Collection of Information; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request-Follow-Up Activities for Product-Related Injuries Including NEISS

 
CONTENT
Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 245 (Friday, December 20, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 245 (Friday, December 20, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 70157-70158]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-27509]
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CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION
[Docket No. CPSC-2009-0102]
Collection of Information; Submission for OMB Review; Comment
Request--Follow-Up Activities for Product-Related Injuries Including
NEISS
AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission.
ACTION: Notice.
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SUMMARY: As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) announces that the CPSC has
submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), a request for
extension of approval of a collection of information previously
approved under OMB Control No. 3041-0029, on consumer product-related
injury data, and follow-up activities for product-related injuries. On
October 8, 2019, CPSC published a notice in the Federal Register
announcing the agency's intent to seek this extension. CPSC made
available a copy of the supporting statement, ``PRI ICR 2019 60-day,''
under Supporting and Related Materials in Docket No. CPSC-2009-0102.
CPSC received no comments in response to that notice. By publication of
this notice, the Commission announces that CPSC has submitted to the
OMB a request for extension of approval of that collection of
information, without change.
DATES: Written comments on this request for extension of approval of
information collection requirements should be submitted by January 21,
2020.
ADDRESSES: Submit comments about this request by email:
[email protected] or fax: 202-395-6881. Comments by mail
should be sent to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs,
Attn: OMB Desk Officer for the CPSC, Office of Management and Budget,
Room 10235, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503. In addition,
written comments that are sent to OMB also should be submitted
electronically at http://www.regulations.gov, under Docket No. CPSC-
2009-0102.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For further information or a copy of
the supporting statement contact: Bretford Griffin, Consumer Product
Safety Commission, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; (301)
504-7037, or by email to: [email protected].
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
A. Background
    Section 5(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act, 15 U.S.C. 2054(a),
requires the CPSC to collect information related to the causes and
prevention of death, injury, and illness associated with consumer
products. That section also requires the CPSC to conduct continuing
studies and investigations of deaths, injuries, diseases, other health
impairments, and economic losses resulting from accidents involving
consumer products.
    The CPSC obtains information about product-related deaths,
injuries, and illnesses from a variety of sources, including
newspapers, death certificates, consumer complaints, and medical
facilities. In addition, the CPSC receives information via its internet
website through forms reporting on product-related injuries or
incidents. The CPSC also operates the National Electronic Injury
Surveillance System (NEISS), which provides timely data on consumer
product-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in
the United States. The CPSC also uses the NEISS system to collect
information on childhood poisonings, in accordance with the Poison
Prevention Packaging Act of 1970.
    From these sources, CPSC staff selects cases of interest for
further investigation, by contacting persons who witnessed or were
injured in incidents involving consumer products. These investigations
are conducted on-site (face-to-face), by telephone, or by the internet.
On-site investigations are usually made in cases where CPSC staff needs
photographs of the incident site, the product involved, or detailed
information about the incident. This information also can come from
contact with state and local officials, including police, coroners, and
fire investigators, and others with knowledge of the incident.
    Through interagency agreements, the CPSC also uses the NEISS system
to collect information on injuries for the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC) under the NEISS All-Injury Program (NEISS-AIP).
The NEISS-AIP is a sub-sample of approximately two-thirds of the full
NEISS sample. In addition to the standard data variables collected on
all NEISS injuries, the NEISS-AIP collects additional variables on
several studies for CDC (Adverse Drug Events, Assaults, Self-Inflicted
Violence, and Work-Related Injuries) and one study on non-crash motor
vehicle-related injuries for the National Highway and Transportation
Safety Administration (NHTSA). Additional special study variables are
collected for CDC in the full NEISS sample for firearm-related
injuries.
    The current NEISS probability sample was drawn and recruited in
1995-1996 and implemented in 1997. Since then, several of the selected
hospitals have stopped participating for reasons such as closures and
mergers with other hospitals, and were replaced with other purposively-
selected hospitals. While hospital weights are adjusted to account for
changes in the population of hospitals over time, the current sample of
hospitals participating in NEISS is being reviewed to assess their
representativeness. The selection process may be revised in future
years in order to strengthen the quality and representativeness of the
estimates generated by the NEISS-AIP. CPSC has entered into a contract
with Westat to perform an independent statistical assessment of the
NEISS and NEISS-AIP samples under CPSC contract 61320619F0134 with a
period of performance of September 27, 2019, through September 26,
2020.
[[Page 70158]]
B. NEISS Estimated Burden
    The NEISS system collects information on consumer product-related
incidents and other injuries from a statistical sample of 96 hospitals
in the United States. Respondents to NEISS include hospitals that
directly report information to NEISS, and hospitals that allow access
to a CPSC contractor, who collects the data. Collecting emergency
department records for review, correcting error messages, among other
tasks, takes about 36 minutes per day. Each record takes about 30
seconds to review. Coding and reporting records that involve consumer
products or other injuries takes about 2 minutes per record. Coding and
reporting additional special study information (Adverse Drug Effects)
takes about 2 minutes and 90 seconds per record for other special
studies. Respondents also spend about 36 hours per year in related
activities (training, evaluations, and communicating with other
hospital staff).
    In 2018, there were 130 NEISS respondents (total hospitals and CPSC
contractors). These NEISS respondents reviewed an estimated 5.53
million emergency department records and reported 727,544 total cases
(363,221 consumer product-related injuries for CPSC, and 364,323 other
injuries for the NEISS-AIP). The table below lists the number of
reported cases, and the number of reported cases with additional
special study information.


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Total NEISS Cases Reported..............................         727,544
Consumer Product-Related Injuries.......................         363,221
CDC NEISS-AIP...........................................         364,323
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               Special Studies Reported (subset of above)
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Child Poisoning (CPSC)..................................           4,734
Adverse Drug Events (CDC)...............................          36,858
Assaults (CDC)..........................................          32,990
Firearm-Related Injuries (CDC)..........................           6,159
Self-Inflicted Violence (CDC)...........................           9,106
Work-Related Injuries (CDC).............................          38,132
Motor Vehicle Non-Crash Injuries (NHTSA)................          12,813
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    The total burden hours for all NEISS respondents are estimated to
be 100,781 for 2018. The average burden hour per respondent is 775
hours. However, the total burden hour on each respondent varies due to
differences in size of the hospital (e.g., small rural hospitals versus
large metropolitan hospitals). The smallest hospital reported 82 cases
with a burden of about 258 hours, while the largest hospital reported
47,801 cases with a burden of about 4,125 hours.
    The total cost to NEISS respondents for 2018 was approximately
$3,391,000. NEISS respondents enter into contracts with CPSC and are
compensated for these costs. The average cost per respondent is
estimated to be about $26,000. The average cost per burden hour is
estimated to be $33.65 per hour (including wages and overhead).
However, the actual cost to each respondent varies, due to the type of
respondent (hospital versus CPSC contractor), size of hospital, and
regional differences in wages and overhead. Therefore, the actual
annual cost for any given respondent may vary between $3,048 at a small
rural hospital, and $329,690 at the largest metropolitan hospital.
C. Other Burden Hours
    In cases that require more information regarding product-related
incidents or injuries, CPSC staff conducts face-to-face interviews with
approximately 375 persons each year. On average, an on-site interview
takes about 4.5 hours. CPSC staff also conducts about 175 in-depth
investigations (IDIs) by telephone annually. Each telephone IDI
requires about 20 minutes. CPSC staff is planning to conduct about 50
internet-based questionnaires per year, which require about 20 minutes
each. The CPSC estimates 1,763 annual burden hours on these
respondents: 1,688 hours for face-to-face interviews; 58 hours for in-
depth telephone interviews, and 17 hours for internet-based
questionnaires. CPSC staff estimates the value of the time required for
reporting at $36.77 an hour (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
``Employer Costs for Employee Compensation,'' March 2019: https://www.bls.govnew.releaseecec.toc.htm). At this
valuation, the estimated annual cost to the public is about $64,826.
    The total burden hours for the information collection is 102,544
(100,781 NEISS and 1,763 other), which is an increase of 21,334 hours.
The increase in burden is due primarily to the increase in the number
of emergency department charts being reviewed and coded since this
collection of information was last approved by OMB in 2017.
    This information collection request excludes the burden associated
with other publicly available Consumer Product Safety Information
Databases, such as internet complaints, Hotline, and Medical Examiners
and Coroners Alert Project (MECAP) reports, which are approved under
OMB control number 3041-0146. This information collection request also
excludes the burden associated with follow-up investigations conducted
by other federal agencies.
Abioye Mosheim,
Acting Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission.
[FR Doc. 2019-27509 Filed 12-19-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6355-01-P