United States Standards for Beans

CourtAgricultural Marketing Service,Agriculture Department
Citation86 FR 47614
Publication Date26 Aug 2021
Record Number2021-18321
Federal Register, Volume 86 Issue 163 (Thursday, August 26, 2021)
[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 163 (Thursday, August 26, 2021)]
                [Page 47614]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2021-18321]
                 Federal Register
                This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules
                or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings
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                appearing in this section.
                Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 163 / Thursday, August 26, 2021 /
                [[Page 47614]]
                Agricultural Marketing Service
                [Doc. No. AMS-FGIS-21-0009]
                United States Standards for Beans
                AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
                ACTION: Notice of final action.
                SUMMARY: This action is being taken under the authority of the
                Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, as amended, (AMA). The United
                States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Marketing
                Service (AMS) is adding the new criterion, Cotyledon Damage, in the
                Bean Inspection Handbook pertaining to the class chickpea/garbanzo
                beans in the U.S. Standards for Beans. Stakeholders in the dry bean
                processing/handling industry requested AMS to revise the Bean
                Inspection Handbook to include the criterion for the new damage factor,
                Cotyledon Damage, in chickpeas/garbanzo beans.
                DATES: Applicability date: August 26, 2021.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Loren Almond, USDA AMS; Telephone:
                (816) 702-3925; email: [email protected].
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the authority of the AMA (7 U.S.C.
                1621-1627), as amended, AMS establishes and maintains a variety of
                quality and grade standards for agricultural commodities that serve as
                a fundamental starting point to define commodity quality in the
                domestic and global marketplace.
                 Standards developed under the AMA include those for rice, whole dry
                peas, split peas, feed peas, lentils, and beans. United States
                standards for whole dry peas, split peas, feed peas, lentils and beans
                no longer appear in the Code of Federal Regulations but are now
                maintained by USDA-AMS-Federal Grain Inspection Service (AMS-FGIS). The
                U.S. Standards for beans are voluntary and widely used in private
                contracts, government procurement, marketing communication, and for
                some commodities, consumer information.
                 Bean standards facilitate bean marketing and define U.S. bean
                quality in the domestic and global marketplace. These standards define
                commonly used industry terms; contain basic principles governing the
                application of standards, such as the type of sample used for a
                particular quality analysis; provide the basis of determination; and
                specify grades and grade requirements. Official procedures for
                determining grading factors are provided in the Bean Inspection
                Handbook. Together, grading standards and testing procedures allow
                buyers and sellers to communicate quality requirements, compare bean
                quality using equivalent forms of measurement, and assist in price
                 AMS engages in outreach with stakeholders to ensure commodity
                standards maintain relevance to the modern market. Bean industry
                stakeholders include the USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council (USADPLC).
                 The United States Standards for Beans and official inspection
                procedures for beans in the Bean Inspection Handbook are available on
                the AMS public website. The United States Standards for Beans were last
                revised in 2017. Currently, under bean inspection criteria, white
                chalky or wafer-like spots are not considered damage in chickpea/
                garbanzo beans and there is not a definition or factor for Cotyledon
                Damage in Chickpea/Garbanzo Beans. Stakeholders stated that such spots
                in chickpea/garbanzo beans negatively affect bean flavor and
                specifically asked AMS to revise bean damage factors to include the
                addition of a new criterion, Cotyledon Damage, in the class Chickpea/
                Garbanzo Beans.
                Addition of Cotyledon Damage Factor in the Class Chickpea/Garbanzo
                 Stakeholders recommended that AMS revise the Bean Inspection
                Handbook criteria to include the new damage factor, Cotyledon Damage,
                in the class Chickpea/Garbanzo Beans. AMS and stakeholders worked
                collaboratively to define and state the criteria for Cotyledon Damage
                in Chickpea/Garbanzo Beans. Additionally, these changes were
                recommended to AMS by stakeholders to facilitate current marketing
                Comment Review
                 AMS published a Notice in the Federal Register on April 22, 2021
                (86 FR 21268), inviting interested parties to comment on the proposed
                revisions to the U.S. Standards for Beans. AMS received two comments in
                response to the notice that strongly supported the proposed revision.
                AMS received no comments opposing the proposed revision. AMS believes
                this revision will facilitate inspections, better reflect current
                marketing practices, be cost efficient, and facilitate purchasing and
                selling of chickpea/garbanzo beans. Accordingly, AMS is making no
                changes to the revised chickpea/garbanzo bean inspection methods as
                proposed. The revision to chickpea/garbanzo bean inspection is
                effective August 1, 2021. The Bean Inspection Handbook will be revised
                to incorporate the revision.
                Final Action
                 AMS is revising the Chickpea/Garbanzo bean inspection criteria by
                amending the Bean Inspection Handbook to include the definition and
                criteria requirements for Cotyledon Damage in Chickpea/Garbanzo Beans.
                The new damage factor will be defined as, ``Chickpea/Garbanzo beans or
                pieces of Chickpea/Garbanzo beans with a white chalky or wafer-like
                spot that penetrates the cotyledon (singularly or in combination) that
                meets or exceeds the minimum coverage shown on VRI-Bean-5.1 Cotyledon
                Damage (Chickpea/Garbanzo).'' The criteria also specify that damage
                portion size requirements for chickpea/garbanzo beans are approximately
                250 grams for small-seeded beans and 500 grams for large-seeded beans.
                Further, suspect beans must be scraped to confirm the spot penetrates
                into the cotyledon and is of a size to constitute damage, per the
                 Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.
                Bruce Summers,
                Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
                [FR Doc. 2021-18321 Filed 8-25-21; 8:45 am]
                BILLING CODE P

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