Air quality implementation plans; approval and promulgation; various States: Missouri,
[Federal Register: December 5, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 233)]
[Rules and Regulations]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
40 CFR Parts 52 and 70
Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans and Operating Permits Program; State of Missouri
AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
ACTION: Direct final rule.
SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve the State Implementation Plan (SIP) and operating permits program revision submitted by the state of Missouri to update the ambient air quality standards, sampling methods, definitions, and common reference methods and tables. The update also includes references to implement the 8-hour ozone and PM2.5National Ambient Air Quality Standards that were finalized on July 18, 1997.
DATES: This direct final rule will be effective February 5, 2007, without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by January 4, 2007. If adverse comment is received, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.
ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R07- OAR-2006-0900, by one of the following methods:
http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for
Mail: Amy Algoe-Eakin, Environmental Protection Agency, Air Planning and Development Branch, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101.
Hand Delivery or Courier. Deliver your comments to Amy Algoe- Eakin, Environmental Protection Agency, Air Planning and Development Branch, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101.
Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA-R07-OAR- 2006-0900. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the public
docket without change and may be made available online at http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal information provided,
unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit through http://www.regulations.gov
or e-mail information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected. The http://www.regulations.gov Web site is an ``anonymous
access'' system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through http://www.regulations.gov , your e-mail address will be automatically captured
and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
Docket: All documents in the electronic docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some
information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Environmental Protection
Agency, Air Planning and Development Branch, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101. The Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding Federal holidays. The interested persons wanting to examine these documents should make an appointment with the office at least 24 hours in advance.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Amy Algoe-Eakin at (913) 551-7942, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ``we,'' ``us,'' or ``our'' is used, we mean EPA. This section provides additional information by addressing the following questions:
What is a SIP? What is the Federal approval process for a SIP? What does Federal approval of a state regulation mean to me? What is the Part 70 operating permit program and approval process? What is being addressed in this document? Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision and operating permit program revision been met? What action is EPA taking?
What is a SIP?
Section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) requires states to develop air pollution regulations and control strategies to ensure that state air quality meets the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) established by EPA. These ambient standards are established under section 109 of the CAA, and they currently address six criteria pollutants. These pollutants are: Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, lead, particulate matter, and sulfur dioxide.
Each state must submit these regulations and control strategies to us for approval and incorporation into the Federally-enforceable SIP.
Each Federally-approved SIP protects air quality primarily by addressing air pollution at its point of origin. These SIPs can be extensive, containing state regulations or other enforceable documents and supporting information such as emission inventories, monitoring networks, and modeling demonstrations.
What is the Federal approval process for a SIP?
In order for state regulations to be incorporated into the Federally-enforceable SIP, states must formally adopt the regulations and control strategies consistent with state and Federal requirements. This process generally includes a public notice, public hearing, public comment period, and a formal adoption by a state-authorized rulemaking body.
Once a state rule, regulation, or control strategy is adopted, the state submits it to us for inclusion into the SIP. We must provide public notice and seek additional public comment regarding the proposed Federal action on the state submission. If adverse comments are received, they must be addressed prior to any final Federal action by us.
All state regulations and supporting information approved by EPA under section 110 of the CAA are incorporated into the Federally- approved SIP. Records of such SIP actions are maintained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at title 40, part 52, entitled ``Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans.'' The actual state regulations which are approved are not reproduced in their entirety in the CFR outright but are ``incorporated by reference,'' which means that we have approved a given state regulation with a specific effective date.
What does Federal approval of a state regulation mean to me?
Enforcement of the state regulation before and after it is incorporated into the Federally-approved SIP is primarily a state responsibility. However, after the regulation is Federally approved, we are authorized to take enforcement action against violators. Citizens are also offered legal recourse to address violations as described in section 304 of the CAA.
What is the Part 70 operating permits program and approval process?
The CAA requires all states to develop operating permits programs that meet certain Federal criteria. The purpose of the program is to consolidate all applicable CAA requirements into a single permit document issued to a source subject to the permit program. The process for EPA approval of a Part 70 program or program revision is similar to the process for approval of a SIP. Permits issued under an EPA-approved permit program are enforceable by EPA and the state.
What is being addressed in this document?
EPA is approving a revision to the SIP and Part 70 permits program for the state of Missouri that was state effective on February 28, 2006. The revisions include the 8-hour ozone and PM2.5NAAQS that were finalized by EPA on July 18, 1997.
The revision to 10 CSR 10-6.010 (Ambient Air Quality Standards) updates the ambient air quality standards table to include the Federal revision to the NAAQS, and reformatted the columns for clarity. It should be noted that, unlike many other requirements in the Missouri SIP, the NAAQS are not requirements imposed directly on sources under the CAA (although states may impose such requirements directly on sources under state law). Sources must comply with emissions limitations and standards under the CAA and the SIP, but the NAAQS are not emissions limitations and standards under the CAA. However, because the Missouri rules establish other requirements, applicable to sources, designed to protect the NAAQS
(e.g., the requirement that a source may not obtain certain permits if it would cause or contribute to a violation of the NAAQS), EPA has included Missouri's adoption of the NAAQS in the SIP to assist in implementation of the NAAQS.
Chapter 10 CSR 10-6.020 (Definitions and Common Reference Tables) revises the definitions for insignificant activity, particulate matter, and adds definitions for PM2.5. Five compounds were added to the volatile organic compounds definition and minor changes were made to the table listing hazardous air pollutants (table 3), and the related footnotes. In order to maintain formatting consistent with other rules, the state added sections (4) and (5) to state that reporting and record keeping, and test methods are not applicable to 10 CSR 10-6.020. It should be noted that revisions made to 10 CSR 10- 6.020, and specifically the clarification of the definition of ``insignificant activity'' also apply to Missouri's operating permits program.
The revisions to 10 CSR 10-6.030 (Sampling Methods for Air Pollution sources) add EPA's Conditional Test Method 039 to determine the total PM10and PM2.5fraction of filterable particulate matter including condensibles. Two paragraphs that discussed PM2.5emissions in stack gases were combined for clarity and readability.
Revisions to 10 CSR 10-6.040 (Reference Methods) add references to appendices included in the Federal regulations that specify test methods for PM2.5.
Minor revisions to each of the rules were made to correct spelling, to include the most recent date of the Federal regulations, and to improve the overall readability.
Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision and operating permit program revision been met?
The state submittal has met the public notice requirements for SIP submissions in accordance with 40 CFR 51.102. The submittal also satisfied the completeness criteria of 40 CFR part 51, appendix V. In addition, as explained above and in more detail in the technical support document which is part of this docket, the revision meets the substantive SIP requirements of the CAA. Finally, the submittal meets the substantive requirements of Title V of the 1990 CAA Amendments and 40 CFR Part 70.
What action is EPA taking?
EPA is a approving a revision to the SIP for the state of Missouri to update the ambient air quality standards, sampling methods, definitions, and common reference methods and tables to include the 8- hour ozone and PM2.5NAAQS that were finalized on July 18, 1997. EPA is also approving the revisions to the state's definitions rule as a revision to the Part 70 operating program. We are processing this action as a direct final action because the revisions make routine changes to the existing SIP which are noncontroversial. Therefore, we do not anticipate any adverse comments. Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on part of this rule and if that part can be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those parts of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.
Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).
This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the CAA. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045, ``Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.
In reviewing state submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a state submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a state submission, to use VCS in place of a state submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the CAA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by February 5, 2007. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)
List of Subjects
40 CFR Part 52
Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.
40 CFR Part 70
Administrative practice and procedure, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental relations, Operating permits, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
Dated: November 21, 2006. John B. Askew, Regional Administrator, Region 7.
0 Chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
0 1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.
0 2. In Sec. 52.1320(c) the table is amended under Chapter 6 by revising the entries for ``10-6.010, 10-6.020, 10-6.030 and 10-6.040'' to read as follows:
Sec. 52.1320 Identification of Plan.
* * * * *
(c) * * *
EPA-Approved Missouri Regulations
State Missouri citation
EPA approval date
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
* * * * * * * Chapter 6--Air Quality Standards, Definitions, Sampling and Reference Methods, and Air Pollution Control Regulations for the State of Missouri
* * * * * * * 10-6.010............................. Ambient Air Quality
2/28/06 12/5/06 [insert FR page number Standards.
where the document begins] 10-6.020............................. Definitions and Common
2/28/06 12/5/06 [insert FR page number Reference Tables.
where the document begins] 10-6.030............................. Sampling Methods for Air
2/28/06 12/5/06 [insert FR page number Pollution Sources.
where the document begins] 10-6.040............................. Reference Methods........... 2/28/06 12/5/06 [insert FR page number where the document begins]
* * * * * * *
* * * * *
0 1. The authority citation for part 70 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.
0 2. Appendix A to part 70 is amended by adding paragraph (s) to read as follows:
Appendix A to Part 70--Approval Status of State and Local Operating Permits Programs
* * * * *
Missouri * * * * *
(s) The Missouri Department of Natural Resources submitted revisions to Missouri rule 10 CSR 10-6.020, ``Definitions and Common Reference Tables,'' on March 13, 2006, approval effective January 4, 2007. * * * * * [FR Doc. E6-20446 Filed 12-4-06; 8:45 am]
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