Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 66 (Friday, April 5, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 66 (Friday, April 5, 2019)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 13499-13513]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-06745]
========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________
This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.
The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents.
========================================================================
Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 66 / Friday, April 5, 2019 / Rules
and Regulations
[[Page 13499]]
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
6 CFR Part 27
8 CFR Parts 270, 274a, and 280
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
19 CFR Part 4
Coast Guard
33 CFR Part 27
Transportation Security Administration
49 CFR Part 1503
RIN 1601-AA80
Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation
AGENCY: Department of Homeland Security.
ACTION: Final rule.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
SUMMARY: In this final rule, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
is making the 2019 annual inflation adjustment to its civil monetary
penalties. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act) was signed into law on November 2,
2015. Pursuant to the 2015 Act, all agencies must adjust civil monetary
penalties annually and publish the adjustment in the Federal Register.
Accordingly, this final rule adjusts DHS's civil monetary penalties for
2019 pursuant to the 2015 Act and OMB guidance. The new penalties will
be effective for penalties assessed after April 5, 2019 whose
associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015.
DATES: This rule is effective on April 5, 2019.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan Westmoreland, Attorney-Advisor,
Office of the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Phone: 202-447-4384.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Table of Contents
I. Statutory and Regulatory Background
II. Overview of Final Rule
III. Adjustments by Component
    A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency
    B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    D. U.S. Coast Guard
    E. Transportation Security Administration
IV. Administrative Procedure Act
V. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
    B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    D. Paperwork Reduction Act
VI. Signing Authority
I. Statutory and Regulatory Background
    On November 2, 2015, the President signed into law the Federal
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Pub.
L. 114-74 section 701 (Nov. 2, 2015)) (2015 Act).\1\ The 2015 Act
amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990
(28 U.S.C. 2461 note) to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary
penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect. The 2015 Act required
agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of civil monetary penalties with an
initial ``catch-up'' adjustment through issuance of an Interim Final
Rule (IFR) and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation.
Through the ``catch-up'' adjustment, agencies were required to adjust
the maximum amounts of civil monetary penalties to more accurately
reflect inflation rates.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ The 2015 Act was enacted as part of the Bipartisan Budget
Act of 2015, Public Law 114-74 (Nov. 2, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    For the subsequent annual adjustments, the 2015 Act requires
agencies to increase the penalty amounts by a cost-of-living
adjustment. The 2015 Act directs OMB to provide guidance to agencies
each year to assist agencies in making the annual adjustments. The 2015
Act requires agencies to make the annual adjustments no later than
January 15 of each year and to publish the adjustments in the Federal
Register.
    Pursuant to the 2015 Act, DHS undertook a review of the civil
penalties that DHS and its components administer.\2\ On July 1, 2016,
DHS published an IFR adjusting the maximum civil monetary penalties
with an initial ``catch-up'' adjustment, as required by the 2015
Act.\3\ DHS calculated the adjusted penalties based upon
nondiscretionary provisions in the 2015 Act and upon guidance that OMB
issued to agencies on February 24, 2016.\4\ The adjusted penalties were
effective for civil penalties assessed after August 1, 2016 (the
effective date of the IFR) whose associated violations occurred after
November 2, 2015 (the date of enactment of the 2015 Act). On January
27, 2017, DHS published a final rule finalizing the IFR and making the
annual adjustment for 2017.\5\ DHS made the 2018 annual inflation
adjustment on April 2, 2018.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ The 2015 Act applies to all agency civil penalties except
for any penalty (including any addition to tax and additional
amount) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et
seq.) and the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1202 et seq.). See sec.
4(a)(1) of the 2015 Act. In the case of DHS, several civil penalties
that are assessed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and
the U.S. Coast Guard fall under the Tariff Act of 1930, and thus DHS
did not adjust those civil penalties in this rulemaking.
    \3\ See 81 FR 42987.
    \4\ OMB, Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Table A, 24 February 2016.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/omb/memoranda/2016/m-16-06.pdf (last accessed Dec. 5, 2017).
    \5\ See 82 FR 8572.
    \6\ See 83 FR 13826.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
II. Overview of the Final Rule
    This final rule makes the 2019 annual inflation adjustments to
civil monetary penalties pursuant to the 2015 Act and pursuant to
guidance OMB issued to agencies on December 14, 2018.\7\ The penalty
amounts in this final rule will be effective for penalties assessed
after April 5, 2019 where the associated violation occurred after
November 2, 2015. Consistent with OMB guidance, the 2015 Act does not
change previously assessed penalties that the agency is actively
collecting or has collected.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation
Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties
Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018.
Available at https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The adjusted penalty amounts will apply to penalties assessed after
the effective date of this final rule. We discuss civil penalties by
DHS component in Section III below. For
[[Page 13500]]
each component identified in Section III, below, we briefly describe
the relevant civil penalty (or penalties), and we provide a table
showing the increase in the penalties for 2019. In the table for each
component, we show (1) the penalty name, (2) the penalty statutory and/
or regulatory citation, (3) the penalty amount as adjusted in the 2017
final rule, (4) the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier for 2019 that
OMB provided in its December 14, 2018 guidance, and (5) the new 2019
adjusted penalty. The 2015 Act instructs agencies to round penalties to
the nearest $1. For a more complete discussion of the method used for
calculating the initial ``catch-up'' inflation adjustments and a
component-by-component breakdown to the nature of the civil penalties
and relevant legal authorities, please see the IFR preamble at 81 FR
42987-43000.
III. Adjustments by Component
    In the following sections, we briefly describe the civil penalties
that DHS and its components assess. We include tables at the end of
each section, which list the individual adjustments for each penalty.
A. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency
    The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA)
(formerly the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)) \8\
administers only one civil penalty that the 2015 Act affects. That
penalty assesses fines for violations of the Chemical Facility Anti-
Terrorism Standards (CFATS). CFATS is a program that regulates the
security of chemical facilities that, in the discretion of the
Secretary, present high levels of security risk. DHS established the
CFATS program in 2007 pursuant to section 550 of the Department of
Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 109-295).\9\ The
CFATS regulation is located in part 27 of title 6 of the Code of
Federal Regulations (CFR). Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment
for the CFATS penalty that CISA administers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ On November 16, 2018, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure
Security Agency Act of 2018 (Pub. L. 115-278), was enacted to
redesignate NPPD as CISA. Henceforth, CISA is the DHS operational
component responsible for overseeing critical infrastructure
protection, cybersecurity, and other related programs.
    \9\ Section 550 has since been superseded by the Protecting and
Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014
(Pub. L. 113-254). The new legislation codified the statutory
authority for the CFATS program within Title XXI of the Homeland
Security Act of 2002, as amended. See 6 U.S.C. 621 et seq. Public
Law 113-254 authorized the CFATS program from January 18, 2015 to
January 17, 2019. The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards
Program Extension Act (Pub. L. 116-2) extends the CFATS program
authorization to April 17, 2020. DHS is adding these citations to
the authority citation for part 27 of title 6 of the Code of Federal
Regulations.
                                     Table 1--CFATS Civil Penalty Adjustment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                New penalty as
         Penalty name                Citation          Penalty amount as       Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                    adjusted in the 2018 FR                       final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalty for non-compliance      6 U.S.C.           $34,013 per day..........         1.02522             $34,871
 with CFATS regulations.         624(b)(1); 6 CFR
                                 27.300(b)(3).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal
  Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) assesses civil monetary
penalties under various titles of the United States Code and the CFR.
These include penalties for certain violations of title 8 of the CFR
regarding the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (Pub. L. 82-414,
as amended) (INA). The INA contains provisions that impose penalties on
persons, including carriers and aliens, who violate specified
provisions of the INA. The relevant penalty provisions are located in
numerous sections of the INA, however CBP has enumerated these
penalties in regulation in one location--8 CFR 280.53. For a complete
list of the INA sections for which penalties are assessed, in addition
to a brief description of each violation, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR
42989-42990.
    On December 8, 2017, CBP adjusted three non-INA penalties
inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2017 final rule.\10\ The three
penalties concerned the following violations: Transporting passengers
between coastwise points in the United States by a non-coastwise
qualified vessel; towing a vessel between coastwise points in the
United States by a non-coastwise qualified vessel; and dealing in or
using an empty stamped imported liquor container after it has already
been used once. On December 28, 2018, CBP adjusted two additional non-
INA penalties inadvertently left out of the IFR and 2018 final
rule.\11\ The two penalties concern the following violations:
Transporting passengers coastwise for hire by certain vessels (known as
Bowaters vessels) that do not meet specified conditions; and employing
a vessel in a trade without a required Certificate of Documentation.
This final rule incorporates these penalties, in addition to the other
CBP penalties, and adjusts them according to the 2019 multiplier.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ See 82 FR 57821.
    \11\ See 83 FR 67069.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the penalties that
CBP administers.
                                         Table 2--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Civil Penalties Adjustments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Penalty amount as adjusted in the                   New penalty as adjusted by this
             Penalty name                        Citation                        2018 FR                Multiplier *               final rule
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalties for non-compliance with       8 U.S.C. 1221(g); 8 CFR    $1,360............................         1.02522  $1,394.
 arrival and departure manifest          280.53(b)(1) (INA
 requirements for passengers,            section 231(g)).
 crewmembers, or occupants transported
 on commercial vessels or aircraft
 arriving to or departing from the
 United States.
[[Page 13501]]

Penalties for non-compliance with       8 U.S.C. 1224; 8 CFR       3,695.............................         1.02522  3,788.
 landing requirements at designated      280.53(b)(2); (INA
 ports of entry for aircraft             section 234).
 transporting aliens.
Penalties for failure to depart         8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8 CFR   1,558-7,791.......................         1.02522  1,597-7,987.
 voluntarily.                            280.53(b)(3) (INA
                                         section 240B(d)).
Penalties for violations of removal     8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(A); 8  3,116.............................         1.02522  3,195.
 orders relating to aliens transported   CFR 280.53(b)(4); (INA
 on vessels or aircraft under section    section 243(c)(1)(A)).
 241(d) of the INA, or for costs
 associated with removal under section
 241(e) of the INA.
Penalties for failure to remove alien   8 U.S.C. 1253(c)(1)(B); 8  7,791.............................         1.02522  7,987.
 stowaways under section 241(d)(2) of    CFR 280.53(b)(5) (INA
 the INA.                                section 243(c)(1)(B)).
Penalties for failure to report an      8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR    369 for each alien................         1.02522  378.
 illegal landing or desertion of alien   280.53(b)(6); (INA
 crewmen, and for each alien not         section 251(d)).
 reported on arrival or departure
 manifest or lists required in
 accordance with section 251 of the
 INA.
Penalties for use of alien crewmen for  8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8 CFR    9,239.............................         1.02522  9,472.
 longshore work in violation of          280.53(b)(6); (INA
 section 251(d) of the INA.              section 251(d)).
Penalties for failure to control,       8 U.S.C. 1284(a); 8 CFR    924-5,543.........................         1.02522  947-5,683.
 detain, or remove alien crewmen.        280.53(b)(7) (INA
                                         section 254(a)).
Penalties for employment on passenger   8 U.S.C. 1285; 8 CFR       1,848.............................         1.02522  1,895.
 vessels of aliens afflicted with        280.53(b)(8) (INA
 certain disabilities.                   section 255).
Penalties for discharge of alien        8 U.S.C. 1286; 8 CFR       2,771-5,543.......................         1.02522  2,841-5,683.
 crewmen.                                280.53(b)(9) (INA
                                         section 256).
Penalties for bringing into the United  8 U.S.C. 1287; 8 CFR       18,477............................         1.02522  18,943.
 States alien crewmen with intent to     280.53(b)(10); (INA
 evade immigration laws.                 section 257).
Penalties for failure to prevent the    8 U.S.C. 1321(a); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 unauthorized landing of aliens.         280.53(b)(11) (INA
                                         section 271(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the United    8 U.S.C. 1322(a); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 States aliens subject to denial of      280.53(b)(12) (INA
 admission on a health-related ground.   section 272(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the United    8 U.S.C. 1323(b); 8 CFR    5,543.............................         1.02522  5,683.
 States aliens without required          280.53(b)(13) (INA
 documentation.                          section 273(b)).
Penalties for failure to depart.......  8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8 CFR      779...............................         1.02522  799.
                                         280.53(b)(14) (INA
                                         section 274D).
Penalties for improper entry..........  8 U.S.C. 1325(b); 8 CFR    78-390............................         1.02522  80-400.
                                         280.53(b)(15) (INA
                                         section 275(b)).
Penalty for dealing in or using empty   19 U.S.C. 469............  518...............................         1.02522  *** 531.
 stamped imported liquor containers.
Penalty for employing a vessel in a     19 U.S.C. 1706a; 19 CFR    1296..............................         1.02522  1329.
 trade without a required Certificate    4.80(i).
 of Documentation **.
Penalty for transporting passengers     46 U.S.C. 12118(f)(3)....  518...............................         1.02522  *** 531.
 coastwise for hire by certain vessels
 (known as Bowaters vessels) that do
 not meet specified conditions **.
Penalty for transporting passengers     46 U.S.C. 55103(b); 19     778...............................         1.02522  798.
 between coastwise points in the         CFR 4.80(b)(2).
 United States by a non-coastwise
 qualified vessel.
Penalty for towing a vessel between     46 U.S.C. 55111(c); 19     907-2852, plus 155 per ton........         1.02522  930-2,924, plus 159 per ton.
 coastwise points in the United States   CFR 4.92.
 by a non-coastwise qualified vessel.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
  Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
** Adjustments made in the December 28, 2018 final rule, 83 FR 67069.
*** No applicable conforming edit to regulatory text.
[[Page 13502]]
C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) assesses civil
monetary penalties for certain employment-related violations arising
from the INA. ICE's civil penalties are located in title 8 of the CFR.
    There are three different sections in the INA that impose civil
monetary penalties for violations of the laws that relate to employment
actions: Sections 274A, 274B, and 274C. ICE has primary enforcement
responsibilities for two of these civil penalty provisions (sections
274A and 274C), and the Department of Justice (DOJ) has enforcement
responsibilities for one of these civil penalty provisions (section
274B). The INA, in sections 274A and 274C, provides for imposition of
civil penalties for various specified unlawful acts pertaining to the
employment eligibility verification process (Form I-9, Employment
Eligibility Verification), the employment of unauthorized aliens, and
document fraud.
    Because both DHS and DOJ implement the three employment-related
penalty sections in the INA, both Departments' implementing regulations
reflect the civil penalty amounts. For a complete description of the
civil money penalties assessed and a discussion of DHS's and DOJ's
efforts to update the penalties in years past, see the IFR preamble at
81 FR 42991. Below is a table showing the 2019 adjustment for the
penalties that ICE administers.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \12\ Table 3 also includes two civil penalties that are also
listed as penalties administered by CBP. These are penalties for
failure to depart voluntarily, INA section 240B(d), and failure to
depart after a final order of removal, INA section 274D. Both CBP
and ICE may administer these penalties, but as ICE is the DHS
component primarily responsible for assessing and collecting them,
they are also listed among the penalties ICE administers.
                  Table 3--U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Penalty amount as                    New penalty as
           Penalty name                   Citation          adjusted in the    Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                                2018 FR                           final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Civil penalties for failure to      8 U.S.C. 1229c(d); 8       $1,558-$7,791         1.02522       $1,597-$7,987
 depart voluntarily, INA section     CFR 280.53(b)(3).
 240B(d).
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                          461-3,695         1.02522           473-3,788
 INA sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(A).
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                          390-3,116         1.02522           400-3,195
 INA sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(B).
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                        3,695-9,239         1.02522         3,788-9,472
 INA sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(C).
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Civil penalties for violation of    8 CFR                        3,116-7,791         1.02522         3,195-7,987
 INA sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),     270.3(b)(1)(ii)(D).
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Violation/prohibition of indemnity  8 CFR 274a.8(b).....               2,236         1.02522               2,292
 bonds.
Civil penalties for knowingly       8 CFR                          559-4,473         1.02522           573-4,586
 hiring, recruiting, referral, or    274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(A
 retention of unauthorized aliens--  ).
 Penalty for first offense (per
 unauthorized alien).
Penalty for second offense (per     8 CFR                       4,473-11,181         1.02522        4,586-11,463
 unauthorized alien).                274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(B
                                     ).
Penalty for third or subsequent     8 CFR                       6,709-22,363         1.02522        6,878-22,927
 offense (per unauthorized alien).   274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(C
                                     ).
Civil penalties for I-9 paperwork   8 CFR 274a.10(b)(2).           224-2,236         1.02522           230-2,292
 violations.
Civil penalties for failure to      8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8                    779         1.02522            \13\ 799
 depart, INA section 274D.           CFR 280.53(b)(14).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal
  Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\ As written prior to this final rule, the regulatory text at
8 CFR 280.53(b)(14) did not make clear that the amount stated is a
maximum. The statutory authority for the penalty, 8 U.S.C. 1324d, is
clear that the amount reflects a maximum penalty. Thus, consistent
with the statutory authority, and to prevent any confusion, DHS is
making a technical clarification with this final rule by adding the
word ``maximum'' to paragraph (b)(14).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
D. U.S. Coast Guard
    The Coast Guard is authorized to assess close to 150 penalties
involving maritime safety and security and environmental stewardship
that are critical to the continued success of Coast Guard missions.
Various statutes in titles 14, 16, 19, 33, 42, 46, and 49 of the United
States Code authorize these penalties. Titles 33 and 46 authorize the
vast majority of these penalties as these statutes deal with
navigation, navigable waters, and shipping. Beyond titles 33 and 46,
the Coast Guard is also authorized to collect civil monetary penalties
related to the organization and management of the Coast Guard, aquatic
species conservation, obstruction of revenue, and hazardous substances
and materials. For a complete discussion of the civil monetary
penalties assessed by the Coast Guard, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR
42992.
    The Coast Guard has identified the penalties it administers,
adjusted those penalties for inflation, and is listing those new
penalties in a table located in the CFR--specifically, Table 1 in 33
CFR 27.3. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 identifies the statutes that provide
the Coast Guard with civil monetary penalty authority and sets out the
inflation-adjusted maximum penalty that the Coast Guard may impose
pursuant to each statutory provision. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 provides
the current maximum penalty for violations that occurred after November
2, 2015.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \14\ The Frank LoBiondo Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2018
re-designated certain existing sections of the United States Code,
including 14 U.S.C. 88 (now 14 U.S.C. 521) and 33 U.S.C. 1232 and
1236 (now 46 U.S.C. 70036 and 70041). The revised table reflects
those changes to the statutory citations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The applicable civil penalty amounts for violations occurring on or
before November 2, 2015 are set forth in previously published
regulations amending 33 CFR part 27. To find the applicable penalty
amount for a violation that occurred on or before November 2, 2015,
look to the prior versions of the CFR that pertain to the date on which
the violation occurred. Table 4 below shows the 2019 adjustment for the
penalties that the Coast Guard administers.
[[Page 13503]]
                              Table 4--U.S. Coast Guard Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Penalty amount as                    New penalty as
           Penalty name                   Citation          adjusted in the    Multiplier *    adjusted by this
                                                                2018 FR                           final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Saving Life and Property..........  14 U.S.C. 521(c)....             $10,389         1.02522             $10,651
Saving Life and Property;           14 U.S.C. 521(e)....               1,066         1.02522               1,093
 Intentional Interference with
 Broadcast.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality  14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33               5,218         1.02522               5,350
 Assurance Records (first offense).  CFR 27.3.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality  14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33              34,791         1.02522              35,668
 Assurance Records (subsequent       CFR 27.3.
 offenses).
Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters  16 U.S.C.                         38,954         1.02522              39,936
 of the United States.               4711(g)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by  19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               7,779         1.02522               7,975
 Masters of Vessels.                 27.3.
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by  19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               1,815         1.02522               1,861
 Masters of Vessels--Minimum         27.3.
 Penalty.
Failure to Stop Vessel When         19 U.S.C. 1581(d)...            ** 5,000             N/A            ** 5,000
 Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
 or Person in Charge.
Failure to Stop Vessel When         19 U.S.C. 1581(d)...            ** 1,000             N/A            ** 1,000
 Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
 or Person in Charge--Minimum
 Penalty.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor             33 U.S.C. 471; 33                 11,279         1.02522              11,563
 Regulations General.                CFR 27.3.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor             33 U.S.C. 474; 33                    778         1.02522                 798
 Regulations St. Mary's river.       CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Comply with      33 U.S.C. 495(b); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
 Regulations.                        CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Drawbridges...............  33 U.S.C. 499(c); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
                                     CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge     33 U.S.C. 502(c); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
 Obstructing Navigation.             CFR 27.3.
Bridges/Maintenance and Operation.  33 U.S.C. 533(b); 33              28,474         1.02522              29,192
                                     CFR 27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication;     33 U.S.C. 1208(a);                 2,074         1.02522               2,126
 Master, Person in Charge or Pilot.  33 CFR 27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication;     33 U.S.C. 1208(b);                 2,074         1.02522               2,126
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Discharges (Class I per             1321(b)(6)(B)(i);
 violation).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Discharges (Class I total under     1321(b)(6)(B)(i);
 paragraph).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         18,477         1.02522              18,943
 Discharges (Class II per day of     1321(b)(6)(B)(ii);
 violation).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                        230,958         1.02522             236,783
 Discharges (Class II total under    1321(b)(6)(B)(ii);
 paragraph).                         33 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Discharges (per day of violation)   1321(b)(7)(A); 33
 Judicial Assessment.                CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                          1,848         1.02522               1,895
 Discharges (per barrel of oil or    1321(b)(7)(A); 33
 unit discharged) Judicial           CFR 27.3.
 Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure   33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 to Carry Out Removal/Comply With    1321(b)(7)(B); 33
 Order (Judicial Assessment).        CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure   33 U.S.C.                         46,192         1.02522              47,357
 to Comply with Regulation Issued    1321(b)(7)(C); 33
 Under 1321(j) (Judicial             CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                          5,543         1.02522               5,683
 Discharges, Gross Negligence (per   1321(b)(7)(D); 33
 barrel of oil or unit discharged)   CFR 27.3.
 Judicial Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances:           33 U.S.C.                        184,767         1.02522             189,427
 Discharges, Gross Negligence--      1321(b)(7)(D); 33
 Minimum Penalty (Judicial           CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Marine Sanitation Devices;          33 U.S.C. 1322(j);                 7,779         1.02522               7,975
 Operating.                          33 CFR 27.3.
Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or  33 U.S.C. 1322(j);                20,742         1.02522              21,265
 Manufacture.                        33 CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules;     33 U.S.C. 1608(a);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Operator.                           33 CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules;     33 U.S.C. 1608(b);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Pollution from Ships; General.....  33 U.S.C.                         72,718         1.02522              74,552
                                     1908(b)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Pollution from Ships; False         33 U.S.C.                         14,543         1.02522              14,910
 Statement.                          1908(b)(2); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
[[Page 13504]]

Inland Navigation Rules; Operator.  33 U.S.C. 2072(a);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel...  33 U.S.C. 2072(b);                14,543         1.02522              14,910
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; General.........  33 U.S.C. 2609(a);                51,302         1.02522              52,596
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; Operating         33 U.S.C. 2609(b);                20,521         1.02522              21,039
 Without Permit.                     33 CFR 27.3.
Oil Pollution Liability and         33 U.S.C. 2716a(a);               46,192         1.02522              47,357
 Compensation.                       33 CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls.......................  33 U.S.C.                         42,292         1.02522              43,359
                                     3852(a)(1)(A); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls-related to false        33 U.S.C.                         56,391         1.02522              57,813
 statements.                         3852(a)(1)(A); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls--Recreational Vessel..  33 U.S.C. 3852(c);                 5,639         1.02522               5,781
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(a);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Class I).  33 CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(b);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Class      33 CFR 27.3.
 II).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(b);               167,722         1.02522             171,952
 Liability, Compensation (Class II   33 CFR 27.3.
 subsequent offense).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(c);                55,907         1.02522              57,317
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial   33 CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,     42 U.S.C. 9609(c);               167,722         1.02522             171,952
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial   33 CFR 27.3.
 Assessment subsequent offense).
Safe Containers for International   46 U.S.C. App                      6,111         1.02522               6,265
 Cargo.                              1505(a)(2)
                                     (codified as 46
                                     U.S.C. 80509); 33
                                     CFR 27.3.
Suspension of Passenger Service...  46 U.S.C. App                     61,115         1.02522              62,656
                                     1805(c)(2)
                                     (codified 46 U.S.C.
                                     70305); 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection or Examination    46 U.S.C. 2110(e);                 9,239         1.02522               9,472
 Fees.                               33 CFR 27.3.
Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing  46 U.S.C. 2115; 33                 7,520         1.02522               7,710
                                     CFR 27.3.
Negligent Operations: Recreational  46 U.S.C. 2302(a);                 6,802         1.02522               6,974
 Vessels.                            33 CFR 27.3.
Negligent Operations: Other         46 U.S.C. 2302(a);                34,013         1.02522              34,871
 Vessels.                            33 CFR 27.3.
Operating a Vessel While Under the  46 U.S.C.                          7,520         1.02522               7,710
 Influence of Alcohol or a           2302(c)(1); 33 CFR
 Dangerous Drug.                     27.3.
Vessel Reporting Requirements:      46 U.S.C.                         11,712         1.02522              12,007
 Owner, Charterer, Managing          2306(a)(4); 33 CFR
 Operator, or Agent.                 27.3.
Vessel Reporting Requirements:      46 U.S.C.                          2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Master.                             2306(b)(2); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Immersion Suits...................  46 U.S.C.                         11,712         1.02522              12,007
                                     3102(c)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Inspection Permit.................  46 U.S.C.                          2,443         1.02522               2,505
                                     3302(i)(5); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Vessel Inspection; General........  46 U.S.C. 3318(a);                11,712         1.02522              12,007
                                     33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Nautical School  46 U.S.C. 3318(g);                11,712         1.02522              12,007
 Vessel.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give  46 U.S.C. 3318(h);                 2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Notice IAW 3304(b).                 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give  46 U.S.C. 3318(i);                 2,343         1.02522               2,402
 Notice IAW 3309(c).                 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel >=1,600   46 U.S.C.                         23,426         1.02522              24,017
 Gross Tons.                         3318(j)(1); 33 CFR
                                     27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
** Enacted under the Tariff Act; exempt from inflation adjustments.
E. Transportation Security Administration
    The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is updating its
civil penalties regulation in accordance with the 2015 Act. Pursuant to
its statutory authority in 49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1), (4), (5), 49 U.S.C.
46301(d)(8), and 49 U.S.C. 114(v),\15\ TSA may impose penalties for
violations of any statute that TSA administers, whether an implementing
regulation or order imposes the penalty. TSA assesses these penalties
for a wide variety of aviation and surface security requirements,
including violations of TSA's requirements applicable to Transportation
Worker Identification Credentials (TWIC),\16\ as well as violations of
requirements described in chapter 449 of title 49 of the United States
Code. These penalties can apply to a wide variety of situations, as
described in the statutory and regulatory provisions, as well as in
guidance that TSA publishes. Below is a table showing the 2019
adjustment for the penalties that TSA administers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\ As amended by sec. 1302 of the Implementing Recommendations
of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-53, 121 Stat. 266
(Aug. 3, 2007)).
    \16\ See, e.g., 46 U.S.C. 70105, 49 U.S.C. 46302 and 46303, and
49 U.S.C. chapter 449.
[[Page 13507]]
                                       Table 5--Transportation Security Administration Civil Penalties Adjustments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Penalty amount as adjusted in                    New penalty as adjusted by this
               Penalty name                         Citation                     the 2018 FR             Multiplier *              final rule
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except      49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1),    $33,333 (up to a total of                1.02522  $34,174 (up to a total of
 secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)-            (4), (5); 49 U.S.C.       $533,324 per civil penalty                        $546,774 per civil penalty
 (d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and   46301(d)(8); 49 CFR       action).                                          action).
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a      1503.401(c)(3)
 regulation prescribed, or order issued
 thereunder by a person operating an
 aircraft for the transportation of
 passengers or property for compensation.
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449 (except      49 U.S.C. 46301(a)(1),    $13,333 (up to a total of                1.02522  $13,669 (up to a total of
 secs. 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)-            (4), (5); 49 U.S.C.       $66,666 total for small                           $68,347 total for small
 (d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and   46301(d)(8); 49 CFR       businesses, $533,324 for                          business, $546,774 for others).
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 46303, a      1503.401(c)(1) and (2).   others).
 regulation prescribed, or order issued
 thereunder by an individual (except an
 airman serving as an airman), any person
 not operating an aircraft for the
 transportation of passengers or property
 for compensation, or a small business
 concern.
Violation of any other provision of title   49 U.S.C. 114(v); 49 CFR  $11,410 (up to a total of                1.02522  $11,698 (up to a total of
 49 U.S.C. or of 46 U.S.C. ch. 701, a        1503.401(b).              $57,051 total for small                           $58,490 total for small
 regulation prescribed, or order issued                                businesses, $456,409 for                          businesses, $467,920 for
 thereunder.                                                           others).                                          others).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
  Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
IV. Administrative Procedure Act
    DHS is promulgating this final rule to ensure that the amount of
civil penalties that DHS assesses or enforces reflects the statutorily
mandated ranges as adjusted for inflation. The 2015 Act provides a
clear formula for adjustment of the civil penalties, leaving DHS and
its components with little room for discretion. DHS and its components
have been charged only with performing ministerial computations to
determine the amounts of adjustments for inflation to civil monetary
penalties. In these annual adjustments DHS is merely updating the
penalty amounts by applying the cost-of-living adjustment multiplier
that OMB has provided to agencies. Furthermore, the 2015 Act
specifically instructed that agencies make the required annual
adjustments notwithstanding section 553 of title 5 of the United States
Code. Thus, as specified in the 2015 Act, the prior public notice-and-
comment procedures and delayed effective date requirements of the
Administrative Procedure Act (APA) do not apply to this rule. Further,
as described above, this rule also makes to minor amendments to the
regulations to reflect clear statutory authority, and DHS finds that
prior notice and comment procedures for these amendments are
unnecessary.
V. Regulatory Analyses
A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting
flexibility. OMB has not designated this final rule a ``significant
regulatory action'' under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866.
Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed this rule.
    This final rule makes nondiscretionary adjustments to existing
civil monetary penalties in accordance with the 2015 Act and OMB
guidance.\17\ DHS therefore did not consider alternatives and does not
have the flexibility to alter the adjustments of the civil monetary
penalty amounts as provided in this rule. To the extent this final rule
increases civil monetary penalties, it would result in an increase in
transfers from persons or entities assessed a civil monetary penalty to
the government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\ OMB Memorandum M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation
Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties
Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Dec. 14, 2018.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/m_19_04.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    The Regulatory Flexibility Act applies only to rules for which an
agency publishes a notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to 5 U.S.C.
553(b). See 5 U.S.C. 601-612. The Regulatory Flexibility Act does not
apply to this final rule, because a notice of proposed rulemaking was
not required for the reasons stated above.
C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538,
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or Tribal government, in
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for
inflation) or more in any one year. This final rule will not result in
such an expenditure.
D. Paperwork Reduction Act
    The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C.
chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not
apply to this final rule, because this final rule does not trigger any
new or revised recordkeeping or reporting.
VI. Signing Authority
    The amendments to 19 CFR part 4 in this document are issued in
accordance with 19 CFR 0.2(a), which provides that the authority of the
Secretary of the Treasury with respect to CBP regulations that are not
related to customs revenue functions was transferred to the Secretary
of Homeland Security pursuant to Section 403(l) of the Homeland
Security Act of 2002. Accordingly, this final rule to amend
[[Page 13508]]
such regulations may be signed by the Secretary of Homeland Security
(or his or her delegate).
List of Subjects
6 CFR Part 27
    Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.
8 CFR Part 270
    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, Fraud,
Penalties.
8 CFR Part 274a
    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment,
Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
8 CFR Part 280
    Administrative practice and procedure, Immigration, Penalties.
19 CFR Part 4
    Exports, Freight, Harbors, Maritime carriers, Oil pollution,
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Vessels.
33 CFR Part 27
    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties.
49 CFR Part 1503
    Administrative practice and procedure, Investigations, Law
enforcement, Penalties.
Amendments to the Regulations
    Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the preamble, DHS is
amending 6 CFR part 27, 8 CFR parts 270, 274a, and 280, 19 CFR part 4,
33 CFR part 27, and 49 CFR part 1503 as follows:
Title 6--Domestic Security
PART 27--CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS
0
1. The authority citation for part 27 is revised to read as follows:
    Authority:  6 U.S.C. 624; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as
amended by Pub. L. 114-74, 129 Stat. 599; Pub. L. 113-254, 128 Stat.
2898, as amended by Pub. L. 116-2, 133 Stat. 5.
0
2. In Sec.  27.300, revise paragraph (b)(3) to read as follows:
Sec.  27.300   Orders.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) Where the Assistant Secretary determines that a facility is in
violation of an Order issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section
and issues an Order Assessing Civil Penalty pursuant to paragraph
(b)(1) of this section, a chemical facility is liable to the United
States for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000 for each day during
which the violation continues, if the violation of the Order occurred
on or before November 2, 2015, or $34,871 for each day during which the
violation of the Order continues, if the violation occurred after
November 2, 2015.
* * * * *
Title 8--Aliens and Nationality
PART 270--PENALTIES FOR DOCUMENT FRAUD
0
3. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, and 1324c; Pub. L. 101-410, 104
Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 and Pub. L.
114-74, 129 Stat. 599.
0
4. In Sec.  270.3, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (D) to read
as follows:
Sec.  270.3   Penalties.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). Not less
than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 for each fraudulent document or each
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of
the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding
$3,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity
described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act on or after
March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than
$473 and not exceeding $3,788 for each fraudulent document or each
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of
the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (B) First offense under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not less than
$250 and not exceeding $2,000 for each fraudulent document or each
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the
Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $275 and not exceeding $2,200
for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in
section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act on or after March 27, 2008 and
on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $400 and not exceeding
$3,195 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity
described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act after November 2,
2015.
    (C) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4).
Not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 for each fraudulent
document or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1)
through (a)(4) of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200
and not exceeding $6,500 for each fraudulent document or each
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of
the Act occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November
2, 2015; and not less than $3,788 and not more than $9,472 for each
fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in section
274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (D) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not
less than $2,000 and not more than $5,000 for each fraudulent document
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6)
of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $2,200 and not
exceeding $5,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed
activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act occurring
on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not
less than $3,195 and not more than $7,987 for each fraudulent document
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6)
of the Act after November 2, 2015.
* * * * *
PART 274a--CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS
0
5. The authority citation for part 274a continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1324a; 48 U.S.C. 1806; 8 CFR
part 2; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114-
74, 129 Stat. 599.
0
6. In Sec.  274a.8, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:
Sec.  274a.8   Prohibition of indemnity bonds.
* * * * *
    (b) Penalty. Any person or other entity who requires any individual
to post a bond or security as stated in this section shall, after
notice and opportunity for an administrative hearing in accordance with
section 274A(e)(3)(B) of the Act, be subject to a civil monetary
penalty of $1,000 for each violation before September 29, 1999, of
$1,100 for each violation occurring on or after September 29, 1999 but
on or before November 2, 2015, and of $2,292 for each violation
occurring after November 2, 2015, and to an administrative order
requiring the return to the individual of any amounts received in
violation of this section or, if the individual cannot be located, to
the general fund of the Treasury.
0
7. In Sec.  274a.10, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (C) and
the first
[[Page 13509]]
sentence of paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows:
Sec.  274a.10   Penalties.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense--not less than $275 and not more than $2,200 for
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred
before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding $3,200, for
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred
occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015;
and not less than $573 and not more than $4,586 for each unauthorized
alien with respect to whom the offense occurred occurring after
November 2, 2015;
    (B) Second offense--not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500
for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense
occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not more than
$6,500, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second
offense occurred on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November
2, 2015; and not less than $4,586 and not more than $11,463 for each
unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred
after November 2, 2015; or
    (C) More than two offenses--not less than $3,300 and not more than
$11,000 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or
subsequent offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $4,300
and not exceeding $16,000, for each unauthorized alien with respect to
whom the third or subsequent offense occurred on or after March 27,
2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $6,878 and
not more than $22,927 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom
the third or subsequent offense occurred after November 2, 2015; and
* * * * *
    (2) A respondent determined by the Service (if a respondent fails
to request a hearing) or by an administrative law judge, to have failed
to comply with the employment verification requirements as set forth in
Sec.  274a.2(b), shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount of
not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for each individual with
respect to whom such violation occurred before September 29, 1999; not
less than $110 and not more than $1,100 for each individual with
respect to whom such violation occurred on or after September 29, 1999
and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $230 and not more
than $2,292 for each individual with respect to whom such violation
occurred after November 2, 2015. * * *
* * * * *
PART 280--IMPOSITION AND COLLECTION OF FINES
0
8. The authority citation for part 280 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1103, 1221, 1223, 1227, 1229, 1253, 1281,
1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1322, 1323, 1330; 66 Stat. 173, 195, 197,
201, 203, 212, 219, 221-223, 226, 227, 230; Pub. L. 101-410, 104
Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 114-74, 129 Stat. 599.
0
9. In Sec.  280.53 revise paragraphs (b)(1) through (15) to read as
follows:
Sec.  280.53   Civil monetary penalties inflation adjustment.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) Section 231(g) of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with
arrival and departure manifest requirements for passengers,
crewmembers, or occupants transported on commercial vessels or aircraft
arriving to or departing from the United States: From $1,360 to $1,394.
    (2) Section 234 of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with
landing requirements at designated ports of entry for aircraft
transporting aliens: From $3,695 to $3,788.
    (3) Section 240B(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart
voluntarily: From $1,558 minimum/$7,791 maximum to $1,597 minimum/
$7,987 maximum.
    (4) Section 243(c)(1)(A) of the Act, Penalties for violations of
removal orders relating to aliens transported on vessels or aircraft,
under section 241(d) of the Act, or for costs associated with removal
under section 241(e) of the Act: From $3,116 to $3,195.
    (5) Penalties for failure to remove alien stowaways under section
241(d)(2): From $7,791 to $7,987.
    (6) Section 251(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to report an
illegal landing or desertion of alien crewmen, and for each alien not
reported on arrival or departure manifest or lists required in
accordance with section 251 of the Act: From $369 to $378; and
penalties for use of alien crewmen for longshore work in violation of
section 251(d) of the Act: From $9,239 to $9,472.
    (7) Section 254(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to control,
detain, or remove alien crewmen: From $924 minimum/$5,543 maximum to
$947 minimum/$5,683 maximum.
    (8) Section 255 of the Act, Penalties for employment on passenger
vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities: From $1,848 to
$1,895.
    (9) Section 256 of the Act, Penalties for discharge of alien
crewmen: From $2,771 minimum/$5,543 maximum to $2,841 minimum/$5,683
maximum.
    (10) Section 257 of the Act, Penalties for bringing into the United
States alien crewmen with intent to evade immigration laws: From
$18,477 maximum to $18,943 maximum.
    (11) Section 271(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to prevent
the unauthorized landing of aliens: From $5,543 to $5,683.
    (12) Section 272(a) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the
United States aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related
ground: From $5,543 to $5,683.
    (13) Section 273(b) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the
United States aliens without required documentation: From $5,543 to
$5,683.
    (14) Section 274D of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart: From
$779 maximum to $799 maximum, for each day the alien is in violation.
    (15) Section 275(b) of the Act, Penalties for improper entry: From
$78 minimum/$390 maximum to $80 minimum/$400 maximum, for each entry or
attempted entry.
Title 19--Customs Duties
PART 4--VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES
0
10. The authority citation for part 4 continues to read in part as
follows:
    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1431, 1433, 1434, 1624,
2071 note; 46 U.S.C. 501, 60105.
* * * * *
    Sections 4.80, 4.80a, and 4.80b also issued under 19 U.S.C.
1706a; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C. 12112, 12117, 12118, 50501-
55106, 55107, 55108, 55110, 55114, 55115, 55116, 55117, 55119,
56101, 55121, 56101, 57109; Pub. L. 108-7, Division B, Title II,
Sec.  211;
* * * * *
    Section 4.92 also issued under 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 46 U.S.C.
55111;
* * * * *
0
11. In Sec.  4.80, revise paragraphs (b)(2) and (i) to read as follows:
Sec.  4.80   Vessels entitled to engage in coastwise trade.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) The penalty imposed for the unlawful transportation of
passengers between coastwise points is $300 for each passenger so
transported and landed on or before November 2, 2015, and $798 for each
passenger so transported and landed after November 2, 2015 (46 U.S.C.
55103, as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation
[[Page 13510]]
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015).
* * * * *
    (i) Any vessel, entitled to be documented and not so documented,
employed in a trade for which a Certificate of Documentation is issued
under the vessel documentation laws (see Sec.  4.0(c)), other than a
trade covered by a registry, is liable to a civil penalty of $500 for
each port at which it arrives without the proper Certificate of
Documentation on or before November 2, 2015, and $1329 for each port at
which it arrives without the proper Certificate of Documentation after
November 2, 2015 (19 U.S.C. 1706a, as adjusted by the Federal Civil
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015). If such a
vessel has on board any foreign merchandise (sea stores excepted), or
any domestic taxable alcoholic beverages, on which the duty and taxes
have not been paid or secured to be paid, the vessel and its cargo are
subject to seizure and forfeiture.
0
12. In Sec.  4.92, revise the second and third sentences to read as
follows:
Sec.  4.92   Towing.
    * * * The penalties for violation of this provision occurring on or
before November 2, 2015, are a fine of from $350 to $1,100 against the
owner or master of the towing vessel and a further penalty against the
towing vessel of $60 per ton of the towed vessel. The penalties for
violation of this provision occurring after November 2, 2015, are a
fine of from $930 to $2,924 against the owner or master of the towing
vessel and a further penalty against the towing vessel of $159 per ton
of the towed vessel (46 U.S.C. 55111, as adjusted by the Federal Civil
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015).
Title 33--Navigation and Navigable Waters
PART 27--ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION
0
13. The authority citation for part 27 continues to read as follows:
    Authority:  Secs. 1-6, Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as
amended by Sec. 31001(s)(1), Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (28
U.S.C. 2461 note); Department of Homeland Security Delegation No.
0170.1, sec. 2 (106).
0
14. In Sec.  27.3, revise the third sentence of the introductory text
and table 1 to read as follows:
Sec.  27.3   Penalty adjustment table.
    * * * The adjusted civil penalty amounts listed in Table 1 are
applicable for penalty assessments issued after April 5, 2019, with
respect to violations occurring after November 2, 2015. * * *
                              Table 1--Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                 2019 Adjusted
                   U.S. Code citation                      Civil monetary penalty description   maximum penalty
                                                                                                   amount ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14 U.S.C. 521(c)........................................  Saving Life and Property...........            $10,651
14 U.S.C. 521(e)........................................  Saving Life and Property;                        1,093
                                                           Intentional Interference with
                                                           Broadcast.
14 U.S.C. 645(i)........................................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality               5,350
                                                           Assurance Records (first offense).
14 U.S.C. 645(i)........................................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality              35,668
                                                           Assurance Records (subsequent
                                                           offenses).
16 U.S.C. 4711(g)(1)....................................  Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters              39,936
                                                           of the United States.
19 U.S.C. 70............................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by               7,975
                                                           Masters of Vessels.
19 U.S.C. 70............................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by               1,861
                                                           Masters of Vessels--Minimum
                                                           Penalty.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......................................  Failure to Stop Vessel When                      5,000
                                                           Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
                                                           or Person in Charge \1\.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......................................  Failure to Stop Vessel When                      1,000
                                                           Directed; Master, Owner, Operator
                                                           or Person in Charge--Minimum
                                                           Penalty \1\.
33 U.S.C. 471...........................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations             11,563
                                                           General.
33 U.S.C. 474...........................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations                798
                                                           St. Mary's River.
33 U.S.C. 495(b)........................................  Bridges/Failure to Comply with                  29,192
                                                           Regulations.
33 U.S.C. 499(c)........................................  Bridges/Drawbridges................             29,192
33 U.S.C. 502(c)........................................  Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge                 29,192
                                                           Obstructing Navigation.
33 U.S.C. 533(b)........................................  Bridges/Maintenance and Operation..             29,192
33 U.S.C. 1208(a).......................................  Bridge to Bridge Communication;                  2,126
                                                           Master, Person in Charge or Pilot.
33 U.S.C. 1208(b).......................................  Bridge to Bridge Communication;                  2,126
                                                           Vessel.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)..............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       18,943
                                                           Discharges (Class I per violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)..............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       47,357
                                                           Discharges (Class I total under
                                                           paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii).............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       18,943
                                                           Discharges (Class II per day of
                                                           violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii).............................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                      236,783
                                                           Discharges (Class II total under
                                                           paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                       47,357
                                                           Discharges (per day of violation)
                                                           Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                        1,895
                                                           Discharges (per barrel of oil or
                                                           unit discharged) Judicial
                                                           Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure               47,357
                                                           to Carry Out Removal/Comply With
                                                           Order (Judicial Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure               47,357
                                                           to Comply with Regulation Issued
                                                           Under 1321(j) (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                        5,683
                                                           Discharges, Gross Negligence (per
                                                           barrel of oil or unit discharged)
                                                           Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).................................  Oil/Hazardous Substances:                      189,427
                                                           Discharges, Gross Negligence--
                                                           Minimum Penalty (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).......................................  Marine Sanitation Devices;                       7,975
                                                           Operating.
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).......................................  Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or              21,265
                                                           Manufacture.
33 U.S.C. 1608(a).......................................  International Navigation Rules;                 14,910
                                                           Operator.
33 U.S.C. 1608(b).......................................  International Navigation Rules;                 14,910
                                                           Vessel.
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1)....................................  Pollution from Ships; General......             74,552
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2)....................................  Pollution from Ships; False                     14,910
                                                           Statement.
33 U.S.C. 2072(a).......................................  Inland Navigation Rules; Operator..             14,910
33 U.S.C. 2072(b).......................................  Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel....             14,910
33 U.S.C. 2609(a).......................................  Shore Protection; General..........             52,596
[[Page 13511]]

33 U.S.C. 2609(b).......................................  Shore Protection; Operating Without             21,039
                                                           Permit.
33 U.S.C. 2716a(a)......................................  Oil Pollution Liability and                     47,357
                                                           Compensation.
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).................................  Clean Hulls; Civil Enforcement.....             43,359
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).................................  Clean Hulls; related to false                   57,813
                                                           statements.
33 U.S.C. 3852(c).......................................  Clean Hulls; Recreational Vessels..              5,781
42 U.S.C. 9609(a).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class I).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class II).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                171,952
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Class II
                                                           subsequent offense).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                 57,317
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Judicial
                                                           Assessment).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).......................................  Hazardous Substances, Releases,                171,952
                                                           Liability, Compensation (Judicial
                                                           Assessment subsequent offense).
46 U.S.C. 80509(a)......................................  Safe Containers for International                6,265
                                                           Cargo.
46 U.S.C. 70305(c)......................................  Suspension of Passenger Service....             62,656
46 U.S.C. 2110(e).......................................  Vessel Inspection or Examination                 9,472
                                                           Fees.
46 U.S.C. 2115..........................................  Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing.              7,710
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).......................................  Negligent Operations: Recreational               6,974
                                                           Vessels.
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).......................................  Negligent Operations: Other Vessels             34,871
46 U.S.C. 2302(c)(1)....................................  Operating a Vessel While Under the               7,710
                                                           Influence of Alcohol or a
                                                           Dangerous Drug.
46 U.S.C. 2306(a)(4)....................................  Vessel Reporting Requirements:                  12,007
                                                           Owner, Charterer, Managing
                                                           Operator, or Agent.
46 U.S.C. 2306(b)(2)....................................  Vessel Reporting Requirements:                   2,402
                                                           Master.
46 U.S.C. 3102(c)(1)....................................  Immersion Suits....................             12,007
46 U.S.C. 3302(i)(5)....................................  Inspection Permit..................              2,505
46 U.S.C. 3318(a).......................................  Vessel Inspection; General.........             12,007
46 U.S.C. 3318(g).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Nautical School              12,007
                                                           Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 3318(h).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give               2,402
                                                           Notice IAW 3304(b).
46 U.S.C. 3318(i).......................................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give               2,402
                                                           Notice IAW 3309(c).
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)....................................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel >=1,600               24,017
                                                           Gross Tons.
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)....................................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel