Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


Federal Register, Volume 80 Issue 134 (Tuesday, July 14, 2015)

Federal Register Volume 80, Number 134 (Tuesday, July 14, 2015)

Rules and Regulations

Pages 40915-40917

From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office

FR Doc No: 2015-17061



40 CFR Part 52

EPA-R09-OAR-2015-0345; FRL-9929-58-Region 9

Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Direct final rule.


SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking direct final action to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). This revision concerns volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from graphic arts facilities. We are approving a local rule that regulates these emission sources under the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act).

DATES: This rule is effective on September 14, 2015 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by August 13, 2015. If we receive such comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that this direct final rule will not take effect.

ADDRESSES: Submit comments, identified by docket number EPA-R09-OAR-

2015-0345, by one of the following methods:

1. Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the on-

line instructions.

2. Email:

3. Mail or deliver: Andrew Steckel (Air-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105-3901.

Instructions: All comments will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Information that you consider CBI or otherwise protected should be clearly identified as such and should not be submitted through or email. is an ``anonymous access'' system, and EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send email directly to EPA, your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the public comment. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.

Docket: Generally, documents in the docket for this action are available electronically at and in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California 94105-3901. While all documents in the docket are listed at, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material, large maps), and some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., CBI). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business

Page 40916

hours with the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Vanessa Graham, EPA Region IX, (415) 947-4120

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us,'' and ``our'' refer to EPA.

Table of Contents

  1. The State's Submittal

    1. What rule did the State submit?

    2. Are there other versions of this rule?

    3. What is the purpose of the submitted rule?

  2. EPA's Evaluation and Action

    1. How is EPA evaluating the rule?

    2. Does the rule meet the evaluation criteria?

    3. EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rule

    4. Public Comment and Final Action

  3. Incorporation by Reference

  4. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

  5. The State's Submittal

    1. What rule did the State submit?

      Table 1 lists the rule addressed by this action with the date that it was adopted by SCAQMD and submitted by the California Air Resource Board (CARB).

      Table 1--Submitted Rule


      Local agency Rule No. Rule title Amended Submitted


      SCAQMD.............................. 1130 Graphic Arts........... 05/02/14 11/06/14


      On December 18, 2014, EPA determined that the submittal for SCAQMD Rule 1130 met the completeness criteria in 40 CFR part 51 Appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review.

      We approved an earlier version of Rules 1130 into the SIP on September 13, 2000 (65 FR 55201).

    2. What is the purpose of the submitted rule?

      VOCs help produce ground-level ozone and smog and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), which harm human health and the environment. Section 110(a) of the CAA requires States to submit regulations that control VOC emissions. Rule 1130 limits VOC emissions from graphic arts processes, largely by establishing work practice requirements and limiting the amount of VOC in graphic arts coatings, inks and solvents. The amendments to Rule 1130 were submitted to satisfy Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Requirements under CAA sections 172(c)(1) and 182(b).

      EPA's technical support document (TSD) has more information about this rule.

  6. EPA's Evaluation and Action.

    1. How is EPA evaluating the rule?

      SIP rules must be enforceable (see CAA section 110(a)(2)), must not interfere with applicable requirements concerning attainment and reasonable further progress or other CAA requirements (see CAA section 110(l)), and must not modify certain SIP control requirements in nonattainment areas without ensuring equivalent or greater emissions reductions (see CAA section 193).

      SCAQMD regulates an ozone nonattainment area classified as extreme under both the 1997 and 2008 ozone NAAQS and a PM2.5 nonattainment area classified as moderate under the 1997 and 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS. 40 CFR 81.305. CAA section 172(c)(1) requires nonattainment areas to implement all reasonably available control measures (RACM), including such reductions in emissions from existing sources in the area as may be obtained through the adoption, at a minimum, of RACT, as expeditiously as practicable. CAA section 189(a)(1)(C) also requires implementation of RACM in moderate PM2.5 nonattainment areas. Additional control measures for graphic arts processes may be required pursuant to CAA section 172(c)(1) if both: (1) Additional measures are reasonably available; and (2) these additional reasonably available measures will advance attainment of one or more ozone standards in the area or contribute to reasonable further progress (RFP) when considered collectively (see 80 FR 12264, 12282). In addition, SIP rules must require RACT for each category of sources covered by a CTG document as well as each VOC major source in ozone nonattainment areas classified as moderate or above (see CAA section 182(b)(2)). Since Rule 1130 regulates sources subject to a CTG in an extreme nonattainment area, it must implement RACT.

      Guidance and policy documents that we use to evaluate enforceability, revision/relaxation and rule stringency requirements for the applicable criteria pollutants include the following:

      1. ``Issues Relating to VOC Regulation Cutpoints, Deficiencies, and Deviations'' (``the Bluebook,'' U.S. EPA, May 25, 1988; revised January 11, 1990).

      2. ``Guidance Document for Correcting Common VOC & Other Rule Deficiencies'' (``the Little Bluebook'', EPA Region 9, August 21, 2001).

      3. ``Control Techniques Guidelines (CTG) for Offset Lithographic Printing and Letterpress Printing'', September 2006 (EPA 453/R-06-


      4. ``Control Techniques Guidelines (CTG) for Flexible Package Printing'', September 2006 (EPA 453/R-06-003).

    2. Does the rule meet the evaluation criteria?

      We believe this rule is consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability, RACT, and SIP relaxations. We will act separately on the State's RACM demonstrations for the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS and 2008 ozone NAAQS the based on an evaluation of the control measures submitted as a whole and their overall potential to advance the applicable attainment dates for ozone. The TSD has more information on our evaluation.

    3. EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rule

      The TSD describes additional rule revisions that we recommend for the next time the local agency modifies the rule, but are not currently the basis for rule disapproval.

    4. Public Comment and Final Action

      As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is fully approving the submitted rule because we believe it fulfills all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this approval, so we are finalizing it without proposing it in advance. However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rule. If we receive adverse comments by August 13, 2015, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on September 14,

      Page 40917

      2015. This will incorporate the rule into the federally enforceable SIP.

  7. Incorporation by Reference

    In this rule, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of the SCAQMD rule described in the amendments to 40 CFR part 52 set forth below. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these documents available electronically through and in hard copy at the appropriate EPA office (see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble for more information).

  8. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

    Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);

    does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);

    is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);

    does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);

    does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);

    is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);

    is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);

    is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and

    does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

    In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by September 14, 2015. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. Parties with objections to this direct final rule are encouraged to file a comment in response to the parallel notice of proposed rulemaking for this action published in the Proposed Rules section of today's Federal Register, rather than file an immediate petition for judicial review of this direct final rule, so that EPA can withdraw this direct final rule and address the comment in the proposed rulemaking. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (see section 307(b)(2)).

    List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.

    Dated: June 9, 2015.

    Jared Blumenfeld,

    Regional Administrator, Region IX.

    Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:



    1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Subpart F--California


    2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(457)(i)(E) to read as follows:

    Sec. 52.220 Identification of plan.

    * * * * *

    (c) * * *

    (457) * * *

    (i) * * *

    (E) South Coast Air Quality Management District.

    (1) Rule 1130, ``Graphic Arts,'' amended on May 2, 2014.

    * * * * *

    FR Doc. 2015-17061 Filed 7-13-15; 8:45 am

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