2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

Cited as:84 FR 30314
Court:Fish And Wildlife Service
Publication Date:26 Jun 2019
Record Number:2019-11443
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 123 (Wednesday, June 26, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 123 (Wednesday, June 26, 2019)]
                [Proposed Rules]
                [Pages 30314-30457]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2019-11443]
                [[Page 30313]]
                Vol. 84
                Wednesday,
                No. 123
                June 26, 2019
                Part II
                Department of the Interior
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                Fish and Wildlife Service
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                50 CFR Parts 26, 32, 36, and 71
                2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations;
                Proposed Rule
                Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 123 / Wednesday, June 26, 2019 /
                Proposed Rules
                [[Page 30314]]
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                DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
                Fish and Wildlife Service
                50 CFR Parts 26, 32, 36, and 71
                [Docket No. FWS-HQ-NWRS-2019-0040; FXRS12610900000-190-FF09R20000]
                RIN 1018-BD79
                2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations
                AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
                ACTION: Proposed rule.
                -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), propose to
                open seven National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) that are currently closed
                to hunting and sport fishing. In addition, we propose to expand hunting
                and sport fishing at 67 other NWRs, and add pertinent station-specific
                regulations for other NWRs that pertain to migratory game bird hunting,
                upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the 2019-
                2020 season. We also propose to formally open 15 units of the National
                Fish Hatchery System (NFHs) to hunting and sport fishing. We also
                propose to add pertinent station-specific regulations that pertain to
                migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and
                sport fishing at these 15 NFHs for the 2019-2020 season. This proposed
                rule includes global administrative updates to every NWR entry in our
                refuge-specific regulations and the reorganization of general public
                use regulations. We propose to remove approximately 2,100 regulations
                that will have no impact on the administration of hunting and sport
                fishing within the National Wildlife Refuge System. We also propose to
                simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific regulations to comply with a
                Presidential mandate to adhere to plain language standards and to
                reduce the regulatory burden on the public. Lastly, we propose to amend
                certain provisions of the regulations specific to Alaska NWRs. The
                proposed amendments include the removal of the regulations concerning
                same-day airborne hunting.
                DATES: We will accept comments received or postmarked on or before
                August 12, 2019.
                    Information Collection Requirements: If you wish to comment on the
                information collection requirements in this proposed rule, please note
                that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is required to make a
                decision concerning the collection of information contained in this
                proposed rule between 30 and 60 days after publication of this proposed
                rule in the Federal Register. Therefore, comments should be submitted
                to OMB by July 26, 2019.
                ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods:
                     Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal:
                http://www.regulations.gov. In the Search box, type in FWS-HQ-NWRS-
                2019-0040, which is the docket number for this rulemaking. Then, click
                on the Search button. On the resulting screen, find the correct
                document and submit a comment by clicking on ``Comment Now!''
                     By hard copy: Submit by U.S. mail or hand delivery: Public
                Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-HQ-NWRS-2019-0040; U.S. Fish and
                Wildlife Service; 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: JAO/1N; Falls Church, VA
                22041-3803.
                    We will not accept email or faxes. We will post all comments on
                http://www.regulations.gov. This generally means that we will post any
                personal information you provide us (see Request for Comments, below,
                for more information). For information on specific refuges' or
                hatcheries' public use programs and the conditions that apply to them
                or for copies of compatibility determinations for any refuge(s),
                contact individual programs at the addresses/phone numbers given in
                Available Information for Specific Refuges under SUPPLEMENTARY
                INFORMATION.
                    Information collection requirements: Send your comments on the
                requested revision of the information collection request (ICR) to the
                Desk Officer for the Department of the Interior at OMB-OIRA at 202-395-
                5806 (fax) or [email protected] (email). Please provide a
                copy of your comments to the Service Information Collection Clearance
                Officer, Madonna Baucum, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg
                Pike, MS: JAO/1N, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); (703) 358-2503
                (telephone); or [email protected] (email). Please reference OMB Control
                Number 1018-0140 in the subject line of your comments.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Katherine Harrigan, (703) 358-2440.
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
                Background
                    The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966
                closes NWRs in all States except Alaska to all uses until opened. The
                Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) may open refuge areas to any use,
                including hunting and/or sport fishing, upon a determination that the
                use is compatible with the purposes of the refuge and National Wildlife
                Refuge System mission. The action also must be in accordance with
                provisions of all laws applicable to the areas, developed in
                coordination with the appropriate State fish and wildlife agency(ies),
                consistent with the principles of sound fish and wildlife management
                and administration, and otherwise in the public interest. These
                requirements ensure that we maintain the biological integrity,
                diversity, and environmental health of the Refuge System for the
                benefit of present and future generations of Americans.
                    We annually review hunting and sport fishing programs to determine
                whether to include additional stations or whether individual station
                regulations governing existing programs need modifications. Changing
                environmental conditions, State and Federal regulations, and other
                factors affecting fish and wildlife populations and habitat may warrant
                modifications to station-specific regulations to ensure the continued
                compatibility of hunting and sport fishing programs and to ensure that
                these programs will not materially interfere with or detract from the
                fulfillment of station purposes or the Services mission.
                    Provisions governing hunting and sport fishing on refuges are in
                title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations in part 32 (50 CFR part
                32), on hatcheries in part 71 (50 CFR part 71). We regulate hunting and
                sport fishing to:
                     Ensure compatibility with refuge and hatchery purpose(s);
                     Properly manage fish and wildlife resource(s);
                     Protect other values;
                     Ensure visitor safety; and
                     Provide opportunities for fish- and wildlife-dependent
                recreation.
                    On many stations where we decide to allow hunting and sport
                fishing, our general policy of adopting regulations identical to State
                hunting and sport fishing regulations is adequate in meeting these
                objectives. On other stations, we must supplement State regulations
                with more-restrictive Federal regulations to ensure that we meet our
                management responsibilities, as outlined in the Statutory Authority
                section, below. We issue station-specific hunting and sport fishing
                regulations when we open wildlife refuges and fish hatcheries to
                migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, or
                sport fishing. These regulations may list the wildlife species that you
                may hunt or fish, seasons, bag or creel (container for carrying fish)
                limits, methods of hunting or sport fishing, descriptions of areas open
                to hunting or sport fishing, and other
                [[Page 30315]]
                provisions as appropriate. You may find previously issued station-
                specific regulations for hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR part 32.
                Statutory Authority
                    The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966
                (Administration Act; 16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee, as amended by the National
                Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 [Improvement Act])
                govern the administration and public use of refuges and the Refuge
                Recreation Act of 1962 (16 U.S.C. 460k-460k-4) (Recreation Act) govern
                the administration and public use of refuges and hatcheries.
                    Amendments enacted by the Improvement Act were built upon the
                Administration Act in a manner that provides an ``organic act'' for the
                Refuge System, similar to organic acts that exist for other public
                Federal lands. The Improvement Act serves to ensure that we effectively
                manage the Refuge System as a national network of lands, waters, and
                interests for the protection and conservation of our Nation's wildlife
                resources. The Administration Act states first and foremost that we
                focus our Refuge System mission on conservation of fish, wildlife, and
                plant resources and their habitats. The Improvement Act requires the
                Secretary, before allowing a new use of a refuge, or before expanding,
                renewing, or extending an existing use of a refuge, to determine that
                the use is compatible with the purpose for which the refuge was
                established and the mission of the Refuge System. The Improvement Act
                established as the policy of the United States that wildlife-dependent
                recreation, when compatible, is a legitimate and appropriate public use
                of the Refuge System, through which the American public can develop an
                appreciation for fish and wildlife. The Improvement Act established six
                wildlife-dependent recreational uses as the priority general public
                uses of the Refuge System. These uses are hunting, fishing, wildlife
                observation and photography, and environmental education and
                interpretation.
                    The Recreation Act authorizes the Secretary to administer areas
                within the Refuge System and Hatchery System for public recreation as
                an appropriate incidental or secondary use only to the extent that
                doing so is practicable and not inconsistent with the primary
                purpose(s) for which Congress and the Service established the areas.
                The Recreation Act requires that any recreational use of refuge or
                hatchery lands be compatible with the primary purpose(s) for which we
                established the refuge and not inconsistent with other previously
                authorized operations.
                    The Administration Act and Recreation Act also authorize the
                Secretary to issue regulations to carry out the purposes of the Acts
                and regulate uses.
                    We develop specific management plans for each refuge prior to
                opening it to hunting or sport fishing. In many cases, we develop
                station-specific regulations to ensure the compatibility of the
                programs with the purpose(s) for which we established the refuge or
                hatchery and the Refuge and Hatchery System mission. We ensure initial
                compliance with the Administration Act and the Recreation Act for
                hunting and sport fishing on newly acquired land through an interim
                determination of compatibility made at or near the time of acquisition.
                These regulations ensure that we make the determinations required by
                these acts prior to adding refuges to the lists of areas open to
                hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71. We ensure
                continued compliance by the development of comprehensive conservation
                plans and step-down management plans, and by annual review of hunting
                and sport fishing programs and regulations.
                Proposed Amendments to Existing Regulations
                Updates to Hunting and Fishing Opportunities on NWRs and NFHs
                    This document proposes to codify in the Code of Federal Regulations
                all of the Service's hunting and/or sport fishing regulations that we
                would update since the last time we published a rule amending these
                regulations (83 FR 45758; September 10, 2018) and that are applicable
                at Refuge System and Hatchery System units previously opened to hunting
                and/or sport fishing. We propose this to better inform the general
                public of the regulations at each station, to increase understanding
                and compliance with these regulations, and to make enforcement of these
                regulations more efficient. In addition to now finding these
                regulations in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71, visitors to our refuges and
                hatcheries may find them reiterated in literature distributed by each
                station or posted on signs.
                                                          Table 1--Proposed Changes for 2019-2020 Hunting/Sport Fishing Season
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                                                                               Migratory bird
                              Station                       State                 hunting          Upland game hunting     Big game hunting          Sport fishing
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                Bandon Marsh......................  Oregon...............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  D.
                Bill Williams River...............  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually.........  Washington...........  D....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Already Open.
                Bitter Lake.......................  New Mexico...........  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Closed.
                Bond Swamp........................  Georgia..............  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Bosque del Apache.................  New Mexico...........  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Boyer Chute.......................  Nebraska.............  D....................  Closed...............  C/E.................  Already Open.
                Buenos Aires......................  Arizona..............  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Closed.
                Cedar Point.......................  Ohio.................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Already Open........  D.
                Cherry Valley.....................  Pennsylvania.........  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  B.
                Cibola............................  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Clarks River......................  Kentucky.............  Already Open.........  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Colusa............................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
                Crab Orchard......................  Illinois.............  C/E..................  C/E..................  E...................  Already Open.
                Craig Brook NFH...................  Maine................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Crane Meadows.....................  Minnesota............  B....................  B....................  D...................  Closed.
                Cross Creeks......................  Tennessee............  Already Open.........  C....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Currituck.........................  North Carolina.......  E....................  Closed...............  E...................  Closed.
                Cypress Creek.....................  Illinois.............  C/D..................  C/D..................  D...................  Already Open.
                Deep Fork.........................  Oklahoma.............  C....................  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
                Delevan...........................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
                Desoto............................  Iowa and Nebraska....  Closed...............  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
                Dexter NFH........................  New Mexico...........  A....................  A....................  Closed..............  Closed.
                [[Page 30316]]
                
                Edenton NFH.......................  North Carolina.......  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Entiat NFH........................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Grand Bay.........................  Mississippi and        E....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Closed.
                                                     Alabama.
                Great Bay.........................  New Hampshire........  Already Open.........  Closed...............  C/E.................  Closed.
                Great River.......................  Illinois and Missouri  Already Open.........  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Green Bay.........................  Wisconsin............  Closed...............  Closed...............  A...................  A.
                Hackmatack........................  Illinois and           Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  B.
                                                     Wisconsin.
                Hagerman..........................  Texas................  D....................  D....................  D...................  Already Open.
                Harrison Lake NFH.................  Virginia.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Havasu............................  Arizona..............  E....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Hotchkiss NFH.....................  Colorado.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Hutton Lake.......................  Wyoming..............  A....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Closed.
                Imperial..........................  Arizona..............  E....................  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Inks Dam NFH......................  Texas................  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Iron River NFH....................  Wisconsin............  A....................  A....................  A...................  Closed.
                Key Cave..........................  Alabama..............  C....................  C....................  B...................  Closed.
                Kirwin............................  Kansas...............  D....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Kofa..............................  Arizona..............  Closed...............  E....................  Already Open........  Closed.
                Laguna Atascosa...................  Texas................  Closed...............  Closed...............  E...................  Already Open.
                Las Vegas.........................  New Mexico...........  E....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Closed.
                Leadville NFH.....................  Colorado.............  A....................  A....................  A...................  A.
                Leavenworth NFH...................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Little River......................  Oklahoma.............  Already Open.........  C....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Little White Salmon NFH...........  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Lower Rio Grande Valley...........  Texas................  Already Open.........  Closed...............  E...................  Closed.
                Marin Islands.....................  California...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Mashpee...........................  Massachusetts........  A....................  A....................  A...................  Closed.
                Mattamuskeet......................  North Carolina.......  Already Open.........  Closed...............  E...................  Already Open.
                McKay Creek.......................  Oregon...............  C....................  C....................  B...................  Already Open.
                Medicine Lake.....................  Montana..............  C....................  Already Open.........  Already Open........  E.
                Middle Mississippi River..........  Illinois and Missouri  Already Open.........  D....................  E...................  D.
                Minidoka..........................  Idaho................  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  B...................  E.
                Monomoy...........................  Massachusetts........  B....................  B....................  Closed..............  Already Open.
                Neal Smith........................  Iowa.................  D....................  D....................  D...................  Closed.
                Nestucca Bay......................  Oregon...............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  B.
                Northern Tallgrass Prairie........  Iowa and Minnesota...  D....................  D....................  D...................  B.
                Okefenokee........................  Georgia..............  Closed...............  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
                Orangeburg NFH....................  South Carolina.......  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Ottawa............................  Ohio.................  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  Already Open........  D.
                Ozark Plateau.....................  Oklahoma.............  Closed...............  A....................  A...................  Closed.
                Parker River......................  Massachusetts........  D/E..................  B....................  D/E.................  Already Open.
                Patoka River......................  Indiana..............  D....................  D....................  D...................  D.
                Patuxent..........................  Maryland.............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  D...................  Already Open.
                Piedmont..........................  Georgia..............  Closed...............  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Sacramento........................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
                Salt Plains.......................  Oklahoma.............  C/D..................  C/D..................  C/E.................  Already Open.
                San Bernardino....................  Arizona..............  E....................  Already Open.........  Closed..............  Closed.
                Sand Lake.........................  South Dakota.........  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  E...................  Already Open.
                San Juan Islands..................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                San Pablo Bay.....................  California...........  E....................  Already Open.........  Closed..............  Already Open.
                Seedskadee........................  Wyoming..............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  C...................  Already Open.
                Sequoyah..........................  Oklahoma.............  Already Open.........  Already Open.........  C...................  Already Open.
                Silvio O. Conte...................  Massachusetts and      A....................  A....................  A...................  A.
                                                     Connecticut.
                Spring Creek NFH..................  Washington...........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                St. Marks.........................  Florida..............  Already Open.........  D....................  D...................  Already Open.
                Stone Lakes.......................  California...........  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Closed..............  B.
                Sutter............................  California...........  Already Open.........  C....................  Closed..............  Closed.
                Tamarac...........................  Minnesota............  C....................  C....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Tishomingo........................  Oklahoma.............  B....................  Closed...............  C...................  Already Open.
                Tishomingo NFH....................  Oklahoma.............  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Trinity River.....................  Texas................  E....................  E....................  E...................  Already Open.
                Valentine.........................  Nebraska.............  Already Open.........  E....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Valley City NFH (6)...............  North Dakota.........  Closed...............  Closed...............  Closed..............  A.
                Washita...........................  Oklahoma.............  C/D..................  C....................  Already Open........  Already Open.
                Wichita Mountains.................  Oklahoma.............  B....................  B....................  C...................  Already Open.
                Whittlesey Creek..................  Wisconsin............  Already Open.........  Closed...............  Already Open........  B.
                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Key:
                * Number in ( ) refers to the Region as explained in the preamble to this proposed rule for additional information regarding refuge specific
                  regulations.
                A = New station opened (Opening).
                [[Page 30317]]
                
                B = New activity on a station previously open to other activities (Opening).
                C = Station already open to activity but added new species to hunt (Opening).
                D = Station already open to activity, but added new lands/waters or modified areas open to hunting or fishing (Expansion).
                E = Station already open to activity, but existing opportunity expanded through season dates, method of take, bag limits, quota permits, youth hunt,
                  etc. (Expansion).
                F = Activity is being closed on the station.
                    The changes for the 2019-2020 hunting/fishing season noted in the
                chart above are each based on a complete administrative record which,
                among other detailed documentation, also includes a hunt plan, a
                compatibility determination (for refuges), and the appropriate National
                Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) analysis, all
                of which were the subject of a public review and comment process. These
                documents are available upon request.
                    Through these openings and expansions, we are proposing to open or
                expand an additional 1,451,131 acres to hunting and sport fishing
                within the National Wildlife Refuge System and the National Fish
                Hatchery System. These proposed actions are the only changes to the
                administration of hunting and sport fishing opportunities on Service
                lands and waters.
                Other Updates to the Regulations for NWRs
                    In this rulemaking, we propose to standardize and clarify the
                language of existing regulations.
                    We propose to update the existing nonstandard codification system
                of 50 CFR part 32, as well as 50 CFR 26.34, to the standard Code of
                Federal Regulations (CFR) paragraph designation system. Therefore, in
                addition to setting forth all of Sec. Sec.  26.34 and 32.7 to bring
                them into conformity with the CFR's standard codification system, we
                also set forth every entry for our refuge-specific regulations in 50
                CFR part 32 in this proposed rule for reformatting.
                    Further, as part of a national effort to assess hunting and sport
                fishing on Service lands and waters, we reviewed over 7,200 station-
                specific regulations to, in part, identify unnecessary redundancy in
                existing Federal regulations that apply to all stations and relevant
                State hunting and fishing regulations. As a result of that review, we
                propose to remove approximately 2,100 regulations that will have no
                impact on the administration of hunting and sport fishing within the
                National Wildlife Refuge System.
                    We also propose to simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific regulations
                to comply with a Presidential mandate to adhere to plain language
                standards and to reduce the regulatory burden on the public. In this
                proposed rule, the editorial revisions to use plain language in
                regulations that we propose do not modify the substance of the previous
                regulations. These types of changes include using ``you'' to refer to
                the reader and ``we'' to refer to the Refuge System, using the word
                ``allow'' instead of ``permit'' when we do not require the use of a
                permit for an activity, using consistent language to present
                requirements concerning hunters' ages for youth hunt opportunities, and
                using active voice (e.g., ``We restrict entry into the refuge'' vs.
                ``Entry into the refuge is restricted''). Some of these proposed
                changes also include adding clarifying language or Office of Management
                and Budget (OMB) approved form numbers for permits to comply with
                Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) and information collection requirements.
                    Another result of our review of our station-specific regulations is
                the identification of general public use regulations, for activities
                like camping and boating, in 50 CFR part 32 that would be better placed
                elsewhere in our regulations. Therefore, we propose to move those
                general public use regulations not exclusively pertaining to hunting
                and sport fishing activities from 50 CFR part 32 to 50 CFR 26.34. This
                reorganization does not establish any new regulations, nor does it make
                any changes to the enforcement of public use or hunting and sport
                fishing on Service lands.
                    In 50 CFR 26.34, we propose to remove the provisions concerning the
                issuance of medical access waiver permits for Back Bay National
                Wildlife Refuge in Virginia. We propose this change because, as the
                current regulations state, we have not issued any such waivers for more
                than 30 years, and we will not issue any in the future. Therefore,
                these provisions are obsolete and should be removed from the
                regulations.
                    Lastly, we propose changes to 50 CFR part 36, the regulations
                concerning Alaska NWRs. Specifically, we propose to remove the same-day
                airborne hunting prohibition set forth at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv). This
                prohibition duplicates a State of Alaska law and regulation (Title 16
                of the Alaska Statutes (AS) at chapter 5, section 783 (AS 16.05.783),
                and Title 5 of the Alaska Administrative Code (AAC) at chapter 92,
                section 85 (5 AAC 92.085)). Further, the State of Alaska's animal
                control programs may only be conducted on Alaska NWRs in accordance
                with a Federal special use permit issued by the Refuge Manager (50 CFR
                36.32(e)). We would also make editorial changes to these regulations
                for clarity and consistency.
                Fish Advisory
                    For health reasons, anglers should review and follow State-issued
                consumption advisories before enjoying recreational sport fishing
                opportunities on Service-managed waters. You can find information about
                current fish-consumption advisories on the internet at: http://www.epa.gov/fish-tech.
                Request for Comments
                General Information
                    You may submit comments and materials on this proposed rule by any
                one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. We will not accept comments
                sent by email or fax or to an address not listed in ADDRESSES. We will
                not consider hand-delivered comments that we do not receive, or mailed
                comments that are not postmarked, by the date specified in DATES.
                    We will post your entire comment on http://www.regulations.gov.
                Before including personal identifying information in your comment, you
                should be aware that we may make your entire comment--including your
                personal identifying information--publicly available at any time. While
                you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying
                information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be
                able to do so. We will post all hardcopy comments on http://www.regulations.gov.
                Length of the Public Comment Period
                    Department of the Interior policy is, whenever practicable, to
                afford the public a meaningful opportunity to participate in the
                rulemaking process. We open refuges and hatcheries through a series of
                stages, with the fundamental work being performed on the ground at the
                station and in the community where the program is administered. In
                these stages, we give the public other opportunities to comment, for
                example, on comprehensive conservation plans and compatibility
                determinations. The second stage is this document, when we
                [[Page 30318]]
                publish the proposed rule in the Federal Register for additional
                comment.
                    There is nothing contained in this proposed rule outside the scope
                of the annual review process where we determine whether individual
                stations need modifications, deletions, or additions made to them. We
                make every attempt to collect all of the proposals from the station
                nationwide and process them expeditiously to maximize the time
                available for public review. A 45-day comment period, through the
                broader publication following the earlier public involvement, gives the
                public sufficient time to comment and allows us to establish hunting
                and fishing programs in time for the upcoming seasons. Many of these
                rules would also relieve restrictions and allow the public to
                participate in recreational activities on a number of stations. In
                addition, in order to continue to provide for previously authorized
                hunting opportunities while at the same time providing for adequate
                resource protection, we must be timely in providing modifications to
                certain hunting programs on some stations.
                    We considered providing a 60-day, rather than a 45-day, comment
                period. However, we determined that an additional 15-day delay in
                processing these refuge-specific hunting and sport fishing regulations
                would hinder the effective planning and administration of our hunting
                and sport fishing programs. Such a delay would jeopardize enacting
                amendments to hunting and sport fishing programs in time for
                implementation this year and/or early next year, or shorten the
                duration of these programs.
                    Even after issuance of a final rule, we accept comments,
                suggestions, and concerns for consideration for any appropriate
                subsequent rulemaking.
                    When finalized, we will incorporate these regulations into 50 CFR
                parts 26, 32, 36, and 71. Part 26 contains general regulations that
                apply to all National Wildlife Refuges and refuge-specific public use
                regulations. Part 32 contains general provisions and refuge-specific
                regulations for hunting and sport fishing on refuges. Part 36 contains
                regulations that apply to Alaska National Wildlife Refuges. Part 71
                contains general provisions and hatchery-specific regulations for
                hunting and sport fishing on hatcheries.
                Required Determinations
                Clarity of This Proposed Rule
                    Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and the Presidential Memorandum of
                June 1, 1998, require us to write all rules in plain language. This
                means that each rule we publish must:
                    (a) Be logically organized;
                    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;
                    (c) Use clear language rather than jargon;
                    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and
                    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.
                    If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us
                comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To better help us
                revise the rule, your comments should be as specific as possible. For
                example, you should tell us the numbers of the sections or paragraphs
                that are unclearly written, which sections or sentences are too long,
                the sections where you feel lists or tables would be useful, etc.
                Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)
                    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and
                Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has
                determined that this rulemaking is not significant.
                    Executive Order (E.O.) 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866
                while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to
                promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best,
                most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory
                ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory
                approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of
                choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible,
                and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes
                further that regulations must be based on the best available science
                and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and
                an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner
                consistent with these requirements.
                Executive Order 13771--Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory
                Costs
                    This proposed rule is not an Executive Order (E.O.) 13771 (82 FR
                9339, February 3, 2017) regulatory action because this proposed rule is
                not significant under E.O. 12866.
                Regulatory Flexibility Act
                    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (as amended by the Small
                Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act [SBREFA] of 1996) (5
                U.S.C. 601 et seq.), whenever a Federal agency is required to publish a
                notice of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare
                and make available for public comment a regulatory flexibility analysis
                that describes the effect of the rule on small entities (i.e., small
                businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions).
                However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of
                an agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic
                impact on a substantial number of small entities. Thus, for a
                regulatory flexibility analysis to be required, impacts must exceed a
                threshold for ``significant impact'' and a threshold for a
                ``substantial number of small entities.'' See 5 U.S.C. 605(b). SBREFA
                amended the Regulatory Flexibility Act to require Federal agencies to
                provide a statement of the factual basis for certifying that a rule
                will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of
                small entities.
                    This rule proposes to open 7 NWRs and 15 NFHs to sport fishing and
                hunting and expand hunting or fishing activities on 67 additional NWRs.
                As a result, visitor use for wildlife-dependent recreation on these
                stations will change. If the stations establishing new programs were a
                pure addition to the current supply of those activities, it would mean
                an estimated increase of 18,258 user days (one person per day
                participating in a recreational opportunity; see Table 2). Because the
                participation trend is flat in these activities since 1991, this
                increase in supply will most likely be offset by other sites losing
                participants. Therefore, this is likely to be a substitute site for the
                activity and not necessarily an increase in participation rates for the
                activity.
                [[Page 30319]]
                                       Table 2--Estimated Change in Recreation Opportunities in 2019-2020
                                                             [Dollars in thousands]
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    Additional      Additional      Additional
                                             Station                               hunting days    fishing days    expenditures
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Bandon Marsh....................................................  ..............             100            $4.4
                Bill Williams River.............................................              15  ..............             0.6
                Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually.......................................             311  ..............            12.8
                Bitter Lake.....................................................             333  ..............            13.7
                Bond Swamp......................................................              24  ..............             1.0
                Bosque del Apache...............................................             360  ..............            14.9
                Boyer Chute.....................................................             327  ..............            13.5
                Buenos Aires....................................................              45  ..............             1.9
                Cedar Point.....................................................  ..............              30             1.3
                Cherry Valley...................................................  ..............             365            16.0
                Cibola..........................................................             400  ..............            16.5
                Clarks River....................................................              60  ..............             2.5
                Colusa..........................................................             476  ..............            19.6
                Crab Orchard....................................................           1,099  ..............            45.4
                Craig Brook NFH.................................................  ..............             365            16.0
                Crane Meadows...................................................             304  ..............            12.5
                Cross Creeks....................................................              11  ..............             0.5
                Currituck.......................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Cypress Creek...................................................             378  ..............            15.6
                Deep Fork.......................................................             450  ..............            18.6
                Delevan.........................................................             715  ..............            29.5
                Desoto..........................................................              85  ..............             3.5
                Dexter NFH......................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Edenton NFH.....................................................  ..............             300            13.2
                Entiat NFH......................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Grand Bay.......................................................              25  ..............             1.0
                Great Bay.......................................................              64  ..............             2.6
                Great River.....................................................             320  ..............            13.2
                Green Bay.......................................................             752              50            33.2
                Hackmatack......................................................  ..............              50             2.2
                Hagerman........................................................           5,400  ..............           222.9
                Harrison Lake NFH...............................................  ..............             365            16.0
                Havasu..........................................................             205  ..............             8.5
                Hotchkiss NFH...................................................  ..............             300            13.2
                Hutton Lake.....................................................              94  ..............             3.9
                Imperial........................................................              30  ..............             1.2
                Inks Dam NFH....................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Iron River NFH..................................................           1,145  ..............            47.3
                Key Cave........................................................             150  ..............             6.2
                Kirwin..........................................................             172  ..............             7.1
                Kofa............................................................              35  ..............             1.4
                Laguna Atascosa.................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Las Vegas.......................................................              65  ..............             2.7
                Leadville NFH...................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Leavenworth NFH.................................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Little River....................................................             658  ..............            27.2
                Little White Salmon NFH.........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Lower Rio Grande Valley.........................................  ..............  ..............  ..............
                Marin Islands...................................................  ..............           1,825            80.2
                Mashpee.........................................................             225  ..............             9.3
                Mattamuskeet....................................................               1  ..............             1018-0140, ``Hunting and Sport Fishing Application Forms
                and Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41,
                25.43, 25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72''
                (Expires 07/30/2021),
                     1018-0153, ``National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Check-In
                Permit and Use Report'' (Expires 04/30/2022),
                     1018-0102, ``National Wildlife Refuge Special Use Permit
                Applications and Reports, 50 CFR 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, & 36''
                (Expires 08/31/2020),
                     1018-0135, ``Electronic Federal Duck Stamp Program''
                (Expires 01/31/2020),
                     1018-0093, ``Federal Fish and Wildlife Permit Applications
                and Reports--Management Authority; 50 CFR 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23''
                (Expires 08/31/2020), and
                     1024-0252, ``The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass
                Application Processes'' (Expires 08/31/2020).
                    The new information collection requirements identified below
                require approval by OMB:
                    (1) Labeling/Marking Requirements--As a condition of the permit,
                some refuges require permittees to label hunting and fishing gear left
                overnight. This equipment may include items such as the following: Tree
                stands, blinds, or game cameras; hunting dogs (collars); flagging/trail
                markers; boats; and/or fishing equipment such as jugs, trotlines, and
                crawfish or crab traps. Refuges require the owner label their equipment
                with their last name, the state issued hunting/fishing license number,
                and/or hunting/fishing permit number. Refuges may also require
                equipment for youth hunters include ``YOUTH'' on the label. This
                minimal information is necessary in the event the refuge needs to
                contact the owner.
                    (2) Notifications--On occasion, hunters may find their game has
                landed outside of established hunting boundaries. In this situation,
                hunters must notify an authorized refuge employee to obtain consent to
                retrieve the game from an area closed to hunting or entry only upon
                specific consent. Certain refuges also require hunters to notify the
                refuge manager when hunting specific species (e.g., black bear, bobcat,
                or eastern coyote) with trailing dogs. Refuges may also require advance
                notification by disabled hunters
                [[Page 30325]]
                requesting special accommodations on the refuge.
                    (3) Transfer of FWS Form 3-2405--Currently, OMB approval of FWS
                Form 3-2405 is under OMB Control No. 1018-0153. With this submission,
                the Service is requesting the transfer of the form into OMB Control No.
                1018-0140 so all forms associated with hunting and/or sport fishing
                activities in use by the National Wildlife Refuge System are contained
                under the same information collection. Upon approval of this transfer
                by OMB at the final rule stage of RIN 1018-BD79, we will discontinue
                OMB Control No. 1018-0153 on the effective date of the final rule for
                1018-BD79.
                    (4) We are proposing FWS Form 3-2439 Hunt Application--National
                Wildlife Refuge System, to replace existing FWS Forms 3-2354 through 3-
                2357. This will streamline the application process and reduce the
                regulatory burden on the public.
                    Title of Collection: Hunting and Fishing Application Forms and
                Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41, 25.43,
                25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72.
                    OMB Control Number: 1018-0140.
                    Form Number: FWS Forms 3-2405, 3-2439, and 3-2358 through 3-2362.
                    Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved collection.
                    Respondents/Affected Public: Individuals and households.
                    Respondent's Obligation: Required to Obtain or Retain a Benefit.
                    Frequency of Collection: On occasion.
                    Total Estimated Annual Nonhour Burden Cost: $84,000.
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Completion
                                                                                   Annual number     time per      Total annual
                                            Activity                               of responses      response      burden hours
                                                                                                     (minutes)
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Hunting and Fishing Permit Applications:
                    Form 3-2439 Hunt Application/Permit.........................         348,689              10          58,115
                    Form 3-2358 Fish/Crab/Shrimp Application/Permit.............           2,472               5             206
                rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
                        Subtotal Applications...................................         351,161  ..............          58,321
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Harvest Activity Reports:
                    Form 3-2359 Big Game Harvest Report.........................          91,879              15          22,970
                    Form 3-2360 Fishing Harvest Report..........................         421,112              15         105,278
                    Form 3-2361 Migratory Bird Harvest Report...................          32,821              15           8,205
                    Form 3-2362 Upland Game Furbearer Harvest Report............          25,024              15           6,256
                rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
                        Subtotal Activity Reports...............................         570,836  ..............         142,709
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                New Information Collections Added to Collection:
                    Labeling/Marking Requirements...............................           2,160              10             360
                    Notifications...............................................             384              30             192
                    Form 3-2405 Check-In/Out Permit (from 1018-0153)............         650,000               5          54,167
                rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
                        Subtotal Other Requirements.............................         652,544  ..............          54,719
                rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
                            Totals..............................................       1,574,541  ..............         255,749
                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent
                burdens, we invite the public and other Federal agencies to comment on
                any aspect of this information collection, including:
                    (1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary,
                including whether or not the information will have practical utility;
                    (2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection
                of information;
                    (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the
                information to be collected; and
                    (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on
                respondents.
                    Send your comments and suggestions on this information collection
                by the date indicated in DATES to the Desk Officer for the Department
                of the Interior at OMB-OIRA at (202) 395-5806 (fax) or
                [email protected] (email). You may view the information
                collection request(s) at http://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain.
                Please provide a copy of your comments to the Service Information
                Collection Clearance Officer, Madonna Baucum, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
                Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: AMAD-ARM-PPM, Falls Church, VA 22041-
                3803 (mail); (703) 358-2503 (telephone); or [email protected] (email).
                Please reference OMB Control Number 1018-0140 in the subject line of
                your comments.
                Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation
                    We comply with section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as
                amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), when developing comprehensive
                conservation plans and step-down management plans--which would include
                hunting and/or fishing plans--for public use of refuges and hatcheries,
                and prior to implementing any new or revised public recreation program
                on a station as identified in 50 CFR 26.32. We have completed section 7
                consultation on each of the affected stations.
                National Environmental Policy Act
                    We analyzed this proposed rule in accordance with the criteria of
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C.
                4332(C)), 43 CFR part 46, and 516 Departmental Manual (DM) 8.
                    A categorical exclusion from NEPA documentation applies to
                publication of proposed amendments to station-specific hunting and
                fishing regulations because they are technical and procedural in
                nature, and the environmental effects are too broad, speculative, or
                conjectural to lend themselves to meaningful analysis (43 CFR 46.210
                and 516 DM 8). Concerning the actions that are the subject of this
                proposed rulemaking, we have complied with NEPA at the project level
                when developing each proposal. This is consistent with the Department
                of the Interior instructions for compliance with NEPA where actions are
                covered
                [[Page 30326]]
                sufficiently by an earlier environmental document (43 CFR 46.120).
                    Prior to the addition of a refuge or hatchery to the list of areas
                open to hunting and fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71, we develop
                hunting and fishing plans for the affected stations. We incorporate
                these proposed station hunting and fishing activities in the station
                comprehensive conservation plan and/or other step-down management
                plans, pursuant to our refuge planning guidance in 602 Fish and
                Wildlife Service Manual (FW) 1, 3, and 4. We prepare these
                comprehensive conservation plans and step-down plans in compliance with
                section 102(2)(C) of NEPA, the Council on Environmental Quality's
                regulations for implementing NEPA in 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508,
                and the Department of Interior's NEPA regulations 43 CFR part 46. We
                invite the affected public to participate in the review, development,
                and implementation of these plans. Copies of all plans and NEPA
                compliance are available from the stations at the addresses provided
                below.
                Available Information for Specific Stations
                    Individual refuge and hatchery headquarters have information about
                public use programs and conditions that apply to their specific
                programs and maps of their respective areas. To find out how to contact
                a specific refuge or hatchery, contact the appropriate Service office
                for the states listed below:
                    Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Regional Chief, National
                Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Eastside
                Federal Complex, Suite 1692, 911 NE 11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232-
                4181; Telephone (503) 231-6214.
                    Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Regional Chief, National
                Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, P.O. Box 1306,
                500 Gold Avenue SW, Albuquerque, NM 87103; Telephone (505) 248-6937.
                    Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and
                Wisconsin. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish
                and Wildlife Service, 5600 American Blvd. West, Suite 990, Bloomington,
                MN 55437-1458; Telephone (612) 713-5360.
                    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
                Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico,
                and the Virgin Islands. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge
                System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1875 Century Boulevard,
                Atlanta, GA 30345; Telephone (404) 679-7166.
                    Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland,
                Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode
                Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. Regional Chief, National
                Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Westgate
                Center Drive, Hadley, MA 01035-9589; Telephone (413) 253-8307.
                    Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota,
                Utah, and Wyoming. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System,
                U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 134 Union Blvd., Lakewood, CO 80228;
                Telephone (303) 236-8145.
                    Alaska. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish
                and Wildlife Service, 1011 E Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503; Telephone
                (907) 786-3545.
                    California and Nevada. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge
                System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2606,
                Sacramento, CA 95825; Telephone (916) 414-6464.
                Primary Author
                    Katherine Harrigan, Division of Natural Resources and Conservation
                Planning, National Wildlife Refuge System, is the primary author of
                this rulemaking document.
                List of Subjects
                50 CFR Part 26
                    Recreation and recreation areas, Wildlife refuges.
                50 CFR Part 32
                    Fishing, Hunting, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements,
                Wildlife, Wildlife refuges.
                50 CFR Part 36
                    Alaska, Recreation and recreation areas, Reporting and
                recordkeeping requirements, Wildlife refuges.
                50 CFR Part 71
                    Fish, Fishing, Hunting, Wildlife.
                Proposed Regulation Promulgation
                    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, we propose to amend
                title 50, chapter I, subchapters C and E of the Code of Federal
                Regulations as follows:
                Subchapter C--The National Wildlife Refuge System
                PART 26--PUBLIC ENTRY AND USE
                0
                1. The authority citation for part 26 continues to read as follows:
                    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and
                715i; Pub. L. 96-315 (94 Stat. 958) and Pub. L. 98-146 (97 Stat.
                955).
                0
                2. Revise Sec.  26.34 to read as follows:
                Sec.  26.34   What are the special regulations concerning public
                access, use, and recreation for individual national wildlife refuges?
                    The following refuge units, listed in alphabetical order by State
                and unit name, have refuge-specific regulations for public access, use,
                and recreation.
                    (a) Alabama--(1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on Gator and
                Little Gator Lakes.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of
                motorized watercraft in all refuge waters not directly connected to
                Lake Eufaula.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of all air-thrust boats, including
                airboats, aircraft, boats with secondary fans, and hovercraft.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of personal watercraft or air-cooled
                propulsion engines outside of marked navigation channels.
                    (iv) We prohibit the mooring or storing of boats from 1\1/2\ hours
                after legal sunset to 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise.
                    (3) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit mooring or
                storing of boats from legal sunset to legal sunrise.
                    (ii) We prohibit airboats and hovercraft on all waters within the
                refuge boundaries.
                    (iii) We prohibit inboard waterthrust boats such as, but not
                limited to, personal watercraft, watercycles, and waterbikes on all
                waters of the refuge except that portion of the Tennessee River and
                Flint Creek from its mouth to mile marker 3.
                    (b) Arizona--(1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
                We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC as governed by State law), air
                thrust boats, and hovercraft on all waters within the boundaries of the
                refuge.
                    (ii) We designate all refuge waters as wakeless speed zones (as
                governed by State law) as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.
                    (iii) The nonmotorized watercraft launch and Central Arizona
                Project (CAP) peninsula are day-use only areas and are open from \1/2\
                hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. We allow
                fishing and the launching of watercraft at these and other areas 24
                hours a day.
                    (iv) We prohibit the possession or consumption of open containers
                of alcohol or the possession of glass beverage containers in improved
                areas, including the nonmotorized watercraft launch and the CAP
                peninsula.
                    (2) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of all
                air-thrust
                [[Page 30327]]
                boats or air-cooled propulsion engines, including floating aircraft.
                    (ii) The following conditions apply only on Topock Marsh:
                    (A) We close designated portions to all entry from October 1
                through the last day of the waterfowl hunt season (including the State
                junior waterfowl hunt).
                    (B) We close designated portions to all entry from April 1 through
                August 31. These areas are indicated in refuge brochures and identified
                by buoys and or signs.
                    (C) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State
                law).
                    (iii) The following conditions apply to all waters of the Colorado
                River within the refuge from the south regulatory buoy line to the
                north regulatory buoy line at Interstate 40 (approximately 17 miles
                (27.2 kilometers)):
                    (A) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State law)
                as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys in all backwaters.
                    (B) We limit watercraft speed as indicated by signs or regulatory
                buoys to no wake (as governed by State law) in all backwaters.
                    (C) We prohibit water-skiing, tubing, wake boarding, or other
                recreational-towed devices.
                    (iv) The following conditions apply to improved areas within the
                refuge; improved areas consist of the Mesquite Bay areas, Castle Rock,
                the Diving Cliffs, Catfish Paradise, Five Mile Landing, and North Dike:
                    (A) We prohibit entry of all motorized watercraft in all three bays
                of the Mesquite Bay areas as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.
                    (B) Improved areas are day-use only and are open from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. We allow fishing
                and launching watercraft at these and other areas 24 hours a day.
                    (C) We prohibit the possession of open containers of alcohol or the
                possession of glass beverage containers in improved areas.
                    (c) Arkansas--(1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit mooring houseboats to the refuge bank on the Little Red River.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats from
                November 1 through February 28, except on that portion of the refuge
                open for public fishing with electric motors and Ditch 28.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the
                mooring of houseboats to refuge property.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                camping only in designated sites and areas identified in the refuge
                user brochure (signed brochure), and we restrict camping to individuals
                involved in wildlife-dependent activities. We limit camping on the
                refuge to no more than 14 days during any 30 consecutive-day period.
                Campers must occupy camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances,
                including use of generators, after 10 p.m.
                    (ii) We allow refuge users to leave boats 16 feet (4.8 meters) or
                less in length unattended overnight from March 1 to October 31, as long
                as the owner clearly and prominently displays his or her boat
                registration number.
                    (5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only
                at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt
                brochure, and we restrict camping to individuals involved in wildlife-
                dependent refuge activities.
                    (ii) Campers may stay no more than 14 days during any 30
                consecutive-day period in any campground and must occupy camps daily.
                    (iii) We prohibit all disturbances, including use of generators,
                after 10 p.m.
                    (6) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit all boat
                motors (including surface drive motors, mud motors, etc.) larger than
                25 horsepower.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (7) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only
                at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt
                brochure. We restrict camping to the individuals involved in refuge
                wildlife-dependent activities. Campers may stay no more than 14 days
                during any consecutive 30-day period in a campground and must occupy
                the camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances, including use of
                generators, after 10 p.m.
                    (ii) You must unload all hunting firearms and crossbows (see Sec.
                27.42(b) of this chapter) within 100 yards (90 meters) of a campground.
                    (iii) We prohibit camping on the refuge while hunting off the
                refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit consumption or possession of opened container(s)
                of alcoholic beverage(s) in parking lots, on roadways, and in plain
                view in campgrounds.
                    (v) We prohibit fires outside of campgrounds.
                    (vi) We prohibit possession or use of fireworks.
                    (vii) We prohibit geocaching.
                    (d) California--(1) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person
                may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in
                designated parking/overnight stay areas.
                    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
                trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
                Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
                    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
                parking areas and vehicle access roads.
                    (2) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
                maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/
                overnight stay areas.
                    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
                trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
                Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
                    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
                parking areas and vehicle access roads.
                    (3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
                thrust and inboard water-thrust boats.
                    (ii) You may use only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
                motors on designated motorless units from the start of the hunting
                season through November 30. You may use motorized boats on designated
                motorless units from December 1 through the end of hunting season.
                    (4) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
                maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/
                overnight stay areas.
                    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
                trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
                Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
                    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
                parking areas and vehicle access roads.
                    (5) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                fires on the refuge, except we allow portable gas stoves on gravel bars
                (see Sec.  27.95(a) of this chapter).
                    (ii) We open the refuge for day-use access from 2 hours before
                legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. We allow access
                during other hours on gravel bars only.
                    (iii) On Packer Lake and Drumheller North, due to primitive access,
                we only allow boats up to 14 feet (4.2 meters) and canoes. Electric
                motors only.
                    (6) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                launching of boats and access to the Bay or sloughs from refuge
                property except from designated boat launch sites (Cullinan Ranch Unit
                and Dickson Ranch Unit).
                    (ii) We allow only nonmotorized crafts at the Cullinan Ranch Unit
                and Dickson Ranch Unit launch sites.
                    (7) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or
                maintain fires,
                [[Page 30328]]
                except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/overnight stay
                areas.
                    (ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and
                trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and
                Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).
                    (iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated
                parking areas and vehicle access roads.
                    (e)-(f) [Reserved]
                    (g) Delaware--(1) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The
                maximum horsepower allowed for boat motors is 30 horsepower. You must
                abide by the slow, no-wake zones on designated portions of refuge
                waterways as depicted in maps or within the brochure.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (h) Florida--(1) Arthur R. Marshal Loxahatchee National Wildlife
                Refuge. (i) We allow only boats equipped with factory-manufactured-
                water-cooled outboard motors, boats with electric motors, and
                nonmotorized boats. We prohibit boats with air-cooled engines,
                airboats, fan boats, hovercraft, and personal watercraft (e.g., Jet
                Skis, jet boats, wave runners).
                    (ii) There is a 35 miles per hour (mph) speed limit in all waters
                of the refuge. A 500-foot (150-meter) ``idle speed zone'' is at each of
                the refuge's three boat ramps.
                    (iii) We require all boats operating outside of the main perimeter
                canals (the L-40 Canal, L-39 Canal, L-7 Canal, and L-101 Canal) in
                interior areas of the refuge and within the hunt area to fly a 12-inch
                by 12-inch (30-centimeters (cm) by 30-cm) orange flag 10 feet (3
                meters) above the vessel's waterline.
                    (2) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow airboats
                only on the designated airboat route within Citrus County and on all
                navigable waterways within Hernando County with a refuge Special Use
                Permit (General Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-
                1383-G) issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on vegetation.
                    (3) J.N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                kite surfing, kite boarding, wind surfing, and sail boarding.
                    (ii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling, or
                floating in the posted ``no-motor zone'' of the J.N. ``Ding'' Darling
                Wilderness Area. All motors, including electric motors, must be in a
                nonuse position (out of the water) when in the ``no-motor zone.''
                    (iii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling,
                floating, or electric motors in the posted ``pole/troll zone'' of the
                Wulfert Flats Management Area. All non-electric motors must be in a
                nonuse position (out of the water) when in the ``pole/troll zone.''
                    (iv) We allow launching of canoes and kayaks anywhere on the right
                (north) side of Wildlife Drive. We prohibit launching motorized vessels
                over 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length from Wildlife Drive. Motorized
                vessels less than 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length may only be launched
                from designated site #2.
                    (v) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, personal watercraft, and
                ``Go-Devil''-style outboard motors.
                    (vi) Vessels must not exceed slow speed/minimum wake in refuge
                waters.
                    (4) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (i) During hunting
                seasons, we close hunting areas on the refuge to all public use except
                to hunters possessing a valid permit. Hunting areas are marked on
                refuge maps.
                    (ii) We close the refuge between legal sunset and legal sunrise.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of airboats on the refuge.
                    (5) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                leaving boats on the refuge overnight.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (6) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit use of
                boats with motors over 10 horsepower on any refuge lake or pond.
                    (ii) We allow use of hand-launched boats on impoundments on the St.
                Marks Unit from March 15 through October 15 each year. We prohibit
                launching of boats from trailers in the impoundments in the St. Marks
                Unit. We prohibit all gasoline-powered motors in the impoundments in
                the St. Marks Unit.
                    (iii) You may not launch commercially registered boats, air-thrust
                boats, or personal watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St.
                Marks Unit. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching any type
                of watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St. Marks Unit.
                    (iv) You may not launch air-thrust boats or personal watercraft
                from Wakulla Beach. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching
                any type of watercraft from Wakulla Beach.
                    (7) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict camping
                and fires (see Sec.  27.95(a) of this chapter) to the two designated
                camping areas. We may restrict or ban fires during dry periods.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages
                during the refuge hunt period (see Sec.  32.2(j) of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit motorized equipment, generators, or land vehicles
                (except bicycles).
                    (iv) Visitors must observe quiet time in the campground between 9
                p.m. and 5 a.m. We prohibit loud or boisterous behavior or activity.
                    (v) We allow boats with electric motors. You must remove all other
                motors from the boats and secure them to a designated motor rack with a
                lock and chain.
                    (vi) We allow boats in refuge lakes from May 15 through September
                30.
                    (8) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                air-thrust boats, hovercraft, personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis, jet
                boats, wave runners), and off-road vehicles in the freshwater and
                brackish marsh area south of U.S. 41.
                    (ii) We limit vessels to a maximum of 25 horsepower outboard motor.
                    (i) Georgia--(1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit swimming, wading, jet skiing, water skiing, and the use of
                airboats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (iii) We allow boat launching at the Stone Creek Boat Launch.
                During periods of high water, we allow boats to be launched from refuge
                roads normally open to vehicle traffic. We allow gasoline motors only
                during periods of high water as defined as a reading of 18 feet (5.5
                meters) or higher at the Macon Gauge on the Ocmulgee River.
                    (iv) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We
                restrict bicycles to roads designated open to vehicles.
                    (3) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow foot and
                bicycle traffic on the refuge portion of Cowhouse Island.
                    (ii) We only allow the use of 10 horsepower motors or less on the
                refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit paddleboarding, air boats, swimming, and wading.
                    (iv) We require all boats to be off the water by posted time.
                    (4) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The refuge is a day-use-
                only area, with the exception of legal hunting activities.
                    (ii) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We
                restrict bicycles to gravel roads designated open to vehicles.
                    (iii) We prohibit overnight camping and/or parking except in the
                designated campgrounds at Pippins Lake during quota deer hunts with a
                valid permit (state-issued).
                    (iv) We allow alcoholic beverages only in the designated
                campground.
                    (j) [Reserved]
                    (k) Idaho--(1) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) From April
                15
                [[Page 30329]]
                through September 30, we allow motorized and nonmotorized boats from
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
                throughout the Lake Lowell Unit.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
                nonmotorized boats on the refuge.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
                float tubes year-round, throughout all of Lake Walcott.
                    (ii) We allow boats on designated areas of Lake Walcott from April
                1 through October 31.
                    (l) Illinois--(1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
                Motorboats must not exceed ``no-wake'' speeds.
                    (ii) We prohibit the public entering Weis Lake on the Cameron-
                Billsbach Unit of the refuge from October 16 through January 31.
                    (iii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict
                motorboats on all refuge waters to slow speeds leaving ``no wake''
                within 150 feet (45 meters) of any shoreline, swimming area, marina
                entrance, boat ramp, causeway tunnel, and areas indicated on the lake
                zoning map in the refuge fishing brochure.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of boat motors of more than 10 horsepower
                on Devils Kitchen and Little Grassy Lakes.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of gas-powered motors in the southeastern
                section of Devils Kitchen Lake (consult lake zoning map in the refuge
                fishing brochure).
                    (3) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
                motorized boats at no-wake speeds on all refuge waters.
                    (ii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight.
                    (4) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving
                boats on refuge waters overnight.
                    (ii) Motorboats must not exceed ``no-wake'' speeds.
                    (5) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We close the
                following divisions to all public access:
                    (A) Louisa Division--September 15 until January 1;
                    (B) Horseshoe Bend Division--September 15 until December 1; and
                    (C) Keithsburg Division--September 15 until January 1.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (6) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
                    (m) Indiana--(1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                boats only if rowed, paddled, or powered by an electric trolling motor
                on the Old Timbers Lake.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
                boats (hand- or foot-propelled only) on Stanfield Lake. We prohibit the
                use of electric or gasoline motors.
                    (ii) We allow the use of kayaks and nonmotorized canoes on Richart
                Lake.
                    (3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area. (i)
                We allow motorboats only on Snakey Point Marsh east of the South Fork
                River and the Patoka River. All other areas are open to either manual-
                powered boats or boats with battery-driven motors only.
                    (ii) Motorboats must not exceed ``no wake'' speeds.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of powered airboats on the refuge.
                    (n) Iowa--(1) Desoto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boating
                to ``no-wake'' speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
                    (o) Kansas--(1) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                motorized boating in the main body of Kirwin Reservoir and in Bow
                Creek. You must not create a wake in Bow Creek or within 100 yards (90
                meters) of any shoreline or island in the main body of Kirwin
                Reservoir. We prohibit motorized boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin
                Reservoir.
                    (ii) We allow motorless boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin
                Reservoir from August 1 through September 30.
                    (2) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict
                outboard motor use to the westernmost 5.5 miles (8.8 kilometers) of the
                Marais des Cygnes River. You may use only nonmotorized boats and
                electric trolling motors on remaining waters in designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (p) Kentucky--(1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                allow horseback riding on refuge roads and portions of the abandoned
                railroad tracks owned by the refuge for access purposes while engaged
                in wildlife activities. We prohibit horses and mules off these
                secondary access routes for any reason.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (q) Louisiana--(1) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The
                refuge is open from 30 minutes before legal sunrise to 30 minutes after
                legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow only outboard motors 25 horsepower or less in
                waterways inside the hurricane protection levee.
                    (2) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may use motorized
                boats only in existing canals, ditches, trenasses, and ponds. We
                prohibit motorized boat use in areas marked as nonmotorized use only.
                    (ii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset
                unless stated otherwise.
                    (iii) We open the Franklin Unit canals (birdfoot canals) for
                motorized boats between April 15 and August 31. This unit is open to
                nonmotorized boats all year.
                    (3) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
                thrust boats, aircraft, mud boats, and air-cooled propulsion engines on
                the refuge.
                    (ii) We open the refuge to public entry from \1/2\ hour before
                legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (4) Black Bayou National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may enter the
                refuge \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise, and you must exit no later than
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) You may only launch boats at the concrete ramp adjacent to the
                visitor center. We prohibit launching boats with motors greater than 50
                horsepower.
                    (iii) We prohibit leaving boats or other equipment on the refuge
                overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We require a boat launch fee. You must pay the launch fee
                before launching boat.
                    (v) We prohibit crossing the water hyacinth booms in a boat or
                traveling over idle speed within the booms.
                    (5) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow primitive
                camping within 100 feet (30 meters) of designated streams. These
                include either bank of the Boque Chitto River, Wilson Slough, and West
                Pearl River south of Wilson Slough; refuge lands along the East Pearl
                River; and Holmes Bayou. Campers must mark their campsite with the
                owner's State license/identification number, or boat identification
                number, and dates of occupancy placed in a conspicuous location in the
                center of camp.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (6) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                overnight camping on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow only nonpowered boats in the Bank Fishing Road
                waterways.
                    (iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in refuge canals,
                bayous, and lakes. We allow only trolling motors in the marsh.
                    (7) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of
                [[Page 30330]]
                nonmotorized boats or boats with motors of 10 horsepower or less on
                refuge lakes and waters as designated. We prohibit the use of air-
                thrust boats, water-thrust boats, or personal watercraft.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
                    (8) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit air-thrust boats on the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit boat launching by trailer from all refuge roads
                and parking lots except at designated boat ramps.
                    (9) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit motorized
                boats in the No Gun Hunting Area (the ``Beanfield'') from November 1
                through January 31.
                    (ii) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the
                refuge overnight.
                    (10) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
                    (iii) We allow only electric-powered or nonmotorized boats.
                    (11) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow boats of all motor types with 40 horsepower or less
                in Lacassine Pool.
                    (iii) We prohibit boats in Lacassine Pool and Unit D from October
                16 through March 14. We prohibit boats in Units A and C.
                    (iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and
                Jet Skis on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).
                    (v) We prohibit dragging or driving of boats over levees.
                    (vi) You must only launch trailered boats at the cement ramps at
                the public boat launches in Lacassine Pool.
                    (vii) We only allow boats powered by paddling or trolling motors in
                the Unit D impoundment within Lacassine Pool.
                    (12) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow watercraft
                with motors up to 36 horsepower in Possum Bayou (north of boat ramp),
                Palmetto Bayou, Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, Point Basse, and Nicholas
                Lake.
                    (ii) We allow electric-powered or nonmotorized boats in Doomes
                Lake, Lake Long, Possum Bayou (south of boat ramp), and Lake Ophelia.
                    (iii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.
                    (13) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow air-cooled
                propulsion engines on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit air-thrust boats or marsh buggies on the refuge.
                We restrict motorized boat use to existing canals, ditches, trenasses,
                and ponds.
                    (14) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may access the hunt
                areas by boat using the boat launches at the West Cove Public Use Area
                or by access through Burton Canal. You may access hunt areas by vehicle
                from Vastar Road or designated turnouts within the refuge public hunt
                area along State Highway 27 (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter) unless
                otherwise posted.
                    (ii) We allow hand launching of small boats along Vastar Road (no
                trailers allowed). We allow hand launching of nonmotorized boats into
                Units 1A and 1B from Blue Crab Recreation Area for recreational
                paddling year-round.
                    (iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in designated refuge
                canals only. We allow trolling motors within the refuge marshes.
                    (iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, personal motorized watercraft
                (e.g., Jet Skis), and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter) unless otherwise posted.
                    (v) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
                    (vi) We prohibit swimming and/or wading in the refuge canals and
                waterways.
                    (15) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                nonmotorized boats, electric motors, and boats with motors 10
                horsepower or less in refuge lakes, streams, and bayous. Boaters must
                follow State boating regulations, including those for navigation
                lights. We prohibit boat storage on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow use of nonmotorized bicycles on designated all-
                terrain vehicle (ATV) trails.
                    (16) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                outboard motors in the Wigeon Ponds (only trolling motors allowed).
                    (ii) We prohibit launching boats from a trailer or from a
                nondesignated boat ramp within the Mollicy levee.
                    (r) Maine--(1) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                car-top launching from legal sunrise to legal sunset on the following
                areas of the refuge:
                    (A) At Brave Boat Harbor division on Chauncey Creek at the
                intersection of Cutts Island Road and Sea Point Road.
                    (B) At Little River division at the end of Granite Point Road into
                the Little River.
                    (C) At Spurwink River division on the upstream side of Route 77 at
                the old road crossing.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (s) Maryland--(1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit boat launching from refuge lands except from the car-top boat
                launch located near the Blackwater River Bridge on Route 335. Only
                canoes, kayaks, and small jon boats under 17 feet are considered car-
                top boats.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on refuge waters.
                    (2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat
                launching from refuge lands except for canoes and kayaks at the canoe/
                kayak ramp located at the Ingleside Recreation Area.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (t)-(u) [Reserved]
                    (v) Minnesota--(1) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                nonmotorized boats and boats using electric motors only in the
                Minnesota River channel. We prohibit boats on all other refuge waters.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge--(i)
                Wildlife observation, photography, interpretation, environmental
                education, and other general recreational uses. We allow wildlife-
                dependent uses and other recreational uses, such as, but not limited
                to, sightseeing, hiking, bicycling on roads or trails, picnicking, and
                swimming, on areas designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps
                available at refuge offices, subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary,''
                we prohibit entry as specified on signs or maps (see Sec.  32.42 of
                this chapter for list of areas and locations).
                    (B) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed,'' ``Area
                Closed--No Motors,'' and ``No Hunting Zone'' (Goose Island), we ask
                that you practice voluntary avoidance of these areas by any means or
                for any purpose from October 15 to the end of the respective State duck
                hunting season. In areas marked ``no motors,'' we prohibit the use of
                motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the respective State
                duck hunting season (see Sec.  32.42 of this chapter for list of areas
                and locations).
                    (C) Commercial tours and filming (see Sec.  27.71 of this chapter)
                require a permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge or district
                manager.
                    (D) We allow the collecting of edible fruits, nuts, mushrooms, or
                other plant parts for personal use (no sale or barter allowed). We
                limit the amount you may collect to 2 gallons by volume per person, per
                day. We also allow the
                [[Page 30331]]
                collecting of shed deer antlers for personal use.
                    (E) We prohibit the harvest of wild rice; plant and animal
                specimens; and other natural objects, such as rocks, stones, or
                minerals (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter). We only allow the
                collection of plants or their parts for ornamental use by permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge or district manager.
                    (F) We prohibit the cutting, removal, or damage of any tree or
                vegetation on the refuge without a permit from the refuge or district
                manager. We prohibit attaching nails, screws, or other hardware to any
                tree (see Sec.  32.2(i) of this chapter).
                    (G) We prohibit all vehicle use on or across refuge lands at any
                time except on designated routes of travel or on the ice over navigable
                waters accessed from boat landings. We prohibit parking beyond vehicle
                control barriers or on grass or other vegetation. We prohibit parking
                or operating vehicles in a manner that obstructs or impedes any road,
                trail, fire lane, boat ramp, access gate, or other facility, or in a
                manner that creates a safety hazard or endangers any person, property,
                or environmental feature. We may impound any vehicle left parked in
                violation at the owner's expense (see Sec.  27.31(h) of this chapter).
                    (H) We allow dogs and other domestic animals on the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (1) We prohibit dogs disturbing or endangering wildlife or people
                while on the refuge.
                    (2) While on the refuge, all dogs must be under the control of
                their owners/handlers at all times or on a leash.
                    (3) We prohibit allowing dogs to roam.
                    (4) All dogs must be on a leash when on hiking trails, or other
                areas so posted.
                    (5) We allow working a dog in refuge waters by tossing a retrieval
                dummy or other object for out-and-back exercise.
                    (6) We encourage the use of dogs for hunting (see Sec.  32.42 of
                this chapter), but we prohibit field trials and commercial/professional
                dog training.
                    (7) Owners/handlers of dogs are responsible for disposal of dog
                droppings in refuge public use concentration areas such as trails,
                sandbars, and boat landings.
                    (8) We prohibit horses and all other domestic animals on the refuge
                unless confined in a vehicle, boat, trailer, kennel, or other container
                (see Sec.  26.21 of this chapter).
                    (I) We prohibit the discharging of firearms (including dog training
                pistols and dummy launchers), air guns, or any other weapons on the
                refuge, unless you are a licensed hunter or trapper engaged in
                authorized activities during established seasons, as governed by
                Federal, State, and local regulations. We prohibit target practice on
                the refuge (see Sec. Sec.  27.42 and 27.43 of this chapter).
                    (J) We prohibit the use or possession of glass food and beverage
                containers on lands within the refuge.
                    (K) We require that you keep all refuge lands clean during your
                period of use or occupancy. At all times you must keep all refuse,
                trash, and litter contained in bags or other suitable containers and
                not left scattered on the ground or in the water. You must remove all
                personal property, refuse, trash, and litter immediately upon vacating
                a site. We require that human solid waste and associated material be
                either removed and properly disposed of off-refuge or be buried on site
                to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) and at least 50 feet
                (15 meters) from water's edge (see Sec.  27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) Watercraft. We allow the use of watercraft of all types and
                means of propulsion on all navigable waters of the refuge as governed
                by State regulations subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Electric Motor Area,''
                we prohibit motorized vehicles and watercraft year-round except
                watercraft powered by electric motors or nonmotorized means. We do not
                prohibit the possession of watercraft motors in these areas, only their
                use. These areas are:
                    (1) Island 42, Pool 5, Minnesota, 459 acres.
                    (2) Snyder Lake, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 182 acres.
                    (3) Mertes Slough, Pool 6, Wisconsin, 222 acres.
                    (4) Browns Marsh, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 827 acres.
                    (5) Hoosier Lake, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 162 acres.
                    (B) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Slow No Wake Area,'' we
                require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake speed from March 16
                through October 31. We apply the applicable State definition of slow,
                no-wake operation in these areas. We also prohibit the operation of
                airboats or hovercraft in these areas from March 16 through October 31.
                These areas are:
                    (1) Nelson-Trevino, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 2,626 acres.
                    (2) Denzers Slough, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 83 acres.
                    (3) Black River Bottoms, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 815 acres.
                    (4) Blue/Target Lake, Pool 8, Minnesota, 1,834 acres.
                    (5) Root River, Pool 8, Minnesota, 695 acres.
                    (6) Reno Bottoms, Pool 9, Minnesota, 2,536 acres.
                    (7) Nine Mile Island, Pool 12, Iowa, 454 acres.
                    (8) Princeton, Pool 14, Iowa, 327 acres.
                    (C) In water access and travel routes posted and shown on maps as
                ``Slow No Wake Zone,'' we require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake
                speed at all times unless otherwise posted. We apply the respective
                State definition of slow, no-wake operation in these areas.
                    (D) In portions of Spring Lake and Crooked Slough--Lost Mound, Pool
                13, Illinois, posted as ``Slow, 5 mph When Boats Present'' and marked
                on maps as ``Speed/Distance Regulation,'' we require watercraft
                operators to reduce the speed of their watercraft to less than 5 miles
                per hour (mph) (8 kilometers per hour (kph)) when within 100 feet (30
                meters) of another watercraft that is anchored or underway at 5 mph (8
                kph) or less.
                    (E) We prohibit the mooring, beaching, or storing of watercraft on
                the refuge not used at least once every 24 hours. We define ``used'' as
                a watercraft moved at least 100 feet (30 meters) on the water with the
                operator on board. We prohibit the mooring of watercraft within 200
                feet (60 meters) of refuge boat landings or ramps. We may impound any
                watercraft moored in violation at the owner's expense (see Sec.  27.32
                of this chapter).
                    (F) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(A), (B), and
                (K) of this section apply.
                    (iii) Camping. We allow camping on all lands and waters of the
                refuge as designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps available
                at refuge offices subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We define ``camping'' as:
                    (1) Erecting a tent or shelter of natural or synthetic material;
                    (2) Preparing a sleeping bag or other bedding material for use;
                    (3) Parking of a motor vehicle or mooring or anchoring of a vessel,
                for the apparent purpose of overnight occupancy; or
                    (4) Occupying or leaving personal property, including boats or
                other craft, at a site anytime between the hours of 11 p.m. and 3 a.m.
                    (B) We prohibit camping at any one site for a period longer than 14
                days during any 30-consecutive-day period. After 14 days, you must move
                all persons, property, equipment, and boats to a new site located at
                least 0.5 mile (0.8 kilometer) from the previous site.
                    (C) We prohibit camping within 200 feet (60 meters) of any refuge
                boat landing, access area, parking lot,
                [[Page 30332]]
                structure, road, trail, or other recreation or management facility.
                    (D) We prohibit camping during waterfowl hunting seasons within
                areas posted ``No Entry--Sanctuary,'' ``Area Closed,'' ``Area Closed--
                No Motors,'' and ``No Hunting Zone'' or on any sites not clearly
                visible from the main commercial navigation channel of the Mississippi
                River (see Sec.  32.42 of this chapter).
                    (E) You must occupy campsites daily. We prohibit the leaving of
                tents, camping equipment, or other property unattended at any site for
                over 24 hours, and we may impound any equipment left in violation at
                the owner's expense. We define ``occupy'' and ``attended'' as being
                present at a site for a minimum of 2 hours daily.
                    (F) You must remove any tables, fireplaces, or other facilities
                erected upon vacating a camping or day-use site.
                    (G) We allow campfires in conjunction with camping and day-use
                activities subject to the following conditions (see Sec. Sec.  27.95
                and 32.42 of this chapter):
                    (1) You may only use dead wood on the ground, or materials brought
                into the refuge such as charcoal or firewood. You must remove any
                unused firewood brought into the refuge upon departure due to the
                threat of invasive insects.
                    (2) We prohibit building, attending, and maintaining a campfire
                without sufficient clearance from flammable materials so as to prevent
                its escape.
                    (3) We prohibit building a fire at any developed facility,
                including, but not limited to, boat landings, access areas, parking
                lots, roads, trails, or any other recreation or management facility or
                structure.
                    (4) We prohibit burying live fires or hot coals when vacating a
                campfire site.
                    (5) We prohibit burning or attempting to burn any nonflammable
                materials or any materials that may produce toxic fumes or leave
                hazardous waste. These materials include, but are not limited to, metal
                cans, plastic containers, glass, fiberglass, treated wood products,
                wood containing nails or staples, wire, flotation materials, or other
                refuse.
                    (H) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(D) through (K)
                of this section apply.
                    (w) Mississippi--(1) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit the use of airboats, mudboats, motorized pirogues, and air-
                cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of
                raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the
                period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
                (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
                    (3) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
                of raccoon hunting, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the period of
                4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
                of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to
                the period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) Beginning the day before duck season opens and ending the last
                day of duck season, we close refuge waters to all public use from 1
                p.m. until 4 a.m.
                    (5) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
                of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the
                period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
                (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
                    (6) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception
                of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the
                period of 4 a.m. to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles
                (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.
                    (7) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit the use of airboats, sailboats, hovercrafts, and inboard-
                water-thrust boats such as, but not limited to, personal watercraft,
                watercycles, and waterbikes.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (8) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must
                hand-launch boats except at designated boat ramps, where you may
                trailer-launch them.
                    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles
                (UTVs) as governed by State waterfowl management area (WMA) regulations
                and size specifications on designated trails from scouting season until
                February 28.
                    (iii) You must be age 16 or older to operate an ATV or UTV on the
                refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (9) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of
                raccoon hunting, we limit refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m.
                to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (x) [Reserved]
                    (y) Montana--(1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
                allow the use of nonmotorized boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the
                use of nonmotorized boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of
                nonmotorized boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-
                thrust boats and boats with motors greater than 25 horsepower.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (5) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(i) Boats. We only
                allow nonmotorized boats in the hunt area east of the Lower Red Rock
                Lake dam. We allow boats with motors 10 horsepower or less west of
                Lower Red Rock Lake dam.
                    (ii) Camping. (A) We allow camping only in two established
                campgrounds. We prohibit camping along roadsides.
                    (B) We restrict camping to 16 consecutive days within any 30-day
                period.
                    (C) We prohibit horses in the campgrounds.
                    (D) From March 1 to December 1, all bear attractants, including,
                but not limited to, food, garbage, and carcasses or parts thereof, must
                be acceptably stored at night (unless in immediate use) and during the
                day if unattended. Acceptably stored means any of the following:
                    (1) Suspended at least 10 feet high and 4 feet from any vertical
                support 100 yards from any camp or hiking trail;
                    (2) Secured in a certified bear-safe container; or
                    (3) Secured in a hard-sided vehicle, including an enclosed camper
                or horse trailer.
                    (z) Nebraska--(1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                allow boating at no-wake speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour (8
                kilometers per hour), on side or back channels. We prohibit all
                watercraft in the Boyer Chute waterway or other areas as posted.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
                boating and float tubes on Island Lake. We prohibit use of internal
                combustion motors for boats on Island Lake.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District. (i) We prohibit
                the use of motorboats. We allow only nonpowered motorboats and those
                powered by electric motors (see Sec.  27.32 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30333]]
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (aa) Nevada--(1) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
                allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on the Upper Lake,
                Middle Marsh, and Lower Lake, with the exception that we close Upper
                Lake to all boating from October 1 through February 1.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of boats, rubber rafts, or other flotation
                devices on the North Marsh.
                    (2) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats on
                refuge waters from January 1 through June 14.
                    (ii) During the boating season, we allow boats only on the South
                Marsh. From June 15 through July 31, we allow only motorless boats or
                boats with battery-powered electric motors. Anglers must remove all
                gasoline-powered motors. From August 1 through December 31, we allow
                only motorless boats and boats propelled with motors with a total of 10
                horsepower or less.
                    (iii) We allow launching of boats only from designated landings.
                    (3) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
                nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boating
                outside of the waterfowl and youth waterfowl hunting season except in
                Swan Check Lake, where we allow nonmotorized boating all year.
                    (ii) We prohibit boats on Swan Lake, the northeast corner of North
                Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of Pintail Bay. We allow the use of
                nonmotorized carts, sleds, floating blinds, and other floating devices
                in these areas to transport hunting equipment and to conceal hunters,
                but not to transport hunters.
                    (iii) We only allow outboard motor boats on Lead Lake, Tule Lake,
                Goose Lake, South Nutgrass Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass
                Lake, and south end of Pintail Bay.
                    (iv) We only allow air-thrust boats on Goose Lake, South Nutgrass
                Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the south end of
                Pintail Bay.
                    (v) You may not operate air-thrust boats until 1 hour after the
                legal shooting time on opening day of waterfowl season.
                    (vi) We require air-thrust boat owners to get a Special Use Permit
                (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager and to display a number on
                their airboats.
                    (vii) We allow nonmotorized boats on all lakes and bays except Swan
                Lake, the northeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of
                Pintail Bay.
                    (viii) We allow camping only in designated areas.
                    (bb)-(dd) [Reserved]
                    (ee) New York--(1) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only
                allow the use of nonmotorized boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (ff) North Carolina--(1) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
                We allow motorized and nonmotorized fishing boats, canoes, and kayaks
                from March 1 through October 31.
                    (ii) We prohibit airboats, sailboats, Jet Skis, and windboards.
                    (2) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats
                utilizing gasoline-powered motors.
                    (ii) You must unload and load boats by hand on all waters except
                those having designated launch ramps.
                    (iii) We prohibit swimming.
                    (3) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only prohibit
                boats on Pungo Lake.
                    (ii) We prohibit leaving a boat anywhere on the refuge overnight.
                    (gg) North Dakota--(1) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.
                (i) We only allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to
                boating from May 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict boats to 25
                horsepower maximum.
                    (ii) We restrict boats to the period from May 1 through September
                30.
                    (4) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boats on
                Silver Lake and on refuge waters south of the confluence of the Mauvais
                Coulee and Little Coulee from May 1 through September 30 of each year.
                    (ii) We prohibit water activities not related to fishing (e.g.,
                sailing, skiing, tubing, etc.).
                    (5) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to
                boating from May 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We allow snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility
                terrain vehicles (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as
                conditions allow.
                    (6) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use
                of bicycles or similar vehicles on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of amphibious vehicles or personal
                watercraft on the refuge.
                    (hh) Ohio--(1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in designated areas.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on
                refuge lands.
                    (2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The Crane Creek and Crane
                Creek Estuary are closed to all boats and flotation devices from State
                Route 2 to the mouth of Crane Creek at Lake Erie.
                    (ii) We allow nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in
                designated areas.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on
                refuge lands.
                    (ii) Oklahoma--(1) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                boats, and you must operate them under applicable State laws and comply
                with all licensing and marking regulations from their State of origin.
                    (ii) We prohibit boating on the closed portion of Sally Jones Lake
                from September 1 to March 31.
                    (iii) We prohibit alcoholic beverages.
                    (2) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass
                containers.
                    (ii) We prohibit airboats, hovercrafts, and personal watercraft
                (e.g., Jet Skis, wave runners, jet boats) year round on refuge waters.
                    (iii) We prohibit swimming and water sports.
                    (3) Washita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We do not allow boats and
                other flotation devices on refuge waters from October 15 through March
                14.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow hand-
                powered boats only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French
                Lakes.
                    (ii) Anglers may use electric trolling motors on boats 14 feet or
                less in length only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French
                Lakes.
                    (jj) Oregon--(1) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit parking on the refuge after the refuge is closed
                to public entry.
                    (2) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                overnight camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (iii) We allow use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with
                electric motors.
                    (3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use
                of air-thrust and water-thrust boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (5) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (6) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) Motorized boats
                must not exceed 10 miles per hour in any stream, creek, or canal, and
                on that portion of Pelican Bay west of a line beginning at
                [[Page 30334]]
                designated points on the north shore of Pelican Bay \1/4\ mile (402
                meters) east of Crystal Creek and extending due south to the opposite
                shore of the lake.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (kk)-(ll) [Reserved]
                    (mm) South Carolina--(1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge. (i)
                We prohibit camping on the refuge except for designated archery hunters
                on Bulls Island and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager.
                    (ii) We allow boats to operate in salt water. We prohibit motorized
                equipment on the refuge islands or in refuge inholdings.
                    (iii) We prohibit private boats in the refuge boat basins at Garris
                Landing and Bulls Island. We clearly mark these areas with Closed Area
                signs.
                    (iv) We prohibit overnight parking at Garris Landing, except for
                archery hunters during the designated refuge archery white-tailed deer
                season and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
                G) from the refuge manager.
                    (v) We close Marsh Island, White Banks, and Sandy Point to public
                entry from February 15 through September 15 to protect nesting birds.
                This closed area extends from the low mean water mark to the highest
                elevation on these islands.
                    (2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow
                nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors. We allow boats with
                permanently mounted gas motors as long as you lock the propeller out of
                the water. You must hand load and unload boats except at designated
                boat ramps. We prohibit skidding boats up or down dams or on water
                control structures. We provide boat ramps at Pool D, Pool L, Honkers
                Lake, and Mays Lake.
                    (ii) We prohibit swimming and wading in any areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Santee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (iii) We prohibit overnight mooring of boats.
                    (iv) We prohibit swimming and wading.
                    (v) We allow pets only in designated areas, and they must remain on
                a leash or within vehicles/vessels.
                    (vi) We prohibit nighttime access to boat-launching areas.
                    (vii) We prohibit mooring or attaching boats to any refuge boundary
                marker, post, or navigational post within refuge waters.
                    (viii) We prohibit air-thrust boats, hovercraft, airboats, and
                personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis) within the waters of and/or
                boundary of the refuge.
                    (nn) South Dakota--(1) LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                allow boat use only on Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, and the Little White
                River Recreation Area.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of internal combustion motors in Pools 3,
                4, 7, and 10.
                    (2) Sand Lake Wetland Management District. (i) We allow the use of
                motorized boats.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (oo) Tennessee--(1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                seasonally close the refuge sanctuary area to the public from November
                15 through March 15.
                    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
                    (2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving
                boats unattended on the refuge after daylight use hours.
                    (ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat
                ramps and boat docks.
                    (3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
                sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
                March 15.
                    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
                    (iii) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats and boats with
                electric motors only; we prohibit the use of gas and diesel motors on
                refuge lakes except in the waterfowl hunting area.
                    (4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
                sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
                March 15.
                    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
                    (iii) We allow boats with only electric or outboard motors of 10
                horsepower or less.
                    (5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close
                the sanctuary area of the refuge and the southern unit of Sunk Lake
                Public Use Natural Area to the public from November 15 through March
                15.
                    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
                    (iii) We allow the use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with
                electric motors on Sunk Lake Public Use Natural Area.
                    (6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the
                sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through
                March 15.
                    (ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.
                    (iii) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, or personal watercraft
                (e.g., Jet Skis) on any waters within the refuge boundary.
                    (7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boats to no
                wake speed on all refuge impoundments.
                    (ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat
                ramps and boat docks.
                    (pp) Texas--(1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit
                boats and other flotation devices on inland waters.
                    (ii) You may launch motorized boats in East Bay at the East Bay
                Boat Ramp on Westline Road and at the Oyster Bayou Boat Ramp (boat
                canal). We prohibit the launching of airboats or personal watercraft on
                the refuge.
                    (iii) You may launch nonmotorized boats only along East Bay Bayou
                and along the shoreline of East Galveston Bay.
                    (2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
                the refuge.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
                the refuge.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (4) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping in
                all public hunting areas and parking lots.
                    (ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking
                lots.
                    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boat launching at designated
                areas.
                    (5) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass
                containers on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit boats and other floating devices on all open
                waters of Lake Texoma, except Big Mineral Creek from October 1 through
                March 14 annually.
                    (iii) At the point where Big Mineral Creek joins Lake Texoma, Big
                Mineral Creek becomes a year-round no wake zone to the end of upstream
                navigable waters.
                    (iv) From October 1 through March 14, we allow only nonmotorized
                boats in Big Mineral Creek from the point where it joins Lake Texoma to
                the upstream end of navigable waters. You may not have any type of gas
                or electric motor onboard that is capable of use. You may launch boats
                from a boat ramp only from L Pad Road or by hand at the Big Mineral Day
                Use Area.
                    (6) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow
                camping at Adolph Thomae Jr. County Park.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (7) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We
                prohibit overnight camping.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (8) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of the
                refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by
                air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a single
                engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a
                [[Page 30335]]
                propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.
                    (ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we
                restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and
                other waterways. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats on or
                through emergent wetland vegetation.
                    (9) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping
                in all public hunting areas and parking lots.
                    (ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking
                lots.
                    (10) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of
                the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats
                powered by air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a
                single engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a propeller 9
                inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.
                    (ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we
                restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and
                other waterways. We prohibit the operation or motorized boats on or
                through emergent wetland vegetation.
                    (11) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit motors to
                a maximum of 10 horsepower.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (qq)-(rr) [Reserved]
                    (ss) Virginia--(1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(i) Access:
                qualifications and specifications. (A) As provided for in Public Law
                96-315, we issue permits to permanent, full-time residents who can
                furnish to the refuge manager, Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge,
                adequate proof of continuous and continuing residency, commencing prior
                to December 31, 1979, on the Outer Banks from the refuge boundary south
                to and including the village of Corolla, North Carolina, as long as
                they remain permanent, full-time residents. The south boundary of the
                area for access consideration is defined as a straight east-west line
                extending from Currituck Sound to the Atlantic Ocean and passing
                through a point 1,600 feet due south of the Currituck lighthouse.
                ``Residence'' means a place of general abode; ``Place of general
                abode'' means a person's principal, actual dwelling place in fact,
                without regard to intent. A ``dwelling'' means a residential structure
                occupied on a year-round basis by the permit applicant and shall not
                include seasonal or part-time dwelling units such as beach houses,
                vacation cabins, or structures which are intermittently occupied.
                    (B) As provided for in Public Law 98-146, ``Up to 15 additional
                permits shall be granted to those persons meeting any one of the
                following conditions:''
                    (1) A resident as of July 1, 1982, who held a valid Service access
                permit for improved property owners at any time during the period from
                July 29, 1976, through December 31, 1979.
                    (2) Anyone in continuous residency since 1976, in the area bounded
                on the north by the refuge boundary, and on the south by a straight
                line passing through a point in the east-west prolongation of the
                centerline of Albacore Street, Whaleshead Club Subdivision, Currituck
                County, North Carolina.
                    (3) Any permanent, full time resident as of April 1, 1983, residing
                in the area outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(i)(B)(2) of this section and
                not otherwise eligible, who can substantiate to the Secretary of the
                Interior that access is essential to their maintaining a livelihood, as
                long as they maintain full-time continuous employment in the Norfolk,
                Virginia, area may qualify for access.
                    (C) The burden of proving that the prospective permittee meets
                these criteria shall be on the applicant by presentation of adequate
                documentation to the refuge manager. Permittees may be required to
                submit additional documentation of their eligibility to the refuge
                manager in order to maintain access. Permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) will
                be issued only to those who legally qualify for them.
                    (D) Only one permit will be issued per family. All permits issued
                will be terminated in the event that alternate access becomes available
                during the permit period.
                    (E) Permits are issued for the purpose of providing entry and exit
                across the refuge beach to the permittee's residence. Personal access
                is limited to permittees, and their families, relatives, and guests
                while being transported in the permittee's vehicle. ``Personal access''
                means private, non-commercial use. Permits are not transferable by sale
                or devise.
                    (F) All vehicle occupants must provide positive identification upon
                the request of any refuge official.
                    (ii) Access: Routes of travel. Access to, and travel along, the
                refuge beach by motorized vehicles may be allowed between the dune
                crossing at the key card operated gate near the refuge headquarters,
                and the south boundary of the refuge only after a permit has been
                issued or authorization provided by the refuge manager. Travel along
                the refuge beach by motorized vehicle shall be below the high tide
                line, within the intertidal zone, to the maximum extent practicable.
                This may require permittees to adjust their travel times to avoid high
                tides which would require the use of the emergency storm access/
                evacuation route over the east dike.
                    (iii) Access: Number of trips allowed. Permittees and members of
                their immediate families residing with them are limited to a total of
                two round trips per day per household.
                    (iv) Access: Hours of travel. Travel along the designated route is
                allowed 24 hours per day from October 1 through April 30. Travel is
                restricted to the hours of 5 a.m. to 12 a.m. (midnight) from May 1
                through September 30.
                    (v) Access: Medical emergencies. (A) Private vehicles used in a
                medical emergency will be granted access. A ``medical emergency'' means
                any condition that threatens human life or limb unless medical
                treatment is immediately obtained.
                    (B) The vehicle operator is required to provide the refuge manager
                with a doctor's statement confirming the emergency within 36 hours
                after the access has occurred.
                    (vi) Access: Military, fire, or emergency vehicles. (A) Military,
                fire, emergency or law enforcement vehicles used for emergency purposes
                may be granted access.
                    (B) Vehicles used by an employee/agent of the Federal, State or
                local government, in the course of official duty other than for
                emergency purposes, may be granted access upon advance request to the
                refuge manager.
                    (C) Continuous or recurring use of the refuge beach for other than
                emergency purposes shall require the issuance of a permit (FWS Form 3-
                1383-G) from the refuge manager.
                    (vii) Access: Public utility vehicles. Public utility vehicles used
                on official business will be granted access. A permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
                G) specifying the times and types of access will be issued by the
                refuge manager. A ``public utility vehicle'' means any vehicle owned or
                operated by a public utility company enfranchised to supply Outer Banks
                residents with electricity or telephone service.
                    (viii) Access: Essential commercial service vehicles. (A) Essential
                commercial service vehicles on business calls during the hours of 8
                a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday will be granted access, only upon
                prior approval of the refuge manager when responding to a request from
                a permittee. Such requests may be verbal or in writing. Access by
                essential commercial service vehicles will be granted only after all
                other reasonable alternatives to access through the refuge have been
                exhausted as determined by the refuge manager.
                    (B) ``Commercial service vehicle'' means any vehicle owned or
                operated
                [[Page 30336]]
                by or on behalf of an individual, partnership, or corporation that is
                properly licensed to engage entirely in the business of furnishing
                emergency repair services, including, but not limited to, plumbing,
                electrical, and repairs to household appliances.
                    (C) Emergency situations. The refuge manager, upon reasonable
                notification, will be able to authorize essential service/emergency
                repair access, outside the prescribed time periods, for emergency
                situations should they arise.
                    (ix) False Cape State Park employees. False Cape State Park and
                Virginia Game Commission employees who are residents in the park will
                be considered as permanent, full-time residents as defined in paragraph
                (ss)(1)(i) of this section with access privileges identical to those of
                other permittees with beach access privileges.
                    (x) Access: Commercial fishermen, businesses, and their employees.
                (A) Commercial fishermen who have verified that their fishing
                operations on the Outer Banks of Virginia Beach, Virginia, or Currituck
                County, North Carolina, have been dependent since 1972 on entry and
                exit to or across the refuge are granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G)
                for access. Travel through the refuge by commercial fishermen from
                Currituck County, North Carolina, will be permitted only when directly
                associated with commercial fishing operations. Drivers and passengers
                on trips through the refuge are limited to commercial fishing crew
                members. A commercial fisherman means one who harvests finfish by gill
                net or haul seine in the Atlantic Ocean, and who has owned and operated
                a commercial fishing businesses continuously since 1972. Commercial
                permits are not transferable by sale or devise. The level of commercial
                permittee travel across the refuge shall not increase above the average
                yearly levels maintained in the 1985-1987 period.
                    (B) Other businesses who have verified that their business
                operations on the Outer Banks of Currituck County, North Carolina, have
                been dependent since 1972 on entry and exit to or across the refuge
                will be granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for access in accordance
                with the limitations outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(x)(A) of this
                section.
                    (C) Each commercial fisherman or other business may be granted a
                maximum of five designated employees to travel the refuge beach for
                commercial fishing or other business-related purposes only. Commercial
                fishing employees may carry only other commercial fishing employees as
                passengers. Other business employees may carry only other employees of
                that business. The hauling of trailers associated with the conduct of
                commercial fishing or other business activities is authorized.
                    (D) Employees of commercial fishermen and/or other businesses who
                apply for access permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) shall have the burden of
                proving, by the presentation of appropriate documentation to the refuge
                manager, that they are an ``employee'' for purposes of this section of
                the regulations. ``Appropriate documentation'' is defined as the
                submission of standardized and verifiable employment forms including:
                Signed W-2 and W-4 forms, IRS form #1099, official earnings statements
                for specified periods, employee income tax withholding submissions to
                State and Federal tax offices (e.g., IRS form W-3 with W-2s attached),
                State unemployment tax information, or other proof of actual
                employment. Documentation for each employee must be submitted in
                advance of access being granted, or, for new employees, within 30 days
                of their starting date. Failure to provide verification of employment
                for new employees within 30 days will result in termination of access
                privileges.
                    (xi) Access: Suspension or waiver of rules in this paragraph
                (ss)(1). (A) In an emergency, the refuge manager may suspend any or all
                of the restrictions in this paragraph (ss)(1) on vehicular travel and
                announce each suspension by whatever means are available. In the event
                of adverse weather conditions, the refuge manager may close all or any
                portion of the refuge to vehicular traffic for such periods as deemed
                advisable in the interest of public safety.
                    (B) The refuge manager may make exceptions to access restrictions,
                if they are compatible with refuge purposes, for qualified permittees
                who have demonstrated to the refuge manager a need for additional
                access relating to health or livelihood.
                    (C) The refuge manager may grant one-time use authorization for
                vehicular access through the refuge to individuals, not otherwise
                qualified in paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(B) of this section, who have
                demonstrated to the refuge manager that there is no feasible
                alternative to the access requested. Authorization for access under
                this paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(C) will not be based on convenience to the
                applicant.
                    (xii) Access: Violation of rules in this paragraph (ss)(1).
                Violators of the regulations in this paragraph (ss)(1) pertaining to
                Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge are subject to legal action as
                prescribed by 50 CFR 25.43 and 50 CFR part 28, including suspension or
                revocation of all permits issued to the violator or responsible
                permittee. The refuge manager may deny access permits to applicants
                who, during the 2 years immediately preceding the date of application,
                have formally been charged and successfully prosecuted for three or
                more violations of these or other regulations in effect at Back Bay
                National Wildlife Refuge. Individuals whose vehicle access privileges
                are suspended, revoked, or denied may, within 30 days, file a written
                appeal of the action to the Assistant Regional Director, Refuges and
                Wildlife, at the address for the Northeast Regional Office provided at
                50 CFR 2.2(e), in accordance with 50 CFR 25.45(c).
                    (xiii) Other access rules in this paragraph (ss)(1). (A) No permit
                will remain in effect beyond December 31 of the year in which it was
                issued. Permits may be renewed upon the submission of appropriate
                updated information relating to the permit, and a signed statement that
                the conditions under which the previous permit was issued have not
                changed. In the event of any changes of conditions under which the
                permit is granted, the permittee shall notify the refuge manager in
                writing within 30 days. Failure to report changes may result in
                suspension/revocation of the permit.
                    (B) Vehicles shall be operated on the refuge beach only by the
                permittee or other authorized drivers. Permit holders shall not tow,
                transport, or operate vehicles owned by non-permit holders through the
                refuge. Non-commercial permit holders may tow utility and boat trailers
                when being used for their personal use only. Any towed vehicle shall
                have advance approval from the refuge manager prior to being brought
                through the refuge. The access privilege in this paragraph
                (ss)(1)(xiii)(B) is not to be used for any commercial purpose.
                    (C) The refuge manager may prescribe restrictions as to the types
                of vehicles to be permitted to ensure public safety and adherence to
                all applicable rules and regulations.
                    (D) A magnetic card will be issued to each authorized driver only
                for his or her operation of the computer-controlled gate. No more than
                two cards will be issued per family. Only one vehicle will be permitted
                to pass for each gate opening. Unauthorized use of the magnetic card
                may result in suspension of the permit. A fee will be charged to
                replace lost or misplaced cards. Malfunctioning cards will be replaced
                at no charge.
                    (E) Access is granted for the purpose of travel to and from the
                permittee's residence and/or place of business.
                [[Page 30337]]
                Access is not authorized for the purpose of transporting individuals
                for hire, or for the transport of prospective real estate clients to or
                from the Outer Banks of North Carolina, or for any other purpose not
                covered by this paragraph (ss)(1).
                    (xiv) General rules in this paragraph (ss)(1)--(A) Entry on foot,
                bicycle, or motor vehicle. Entry on foot, bicycle, or by motor vehicle
                on designated routes is allowed one-half hour before sunrise to one-
                half hour after sunset for the purposes of nature observation and
                study, photography, hiking, surf fishing, and bicycling.
                    (B) Beach-oriented uses. Designated areas of the refuge beach are
                open to wildlife/wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in
                paragraph (ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section. Entry to the beach is via
                designated access points only.
                    (C) Parking. Limited parking at the refuge office/visitor contact
                station is allowed only in designated spaces. Parking is available on a
                first-come, first-served basis for persons engaged in wildlife/
                wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in paragraph
                (ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section.
                    (D) Fires. All fires are prohibited.
                    (E) Pets. Dogs and other pets, on a hand-held leash not exceeding
                10 feet in length, are allowed from October 1 through March 31.
                    (F) Sand dunes. Pedestrians and vehicular traffic in the sand dunes
                are prohibited.
                    (G) Groups. Use by all groups exceeding 10 individuals will require
                a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G), issued by the refuge manager.
                    (H) Motorized vehicles. Registered motor vehicles and motorized
                bicycles (mopeds) are allowed on the paved refuge access road and
                parking lot at refuge headquarters. All other motorized vehicular use
                is prohibited, except as specifically authorized pursuant to this
                paragraph (ss)(1).
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (tt) Washington--(1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife
                Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat launching on the refuge.
                    (ii) The maximum speed limit is 5 miles per hour for boats in all
                refuge waters.
                    (2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (4) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National
                Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
                motors on the WB-10 Pond (Wahluke Lake) and with walk-in access only.
                    (5) McNary National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (6) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (7) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight
                camping.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight parking.
                    (8) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on
                the refuge except in designated campgrounds on Long Island for up to 14
                days.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (uu) [Reserved]
                    (vv) Wisconsin--(1) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and
                Fish Refuge. Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (ww) Wyoming--(1) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must
                only launch or pick up trailered boats at the following boat ramps:
                Dodge Bottom, Hayfarm, Lombard, and Six-Mile.
                    (ii) [Reserved]
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (xx) Information collection requirements. The information
                collection requirements contained in this section have been approved by
                the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.
                and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The information is being
                collected to provide the refuge managers the information needed to
                decide whether or not to allow the requested use. A response is
                required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may not conduct or
                sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of
                information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.
                Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of
                these information collection requirements to the Service's Information
                Collection Clearance Officer at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).
                PART 32--HUNTING AND FISHING
                0
                3. The authority citation for part 32 continues to read as follows:
                    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and
                715i; Pub. L. 115-20, 131 Stat. 86.
                Subpart A--General Provisions
                0
                4. Revise Sec.  32.7 to read as follows:
                Sec.  32.7  What refuge units are open to hunting and/or sport fishing?
                    Refuge units open to hunting and/or sport fishing in accordance
                with the provisions of this subpart and Sec. Sec.  32.20 through 32.70,
                inclusive, are as follows:
                    (a) Alabama. (1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (b) Alaska. (1) Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Becharof National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Izembek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Kenai National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Salawik National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Togiak National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16)Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (c) Arizona. (1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (d) Arkansas. (1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
                [[Page 30338]]
                    (9) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (e) California. (1) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Kern National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Merced National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (18) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (19) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (20) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (21) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (22) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (f) Colorado. (1) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Baca National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Rocky Mountain Arsenal.
                    (g) Connecticut. (1) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife
                Refuge.
                    (2) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (h) Delaware. (1) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (i) Florida. (1) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife
                Refuge.
                    (2) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) J.N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (j) Georgia. (1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (k) Hawaii. (1) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (l) Idaho. (1) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Camas National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (m) Illinois. (1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                    (n) Indiana. (1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area.
                    (o) Iowa. (1) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Iowa Wetland Management District.
                    (4) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                    (p) Kansas. (1) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (q) Kentucky. (1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (r) Louisiana. (1) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Breton National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Delta National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (18) Red River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (19) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (20) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (21) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge.
                [[Page 30339]]
                    (s) Maine. (1) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (t) Maryland. (1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Patuxent Research Refuge.
                    (u) Massachusetts. (1) Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
                    (v) Michigan. (1) Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area.
                    (4) Michigan Wetland Management District.
                    (5) Seney National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (w) Minnesota. (1) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Big Stone Wetland Management District.
                    (4) Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Fergus Falls Wetland Management District.
                    (7) Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Litchfield Wetland Management District.
                    (10) Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District.
                    (12) Morris Wetland Management District.
                    (13) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Rydell National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (18) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                    (19) Windom Wetland Management District.
                    (x) Mississippi. (1) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (y) Missouri. (1) Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Mingo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (z) Montana. (1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Benton Lake Wetland Management District.
                    (3) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Bowdoin Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Charles M. Russell Wetland Management District.
                    (8) Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) National Bison Range.
                    (18) Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (19) Northeast Montana Wetland Management District.
                    (20) Northwest Montana Wetland Management District.
                    (21) Pablo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (22) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (23) Swan River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (24) UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (25) War Horse National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (aa) Nebraska. (1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) North Platte National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Valentine National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (bb) Nevada. (1) Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Desert National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (cc) New Hampshire. (1) Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (dd) New Jersey. (1) Cape May National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ee) New Mexico. (1) Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge.
                [[Page 30340]]
                    (5) San Andres National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ff) New York. (1) Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Wallkill National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (gg) North Carolina. (1) Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Currituck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (hh) North Dakota. (1) Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Arrowwood Wetland Management District.
                    (4) Audubon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Audubon Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Chase Lake Wetland Management District.
                    (8) Crosby Wetland Management District.
                    (9) Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Devils Lake Wetland Management District.
                    (11) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District.
                    (13) Kulm Wetland Management District.
                    (14) Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (18) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (19) Long Lake Wetland Management District.
                    (20) Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (21) Lostwood Wetland Management District.
                    (22) Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (23) Sibley Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (24) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (25) Slade National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (26) Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (27) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (28) Tewaukon Wetland Management District.
                    (29) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ii) Ohio. (1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (jj) Oklahoma. (1) Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Little River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Optima National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit.
                    (9) Washita National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (kk) Oregon. (1) Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge.
                    (7) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer.
                    (8) Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (15) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (16) Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (17) Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (18) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (19) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (20) William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ll) Pennsylvania. (1) Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Erie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum.
                    (4) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (mm) Rhode Island. (1) Block Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (nn) South Carolina. (1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Santee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (oo) South Dakota. (1) Huron Wetland Management District.
                    (2) Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Lake Andes Wetland Management District.
                    (5) Madison Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Sand Lake Wetland Management District.
                    (8) Waubay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Waubay Wetland Management District.
                    (pp) Tennessee. (1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.
                [[Page 30341]]
                    (6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (qq) Texas. (1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (rr) Utah. (1) Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge.
                    (2) Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Ouray National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ss) Vermont. (1) Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
                    (tt) Virginia. (1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) James River National Wildilfe Refuge.
                    (7) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) Presquile National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (uu) Washington. (1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife
                Refuge.
                    (2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National
                Wildlife Refuge.
                    (6) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer.
                    (7) Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (8) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (10) San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (11) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (12) Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (13) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (14) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (vv) West Virginia. (1) Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (ww) Wisconsin. (1) Fox River National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Horicon National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Leopold Wetland Management District.
                    (6) Necedah National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (7) St. Croix Wetland Management District.
                    (8) Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (9) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                    (10) Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (xx) Wyoming. (1) Cokeville Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) National Elk Refuge.
                    (4) Pathfinder National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (5) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (yy) Guam. (1) Guam National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                0
                5. Add Sec.  32.9 to read as follows:
                Sec.  32.9  Information collection requirements.
                    The information collection requirements contained in this part have
                been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44
                U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The
                information is being collected to provide the refuge managers the
                information needed to decide whether or not to allow the requested use.
                A response is required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may
                not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a
                collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB
                control number. Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any
                other aspect of these information collection requirements to the
                Service's Information Collection Clearance Officer at the address
                provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).
                0
                6. Revise subpart B to read as follows:
                Subpart B--Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing
                Sec.
                32.20 Alabama.
                32.21 Alaska.
                32.22 Arizona.
                32.23 Arkansas.
                32.24 California.
                32.25 Colorado.
                32.26 Connecticut.
                32.27 Delaware.
                32.28 Florida.
                32.29 Georgia.
                32.30 Hawaii.
                32.31 Idaho.
                32.32 Illinois.
                32.33 Indiana.
                32.34 Iowa.
                32.35 Kansas.
                32.36 Kentucky.
                32.37 Louisiana.
                32.38 Maine.
                32.39 Maryland.
                32.40 Massachusetts.
                32.41 Michigan.
                32.42 Minnesota.
                32.43 Mississippi.
                32.44 Missouri.
                32.45 Montana.
                32.46 Nebraska.
                32.47 Nevada.
                32.48 New Hampshire.
                32.49 New Jersey.
                32.50 New Mexico.
                32.51 New York.
                32.52 North Carolina.
                32.53 North Dakota.
                32.54 Ohio.
                32.55 Oklahoma.
                32.56 Oregon.
                32.57 Pennsylvania.
                32.58 Rhode Island.
                32.59 South Carolina.
                32.60 South Dakota.
                32.61 Tennessee.
                32.62 Texas.
                32.63 Utah.
                32.64 Vermont.
                32.65 Virginia.
                32.66 Washington.
                32.67 West Virginia.
                32.68 Wisconsin.
                32.69 Wyoming.
                32.70 Guam.
                Sec.  32.20  Alabama.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                [[Page 30342]]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only from
                legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (b) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, opossum, raccoon, coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
                Conservation and Natural Resources' William R. Ireland, Sr.--Cahaba
                River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit conditions.
                    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
                Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' William R.
                Ireland, Sr.--Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
                rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
                equipment that complies with State and Federal regulations.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
                    (v) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
                property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer,
                feral hog, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (ii), (v),
                and (vi) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the
                refuge. However, you may archery hunt in the portions of the refuge
                that are open for deer hunting during the archery, shotgun, and
                muzzleloader seasons established by the State.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer. We also prohibit drives for feral hogs.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                coyote, beaver, and nutria on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit leaving unattended personal property, including,
                but not limited to, boats or vehicles of any type, geocaches, lumber,
                and cameras, overnight on the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) You may only take incidental species (coyote, beaver, nutria,
                and feral hog) during any other refuge hunt with those weapons legal
                during those hunts as governed by the State of Alabama.
                    (iii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit
                (signed brochure) when hunting.
                    (iv) All persons age 15 or younger, while hunting on the refuge,
                must be in the presence and under direct supervision of a licensed or
                exempt hunter age 21 or older. A licensed hunter supervising a youth
                must hold a valid State license for the species being hunted. One adult
                may supervise no more than two youth hunters.
                    (v) We require all hunters to record hours hunted and all harvested
                game on the Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405) at the
                conclusion of each day at one of the refuge check stations.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel and rabbit.
                    (vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (viii) For hunting, you may use only approved nontoxic shot (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)), .22 caliber rimfire or smaller rifles, or legal archery
                equipment according to State regulations.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
                and incidental take of feral hog subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(ii), (iii), (iv),
                and (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Deer hunters may place one portable stand or blind on the
                refuge for use while deer hunting, but only during the open deer
                season. The stand must be clearly labeled with the hunter's State
                hunting license number. You may leave the stand or blind on the refuge
                overnight during the deer season in a non-hunting position at ground
                level.
                    (iii) While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses
                climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must
                use a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to
                the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association's standards.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing in designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing year-round, except in the waterfowl sanctuary
                area as depicted within the refuge brochure. The waterfowl sanctuary is
                closed to fishing from November 15 through March 1.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We allow a rod and reel and pole and line. We prohibit all
                other methods of fishing, including bow fishing.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of frogs, turtles, and crawfish (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (v) We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.
                    (d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and Eurasian-collared dove,
                duck, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) when hunting.
                    (ii) All youth hunters (ages 10 through 15) must remain within
                sight and normal voice contact of a properly licensed hunting adult age
                21 or older. Youth hunters must possess and carry verification of
                passing a State-approved hunter education course. One adult may
                supervise no more than two youth hunters.
                    (iii) All waterfowl hunting opportunities are spaced-blind and
                assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our waterfowl
                hunt must submit a Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (iv) Hunters must remove all stands/blinds and other personal
                property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (v) We allow access to the refuge for hunting from 1\1/2\ hours
                before legal sunrise to 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting or observing from an elevated stand
                without use of a full body harness.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) and
                (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                [[Page 30343]]
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns as the means of take for upland game
                hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (v)
                through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow youth gun hunting opportunities that are spaced-blind
                and assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our youth
                gun hunt must submit a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-
                2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (iii) All youth hunters must remain within sight and normal voice
                contact of a properly hunting-licensed adult age 21 or older. Youth
                hunters must possess and carry verification of passing a State-approved
                hunter education course. One adult may supervise no more than one youth
                hunter.
                    (iv) All big game hunting opportunities, except for youth gun, are
                archery-only.
                    (v) We close those portions of the refuge between Bustahatchee and
                Rood Creeks to archery hunting until November 1.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, including bowfishing, in
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow shoreline access for fishing from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise to 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on all refuge lands and
                waters (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We adopt reciprocal license agreements between Alabama and
                Georgia for fishing in Lake Eufaula. Anglers fishing in waters not
                directly connected to Lake Eufaula must be properly licensed for the
                State in which they are fishing.
                    (e) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.43(d) for
                regulations.
                    (f) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, crow,
                woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
                Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is included with the
                Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Seven Mile
                Island Wildlife Management Area hunting permit, when hunting on the
                refuge.
                    (ii) We allow hunting on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds
                and upland game.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, Eurasian-
                collared dove, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, opossum, starling, coyote,
                bobcat, and fox on designated portions of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to
                legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday, except that you
                may hunt opossum and raccoon after legal sunset.
                    (iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
                rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
                equipment that complies with State regulations.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated portions of the refuge as governed by State
                regulations subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to
                legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the
                refuge.
                    (iv) We allow hunters to hunt from portable tree stands. While
                climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses climbing aids, or
                hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must use a fall-arrest
                system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the Tree Stand
                Manufacturers Association's standards.
                    (v) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (vi) Hunters may hunt big game species other than deer with
                shotguns using only approved nontoxic #4 shot or smaller (see Sec.
                32.2(k)), rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or
                archery equipment that complies with State regulations.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (g) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
                Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco Wildlife Management
                Area hunting permit conditions.
                    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
                Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco
                Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when hunting on the refuge.
                    (iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iv) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
                property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, groundhog, raccoon, opossum, beaver, and fox on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting after legal sunset.
                    (iii) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while
                hunting from a tree.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting quail, squirrel, and
                rabbit only.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                bobcat, coyote, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
                paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv) and (g)(2)(iii) of this section
                apply.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of
                Conservation and Natural Resources' North Sauty refuge hunting permit.
                    (ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
                Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is found on the
                Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Jackson
                County Waterfowl, Management Areas, refuges and Coon Gulf Tract hunting
                permit, when hunting.
                    (iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iv) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
                rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
                equipment that complies with State regulations.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (i) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                [[Page 30344]]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed
                hunting permit, found on the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge hunting
                brochure, when hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller,
                rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery
                equipment that complies with State regulations.
                    (iii) We allow hunting on designated areas Monday through Saturday.
                We prohibit hunting on Sunday.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.
                    (v) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while
                hunting from a tree.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal
                property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(2)(i) and (iii) and
                (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunters may only hunt with archery equipment that complies
                with State regulations and flintlocks .40 caliber or larger.
                    (iv) You may only hunt feral hog during the refuge archery and
                flintlock deer season.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We open all refuge waters to
                fishing year-round unless otherwise posted.
                Sec.  32.21   Alaska.
                    Alaska refuges are opened to hunting, fishing, and trapping
                pursuant to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (Pub.
                L. 96-487, 16 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.). The regulations set forth at 50 CFR
                part 36 concern National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska. Information
                regarding specific refuge rules can be obtained from the Regional
                Office of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK (see 50 CFR
                2.2), or by contacting the manager of the respective individual refuge.
                Sec.  32.22   Arizona.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and
                archery equipment for hunting.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any
                building, road, or levee open to public use.
                    (iii) You must remove boats, equipment, cameras, temporary blinds,
                stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
                cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit from September 1 to the
                close of the State season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep
                hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
                    (b) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning, white-
                winged, and Eurasian-collared dove on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds,
                boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed and
                antelope jackrabbit, cotton-tailed rabbit, coyote, and hog-nosed,
                hooded, spotted, and striped skunk on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds,
                boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule and white-tailed
                deer, javelina, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats,
                and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to obtain a Barry M. Goldwater Range Entry
                Permit (Department of Defense form/requirement) from the refuge.
                    (ii) We require Special Use Permits for all hunters (FWS Form 3-
                1383-G) and guides (FWS Form 3-1383-C).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule),
                common snipe, and mourning and white-winged dove on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iii) You must remove all temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
                the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) The Hart Mine Marsh area is open to entry from 10 a.m. to 3
                p.m. from October 1 through March 14.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
                cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) For cottontail rabbit, we allow only shotgun, archery,
                crossbow, handgun, rifle, muzzleloader, and bow and arrow.
                    (ii) For quail, we allow only shotgun, archery, crossbow, and
                handgun shooting shot.
                    (iii) You may hunt cottontail rabbit from September 1 through the
                last day of the respective State's quail season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow rifle,
                shotgun, handgun, muzzleloader, crossbow and archery, except for
                archery only hunts.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging subject to
                the following condition: Cibola Lake is open to fishing and frogging
                from March 15 through Labor Day.
                    (e) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-
                [[Page 30345]]
                winged dove, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and
                archery equipment for hunting.
                    (ii) You must remove all boats, equipment, cameras, temporary
                blinds, stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iv) The following conditions apply to Pintail Slough (all refuge
                lands north of North Dike):
                    (A) We prohibit falconry.
                    (B) We limit the number of persons at each waterfowl hunt blind or
                field to four. Observers cannot hold shells or guns for hunting unless
                in possession of a valid State hunting license and stamps.
                    (C) Waterfowl hunters must possess at least four decoys per
                designated blind or field.
                    (D) You may use dead vegetation or materials for making or fixing
                hunt blinds.
                    (E) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays. Waterfowl hunting ends at 2 p.m. MST (Mountain Standard Time).
                Hunters must be out of the Pintail Slough area by 3 p.m. MST.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
                cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit in
                Pintail Slough prior to and following the State waterfowl season.
                    (iii) We allow the incidental take of quail and cottontail rabbit
                in Pintail Slough during the State waterfowl season by hunters
                possessing a valid permit at their designated waterfowl hunt blind or
                field.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep
                hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit overnight boat mooring and shore anchoring unless
                actively fishing as governed by State regulations (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (f) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, duck,
                coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.
                    (ii) You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the
                refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail,
                cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, handgun shooting shot,
                archery, and crossbow.
                    (ii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow
                shotgun, rifle, handgun, muzzleloader, archery, and crossbow.
                    (iii) We allow cottontail rabbit hunting from September 1 to the
                close of the State quail season.
                    (iv) We allow coyote and fox hunting only during the State quail
                season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert
                bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging for bullfrog on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                close posted portions of Martinez Lake and Ferguson Lake to entry from
                October 1 through the last day of February.
                    (g) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail,
                cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of coyote, fox, and cottontail rabbit during
                the State quail season only.
                    (ii) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, archery, crossbow, and
                handgun shooting shot.
                    (iii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow
                shotgun, rifle, muzzleloader, handgun, archery, and crossbow.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert
                bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow the use of dogs while hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's, scaled, and
                Mearns' quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only shotgun.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while quail hunting.
                    (iii) Cottontail rabbit season opens on September 1 and closes on
                the last day of the State quail season.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.23   Arkansas.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and
                dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge hunting permits (signed brochure). The
                permits are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of
                hunting equipment must possess a signed permit at all times.
                    (ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting on the refuge during
                the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (iii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit
                migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular
                State waterfowl hunting season.
                    (iv) You may not possess more than 25 shotgun shells while in the
                field. The field possession limit for shells does not apply to goose
                hunting during the State Conservation Order.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting closer than 100 yards (90 meters) to
                another hunter or hunting party.
                    (vi) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other equipment
                by 1 p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge beginning at 4 a.m. and must
                exit by 1 hour after legal shooting time ends.
                    (viii) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the
                refuge from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit the use of boats
                from 12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.
                    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                [[Page 30346]]
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may use shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
                cartridges.
                    (iii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28,
                except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (iv) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State
                season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun
                deer hunt.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require
                the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes
                after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.
                    (vi) Hunters may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and
                coyote during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those
                hunts, subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.
                    (vii) We limit hunting after legal sunset to raccoon/opossum
                hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the
                State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota
                gun deer hunt.
                    (iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October
                and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with
                annual season dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/
                permit.
                    (iv) The modern gun hunting season for deer will begin in November
                and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with
                annual season dates and bag limits provided in the hunt brochure/
                permit.
                    (v) We prohibit spring and fall gun hunting for turkey.
                    (vi) You may use only shotguns with rifled slugs, muzzleloaders,
                and legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the Farm Unit.
                    (vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
                days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
                waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, except for stands used by
                quota gun deer hunt permit holders (fee/signature required), which you
                must remove by the last day of the quota gun deer hunt. You must remove
                all stands on the remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure
                of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit
                leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the refuge
                without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification
                number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.
                    (viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
                all refuge lands.
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
                way.
                    (x) We allow only quota gun deer hunt permit holders on the refuge
                during the quota gun deer hunt and only for the purposes of deer
                hunting. We close the refuge to all other entry and public use during
                the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (xi) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and hunting from
                November 15 to February 28, except for quota gun deer hunt permit
                holders who may hunt in the sanctuary when the season overlaps with
                these dates.
                    (xii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and remain until 1
                hour after legal shooting time.
                    (xiii) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun and
                muzzleloader deer hunts and according to State Wildlife Management Area
                (WMA) regulations.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(viii) of this
                section applies.
                    (ii) Anglers may enter the refuge beginning \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise and must exit by 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (b) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, nutria, coyote, beaver, and opossum on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge hunt permits. The permits (found on the front
                cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
                nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
                equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iii) We allow take of nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge
                hunt with the device allowed for that hunt subject to applicable State
                seasons and regulations.
                    (iv) You may take opossum when hunting raccoon.
                    (v) We require dogs for hunting of raccoon and opossum after legal
                sunset.
                    (vi) When hunting, you may only use shotguns and rifles chambered
                for rimfire cartridges.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or gravel road rights-of-
                way.
                    (viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30
                minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/
                opossum hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (iii), and
                (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iii) Hunters may use only bows or crossbows.
                    (iv) Hunters may use only biodegradable materials to mark trails.
                    (v) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days
                prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them 7 days after the
                closure of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
                prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the
                refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
                identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.
                    (vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                leave 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(2)(viii) of this
                section applies.
                    (ii) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.
                    (iii) We allow frogging from the beginning of the State frogging
                season through October 31.
                    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (c) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and
                dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge hunting permits. These permits (found on the
                front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
                nontransferable, and anyone on the refuge in possession of hunting
                equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.
                    (ii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit
                migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular
                State waterfowl hunting season.
                [[Page 30347]]
                    (iii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other
                equipment by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Waterfowl hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and hunt
                until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (v) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the refuge
                from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit boats on the refuge from
                12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
                    (vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on flooded refuge roads.
                    (viii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (v), and
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28,
                except for refuge-wide season closure during the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (iii) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State
                season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun
                deer hunt.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require
                the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes
                after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.
                    (v) You may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote
                during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts
                subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled refuge roads
                except by waterfowl hunters during flooded conditions.
                    (vii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
                cartridges when hunting.
                    (viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30
                minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/
                opossum hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (viii) and
                (c)(2)(v) and (vi) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the
                State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota
                gun deer hunt.
                    (iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October
                and will continue for a period of up to 9 days, with annual season
                dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/permit.
                    (iv) Modern gun deer hunting will begin in November and continue
                for a period of up to 11 days, with annual season dates and bag limits
                provided in the refuge hunt brochure/permit.
                    (v) Hunters may take feral hog only during the quota gun and
                muzzleloader deer hunts and according to State Wildlife Management Area
                (WMA) regulations.
                    (vi) Hunters may only use shotguns with rifled slugs,
                muzzleloaders, or legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the
                Dixie Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary, adjacent waterfowl hunt area, and
                Plunkett Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary.
                    (vii) We allow only portable stands. Hunters may erect stands 7
                days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
                waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, and from the rest of the
                refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter). We prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or
                game camera on the refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish
                customer identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous
                location.
                    (viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
                all refuge lands.
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
                way.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(v) and
                (c)(2)(viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and fishing/
                frogging from November 15 to February 28. We prohibit refuge-wide entry
                and fishing during the quota gun deer hunt.
                    (iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (d) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require an annual public use permit (signed brochure) to
                hunt and fish.
                    (ii) We allow duck hunting from legal shooting hours until 12 p.m.
                (noon).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.
                    (iv) You must remove blinds, blind material, and decoys from the
                refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) Waterfowl hunters may enter the North Unit no earlier than 8
                p.m. the day prior to the hunt. Waterfowl hunters may enter the Jack's
                Bay Hunt Area and Levee Hunt Area no earlier than 4 a.m.
                    (vi) We prohibit boating from November 1 through January 31 in the
                South Unit Waterfowl Hunt Areas, except from 4 a.m. to 1 p.m. on
                designated waterfowl hunt days.
                    (vii) We allow duck hunting on outlying-tracts; paragraph (d)(1)(v)
                of this section applies.
                    (viii) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for wildlife-
                dependent hunting and fishing activities. We prohibit the use of ATVs
                after December 15 each year in designated South Unit areas as shown in
                refuge user brochure.
                    (ix) We prohibit the use of decoys that contain moving parts or
                electrical components, except that you may use manually operated jerk
                strings to simulate decoy movement.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
                all furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on the North Unit from
                September 1 through January 31.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit and squirrel
                from December 1 through January 31 on the North Unit only.
                    (iv) We allow rabbit and squirrel hunting on the South Unit from
                September 1 through November 30.
                    (v) We allow furbearer (as governed by State law) hunting. The
                annual public use permit (signed brochure) provides season dates and
                methods.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs for hunting furbearers from legal
                sunset to legal sunrise. Hunters must tether or pen all dogs used for
                furbearer hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset and any time they
                are not involved in actual hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer,
                feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) Archery deer seasons on the North Unit are from October 1
                through January 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer
                hunts, when the archery season is closed.
                    (iii) Archery deer seasons on the South Unit are from October 1
                through
                [[Page 30348]]
                December 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts,
                when the archery season is closed.
                    (iv) Muzzleloader season for deer will begin in October and will
                continue for a period of up to 3 days of quota hunting in the North and
                South Units, and no more than 4 days of non-quota hunting in the North
                Unit.
                    (v) The gun deer hunt will begin in November and will continue for
                a period of no more than 3 days of quota hunting in the North and South
                Units, and no more than 2 days of non-quota hunting in the North Unit.
                    (vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
                for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
                Wildlife Refuge System). The permits are nontransferable and
                nonrefundable.
                    (vii) We close the refuge to all non-quota hunting during refuge-
                wide quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts.
                    (viii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer
                drive'' as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or
                otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any
                person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be
                waiting for the deer.
                    (ix) We prohibit firearm deer hunting from or across roads, ATV
                trails, levees, and maintained utility rights-of-way.
                    (x) You may only use portable deer stands. You may erect stands up
                to 7 days before each hunt, but you must remove them within 7 days
                after each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). All unattended deer
                stands on the refuge must have the owner's hunting license number
                clearly displayed.
                    (xi) We close the Kansas Lake Area to all entry on December 1 and
                reopen it on March 1.
                    (xii) We prohibit the possession of buckshot on the refuge.
                    (xiii) We prohibit the possession and/or use of toxic shot by
                hunters using shotguns (see Sec.  32.2(k) of this chapter) when hunting
                deer or turkey.
                    (xiv) Hunters who are hunting deer during a firearm season may kill
                feral hogs with weapons legal for those seasons. Feral hogs may be
                taken incidentally with archery equipment from November 1 through
                December 31.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and
                crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We allow fishing year-round in LaGrue, Essex, Prairie,
                Scrubgrass and Brooks Bayous, Big Island Chute, Moon, and Belknap Lakes
                next to Arkansas Highway 1, Indian Bay, the Arkansas Post Canal and
                adjacent drainage ditches; borrow ditches located adjacent to the west
                bank of that portion of the White River Levee north of the Graham Burke
                pumping station; and all waters in the refuge-owned North Unit and
                scattered tracts. We open all other South Unit refuge waters to sport
                fishing from March 1 through November 30 unless posted otherwise.
                    (iii) We allow frogging on all refuge-owned waters open for sport
                fishing as follows: We allow frogging on the South Unit from the
                beginning of the State season through November 30; we allow frogging on
                the North Unit for the entire State season.
                    (iv) We prohibit all commercial and recreational harvest of turtle
                on all property administered by Dale Bumpers White River National
                Wildlife Refuge.
                    (v) We prohibit take or possession of any freshwater mussel, and we
                do not open to mussel shelling.
                    (e) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot during the State
                waterfowl season except during scheduled refuge quota gun deer hunts.
                    (ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each
                day.
                    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove all duck
                hunting equipment (portable blinds, boats, guns, and decoys) from the
                hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We close areas of the refuge posted with ``Area Closed'' signs
                and identify them on the refuge hunt brochure map as a waterfowl
                sanctuary. We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all public entry and
                public use during the waterfowl hunting season.
                    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge public use
                regulations brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
                    (vi) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
                and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older, who possesses a
                valid state hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than two
                youth hunters.
                    (vii) We allow only all-terrain vehicles/utility-type vehicles
                (ATVs/UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.
                    (viii) You may use horses and mules on roads and ATV/UTV trails
                (when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a
                mode of transportation for hunting and fishing activities on the refuge
                except during the quota deer hunts.
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
                trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
                    (x) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
                refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is
                no bag limit.
                    (xi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (xii) We prohibit leaving any boat on the refuge. You must remove
                boat(s) at the end of each day's hunt.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (ix)
                and (xi) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting for quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers
                (as governed by State law) on the refuge during State seasons through
                January 31. We close upland game hunting during refuge quota gun deer
                hunts.
                    (iii) We do not open for spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/
                early fall raccoon hunting season.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from
                December 1 through January 31 and for quail and raccoon/opossum hunting
                during the open season on the refuge for these species.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v) through (ix)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening
                of the State season through January 31.
                    (iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer
                hunts.
                    (iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the October State
                muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The refuge will
                conduct one 4-day quota modern gun hunt for deer, typically in
                November. The refuge also may conduct one mobility-impaired hunt for
                deer typically in early November.
                    (v) Total deer harvested refuge-wide is two deer (two does, or one
                buck and one doe, as governed by State law) regardless of method.
                    (vi) During the deer and turkey hunts, hunters may possess lead
                ammunition legal for taking deer and turkey. We prohibit buckshot for
                gun deer hunting.
                    (vii) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than
                the
                [[Page 30349]]
                opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later than
                January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
                    (ix) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State spring
                turkey season. We do not open for fall archery turkey season.
                    (x) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey
                quota gun hunts.
                    (xi) We restrict quota hunt participants to those selected for a
                quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System), except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older
                possessing a valid hunting license must accompany the youth hunter age
                15 and younger.
                    (xii) An adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license
                must accompany and be within sight and normal voice contact of hunters
                age 15 and younger. One adult may supervise no more than one youth
                hunter.
                    (xiii) We authorize the use of tree stands, ground blinds, and game
                cameras on the refuge if the owner's State hunting license number is
                clearly written on them in a conspicuous location. You must remove game
                cameras from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.
                    (xiv) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
                for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
                Wildlife Refuge System). These permits are nontransferable, and the
                permit fees are nonrefundable.
                    (xv) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by
                Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of
                feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State
                regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs
                during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal
                hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag
                limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and
                crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v), (vi), and
                (xii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl sanctuary area when the
                sanctuary is closed, with the exception of the main channel of the
                Ouachita and Saline Rivers and the borrow pits along Highway 82. We
                post the waterfowl sanctuary area with ``Area Closed'' signs and
                identify those areas in refuge hunt brochures.
                    (iii) We allow fishing only in areas accessible from the Ouachita
                and Saline Rivers and from Eagle, Jones, and Pereogeethe Lakes during
                the refuge quota gun deer hunts.
                    (iv) You must reset trotlines when receding water levels expose
                them.
                    (f) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, and bobcat on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge hunting permits (found on the front cover of
                the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required). The permits are
                nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
                equipment must sign and carry a permit at all times. Your hunt permit
                will also act as your entrance pass to the refuge.
                    (ii) During the refuge archery season, you may take only squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, or bobcat.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when gun hunting raccoon and opossum
                every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday until legal sunrise during the month
                of February.
                    (iv) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for hunters and
                anglers with disabilities. We require a refuge ATV permit (Special Use
                Permit; FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.
                    (v) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats during the refuge
                fishing/boating season (March 1 through October 31), but hunters must
                remove boats at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i), (iv), and (v)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery/crossbow hunting for white-tailed deer and
                turkey.
                    (iii) The refuge will conduct one youth-only (between ages 6 and 15
                at the beginning of the gun deer season in Zone 7) quota gun deer hunt.
                We restrict hunt participants to those selected for a quota permit
                (electronic form), except that one nonhunting adult must accompany the
                youth hunter during the youth hunt.
                    (iv) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State turkey
                season.
                    (v) We close the refuge to all entry and public use during
                scheduled youth quota gun hunts, except for those allowed to
                participate in the youth quota gun hunt.
                    (vi) The refuge will conduct two youth-only (age 6 to 15 at the
                beginning of the spring turkey season) quota spring gun turkey hunts,
                each 2 days in length. We restrict hunt participants to those selected
                for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older
                must accompany the youth hunter during the youth hunt.
                    (vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
                days before the start of the season and must remove the stands from the
                refuge within 7 days after the season ends (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (viii) You must permanently affix the owner's Arkansas Game and
                Fish customer identification number to all tree stands, ground blinds,
                and game cameras on the refuge.
                    (ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (x) You must check all game at the refuge check station.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(iv) and (f)(3)(v)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We open the waters of the refuge to fishing only from March 1
                through October 31 from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) Anglers must remove boats from the refuge at the end of each
                day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit the take and possession of turtles and/or mollusks
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (g) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations
                brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
                    (ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each
                day.
                    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. Hunters must remove portable
                blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30350]]
                    (iv) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type
                vehicles (UTVs) for hunting activities.
                    (v) You may use horses on roads and ATV/UTV trails (when open to
                motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a mode of
                transportation for hunting activities on the refuge.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
                trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
                    (vii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
                refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition legal for that hunt. There is
                no bag limit. We prohibit transportation or possession of live hog.
                    (viii) We allow boats on the refuge between the hours of 4 a.m. and
                1:30 p.m. during waterfowl season.
                    (ix) Hunters may not enter the refuge until 4 a.m., with the
                exception of designated parking areas.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting during State seasons for quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) through January 31.
                State regulations governing appropriate zones apply.
                    (iii) We do not open for the spring squirrel hunting season or the
                summer/fall raccoon hunting season.
                    (iv) When upland game hunting, we prohibit possession of lead
                ammunition except that you may possess rimfire rifle lead ammunition no
                larger than .22 caliber.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from
                December 1 through January 31, and for quail and raccoon/opossum
                hunting during the open season on the refuge for these species.
                    (vi) We allow nighttime raccoon and opossum hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the first State
                muzzleloader season for this zone. State regulations governing
                appropriate zones apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.
                    (iv) The bag limit for the muzzleloader deer hunt is two deer, with
                no more than one buck.
                    (v) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than
                the opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later
                than January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). The limit
                is one deer stand, blind, etc., per person.
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
                    (vii) We restrict quota hunt participants on these hunts to those
                selected for a quota permit (electronic form), except that one
                nonhunting adult age 21 or older and possessing a valid hunting license
                must accompany a youth hunter age 15 or younger.
                    (viii) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by
                Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of
                feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State
                regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs
                during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal
                hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag
                limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We close migratory game bird hunting during scheduled quota
                refuge gun deer hunts.
                    (ii) Hunting ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.
                    (iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove portable
                blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations
                brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
                    (v) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles
                (UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.
                    (vi) You may use horses and mules only on roads and ATV/UTV trails
                (when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a
                mode of transportation for on-refuge hunting and fishing activities,
                except during refuge muzzleloader and quota deer hunts.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and
                trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).
                    (viii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime
                refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. We
                prohibit the use of dogs to take these species. There is no bag limit.
                    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when waterfowl hunting.
                    (x) We authorize the use of tree stands, game cameras, and boats
                while hunting and fishing on the refuge. The owner's Arkansas Game and
                Fish customer identification number must be affixed to, or clearly
                written on, them in a conspicuous manner.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
                furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting on the refuge during State seasons for this
                zone for squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers through January 31. We list
                specific hunting season dates annually in the refuge hunt brochure. We
                close upland game hunting during refuge quota deer hunts.
                    (ii) We do not open to spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/
                early fall raccoon hunting season.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and
                opossum hunting from the opening of hunting season through January 31.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening of
                the State season through January 31. State regulations governing
                appropriate zones apply.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer
                hunts.
                    (iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting for the first 5 days of the
                early State muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The bag
                limit for the refuge muzzleloader hunt is two deer, with no more than
                one buck.
                    (v) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.
                    (vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn
                for a quota permit. These permits are nontransferable, and permit fees
                are nonrefundable.
                    (vii) The quota gun deer hunt bag limit is two deer, with no more
                than one buck (one buck and one doe). Exception: Youth hunters
                participating in the refuge youth deer hunt and hunters participating
                in the refuge mobility-
                [[Page 30351]]
                impaired hunt may harvest the legal State bag limit without antler
                restrictions.
                    (viii) We do not open for fall archery turkey season.
                    (ix) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey
                quota permit gun hunts.
                    (x) You may use only portable deer stands erected no sooner than 2
                days before the opening of the State deer season, and you must remove
                them no later than January 31 each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (xi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).
                    (xii) We restrict hunt participants during quota hunts to those
                selected for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or
                older and possessing a valid hunting license must accompany a youth
                hunter.
                    (xiii) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, boats, or game cameras
                on the refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
                identification number is affixed to, or clearly written on, them in a
                conspicuous location.
                    (xiv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (xv) We prohibit all public use, except fishing and access for
                fishing, during quota hunts.
                    (xvi) We allow the taking of feral hogs on the refuge only during
                the muzzleloader and modern gun quota permit deer hunts and with
                weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit.
                You may not transport or possess live hogs.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing, frogging, and the taking of
                crawfish on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) You must reset trotlines when exposed by receding water levels.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through
                (viii) and (x) of this section apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit taking or possessing turtles or mollusks (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (i) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of snow goose on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge hunting permits. The permits (found on the
                front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit--signature required) are
                nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting
                equipment must sign and carry them at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must leave the
                refuge by 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, nutria, beaver, coyote, feral hog, and opossum on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire
                cartridges when hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iv) You may take nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge hunt
                with those weapons legal during those hunts, subject to applicable
                State seasons and regulations.
                    (v) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun deer
                hunt and according to State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations.
                    (vi) We limit nighttime hunting to raccoon/opossum hunting.
                    (vii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt. We
                allow only quota gun deer hunt permit (fee/signature required) holders
                to enter the refuge during this hunt and only for deer hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (i)(2)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-
                way.
                    (iii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7
                days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the
                waterfowl sanctuaries by December 1. You must remove all stands on the
                remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on
                all refuge lands.
                    (v) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, and game cameras on the
                refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer
                identification number is clearly written on them in a conspicuous
                location.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 31 from \1/2\
                hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the possession or use of yo-yos, jugs, or other
                floating containers; drops or limb lines; trotlines; and commercial
                fishing tackle.
                    (iii) We allow bank fishing.
                    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of frogs, mollusks, and/or
                turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (v) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.
                    (vi) Anglers must remove all boats from the refuge at the end of
                each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
                prohibit airboats, personal watercraft, and hovercraft.
                Sec.  32.24   California.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(d) for
                regulations.
                    (b) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of pronghorn antelope only
                on the controlled ``U'' Unit of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: You may hunt only in the unit for 9 consecutive days
                beginning on the first Saturday following the third Wednesday in
                August.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
                refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
                participating in an authorized overnight stay.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
                bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
                consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
                    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
                    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
                are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
                [[Page 30352]]
                    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
                than 12 gauge.
                    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
                ``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
                turkey only in the free-roam areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond area during a
                special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday after the opening
                of the State pheasant hunting season.
                    (ii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
                refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
                participating in an authorized overnight stay.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
                bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
                consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
                    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
                    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
                are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
                    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
                than 12 gauge.
                    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
                ``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
                    (ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to
                within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for
                when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
                the area.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
                turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind
                area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday
                after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(iii) through
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (ii) During the 2 weeks before the opening of the hunt season, you
                may bring a boat into Ponds AB1, A2E, AB2, A3N, A3W, A5, A7, and A8N,
                and moor it at a designated site. You may use your boat to access the
                hunting ponds, and you may leave your boat on the refuge during the
                hunt season. You must remove your boat within 2 weeks following the
                close of the hunt season. We allow nonmotorized boats and motorized
                boats powered by electric, gasoline direct fuel injection 2-stroke, or
                4-stroke gasoline motors only.
                    (iii) You may maintain an existing blind in the ponds open to
                hunting if you have a refuge permit (name and signature required), but
                the blind will be open for general use on a first-come, first-served
                basis.
                    (iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property, except
                personal boats, from the refuge by legal sunset (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (v) You may enter closed areas of the refuge to retrieve downed
                birds, provided you leave all weapons in a legal hunting area.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (viii) At the Ravenswood Unit only, we only allow portable blinds
                or construction of temporary blinds made from natural materials.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We close Mallard Slough to boats from March 1 through August
                31, and we close Mowry Slough from March 15 to June 15.
                    (ii) We open designated fishing areas from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset each day.
                    (iii) We prohibit the collection of bait of any type from the
                refuge except from the Dumbarton Fishing Pier, where it is legal to
                collect bait for noncommercial purposes.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of balloons to float hooks and bait
                farther than hand casting.
                    (f) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(e) for
                regulations.
                    (g) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common moorhen, and
                snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (ii) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting
                areas (i.e., all hunt areas except Salmon Creek Unit).
                    (iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and other
                personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (v) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we allow hunting on Tuesdays and
                Saturdays (except Federal holidays), and hunters must possess and carry
                a valid daily refuge permit. We issue refuge permits prior to each hunt
                by random drawing of names conducted at the check station 1\1/2\ hours
                before legal shooting time. Shooting time ends at 3 p.m. Hunters drawn
                for a blind must completely fill out a Refuge Hunt Permit, which
                includes a ``Record of Harvest'' section. Each hunter must possess and
                carry the Refuge Hunt Permit/Record of Harvest (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) document while on the
                refuge and turn in a complete Record of Harvest at the check station
                before leaving the hunt area.
                    (vi) On the Salmon Creek Unit, you may possess shot shells in
                quantities of 25 or fewer per hunter, per day.
                    (vii) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we restrict hunters to within 100
                feet (30 meters) of the assigned hunt site except for when placing and
                retrieving decoys, retrieving downed birds, or traveling to and from
                the parking area.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing from
                the designated shoreline trail and dock (for nonmotorized boats only)
                at the Hookton Slough Unit from legal sunrise to legal sunset, only
                using pole and line or rod and reel.
                    (h) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.22(f) for
                regulations.
                [[Page 30353]]
                    (i) Kern National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting.
                We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters assigned to the spaced blind unit must remain within
                100 feet (30.5 meters) of the numbered steel post (blind site) except
                when pursuing crippled birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
                the parking area.
                    (ii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (j) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
                Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the
                refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older. All hunters age 15 and
                younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or
                older) at all times while in the field.
                    (ii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
                hunting season. Reservations are obtained through the waterfowl lottery
                each year.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
                posted.
                    (iv) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all California portions of the
                refuge with the following exceptions:
                    (A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special
                youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.
                    (B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of
                afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.
                    (v) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
                    (vi) Pit-style hunting blinds located in the Stearns units and unit
                9D are first-come, first-served. We require you to hunt within a 200-
                foot (61-meter) radius of the blind.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In the
                controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit (available
                electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age
                16 or older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the
                immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in
                the field.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (k) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing from boats on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (l) Merced National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
                once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (ii) Each hunter must remain inside his or her assigned blind,
                except for when placing decoys, retrieving downed birds, and traveling
                to and from the parking area. We prohibit shooting from outside the
                blind.
                    (iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the Lonetree
                Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and from
                the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve
                crippled birds.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (m) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) On the opening weekend of the hunting season, hunters must
                possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) issued through random drawing to
                hunters with advance reservations only.
                    (ii) After the opening weekend of the hunting season, we only allow
                hunting on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Hunters must check-in
                and out of the refuge by using self-service permits (FWS Form 3-2405,
                Self-Clearing Check-in/out Permit). Hunters must completely fill out
                the ``Refuge Hunt Permit'' portion of the permit and deposit it in the
                drop box prior to hunting. The hunter must possess and carry the
                ``Record of Kill'' portion of the permit while on the refuge and turn
                it in prior to exiting the hunting area.
                    (iii) In the designated spaced blind area, you must remain within
                the blind assigned to you.
                    (iv) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (v) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
                once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (vi) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting
                areas.
                    (vii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, other
                personal equipment, and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day
                (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (viii) Hunters must enter and exit the hunting area from the two
                designated hunt parking lots, which we open 1\1/2\ hours before legal
                sunrise and close 1 hour after legal sunset each hunt day.
                    (ix) We only allow access to the hunt area by foot, bicycle, and
                nonmotorized cart. We prohibit bicycles in the hunt area during the
                opening weekend of the hunting season.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We limit hunting to junior hunters, age 15 or younger,
                possessing a valid State Junior Hunting License and refuge Junior
                Pheasant Hunt Permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National
                Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing only on Dorris Reservoir
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit fishing from February 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow only walk-in access to Dorris Reservoir from
                February 1 through March 31.
                    (iv) We allow use of boats for fishing on Dorris Reservoir only
                from April 1 through September 30.
                    (n) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
                refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
                participating in an authorized overnight stay.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
                bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
                consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
                    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
                [[Page 30354]]
                    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
                are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
                    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
                than 12 gauge.
                    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
                ``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
                    (ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to
                within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for
                when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from
                the area.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild
                turkey in designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind
                area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday
                after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(iii) through
                (ix) of this section apply.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (o) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, dove, and
                snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Access to the hunt area on all units open to public hunting is
                by boat only, except on designated units, which are accessible by foot
                traffic or boat. We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-
                impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed
                conveyances.
                    (ii) On the Codora Unit, we prohibit hunting except for junior
                hunters on weekends only. Junior hunters must possess a valid junior
                hunting license and be accompanied by a nonhunting adult.
                    (iii) We allow only shotgun hunting.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 meters) of any landward
                boundary adjacent to private property.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs only when hunting migratory birds and
                upland game birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, turkey, and
                quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow only shotgun and archery hunting.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), (iv),
                and (v) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (iv) and (o)(2)(i) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may hunt feral hogs from September 1 through March 15.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs while hunting black-tailed deer
                and feral hogs.
                    (iv) We allow the use of only shotguns firing single non-lead
                shotgun slugs, and archery equipment. We prohibit the use or possession
                of rifles and pistols on the refuge for hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (p) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
                once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (ii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
                bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
                consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl.
                    (iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property from
                the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (q) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field
                once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (ii) You must return your permits (state-issued) to the check
                stations immediately upon completion of your hunt and prior to using
                any tour routes or leaving the refuge vicinity.
                    (iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced blind area to their
                assigned blind except when they are placing decoys, traveling to and
                from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled
                birds.
                    (iv) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the East Bear
                Creek Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and
                from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled
                birds.
                    (v) Access to the Freitas Unit free-roam hunting area is by boat
                only with a maximum of 5 miles per hour (mph). We prohibit air-thrust
                and inboard water-thrust boats.
                    (vi) We require State-issued Type A area permits for access on
                Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (vii) We prohibit the use of motorized boats in the free-roam units
                with the exception of the Freitas Unit.
                    (viii) We prohibit vehicle trailers of any type or size to be in
                the refuge hunt areas at any time or to be left unattended at any
                location on the refuge.
                    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow fishing during normal refuge visitation hours in
                designated areas as posted.
                    (ii) We only allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel to take
                fish, and anglers must attend their equipment at all times.
                    (r) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only hunt from a boat. We prohibit walk-in hunting on
                the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant only in
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only hunt on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only
                with a pole and line or rod and reel. We prohibit bow fishing and
                gigging.
                    (s) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters using the Union Tract must use goose decoys.
                    (ii) You must hunt from assigned blinds on the Union Tract and
                within 100 feet (30 meters) of blind sites on the Hazard Tract, except
                when shooting to retrieve crippled birds.
                [[Page 30355]]
                    (iii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We only allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We only allow boat fishing.
                    (t) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting on Sun River Unit only on Wednesdays and
                Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (ii) We will select hunters through a random drawing process (FWS
                Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System)
                conducted at the refuge. Hunters should bring a copy of their refuge
                notification on the day of their hunt. Hunters should contact the
                refuge manager for additional information.
                    (iii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iv) We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-impaired
                hunters should contact the refuge manager regarding allowed
                conveyances.
                    (v) We restrict hunters to their assigned spaced-blind except when
                they are placing or retrieving decoys, traveling to and from the
                parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve crippled
                birds.
                    (vi) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (vii) We allow only nonmotorized boats to access water blinds.
                    (viii) You must remove all decoys, personal equipment, shotshell
                hulls, and refuse from the refuge by 12:30 p.m. (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
                and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit fishing from the bank.
                    (ii) We prohibit the take of native reptiles and amphibians (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (u) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the
                refuge no later than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset unless
                participating in an authorized overnight stay.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit
                bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should
                consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.
                    (iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.
                    (v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you
                are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.
                    (vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger
                than 12 gauge.
                    (vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel
                ``T'' (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We only allow hunting of pheasant and wild
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i) through
                (viii) of this section apply.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (v) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
                Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the
                refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (iii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
                hunting season. You may obtain a reservation through the waterfowl
                lottery each year.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
                posted.
                    (v) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all portions of the refuge with
                the following exceptions:
                    (A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special
                youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.
                    (B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of
                afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.
                    (vi) You select blind sites by lottery at the beginning of each
                hunt day. You may shoot only from within your assigned blind site.
                    (vii) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
                    (viii) We prohibit air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats while
                hunting. We prohibit the use of all-terrain amphibious or utility-type
                vehicles (UTVs) in wetland units.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In the controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid
                permit (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for
                all hunters age 16 or older.
                    (ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.25   Colorado.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian
                collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
                mourning dove season.
                    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
                bows, and hawking/falconry.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
                black-tailed and whitetailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, merganser, Canada goose,
                snipe, Virginia and Sora rail, and mourning dove on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) All migratory bird hunting closes annually on December 31.
                    (ii) We allow access to the refuge 1 hour prior to legal shooting
                time.
                [[Page 30356]]
                    (iii) We allow use of only portable stands and blinds that the
                hunter must remove following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting 200 feet (60 meters) from any public use
                road, designated parking area, or designated public use facility
                located within the hunt area.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of jackrabbit, cottontail
                rabbit, and sage grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) All upland game hunting closes annually on December 31.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of antelope and elk on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) Elk hunters:
                    (A) Must possess a refuge-specific permit (state-issued) to hunt
                elk; and
                    (B) Must attend a scheduled pre-hunt information meeting prior to
                hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit fishing between June 1 and July 31 each year.
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit ice fishing on the refuge.
                    (iv) We close Unit C to fishing when the refuge is open to big game
                rifle hunting.
                    (v) We prohibit lead sinkers and live bait for fishing.
                    (c) Baca National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting.
                We allow hunting of Eurasian collared-dove and mourning dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
                mourning dove season.
                    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
                bows, and hawking/falconry.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
                black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: Shotguns, rifles firing
                rimfire cartridges less than .23 caliber, hand-held bows, pellet guns,
                slingshots, and hawking/falconry are the only acceptable methods of
                take.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning dove on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and elk on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (e) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian
                collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
                mourning dove season.
                    (ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held
                bows, and hawking/falconry.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and
                black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (f) Rocky Mountain Arsenal. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing on Tuesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from the first Saturday in April through
                November 30.
                    (iii) All anglers age 16 and older must possess a signed refuge
                fishing permit (signed refuge fishing brochure) when fishing.
                    (iv) You must stop and pay the daily fishing recreation fee for
                each Colorado State licensed angler age 16 or older. Payments are made
                at self-service fishing fee stations, and you must display a receipt of
                payment or an annual pass while fishing. High school and college
                students can fish for free with a current student identification card.
                    (v) We allow bank fishing only at Lake Mary and Lake Ladora.
                    (vi) We allow wade fishing only in Lake Ladora after Memorial Day.
                    (vii) Each angler may use only one rod and reel or pole and line
                with one hook per line, except that we allow a second rod and reel or
                pole and line with one hook per line with a Colorado State-issued
                second rod stamp.
                    (viii) We only allow barbless hooks.
                    (ix) We only allow artificial lures and flies on Lake Ladora. We
                allow artificial lures and flies and artificial bait, cut bait, and
                food products only on Lake Mary.
                    (x) We prohibit the use of live bait on all refuge waters.
                    (xi) We only allow catch-and-release fishing.
                    (xii) We prohibit the possession and consumption of alcoholic
                beverages while fishing.
                Sec.  32.26   Connecticut.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow refuge access from \1/2\ hour prior to legal sunrise
                until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl and upland
                game species.
                    (iii) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds,
                which must be removed at the end of each hunt day. All tree stands and
                blinds must have the name and telephone number of the owner clearly
                printed in an easily readable area.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
                apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions
                set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit launching of motorboats from the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of reptiles and amphibians as bait.
                    (b) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck,
                [[Page 30357]]
                coot, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to obtain an annual Special Use Permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G) in advance for permission to hunt in the designated
                hunting area.
                    (ii) We will limit hunt days to Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays
                during the waterfowl hunting season as established by the State.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.27   Delaware.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition:
                    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except on the
                South Upland Hunting Area.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and
                upland game species.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel,
                cottontail rabbit, ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, raccoon,
                opossum, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of
                this section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) except on the South Upland Hunting
                Area.
                    (ii) In the Headquarters Deer Hunt Area, you may hunt only from a
                designated stand, unless you are actively tracking or retrieving
                wounded deer.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of waterfowl, coot, mourning dove, snipe,
                and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except in
                designated walk-in areas. You must obtain a refuge permit from the
                refuge office or website and have the permit in your possession while
                hunting.
                    (ii) You must complete and return a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS
                Form 3-2361), available at the refuge administration office or on the
                refuge's website, within 15 days of the close of the season.
                    (iii) You may access the Lottery Waterfowl Hunt Area by boat.
                    (iv) We allow hunting of waterfowl in the Disabled Waterfowl Draw
                Area subject to the following condition: We do not allow assistants to
                enter a designated disabled hunting area unless they are accompanied by
                a certified disabled hunter.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and
                upland game species.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, quail,
                pheasant, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(v) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) You must obtain a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or
                website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (ii) Hunting on the headquarters deer hunt area will be by lottery.
                You must obtain and possess a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or
                website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) On Turkle and Fleetwood ponds, we allow boats only with
                electric trolling motors.
                    (ii) You must attend all crabbing and fishing gear at all times.
                    (iii) You must remove all personal property at the end of each
                day's fishing activity (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter).
                Sec.  32.28   Florida.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge waterfowl hunt
                permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
                    (ii) We do not open to hunting on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Christmas
                Day.
                    (iii) We allow hunting on the refuge from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise to 1 p.m. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m.
                and must be off the refuge by 3 p.m.
                    (iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the
                Headquarters Area (Boynton Beach) and the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton).
                    (v) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove decoys and other personal property from
                the hunting area at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (vii) Hunters must complete a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form
                3-2361) and place it in an entrance fee canister each day prior to
                exiting the refuge.
                    (viii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be supervised by a
                licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the
                adult while hunting. Youth hunters must have completed a hunter
                education course.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of alligator on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge alligator hunt
                permit (signed brochure) while hunting.
                    (ii) We allow hunting on the refuge 1 hour before sunset on Friday
                night through 1 hour after sunrise Saturday morning, and 1 hour before
                sunset on Saturday night through 1 hour after sunrise Sunday morning.
                We allow alligator hunting the first 2 weekends during Harvest Period 1
                (August) and the first 2 weekends during Harvest Period 2 (September).
                Following the close of Harvest Period 2, the remaining weekends in
                October will be open for alligator harvest permittees who possess
                unused CITES tags (OMB Control No. 1018-0093). We provide specific
                dates for the alligator hunt on the harvest permit.
                    (iii) Youth age 17 and younger may not hunt, but may only accompany
                an adult age 21 or older who possesses an
                [[Page 30358]]
                Alligator Trapping Agent License (state-issued).
                    (iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the Hillsboro
                Area (Loxahatchee Road, Boca Raton).
                    (v) You may take alligators using hand-held snares, harpoons, gigs,
                snatch hooks, artificial lures, manually operated spears, spear guns,
                and crossbows. We prohibit the taking of alligators using baited hooks,
                baited wooden pegs, or firearms. We allow the use of bang sticks (a
                hand-held pole with a pistol or shotgun cartridge on the end in a very
                short barrel) with approved nontoxic ammunition (see Sec.  32.2(k))
                only for taking alligators attached to a restraining line. Once an
                alligator is captured, it must be killed immediately. We prohibit
                catch-and-release of alligators. Once the alligator is dead, you must
                lock a CITES tag through the skin of the carcass within 6 inches (15.2
                centimeters) of the tip of the tail. The tag must remain attached to
                the alligator at all times.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove all personal property from the hunting
                area at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) We allow only one vessel per hunting group or party.
                    (viii) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow the use of rods and reels and poles and lines,
                and anglers must attend them at all times.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow 12 fishing tournaments a year by Special Use Permit
                only (General Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-
                1383-G).
                    (iv) We prohibit the possession or use of cast nets, seines, trot
                lines, jugs, gigs, and other fishing devices.
                    (v) Anglers may only launch boats at the Headquarters Area (Boynton
                Beach), the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton), and 20 Mile Bend (West Palm
                Beach).
                    (vi) All youth anglers age 15 and younger must be supervised by a
                licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the
                adult while fishing.
                    (b) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater sport fishing year-round on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We close a 300-foot (90-meter (m)) buffer zone beginning at
                mean high tide line and extending into the waters around Snake Key to
                all public entry from March 1 through June 30 to protect nesting birds.
                    (ii) We conditionally open to public entry a 300-foot (90-m) buffer
                zone beginning at mean high tide line and extending into the waters
                around Seahorse Key from March 1 through June 30. Should birds nest in
                that area during that timeframe, we will close that area of Seahorse
                Key to public entry.
                    (c) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting in designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In Citrus County:
                    (A) You may take only ducks and coots.
                    (B) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays during those seasons established by the State of Florida.
                    (C) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory birds.
                    (D) We require hunters to possess and carry a signed, refuge
                hunting permit (signed brochure).
                    (E) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any
                residence or on navigable waterways of Chassahowitzka River, Seven
                Cabbage Cut-off, and Mason Creek.
                    (F) We allow temporary blinds and decoys, but you must remove all
                blinds and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) In Hernando County:
                    (A) All hunters in Hernando County must comply with the State of
                Florida Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations.
                    (B) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C), (D), and
                (F) of this section apply.
                    (C) We allow hunting of geese, duck, and coot only on Wednesdays,
                Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (D) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any
                residence.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of
                quail, squirrel, rabbit, feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote,
                skunk, and nutria as governed by State of Florida Chassahowitzka
                Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C) through (F)
                and (c)(1)(ii)(D) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of traps or snares to take game.
                    (iii) You may take feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote,
                skunk, and nutria as incidental species with the equipment legal for
                use during the season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of
                whitetail deer and turkey, as governed by State of Florida
                Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the
                following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(i)
                through (iii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing 24 hours per day, year-round, except in areas
                posted closed.
                    (ii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of frogs, horseshoe
                crabs, turtles, and snakes (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We permit commercial activities, including guiding, with a
                Special Use Permit (Commercial Activities Special Use Permit
                Application, FWS Form 3-1383-C). You must apply for the permit.
                    (d) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may
                only use two poles per angler and must attend both poles at all times.
                    (e) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow salt-water fishing along the Atlantic Ocean and
                Indian River Lagoon year-round as governed by State recreational
                fishing regulations.
                    (iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels and poles and lines,
                and anglers must attend them at all times.
                    (iv) We allow only two poles per angler, and anglers must attend
                those poles at all times in conjunction with the Martin County,
                Florida, two-pole ordinance.
                    (f) J. N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3)
                [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing in
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the take of crabs with the use of dip nets only.
                    (ii) All anglers must exit refuge lands and waters no later than
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit the possession and use of seines or trot lines.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of cast nets from the left (south) side of
                Wildlife Drive or any water control structure, bridge, boardwalk, or
                rip rap affixed to Wildlife Drive.
                [[Page 30359]]
                    (v) All fish must remain in whole condition until removed from
                refuge lands and waters, except for fish caught and landed by
                individuals using the services of the refuge concessionaire at the
                Tarpon Bay recreation area. Those fish may be cleaned at the designated
                fish cleaning station in the concession area.
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of bows and spears from Wildlife Drive or
                any trail or structure affixed to Wildlife Drive.
                    (g) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We require a valid Lake Woodruff Quota Hunt Permit, which can
                be purchased through the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
                Commission, and a valid Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge hunt
                permit (signed annual hunt brochure), which is free and
                nontransferable.
                    (ii) All hunters must be on stands or in blinds during deer hunts.
                    (iii) We prohibit scouting in the hunt area during the quota hunt.
                    (iv) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge 2
                hours prior to legal sunrise each hunting day. All hunters must leave
                the refuge within 2 hours of legal sunset.
                    (v) We allow stands or blinds to be set up 2 days prior to the
                permitted hunt, and you must remove them on or before the last day of
                your permitted hunt. You must clearly mark stands with the hunter's
                Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) permit number
                found on your hunting license. No more than one stand or blind per
                person may be on the refuge at any time, unless a permitted hunter is
                accompanied by a youth hunter. You must place the stand and/or blind
                for a youth hunter within sight and normal voice contact of the
                permitted hunter's stand and mark it with the adult permitted hunter's
                FWC permit number and the word ``YOUTH.''
                    (vi) If you use flagging or other trail marking material, you must
                print your FWC permit number on each piece or marker. You may set up
                flagging and trail markers 2 days prior to the permitted hunt, and you
                must remove them on or before the last day of the permitted hunt.
                    (vii) You must check out any game taken during the hunts at a self-
                check station.
                    (viii) You may access the Western Unit only by boat.
                    (ix) Hunters age 15 and younger do not need a quota permit, but
                they must be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. Each adult may
                supervise one youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal
                voice contact of the youth hunter; the pair must share a single bag
                limit unless hunting during a designated family or youth hunt.
                    (x) We prohibit shotgun loads larger than #2 shot and slugs during
                turkey hunts.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow use of hook and line. We prohibit cast nets.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of snatch hooks in the refuge
                impoundments.
                    (h) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require all hunters, age 16 or older, to purchase and
                possess a general refuge hunting permit through the Florida Fish and
                Wildlife Conservation Commission to hunt during all refuge hunts,
                unless otherwise exempt. We do not require youth hunters age 15 and
                younger to possess a general refuge hunting permit.
                    (ii) Every hunter must possess a signed refuge hunt brochure
                (signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunting from or within 150 feet (45 meters) of
                all refuge roads open to public vehicle travel.
                    (iv) An adult (parent or guardian) age 18 or older must supervise
                and must remain within sight of and in normal voice contact of a youth
                hunter, age 15 or younger. An adult may not supervise more than two
                youths. Youth hunters must meet State hunter-education requirements.
                    (v) Clothes-type pins or clips with reflective or colored markings
                can be used for the temporary marking of vegetation in order to
                identify a route of travel to or from a tree stand. You must remove
                these pins at the end of deer season (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter). Each clothes-type pin or clip must contain the hunting
                license number of the hunter.
                    (vi) You may leave a temporary tree stand on refuge property
                starting 1 week before archery season, but you must remove it by the
                last day of hog season. All tree stands left on the refuge within the
                hunt season must display the hunter's hunting license number legibly
                written on or attached to the stand. You may also use a temporary tree
                stand during small game season, but you must remove it by the last day
                of the small game season.
                    (vii) Hunters must be at their vehicles by 1 hour after legal
                shooting time.
                    (viii) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters)
                of any developed public recreation area, game check station, or gate.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, gray
                squirrel, armadillo, opossum, rabbit, raccoon, coyote, and beaver on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times. The
                refuge prints dates for all the refuge hunting seasons in the annual
                refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure).
                    (iii) We allow night hunting for raccoon and opossum from legal
                sunset until legal sunrise as governed by State regulations.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) During the refuge archery season, hunters may only use archery
                equipment, including crossbows, as governed by State archery
                regulations.
                    (iii) During the refuge muzzleloader season, hunters may only use
                muzzleloading firearms and archery equipment (see Sec.  27.42 of this
                chapter) as governed by State muzzleloader regulations.
                    (iv) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (v) We allow hunting of deer (except spotted fawns), feral hog,
                gray squirrel, rabbit, armadillo, opossum, raccoon, beaver, and coyote
                during the archery season.
                    (vi) Hunters may take feral hog (no size or bag limit), and a
                maximum of two deer per day, during the family hunt, except only one
                deer may be antlerless for each day of the family and senior hunts.
                    (vii) Hunters must fill out a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-
                2359) and check all game harvested during all deer and hog hunts.
                    (viii) Hunters may take only bearded turkeys and only during the
                State Zone C youth turkey hunts and spring turkey season.
                [[Page 30360]]
                    (ix) Shooting hours for spring turkey begin \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise and end at 1 p.m.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcohol while fishing on
                the refuge.
                    (i) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, merganser, and coot in
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a current, signed Merritt Island
                National Wildlife Refuge hunt permit (signed brochure, non-
                transferable) at all times while hunting waterfowl on the refuge.
                    (ii) You must carry (or hunt within 30 yards of a hunter who
                possesses) a valid State-issued Merritt Island Waterfowl Quota Permit,
                while hunting in areas 1 or 4 from the beginning of the regular
                waterfowl season through the end of January. The Waterfowl Quota Permit
                can be used for a single party consisting of the permit holder and up
                to three guests. The permit holder must be present.
                    (iii) During the State's waterfowl season, we allow hunting on
                Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and the following Federal holidays:
                Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded restricted
                areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
                    (v) We allow hunting of waterfowl on refuge-established hunt days
                from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must
                remove all equipment and check out at the refuge check station prior to
                1 p.m. each day.
                    (vi) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. for the
                purpose of waterfowl hunting.
                    (vii) We require an adult, age 18 or older, to supervise hunters
                age 15 and younger. The adult must remain within sight and normal voice
                contact of the youth hunter.
                    (viii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 25 feet (7.6 meters),
                or shooting from any portion, of a dike, dirt road, or railroad grade.
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 yards (135 meters)
                of SR 402, SR 406, or any paved road right-of-way. We prohibit shooting
                over any dike or roadway.
                    (x) You must leave the refuge by 1 p.m. Prior to that, you must
                stop at a posted refuge waterfowl check station and report statistical
                hunt information on the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) to
                refuge personnel.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require a State-issued Merritt Island National Wildlife
                Refuge Big Game Quota Hunt Permit. The Quota Hunt Permit is a limited
                entry quota permit, is zone-specific, and is nontransferable.
                    (ii) You must have a valid signed Big Game Hunt Permit (signed
                annual hunt brochure).
                    (iii) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded
                restricted areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
                    (iv) We allow hunting during a 3-day weekend within the State's
                deer season. Legal shooting hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise
                to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (v) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge no
                earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no
                later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting from refuge roads or within 100 yards of
                roads open to public vehicle traffic or within 200 yards of a building
                or KSC facility.
                    (vii) Each permitted hunter may have one adult guest and one youth
                hunter. All guests must remain within sight and normal voice contact.
                The party must share a single bag limit. Each adult may supervise one
                youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal voice contact. The
                pair must share a single bag limit unless hunting during a designated
                youth or family hunt.
                    (viii) You may set up stands or blinds up to 2 days prior to the
                permitted hunt; you must remove them on the last day of your permitted
                hunt. You must clearly mark stands and blinds with your Florida State
                customer identification (ID) number found on your hunting license. You
                may have no more than one stand or blind per person on the refuge at
                any time. You must place a stand or blind for a youth hunter within
                sight and normal voice contact of the supervisory hunter's stand and
                mark it with the supervisory hunter's Florida State customer ID number
                and the word ``YOUTH.''
                    (ix) We prohibit all scouting in the hunt area during the quota
                hunt.
                    (x) If you use flagging or other trail-marking material, you must
                print your Florida State customer ID number on each piece or marker.
                You may set out flagging and trail markers up to 2 days prior to the
                permitted hunt, and you must remove them on the last day of the
                permitted hunt.
                    (xi) We allow hunters possessing a valid permit to scout within
                their permitted zones up to 7 days prior to their permitted hunts. You
                must carry your valid Quota Hunt Permit identifying the permitted hunt
                zone while scouting.
                    (xii) You must be on your stand or in your blind while hunting.
                    (xiii) We prohibit stalking or moving through the hunt area while
                hunting.
                    (xiv) You must be at your vehicle within 1 hour after legal
                shooting time. If you wish to track wounded game beyond 1 hour after
                legal sunset, you must gain consent from a Federal Wildlife Officer to
                do so.
                    (xv) We prohibit using dogs for tracking unless authorized by a
                Federal Wildlife Officer. Dogs must remain on a leash and be equipped
                with a GPS tracking device.
                    (xvi) You may field dress game; however, we prohibit cleaning game
                within 1,000 feet of any public area, road, game-check station, or
                gate. We prohibit dumping game carcasses on the refuge.
                    (xvii) Archery hunters must wear at least 500 square inches (3,226
                square centimeters) of solid fluorescent-orange color while moving to
                and from their vehicles, while moving to their stands or hunting spots,
                and while tracking or dragging out game.
                    (xviii) There is no bag limit or size limit for the take of feral
                hogs.
                    (xix) You must report all hunting activities, including successful
                and non-successful hunts, at one of the two check stations prior to
                leaving the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing, crabbing,
                clamming, and shrimping on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess a current, signed refuge fishing permit
                (signed brochure) at all times while fishing on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit anglers entering the normal or expanded restricted
                areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
                    (iii) We prohibit fishing after legal sunset or before legal
                sunrise, except that we allow fishing at night from a vessel in the
                open waters of Mosquito Lagoon, Indian River Lagoon, Banana River, and
                Haulover Canal.
                    (iv) You may launch boats for night fishing and boating activities
                only from Bair's Cove, Beacon 42, and Biolab boat ramps.
                    (v) We prohibit crabbing or fishing from Black Point Wildlife Drive
                or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife Drive except from L
                Pond Road.
                [[Page 30361]]
                    (vi) We prohibit launching boats, canoes, or kayaks from Black
                Point Wildlife Drive or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife
                Drive except from L Pond Road.
                    (vii) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.
                    (viii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of horseshoe crab,
                frog, turtle, snake, and/or other wildlife (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (ix) We prohibit use of personal watercraft, kite surfing, kite
                boarding, wind surfing, sail boarding, use of air-thrust boats, and use
                of hovercraft on the refuge or in refuge waters.
                    (x) We prohibit motorized vessels in the Banana River within the
                posted ``No-Motor Zone,'' including any vessel having an attached motor
                or a nonattached motor capable of use (including electric trolling
                motor).
                    (xi) We allow vessels drafting 12 inches (30 centimeters) or less
                (measured while vessel is fully stopped) to be propelled only by
                poling, paddling, drifting, or electric trolling motors in the
                established Pole & Troll Zone(s), except in the posted running
                channels.
                    (xii) We prohibit fish cleaning on refuge property.
                    (xiii) We prohibit fishing from, or in the immediate vicinity of,
                the Manatee Viewing Deck on the northeast side of Haulover Canal.
                    (xiv) When inside the impoundment perimeter ditch, you may use
                gasoline or diesel motors. Outside the perimeter ditch, you must propel
                vessels by paddling, push pole, or electric trolling motor.
                    (j) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing year-round.
                    (ii) We allow bank fishing from spoil islands during daylight hours
                only.
                    (k) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow
                fishing only from vessels in the waters surrounding Tarpon Key.
                    (l) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove blinds at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to recover game.
                    (iii) Hunters may access the hunt area by boat.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel, rabbit,
                and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge permits (signed brochure) for hunting upland
                game. Each hunter must possess and carry a signed refuge permit while
                participating in a hunt.
                    (ii) All hunters must wear 500 square inches (3,250 square
                centimeters) of fluorescent orange above the waistline while in a
                designated hunting unit during a refuge hunt.
                    (iii) You may only use .22 caliber or smaller rim-fire rifles,
                shotguns (#4 bird shot or smaller) (see Sec.  32.2(k)), or
                muzzleloaders to harvest squirrel, rabbit, and raccoon. In addition,
                you may use shotgun slugs, buckshot, archery equipment, or pistols to
                take feral hogs. We prohibit the use of other weapons.
                    (iv) We allow the use of leashed dogs for trailing injured or
                harvested game.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting from any named or numbered road (with the
                exception of persons hunting during the mobility-impaired hunt).
                    (vi) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters) of
                any residence, developed public recreation area, or game check station.
                    (vii) You must check out all game taken at a game check station.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for
                license, and the State charges a fee). Permits are nontransferable.
                Each hunter must possess and carry a signed permit when participating
                in a hunt. Prior to hunting each day, you must check-in at a hunt check
                station as specified in the refuge hunt brochure. You must check out at
                the end of each hunting day.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(2)(ii) and (iv)
                through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (iii) We allow feral hog to be taken during any refuge hunt. There
                is no limit on the size or number of feral hogs that hunters may take.
                    (iv) There is a two deer limit per hunt, as specified at paragraph
                (l)(3)(vi) of this section, except during the youth hunt, when the
                limit is as specified at paragraph (l)(3)(vii) of this section. The
                limit for turkey is one per hunt.
                    (v) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (vi) The bag limit for white-tailed deer is two deer per hunt,
                either two antlerless deer or one antlerless deer and one antlered
                deer. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler
                or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must
                have at least three points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one
                antler, to be harvested.
                    (vii) There is one youth white-tailed deer hunt and one youth
                turkey hunt for youth ages 12 to 17. During these hunts, only the youth
                hunter may handle or discharge firearms used for hunting. An adult age
                21 or older must accompany and remain in sight and normal voice contact
                of each youth hunter. There is no limit on the number of hogs a youth
                hunter may harvest during these hunts.
                    (A) Youth white-tailed deer hunt harvest limits. (1) Youth hunters
                age 12 to 15 may harvest two deer, either two antlerless deer or one
                antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define antlerless deer
                as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75
                centimeters). There are no restrictions on antler size for youth
                hunters age 12 to 15.
                    (2) Youth hunters age 16 or 17 may harvest two deer, either two
                antlerless or one antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define
                antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches
                (12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1
                inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one antler, to be harvested by
                youth hunters age 16 or 17.
                    (B) Youth turkey hunt harvest limit. The limit is one bearded
                turkey per youth hunter.
                    (viii) Mobility-impaired hunters may have an assistant accompany
                them. You may transfer permits issued to assistants. We limit those
                hunt teams to harvesting white-tailed deer and feral hog within the
                limits provided at paragraph (l)(3)(vi) of this section.
                    (ix) You may harvest one bearded turkey per hunt. You may only use
                shotguns or archery equipment to harvest turkey. We prohibit hunting
                after 1 p.m.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit taking blue crabs from impounded water on the St.
                Marks Unit.
                    (ii) We only allow fishing in refuge lakes, ponds, and impoundments
                from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow fishing in tidal and coastal waters 24 hours per day
                year-round.
                    (iv) We prohibit taking of frogs or turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (v) We prohibit use of cast nets or traps to take fish from any
                lake, pond, or impoundment on the refuge.
                [[Page 30362]]
                    (vi) You must attend all fishing equipment.
                    (vii) We prohibit bow fishing on refuge lakes, ponds, and
                impoundments.
                    (viii) The interior ponds and lakes on the Panacea Unit are open
                year-round for bank fishing. We open vehicle access to these areas from
                March 15 through May 15 each year. Ponds and lakes that anglers access
                from County Road 372 are open year-round for fishing and boating.
                    (m) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, sambar
                deer, raccoon, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for
                license, and the State charges a fee). The permits are nontransferable,
                and the hunter must possess them while hunting. Only signed permits are
                valid. We only allow people with a signed refuge hunt permit or the
                helpers of mobility-impaired hunters on the island during the hunt
                periods.
                    (ii) We authorize three refuge hunts: Sambar deer, white-tailed
                deer archery, and white-tailed deer muzzleloader. During the sambar
                deer hunt, only sambar deer, feral hog, and raccoon can be harvested.
                During the white-tailed deer hunts, only white-tailed deer, feral hog,
                and raccoon can be harvested.
                    (iii) We restrict access to St. Vincent Island to the Indian Pass
                and West Pass campsites. The hunt brochure lists check-in and check-out
                procedures. We restrict access to the hunt areas to foot or bicycle
                travel.
                    (iv) Hunt hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 3 p.m.
                for the sambar deer hunt.
                    (v) You may set up tree stands only after you check in, and you
                must remove them from the island at the end of the hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (vi) You may retrieve game from the closed areas only if
                accompanied by a refuge staff member or a Federal Wildlife Officer.
                    (vii) We limit weapons to primitive weapons (bow and arrow, and
                muzzleloader) on the primitive weapons sambar deer hunt and the
                primitive weapons white-tailed deer hunt. We limit the archery hunt to
                bow and arrow. We prohibit crossbows during the white-tailed deer
                archery hunt except with a State disabled persons permit. You may take
                feral hog and raccoon only with the weapons allowed for that period.
                    (viii) We allow only stand, still, and stalk hunting. We prohibit
                organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or
                planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause
                deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the
                organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
                    (ix) You may only discharge muzzleloaders at the designated
                discharge area between 5 a.m. and 9 p.m.
                    (x) Hunters must check out at the check station prior to leaving
                the refuge at the end of their hunt. A refuge staff member or volunteer
                must check the campsites before the hunters leave the refuge.
                    (xi) Bag limits are:
                    (A) Muzzleloader weapons sambar deer hunt. One sambar deer of
                either sex; no limit on feral hog or raccoon.
                    (B) Archery hunt. One white-tailed deer of either sex. Antlered
                deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or more on
                one antler, to be harvested. State regulations define antlerless deer
                as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75
                centimeters). Youth age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except
                spotted fawn. We prohibit harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no
                limit on feral hog or raccoon.
                    (C) Muzzleloader weapons white-tailed deer hunt. One white-tailed
                deer. Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5
                centimeters) or more in length on one antler, to be harvested. We issue
                a limited number of either-sex tags. If you have an either-sex tag, the
                bag limit is one deer that may be antlerless or antlered with legal
                antler configuration. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer
                with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Youth
                age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except spotted fawn. We prohibit
                harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no limit on feral hog or raccoon.
                    (xii) We prohibit bringing live game into the check station.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may fish from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour
                after legal sunset year-round.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of live minnows as bait.
                    (iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels or poles and lines in
                refuge lakes. Anglers must attend their fishing equipment at all times.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of frog and/or turtle (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                    (n) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting each day during the early wood duck/teal
                season.
                    (ii) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and
                Federal holidays that fall within the State's waterfowl season,
                including Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
                    (iii) Hunters must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge permit
                (signed brochure) at all times while hunting on the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon). Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and
                must remove all decoys, guns, blinds, and other related equipment by 1
                p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (90 meters) of the south
                edge of U.S. 41 and the area posted around Marsh Trail extending south
                from U.S. 41.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl retrieval and prehunt
                scouting.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on the
                refuge on designated areas subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of
                the refuge year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of snake, turtle, frog, and other
                wildlife in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, gigs, spears, bush hooks,
                and snatch hooks in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the
                refuge.
                    (iv) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.
                Sec.  32.29   Georgia.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel, which
                the angler must attend at all times.
                    (ii) We allow sport fishing after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We permit fishing tournaments by Special Use Permit (General
                Activities
                [[Page 30363]]
                Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge
                manager.
                    (b) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
                hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it
                with them at all times when hunting.
                    (ii) Hunters must check-in no more than 1 day in advance of the
                opening day of each hunt. We prohibit check-in after legal sunset of
                the second hunt day.
                    (iii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier than
                1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but must remove the
                stand by the end of each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up
                camp. We require personal identification at check-in.
                    (v) Only hunters may camp at the designated camping area during
                refuge hunts.
                    (vi) For hunting, we allow only bows as governed by State
                regulations.
                    (vii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and
                we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit
                on feral hog.
                    (viii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during the
                scheduled hunt before hunters may remove them from the refuge.
                    (ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) on Sunday.
                    (x) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for
                loading and unloading purposes.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
                adjacent to the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow bank/beach saltwater fishing into estuarine waters
                only from legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
                    (c) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) and an additional refuge quota hunt permit for the quota
                hunts while hunting.
                    (ii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog with legal weapons
                during open season.
                    (iii) We require hunters to report all harvested game at the check
                station before leaving the refuge (see hunting brochure).
                    (iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal
                sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving downed waterfowl during
                waterfowl hunts.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road
                open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.
                    (vii) We prohibit entry into the designated hunt area by nonhunters
                during all quota deer-gun and waterfowl hunts.
                    (viii) We prohibit removal of live hogs from the refuge.
                    (ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (x) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
                normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid
                hunting license.
                    (xi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except
                by wheelchair-bound hunters with a refuge Special Use Permit (General
                Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).
                    (xii) We prohibit leaving vehicles, boats, trailers, or decoys on
                the refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (xiii) We prohibit the possession or use of any suppressors or
                silencers on any firearm.
                    (xiv) We prohibit the possession or use of any trail or game camera
                or leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.
                    (xv) We prohibit the possession or use of any night vision or
                thermal imaging equipment.
                    (xvi) We prohibit the possession or use of any electronic calls.
                    (xvii) We prohibit falconry.
                    (xviii) You may only place temporary blinds, blind material, and/or
                decoys on the day of the hunt, and you must remove them by 1:00 p.m. on
                that same day.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
                quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) through (iv),
                (vi), and (viii) through (xvii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge hunt
                permit (signed brochure) while hunting for upland game. The hunt
                brochure will serve as your hunt permit.
                    (iii) We require each small game hunter to wear at least 500 square
                inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer garment
                above the waist during small game hunts.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting for squirrel, rabbit,
                and quail.
                    (v) You may place tree stands and hunting blinds during upland game
                and big game hunts on the day prior to each upland game and big game
                hunt. You must remove tree stands and hunting blinds by 11 a.m. on the
                day after the hunt.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iv),
                (vi) through (ix), and (xi) through (xvii) and (c)(2)(v) of this
                section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of buckshot.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs during deer and feral hog hunts.
                    (iv) We require each deer and feral hog hunter to wear at least 500
                square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer
                garment above the waist during hunts.
                    (v) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
                normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid
                hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from March 1 to October 31, except on the
                Ocmulgee River, which is open to fishing year-round.
                    (ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing only from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) We only allow fishing with pole and line or rod and reel.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(xi) and (xii) of
                this section apply.
                    (v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
                fishing on the refuge.
                    (vi) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing
                permit (signed brochure) while fishing.
                    (vii) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
                normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
                fishing license.
                    (d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.20(d) for
                regulations.
                    (e) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                [[Page 30364]]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all
                hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it
                with them at all times when hunting.
                    (ii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge during the week
                preceding each hunt, but you must remove stands by the end of each hunt
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of Harris
                Neck Road, the refuge entrance drive, Visitor Contact Station/Office,
                Barbour River Landing, Barbour River Road, or Gould's Cemetery.
                    (iv) We require hunters to check-in and check-out each hunt day. We
                require personal identification to check-in and check-out.
                    (v) We require hunters to check all harvested game at the check
                station before leaving the refuge each day.
                    (vi) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and we
                will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit for
                feral hog.
                    (vii) During the gun hunt, we allow only shotguns (20 gauge or
                larger; slugs only), muzzleloaders, and bows as governed by State
                regulations.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
                adjacent to the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow bank fishing into estuarine waters only from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
                    (iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.
                    (f) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of rabbit, squirrel,
                and bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: We allow the use of dogs only to locate, point,
                and retrieve during quail hunts.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and white-tailed
                deer, and feral hog as incidental take, on designated areas subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) In the Pocket Unit:
                    (A) We only allow archery hunting and foot traffic.
                    (B) Hunters must sign in and out each hunt day and record harvest
                each day.
                    (ii) In the Suwannee Canal Recreation Area:
                    (A) We allow only shotguns or muzzleloaders.
                    (B) We require a refuge permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application,
                FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System)
                obtained through refuge lottery.
                    (C) Hunters must sign in and out each day and record harvest each
                day.
                    (D) You must tag your deer with special refuge tags.
                    (E) Harvest limit is two deer of either sex per day.
                    (F) We zone Chesser Island Hunt area to accommodate mobility-
                impaired and youth hunters. Only mobility-impaired hunters may use all-
                terrain vehicles (ATVs) and vehicles on firebreaks and unpaved roads.
                    (iii) In the Cowhouse Unit, State of Georgia's Dixon Memorial
                Wildlife Management Area rules, regulations, dates, and times apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit possession of live bait fish.
                    (ii) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel as
                methods of take.
                    (g) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer or turkey
                hunts.
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) while hunting.
                    (iii) We require a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) to
                hunt on the Hitchiti Experimental Forest.
                    (iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal
                sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (v) We allow hunting for raccoon and opossum from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.
                on the days listed as open in the refuge hunt brochure.
                    (vi) We only allow .22 caliber or smaller rimfire firearms for
                raccoon and opossum hunting.
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs on designated areas of the refuge
                for hunting quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum.
                    (viii) We prohibit possession or use of any suppressors or silencer
                on any firearms.
                    (ix) We prohibit possession or use of trail or game cameras or
                leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.
                    (x) We prohibit possession or use of any night vision or thermal
                imaging equipment.
                    (xi) We prohibit possession or use of any electronic calls.
                    (xii) We prohibit falconry.
                    (xiii) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
                and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a
                valid hunting license.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(2)(iii), (iv), and
                (viii) through (xi) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure), and possess and carry an additional refuge quota hunt permit
                (requires contact information only) for the quota hunts, while hunting.
                    (iii) We prohibit buckshot.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road
                open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.
                    (v) You must bring any deer, turkey, or hog you harvest to the
                refuge check station intact, except entrails, the day you kill them and
                before you leave the refuge. We prohibit possession of dressed deer,
                turkey, or hog unless you have checked them at the refuge check
                station.
                    (vi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except
                by wheelchair-bound hunters with a special use permit (General
                Activities--Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).
                    (vii) We prohibit dogs for hunting big game.
                    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (ix) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
                normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
                hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from March 15 to September 30.
                    (ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing from only legal
                sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) You may keep the following numbers of fish each day: Bass--5,
                channel catfish--5, sunfish or bream--15, and crappie--15.
                    (iv) We allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors on
                all ponds designated as open to fishing.
                [[Page 30365]]
                    (v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
                fishing on the refuge.
                    (vi) We allow fishing only with pole and line or rod and reel.
                    (vii) We prohibit leaving boats or other personal equipment on the
                refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of fish for bait and the possession of
                minnows.
                    (ix) We prohibit possession or take of grass carp. You must
                immediately release any grass carp caught.
                    (x) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing
                permit (signed brochure) while fishing.
                    (xi) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and
                normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid
                fishing license.
                    (h) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and mourning dove on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a signed
                refuge hunt permit (requires contact information only).
                    (ii) To participate in the quota youth waterfowl hunt, youth
                hunters must submit the Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439,
                Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (iii) You may take feral hog and coyote during all refuge hunts
                (migratory bird, upland, and big game) with weapons authorized and
                legal for those hunts.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) You may not hunt on or within 100 yards (90 meters) of public
                roads, refuge facilities, roads and trails, and railroad rights-of-way,
                or in closed areas.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, feral hog, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) To participate in the quota gun hunt for wheelchair-dependent
                hunters, hunters must submit the Quota Deer Hunt Application (FWS Form
                3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). To
                participate in the quota youth turkey hunt and learn weekend, youth
                hunters must submit the Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-
                2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (iii) You may only use bows, as governed by State regulations, for
                deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting during the archery hunt for these
                species.
                    (iv) You may only use shotguns (20 gauge or larger, slugs only),
                centerfire rifles, centerfire pistols, muzzleloaders, and bows, as
                governed by State regulations, for deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting
                during the firearm hunts for these species.
                    (v) Hunters may take as many as five deer (no more than two
                antlered). There is no bag limit on feral hog or coyote.
                    (vi) We allow only shotguns with approved nontoxic #2 shot or
                smaller, and bows, as governed by State regulations, for turkey
                hunting. We prohibit the use of slugs or buckshot for turkey hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may fish in refuge impoundments and canals from March 1
                through November 30 annually.
                    (ii) Anglers may fish in Kingfisher Pond and all tidal creeks year-
                round.
                    (iii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iv) Anglers may bank fish year-round throughout the refuge, unless
                otherwise posted.
                    (v) Anglers may only use nonmotorized boats and boats with electric
                motors within impounded waters.
                    (i) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge hunt permit for all hunters age 16 and
                older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it with them at all times
                when hunting.
                    (ii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during scheduled
                hunts before hunters leave the refuge.
                    (iii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and
                we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit
                on feral hog.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of buckshot.
                    (v) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for
                loading or unloading purposes.
                    (vi) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up
                camp. We require personal identification at check-in.
                    (vii) We allow only hunters to camp at the designated camping area
                while participating in refuge hunts.
                    (viii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier
                than 1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but you must remove
                all stands by the end of each hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) the day
                following the last day of the hunt.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters
                adjacent to the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow bank/beach fishing into estuarine waters only from
                legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.
                    (iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.
                    (j) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions: We allow saltwater
                fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.
                Sec.  32.30  Hawaii.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (b) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (c) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                Sec.  32.31   Idaho.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow boats, except air thrust boats, after September 20
                within the designated refuge hunting areas, for the purposes of
                hunting.
                [[Page 30366]]
                    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
                of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a
                first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds,
                decoys, boats, and other personal property from the refuge at the end
                of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse,
                partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit use and
                possession of lead weights or sinkers.
                    (b) Camas National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to access the refuge 1 hour before legal
                shooting time.
                    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
                of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a
                first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds,
                decoys, and other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse, and
                partridge on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common snipe, and dove
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters in the South Side Recreation Area may use float tubes,
                nonmotorized boats, or boats equipped with electric motors within 200
                yards (180 meters) of the shoreline. We prohibit the use or possession
                of gas-powered motors.
                    (ii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, other personal
                property, and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind
                construction at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge 1 hour before official shooting
                hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise), and remain on the refuge until
                1 hour after official shooting hours (legal sunset).
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, and
                partridge on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iv) of this
                section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must obtain a refuge-specific hunting permit (signed
                brochure) to hunt deer on the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must sign and
                carry the permit in the field while hunting.
                    (ii) Hunters may place up to two portable deer stands in the Lake
                Lowell Unit. Hunters must place stands/platforms by hand. Hunters may
                place stands/platforms on the refuge no earlier than the beginning date
                of the assigned hunt permit and must remove them no later than the
                ending date of the hunt permit. Each stand must display the hunter's
                hunting license number so that it is legible from the ground.
                    (iii) In the Lake Lowell Unit, you may only shoot deer while
                hunting from an elevated tree stand/platform. We prohibit ground
                stalking and/or still hunting from the ground. We prohibit shooting a
                firearm or bow while on the ground, except to kill a downed deer.
                    (iv) While hunting from a tree stand, you must use a fall-arrest
                system/full body harness meeting Treestand Manufacturer's Association
                standards.
                    (v) Hunters may enter the Lake Lowell Unit no earlier than 2 hours
                before official shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise) and
                must leave the area within 2 hours after official shooting hours (\1/2\
                hour after legal sunset). Successful hunters may extend their departure
                time only as long as is necessary to retrieve dead deer.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) From October 1 through April 14, we only allow ice fishing
                within 200 yards (180 meters) of the shoreline in front of both the
                Lower Dam (Fishing Area A) and the Upper Dam (Fishing Area B) on the
                Lake Lowell Unit, unless otherwise posted by the Bureau of Reclamation.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from nonmotorized boats in designated areas
                of the Lake Lowell Unit from October 1 through April 14, from \1/2\
                hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) From February 1 through June 30, we prohibit fishing from all
                islands in the Snake River Islands Unit.
                    (d) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come,
                first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds, decoys, boats, and
                other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated
                hunting areas.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iii) We prohibit the discharge of firearms in posted retrieval
                zones and areas closed to hunting.
                    (iv) Hunters may access the waterfowl hunt area no earlier than 3
                a.m. and must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of forest grouse and wild
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) while in the field.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting forest grouse and for
                turkey during the fall hunt.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, black bear,
                moose, and mountain lion on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of deer at the designated accessible blind for
                hunters with disabilities subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) You must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from
                the refuge manager to use the accessible blind.
                    (B) We only allow deer hunting at the accessible blind using the
                following weapons: Muzzleloader, archery equipment, crossbow, shotgun,
                or handgun. For shotguns, you may only use slugs. For handguns, you may
                only use straight-walled cartridges not originally established for
                rifles.
                    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic ammunition for hunting
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow bank fishing
                only.
                    (f) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                [[Page 30367]]
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated
                hunting areas.
                    (ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds
                of dead natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on
                a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds at
                the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We
                prohibit use of rock piles above the high-water mark for blind
                construction.
                    (iii) On West Hunting Area (Lake Walcott), we allow hunting on the
                uplands and over water within 100 yards (90 meters) of the shoreline.
                We allow use of boats only for retrieval of game.
                    (iv) On East Hunting Area (Tule Island), we allow boats during the
                waterfowl hunting season.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse,
                partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk (archery only) on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Elk
                hunters may enter the hunt area from 1 and \1/2\ hours before legal
                hunting time to 1 and \1/2\ hours after legal hunting time.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                Sec.  32.32   Illinois.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove boats,
                decoys, blinds, and blind materials at the end of each day's hunt (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge from legal sunrise to legal sunset subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing on Lake Chautauqua from February 1 through
                October 15. We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during
                the waterfowl hunting season.
                    (ii) We allow bank fishing year-round between the boat ramp and the
                fishing trail in the North Pool and from Goofy Ridge Public Access to
                the west gate of the North Pool water control structure.
                    (b) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, dove, snipe,
                rail, and crow on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge hunt brochure permit (signed brochure). You
                must carry this signed permit when hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of all
                designated public use facilities, including, but not limited to,
                parking areas, picnic areas, campgrounds, marinas, boat ramps, public
                roads, and established hiking trails listed in the refuge trails
                brochure.
                    (iii) Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind
                materials, stands, platforms, and other personal equipment brought onto
                the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Waterfowl hunting blinds must be a minimum of 200 yards (180
                m) apart. Hunters must anchor boat blinds on the shore or anchor them a
                minimum of 200 yards (180 m) away from any shoreline.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (vi) We allow waterfowl hunting in the controlled waterfowl hunting
                area during the Canada goose season subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (A) Waterfowl hunters must attend a special drawing on the day of
                the hunt.
                    (B) We allow hunting \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to posted
                closing times.
                    (C) Hunters must hunt from assigned refuge blinds or markers. We
                allow water blind hunters to hunt from a boat immediately adjacent to
                their blind/marker.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, grey fox, bobcat, woodchuck,
                striped skunk, pheasant, partridge, and coyote on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (v) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunters using rifles or handguns with ammunition
                larger than .22 caliber rimfire, except they may use black powder
                firearms up to and including .40 caliber.
                    (iii) We allow the use of .22 and .17 caliber rimfire lead
                ammunition for the taking of small game and furbearers during open
                season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (b)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We require all deer and turkey hunters using the restricted
                use area to check-in at the refuge visitor center prior to hunting.
                    (iii) For hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot
                shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild
                turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of handguns for the taking of deer in the
                restricted use area.
                    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vi) We allow only deer hunting and only with archery equipment in
                the following areas:
                    (A) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area;
                    (B) On all refuge lands north of Illinois State Route 13; and
                    (C) In the area north of the Crab Orchard Lake emergency spillway
                and west of Crab Orchard Lake.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) On Crab Orchard Lake west of Wolf Creek Road:
                    (A) Anglers may fish from boats all year.
                    (B) Anglers must remove all trotlines/jugs from legal sunrise until
                legal sunset from the Friday immediately prior to Memorial Day through
                Labor Day.
                    (ii) On Crab Orchard Lake east of Wolf Creek Road:
                    (A) Anglers may fish from boats March 15 through September 30.
                    (B) Anglers may fish all year at the Wolf Creek and Route 148
                causeways.
                    (iii) On A-41, Bluegill, Managers, Honkers, and Visitors Ponds:
                    (A) Anglers may fish only from legal sunrise to legal sunset from
                March 15 through September 30.
                    (B) We prohibit anglers from using boats or flotation devices.
                    (iv) Trotlines/jugs:
                    (A) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs on all refuge waters
                outside of Crab Orchard Lake.
                    (B) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs with any flotation device
                that has previously contained any petroleum-based material or toxic
                substances.
                    (C) Anglers must attach a buoyed device that is visible on the
                water's surface to all trotlines.
                [[Page 30368]]
                    (v) Anglers may use all legal noncommercial fishing methods, except
                they may not use any underwater breathing apparatus.
                    (vi) Anglers may not submerge any poles or similar objects to take
                or locate any fish.
                    (vii) Organizers of all fishing events must possess a Special Use
                Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G or FWS Form 3-1383-C).
                    (viii) We prohibit anglers from fishing within 250 yards (225 m) of
                an occupied waterfowl hunting blind.
                    (ix) Specific creel and size limits apply on various refuge waters
                as listed in the Crab Orchard fishing brochure and the annual Illinois
                fishing digest.
                    (c) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, rail, dove,
                crow, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials,
                stands, and platforms (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter)
                brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.
                    (ii) We prohibit outboard motors larger than 10 horsepower.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, gray fox, bobcat, striped
                skunk, woodchuck, turkey, pheasant, Hungarian partridge, and coyote on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section
                apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic
                shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting
                wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) Anglers must remove all boats and fishing equipment (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's
                fishing activity.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, jugs, yo-yos, nets, or any
                commercial fishing equipment except in areas where State regulations
                authorize commercial tackle.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of more than two poles per angler and more
                than two hooks or lures per pole.
                    (v) We prohibit possession of bass smaller than 15 inches (37.5
                centimeters) in length from refuge ponds.
                    (vi) We prohibit possession of more than six channel catfish from
                refuge ponds.
                    (d) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
                brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow access for hunting from 1 hour before legal shooting
                time (as governed by State regulations for the species in question)
                until 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition
                set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic
                shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting
                wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the year on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during the
                waterfowl hunting season.
                    (e) Great River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: On the Long Island
                Division, we allow hunting only from blinds constructed on sites posted
                by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of small game,
                furbearers, and game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We open the refuge divisions for upland game hunting from \1/2\
                hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) On the Cherry Box and Hickory Creek Units, we allow hunting
                with shotgun only during the Statewide upland game season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ii) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
                January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-
                generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the
                stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.
                    (iii) On the Fox Island and Slim Island Divisions, and the Cherry
                Box and Hickory Creek Units, we only allow archery deer hunting.
                    (iv) On the Delair Division, we only allow deer hunting during
                special managed hunts. You must possess and carry a refuge permit (hunt
                letter) when hunting during special managed hunts.
                    (v) On the Fox Island Division, Cherry Box Unit, and Hickory Creek
                Unit, we allow turkey hunting during the State spring season, youth
                season, and fall archery season.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog,
                leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                    (ii) On the Fox Island Division, we only allow bank fishing along
                any portion of the Fox River from January 1 through October 15.
                    (f) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of
                only portable or temporary blinds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the
                [[Page 30369]]
                following condition: We allow the use of only portable or temporary
                blinds.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: For wild turkey
                hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in
                the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit the taking
                of turtle and frog (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (g) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: For
                hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in
                the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow sport fishing on all areas open to public access from
                legal sunrise to legal sunset from February 1 to October 15.
                    (ii) We allow access to Meredosia Lake from the boat ramp and allow
                foot access on refuge land along the east side of the Meredosia Lake in
                Morgan County from legal sunrise to legal sunset throughout the year.
                    (i) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:
                You must remove boats, blinds, blind materials, stands, decoys, and
                other hunting equipment from the refuge at the end of each day (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
                bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iii) We prohibit placing temporary tree stands in dead or dying
                trees.
                    (iv) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
                January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-
                generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the
                stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog,
                leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) You must remove all fishing devices at the end of each day's
                fishing activity (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (j) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.34(f)
                for regulations.
                    (k) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove
                boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials brought onto the refuge at
                the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting for wild
                turkey, small game, furbearers, and nonmigratory game birds on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We restrict turkey hunting to archery only in the fall and
                shotgun or archery in the spring.
                    (iii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove all portable hunting stands and blinds from
                the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We restrict white-tailed deer hunting on the Clarksville
                Island Division to archery only.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at
                the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (l) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                Refer to Sec.  32.42(r) for regulations.
                Sec.  32.33   Indiana.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a
                refuge hunt permit.
                    (ii) Hunters must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting only during the squirrel
                hunting season in the day use area, provided the dog is under the
                immediate control of the hunter at all times. You must ensure that all
                hunting dogs wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
                    (iv) You must hunt only in assigned areas. We prohibit trespass
                into an unassigned hunt area.
                    (v) We require that all hunters check all harvested game taken on
                the refuge at the refuge check station.
                    (vi) We require all refuge hunters to hunt with a partner. We
                require hunting partners to know the location of their partner while
                hunting. An adult, age 18 or older, must directly supervise youth
                hunters age 17 and younger.
                    (vii) Hunters must possess and carry a compass while hunting on the
                refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(2)(i), (ii), and
                (iv) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (iii) We allow the use of portable hunting stands and blinds.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on the Old Timbers Lake subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a
                refuge access permit.
                    (ii) Anglers must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.
                    (iii) We allow fishing only with a rod and reel or pole and line.
                [[Page 30370]]
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of trotlines.
                    (v) We prohibit retaining black bass, largemouth bass, smallmouth
                bass, and spotted bass between 12 and 15 inches (30 and 37.5
                centimeters).
                    (b) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, and
                rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a firearm within 100
                yards (30 meters) of any dwelling or any other building that people,
                pets, or livestock may occupy.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting rabbit, quail, and
                squirrel, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter
                at all times.
                    (iii) We allow only shotguns for upland game hunting.
                    (iv) We require hunters to sign and carry the current hunting
                brochure while hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (iii) We prohibit firearms deer hunting during the State firearms
                season.
                    (iv) You may take only two deer per day from the refuge, only one
                of which may be an antlered buck.
                    (v) We allow only spring turkey hunting on the refuge, and hunters
                must possess a State-issued hunting permit during the first 6 days of
                the season.
                    (vi) We close archery deer hunting during the State muzzleloader
                season.
                    (vii) Turkey hunting ends at 1 p.m. each day.
                    (viii) We prohibit the possession of game trail cameras on the
                refuge.
                    (ix) We require you to remove arrows from crossbows during
                transport in a vehicle.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of belly boats or float tubes in all
                designated fishing areas.
                    (ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line.
                    (iii) We prohibit harvest of frog and turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of lead fishing tackle.
                    (v) We allow only youth age 15 and younger to fish in the Discovery
                Pond.
                    (c) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
                on designated areas of the refuge and the White River Wildlife
                Management Area subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
                after each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a weapon within 150
                yards (137 meters) of any dwelling or any building that may be occupied
                by people, pets, or livestock.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of bobwhite quail,
                cottontail rabbit, squirrel (gray and fox), red and gray fox, coyote,
                opossum, and raccoon subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
                the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shells when hunting wild
                turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may only hunt white-tailed deer
                during the first week (7 days) of the following seasons, as governed by
                the State: Archery, firearms, and muzzleloader.
                    (iii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may leave portable tree stands
                overnight only when the unit is open to hunting and for a 2-day grace
                period before and after the special season.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel, pole and line, bow
                and arrow, or crossbow.
                    (iii) The minimum size limit for largemouth bass on Snakey Point
                Marsh and on the Columbia Mine Unit is 14 inches (35.6 centimeters).
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (v) You must remove boats at the end of each day's fishing activity
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                Sec.  32.34   Iowa.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow youth hunting of ring-necked
                pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: The refuge will annually determine hunting seasons, dates,
                and designated areas, and publish them in the refuge brochure.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The refuge manager will annually determine and publish hunting
                seasons and dates, and will include them in the refuge access permit
                (signed brochure).
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit (signed
                brochure) at all times while in the hunting area. Hunters may enter the
                hunting areas only within the dates listed on the refuge access permit
                (signed brochure).
                    (iii) Hunters with a valid Iowa or Nebraska resident hunting permit
                may access all areas open to hunting. Reciprocity exists, with both
                States allowing hunters with either resident permit to access refuge
                hunting land in either State.
                    (iv) Hunters holding nonresident Nebraska or nonresident Iowa
                permits may hunt only on the ground that lies within the State that
                issued the nonresident permit.
                    (v) We allow hunters in the designated area from 2 hours before
                legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of a crossbow as archery equipment unless
                the hunter has obtained a State-issued disability crossbow permit.
                    (vii) All hunters must be in possession of a valid entrance fee
                permit.
                    (viii) Hunters must remove hunting blinds or stands and other
                property by the close of the season (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (ix) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road open to
                vehicle traffic within 30 feet (9 meters (m)) of the centerline.
                    (x) We prohibit field dressing of any big game within 100 feet (30
                m) of the centerline of any refuge road.
                    (xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to
                [[Page 30371]]
                move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
                planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.
                    (xii) We allow two portable tree stands/blinds per hunter within
                the hunt area. Of those, only one stand/blind can be left on the refuge
                from 1 week prior to the start of the designated hunt season to 1 week
                after the end of the designated hunt season.
                    (xiii) Unattended stands and blinds must be plainly labeled with
                the full name and/or hunting license number of the owner. Labels must
                be visible from ground level.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow ice fishing in DeSoto Lake from January 2 through the
                end of February.
                    (ii) We allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel fishing in
                DeSoto Lake from April 15 through October 14.
                    (iii) We allow the use of archery and spear fishing for nongame
                fish only from April 15 through October 14.
                    (iv) When the lake is open to ice fishing, we prohibit motor- or
                wind-driven conveyances on the lake.
                    (v) We allow the use of portable ice fishing shelters on a daily
                basis from January 2 through the end of February.
                    (vi) Anglers may use no more than two lines and two hooks per line,
                including ice fishing.
                    (vii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, float lines, bank lines, or
                setlines.
                    (viii) Anglers must adhere to minimum length and creel limits as
                posted.
                    (ix) We prohibit anglers leaving any personal property, litter,
                fish, or fish parts on the banks, in the water, or on the ice (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (x) We prohibit digging or seining for bait.
                    (xi) We prohibit take or possession of turtle or frog at any time
                (see Sec. Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (xii) We allow anglers on the refuge from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (b) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In
                areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1 until the
                close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever occurs first.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1
                until the close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever
                occurs first.
                    (ii) We allow only archery and muzzleloader hunting.
                    (iii) We allow deer drives only during lawful party hunting
                conducted within the refuge, as governed by State regulations. We
                prohibit driving deer from or through the refuge to any persons hunting
                outside the refuge boundary.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Iowa Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit leaving boats, decoys, or other personal property
                unattended at any time. You must remove all personal property, which
                includes boats, decoys, and blinds, brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district subject to the following condition: The conditions set
                forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
                district and subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic
                shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ii) You may leave tree stands in an area for a continuous period
                of time beginning 7 days prior to the open season for hunting deer and
                ending 7 days after the final day of that season. You must clearly mark
                the stand with your Iowa hunting license number.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) You must remove all ice fishing shelters and other personal
                property at the end of each day's fishing (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (d) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit all hunting February 1 through August 31 due to
                conflicts with existing appropriate and compatible uses.
                    (ii) We allow entry into the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
                require hunters to leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road within 50
                feet (15 meters) from the centerline.
                    (iv) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (free brochure
                available at the refuge visitor center).
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
                bobwhite quail, pigeon, mourning dove, crow, cottontail rabbit, gray
                and fox squirrel, and fall wild turkey on designated areas of the
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) You may only possess approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) when turkey hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge and subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow the use of portable stands and blinds for hunting,
                and hunters must remove them at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose,
                merganser, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock, snipe, and
                dove (mourning and Eurasian collared) on designated areas subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) For units adjacent to and managed by Neal Smith National
                Wildlife Refuge, you must follow the refuge-specific regulations
                provided in this paragraph (e).
                    (ii) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, portable or temporary
                blinds, materials brought onto the refuge, and other personal property
                at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter). Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting
                furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the
                hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, ring-
                necked
                [[Page 30372]]
                pheasant, bobwhite quail, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit, squirrel
                (fox and gray), groundhog, raccoon, opossum, fox (red and gray),
                coyote, badger, striped skunk, and crow on designated areas subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) Shotgun hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot when
                hunting turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of deer on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of temporary stands, blinds, platforms, or
                ladders.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
                feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
                big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (iii) For all counties with the exception of Jasper, you may leave
                tree stands in an area for a continuous period of time beginning 7 days
                prior to the open season for hunting deer and ending 7 days after the
                final day of that season. You must clearly mark the stand with your
                Iowa hunting license number.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (f) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove
                boats, decoys, and portable blinds at the end of each day (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)). We allow shotgun slug or
                muzzleloading rifle for hunting coyotes.
                    (ii) We allow only squirrel hunting on the Keithsburg Division from
                the beginning of the State season through September 15.
                    (iii) We allow hunting on the Horseshoe Bend Division from
                September 1 through September 15, and from December 1 through February
                28. We allow spring turkey hunting.
                    (iv) We allow hunting on the Big Timber Division from September 1
                through February 28. We allow spring turkey hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow the use of only portable stands, and you must remove them at the
                end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at
                the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (g) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, rail (Virginia and sora
                only), woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
                until 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow boats or other floating devices. We allow electric
                motors only. We prohibit the use of gasoline motors. You may not leave
                boats unattended.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (iv) We prohibit entry into any closed area to retrieve downed
                game, unless the hunter has received written permission from the refuge
                manager.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting on road rights-of-way on any portion of the
                refuge not open to hunting. The road right-of-way extends to the center
                of the road.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, gray
                partridge, cottontail rabbit, squirrel (fox and gray), groundhog,
                raccoon, opossum, fox, coyote, and crow on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit possession of shotgun slugs.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and
                (v) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and (v)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
                freestanding elevated platforms to be left on the refuge from 7 days
                prior to the first deer hunting season; you must remove them prior to 7
                days following the last deer hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter). Turkey hunters must remove blinds and stands each day (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) You must label portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
                freestanding elevated platforms that are left unattended with your
                hunting license number. The label must be legible from the ground.
                    (iv) You must remove any other personal property brought onto the
                refuge at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter).
                    (v) We allow deer hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (vi) Deer hunters may possess only shot shells that shoot a single
                projectile (i.e., slugs).
                    (vii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from boats on the Buffalo Creek Bottoms;
                however, we prohibit the use of gasoline motors.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use or possession of lead terminal tackle.
                    (h) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.
                Refer to Sec.  32.42(r) for regulations.
                Sec.  32.35   Kansas.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, rail, woodcock,
                crow, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) when hunting.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting from or over roads and parking areas.
                    (iii) You may leave temporary blinds (other than portable blinds)
                constructed of natural vegetation found on site overnight (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30373]]
                    (iv) We allow crow hunting on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and pistols for
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (B) We close hunting areas on the north side of the Neosho River to
                all hunting from November 1 through March 1.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
                prairie chicken, rabbit, and squirrel on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
                paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(iv)(A) and (B) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We only allow shotguns, muzzleloading firearms (see Sec.  27.42
                of this chapter), and archery equipment for deer hunting.
                    (ii) We do not open for deer hunting during the extended white-
                tailed deer antlerless season in January.
                    (iii) We require the use of approved nontoxic shot for turkey
                hunting (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and
                (a)(1)(iv)(A) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We close areas on the north side of the Neosho River to all
                fishing from November 1 through March 1, except for the Dove Roost Pond
                and the Upper Burgess Marsh.
                    (ii) We prohibit the take of reptiles and amphibians (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (b) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, mourning
                dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary blind.
                    (ii) You may use portable hunting blinds.
                    (iii) In Bow Creek, we allow waterfowl hunting only by boat. You
                may not create a wake while in Bow Creek.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
                prairie chicken, fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only possess bow and arrow or shotguns no larger than
                10 gauge on the refuge.
                    (ii) During pheasant season, we allow hunting of only pheasant, fox
                squirrel, and cottontail rabbit.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow archery hunting of deer.
                    (ii) You must obtain a refuge-issued permit (FWS Form 3-2405, Self-
                Clearing Check-in/out Permit) to hunt deer on the refuge.
                    (iii) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary
                blind.
                    (iv) We prohibit retrieving deer or turkey from an area closed to
                deer or turkey hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas on
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow access to Kirwin Reservoir by foot for bank or ice
                fishing.
                    (ii) We allow noncommercial collection of bait fish as governed by
                State regulations.
                    (iii) We prohibit fishing tournaments on the refuge.
                    (c) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, rail, snipe,
                woodcock, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) when hunting.
                    (ii) We prohibit discharge of firearms within 150 yards (135
                meters) of any residence or occupied building.
                    (iii) We allow only temporary portable blinds and blinds made from
                natural vegetation.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit,
                squirrel, and upland birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit centerfire and rimfire rifles and pistols.
                    (iii) You may possess only bow and arrow or shotguns smaller than
                10 gauge while hunting upland game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (iii) and (c)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit to hunt deer
                and spring turkey.
                    (iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for turkey
                hunting (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (d) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, Virginia and Sora rail,
                mourning dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We open refuge hunting areas from September 1 through February
                28.
                    (ii) The refuge is open from 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to
                1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. Hunters must remove all decoys within
                1 hour following the end of legal shooting time (legal sunset).
                    (iii) We prohibit the retrieval of game from areas closed to
                hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
                squirrel, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow shotguns for hunting on the refuge.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on all waters on the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit taking of frog, snake, or any other wildlife (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines and setlines.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of seines for taking bait.
                    (iv) We prohibit fishing from water control structures and bridges.
                    (v) We restrict fishing in the designated ``Kid's Pond,''
                approximately \1/4\ mile (.4 kilometers) west-southwest of
                headquarters, to youth age 14 and younger, and to a parent and/or
                guardian age 18 or older accompanying a youth.
                    (vi) The bag limit for the Kid's Pond is one fish per day.
                    (vii) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                Sec.  32.36   Kentucky.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, woodcock, common snipe,
                Canada and snow goose, coot, crow, and
                [[Page 30374]]
                waterfowl listed at 50 CFR 10.13(c)(1) under DUCK on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Except for raccoon, opossum, and bullfrog hunting, access to
                the refuge is from 2 hours before legal sunrise to 2 hours after legal
                sunset.
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunting/fishing
                permit (signed brochure) while hunting and/or fishing on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit discharge of firearms on or within 200 feet (90
                meters) of any home, the abandoned railroad tracks, graveled roads, and
                hiking trails.
                    (iv) We allow trail cameras. Trail cameras must have the owner's
                State hunting license number clearly displayed or we may confiscate
                them.
                    (v) An adult age 21 or older must supervise all youth hunters age
                15 and younger. Youth hunters must remain in sight of and normal voice
                contact with the adult. On small game hunts, the adult may supervise no
                more than two youths; on big game hunts, the adult may supervise no
                more than one youth.
                    (vi) All persons born after January 1, 1975, must possess a valid
                hunter education card while hunting.
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl, small game, and fall
                turkey hunting. Dog owners/handlers must have a collar on each dog with
                the owner's contact information.
                    (viii) We allow waterfowl hunting from legal shooting time until 12
                p.m. (noon).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
                paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We close squirrel, rabbit, crow, woodcock, snipe, dove, and
                quail seasons during muzzleloader and modern gun deer hunts.
                    (iii) We allow the use of only portable and climbing stands. You
                may place stands in the field no earlier than 2 weeks prior to the
                opening of deer season, and you must remove them from the field within
                1 week after the season closes (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter). The hunter's State hunting license number must appear on all
                stands left in the field.
                    (iv) You must use safety belts at all times when occupying the tree
                stands.
                    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vi) Ground blinds used for the purpose of hunting any species
                during the deer modern gun, muzzleloader, and youth firearms seasons
                must display 1 square foot (144 square inches) of solid, unbroken,
                hunter orange visible from all sides. You must remove ground blinds
                when not in use.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) The following conditions apply to the Environmental Education
                and Recreation Area (EERA):
                    (A) The EERA is a day-use area only.
                    (B) We only allow one rod and reel or pole and line for fishing per
                person.
                    (C) We prohibit the use of live fish for bait.
                    (D) We allow the taking of largemouth bass, channel catfish, and
                bluegill in accordance with posted limits.
                    (E) We prohibit the hunting or harvesting of frog.
                    (b) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.
                32.67(b) for regulations.
                    (c) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.61(f) for
                regulations.
                Sec.  32.37   Louisiana.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may hunt only as governed by State-issued Sherburne
                Wildlife Management Area regulations.
                    (ii) Feral hogs are incidental take species. You may take feral hog
                during any open hunting season, only with the weapon allowed for that
                season, and only if you are a hunter with proper licenses and State
                permits for that season. There is no bag limit on feral hog.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
                apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, white-tailed
                deer, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i)
                and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational finfishing and
                shellfishing year-round as governed by Sherburne Wildlife Management
                Area regulations.
                    (b) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
                purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). You must sign
                the permit, certifying that you understand and will comply with all
                regulations. You must carry this permit at all times while on the
                refuge.
                    (ii) We allow migratory game bird hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays,
                and Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season. We do not
                open for the special teal season or the State youth waterfowl hunt.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of the
                maintained rights-of-way of roads, refuge roads or designated trails,
                buildings, residences, or designated public facilities.
                    (iv) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and
                decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (vi) We prohibit any person or group to act as a hunting guide,
                outfitter, or in any other capacity that any other individual(s) pays
                or promises to pay directly or indirectly for services rendered to any
                other person or persons hunting on the refuge, regardless of whether
                the payment is for guiding, outfitting, lodging, or club membership.
                    (vii) We prohibit use or possession of any type of trail-marking
                material.
                    (viii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
                nutria, and coyote when hunting migratory birds, upland game, or big
                game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.
                    (ix) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility vehicles as
                governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations and size
                specifications on designated trails (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter)
                from scouting season until February 28.
                [[Page 30375]]
                    (x) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
                the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset, except that raccoon and
                opossum hunters during the month of February may use the refuge at
                night.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
                seasons.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and
                (vi) through (x) of this section apply.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit during
                that portion of the season designated as small game with dogs.
                    (iv) While engaged in upland game hunting, we prohibit possession
                of hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter) larger than .22
                caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, or buckshot.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and
                (vi) through (x) of this section apply.
                    (ii) The bag limit is one deer per day. The State tagging
                regulations apply.
                    (iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting
                deer on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)). The requirement in this
                paragraph (b)(3)(iii) only applies to the use of shotgun ammunition.
                    (iv) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
                centimeters) of unbroken hunter orange as the outermost layer of
                clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken hunter
                orange. You must wear the solid-hunter-orange items while in the field.
                    (v) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
                season dates. You must remove stands by 2 days after the hunting season
                closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark your State
                license number on your stand. You are allowed one portable stand or
                blind on the refuge.
                    (vi) You must check all deer taken on the refuge before leaving the
                refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the map
                in the refuge hunting and fishing regulations brochure.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(x) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow fishing only during daylight hours.
                    (iv) The refuge boat ramp is open for daylight use only, except
                during specified hunting seasons when the ramp is open from 4 a.m.
                until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (v) We prohibit wire traps, slat traps, wire nets, hoop nets,
                trotlines, yo-yos, and jug lines on the refuge.
                    (c) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only youth to hunt waterfowl and coot. An adult age 21
                or older must supervise youth hunters during hunts. Youth hunter age
                and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations.
                The youth must be capable of and must actively participate in such hunt
                by the possession and/or firing of a legal weapon during such hunt for
                the express purpose of harvesting game.
                    (ii) Each adult may supervise no more than two youths, and no more
                than one adult may supervise each youth during the course of any hunt.
                Youth must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is
                supervising them. Adults accompanying youth on refuge hunts may
                participate by hunting but may not harvest more than their own daily
                bag limit. Youth must harvest their own bag limits.
                    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays,
                Saturdays, and Sundays from 30 minutes before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon). We will close the refuge to waterfowl and coot hunting
                during any segment of goose season that extends beyond the regular duck
                season.
                    (iv) Hunters may not enter the refuge prior to 4 a.m. on the day of
                the hunt and must exit the refuge with all equipment and materials (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) no later than 1 p.m.
                    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
                (signed brochure).
                    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 500 feet (150 meters (m)) of any
                residence or structure adjacent to the refuge, and we prohibit hunting
                within 200 feet (60 m) of any road, railroad, levee, water control
                structure, designated public use trail, designated parking area, or
                other designated public use facility.
                    (viii) Hunters may use air-cooled propulsion engines to traverse
                the refuge through the Intracoastal Waterway and the Irish Bayou
                Straight Canal.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow finfishing and shellfishing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow sport fishing and shellfishing year-round on
                designated areas of the refuge and only after 12 p.m. on portions of
                the refuge outside of the Hurricane Protection Levee from November 1
                through January 31 and during the State teal season. We close the
                remainder of the refuge from November 1 through January 31.
                    (ii) We only allow sport fishing with hand-held rod and reel or
                hand-held rod and line. You may take bait shrimp with cast nets 8 feet
                (2.4 m) in diameter or less. You may take crawfish (up to 100 pounds
                (45 kilograms) per person) with wire nets up to 20 inches (50
                centimeters) in diameter. We allow recreational crabbing with a limit
                of 12 dozen per person. You must attend all fishing, crabbing, and
                crawfishing equipment at all times.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, gar
                sets, nets, and alligator lines on the refuge.
                    (iv) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(viii) of this
                section applies.
                    (d) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds and waterfowl on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt permit (signed
                brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see Sec.  27.42
                of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or
                structure adjacent to the refuge, from the centerline of any road,
                railroad, designated public use maintained trail, designated parking
                area, or other designated public use facility.
                    (iii) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during
                all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are
                governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths
                during small game and migratory game bird hunts but may supervise only
                one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain within normal
                voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adult guardians are
                responsible for ensuring that youth hunters do not violate refuge
                rules.
                    (iv) We require waterfowl hunters to remove all portable blinds,
                boats, decoys, and other personal equipment from the refuge by 1 p.m.
                each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30376]]
                    (v) All hunters must check-in prior to hunting and check out after
                hunting at a refuge self-clearing check station. You must report all
                game taken on the refuge when checking out by using the check card.
                    (vi) We allow hunting until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter
                the refuge after 4 a.m.
                    (vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (viii) We allow the use of reflective tacks.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow hunting from the start of the State squirrel and
                rabbit seasons until the last day of State waterfowl season in the
                Coastal Zone, except that the Centerville Unit will be open until the
                last day of the State waterfowl season in the East Zone.
                    (ii) We prohibit upland game hunting on days corresponding with
                refuge deer gun hunts.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave the
                refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through
                (iii), (v), and (viii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of deer only with firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of
                this chapter) during 5 specific days during October and November. A
                youth gun hunt will occur during the last weekend of October. The
                general gun hunt will occur during the final full weekend in November.
                The youth gun hunt includes both Saturday and Sunday. The general gun
                hunt includes the Friday immediately before the weekend.
                    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting from the start of the State
                archery season until January 31, except the Centerville Unit is open
                until February 15. Hunters may take deer of either sex as governed by
                State-approved archery equipment and regulations. We close refuge
                archery hunting on those days that the refuge deer gun hunts occur.
                    (iii) We do not allow hunting within 500 feet (152.4 meters) of the
                Garden City parking area and boardwalk.
                    (iv) We allow each hunter to possess only one deer per day; the
                deer may be a buck or a doe. State season limits apply.
                    (v) You may take feral hogs only as incidental take with archery
                equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.
                    (vi) Hunters may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may erect
                deer stands 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them
                from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge.
                Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly
                printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting
                position when not in use.
                    (vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through
                (iii), (v), and (viii) and (d)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (ix) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters
                subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of unattended
                nets, traps, or lines (trot, jug, bush, etc.).
                    (e) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, goose, snipe, rail,
                gallinule, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
                and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon),
                including during the State special teal season and State youth
                waterfowl hunt.
                    (ii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that
                extends beyond the regular duck season.
                    (iii) We allow only temporary blinds, and hunters must remove
                blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
                (signed brochure).
                    (v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
                and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
                requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
                two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts, but is
                only allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must
                remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising
                them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters
                do not violate refuge rules.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see Sec.  27.42
                of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or
                structure adjacent to the refuge, and from the centerline of any road,
                railroad, designated public use maintained trail, designated parking
                area, or other designated public use facility.
                    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
                refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (viii) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the
                refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and
                quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) When hunting, you must possess only shot size 4 or smaller, or
                0.22 caliber rim-fire rifles or smaller.
                    (ii) When hunting squirrel and rabbit, we allow the use of dogs
                only after the close of the State archery deer season. When hunting
                quail, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through
                (vii) of this section apply.
                    (iv) During the dog season for squirrel and rabbit, all hunters,
                including archers (while on the ground), except waterfowl hunters, must
                wear a minimum of a cap or hat that is hunter orange, blaze pink, or
                other such color as governed by State regulations.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We are open only during the State season for archery hunting of
                deer.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to
                the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands
                within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the
                refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's
                identification number clearly printed on the stand. We prohibit hunting
                stands on trees painted with white bands.
                    (iv) We allow take of feral hogs only as incidental take with
                archery equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.
                    (v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (vii)
                of this section apply.
                [[Page 30377]]
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may fish only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset, except we allow night fishing from the
                bank and pier on Lake Road.
                    (ii) You must only use rod and reel or pole and line while fishing.
                    (iii) You must attend to any fishing, crabbing, and crawfishing
                equipment at all times.
                    (f) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
                regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
                Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
                State season.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                leave the refuge by 1:30 p.m.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
                maintained right-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain vehicle
                (ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or
                trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission
                facilities.
                    (v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge
                at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (vii) We only allow ATVs on trails designated for their use and
                marked by signs (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are
                closed March 1 through August 31.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and
                (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
                seasons.
                    (iii) We prohibit taking small game with firearms larger than .22
                caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and buckshot.
                    (iv) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
                no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours end.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and
                (vii) and (f)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge
                seasons.
                    (iii) We prohibit gun deer hunting.
                    (iv) An adult age 21 or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15
                or younger during hunts. One adult may supervise only one youth during
                big game hunts. The youth hunter must remain within normal voice
                contact of the supervising adult.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, yo-yos, traps, and nets.
                    (ii) We prohibit take of frog, turtle, and mollusk (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                    (g) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hHunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon), including during the State special teal season and State
                youth waterfowl hunt.
                    (ii) You must remove blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that
                extends beyond the regular duck season.
                    (iv) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
                (signed refuge brochure).
                    (vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
                and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
                requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
                two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts but is only
                allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must
                remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising
                them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters
                do not violate refuge rules.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms (see Sec.  27.42
                of this chapter) within 150 feet (45.7 meters (m)) from the centerline
                of any public road, refuge road, designated or maintained trail,
                building, residence, designated camping area, or designated public
                facility, or from or across aboveground oil, gas, or electric
                facilities.
                    (viii) For the purpose of hunting, we prohibit possession of slugs,
                buckshot, rifle, and pistol ammunition, except during the deer gun and
                primitive firearm seasons (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (ix) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the
                refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for rabbit, squirrel, raccoon, and
                opossum hunting on specific dates listed in the refuge hunt brochure.
                    (ii) We prohibit the take of feral hog during any upland game
                hunts.
                    (iii) During any open deer firearm or primitive firearm season on
                the refuge, all hunters, except waterfowl hunters and nighttime raccoon
                and opossum hunters, must wear hunter orange, blaze pink, or other such
                color as governed by State regulations.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (ix)
                of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (vii)
                and (g)(2)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may erect deer stands 48 hours before the deer archery
                season and must remove them from the refuge within 48 hours after this
                season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We allow only one deer
                stand per hunter on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State
                license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand.
                    (iii) We allow take of feral hog as incidental game while
                participating in the refuge archery, primitive weapon, and general gun
                deer hunts, and where otherwise specified using legal methods of take
                for the hunt.
                    (iv) We hold a special hog dog hunt in February. During this hunt,
                the following conditions apply, in addition to other applicable
                conditions in this paragraph (g)(3):
                    (A) You must use trained hog-hunting dogs to aid in the take of
                hog.
                    (B) We allow take of hog from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (C) You must possess only approved nontoxic shot or pistol or rifle
                ammunition not larger than .22 caliber rim-fire to take the hog after
                it has been caught by dogs.
                    (D) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(viii) of this
                section applies during the special dog hog hunt.
                    (v) You must kill all hogs prior to removal from the refuge.
                [[Page 30378]]
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer and turkey gobbler decoys.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing year-round on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow cotton limb lines.
                    (ii) We close the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround to
                fishing from April through the first full week of June and to boating
                during the months of April, May, June, and July.
                    (iii) When the Pearl River Turnaround area is open, we allow boats
                that do not have gasoline-powered engines attached in the fishing ponds
                at the Pearl River Turnaround. Anglers must hand-launch these boats
                into the ponds. When open, we only allow hook and line as a legal
                method of take in the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround.
                    (iv) The Pearl River Turnaround area, when open to fishing, is open
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (h) Breton National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport finfishing and shellfishing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Crabbers must tend crabbing equipment at all times.
                    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, slat traps, and nets.
                    (i) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, gallinule, snipe,
                and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.
                    (ii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier
                than 4 a.m. Shooting hours for waterfowl hunts end at 2 p.m. each day.
                    (iii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid, signed
                refuge hunt permit and regulations brochure.
                    (iv) Every hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
                Report (FWS Form 3-2361) available from a self-clearing check station
                after each hunt.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any public
                road, refuge road, trail, building, resident, or designated public
                facility.
                    (vi) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
                purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
                    (vii) Hunters must remove all hunting-related equipment from the
                refuge immediately following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
                stands on the refuge 1 day before the white-tail deer archery season
                and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season
                closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one
                deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State
                hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place
                stands in a nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(iii), (v), and
                (vii) of this section apply.
                    (iii) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest
                Report (FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station
                after each hunt.
                    (iv) We prohibit entrance to the hunting area earlier than 4 a.m.
                Hunters must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast
                netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing with a rod and reel or a pole and line. We
                prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear, including limb
                lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.
                    (ii) We allow recreational fishing, crabbing, or cast netting in
                the East Cove Unit year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset,
                except during the Louisiana west zone waterfowl season or when the
                Grand Bayou Boat Bay is closed.
                    (iii) We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast netting in the
                Gibbstown Unit's Outfall Canal from March 15 through October 15.
                    (iv) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or
                drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We
                prohibit using floats on crab lines.
                    (v) Anglers must attend all lines, nets, and bait, and must remove
                same from the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) The daily limit of crabs is 5 dozen (60) per boat or vehicle,
                regardless of the number of people thereon.
                    (vii) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp
                season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per
                vehicle or boat.
                    (viii) We allow cast netting for bait on both the East Cove Unit
                and the Gibbstown Unit when the units are open for public fishing only.
                Anglers must empty cast nets directly into the container from the net.
                The daily bait shrimp limit is one gallon (3.8 L) per day, per boat,
                outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
                    (ix) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.
                    (x) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (j) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
                purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). The refuge user
                is required to sign, certifying that you understand and will comply
                with all regulations, and carry this permit at all times while on the
                refuge.
                    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
                the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow take of beaver, feral hog, nutria, raccoon, and
                coyote incidental to any refuge hunt with weapons legal for that hunt
                until you take the daily bag limit of game.
                    (iv) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicle
                (UTVs) as governed by State Wildlife Management Area regulations and
                size specifications on designated trails (see Sec.  27.31 of this
                chapter) from scouting season until February 28.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any public
                road, refuge road, trail or ATV trail, building, residence, or
                designated public facility.
                    (vi) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge lottery deer
                hunts.
                    (vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the designated State duck season.
                    (viii) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and
                decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (ix) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (x) We prohibit accessing refuge property by boat from the
                Mississippi River.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                beaver, nutria, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) While upland game hunting, we prohibit the possession of
                hunting firearms larger than 0.22 caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and
                buckshot (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30379]]
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs during designated small game with
                dog seasons. We require the owner's contact information on the collars
                of all dogs. We allow up to two dogs per hunting party for squirrel
                hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery-only deer hunting on the refuge during the
                State archery deer season.
                    (iii) You must check all deer (name only) taken prior to leaving
                the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the
                map in the refuge public use brochure.
                    (iv) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
                season dates, and you must remove them no more than 2 days after the
                hunting season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark
                your State license identification number on your stand. You are allowed
                one portable stand or blind on the refuge.
                    (v) You may only take one deer of either sex per day during the
                deer season. State season limits apply.
                    (vi) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
                centimeters) of unbroken-hunter orange as the outermost layer of
                clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken-hunter
                orange.
                    (vii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
                (on the open portions of Wood Duck ATV trail for wildlife-dependent
                activities throughout the year), and (vi) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit slat traps or hoop nets on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
                refuge.
                    (iv) Anglers may only crawfish during designated days and times.
                The harvest limit is 50 pounds (22.5 kilograms) per permit per day.
                    (v) You must attend all crawfish traps and nets at all times. We
                allow up to, and no more than, 20 traps per angler on the refuge.
                    (vi) We prohibit harvest of frog or turtle on the refuge (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (k) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow migratory hunting of duck, goose, and coot on
                Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before
                legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.
                    (ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during deer modern and
                primitive firearms hunts.
                    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (iv) We allow the use of only shotguns for hunting migratory birds.
                    (v) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
                specific terms.
                    (vi) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
                signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
                only).
                    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters
                must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunting area by 1
                p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms within 150 feet
                (45 meters (m)) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
                and utility rights-of-way.
                    (ix) We prohibit parking, walking, or hunting within 150 feet (45
                m) of any active oil and gas facility or equipment.
                    (x) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for flagging
                or trail markers.
                    (xi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
                designated trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the last
                day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and other
                wildlife-related activities.
                    (xii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog, raccoon, beaver,
                nutria, and coyote while hunting with firearms or archery equipment
                authorized for that hunt.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon,
                beaver, nutria, coyote, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit squirrel and rabbit hunting during deer modern and
                primitive firearms hunts.
                    (iii) At the Bushley Unit, we allow the use of dogs to hunt
                squirrels and rabbits only after the last primitive firearms season for
                deer on the refuge. Hunters must place their contact information on the
                collars of all their dogs.
                    (iv) We require hunters participating in the dog season for rabbits
                to wear a hunter-orange cap.
                    (v) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22
                magnum caliber rim fire or less for upland game hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow deer-modern hunting on the area south of the French
                Fork of the Little River for 2 days in December with these dates being
                set annually.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of deer with primitive firearms during the
                first segment of the State season for area 1, weekdays only (Monday
                through Friday) and 2 days in December with these dates set annually.
                We allow either-sex, deer gun hunting for the Friday, Saturday, and
                Sunday immediately following Thanksgiving Day and for 2 days in
                December with these dates to be set annually.
                    (iv) We allow the use of portable deer stands. Hunters may place
                deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
                remove them from the refuge within 1 day after this season closes (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one stand on the
                refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number
                clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting
                position when not in use.
                    (v) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during
                deer modern and primitive firearm hunts. We prohibit the use and
                possession of toxic and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.
                    (vi) All hunters must wear and display 400 square inches (2,581
                square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter orange cap during
                deer modern and primitive firearm hunts.
                    (vii) You may take only one deer per day during modern and
                primitive firearm deer hunts.
                    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (ix) We prohibit the use of dogs to hunt and trail wounded deer.
                    (x) We prohibit use of deer decoys.
                [[Page 30380]]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ix) through (xi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to possess and carry a
                signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
                only).
                    (iii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to
                legal sunset.
                    (iv) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow year-round fishing on
                Cowpen Bayou and the Highway 28 borrow pits. We allow fishing on Duck
                Lake and its tail-waters, Muddy Bayou, Willow Lake, and the Highway 84
                borrow pits from March 1 through October 31. We only allow use of a rod
                and reel or pole with a hook and line attached for fishing in these
                waters. We prohibit snagging.
                    (v) At the Bushley Bayou Unit, we allow fishing year-round. We
                allow trotlines, but anglers must tend them at least once every 24
                hours and reset them when receding water levels expose them. Anglers
                must attach lines with a length of cotton line that extends into the
                water. We allow the use of yo-yos, but you must attend and only use
                them from 1 hour before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal
                sunset. We prohibit the use of nets and traps.
                    (vi) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow the launching of only
                trailered boats at designated boat ramps. Anglers may launch small
                hand-carried boats from the bank in other areas. We prohibit dragging
                of boats or driving onto road shoulders to launch boats.
                    (vii) We prohibit bank fishing on Bushley Creek and fishing in
                Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake, Rhinehart Lake, and Round Lake
                during deer modern and primitive firearms hunts.
                    (viii) We prohibit fishing in Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake,
                Round Lake, and Rhinehart Lake during waterfowl hunts.
                    (ix) We prohibit taking or possessing frogs and turtles (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (x) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
                refuge.
                    (l) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
                regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
                Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
                State season.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 1:30 p.m.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
                maintained rights-of-way of roads. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet
                (15 m) or trespassing on aboveground oil, gas, or electrical
                transmission facilities.
                    (v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge
                at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
                no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
                    (iii) When hunting upland game, you may only use dogs to locate,
                point, and retrieve game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge as indicated subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) and
                (l)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You must check all deer taken during general gun deer hunts at
                a refuge check station on the same day taken.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunters from placing or hunting from stands on
                pine trees with white-painted bands or rings.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) For recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps,
                etc.), we require you to carry a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
                G), which is available at the refuge office.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (m) Delta National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
                and Sundays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon),
                including during the State special teal season, State youth waterfowl
                season, and State light goose special conservation season.
                    (ii) We only allow temporary blinds. You must remove both blinds
                and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve game.
                    (iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit
                (signed brochure).
                    (v) We prohibit discharge of firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this
                chapter) within 250 yards (225 meters) of buildings or worksites, such
                as oil or gas production facilities.
                    (vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
                and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education
                requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise
                two youths during small game and migratory game bird hunts but must
                supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain
                within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them.
                    (vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
                refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The refuge rabbit season opens the day after the State duck
                season closes and continues through the remainder of the State rabbit
                season.
                    (ii) We restrict hunting to shotgun only.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when rabbit hunting.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through
                (vii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We only allow archery hunting of white-tailed
                deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through (vii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow archery deer hunting, bucks only, from October 1
                through 15. We allow either-sex archery deer hunting from October 16
                through 31 and from the day after the close of the State duck season
                through the end of the State deer archery season.
                    (iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to
                the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands
                within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the
                refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's
                identification number clearly printed on the stand.
                [[Page 30381]]
                    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (v) We allow the take of hog(s) only with archery equipment during
                the archery deer season.
                    (vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow recreational fishing and crabbing from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. During State
                waterfowl hunting seasons, however, we only allow recreational fishing
                and crabbing from after 12 p.m. (noon) until \1/2\ hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, jug
                lines, nets, or alligator lines.
                    (iii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (n) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Wednesdays
                and Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon)
                during the State season.
                    (ii) We prohibit teal hunting during the State September season.
                    (iii) Hunters selected for lottery waterfowl hunts must be present
                and in possession of written documentation confirming their selection
                on the day of the hunt.
                    (iv) We allow no more than three persons to hunt in each of the
                lottery waterfowl blinds, and hunters must confine all hunting activity
                to the direct vicinity of the blinds.
                    (v) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
                    (vii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
                nutria, and coyote only when hunting for migratory bird, upland game,
                and big game species with firearms or archery equipment authorized for
                use.
                    (viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
                signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150
                feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
                and utility rights-of-way.
                    (x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
                specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).
                    (xi) Refuge users must enter and exit the refuge only at designated
                parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing adjacent
                lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the refuge.
                    (xii) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
                designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the
                last day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and
                other wildlife-related activities.
                    (xiii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the
                hunt area by 1 p.m. (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (xiv) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for
                flagging or trail markers.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, raccoon,
                beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow the use of only shotguns and rifles that are .22
                magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit only after the
                close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place their
                contact information on the collars of all their dogs.
                    (iv) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for
                rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow the use of archery equipment for big game
                hunting.
                    (iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters must place
                deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
                remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on
                the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting
                license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand.
                Hunters must place the stand in a nonhunting position and at ground
                level when not in use.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (v) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.
                    (vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(xi) through (xiv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow fishing within the Coulee Des Grues Bayou only from
                the bank adjacent to Little California Road and only from legal sunrise
                to legal sunset.
                    (iii) Except as provided under paragraph (n)(4)(ii) of this
                section, we allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to legal
                sunset. Anglers may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
                    (iv) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
                signed refuge special recreational activity permit.
                    (v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines.
                Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line
                attached to fish.
                    (vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
                refuge.
                    (vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit crawfishing.
                    (o) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated
                refuge seasons.
                    (ii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid signed
                refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at
                2 p.m. each day.
                    (iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
                Report (FWS Form 3-2361), available from a self-clearing check station,
                after each hunt.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge
                canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or
                electrical
                [[Page 30382]]
                transmission facilities; or designated public facilities. Hunting
                parties must remain a distance of no fewer than 150 yards (135 m) away
                from another hunter.
                    (vi) You must remove all hunting-related equipment from the refuge
                immediately following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
                purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge seasons
                with archery equipment.
                    (ii) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
                stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
                remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on
                the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license
                number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a
                nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(ii), (v), and
                (vi) of this section apply.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave no
                later than 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (v) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest Report
                (FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station, after
                each hunt.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from March 15 through October 15.
                    (ii) We prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and after
                legal sunset.
                    (iii) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise, and
                you must leave 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing
                areas.
                    (v) We prohibit bank fishing from the Lacassine Pool Wildlife
                Drive.
                    (vi) We prohibit boat and bank fishing in Lacassine Pool Unit D and
                refuge waters from October 16 through March 14.
                    (vii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line in
                refuge waters. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing
                gear, including limb lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.
                    (viii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (p) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Tuesdays,
                Thursdays, and Saturdays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon) during the Statewide duck season.
                    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters
                must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunt area by 1 p.m.
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during refuge deer
                primitive firearm hunts.
                    (v) Except as restricted under paragraph (p)(3)(ix) of this
                section, we allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
                nutria, and coyote when hunting for migratory bird, upland game, and
                big game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for
                use.
                    (vi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to
                designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 to the last
                day of the spring turkey season. We allow ATVs only for hunting,
                fishing, and other wildlife-related activities.
                    (vii) We restrict the use of the ATV trails that are designated for
                physically challenged persons to individuals who possess a State-issued
                physically challenged program hunter permit or are age 60 or older.
                Individuals that qualify must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
                1383-G) from the refuge office to use these trails.
                    (viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
                signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150
                feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails,
                and utility rights-of-way.
                    (x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-
                specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).
                    (xi) Hunters and anglers must enter and exit the refuge only at
                designated parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing
                adjacent lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the
                refuge.
                    (xii) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for
                flagging or trail markers.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.
                    (iii) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22
                magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting.
                    (iv) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer primitive
                firearm hunts.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting only
                after the close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place
                their contact information on the collars of all their dogs.
                    (vi) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for
                rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii)
                and (p)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may harvest only one antlered and one antlerless deer
                during each of the lottery primitive firearm hunts.
                    (iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer
                stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must
                remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on
                the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license
                number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a
                nonhunting position and at ground level when not in use.
                    (iv) All deer gun hunters must wear and display 400 square inches
                (2,600 square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter-orange cap
                during the deer gun seasons and lottery deer hunts.
                    (v) Only hunters that have been selected for lottery primitive
                firearm deer hunts may be present during these hunts.
                    (vi) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during
                lottery primitive firearm deer hunts. We prohibit the use and
                possession of toxic
                [[Page 30383]]
                and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.
                    (vii) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge deer primitive
                firearm hunts as described in the refuge hunting brochure.
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of deer or turkey gobbler decoys.
                    (ix) We allow turkey hunting only during the first 16 days of the
                State season until 12 p.m. (noon). We prohibit incidental hunting of
                feral hog while turkey hunting.
                    (x) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.
                    (xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(xi) and (xii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a
                signed refuge special recreational activity permit (name/address/phone
                number only).
                    (iii) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 15 from \1/2\
                hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iv) We allow anglers to operate ATVs on the designated trails to
                the Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, and Possum Bayou boat ramps.
                    (v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines.
                Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line
                attached to fish.
                    (vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the
                refuge.
                    (vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit crawfishing.
                    (q) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, moorhen, gallinule, and coot
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of migratory game birds on Wednesdays and
                Saturdays until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter the refuge after
                4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1 p.m.
                    (ii) Prior to hunting, we must assign a refuge hunt unit and issue
                a refuge lottery waterfowl permit (signed brochure) to any person
                entering, using, or occupying the refuge for hunting migratory game
                birds. You may only hunt in your assigned unit.
                    (iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (iv) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during
                all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are
                governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths
                during small game and migratory game bird hunts. An adult may supervise
                only one youth during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal
                voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Parents or adult
                guardians are responsible for ensuring that hunters age 16 and younger
                do not violate refuge rules.
                    (v) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt brochure
                (signed brochure) while hunting on refuge.
                    (vi) Only one adult may occupy a unit with up to two youths during
                a designated lottery youth waterfowl hunt. We allow no more than three
                hunters to hunt from a single blind within a unit at one time during
                any waterfowl hunt.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We open the refuge to hunting of deer and hog only during the
                State archery season, except that prior to 12 p.m. (noon) on Wednesdays
                and Saturdays during State waterfowl seasons, we close areas north of
                the Intracoastal Waterway to big game hunting.
                    (ii) Hunters may only enter the refuge after 4 a.m. and must exit
                by 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) You may take big game with archery equipment and as governed
                by State law. From October 1 through 15, State bucks-only regulations
                apply. From October 16 through February 15, you may take only one deer
                of either sex per day, and hunters may possess only one deer. The State
                season limits on deer apply. There is no daily or possession limit on
                feral hogs.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.
                    (v) We only allow portable stands. Hunters may erect temporary deer
                stands 1 day prior to the start of deer archery season. Hunters must
                remove all deer stands within 1 day after the archery deer season
                closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one
                deer stand on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State
                hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place
                stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.
                    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(iv) and (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use of unattended nets, traps, or lines (trot,
                jog, bush, etc.).
                    (ii) We allow fishing in the refuge year-round.
                    (iii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (r) Red River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed
                refuge brochure).
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
                State season.
                    (iii) We allow dove hunting only during the first 3 days of the
                State season on all refuge lands as indicated in the refuge brochure.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.
                    (v) Hunters may only hunt during designated times and seasons as
                listed in refuge brochure (signed brochure).
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of any public
                road, refuge road, trail or ATV trail, residence, building, aboveground
                oil or gas or electrical transmission facility, or designated public
                facility.
                    (vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i), (v), and (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum during the daylight
                hours of rabbit and squirrel season. We allow night hunting during
                December and January, and you may use dogs for night hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit after
                December 31.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit the
                [[Page 30384]]
                refuge no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i),
                (v), and (vi) and (r)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow use of only electric trolling motors on all refuge
                waters while fishing.
                    (ii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.)
                requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
                G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and
                carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.
                    (iii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (s) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated
                refuge seasons.
                    (ii) We require all hunters to possess and carry a valid signed
                refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.
                    (iii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier
                than 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at 2 p.m. each day.
                    (iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt
                Report (FWS Form 3-2361) from a self-clearing check station after each
                hunt.
                    (v) We allow only portable blinds and those made of native
                vegetation. Hunters must remove portable blinds, decoys, spent shells,
                and all other personal equipment after each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge
                canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or
                electrical transmission facilities; or designated public facilities.
                Hunting parties must maintain a distance of no less than 150 yards (135
                m) away from another hunter.
                    (vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the
                purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast
                netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Bank and wharf access for fishing are available year-round at
                the public use areas along State Highway 27. Anglers may access the
                refuge for fishing by boat only during the March 15 to October 15 open
                period. You may launch boats at designated boat ramps only.
                    (ii) We allow fishing with a rod and reel, pole and line, or jug
                and line. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear,
                including limb lines, gill nets, or trot lines. Jug line limit is up to
                10 per boat, and you must attend them at all times. The angler must
                mark all jugs with their fishing license number (State requirement) and
                remove the jugs from the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit fishing from October 16 through March 14 in Units
                1A and 1B.
                    (iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing
                areas; however, we prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and
                after legal sunset.
                    (v) We allow recreational crabbing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or
                drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We
                prohibit using floats on crab lines.
                    (B) Anglers must remove all hand lines, drop nets, and bait from
                the refuge upon leaving (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (C) We allow a daily limit of 5 dozen (60) crabs per vehicle or
                boat.
                    (vi) We allow recreational cast netting in designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow recreational cast netting from boats only from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
                    (B) Anglers must immediately return all incidental take (bycatch)
                to the water before continuing to cast.
                    (C) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp
                season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per
                vehicle or boat.
                    (D) The daily bait shrimp limit is 1 gallon (3.8 L) per day, per
                boat, outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.
                    (E) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.
                    (vii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (t) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, woodcock, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of duck and coot on Tuesdays, Thursdays,
                Saturdays, and Sundays until 2 p.m. during the State season. We
                prohibit migratory bird hunting during refuge gun hunts for deer.
                    (ii) We allow refuge hunters to enter the refuge no earlier than 4
                a.m., and they must leave no later than 2 hours after legal sunset
                unless they are participating in the refuge nighttime raccoon hunt.
                    (iii) We allow all-terrain vehicle (ATV) travel on designated
                trails for access typically from October 1 to the last day of the
                refuge squirrel season.
                    (iv) We prohibit field dressing of game within 150 feet (45 meters)
                of parking areas, maintained roads, and trails.
                    (v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17
                and younger during all hunts. One adult may supervise two youths during
                small game and migratory bird hunts but may supervise only one youth
                during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal voice contact of
                the adult who is supervising them.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon, squirrel, and
                rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow nighttime raccoon hunting beginning the third Saturday
                in December and ending January 31. We allow raccoon hunters to hunt
                from legal sunset to legal sunrise with the aid of dogs, horses, and
                mules, and with use of lights. We allow such use of lights on the
                refuge only at the point of kill. We prohibit all other use of lights
                for hunting on the refuge. Hunters must attempt to take treed raccoons.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow hunting without dogs from the beginning of the State
                season to December 31; during this time period, we do not require
                hunters to wear hunter orange.
                    (B) We allow squirrel and rabbit hunting with or without dogs from
                January 1 to the last day of February.
                    (C) We allow no more than three dogs per hunting party.
                    (iii) We close squirrel and rabbit hunting during the following gun
                hunts for deer: Refuge-wide youth hunt, primitive firearms hunt, and
                modern firearms hunt.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (v)
                of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey
                [[Page 30385]]
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Deer archery season will begin the first Saturday in November
                and will conclude on January 31. We prohibit archery hunting during the
                following refuge-wide deer hunts: Youth gun hunt and modern firearms
                hunts.
                    (ii) The deer primitive firearms season will occur between November
                1 and January 31. We allow all legal primitive firearms as governed by
                State regulations.
                    (iii) During the deer primitive firearms season, hunters may fit
                any legal primitive firearms with magnified scopes. We allow hunters
                using primitive weapons to hunt reforested areas. We prohibit youth
                hunters from using modern firearms during the primitive weapon hunt.
                    (iv) During modern firearm hunts, all firearm hunting, even hunting
                with primitive weapons or muzzleloaders, is governed by applicable
                Federal and State regulations. We require a quota hunt permit for these
                hunts. We prohibit hunting in reforested areas. We prohibit hunting
                and/or shooting into or across any reforested area during the quota
                hunt for deer.
                    (v) For the guided quota youth hunts, we consider youth to be ages
                8 through 15.
                    (vi) We will conduct a refuge-wide youth deer hunt. Hunt dates will
                be available at refuge headquarters typically in July. An adult age 18
                or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15 or younger during the
                hunt. One adult may supervise only one youth during the deer hunt. A
                youth hunter must remain within normal voice contact of the supervising
                adult.
                    (vii) Hunters may take only one deer (one buck or one doe) per day
                during refuge deer hunts except during guided youth and wheelchair-
                bound hunts when the limit will be one antlerless and one antlered deer
                per day.
                    (viii) We designate refuge turkey hunt dates in the refuge hunting
                brochure (signed brochure).
                    (ix) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (x) We allow muzzleloader hunters to discharge their primitive
                firearms at the end of each hunt safely into the ground at least 150
                feet (135 meters (m)) from any designated public road, maintained road,
                trail, fire break, dwelling, or aboveground oil and gas production
                facility. We define a ``maintained road or trail'' as one that has been
                mowed, disked, or plowed, or one that is free of trees.
                    (xi) We prohibit deer hunters leaving deer stands unattended before
                the opening day of the refuge archery season. Hunters must remove
                stands by the end of the last day of the refuge archery season (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters must clearly mark stands left
                unattended on the refuge with the stand owner's State hunting license
                number. Hunters must remove portable stands from trees each day and
                place freestanding stands in a nonhunting position when unattended.
                    (xii) We allow hunting with slugs, rifle, or pistol ammunition
                larger than .22 caliber rimfire only during the quota hunts for deer.
                We prohibit use of buckshot when hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow anglers to enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m.,
                and they must depart no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit fish cleaning within 150 feet (45 m) of parking
                areas, maintained roads, and trails.
                    (u) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, dove, and woodcock
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use
                regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor
                Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).
                    (ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated refuge seasons as
                listed in the signed refuge hunt permit.
                    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the
                State season.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must
                exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the
                maintained rights-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain
                vehicle (ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or
                trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission
                facilities.
                    (vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (vii) We allow ATVs only on trails designated for their use and
                marked by signs (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are
                closed March 1 through August 31.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v),
                and (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit
                no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v),
                and (vii) and (u)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Deer hunters must wear hunter orange as governed by State deer
                hunting regulations in wildlife management areas.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunters from placing stands or hunting from
                stands on pine trees with white-painted bands and/or rings.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the
                refuge overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) You must tend trotlines daily. You must attach ends of
                trotlines by a length of cotton line that extends into the water.
                    (iii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.)
                requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-
                G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and
                carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this
                chapter).
                Sec.  32.38   Maine.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, American woodcock, and snipe
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally
                signed Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
                shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
                shooting hours.
                    (iii) We only allow portable or temporary blinds and decoys that
                must be removed from the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30386]]
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
                retrieval of game species during State hunt seasons for migratory
                birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse,
                snowshoe hare, red fox, gray and red squirrel, raccoon, skunk, and
                woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally
                signed Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
                shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
                shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons at night.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunting of upland game species on refuge lands
                between April 1 and September 30.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting raccoon or red fox. We
                allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game
                species during State hunting seasons for upland game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat,
                eastern coyote, moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal
                shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
                shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing eastern coyotes at night.
                    (iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
                harvested on the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.
                    (v) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must
                clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge
                overnight with your hunting license number. You must remove your tree
                stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the last day of
                the muzzleloader deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) You may hunt black bear, eastern coyote, and white-tailed deer
                during the State archery and firearms deer seasons on that part of the
                Baring Division that lies east of State Route 191.
                    (vii) We prohibit use of firearms to hunt bear and coyote during
                the archery deer season on that part of the Baring Division that lies
                east of Route 191. We prohibit the use of firearms, other than a
                muzzleloader, to hunt coyote during the deer muzzleloader season on
                that part of the Baring Division that lies east of Route 191.
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting black bear, bobcat,
                and eastern coyote. We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location
                and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for big
                game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.
                    (b) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, woodcock, rail, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting ruffed grouse.
                    (ii) You may hunt coyotes from November 1 to March 31.
                    (iii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
                harvested on the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
                until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                black bear on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Petit Manan Point is open only during the State-prescribed
                muzzleloader deer season.
                    (ii) We allow black bear hunting during the firearm season for
                white-tailed deer.
                    (iii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour prior to legal
                sunrise and remain on the refuge 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must
                obtain a Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the
                permit at all times.
                    (ii) We open designated youth hunting areas to hunters age 15 and
                younger who possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
                Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). Youth hunters must
                be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. The accompanying adult must
                possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and may also hunt.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds
                and upland game species.
                    (iv) You may use seasonal blinds with a Special Use Permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G). A permitted seasonal blind is available to permitted
                hunters on a first-come, first-served basis. The permit holder for the
                blind is responsible for the removal of the blind at the end of the
                season and compliance with all conditions of the Special Use Permit.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
                grouse, fox, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must
                obtain a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the
                permit at all times
                    (ii) We allow take of pheasant, quail, and grouse by falconry on
                the refuge during State seasons.
                    (iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iii) of this
                section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition as set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this
                section applies.
                    (ii) We allow hunting with shotgun and archery only. We prohibit
                rifles and muzzleloading firearms for hunting.
                    (iii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only, as
                designated by the State.
                    (iv) We allow only archery on those areas of the Little River
                division open to hunting.
                    (v) During the State firearm deer season, we only allow hunting of
                fox and coyote with archery or shotgun as incidental take with a refuge
                big game permit.
                    (vi) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
                hour after legal sunset.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit lead jigs and sinkers.
                    (iii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.
                [[Page 30387]]
                    (d) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the
                use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species
                during State hunting seasons for migratory bird game hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.
                    (ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal
                shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
                shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons and coyotes at
                night.
                    (iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
                harvested on the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
                retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for upland game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat,
                moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal
                shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal
                shooting hours.
                    (ii) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must
                clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge
                overnight with your name and hunting license number. You must remove
                your tree stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the
                last day of the muzzleloader deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location of game
                species during State hunting seasons for big game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit trapping
                fish for use as bait on the refuge.
                    (e) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, snipe, coot, crow, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
                the refuge following each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
                retrieval of game species.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox, raccoon,
                woodchuck, squirrel, porcupine, skunk, snowshoe hare, ring-necked
                pheasant, and ruffed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
                until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bear, white-tailed deer,
                coyote, wild turkey, and moose on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (e)(2)(i)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
                harvested on the refuge.
                    (iii) We allow temporary blinds and tree stands that are clearly
                marked with the owner's State hunting license number. You may erect
                temporary blinds and tree stands no earlier than 14 days prior to the
                hunting season, and you must remove them within 14 days after the
                hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.39   Maryland.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose and duck on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must obtain and possess while hunting a refuge waterfowl
                hunting permit (signed brochure) by signing the corresponding season's
                refuge waterfowl hunting brochure in ink.
                    (ii) Up to three additional hunters may accompany you on your
                reserved unit.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed and sika
                deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) General hunt regulations for this paragraph (a)(3). (A) You
                must obtain, and possess while hunting, a turkey or deer hunting permit
                (Big/Upland Game or Quota Deer Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (B) We prohibit organized deer drives unless authorized by the
                refuge manager. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned
                effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to
                move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
                planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
                    (C) We prohibit shooting a projectile from a firearm, muzzleloader,
                bow, or crossbow from, down, or across any refuge road. A refuge road
                is any road that is traveled by vehicular traffic.
                    (D) You must check all deer harvested at the refuge-sponsored check
                station during hunt days when the refuge-sponsored check station is
                open. If you fail to check deer during operation hours of the check
                station, you must notify the hunt coordinator by 12 p.m. (noon) on the
                day after your kill.
                    (E) We prohibit the use of rimfire or centerfire rifles and all
                handguns, including muzzleloading pistols, for hunting.
                    (ii) Archery deer hunt. We do not allow archery hunters to hunt
                within areas designated for the youth hunt on designated days.
                    (iii) Turkey hunt. We allow turkey hunt permit holders to have an
                assistant, who must remain within sight and normal voice contact and
                abide by the rules set forth in the Blackwater turkey brochure (signed
                brochure).
                    (iv) Youth deer and turkey hunt. We allow youth hunters to hunt on
                designated areas on designated days (youth hunt) if they meet the
                criteria of a ``youth hunter'' as governed by State law and possess a
                signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure).
                    (v) Designated disabled hunt. (A) We require disabled hunters to
                have their America the Beautiful Access pass (OMB Control 1024-0252) in
                their possession while hunting in disabled areas.
                    (B) Disabled hunters may have an assistant, age 18 or older, who
                must remain within sight and normal voice contact while hunting.
                Assistants must possess a valid refuge hunt brochure (permit), signed
                in ink, and a valid government-issued photo identification.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing only from April 1 through
                September 30 from legal sunrise to legal sunset in refuge waters,
                unless otherwise authorized by the refuge manager.
                    (ii) We allow fishing and crabbing by boat in the Big Blackwater
                and the Little Blackwater River.
                    (b) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                [[Page 30388]]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) General hunt regulations for this paragraph (b)(3). (A) You
                must obtain, and possess while hunting, a deer or turkey hunting permit
                (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (B) We prohibit shooting a projectile from a firearm, muzzleloader,
                bow, or crossbow from, down, or across any refuge road. A refuge road
                is any road that is traveled by vehicular traffic.
                    (C) We prohibit the use of rimfire or centerfire rifles and all
                handguns, including muzzleloading pistols, for hunting.
                    (ii) Youth deer hunt. We allow youth hunters to hunt on designated
                areas on designated days (youth hunt) if they meet the criteria of a
                ``youth hunter'' as governed by State law and possess a signed refuge
                hunt brochure (signed brochure).
                    (iii) Designated disabled hunt. (A) We require disabled hunters to
                have their America the Beautiful Access pass (OMB Control 1024-0252) in
                their possession while hunting in disabled areas.
                    (B) Disabled hunters may have an assistant who must be age 18 or
                older and remain within sight and normal voice contact. Assistants must
                possess a valid refuge hunt brochure (permit), signed in ink, and a
                valid government-issued photo identification.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing in
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing and crabbing from designated shoreline areas
                located at the Ingleside Recreation Area from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset, April 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from designated shoreline areas located at
                the Chester River end of Boxes Point and Duck Inn Trails from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (c) Patuxent Research Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We
                allow hunting of goose, duck, and dove on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a Refuge Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System), and a signed Statement
                of Hunter Ethics (FWS Form 3-2516).
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting and scouting on Sundays and Federal
                holidays. No hunt-related activities may take place unless the Hunting
                Control Station is open.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve migratory game birds.
                    (iv) We prohibit wading in all impounded waters except for when
                placing and retrieving decoys.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of gray squirrel, eastern
                cottontail rabbit, and woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
                paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and white-tailed
                deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iii) We allow the use of portable tree stands and blinds as
                governed by State regulations. You must remove your tree stand(s) and/
                or blind(s) from the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use and/or possession of lead sinkers.
                    (ii) We allow the use of earthworms as the only source of live
                bait. We prohibit the use of bloodworms, fish, or other animals or
                parts of animals as bait.
                Sec.  32.40   Massachusetts.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a refuge-specific hunting
                permit (electronic form) to hunt on the refuge.
                    (ii) You may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
                opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
                refuge hunting permit while scouting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
                squirrel, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only shotgun hunting for ruffed grouse, cottontail
                rabbit, and gray squirrel within those portions of the refuge located
                north of Hudson Road, except those areas north of Hudson Road
                designated as ``archery only'' hunting.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow shotgun and muzzleloader hunting of white-tailed deer,
                as well as shotgun hunting of turkey, within the portions of the refuge
                located north of Hudson Road, except those areas north of Hudson Road
                that are designated as ``archery only'' hunting.
                    (ii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting within all
                portions of the refuge during the hunting seasons for these species.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (v) One nonhunting companion may accompany each permitted hunter.
                We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they may assist in
                other means. All companions must carry identification and stay with the
                hunter.
                    (vi) Hunters may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds
                while engaged in hunting deer during the applicable archery, shotgun,
                or muzzleloader deer seasons or while hunting turkey. We allow hunters
                to keep one tree stand or ground blind on the refuge during the
                permitted season. Hunters must mark ground blinds with their permit
                number. Hunters must mark tree stands with their permit number so that
                all numbers are visible from the ground. Hunters must remove all
                temporary tree stands and ground blinds by 15 days after the end of the
                permitted season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow catch-and-release fishing only.
                    (ii) We allow the use of live bait with the exception of any
                amphibians or reptiles (frogs, salamanders, etc.).
                [[Page 30389]]
                    (b) Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck and goose on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs to
                retrieve game.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of whitetail deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a valid refuge hunting permit
                (electronic form) to hunt deer on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow archery hunting of deer only. We prohibit the use of
                firearms for hunting deer on the refuge.
                    (iii) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas beginning 4 weeks
                prior to the opening day of their permitted season. We require
                possession of a valid refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while
                scouting.
                    (iv) We allow one nonhunting companion to accompany each permitted
                hunter. We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they can
                assist in other means. All companions must carry identification and
                stay with the hunter.
                    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vi) You may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds while
                engaged in hunting deer during the applicable archery season. We allow
                hunters to keep one tree stand or ground blind on each refuge during
                the permitted season. Hunters must mark ground blinds with their permit
                number. Hunters must mark tree stands with their permit number so that
                all numbers are visible from the ground. Hunters must remove all
                temporary tree stands and ground blinds by 15 days after the end of the
                permitted deer season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than \1/2\ hour before
                legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no later than \1/2\ hour after
                legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, raccoon,
                opossum, gray squirrel, quail, pheasant, crow, and ruffed grouse on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
                apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl (duck, goose, and coot) on
                designated areas of the refuge by boat only subject to the following
                condition: We allow the use of dogs for retrieving game.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote on designated
                areas subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit hunting of coyote during the month of October.
                    (ii) We allow refuge access from \1/2\ hour prior to legal sunrise
                until legal sunset.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing on the portions of the Monomoy Islands that we
                do not post as closed to public use from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow surf fishing from the Morris Island shore 24 hours a
                day.
                    (e) Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (f) Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, woodcock, and Wilson's snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain and possess a refuge-specific hunting
                permit to hunt on the refuge.
                    (ii) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
                opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
                refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while scouting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs to retrieve game.
                    (iv) One nonhunting companion may accompany each permitted hunter.
                We prohibit nonhunting companions from hunting, but they can assist in
                other means. All companions must carry identification and stay with the
                hunter.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
                squirrel, and eastern cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow shotgun, archery, and muzzleloader hunting of white-
                tailed deer, as well as shotgun and archery hunting of turkey, within
                the portions of the refuge located south of Massachusetts Route 2 and
                west of the B&M railroad tracks.
                    (ii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting within the
                portions of the refuge located south of Massachusetts Route 2 and east
                of the B&M railroad tracks, and within the portions of the refuge along
                the easterly side of the Nashua River located north of the commuter
                rail tracks in Ayer, Massachusetts.
                    (iii) We allow archery deer hunting as well as shotgun and archery
                turkey hunting within the portions of the refuge located north of
                Massachusetts Route 2 and south of Hospital Road, and within the
                portions of the refuge along the westerly side of the Nashua River
                located north of the commuter rail tracks in Shirley, Massachusetts.
                    (iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (v) Hunters may begin scouting hunting areas 4 weeks prior to the
                opening day of your permitted season. We require possession of a valid
                refuge hunting permit (electronic form) while scouting.
                    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vii) Hunters may use temporary tree stands and/or ground blinds
                while engaged in hunting deer during the applicable archery, shotgun,
                or muzzleloader deer seasons or while hunting turkey. We allow hunters
                to keep one tree stand or ground blind on the refuge during the
                permitted season.
                [[Page 30390]]
                Hunters must mark ground blinds with their permit number. Hunters must
                mark tree stands with their permit number so that all numbers are
                visible from the ground. Hunters must remove all temporary tree stands
                and ground blinds by 15 days after the end of the permitted season (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (g) Parker River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour
                after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and handguns to hunt
                any species.
                    (iii) We prohibit shooting across refuge roads, across boundaries,
                and within or into administratively closed zones.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving game, but prohibit the
                use of dogs to hunt furbearers.
                    (v) We prohibit launching motorized boats for scouting purposes
                prior to hunting.
                    (vi) We allow crow hunting only from September 1 through February
                28.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of this
                section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow hunting of white-tailed deer on Plum Island
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow archery, primitive firearms, shotgun, and crossbow (by
                MassWildlife permit only, for certain disabled persons) hunting during
                a designated 2-day hunt on the first Wednesday and Thursday of the
                State shotgun deer season.
                    (B) You must have a lottery-issued hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
                Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) to hunt during this
                2-day time period.
                    (C) We allow deer hunt permittees to scout from Thursday through
                Sunday prior to their hunt and require hunters to possess their refuge
                permit while scouting.
                    (D) You must register harvested deer (Big Game Harvest Report, FWS
                Form 3-2359) at the refuge check station, if operational.
                    (E) Hunters must check-in and out with refuge personnel prior to
                entering and exiting the refuge.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of deer and wild turkey in Areas A, B, C,
                and D subject to the following condition: You may take deer using
                archery equipment only.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow saltwater fishing on the ocean beach from legal
                sunrise to legal sunset without a refuge permit.
                    (ii) Stage Island is open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset.
                    (iii) Nelson Island is open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset.
                    (iv) We allow walk-on night fishing after legal sunset with a valid
                refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2358; vehicle sticker issued by the refuge
                office).
                    (v) We allow anglers to use over-the-sand, surf-fishing vehicles,
                or off-road vehicles (ORVs) with a valid refuge permit and permit fee,
                as determined in an annual lottery.
                    (h) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
                on designated areas subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow refuge access from \1/2\ hour prior to legal sunrise
                until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit access to Third Island between January 1 and June
                30.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl and upland
                game species.
                    (iv) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds,
                which must be removed at the end of each hunt day. All tree stands and
                blinds must have the name and telephone number of the owner clearly
                printed in an easily readable area.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii) of this
                section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions
                set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit launching of motorboats from the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of reptiles and amphibians as bait.
                Sec.  32.41   Michigan.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, gallinule, coot,
                woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove all of your blinds, boats, and decoys from the
                refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow refuge access from 1\1/2\ hours prior to legal
                sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (iv) We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Plum Creek Bay Unit
                of the refuge and only through boat access.
                    (v) We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Brancheau Unit of the
                refuge as governed by Pointe Mouillee State Game Area special hunt
                regulations and subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) You must obtain and possess a State-issued permit for this unit
                by entering the Michigan Department of Natural Resources' daily drawing
                at the Pointe Mouillee State Game Area.
                    (B) You must remain with 75 feet (22.5 meters) of your assigned
                blind or numbered post. We allow an exception for unarmed (hunting
                weapons) retrieval of waterfowl.
                    (C) We allow only nonmotorized boats.
                    (D) We prohibit shot size larger than BBB.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, squirrel,
                rabbit, fox, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge and
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) while in the field with the following exception: While hunting
                fox, coyotes, and raccoons in units where we allow it, you may use
                single projectile shot such as bullets, slugs, or muzzleloader bullets
                containing lead. We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the
                refuge.
                [[Page 30391]]
                    (iii) On the Humbug Island Unit, you may only hunt with shotgun
                shells or archery equipment.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may possess only approved
                nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
                    (iii) For deer hunting, you may possess only single projectile
                shot. We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow portable tree stands for deer hunting. We allow only
                one tree stand per hunter per refuge unit.
                    (v) For Humbug Marsh Mainland only:
                    (A) You must obtain and possess a State-issued permit for this unit
                by entering the Michigan Department of Natural Resources' annual
                drawing.
                    (B) You must obtain and possess a state access permit (issued by
                the refuge) for the date on which you are hunting in the Humbug Marsh
                Unit.
                    (C) You must hunt from a provided fixed hunting platform and/or
                blind.
                    (vi) The Humbug Island Unit is closed to firearm deer hunting. We
                allow only archery deer hunting on Humbug Island.
                    (vii) The Fix Unit is closed to firearm deer hunting. We allow only
                archery deer hunting in the Fix Unit.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                black bear subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of
                dogs when hunting.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Michigan Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
                at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game subject to
                the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
                (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of big game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (e) Seney National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock and snipe on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs
                when hunting migratory birds, provided the dog is under the immediate
                control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse and
                snowshoe hare on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game,
                provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
                times.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of deer and bear on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                prohibit the use of dogs while deer or bear hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use of fishing weights or lures containing
                lead.
                    (ii) We allow ice fishing from January 1 through the end of
                February.
                    (iii) Anglers must remove ice fishing shelters and all other
                personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (iv) We allow fishing on designated refuge pools from May 15
                through September 30.
                    (v) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (f) Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl (duck and goose), American coot,
                common gallinule, sora, Virginia rail, and Wilson's snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (signed brochure).
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Saturdays, Sundays, Tuesdays,
                and Thursdays during the regular goose season after September 30.
                    (iii) We allow hunter access to the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before
                legal shooting time.
                    (iv) You may possess no more than 25 shotgun shells while hunting
                in the field.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (vi) We allow the take of feral hogs incidental to other lawful
                hunting using legal methods of take.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey, small game
                (eastern fox squirrel, eastern cottontail, ring-necked pheasant,
                American woodcock, and American crow), and furbearers (raccoon, coyote,
                and red fox) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(vi) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) You may only hunt turkey during the spring season.
                    (iii) We allow hunter access for the spring wild turkey season from
                1\1/2\ hours before legal shooting time to \1/2\ hour after legal
                shooting time.
                    (iv) We allow hunter access for small game hunting from \1/2\ hour
                before legal shooting time to \1/2\ hour after legal shooting time.
                    (v) We allow hunter access for furbearer hunting from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (vi) We allow dogs for hunting. Raccoon hunting dogs must wear
                global positioning system (GPS) or radio collars.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(vi) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (State-issued
                permit).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing by boat in navigable waterways but not within
                any managed refuge units.
                    (ii) We allow bank fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset only
                at designated sites along the Tittabawassee and Cass Rivers.
                Sec.  32.42   Minnesota.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow youth waterfowl hunting on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                [[Page 30392]]
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, cameras, and other personal property brought onto the refuge
                at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter).
                    (iv) We close the refuge from 7 p.m. to 5:30 a.m.
                    (v) We allow the use of motorless boats for hunting.
                    (vi) We only allow waterfowl hunting during the State's youth
                waterfowl season.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse and
                sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow hunting from the opening of the State's deer
                firearms season to the close of the State's ruffed grouse and sharp-
                tailed grouse seasons, respectively.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                moose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(ii) through (v)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to motorized public vehicle transportation
                at a big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (iii) We only allow archery hunting from the start of the State's
                deer firearms season, and close according to the State's archery deer
                season.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We prohibit the hunting of migratory game birds. We allow the
                unarmed retrieval of waterfowl, legally taken outside the refuge, up to
                100 yards (90 meters) inside the refuge boundary.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
                bobwhite quail, pigeon, mourning dove, crow, cottontail rabbit, gray
                and fox squirrel, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for upland game bird hunting only,
                provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
                times.
                    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (v) You may only hunt fox and raccoon from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until legal sunset from the beginning of the State season
                through the last day of February.
                    (vi) You may only hunt striped skunk from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until legal sunset from September 1 through the last day of
                February.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
                game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(iii) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only bank fishing on all refuge pools and open
                marshes.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (c) Big Stone Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
                the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer
                throughout the district subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section
                apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district subject
                to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph
                (c)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
                    (d) Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot,
                woodcock, common moorhen, mourning dove, Sora/Virginia rail, crow, and
                common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
                legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge no
                later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse; ring-
                necked pheasant; red, gray, and fox squirrel; cottontail rabbit;
                jackrabbit; snowshoe hare; red and gray fox; raccoon; badger; bobcat;
                coyote; striped skunk; opossum; long and short tailed weasel; and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(ii) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
                game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                [[Page 30393]]
                    (iii) We prohibit the possession of hunting firearms or archery
                equipment on areas closed to deer hunting.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters waterfowl
                production area (WPA) in Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay
                County, and the McIntosh WPA in Polk County. The following conditions
                apply:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under
                the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters WPA
                in Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay County, and the McIntosh
                WPA in Polk County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Headquarters WPA in
                Becker County, the Hitterdal WPA in Clay County, and the McIntosh WPA
                in Polk County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may use portable stands.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
                subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (e)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
                    (f) Fergus Falls Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and
                Gilmore waterfowl production areas (WPAs) and the building and
                administrative area of Knollwood WPA in Otter Tail County, and on the
                Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis,
                and Gilmore WPAs and in designated portions of Knollwood WPA in Otter
                Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following
                conditions apply:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and
                Gilmore WPAs and the building and administrative area of Knollwood WPA
                in Otter Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The
                following condition applies: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
                (f)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district,
                except that we prohibit hunting on the Townsend, Mavis, and Gilmore
                WPAs and the building and administrative area of Knollwood WPA in Otter
                Tail County, and on the Larson WPA in Douglas County. The following
                condition applies: The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(iii) of
                this section applies.
                    (g) Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, woodcock, snipe, rail,
                and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow nonmotorized boats in areas open to migratory bird
                hunting during the migratory bird hunting seasons.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting during the Spring Light Goose Conservation
                Order.
                    (vi) We allow hunting during special State-administered youth
                seasons.
                    (vii) We allow the use of wheeled, nonmotorized conveyance devices
                (e.g., bikes, game carts).
                    (viii) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours
                before legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge
                no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of prairie chicken,
                sharp-tailed grouse, ring-necked pheasant, gray (Hungarian) partridge,
                ruffed grouse, rabbit (cottontail and jack), snowshoe hare, squirrel
                (fox and gray), and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (vi) through (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(ii) through (iii)
                and (vi) through (viii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
                game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow youth waterfowl hunting on the State's youth
                waterfowl day.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                [[Page 30394]]
                    (v) We prohibit entry to hunting areas earlier than 2 hours before
                legal shooting hours.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow hunting during the State's muzzleloader season
                with muzzleloaders.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (i) Litchfield Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake
                waterfowl production area (WPA) in Renville County that lies within the
                Phare Lake State Game Refuge. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake
                WPA in Renville County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
                district, except we prohibit hunting on that part of the Phare Lake WPA
                in Renville County that lies within the Phare Lake State Game Refuge.
                The following condition applies: The conditions set forth at paragraph
                (i)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
                subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at
                paragraph (i)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
                    (j) Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, merganser, moorhen,
                coot, rail, woodcock, common snipe, and mourning dove on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a special use permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for refuge-
                specific special hunts and refuge-specific population management hunts.
                    (ii) We prohibit the discharge of a weapon on, from, across, or
                within 100 feet (30 meters) of any service road, parking area, or
                designated hiking trail.
                    (iii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iv) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (v) We prohibit entry into the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
                legal shooting time.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs while hunting migratory birds,
                provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all
                times.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting during the State spring goose hunt.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
                partridge, ring-necked pheasant, American crow, squirrel (gray, fox,
                and red), snowshoe hare, cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit, raccoon, fox
                (red and gray), striped skunk, coyote, opossum, and wild turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit single projectile ammunition for hunting upland
                game and furbearers, except that we allow hunters to use small-caliber
                rimfire rifles and handguns (.22 caliber and smaller) on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of dogs for hunting furbearers. We allow
                the use of dogs while hunting upland game birds.
                    (iv) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (v) You may only hunt fox, opossum, and raccoon from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise until legal sunset, from the beginning of the
                State season through the last day of February, on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (vi) You may only hunt coyotes and skunks from \1/2\ hour before
                legal sunrise until legal sunset, from September 1 through the last day
                of February, on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (vii) You may only hunt crows during the State-designated crow
                seasons, which occur between September 1 and the last day of February,
                on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (v) of this
                section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge during daylight hours subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (j)(1)(iv) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (k) Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout
                the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout
                the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the possession of single projectile ammunition for
                hunting on the Soberg waterfowl production area (WPA).
                    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the
                district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit firearms deer hunting on Soberg WPA.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district
                subject to the following conditions: The condition
                [[Page 30395]]
                set forth at paragraph (k)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
                    (l) Morris Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of
                the Edward-Long Lake waterfowl production area (WPA) in Stevens County.
                The following conditions apply:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders,
                including those made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) All boats, decoys, blind materials, stands, platforms, and
                other personal property (see 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought
                onto the WPA, must be removed at the end of each day.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game, except
                that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of the Edward-Long
                Lake WPA in Stevens County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may use and possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer throughout the
                district, except that we prohibit hunting on the designated portions of
                the Edward-Long Lake WPA in Stevens County. The following condition
                applies: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district, except
                that we prohibit fishing on the designated portions of the Edward-Long
                WPA in Stevens County. The following condition applies: The condition
                set forth at paragraph (l)(1)(iii) of this section applies.
                    (m) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose,
                merganser, moorhen, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock,
                common snipe, mourning dove, and sandhill crane subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow hunting on the unit located within the Hiawatha Game
                Refuge in Pipestone County, as governed by applicable State
                regulations.
                    (v) We allow migratory game bird hunting on the Spieker tract in
                Clay County, as governed by applicable State regulations.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, ring-
                necked pheasant, Hungarian partridge, prairie chicken, spruce grouse,
                ruffed grouse, sharp-tailed grouse, rabbit (cottontail and jack),
                snowshoe hare, squirrel (fox and gray), raccoon, opossum, fox (red and
                gray), badger, coyote, bobcat, striped skunk, and crow on designated
                areas subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(ii) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of dogs for hunting furbearers. For all
                other upland game, we allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the
                dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shells (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, and black bear
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(ii) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
                game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (m)(1)(iii) of this
                section applies.
                    (n) Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock and common snipe on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, spruce
                grouse, gray and fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and snowshoe hare on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(i) through (iii) of this
                section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a State-issued permit for firearms hunting.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(ii) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
                feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
                big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow fishing from nonmotorized boats or boats powered
                by electric motors in designated areas.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (n)(1)(iii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (o) Rydell National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (ii) You must remove all blind materials, stands, platforms, and
                other personal property brought onto the refuge at the end of each day
                (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30
                feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a
                big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                [[Page 30396]]
                    (iv) We require a State-issued permit to hunt white-tailed deer in
                the Special Permit Area of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow fishing from May 1 through November 1.
                    (p) Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, rail, woodcock, and
                snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit entry onto the refuge earlier than 2 hours before
                legal shooting time, and we require hunters to leave the refuge no
                later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting from March 1 through August 31.
                    (vi) We allow only nonmotorized boats, and they must be launched at
                designated access sites.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, ring-
                necked pheasant, gray and fox squirrel, snowshoe hare, cottontail
                rabbit, jackrabbit, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We close the refuge to turkey hunting, except we allow a
                turkey hunt for youth hunters and persons with disabilities by special
                use permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
                    (iii) You may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells
                (see Sec.  32.2(k)) in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(ii) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big
                game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (ii) From March 1 through August 31 (the refuge wildlife sanctuary
                period), we allow fishing only from nonmotorized boats on the
                designated canoe route and on banks within 100 yards (91.44 meters)
                both upstream and downstream of designated access points.
                    (q) Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, duck, coot, woodcock, snipe,
                rail (Virginia and Sora), mourning dove, and American crow on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunting by tribal members is governed by White Earth
                Reservation regulations on those portions of the Reservation that are a
                part of the refuge.
                    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the refuge at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (iv) You may hunt American crow from September 1 through the end of
                February within all migratory bird hunting areas, and from March 1
                through the end of season in areas open to migratory bird hunting south
                of County Highway 26.
                    (v) Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders
                made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey; bobcat;
                ruffed grouse; red, gray, and fox squirrel; cottontail rabbit;
                jackrabbit; snowshoe hare; red fox; raccoon; and striped skunk on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only hunt fox and raccoon from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until legal sunset from the beginning of the State season
                through the last day of February within all upland game hunting areas,
                and from March 1 through the end of the season in areas open to upland
                game hunting south of County Highway 26.
                    (ii) You may only hunt striped skunk from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until legal sunset from September 1 through the last day of
                February.
                    (iii) You may only hunt wild turkey south of County Highway 26
                during spring seasons.
                    (iv) You may possess only approved nontoxic shells (see 32.2(k))
                when hunting wild turkey.
                    (v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (v) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet
                (9 meters) of a road edge open to public vehicle transportation at a
                big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (v) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing in North Tamarac Lake, Wauboose Lake, and Two
                Island Lake year-round as governed by State and/or White Earth
                Reservation regulations.
                    (ii) We allow fishing in Blackbird Lake and Lost Lake from the
                first day of the State walleye season through Labor Day as governed by
                State and/or White Earth Reservation regulations.
                    (iii) We allow fishing in Pine Lake from December 1 until March 31.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, or mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (v) The condition set forth at paragraph (q)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (r) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit migratory bird hunting from March 16 through August
                31 each year.
                    (ii) You cannot reserve hunting areas, except at Potter's Marsh
                Managed Hunt Area, Pool 13, near Thomson, Illinois.
                    (iii) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Closed to All
                Access,'' we prohibit public entry, to include hunting and fishing, at
                all times. This area is named and located as follows: Crooked Slough
                Backwater, Pool 13, Illinois, 2,453 acres.
                    (iv) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary,''
                we prohibit hunting at all times and all
                [[Page 30397]]
                public entry except as specified. These areas are named and located as
                follows:
                    (A) Pool Slough, Pool 9, Minnesota/Iowa, 1,126 acres.
                    (B) Bertom Island, Pool 11, Wisconsin, 31 acres.
                    (C) Guttenberg Ponds, Pool 11, Iowa, 252 acres.
                    (D) Spring Lake, Pool 13, Illinois, 3,697 acres.
                    (v) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and ``Area
                Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit migratory bird hunting at all times.
                We ask that you practice voluntary avoidance of these areas by any
                means or for any purpose from October 15 to the end of the respective
                State duck season. In areas also marked ``no motors,'' we prohibit the
                use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the
                respective State duck season.
                    (A) The areas posted and marked on maps as ``Area Closed'' are
                named and located as follows:
                    (1) Big Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 2,210 acres.
                    (2) Weaver Bottoms/Lost Island, Pool 5, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 3,508
                acres.
                    (3) Polander Lake, Pool 5A, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 1,873 acres.
                    (4) Lake Onalaska, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 7,366 acres (voluntary
                avoidance on 3,365 acres until mid-November).
                    (5) Wisconsin Islands, Pool 8, Minnesota/Wisconsin, 6,538 acres.
                    (6) Harpers Slough, Pool 9, Iowa/Wisconsin, 5,209 acres.
                    (7) Wisconsin River Delta, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 1,414 acres (closed
                November 1 to end of duck season).
                    (8) 12-Mile Island, Pool 11, Iowa, 1,139 acres.
                    (9) Bertom-McCartney, Pool 11, Wisconsin, 2,384 acres (no voluntary
                avoidance provision).
                    (10) Pleasant Creek, Pool 13, Iowa, 2,191 acres.
                    (11) Elk River, Pool 13, Iowa, 1,248 acres.
                    (B) The areas posted and marked on maps as ``Area Closed--No
                Motors'' are named and located as follows:
                    (1) Peterson Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin 572 acres.
                    (2) Rieck's Lake, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 499 acres.
                    (3) Spring Lake, Pool 5, Wisconsin, 254 acres.
                    (4) Sturgeon Slough, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 340 acres.
                    (5) 12-Mile Island, Pool 10, Iowa, 540 acres.
                    (6) John Deere Marsh, Pool 11, Iowa, 439 acres.
                    (7) Kehough Slough, Pool 12, Illinois, 333 acres.
                    (8) Beaver Island, Pool 14, Iowa, 864 acres.
                    (vi) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Hunting Zone'' or
                ``No Hunting or Trapping Zone,'' we prohibit hunting at all times.
                These areas are named and located as follows:
                    (A) Buffalo River, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 219 acres.
                    (B) Fountain City Bay, Pool 5A, Wisconsin, 24 acres.
                    (C) Upper Halfway Creek Marsh, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 143 acres.
                    (D) Brice Prairie Tract, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 186 acres.
                    (E) Hunter's Point, Pool 8, Wisconsin, 82 acres.
                    (F) Goose Island, Pool 8, Wisconsin, 984 acres (also no motors and
                voluntary avoidance).
                    (G) Sturgeon Slough, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 66 acres.
                    (H) Goetz Island Trail, Pool 11, Iowa, 31 acres.
                    (I) Crooked Slough Proper, Pool 13, Illinois, 270 acres.
                    (J) Frog Pond, Pool 13, Illinois, 64 acres.
                    (K) Ingersoll Wetlands Learning Center, Pool 13, Illinois, 41
                acres.
                    (L) Amann Tract, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 0.21 acre.
                    (M) Lost Mound Unit Office and River Road, Pool 13, Illinois, 175
                acres.
                    (vii) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
                Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit hunting migratory birds
                from April 1 through September 30.
                    (viii) You may not engage in open-water waterfowl hunting in Pool
                11, approximate river miles 586-592, Grant County, Wisconsin, as marked
                with signs and as shown on refuge maps. Open-water hunting regulations
                and definitions that apply for Wisconsin outside of Grant County also
                apply in this area.
                    (ix) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (x) We allow working a dog in refuge waters by tossing a retrieval
                dummy or other object for out-and-back exercise.
                    (xi) You may use natural material for temporary blinds, with
                restrictions. You may hunt from a boat blind or pop-up blind, or you
                may construct a temporary blind of natural materials. You may gather
                grasses and marsh vegetation (e.g., willow, cattail, bulrush, lotus,
                and/or arrowhead) from the refuge for blind-building materials.
                However, you may not gather, bring onto the refuge, or use for blind
                building any tree(s) or other plant parts, including dead wood on the
                ground, greater than 2 inches (5 centimeters (cm)) in diameter.
                    (xii) We require a 200-yard (182.9-meter) spacing distance between
                hunting parties on the Illinois portions of the refuge in Pools 12, 13,
                and 14.
                    (xiii) You may set up hunting equipment the day of the hunt, but
                you must remove it at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter). You may place and leave hunting equipment and decoys on the
                refuge only from 1 hour before the start of legal shooting hours until
                \1/2\ hour after the close of legal shooting hours.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit upland game hunting from March 16 through August 31
                each year, except for spring wild turkey hunting and squirrel hunting
                on the Illinois portion of the refuge.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) through
                (iv), (vi), (ix), (xi), and (xiii) of this section apply.
                    (iii) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and
                ``Area Closed--No Motors,'' we allow upland game hunting beginning the
                day after the respective State duck hunting season until upland game
                season closure or March 15, whichever comes first, except we allow
                spring turkey hunting during State seasons. In areas also marked ``Area
                Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from
                October 15 to the end of the respective State duck season.
                    (iv) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
                Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit hunting upland game from
                April 1 to September 30.
                    (v) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot
                shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field, including shot shells
                used for hunting wild turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit big game hunting from March 16 through August 31
                each year.
                    (ii) In areas closed to public access on the Lost Mound Unit of
                Savanna District, Illinois, we allow firearm deer hunts as established
                by the refuge manager.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) through
                (iv), (vi), (ix), (xi), and (xiii) and (r)(2)(v) of this section apply.
                    (iv) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``No Entry--Sanctuary''
                we allow big game hunting beginning the day after the respective State
                duck hunting season until big game season closure or March 15,
                whichever comes first. We describe these areas more fully at paragraph
                (r)(1)(iv) of this section.
                [[Page 30398]]
                    (v) In areas posted and shown on maps as ``Area Closed'' and ``Area
                Closed--No Motors,'' we allow big game hunting beginning the day after
                the respective State duck hunting season until big game season closure
                or March 15, whichever comes first. In areas also marked ``Area
                Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from
                October 15 to the end of the respective State duck season.
                    (vi) In the area posted and shown on maps as ``Mesquaki Lake No
                Hunting Zone,'' Pool 13, Illinois, we prohibit big game hunting from
                April 1 to September 30.
                    (vii) On refuge-managed lands in Illinois, we prohibit organized
                drives for deer. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned
                effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to
                move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or
                planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(iii) and (xi) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) In areas also marked ``Area Closed--No Motors,'' we prohibit
                the use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the
                respective State duck season.
                    (iii) Commercial fishing in Spring Lake, Pool 13, Illinois,
                requires a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge
                or district manager (see Sec.  31.13 of this chapter).
                    (s) Windom Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the Worthington
                waterfowl production area (WPA) in Nobles County and on designated
                portions of the Wolf Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following
                conditions apply:
                    (i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, and other personal property brought onto the district at the
                end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on
                the Worthington WPA in Nobles County and on designated portions of the
                Wolf Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following condition applies:
                The conditions set forth at paragraphs (s)(1)(i) and (ii) of this
                section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the district, except that we prohibit hunting on the
                Worthington WPA in Nobles County and on designated portions of the Wolf
                Lake WPA in Cottonwood County. The following conditions apply:
                    (i) We allow the use of portable stands.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (s)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing throughout the district subject
                to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph
                (s)(1)(i) of this section applies.
                Sec.  32.43   Mississippi.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.37(g)
                for regulations.
                    (b) Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a valid,
                signed refuge hunting permit (Visitor Check-In Permit and Report, FWS
                Form 3-2405). While hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and
                younger (``youth hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct
                supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or older (``licensed
                hunter''). A hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required
                licenses and permits.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
                refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset except during raccoon
                and frog hunts.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
                Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
                (FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
                dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
                Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the reverse side of the
                card and deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include
                all game harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.'' We
                prohibit hunters possessing more than one Big Game Harvest Report at a
                time.
                    (v) It is unlawful to hunt from or shoot into the 100-foot (30.5-
                meter) zone along either side of designated roads and parking lots.
                    (vi) The refuge has requirements for certain hunters and other
                persons on the refuge to wear fluorescent orange.
                    (A) We do not require waterfowl hunters or nighttime raccoon
                hunters to wear any fluorescent orange.
                    (B) All hunters or persons on the refuge for any reason during the
                refuge deer firearm season (including primitive weapons and youth gun
                hunt) must wear, in full view, a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226
                square centimeters (cm)) of solid, unbroken, fluorescent orange.
                    (C) Deer archery hunters on the refuge must wear in full view a
                minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square cm) of solid, unbroken,
                fluorescent orange when there is a State gun season on private land.
                    (D) When hunting quail or rabbit on the refuge outside the refuge's
                general gun and primitive weapon season, hunters must wear only a
                fluorescent orange vest or cap.
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting.
                    (viii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
                property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ix) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                nutria, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
                (substitute Upland/Small Game/Furbearer Report [FWS Form 3-2362] for
                Migratory Bird Hunt Report [FWS Form 3-2361]), (vi), and (vii) of this
                section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
                legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no later than 2 hours after
                legal sunset. We may make exceptions for raccoon hunters possessing a
                Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
                    (iii) When hunting, we allow only shotguns, .17 or .22-caliber
                rimfire rifles, or archery equipment without broadheads.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), (iv)
                (substitute Big Game Harvest Report [FWS Form 3-
                [[Page 30399]]
                2359] for Migratory Bird Hunt Report [FWS Form 3-2361]), and (vi) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit dogs while hunting deer. We allow the use of dogs
                to hunt feral hog during designated hog seasons.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
                planted field from ground level or on or across any public road, public
                highway, railroad, or their rights-of-way during all general gun and
                primitive weapon hunts.
                    (v) Hunters may erect portable deer stands 2 weeks prior to the
                opening of archery season on the refuge and must remove them (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter) by January 31.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
                Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
                and will comply with all regulations.
                    (ii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-grab
                baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices.
                    (iii) We allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or
                any other similar devices for recreational use only, and you must tag
                or mark them with waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped
                on the tag with your State fishing license number. You must attend
                these devices a minimum of once daily. If you are not going to attend
                these devices, you must remove them from the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow crawfishing.
                    (v) We allow take of frog only with a Special Use Permit (FWS Form
                3-1383-G).
                    (c) Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must carry a valid, signed refuge
                hunting permit (Visitor Check-In Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405).
                While hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and younger (``youth
                hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct supervision of a
                licensed or exempt hunter at age 21 or older (``licensed hunter''). A
                hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required licenses and
                permits.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
                refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset except during raccoon
                and frog hunts.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
                Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
                (FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
                dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
                Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it
                at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested,
                and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting.
                    (vi) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
                property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (vii) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess a valid general Special Use Permit (FWS Form
                3-1383-G) to hunt raccoon on the refuge.
                    (ii) Each hunter must obtain a daily Upland/Small Game/Furbearer
                Report (FWS Form 3-2362). You must display the card in plain view on
                the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is
                readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and
                deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game
                harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (v) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Each hunter must obtain a daily Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
                Form 3-2359). You must display the card in plain view on the dashboard
                of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable. Prior to
                leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it at one of
                the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested, and if you
                harvest no game, report ``0.'' We prohibit hunters possessing more than
                one Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) at a time.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit dogs for any big game hunt.
                    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
                planted field from ground level.
                    (vi) We allow valid permit holders to possess and hunt from one
                portable stand or blind on the refuge. You must clearly label your
                stand or blind with your State license/sportsmen's identification
                number. Stands left in the area do not reserve the hunting locations.
                You may place stands up to 2 days prior to the hunt, and you must
                remove them no more than 2 days after the refuge's deer season closes
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest
                system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturers Association standards.
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of buckshot on the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
                fishing.
                    (ii) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
                Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
                and will comply with all regulations.
                    (iii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-
                grab baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices and
                commercial fishing of any kind.
                    (iv) We allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or any
                other similar devices for recreational use only. You must tag or mark
                these devices with your State fishing license number, written with
                waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped on the tag. You
                must attend these devices a minimum of once a day. If you do not attend
                these devices, you must remove them from the refuge (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (v) We allow crawfishing.
                    (vi) We allow take of frog only by Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
                1383-G).
                    (d) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning dove on
                [[Page 30400]]
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
                waterfowl from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) You must only use portable or temporary blinds.
                    (iii) We only allow the use of dogs when waterfowl hunting. We
                require all dogs to wear a collar displaying the owner's contact
                information.
                    (iv) Each hunter must possess and carry a valid, signed copy of the
                refuge hunting brochure (signed brochure) while participating in refuge
                hunts.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(iv) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We only allow .22 caliber rimfire.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(iv) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We only allow hunting with bow and arrow. We prohibit
                firearms.
                    (iii) We allow portable and climbing tree stands. Hunters must
                remove tree stands from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, and dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
                form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during the
                muzzleloader deer hunt.
                    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter)
                zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
                waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (x) We do not open for early teal season.
                    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
                for small game hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and quail, and
                for the February rabbit hunt.
                    (iv) Beginning the first day after the deer muzzleloader hunt, we
                prohibit entry into the Turkey Point area until March 1.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (vi)
                and (e)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields and
                tree plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 meters (m)) in height must be
                from a stand a minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) Prior to leaving the refuge, you must check all harvested deer
                at the nearest self-service check station following the posted
                instructions.
                    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
                Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
                equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
                breech-loading firearms of any type.
                    (vii) Turkey hunting opportunities will consist of three limited
                draw hunts within the State season time frame. These hunts require a
                Limited Hunt Permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439,
                Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) assigned by random
                computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you must return the permit
                with information concerning your hunt (Big Game Harvest Report (FWS 3-
                2359)). If you fail to return this permit, you will not be eligible for
                any limited hunts the next year.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
                    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
                    (iv) We allow fishing in the borrow ponds along the north levee
                (see refuge brochure map) throughout the year except during the
                muzzleloader deer hunt.
                    (v) We open all other refuge waters to fishing March 1 through
                November 15.
                    (vi) We prohibit fishing from bridges.
                    (f) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, opossum,
                coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
                form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or
                [[Page 30401]]
                older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
                limited draw hunts.
                    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs when rabbit hunting in February.
                    (vii) During the rabbit hunt, any hunter or person accompanying a
                hunter must wear at least 500 square inches (3,226 square centimeters
                (cm)) of unbroken, fluorescent-orange material visible above the
                waistline as an outer garment.
                    (viii) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during
                muzzleloader deer hunts.
                    (ix) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
                (m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i) through (iii),
                (v), (viii), and (ix) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
                plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
                minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
                Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (v) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
                equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
                breech-loading firearms of any type.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (g) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
                form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5 meter
                (m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, boats, and
                harvested waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (viii) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (ix) We do not open for early teal season.
                    (x) We allow hunting during open State seasons. The first 2 days of
                the season and all weekends, with the exception of youth weekends, are
                limited draw hunts. These hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit
                (electronic form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of
                the hunt, you must return the permit with information concerning your
                hunt. If you fail to return this permit, you will not be eligible for
                any limited hunts the next year.
                    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
                for small game hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and for the
                February rabbit hunt.
                    (iv) Beginning the day before waterfowl season, we restrict hunting
                to the waterfowl hunt area.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (v)
                and (g)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
                plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
                minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
                locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
                check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
                following the posted instructions.
                    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind. A
                hunter may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (vi) We allow archery hunting October 1 through January 31.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
                    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
                    (iv) We allow fishing in all refuge waters throughout the year,
                except in
                [[Page 30402]]
                the waterfowl sanctuary, which we close to fishing from the first day
                of duck season through March 1 (see refuge brochure map).
                    (h) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
                form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during the
                muzzleloader deer hunt.
                    (v) Valid permit holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
                (m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
                waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (x) We do not open for early teal season.
                    (xi) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
                for small game hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and for the
                February rabbit hunt.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
                plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
                minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
                locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
                check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
                following the posted instructions.
                    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
                Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
                equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
                breech-loading firearms of any type.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
                    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
                    (iv) We open refuge waters to fishing March 1 through November 15,
                except Providence Ponds, which are closed 1 day prior to the beginning
                of waterfowl season until March 1.
                    (i) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, and dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following regulations:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit (electronic
                form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
                limited draw hunts.
                    (v) Valid Theodore Roosevelt Complex Annual Public Use Permit
                (electronic form) holders may incidentally take opossum, coyote,
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30-meter (m))
                zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
                waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (x) Beginning December 15 through March 1, we prohibit all entry
                into the Lower Twist and Carter Ponds area.
                    (xi) During the State waterfowl season (except early teal season),
                waterfowl hunting in Unit 1 will be on Mondays, Tuesdays, and
                Wednesdays. Waterfowl hunting in Unit 2 will be on Fridays, Saturdays,
                and Sundays (see refuge brochure for details).
                    (xii) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (vi)
                and (x) of this section apply.
                [[Page 30403]]
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns and .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles
                for small game hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and raccoon,
                and for the February rabbit hunt.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (vi)
                and (x) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
                plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
                minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
                locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
                check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
                following the posted instructions.
                    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
                Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
                equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
                breech-loading firearms of any type.
                    (vii) We allow only shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) and archery equipment for turkey hunting.
                    (viii) Limited draw hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit (electronic
                form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you
                must return the permit with information concerning that hunt to the
                refuge. Failure to return this permit will disqualify the hunter for
                any limited hunts the next year.
                    (ix) We hold limited draw hunts for persons with disabilities in
                November, December, and/or January. We will make hunt dates and permit
                application procedures (electronic form) available at the Theodore
                Roosevelt Complex headquarters.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i), (iii), and
                (x) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, jugs, seines, and traps.
                    (iii) We allow frogging during the State bullfrog season.
                    (j) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, woodcock, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must purchase a refuge waterfowl permit (Waterfowl Lottery
                Application; FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting. No more than two companions may
                accompany each permitted hunter, and we do not require these companions
                to purchase permits. Permits are nontransferable and only issued to
                hunters ages 16 and older. Permit holders can hunt as standby hunters
                for any date for which waterfowl hunting is open. Youth hunters age 15
                and younger are not required to obtain a refuge waterfowl permit and
                can obtain a free permit from the refuge's office.
                    (ii) You must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested game
                from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (iii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight
                and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. One adult may
                supervise not more than two youth hunters.
                    (iv) All waterfowl hunters must check-in before the day's hunt, and
                check-out at the end of the day's hunt (no later than 1 p.m.), at the
                refuge's duck check station.
                    (v) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove all personal property at the end of each
                day's hunt from the Noxubee Wilderness Area (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter). Outside the Noxubee Wilderness Area, hunters
                may leave tree stands labeled with the hunter's State hunting license
                number used for deer hunting.
                    (vii) During the deer firearm (primitive or modern gun) hunts, any
                person hunting species other than waterfowl, accompanying another
                person hunting species other than waterfowl, or walking off-trail
                within areas open to deer hunting must wear at least 500 square inches
                (3,226 square centimeters (cm)) of unbroken fluorescent-orange material
                visible above the waistline as an outer garment at all times. When
                occupied, ground blinds must display a minimum of 400 square inches
                (2,581 square cm) of unbroken fluorescent-orange material.
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieval of migratory and
                upland game only.
                    (ix) We require all hunters and anglers to record hours active and
                game harvested using the Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form
                3-2405).
                    (x) We require all users to possess and display a valid Entrance
                Pass. You may use a current Federal Recreational Lands Pass or valid
                Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck
                Stamp) as the Entrance Pass.
                    (xi) Waterfowl hunters must stay within 100 feet (30.5 meters (m))
                of the assigned hunt location. You may exceed 100 feet (30.5 m) when
                retrieving downed birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                quail, opossum, raccoon, coyote, beaver, and nutria on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) When waterfowl hunting is actively taking place, we prohibit
                all public use other than waterfowl hunting within the designated areas
                for waterfowl hunting.
                    (ii) We allow raccoon and opossum hunting between the hours of
                legal sunset and legal sunrise.
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(iii) and (vi)
                through (x) of this section apply.
                    (iv) You may take incidental species (coyote, beaver, nutria, and
                feral hog) during any hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts.
                    (v) We require bobwhite quail and rabbit hunters to wear at least a
                solid hunter orange vest or cap.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(iii) and (vi)
                through (x) and (j)(2)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.
                    (ii) You must purchase a refuge quota deer permit (Quota Deer Hunt
                Application; FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System). Permits are nontransferable. Youth hunters age 15 and
                younger are not required to a purchase a refuge quota deer permit and
                can obtain a free permit from the refuge's office.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                [[Page 30404]]
                    (iv) You may place one portable tree stand or ground blind for deer
                hunting on the refuge only during the open deer season. You must
                clearly label the stand or blind with your State hunting license
                number. When not in use and left on the refuge, you must place stands
                in a non-hunting position at ground level.
                    (v) While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses
                climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, you must use
                a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the
                Treestand Manufacturer's Association standards.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The general sport fishing, boating, and bow fishing season
                extends from March 1 through October 31, except that we open the
                shoreline of Bluff Lake from the Bluff Lake Boardwalk to the visitor
                center, the entire Noxubee River, and all borrow pit areas along
                Highway 25 to fishing year-round.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(ix) and (x) and
                (j)(2)(i) of this section apply.
                    (iii) Anglers must keep boat travel at idle speed, and they must
                not create a wake when moving.
                    (iv) We prohibit limb lines, jug fishing, trotlines, snag lines,
                and hand grappling in Ross Branch, Bluff, and Loakfoma Lakes, as well
                as in areas within 100 yards of refuge water and transportation
                structures.
                    (v) When left unattended, anglers must tag fishing gear with their
                State fishing license number. Anglers must check all gear within 24
                hours each day or remove these devices (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (vi) We allow trotlining on the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (A) Anglers must label each end of the trotline floats with the
                owner's State fishing license number.
                    (B) We limit trotlines to one line per person, and we allow no more
                than two trotlines per boat.
                    (C) Anglers must tend all trotlines every 24 hours, and must remove
                them when not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (D) Trotlines must possess at least 6-inch (15.2-cm) cotton string
                leads.
                    (vii) We allow jug fishing on the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (A) Anglers must label each jug with their State fishing license
                number.
                    (B) Anglers must check all jugs every 24 hours, and must remove
                them when not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We prohibit bow fishing after legal sunset.
                    (ix) We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.
                    (x) We prohibit the taking of frogs, turtles, and crawfish (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (xi) We prohibit using nets of any type to capture free-roaming
                fish or wildlife. You may use a fishing net to recover fish caught by
                hook and line.
                    (xii) Outside the Noxubee Wilderness Area, anglers may leave
                trotlines and jugs used for fishing overnight if they are labeled with
                the angler's State fishing license number.
                    (k) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting on Butler Lake, Salt Lake, and Gillard Lake
                from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) on
                Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (ii) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older
                purchase an Annual Public Use Permit (electronic form). We require the
                refuge user to sign, certifying that you understand and will comply
                with all regulations, and carry this permit at all times while on the
                refuge.
                    (iii) Hunters must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds,
                and decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow only portable blinds.
                    (v) Hunters only may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and
                must exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (vi) We allow no more than 25 shotshells per person in the field.
                    (vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any
                petroleum facility or equipment, or refuge residences and buildings.
                    (viii) We prohibit the use of handguns for hunting on the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, opossum, beaver, nutria, and coyote in designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow hunting shotguns, .22 caliber rimfire rifles or
                smaller, and muzzle-loading rifles under .38 caliber shooting patched
                round balls. We prohibit the possession of hunting with slugs,
                buckshot, or rifle hunting ammunition larger than .22 rimfire.
                    (ii) You must wear a hunter-orange hat and upper garment when
                hunting in open fields or reforested areas.
                    (iii) We allow raccoon hunting only during the month of February
                from legal sunset to legal sunrise with the following conditions:
                    (A) We require the use of dogs.
                    (B) You may use only .22 caliber rimfire rifles for hunting.
                    (iv) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver,
                nutria, and coyote when hunting migratory birds, upland game, big game
                species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.
                    (v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ii) and (iv)
                through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, lottery youth
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only still hunting.
                    (ii) Hunters may take only one deer per day.
                    (iii) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square
                centimeters) of unbroken hunter orange as the outermost layer of
                clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken hunter
                orange. You must wear the solid-hunter-orange items while in the field.
                    (iv) While hunting, all persons age 16 and younger must be in the
                presence and under direct supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter
                age 21 or older.
                    (v) Youth gun hunts (ages 10 to 15) for deer and waterfowl will
                coincide with designated State youth hunts each year. Youth deer
                hunters may use any weapon deemed legal by the State except for
                buckshot, which we prohibit.
                    (vi) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting
                season dates, and you must remove them no more than 2 days after the
                hunting season closes (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). You must mark
                your stand with your State hunting license identification number. We
                allow each hunter one portable stand or blind on the refuge.
                    (vii) Refuge users must check all deer (name) taken prior to
                leaving the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated
                on the map in the refuge public use brochure.
                    (viii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ii) and (iv)
                through (vii) and (k)(2)(iv) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow sport fishing from February 1 through November 15. On
                those days, you may fish from 30 minutes before legal sunrise to 30
                minutes after legal sunset only.
                    (ii) On the Sibley Unit, we prohibit motorized boats north of the
                Ring Levee. Anglers may hand-launch boats in Swamp Lake during nonflood
                conditions.
                    (iii) An adult age 21 or older must supervise youth age 15 and
                younger who may fish in the Kid's Pond. We
                [[Page 30405]]
                prohibit adults from fishing in this pond.
                    (iv) We allow bow fishing.
                    (v) We prohibit taking alligator gar.
                    (vi) We prohibit crawfishing.
                    (vii) We prohibit commercial fishing.
                    (viii) We prohibit possession of trotline equipment, including limb
                lines, nets, traps, yo-yos, and/or jugs.
                    (ix) The condition set forth at paragraph (k)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (l) Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory waterfowl, coot, snipe, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a signed
                North Mississippi NWR hunting permit (code 606, available from the
                Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks). While
                hunting on the refuge, all persons age 16 and younger (``youth
                hunter'') must be in the presence and under the direct supervision of a
                licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or older (``licensed hunter''). A
                licensed hunter supervising a youth hunter must hold all required
                licenses and permits.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the
                refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset, except during raccoon
                and frog hunts.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including under the
                Light Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and
                Sundays ending at 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (iv) Each hunter must obtain a daily Migratory Bird Hunt Report
                (FWS Form 3-2361). You must display the card in plain view on the
                dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable.
                Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it
                at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested,
                and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
                    (v) It is unlawful to hunt from or shoot into the 100-foot (30.5-
                meter) zone along either side of designated roads and parking lots.
                    (vi) We allow the use of dogs on the refuge when hunting migratory
                game birds and upland game. We prohibit the use of dogs during big game
                hunts.
                    (vii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, other personal
                property, and litter from the hunting area following each morning's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (viii) You are allowed no more than 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess a valid general Special Use Permit (FWS Form
                3-1383-G) to hunt raccoon on the refuge.
                    (ii) Each hunter must obtain a daily Upland/Small Game/Furbearer
                Report (FWS Form 3-2362). You must display the card in plain view on
                the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information is
                readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and
                deposit it at one of the refuge information stations. Include all game
                harvested, and if you harvest no game, report ``0.''
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Each hunter must obtain a daily Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
                Form 3-2359). You must display the card in plain view on the dashboard
                of your vehicle so that the personal information is readable. Prior to
                leaving the refuge, you must complete the card and deposit it at one of
                the refuge information stations. Include all game harvested, and if you
                harvest no game, report ``0.'' We prohibit hunters possessing more than
                one Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) at a time.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i), (ii), and
                (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iv) We prohibit hunting or shooting across any open, fallow, or
                planted field from ground level.
                    (v) We allow valid permit holders to possess and hunt from one
                portable stand or blind on the refuge. You must permanently and legibly
                write your State hunting license number on all stands on the refuge.
                Stands left on the area do not reserve the hunting locations. You may
                place stands up to 2 days prior to the hunt, and you must remove them
                no more than 2 days after the refuge's deer season closes (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter). Ground blinds must display a minimum 400 square
                inches (2,581 square centimeters) of fluorescent orange that is visible
                from all sides.
                    (vi) Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest
                system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturer's Association standards.
                    (vii) We prohibit the use of buckshot on the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
                fishing.
                    (ii) All anglers must carry a valid refuge permit (Visitor Check-In
                Permit and Report, FWS Form 3-2405), certifying that they understand
                and will comply with all regulations.
                    (iii) We prohibit possession or use of jugs, seines, nets, hand-
                grab baskets, slat traps/baskets, or any other similar devices.
                    (iv) We prohibit commercial fishing of any kind.
                    (v) We only allow trotlines, yo-yos, limb lines, crawfish traps, or
                any other similar devices for recreational use. You must tag or mark
                them with the angler's State fishing license number written with
                waterproof ink, legibly inscribed or legibly stamped on the tag, and
                you must attend the devices a minimum of once every 24 hours. When not
                attended, you must remove these devices from the refuge (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) We prohibit snagging or attempting to snag fish.
                    (vii) We allow crawfishing.
                    (viii) We allow take of frog only with a Special Use Permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G).
                    (m) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, coot, and dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Each person age 16 or older hunting or fishing must possess a
                valid Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex Annual Public
                Use Permit (electronic form).
                    (ii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be in the presence
                and direct supervision of a Mississippi licensed or exempt hunter, age
                21 or older. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.
                    (iii) Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display
                their Daily Visitor Information/Harvest Report Card (Big Game Harvest
                Report, FWS Form 3-2359) in plain view in their vehicle so that the
                required information is readable. You must return all cards upon
                completion of the activity and before leaving the refuge.
                    (iv) We prohibit all other public use on the refuge during all
                limited draw hunts.
                    (v) Valid Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex
                Annual Public Use Permit (electronic form) holders may incidentally
                take opossum, coyote,
                [[Page 30406]]
                beaver, bobcat, nutria, and feral hog in any refuge hunt season with
                weapons legal for that hunt.
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting or shooting into a 100-foot (30.5-meter
                (m)) zone along either side of pipelines, power line rights-of-way,
                designated roads, and trails, and around parking lots. It is considered
                hunting if you have a loaded weapon, if you have a nocked arrow while
                bow hunting, or if you are in an elevated tree stand or ground blind
                with a means to take, within these areas.
                    (vii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material, and harvested
                waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.
                    (ix) We allow goose, duck, merganser, and coot hunting beginning
                \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (x) We limit waterfowl hunters to 25 shotshells per person in the
                field.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, bobcat, and nutria on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow only shotguns .22 and .17 caliber rimfire rifles for
                small game hunting.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting squirrel and raccoon,
                and for the February rabbit hunt.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(i) through (vi)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (iii) Hunting or shooting within or adjacent to open fields or tree
                plantations less than 5 feet (1.5 m) in height must be from a stand a
                minimum of 10 feet (3 m) above the ground.
                    (iv) The refuge brochure provides deer check station dates,
                locations, and requirements. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must
                check all harvested deer at the nearest self-service check station
                following the posted instructions.
                    (v) Hunters may possess and hunt from only one stand or blind.
                Hunters may place a deer stand or blind 48 hours prior to a hunt, and
                must remove it within 48 hours after each designated hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), with the exception of closed areas where
                special regulations apply.
                    (vi) During designated muzzleloader hunts, we allow archery
                equipment and muzzleloaders loaded with a single ball; we prohibit
                breech-loading firearms of any type.
                    (vii) Limited draw hunts require a Limited Hunt Permit (electronic
                form) assigned by random computer drawing. At the end of the hunt, you
                must return the permit (Big Game Harvest Report, FWS Form 3-2359) with
                information concerning that hunt to the refuge. Failure to return this
                permit will disqualify the hunter for any limited hunts the next year.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.44   Missouri.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove
                all your blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge each day (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter), except for blinds made entirely of marsh
                vegetation.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: On the 131-acre
                mainland unit of Boone's Crossing, we allow upland game hunting with
                archery methods only. On Johnson Island, we allow hunting of game
                animals during Statewide seasons using archery methods or shotguns
                using shot no larger than BB.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through
                January 31. Hunters must place their State Conservation number on their
                stands.
                    (ii) On the Boone's Crossing Unit, including Johnson Island, we
                allow deer and turkey hunters with archery methods only.
                    (iii) On the Cora Island Unit, we allow deer hunting with archery
                methods only. We restrict hunting for other game on this unit to
                shotgun only with shot no larger than BB.
                    (iv) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: You must operate all
                motorized boats at no-wake speed.
                    (b) Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must register at the hunter sign-in/out station and record
                the sex and age of deer harvested on the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
                Form 3-2359).
                    (ii) We prohibit shooting at deer that are on any portion of the
                main perimeter levee.
                    (iii) If you are assigned a specific blind location, you may hunt
                only from that location.
                    (iv) We allow use of portable stands, but hunters must remove them
                at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) You must remove all boats, blinds, blind materials, stands,
                platforms, scaffolds, and other hunting equipment from the refuge at
                the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this
                chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow only boat fishing, except that we allow bank fishing
                during managed refuge special events.
                    (iii) Anglers must remove all boats and fishing equipment at the
                end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (c) Great River National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.32(e)
                for regulations.
                    (d) Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of light goose on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of light geese only during the spring
                conservation order season.
                    (ii) We require hunters to have a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-
                1383-C), and all hunters must hunt with a guide.
                    (iii) We allow the guide and hunters into the hunt boundary up to 2
                hours prior to legal shooting time.
                    (iv) Hunting ends at 1 p.m.
                    (v) We allow dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the
                immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (vi) We allow portable blinds and decoys at the discretion of the
                guide.
                [[Page 30407]]
                    (vii) We prohibit pit blinds.
                    (viii) We prohibit retrieving crippled geese outside of the hunt
                boundary, including adjacent private land. This includes retrieval by
                dogs.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a valid State-managed hunt unit permit to hunt deer
                on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow only muzzleloader hunting.
                    (iii) We require hunters to check in and out of the refuge.
                    (iv) You must remove your stand(s) from the refuge at the end of
                the managed deer hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: You may take fish,
                amphibians, reptiles, and crustaceans only with a hand-held pole and
                line or rod and reel.
                    (e) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to
                Sec.  32.32(i) for regulations.
                    (f) Mingo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow waterfowl hunting in Pool 7 and Pool 8 subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl hunting, provided the
                dogs are under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until 1 p.m.
                    (iii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials
                brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We require hunters to go through the Missouri Department of
                Conservation daily draw process at Duck Creek Conservation Area to hunt
                in Pool 7 and Pool 8.
                    (v) We require hunters to read our refuge hunting brochure that
                contains a hunting permit (signed brochure). We require hunters to sign
                and carry the permit/brochure while hunting.
                    (vi) We allow the take of feral hog at any time, and bobcat when in
                season, while legally hunting others species on the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, and
                bobcat in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(v) and (vi) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunter access from 1\1/2\ hours before legal shooting
                time until 1\1/2\ hours after legal shooting time.
                    (iii) We require that all hunters register at the hunter sign-in
                stations and complete an Upland Game Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2362)
                located at the exit kiosks prior to exiting the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow squirrel hunting from the State opening day until the
                day before the State opening of archery deer season.
                    (v) Archery hunters may take squirrel, raccoon, and bobcat while in
                season and feral hog anytime while archery deer hunting.
                    (vi) We allow raccoon hunting by special use permit during the
                Statewide raccoon season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting in designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(iii), (v), and
                (vi) and (f)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We require that all hunters register at the hunter sign-in
                stations and complete the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359)
                located at the exit kiosks prior to exiting the refuge.
                    (iii) We allow archery hunting for deer and turkey during the fall
                season.
                    (iv) We allow spring turkey hunting. You may only use or possess
                approved nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field,
                including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey.
                    (v) We allow archery hunting in the Expanded General Hunt Area
                through October 31.
                    (vi) We allow portable tree stands. You may place a portable tree
                stand no earlier than 2 weeks before the State archery deer season, and
                you must remove it no later than 2 weeks after the State archery deer
                season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter), except that in the Expanded
                General Hunt Area, you must remove all personal property at the end of
                each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). A tree stand left on the
                refuge must be labeled with hunter's conservation identification
                number.
                    (vii) We allow only one tree stand per deer hunter.
                    (viii) Hunters may use boats to access the hunt area.
                    (ix) We require hunters to apply for managed deer hunts through the
                Missouri Department of Conservation internet draw.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Except as provided under paragraph (f)(4)(ii) of this section,
                we allow fishing from March 1 through September 30, from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset, on all refuge
                waters.
                    (ii) We allow fishing year-round from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset on Red Mill Pond, Mingo River
                (south of Ditch 6 Road), Stanley Creed, May Pond, Fox Pond, and Ditches
                1, 2, 3, 6, 10, and 11.
                    (iii) We allow the use of electric trolling motors outside the
                Mingo Wilderness.
                    (iv) We require the removal of watercraft from the refuge at the
                end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) We allow anglers to take nongame fish by nets and seines for
                personal use only from March 1 through September 30.
                    (vi) Anglers must attend trammel and gill nets at all times and
                plainly label them with the angler's conservation identification (ID)
                number.
                    (vii) We only allow the use of trotlines, throwlines, limb lines,
                bank lines, and jug lines from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset. Anglers must mark each line with their
                conservation ID number.
                    (viii) We allow the take of common snapping turtle and soft-shelled
                turtle using only pole and line. We require all anglers to immediately
                release all alligator snapping turtles.
                    (g) Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, dove, rail, snipe, and woodcock
                on the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require the Missouri Department of Conservation ``Green
                Card'' while hunting waterfowl.
                    (ii) We require Missouri Department of Conservation ``White Cards''
                while dove hunting.
                    (iii) You must follow designated check-in and check-out procedures.
                    (iv) We only allow waterfowl hunting during designated days of the
                waterfowl seasons, late goose season, and Spring Conservation Order
                season.
                    (v) We restrict hunting hours to designated times on designated
                units. You must remove all equipment (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter)
                and exit units by 1 p.m.
                    (vi) During the Spring Conservation Order season, you may leave
                decoys and blinds overnight in your assigned unit.
                    (vii) You may hunt only in your assigned designated area. We assign
                designated areas to hunters at the check station.
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (ix) We restrict hunting units to parties no larger than four,
                unless otherwise designated.
                [[Page 30408]]
                    (x) We allow hand-pulled carts.
                    (xi) You must park vehicles in designated parking areas.
                    (xii) We prohibit hunting or shooting on, across, or within 100
                feet (30.5 meters) of a service road, parking lot, or designated trail.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(xii) of this
                section applies.
                    (ii) We allow shotguns, handguns, and rimfire .22 caliber rifles.
                    (iii) You may not access the refuge from neighboring private or
                public lands.
                    (iv) We restrict hunting use hours on designated hunting units.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and wild turkey on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iii) and
                (g)(2)(iii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved
                nontoxic shot shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.
                    (iii) On the refuge, we allow hunting of white-tailed deer subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (A) We require a Missouri Department of Conservation Permit, along
                with Missouri Department of Conservation hunter identification tags and
                parking permits (name/address/phone number), to hunt during the managed
                deer hunt.
                    (B) You must participate in a pre-hunt orientation for managed deer
                hunts.
                    (C) You must hunt in designated areas during designated times.
                    (D) We allow entry onto the refuge 1 hour prior to shooting hours
                during managed deer hunts. You must be off the refuge 1 hour after
                shooting hours, unless the refuge manager or designee has given you
                permission to stay on the refuge until a later time.
                    (E) We prohibit shooting from, across, or within 100 feet (30.5
                meters (m)) of a service road, public road, parking lot, or designated
                trail unless authorized by the refuge manager.
                    (F) We allow use of portable tree stands and blinds during managed
                deer hunts, and you must remove them at designated times (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter). You must attach your conservation
                identification number to all stands and blinds. During managed firearms
                hunts, you must mark enclosed hunting blinds and stands with hunter
                orange visible from all sides.
                    (G) During special hunts, one nonhunting assistant may accompany
                youth or hunters with disabilities.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing on the refuge only during refuge open hours.
                    (ii) The Taylor Point area of Elk Creek is open to fishing year-
                round during daylight hours. Anglers may access this area by a refuge
                road (FHWA Route 100) off of State Highway E.
                    (iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats on refuge waters, except
                that anglers may use motor boats on the Silver Lake impoundment. No
                wake applies to all waters on the refuge.
                    (iv) Anglers must remove all boats from the refuge at the end of
                each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (h) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.32(k)
                for regulations.
                Sec.  32.45   Montana.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, swan, and coot in designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas 2
                hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) Hunters with a documented mobility disability may reserve an
                accessible blind in advance by contacting the refuge office.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, and gray partridge in designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i)
                of this section applies.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (b) Benton Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of coyote, skunk, red
                fox, raccoon, hare, rabbit, and tree squirrel on designated areas of
                the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district.
                    (c) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
                and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, portable
                blinds, other personal property, and any materials brought onto the
                refuge for blind construction by legal sunset each day (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Fox and coyote
                hunters may only use centerfire rifles, rimfire rifles, or shotguns
                with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated
                portions of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands, portable
                blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms on the refuge from August
                15 through December 15.
                    (ii) You must visibly mark portable tree stands, portable blinds,
                and freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing
                system (ALS) number.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
                and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge Special Use Permit (FWS
                Form 3-1383-G) to hunt fox and coyotes.
                    (ii) Fox and coyote hunters may only use centerfire rifles, rimfire
                rifles, or shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (iii) Any person hunting or accompanying a hunter must wear a
                minimum of 400 square inches (2,581 square centimeters) of hunter
                orange (fluorescent) material above the waist, visible at all times.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Bowdoin Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                [[Page 30409]]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may leave portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
                freestanding elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas (WPAs)
                from August 15 through December 15.
                    (ii) You must label portable tree stands, portable blinds, and
                freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing system
                (ALS) number. The label must be legible from the ground.
                    (iii) We only allow the use of archery, muzzleloader (as governed
                by State regulations), or shotgun on the McNeil Slough WPA and Hammond
                WPA.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district.
                    (f) Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds,
                turkey, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: We allow coyote hunting from the first day of
                antelope rifle season through March 1 annually.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
                    (ii) We limit each hunter to three stands or blinds. The hunter
                must have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked
                on the stand(s) or blind(s).
                    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than
                August 1, and you must remove them by December 15 of each year (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (g) Charles M. Russell Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
                areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
                remove all watercraft and personal equipment following each day of
                hunting (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game bird hunting on
                designated areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
                your tree stand(s) from the refuge after each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: Anglers must remove
                all motor boats and other personal equipment at the end of each day
                (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (h) Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill
                crane, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (i) Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow only upland game bird hunting on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (j) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill crane,
                and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, portable
                blinds, other personal property, and any materials brought onto the
                refuge for blind construction by legal sunset each day (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
                portions of the refuge subject to the following condition: Fox and
                coyote hunters may use only centerfire rifles, rim-fire rifles, or
                shotguns with approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands, portable
                blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms on the refuge from August
                15 through December 15.
                    (ii) You must visibly mark portable tree stands, portable blinds,
                and freestanding elevated platforms with your automated licensing
                system (ALS) number.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (k) Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (l) Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, swan, sandhill
                crane, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, sage grouse, gray partridge, fox, and coyote on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (m) Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must obtain
                landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:
                Hunters must obtain landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must
                obtain landowner permission before hunting on the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers must obtain
                landowner permission before fishing on the refuge.
                    (n) Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must hunt from an established blind.
                    (ii) Legal entry time into the hunting area is no earlier than 2
                hours before legal shooting hours. All hunters must exit the hunting
                area no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.
                    (iii) We prohibit wildlife observation, scouting, and loitering
                during waterfowl hunting season at the waterfowl hunting area parking
                lot and on the refuge road leading to the waterfowl hunting area
                parking lot.
                [[Page 30410]]
                    (iv) We close the waterfowl hunting area to waterfowl hunting on
                Mondays and Thursdays.
                    (v) Each hunter must complete the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS
                Form 3-2361), must set the appropriate blind selector (metal flip tag)
                before and after hunting, and must record hunting data (hours hunted
                and birds harvested) on FWS Form 3-2361 before departing the hunting
                area.
                    (vi) We prohibit attempting to ``reserve'' a blind for use later in
                the day by depositing a vehicle or other equipment on the refuge. A
                hunter must be physically present in the hunting area in order to use a
                blind. The exceptions are blinds 2 and 7, which may be reserved for
                hunters with disabilities.
                    (vii) No more than four hunters or individuals may use a blind at
                one time.
                    (viii) You must conduct all hunting from within the hunting blind.
                    (ix) All hunters must have a visible means of retrieving waterfowl
                such as a float tube, waders, or a dog capable of retrieving.
                    (x) We prohibit falconry hunting.
                    (xi) We allow the use of a portable ground blind within the
                immediate mowed area around field blind #13.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer
                on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit wildlife observation, scouting, and loitering at
                access points and parking areas.
                    (ii) Hunters may only enter the hunt area 2 hours prior to legal
                hunting hours and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal hunting
                hours.
                    (iii) We allow archery hunting in the waterfowl hunting area in
                September, except during the youth waterfowl hunt weekend. We will
                allow archery hunting on Mondays and Thursdays in the waterfowl hunting
                area during waterfowl hunting season.
                    (iv) Each hunter must complete the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS
                Form 3-2359) before departing the hunting area.
                    (v) We allow the use of portable tree stands or ground blinds. You
                must attach a tag displaying the owner's automated licensing system
                (ALS) number to each tree stand and/or ground blind you place on the
                refuge.
                    (vi) Hunters may not enter or retrieve deer from closed areas of
                the refuge without the consent of an authorized official.
                    (vii) Hunters with a documented mobility disability may access
                designated locations in the hunting area to hunt from ground blinds. To
                access these areas, hunters must contact the refuge manager in advance
                to obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G).
                    (viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a ``drive'' as an
                organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                game.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (o) Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and mountain
                grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow use of riding or pack stock on designated access
                routes through the refuge to access off-refuge lands as identified in
                the public use leaflet.
                    (ii) We prohibit retrieval of game in areas closed to hunting
                without a refuge retrieval permit.
                    (iii) We allow portable or temporary blinds and tree stands.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk, white-tailed deer,
                and mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(2)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) The first week of the archery elk and deer hunting season and
                the first week of the general elk and deer hunting season are open only
                to youth hunters (ages 12 to 15). A nonhunting adult age 18 or older
                must accompany the youth hunter in the field.
                    (iii) Persons assisting disabled hunters must not be afield with a
                hunting firearm, bow, or other hunting device.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (p) Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of coot, duck, goose, sandhill crane, tundra
                swan, snipe, and dove on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, partridge,
                sharp-tailed grouse, coyote, red fox, and white-tailed jackrabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow hunting of coyote, red fox, and white-tailed jackrabbit during
                daylight hours from November 15 through March 31.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and antelope on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (q) National Bison Range. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the National Bison Range as governed by joint State and Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We
                prohibit the use of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.
                    (r) Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge as governed by joint State and Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use
                of lead or lead-based tackle.
                    (s) Northeast Montana Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
                areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
                remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction at the end of
                each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunters to leave portable tree stands and freestanding
                elevated platforms on waterfowl production areas (WPAs) from August 25
                through February 15.
                    (ii) You must label portable tree stands and freestanding elevated
                platforms with your automated licensing system (ALS) number so that the
                number is legible from the ground.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (t) Northwest Montana Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory
                game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated
                areas of the district as governed by State law (Flathead County
                waterfowl production areas (WPAs)) and joint State and Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated
                Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County WPAs), subject to the following
                conditions:
                [[Page 30411]]
                    (i) Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, portable blinds
                (including those made of native materials), boat blinds, and all other
                personal property at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs when hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district as governed by State law (Flathead County WPAs)
                and joint State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations
                for non-members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations
                for members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County
                WPAs), subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit hunting with a shotgun capable of holding more than
                three shells.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district as follows:
                    (i) We allow big game hunting on Flathead County WPAs as governed
                by State law and subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(i) and (t)(2)(i)
                of this section apply.
                    (B) We restrict hunting on Flathead, Blasdel, and Batavia WPAs to
                hunting with archery equipment, shotgun, traditional handgun,
                muzzleloader, or crossbow only.
                    (ii) We allow big game hunting on Lake County WPAs as governed by
                joint State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
                non-members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
                members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on all WPAs throughout
                the district as governed by State law (Flathead County WPAs) and joint
                State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-
                members and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations for
                members of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (Lake County
                WPAs).
                    (u) Pablo National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge as governed by joint State and Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribal regulations for non-members and Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribal regulations for members of the Confederated Salish and
                Kootenai Tribe subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use
                of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.
                    (v) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and
                other personal equipment from the refuge each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
                and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of motorized decoys.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, moose, and
                pronghorn antelope on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We limit the number of hunters per day during the general big
                game season for the area north of South Valley Road, south of Red Rock
                River Mash, and west of Upper Red Rock Lake to the west refuge
                boundary. We close this area to hunting by other big game hunters
                during the general big game season. We select the hunters per day by
                annual lottery.
                    (ii) You may hire outfitters or ranchers for the retrieval of big
                game only.
                    (iii) We prohibit use of wheeled game carts or other mechanical
                transportation devices for game retrieval on portions of the refuge
                designated as Wilderness Area.
                    (iv) We prohibit horses north of South Valley Road except for the
                retrieval of big game. We only allow horses for back-country access to
                the Centennial Mountains south of South Valley Road. We require the use
                of certified weed-free hay or pellets in refuge parking lots and on
                refuge roads or trails.
                    (v) We prohibit hunting and/or shooting from or onto refuge lands
                from within 50 yards (45 meters) of the centerline of any public road
                open to motorized vehicles.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only use pole and line or rod and reel to fish on the
                refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of felt-soled wading boots on all refuge
                waters.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use or possession of lead sinkers or any lead
                fishing product while fishing.
                    (w) Swan River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of elk, white-tailed
                deer, and mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
                    (ii) We limit each hunter to one stand or blind. The hunter must
                have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked on
                the stand or blind.
                    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than the
                first day of the hunting season, and you must remove them by the last
                day of the hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (x) UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds and
                coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: We allow coyote hunting from the first day of antelope rifle
                season through March 1 annually.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of portable blinds and stands.
                    (ii) We limit each hunter to three stands or blinds. The hunter
                must have their automated licensing system (ALS) number visibly marked
                on the stand(s) or blind(s).
                    (iii) You may install portable stands and blinds no sooner than
                August 1, and you must remove them by December 15 of each year (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (y) War Horse National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                Sec.  32.46   Nebraska.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                [[Page 30412]]
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may access the refuge from 2 hours before legal sunrise
                until 2 hours after legal sunset along the immediate shoreline and
                including the high bank of the Missouri River. You may access the
                hunting area by water or, if by land, only within the public use area
                of the Island Unit.
                    (ii) You must remove all blinds and decoys at the conclusion of
                each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The refuge manager will annually determine and publish hunting
                season dates and include them in the refuge access permit (signed
                brochure).
                    (ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit (signed
                brochure) at all times while in the hunting area.
                    (iii) We allow hunters in the designated areas from 2 hours before
                legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (iv) We allow two portable tree stands/blinds per hunter within the
                hunt area. Of those, only one stand/blind can be left on the refuge
                from 1 week prior to the start of the designated hunt season to 1 week
                after the end of the designated hunt season.
                    (v) You must plainly label unattended stands and blinds with the
                full name and/or hunting license number of the owner. Labels must be
                visible from ground level.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow personally attended hook and line fishing and archery
                fishing (rough fish only) from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
                hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, float lines, bank lines, or
                setlines.
                    (iii) We prohibit digging or seining for bait.
                    (iv) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles or frogs (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (v) Anglers may use no more than two lines and two hooks per line.
                    (b) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may enter the designated hunting area 2 hours before
                legal sunrise and must be back to their vehicle in the process of
                leaving the refuge 2 hours after legal sunset. Official shooting hours
                are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour after legal
                sunset for deer, coyote, and furbearer hunters; and from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise until legal sunset for all other hunters.
                    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds and upland game, you may
                only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (iii) We open the refuge to hunting from September 1 through
                January 31.
                    (iv) We prohibit publicly organized hunts unless authorized under a
                Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C).
                    (v) We only allow floating blinds on Island Lake.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit,
                jack rabbit, furbearer, coyote, ring-necked pheasant, and prairie
                grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow electronic calls for coyote and furbearer hunting.
                    (iii) Coyotes and all furbearers or their parts, if left in the
                field, must be left at least 50 yards away from any road, trail, or
                building. Otherwise, hunters must remove them from the refuge (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                mule deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
                remain until 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We open Island Lake to fishing year-round and open Smith and
                Crane Lakes to fishing seasonally from November 1 through February 15.
                We close all other refuge lakes to fishing.
                    (iii) We prohibit leaving temporary shelters used for fishing
                overnight on the refuge.
                    (c) Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require the submission of a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application
                (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed
                brochure) when hunting. We require hunters to complete a Big Game
                Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) and return it to the refuge at the
                conclusion of the hunting season.
                    (ii) We allow hunting with muzzleloader and archery equipment. We
                prohibit hunting with firearms capable of firing cartridge ammunition.
                    (iii) We allow hunter access from 2 hours before legal sunrise
                until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (iv) We allow horses within the wilderness area. We limit horse use
                to three groups at a time and no more than five horses per group. We
                limit horse access to the wilderness area via the wilderness overlook
                or the refuge corrals and buffalo bridge.
                    (v) We prohibit leaving tree stands and ground blinds in the same
                location for more than 7 consecutive days. You may put up tree stands,
                elevated platforms, and ground blinds, but no earlier than opening day
                of deer season; you must remove them by the last day of deer season
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vi) We prohibit hunting during the Nebraska November Firearm Deer
                Season.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the use of limb or set lines.
                    (ii) We prohibit the take of baitfish, reptiles, and amphibians
                (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while
                fishing on refuge lands and waters.
                    (d) North Platte National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit,
                pheasant, furbearers (as governed by State definitions), and coyote on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We close the Lake Alice Unit to all public entry from October
                15 through January 14.
                    (ii) Hunters must be 15 years of age or younger (``youth
                hunters''). A licensed hunter 19 years of age or older (``adult
                guide'') must accompany youth hunters. Adult guides must not hunt or
                carry firearms.
                    (iii) We close the refuge to public use from legal sunset to legal
                sunrise. However, youth hunters and their adult guides may enter the
                designated hunting area 1 hour prior to legal sunrise.
                    (iv) We only allow the use of dogs for pheasant hunting on the
                refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of mule deer and
                white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                [[Page 30413]]
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We close the refuge to public use from legal sunset to legal
                sunrise. However, archery deer hunters may enter the designated hunting
                area 1 hour prior to legal sunrise and remain until 1 hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (e) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except that we prohibit
                hunting with dogs from May 1 to July 31.
                    (ii) We prohibit exercising, running, or training dogs from May 1
                to July 31.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district subject to the following condition: The
                conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section
                apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following condition: The conditions set
                forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district.
                    (f) Valentine National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunter access from 2 hours before legal sunrise to 2
                hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to
                locate, point, and retrieve.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
                prairie chicken, ring-necked pheasant, dove, and coyote on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We allow coyote hunting from September 1 to March 31. Shooting
                hours are \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (iii) When hunting upland game, you may only use dogs to locate,
                point, and retrieve, except that we prohibit the use of dogs to hunt
                coyotes.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of bait to hunt coyotes.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
                deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this
                section applies.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and
                remain 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the take of reptiles, amphibians, and minnows (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter), with the exception that you may take
                bullfrogs on refuge lakes open to fishing.
                Sec.  32.47   Nevada.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, snipe, and
                dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We only allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on
                the refuge hunting area during the migratory waterfowl hunting season.
                    (ii) We open the refuge to the public from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The
                condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Desert National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bighorn sheep on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                require bighorn sheep guides to obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form
                3-1383-C) prior to taking clients onto the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, snipe, and
                dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting on designated days.
                    (ii) We only allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on
                the refuge hunting area during the migratory waterfowl hunting season.
                    (iii) From October 1 to February 1, you may only possess shotshells
                in quantities of 25 or fewer when in the field once you have left your
                assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail and rabbit on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting on designated days.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of jackrabbits only during the State
                cottontail season.
                    (iii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the
                field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.
                    (3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing year-
                round, except that we close the North Marsh to all fishing from October
                1 through February 1.
                    (d) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of dark goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and
                common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may access the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
                until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) Hunters must remove all blind materials and decoys following
                each day's hunt.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may access the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise
                until 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow fishing by wading and from personal flotation devices
                (float tubes) and bank fishing in designated areas.
                    (iii) You may use only artificial lures in the Collection Ditch and
                adjoining spring ponds.
                    (iv) We prohibit the possession of live or dead bait fish, any
                amphibians (including frogs), and crayfish on the refuge.
                    (e) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow only
                portable blinds and temporary blinds constructed of synthetic material.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, grouse, and
                chukar on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, antelope, and
                bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow ground blinds, and you must not construct them earlier
                than 1
                [[Page 30414]]
                week prior to the opening day of the legal season for which you have a
                valid State-issued hunting permit.
                    (ii) You must remove blinds within 24 hours of harvesting an animal
                or at the end of the permittee's legal season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (iii) You must label blinds with your State hunting license and
                permit numbers.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (f) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game species on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                prohibit hunting after legal sunset.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must
                only use shotguns, muzzleloading weapons, or bow and arrow for hunting
                deer.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.48   New Hampshire.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must access waterfowl hunting areas by boat launched from
                off-refuge sites only. We prohibit overland access through the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit hunters from discharging a bow and arrow within 15
                feet (4.5 meters), or a firearm within 200 feet (61 meters), of the
                traveled portion of, or across, any refuge roads or trails.
                    (ii) We allow hunting for deer during a 2-day hunt during the first
                weekend of the State's firearms season subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (A) We require hunters to have a lottery-issued refuge firearms
                deer hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System) and to possess it at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (B) We allow scouting during the week prior to the first day of the
                firearms deer hunt.
                    (C) Hunters must check-in with refuge personnel prior to entering
                the refuge, and must check out with refuge personnel when exiting the
                refuge.
                    (D) Hunters must register harvested deer at the refuge check
                station, if a refuge check station is offered.
                    (E) Hunters must wear a minimum of 400 square inches (2,581 square
                centimeters) of solid-colored, blaze-orange clothing or material, in a
                visible manner on the head, chest, and back.
                    (iii) We allow archery deer and archery turkey hunting during the
                fall season subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We require hunters to have a lottery-issued refuge hunt permit
                (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) and to possess it at all times while
                scouting and hunting on the refuge.
                    (B) We allow scouting during the week prior to the season opening.
                    (C) We prohibit archery hunting during the 2-day deer firearms
                hunt, unless the hunter possesses the appropriate firearms deer hunt
                permit.
                    (iv) We allow turkey hunting during the spring season subject to
                the following conditions: The conditions set forth at paragraphs
                (a)(3)(iii)(A) and (B) of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. [Reserved]
                    (b) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge--(1)
                Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, common
                snipe, and American woodcock on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, raccoon,
                woodchuck, red squirrel, eastern gray squirrel, porcupine, skunk,
                American crow, snowshoe hare, ring-necked pheasant, and ruffed grouse
                on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, moose,
                black bear, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow portable tree stands and blinds.
                    (ii) You must label your portable tree stands and/or blinds with
                your name and State hunting license number. The label must be clearly
                visible on the stands or blinds.
                    (iii) You must remove your tree stands or blinds by the end of the
                season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, snipe, coot, crow, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from
                the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and
                retrieval of game species.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox, raccoon,
                woodchuck, squirrel, porcupine, skunk, snowshoe hare, ring-necked
                pheasant, and ruffed grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit night hunting from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset
                until \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise the following day.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of bear, white-tailed deer,
                coyote, wild turkey, and moose on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (c)(2)(i)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes,
                harvested on the refuge.
                    (iii) We allow temporary blinds and tree stands that are clearly
                marked with the owner's name and State hunting license number. You may
                erect temporary blinds and tree stands no earlier than 14 days prior to
                the hunting season, and you must remove them within 14 days after the
                hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.49   New Jersey.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Cape May National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, coot, moorhen, rail, snipe, and
                woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The snipe season on the refuge begins with the start of the
                State early woodcock south zone season and continues through the end of
                the State snipe season.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds.
                    (iii) We prohibit falconry.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on
                [[Page 30415]]
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this
                section applies.
                    (ii) We allow rabbit and squirrel hunting following the end of the
                State's 6-day firearm season for white-tailed deer, until the close of
                the regular rabbit and squirrel season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) You must mark tree stands with the owner's New Jersey
                Conservation Identification Number.
                    (ii) You must remove all tree stands, blinds, and hunting materials
                at the end of the State deer hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater sport fishing on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from 1 hour before legal sunrise to 1 hour
                after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We close the Atlantic Ocean beach annually to all access,
                including fishing, between April 1 and September 30.
                    (iii) We prohibit fishing for, or possession of, shellfish on
                refuge lands.
                    (b) Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, coot, moorhen, and rail on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit
                (Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We require
                hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt
                Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and hunting on the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to possess a signed refuge hunt permit (Big/
                Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System)) at all times while scouting and
                hunting deer and turkey on the refuge.
                    (ii) You must mark deer stands with the hunter's New Jersey
                Conservation Identification Number. You must remove deer stands from
                the refuge at the end of the last day of the hunting season (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System), and possess the signed
                refuge permit at all times while hunting or scouting on the refuge.
                    (ii) On scouting days, hunters must access the refuge between legal
                sunrise and legal sunset. On hunting days, hunters may enter the refuge
                2 hours before legal shooting time and must leave no later than 2 hours
                after legal shooting time.
                    (iii) Hunters may put up tree stands beginning on the first
                scouting day, except on the day of the refuge's youth hunt. Hunters
                must retrieve their stands by 12 p.m. (noon) on the Sunday after the
                last day of the hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). All hunters
                must put their last name and Conservation Identification Number on
                their stand, and they may have only one stand in the field at any one
                time.
                    (iv) We allow hunters to use sleds to retrieve deer in the
                Wilderness Area east of Long Hill/New Vernon Road. We prohibit wheeled
                game carriers.
                    (v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose and duck on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow only bow hunting on the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on the
                refuge in designated areas subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit the taking of frogs and turtles from all nontidal
                waters and refuge lands (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit fishing in designated nontidal waters from legal
                sunset to legal sunrise.
                    (iii) We prohibit bow fishing in nontidal waters.
                    (e) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
                time and must leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of coyote, fox, crow,
                ruffed grouse, opossum, raccoon, pheasant, chukar, rabbit/hare/
                jackrabbit, squirrel, and woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
                and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (e)(2)(i)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iii) The Armstrong tract is archery only for deer and bear.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) We open Owens Station Crossing for catch-and-release fishing
                only.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
                hour after legal sunset.
                [[Page 30416]]
                    (iii) We prohibit the taking of amphibians and reptiles (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit minnow/bait trapping.
                Sec.  32.50  New Mexico.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose; duck; coot; mourning and white-
                winged dove; and sandhill crane on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We restrict hunting in the Middle Tract to the following times:
                    (A) You may hunt only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays during
                the period when the State seasons that apply to the Middle Tract area
                are open simultaneously for hunting all of the species allowed.
                    (B) You may hunt only until 1 p.m. on each hunt day.
                    (ii) On the South Tract, we allow hunting only during special hunts
                (hunters with disabilities and/or youth hunters age 17 and younger).
                    (iii) You must remove all waterfowl decoys and all temporary
                blinds/stands after each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail
                (scaled, Gambel's, bobwhite, and Montezuma), Eurasian-collared dove,
                cottontail, and jack rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow rabbit hunting on the North Tract only during the
                season that is concurrently open for quail hunting within the State.
                    (ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer, white-tailed
                deer, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters may take feral hog (no bag limit) only while legally
                hunting deer and only with the weapon legal for deer on that day in
                that area.
                    (ii) You must remove all temporary blinds/stands after each day's
                hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (b) Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove and
                light goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of light goose on dates to be determined by
                refuge staff. Hunters must possess a permit available through a lottery
                drawing (Waterfowl Lottery Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (ii) You must remove all waterfowl decoys, spent shells, all
                temporary blinds/stands, and all other personal equipment at the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iv) We prohibit falconry on the refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of scaled, Gambel's,
                bobwhite, and Montezuma quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set
                forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) through (iv) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer, oryx, and
                bearded Rio Grande turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) You may hunt on the east side of the Rio Grande only by foot,
                horseback, or bicycle. Bicycles must stay on designated roads.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of bearded Rio Grande turkey for youth
                hunters on weekends April through May. All hunters must fill out FWS
                Form 3-2439 (Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) and pay
                a fee. The permit is available through a lottery drawing. If selected,
                you must carry your refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2349) at all times
                during the hunt.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
                \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit trotlines, bow fishing, seining, dip netting, and
                traps.
                    (iv) We allow frogging for bullfrog on the refuge in areas that are
                open to fishing. We allow the use of hook and line, spears, gigs, and
                archery equipment to take bullfrog.
                    (c) Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory Game Bird
                Hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and goose on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-
                2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iii) We allow hunting of goose on dates to be determined by refuge
                staff. Hunters must possess a permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (iv) Shooting hours for geese are from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise to 1 p.m. local time.
                    (v) We assign a bag limit for both light goose and Canada goose.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from noon March 1 through October 31.
                    (ii) We allow boats on Lake 13 only during the fishing season;
                boats must travel at trolling speed only.
                    (e) San Andres National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of oryx or gemsbok (Oryx
                gazella) and desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana) on
                designated areas of the refuge as governed by White Sands Missile Range
                (WSMR) regulations subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters using livestock (i.e., horses or mules) must provide
                only certified weed-free feed to their animals while on the refuge. You
                must feed livestock weed-free feed exclusively for 3 days prior to
                arrival on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow all-terrain vehicle (ATV) use by hunters or members
                of their hunting party, for game retrieval only. ATVs must remain on
                designated roads. All vehicles, including trailers and ATVs, must be
                cleaned of mud, vegetation, and other debris prior to use on the
                refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (f) Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, white-winged dove, goose,
                duck, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) In Units A and B, legal hunting hours begin from \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise and will not extend past 1 p.m. on each hunt day.
                Hunters may access Units A and B from 1 hour before legal sunrise until
                1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (ii) In Unit B, we allow waterfowl hunting from designated blinds
                only.
                [[Page 30417]]
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (iv) At Unit A, in the Cornerstone Marsh Unit, we give priority use
                to disabled hunters (per Mobility-Impaired Certification in the State
                Hunting Rules and Information pamphlet).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and
                Eurasian collared-dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(iii) and (iv) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) In the Rio Puerco Unit, legal hunting hours will run from \1/
                2\ hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow falcons to hunt dove in the Rio Puerco Unit only.
                    (iv) We open to Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the
                State South Zone mourning and white-winged dove season.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.51   New York.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We seasonally close the
                refuge to sport fishing from April 1 to August 31.
                    (b) Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3)
                [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, coot, gallinule,
                woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) For hunting of duck, goose, and coot:
                    (A) We allow hunting on Saturday of the New York State Youth Days.
                    (B) We allow hunting Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays from
                opening day of regular waterfowl season until the end of the first
                split.
                    (C) We require proof of successful completion of the New York State
                waterfowl identification course, the Iroquois nonresident waterfowl
                identification course, or a suitable nonresident State waterfowl
                identification course. All hunters must show proof of successful course
                completion each time they hunt, in addition to showing their valid
                hunting license and signed Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and
                Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck Stamp).
                    (D) We require a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System).
                    (E) We only allow hunting from legal starting time until 12 p.m.
                (noon). We require hunters to check out no later than 1 p.m., and
                return a completed Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361).
                    (F) We require hunters to stay in designated hunting areas, unless
                actively pursuing downed or crippled birds.
                    (ii) For hunting of rail, gallinule, snipe, and woodcock, we only
                allow hunting east of Sour Springs Road from October 1 until the
                opening of regular waterfowl season.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, gray
                squirrel, cottontail rabbit, pheasant, coyote, fox, raccoon, skunk, and
                opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) For small game hunting:
                    (A) We allow hunting from October 1 until the last day of February.
                    (B) We prohibit the use of raptors to take small game.
                    (ii) For furbearer hunting, we prohibit hunting from legal sunset
                to legal sunrise.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) for spring turkey
                hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing and frogging from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit collecting fish for use as bait.
                    (d) Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, Canada goose, and snow goose on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) For the regular waterfowl season:
                    (A) We require daily refuge permits (Migratory Bird Hunt Report,
                FWS Form 3-2361) and reservations; we issue permits to hunters with a
                reservation for that hunt day. We require you to complete and return
                your permit by the end of the hunt day.
                    (B) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays
                during the established refuge season set within the State western zone
                season. We allow a youth waterfowl hunt during New York State's
                established youth waterfowl hunt each year.
                    (C) All hunters with reservations and their hunting companions must
                check-in at the Route 89 Hunter Check Station area at least 1 hour
                before legal shooting time or forfeit their reservation.
                    (D) We allow motorless boats to hunt waterfowl. We limit hunters to
                one boat per reservation and one motor vehicle in the hunt area per
                reservation.
                    (E) We prohibit shooting from any dike or within 50 feet (15.2
                meters (m)) of any dike or road, or from within 500 feet (152.4 m) of
                the Tschache Pool observation tower.
                    (F) We require proof of successful completion of the New York State
                waterfowl identification course, the Montezuma nonresident waterfowl
                identification course, or a suitable nonresident State waterfowl
                identification course. All hunters must show proof of successful course
                completion each time they hunt, in addition to showing their valid
                State-issued hunting license and signed Federal Migratory Bird Hunting
                and Conservation Stamp (Federal Duck Stamp).
                    (ii) For Canada goose and snow goose hunting:
                    (A) We allow hunting of Canada goose during the New York State
                September (or ``early'') season and of snow goose during portions of
                the New York State snow goose season and portions of the period covered
                by the Light Goose Conservation Order.
                    (B) You must possess a valid daily hunt permit card (Migratory Bird
                Hunt Report, FWS Form 3-2361). We require you to complete and return
                the daily hunt permit card by the end of the hunt day.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We close Esker Brook and South Spring Pool Trails to hunting
                before November 1 each year. We close Wildlife Drive to hunting before
                December 1 each year. We open Seneca Trail and the Refuge Headquarters
                area during New York State's late archery/muzzleloader season only. We
                allow a youth white-tailed deer hunt during the State's established
                youth white-tailed deer hunt each year.
                    (ii) You must possess a valid daily Big/Upland Game Hunt permit
                card (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge
                System). We require you to complete and return the
                [[Page 30418]]
                daily hunt permit card by the end of the hunt day.
                    (iii) We allow white-tailed deer hunters to be on the refuge during
                the period that begins 2 hours before legal sunrise and ends 2 hours
                after legal sunset.
                    (iv) We only allow turkey hunting during the State fall and youth
                turkey seasons.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow access for fishing from designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (e) Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may fish from
                the refuge shoreline at Mill Pond from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (f) Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may fish in
                refuge-controlled waters of the Great South Bay from boats only.
                    (g) Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2)
                [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must purchase a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439,
                Hunt Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters
                to possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) You may take deer using archery equipment only.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
                time and leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (h) Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow sport fishing
                in Huntington Bay from the refuge shoreline when the refuge is open to
                visitors.
                    (i) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
                time and leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit/hare, gray/
                black/fox squirrel, pheasant, bobwhite quail, ruffed grouse, crow, red/
                gray fox, coyote, bobcat, raccoon, skunk, mink, weasel, and opossum on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (i)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
                and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(ii) and (i)(2)(i)
                and (iii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open Owens Station Crossing for catch-and-release fishing
                only.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\
                hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We prohibit the taking of amphibians and reptiles (see Sec.
                27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We prohibit minnow/bait trapping.
                    (j) Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer within
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow archery and shotgun hunting of white-tailed deer
                within portions of the refuge during specific days between October 1
                and January 31.
                    (ii) We require a permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--
                National Wildlife Refuge System) for deer hunting on the refuge.
                    (iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (iv) Hunters assigned to Unit 5 must hunt from portable tree stands
                and must direct aim away from a public road and/or dwelling.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow shore and boat fishing on the portion of the Carmans
                River between Sunrise and Montauk Highways.
                    (ii) We allow only boat fishing from Montauk Highway south to the
                mouth of the Carmans River.
                    (iii) We prohibit spearfishing.
                    (iv) We prohibit the taking of baitfish and frogs (see Sec.  27.21
                of this chapter).
                Sec.  32.52   North Carolina.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, tundra swan, coot,
                mourning dove, snipe and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require all hunters to possess and carry a signed, self-
                service refuge hunting regulations and permit (signed brochure) while
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting in designated areas.
                    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
                from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
                shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, rabbit,
                squirrel, opossum, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow dog training during the corresponding hunt
                season.
                    (iii) We require a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) to hunt
                raccoon or opossum from \1/2\ hour after legal sunset until \1/2\ hour
                before legal sunrise.
                [[Page 30419]]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (a)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Unarmed hunters may walk to retrieve stray dogs from closed
                areas and ``no dog hunting'' areas.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We only allow pole and line, rod and reel, or cast net.
                    (iii) We require a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for
                fishing or frogging between legal sunset and legal sunrise.
                    (iv) You must only take frogs by use of frog gigs.
                    (b) Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of tundra swan, Canada and snow goose, brant,
                duck, teal, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow portable blinds. Hunters must remove blinds, decoys,
                and other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) Hunters/hunt parties must not hunt closer than 150 yards (135
                meters) apart.
                    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
                from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
                shooting time.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Currituck National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of swan, goose, duck, and coot on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a North Carolina Waterfowl Hunt Permit or a refuge
                hunt permit (signed brochure). You must carry a permit while hunting on
                the refuge.
                    (ii) You must hunt from your assigned blind location.
                    (iii) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to 4:20
                p.m. (as governed by County regulations).
                    (iv) We allow hunters to access the refuge 1\1/2\ hours before
                legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal shooting time.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and feral hog on
                limited dates on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge hunting permit (signed brochure) that
                hunters must sign and carry while hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of shotguns, muzzleloading rifles/shotguns,
                pistols, and bows in designated units. We prohibit the use of all other
                rifles and crossbows.
                    (iii) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
                sunrise to 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iv) We allow the use of portable tree stands, but hunters must
                remove them from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) Hunters may access the refuge by foot, boat, and/or vehicle,
                but we prohibit hunting from a boat or vehicle.
                    (vi) Each youth hunter, age 15 and younger, must have successfully
                completed a State-approved hunter safety course, and must possess and
                carry proof of certification. While hunting, each youth hunter must
                remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or
                older. An adult may directly supervise up to two youth hunters.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.
                32.65(e) for regulations.
                    (e) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a refuge deer hunting permit (signed brochure) that
                hunters must sign and carry while hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We allow the use of shotguns, muzzleloading rifles/shotguns,
                pistols, crossbows, and bows. We prohibit the use of all other rifles.
                    (iii) We allow access to hunting areas from 5 a.m. until 8 p.m.
                    (iv) We prohibit carrying a loaded firearm on or within 50 feet (15
                meters) of gravel roads.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset from
                March 15 through October 15, except that we allow fishing along the
                Marsh Causeway year-round. The 0.3 Mile Loop Trail and the terminus of
                the canal immediately adjacent to the Visitor Center are open year-
                round, but we close them during the refuge permit deer hunts.
                    (ii) Anglers must attend all fishing lines.
                    (f) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of tundra swan, goose, duck, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require refuge-issued permits (name and address) that you
                must validate at the refuge headquarters, sign, and possess while
                hunting.
                    (ii) Refuge personnel will assign you to a hunting blind. You must
                hunt from your assigned blind.
                    (iii) Hunters may only shoot crippled waterfowl from outside the
                assigned blind.
                    (iv) Hunters may use decoys, but you must remove them from the
                refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (v) All waterfowl hunters must check out at the assigned station
                prior to leaving the refuge.
                    (vi) Shooting hours are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until
                12 p.m. (noon). Hunting hours on the first day of the youth hunt are
                from 1 p.m. until legal sunset.
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (viii) We allow the taking of only Canada goose during the State
                September Canada goose season subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow hunting Monday through Saturday during the State
                season.
                    (B) The hunter must possess and carry a validated refuge permit
                (name and address) while hunting.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The hunter must possess and carry a signed, validated refuge
                permit (name and address) and a State-issued lottery permit while
                hunting.
                    (ii) Hunters may take one antlered deer and one antlerless deer per
                day, or two antlerless deer per day.
                    (iii) Hunters may take deer with shotgun, bow and arrow, crossbow,
                or muzzleloading rifle/shotgun.
                    (iv) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal
                shooting time until 1 hour after legal shooting time.
                    (v) Hunters can use boats to access hunt areas, but we prohibit
                hunting from a boat.
                    (vi) We allow the use of only portable blinds and deer stands.
                Blinds must display hunter orange that is visible from all directions.
                Hunters with a valid permit (name and address) may erect one portable
                blind or stand the day before the start of their hunt and must remove
                it at the end of the second day of that 2-day hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter). Any stands or blinds left overnight on the refuge must
                have a tag with the hunter's State hunting license number.
                [[Page 30420]]
                    (vii) Hunters must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,250
                square centimeters) of hunter-orange material above the waist that is
                visible from all directions.
                    (viii) An adult may only supervise one youth hunter. The youth
                hunter must be within sight and normal voice contact of the adult.
                    (ix) We allow the use of only biodegradable-type flagging.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We are open to sport fishing, bow fishing, and crabbing from
                March 1 through October 31, from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/
                2\ hour after legal sunset, except that we allow bank fishing and
                crabbing year-round from:
                    (A) State Route 94 (24 hours a day);
                    (B) The north bridge and south of the north bridge at Lake Landing;
                    (C) The Outfall Canal water control structure;
                    (D) The Central Canal bridge on Wildlife Drive; and
                    (E) Along the west main and east main canal between the Entrance
                Road metal bridge and Number One East Canal as posted.
                    (ii) We prohibit herring dipping.
                    (iii) We allow crabbing subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow only five handlines and hand-activated traps per
                person. Owners must be in attendance, and must remove all handlines and
                traps daily (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (B) We prohibit crab pots.
                    (C) You may only take or possess 12 crabs per person per day.
                    (g) Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                require all recreational nighttime surf anglers to possess and carry a
                signed, self-service refuge nighttime surf fishing permit (signed
                brochure) while fishing on the refuge between \1/2\ hour after legal
                sunset and \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise.
                    (h) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of dove on designated dates and areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require all hunters to possess and carry a signed refuge
                general hunt permit (signed brochure) and government-issued picture
                identification while in the field.
                    (ii) Validly licensed adults, age 21 or older, holding applicable
                permits must accompany and supervise, remaining in sight and voice
                contact at all times, any youth hunters (age 18 and younger). Each
                adult may supervise no more than two youth hunters. Youth hunters must
                possess and carry evidence of successful completion of a State-approved
                hunter education course.
                    (iii) We prohibit hunting on Sundays.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, rabbit,
                squirrel, raccoon, and opossum on designated dates and areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply (with the following exception to the condition at
                paragraph (h)(1)(ii): Each adult may supervise no more than one youth
                hunter).
                    (ii) We require the use of dogs on raccoon/opossum hunts. All dogs
                must wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated dates and areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (iii)
                of this section apply (with the following exception to the condition at
                paragraph (h)(1)(ii): Each adult may supervise no more than one youth
                hunter).
                    (ii) We require each person participating in a muzzleloader or
                firearms quota hunt to possess a nontransferable refuge quota hunt
                permit. You may apply for quota hunt permits by submitting a completed
                hunt application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application--National Wildlife
                Refuge System) available at the refuge office.
                    (iii) During big game hunts, we prohibit hunters from entering the
                refuge earlier than 4 a.m., and they must leave the refuge no later
                than 2 hours after legal sunset.
                    (iv) Youth quota hunts are for hunters ages 10 through 17.
                    (v) During refuge firearms deer hunts, all participants must wear
                at least 500 square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of unbroken,
                fluorescent-orange material above the waist as an outer garment while
                hunting and while en route to and from hunting areas.
                    (vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (vii) We prohibit placing a tree stand on the refuge more than 4
                days prior to the opening day of the deer hunt in which hunters will be
                participating, except for participants of the youth deer hunt, who may
                place tree stands no more than 7 days prior to the hunt day. Archery
                hunters must remove their tree stands by the last day of that hunt (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Muzzleloader and firearms hunters must
                remove their tree stands by the day after the last day of that hunt
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (viii) You must check all deer taken on the refuge at the refuge
                check station on the date of take prior to removing the animal from the
                refuge.
                    (ix) During refuge muzzleloader and firearms deer hunts, we
                prohibit all other public use in refuge hunting areas.
                    (x) We prohibit big game hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of any
                vehicle or road open to vehicle traffic.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated dates and
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require all anglers to possess and carry a signed refuge
                sport fishing permit (signed brochure) and government-issued picture
                identification while fishing in refuge waters.
                    (ii) We prohibit possession or use of trotlines, set hooks, gigs,
                jug lines, limblines, snagging devices, nets, seines, fish traps, or
                other special devices.
                    (i) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, swan, dove, woodcock, rail,
                and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We require consent from refuge personnel to enter and retrieve
                legally taken game animals from closed areas, including ``No Hunting
                Zones.''
                    (ii) We require all hunters and anglers to possess and carry a
                signed, self-service refuge hunting/fishing permit (signed brochure)
                while hunting and fishing on the refuge. We require all hunters age 16
                and older to purchase and carry a special refuge recreational activity
                permit (name/address/phone number).
                    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in hunting areas from 2
                hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset when we
                allow hunting in those areas.
                    (iv) We allow the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) only on
                designated ATV roads (see Sec.  27.31 of this chapter) and only to
                transport hunters and their equipment to hunt and scout. We allow
                hunting from ATVs while on these designated ATV roads when they are
                stationary and the engine is turned off. We allow ATV use only on the
                ATV roads at the following times:
                    (A) When we open the ATV road and surrounding area to hunting;
                [[Page 30421]]
                    (B) One week prior to the ATV road and surrounding area opening to
                hunting; and
                    (C) On Sundays, when we open the ATV road and surrounding area for
                hunting the following Monday.
                    (v) We allow the use of biodegradable-type flagging.
                    (vi) We allow the use of only portable blinds and temporary blinds
                constructed of natural materials. You must remove portable blinds at
                the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) We allow the use of dogs to point and retrieve migratory game
                birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                raccoon, opossum, rabbit, beaver, nutria, and fox on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow the taking of beaver and nutria with firearms
                and only during those times when the area is open to hunting of other
                game animals with firearms.
                    (iii) We prohibit the hunting of raccoon and opossum during, 5 days
                before, and 5 days after the State bear seasons. Outside of these
                periods, we allow the hunting of raccoon and opossum at night but only
                while possessing a General Special Use Application and Permit (FWS Form
                3-1383-G).
                    (iv) We prohibit the use of rifles, other than .22-caliber rimfire
                rifles for hunting, and we prohibit the use of pistols for hunting.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs for pointing and retrieving upland
                game and for chasing rabbit (but not fox). We prohibit possession of
                buckshot or slugs while hunting with dogs.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, turkey, and feral
                hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iv)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) You may hunt turkey only if you carry a valid permit (General
                Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G). These
                permits are valid only for the dates and areas shown on the permit. You
                may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while
                hunting turkeys west of Evans Road and on the Pungo Unit.
                    (iii) We prohibit the use of rifles and pistols.
                    (iv) We allow deer hunting on the Pungo Unit only through the end
                of October each season, except that we allow deer hunting with archery
                equipment on the Pungo Unit through the end of November.
                    (v) We allow hunters to take feral hogs in any area that is open to
                hunting deer using only those weapons authorized for taking deer. On
                the Frying Pan tracts, we also allow hunters to take feral hogs, using
                only those weapons authorized for taking deer, whenever we open those
                tracts to hunting any game species with firearms.
                    (vi) We allow the use of only portable deer stands (tree climbers,
                ladders, tripods, etc.). We require that you remove all stands, blinds,
                and other personal property at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of
                this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing in Pungo Lake and New Lake only from March 1
                through October 31, except that we close Pungo Lake and the entire
                Pungo Unit to fishing during the limited big game hunts.
                    (ii) We allow fishing only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise
                until \1/2\ hour after legal sunset.
                    (j) Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, and
                opossum on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (k) Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of tundra swan, goose, brant, duck, teal,
                and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow portable blinds. You must remove blinds, decoys, and
                other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93
                of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit hunters/hunt parties from hunting closer than 150
                yards (135 meters) apart.
                    (iii) We allow hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas
                from 1 hour before legal shooting time until 1 hour after legal
                shooting time.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                Sec.  32.53   North Dakota.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow shore fishing and ice fishing on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                allow vehicles and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
                    (b) Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, sharp-tailed
                grouse, partridge, cottontail rabbit, and fox on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of upland game birds on the day following the
                close of the State firearm deer season through the end of the regular
                upland bird season.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit and fox on the day
                following the close of the State firearm deer season through March 31.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit entering the refuge before legal shooting hours on
                the opening day of firearms deer season. We require all hunters to be
                off the refuge 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow deer hunting on the refuge during the State youth
                deer season.
                    (iii) After harvesting a deer, firearm deer hunters must wear blaze
                orange on the refuge.
                    (iv) We allow access by foot travel only. You may use a vehicle on
                designated refuge roads and trails to retrieve deer during the
                following times only: 9:30 to 10 a.m.; 1:30 to 2 p.m.; and \1/2\ hour
                after legal sunset for 1 hour.
                    (v) We allow temporary tree stands, blinds, and game cameras for
                daily use; you must remove them by the end of each day's hunt (see
                Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow boats at idle speed only on Arrowwood Lake and Jim
                Lake from May 1 to September 30 of each year.
                    (ii) We allow ice fishing and dark house spearfishing. We allow
                snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility terrain vehicles
                (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
                    (iii) You may use and leave fish houses on the ice overnight until
                March 15.
                    (c) Arrowwood Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                [[Page 30422]]
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction at the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94
                of this chapter).
                    (d) Audubon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
                gray partridge, and sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open to upland game hunting annually on the day following
                the close of the regular deer gun season, and we close as governed by
                the State season.
                    (ii) We allow game retrieval without a firearm up to 100 yards (90
                meters) inside the refuge boundary fence and closed areas of the
                refuge. Retrieval time may not exceed 10 minutes. You may use dogs to
                assist in retrieval.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
                deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We close the refuge to hunting during the State's special youth
                deer hunting season.
                    (ii) Hunters may use designated refuge roads to retrieve downed
                deer.
                    (iii) We allow only portable tree stands. You must remove all tree
                stands at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (e) Audubon Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (f) Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (g) Chase Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following conditions: You must remove
                boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (h) Crosby Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (i) Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
                Hungarian partridge, turkey, and ring-necked pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open for upland game bird hunting on the day following the
                close of the regular deer gun season through the end of the State
                season.
                    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs for retrieval of upland game.
                    (iii) We allow fox hunting from the day following the regular
                firearm deer season until March 31.
                    (iv) We prohibit accessing refuge lands from refuge waters.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow the use of portable tree stands and ground
                blinds. We prohibit leaving stands and blinds overnight on the refuge
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
                first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
                seasons.
                    (iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (i)(2)(iv) of this
                section applies.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (j) Devils Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
                boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district subject to the following condition: You must
                remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
                boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing
                [[Page 30423]]
                activity (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (k) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the
                use of dogs for hunting and retrieving game birds.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed and sharp-
                tailed grouse, Hungarian partridge, turkey, ring-necked pheasant, and
                fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We open to hunting for sharp-tailed grouse, Hungarian
                partridge, and ring-necked pheasant north of the Willow-Upham road on
                the day following the close of the regular firearm deer season.
                    (ii) We open the refuge to fox hunting on the day following the
                close of the regular firearm deer season. Fox hunting on the refuge
                closes March 31.
                    (iii) Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) for all upland game hunting, including turkey.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and moose on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a refuge permit to hunt antlered
                deer on the refuge outside the nine public hunting areas during the
                regular firearms season.
                    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
                first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
                seasons. You may access refuge roads open to the public before 12 p.m.
                (noon).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow boat fishing from May 1 through September 30.
                    (ii) We allow ice fishing and dark house spearfishing. We allow
                snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility terrain vehicles
                (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
                    (l) J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas
                of the district subject to the following condition: You must remove
                boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any
                materials brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (m) Kulm Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (n) Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow motorized boats only during the migratory game bird
                hunting season; however, motors must not exceed 10 horsepower.
                    (ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, portable blinds, other
                personal property, and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind
                construction by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasants,
                sharp-tailed grouse, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit,
                snowshoe hare, and fox on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and fox hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit trapping.
                    (ii) We allow portable tree stands. Hunters must remove tree stands
                from the refuge by the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow vehicles and fish houses on the ice as conditions
                allow.
                    (ii) We allow public access for ice fishing from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m.
                    (iii) You must remove ice fishing shelters and personal property
                from the refuge by 10 p.m. each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (o) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open the lake to fishing from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. year round.
                    (ii) We open the refuge to ice fishing from October 1 through March
                31.
                    (p) Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule
                deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow only portable tree stands.
                    (ii) Hunters must remove tree stands from the refuge at the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (q) Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
                Hungarian partridge, and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open to upland game bird hunting on the day following the
                close of the regular deer gun season through the end of the State
                season.
                    (ii) We allow the use of hunting dogs to retrieve upland game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only use portable tree stands and ground blinds. We
                prohibit leaving stands and blinds overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (ii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
                first day of the respective archery, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
                season.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (r) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
                sharp-tailed grouse, and grey partridge on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We open to upland game bird
                hunting annually on the day following the close of the firearm deer
                season through the close of the State season.
                [[Page 30424]]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We only allow fishing
                from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (s) Long Lake Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (t) Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of sharp-tailed grouse,
                Hungarian partridge, and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs
                to retrieve upland game.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit
                entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the first day of the
                respective archery, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting season.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (u) Lostwood Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day's fishing activity (see
                Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (v) Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow vehicles and
                fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
                    (w) Sibley Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (x) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow vehicles and
                fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.
                    (y) Slade National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (z) Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow ice or shore fishing on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (aa) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow ring-necked pheasant hunting on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                open for upland game hunting on the first Monday following the close of
                the State deer gun season through the close of the State pheasant
                season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow deer bow hunting on designated areas of the refuge as
                governed by State regulations.
                    (ii) The deer bow hunting season closes September 30, reopens the
                Friday following the close of the State gun deer season, and continues
                through the end of the State archery deer season.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (bb) Tewaukon Wetland Management District--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                decoys, portable blinds, other personal property, and any materials
                brought onto the area for blind construction by the end of each day's
                hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated
                areas of the district.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas
                of the district.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the district subject to the following condition: You must remove boats,
                motor vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property
                (excluding ice houses) by the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (cc) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, sharp-
                tailed grouse, Hungarian partridge, and pheasant on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting and retrieving of upland
                game birds with the exception of wild turkey.
                    (ii) We allow hunters on the refuge from 5 a.m. until 10 p.m.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and moose hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We only allow the use of portable tree stands and ground
                blinds. You must remove stands and blinds from the refuge at the end of
                each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (cc)(2)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We prohibit entry to the refuge before 12 p.m. (noon) on the
                first day of the respective bow, gun, or muzzleloader deer hunting
                seasons.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the use of fishing boats, canoes, kayaks, and float
                tubes in designated boat fishing areas from Lake Darling Dam north to
                State Highway 28 (Greene) crossing for fishing from May 1 through
                September 30.
                    (ii) We allow fishing from nonmotorized vessels only on the Beaver
                Lodge Canoe Trail from May 1 through September 30.
                    (iii) We allow boating and fishing from vessels on the Souris River
                from Mouse River Park to the north boundary of the refuge from May 1
                through September 30.
                    (iv) We allow snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility
                terrain vehicles
                [[Page 30425]]
                (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow
                from Lake Darling Dam north to Carter Dam (Dam 41) for ice fishing.
                    (v) We allow you to place fish houses overnight on the ice of Lake
                Darling as governed by State regulations.
                    (vi) We allow anglers to place portable fish houses on the Souris
                River north of Carter Dam (Dam 41) and south of Lake Darling Dam for
                ice fishing, but anglers must remove the fish houses from the refuge at
                the end of each day's fishing activity (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (vii) We allow anglers on the refuge from 5 a.m. until 10 p.m.
                Sec.  32.54   Ohio.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow white-tailed deer hunting on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a State-issued permit. All hunters
                must check in and out at the refuge check station. We require hunters
                to check out with the State-issued Harvest Card no later than 2 hours
                after the conclusion of their controlled hunt.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 feet (45.7 meters)
                of any structure, building, or parking lot.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, ice fishing structures, devices,
                and personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (b) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, rail, gallinule, coot, dove,
                woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) On controlled waterfowl hunt units, we allow hunting of goose,
                duck, and coot as governed by with State regulations and subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (A) You must stop hunting at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.
                    (B) You may possess no more than 25 shot shells.
                    (ii) On public hunting units, we allow hunting of duck, goose,
                rail, gallinule, coot, dove, woodcock, and snipe subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (A) We allow refuge access from 1\1/2\ hours prior to the State-
                listed morning shooting time and 1 hour after the State-listed evening
                shooting time.
                    (B) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, provided the dog is
                under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.
                    (C) We allow nonmotorized boats in areas open to waterfowl hunting
                during the waterfowl hunting seasons with the following exception: We
                allow motorized boats in the Metzger Marsh and Two Rivers units.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, squirrel,
                rabbit, fox, raccoon, skunk, opossum, groundhog, and coyote on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) and (B) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) On controlled deer hunt units, we allow hunting of white-tailed
                deer only as governed by State regulations and subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (A) We require hunters to possess and carry a State-issued permit.
                You must check in and out at the refuge check station using the State-
                issued Harvest Card no later than 2 hours after the conclusion of your
                hunt.
                    (B) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 feet (45.7 meters)
                of any structure, building, or parking lot.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated
                public hunting units of the refuge as governed by State regulations and
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) and
                (b)(2)(ii) of this section apply.
                    (B) We allow only portable deer stands for hunting. We allow only
                one tree stand per hunter per refuge unit. We allow placement of tree
                stands after September 1, and require hunters to remove tree stands by
                March 1 of each year (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We require deer
                stands to be labeled with the hunter's Ohio customer identification
                number, which is on the hunting license.
                    (C) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot
                shells (see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field, including shot shells
                used for hunting wild turkey.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow,
                crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see
                Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).
                    (iii) You must remove all boats, ice fishing structures, devices,
                and personal property from the refuge each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                Sec.  32.55   Oklahoma.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, dark goose, merganser, and coot on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt tearsheet
                (signed brochure).
                    (ii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays, and
                Mondays, from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 1 p.m.
                    (iii) You may only use blinds constructed of natural dead
                vegetation. You must remove blinds, decoys, stands, and all personal
                equipment by legal sunset on the last day of the hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of fox and gray squirrel,
                swamp and cottontail rabbit, turkey, and raccoon on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow shotguns, .22- and .17-caliber rimfire rifles, and
                pistols for rabbit and squirrel hunting.
                    (iii) For raccoon hunting only, we allow hunting from legal sunset
                to legal sunrise only.
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel, rabbit, and
                raccoon.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
                brochure) for the archery deer hunt. Hunters must turn in a Big Game
                Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) by December 31 annually. Failure to
                submit the report will render the hunter
                [[Page 30426]]
                ineligible for the next year's limited season archery deer hunt.
                    (ii) We will offer a limited season archery deer hunt following the
                controlled deer hunt.
                    (iii) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
                season.
                    (iv) Hunters may place no more than one stand on the refuge. You
                may place stands starting on the day the hunt begins. You must remove
                stands the day the hunt ends (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow year-round fishing on the Deep Fork River and at the
                Montezuma Creek Fishing Area. We allow fishing on all other sloughs,
                farm ponds, and impoundments not connected to the River from March 1
                through October 31.
                    (ii) We allow bowfishing on the refuge from legal sunrise to legal
                sunset from March 1 to September 30.
                    (iii) We prohibit snagging and netting.
                    (iv) We allow the use of trotlines, juglines, limblines, and yo-yos
                only in the Deep Fork River; we prohibit their use in any other areas
                on the refuge.
                    (b) Little River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may only use portable blinds. You must remove blinds,
                decoys, and all personal equipment from the refuge at the end of each
                day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) You may hunt from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon) each day.
                    (iii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
                brochure) while hunting.
                    (iv) We close the refuge to duck hunting during controlled deer
                hunts.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of gray and fox squirrel,
                eastern cottontail and swamp rabbit, beaver, coyote, and raccoon on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We open squirrel season from May 15 through the Friday before
                the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen squirrel season on the
                Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through January 31.
                    (ii) We open rabbit season from October 1 through the Friday before
                the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen rabbit season on the
                Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through January 31.
                    (iii) You make take beaver, raccoon, and coyote as incidental take
                to any daytime established refuge hunt with legal weapons and a signed
                hunt tearsheet for the current hunt season.
                    (iv) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge
                seasons.
                    (v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel, rabbit, and
                raccoon.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer,
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We open the deer archery season from October 1 through the
                Friday before the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen deer season
                on the Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through
                January 15.
                    (ii) We open the deer gun season during the months of October and
                November. Hunters must pay a fee and obtain a controlled hunt permit
                through the State.
                    (iii) We open the turkey archery season from October 1 through the
                Friday before the State deer muzzleloader season. We reopen turkey
                season on the Monday after the last refuge controlled deer hunt through
                January 15.
                    (iv) We open the turkey gun season during the month of April.
                Hunters must pay a fee and obtain a controlled hunt permit through the
                State.
                    (v) Shotgun hunters may only possess approved nontoxic shot (see
                Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (vi) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
                season. Refuge signed tearsheet (signed brochure) and legal weapons
                apply for the current hunting season.
                    (vii) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge
                seasons.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (c) Optima National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant,
                bobwhite and scaled quail, cottontail rabbit, and jackrabbit on the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We allow only shotguns for
                upland game hunting.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, mule
                deer, and turkey on the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow archery and shotguns during spring turkey season.
                    (ii) We allow only archery hunting during fall seasons.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit and
                gray and fox squirrel on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge tearsheet (signed
                brochure).
                    (ii) We prohibit falconry.
                    (iii) The only allowed methods of take are shotguns, .17 or .22
                rimfire rifle, and archery equipment as governed by State regulations.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                feral hogs on designated portions of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We only allow the use of archery equipment.
                    (iii) We allow the use of portable deer stands only. You must
                remove stand(s) from the refuge within 2 days of the last day of the
                season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow the incidental take of feral hogs during the deer,
                rabbit, and squirrel hunting seasons.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (e) Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, American coot, sandhill
                crane, mourning dove, white-winged dove, Eurasian collared dove, and
                rock dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12
                p.m. (noon).
                    (ii) We open public hunting areas to all access 2 hours prior to
                legal shooting time, and close those areas at 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of northern bobwhite
                quail and ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at
                paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, wild
                turkey, American beaver, and feral hog on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require a limited hunt permit (State-issued) for controlled
                hunts for deer and spring wild turkey hunts.
                    (ii) White-tailed deer and wild turkey hunters may place no more
                than one stand/blind on the refuge. You may place stands starting on
                the day the hunt begins. You must remove stands the day the hunt ends
                (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) White-tailed deer and wild turkey hunters must check-in and
                out at a refuge check station. Refuge staff
                [[Page 30427]]
                provide a hunter briefing as part of check-in.
                    (iv) You may take feral hogs and American beaver only as incidental
                game during a controlled hunt, open upland game season, or open
                migratory game bird season using a State-approved method of take for
                that season.
                    (v) Wild turkey hunters must use and only possess approved nontoxic
                shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from April 1 through October 15.
                    (ii) We prohibit the use of netting, seines, cast nets, trawls, dip
                nets, and traps.
                    (iii) Posts used to secure or anchor trotlines must reach a minimum
                of 2 feet (30 centimeters) above the water surface, and you must mark
                them to make them clearly visible to boaters. You must remove posts
                when they are not in use (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We only allow youth and persons with disabilities to fish on
                Bonham Pond subject to the following conditions:
                    (A) We open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (B) We limit anglers to one pole per person.
                    (C) We restrict Bonham Pond to catch-and-release fishing only.
                    (f) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, mourning dove, American coot,
                snipe, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt tearsheet
                (signed brochure).
                    (ii) We open the refuge to hunting only on Saturdays, Sundays,
                Mondays, and Tuesdays. We prohibit hunters from entering the land
                portion of the Sandtown Bottom Unit or any portion of Sally Jones Lake
                before 5 a.m. Hunters must leave the area by 1 hour after legal sunset.
                    (iii)We prohibit hunting or shooting within 50 feet (15 meters) of
                designated roads or parking areas.
                    (iv) Season lengths and bag limits will be governed by State
                regulations with the exception that all hunting, except for the
                conservation light goose season, will close on January 31 of each year.
                If a conservation light goose season is in effect, State regulations
                apply with the exception of special hunting days.
                    (v) You must remove stands, blinds, boats, and other personal
                property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.
                27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (vi) We prohibit hunters from using refuge boat ramps to access
                hunting areas outside the refuge boundary:
                    (A) On days when we close the refuge to hunting for certain
                species; and/or
                    (B) When hunting species that we do not allow to be hunted on the
                refuge.
                    (vii) We restrict the use of airboats within the refuge boundary to
                the navigation channel and the designated hunting areas from September
                1 through March 31.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of eastern gray and fox
                squirrel and swamp and eastern cottontail rabbit on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) Season lengths and bag limits will be governed by State
                regulations with the exception that all upland game hunting will close
                on January 31 of each year.
                    (iii) We only allow legal shotguns, and .22 and .17 rimfire rifles,
                for hunting upland game. You must plug hunting shotguns so that they
                are incapable of holding more than three shells.
                    (iv) The east portion of the Sandtown Bottom Unit and the portion
                of Robert S. Kerr Reservoir, from Tuff boat ramp to the confluence of
                Vian Creek, are designated as a waterfowl sanctuary that we close to
                all entry, except for the designated hiking trail, from September 1
                through March 31. The closed area is marked with signs and buoys.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, wild
                turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (iii)
                and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.
                    (ii) We require a limited hunt permit (State-issued) for controlled
                hunts for archery deer, and for spring wild turkey hunts.
                    (iii) Hunters must apply to the State-controlled deer hunt drawing
                administered by the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation for
                selection. You must attend a pre-hunt briefing.
                    (iv) Incidental take of feral hogs may occur during deer, rabbit,
                and squirrel hunting seasons.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit fishing or frogging from September 1 through March
                31 in the closed zone south of refuge headquarters, as designated by
                buoys and signs.
                    (ii) You must remove trotlines from the closed zone before
                September 1 (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(v) and (vii) of
                this section apply.
                    (g) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow the hunting of duck, teal, light geese, dark geese,
                snipe, gallinule, American coot, and merganser on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow the hunting of migratory birds every day, but
                waterfowl hunters must be off the unit by 1 p.m.
                    (ii) Hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt tearsheet (signed
                brochure).
                    (iii) We require the hunters to self-check-in and self-check-out.
                    (iv) We allow only shotguns for hunting.
                    (v) We prohibit falconry.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(ii) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We require State-controlled deer hunt drawing hunters to
                attend a pre-hunt briefing.
                    (iii) You may hunt feral hog during any established refuge hunting
                season, using the weapon authorized for that particular hunt.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may bank and wade fish with pole and line or rod and
                reel year-round.
                    (ii) Anglers may use boats from March 1 through September 30 in
                designated waters.
                    (iii) Anglers may ``no-wake'' boat fish during the boating season
                with line and pole or rod and reel, except in areas designated as
                sanctuary zones.
                    (iv) Anglers may use trotlines and other set tackle only in the
                Cumberland Pool (designated areas), Rock Creek, and between the natural
                banks of the Washita River. Anglers may only use set tackle with
                anchored floats.
                    (v) We prohibit use of limblines, throwlines, juglines, and yo-yos.
                    (vi) We prohibit use of any containers (jugs, bottles) as floats.
                    (vii) Anglers may fish after legal sunset from a boat (during
                boating season) in the Cumberland Pool, except in the sanctuary zones.
                Anglers may fish after legal sunset at the headquarters
                [[Page 30428]]
                area, Sandy Creek Bridge, Murray 23, and Nida Point.
                    (viii) We prohibit bow fishing.
                    (ix) We prohibit take of fish by use of hands (noodling).
                    (x) We prohibit take of frog, turtle, or mussel (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (h) Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and waterfowl on the
                Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo National Wildlife
                Refuge.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel,
                turkey, and rabbit on the Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of
                Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and
                turkey on the Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo
                National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the Tishomingo
                Wildlife Management Unit of Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.
                    (i) Washita National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, sandhill crane,
                mourning, white-winged, and Eurasian collared-dove on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We require hunters to carry a signed tearsheet (signed
                brochure) while hunting duck, goose, merganser, and sandhill crane.
                    (ii) Duck, goose, merganser, and sandhill crane hunters must hunt
                only in designated fields on specified days at specified hours.
                    (iii) We prohibit bringing natural vegetation from outside the
                refuge onto the refuge to construct temporary blinds. You must remove
                temporary blinds, decoys, and other hunting equipment from the refuge
                at the end of each hunt day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of bobwhite quail,
                cottontail rabbit, and black-tailed jackrabbit on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral
                hog, and Rio Grande wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge
                subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow deer and feral hog hunting during the special refuge
                season. We will hold turkey hunts during the State spring turkey
                season.
                    (ii) You must check in and out of hunt areas daily at the refuge
                office or check station.
                    (iii) You must take bagged deer, hog, and/or turkey to the refuge
                check station.
                    (iv) We will determine bag limits on deer and turkey annually.
                    (v) We prohibit using handguns for hunting.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing in designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Anglers may fish from March 15 through October 14 in the
                Washita River and Foss Reservoir.
                    (ii) Anglers may bank fish year-round in the Washita River and Foss
                Reservoir from open areas.
                    (j) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, merganser, and coot on
                designated portions of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must possess a current signed refuge hunting tearsheet
                (signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) We prohibit waterfowl hunting during the refuge controlled elk
                and deer hunts.
                    (iii) We allow waterfowl hunting from \1/2\ hour before legal
                sunrise until 1 p.m.
                    (iv) We allow the use of hunting dogs only for waterfowl hunting.
                    (v) You may only build blinds constructed of natural vegetation
                materials from the refuge.
                    (vi) Hunters must remove decoys and blinds from the refuge at the
                end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (vii) We prohibit jump shooting.
                    (viii) We prohibit hunting within 400 feet (122 meters) of any
                paved road, parking area, or building/dwelling.
                    (ix) We prohibit shooting from or across any designated trail,
                road, or parking area.
                    (x) We prohibit the use of motorized decoys in portions of the
                refuge designated as wilderness area.
                    (xi) We prohibit the use of game carts or other mechanical
                transportation devices on portions of the refuge designated as
                wilderness area.
                    (2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk, turkey, and white-
                tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow elk, deer, and turkey hunting only during the State-
                controlled hunt program.
                    (ii) We allow only five (5) rounds of ammunition per day during
                controlled elk and white-tailed deer hunts.
                    (iii) We allow elk and deer hunting with centerfire rifles only;
                the minimum calibers are .243 for deer and .270 caliber for elk.
                    (iv) You must possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.
                32.2(k)) while in the field while hunting turkey.
                    (v) You must check all harvested elk and deer through the refuge
                check station, and attach a metal transportation tag, before leaving
                refuge property.
                    (vi) We only allow use of archery equipment and shotgun or
                muzzleloader with a shot size of #2 or smaller for turkey hunting. We
                prohibit crossbows.
                    (vii) You may take feral hogs and coyote only during controlled
                hunts with weapons approved for that hunt.
                    (viii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(viii) and (xi)
                of this section apply.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may take fish only with pole and line or rod and reel.
                    (ii) We prohibit taking of frogs and turtles (see Sec.  27.21 of
                this chapter).
                    (iii) Anglers may use motorized boats on Elmer Thomas Lake;
                however, we enforce a no-wake rule on the lake.
                    (iv) We allow fishing after legal sunset on the refuge, but we
                prohibit all other boating after legal sunset.
                Sec.  32.56   Oregon.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe 7 days per
                week on that portion of the refuge west of U.S. Highway 101 and outside
                the Bandon city limits.
                    (ii) On the Ni-les'tun Unit of the refuge, we allow hunting of
                goose, duck, and coot only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
                other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
                day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Hunters accessing the Ni-les'tun Unit via boat must secure or
                anchor boats and use established boat launch areas. Hunters may park
                boats within the marsh while they hunt, but we require boats landing on
                the bank of the Coquille River within the Ni-les'tun Unit to park
                within a designated location.
                    (v) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
                legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (vi) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
                the hunting season.
                [[Page 30429]]
                    (vii) You may enter posted retrieval zones while retrieving downed
                birds and when traveling to and from the hunting areas. We prohibit
                discharging firearms while in a retrieval zone.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (b) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and goose on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow only hunters age 17 and younger to participate in the
                youth waterfowl hunt. Youths must be accompanied by an adult age 21 or
                older.
                    (ii) We require youth hunters to obtain a refuge waterfowl hunting
                permit (Waterfowl Lottery Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). All youth hunting
                waterfowl must do so from designated blinds.
                    (iii) You must remove blinds, decoys, and other personal property
                at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (v) We require waterfowl and goose permit hunters to check in and
                out at the Hunter Check Station (refuge office), which is open from
                1\1/2\ hours before legal hunting hours to 8 a.m. and from 11 a.m. to 1
                p.m. We prohibit hunting after 12 p.m. (noon).
                    (vi) We require goose hunters to space themselves no less than 200
                yards (183 meters) apart from each other during the early September
                goose hunt.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (c) Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunting opens concurrent with the State season and closes
                October 31.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting or public entry of any kind from November
                1 to the State-regulated opening day of deer season in the hunting
                unit.
                    (iii) We allow walk-in access only from designated entry points.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (d) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
                meters (m)) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as,
                but not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy,
                or shelter for animals.
                    (ii) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays,
                Sundays, and all federally recognized holidays within the State season,
                with the exception of dove. We only allow hunting for all dove species
                within the State mourning dove season.
                    (iii) On the Memorial Marsh Unit:
                    (A) We allow waterfowl hunting only from numbered field blind
                sites. We allow a maximum of four persons per blind site.
                    (B) Waterfowl hunters must remain within 100 feet (30 m) of the
                numbered field blind post unless retrieving birds or setting decoys.
                    (iv) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment (see Sec.
                27.93 of this chapter) at the end of each day's hunt.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We allow hunting from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of legal
                hunting hours.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We only allow hunting with a valid, State-issued emergency
                hunt permit or kill permit.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (e) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, goose, duck, coot, and
                snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: We allow only portable blinds and temporary blinds
                constructed of natural materials.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, and
                partridge on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                condition: We prohibit hunting from February 1 through May 31.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit shoreline
                fishing on the islands of the Snake River Sector from February 1
                through May 31.
                    (f) Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of chukar on designated
                areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, antelope, and
                bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) We allow ground blinds, but we prohibit construction of them
                earlier than 1 week prior to the opening day of the legal season for
                which you have a valid permit.
                    (ii) You must remove blinds within 24 hours of harvesting an animal
                or at the end of the permittee's legal season (see Sec.  27.93 of this
                chapter).
                    (iii) We limit hunters to one blind each, and you must tag blinds
                with the owner's State license or permit number.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (g) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed
                Deer--(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck,
                coot, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
                boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We open the refuge for day-use access from 1\1/2\ hours before
                legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (h) Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We
                prohibit the use of air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats when
                waterfowl hunting.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of
                boats when sport fishing.
                    (i) Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and snipe on the
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You must remove all personal property, including decoys and
                boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of
                this chapter).
                    (ii) We open the refuge for hunting access from 1\1/2\ hours before
                legal sunrise until 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.
                    (iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.
                [[Page 30430]]
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (j) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid
                Refuge Recreation Pass (electronic form) for all hunters age 16 and
                older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate
                presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.
                    (ii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the
                hunting season. You may obtain a reservation through the waterfowl
                lottery (Migratory Bird Hunt Application, FWS form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System) each year.
                    (iii) Entry hours for hunters begin at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise
                posted.
                    (iv) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In the
                controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit for all
                hunters age 16 and older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in
                the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while
                in the field.
                    (3)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (k) Malheur National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of dove, goose, duck, merganser, coot, snipe,
                and pigeon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) We allow nonmotorized boats or boats equipped with only
                electric motors on the North and South Malheur Lake Hunt Units.
                    (ii) We allow only portable and temporary hunting blinds.
                    (iii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, materials, and all
                personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93
                and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) The South Malheur Lake and Buena Vista Hunt Units open for
                migratory bird hunting on the fourth Saturday of October and close at
                the end of the State waterfowl season.
                    (v) You may access the South Malheur Lake Hunt Unit from the North
                Malheur Lake Hunt Unit, but no earlier than the fourth Saturday of
                October.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail,
                partridge, chukar, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject
                to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow hunting of upland game species on designated areas of
                the Blitzen Valley east of Highway 205 from the fourth Saturday in
                October through the end of the State pheasant season.
                    (ii) We allow hunting of upland game species on the North Malheur
                Lake Hunt Unit concurrent with the State pheasant season.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and pronghorn on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit ice fishing on, and all public access to, any ice
                formations.
                    (ii) We allow fishing year-round on Krumbo Reservoir and in the
                Blitzen River, East Canal, and Mud Creek upstream from and including
                Bridge Creek.
                    (iii) We allow fishing on the north bank of the Blitzen River from
                Sodhouse Lane downstream to the bridge on the Boat Landing Road between
                August 1 and September 15.
                    (iv) We prohibit boats on public fishing areas, except that we
                allow nonmotorized boats and boats equipped with only electric motors
                on Krumbo Reservoir.
                    (l) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, and dove on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
                meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
                not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
                shelter for animals.
                    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment from the
                refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds and
                turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following
                conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (l)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) On the opening weekend of the hunting season, we require all
                hunters to possess and carry a special refuge permit (signed refuge
                brochure).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) We only allow elk hunting only with a valid, State-issued
                emergency hunt permit or kill permit.
                    (iii) We allow deer hunting only with a special, State-issued
                permit.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (m) McNary National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to Sec.  32.66(h) for
                regulations.
                    (n) Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
                other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
                day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
                legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (iii) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
                the hunting season.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and shellfishing on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (o) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, grouse, and
                partridge on designated areas of the refuge.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and antelope on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (4) [Reserved]
                    (p) Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow waterfowl hunting 7 days per week on refuge lands west
                of U.S. Highway 101.
                    (ii) On the Millport Slough South Unit, we allow waterfowl hunting
                only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.
                    (iii) Hunters must remove all blinds, decoys, shotshell hulls, and
                other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each
                day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).
                    (iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before
                legal sunrise and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal
                sunset.
                    (v) Hunters may use dogs as an aid to retrieving waterfowl during
                the hunting season.
                    (vi) You may enter posted retrieval zones while retrieving downed
                birds and when traveling to and from the hunting areas. We prohibit
                discharging firearms while in a retrieval zone.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and clamming on designated
                areas of
                [[Page 30431]]
                the refuge only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (q) Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game
                bird hunting. We allow waterfowl hunting on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Youth age 17 and younger may participate as active hunters. An
                adult age 21 or older must accompany and supervise youth hunters. We do
                not allow supervising adults to hunt.
                    (ii) We allow a maximum of two youth hunters and two nonhunters per
                hunting blind, for a maximum occupancy of four persons per blind.
                    (iii) Disabled youth hunters must possess an Oregon Disabilities
                Hunting and Fishing Permit issued by the Oregon Department of Fish and
                Wildlife (ODFW) to qualify for preference in using the designated
                accessible hunting blind.
                    (iv) We open the hunting season on the last weekend of October, as
                conditions allow, through the end of the regular State hunting season.
                We close the refuge for the third-period northwest permit zone goose
                hunt.
                    (v) Official hunting start times for game birds are governed by
                State regulations. Hunting ends at 1 p.m. for the entire season.
                    (vi) We open the hunt area for access 1\1/2\ hours before legal
                shooting hours.
                    (vii) You must remove decoys, other personal property, and trash
                from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and
                27.94 of this chapter).
                    (viii) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving waterfowl.
                    (ix) All hunters must hunt from designated blinds.
                    (x) All hunters must have visible means of retrieving waterfowl
                such as float tube, waders, or a dog capable of retrieving.
                    (xi) Hunters must check-in and check-out with a Refuge
                representative and submit a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-
                2361) when checking out.
                    (2)-(4) [Reserved]
                    (r) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, and snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396
                meters) of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but
                not limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or
                shelter for animals.
                    (ii) Hunters must remove all decoys and other equipment at the end
                of each day's hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).
                    (iii) On the McCormack Unit, we allow hunting subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (A) The McCormack Unit is a fee-hunt area only open to hunting on
                Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, Thanksgiving Day, and New Year's Day
                during State waterfowl seasons.
                    (B) We require hunters to stop at the check station to obtain a
                special refuge permit (signed refuge brochure).
                    (C) We allow hunting only from assigned areas.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game birds on
                designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i) and (ii) of
                this section apply.
                    (ii) On the McCormack Fee Hunt Unit, we allow hunting subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (A) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays,
                Thanksgiving Day, and New Year's Day from 12 p.m. (noon) to the end of
                State legal hunting hours.
                    (B) We require all hunters to possess and carry a special refuge
                permit (signed refuge brochure).
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) The condition set forth at paragraph (r)(1)(i) of this section
                applies.
                    (ii) We allow hunting only with a special, State-issued permit.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge.
                    (s) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and common snipe on
                designated areas of the refuge.
                    (2)-(3) [Reserved]
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of
                the refuge.
                    (t) William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow deer and elk hunting on designated
                areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) You may harvest only antlerless elk with appropriate State-
                issued tags.
                    (ii) We prohibit hunting from any refuge structure, observation
                blind, or boardwalk.
                    (iii) We require all hunters to register at a self-service hunt
                kiosk. All hunters must complete a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-
                2359) at the end of each hunt day.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the
                refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (ii) We allow anglers to use only pole and line, or rod and reel.
                Anglers must attend their line.
                Sec.  32.57   Pennsylvania.
                    The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as
                governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in
                alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.
                    (a) Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge--(1) Migratory game bird
                hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas
                of the refuge subject to the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) Hunters may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting
                time and must leave no later than 2 hours after legal shooting time.
                    (2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, grouse,
                rabbit, pheasant, quail, woodchuck, crow, fox, raccoon, opossum, skunk,
                weasel, coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) Hunters must obtain a refuge hunt permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt
                Application--National Wildlife Refuge System). We require hunters to
                possess a signed refuge hunt permit at all times while scouting and
                hunting on the refuge.
                    (ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this
                section applies.
                    (iii) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.
                    (3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bear,
                and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the
                following conditions:
                    (i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(2)(i)
                of this section apply.
                    (ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a ``deer drive''
                as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise
                frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is
                part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the
                deer.
                    (4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to
                the following conditions:
                    (i) The Cherry Creek section located on the