) Department not responsible for damage. This treatment is approved to assure quarantine security against Mediterranean fruit fly. From the literature available, the fruits and vegetables authorized for treatment under this section are believed tolerant to the treatment; however, the facility operator and shipper are responsible for determination of tolerance. The Department of Agriculture and its inspectors assume no responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from any treatment prescribed or supervised. Additionally, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for ensuring that irradiation facilities are constructed and operated in a safe manner. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for ensuring that irradiated foods are safe and wholesome for human consumption.

    (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0088)

    Sec. 305.34 Administrative instructions prescribing methods for irradiation treatment of certain fruits and vegetables from Hawaii.

    (

  21. Approved irradiation treatment. Irradiation, carried out in accordance with the provisions of this section, is approved as a treatment for the following fruits and vegetables at the specified dose levels:

    Irradiation for Plant Pests in Hawaiian Fruits and Vegetables

    Dose Commodity

    (Gray)

    Abiu.........................................................

    250 Atemoya......................................................

    250 Bell pepper..................................................

    250 Carambola....................................................

    250 Eggplant.....................................................

    250 Litchi.......................................................

    250 Longan.......................................................

    250 Mango........................................................

    300 Papaya.......................................................

    250 Pineapple (other than smooth Cayenne)........................

    250 Rambutan.....................................................

    250 Sapodilla....................................................

    250 Italian squash...............................................

    250 Sweetpotato..................................................

    400 Tomato.......................................................

    250

    (b) Conditions of movement. Fruits and vegetables from Hawaii may be authorized for movement in accordance with this section only if the following conditions are met:

    (1) Location. The irradiation treatment must be carried out at an approved facility in Hawaii or on the mainland United States. Fruits and vegetables authorized under this section for treatment on the mainland may be treated in any State on the mainland United States except Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia. Prior to treatment, the fruits and vegetables may not move into or through Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia, except that movement is allowed through Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, as an authorized stop for air cargo, or as a transloading location for shipments that arrive by air but that are subsequently transloaded into trucks for overland movement from Dallas/Fort Worth into an authorized State by the shortest route.

    (2) Approved facility. The irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must be approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. In order to be approved, a facility must:

    (i) Be capable of administering the minimum absorbed ionizing radiation doses specified in paragraph (a) of this section to the fruits and vegetables;\15\

    \15\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (ii) Be constructed so as to provide physically separate locations for treated and untreated fruits and vegetables, except that fruits and vegetables traveling by conveyor directly into the

    [[Page 33322]]

    irradiation chamber may pass through an area that would otherwise be separated. The locations must be separated by a permanent physical barrier such as a wall or chain link fence six or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons. Untreated fruits and vegetables shipped to the mainland United States from Hawaii in accordance with this section may not be packaged for shipment in a carton with treated fruits and vegetables;

    (iii) Complete a compliance agreement with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service as provided in Sec. 318.13-4(d) of this chapter; and

    (iv) Be certified by Plant Protection and Quarantine for initial use and annually for subsequent use. Recertification is required in the event that an increase or decrease in radioisotope or a major modification to equipment that affects the delivered dose. Recertification may be required in cases where a significant variance in dose delivery is indicated.

    (3) Treatment monitoring. Treatment must be carried out under the monitoring of an inspector. This monitoring must include inspection of treatment records and unannounced inspectional visits to the facility by an inspector. Facilities that carry out continual irradiation operations must notify an inspector at least 24 hours before the date of operations. Facilities that carry out periodic irradiation operations must notify an inspector of scheduled operations at least 24 hours before scheduled operations.\16\

    \16\ See footnote 6 of this subpart.

    (4) Packaging. (i) Fruits and vegetables that are treated in Hawaii must be packaged in the following manner:

    (

    1. The cartons must have no openings that will allow the entry of fruit flies and must be sealed with seals that will visually indicate if the cartons have been opened. They may be constructed of any material that prevents the entry of fruit flies and prevents oviposition by fruit flies into the fruit in the carton.\17\

    \17\ See footnote 3 of this subpart.

    (B) The pallet-load of cartons must be wrapped before it leaves the irradiation facility in one of the following ways:

    (1) With polyethylene sheet wrap;

    (2) With net wrapping; or

    (3) With strapping so that each carton on an outside row of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap.

    (C) Packaging must be labeled with treatment lot numbers, packing and treatment facility identification and location, and dates of packing and treatment.

    (ii) Cartons of untreated fruits and vegetables that are moving to the mainland United States for treatment must be shipped in shipping containers sealed prior to interstate movement with seals that will visually indicate if the shipping containers have been opened.

    (iii) Litchi and longan from Hawaii may not be moved interstate into Florida. All cartons in which litchi or longan are packed must be stamped ``Not for importation into or distribution in FL.''

    (5) Dosage. The fruits and vegetables must receive the minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose specified in paragraph (a) of this section.\18\

    \18\ See footnote 2 of this subpart.

    (6) Dosimetry systems. (i) Dosimetry must demonstrate that the absorbed dose, including areas of minimum and maximum dose, is mapped, controlled, and recorded.

    (ii) Absorbed dose must be measured using a dosimeter that can accurately measure the absorbed doses specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

    (iii) The number and placement of dosimeters used must be in accordance with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards.\19\

    \19\ See footnote 4 of this subpart.

    (7)(i) Certification on basis of treatment. A certificate shall be issued by an inspector for the movement of fruits and vegetables from Hawaii that have been treated and handled in Hawaii in accordance with this section. To be certified for interstate movement under this section, litchi from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found free of the litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia spp.) and other plant pests by an inspector before undergoing irradiation treatment in Hawaii for fruit flies, and sweetpotato from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found free of the gray pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes) and the Kona coffee-root knot nematode (Meloidogyne konaensis) by an inspector before undergoing irradiation treatment in Hawaii.

    (ii) Limited permit. A limited permit shall be issued by an inspector for the interstate movement of untreated fruits and vegetables from Hawaii for treatment on the mainland United States in accordance with this section. To be eligible for a limited permit under this section, untreated litchi from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found free of the litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia spp.) and other plant pests by an inspector, and untreated sweetpotato from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found to be free of the gray pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes) and the Kona coffee-root knot nematode (Meloidogyne konaensis) by an inspector.

    (8) Records. Records or invoices for each treated lot must be made available for inspection by an inspector during normal business hours (8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays). An irradiation processor must maintain records as specified in this section for a period of time that exceeds the shelf life of the irradiated food product by 1 year, and must make these records available for inspection by an inspector. These records must include the lot identification, scheduled process, evidence of compliance with the scheduled process, ionizing energy source, source calibration, dosimetry, dose distribution in the product, and the date of irradiation.

    (c) Request for approval and inspection of facility. Persons requesting approval of an irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must submit the request for approval in writing to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606. Before the Administrator determines whether an irradiation facility is eligible for approval, an inspector will make a personal inspection of the facility to determine whether it complies with the standards of paragraph (b)(2) of this section.

    (d) Denial and withdrawal of approval. (1) The Administrator will withdraw the approval of any irradiation treatment facility when the irradiation processor requests in writing the withdrawal of approval.

    (2) The Administrator will deny or withdraw approval of an irradiation treatment facility when any provision of this section is not met. Before withdrawing or denying approval, the Administrator will inform the irradiation processor in writing of the reasons for the proposed action and provide the irradiation processor with an opportunity to respond. The Administrator will give the irradiation processor an opportunity for a hearing regarding any dispute of a material fact, in accordance with rules of practice that will be adopted for the proceeding. However, the Administrator will suspend approval pending final determination in the proceeding, if he or she determines that suspension is necessary to prevent the spread of any dangerous insect infestation. The suspension will be effective upon oral or written notification, whichever is earlier, to the irradiation processor. In

    [[Page 33323]]

    the event of oral notification, written confirmation will be given to the irradiation processor within 10 days of the oral notification. The suspension will continue in effect pending completion of the proceeding and any judicial review of the proceeding.

    (e) Department not responsible for damage. This treatment is approved to assure quarantine security against the Trifly complex and other plant pests. From the literature available, the fruits and vegetables authorized for treatment under this section are believed tolerant to the treatment; however, the facility operator and shipper are responsible for determination of tolerance. The Department of Agriculture and its inspectors assume no responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from any treatment prescribed or supervised. Additionally, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for ensuring that irradiation facilities are constructed and operated in a safe manner. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for ensuring that irradiated foods are safe and wholesome for human consumption.

    (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0198)

    Sec. Sec. 305.35-305.39 [Reserved]

    Subpart--Treatments for Garbage

    Sec. 305.40 Garbage treatment schedules for insect pests and pathogens.

    (

  22. T415-a, heat treatment. Incinerate to ash. Caterers under compliance agreement using an incinerator for garbage must comply with the following conditions:

    (1) Incinerator must be capable of reducing garbage to ash.

    (2) Incinerator must be maintained adequately to ensure operation.

    (b) T415-b, dry heat or steam. The garbage must be heated to an internal temperature of 212 [deg]F for 30 minutes followed by burial in a landfill.

    (1) The sterilizer used to perform the treatment must be capable of heating garbage to an internal temperature of 212 [deg]F and maintaining it at that temperature for a minimum of 30 minutes.

    (2) The sterilization cycle must be reevaluated and adjusted twice a year using thermocouple to recalibrate the temperature recording device. Adjusting the sterilization cycle semiannually will ensure that all garbage processed is heated to a minimum internal temperature of 212 [deg]F for at least 30 minutes and that the temperature recording device accurately reflects the internal temperature of the sterilizer.

    (3) The caterer administering the treatment under a compliance agreement must comply with the following conditions:

    (i) The operator must date and initial time/temperature records for each batch of garbage sterilized. The supervisor must review and sign each time/temperature record. The facility must retain records for 6 months for review by APHIS.

    (ii) The drain in the bottom of the sterilizer must be cleaned between each cycle to ensure proper heat circulation.

    (4) All reevaluations and adjustments must be observed by APHIS.

    (c) T415-c, grinding and discharge into a sewage system. The sewage system must be approved by the Administrator upon his/her determination that the system is designed and operated in such a way as to preclude the discharge of sewage effluents onto land surface or into lagoons or other stationary waters and otherwise is adequate to prevent the spread of plant pests and livestock or poultry diseases.

    Sec. 305.41 [Reserved]

    Subpart--Miscellaneous Treatments

    Sec. 305.42 Miscellaneous treatment schedules.

    (

  23. T102-b, T102-b-1, T102-b-2, soapy water and wax. (1) The fruit must be immersed in a soapy water bath of one part soap solution (such as Deterfrut) to 3,000 parts water for 20 seconds.

    (2) The soapy bath must be followed with a pressure shower rinse to remove all excess soap.

    (3) The fruit must be immersed for 20 seconds in an undiluted wax coating (such as Johnson's Wax Primafresh 31 Kosher fruit coating). The wax coating must cover the entire surface of the fruit.

    (b) T102-c, warm, soapy water and brushing for durian and other large fruits such as breadfruit. (1) Detergent (such as Deterfrut) must be added to warm water (110-120 [deg]F) at the rate of one part detergent or soap to 3,000 parts water.

    (2) The fruit must be immersed for at least 1 minute in the warm detergent water.

    (3) The fruit must be scrubbed with a brush with stiff bristles to remove any insects.

    (4) The fruit must be rinsed with a pressure shower to rinse the fruit free of residue (detergent and dead insects).

    (5) An inspector will inspect each brushed and cleaned fruit. If any insects remain, the fruit must be retreated or destroyed.

    (c) Three alternative treatments for plant material not tolerant to fumigation. Treatments are based on the character of the plant material and the type of pests that may be found.

    (1) T201-p-1: For plant pests, except scale insects, hand removal of pests or infested parts of plants followed by a detailed inspection to ensure plants are pest free may be employed;

    (2) See hand removal plus malathion-carbaryl chemical dip T201-p-2 (Sec. 305.10(d)) for alternative treatment; or

    (3) T201-p-3: Following the hand removal of the visible plant pests or infested plant parts, the plant material must be treated with hot water at 112 [deg]F for 20 minutes. This treatment is not effective against mature scale insects.

    PART 318--HAWAIIAN AND TERRITORIAL QUARANTINE NOTICES

    0 26. The authority citation for part 318 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

    0 27. Section 318.13-4a is amended as follows: 0 a. By removing paragraphs (a) and (e). 0 b. By redesignating paragraphs (b) through (d) as paragraphs (a) through (c), respectively. 0 c. By revising newly redesignated paragraph (a) to read as set forth below.

    Sec. 318.13-4a Administrative instructions authorizing the movement from Hawaii of frozen fruits and vegetables.

    (

  24. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, pursuant to the authority contained in Sec. Sec. 318.13-2(b) and 318.13-4(b), approves the process of quick freezing in accordance with part 305 of this chapter as a treatment for all fruits and vegetables described in Sec. 318.13, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (c) of this section. Such frozen fruits and vegetables may be certified for movement from Hawaii into or through any other Territory, State, or District of the United States.\1\

    \1\ Applications for certificates to move frozen fruits and vegetables from Hawaii under this subpart may be made to Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, P.O. Box 9067, Honolulu, HI 96820.

    * * * * *

    Sec. 318.13-4b [Amended]

    0 28. Section 318.13-4b is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (f), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and

    [[Page 33324]]

    adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 318.13-4f [Amended]

    0 29. Section 318.13-4f, paragraph (c), is amended by removing the address ``Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565'' and adding the address ``Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, 1017 Main Campus Drive, suite 2500, Raleigh, NC 27606'' in its place.

    Sec. 318.13-11 [Amended]

    0 30. Section 318.13-11 is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the last sentence.

    Sec. 318.58 [Amended]

    0 31. In Sec. 318.58, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the word ``Deputy'' and the words ``of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs''; and by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the Administrator'' in its place, both times it occurs.

    Sec. 318.58-2 [Amended]

    0 32. Section 318.58-2 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (b)(1), in the entry for mangoes, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place; and in footnote 1, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (b)(2), by removing the word ``him'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place; and by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place. 0 c. In paragraph (b)(4), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 318.58-4 [Amended]

    0 33. Section Sec. 318.58-4 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a), by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place. 0 b. In paragraph (b), first sentence, by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the second sentence.

    0 34. Section Sec. 318.58-4a is amended as follows: 0 a. By removing paragraphs (a) and (e). 0 b. By redesignating paragraphs (b) through (d) as paragraphs (a) and (c), respectively. 0 c. In newly redesignated paragraph (c), by removing the words ``Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs'' and by adding the word ``Administrator'' in their place.

    Sec. 318.58-4a Administrative instructions authorizing the movement from Puerto Rico of frozen fruits and vegetables.

    (

  25. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, pursuant to the authority contained in Sec. Sec. 318.58-2 and 318.58-3, approves the process of quick freezing in accordance with part 305 of this chapter as a treatment for all fruits and vegetables described in Sec. 318.58-2, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (c) of this section. Such frozen fruits and vegetables may be certified for movement from Puerto Rico into or through any other Territory, State, or District of the United States in accordance with Sec. 318.58-3.\2\

    \2\ Further information concerning the movement of frozen fruits and vegetables from Puerto Rico may be obtained from the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Room 4, Post Office Bldg., P.O. Box 3386, San Juan, PR 00901.

    * * * * *

    Sec. 318.58-11 [Amended]

    0 35. Section 318.58-11 is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place, and by removing the last sentence.

    Sec. 318.82 [Amended]

    0 36. In Sec. 318.82, paragraph (b) is amended by adding the words ``or she'' immediately after the word ``he'', both times it occurs.

    PART 319--FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES

    0 37. The authority citation for part 319 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450 and 7701-7772; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

    Sec. 319.8 [Amended]

    0 38. In Sec. 319.8(a), the second sentence is amended by adding the words ``or she'' immediately after the word ``he'', both times it occurs.

    Sec. 319.8-3 [Amended]

    0 39. In Sec. 319.8-3, paragraphs (a) and (b) are amended by adding the words ``or she'' immediately after the word ``he''.

    Sec. 319.8-6 [Amended]

    0 40. In Sec. 319.8-6, the third sentence is amended by removing the word ``him'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place.

    Sec. 319.8-24 [Amended]

    0 41. In Sec. 319.8-24, paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) are amended by adding the words ``or her'' immediately after the word ``his''.

    Sec. 319.37-4 [Amended]

    0 42. In Sec. 319.37-4, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and by adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place, and by removing footnote 6.

    Sec. 319.37-5 [Amended]

    0 43. In Sec. 319.37-5, paragraph (e) is amended by redesignating footnote 7 as footnote 6. 0 44. Section 319.37-6 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a), by removing footnote 8. 0 b. In paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (f), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 c. In paragraph (d)(1), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 d. In paragraph (d)(2), by redesignating footnote 9 as footnote 8, and by revising newly redesignated footnote 8 to read as follows:

    Sec. 319.37-6 Specific treatment and other requirements.

    * * * * *

    (d) * * *

    (2) * * *\3\

    \3\ Criteria for the approval of heat treatment facilities are contained in part 305 of this subpart.

    * * * * *

    Sec. 319.37-7 [Amended]

    0 45. In Sec. 319.37-7, paragraph (e), footnote 10 is redesignated as footnote 9.

    Sec. 319.37-8 [Amended]

    0 46. In Sec. 319.37-8, paragraph (e), footnote 11 is redesignated as footnote 10.

    Sec. 319.37-13 [Amended]

    0 47. In Sec. 319.37-13, paragraph (a), footnote 12 is redesignated as footnote 11.

    Sec. 319.40-1 [Amended]

    0 48. Section 319.40-1 is amended by removing the definition of Treatment Manual.

    [[Page 33325]]

    Sec. 319.40-5 [Amended]

    0 49. Section 319.40-5 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (g)(1), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and by adding the words ``part 305'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (g)(2)(i) and paragraph (i), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual,'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter,'' in their place.

    0 50. Section 319.40-7 is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (f)(3)(i), by removing the words ``the Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. By revising paragraphs (f)(1)(ii), (f)(2), and (f)(3)(ii) to read as set forth below.

    Sec. 319.40-7 Treatments and safeguards.

    * * * * *

    (f) * * *

    (1) * * *

    (ii) T-404 schedule. The entire log and the ambient air must be at a temperature of 5 [deg]C or more above throughout fumigation. The fumigation must be conducted using schedule T-404 contained in part 305 of this chapter.

    (2) Lumber. The lumber and the ambient air must be at a temperature of 5 [deg]C or more above throughout fumigation. The fumigation must be conducted using schedule T-404 contained in part 305 of this chapter.

    (3) * * *

    (ii) If the ambient air and the regulated articles other than logs or lumber are at a temperature of 4.5-20.5 [deg]C throughout fumigation, the fumigation must be conducted using schedule T-404 contained in part 305 of this chapter. * * * * *

    Sec. 319.40-8 [Amended]

    0 51. In Sec. 319.40-8, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the words ``the Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.40-9 [Amended]

    0 52. In Sec. 319.40-9, paragraph (b)(2) is amended by removing the words ``the Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2 [Amended]

    0 53. In Sec. 319.56-2, paragraph (k) is amended by removing the citation ``Sec. 305.2(a)'' and adding the citation ``Sec. 305.31(a)'' in its place; and by removing the words ``or the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual''.

    0 54. Section 319.56-2c is revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 319.56-2c Administrative instructions authorizing the importation of frozen fruits and vegetables.

    (

  26. The Administrator, under authority contained in Sec. 319.56-2, prescribes quick freezing in accordance with part 305 of this chapter as a satisfactory treatment for all fruits and vegetables enterable under permit under Sec. 319.56. Such frozen fruits and vegetables may be imported from any country under permit and in compliance with Sec. Sec. 319.56-1 through 319.56-7 (exclusive of non-related administrative instructions), at such ports as authorized in the permits.

    (b) The importation from foreign countries of frozen fruits and vegetables is not authorized when such fruits and vegetables are subject to attack in the area of origin, by plant pests that may not, in the judgment of the Administrator, be destroyed by quick freezing.

    Sec. 319.56-2d [Amended]

    0 55. In Sec. 319.56-2d, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place; and by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2e [Amended]

    0 56. In Sec. 319.56-2e, paragraph (b), is amended by removing the words ``assure himself of'' and adding the word ``ensure'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2g [Amended]

    0 57. In Sec. 319.56-2g, paragraph (a), is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2h [Amended]

    0 58. Section 319.56-h is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a)(2), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place. 0 c. In paragraph (d), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2i [Amended]

    0 59. Section 319.56-2i is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place, and by removing the last sentence. 0 b. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2j [Amended]

    0 60. Section 319.56-2j is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (a)(2), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference in Sec. 300.1 of this chapter'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (a)(4), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' the first time they occur and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter must'' in their place. 0 c. In paragraph (a)(6), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 61. In Sec. 319.56-2k, paragraph (a), is revised to read as follows:

    Sec. 319.56-2k Administrative instructions prescribing method of fumigation of field-grown grapes from specified countries.

    * * * * *

    (

  27. Continental countries of southern and middle Europe, North Africa, and the Near East. As used in this section, the term ``continental countries of southern and middle Europe, North Africa, and the Near East'' means Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. * * * * *

    Sec. 319.56-2n [Amended]

    0 62. In Sec. 319.56-2n, the introductory text is amended by removing the citation

    [[Page 33326]]

    ``319.56-2n'' and adding the citation ``319.56-2m'' in its place.

    Sec. 319.56-2p [Amended]

    0 63. In Sec. 319.56-2p, paragraph (f) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place, and by removing the second and third sentences.

    Sec. 319.56-2q [Amended]

    0 64. In Sec. 319.56-2q, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2r [Amended]

    0 65. Section 319.56-2r is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraphs (c)(3)(iii) and (d)(1)(ii) by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place, each time they occur. 0 b. In paragraph (g)(2), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2s [Amended]

    0 66. Section 319.56-2s is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (d)(1)(i), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place each time they occur. 0 b. In paragraph (f)(2), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2v [Amended]

    0 67. In Sec. 319.52-2v, paragraph (c) is amended by removing the citation ``Sec. 319.56-2d(f)'' and adding the citation ``Sec. 319.56- 2(f)'' in its place; by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual'' and ``PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place; and by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2x [Amended]

    0 68. In Sec. 319.56-2x, paragraph (a), introductory text, is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place; and by removing the last sentence.

    Sec. Sec. 319.56-2cc, 319.2dd, 319.56-2ee, and 319.56-2jj [Amended]

    Sec. 319.56-2cc [Amended]

    0 69. In Sec. 319.56-2cc, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2dd [Amended]

    0 70. In Sec. 319.56-2dd , paragraph (d)(1) is amended by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2ee [Amended]

    0 71. In Sec. 319.56-2ee, paragraph (b) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2jj [Amended]

    0 72. In Sec. 319.56-2jj, paragraph (g) is amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-2mm [Amended]

    0 73. Section 319.56-2mm is amended as follows: 0 a. In paragraph (b), by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1 of this chapter'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 b. In paragraph (d)(4)(ii)(B), by removing the words ``the PPQ Treatment Manual'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 c. In paragraph (e), by removing the words ``PPQ Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference in Sec. 300.1 of this chapter'' and adding the words ``part 305 of this chapter'' in their place.

    Sec. 319.56-5 [Amended]

    0 74. In Sec. 319.56-5, paragraphs (a) and (b) are amended by adding the words ``or her'' immediately after the word ``his'' both times it occurs.

    Sec. 319.69-4 [Amended]

    0 75. Section 319.69-4 is amended by removing the word ``he'' and adding the words ``the inspector'' in its place each time it occurs.

    Sec. 319.75-4 [Amended]

    0 76. Section 319.75-4 is amended as follows: 0 a. By removing footnote 6. 0 b. In the introductory paragraph, by removing the words ``under the supervision of an inspector''; and by removing the words ``as set forth below'' and adding the words ``in accordance with part 305 of this chapter'' in their place. 0 c. By removing paragraphs (a), (b), and (c).

    Sec. 319.77-4 [Amended]

    0 77. In Sec. 319.77-4, paragraphs (a)(2)(i) and (b)(2)(i)(A) are amended by removing the words ``the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at Sec. 300.1'' and adding the words ``part 305'' in their place.

    Done in Washington, DC, this day 5th of May 2005. Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

    [FR Doc. 05-9387 Filed 6-6-05; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 3410-34-P