Air quality implementation plans; approval and promulgation; various States: California,
[Federal Register: August 31, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 168)]
[Rules and Regulations]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
40 CFR Part 52
[CA 207-0437; FRL-7804-1]
Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District and Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District
AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
ACTION: Direct final rule.
SUMMARY: EPA is approving a revision to the Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District (AVAQMD) and Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District (MDAQMD) portions of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). These revisions concern federally enforceable limitations on the potential to emit from air pollution sources. We are approving local rules under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act).
DATES: This rule is effective on November 1, 2004, without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by September 30, 2004. If we receive such comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that this rule will not take effect.
ADDRESSES: Send comments to Gerardo Rios, Permits Office Chief (AIR-3), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, or e-mail to R9airpermits@epa.gov, or submit comments at http://www.regulations.gov.
You can inspect a copy of the submitted SIP revisions and EPA's technical support documents (TSDs) at our Region IX office during normal business hours. You may also see a copy of the submitted SIP revisions and TSDs at the following locations:
Environmental Protection Agency, Air Docket (6102), Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington DC 20460. California Air Resources Board, Stationary Source Division, Rule Evaluation Section, 1001 ``I'' Street, Sacramento, CA 95814. Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District, 43301 Division Street, 206, Lancaster, CA 93535. Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District, 14306 Park Avenue, Victorville, CA 92392. A copy of the rule may also be available via the Internet at http://www.arb.ca.gov/drdb/drdbltxt.htm. Please be advised that this is not an
EPA Web site and may not contain the same version of the rule that was submitted to EPA.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Manny Aquitania, Permits Office (AIR- 3), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, (415) 947-4123, firstname.lastname@example.org.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us'' and ``our'' refer to EPA.
Table of Contents
The State's Submittal
What rules did the State submit?
Are there other versions of these rules?
What is the purpose of the submitted rules? II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
How is EPA evaluating the rules?
Do the rules meet the evaluation criteria?
EPA recommendations to further improve the rules
Proposed action and public comment III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
The State's Submittal
What Rules Did the State Submit?
Table 1 lists the rules addressed by this direct final action with the date that they were adopted by the local air agencies and submitted by the California Air Resources Board.
Table 1.--Submitted Rules
Rule Rule title
Adopted or amended Submitted
226 Limitations on Potential 07/21/98 Amended...
02/16/99 to Emit. MDAQMD...........................
222 Limitations on Potential 07/31/95 Adopted...
10/13/95 to Emit.
On April 23, 1999, the submittal of AVAQMD Rule 226 was found to meet the completeness criteria in 40 CFR part 51, appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review. On November 28, 1995, the submittal of MDAQMD Rule 222 was found to meet the completeness criteria.
Are There Other Versions of These Rules?
There is no previous versions of AVAQMD Rule 226 and MDAQMD Rule 222 in the SIP.
What Is the Purpose of the Submitted Rules?
Section 110(a) of the CAA requires states to submit regulations that control volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, and other air pollutants which harm human health and the environment. These rules were developed as part of the local agency's program to regulate these pollutants.
The purposes of the submitted rules are as follows:
To create federally enforceable limitations on the potential to emit air contaminants such that a facility would not exceed 50% of the Title V threshold for a major source.
To create federally enforceable alternate operational limitations on the potential to emit for specific source categories, such as gasoline vapor recovery, solvent use or degreasing, and diesel engines, such that a facility would not exceed up to 90% of the Title V threshold for a major source.
These limitations on the potential to emit represent a decrease in air emissions of certain air contaminants, because the potential to emit would be in excess of the threshold for a major source if the facility did not comply with the limitations set forth in this rule. The TSDs have more information about these rules.
EPA's Evaluation and Action
How Is EPA Evaluating the Rules?
The rules describe provisions and definitions that support emission controls of volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, PM-10, and other air pollutants. In combination with other requirements, this rule must be enforceable (see section 110(a) of the CAA) and must not relax existing requirements (see sections 110(l) and 193).
AVAQMD Rule 226 and MDAQMD Rule 222 are modeled on the California Model Rule developed by the California Association of Air Pollution Control Officers, CARB, and EPA. In its agreement on the Model Rule, EPA expressed certain understandings and caveats. See Letter and Model Rule, Lydia Wegman, Deputy Director, Office
of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. EPA, to Peter D. Venturini, Chief, Stationary Source Division, CARB (January 12, 1995). Our review of these rules incorporates the understandings and caveats expressed in the letter.
EPA policy that we used to define specific enforceability requirements includes:
Requirements for Preparation, Adoption, and Submittal of Implementation Plans, U.S. EPA, 40 CFR part 51.
Issues Relating to VOC Regulation Cutpoints, Deficiencies, and Deviations, U.S. EPA (May 25, 1988). (The Bluebook)
Options for Limiting the Potential to Emit of a Stationary Source Under Section 112 and Title V of the Clean Air Act, Letter from John Seitz, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, to EPA Air Division Directors (January 25, 1995).
Do the Rules Meet the Evaluation Criteria?
The rules improve the SIP by allowing a federally enforceable operational limitation on the potential to emit air pollutants, thereby decreasing air emissions to 50% or less of the threshold for a major source or decreasing air emissions to up to 90% of the threshold for a major source for specific source categories. We believe these rules are consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability and SIP relaxations. The TSD has more information on our evaluation.
EPA Recommendations To Further Improve the Rules
The TSD describes additional rule revisions that do not affect EPA's current action but are recommended for the next time the local agency modifies the rules.
Proposed Action and Public Comment
As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the CAA, EPA is fully approving the submitted rules because we believe they fulfill all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this approval, so we are finalizing it without proposing it in advance. However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rules. If we receive adverse comments by September 30, 2004, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on November 1, 2004. This will incorporate these rules into the federally enforceable SIP.
Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.
Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4).
This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 ``Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.
In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. section 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. section 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by November 1, 2004. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen oxides, Particulate matter, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.
Dated: July 23, 2004. Laura Yoshii, Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
0 Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
0 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.
0 2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(225)(i)(H) and (262)(i)(E)(3) to read as follows:
Sec. 52.220 Identification of plan.
* * * * *
(c) * * *
(225) * * *
(i) * * *
(H) Mohave Desert Air Quality Management District.
(1) Rule 222, adopted on July 31, 1995. * * * * *
(262) * * *
(i) * * *
(E) * * *
(3) Rule 226, adopted on March 17, 1998 and amended on July 21, 1998. * * * * *
[FR Doc. 04-19817 Filed 8-30-04; 8:45 am]
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