Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determinations:
Federal Register: September 27, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 186)
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
International Trade Administration
Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics
Using Sheet-Fed Presses From the People's Republic of China: Final
Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination
AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration,
Department of Commerce.
SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce (the ``Department'') has determined that countervailable subsidies are being provided to producers and exporters of certain coated paper suitable for high-quality print graphics using sheet-fed presses from the People's Republic of China
(``PRC''). For information on the estimated countervailing duty rates, please see the ``Suspension of Liquidation'' section, below.
DATES: Effective Date: September 27, 2010.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Neubacher, Jennifer Meek, and
Mary Kolberg, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, Import Administration,
International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th
Street and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230; telephone:
(202) 482-5823, (202) 482-2778, and (202) 482-1785, respectively.
Period of Investigation
The period for which we are measuring subsidies, or the period of investigation (``POI''), is January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2008.
The following events have occurred since the publication of the preliminary determination in the Federal Register on March 9, 2010. See
Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics Using
Sheet-Fed Presses from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary
Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination and Alignment of Final
Countervailing Duty Determination with Final Antidumping Duty
Determination, 75 FR 10774 (March 9, 2010) (``Preliminary
On March 4, 2010, the Department initiated investigations into new subsidy allegations on several grant programs to Shandong Sun Paper
Industry Co., Ltd. and Yanzhou Tianzhang Paper Industry Co., Ltd.
(collectively, ``Sun companies''). See Memorandum from David Neubacher,
International Trade Compliance Analyst, Office 1, to Susan Kuhbach,
Director, Office 1, Import Administration, regarding ``New Subsidy
Allegations,'' (March 4, 2010), available in the Department's Central
Records Unit in Room 7046 of the main Department building (``CRU'').
On March 5, 2010, the Department issued a questionnaire regarding the new subsidy allegations to the Government of the People's Republic of China (``GOC''), and received a response on April 2, 2010.
On March 17, 2010, the Department received a submission from
Appleton Coated LLC, NewPage Corporation, S.D.Warren Company d/b/a
Sappi Fine Paper North America, and United Steel, Paper and Forestry,
Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers
International Union (collectively, ``Petitioners'') regarding additional information to be collected from Gold East (Jiangsu) Co.,
Ltd., Gold Huasheng Paper Co., Ltd., and their reporting cross-owned companies (collectively, ``Gold companies'') in connection with the entered value adjustment.
The Department issued supplemental questionnaires to the GOC on
April 14, May 12, and May 21, 2010, and received responses on April 29,
May 19, and May 26, 2010, respectively. The Department issued supplemental questionnaires to the Gold companies on April 22, May 12, and May 21, 2010, and received responses on May 14, May 20 (a portion of the response was timely filed on May 27), and May 26, 2010, respectively. Finally, the Department issued supplemental questionnaires to the Sun companies on April 1, and May 14, 2010, and received responses on April 27, and May 28, 2010, respectively.
On March 31, 2010, the Department determined to investigate
Petitioners' uncreditworthiness allegation for the Gold companies for the years 2006-2008. See Memorandum from Nancy Decker, Program Manager,
Office 1, to Susan Kuhbach, Director, Office 1, Import Administration, regarding ``Uncreditworthiness Allegation for Gold East (Jiangsu) Co.,
Ltd., (``Gold East''), Gold Huasheng Paper Co., Ltd. (``GH''), Ningbo
Zhonghua Paper Co., Ltd. (``NZ''), Ningbo Asia Pulp & Paper Co. Ltd., and Hainan Jinhai Pulp and Paper Co., Ltd. (collectively, the ``APP companies''),'' (March 31, 2010), available in the CRU.
On June 1, 2010, the Department published an amended affirmative preliminary determination to correct a significant ministerial error in the Preliminary Determination. See Certain Coated Paper Suitable For
High-Quality Print Graphics Using Sheet-Fed Presses from the People's
Republic of China: Amended Affirmative Preliminary Countervailing Duty
Determination, 75 FR 30370 (June 1, 2010) (``Amended Preliminary
From June 7, 2010, to June 18, 2010, the Department conducted verification of the questionnaire responses submitted by the GOC, Gold companies, and Sun companies. See Memorandum from David Neubacher and
Jennifer Meek, International Trade Compliance Analysts, Office 1, to
Susan H. Kuhbach,
Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, regarding ``Verification Report of the Government of the People's Republic of China'' (July 28, 2010);
Memorandum from David Neubacher, David Layton, and Jennifer Meek,
International Trade Compliance Analysts, Office 1, to Susan H. Kuhbach,
Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, regarding ``Verification Report of Shandong Sun Paper Industry Joint Stock Co., Ltd., and Yanzhou
Tianzhang Paper Industry Co., Ltd.'' (August 4, 2010); and Memorandum from David Neubacher, Scott Holland, David Layton, and Jennifer Meek,
International Trade Compliance Analysts, Office 1, to Susan H. Kuhbach,
Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, regarding ``Verification Report of Gold East Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. and its reported cross-owned affiliates'' (August 24, 2010).
On August 26, 2010, we issued a preliminary determination regarding the creditworthiness of the Gold companies for the years 2006-2008. See
Memorandum from Mary Kolberg, International Trade Compliance Analyst,
Office 1, to Susan H. Kuhbach, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, regarding ``Preliminary Creditworthiness Determination for Gold East
Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. and its Cross-Owned Affiliates,'' (August 26, 2010).
On August 27, 2010, the Department issued its Post-Preliminary
Analysis for the Gold and Sun companies. See Memorandum from The Team,
Office 1, to Ronald K. Lorentzen, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import
Administration, regarding ``Countervailing Duty Investigation of
Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics Using
Sheet-Fed Presses from the People's Republic of China: Post-Preliminary
Analysis Memorandum for Gold East Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. (``GE''),
Gold Huasheng Paper Co., Ltd. (``GHS''), and their reported cross-owned affiliates (collectively, ``APP companies''),'' (August 27, 2010) and
Memorandum from The Team, Office 1, to Ronald K. Lorentzen, Deputy
Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, regarding
``Countervailing Duty Investigation of Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics Using Sheet-Fed Presses from the
People's Republic of China: Post-Preliminary Analysis Memorandum for
Shandong Sun Paper Industry Joint Stock Co., Ltd. (``Sun Paper'') and
Yanzhou Tianzhang Paper Industry Co. Ltd. (``Yanzhou Tianzhang'')
(collectively, ``Sun companies''),'' (August 27, 2010), available in the CRU. (These analyses are referred to herein as ``Post-Preliminary
On August 30, 2010, the Department determined not to investigate a new subsidy allegation regarding currency undervaluation. See
Memorandum form The Team to Ronald K. Lorentzen, Deputy Assistant
Secretary for Import Administration, regarding ``New Subsidy
Allegation--Currency,'' (August 30, 2010), available in the CRU.
We received case briefs from the GOC, the Gold companies, the Sun companies, and Petitioners on September 7, 2010. The same parties submitted rebuttal briefs on September 10, 2010.
The GOC, Gold companies, and Petitioners requested a hearing. The same parties later withdrew their requests. Therefore, no hearing was held.
Scope of the Investigation
The merchandise covered by this investigation includes certain coated paper and paperboard \1\ in sheets suitable for high quality print graphics using sheet-fed presses; coated on one or both sides with kaolin (China or other clay), calcium carbonate, titanium dioxide, and/or other inorganic substances; with or without a binder; having a
GE brightness level of 80 or higher; \2\ weighing not more than 340 grams per square meter; whether gloss grade, satin grade, matte grade, dull grade, or any other grade of finish; whether or not surface- colored, surface-decorated, printed (except as described below), embossed, or perforated; and irrespective of dimensions (``Certain
\1\ `Paperboard' refers to Certain Coated Paper that is heavier, thicker and more rigid than coated paper which otherwise meets the product description. In the context of Certain Coated Paper, paperboard typically is referred to as `cover,' to distinguish it from `text.'
\2\ One of the key measurements of any grade of paper is brightness. Generally speaking, the brighter the paper the better the contrast between the paper and the ink. Brightness is measured using a GE Reflectance Scale, which measures the reflection of light off of a grade of paper. One is the lowest reflection, or what would be given to a totally black grade, and 100 is the brightest measured grade.
Certain Coated Paper includes: (a) Coated free sheet paper and paperboard that meets this scope definition; (b) coated groundwood paper and paperboard produced from bleached chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp (``BCTMP'') that meets this scope definition; and (c) any other coated paper and paperboard that meets this scope definition.
Certain Coated Paper is typically (but not exclusively) used for printing multi-colored graphics for catalogues, books, magazines, envelopes, labels and wraps, greeting cards, and other commercial printing applications requiring high quality print graphics.
Specifically excluded from the scope are imports of paper and paperboard printed with final content printed text or graphics.
As of 2009, imports of the subject merchandise are provided for under the following categories of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the
United States (``HTSUS''): 4810.14.11, 4810.14.1900, 4810.14.2010, 4810.14.2090, 4810.14.5000, 4810.14.6000, 4810.14.70, 4810.19.1100, 4810.19.1900, 4810.19.2010, 4810.19.2090, 4810.22.1000, 4810.22.50, 4810.22.6000, 4810.22.70, 4810.29.1000, 4810.29.5000, 4810.29.6000, 4810.29.70, 4810.32, 4810.39 and 4810.92. While HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope of this investigation is dispositive.
Following the Preliminary Determination, on August 3, 2010, the
Department issued a decision memorandum addressing three scope issues in this and the concurrent antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on certain coated paper from Indonesia and the People's
Republic of China: (1) Whether to clarify the scope of these investigations to exclude multi-ply coated paper and paperboard; (2) whether to modify the scope language by striking the phrase ``suitable for high-quality print graphics;'' and (3) whether to add three HTSUS numbers which may include in-scope merchandise (i.e., HTSUS 4810.32, 4810.39 and 4810.92). See August 3, 2010, Memorandum to Ronald K.
Lorentzen, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, from
Susan Kuhbach, Director, Office 1, entitled ``Scope'' (August 3, 2010
Scope Memorandum). For the reasons explained in the August 3, 2010,
Scope Memorandum, the Department determined that: (1) Multi-ply products that otherwise meet the description of the scope of the investigations are not excluded from the scope; (2) the ``suitable for high-quality print graphics'' language should not be deleted from the scope; and (3) the three HTSUS numbers at issue should be added to the scope.
The Department subsequently provided the interested parties an opportunity to comment on its post-preliminary scope determination. In response, the respondents in these investigations filed a case brief on
August 20, 2010, and Petitioners filed a rebuttal brief on August 24, 2010. Based on the Department's analysis of these
comments and the factual records of these investigations, the
Department continues to find that multi-ply coated paper and paperboard are not excluded from the scope of the investigations, that the
``suitable for high-quality print graphics'' language should be maintained, and that the three HTSUS numbers listed above should be added to the scope. For a complete discussion of the parties' comments and the Department's position, see Memorandum from Susan Kuhbach,
Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing
Duty Operations, to Ronald K. Lorentzen, Deputy Assistant Secretary for
Import Administration, entitled ``Issues and Decision Memorandum for the Final Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation of
Certain Coated Paper Suitable For High-Quality Print Graphics Using
Sheet-Fed Presses from the People's Republic of China'' (September 20, 2010) (hereafter ``Decision Memorandum''), which is hereby adopted by this notice.
Because the PRC is a ``Subsidies Agreement Country'' within the meaning of section 701(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (``the
Act''), the International Trade Commission (the ``ITC'') is required to determine whether imports of the subject merchandise from the PRC materially injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. industry. On
November 9, 2009, the U.S. International Trade Commission (``ITC'') issued its affirmative preliminary determination that there is a reasonable indication that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of allegedly subsidized imports of coated paper from the PRC. See Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality
Print Graphics Using Sheet-Fed Presses From China and Indonesia;
Determinations, Investigation Nos. 701-TA-470-471 and 731-TA-1169-1170, 74 FR 61174 (November 23, 2009).
Analysis of Comments Received
All issues raised in the case and rebuttal briefs by parties to this investigation are addressed in the above-referenced Decision
Memorandum. Attached to this notice as an Appendix is a list of the issues that parties have raised and to which we have responded in the
Decision Memorandum. Parties can find a complete discussion of all issues raised in this investigation and the corresponding recommendations in this public memorandum, which is on file in the CRU.
In addition, a complete version of the Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly on the Internet at http://ia.ita.doc.gov/frn/. The paper copy and electronic version of the Decision Memorandum are identical in content.
Use of Adverse Facts Available
Consistent with the Preliminary Determination, we have continued to rely on facts available and to draw an adverse inference, in accordance with sections 776(a) and (b) of the Act, for certain of our findings.
With respect to the GOC's provision of papermaking chemicals, we determine that kaolin clay, caustic soda and titanium dioxide are being provided by governmental authorities for the reasons explained in the
Preliminary Determination and we determine that the subsidy conferred through the GOC's provision of caustic soda is specific for the reasons explained in the Post-Preliminary Analysis. With respect to the GOC's provision of land use rights in the Yangpu Economic Development Zone, we determine that the subsidy is specific for the reason explained in
Post-Preliminary Analyses. Finally, with respect to the GOC's provision of electricity, we determine that the GOC has made a financial contribution that is specific, and we have applied an adverse inference is determining the benefit for the reasons explained in the Preliminary
In a departure from the Preliminary Determination, the Department now finds that the use of ``facts otherwise available'' pursuant to section 776(a) of the Act is warranted with regard to the Sun companies. At verification, we learned that numerous companies that meet the Department's criteria for being ``cross-owned,'' as that term is defined in 19 CFR 351.525(b)(6)(vi), and that produced certain coated paper or inputs for paper products were not included in the Sun companies' responses. Therefore, information that the Department needs to calculate the Sun companies' subsidy rate has not been provided and the Department is unable to accurately determine the appropriate level of subsidization provided to the Sun companies. By not providing this information despite being in a position to do so, the Sun companies failed to act to the best of their ability. Accordingly, we find that an adverse inference is warranted, pursuant to section 776(b) of the
For the final determination and consistent with the Department's recent practice, we are computing a total AFA rate for the Sun companies, generally using program-specific rates determined for the cooperating respondent or in past cases. Specifically, for programs other than those involving income tax exemptions and rate reductions, we will apply the highest calculated rate for the identical program in this investigation if a responding company used the identical program.
If there is no identical program match within the investigation, we will use the highest non-de minimis rate calculated for the same or similar program in another PRC CVD investigation. Absent an above-de minimis subsidy rate calculated for the same or similar program, we will apply the highest calculated subsidy rate for any program otherwise listed that could conceivably be used by the Sun companies.
See, e.g., Certain Kitchen Shelving and Racks from the People's
Republic of China: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination, 74 FR 37012 (July 27, 2009) and the accompanying Issues and Decision
Memorandum at ``Use of Facts Otherwise Available and Adverse Facts
Available'' at 4-5. The Department has further amended its methodology to exclude any calculated rate for a program by a voluntary respondent.
See Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China:
Preliminary Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination, 75 FR 54302, 54305 (September 7, 2010).
Also, as explained in Certain Tow-Behind Lawn Groomers and Certain
Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of
Countervailing Duty Investigation, 73 FR 42324 (July 21, 2008) and accompanying Initiation Checklist, where the GOC can demonstrate through complete, verifiable, positive evidence that non-cooperative companies (including all their facilities and cross-owned affiliates) are not located in particular provinces whose subsidies are being investigated, the Department does not intend to include those provincial programs in determining the countervailable subsidy rate for the non-cooperative companies.
The GOC failed to provide verifiable information demonstrating that the Sun companies are located in particular provinces or that they have no facilities or cross-owned affiliates in any other province in the
PRC, as requested. Therefore, the Department makes the adverse inference that the Sun companies have facilities and/or cross-owned affiliates that received subsidies under all of the sub-national programs alleged prior to the selection of mandatory respondents.
In deciding which facts to use as AFA, section 776(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.308(c)(1) authorize the
Department to rely on information derived from: (1) The petition; (2) a final determination in the investigation; (3) any previous review or determination; or (4) any other information placed on the record. The
Department's practice when selecting an adverse rate from among the possible sources of information is to ensure that the rate is sufficiently adverse ``as to effectuate the statutory purposes of the adverse facts available rule to induce respondents to provide the
Department with complete and accurate information in a timely manner.''
See, e.g., Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair
Value: Static Random Access Memory Semiconductors From Taiwan, 63 FR 8909, 8932 (February 23, 1998). The Department's practice also ensures
``that the party does not obtain a more favorable result by failing to cooperate than if it had cooperated fully.'' See Uruguay Round
Agreements Act Statement of Administrative Action (``SAA''), attached to H.R. Rep. No. 103-316, Vol. I, at 870 (1994), reprinted in 1994
U.S.C.C.A.N 3773, 4163.
Consistent with this, we have calculated the Sun companies' countervailable subsidy rate as follows:
For the ``Preferential Lending to the Coated Paper Industry'' and
``Fast Growth High-Yield Forestry Program Loans'' programs, we have applied the loan rate calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 8.89 percent, to each program.
The Department included in its investigation numerous grant programs: ``Funds for Forestry Plantation Construction and
Management,'' ``State Key Technologies Renovation Project Fund,''
``Loan Interest Subsidies for Major Industrial Technology Reform
Projects in Wuhan,'' ``Funds for Water Treatment Improvement Projects in the Songhuajiang Basin,'' ``Special Fund for Energy Saving
Technology Reform in Wuhan and Shougang Municipality,'' ``Clean
Production Technology Fund,'' ``Famous Brands Awards,'' ``Grants to
Enterprises Achieving RMB 10 Million in Sales Revenue and Implementing
`Three Significant Projects,' '' ``Grants to Large Enterprises in
Jining City,'' ``Funds for Water Treatment and Pollution Control
Projects for Three Rivers and Three Lakes,'' ``Grants for Programs
Under the 2007 Science and Technology Development Plan in Shandong
Province,'' ``Special Funds for Economic and Trade Development,'' and
``Interest Subsidies for Forestry Loans.'' The Gold companies did not use any of these programs and the Department has not calculated above de minimis rates for any of these programs in prior investigations.
Moreover, all previously calculated rates for grant programs from prior
PRC CVD investigations have been de minimis. Therefore, for each of these programs, we have determined to use the highest calculated subsidy rate by a non-voluntary respondent for any program otherwise listed, which could conceivably have been used by the Sun companies.
This rate was 8.89 percent for the ``Government Policy Lending
Program'' calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation.
Income Tax Rate Reduction and Exemption Programs
For ``The `Two Free, Three Half' Program,'' ``Income Tax Subsidies for Foreign Invested Enterprises (`FIEs') Based on Geographic
Location,'' ``Income Tax Reduction for FIEs Purchasing Domestically
Produced Equipment,'' ``Local Income Tax Exemption and Reduction
Program for `Productive FIEs,' '' ``Preferential Tax Policies for
Technology or Knowledge-Intensive FIEs,'' ``Preferential Tax Programs for FIEs that are New or High Technology Enterprises,'' ``Income Tax
Reductions for High-Technology Industries in Guandong Province,''
``Income Tax Exemption Program for Export-Oriented FIEs,'' we have applied an adverse inference that the Sun companies paid no income tax during the POI (i.e., calendar year 2008). The standard income tax rate for corporations in the PRC was 30 percent, plus a three percent provincial income tax rate. See GOC's Response to the Department's
Initial Questionnaire, dated January 8, 2010. Therefore, the highest possible benefit for these income tax programs is 33 percent. We are applying the 33 percent AFA rate on a combined basis (i.e., the eight programs combined provided a 33 percent benefit). This 33 percent AFA rate does not apply to tax credit and refund programs.
Other Tax Benefits and VAT/Tariff Reductions and Exemptions
We are using the rates calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation for the following programs: ``Preferential Tax Policies for Research and Development at FIEs'' (0.01 percent); ``Exemption from
Maintenance and Construction Taxes and Education Surcharges for FIEs''
(0.34 percent); ``Value Added-Tax and Tariff Exemptions on Imported
Equipment'' (3.46 percent); ``Domestic VAT Refunds for Companies
Located in the Hainan Economic Development Zone'' (0.37 percent); and
``VAT Rebates on Domestically Produced Equipment'' (0.20 percent). For the programs the Gold companies did not use, ``Corporate Income Tax
Refund Program for Reinvestment of FIE Profits in Export Orientated
Enterprises,'' and ``Income Tax Credits for Domestically Owned
Companies Purchasing Domestically Produced Equipment,'' we have used the highest non-de minimis rate for any indirect tax program from a PRC
CVD investigation. The rate we selected is 1.51 percent, which was the rate calculated for respondent Gold East Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd.
(``GE'') for the ``Value-added Tax and Tariff Exemptions on Imported
Equipment,'' program. See Coated Free Sheet Paper from the People's
Republic of China: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination, 72 FR 60645 (October 25, 2007) and accompanying Issues and Decision
Memorandum at 14.
Provision of Goods and Services for Less Than Adequate Remuneration
For ``Provision of Electricity for LTAR,'' ``Provision of
Papermaking Chemicals for LTAR,'' and ``Land in the Yangpu Economic
Development Zone,'' we have used the rates calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 0.08 percent, 0.80 percent and 0.85 percent, respectively.
Economic Development Zones (``EDZs'')
For the ``Subsidies in the Nanchang Economic Development Zone,''
Petitioners alleged that land, water and electricity were provided to producers of coated paper for LTAR in the Nanchang EDZ. For land, we have applied the rate calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 0.85 percent. For water, the Department has not calculated an above de minimis rate for this program in prior investigations. Therefore, we have applied the land for LTAR rate calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 0.85 percent because this program is similar to other EDZ LTAR programs in this investigation. We are not applying a sub-national rate for electricity, as we are already applying a national-level rate to the Sun companies as AFA.
For ``Subsidies in the Wuhan Economic Development Zone,''
Petitioners alleged that land was provided to producers of coated paper at LTAR in the Wuhan EDZ. Therefore, we have applied the rate calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 0.85 percent.
For ``Subsidies in the Yangpu Economic Development Zone,'' Petitioners alleged that land and electricity were provided to producers of coated paper at LTAR in the Yangpu
EDZ. For land, we are applying the rate calculated for the Gold companies in this investigation, 0.85 percent. For electricity, as previously discussed we are not applying a sub-national rate. Finally, for ``Subsidies in the Zhenjiang Economic Development Zone,''
Petitioners alleged that electricity was provided to producers of coated paper at LTAR in the Zhenjiang EDZ. As discussed above, we are not applying a sub-national rate for electricity.
Section 776(c) of the Act provides that, when the Department relies on secondary information rather than on information obtained in the course of an investigation or review, it shall, to the extent practicable, corroborate that information from independent sources that are reasonably at its disposal. Secondary information is ``information derived from the petition that gave rise to the investigation or review, the final determination concerning the subject merchandise, or any previous review under section 751 concerning the subject merchandise.'' See e.g., SAA, at 870. The Department considers information to be corroborated if it has probative value. See id. To corroborate secondary information, the Department will, to the extent practicable, examine the reliability and relevance of the information to be used. The SAA emphasizes, however, that the Department need not prove that the selected facts available are the best alternative information. See SAA at 869.
With regard to the reliability aspect of corroboration, we note that these rates were calculated in recent final CVD determinations.
Further, the calculated rates were based upon verified information about the same or similar programs. Moreover, no information has been presented in this investigation that calls into question the reliability of these calculated rates that we are applying as AFA.
Finally, unlike other types of information, such as publicly available data on the national inflation rate of a given country or national average interest rates, there typically are no independent sources for data on company-specific benefits resulting from countervailable subsidy programs.
With respect to the relevance aspect of corroborating the rates selected, the Department will consider information reasonably at its disposal in considering the relevance of information used to calculate a countervailable subsidy benefit. Where circumstances indicate that the information is not appropriate as AFA, the Department will not use it. See Fresh Cut Flowers From Mexico; Final Results of Antidumping
Duty Administrative Review, 61 FR 6812 (February 22, 1996).
In the absence of record evidence concerning these programs due to
Sun companies' decision to impede the investigation, the Department has reviewed the information concerning PRC subsidy programs in this and other cases. For those programs for which the Department has found a program-type match, we find that, because these are the same or similar programs, they are relevant to the programs of this case. For the programs for which there is no program-type match, the Department has selected the highest calculated subsidy rate for any PRC program from a non-voluntary respondent from which the Sun companies could receive a benefit to use as AFA. The relevance of this rate is that it is an actual calculated CVD rate for a PRC program from which the Sun companies could conceivably receive a benefit. Further, this rate was calculated for a period close to the POI in the instant case. Moreover, the Sun companies' failure to respond to requests for information has
``resulted in an egregious lack of evidence on the record to suggest an alternative rate.'' See Shanghai Taoen Int'l Trading Co., Ltd. v.
United States, 360 F. Supp. 2d 1339, 1348 (Ct. Int'l Trade 2005). Due to the lack of participation by the Sun companies and the resulting lack of record information concerning these programs, the Department has corroborated the rates it selected to the extent practicable.
On this basis, we determine that the AFA countervailable subsidy rate for the Sun companies is 178.03 percent ad valorem.
Suspension of Liquidation
In accordance with section 705(c)(1)(B)(i)(I) of the Act, we have calculated individual rates for each producer/exporter of the subject merchandise individually investigated. Section 705(c)(5)(A)(i) of the
Act states that for companies not investigated, we will determine an
``all others'' rate equal to the weighted-average countervailable subsidy rates established for exporters and producers individually investigated, excluding any zero and de minimis countervailable subsidy rates, and any rates determined entirely under section 776 of the Act.
As the Sun companies' subsidy rate was determined entirely under section 776 of the Act, the Gold companies' calculated rate was used as the All Others rate.
Gold East Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd, Gold Huasheng Paper
Co., Ltd., Gold East Trading (Hong Kong) Company Ltd.,
Ningbo Zhonghua Paper Co., Ltd., and Ningbo Asia Pulp &
Paper Co., Ltd............................................
Shandong Sun Paper Industry Joint Stock Co., Ltd. and
Yanzhou Tianzhang Paper Industry Co., Ltd.................
Also, in accordance with section 703(d) of the Act, we instructed
U.S. Customs and Border Protection to discontinue the suspension of liquidation for countervailing duty purposes for subject merchandise entered on or after July 7, 2010, but to continue the suspension of liquidation of entries made from March 9, 2010, through July 6, 2010.
We will issue a countervailing duty order if the ITC issues a final affirmative injury determination, and we will require a cash deposit of estimated countervailing duties for such entries of merchandise in the amounts indicated above. If the ITC determines that material injury, or threat of material injury, does not exist, this proceeding will be terminated and all estimated deposits or securities posted as a result of the suspension of liquidation will be refunded or canceled.
In accordance with section 705(d) of the Act, we will notify the
ITC of our determination. In addition, we are making available to the
ITC all non-privileged and non-proprietary information related to this investigation. We will allow the ITC access to all privileged and business proprietary information in our files, provided the ITC confirms that it will not disclose such information, either publicly or under an APO, without the written consent of the Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.
Return or Destruction of Proprietary Information
In the event that the ITC issues a final negative injury determination, this notice will serve as the only reminder
to parties subject to an administrative protective order (``APO'') of their responsibility concerning the destruction of proprietary information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(a)(3). Timely written notification of the return/destruction of
APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and terms of an APO is a violation which is subject to sanction.
This determination is published pursuant to sections 705(d) and 777(i) of the Act.
Dated: September 20, 2010.
Ronald K. Lorentzen,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.
List of Comments and Issues in the Decision Memorandum
Comment 1 Application of CVD Law to the PRC
Comment 2 Application of the CVD Law to NMEs and the Administrative
Comment 3 Double Counting/Overlapping Remedies
Comment 4 Cutoff Date for Identifying Subsidies
Comment 5 Opportunity to Comment and the Initiation Standard
Comment 6 The Determination Not To Investigate the Alleged Currency
Comment 7 The Department's Analysis of a Unified Rate of Exchange
Comment 8 Burden Imposed on Respondents
Comment 9 Whether Multi-ply Paperboard Was Intended To Be in the
Comment 10 Physical Characteristics and End-use Applications
Distinguish Multi-ply Paper From the Covered Merchandise
Comment 11 Whether the Department Should Retain the ``Suitability''
Language in the Scope Description
Comment 12 Whether Inclusion of Multi-ply Paper in the Scope Affects
Comment 13 Scope Expansion Violates Standing and Injury Requirements
Chemicals for LTAR
Comment 14 Benchmarks--Papermaking Chemicals
Comment 15 Provision of Papermaking Chemicals for LTAR--Specificity
Comment 16 Government Ownership and Determining Whether a Financial
Contribution Has Occurred
Preferential Lending to the Coated Paper Industry
Comment 17 Whether Chinese Banks Are Authorities
Comment 18 Whether the Policy Loan Program Is Specific
Comment 19 Whether Negative Real Interest Rates Should Be Excluded
From the Regression
Comment 20 Whether the Regression Is Statistically Valid
Comment 21 Should the Department Use an In-Country Benchmark
Comment 22 Terms of Loan Rates in the IMF Data
Comment 23 Whether the Long-Term and Discount Rates Are Flawed
Provision of Land for LTAR
Comment 24 Whether HYDC Is an Authority
Comment 25 Financial Contribution
Comment 26 Whether To Use an In-country Benchmark
Comment 27 Whether There Are Flaws in the Thai Benchmark
Comment 28 Specificity of Land for LTAR Based on AFA
Issues Related to Sun Companies
Comment 29 Whether To Use Revised Sales Values for the Sun Companies
Comment 30 Whether To Apply Adverse Facts Available to Sun
Companies' Unreported Loans
Comment 31 Whether To Apply Facts Available to Sun Companies'
Unreported Cross-Owned Companies
Issues Related to Gold Companies
Comment 32 Whether To Grant the Gold Companies an EV Adjustment
Comment 33 Creditworthiness
Comment 34 Whether To Adjust the Uncreditworthiness Benchmark
Comment 35 GE Sales Denominator
Comment 36 Whether To Attribute Subsidies Received by Input
Suppliers Whose Inputs Are Not Used for Merchandise Exported to the
Comment 37 Whether the Department Should Attribute Subsidies From
Pulp Producers Based on the Percentage of Total Pulp Sales to the
Paper Producers Covered
Comment 38 Whether To Countervail Additional Financing Reported by the Gold Companies
Comment 39 Whether To Adjust the Gold Companies' Interest
Comment 40 Whether To Adjust JHP's Reported VAT and Duty Exemptions on Imported Equipment
Comment 41 Whether To Use an Alternative Electricity Benchmark
Comment 42 Whether To Apply AFA to JAP and JHP Caustic Soda
FR Doc. 2010-24184 Filed 9-24-10; 8:45 am
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P