Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Lower Colorado River Authority's Transmission Services Corporation's Habitat Conservation Plan in Texas

Federal Register, Volume 84 Issue 173 (Friday, September 6, 2019)
[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 173 (Friday, September 6, 2019)]
[Pages 46963-46965]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office []
[FR Doc No: 2019-19253]
Fish and Wildlife Service
[Docket No. FWS-R2-ES-2019-0016; FXES11140200000-190-FF02ENEH00]
Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Lower Colorado River
Authority's Transmission Services Corporation's Habitat Conservation
Plan in Texas
AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
ACTION: Notice of availability.
SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, under the National
Environmental Policy Act, make available the final environmental impact
statement analyzing the impacts of issuance of an incidental take
permit (ITP) for implementation of the Lower Colorado River Authority's
Transmission Services Corporation's Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP).
Our decision is to issue a 30-year ITP for implementation of the HCP,
which authorizes incidental take of 22 listed and 1 unlisted species
under the Endangered Species Act.
DATES: We will finalize a record of decision and issue a permit no
sooner than October 7, 2019.
ADDRESSES: You may obtain copies of the documents in the following
    [cir], in Docket No. FWS-R2-ES-2019-
    [cir]; or
    [cir] CD-ROM: Contact Mr. Adam Zerrenner (see FOR FURTHER
     Hard copy: You may review the final EIS and HCP at the
following locations (by appointment only):
    [cir] Department of the Interior, Natural Resources Library, 1849 C
Street NW, Washington, DC 20240. Call 202-208-5815.
    [cir] U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 500 Gold Avenue SW, Room
6034, Albuquerque, NM 87102. Call 505-248-6920.
    [cir] U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 10711 Burnet Road, Suite 200,
Austin, Texas 78758. Call 512-490-0057.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Adam Zerrenner, Field Supervisor, via
U.S. mail at Austin Ecological Services Field Office, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, 10711 Burnet Road, Suite 200, Austin, TX 78758; or
via phone at 512-490-0057.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(Service), announce the availability of documents related to an
incidental take permit (ITP) application under the Endangered Species
Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). The final
environmental impact statement (EIS) was developed in compliance with
the Service's decision-making requirements per the National
Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and is based
on the HCP submitted by the Lower Colorado River Authority's
Transmission Services Corporation (LCRA TSC, applicant). We described,
fully evaluated, and analyzed three alternatives in detail in our 2019
final EIS.
    Our proposed action is to issue an ITP to the applicant under
section 10(a)(1)(B) of the ESA that authorizes incidental take of the
following federally endangered species:
 Golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga [=Dendroica] chrysoparia)
 Whooping crane (Grus Americana)
 Red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
 Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
 Houston toad (Anaxyrus [=Bufo] houstonensis)
 Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum)
 Comal Springs riffle beetle (Heterelmis comalensis)
 Peck's cave amphipod (Stygobromus pecki)
 Bee Creek Cave harvestman (Texella reddelli)
 Tooth Cave spider (Tayshaneta [=Neoleptoneta] myopica)
 Tooth Cave ground beetle (Rhadine persephone)
 Madla Cave meshweaver (Cicurina madla)
 Government Canyon Bat Cave spider (Tayshaneta [=Neoleptoneta]
 Helotes mold beetle (Batrisodes venyivi)
 Ground beetle (no common name; Rhadine exilis)
 Ground beetle (no common name; Rhadine infernalis)
    The ITP would also authorize incidental take of the following
federally threatened species:
 Piping plover (Charadrius melodus)
 Rufa red knot (Calidris canutus rufa)
 Jollyville Plateau salamander (Eurycea tonkawae)
 Salado Springs salamander (Eurycea chisholmensis)
 San Marcos salamander (Eurycea nana)
 Georgetown salamander (Eurycea naufragia)
    Also included is the following species, which is petitioned for
 Spot-tailed earless lizard (Holbrookia lacerata)
    Collectively, these are the covered species. The permit area for
ITP implementation includes 241 Texas counties (see figure 1 in the
HCP). Activities covered by the HCP include construction; operation;
upgrade; decommissioning; and repair and maintenance of electrical
transmission lines, substations, access roads, and related
infrastructure and facilities (covered activities). LCRA TSC activities
are classified as (1) new construction, (2) upgrading and
decommissioning, (3) operations and maintenance, and (4) emergency
responses. The applicant requested a term of 30 years, starting on the
date of ITP issuance. The applicant will fully implement avoidance,
minimization, and mitigation measures to offset impacts to the covered
species according to the HCP and ITP. The applicant has agreed to
include the following minimization measures:
    1. Meet annually with the Service to discuss upcoming LCRA TSC
activities, updated distribution or occurrence information for covered
species, opportunities for mitigation, and other concerns;
    2. Perform pre-construction natural resource assessments to avoid
adverse effects on sensitive environmental features (including
    3. Implement best practices and other measures to reduce
environmental impacts before, during, and after construction;
    4. Provide annual training to LCRA TSC staff and contractors
working on covered activities regarding the implementation of the HCP
and any covered species overlapping with covered activities;
    5. Clear and manage vegetation within rights-of-way using
aboveground means when practicable;
    6. Mark those sections of transmission lines that cross major
rivers and out 300 feet from either side;
    7. Limit herbicide applications to woody vegetation that is a
potential threat to the reliability of LCRA TSC facilities and observe
the Service's Southwest Region guidance for pesticide applications;
[[Page 46964]]
    8. Restore preconstruction contours and revegetate construction
sites and any other places where soil is disturbed within rights-of-
    9. Avoid causing subsurface disturbances to wetlands, riparian
areas, and aquatic habitats;
    10. Use erosion and sedimentation controls as required by the Texas
Commission on Environmental Quality or local ordinances to address
storm water discharges during construction;
    11. Avoid causing subsurface disturbances to wetlands, riparian
areas, and aquatic habitats; and
    12. Disturb the least amount of habitat as possible for safely
implementing the covered activities.
    The mitigation measures include the following commitments:
    1. Ratios will be applied at varying levels, depending on direct
versus indirect effects, assumed occupied versus confirmed occupied
habitat, and when designated critical habitat or conservation lands
benefitting the species are impacted.
    2. Mitigation will occur through one or more of the following:
    a. A Service-approved conservation bank, with priority given to
banks that have the covered activities within their service area;
    b. Service-approved in-lieu fee programs;
    c. Third-party conservation providers implementing Service-approved
conservation actions; or
    d. Permittee-implemented Service-approved conservation actions.
    3. In the unlikely event that no practicable opportunities exist
for carrying out mitigation obligations in connection with a covered
activity, LCRA TSC will work with the Service to identify other types
of practicable mitigation solutions for the covered species, which may
include but are not limited to:
    a. Approval of alternate means of mitigation delivery, such as
translocating or repatriating covered species, enhancement of
functional habitat for covered species, or restoration of degraded
habitat for covered species;
    b. Approval of methods to reduce or eliminate other threats to the
covered species; and
    c. Funding for research or studies regarding the covered species
that further scientific understanding of how to manage and conserve
those species.
    4. If LCRA TSC starts a covered activity prior to mitigating, they
will mitigate an additional 25 percent plus an additional 5 percent
each year that mitigation is delayed.
    5. The Service will review and approve all mitigation, except where
covered activities occur within the service area of a conservation bank
for the impacted covered species.
    6. If a covered activity will take more than one covered species
within the same location, then:
    a. The mitigation can also count towards those species, if they are
all present within the same location on the mitigation lands (i.e.
stacked); and
    b. A stacked mitigation credit can only be used once, regardless
whether all of the species within the mitigation were impacted by the
covered activity.
    In addition to this notice, the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) is publishing a notice announcing the EIS, as required under the
Clean Air Act, section 309 (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.; see EPA's Role in
the EIS Process below).
    The applicant has applied for an ITP under the ESA that would
authorize incidental take of the covered species and would be in effect
for a period of 30 years. The proposed incidental take of the covered
species would occur from lawful non-Federal activities from the
applicant's covered activities in the permit area. The HCP includes
counties where LCRA TSC currently has facilities, counties LCRA TSC
expects they may have future facilities, and a buffer around those
counties. The final EIS considers the direct, indirect, and cumulative
effects of implementing the HCP, including measures to minimize and
mitigate such impacts to the maximum extent practicable.
    Section 9 of the ESA and its implementing regulations in title 50
of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) prohibit ``take'' of fish and
wildlife species listed as endangered or threatened under the ESA. The
ESA defines ``take'' as ``to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound,
kill, trap, capture, or collect listed animal species, or attempt to
engage in such conduct'' (16 U.S.C. 1533). The term ``harm'' is defined
in the regulations as significant habitat modification or degradation
that results in death or injury to listed species by significantly
impairing essential behavioral patterns, including breeding, feeding,
or sheltering (50 CFR 17.3). We may, however, under specified
circumstances, issue permits that allow the take of federally listed
species, provided the take is incidental to, and not the purpose of,
otherwise lawful activities. Regulations governing ITPs for endangered
and threatened species are at 50 CFR 17.22 and 17.32, respectively.
    We published a notice of intent (NOI) in the Federal Register on
July 11, 2017 (82 FR 35539), to determine the scope of issues and
alternatives to be addressed in the EIS. Publication of the NOI
initiated a 30-day scoping period, during which the Service solicited
comments regarding potential impacts associated with and identification
of alternatives to the proposed Federal action for the Service to
address in their NEPA environmental review document. The Service held
scoping meetings in Corpus Christi, Austin, Midland, and College
Station, Texas, in August 2017. The scoping comment period closed on
August 30, 2017.
    Nine individuals attended scoping meetings, and the Katy Prairie
Conservancy and National Park Service each submitted a comment letter.
The Service considered the scoping comments and incorporated ideas into
the environmental effects analysis, as applicable.
    We published a notice of receipt of the application and
availability of the HCP and a draft EIS in the Federal Register on
April 29, 2019 (84 FR 18075). The public comment period closed on June
13, 2019. We received nine comments, one from the Texas Historical
Commission with only minor editing suggestions, one from the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with no comment, four from tribes
(three with no comments or concerns, and one requesting to be a
consulting party), one from Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, and
two comments that were not substantive. Appendix B of the final EIS
provides the comments, responses, and information on where the Service
made changes to the HCP/EIS.
    We intend to issue an ITP allowing the applicant to implement the
proposed HCP, identified as the preferred alternative in the final EIS.
We determined that the preferred alternative best balances the
protection and management of habitat for the covered species, while
allowing for the covered activities to be authorized under a longer-
term permit. Considerations used in this decision include: (1)
Minimization and mitigation measures that will benefit the covered
species by permanently preserving more acreage than is removed, (2) the
focus of mitigation in single parcels when acreage impacted will likely
come from patches spanning linear projects, (3) mitigation measures
that will fully offset anticipated impacts to the covered species and
will contribute to their recovery, and (4) that the HCP is consistent
with species
[[Page 46965]]
recovery plans or outlines, noting that some species do not have
EPA's Role in the EIS Process
    In addition to this notice, EPA is publishing a notice in the
Federal Register announcing the final EIS for LCRA TSC's final HCP, as
required under the Clean Air Act, section 309. The EPA is charged with
reviewing all Federal agencies' EISs and commenting on the adequacy and
acceptability of the environmental impacts of proposed actions in EISs.
    The EPA also serves as the repository (EIS database) for EISs that
Federal agencies prepare. All EISs must be filed with EPA, which
publishes a notice of availability on Fridays in the Federal Register.
For more information, see You may search for
EPA comments on EISs, along with EISs themselves, at
    We provide this notice under section 10(c) of the ESA (16 U.S.C.
1531 et seq.) and its implementing regulations (50 CFR 17.22 and 17.32)
and NEPA (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and its implementing regulations (40
CFR 1506.6).
Amy Lueders,
Regional Director, Southwest Region, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
[FR Doc. 2019-19253 Filed 9-5-19; 8:45 am]