Practice and procedure: Hearings on the record,

 
CONTENT

[Federal Register: September 24, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 185)]

[Proposed Rules]

[Page 51031-51045]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr24se98-18]

DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight

12 CFR Part 1780

RIN 2550-AA04

Rules of Practice and procedure

AGENCY: Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, HUD.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemeking.

SUMMARY: The Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight is proposing to adopt a regulation that establishes the rules of practice and procedure to be followed when OFHEO conducts hearings on the record. The proposed regulation implements the provisions of title XIII of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, known as the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992, regarding hearings on the record in certain enforcement actions against the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, or directors or executive officers of the Enterprises. The proposed regulation would provide OFHEO personnel, the Enterprises, the Enterprises' directors and executive officers and other interested parties with the guidance necessary to prepare for and participate in such hearings.

DATES: Written comments regarding the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking must be received on or before December 23, 1998.

ADDRESSES: Send written comments to Anne E. Dewey, General Counsel, Office of General Counsel, Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, 1700 G Street, NW., Fourth Floor, Washington, DC 20552. Alternatively, comments may be submitted via E-mail to RegComments@ofheo.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David A. Felt, Associate General Counsel, Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, 1700 G Street, NW., Fourth Floor, Washington, DC 20552, telephone (202) 414-3750 (not a toll-free number). The telephone number for the Telecommunications Device for the Deaf is: (800) 877- 8339.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Supplementary Information is organized according to this table of contents:

  1. Background II. Regulation Development III. Synopsis of Proposed Regulation IV. Regulatory Impact

  2. Background

    Title XIII of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-550, known as the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 (1992 Act), established the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO) as an independent office within the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to ensure that the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) (collectively, the Enterprises) are adequately capitalized and operate in a safe and sound manner. Included among the express statutory authorities of the Director of OFHEO (Director) is the authority to issue regulations to carry out the duties of the Director,\1\ to conduct hearings relating to the issuance of cease-and-desist orders and the assessment of civil money penalties.\2\ Prior to issuing a cease-and-desist order, OFHEO must conduct hearings on the record and provide the subjects of the order with notice and the opportunity to participate in such hearings.\3\ Prior to imposing civil money penalties, OFHEO must provide notice and the opportunity for a hearing to the persons subject to the penalties. The 1992 Act grants responsibility for developing the rules of practice and procedure governing issuance of these orders and penalties, including the conduct of hearings, to OFHEO.\4\ Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are Government-sponsored enterprises with important public purposes. These purposes include providing liquidity to the residential mortgage market and increasing the availability of mortgage credit benefiting low- and moderate-income families, rural areas, central cities, and areas that are underserved by lending institutions. The Enterprises engage in two principal businesses: investing in residential mortgages and guaranteeing residential mortgage securities. The securities they guarantee and the debt instruments they issue are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States.\5\ Despite the absence of such Federal backing, prices of Enterprise debt securities reflect a market perception that the U.S. Government would not permit the Enterprises to default. This perception principally arises from the public purposes of the Enterprises, their Federal charters, their potential access to a U.S. Treasury line of credit and the statutory exemptions of their debt and mortgage-backed securities from otherwise mandatory investor protection provisions.\6\ This perception

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    is bolstered by concern that the insolvency of either of the Enterprises would have serious consequences for the nation's housing markets and financial system.

    \1\ 1992 Act, section 1319G(a) (12 U.S.C. 4526(a)).

    \2\ 1992 Act, sections 1371, 1376 (12 U.S.C. 4631, 4636).

    \3\ 1992 Act, sections 1371, 1376(c) (12 U.S.C. 4631(c), 4636(c)).

    \4\ 1992 Act, section 1313 (12 U.S.C. 4513).

    \5\ Sections 301(4), 306(h)(2), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act (12 U.S.C. note (b)(3, 4) to 1451, 1455(h)(2)); sections 301(4), 304(b), Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act (12 U.S.C. 1716(3, 4), 1719(b); and section 1302(4), 1992 Act (12 U.S.C. 4501(4)).

    \6\ See, e.g., 12 U.S.C. 24 (authorizing unlimited investment by national banks in obligations of, or issued by, the Enterprises); 12 U.S.C. 1455(g), 1719(d), 1723c (exempting Enterprise securities from oversight from Federal regulators); 15 U.S.C. 77r-1(a) (preempting State law that would treat Enterprise securities differently from obligations of the United States for investment purposes); and 15 U.S.C. 77r-1(c) (exempting Enterprise securities from State securities laws).

  3. Regulation Development

    In designing the structure and substance of the proposed rules, OFHEO reviewed the rules of practice and procedure of other financial safety and soundness regulatory agencies; specifically, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the National Credit Union Administration and the Farm Credit Administration. OFHEO also reviewed the rules of practice and procedure established by the Secretary of HUD. OFHEO reviewed the rules of practice and procedure of these other agencies because, like OFHEO, each such agency is authorized to issue cease-and-desist orders and to impose civil money penalties. The proposed regulation is based upon OFHEO's analysis of comparable rules and the requirements of the 1992 Act.

    The practice and procedure rules of the various agencies reviewed by OFHEO differed from each other in many respects, which reflected the differences in the missions of those agencies. Likewise, the proposed regulation is not precisely patterned upon one agency's approach, but incorporates elements from each that are best suited to OFHEO's mission and organizational structure.

  4. Synopsis of Proposed Regulation

    The 1992 Act requires OFHEO to conduct its hearings pertaining to cease-and-desist orders and civil money penalties in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) \7\ (which is codified in chapter 5 of title 5 of the Untied States Code).\8\ Thus, the proposed rules of practice and procedure supplement the APA provisions governing agency adjudications and include provisions unique to OFHEO's mission. These proposed rules apply not only to enforcement hearings, but also to any other adjudication required by statute to be determined on the record after opportunity for hearing.

    \7\ 1992 Act, section 1373(a)(3)(42 U.S.C. 4633(a)(3)).

    \8\ 5 U.S.C. 500-559.

    The proposed regulation includes provisions relating to prehearing procedures and activities, the conduct of the hearing itself, and the qualifications and disciplinary rules for practice before OFHEO. The proposed regulation establishes that hearings are open to the public unless the Director determines that a public hearing would be contrary to the public interest. The proposed regulation also defines important terms used in the regulation and describes the authority of the Director and the presiding officer.

    Under the proposed regulation, the Director commences the hearing process by issuing and serving a notice of charges on a respondent. A presiding officer, appointed by the Director, presides over the course of the hearing from the time of the appointment until the presiding officer files a recommended decision and order, along with the hearing record, with the Director for a final decision. During the course of the hearing, the presiding officer controls virtually all aspects of the proceeding. The presiding officer determines the hearing schedule, presides over any prehearing conferences, rules on motions, discovery, and evidentiary issues and ensures that the proceeding is fair, equitable, and impartial. The presiding officer does not, however, have the authority to make a ruling that disposes of the proceeding. Only the Director has the authority to dismiss the proceeding or make a final determination of the merits of the proceeding.

    Under this proposed regulation, the parties to the proceeding have the right to present evidence and witnesses at the hearing and have the right to examine and cross-examine the witnesses. At the completion of the hearing, the parties may submit proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law and a proposed order. The presiding officer then submits the complete record to the Director for consideration and action. The record includes the presiding officer's recommended decision, recommended findings of fact and conclusions of law, and proposed order. The record also includes all prehearing and hearing transcripts, exhibits, rulings, motions, briefs and memoranda and all supporting papers filedin connection with the hearing. The Director shall issue a final ruling within 90 days of the date the Director serves notice on the parties that the record is complete and the case has been submitted for final decision.

    Subpart D of this proposed regulation contains rules governing practice by parties or their representatives before OFHEO. This proposed subpart addresses the imposition of sanctions by the presiding officer or the Director against parties or their representatives in an adjudicatory proceeding under this part. This subpart also covers other disciplinary sanctions--censure, suspension or disbarment--against individuals who appear before OFNEO in a representational capacity either in an adjudicatory proceeding under part 1780 or in any other matters connected with presentations to OFHEO relating to a client's or other principal's rights, privileges, or liabilities. This representation includes, but is not limited to, the practice of attorneys and accountants. Employees of OFHEO are not subject to disciplinary proceedings under this subpart.

  5. Regulatory Impact

    Executive Order 12612, Federalism

    Executive Order 12612 requires that Executive departments and agencies identify regulatory actions that have significant federalism implications. ``Federalism implications'' is defined to specify regulations or actions that have substantial, direct effects on the States, on the relationship or distribution of power between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between Federal and State government. OFHEO has determined that this proposed regulation has no federalism implications that warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment in accordance with Executive Order 12612.

    Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review

    OFHEO has determined that this proposed regulation is not a significant regulatory action as such term is defined in Executive Order 12866, has so indicated to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and was not notified by OMB that the proposed regulation must be reviewed by OMB.

    Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform

    Executive Order 12988 sets forth guidelines to promote the just and efficient resolution of civil claims and to reduce the risk of litigation to the government. The proposed regulation meets the applicable standards of sections 3(a) and 3(b) of Executive Order 12988.

    Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This proposed regulation does not include a Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100,000,000 or more (adjusted annually for inflation) in any one year. Consequently, the proposed regulation does not warrant

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    the preparation of an assessment statement in accordance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.

    Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) requires that a proposed regulation that has a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities must include an initial regulatory flexibility analysis describing the rule's impact on small entities. Such an analysis need not be undertaken if the agency head certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 5 U.S.C. 605(b).

    OFHEO has considered the impacts of the proposed regulation under the Regulatory Flexibility Act. The proposed regulation does not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, since it is applicable only to the Enterprises, which are not small entities. Therefore, OFHEO's General Counsel acting under delegated authority has certified that the proposed regulation would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

    Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 35) requires that regulations involving the collection of information receive clearance from OMB. The proposed regulation contains no such collection of information requiring OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act. Consequently, no information has been submitted to OMB for review.

    List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 1780

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties.

    Accordingly, for the reasons set forth in the preamble, OFHEO proposes to amend 12 CFR part 1780 as follows:

    PART 1780--RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

    1. Revise the heading for part 1780 to read as set forth above.

    2. Revise the authority citation for part 1780 to read as follows:

      Authority: 12 U.S.C. 4513, 4631-4641.

      Subpart E also issued under 28 U.S.C. 2461 note.

      Subpart E--[Amended]

    3. Redesignate Secs. 1780.70 and 1780.71 as Secs. 1780.80 and 1780.81, respectively.

    4. Add subparts A through D to part 1780 to read as follows:

      Subpart A--General Rules

      Sec. 1780.1 Scope. 1780.2 Rules of construction. 1780.3 Definitions. 1780.4 Authority of the Director. 1780.5 Authority of the presiding officer. 1780.6 Public hearings. 1780.7 Good faith certification. 1780.8 Ex parte communications. 1780.9 Filing of papers. 1780.10 Service of papers. 1780.11 Computing time. 1780.12 Change of time limits. 1780.13 Witness fees and expenses. 1780.14 Opportunity for informal settlement. 1780.15 OFHEO's right to conduct examination. 1780.16 Collateral attacks on adjudicatory proceeding.

      Subpart B--Prehearing Proceedings

      1780.20 Commencement of proceeding and contents of notice of charges. 1780.21 Answer. 1780.22 Amended pleadings. 1780.23 Failure to appear. 1780.24 Consolidation and severance of actions. 1780.25 Motions. 1780.26 Discovery. 1780.27 Request for document discovery from parties. 1780.28 Document subpoenas to nonparties. 1780.29 Deposition of witness unavailable for hearing. 1780.30 Interlocutory review. 1780.31 Summary disposition. 1780.32 Partial summary disposition. 1780.33 Scheduling of prehearing conferences. 1780.34 Prehearing submissions. 1780.35 Hearing subpoenas.

      Subpart C--Hearing and Posthearing Proceedings

      1780.50 Conduct of hearings 1780.51 Evidence. 1780.52 Post hearing filings. 1780.53 Recommended decision and filing of record. 1780.54 Exceptions to recommended decision. 1780.55 Review by Director. 1780.56 Exhaustion of administrative remedies. 1780.57 Stays pending judicial review.

      Subpart D--Rules of Practice Before the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight

      1780.70 Scope. 1780.71 Definitions. 1780.72 Appearance and practice in adjudicatory proceedings. 1780.73 Conflicts of interest. 1780.74 Sanctions. 1780.75 Censure, suspension, disbarment and reinstatement.

      Subpart A--General Rules

      Sec. 1780.1 Scope.

      This subpart prescribes rules of practice and procedure applicable to the following adjudicatory proceedings:

      (a) Cease-and-desist proceedings under sections 1371 and 1373, title XIII of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-550, known as the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 (1992 Act) (12 U.S.C. 4631 and 4633).

      (b) Civil money penalty assessment proceedings against the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (collectively, the Enterprises), or any executive officer or director of any Enterprise under sections 1373 and 1376 of the 1992 Act (12 U.S.C. 4633 and 4636).

      (c) All other adjudications required by statute to be determined on the record after opportunity for hearing, except to the extent otherwise provided in the regulations specifically governing such an adjudication.

      Sec. 1780.2 Rules of construction.

      For purposes of this part--

      (a) Any term in the singular includes the plural and the plural includes the singular, if such use would be appropriate;

      (b) Any use of a masculine, feminine, or neuter gender encompasses all three, if such use would be appropriate; and

      (c) Unless the context requires otherwise, a party's representative of record, if any, may, on behalf of that party, take any action required to be taken by the party.

      Sec. 1780.3 Definitions.

      For purposes of this part, unless explicitly stated to the contrary--

      (a) Adjudicatory proceeding means a proceeding conducted pursuant to these rules and leading to the formulation of a final order than a regulation;

      (b) Decisional employee means any member of the Director's or the presiding officer's staff who has not engaged in an investigation or prosecutorial role in a proceeding and who may assist the Director or the presiding officer, respectively, in preparing orders, recommended decisions, decisions and other documents under this subpart.

      (c) Director means the Director of OFHEO.

      (d) Enterprise means the Federal National Mortgage Association and any affiliate thereof and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation and any affiliate thereof.

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      (e) OFHEO means the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (f) Party means OFHEO and any person named as a party in any notice.

      (g) Person means an individual, sole proprietor, partnership, corporation, unincorporated association, trust, joint venture, pool, syndicate, agency, or other entity or organization.

      (h) Presiding officer means an administrative law judge or any other person designated by the Director to conduct a hearing.

      (i) Representative of record means an individual who is authorized to represent a person or is representing himself and who has fileda notice of appearance in accordance with Sec. 1780.72.

      (j) Respondent means any party other than OFHEO.

      (k) Violation includes any action (alone or with another or others) for or toward causing, bringing about, participating in, counseling, or aiding or abetting a violation.

      (l) The 1992 Act is Title XIII of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-550, known as the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 (1992 Act).

      Sec. 1780.4 Authority of the Director.

      The Director may, at any time during the pendency of a proceeding, perform, direct the performance of, or waive performance of any act that could be done or ordered by the presiding officer.

      Sec. 1780.5 Authority of the presiding officer.

      (a) General rule. All proceedings governed by this subpart shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. chapter 5. The presiding officer shall have complete charge of the hearing, conduct a fair and impartial hearing, avoid unnecessary delay and assure that a record of the proceeding is made.

      (b) Powers. The presiding officer shall have all powers necessary to conduct the proceeding in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section and 5 U.S.C. 556(c). The presiding officer is authorized to--

      (1) Set and change the date, time and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties;

      (2) Continue or recess the hearing in whole or in part for a reasonable period of time;

      (3) Hold conferences to identify or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding;

      (4) Administer oaths and affirmations;

      (5) Issue Subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum and revoke, quash, or modify such subpoenas;

      (6) Take and preserve testimony under oath;

      (7) Rule on motions and other procedural matters appropriate in an adjudicatory proceeding, except that only the Director shall have the power to grant any motion to dismiss the proceeding or make a final determination of the merits of the proceeding;

      (8) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery;

      (9) Regulate the course of the hearing and the conduct of representatives and parties;

      (10) Examine witnesses;

      (11) Receive, exclude, limit, or otherwise rule on evidence;

      (12) Upon motion of a party, take official notice of facts;

      (13) Recuse himself upon motion made by a party or on his own motion;

      (14) Prepare and present to the Director a recommended decision as provided in this part; and

      (15) Do all other things necessary and appropriate to discharge the duties of a presiding officer.

      Sec. 1780.6 Public hearings.

      (a) General rule. All hearings shall be open to the public, unless the Director, in his discretion, determines that holding an open hearing would be contrary to the public interest. The Director may make such determination sua sponte at any time by written notice to all parties.

      (b) Motion for closed hearing. Within 20 days of service of the notice of charges, any party may file with the presiding officer a motion for a private hearing and any party may file a pleading in reply to the motion. The presiding officer shall forward the motion and any reply, together with a recommended decision on the motion, to the Director, who shall make a final determination. Such motions and replies are governed by Sec. 1780.25.

      (c) Filing documents under seal. OFHEO's counsel of record, in his discretion may file any document or part of a document under seal if such counsel makes a written determination that disclosure of the document would be contrary to the public interest. The presiding officer shall take all appropriate steps to preserve the confidentiality of such documents or parts thereof, including closing portions of the hearing to the public.

      Sec. 1780.7 Good faith certification.

      (a) General requirement. Every filing or submission of record following the issuance of a notice by the Director shall be signed by at least one representative of record in his individual name and shall state that representative's address and telephone number and the names, addresses the telephone numbers of all other representatives of record for the person making the filing or submission.

      (b) Effect of signature. (1) By signing a document, the representative of record or party certifies that--

      (i) The representative of record or party has read the filing of submission of record;

      (ii) To the best of his knowledge, information and belief formed after reasonable inquiry, the filing or submission of record is well- grounded in fact and is warranted by existing law or a good faith, nonfrivolous argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law; and

      (iii) The filing or submission of record is not made for any improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation.

      (2) If a filing or submission of record is not signed, the presiding officer shall strike the filing or submission of record, unless it is signed promptly after the omission is called to the attention of the pleader or movant.

      (c) Effect of making oral motion or argument. The act of making any oral motion or oral argument by any representative or party shall constitute a certification that to the best of his knowledge, information, and belief, formed after reasonable inquiry, his statements are well-grounded in fact and are warranted by existing law or a good faith, nonfriviolous argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law and are not made for any improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation.

      Sec. 1780.8 Ex parte communications.

      (a) Definition. (1) Ex parte communication means any material oral or written communication relevant to the merits of an adjudicatory proceeding that was neither on the record nor on reasonable prior notice to all parties that take place between--

      (i) An interested person outside OFHEO (including the person's representative); and

      (ii) The presiding officer handling that proceeding, the Director, a decisional employee assigned to that proceeding, or any other person who is or may reasonably be expected to be involved in the decisional process.

      (2) A communication that does not concern the merits of an adjudicatory proceeding, such as request for status of

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      the proceeding, does not constitute an ex parte communication.

      (b) Prohibition of ex parte communications. From the time the notice commencing the proceeding is issued by the Director until the date that the Director issues his final decision pursuant to Sec. 1780.55, no person referred to in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section shall knowingly make or cause to be made an ex parte communication. The Director, presiding officer, or a decisional employee shall not knowingly make or cause to be made an ex parte communication.

      (c) Procedure upon occurrence of ex parte communication. If an ex parte communication is received by any person identified in paragraph (a) of this section, that person shall cause all such written communications (or, if the communication is oral, a memorandum stating the substance of the communication) to be placed on the record of the proceeding and served on all parties. All parties to the proceeding shall have an opportunity, within 10 days of receipt of service of the ex parte communication, to file response thereto and to recommend any sanctions, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section, that they believe to be appropriate under the circumstances.

      (d) Sanctions. Any party or representative for party who makes an ex parte communications, or who encourages or solicits another to make any such communications, may be subject to any appropriate sanction or sanctions imposed by the Director or the presiding officer, including, but not limited to, exclusion from the proceedings and an adverse ruling on the issue that is the subject of the prohibited communication.

      (e) Consultations by presiding officer. Except to the extent required for the disposition of ex parte matters as authorized by law, the presiding officer may not consult a person or party on any matter relevant to the merits of the adjudication, unless on notice and opportunity for all parties to participate.

      (f) Separation of functions. An employee or agent engaged in the performance of investigative or prosecuting functions for OFHEO in a case may not, in that or a factually related case, participate or advise in the decision, recommended decision, or Director review under Sec. 1780.55 of the recommended decision, except as witness or counsel in public proceedings.

      Sec. 1780.9 Filing of papers.

      (a) Filing. Any papers required to be filedshall be addressed to the presiding officer and filedwith OFHEO, 1700 G Street, NW., Fourth Floor, Washington, DC 20552.

      (b) Manner of filing. Unless otherwise specified by the Director or the presiding officer, filing shall be accomplished by:

      (1) Personal service;

      (2) Delivery to the U.S. Postal Service or to a reliable commercial delivery service for same day or overnight delivery;

      (3) Mailing by first class, registered, or certified mail; or

      (4) Transmission by electronic media, only if expressly authorized, and upon any conditions specified, by the Director or the presiding officer. All papers filedby electronic media shall also concurrently be filedin accordance with paragraph (c) of this section.

      (c) Formal requirements as to papers filed. (1) Form. All papers must set forth the name, address and telephone number of the representative or party making the filing and must be accompanied by a certification setting forth when and how service has been made on all other parties. all papers filedmust be doubled-spaced and printed or typewritten on 8\1/2\ x 11-inch paper and must be clear and legible.

      (2) Signature. All papers must be dated and signed as provided in Sec. 1780.7.

      (3) Caption. All papers filedmust include at the head thereof, or on a title page, the name OFHEO and of the filing party, the title and docket number of the proceeding and the subject of the particular paper.

      (4) Number of copies. Unless otherwise specified by the Director or the presiding officer, an original and one copy of all documents and papers shall be filed, except that only one copy of transcripts of testimony and exhibits shall be filed.

      Sec. 1780.10 Service of papers.

      (a) By the parties. Except as otherwise provided, a party filing papers or serving a subpoena shall serve a copy upon the representative of record for each party to the proceeding so represented and upon any party not so represented.

      (b) Method of service. Except as provided in paragraphs (c)(2) and (d) of this section, a serving party shall use one or more of the following methods of service:

      (1) Personal service;

      (2) Delivery to the U.S. Postal Service or to a reliable commercial delivery service for same day or overnight delivery;

      (3) Mailing by first class, registered, or certified mail; or

      (4) Transmission by electronic media, only if the parties mutually agree. Any papers served by electronic media shall also concurrently be served in accordance with the requirements of Sec. 1780.9(c).

      (c) By the Director or the presiding officer. (1) All papers required to be served by the Director or the presiding officer upon a party who has appeared in the proceeding in accordance with Sec. 1780.72 shall be served by any means specified in paragraph (b) of this section.

      (2) If a party has not appeared in the proceeding in accordance with Sec. 1780.72, the Director or the presiding officer shall make service by any of the following methods:

      (i) By personal service;

      (ii) If the person to be served is an individual, by delivery to a person of suitable age and discretion at the physical location where the individual resides or works;

      (iii) If the person to be served is a corporation or other association, by delivery to an officer, managing or general agent, or to any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service and, if the agent is one authorized by statute to receive service and the statute so requires, by also mailing a copy to the party;

      (iv) By registered or certified mail addressed to the person's last known address; or

      (v) By any other method reasonably calculated to give actual notice.

      (d) Subpoenas. Service of a subpoenas may be made:

      (1) By person service;

      (2) If the person to be served is an individual, by delivery to a person of suitable age and discretion at the physical location where the individual resides or works;

      (3) If the person to be served is a corporation or other association, by delivery to an officer, managing or general agent, or to any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service and, if the agent is one authorized by statute to receive service and the statute so requires, by also mailing a copy to the party; or

      (4) By registered or certified mail addressed to the person's last known address; or

      (5) By any other method reasonably calculated to give actual notice.

      (e) Area of service. Service in any State, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United States or the District of Columbia on any person doing business in any State, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United States or the District of Columbia, or on any person as otherwise permitted by law, is effective

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      without regard to the place where the hearing is held.

      (f) Proof of service. Proof of service of papers filedby a party shall be filedbefore action is taken thereon. The proof shall show the date and manner of service and may be written acknowledgment of service by declaration of the person making service or by certificate of a representative of record. Failure to make proof of service shall not affect the validity of service. The presiding officer may allow the proof to be amended or supplied, unless to do so would result in material prejudice to a party.

      Sec. 1780.11 Computing time.

      (a) General rule. In computing any period of time prescribed or allowed by this subpart, the date of the act or event that commences the designated period of time is not included. The last day so computed is included unless it is a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday. When the last day is a Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday, the period shall run until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday. Intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and Federal holidays are included in the computation of time. However, when the time period within which an act is to be performed is 10 days or less, not including any additional time allowed for in paragraph (c) of this section, intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and Federal holidays are not included.

      (b) When papers are deemed to be filedor served. (1) Filing and service are deemed to be effective--

      (i) In the case of personal service or same day reliable commercial delivery service, upon actual service;

      (ii) In the case of U.S. Postal Service or reliable commercial overnight delivery service, or first class, registered, or certified mail, upon deposit in or delivery to an appropriate point of collection; or

      (ii) In the case of transmission by electronic media, as specified by the authority receiving the filing, in the case of filing, and as agreed among the parties, in the case of service.

      (2) The effective filing and service dates specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section may be modified by the Director or the presiding officer in the case of filing or by agreement of the parties in the case of service.

      (c) Calculation of time for service and filing of responsive papers. Whenever a time limit is measured by a prescribed period from the service of any notice or paper, the applicable time limits shall be calculated as follows:

      (1) If service was made by first class, registered, or certified mail, or by delivery to the U.S. Postal Service for longer than overnight delivery service, add 3 calendar days to the prescribed period for the responsive filing.

      (2) If service was made by U.S. Postal Service or reliable commercial overnight delivery service, add 1 calendar day to the prescribed period for the responsive filing.

      (3) If service was made by electronic media transmission, add 1 calendar day to the prescribed period for the responsive filing, unless otherwise determined by the Director or the presiding officer, in the case of filing, or by agreement among the parties, in the case of service.

      Sec. 1780.12 Change of time limits.

      Except as otherwise provided by law, the presiding officer may, for good cause shown, extend the time limits prescribed above or prescribed by any notice or order issued in the proceedings. After the referral of the case to the Director pursuant to Sec. 1780.53, the Director may grant extensions of the time limits for good cause shown. Extensions may be granted on the motion of a party after notice and opportunity to respond is afforded all nonmoving parties or on the Director's or the presiding officer's own motion.

      Sec. 1780.13 Witness fees and expenses.

      Witness (other than parties) subpoenaed for testimony or deposition shall be paid the same fees for attendance and mileage as are paid in the United States district courts in proceedings in which the United States is a party, provided that, in the case of a discovery subpoena addressed to a party, no witness fees or mileage shall be paid. Fees for witnesses shall be tendered in advance by the party requesting the subpoena, except that fees and mileage need not be tendered in advance where OFHEO is the party requesting the subpoena. OFHEO shall not be required to pay any fees to or expenses of any witness not subpoenaed by OFHEO.

      Sec. 1780.14 Opportunity for informal settlement.

      Any respondent may, at any time in the proceeding, unilaterally submit to OFHEO's counsel of record written offers or proposals for settlement of a proceeding without prejudice to the rights of any of the parties. No such offer proposal shall be made to any OFHEO representative other than OFHEO's counsel of record. Submission of a written settlement offer does not provide a basis for adjourning or otherwise delaying all or any portion of a proceeding under this part. No settlement offer or proposal, or any subsequent negotiation or resolution, is admissible as evidence in any proceeding.

      Sec. 1780.15 OFHEO's right to conduct examination.

      Nothing contained in this part limits in any manner the right of OFHEO to conduct any examination, inspection, or visitation of any Enterprise or affiliate, or the right of OFHEO to conduct or continue any form of investigation authorized by law.

      Sec. 1780.16 Collateral attacks on adjudicatory proceeding.

      If an interlocutory appeal or collateral attack is brought in any court concerning all or any part of an adjudicatory proceeding, the challenged adjudicatory proceeding shall continue without regard to the pendency of that court proceeding. No default or other failure to act as directed in the adjudicatory proceeding within the times prescribed in this subpart shall be excused based on the pendency before any court of any interlocutory appeal or collateral attack.

      Subpart B--Prehearing Proceedings

      Sec. 1780.20 Commencement of proceeding and contents of notice of charges.

      Proceedings under this subpart are commenced by the issuance of a notice of charges by the Director, which must be served upon the respondent. Such notice shall state all of the following:

      (a) The legal authority for the proceeding and for OFHEO's jurisdiction over the proceeding;

      (b) A statement of the matters of fact or law showing that OFHEO is entitled to relief;

      (c) A proposed order or prayer for an order granting the requested relief;

      (d) The time, place and nature of the hearing;

      (e) The time within which to file an answer;

      (f) The time within which to request a hearing; and

      (g) The address for filing the answer and/or request for a hearing.

      Sec. 1780.21 Answer.

      (a) When. Unless otherwise specified by the Director in the notice, respondent shall file an answer within 20 days of service of the notice.

      (b) Content of answer. An answer must respond specifically to each paragraph or allegation of fact contained in the notice and must admit, deny, or state that the party lacks sufficient information to admit or deny each allegation of fact. A statement of lack of

      [[Page 51037]]

      information has the effect of a denial. Denials must fairly meet the substance of each allegation of fact denied; general denials are not permitted. When a respondent denies part of an allegation, that part must be denied and the remainder specifically admitted. Any allegation of fact in the notice that is not denied in the answer is deemed admitted for purposes of the proceeding. A respondent is not required to respond to the portion of a notice that constitutes the prayer for relief or proposed order. The answer must set forth affirmative defenses, if any, asserted by the respondent.

      (c) Default. Failure of a respondent to file an answer required by this section within the time provided constitutes a waiver of such respondent's right to appear and contest the allegations in the notice. If no timely answer is filed, OFHEO's counsel of record may file a motion for entry of an order of default. Upon a finding that no good cause has been shown for the failure to file a timely answer, the presiding officer shall file with the Director a recommended decision containing the finding and the relief sought in the notice. Any final order issued by the Director based upon a respondent's failure to answer is deemed to be an order issued upon consent.

      Sec. 1780.22 Amended pleadings.

      (a) Amendments. The notice or answer may be amended or supplemented at any stage of the proceeding. The respondent must answer an amended notice within the time remaining for the respondent's answer to the original notice, or within 10 days after service of the amended notice, whichever period is longer, unless the Director or presiding officer orders otherwise for good cause shown.

      (b) Amendments to conform to the evidence. When issues not raised in the notice or answer are tried at the hearing by express or implied consent of the parties, they will be treated in all respects as if they had been raised in the notice or answer, and no formal amendments are required. If evidence is objected to at the hearing on the ground that it is not within the issues raised by the notice or answer, the presiding officer may admit the evidence when admission is likely to assist in adjudicating the merits of the action. The presiding officer will do so freely when the determination of the merits of the action is served thereby and the objecting party fails to satisfy the presiding officer that the admission of such evidence would unfairly prejudice that party's action or defense upon the merits. The presiding officer may grant a continuance to enable the objecting party to meet such evidence.

      Sec. 1780.23 Failure to appear.

      Failure of a respondent to appear in person at the hearing or by a duly authorized representative constitutes a waiver of respondent's right to a hearing and is deemed an admission of the facts as alleged and consent to the relief sought in the notice. Without further proceedings or notice to the respondent, the presiding officer shall file with the Director a recommended decision containing the findings and the relief sought in the notice.

      Sec. 1780.24 Consolidation and severance of actions.

      (a) Consolidation. On the motion of any party, or on the presiding officer's own motion, the presiding officer may consolidate, for some or all purposes, any two or more proceedings, if each such proceeding involves or arises out of the same transaction, occurrence or series of transactions or occurrences, or involves at least one common respondent or a material common question of law or fact, unless such consolidation would cause unreasonable delay or injustice. In the event of consolidation under this section, appropriate adjustment to the prehearing schedule must be made to avoid unnecessary expense, inconvenience, or delay.

      (b) Severance. The presiding officer may, upon the motion of any party, sever the proceeding for separate resolution of the matter as to any respondent only if the presiding officer finds that undue prejudice or injustice to the moving party would result from not severing the proceeding and such undue prejudice or injustice would outweigh the interests of judicial economy and expedition in the complete and final resolution of the proceeding.

      1780.25 Motions.

      (a) In writing. (1) Except as otherwise provided herein, an application or request for an order or ruling must be made by written motion.

      (2) All written motions must state with particularity the relief sought and must be accompanied by a proposed order.

      (3) No oral argument may be held on written motions except as otherwise directed by the presiding officer. Written memoranda, briefs, affidavits, or other relevant material or documents may be filedin support of or in opposition to a motion.

      (b) Oral motions. A motion may be made orally on the record unless the presiding officer directs that such motion be reduced to writing.

      (c) Filing of motions. Motions must be filedwith the presiding officer, except that following the filing of a recommended decision, motions must be filedwith the Director.

      (d) Responses. (1) Except as otherwise provided herein; any party may file a written response to a motion within 10 days after service of any written motion, or within such other period of time as may be established by the presiding officer or the Director. The presiding officer shall not rule on any order oral or written motion before each party has had an opportunity to file a response.

      (2) The failure of a party to oppose a written motion or an oral motion made on the record is deemed a consent by that party to the entry of an order substantially in the form of the order accompanying the motion.

      (e) Dilatory motions. Frivolous, dilatory, or repetitive motions are prohibited. The filing of such motions may form the basis for sanctions.

      (f) Dispositive motions. Dispositive motions are governed by Secs. 1780.31 and 1780.32.

      Sec. 1780.26 Discovery.

      (a) Limits on discovery. Subject to the limitations set out in paragraphs(b), (d), and (e) of this section, a party to a proceeding under this subpart may obtain document discovery by serving a written request to produce documents. For purposes of a request to produce documents, the term ``documents'' may be defined to include drawings, graphs, charts, photographs, recordings, data stored in electronic form, and other data compilations from which information can be obtained or translated, if necessary, by the parties through detection devices into reasonably unable form, as well as written material of all kinds.

      (b) Relevance. A party may obtain document discovery regarding any matter not privileged that has material relevance to the merits of the pending action. Any request to produce documents that calls for irrelevant material, that is unreasonable, oppressive, excessive in scope, unduly, burdensome, or repetitive of previous requests, or that seeks to obtain privileged documents will be denied or modified. A request is unreasonable, oppressive, excessive in scope, or unduly burdensome if, among other things, it fails to include justifiable limitations on the time period covered and the geographic locations to be searched, the time provided to respond in the request is inadequate, or the request calls for copies of documents to

      [[Page 51038]]

      be delivered to the requesting party and fails to include the requestor's written agreement to pay in advance for the copying, in accordance with Sec. 1780.27.

      (c) Forms of discovery. Discovery shall be limited to requests for production of documents for inspection and copying. No other form of discovery shall be allowed. Discovery by use of interrogatories is not permitted. This paragraph shall not be interpreted to require the creation of a document.

      (d) Privileged matter. Privileged documents are not discoverable. Privileges include the attorney-client privilege, work-product privilege, any government's or government agency's deliberative process privilege and any other privileges provided by the Constitution, any applicable act of Congress, or the principles of common law.

      (e) Time limits. All discovery, including all responses to discovery requests, shall be completed at least 20 days prior to the date scheduled for the commencement of the hearing. No exception to this time limit shall be permitted, unless the presiding officer finds on the record that good cause exists for waiving the requirements of this paragraph.

      Sec. 1780.27 Request for document discovery from parties.

      (a) General rule. Any party may serve on any other party a request to produce for inspection any discoverable documents that are in the possession, custody, or control of the party upon whom the request is served. Copies of the request shall be served on all other parties. The request must identify the documents to be produced either by individual item or by category and must describe each item and category with reasonable particularity. Documents must be produced as they are kept in the usual course of business of they shall be labeled and organized to correspond with the categories in the request.

      (b) Production or copying. The request must specify a reasonable time, place and manner for production and performing any related acts. In lieu of inspecting the documents, the requesting party may specify that all or some of the responsive documents be copied and the copies delivered to the requesting party. If copying of fewer than 250 pages is requested, the party to whom the request is addressed shall bear the cost of copying and shipping charges. If a party requests more than 250 pages of copying, the requesting party shall pay for copying and shipping charges. Copying charges are at the current rate per page imposed by OFHEO at Sec. 1710.22(b)(2) of this chapter for requests for documents filedunder the Freedom of Information Act, 12 U.S.C. 552.\1\ The party to whom the request is addressed may require payment in advance before producing the documents.

      \1\ At the time of publication OFHEO has not issued a final regulation governing release of information. Until the release of information regulation is final, charges shall be imposed at the rate specified in the proposed regulation, 60 FR 25170 (May 11, 1995).

      (c) Obligation to update responses. A party who has responded to a discovery request is not required to supplement the response, unless:

      (1) The responding party learns that in some material respect the information disclosed is incomplete or incorrect, and

      (2) The additional or corrective information has not otherwise been made known to the other parties during the discovery process or in writing.

      (d) Motions to strike or limit discovery requests. (1) Any party that objects to a discovery request may, within 10 days of being served with such request, file a motion in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 1780.25 to strike or otherwise limit the request. If an objection is made to only a portion of an item or category in a request, the objection shall specify that portion. Any objections not made in accordance with this paragraph and Sec. 1780.25 are waived.

      (2) The party who served the request that is the subject of a motion to strike or limit may file a written response within 5 days of service of the motion. No other party may file a response.

      (e) Privilege. At the time other documents are produced, all documents withheld on the grounds of privilege must be reasonably identified, together with a statement of the basis for the assertion of privilege. When similar documents that are protected by deliberate process, attorney work-product, or attorney-client privilege are voluminous, these documents may be identified by category instead of by individual document. The presiding officer retains discretion to determine when the identification by category is insufficient.

      (f) Motions to compel production. (1) If a party withholds any documents as privileged or fails to comply fully with a discovery request, the requesting party may, within 10 days of the assertion of privilege or of the time the failure to comply becomes known to the requesting party, file a motion in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 1780.25 for the issuance of a subpoena compelling production.

      (2) The party who asserted the privilege or failed to comply with the request may, within 5 days of service of a motion for the issuance of a subpoena compelling production, file a written response to the motion. No other party may file a response.

      (g) Ruling on motions. After the time for filing responses to motions pursuant to this section has expired, the presiding officer shall rule promptly on all such motions. If the presiding officer determines that a discovery request, or any of its terms, calls for irrelevant material, is unreasonable, oppressive, excessive in scope, unduly burdensome, or repetitive of previous requests, or seeks to obtain privileged documents, he may deny or modify the request, and may issue appropriate protective orders, upon such conditions as justice may require. The pendency of a motion to strike or limit discovery or to compel production shall not be a basis for staying or continuing the proceeding, unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer. Notwithstanding any other provision in this part, the presiding officer may not release, or order a party to produce, documents withheld on grounds of privilege if the party has stated to the presiding officer its intention to file a timely motion for interlocutory review of the presiding officer's order to produce the documents, until the motion for interlocutory review has been decided.

      (h) Enforcing discovery subpoenas. If the presiding officer issues a subpoena compelling production of documents by a party, the subpoenaing party may, in the event of noncompliance and to the extent authorized by applicable law, apply to any appropriate United States district court for an order requiring compliance with the subpoena. A party's right to seek court enforcement of a subpoena shall not in any manner limit the sanctions that may be imposed by the presiding officer against a party who fails to produce or induces another to fail to produce subpoenaed documents.

      Sec. 1780.28 Document subpoenas to nonparties.

      (a) General rules. (1) Any party may apply to the presiding officer for the issuance of a document discovery subpoena addressed to any person who is not a party to the proceeding. The application must contain a proposed document subpoena and a brief statement showing the general relevance and reasonableness of the scope of documents sought. The subpoenaing party shall specify a reasonable time, place and manner for production in response to the subpoena.

      [[Page 51039]]

      (2) A party shall only apply for a document subpoena under this section within the time period during which such party could serve a discovery request under Sec. 1780.27. The party obtaining the document subpoena is responsible for serving it on the subpoenaed person and for serving copies on all parties. Document subpoenas may be served in any State, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or as otherwise provided by law.

      (3) The presiding officer shall issue promptly any document subpoena applied for under this section; except that, if the presiding officer determines that the application does not set forth a valid basis for the issuance of the subpoena, or that any of its terms are unreasonable, oppressive, excessive in scope, or unduly burdensome, he may refuse to issue the subpoena or may issue it in a modified form upon such conditions as may be determined by the presiding officer.

      (b) Motion to quash or modify. (1) Any person to whom a document subpoena is directed may file a motion to quash or modify such subpoena, accompanied by a statement of the basis for quashing or modifying the subpoena. The movant shall serve the motion on all parties and any party may respond to such motion within 10 days of service of the motion.

      (2) Any motion to quash or modify a document subpoena must be filed on the same basis, including the assertion of privilege, upon which a party could object to a discovery request under Sec. 1780.27 and during the same time limits during which such an objection could be filed.

      (c) Enforcing document subpoenas. If a subpoenaed person fails to comply with any subpoena issued pursuant to this section or any order of the presiding officer that directs compliance with all or any portion of a document subpoena, the subpoenaing party or any other aggrieved party may, to the extent authorized by applicable law, apply to an appropriate United States district court for an order requiring compliance with the subpoena. A party's right to seek court enforcement of a document subpoena shall in no way limit the sanctions that may be imposed by the presiding officer on a party who induces a failure to comply with subpoenas issued under this section.

      Sec. 1780.29 Deposition of witness unavailable for hearing.

      (a) General rules. (1) If a witness will not be available for the hearing, a party desiring to preserve that witness' testimony for the record may apply in accordance with the procedures set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this section to the presiding officer for the issuance of a subpoena, including a subpoena duces tecum, requiring the attendance of the witness at a deposition. The presiding officer may issue a deposition subpoena under this section upon a showing that--

      (i) The witness will be unable to attend or may be prevented from attending the hearing because of age, sickness, or infirmity, or will be otherwise unavailable;

      (ii) The witness' unavailability was not produced or caused by the subpoenaing party;

      (iii) The testimony is reasonably expected to be material; and

      (iv) Taking the deposition will not result in any undue burden to any other party and will not cause undue delay of the proceeding.

      (2) The application must contain a proposed deposition subpoena and a brief statement of the reasons for the issuance of the subpoena. The subpoena must name the witness whose deposition is to be taken and specify the time and place for taking the deposition. A deposition subpoena may require the witness to be deposed anywhere within the United States and its possessions and territories in which that witness resides or has a regular place of employment or such other convenient place as the presiding officer shall fix.

      (3) Subpoenas must be issued promptly upon request, unless the presiding officer determines that the request fails to set forth a valid basis under this section for its issuance. Before making a determination that there is no valid basis for issuing the subpoena, the presiding officer shall require a written response from the party requesting the subpoena or require attendance at a conference to determine whether there is a valid basis upon which to issue the requested subpoena.

      (4) The party obtaining a deposition subpoena is responsible for serving it on the witness and for serving copies of all parties. Unless the presiding officer orders otherwise, no deposition under this section shall be taken on fewer than 10 days' notice to the witness and all parties. Deposition subpoenas may be served anywhere within the United States or its possessions or territories on any person doing business anywhere within the United States or its possessions or territories, or as otherwise permitted by law.

      (b) Objections to deposition subpoenas. (1) The witness and any party who has not had an opportunity to oppose a deposition subpoena issued under this section may file a motion under Sec. 1780.25 with the presiding officer to quash or modify the subpoena prior to the time for compliance specified in the subpoena, but not more than 10 days after service of the subpoena.

      (2) A statement of the basis for the motion to quash or modify a subpoena issued under this section must accompany the motion. The motion must be served on all parties.

      (c) Procedure upon deposition. (1) Each witness testifying pursuant to a deposition subpoena must be duly sworn and each party shall have the right to examine the witness. Objections to questions or documents must be in short form, stating the grounds for the objection. Failure to object to questions or documents is not deemed a waiver except where the ground for objection might have been avoided if the objection had been presented timely. All questions, answers and objections must be recorded.

      (2) Any party may move before the presiding officer for an order compelling the witness to answer any questions the witness has refused to answer or submit any evidence that, during the deposition, the witness has refused to submit.

      (3) The deposition must be subscribed by the witness, unless the parties and the witness, by stipulation, have waived the signing, or the witness is ill, cannot be found, or has refused to sign. If the deposition is not subscribed by the witness, the court reporter taking the deposition shall certify that the transcript is a true and complete transcript of the deposition.

      (d) Enforcing subpoenas. If a subpoenaed person fails to comply with any subpoena issued pursuant to this section or with any order of the presiding officer made upon motion under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, the subpoenaing party or other aggrieved party may, to the extent authorized by applicable law, apply to an appropriate United States district court for an order requiring compliance with the portions of the subpoena that the presiding officer has ordered enforced. A party's right to seek court enforcement of a deposition subpoena in no way limits the sanctions that may be imposed by the presiding officer on a party who fails to comply with or induces a failure to comply with a subpoena issued under this section.

      Sec. 1780.30 Interlocutory review.

      (a) General rule. The Director may review a ruling of the presiding officer prior to the certification of the record to the Director only in accordance with the procedures set forth in this section.

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      (b) Scope of review. The Director may exercise interlocutory review of a ruling of the presiding officer if the Director finds that--

      (1) The ruling involves a controlling question of law or policy as to which substantial grounds exist for a difference of opinion;

      (2) Immediate review of the ruling may materially advance the ultimate termination of the proceeding;

      (3) Subsequent modification of the ruling at the conclusion of the proceeding would be an inadequate remedy; or

      (4) Subsequent modification of the ruling would cause unusual delay or expense.

      (c) Procedure. Any motion for interlocutory review shall be filed by a party with the presiding officer within 10 days of his ruling. Upon the expiration of the time for filing all responses, the presiding officer shall refer the matter to the Director for final disposition. In referring the matter to the Director, the presiding officer may indicate agreement or disagreement with the asserted grounds for interlocutory review of the ruling in question.

      (d) Suspension of proceeding. Neither a request for interlocutory review nor any disposition of such a request by the Director under this section suspends or stays the proceeding unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer or the Director.

      Sec. 1780.31 Summary disposition.

      (a) In general. The presiding officer shall recommend that the Director issue a final order granting a motion for summary disposition if the undisputed pleaded facts, admissions, affidavits, stipulations, documentary evidence, matters as to which official notice may be taken and any other evidentiary materials properly submitted in connection with a motion for summary disposition show that-- There is no genuine issue as to any material fact; or

      (2) The movant is entitled to a decision in its favor as a matter of law.

      (b) Filing of motions and responses. (1) Any party who believes there is no genuine issue of material fact to be determined and that such party is entitled to a decision as a matter of law may move at any time for summary disposition in its favor of all or any part of the proceeding. Any party, within 20 days after service of such motion or within such time period as allowed by the presiding officer, may file a response to such motion.

      (2) A motion for summary disposition must be accompanied by a statement of material facts as to which the movant contends there is no genuine issue. Such motion must be supported by documentary evidence, which may take the form of admissions in pleadings, stipulations, written interrogatory responses, depositions, investigatory depositions, transcripts, affidavits and any other evidentiary materials that the movant contends support its position. The motion must also be accompanied by a brief containing the points and authorities in support of the contention of the movant. Any party opposing a motion for summary disposition must file a statement setting forth those material facts as to which such party contends a genuine dispute exists. Such opposition must be supported by evidence of the same type as that submitted with the motion for summary disposition and a brief containing the points and authorities in support of the contention that summary disposition would be inappropriate.

      (c) Hearing on motion. At the request of any party or on his own motion, the presiding officer may hear oral argument on the motion for summary disposition.

      (d) Decision on motion. Following receipt of a motion for summary disposition and all responses thereto, the presiding officer shall determine whether the movant is entitled to summary disposition. If the presiding officer determines that summary disposition is warranted, the presiding officer shall submit a recommended decision to that effect to the Director, under Sec. 1780.53. If the presiding officer finds that the moving party is not entitled to summary disposition, the presiding officer shall make a ruling denying the motion.

      Sec. 1780.32 Partial summary disposition.

      If the presiding officer determines that a party is entitled to summary disposition as to certain claims only, he shall defer submitting a recommended decision as to those claims. A hearing on the remaining issues must be ordered. Those claims for which the presiding officer has determined that summary disposition is warranted will be addressed in the recommended decision filedat the conclusion of the hearing.

      Sec. 1780.33 Scheduling of prehearing conferences.

      (a) Scheduling conference. Within 30 days of service of the notice or order commencing a proceeding or such other time as the parties may agree, the presiding officer shall direct representatives for all parties to meet with him in person at a specified time and place prior to the hearing or to confer by telephone for the purpose of scheduling the course and conduct of the proceeding. This meeting or telephone conference is called a ``scheduling conference.'' The identification of potential witnesses, the time for and manner of discovery and the exchange of any prehearing materials including witness lists, statements of issues, stipulations, exhibits and any other materials may also be determined at the scheduling conference.

      (b) Prehearing conferences. The presiding officer may, in addition to the scheduling conference, on his own motion or at the request of any party, direct representatives for the parties to meet with him (in person or by telephone) at a prehearing conference to address any or all of the following:

      (1) Simplification and clarification of the issues;

      (2) Stipulations, admissions of fact and the contents, authenticity and admissibility into evidence of documents;

      (3) Matters of which official notice may be taken;

      (4) Limitation of the number of witnesses;

      (5) Summary disposition of any or all issues;

      (6) Resolution of discovery issues or disputes;

      (7) Amendments to pleadings;

      (8) Such other matters as may aid in the orderly disposition of the proceeding.

      (c) Transcript. The presiding officer, in his discretion, may require that a scheduling or prehearing conference be recorded by a court reporter. A transcript of the conference and any materials filed, including orders, becomes part of the record of the proceeding. A party may obtain a copy of the transcript at such party's expense.

      (d) Scheduling or prehearing orders. Within a reasonable time following the conclusion of the scheduling conference or any prehearing conference, the presiding officer shall serve on each party an order setting forth any agreements reached and any procedural determinations made.

      Sec. 1780.34 Prehearing submissions.

      (a) Within the time set by the presiding officer, but in no case later than 10 days before the start of the hearing, each party shall serve on every other party the serving party's--

      (1) Prehearing statement;

      (2) Final list of witnesses to be called to testify at the hearing, including name and address of each witness and a short summary of the expected testimony of each witness;

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      (3) List of the exhibits to be introduced at the hearing along with a copy of each exhibit; and

      (4) Stipulations of fact, if any.

      (B) Effect of failure to comply. No witness may testify and no exhibits may be introduced at the hearing if such witness or exhibit is not listed in the prehearing submissions pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section, except for good cause shown.

      Sec. 1780.35 Hearing subpoenas.

      (a) Issuance. (1) Upon application of a party showing general relevance and reasonableness of scope of the testimony or other evidence sought, the presiding officer may issue a subpoena or a subpoena duces tecum requiring the attendance of a witness at the hearing or the production of documentary or physical evidence at such hearing. The application for a hearing subpoena must also contain a proposed subpoena specifying the attendance of a witness or the production of evidence from any state, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or as otherwise provided by law at any designated place where the hearing is being conducted. The Party making the application shall serve a copy of the application and the proposed subpoena on every other party.

      (2) A party may apply for a hearing subpoena at any time before the commencement of or during a hearing. During a hearing, a party may make an application for a subpoena orally on the record before the presiding officer.

      (3) The presiding officer shall promptly issue any hearing subpoena applied for under this section; except that, if the presiding officer determines that the application does not set forth a valid basis for the issuance of the subpoena, or that any of its terms are unreasonable, oppressive, excessive in scope, or unduly burdensome, he may refuse to issue the subpoena or may issue the subpoena in a modified form upon any conditions consistent with this subpart. Upon issuance by the presiding officer, the party making the application shall serve the subpoena on the person named in the subpoena and on each party.

      (b) Motion to quash or modify. (1) Any person to whom a hearing subpoena is directed or any party may file a motion to quash or modify such subpoena, accompanied by a statement of the basis for quashing or modifying the subpoena. The movant must serve the motion on each party and on the person named in the subpoena. Any party may responded to the motion within ten days of service of the motion.

      (2) Any motion to quash or modify a hearing subpoena must be filed prior to the time specified in the subpoena for compliance, but no more than 10 days after the date of service of the subpoena upon the movant.

      (c) Enforcing subpoenas. If an subpoenaed person fails to comply with any subpoena issued pursuant to this section or any order of the presiding officer that directs compliance with all or any portion of a hearing subpoena, the subpoenaing party or any other aggrieved party may seek enforcement of the subpoena pursuant to Sec. 1780.28(c). A party's right to seek court enforcement of a hearing subpoena shall in no way limit the sanctions that may be imposed by the presiding officer on a party who induces a failure to comply with subpoenas issued under this section.

      Subpart C--Hearing and Posthearing Proceedings

      Sec. 1780.50 Conduct of hearings.

      (a) General rules. (1) Hearings shall be conducted in accordance with 5 U.S.C. chapter 5 and so as to provide a fair and expeditious presentation of the relevant disputed issues. Except as limited by this subpart, each party has the right to present its case or defense by oral and documentary evidence and to conduct such cross examination as may be required for full disclosure of the facts.

      (2) Order of hearing. OFHEO's counsel of record shall present its case-in-chief first, unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer or unless otherwise expressly specified by law or regulation. OFHEO's counsel of record shall be the first party to present an opening statement and a closing statement and may make a rebuttal statement after the respondent's closing statement. If there are multiple respondents, respondents may agree among themselves as to their order or presentation of their cases, but if they do not agree, the presiding officer shall fix the order.

      (3) Examination of witnesses. Only one representative for each party may conduct an examination of a witness, except that in the case of extensive direct examination, the presiding officer may permit more than one representative for the party presenting the witness to conduct the examination. A party may have one representative conduct the direct examination and another representative conduct re-direct examination of a witness, or may have one representative conduct the cross examination of a witness and another representative conduct the re-cross examination of a witness.

      (4) Stipulations. Unless the presiding officer directs otherwise, all documents that the parties have stipulated as admissible shall be admitted into evidence upon commencement of the hearing.

      (b) Transcript. The hearing shall be recorded and transcribed. The transcript shall be made available to any party upon payment of the cost thereof. The presiding officer shall have authority to order the record corrected, either upon motion to correct, upon stipulation of the parties, or following notice to the parties upon the presiding officer's own motion.

      Sec. 1780.51 Evidence.

      (a) Admissibility. (1) Except as is otherwise set forth in this section, relevant, material and reliable evidence that is not unduly repetitive is admissible to the fullest extent authorized by the Administrative Procedures Act and other applicable law.

      (2) Evidence that would be admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence is admissible in a proceeding conducted pursuant to this subpart.

      (3) Evidence that would be inadmissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence may not be deemed or ruled to be inadmissible in a proceeding conducted pursuant to this subpart if such evidence is relevant, material, reliable and not unduly repetitive.

      (b) Official notice. (1) Official notice may be taken of any material fact that may be judicially noticed by a United States district court and any material information in the official public records of any Federal or State government agency.

      (2) All matters officially noticed by the presiding officer or the Director shall appear on the record.

      (3) If official notice is requested of any material fact, the parties, upon timely request, shall be afforded an opportunity to object.

      (c) Documents. (1) A duplicate copy of a document is admissible to the same extent as the original, unless a genuine issue is raised as to whether the copy is in some material respect not a true and legible copy of the original.

      (2) Subject to the requirements of paragraph (a)(1) of this section, any document, including a report of examination, oversight activity, inspection, or visitation, prepared by OFHEO or by another Federal or State financial institutions regulatory agency is admissible either with or without a sponsoring witness.

      (3) Witnesses may use existing or newly created charts, exhibits, calendars, calculations, outlines, or

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      other graphic material to summarize, illustrate, or simplify the presentation of testimony. Such materials may, subject to the presiding officer's discretion, be used with or without being admitted into evidence.

      (d) Objections. (1) Objections to the admissibility of evidence must be timely made and rulings on all objections must appear in the record.

      (2) When an objection to a question or line of questioning is sustained, the examining representative of record may make a specific proffer on the record of what he expected to prove by the expected testimony of the witness. The proffer may be by representation of the representative or by direct interrogation of the witness.

      (3) The presiding officer shall retain exhibits, adequately marked for identification, for the record and transmit, such exhibits to the Director.

      (4) Failure to object to admission of evidence or to any ruling constitutes a waiver of the objection.

      (e) Stipulations. The parties may stipulate as to any relevant matters of fact or the authentication of any relevant documents. Such stipulations must be received in evidence at a hearing and are binding on the parties with respect to the matters therein stipulated.

      (f) Depositions of unavailable witnesses. (1) If a witness is unavailable to testify at a hearing and that witness has testified in a deposition in accordance with Sec. 1780.29, a party may offer as evidence all or any part of the transcript of the deposition, including deposition exhibits, if any.

      (2) Such deposition transcript is admissible to the same extent that testimony would have been admissible had that person testified at the hearing, provided that if a witness refused to answer proper questions during the depositions, the presiding officer may, on that basis, limit the admissibility of the deposition in any manner that justice requires.

      (3) Only those portions of a deposition received in evidence at the hearing constitute a part of the record.

      Sec. 1780.52 Post hearing filings.

      (a) Proposed findings and conclusions and supporting briefs. (1) Using the same method of service for each party, the presiding officer shall serve notice upon each party that the certified transcript, together with all hearing exhibits and exhibits introduced but not admitted into evidence at the hearing, has been filed. Any party may file with the presiding officer proposed findings of fact, proposed conclusions of law and a proposed order within 30 days after the parties have received notice that the transcript has been filedwith the presiding officer, unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer.

      (2) Proposed findings and conclusions must be supported by citation to any relevant authorities and by page references to any relevant portions of the record. A posthearing brief may be filedin support of proposed findings and conclusions, either as part of the same document or in a separate document.

      (3) Any party is deemed to have waived any issue not raised in proposed findings or conclusions timely filedby that party.

      (b) Reply briefs. Reply briefs may be filedwithin 15 days after the date on which the parties' proposed findings and conclusions and proposed order are due. Reply briefs must be limited strictly to responding to new matters, issues, or arguments raised in another party's papers. A party who has not filedproposed findings of fact and conclusions of law or a posthearing brief may not file a reply brief.

      (c) Simultaneous filing required. The presiding officer shall not order the filing by any party of any brief or reply brief supporting proposed findings and conclusions in advance of the other party's finding of its brief.

      Sec. 1780.53 Recommended decision and filing of record.

      (a) Filing of recommended decision and record. Within 45 days after expiration of the time allowed for filing reply briefs under Sec. 1780.52(b), the presiding officer shall file with and certify to the Director, for decision, the record of the proceeding. The record must include the presiding officer's recommended decision, recommended findings of fact and conclusions of law, and proposed order; all prehearing and hearing transcripts, exhibits and rulings; and the motions, briefs, memoranda and other supporting papers filedin connection with the hearing. The presiding officer shall serve upon each party the recommended decision, recommended findings and conclusions, and proposed order.

      (b) Filing of index. At the same time the presiding officer files with and certifies to the Director for final determination the record of the proceeding, the presiding officer shall furnish to the Director a certified index of the entire record of the proceeding. The certified index shall include, at a minimum, an entry for each paper, document or motion filedwith the presiding officer in the proceeding, the date of the filing, and the identity of the filer. The certified index shall also include an exhibit index containing, at a minimum, an entry consisting of exhibit number and title or description for: Each exhibit introduced and admitted into evidence at the hearing; each exhibit introduced but not admitted into evidence at the hearing; and each exhibit introduced and admitted into evidence after the completion of the hearing; and each exhibit introduced but not admitted into evidence after the completion of the hearing.

      Sec. 1780.54 Exceptions to recommended decision.

      (a) Filing exceptions. Within 30 days after service of the recommended decision, recommended findings and conclusions, and proposed order under Sec. 1780.53, a party may file with the Director written exceptions to the presiding officer's recommended decision, recommended findings and conclusions, or proposed order; to the admission or exclusion of evidence; or to the failure of the presiding officer to make a ruling proposed by a party. A supporting brief may be filedat the time the exceptions are filed, either as part of the same document or in a separate document.

      (b) Effect of failure to file or raise exceptions. (a) Failure of a party to file exceptions to those matters specified in paragraph (a) of this section within the time prescribed is deemed a waiver of objection thereto.

      (2) No exception need be considered by the Director if the party taking exception had an opportunity to raise the same objection, issue, or argument before the presiding officer and failed to do so.

      (c) Contents. (1) All exceptions and briefs in support of such exceptions must be confined to the particular matters in or omissions from the presiding officer's recommendations to which that party takes exception.

      (2) All exceptions and briefs in support of exceptions must set forth page or paragraph references to the specific parts of the presiding officer's recommendations to which exception is taken, the page or paragraph references to those portions of the record relied upon to support each exception and the legal authority relied upon to support each exception. Exceptions and briefs in support shall not exceed a total of 30 pages, except by leave of the Director on motion.

      (3) One reply brief may be submitted by each party within 10 days of service of exceptions and briefs in support of exceptions. Reply briefs shall not exceed 15 pages, except by leave of the Director on motion.

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      Sec. 1780.55 Review by Director.

      (a) Notice of submission to the Director. When the Director determines that the record in the proceeding is complete, the Director shall serve notice upon the parties that the proceeding has been submitted to the Director for final decision.

      (b) Oral argument before the Director. Upon the initiative of the Director or on the written request of any party filedwith the Director within the time for filing exceptions under Sec. 1780.54, the Director may order and hear oral argument on the recommended findings, conclusions, decision and order of the presiding officer. A written request by a party must show good cause for oral argument and state reasons why arguments cannot be presented adequately in writing. A denial of a request for oral argument may be set forth in the Director's final decision. Oral argument before the Director must be transcribed.

      (c) Director's final decision. (1) Decisional employees may advise and assist the Director in the consideration and disposition of the case. The final decision of the Director will be based upon review of the entire record of the proceeding, except that the Director may limit the issues to be reviewed to those findings and conclusions to which opposing arguments or exceptions have been filedby the parties.

      (2) The Director shall render a final decision and issue an appropriate order within 90 days after notification of the parties that the case has been submitted for final decision, unless the Director orders that the action or any aspect thereof be remanded to the presiding officer for further proceedings. Copies of the final decision and order of the Director shall be served upon each party to the proceeding and upon other persons required by statute.

      Sec. 1780.56 Exhaustion of administrative remedies.

      To exhaust administrative remedies as to any issue on which a party disagrees with the presiding officer's recommendations, a party must file exceptions with the Director under Sec. 1780.54. A party must exhaust administrative remedies as a precondition to seeking judicial review of any decision issued under this subpart.

      Sec. 1780.57 Stays pending judicial review.

      The commencement of proceedings for judicial review of a final decision and order of the Director may not, unless specifically ordered by the Director or a reviewing court, operate as a stay of any order issued by the Director. The Direct may, in his discretion and on such terms as he finds just, stay the effectiveness of all or any part of an order of the Director pending a final decision on a petition for review of that order.

      Subpart D--Rules of Practice Before the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight

      Sec. 1780.70 Scope.

      This subpart contains rules governing practice by parties or their representatives before OFHEO. This subpart addresses the imposition of sanctions by the presiding officer or the Director against parties or their representatives in an adjudicatory proceeding under this part. This subpart also covers other disciplinary sanctions--censure, suspension or disbarment--against individuals who appear before OFHEO in a representational capacity either in an adjudicatory proceeding under this part or in any other matters connected with presentations to OFHEO relating to a client's or other principal's rights, privileges, or liabilities. This representation includes, but is not limited to, the practice of attorneys and accountants. Employees of OFHEO are not subject to disciplinary proceedings under this subpart.

      Sec. 1780.71 Definitions.

      Practice before OFHEO for the purposes of this subpart, includes, but not is limited to, transacting any business with OFHEO as counsel, representative or agent for any other person, unless the Director orders otherwise. Practice before OFHEO also includes the preparation of any statement, opinion, or other paper by a counsel, representative or agent that is filedwith OFHEO in any certification, notification, application, report, or other document, with the consent of such counsel, representative or agent. Practice before OFHEO does not include work prepared for an Enterprise solely at its request for use in the ordinary course of its business.

      Sec. 1780.72 Appearance and practice in adjudicatory proceedings.

      (a) Appearance before OFHEO or a presiding officer. (1) By attorneys. A party may be represented by an attorney who is a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of any State, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia and who is not currently suspended or disbarred from practice before OFHEO.

      (2) By nonattorneys. An individual may appear on his own behalf. A member of a partnership may represent the partnership and a duly authorized officer, director, employee, or other agent of any corporation or other entity not specifically listed herein may represent such operations or other entity; provided that such officer, director, employee, or other agent is not currently suspended or disbarred from practice before OFHEO. A duly authorized officer or employee of any government unit, agency, or authority may represent that unit, agency, or authority.

      (b) Notice of appearance. Any person appearing in a representative capacity on behalf of a party, including OFHEO, shall execute and file a notice of appearance with the presiding officer at or before the time such person submits papers or otherwise appears on behalf of a party in the adjudicatory proceeding. Such notice of appearance shall include a written declaration that the individual is currently qualified as provided in paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(2) of this section and is authorized to represent the particular party. By filing a notice of appearance on behalf of a party in an adjudicatory proceeding, the representative thereby agrees and represents that he is authorized to accept service on behalf of the represented party and that, in the event of withdrawal from representation, he or she will, if required by the presiding officer, continue to accept service until a new representative has fileda notice of appearance or until the represented party indicates that he or she will proceed on a pro se basis. Unless the representative filing the notice is an attorney, the notice of appearance shall also be executed by the person represented or, if the person is not an individual, by the chief executive officer, or duly authorized officer of that person.

      Sec. 1780.73 Conflicts of interest.

      (a) Conflict of interest in representation. No representative shall represent another person in an adjudicatory proceeding if it reasonably appears that such representation may be limited materially by that representative's responsibilities to a third person or by that representative's own interests. The presiding officer may take corrective measures at any stage of a proceeding to cure a conflict of interest in representation, including the issuance of an order limiting the scope of representation or disqualifying an individual from appearing in a representative capacity for the duration of the proceeding.

      (b) Certification and waiver. If any person appearing as counsel or other

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      representative represents two or more parties to an adjudicatory proceeding or also represents a nonparty on a matter relevant to an issue in the proceeding, that representative must certify in writing at the time of filing the notice of appearance required by Sec. 1780.72--

      (1) That the representative has personally and fully discussed the possibility of conflicts of interest with each such party and nonparty;

      (2) That each such party and nonparty waives any right it might otherwise have had to assert any known conflicts of interest or to assert any non-material conflicts of interest during the course of the proceeding.

      Sec. 1780.74 Sanctions.

      (a) General rule. Appropriate sanctions may be imposed during the course of any proceeding when any party or representative of record has acted or failed to act in a manner required by applicable statute, regulation, or order, and that act or failure to act--

      (1) Constitutes contemptuous conduct;

      (2) Has caused some other party material and substantive injury, including, but not limited to, incurring expenses including attorney's fees or experiencing prejudicial delay;

      (3) Is a clear and unexcused violation of an applicable statute, regulation, or order; or

      (4) Has delayed the proceeding unduly.

      (b) Sanctions. Sanctions that may be imposed include, but are not limited to, any one or more of the following:

      (1) Issuing an order against a party;

      (2) Rejecting or striking any testimony or documentary evidence offered, or other papers filed, by the party;

      (3) Precluding the party from contesting specific issues or findings;

      (4) Precluding the party from offering certain evidence or from challenging or contesting certain evidence offered by another party;

      (5) Precluding the party from making a late filing or conditioning a late filing on any terms that are just;

      (6) Assessing reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, incurred by any other party as a result of the improper action or failure to act.

      (c) Procedure for imposition of sanctions. (1) The presiding officer, on the motion of any party, or on his own motion, may impose any sanction authorized by this section. The presiding officer shall submit to the Director for final ruling any sanction that would result in a final order that terminates the case on the merits or is otherwise dispositive of the case.

      (2) No sanction authorized by this section, other than refusing to accept late papers, shall be imposed without prior notice to all parties and an opportunity for any representative or party against whom sanctions would be imposed to be heard. The presiding officer shall determine and direct the appropriate notice and form for such opportunity to be heard. The opportunity to be heard may be limited to an opportunity to respond verbally, immediately after the act or inaction in question is noted by the presiding officer.

      (3) For purposes of interlocutory review, motions for the imposition of sanctions by any party and the imposition of sanctions shall be treated the same as motions for any other ruling by the presiding officer.

      (4) Nothing in this section shall be read to preclude the presiding officer or the Director from taking any other action or imposing any other restriction or sanction authorized by any applicable statute or regulation.

      Sec. 1780.75 Censure, suspension, disbarment and reinstatement.

      (a) Discretionary censure, suspension and disbarment. (1) The Director may censure any representative or other individual or suspend or revoke the privilege to appear or practice before OFHEO of any representative or other individual if, after notice of and opportunity for hearing in the matter, that individual is found by the Director--

      (i) Not to possess the requisite qualifications or competence to represent others;

      (ii) To be seriously lacking in character or integrity or to have engaged in material unethical or improper professional conduct;

      (iii) To have caused unfair and material injury or prejudice to another party, such as prejudicial delay or unnecessary expenses including attorney's fees;

      (iv) To have engaged in, or aided and abetted, a material and knowing violation of the 1992 Act, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act, the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act or the rules or regulations issued under those statutes or any other law or regulation governing Enterprise operations;

      (v) To have engaged in contemptuous conduct before OFHEO;

      (vi) With intent to defraud in any manner, to have willfully and knowingly deceived, misled, or threatened any client or prospective client; or

      (vii) Within the last 10 years, to have been convicted of an offense involving moral turpitude, dishonesty or breach of trust, if the conviction has not been reversed on appeal. A conviction within the meaning of this paragraph shall be deemed to have occurred when the convicting court enters its judgment or order, regardless of whether an appeal is pending or could be taken and includes a judgment or an order on a plea of nolo contendere or on consent, regardless of whether a violation is admitted in the consent.

      (2) Suspension or revocation on the grounds set forth in paragraphs (a)(1) (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), and (vii) of this section shall only be ordered upon a further finding that the individual's conduct or character was sufficiently egregious as to justify suspension or revocation. Suspension or disbarment under this paragraph shall continue until the applicant has been reinstated by the Director for good cause shown or until, in the case of a suspension, the suspension period has expired.

      (3) if the final order against the respondent is for censure, the individual may be permitted to practice before OFHEO, but such individual's future representations may be subject to conditions designed to promote high standards of conduct. If a written letter of censure is issued, a copy will be maintained in OFHEO's files.

      (b) Mandatory suspension and disbarment. (1) Any counsel who has been and remains suspended or disbarred by a court of the United States or of any State, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United States or the District of Columbia; any accountant or other licensed expert whose license to practice has been revoked in any State, commonwealth, possession, territory of the United or the District of Columbia; any person who has been and remains suspended or barred from practice before the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Credit Union Administration, the Federal Housing Finance Board, the Farm Credit Administration, the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission is also suspended automatically from appearing or practicing before OFHEO. A disbarment or suspension within the meaning of this paragraph shall be deemed to have occurred when the disbarring or suspending agency or tribunal enters its

      [[Page 51045]]

      judgment or order, regardless of whether an appeal is pending or could be taken and regardless of whether a violation is admitted in the consent.

      (2) A suspension or disbarment from practice before OFHEO under paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall continue until the person suspended or disbarred is reinstated under paragraph (d)(2) of this section.

      (c) Notices to be filed. (1) Any individual appearing or practicing before OFHEO who is the subject of an order, judgment, decree, or finding of the types set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall file promptly with the Director a copy thereof, together with any related opinion or statement of the agency or tribunal involved.

      (2) Any individual appearing or practicing before OFHEO who is or within the last 10 years has been convicted of a felony or of a misdemeanor that resulted in a sentence of prison term or in a fine or restitution order totaling more than $5,000 shall file a notice promptly with the Director. The notice shall include a copy of the order imposing the sentence or fine, together with any related opinion or statement of the court involved.

      (d) Reinstatement. (1) Unless otherwise ordered by the Director, an application for reinstatement for good cause may be made in writing by a person suspended or disbarred under paragraph (a)(1) of this section at any time more than 3 years after the effective date of the suspension or disbarment and, thereafter, at any time more than 1 year after the person's most recent application for reinstatement. An applicant for reinstatement under this paragraph (d)(1) of this section may, in the Director's sole discretion, be afforded a hearing.

      (2) An application for reinstatement for good cause by any person suspended or disbarred under paragraph (b)(1) of this section may be filedat any time, but not less than 1 year after the applicant's most recent application. An applicant for reinstatement for good cause under this paragraph (d)(2) may, in the Director's sole discretion, be afforded a hearing. However, if all the grounds for suspension or disbarment under paragraph (b)(1) of this section have been removed by a reversal of the order of suspension or disbarment or by termination of the underlying suspension or disbarment, any person suspended or disbarred under paragraph (b)(1) of this section may apply immediately for reinstatement and shall be reinstated by OFHEO upon written application notifying OFHEO that the grounds have been removed.

      (e) Conferences. (1) General. The presiding officer may confer with a proposed respondent concerning allegations of misconduct or other grounds for censure, disbarment or suspension, regardless of whether a proceeding for censure, disbarment or suspension has been commenced. If a conference results in a stipulation in connection with a proceeding in which the individual is the respondent, the stipulation may be entered in the record at the request of either party to the proceeding.

      (2) Resignation or voluntary suspension. In order to avoid the institution of or a decision in a disbarment or suspension proceeding, a person who practices before OFHEO may consent to censure, suspension or disbarment from practice. At the discretion of the Director, the individual may be censured, suspended or disbarred in accordance with the consent offered.

      (f) Hearings under this section. Hearings conducted under this section shall be conducted in substantially the same manner as other hearings under this part, provided that in proceedings to terminate an existing OFHEO suspension or disbarment order, the person seeking the termination of the order shall bear the burden of going forward with an application and with proof and that the Director may, in the Director's sole discretion, direct that any proceeding to terminate an existing suspension or disbarment by OFHEO be limited to written submissions. All hearings held under this section shall be closed to the public unless the Director, on the Director's own motion or upon the request of a party, otherwise directs.

      (g) Sanctions for contemptuous conduct. If, during the course of any proceeding, a presiding officer finds any representative or any individual representing himself to have engaged in contemptuous conduct, the presiding officer may summarily suspend that individual from participating in that or any related proceeding or impose any other appropriate sanction. Contemptuous conduct includes dilatory, obstructionist, egregious, contumacious, unethical, or other improper conduct at any phase of any adjudicatory proceeding.

      Mark A. Kinsey, Acting Director, Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight.

      [FR Doc. 98-25527Filed9-23-98; 8:45 am]

      BILLING CODE 4220-01-M