Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan:

Federal Register Volume 76, Number 191 (Monday, October 3, 2011)

Rules and Regulations

Pages 61057-61059

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office []

FR Doc No: 2011-25284

Page 61057


EPA-R09-OAR-2011-0580; FRL-9468-2

Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Sacramento

Metropolitan Air Quality Management District, Ventura County Air

Pollution Control District, and Placer County Air Pollution Control


AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Direct final rule.

SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the

Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District (SMAQMD),

Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (VCAPCD), and Placer

County Air Pollution Control District (PCAPCD) portion of the

California State Implementation Plan (SIP). These revisions concern volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from organic chemical manufacturing, soil decontamination, and polyester resin operations. We are approving local rules that regulate these emission sources under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act).

DATES: This rule is effective on December 2, 2011 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by November 2, 2011. If we receive such comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the

Federal Register to notify the public that this direct final rule will not take effect.

ADDRESSES: Submit comments, identified by docket number EPA-R09-OAR- 2011-0580, by one of the following methods: 1. Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the on-line instructions. 2. E-mail: 3. Mail or deliver: Andrew Steckel (Air-4), U.S. Environmental

Protection Agency Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105-3901.

Instructions: All comments will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute.

Information that you consider CBI or otherwise protected should be clearly identified as such and should not be submitted through or e-mail. is an

``anonymous access'' system, and EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment.

If you send e-mail directly to EPA, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the public comment. If

EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.

Docket: Generally, documents in the docket for this action are available electronically at and in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California. While all documents in the docket are listed at, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material, large maps), and some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., CBI). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business hours with the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Grounds, EPA Region IX, (415) 972-3019,

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us,'' and ``our'' refer to EPA.

Table of Contents

  1. The State's Submittal

    1. What rules did the State submit?

    2. Are there other versions of these rules?

    3. What is the purpose of the submitted rules?

  2. EPA's Evaluation and Action

    1. How is EPA evaluating the rules?

    2. Do the rules meet the evaluation criteria?

    3. EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rules

    4. Public Comment and Final Action

  3. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

  4. The State's Submittal

    1. What rules did the State submit?

      Table 1 lists the rules we are approving with the dates that they were adopted by the local air agencies and submitted by the California

      Air Resources Board (CARB).

      Table 1--Submitted Rules

      Local agency

      Rule No.

      Rule title




      464 Organic Chemical Manufacturing





      74.29 Soil Decontamination Operations




      243 Polyester Resin Operations.....



      On 01/21/10, EPA determined that the submittal for SMAQMD Rule 464 met the completeness criteria in 40 CFR Part 51 Appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review. On 02/04/10, EPA determined that the submittal for VCAPCD Rule 74.29 met the completeness criteria, and on 01/13/11, EPA determined that the submittal for PCAPCD Rule 243 met the completeness criteria.

    2. Are there other versions of these rules?

      There are no previous versions of PCAPCD Rules 243 in the SIP. We approved an earlier version of SMAQMD Rule 464 into the SIP on 04/19/00

      (65 FR 20912). We approved an earlier version of VCAPCD Rule 74.29 into the SIP on 07/16/02 (67 FR 46596). While we can act on only the most recently submitted version, we have reviewed materials provided with previous submittals.

    3. What is the purpose of the submitted rules?

      VOCs help produce ground-level ozone and smog, which harm human health and the environment. Section 110(a) of the CAA requires States to submit regulations that control VOC emissions. SMAQMD Rule 464 limits VOC emissions from organic chemical plants. VCAPCD Rule 74.29 establishes procedures for the treatment of soil contaminated with gasoline, diesel fuel or jet fuel. PCAPCD Rule 243 reduces the emissions of VOC from polyester resin operations. EPA's technical

      Page 61058

      support documents (TSDs) have more information about these rules.

  5. EPA's Evaluation and Action

    1. How is EPA evaluating these rules?

      Generally, SIP rules must be enforceable (see section 110(a) of the

      Act), must require Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for each category of sources covered by a Control Techniques Guidelines

      (CTG) document as well as each major source in nonattainment areas (see sections 182(a)(2) and (b)(2)), and must not relax existing requirements (see sections 110(l) and 193). SMAQMD regulates an ozone nonattainment area (see 40 CFR part 81). SMAQMD has no major sources for this category but is covered by relevant CTGs. The stringency of requirements in submitted Rule 464 is generally consistent with the relevant guidance that help define RACT. VCAPCD and PCAPCD also regulate ozone nonattainment areas, but have no relevant major sources and no CTGs so RACT is not required for these rules.

      Guidance and policy documents that we use to evaluate enforceability and RACT requirements consistently include the following: 1. ``Issues Relating to VOC Regulation Cutpoints, Deficiencies, and

      Deviations,'' EPA, May 25, 1988 (the Bluebook). 2. ``Guidance Document for Correcting Common VOC & Other Rule

      Deficiencies,'' EPA Region 9, August 21, 2001 (the Little Bluebook). 3. ``Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Batch Processes--

      Alternative Control Techniques Information Document'' (EPA-453-93-017, 02/94). 4. ``Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Manufacture of

      Synthesized Pharmaceutical Products'' (EPA-450-2-78-029, 12/78). 5. ``Control Techniques Guidelines for Industrial Cleaning

      Solvents'' (EPA-453/R-06-001, 09/06). 6. ``Control of VOC Emissions from Manufacture of High-Density

      Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene Resins'' (EPA-450/3-83- 008, 11/83). 7. ``Control of VOC Fugitive Emissions from Synthetic Organic

      Chemical Polymer and Resin Manufacturing Equipment'' (EPA-450/3-83-006, 03/84). 8. ``Control Techniques Guidelines for Fiberglass Boat

      Manufacturing Materials'' (EPA-453/R-08-004, 09/08).

    2. Do the rules meet the evaluation criteria?

      We believe these rules are consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability, RACT, and SIP relaxations. The TSDs have more information on our evaluation.

    3. EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rules

      The TSDs for VCAPCD and PCAPCD describe additional rule revisions that we recommend for the next time the local agency modifies the rule.

    4. Public Comment and Final Action

      As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is fully approving the submitted rules because we believe they fulfill all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this approval, so we are finalizing it without proposing it in advance.

      However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rules. If we receive adverse comments by November 2, 2011, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on December 2, 2011. This will incorporate these rules into the Federally enforceable SIP.

      Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.

  6. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a

    SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a).

    Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve State choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act.

    Accordingly, this action merely approves State law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. For that reason, this action:

    Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);

    Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);

    Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory

    Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);

    Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded

    Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);

    Does not have Federalism implications as specified in

    Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);

    Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);

    Is not a significant regulatory action subject to

    Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);

    Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the

    National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and

    Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address disproportionate human health or environmental effects with practical, appropriate, and legally permissible methods under Executive

    Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

    In addition, these rules do not have Tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIPs are not approved to apply in Indian country located in the State, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on Tribal governments or preempt Tribal law.

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the

    Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the

    United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of

    Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal

    Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United

    Page 61059

    States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 2, 2011. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of these final rules does not affect the finality of these actions for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rules or actions. Parties with objections to these direct final rules are encouraged to file a comment in response to the parallel notice of proposed rulemaking for this action published in the Proposed Rules section of today's Federal Register, rather than file an immediate petition for judicial review of these direct final rules, so that EPA can withdraw these direct final rules and address the comment in the proposed rulemaking. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (see section 307(b)(2)).

    List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.

    Dated: August 16, 2011.

    Keith Tekata,

    Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.

    Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

    PART 52--[AMENDED] 0 1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Subpart F--California 0 2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(377)(i)(A)(5),

    (c)(378)(i)(C)(2), and (c)(389)(i)(B) to read as follows:

    Sec. 52.220 Identification of plan.

    * * * * *

    (c) * * *

    (377) * * *

    (i) * * *

    (A) * * *

    (5) Rule 464, ``Organic Chemical Manufacturing Operations,'' adopted on September 25, 2008.

    * * * * *

    (378) * * *

    (i) * * *

    (C) * * *

    (2) Rule74.29, ``Soil Decontamination Operations,'' adopted on

    April 8, 2008.

    * * * * *

    (389) * * *

    (i) * * *

    (B) Placer County Air Pollution Control.

    (1) Rule 243, ``Polyester Resin Operations,'' adopted on April 10, 2003.

    * * * * *

    FR Doc. 2011-25284 Filed 9-30-11; 8:45 am

    BILLING CODE 6560-50-P

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