Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2021-22 Season

CourtFish And Wildlife Service
Citation86 FR 45909
Publication Date17 Aug 2021
Record Number2021-17438
Federal Register, Volume 86 Issue 156 (Tuesday, August 17, 2021)
[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 156 (Tuesday, August 17, 2021)]
                [Rules and Regulations]
                [Pages 45909-45922]
                From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
                [FR Doc No: 2021-17438]
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                DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
                Fish and Wildlife Service
                50 CFR Part 20
                [Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2020-0032;FF09M220002012;2012;FXMB1231099BPP0]
                RIN 1018-BE34
                Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on
                Certain Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands for the 2021-22
                Season
                AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
                ACTION: Final rule.
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                SUMMARY: This rule prescribes special migratory bird hunting
                regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-
                reservation trust lands, and ceded lands. This rule responds to Tribal
                requests for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (hereinafter ``Service'' or
                ``we'') recognition of their authority to regulate hunting under
                established guidelines. This rule allows the establishment of season
                bag limits and, thus, harvest at levels compatible with populations and
                habitat conditions.
                DATES: This rule is effective August 17, 2021.
                ADDRESSES: You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird
                hunting regulations at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-
                MB-2020-0032. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the
                Division of Migratory Bird Management's website at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/ or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-
                MB-2020-0032.
                 Information Collection Requirements: Written comments and
                suggestions on the information collection requirements may be submitted
                at any time to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer,
                U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB (JAO/3W),
                Falls Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); or [email protected] (email).
                Please reference ``OMB Control Number 1018-0171'' in the subject line
                of your comments.
                FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jerome Ford, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
                Service, Department of the Interior, (202) 208-2012;1050.
                SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
                Background
                 The Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) of July 3, 1918 (16 U.S.C. 703
                et seq.), authorizes and directs the Secretary of the Department of the
                Interior, having due regard for the zones
                [[Page 45910]]
                of temperature and for the distribution, abundance, economic value,
                breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of migratory game birds,
                to determine when, to what extent, and by what means such birds or any
                part, nest, or egg thereof may be taken, hunted, captured, killed,
                possessed, sold, purchased, shipped, carried, exported, or transported.
                 In the May 4, 2021, Federal Register (86 FR 23641), we proposed
                special migratory bird hunting regulations for the 2021-22 hunting
                season for certain Indian Tribes, under the guidelines described in the
                June 4, 1985, Federal Register (50 FR 23467). The guidelines respond to
                Tribal requests for Service recognition of their reserved hunting
                rights, and for some Tribes, recognition of their authority to regulate
                hunting by both Tribal members and nonmembers on their reservations.
                The guidelines include possibilities for:
                 (1) On-reservation hunting by both Tribal members and nonmembers,
                with hunting by nontribal members on some reservations to take place
                within Federal frameworks but on dates different from those selected by
                the surrounding State(s);
                 (2) On-reservation hunting by Tribal members only, outside of usual
                Federal frameworks for season dates and length, and for daily bag and
                possession limits; and
                 (3) Off-reservation hunting by Tribal members on ceded lands,
                outside of usual framework dates and season length, with some added
                flexibility in daily bag and possession limits.
                 In all cases, the regulations established under the guidelines must
                be consistent with the March 10-September 1 closed season mandated by
                the 1916 Migratory Bird Treaty with Canada.
                 In the October 9, 2020, Federal Register (85 FR 64097), we
                requested that Tribes desiring special hunting regulations in the 2021-
                22 hunting season submit a proposal including details on:
                 (1) Harvest anticipated under the requested regulations;
                 (2) Methods that would be employed to measure or monitor harvest
                (such as bag checks, mail questionnaires, etc.);
                 (3) Steps that would be taken to limit level of harvest, where it
                could be shown that failure to limit such harvest would adversely
                impact the migratory bird resource; and
                 (4) Tribal capabilities to establish and enforce migratory bird
                hunting regulations.
                 No action is required if a Tribe wishes to observe the hunting
                regulations established by the State(s) in which an Indian reservation
                is located. We have successfully used the guidelines since the 1985-86
                hunting season. We finalized the guidelines beginning with the 1988-89
                hunting season (53 FR 31612, August 18, 1988).
                 The final rule described here is the final in the series of
                proposed and final rulemaking documents for migratory bird hunting
                regulations on certain Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands for
                the 2021-22 season. This rule sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and
                limits for migratory game bird species on reservations and ceded
                territories. This final rule is the culmination of the rulemaking
                process for the Tribal migratory game bird hunting seasons, which
                started with the October 9, 2020, proposed rule. This final rule sets
                the migratory bird hunting regulations on certain Federal Indian
                reservations and ceded lands for the 2021-22 season.
                Population Status and Harvest
                 Each year we publish reports that provide detailed information on
                the status and harvest of certain migratory game bird species. These
                reports are available at the address indicated under FOR FURTHER
                INFORMATION CONTACT or from our website at https://www.fws.gov/birds/surveys-and-data/reports-and-publications/population-status.php.
                 We used the following annual reports published in August 2020 in
                the development of proposed frameworks for the migratory bird hunting
                regulations: Adaptive Harvest Management, 2021 Hunting Season; American
                Woodcock Population Status, 2020; Band-tailed Pigeon Population Status,
                2020; Migratory Bird Hunting Activity and Harvest During the 2018-19
                and 2019-20 Hunting Seasons; Mourning Dove Population Status, 2020;
                Status and Harvests of Sandhill Cranes, Mid-continent, Rocky Mountain,
                Lower Colorado River Valley and Eastern Populations, 2020; and
                Waterfowl Population Status, 2020.
                 Our long-term objectives continue to include providing
                opportunities to harvest portions of certain migratory game bird
                populations and to limit harvests to levels compatible with each
                population's ability to maintain healthy, viable numbers. Having taken
                into account the zones of temperature and the distribution, abundance,
                economic value, breeding habits, and times and lines of flight of
                migratory birds, we conclude that the hunting seasons provided for
                herein are compatible with the current status of migratory bird
                populations and long-term population goals. Additionally, we are
                obligated to, and do, give serious consideration to all information
                received during the public comment period.
                Comments and Issues Concerning Tribal Proposals
                 For the 2021-22 migratory bird hunting season, we proposed
                regulations for 32 Tribes or Indian groups that followed the 1985
                guidelines and were considered appropriate for final rulemaking.
                However, at that time, we noted in the May 4, 2021, proposed rule (86
                FR 23641) that we were proposing seasons for five Tribes who submitted
                proposals in past years but from whom we had not yet received proposals
                this year. We did not receive proposals from any of those Tribes for
                the 2021-22 migratory bird hunting season and, therefore, have not
                included regulations for those Tribes in this final rule.
                 The comment period for the May 4, 2021, proposed rule closed on
                June 3, 2021. We received seven comments on our proposed rule. Four
                commenters supported the proposed rule, whereas three commenters were
                against any hunting of migratory birds. Two of the commenters in
                support of the proposed rule appreciated the acknowledgment of Tribal
                rights to co-manage the migratory bird resource. The Service
                appreciates the opportunity to establish special migratory bird hunting
                regulations in recognition of the Tribes' reserved hunting rights, and
                for some Tribes, recognition of their authority to regulate hunting by
                both Tribal members and nonmembers on their reservations. For the three
                commenters that were against any hunting of migratory birds, we
                addressed this comment in our Final 2021-22 Frameworks for Migratory
                Bird Hunting Regulations, and Special Procedures for Issuance of Annual
                Hunting Regulations.
                Required Determinations
                National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration
                 The programmatic document, ``Second Final Supplemental
                Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations
                Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (EIS 20130139),'' filed
                with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on May 24, 2013,
                addresses NEPA compliance by the Service for issuance of the annual
                framework regulations for hunting of migratory game bird species. We
                published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on May 31,
                2013 (78 FR 32686), and our Record of Decision on July 26, 2013 (78 FR
                45376). We also address NEPA compliance for waterfowl
                [[Page 45911]]
                hunting frameworks through the annual preparation of separate
                environmental assessments, the most recent being ``Duck Hunting
                Regulations for 2021-22,'' with its corresponding May 2021 finding of
                no significant impact. The programmatic document, as well as the
                separate environmental assessment, is available on our website at
                https://www.fws.gov/birds/index.php.
                Endangered Species Act Consideration
                 Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16
                U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), provides that the Secretary shall insure that any
                action authorized, funded, or carried out is not likely to jeopardize
                the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species
                or result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical
                habitat. After we published the October 9, 2020, proposed rule (85 FR
                64097), we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions
                resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the
                continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in
                the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat.
                Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion,
                which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the
                continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. The
                biological opinion resulting from this section 7 consultation is
                available as indicated under ADDRESSES.
                Regulatory Planning and Review--Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
                 Executive Order (E.O.) 12866 provides that the Office of
                Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant
                rules. OIRA has reviewed documents related to this final rule and has
                determined that the annual migratory bird hunting regulations are
                significant because they have an annual effect of $100 million or more
                on the economy.
                 E.O. 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for
                improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote
                predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most
                innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends.
                E.O. 13563 directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that
                reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the
                public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent
                with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that
                regulations must be based on the best available science and that the
                rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open
                exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent
                with these requirements.
                 An economic analysis was prepared for the 2021-22 season. This
                analysis was based on data from the 2016 National Survey of Fishing,
                Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (National Survey), the most
                recent year for which data are available (see discussion under
                Regulatory Flexibility Act, below). This analysis estimated consumer
                surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting regulations. As defined
                by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Circular A-4,
                consumers' surplus is the difference between what a consumer pays for a
                unit of a good or service and the maximum amount the consumer would be
                willing to pay for that unit. The duck hunting regulatory alternatives
                are (1) issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those
                issued during the 2020-21 season, (2) issue moderate regulations
                allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) issue liberal
                regulations similar to the regulations in the 2020-21 season. For the
                2021-22 season, we chose Alternative 3, with an estimated consumer
                surplus across all flyways of $270-$358 million with a mid-point
                estimate of $314 million. We also chose Alternative 3 for the 2009-10
                through 2020-21 seasons. The 2021-22 analysis is part of the record for
                this rule and is available as described in ADDRESSES.
                Regulatory Flexibility Act
                 The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant
                economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the
                Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). A final regulatory
                flexibility analysis was prepared to analyze the economic impacts of
                the annual hunting regulations on small business entities. This
                analysis is updated annually. The primary source of information about
                hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National
                Survey, which is generally conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2021
                analysis is based on the 2016 National Survey and the U.S. Department
                of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it is estimated that
                migratory bird hunters will spend approximately $2.2 billion at small
                businesses in 2021. Copies of the analysis are available as set forth
                in ADDRESSES.
                Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
                 The annual migratory bird hunting regulations constitute a major
                rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement
                Fairness Act as they will have an annual effect on the economy of $100
                million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting
                seasons, which are time sensitive, we do not plan to defer the
                effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).
                Paperwork Reduction Act
                 This final rule contains existing and new information collections
                that we have submitted to the OMB for review and approval under the
                Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). All
                information collections require approval under the Paperwork Reduction
                Act of 1995 (PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or
                sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of
                information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.
                The OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection
                requirements associated with migratory bird surveys and the procedures
                for establishing annual migratory bird hunting seasons under the
                following OMB control numbers:
                 1018-0019, ``North American Woodcock Singing Ground
                Survey'' (expires 2/29/2024).
                 1018-0023, ``Migratory Bird Surveys, 50 CFR 20.20''
                (expires 4/30/2023).
                 1018-0171, ``Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird
                Hunting Seasons, 50 CFR part 20'' (expires 2/29/2024).
                 The information collection requirements associated with the
                procedures for establishing annual migratory bird hunting seasons are
                described below (to include those labeled as ``(NEW)'' under ``(2)
                Reports'') require OMB approval:
                 Migratory game birds are those bird species so designated in
                conventions between the United States and several foreign nations for
                the protection and management of these birds. Under the Migratory Bird
                Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-712), the Secretary of the Interior is
                authorized to determine when ``hunting, taking, capture, killing,
                possession, sale, purchase, shipment, transportation, carriage, or
                export of any * * * bird, or any part, nest, or egg'' of migratory game
                birds can take place, and to adopt regulations for this purpose. These
                regulations are written after giving due regard to ``the zones of
                temperature and to the distribution, abundance, economic value,
                breeding habits, and times and lines of migratory flight of such
                birds'' and are updated annually (16 U.S.C. 704(a)). This
                responsibility has been delegated to the Service as the lead Federal
                agency for managing and
                [[Page 45912]]
                conserving migratory birds in the United States. However, migratory
                game bird management is a cooperative effort of State, Tribal, and
                Federal governments. Migratory game bird hunting seasons provide
                opportunities for recreation and sustenance; aid Federal, State, and
                Tribal governments in the management of migratory game birds; and
                permit harvests at levels compatible with migratory game bird
                population status and habitat conditions.
                 The Service develops migratory game bird hunting regulations by
                establishing the frameworks, or outside limits, for season lengths, bag
                limits, and areas for migratory game bird hunting. Acknowledging
                regional differences in hunting conditions, the Service has
                administratively divided the Nation into four Flyways for the primary
                purpose of managing migratory game birds. Each Flyway (Atlantic,
                Mississippi, Central, and Pacific) has a Flyway Council, a formal
                organization generally composed of one member from each State and
                Province in that Flyway. The Flyway Councils, established through the
                Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, also assist in researching
                and providing migratory game bird management information for Federal,
                State, and Provincial governments, as well as private conservation
                entities and the general public.
                 We request the following information to establish annual migratory
                bird hunting seasons:
                 (1) Information Requested to Establish Annual Migratory Bird
                Hunting Seasons:
                 (A) Tribes that wish to use the guidelines to establish special
                hunting regulations for the annual migratory game bird hunting season
                are required to submit a proposal that includes:
                 (i) The requested migratory game bird hunting season dates and
                other details regarding the proposed regulations;
                 (ii) Harvest anticipated under the proposed regulations; and
                 (iii) Tribal capabilities to enforce migratory game bird hunting
                regulations.
                 (B) State and U.S. territory governments that wish to establish
                annual migratory game bird hunting seasons are required to provide the
                requested dates and other details for hunting seasons in their
                respective States or Territories.
                 (2) Reports: The following reports, requested from the States and
                Tribes, are submitted either annually or every 3 years as explained in
                the following text.
                 (A) Reports from Experimental Hunting Seasons and Season Structure
                Changes:
                 Atlantic Flyway Council:
                 Delaware--Experimental tundra swan season (yearly updates and
                final report)
                 Mississippi Flyway Council:
                 Alabama--Experimental sandhill crane season (yearly updates
                and final report)
                 Minnesota--Experimental teal-only season (yearly updates and
                final report) (NEW)
                 Central Flyway Council:
                 New Mexico--Experimental sandhill crane season in Estancia
                Valley (yearly updates and final report). Now operational--Annual data
                are still required, but there is not a final report, since this
                monitoring will occur in perpetuity (or as long as the State has that
                hunt area).
                 South Dakota and Nebraska--Experimental two-tier hunting
                regulations study (yearly updates and final report) (NEW)
                 Wyoming--Split (3-way) season for Canada geese (final report
                only)
                 Pacific Flyway Council:
                 California--Zones and split season for white-fronted geese
                (final report only)
                 Idaho--Experimental swan season (yearly updates and final
                report) (NEW)
                 (B) Additional State-specific Annual Reports:
                 Arizona--Sandhill crane subspecies composition of the harvest
                conducted at 3-year intervals
                 North Carolina and Virginia--Tundra swan harvest and hunter
                participation data
                 Montana (Central Flyway portion), North Dakota, and South
                Dakota--Tundra swan harvest and hunter participation data (yearly)
                 Montana (Pacific Flyway portion)--Swan harvest-monitoring
                program to measure species composition (yearly)
                 Montana (Pacific Flyway portion), Utah, and Nevada--Swan
                harvest-monitoring program to measure the species composition and
                report detailing swan harvest, hunter participation, reporting
                compliance, and monitoring of swan populations in designated hunt areas
                (yearly)
                 Reports and monitoring are used for a variety of reasons. Some are
                used to monitor species composition of the harvest for those areas
                where species intermingling can confound harvest management and
                potential overharvest of one species can be a management concern.
                Others are used to determine overall harvest for those species and/or
                areas that are not sampled well by our overall harvest surveys due to
                either the limited nature/area of the hunt or season or where the
                harvest needs to be closely monitored. Experimental season reports are
                used to determine whether the experimental season is achieving its
                intended goals and objectives, without causing unintended harm to other
                species and ultimately whether the experimental season should proceed
                to operational status. Most experimental seasons are 3-year trials with
                yearly reports and a final report. Most of the other reports and
                monitoring are conducted either annually or at 3-year intervals.
                 Title: Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons, 50
                CFR part 20.
                 OMB Control Number: 1018-0171.
                 Service Form Number: None.
                 Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection.
                 Description of Respondents: State and Tribal governments.
                 Respondent's Obligation: Required to obtain or retain a benefit.
                 Frequency of Collection: Annually.
                 Estimated Number of Annual Respondents: 82 (from 52 State
                governments and Territories and 30 Tribal governments).
                 Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 99 (includes State and Tribal
                governments and additional reports from States).
                 Average Completion Time per Response: Varies from 4 hours to 650
                hours, depending on the activity.
                 Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 9,878.
                 Estimated Annual Non-hour Burden Cost: None.
                 On May 4, 2021, we published in the Federal Register (86 FR 23641)
                a proposed rule announcing to the public our intent to request that OMB
                approve our proposed revisions to this information collection. In that
                proposed rule, we solicited comments for 60 days, ending on July 6,
                2021. We did not receive any comments in response to that proposed
                rule.
                 As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent
                burdens, and in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.8(d)(1), we again invite the
                public and other Federal agencies to comment on any aspect of this
                proposed information collection, including:
                 (1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary for
                the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including
                whether or not the information will have practical utility;
                 (2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection
                of information, including the validity of the methodology and
                assumptions used;
                [[Page 45913]]
                 (3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the
                information to be collected; and
                 (4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on
                those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate
                automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection
                techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting
                electronic submission of response.
                 This final rule is effective immediately upon publication, for the
                reasons set forth below under Regulations Promulgation. We will,
                however, accept and consider all public comments concerning the
                information collection requirements received in response to this final
                rule. Send your written comments and suggestions on this information
                collection to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer,
                U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB (JAO/3W),
                Falls Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); or [email protected] (email).
                Please reference ``OMB Control Number 1018-BE34'' in the subject line
                of your comments.
                Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
                 We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements
                of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this
                rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given
                year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this
                rule is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under the Unfunded
                Mandates Reform Act.
                Civil Justice Reform--Executive Order 12988
                 The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this
                rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the
                requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of E.O. 12988.
                Takings Implication Assessment
                 In accordance with E.O. 12630, this rule, authorized by the
                Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings
                implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected
                property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of
                property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking
                of any property. In fact, this rule will allow hunters to exercise
                otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, will reduce
                restrictions on the use of private and public property.
                Energy Effects--Executive Order 13211
                 E.O. 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy
                Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a
                significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866, it is not expected to
                adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this
                action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy
                Effects is required.
                Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes
                 In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994,
                ``Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal
                Governments'' (59 FR 22951), E.O. 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have
                evaluated possible effects on federally recognized Indian Tribes and
                have determined that there are de minimis effects on Indian trust
                resources. We solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting
                regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-
                reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2021-22 migratory bird
                hunting season in the October 9, 2020, proposed rule (85 FR 64097). The
                resulting proposals were published in a separate proposed rule (86 FR
                23641, May 4, 2021). Through this process to establish annual hunting
                regulations, we regularly coordinate with Tribes that are affected by
                this rule.
                Federalism Effects
                 Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the
                Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by
                the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from
                which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory
                birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on
                Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the
                ability of the States and Tribes to determine which seasons meet their
                individual needs. Any State or Tribe may be more restrictive in its
                regulations than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are
                developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway
                Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development
                of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an
                influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a
                substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or
                responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State
                policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with E.O. 13132,
                these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not
                have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a
                federalism summary impact statement.
                Regulations Promulgation
                 The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting, by its
                nature, operates under a time constraint as seasons must be established
                each year or hunting seasons remain closed. However, we intend that the
                public be provided extensive opportunity for public input and
                involvement in compliance with Administrative Procedure Act
                requirements (5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.). Thus, when the preliminary
                proposed rulemaking was published on October 9, 2020 (85 FR 64097), we
                established what we concluded were the longest periods possible for
                public comment and the most opportunities for public involvement. We
                also provided notification of our participation in multiple Flyway
                Council meetings, opportunities for additional public review and
                comment on all Flyway Council proposals for regulatory change, and
                opportunities for additional public review during the Service
                Regulations Committee meeting. Therefore, sufficient public notice and
                opportunity for involvement have been given to affected persons
                regarding the migratory bird hunting frameworks for the 2021-22 hunting
                season.
                 For the reasons cited above, we find that ``good cause'' exists,
                within the terms of the Administrative Procedure Act at 5 U.S.C.
                553(d)(3) for these regulations to take effect immediately upon
                publication.
                 Accordingly, with each participating Tribe having had an
                opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for
                its reservation or ceded territory on those species of migratory birds
                for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having
                been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of
                title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby
                amended as set forth below.
                List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20
                 Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping
                requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.
                 Accordingly, part 20, subchapter B, chapter I of title 50 of the
                Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
                [[Page 45914]]
                PART 20--MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING
                0
                1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:
                 Authority: 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq., and 16 U.S.C. 742a-j.
                 Note: The following hunting regulations provided for by 50 CFR
                20.110 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of
                their seasonal nature.
                0
                2. Section 20.110 is revised to read as follows:
                Sec. 20.110 Seasons, limits, and other regulations for certain
                Federal Indian reservations, Indian Territory, and ceded lands.
                 Unless specifically provided for in the following entries, all of
                the regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply to the seasons listed
                herein.
                 (a) Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian
                Reservation, Pablo, Montana (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Tribal Members Only
                Ducks (Including Mergansers)
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The Tribe does not have specific
                bag and possession restrictions for Tribal members. The season on
                harlequin duck is closed.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Same as ducks.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Same as ducks.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as ducks.
                Nontribal Hunters
                Ducks (Including Mergansers), Coot, and Geese
                 Season Dates: Same as Pacific Flyway portion of Montana.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Same as Pacific Flyway portion of
                Montana.
                 General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters must comply with
                all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50
                CFR part 20 regarding manner of taking. In addition, shooting hours are
                sunrise to sunset, and each waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older
                must carry on his/her person a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and
                Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed in ink across the stamp face.
                Special regulations established by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai
                Tribes also apply on the reservation.
                 (b) Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Cloquet,
                Minnesota (Tribal Members Only).
                Ducks
                 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 18 ducks, including no more than 12 mallards (only
                3 of which may be hens), 9 black ducks, 9 scaup, 9 wood ducks, 9
                redheads, 9 pintails, and 9 canvasbacks.
                 Reservation:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (only
                2 of which may be hens), 6 black ducks, 6 scaup, 6 redheads, 6
                pintails, 6 wood ducks, and 6 canvasbacks.
                Mergansers
                 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15 mergansers, including no more than 6 hooded
                mergansers.
                 Reservation:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 4 hooded
                mergansers.
                Canada Geese
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese.
                Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules)
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens, singly or in the
                aggregate.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 1854 and 1837 Ceded Territories:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Three sandhill cranes. Crane carcass tags are
                required prior to hunting.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the
                aggregate.
                Common Snipe
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Eight common snipe.
                Woodcock
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock.
                Mourning Doves
                 All Areas:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 30 mourning doves.
                Tundra and Trumpeter Swans
                 Reservation Only:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two swans. A swan carcass tag is required prior to
                hunting.
                 General Conditions:
                 1. While hunting waterfowl, a Tribal member must carry on his/her
                person a valid Ceded Territory License.
                 2. Shooting hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before
                sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
                 3. Except as otherwise noted, Tribal members will be required to
                comply with Tribal codes that will be no less restrictive than the
                provisions of Chapter 10 of the Model Off-Reservation Code. Except as
                modified by Service rules, these amended regulations parallel Federal
                requirements in 50 CFR part 20 as to hunting methods, transportation,
                sale, exportation, and other conditions generally applicable to
                migratory bird hunting.
                 4. Band members in each zone will comply with State regulations
                providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas.
                 5. There are no possession limits for migratory birds. For purposes
                of enforcing bag limits, all migratory birds in the possession or
                custody of band members on ceded lands will be considered to have been
                taken on those lands unless tagged by a Tribal or State conservation
                warden as having been taken on-reservation. All migratory birds that
                fall on reservation lands will not count as part of any off-reservation
                bag or possession limit.
                 (c) Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Suttons
                Bay, Michigan (Tribal Members Only).
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 20, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 35 ducks, which may include no more than 8
                pintail, 4 canvasback, 8 black ducks, 5 hooded merganser, 10 wood
                ducks, 8 redheads, and 20 mallards (only 10 of which may be hens).
                [[Page 45915]]
                Canada and Snow Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 15, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15 geese.
                Other Geese (White-Fronted Geese and Brant)
                 Season Dates: Open September 20 through December 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Five geese.
                Sora Rails, Common Snipe, and Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 rails, 10 snipe, and 5 woodcock.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 mourning doves.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two sandhill cranes, with a season limit of 10.
                 General Conditions: A valid Grand Traverse Band Tribal license is
                required and must be in possession before taking any wildlife. Shooting
                hours for migratory birds are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half
                hour after sunset. All other basic regulations contained in 50 CFR part
                20 are valid. Other Tribal regulations apply and may be obtained at the
                Tribal office in Suttons Bay, Michigan.
                 (d) Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah,
                Wisconsin (Tribal Members Only).
                 The 2021-22 waterfowl hunting season regulations apply to all
                treaty areas (except where noted):
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 50 ducks in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Area; 30
                ducks in the 1836 Treaty Area.
                Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021. In
                addition, any portion of the ceded territory that is open to State-
                licensed hunters for goose hunting outside of these dates will also be
                open concurrently for Tribal members.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese in aggregate.
                Other Migratory Birds
                Coots and Common Moorhens (Common Gallinules)
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots and common moorhens (common gallinules),
                singly or in the aggregate.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20, singly, or in the aggregate,
                25.
                Common Snipe
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 16 common snipe.
                Woodcock: 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories
                 Season Dates: Begin September 3 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.
                Woodcock
                 1836 Ceded Territories:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.
                Mourning Doves
                 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end November 29, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15 mourning doves.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Five cranes in the 1837 and 1842 Treaty Area and
                no season bag limit; three cranes and no season bag limit in the 1836
                Treaty Area.
                Swans
                 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories Only:
                 Season Dates: Begin September 1 and end December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag/Season Limit: Five swans. All harvested swans must be
                registered by presenting the fully feathered carcass to a Tribal
                registration station or GLIFWC warden, to be identified to species. If
                the total number of trumpeter swans harvested reaches 20, the swan
                season will be closed by emergency Tribal rule.
                 General Conditions:
                 A. All Tribal members are required to obtain a valid Tribal
                waterfowl hunting permit.
                 B. Except as otherwise noted, Tribal members are required to comply
                with Tribal codes that are no less restrictive than the model ceded
                territory conservation codes approved by Federal courts in the Lac
                Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin (Voigt) and Mille Lacs Band v.
                State of Minnesota cases. Chapter 10 in each of these model codes
                regulates ceded territory migratory bird hunting. Both versions of
                Chapter 10 parallel Federal requirements as to hunting methods,
                transportation, sale, exportation, and other conditions generally
                applicable to migratory bird hunting. They also automatically
                incorporate by reference the Federal migratory bird regulations.
                 C. Particular regulations of note include:
                 1. Nontoxic shot is required for all waterfowl hunting by Tribal
                members.
                 2. Tribal members in each zone must comply with Tribal regulations
                providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These
                regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in
                parallel State regulations.
                 3. There are no possession limits, with the exception of 25 rails
                (in the aggregate). For purposes of enforcing bag limits, all migratory
                birds in the possession and custody of Tribal members on ceded lands
                are considered to have been taken on those lands unless tagged by a
                Tribal or State conservation warden as taken on reservation lands. All
                migratory birds that fall on reservation lands do not count as part of
                any off-reservation bag or possession limit.
                 4. There are no shell limit restrictions.
                 5. Hunting hours are from 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 minutes
                after sunset, except that, within the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories,
                hunters may use non-mechanical nets or snares that are operated by hand
                to take those birds subject to an open hunting season at any time.
                Hunters shall be permitted to capture, without the aid of other devices
                (i.e., by hand) and immediately kill birds subject to an open season,
                regardless of time of day. Further explanation is provided at #7.
                 6. An experimental application of electronic calls (e-calls) will
                be continued in the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories. Up to 50 Tribal
                hunters will be allowed to use e-calls. Individuals using e-calls will
                be required to obtain a special permit; they will be required to
                complete a hunt diary for each hunt where e-calls are used; and they
                will be required to submit the hunt diary to the Commission within 2
                weeks of the end of the season in order to be eligible to obtain an e-
                call permit for the following year. Required information will include
                the date, time, and location of the hunt; number of hunters; the number
                of each
                [[Page 45916]]
                species harvested per hunting event; if other hunters were in the area,
                any interactions with other hunters; and other information deemed
                appropriate. Diary results will be summarized and documented in a
                Commission report, which will be submitted to the Service. Barring
                unforeseen results, this experimental application would be replicated
                for 3 years, after which a full evaluation would be completed.
                 7. Within the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories, Tribal members will
                be allowed to use non-mechanical, hand-operated nets (i.e., throw/cast
                nets or hand-held nets typically used to land fish) and/or hand-
                operated snares, and may chase and capture migratory birds without the
                aid of hunting devices (i.e., by hand). At this time, unattended nets
                or snares shall not be authorized under this regulation. Tribal members
                using nets or snares to take migratory birds, or taking birds by hand,
                will be required to obtain a special permit; they will be required to
                complete a hunt diary for each hunt where these methods are used; and
                they will be required to submit the hunt diary to the Commission within
                2 weeks of the end of the season in order to be eligible to obtain a
                permit to net migratory birds for the following year. Required
                information will include the date, time, and location of the hunt;
                number of hunters; the number of each species harvested per hunting
                event; and other information deemed appropriate. Diary results will be
                summarized and documented in a Commission report, which will be
                submitted to the Service. Barring unforeseen results, this experimental
                application would be replicated for 3 years, after which a full
                evaluation would be completed.
                 (e) Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Jicarilla Indian Reservation, Dulce,
                New Mexico (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Ducks (Including Mergansers)
                 Season Dates: Open October 2 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The daily bag limit is seven,
                including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, two redheads, two
                canvasback, and two scaup. The possession limit is three times the
                daily bag limit.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 2 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters must comply with
                all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20
                regarding shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each
                waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older must carry on his/her person
                a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp)
                signed in ink across the stamp face. Special regulations established by
                the Jicarilla Tribe also apply on the reservation.
                 (f) Kalispel Tribe, Kalispel Reservation, Usk, Washington (Tribal
                Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Nontribal Hunters on Reservation and Ceded Lands
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 18 and 19, 2021; open September 25 and
                26, 2021; and open October 1, 2021, through January 8, 2022. During
                these periods, days to be hunted are specified by the Kalispel Tribe.
                Nontribal hunters should contact the Tribe for more detail on hunting
                days.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 Canada geese for the early
                season, and 20 light geese, 10 white-fronted geese, and 4 Canada geese,
                for the late season. The daily bag limit is 2 brant (when the State's
                season is open) and is in addition to dark goose limits for the late
                season. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 18 and 19, 2021; open September 25 and
                26, 2021; and open October 1, 2021, through January 8, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more
                than two female mallards, one pintail, two canvasback, two scaup, and
                two redheads. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                Tribal Members on Ceded Lands
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 15, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six light geese and four dark
                geese. The daily bag limit is two brant and is in addition to dark
                goose limits for the late season. The possession limit is twice the
                daily bag limit.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more
                than two female mallards, two pintail, two canvasback, two scaup, and
                two redheads. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                 General Conditions: Tribal members must possess a valid Migratory
                Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp and a Tribal ceded lands permit.
                 (g) Klamath Tribe, Chiloquin, Oregon (Tribal Members Only).
                Ducks and Coots
                 Season Dates: Open October 5, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 9 and 18, respectively.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 5, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 9 and 18, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Nontoxic shot is required. Use of live decoys,
                bait, and commercial use of migratory birds are prohibited. Waterfowl
                may not be pursued or taken while using motorized craft. Shooting hours
                are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
                 (h) [Reserved]
                 (i) Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan (Tribal
                Members Only).
                 1836 Ceded Territory and Tribal Reservation:
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 12 ducks, including no more than 8 mallards (4 of
                which may be hens), 4 black ducks, 4 redheads, 6 wood ducks, 2 pintail,
                and 4 canvasback.
                Merganser
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 (only 2 of which may be hooded merganser).
                Coots and Gallinules
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 30 coots and 30 gallinules.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 15, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 geese.
                White-Fronted Geese, Brant, and Snow Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 15, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 singly or in the aggregate.
                Mourning Dove
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 1, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25.
                [[Page 45917]]
                Woodcock, Snipe, and Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 5 woodcock and 25 of the other species.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two.
                 General Conditions:
                 A. All Tribal members will be required to obtain a valid Tribal
                resource card and 2021-22 hunting license.
                 B. Except as modified by Service rules, these regulations parallel
                all Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20. Shooting hours
                will be from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset.
                 C. Particular regulations of note include:
                 (1) Nontoxic shot will be required for all waterfowl hunting by
                Tribal members.
                 (2) Tribal members in each zone will comply with Tribal regulations
                providing for closed and restricted waterfowl hunting areas. These
                regulations generally incorporate the same restrictions contained in
                parallel State regulations.
                 D. Tribal members hunting in Michigan will comply with Tribal codes
                that contain provisions parallel to Michigan law regarding duck blinds
                and decoys.
                 E. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limits.
                 (j) The Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Petoskey,
                Michigan (Tribal Members Only).
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 ducks, including no more than 5 hen mallards, 5
                black ducks, 5 redheads, 5 wood ducks, 5 pintail, 5 scaup, and 5
                canvasback.
                Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 mergansers, including no more than 5 hooded
                mergansers.
                Coots and Gallinules
                 Season Dates: Open September 15 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 8, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15.
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 1, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two.
                 General Conditions: Possession limits are twice the daily bag
                limits.
                 (k) Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Lower Brule Reservation, Lower Brule,
                South Dakota (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Tribal Members
                Ducks, Mergansers, and Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six ducks, including no more than
                two hen mallard and five mallards total, one pintail, two redheads, two
                canvasback, three wood ducks, three scaup, two bonus teal during
                September 1 through 16, 2021, and one mottled duck. Coot daily bag
                limit is 15. Merganser daily bag limit is five, including no more than
                two hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the daily
                bag limit.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 6 and 18, respectively.
                White-Fronted Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively.
                Light Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20.
                Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15.
                Nontribal Hunters
                Ducks (Including Mergansers and Coots)
                 Season Dates: Open October 2, 2021, through January 6, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six ducks, including five mallards
                (no more of which can be two hen mallards), one scaup, two canvasback,
                two redheads, three wood ducks, one mottled duck, one pintail, and two
                bonus blue-winged teal during October 3 through 18, 2021. Coot daily
                bag limit is 15. Merganser daily bag limit is five, including no more
                than two hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the
                daily bag limit.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 23, 2021, through February 6, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 6 and 18, respectively.
                White-Fronted Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 23, 2021, through January 18, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively.
                Light Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 23, 2021, through February 6, 2022, and
                open February 7 through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 50 and no possession limit.
                Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 29, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15.
                 General Conditions: All hunters must comply with the basic Federal
                migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20, including the use
                of steel shot and shooting hours. Nontribal hunters must possess a
                valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp. The Lower Brule
                Sioux Tribe has an official Conservation Code that hunters must adhere
                to when hunting in areas subject to control by the Tribe.
                 (l) [Reserved]
                 (m) [Reserved]
                 (n) Makah Indian Tribe, Neah Bay, Washington (Tribal Members).
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two band-tailed pigeons.
                Ducks and Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Seven ducks including no more than five mallards
                (only two of which can be a hen), one
                [[Page 45918]]
                redhead, one pintail, three scaup, and one canvasback. The seasons on
                wood duck and harlequin are closed. The coot daily bag limit is 25.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Four. The season on dusky Canada geese is closed.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two per day.
                 General Conditions:
                 All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply.
                The following restrictions also apply:
                 1. As per Makah Ordinance 44, only shotguns may be used to hunt any
                species of waterfowl.
                 2. Additionally, shotguns must not be discharged within 300 feet of
                an occupied area. Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Makah Tribal
                members and must carry their Indian Treaty Fishing and Hunting
                Identification Card while hunting. No tags or permits are required to
                hunt waterfowl.
                 3. The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of
                waterfowl is prohibited.
                 4. Only Service-approved nontoxic shot is allowed; the use of lead
                shot is prohibited.
                 5. The use of dogs is permitted to hunt waterfowl.
                 6. Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour
                before sunrise to sunset.
                 7. Open hunting areas: Makah Reservation except for designated
                wilderness areas and within 1 mile of the Cape Flattery and Shi-shi
                Trails. Off-Reservation hunting areas are specified in the general
                hunting regulations.
                 (o) Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, Auburn, Washington (Tribal Members
                Only).
                Band-Tailed Pigeons, Mourning Doves, and Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 2, 15, and 8, respectively.
                Ducks (Including Coots)
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Seven ducks, including no more than two hen
                mallards, one mottled duck, two canvasback, three scaup, two redheads,
                two scoter, two long-tailed ducks, two goldeneye, and two pintail. Coot
                daily bag limit is 25. The Tribe has a limit on harlequin ducks of one
                per season.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 4 Canada geese, 6 light geese, 10 white-fronted
                geese, and 2 brant. There is a year-round closure on dusky Canada
                geese.
                 All other Federal regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 apply.
                The following restrictions also apply:
                 1. Hunting can occur on reservation and off reservation on lands
                where the Tribe has treaty-reserved hunting rights or has documented
                traditional use.
                 2. Shooting hours for all species of waterfowl are one-half hour
                before sunrise to one-half after sunset.
                 3. Hunters must be eligible, enrolled Muckleshoot Tribal members
                and must carry their Tribal identification while hunting.
                 4. Tribal members hunting migratory birds must also have a combined
                Migratory Bird Hunting Permit and Harvest Report Card.
                 5. The use of live decoys and/or baiting to pursue any species of
                waterfowl is prohibited.
                 6. Hunting for migratory birds is with shotgun only. Only steel,
                tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer, tungsten-matrix, and tin shot are
                allowed for hunting waterfowl. It is unlawful to use or possess lead
                shot while hunting waterfowl.
                 (p) Navajo Nation, Navajo Indian Reservation, Window Rock, Arizona
                (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 pigeons, respectively.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
                Ducks (Including Mergansers and Coots)
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022,
                for 107 days total.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more
                than two hen mallards, one mottled duck, two canvasback, two scaup
                (when open; see ``Scaup'' entry), two redheads, and one pintail. Coot
                daily bag limit is 25. Merganser daily bag limit is seven. The
                possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
                Scaup
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022,
                for 86 days total.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two scaup. Scaup count towards the
                daily bag limit for ducks and mergansers; see entry ``Ducks (Including
                Mergansers and Coots).'' The possession limit is three times the daily
                bag limit.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 25, 2021, through January 31, 2022,
                for 107 days total.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 4 and 12, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Tribal and nontribal hunters will comply with
                all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20,
                regarding shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each
                waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older must carry on his/her person
                a valid Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp)
                signed in ink across the face. Special regulations established by the
                Navajo Nation also apply on the reservation.
                 (q) Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, Oneida, Wisconsin (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Ducks (Including Mergansers)
                 Season Dates: Open September 11 through December 5, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Six, including no more than six
                mallards (three hen mallards), two redhead, two pintail, and one hooded
                merganser. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 Canada geese and 5 white geese,
                with a possession limit of 20. A seasonal quota of 500 birds is
                adopted. If the quota is reached before the season concludes, the
                season will be closed at that time.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 brant, with a possession limit
                of 10.
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 7, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and four woodcock,
                respectively.
                Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 7, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Tribal member shooting hours are one-half hour
                before
                [[Page 45919]]
                sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. Nontribal members hunting on the
                Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe must comply
                with all State of Wisconsin regulations, including season dates,
                shooting hours, and bag limits, which differ from Tribal member
                seasons. Tribal members and nontribal members hunting on the
                Reservation or on lands under the jurisdiction of the Tribe will
                observe all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in
                50 CFR part 20, with the following exceptions: Tribal members are
                exempt from the purchase of the Migratory Waterfowl Hunting and
                Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp); and shotgun capacity is not limited to
                three shells.
                 (r) Point No Point Treaty Council, Kingston, Washington (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe
                Duck and Merganser
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven, including no more than one
                harlequin duck per season. Possession limit is three times the daily
                bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The daily bag limits for Canada
                geese, light geese, and white-fronted geese are 5, 6, and 10,
                respectively. There is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese.
                Possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open January 15 through 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 7, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 and 21 coots, respectively.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 7, 2021, through January 20, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 30 doves, respectively.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 24 snipe, respectively.
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 15 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six pigeons, respectively.
                Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe
                Duck and Merganser
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven, including no more than one
                harlequin duck per season. Possession limit is three times the daily
                bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: The daily bag limits for Canada
                geese, light geese, and white-fronted geese are 5, 6, and 10,
                respectively. There is a year-round closure on dusky Canada geese.
                Possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open January 1 through 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six, respectively.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 and 21 coots, respectively.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 30 doves, respectively.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 24 snipe, respectively.
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 15 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and six pigeons, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Tribal members must possess a Tribal hunting
                permit from the Point No Point Tribal Council pursuant to Tribal law.
                Hunting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. Hunters
                must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations
                in 50 CFR part 20.
                 (s) The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, Isabella
                Reservation, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (Tribal Members Only).
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 doves.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20, including no more than 5 hen mallards, 5 wood
                ducks, 5 black ducks, 5 pintails, 5 redheads, 5 scaup, and 5
                canvasbacks.
                Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10, including no more than 5 hooded mergansers.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Coots and Gallinule
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.
                Common Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 16.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Sandhill Cranes
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: One.
                 General Conditions: Possession limits are twice the daily bag
                limits except for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily
                bag limit (20). Tribal members must possess a Tribal hunting permit
                from the Saginaw Tribe pursuant to Tribal law. Shooting hours are one-
                half hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must
                observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in
                50 CFR part 20.
                 (t) Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe, Darrington, Washington (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 doves.
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 pigeons.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                [[Page 45920]]
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 geese.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 coots.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Five brant.
                 General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise
                until one-half hour after sunset. Hunters must observe all other basic
                Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20.
                 (u) Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Sault Ste. Marie,
                Michigan (Tribal Members Only).
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 14, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 doves.
                Teal
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20, including no more than 10 mallards (only 5 of
                which may be hens), 5 canvasback, 5 black ducks, and 5 wood ducks.
                Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 in the aggregate.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Coots and Gallinule
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 2 through December 1, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10.
                Common Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 16.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 in the aggregate.
                 General Conditions: Possession limits are twice the daily bag
                limits except for rails, of which the possession limit equals the daily
                bag limit (20). Tribal members must possess a Tribal hunting permit
                from the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe pursuant to Tribal law. Shooting hours
                are one-half hour before sunrise until one-half hour after sunset.
                Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting
                regulations in 50 CFR part 20.
                 (v) Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, Fort Hall Indian Reservation, Fort
                Hall, Idaho (Nontribal Hunters).
                Ducks, Including Mergansers
                 Duck Season Dates: Open October 2, 2021, through January 18, 2022.
                 Scaup Season Dates: Open October 2 through December 27, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks and mergansers,
                including no more than two hen mallards, one pintail, two scaup (when
                open), two canvasback, and two redheads. The possession limit is three
                times the daily bag limit.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Same as ducks.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 coots. The possession limit is
                three times the daily bag limit.
                Common Snipe
                 Season Dates: Same as ducks.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 24 snipe, respectively.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 2, 2021, through January 18, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 4 and 12, respectively.
                White-Fronted Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 2, 2021, through January 18, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 30, respectively.
                Light Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 2, 2021, through January 18, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20 and 60, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Nontribal hunters must comply with all basic
                Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 regarding
                shooting hours and manner of taking. In addition, each waterfowl hunter
                16 years of age or older must possess a valid Migratory Bird Hunting
                and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) signed in ink across the stamp
                face. Other regulations established by the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes also
                apply on the reservation.
                 (w) [Reserved]
                 (x) Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, Washington (Tribal Members
                Only).
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 2, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Seven ducks, including no more
                than two hen mallards, one pintail, two scaup, two canvasback, and two
                redheads. The daily bag limit on harlequin duck is one per season. The
                possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 2, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 4 Canada geese, 10 white-fronted
                geese, and 20 light geese. The possession limit is twice the daily bag
                limit.
                 General Conditions: Tribal members must possess a Tribal hunting
                permit from the Spokane Indian Tribe pursuant to Tribal law. Shooting
                hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset. Hunters must
                observe all other basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in
                50 CFR part 20.
                 (y) [Reserved]
                 (z) Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians, Arlington, Washington (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Common Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20, respectively.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 ducks, including no more than 7
                mallards (only 3 of which may be hens), 3 pintails, 3 redheads, 3
                scaup, and 3 canvasback. The possession limit is twice the daily bag
                limit.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 coots. The possession limit is
                twice the daily bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through March 10, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 6 Canada geese, 12 white-fronted
                geese,
                [[Page 45921]]
                and 8 snow geese. The possession limit is three times the daily bag
                limit. The season on brant is closed.
                Swans
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through January 31, 2022.
                 Bag Limit: Two per season.
                 General Conditions: Tribal members hunting on lands will observe
                all basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR
                part 20, which will be enforced by the Stillaguamish Tribal Law
                Enforcement. Tribal members are required to use steel shot or a
                nontoxic shot as required by Federal regulations. The swan season is by
                special draw permit only.
                 (aa) Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, LaConner, Washington
                (Tribal Members Only).
                Ceded Territory and Swinomish Reservation
                Ducks and Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20 and 40, respectively.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 geese, respectively.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 brant, respectively.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 75 coots, respectively.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 15 and 30 mourning doves,
                respectively.
                Band-Tailed Pigeons
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Three and six band-tailed pigeons,
                respectively.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through March 9, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 15 and 30 snipe, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Shooting hours are from 30 minutes before
                sunrise until 30 minutes after sunset. Tribal members are required to
                use steel shot or a nontoxic shot as required by Federal regulations.
                 (bb) The Tulalip Tribes of Washington, Tulalip Indian Reservation,
                Marysville, Washington (Tribal Members Only).
                Ducks and Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 15 ducks, including no more than 1
                pintail and 2 canvasback. Possession limit is twice the daily bag
                limit.
                Sea Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 15 sea ducks, including no more
                than 4 harlequin. Possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 geese, including no more than 4
                cackling Canada geese and no dusky Canada geese. Possession limit is
                twice the daily bag limit.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 5 and 10 brant, respectively.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 25 coots, respectively.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 8 and 16 snipe, respectively.
                 General Conditions: All Tribal hunters must have a valid Tribal
                identification card on his or her person while hunting. All nontribal
                hunters must obtain and possess while hunting a valid Tulalip Tribe
                hunting permit and be accompanied by a Tulalip Tribal member. Shooting
                hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, and steel or
                federally approved nontoxic shot is required for all migratory bird
                hunting. Hunters must observe all other basic Federal migratory bird
                hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20.
                 (cc) Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, Sedro Woolley, Washington (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 31, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 12 and 15 mourning doves,
                respectively.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 15 and 20, respectively.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through February 15, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 20 and 30, respectively.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 1, 2021, through February 28, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 7 and 10 geese, respectively.
                Brant
                 Season Dates: Open November 1 through 10, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Two and two, respectively.
                 General Conditions: Tribal members must have the Tribal
                identification and harvest report card on their person to hunt. Tribal
                members hunting on the Reservation will observe all basic Federal
                migratory bird hunting regulations found in 50 CFR part 20, except
                shooting hours would be 15 minutes before official sunrise to 15
                minutes after official sunset.
                 (dd) Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, Aquinnah, Massachusetts (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Teal
                 Season Dates: Open October 5, 2021, through February 12, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 teal.
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 21, 2021, through January 22, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Six ducks, including no more than four hen
                mallards, six black ducks, four mottled ducks, one fulvous whistling
                duck, four mergansers, three scaup, two hooded merganser, three wood
                ducks, one canvasback, two redheads, and two pintail. The season is
                closed for harlequin ducks.
                Sea Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 21, 2021, through January 22, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Seven ducks including no more than four of any one
                species (only one of which may be a hen eider).
                [[Page 45922]]
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open October 5 through November 13, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Three woodcock.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 11, 2021, and open November
                23, 2021, through January 15, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Eight Canada geese.
                Snow Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 11, 2021, and open November
                23, 2021, through February 12, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 15 snow geese.
                Sora and Virginia Rails
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through October 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 5 sora and 10 Virginia rails.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 3 through December 4, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Eight snipe.
                 General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise
                to sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other basic Federal migratory
                bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR part 20 will be observed.
                 (ee) White Earth Band of Ojibwe, White Earth, Minnesota (Tribal
                Members Only).
                Ducks
                 Season Dates: Open September 11 through December 12, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 ducks, including no more than 2 female
                mallards, 2 pintails, and 2 canvasback.
                Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open September 11 through December 13, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Five mergansers, including no more than two hooded
                mergansers.
                Geese
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through December 13, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 geese through September 24, and 5 thereafter.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 20 coots.
                Snipe
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 snipe.
                Mourning Doves
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 mourning doves.
                Woodcock
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 10 woodcock.
                Rail
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through November 30, 2021.
                 Daily Bag Limit: 25 rail.
                 General Conditions: Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise
                to one-half hour after sunset. Nontoxic shot is required. All other
                basic Federal migratory bird hunting regulations contained in 50 CFR
                part 20 will be observed.
                 (ff) White Mountain Apache Tribe, Fort Apache Indian Reservation,
                Whiteriver, Arizona (Tribal Members and Nontribal Hunters).
                Band-Tailed Pigeons (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y-
                70 and Y-10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, Only)
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Three and six pigeons,
                respectively.
                Mourning Doves (Wildlife Management Unit 10 and Areas South of Y-70 and
                Y-10 in Wildlife Management Unit 7, Only)
                 Season Dates: Open September 1 through 15, 2021.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 10 and 20 doves, respectively.
                Ducks and Mergansers
                 Season Dates: Open October 16, 2021, through January 23, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Seven, including no more than two redheads, one
                pintail, two scaup (when open; see entry ``Scaup''), seven mallards
                (including no more than two hen mallards), and two canvasback.
                 Possession Limits: Twice the daily bag limit.
                Scaup
                 Season Dates: Open November 6, 2021, through January 23, 2022.
                 Daily Bag Limit: Two scaup. Scaup count towards the daily bag limit
                for ducks and mergansers; see entry ``Ducks and Mergansers.''
                 Possession Limits: Twice the daily bag limit.
                Coots
                 Season Dates: Open October 16, 2021, through January 23, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: 25 and 50, respectively.
                Canada Geese
                 Season Dates: Open October 16, 2021, through January 23, 2022.
                 Daily Bag and Possession Limits: Three and six Canada geese,
                respectively.
                 General Conditions: All nontribal hunters hunting band-tailed
                pigeons and mourning doves on Reservation lands shall have in their
                possession a valid White Mountain Apache Daily or Yearly Small Game
                Permit. In addition to a small game permit, all nontribal hunters
                hunting band-tailed pigeons must have in their possession a White
                Mountain Special Band-tailed Pigeon Permit. Other special regulations
                established by the White Mountain Apache Tribe apply on the
                reservation. Tribal and nontribal hunters will comply with all basic
                Federal migratory bird hunting regulations in 50 CFR part 20 regarding
                shooting hours and manner of taking.
                Shannon A. Estenoz,
                Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
                [FR Doc. 2021-17438 Filed 8-16-21; 8:45 am]
                BILLING CODE 4333-15-P
                

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